Summary: The use of one's knowledge in a particular profession. It includes, in the case of the field of biomedicine, professional activities related to health care and the actual performance of the duties related to the provision of health care.
Publications228 found, 100 shown here
- Audit and feedback: effects on professional practice and healthcare outcomesNoah Ivers
Department of Family Medicine, Women s College Hospital, Toronto, Canada 2Norwegian Knowledge Centre for the Health Services, Oslo
Cochrane Database Syst Rev 6:CD000259. 2012Audit and feedback is widely used as a strategy to improve professional practice either on its own or as a component of multifaceted quality improvement interventions...
- A checklist for identifying determinants of practice: a systematic review and synthesis of frameworks and taxonomies of factors that prevent or enable improvements in healthcare professional practiceSigne A Flottorp
Norwegian Knowledge Centre for the Health Services, Oslo, Norway
Implement Sci 8:35. 2013..Several checklists, frameworks, taxonomies, and classifications of determinants of healthcare professional practice have been published...
- Tailored interventions to overcome identified barriers to change: effects on professional practice and health care outcomesRichard Baker
Department of Health Sciences, University of Leicester, 22 28 Princess Rd West, Leicester, Leicestershire, UK, LE1 6TP
Cochrane Database Syst Rev 3:CD005470. 2010..To assess the effectiveness of interventions tailored to address identified barriers to change on professional practice or patient outcomes...
- Printed educational materials: effects on professional practice and healthcare outcomesAnik Giguere
Health Information Research Unit HIRU, Department of Clinical Epidemiology, McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada
Cochrane Database Syst Rev 10:CD004398. 2012..Traditionally they are presented in paper formats such as monographs, publication in peer-reviewed journals and clinical guidelines...
- Improving clinical practice using clinical decision support systems: a systematic review of trials to identify features critical to successKensaku Kawamoto
Division of Clinical Informatics, Department of Community and Family Medicine, Box 2914, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
BMJ 330:765. 2005..To identify features of clinical decision support systems critical for improving clinical practice...
- Getting evidence into practice: the role and function of facilitationGill Harvey
Quality Improvement Programme, RCN Institute, Oxford, UK
J Adv Nurs 37:577-88. 2002..This paper presents the findings of a concept analysis of facilitation in relation to successful implementation of evidence into practice...
- From best evidence to best practice: effective implementation of change in patients' careRichard Grol
Centre for Quality of Care Research WOK, Universities of Nijmegen and Maastricht, PO Box 9101, WOK 229 6500 HB, Nijmegen, Netherlands
Lancet 362:1225-30. 2003..In general, evidence shows that none of the approaches for transferring evidence to practice is superior to all changes in all situations...
- Interprofessional education: effects on professional practice and healthcare outcomes (update)Scott Reeves
Center of Innovation in Inteprofessional Education, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, USA
Cochrane Database Syst Rev 3:CD002213. 2013..Research continues to suggest that collaboration between these professionals can be problematic. Interprofessional education (IPE) offers a possible way to improve interprofessional collaboration and patient care...
- An exploration of the factors that influence the implementation of evidence into practiceJo Rycroft-Malone
Royal College of Nursing Institute, Oxford, UK
J Clin Nurs 13:913-24. 2004..This study sets out to scrutinize the elements of the framework through empirical enquiry...
- The feminization of the medical work force, implications for Scottish primary care: a survey of Scottish general practitionersBrian McKinstry
Community Health Sciences GP Section, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH8 9DX, UK
BMC Health Serv Res 6:56. 2006..However, there is very little information on the actual hours worked by men and women general practitioners or on the types of work they are undertaking...
- Multiple component patient safety intervention in English hospitals: controlled evaluation of second phaseAmirta Benning
School of Health and Population Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, West Midlands B15 2TT, UK
BMJ 342:d199. 2011..Setting NHS hospitals in England...
- Mindful practiceR M Epstein
Department of Family Medicine, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, New York 14620, USA
JAMA 282:833-9. 1999..As a link between relationship-centered care and evidence-based medicine, mindfulness should be considered a characteristic of good clinical practice...
- Getting evidence into practice: the meaning of 'context'Brendan McCormack
University of Ulster Royal Hospitals Trust, Belfast, UK
J Adv Nurs 38:94-104. 2002..This paper presents the findings of a concept analysis of 'context' in relation to the successful implementation of evidence into practice...
- Evidence based practice: a survey of physiotherapists' current practiceRoss Iles
School of Physiotherapy, La Trobe University, Australia
Physiother Res Int 11:93-103. 2006....
- Treatment and survival in breast cancer in the Eastern Region of EnglandG C Wishart
Cambridge Breast Unit, Addenbrooke s Hospital, Cambridge, London, UK
Ann Oncol 21:291-6. 2010..The reasons for variation in survival in breast cancer are multifactorial...
- Promotion of smoking cessation in developing countries: a framework for urgent public health interventionsA S M Abdullah
Department of Community Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, 5 F Academic Block, New Medical Complex, 21 Sassoon Road, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR, China
Thorax 59:623-30. 2004....
- Does academic dishonesty relate to unethical behavior in professional practice? An exploratory studyTrevor S Harding
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering Department, Kettering University, Flint, Michigan, USA
Sci Eng Ethics 10:311-24. 2004..students who frequently participate in academic dishonesty are more likely to make unethical decisions in professional practice. To investigate this scenario, we propose the hypotheses that (1) there are similarities in the decision-..
- The effect of nursing leadership on hospital nurses' professional practice behaviorsMilisa Manojlovich
School of Nursing, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
J Nurs Adm 35:366-74. 2005..To understand the effect of unit-level nursing leadership on the relationship of structural empowerment and nursing self-efficacy to professional nursing practice behaviors...
