voluntary programs

Summary

Summary: Programs in which participation is not required.

Top Publications

  1. pmc Voluntary HIV counselling and testing among men in rural western Uganda: implications for HIV prevention
    Francis M Bwambale
    Clinical Epidemiology Unit, Makerere University, POBox 7072, Kampala, Uganda
    BMC Public Health 8:263. 2008
  2. ncbi Extending health insurance to the rural population: an impact evaluation of China's new cooperative medical scheme
    Adam Wagstaff
    Development Research Group, The World Bank, 1818 H Street NW, Washington, DC 20433, USA
    J Health Econ 28:1-19. 2009
  3. pmc Acceptance of HIV testing for children ages 18 months to 13 years identified through voluntary, home-based HIV counseling and testing in western Kenya
    Rachel C Vreeman
    Department of Pediatrics, Children s Health Services Research, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 55:e3-10. 2010
  4. ncbi Utilization of voluntary counseling and testing services in the Eastern Cape, South Africa
    P L Hutchinson
    Department of International Health and Development, School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, Tulane University, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA
    AIDS Care 18:446-55. 2006
  5. ncbi HIV and family planning service integration and voluntary HIV counselling and testing client composition in Ethiopia
    H Bradley
    Department of Population, Family and Reproductive Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD USA
    AIDS Care 20:61-71. 2008
  6. ncbi Counselling, HIV testing and adjunctive cotrimoxazole for TB patients in Malawi: from research to routine implementation
    R B Chimzizi
    Community Health Science Unit, National Tuberculosis Control Programme, Lilongwe, Malawi
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 8:938-44. 2004
  7. pmc Knowledge of HIV/AIDS and attitude towards voluntary counseling and testing among adults
    Zubairu Iliyasu
    Department of Community Medicine, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Nigeria
    J Natl Med Assoc 98:1917-22. 2006
  8. pmc Routine voluntary HIV testing in Durban, South Africa: the experience from an outpatient department
    Ingrid V Bassett
    Division of Infectious Disease, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 02114, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 46:181-6. 2007
  9. ncbi Cost and efficiency of HIV voluntary counselling and testing centres in Andhra Pradesh, India
    L Dandona
    Centre for Public Health Research, Administrative Staff College of India, Raj Bhavan Road, Hyderabad 500082, Andhra Pradesh, India
    Natl Med J India 18:26-31. 2005
  10. ncbi Use of UNAIDS tools to evaluate HIV voluntary counselling and testing services for mineworkers in South Africa
    S K Ginwalla
    Clinical Research Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    AIDS Care 14:707-26. 2002

Research Grants

Detail Information

Publications177 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Voluntary HIV counselling and testing among men in rural western Uganda: implications for HIV prevention
    Francis M Bwambale
    Clinical Epidemiology Unit, Makerere University, POBox 7072, Kampala, Uganda
    BMC Public Health 8:263. 2008
    ..We therefore conducted a study to determine the prevalence and factors associated with VCT use among men in Bukonzo West health sub-district, Kasese district...
  2. ncbi Extending health insurance to the rural population: an impact evaluation of China's new cooperative medical scheme
    Adam Wagstaff
    Development Research Group, The World Bank, 1818 H Street NW, Washington, DC 20433, USA
    J Health Econ 28:1-19. 2009
    ..We find heterogeneity across income groups and implementing counties. The program has increased ownership of expensive equipment among central township health centers but has had no impact on cost per case...
  3. pmc Acceptance of HIV testing for children ages 18 months to 13 years identified through voluntary, home-based HIV counseling and testing in western Kenya
    Rachel C Vreeman
    Department of Pediatrics, Children s Health Services Research, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 55:e3-10. 2010
    ..Home-based voluntary counseling and testing (HCT) presents a novel approach to early diagnosis. We sought to describe uptake of pediatric HIV testing, associated factors, and HIV prevalence among children offered HCT in Kenya...
  4. ncbi Utilization of voluntary counseling and testing services in the Eastern Cape, South Africa
    P L Hutchinson
    Department of International Health and Development, School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, Tulane University, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA
    AIDS Care 18:446-55. 2006
    ..Importantly, the effects of stigma appear considerably stronger for females, while men are more heavily influenced by the characteristics of the VCT services themselves...
  5. ncbi HIV and family planning service integration and voluntary HIV counselling and testing client composition in Ethiopia
    H Bradley
    Department of Population, Family and Reproductive Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD USA
    AIDS Care 20:61-71. 2008
    ..This analysis suggests that client types may be differentially attracted to these facilities depending on service integration modality and other facility-level characteristics...
  6. ncbi Counselling, HIV testing and adjunctive cotrimoxazole for TB patients in Malawi: from research to routine implementation
    R B Chimzizi
    Community Health Science Unit, National Tuberculosis Control Programme, Lilongwe, Malawi
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 8:938-44. 2004
    ..Fifteen hospitals in Malawi that offer voluntary counselling and testing (VCT) for the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) for tuberculosis (TB) patients and cotrimoxazole (CTX) for patients found to be HIV-positive...
