workload

Summary

Summary: The total amount of work to be performed by an individual, a department, or other group of workers in a period of time.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Compassion fatigue and nursing work: can we accurately capture the consequences of caring work?
    Brenda M Sabo
    School of Nursing, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
    Int J Nurs Pract 12:136-42. 2006
  2. ncbi Adverse health effects of high-effort/low-reward conditions
    J Siegrist
    Institute of Medical Sociology, University of Dusseldorf, Germany
    J Occup Health Psychol 1:27-41. 1996
  3. pmc Imaging brain fatigue from sustained mental workload: an ASL perfusion study of the time-on-task effect
    Julian Lim
    Unit for Experimental Psychiatry, Department of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Neuroimage 49:3426-35. 2010
  4. ncbi Hospital nurse staffing and patient mortality, nurse burnout, and job dissatisfaction
    Linda H Aiken
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, School of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania, 420 Guardian Dr, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6096, USA
    JAMA 288:1987-93. 2002
  5. ncbi The job demands-resources model of burnout
    E Demerouti
    Department of Work and Organizational Psychology, Carl von Ossietzky University, Oldenburg, Germany
    J Appl Psychol 86:499-512. 2001
  6. ncbi Dutch Musculoskeletal Questionnaire: description and basic qualities
    V H Hildebrandt
    TNO Work and Employment, AS Hoofddorp, The Netherlands
    Ergonomics 44:1038-55. 2001
  7. ncbi The effects of work-related and individual factors on the Work Ability Index: a systematic review
    T I J van den Berg
    Erasmus MC, Department of Public Health, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Occup Environ Med 66:211-20. 2009
  8. ncbi Effect of reducing interns' work hours on serious medical errors in intensive care units
    Christopher P Landrigan
    Division of Sleep Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    N Engl J Med 351:1838-48. 2004
  9. ncbi Rationalization in meat cutting - consequences on physical workload
    Inger Arvidsson
    Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Lund University Hospital, Sweden
    Appl Ergon 43:1026-32. 2012
  10. ncbi A short generic measure of work stress in the era of globalization: effort-reward imbalance
    Johannes Siegrist
    University of Duesseldorf, Dusseldorf, Germany
    Int Arch Occup Environ Health 82:1005-13. 2009