- Medical professionalism: can it be taught?Michael E Whitcomb
Acad Med 80:883-4. 2005
- Teaching and evaluating students' professionalism in US medical schools, 2002-2003Audiey Kao
JAMA 290:1151-2. 2003
- To what extent do nurses use research in clinical practice? A systematic reviewJanet E Squires
Clinical Epidemiology Program, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, Ottawa, Canada
Implement Sci 6:21. 2011..The objective of this study was to systematically identify and analyze the available evidence related to the extent to which nurses use research findings in practice...
- Evidence-based strategies for implementing guidelines in obstetrics: a systematic reviewNils Chaillet
Research Centre of UHC Sainte Justine, University of Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada nilsc wanadoo fr
Obstet Gynecol 108:1234-45. 2006..To estimate effective strategies for implementing clinical practice guidelines in obstetric care and to identify specific barriers to behavior change and facilitators in obstetrics...
- Strategies for facilitating change in alcohol and other drugs (AOD) professional practice: a systematic review of the effectiveness of reminders and feedbackPetra T Bywood
National Centre for Education and Training on Addiction, Flinders University, South Australia, Australia
Drug Alcohol Rev 27:548-58. 2008..This study evaluated the effectiveness of two professional practice change interventions (reminders and feedback) that are designed to bridge the 'research-practice gap' by ..
- Our compact with tomorrow's doctorsJordan J Cohen
Association of American Medical Colleges, Washington, DC 20037, USA
Acad Med 77:475-80. 2002....
- Physical activity habits of doctors and medical students influence their counselling practicesF Lobelo
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Physical Activity and Health Branch, 4770 Bufford Highway Mailstop K 46, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
Br J Sports Med 43:89-92. 2009..Medical schools need to increase the proportion of students adopting and maintaining regular PA habits to increase the rates and quality of future PA counselling delivered by doctors...
- Reflection in professional practice and educationKathryn Robertson
Department of General Practice, University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Aust Fam Physician 34:781-3. 2005..As such it is at the core of both learning and continually evolving professional practice. This article draws on literature from adult learning and medical education fields to present a ..
- Community professionals' management of client care: a mixed-methods systematic reviewNiina Kolehmainen
Health Services Research Unit, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK
J Health Serv Res Policy 15:47-55. 2010....
- Evidence based guidelines or collectively constructed "mindlines?" Ethnographic study of knowledge management in primary careJohn Gabbay
Wessex Institute for Health Research and Development, Community Clinical Sciences, University of Southampton, Southampton SO16 7PX
BMJ 329:1013. 2004..To explore in depth how primary care clinicians (general practitioners and practice nurses) derive their individual and collective healthcare decisions...
- Changing professional practice in tuberculosis care: an educational interventionJudy Dick
Health Systems Research Unit, Medical Research Council of South Africa, Tygerberg, South Africa
J Adv Nurs 48:434-42. 2004....
- Professionalism in medicine: results of a national survey of physiciansEric G Campbell
Massachusetts General Hospital, Institute for Health Policy, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, USA
Ann Intern Med 147:795-802. 2007..Although there have been efforts to define and promote professionalism, few data are available on physician attitudes toward and conformance with professional norms...
- Is public health ready for a professional practice framework?Maureen Cava
Toronto Public Health Planning and Policy, 277 Victoria Street, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
J Health Serv Res Policy 13:57-63. 2008To develop a framework for professional practice for a large urban public health unit in Canada.
- Teaching professional development in medical schoolsA Stephenson
Department of General Practice and Primary Care, GKT School of Medicine, King s College, London, UK
Lancet 357:867-70. 2001..Adopting and assessing such approaches to ensure that they are effective is of central importance in the education of future clinicians...
- American Psychological Association policy in context. The development and evaluation of guidelines for professional practiceGeoffrey M Reed
American Psychological Association, 750 First Street, NE, Washington, DC 20002 4242, USA
Am Psychol 57:1041-7. 2002
- HER2 testing in the UK: consensus from a national consultationMitch Dowsett
The Royal Marsden NHS Trust, Fulham Road, London SW3 6JJ, UK
J Clin Pathol 60:685-9. 2007..To gain an understanding of current attitudes among oncologists and pathologists to prospective HER2 testing in breast cancer and to gauge whether a national consensus exists regarding extent and quality of testing...
- Women doctors and their careers: what now?Isobel Allen
Policy Studies Institute, University of Westminster, London NW1 3SR
BMJ 331:569-72. 2005
- Practice styles and preferences of ASCRS members--2002 surveyDavid V Leaming
J Cataract Refract Surg 29:1412-20. 2003..The refractive surgical questions were cross-tabulated for the volume of laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK). Data in this survey were compared with those in previous surveys of ASCRS members...
- Exclusive versus everyday forms of professional knowledge: legitimacy claims in conventional and alternative medicineKristine A Hirschkorn
Department of Sociology, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
Sociol Health Illn 28:533-57. 2006..Both forms can thus be employed in attempts to legitimate professional practice. In the final section, I map the current context of CAM and biomedicine onto this expanded professional ..
- Type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus in childhood in the United States: practice patterns by pediatric endocrinologistsRobert Rapaport
Pediatric Endocrinology and Diabetes, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA
J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab 17:871-7. 2004..To determine the relative frequency of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) in the US, and to assess diabetes practice patterns in the US...
- An evidence based clinical aid for cardiovascular disease--what do GPs think?Brian R McAvoy
National Cancer Control Initiative, Victoria
Aust Fam Physician 34:297-8. 2005
- Loss of British-trained doctors from the medical workforce in Great BritainM J Goldacre
UK Medical Careers Research Group, Unit of Health-Care Epidemiology, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 7LF, UK
Med Educ 35:337-44. 2001..Although a higher percentage of women than men were not working in medicine at all, recent trends suggest that this percentage is falling...