  7. pmc Knowledge of HIV/AIDS and attitude towards voluntary counseling and testing among adults
    Zubairu Iliyasu
    Department of Community Medicine, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Nigeria
    J Natl Med Assoc 98:1917-22. 2006
    ..This study assessed knowledge of HIV/AIDS and attitude towards VCT among adults in a rural community in northern Nigeria...
  8. pmc Routine voluntary HIV testing in Durban, South Africa: the experience from an outpatient department
    Ingrid V Bassett
    Division of Infectious Disease, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 02114, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 46:181-6. 2007
    ..To evaluate the yield of a routine voluntary HIV testing program compared with traditional provider-referred voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) in a hospital-affiliated outpatient department (OPD) in Durban, South Africa...
  9. ncbi Cost and efficiency of HIV voluntary counselling and testing centres in Andhra Pradesh, India
    L Dandona
    Centre for Public Health Research, Administrative Staff College of India, Raj Bhavan Road, Hyderabad 500082, Andhra Pradesh, India
    Natl Med J India 18:26-31. 2005
    ..However, systematic data on the cost and efficiency of providing VCT services in India are not available to help guide efficient use of resources for these services...
  10. ncbi Use of UNAIDS tools to evaluate HIV voluntary counselling and testing services for mineworkers in South Africa
    S K Ginwalla
    Clinical Research Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    AIDS Care 14:707-26. 2002
    ..The study identified areas where training needs to be strengthened and suggested ways of improving the services, and changes to the service have now been implemented in line with these recommendations...
  11. ncbi Voluntary HIV counseling and testing: knowledge and practices in a rural South African village
    Gladys Mabunda
    Southern Illinois University Edwardsville, USA
    J Transcult Nurs 17:23-9. 2006
    ..Health providers have a responsibility to ensure that individuals get tested before they are infected so as to educate them about ways to protect themselves against HIV infection...
  12. ncbi Refusing HIV testing in an urgent care setting: results from the "Think HIV" program
    Rebecca V Liddicoat
    Department of Medicine, Greater Los Angeles Veterans Affairs, Los Angeles, California 90073, USA
    AIDS Patient Care STDS 20:84-92. 2006
    ..If routine HIV testing programs are to be successful, strategies must be developed to increase HIV test acceptance among patients most likely to refrain from testing...
  13. ncbi HIV in correctional facilities: role of self-report in case identification
    Thomas Lyons
    Great Cities Institute, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60607, USA
    AIDS Patient Care STDS 20:93-6. 2006
    ..Five of the 7 also self-reported injection drug use and having shared needles. We conclude that inmate self-report is an important pathway for HIV case finding in correctional institutions...
  14. ncbi Patient and provider perspectives on implementation models of HIV counseling and testing for patients with TB
    A Corneli
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, USA
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 12:79-84. 2008
    ..TB clinics in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo...
  15. ncbi Baseline evaluation of routine HIV testing among tuberculosis patients in Botswana
    V M Gammino
    Division of TB Elimination, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 12:92-4. 2008
    ..TB treatment cards were available for 862 (69%) registered patients. Among the 411 (47%) with test results recorded on the treatment card, 341 (83%) were HIV-infected; of these, 12% were reported to be receiving ART...
  16. pmc Cost and efficiency of public sector sexually transmitted infection clinics in Andhra Pradesh, India
    Lalit Dandona
    Health Studies Area, Centre for Human Development, Administrative Staff College of India, Hyderabad, India
    BMC Health Serv Res 5:69. 2005
    ..Data on the cost and efficiency of providing STI services in India are not available to help guide efficient use of public resources for these services...
  17. ncbi Scaling up HIV voluntary counseling and testing in Africa: what can evaluation studies tell us about potential prevention impacts?
    Peter Glick
    Food and Nutrition Policy Program, Cornell University, USA
    Eval Rev 29:331-57. 2005
    ....
  18. ncbi HIV risk factors reported by two samples of male bathhouse attendees in Los Angeles, California, 2001-2002
    Trista A Bingham
    Los Angeles County Department of Public Health, HIV Epidemiology Program, Los Angeles, California 90005, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 35:631-6. 2008
    ..We aimed to describe the use of voluntary HIV counseling and testing services, risk behaviors, and risk factors for unprotected anal sex (UAS) among men who have sex with men (MSM) who attended a bathhouse in Los Angeles during 2001-2002...
  19. ncbi How can the community contribute in the fight against HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis? An example from a rural district in Malawi
    R Zachariah
    Medecins Sans Frontieres, Medical Department Operational Research, Brussels Operational Center, Belgium
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 100:167-75. 2006
    ..Communities can play an important contributory role in reducing the burden of HIV/AIDS and TB and in mitigating its impact. Despite this, community resources in most settings are often under-exploited and their role remains undefined...
  20. ncbi The meaning and challenge of voluntary counselling and testing (VCT) for counsellors--report of the Kenya Association of Professional Counsellors (KAPC) conference for sub-Saharan Africa
    C O Rachier
    KAPC, PO Box 55472, Nairobi 00200, Kenya
    SAHARA J 1:175-81. 2004
    ..The counsellors identified the issues that they considered important and this paper presents those issues together with recommendations regarding improvements...
  21. pmc Building stakeholder partnerships for an on-site HIV testing programme
    William J Woods
    Center for AIDS Prevention Studies, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94105, USA
    Cult Health Sex 10:249-62. 2008
    ....