- Assessing professional behavior: yesterday, today, and tomorrowLouise Arnold
University of Missouri Kansas City School of Medicine, 64108, USA
Acad Med 77:502-15. 2002....
- Career destinations seven years on among doctors who qualified in the United Kingdom in 1988: postal questionnaire surveyT W Lambert
UK Medical Careers Research Group, Unit of Health Care Epidemiology, Department of Public Health, University of Oxford, UK
BMJ 317:1429-31. 1998..To report the career choices and career destinations in 1995 of doctors who qualified in the United Kingdom in 1988...
- Development and psychometric evaluation of the Professional Practice Environment (PPE) scaleJeanette Ives Erickson
Massachusetts General Hospital, 55 Fruit St, Boston, MA 02114, USA
J Nurs Scholarsh 36:279-85. 2004To describe the Professional Practice Environment (PPE) scale, its conceptual development and psychometric evaluation, and its uses in measuring eight characteristics of the professional practice environment in an acute care setting.
- Social communication skills of chiropractors: implications for professional practiceDennis M Marchiori
Academic Affairs, Palmer College of Chiropractic, Davenport, Iowa 52803, USA
J Manipulative Physiol Ther 31:682-9. 2008Social communication skills are critical in the health professions. The aim of this study was to measure and identify professional practice predictors of social communication skills of practicing chiropractors.
- Physicians' attitudes toward health care rationingThomas V Perneger
Quality of Care Unit, Geneva University Hospitals, Switzerland
Med Decis Making 22:65-70. 2002..In this study, the authors sought to understand the position of Swiss physicians toward rationing using a previously developed rationing scenario...
- Clinical pathways: effects on professional practice, patient outcomes, length of stay and hospital costsThomas Rotter
Department of Public Health, Dresden Medical School, University of Dresden, Dresden, Germany, D 01307
Cochrane Database Syst Rev 3:CD006632. 2010..OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of clinical pathways on professional practice, patient outcomes, length of stay and hospital costs...
- Standards of professional practice: measuring the beliefs and realities of Consultant Dietitians in Health Care FacilitiesJ L Vogelzang
JLV and Associates, Health Care Consultants, 903 Dowling Ct, Southlake, TX 76092, USA
J Am Diet Assoc 101:473-80. 2001..in Health Care Facilities (CD-HCF), surveyed members (n = 5930) on agreement with the six standards of professional practice and frequency of completing indicators within each standard...
- Radiation oncologists in the United StatesRebecca S Lewis
Research Department, American College of Radiology, Reston, VA 20191, USA
Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 69:518-27. 2007..To provide an extensive and detailed portrait of radiation oncologists, their professional activities, and the practices in which they work...
- Viewpoint: teaching professionalism: is medical morality a competency?Thomas S Huddle
Division of General Internal Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Medicine, FOT 722, 1530 Third Avenue South, Birmingham, Alabama 35294, USA
Acad Med 80:885-91. 2005..To be valid, assessment of professionalism must be subjective, narrative, personal, undertaken during periods of stress, and obtained during routine activity (rather than on special occasions)...
- Self-audit in plastic surgery: toward total quality management of personal professional practiceRola Abdullah Alhoqail
University of Dammam, Al Khobar, Saudi Arabia
J Craniofac Surg 22:409-14. 2011..A new concept of total quality management of personal professional practice (TQM-PPP) is introduced...
- Preparing for professional practice: how well does professional training equip health and social care practitioners to engage in evidence-based practice?Kay Caldwell
School of Health and Social Sciences, Middlesex University, The Archway Campus, Highgate Hill, London N19 5LW, United Kingdom
Nurse Educ Today 27:518-28. 2007..A number of constraints to engagement in accessing and utilising evidence were identified...
- Psychiatrists' practices and perceptions regarding anticipatory guidance on firearmsJames H Price
Department of Health and Rehabilitative Services, University of Toledo, Toledo, OH 43606, USA
Am J Prev Med 33:370-3. 2007..Medical society guidelines support the counseling of patients regarding firearms. This study assessed psychiatrists' anticipatory guidance on firearms and their perceived roles on this topic...
- Chinese physicians and their smoking knowledge, attitudes, and practicesYuan Jiang
National Tobacco Control Office, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China
Am J Prev Med 33:15-22. 2007..China has the most smokers among the world's nations. Physicians play a key role in smoking cessation, but little is known about Chinese physicians and smoking...
- Nurses', midwives' and health visitors' perceptions of the impact of higher education on professional practiceRachael L Spencer
School of Health and Social Care, Brayford Campus, University of Lincoln, LN6 7TS, United Kingdom
Nurse Educ Today 26:45-53. 2006This study examines the perceptions of qualified nurses, midwives and health visitors of the impact of higher education on professional practice.
- Changing clinical behaviour by making guidelines specificSusan Michie
Centre for Outcomes Research and Effectiveness, Department of Psychology, University College London, London WC1E 7HB S Michie
BMJ 328:343-5. 2004
- Doctors' professional values: results from a cohort study of United Kingdom medical graduatesL Cooke
Health Policy and Economic Research Unit, BMA House, Tavistock Square, London, WC1H 9JP, UK
Med Educ 35:735-42. 2001..To examine young doctors' views on a number of professional issues including professional regulation, multidisciplinary teamwork, priority setting, clinical autonomy and private practice...
- Viewpoint: today's professionalism: engaging the mind but not the heartJack Coulehan
Division of Medicine in Society, Department of Preventive Medicine, HSC L3 086, Health Sciences Center, School of Medicine, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York 11794 8036, USA
Acad Med 80:892-8. 2005..This approach involves four specific catalysts: professionalism role-modeling, self-awareness, narrative competence, and community service...