  22. ncbi Voluntary counselling and testing (VCT) for Human Immunodeficiency Virus: a study on acceptability by Nigerian women attending antenatal clinics
    E E Ekanem
    Department of Community Health, College of Medicine, University of Lagos, Lagos, Nigeria
    Afr J Reprod Health 8:91-100. 2004
    ..Innovative information and education techniques need to be developed to provide HIV positive mothers with knowledge and skills that can enable them to make informed choices about infant feeding options and other forms of care...
  23. ncbi A public health dilemma: a testing question
    Susan Kippax
    National Centre in HIV Social Research, University of New South Wales, Sydney, 2052, Australia
    AIDS Care 18:230-5. 2006
    ..In addressing the evidence for these two claims, the paper cautions against the large scale adoption of routine 'opt out' or, as it is sometimes called, 'provider-initiated' testing...
  24. ncbi Is voluntary counselling and testing of drug users in China feasible?
    O Grusky
    Int J STD AIDS 17:354-5. 2006
  25. ncbi Learners' knowledge and and perceptions of voluntary counselling and testing for HIV and AIDS in the Free State Province
    Y Botma
    School of Nursing, University of the Free State
    Curationis 30:48-57. 2007
    ..Participants of the study stated that this problem was exacerbated by poverty and poor socio economic conditions...
  26. ncbi Determinants of domestic violence among women attending an human immunodeficiency virus voluntary counseling and testing center in Bangalore, India
    Varalakshmi Chandrasekaran
    CSI Holdsworth Memorial Hospital, Mysore, India
    Indian J Med Sci 61:253-62. 2007
    ..Violence against women is a global phenomenon that cuts across all social and economic classes...
  27. ncbi Influence of the involvement of partners in the mother class with voluntary confidential counselling and testing acceptance for prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV programme (PMTCT programme) in Cambodia
    K Kakimoto
    Bureau of International Cooperation, International Medical Center of Japan, Japan
    AIDS Care 19:381-4. 2007
    ..In conclusion, a strong association was observed between acceptance and partner involvement. However, we should consider also other strategies for future programme improvement...
  28. ncbi Return to post-test counselling by out-of-treatment injecting drug users participating in a cross-sectional survey in north Vietnam
    A Bergenstrom
    Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    AIDS Care 19:935-9. 2007
    ....
  29. ncbi Clinical screening for HIV in a health centre setting in urban Kenya: an entry point for voluntary counselling, HIV testing and early diagnosis of HIV infection?
    V Arendt
    Medecins Sans Frontieres, Mission Kenya, Brussels Operational Centre, Brussels, Belgium
    Trop Doct 37:45-7. 2007
    ....
  30. ncbi Nurses' experiences of delivering voluntary counseling and testing services for people with HIV/AIDS in the Vhembe District, Limpopo Province, South Africa
    Azwihangwisi H Mavhandu-Mudzusi
    HIV AIDS Unit, Center for Quality of Life, Student Affairs, University of Venda, Thohoyandou, South Africa
    Nurs Health Sci 9:254-62. 2007
    ..The main conclusions drawn from the findings were that nurses are continuously exposed to emotionally draining activities with very little support from their supervisors, which makes them prone to experiencing burnout...
  31. ncbi To know or not to know...would routine HIV testing help stem the epidemic, or spell big trouble for vulnerable individuals?
    Michael Reilly
    New Sci 191:8-9. 2006
  32. ncbi The knowledge, attitude and practice of voluntary counselling and testing (VCT) for HIV/AIDS among undergraduates in a polytechnic in southeast, Nigeria
    I J Ikechebelu
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Faculty of Medicine, College of Health Sciences, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Nnewi Campus
    Niger J Med 15:245-9. 2006
    ..The objective of this study is to determine the level of knowledge, attitude and practice of Voluntary Counselling and Testing (VCT) for HIV/AIDS among undergraduates in a Nigerian tertiary institution...
  33. ncbi Promoting female condoms in HIV voluntary counselling and testing centres in Kenya
    Lucy Mung'ala
    Liverpool VCT, Care and Treatment, Nairobi, Kenya
    Reprod Health Matters 14:99-103. 2006
    ..This cadre, trained in client-centred approaches, has the potential to champion female condoms as well, to better support the right to a healthy and safe sex life...
  34. pmc Voluntary counseling and testing among post-partum women in Botswana
    Ibou Thior
    The Botswana Harvard AIDS Institute Partnership, Botswana
    Patient Educ Couns 65:296-302. 2007
    ..To determine uptake and socio-demographics predictors of acceptance of voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) among post-partum women in Botswana...
  35. ncbi Sustaining HIV prevention: HIV testing in health care settings
    Kevin A Fenton
    National Center for HIV AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Top HIV Med 15:146-9. 2007
    ..This article summarizes a presentation on HIV prevention and HIV testing in health care settings made by Kevin A. Fenton, MD, PhD, at the 10th Annual Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program Clinical Update in June 2007 in Phoenix, AZ...
  36. pmc Routine HIV testing in Botswana: a population-based study on attitudes, practices, and human rights concerns
    Sheri D Weiser
    Physicians for Human Rights, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America
    PLoS Med 3:e261. 2006
    ..The Botswana government recently implemented a policy of routine or "opt-out" HIV testing in response to the high prevalence of HIV infection, estimated at 37% of adults...
  37. ncbi Cross-referral between voluntary HIV counselling and testing centres and TB services, Maharashtra, India, 2003-2004
    P V D Shetty
    Office of World Health Organization Representative to India, New Delhi, India
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 12:26-31. 2008
    ..India's size and diverse TB-HIV epidemiology pose a major challenge to the implementation of links between TB and HIV/AIDS programme services...
  38. ncbi Predicting sex offender treatment entry among individuals convicted of sexual offense crimes
    Nicole Jones
    Dorothea Dix Hospital, Raleigh, North Carolina, USA
    Sex Abuse 18:83-98. 2006
    ..The findings emphasize the need to control for selection bias in treatment outcome studies and the importance of examining the role of motivation in treatment volunteerism and treatment entry for sexual offenders...
  39. ncbi Pulmonary tuberculosis among patients visiting a voluntary confidential counseling and testing center, Cambodia
    P Chheng
    Gorgas Tuberculosis Initiative, William C Gorgas Center for Geographic Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, The University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 12:54-62. 2008
    ..Voluntary counseling and confidential testing center (VCCT), Battambang District, Cambodia...
  40. ncbi Counseling and testing TB patients for HIV: evaluation of three implementation models in Kinshasa, Congo
    A van Rie
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599 7435, USA
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 12:73-8. 2008
    ..Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo...
  41. ncbi Effectiveness of antenatal group HIV voluntary counseling and testing services in rural India
    Deepti Gupta
    University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, USA
    AIDS Educ Prev 19:187-97. 2007
    ..Group counseling sessions achieve small gains in HIV knowledge, but there is a continued need for ongoing and multifaceted HIV education in rural India...
  42. ncbi Characteristics of volunteers and non-volunteers for voluntary counseling and HIV testing among unmarried male undergraduates
    D A Adewole
    Department of Community Medicine, College of Medicine, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria
    Afr J Med Med Sci 33:165-70. 2004
    ..Tertiary institutions should provide VCT services for the students where they can be counseled appropriately and continuously throughout their stay in the institution. This hopefully will reduce the number of new HIV cases seen...
  43. ncbi Attitudes of patients towards voluntary human immunodeficiency virus counselling and testing in two Nigerian tertiary hospitals
    S A Isezuo
    Department of Medicine, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital Sokoto, Nigeria
    West Afr J Med 23:107-10. 2004
    ..Presumed high rejection rate of HIV test has been adduced to this practice...
  44. pmc How human immunodeficiency virus voluntary testing can contribute to tuberculosis control
    Peter Godfrey-Faussett
    Infectious and Tropical Diseases Department, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, England
    Bull World Health Organ 80:939-45. 2002
    ..This will pave the way for large-scale operationalization of the comprehensive range of interventions needed to control TB in settings with high HIV prevalence...
  45. ncbi Curing the unique health identifier: a reconciliation of new technology and privacy rights
    Wendy J Netter
    Harvard Law School, USA
    Jurimetrics 43:165-86. 2003
    ..Instead of a mandatory, government-assigned number, this article proposes a technologically multi-tiered system that would be administered by a mixed government and private entity. Consumers could voluntarily opt-in to the system...
  46. ncbi Voluntary counselling, HIV testing and adjunctive cotrimoxazole reduces mortality in tuberculosis patients in Thyolo, Malawi
    Rony Zachariah
    Medecins Sans Frontieres Luxembourg, Blantyre, Malawi
    AIDS 17:1053-61. 2003
    ....
  47. ncbi Predictive genetic testing for conditions that present in childhood
    Lainie Friedman Ross
    Departments of Pediatrics and Medicine, University of Chicago, USA
    Kennedy Inst Ethics J 12:225-44. 2002
    ..I conclude in favor of parental discretion for predictive genetic testing, but against state-sponsored predictive screening for conditions that do not fulfill public health screening criteria...
  48. ncbi Voluntary HIV counseling and testing during prenatal care in Brazil
    Marcelo Zubaran Goldani
    Departamento de Pediatria, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil
    Rev Saude Publica 37:552-8. 2003
    ..The purpose of the study was to assess characteristics of HIV testing and identify factors associated with HIV counseling and testing...
  49. ncbi AIDS vaccines: balancing human rights with public health
    Chari Alson Maddren
    Temple Int Comp Law J 17:277-302. 2003
  50. ncbi Should smallpox vaccine be made available to the general public?
    Thomas May
    Graduate Program in Bioethics, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, USA
    Kennedy Inst Ethics J 13:67-82. 2003
    ..In the even of a terror-related outbreak of smallpox, the general public's access to voluntary vaccination would become justified, even in areas beyond where the outbreak has occurred...
  51. ncbi The impact of mandatory versus voluntary participation in the Alberta ignition interlock program
    D J Beirness
    Traffic Injury Research Foundation, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Traffic Inj Prev 4:195-8. 2003
    ..These results suggest that further use of mandatory interlock programs should be just as successful as voluntary programs when offenders share characteristics with those studied in Alberta.