- Toward a normative definition of medical professionalismH M Swick
Institute of Medicine and Humanities, Saint Patrick Hospital and the University of Montana, Missoula 59806, USA
Acad Med 75:612-6. 2000..Serious negative consequences will ensue if physicians cease to exemplify the behaviors that constitute medical professionalism and hence abrogate their responsibilities both to their patients and to their chosen calling...
- Using a standardised patient assessment to measure professional attributesMarta van Zanten
Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
Med Educ 39:20-9. 2005..While much work has focused on defining professionalism and teaching medical students the appropriate interpersonal behaviours, relatively little research has looked at meaningful ways of assessing the relevant attributes...
- Computer-generated patient education materials: do they affect professional practice? A systematic reviewShaun P Treweek
Department of Health Services Research, Oslo, Norway
J Am Med Inform Assoc 9:346-58. 2002..controlled trials that assessed the effect of computer-generated patient education material (PEM) on professional practice. Three studies met the authors' criteria. All three studies involved preventive care...
- Airway management before, during and after extubation: a survey of practice in the United Kingdom and IrelandS Rassam
Specialist Registrar, Anaesthetic Department, University Hospital of Wales, Heath Park, Cardiff CF14 4XW, UK
Anaesthesia 60:995-1001. 2005..Nerve stimulators should be used continually as standard monitoring throughout the anaesthetic period when muscle-relaxing drugs are part of the anaesthetic technique...
- Personal narrative and an African-American perspective on medical ethicsEzra E H Griffith
Yale University School of Medicine, 300 George Street, Suite 901, New Haven, CT 06511, USA
J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 33:371-81. 2005..The author uses his own narrative to demonstrate his argument and to show its application to a current debate on the ethics of forensic psychiatry practice...
- Agreement between Occupational Therapy Practice Framework classifications and occupational therapists' classificationsDenea S Butts
College of Health Science and Human Service, The University of Toledo Health Science Campus, OH, USA
Am J Occup Ther 61:512-8. 2007..We recommend that AOTA refrain from developing systems of categorization, at least until a consensus develops in the field concerning terminology...
- What do pediatric primary care providers think are important research questions? A perspective from PROS providersAlyna Chien
Robert Wood Johnson Clinical Scholars Program, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA
Ambul Pediatr 6:352-5. 2006..To describe what pediatric primary care providers involved in the Pediatric Research in Office Settings (PROS) research network think are important yet inadequately addressed questions in pediatric primary care research...
- Recognition of physical and psychological symptoms--no influence of GP demographic factorsMarjan Kljakovic
Academic Unit, General Practice and Community Health Medical School, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, Australia
Aust Fam Physician 34:699-702. 2005..To describe the relationship between general practitioner demographic factors and the recognition of psychological and physical symptoms in consultation...
- The management of accidental dural puncture during labour epidural analgesia: a survey of UK practiceR Baraz
Anaesthetic Specialist Registrar, Department of Anaesthesia, University Hospital of Wales, Cardiff and Vale NHS Trust, Cardiff CF14 4XW, Wales, UK
Anaesthesia 60:673-9. 2005..The two most commonly cited reasons for intrathecal catheterisation were to avoid further dural puncture (76%) and to allow immediate analgesia for labour (75%)...
- BAHNO surgical specialities: same patients, different practices?A Murray
Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Crosshouse Hospital, Kilmarnock, UK
J Laryngol Otol 119:97-101. 2005..The implications for future consensus in the light of these variations are discussed...
- Pain assessment in a geriatric psychiatry programPaul Stolee
School of Optometry and Department of Health Studies and Gerontolgy, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
Pain Res Manag 12:273-80. 2007..The assessment of pain in older persons with psychiatric illness is particularly challenging for health care professionals. There are few well-tested pain assessment tools for this population...
- Prehospital activated charcoal: the way forwardS L Greene
National Poisons Information Service London, Guys and St Thomas NHS Trust, UK
Emerg Med J 22:734-7. 2005..The authors sought to determine the current attitudes of ambulance NHS trusts to recent recommendations that the administration of SDAC should be considered as a prehospital therapy...
- Ethical issues in neonatal intensive care and physicians' practices: a European perspectiveMarina Cuttini
Unit of Epidemiology, Ospedale Pediatrico Bambino Gesu, Scientific Institute IRCCS, Rome, Italy
Acta Paediatr Suppl 95:42-6. 2006....
- Attitudes, beliefs, and referral patterns of PCPs to bariatric surgeonsLisa M Balduf
Department of Surgery, University of North Carolina Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599 7081, USA
J Surg Res 144:49-58. 2008..A cross-sectional mail survey was conducted to assess the attitudes, knowledge, and bariatric referral practices among family and internal medicine physicians in North Carolina...
- Survey of the management of acute traumatic first-time anterior shoulder dislocation among trauma clinicians in the UKMark Chong
The Royal Orthopaedic Hospital NHS Trust, Birmingham, UK
Ann R Coll Surg Engl 88:454-8. 2006..The aim of this work was to survey how acute traumatic first-time anterior shoulder dislocation (AFSD) is managed among trauma clinicians in UK using a postal questionnaire...
- Airway management for tonsillectomy: a national survey of UK practiceM B Clarke
Department of Anaesthesia, Royal United Hospital, Combe Park, Bath BA1 3NG, UK
Br J Anaesth 99:425-8. 2007..This survey explores current methods of airway management for tonsillectomy in the UK and ascertains anaesthetists' current knowledge and opinions of the guidelines and of vCJD...
- Vestibular schwannoma management: current practice amongst UK otolaryngologists--time for a national prospective auditShakeel R Saeed
University Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Manchester Royal Infirmary, Manchester, UK
Ann R Coll Surg Engl 88:490-5. 2006..The aim of this study was to identify current practice in the management of such tumours amongst otolaryngologists in the UK and to observe whether such collaborative working practices exist...