  52. ncbi Gaps between HIV/AIDS policies and treatment in correctional facilities
    A A Amankwaa
    Albany State University, Albany, GA, USA
    J Health Hum Serv Adm 24:171-98. 2001
    ..Their analysis suggests that future changes in HIV/AIDS policy ib testing and treatment can contribute to improvement in health conditions of infected inmates...
  53. ncbi Population programs for the detection of couples at risk for severe monogenic genetic diseases
    Joel Zlotogora
    Department of Community Genetics, Public Health Services, Ministry of Health, Building 67, Sheba Medical Center, Ramat Gan, Israel
    Hum Genet 126:247-53. 2009
    ..b>Voluntary programs exist for instance in several Mediterranean countries for the prevention of thalassemia and for several ..
  54. ncbi A labor perspective of workplace violence prevention. Identifying research needs
    J Rosen
    Occupational Safety and Health Department, New York State Public Employees Federation, American Federation of Labor Congress of Industrial Organizations, Latham, New York 12110, USA
    Am J Prev Med 20:161-8. 2001
    ....
  55. ncbi Multimedia emissions inventory of polychlorinated biphenyls for the U.S. Great Lakes states
    Serap Erdal
    Division of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of Illinois Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA
    J Air Waste Manag Assoc 58:1022-32. 2008
    ..However, our ability to measure the effectiveness of these regulatory/voluntary programs and to support regional fate/transport and source/receptor modeling efforts depend on reliable emission ..
  56. ncbi Patient safety: a priority in the US Department of Health and Human Services
    Mary Pat Couig
    US Public Health Service, Rockville, MD, USA
    Nurs Adm Q 29:88-96. 2005
    ..to know what resources are readily available to help them implement regulatory requirements, what voluntary programs exist for reporting problems with medical products, what resources are available for consumers to make ..
  57. ncbi Recent developments in young driver education, training and licensing in Australia
    Teresa M Senserrick
    Center for Injury Research and Prevention formerly TraumaLink, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, 34th St and Civic Center Blvd, 3535 Market Street, Suite 1024, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    J Safety Res 38:237-44. 2007
    ..have differed from the mandatory school-based programs found internationally; generally comprising voluntary programs conducted outside of licensing...
  58. ncbi How effectively do managed care organizations influence prescribing and dispensing decisions?
    Norman V Carroll
    School of Pharmacy, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23298, USA
    Am J Manag Care 8:1041-54. 2002
    ..To examine the extent to which managed care organizations (MCOs) use formularies, therapeutic interchange, and prior approval and to determine how effectively these tools influence prescribing and dispensing decisions...
  59. ncbi Ecological efficiency of voluntary conservation of boreal-forest biodiversity
    Mikko Mönkkönen
    Department of Biological and Environmental Science, P O Box 35, FI 40014, University of Jyvaskyla, Finland
    Conserv Biol 23:339-47. 2009
    ..Reliance on completely voluntary programs, however, may entail uncertainties and inadequacies, for example, in terms of spatial configuration and ..
  60. ncbi Population policy in transition in the developing world
    John Bongaarts
    Population Council, New York, NY 10017, USA
    Science 333:574-6. 2011
    ..With sufficient political will and resources, well-run voluntary programs have been shown to bring about sustained declines in fertility and population growth across much of Asia, ..
  61. ncbi An empirical evaluation of private landowner participation in voluntary forest conservation programs
    Derek Kauneckis
    Political Science Department, University of Nevada Reno, Reno, NV 89557 0060, USA
    Environ Manage 44:468-84. 2009
    The use of voluntary programs targeting resource conservation on private land has become increasingly prevalent in environmental policy. Voluntary programs potentially offer significant benefits over regulatory and market-based approaches...
  62. ncbi Mandatory influenza immunization for health care workers--an ethical discussion
    Cynthia M Steckel
    Clinical Services, Scripps Memorial Hospital, La Jolla, USA
    AAOHN J 55:34-9. 2007
    ..However, to date, voluntary programs have achieved only a 40% vaccination rate among health care workers, causing concern among government and ..
  63. ncbi Controlling on-farm inventories of bulk-tank raw milk--an opportunity to protect public health
    B A Reed
    University California, Cooperative Extension, Orland 95963, USA
    J Dairy Sci 83:2988-91. 2000
    ..If dairy producers in those cases had voluntary programs in place to inventory, monitor, and control access to raw milk supplies, the outbreaks probably could have ..
  64. ncbi Farmer participation in U.S. Farm Bill conservation programs
    Adam P Reimer
    W K Kellogg Biological Station, Michigan State University, 3700 E Gull Lake Dr, Hickory Corners, MI, 49060, USA
    Environ Manage 53:318-32. 2014
    ..Understanding motivations for (as well as barriers to) participation in voluntary programs is important for the design of future policy and effective outreach...
  65. ncbi Voluntary HIV testing among inmates: sociodemographic, behavioral risk, and attitudinal correlates
    Ann N Burchell
    HIV Social, Behavioral, and Epidemiological Studies Unit, Department of Public Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Third Floor, 12 Queen s Park Crescent West, Toronto, Ontario M5S 1A8, Canada
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 32:534-41. 2003
    ..Voluntary HIV testing in prison should be encouraged, and inmates should receive appropriate counseling and information to allow realistic assessment of risk...
  66. ncbi [Why do we vaccinate children against infections?]
    Birthe Høgh
    Ugeskr Laeger 164:5739. 2002
  67. ncbi Voluntary scrapie flocks scheme
    Richard Drummond
    Vet Rec 153:723-4. 2003
  68. ncbi The need to legislate the health-care industry in the state of Washington to protect health-care workers from back injury
    William Charney
    National Consultant in Occupational Health, President of Healthcare Safety Consulting, Seattle, Washington, USA
    J Long Term Eff Med Implants 15:567-72. 2005
    There is an epidemic of health-care worker back injury in the State of Washington. Voluntary programs are not keeping pace with the increasing back injury rates to health-care workers...
  69. ncbi The utility of voluntary counselling and testing data as a source of information on HIV prevalence: a systematic review
    D Horyniak
    Centre for Population Health, Macfarlane Burnet Institute for Medical Research and Public Health, Melbourne, VIC 3004
    Int J STD AIDS 21:305-11. 2010
    ..We conclude that routine HIV testing data may be a supplementary data source for HIV surveillance provided careful analyses are conducted...
  70. ncbi It's one step toward quality. Many hurdles remain to establishing new patient-safety groups, which will use confidential provider data on medical errors
    Joseph Conn
    Mod Healthc 35:6-7, 16, 1. 2005
    ....
  71. ncbi The use of performance standards by AAALAC International to evaluate ethical review in European institutions
    Javier Guillen
    AAALAC International, Pamplona, Spain
    Lab Anim (NY) 39:49-53. 2010
    ..Assessment and Accreditation of Laboratory Animal Care International (AAALAC International) have developed voluntary programs that can help researchers to ensure that they are caring for research animals appropriately...
  72. ncbi Implementation of medication reviews in community pharmacies and their effect on potentially inappropriate drug use in elderly patients
    Martina Teichert
    Scientific Institute for Quality of Healthcare IQ Healthcare, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, 6500 HB, PO Box 9101, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Int J Clin Pharm 35:719-26. 2013
    ..Elderly patients using several drugs on a chronic basis were among the target group. Pharmacy-led medication reviews (MRs) were identified as having potential for improving patient safety...
  73. ncbi Evaluation of the effectiveness of HIV voluntary counseling and testing trainings for clinicians in the Odessa region of Ukraine
    T K Capital Ka Cyrilliciriazova
    Future Without AIDS Charity Foundation, Odessa, Ukraine
    AIDS Behav 18:S89-95. 2014
    ..This effort demonstrates that brief, on-site training programs support the expansion of VCT by increasing the knowledge and skills of rural nonspecialist clinicians to levels equal with urban HIV specialists. ..
  74. pmc HIV/AIDS knowledge and uptake of HIV counselling and testing among undergraduate private university students in Accra, Ghana
    Kwaku Oppong Asante
    Department of Human Development and Psychology, Regent University College of Science and Technology, P, O, Box DS 1636, Dansoman, Accra, Ghana
    Reprod Health 10:17. 2013
    ..The main objective was to determine the level of HIV/AIDS knowledge and to explore factors associated with the use HIV counselling and testing among private university students in Accra, Ghana...
  75. ncbi Using VCT statistics from Kenya in understanding the association between gender and HIV
    K N Otwombe
    University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
    SAHARA J 4:707-10. 2007
    ..0001) and had twice as high a chance of being infected by HIV (Odds ratio 2.27 with CI 2.23 to 2.31) than males.We conclude that VCT statistics may lead to better planning of services and gender sensitive interventions if utilised well...
  76. ncbi Impact of a national HIV voluntary counselling and testing (VCT) campaign on VCT in a rural hospital in Tanzania
    Erik Mossdorf
    St Francis Designated District Hospital, Ifakara, United Republic of Tanzania
    Trop Med Int Health 15:567-73. 2010
    ..To evaluate the impact of a national HIV voluntary counselling and testing (VCT) campaign on presentation to HIV care in a rural population in Tanzania...
  77. ncbi "To know or not to know": service-related barriers to voluntary HIV counseling and testing (VCT) in South Africa
    A C van Dyk
    Department of Psychology, University of South Africa
    Curationis 26:4-10. 2003
    ..Suggestions are made on how to improve VCT services in South Africa...
  78. ncbi An economic and ethical approach to charity and to charity endowments
    John E Core
    Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania
    Rev Soc Econ 68:261-84. 2010
    ....
  79. ncbi Outpatient commitment: the state of empirical research on its outcomes
    Virginia Aldige Hiday
    Department of Sociology and Anthropology, North Carolina State University, Box 8107, Raleigh, NC 27695 8107, USA
    Psychol Public Policy Law 9:8-32. 2003
    ....
  80. ncbi Presumed consent: an international comparison and possibilities for change in the United States
    Kenneth Gundle
    Standford Center for Biomedical Ethics, Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA, USA
    Camb Q Healthc Ethics 14:113-8. 2005
  81. ncbi Voluntary problems. While California's PEP-C patient survey gains momentum, hospitals often aren't willing to participate in the quality gauge
    Laura B Benko
    Mod Healthc 33:6-7, 16, 1. 2003
    ..The Patients' Evaluation of Performance in California results help consumers make the difficult decision of where to seek care...