- Urethral dilatation in women: urologists' practice patterns in the UKM Masarani
Department of Urology, Royal Cornwall Hospital, Truro, Cornwall, UK
Ann R Coll Surg Engl 88:496-8. 2006..We conducted a postal survey to ascertain the actual practice of urethral dilatation among urologists in the UK...
- Perceptions of recent ophthalmology residency graduates regarding preparation for practicePeter J McDonnell
Wilmer Ophthalmological Institute, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21287 9278, USA
Ophthalmology 114:387-91. 2007..To evaluate young ophthalmologists' perceptions of how well residency training prepared them for various aspects of their clinical practice...
- Exclusive, idiosyncratic and collective expertise in the interprofessional arena: the case of optometry and eye care in The NetherlandsFred C J Stevens
Department of Health Care Studies, University of Maastricht, The Netherlands
Sociol Health Illn 29:481-96. 2007..the ways in which claims to expertise influence practitioners' attitudes towards professional status and professional practice. Attitudes to expertise are influenced by age, and affect professional work in the workplace...
- Hypertension guideline recommendations in general practice: awareness, agreement, adoption, and adherenceCarl Heneghan
Department of Primary Health Care, Centre for Evidence Based Medicine, University of Oxford
Br J Gen Pract 57:948-52. 2007..GPs vary greatly in their clinical management of hypertension, for reasons that are poorly understood...
- Current opinion on treatment of asymptomatic retinal detachmentsN Ahmad
Ophthalmology Department, Royal Hallamshire Hospital, Sheffield, UK
Eye (Lond) 21:1179-85. 2007..To determine the current opinion of vitreoretinal consultants in the UK on the treatment of asymptomatic retinal detachments...
- Questionnaire order significantly increased response to a postal survey sent to primary care physiciansFrances J Drummond
National Cancer Registry, Ireland, Elm Court, Boreenmanna Road, Cork, Ireland
J Clin Epidemiol 61:177-85. 2008..Difficulties in achieving adequate response rates among physicians have been reported. We investigated the effect of two low-cost interventions on response to a primary care physician postal questionnaire...
- Willingness of gynaecologists, doctors in family planning, GPs, practice nurses and pharmacists to adopt novel interventions for treating sexual partners of women with chlamydiaS T Cameron
Dean Terrace Family Planning and Well Woman Services, NHS Lothian, Edinburgh, UK
BJOG 114:1516-21. 2007..To determine willingness of health professionals to adopt new interventions for treating sexual partners of women with chlamydia...
- Physicians' intention to educate about emergency contraceptionPatricia J Kelly
School of Nursing, University of Missouri Kansas City, 2220 Holmes Street, Kansas City, MO 66103, USA
Fam Med 40:40-5. 2008....
- Clinicians taking pictures--a survey of current practice in emergency departments and proposed recommendations of best practiceP Bhangoo
Accident and Emergency Department, St Mary s Hospital, London, UK
Emerg Med J 22:761-5. 2005..Subsequently, recommendations for best practice have been proposed to protect both the patient and the clinician with regards to all forms of photography in the emergency department setting...
- Emergency physicians' fear of malpractice in evaluating patients with possible acute cardiac ischemiaDavid A Katz
Department of Medicine, University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine, Center for Research in the Implementation of Innovative Strategies in Practice, Iowa City VA Medical Center, Iowa City, IA, USA
Ann Emerg Med 46:525-33. 2005..We evaluate the association between emergency physicians' fear of malpractice and the triage and evaluation patterns of patients with symptoms suggestive of acute coronary syndrome...
- Physicians' views on resource availability and equity in four European health care systemsSamia A Hurst
Institute for Biomedical Ethics, Geneva University Medical School, Switzerland
BMC Health Serv Res 7:137. 2007..The perception of physicians, who witness the effects of these strategies, may provide useful insights regarding the impact of system-wide priority setting on access to care...
- Attitudes regarding carrier testing in incompetent children: a survey of European clinical geneticistsPascal Borry
Centre for Biomedical Ethics and Law, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
Eur J Hum Genet 15:1211-7. 2007..However, for every condition studied, a group of clinical geneticists was willing or very willing to provide a carrier test to a 6-year-old child on parental request...
- Techniques for identifying the epidural space: a survey of practice amongst anaesthetists in the UKA Wantman
St Bartholomew s Hospital, London, EC1A 7BE, UK
Anaesthesia 61:370-5. 2006..When inserting lumbar epidurals to supplement general anaesthesia in surgical patients, 18% of anaesthetists said they usually performed the block with the patient asleep, whereas for thoracic epidurals, this figure fell to 14%...
- A national survey of obstetric anaesthetic handoversN Sabir
Department of Anaesthesia, Intensive Care and Pain Management, Chelsea and Westminster Hospital, 369 Fulham Road, London SW10 9NH, UK
Anaesthesia 61:376-80. 2006..Four percent of units reported critical incidents following inadequate handovers in the past 12 months. We identify features in handover procedures that could be improved...
- Occupational medicine physicians in the United States: demographics and core competenciesBeth A Baker
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, HealthPartners University of Minnesota, St Paul, MN 55101, USA
J Occup Environ Med 49:388-400. 2007..We assessed the demographic profile and opinions of current occupational medicine (OM) physicians on the importance of specific core competencies...
- Racial and ethnic disparities in care: the perspectives of cardiologistsNicole Lurie
RAND Corporation, 1200 S Hayes St, Arlington, VA 22202, USA
Circulation 111:1264-9. 2005..To be effective, educational efforts for physicians must consider providers' knowledge and beliefs about what causes disparities and what can be done about them...
- Nurses' perceptions of complementary and alternative medical therapiesP G Brolinson
Sports Care and Welltrack, Toledo Hospital, OH 43606, USA
J Community Health 26:175-89. 2001..The vast majority (79%) of nurses perceived their professional preparation in this area to be fair or poor...