  82. pmc Dynamics of care, situations of choice: HIV tests in times of ART
    Anita Hardon
    Amsterdam Institute for Social Science Research AISSR, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Med Anthropol 30:183-201. 2011
    ..We argue that the medical context inherent in PITC provides an attractive moral space for people to undergo HIV tests...
  83. pmc Evaluating human papillomavirus vaccination programs in Canada: should provincial healthcare pay for voluntary adult vaccination?
    Marco Llamazares
    Department of Mathematics, The University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada
    BMC Public Health 8:114. 2008
    ..Given the high efficacy and immunogenicity of the vaccine, the possibility of eradicating targeted types of the virus may be feasible, assuming the vaccination programs are undertaken strategically...
  84. ncbi Reported willingness and associated factors related to utilization of voluntary counseling and testing services by female sex workers in Shandong Province, China
    Ying Wang
    National Institute for Viral Disease Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing 100052, China
    Biomed Environ Sci 23:466-72. 2010
    ..To explore reported willingness and factors associated with utilization of voluntary counseling and testing services by female sex workers (FSWs) in China and to offer recommendations to optimize use of such services...
  85. ncbi Voluntary reporting of adverse drug reactions in a Korean hospital
    Hye Young Youn
    Am J Health Syst Pharm 64:1469. 2007
  86. pmc A pilot asthma incidence surveillance system and case definition: lessons learned
    Mary Jo Trepka
    Office of Epidemiology and Disease Control, Miami Dade County Health Department, Miami, FL, USA
    Public Health Rep 124:267-79. 2009
    ..We sought to determine the feasibility of an asthma incidence surveillance system using voluntary reporting of asthma by outpatient clinics and emergency departments (EDs)...
  87. ncbi Male partner voluntary counselling and testing associated with the antenatal services in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo: a randomized controlled trial
    J Ditekemena
    Kinshasa School of Public Health, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo
    Int J STD AIDS 22:165-70. 2011
    ..A combination of different strategies rather than single targeted interventions will be needed to increase VCT uptake in male partners of women seeking VCT at ANCs...
  88. ncbi Gay male couples' attitudes toward using couples-based voluntary HIV counseling and testing
    Jason W Mitchell
    Risk Reduction and Health Promotion Programs, School of Nursing, University of Michigan, 400 N Ingalls, Office 3343, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109, USA
    Arch Sex Behav 43:161-71. 2014
    ..Providing additional testing methods may help HIV-negative gay couples better manage their HIV risk. ..
  89. ncbi Dietary supplements, herbs and oral anticoagulants: the nature of the evidence
    Ann K Wittkowsky
    University of Washington School of Pharmacy, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
    J Thromb Thrombolysis 25:72-7. 2008
    ..No current governmental regulations or voluntary programs address dietary supplement interactions with prescription drugs...
  90. ncbi The AMA Alliance: making a difference in public health
    Ronald M Davis
    J Okla State Med Assoc 101:189. 2008
  91. ncbi Strong effects of home-based voluntary HIV counselling and testing on acceptance and equity: a cluster randomised trial in Zambia
    Knut Fylkesnes
    Centre for International Health, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Bergen, 5020 Bergen, Norway
    Soc Sci Med 86:9-16. 2013
    ..The high couple counselling acceptance suggests that the home-based approach has a particularly high HIV prevention potential...
  92. pmc Promotion of couples' voluntary counselling and testing for HIV through influential networks in two African capital cities
    Susan Allen
    The Rwanda Zambia HIV Research Group, 1520 Clifton Road, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    BMC Public Health 7:349. 2007
    ..Couples' Voluntary Counselling and Testing (CVCT) is an effective prevention strategy for this group. We present our experience with a community-based program for the promotion of CVCT in Kigali, Rwanda and Lusaka, Zambia...
  93. ncbi [Implementation of a form for adverse effect notification: results for the 1st year]
    Verónica Pérez Blanco
    Unidad de Calidad, Complejo Hopitalario de Toledo, Toledo, Spain
    Rev Calid Asist 24:3-10. 2009
    ..To describe the introduction of an incident monitoring system by electronic reporting in the Complejo Hospitalario de Toledo (CHT) and to analyse the initial results...
  94. pmc Factors affecting voluntary HIV counselling and testing among men in Ethiopia: a cross-sectional survey
    Tesfaye H Leta
    Centre for International Health, University of Bergen, Overlege Danielsens Hus, Arstadv, 21, Postbox 7804, NO 5020 Bergen, Norway
    BMC Public Health 12:438. 2012
    ..The aim of the present study was to investigate factors associated with VCT utilization among adult men since men are less likely than women to be offered and accept routine HIV testing...
  95. ncbi HIV voluntary counseling and testing at an abortion clinic: missed opportunities for diagnosis
    Sara J Newmann
    Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
    Contraception 88:147-52. 2013
    ..We sought to determine whether the standard practice of offering voluntary HIV counseling and testing (VCT) services to women electing abortion results in detection of undiagnosed HIV infection...