- Immediate breast reconstruction in the West Midlands: a survey of current practicePenny McManus
Department of General Surgery, City Hospital, Dudley Road, Birmingham B18 7QH, UK
Br J Plast Surg 56:567-70. 2003..Reconstructive surgeons should encourage referrals by increasing contact with general surgeons to overcome logistical problems and by ensuring appropriate systems for referral exist...
- Physicians' knowledge and attitudes toward HIV care in the context of the UNAIDS/Ministry of Health Drug Access Initiative in Côte d'IvoireMarc Souville
INSERM U379, Epidemiology and Social Sciences Applied to Medical Innovation, Institut Paoli Calmettes, Marseille, France
AIDS 17:S79-86. 2003..To evaluate the impact of the availabity of highly active antiretroviral therapies (HAART) in the context of the Drug Access Initiative (DAI) on physicians' knowledge, attitudes and practices toward HIV care in Côte d'Ivoire...
- A survey of current consultant practice of treatment of severe ankle sprains in emergency departments in the United KingdomM W Cooke
Centre for Primary Health Care Studies, University of Warwick, UK
Emerg Med J 20:505-7. 2003..To determine current consultant practice in larger UK emergency departments in the management of severe ankle sprains...
- Management of acute urinary retention secondary to benign prostatic hyperplasia in the UK: a national surveyR Manikandan
Stepping Hill Hospital, Urology, Stockport, Cheshire, UK
BJU Int 93:84-8. 2004..To analyse current practice in the management of acute urinary retention (AUR) secondary to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) in the UK, and to assess how much of this is evidence-based...
- Brainstem death testing in the UK--time for reappraisal?M D D Bell
Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, The General Infirmary at Leeds, Great George Street, Leeds LS1 3EX, UK
Br J Anaesth 92:633-40. 2004..A diagnosis of brainstem death in the UK is based on clinical assessment rather than technical investigations, but is considered rigorous enough to be legally synonymous with death...
- Reading habits of practicing physiatristsDavid T Burke
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Harvard Medical School, Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, USA
Am J Phys Med Rehabil 81:779-87. 2002..Given this increase of information, this study sought to determine the amount and extent that pertinent journals are read by specialists in the field of physical medicine and rehabilitation...
- Differences in attitudes to analgesia in post-operative limb surgery put patients at risk of compartment syndromeRaghuram Thonse
Department of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery, Hull Royal Infirmary, Anlaby Road, Kingston upon Hull HU3 2JZ, UK
Injury 35:290-5. 2004....
- Naturopathic and Western herbal medicine practice in Australia-a workforce surveyA Bensoussan
The Centre for Complementary Medicine Research, University of Western Sydney, Locked Bag 1797, Penrith South DC, NSW 1797, Australia
Complement Ther Med 12:17-27. 2004..This study aimed to examine the nature of these practices and this currently unregulated workforce in Australia...
- Re-use of equipment between patients receiving total intravenous anaesthesia: a postal survey of current practiceM J Halkes
Department of Anaesthesia, Torbay Hospital, Torquay, Devon, TQ2 7AA, UK
Anaesthesia 58:582-7. 2003..Variation in practice between consultants creates the potential for system errors. Practice should be standardised and, to comply with the published guidelines, should involve disposal of all equipment between cases...
- A survey of the use of portable ultrasound for central vein cannulation on critical care units in the UKP Jefferson
Department of Anaesthetics and Intensive Care and Research and Development Co ordinator, Dumfries and Galloway Royal Infirmary, Bankend Road, Dumfries DG1 4AP, UK
Anaesthesia 57:365-8. 2002..9%) did not think that it was necessary. Overall, over half of the units did not audit complications of central vein cannulation...
- Hepcidin-based screening for infantile iron deficiencyMark D Fleming; Fiscal Year: 2010..Although the specific recommendations vary, Federal agencies and professional practice associations uniformly suggest that pediatricians screen infants for ID, typically before the end of the ..
- Building, Implementing and Evaluating Cancer Supportive Care ProgramsMATTHEW JOSEPH LOSCALZO; Fiscal Year: 2013..a unique ongoing program of continuing education that has been shown to be effective in actually changing professional practice. The workshops will be carried out twice yearly for five years, and will be offered alternately at the ..
- ENDO: The Annual Meeting &Expo of The Endocrine SocietyLoretta L Doan; Fiscal Year: 2012..The Society is an experienced and recognized leader in developing educational activities that improve professional practice among endocrine researchers and clinicians...
- Using the RE-AIM Model to Translate Distress Screening into Cancer CareRuth McCorkle; Fiscal Year: 2013..to cohorts of dyads composed of two individuals from the same cancer-care facility who represent different professional practice disciplines, such as chaplaincy, nursing, oncology, psychiatry, psychology, or social work...
- Occupational Health Education and Research CenterJacqueline Agnew; Fiscal Year: 2013..to students in courses, seminars and informal discussions, and is reinforced through research and professional practice in each program...
- eClinic: An Innovative Technology for Clinical Laboratory Sciences EducationELROY J BOLDUC; Fiscal Year: 2012..using virtual wet labs and advanced, embedded learning strategies that better prepare students for professional practice and faculty (pre-service and in-service) for credentialing...
- BRIDGES TO THE PROFESSORIATEKENNETH PEPION; Fiscal Year: 2013..The Bridges to the Professoriate project fills the gap that exists between graduate school preparation and professional practice, while providing proven strategies for academic success at the doctoral level...
- THE ALABAMA TOBACCO FREE FAMILIES PROGRAMMyra Crawford; Fiscal Year: 2005..of: (a) a mass media-health communications component, (b) a community organization component, and (c) a professional practice component; 3...