  96. ncbi Comparing direct costs of facility-based Shang Ring provision versus a standard surgical technique for voluntary medical male circumcision in Zambia
    John H Bratt
    FHI 360, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 63:e109-12. 2013
    ..New disposable VMMC devices such as the Shang Ring may offer several advantages over standard surgery, including lower costs...
  97. ncbi Feasibility of salt reduction in processed foods in Argentina
    Daniel Ferrante
    Ministry of Health, Buenos Aires, Argentina
    Rev Panam Salud Publica 29:69-75. 2011
    ..To assess an intervention to reduce salt intake based on an agreement with the food industry...
  98. pmc Does risk equalization reduce the viability of voluntary deductibles?
    R C van Kleef
    Institute of Health Policy and Management iBMG, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Int J Health Care Finance Econ 7:43-58. 2007
    ..Since the main goal of user charges is to reduce moral hazard, some effect of self selection on the premium rebate can be justified to increase the viability of voluntary deductibles...
  99. ncbi A peer-based assistance program for officers with the New York City Police Department: report of the effects of Sept. 11, 2001
    Frank G Dowling
    Police Organization Providing Peer Assistance, New York, NY 10004, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 163:151-3. 2006
    ..Psychological issues in law enforcement personnel, a description of the outreach program, and data from these screenings are presented...
  100. ncbi Pre-event willingness to receive smallpox vaccine among physicians and public safety personnel
    Benjamin J Silk
    Center for Public Health Preparedness and Research, Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, 1518 Clifton Road NE, Atlanta, GA 30317, USA
    South Med J 98:876-82. 2005
    ..Planning for voluntary smallpox vaccination of health and safety officials began in December 2002...
  101. ncbi Partnerships with health and private voluntary organizations: what are the issues for health authorities and boards?
    D R Coid
    Director of Medical Services, Armadale Health Service, PO Box 460, Armadale 6992, Western Australia
    Public Health 117:317-22. 2003
    ..The present study was undertaken to examine aspects of this relationship from the point of view of health board personnel...

Research Grants19

  1. Management of Vaginal Complaints: A Pilot Study within
    Matthew Anderson; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..On the other hand, the trial may support a more limited approach that avoids a pelvic examination. This could result in substantial savings of health care dollars with equivalent clinical outcomes. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  2. Community-based VCT for HIV in Rural Migrants in China
    Na He; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  3. Neurodevelopment and HIV/AIDS
    Annelies Van Rie; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  4. Pediatric HIV-encephalopathy in DRC: effect of ART & role of compartmentalization
    Annelies Van Rie; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  5. Treatment Models for Primary and Chronic HIV Infection
    Rochelle Walensky; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Rochelle Walensky with a firm basis for career development as an independent, patient-oriented clinical researcher at the interface of these critical areas. ..
  6. Planning Grant for SOD III Multicenter Trial
    Peter Cotton; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This trial will answer several of the important questions raised by the expert panel at the NIH State of the Science of ERCP Conference, held in January. ..
  7. Long Term Recovery Among Convicted Drunk Drivers
    Sandra Lapham; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ....
  8. Mobile Tool for Adolescent Diabetes Management
    Aaron Carroll; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This research request will form the foundation of an R01 proposal to rigorously study the tool's impact on adolescent diabetes management ..
  9. Fundamental Study of Welding Fume Inhalation
    Serap Erdal; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  10. Computer Decision Aid for ADHD Management (CDAAM)
    Aaron E Carroll; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We will assess the quality of ADHD services at baseline and again at 12 months post implementation. These methods will allow a thorough description of the intervention's role in the process of ADHD management. ..
  11. Community Prevention Policy & Programs in Risk Settings
    William Woods; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  12. Optimizing strategies for universal HIV testing
    Rochelle P Walensky; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The scientific basis for early detection of HIV infection and aggressive linkage to care has been successfully laid. The challenge now is to identify effective, affordable, and cost-effective implementation mechanisms. ..
  13. New model for describing and projecting adult mortality
    John Bongaarts; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..4) Test the new projection method by comparing its results with projections produced by the Lee-Carter procedure. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  14. Surveillance: The Ethics of Public Health Reporting
    Ronald Bayer; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The project will inform discussion of the ethics of public health surveillance and contribute to the development of public policy sensitive to privacy and confidentiality as well as the demands of research and public health. ..
  15. HIV Testing as a Structural Intervention
    William Woods; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The results could support designing a controlled clinical trial to test the efficacy of an on-site HIV testing program as a structural intervention to reduce high-risk behavior in clubs. ..
  16. Testing explicit theoretical models of drinking/driving
    Sandra Lapham; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  17. RANDOMIZED SANCTIONS TO REDUCE DRUNK DRIVING RECIDIVISM
    Sandra Lapham; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Finally, the process will be evaluated to monitor the interventions and to enable replication of the protocol in other jurisdictions. ..
  18. Social Setting & HIV Risk: Opportunities for Prevention
    William Woods; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  19. Alcohol and Behavioral Risks Throughout College
    Kim Fromme; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Identification of factors that increase or decrease both alcohol use and behavioral risks during college will have significant implications for policy and prevention efforts on college campuses. ..