- Fostering Professionalism: Challenges and OpportunitiesPATRICIA SURDYK; Fiscal Year: 2003..involved in teaching and assessing professionalism through medical school, residency training, and professional practice: 1) understand how their own values act as a framework for teaching and assessing professionalism; 2) ..
- Anytime, Anyplace Learning for Critical CarePamela Jeffries; Fiscal Year: 2002..This course, designed as an Online Community of Professional Practice (OCPP), will use the collaborative work tools within the course to create an environment in which core ..
- The Magnet Journey: Understanding the Role of Unit Culture in EBP AdoptionKIM MARIE SCHIPPITS; Fiscal Year: 2010..With increasing focus on professional practice environments, and in particular, "magnet" environments that support excellence in nursing practice, there ..
- MODEL FOR REORGANIZING NURSING RESOURCESDorothy Gordon; Fiscal Year: 1991The purpose of this study is to determine the effectiveness of the Professional Practice Contract Model ("Contract Model") as implemented in a large University Hospital...
- INPATIENT PRACTICES OF HOSPITALISTS VS TRADITIONAL PCPSMelissa Rowe; Fiscal Year: 2000..The specific aims of the professional practice behaviors of internal medicine physicians and family practice physicians practicing either as hospitalists ..
- Facilitating effective use of on line health informationClinton Chichester; Fiscal Year: 2003..For pharmacy students, professional practice and general ability based outcomes will be evaluated using an electronic portfolio system linked to the ..
- ENHANCED PROFESSIONAL PRACTICE MODEL FOR NURSINGGail Ingersoll; Fiscal Year: 1992An enhanced professional practice program evaluation is proposed to determine the effect of increased control over practice on nurse satisfaction, quality of care delivery and patient outcome...
- A Model of Patient and Nursing Administration OutomesBarbara Mark; Fiscal Year: 2006..Second, several key variables (professional practice, staffing adequacy, and patient outcomes) will be reconceptualized and their measurement refined...
- IMPACT OF OPHTHALMIC TECHNICIANS ON OUTPATIENT CAREJonathan Trobe; Fiscal Year: 1980..for the models can be used to: develop staffing and task assignment recommendations for the VA and the professional practice of ophthalmology; provide guidance for the design of curricula for training ophthalmic technicians and ..
- Factors impacting staff nurse care coordination for hospitalized patientsINGRID DUVA; Fiscal Year: 2009..Structural characteristics, such as those that comprise a professional practice environment for nurses, are hypothesized to facilitate nursing process...
- EVIDENCE BASED HEALTH CARE WORKSHOPPhoebe Barton; Fiscal Year: 1999..the strength of recommendations, how to teach EBHC, how to practice EBHC at the bedside, and how to change professional practice. Small group topics are tailored to the needs and interests of the participants to optimize their ..
- Conference--The Public's Health: A Matter of TrustDavid Shore; Fiscal Year: 2002..will be produced and conference participants will receive a variety of useful materials to use in their professional practice. The conference will take place in Boston, Massachusetts, on November 13- 15, 2002.
- Fourth Annual Evidence-Based Practice ConferenceBernadette Melnyk; Fiscal Year: 2002Although research has indicated that patient outcomes are substantially improved when professional practice is based on evidence from well-designed studies, only a small percentage of healthcare providers are implementing evidence-based ..
- SUBSTANCE USE PATTERNS AMONG PHYSICIANSPatrick Hughes; Fiscal Year: 1990..of help; v) to describe the natural history of physician drug use from early residency training through professional practice and retirement, within the limitations of cross-sectional survey data on physicians at different stages of ..
- DEVELOPING AND IMPROVING INSTITUTIONAL ANIMAL RESOURCESWILLAM WILKERSON; Fiscal Year: 1993..or well-being units are sought to guarantee top quality care that is consistent with various agency and professional practice standards...
- Annual Meeting of the American Pain SocietyLinda Sorkin; Fiscal Year: 2005..mechanisms of pain and improving the care of patients with pain through research, education, treatment and professional practice. The annual meeting provides a unique forum for disseminating cutting edge advances in research and ..
- On-Line Training in Treating Dementia-Spaced RetrievalTHOMAS SLOMINSKI; Fiscal Year: 2005..an alpha and beta version of the text-only course; and 3) Conduct evaluations of the final (field-test) version of the online course prototype as it relates to knowledge acquisition and professional practice by SLPs.
- Participant Perspectives on Drug Use/HIV Research EthicsCelia Fisher; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Fordham Resident Alcohol Prevention ProgramCelia Fisher; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Molecular Mechanisms of Mesangial SclerosisChristine Abrass; Fiscal Year: 2009..Understanding transcriptional control of LN isoform expression will add new insights into the role that LN plays in normal glomerulogenesis and that becomes disordered in glomerular disease. ..
- Osteoporosis Prevention in Early Stage Breast CancerDawn Hershman; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Capacity Building in Organizational ResearchA Orzano; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- Neurotrophins and Tyrosine Kinases in Prostate CancerChristopher Evans; Fiscal Year: 2006..This proposal is based on significant preliminary data and has strong translational potential for future proposals. ..
- Cytolytic Attack Against Lung Parenchyma in EmphysemaDaren Knoell; Fiscal Year: 2006..The applicant has established an excellent group of advisors to assist in this endeavor and has secured the appropriate institutional support to complete the training. ..
- Substance Use Comorbidity Care: Evidence-Based Stepped Strategies for DepressionCarlos Blanco; Fiscal Year: 2010..abstract_text> ..
- DYSAUTONOMIA, EXERCISE, & POSTTRANSPLANT QUALITY OF LIFEDonna Hathaway; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- Pain Medication Use & Risk Factors for Opioid DependenceDaniel Solomon; Fiscal Year: 2004..Our goal is to use the results of the proposed research to inform a future intervention to improve opioid prescribing within this large pharmacy benefits program. ..
- Industry-Sponsored Research Contracts:An Empirical StudyMichelle Mello; Fiscal Year: 2002..The data will be analyzed descriptively and with chi-squared tests and regression analysis. ..
- Trials to Enhance Elders' Teeth/Oral Health (TEETH)Asuman Kiyak; Fiscal Year: 2004..Every indication to date suggests a successful completion of this trial as projected. ..
- Genetics of Mild Hearing Loss in children Aged 6-12 yrsMelissa Wake; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- ACRIN FELLOWSHIP TRAINING PROGRAMBRUCE HILLMAN; Fiscal Year: 2004..Fellows who have suitably progreessed will be given an opportunity to develop and lead an ACRIN trial as PI under the tutelege of Program mentors. ..
- PATIENT-CENTERED CARE AND HEALTH CARE COSTSRonald Epstein; Fiscal Year: 2002..abstract_text> ..
- MECHANISMS OF ACROLEIN ON PROLIFERATION AND APOPTOSISJAMES KEHRER; Fiscal Year: 2002..abstract_text> ..
- Forging Implementation of Cancer Screening Reminder Systems (FICSRS)Adrianne Feldstein; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Computer Assisted System for Patient Assessment/ReferralDeni Carise; Fiscal Year: 2008..If successful, this low-cost, user-friendly technology enhancement could be an important addition to the meager clinical tools currently available to alcohol treatment providers. ..
- EFFECTIVENESS OF OUTPATIENT TREATMENT OF PIDRoberta Ness; Fiscal Year: 2003..We gain great efficiency in the use of the extensive resources and excellent follow-up success within the PEACH cohort. ..
- MANAGED CARE AND HEALTH CARE MARKETSLaurence Baker; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- Managed Care Penetration and Cancer CareNancy Keating; Fiscal Year: 2003..If managed care penetration is negatively associated with the delivery of care, interventions targeted toward policy-makers, providers, and patients will be needed to counteract the effects of market forces. ..
- RESEARCH TRAINING IN TRANSFUSION MEDICINEJeffrey McCullough; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- PSYCHIATRIC RESEARCH ETHICS: SCIENCE AND SAFEGUARDSLaura Roberts; Fiscal Year: 2002..Through the plan for development of my research career, I hope to contribute to the advancement of vital, ethically sound research involving mentally ill people and members of other special and potentially vulnerable, populations. ..
- R21 project: Yoga as a Treatment for InsomniaSAT BIR KHALSA; Fiscal Year: 2002..We also anticipate that these improvements will be maintained at long-term follow up evaluation. ..
- Reducing Oral Cancer Disparities in FloridaScott Tomar; Fiscal Year: 2008..Effectiveness of the interventions will be measured through population-based surveys and utilization of the hotline and clinics. ..
- Networking and Mentoring Meeting: HIV Prevention in Minority Communities ProgramOlga Grinstead; Fiscal Year: 2007..This historic conference will produce a list of recommendations for future research and funding that will be widely distributed to academics, community practitioners, funders and policy makers. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Disclosure of Genetic Risk for Alzheimer's DiseaseScott Roberts; Fiscal Year: 2007..g., race, provider profession). Study findings will inform the development and implementation of genetic risk assessment programs across numerous disease contexts. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Epidemiology of Traumatic Brain InjuryJeffrey Bazarian; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- Screening for comorbidity in substance abuse clinicsCarlos Blanco; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- Mentoring the Responsible Conduct of ResearchCelia Fisher; Fiscal Year: 2006..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Academic Industry Relationships Among IRB MembersEric Campbell; Fiscal Year: 2005..Results will be disseminated through publications in peer-reviewed journals and presentations at scientific meetings. ..
- Academic Industry Relationships in GeneticsEric Campbell; Fiscal Year: 2006..Results will be disseminated through publications in peer-reviewed journals and presentations at scientific meetings. ..
- Predictors of Living Kidney Donor RecruitmentPeter Reese; Fiscal Year: 2006..The primary outcome of successful recruitment will be registration of a potential donor at a transplant center for evaluation. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Patterns and correlates of CAM use in African AmericansCarolyn Brown; Fiscal Year: 2007..Long-term objectives are to enhance the provision and effectiveness of health care interventions in African American populations and to generate research questions for future investigations of CAM use in African Americans. [unreadable]..
- MRI of Fetal Ventriculomegaly: Morphology and OutcomeDeborah Levine; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- LINKAGE TO HEALTH SERVICES IN DRUG ABUSE TREATMENTPeter Friedmann; Fiscal Year: 2002..This work will improve our understanding of linkage mechanisms and of problem-service matching, and quantify the extent to which medical and psychosocial services are important components of effective drug abuse treatment. ..
- HOME SCREENING FOR CHLAMYDIA SURVEILLANCERoberta Ness; Fiscal Year: 2004..This study will determine whether a home screening strategy for bacterial STD's would enhance compliance with screening recommendations; such a strategy could contribute to elimination of STD's at reduced societal cost. ..
- GENETIC AND MOLECULAR BASIS OF FAMILIAL COLD URTICARIAHarold Hoffman; Fiscal Year: 2002..The achievement of these goals will result in identification of the gene responsible for familial cold urticaria which will ultimately lead to an understanding of the mechanism of the inflammatory response to a physical stimulus. ..
- Do Practice Guidelines Reduce Smoking in SchizophreniaLisa Dixon; Fiscal Year: 2004..It also accommodates subjects with missing data, and non-independence of measures within-class (physician or clinic) or intra-class correlation can be estimated and controlled. ..
- Views of Privacy of Genetic InformationRobert Klitzman; Fiscal Year: 2005..The findings of this study can enhance further policy, professional and public education, and future research in this area. ..