Detail Information

Publications371 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Compassion fatigue and nursing work: can we accurately capture the consequences of caring work?
    Brenda M Sabo
    School of Nursing, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
    Int J Nurs Pract 12:136-42. 2006
    ..Limitations of current instruments to measure compassion fatigue are highlighted, and suggestions for future direction are presented...
  2. ncbi Adverse health effects of high-effort/low-reward conditions
    J Siegrist
    Institute of Medical Sociology, University of Dusseldorf, Germany
    J Occup Health Psychol 1:27-41. 1996
    ..Studying adverse health effects of high-effort/low-reward conditions seems well justified, especially in view of recent developments of the labor market...
  3. pmc Imaging brain fatigue from sustained mental workload: an ASL perfusion study of the time-on-task effect
    Julian Lim
    Unit for Experimental Psychiatry, Department of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Neuroimage 49:3426-35. 2010
    During sustained periods of a taxing cognitive workload, humans typically display time-on-task (TOT) effects, in which performance gets steadily worse over the period of task engagement...
  4. ncbi Hospital nurse staffing and patient mortality, nurse burnout, and job dissatisfaction
    Linda H Aiken
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, School of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania, 420 Guardian Dr, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6096, USA
    JAMA 288:1987-93. 2002
    ....
  5. ncbi The job demands-resources model of burnout
    E Demerouti
    Department of Work and Organizational Psychology, Carl von Ossietzky University, Oldenburg, Germany
    J Appl Psychol 86:499-512. 2001
    ..In addition, results confirmed the 2-factor structure (exhaustion and disengagement) of a new burnout instrument--the Oldenburg Burnout Inventory--and suggested that this structure is essentially invariant across occupational groups...
  6. ncbi Dutch Musculoskeletal Questionnaire: description and basic qualities
    V H Hildebrandt
    TNO Work and Employment, AS Hoofddorp, The Netherlands
    Ergonomics 44:1038-55. 2001
    A questionnaire ('Dutch Musculoskeletal Questionnaire', DMQ) for the analysis of musculoskeletal workload and associated potential hazardous working conditions as well as musculoskeletal symptoms in worker populations is described and its ..
  7. ncbi The effects of work-related and individual factors on the Work Ability Index: a systematic review
    T I J van den Berg
    Erasmus MC, Department of Public Health, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Occup Environ Med 66:211-20. 2009
    ..This multifactorial nature of work ability should be taken into account in health promotion programmes aimed at maintaining and promoting the participation of the labour force and improvement of the performance at work...
  8. ncbi Effect of reducing interns' work hours on serious medical errors in intensive care units
    Christopher P Landrigan
    Division of Sleep Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    N Engl J Med 351:1838-48. 2004
    ..Although sleep deprivation has been shown to impair neurobehavioral performance, few studies have measured its effects on medical errors...
  9. ncbi Rationalization in meat cutting - consequences on physical workload
    Inger Arvidsson
    Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Lund University Hospital, Sweden
    Appl Ergon 43:1026-32. 2012
    ..This study evaluates differences in the physical workload between the production systems...
  10. ncbi A short generic measure of work stress in the era of globalization: effort-reward imbalance
    Johannes Siegrist
    University of Duesseldorf, Dusseldorf, Germany
    Int Arch Occup Environ Health 82:1005-13. 2009
    ..We evaluate psychometric properties of a short version of the original effort-reward imbalance (ERI) questionnaire. This measure is of interest in the context of assessing stressful work conditions in the era of economic globalization...
  11. ncbi Demand, control and social climate as predictors of emotional exhaustion symptoms in working Swedish men and women
    Linda L Magnusson Hanson
    Stress Research Institute, Stockholm University, SE 106 91 Stockholm, Sweden
    Scand J Public Health 36:737-43. 2008
    ....
  12. ncbi Extended work shifts and the risk of motor vehicle crashes among interns
    Laura K Barger
    Division of Sleep Medicine, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    N Engl J Med 352:125-34. 2005
    ..Long work hours and work shifts of an extended duration (> or =24 hours) remain a hallmark of medical education in the United States. Yet their effect on health and safety has not been evaluated with the use of validated measures...
  13. ncbi Job strain, effort-reward imbalance and employee well-being: a large-scale cross-sectional study
    J De Jonge
    Department of Work and Organizational Psychology, University of Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Soc Sci Med 50:1317-27. 2000
    ..Preliminary findings also indicate excess risks of poor well-being in overcommitted persons suffering from high cost--low gain conditions at work...
  14. ncbi The causes of and factors associated with prescribing errors in hospital inpatients: a systematic review
    Mary P Tully
    School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK
    Drug Saf 32:819-36. 2009
    ..These included lack of training or experience, fatigue, stress, high workload for the prescriber and inadequate communication between healthcare professionals...
  15. ncbi Evaluation of work-related psychosocial factors and regional musculoskeletal pain: results from a EULAR Task Force
    G J Macfarlane
    University of Aberdeen, Scotland, UK
    Ann Rheum Dis 68:885-91. 2009
    ..To establish whether review articles provide consistent conclusions on associations between workplace psychosocial factors and musculoskeletal pain and, if differences exist, to explore whether this is related to the methods used...
  16. ncbi Mid-career burnout in generalist and specialist physicians
    Anderson Spickard
    Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN, USA
    JAMA 288:1447-50. 2002
  17. pmc Impact of Advanced Access on access, workload, and continuity: controlled before-and-after and simulated-patient study
    Chris Salisbury
    Academic Unit of Primary Health Care, Department of Community Based Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol
    Br J Gen Pract 57:608-14. 2007
    Case studies from the US suggest that Advanced Access appointment systems lead to shorter delays for appointments, reduced workload, and increased continuity of care.
  18. ncbi [Nursing workload to verify nurse/patient ratio in a cardiology ICU]
    Adriana Janzantte Ducci
    Programa de Pós Graduação na Saúde do Adulto PROESA da Escola de Enfermagem, Universidade de São Paulo EEUSP, Santo Andre, SP, Brasil
    Rev Esc Enferm USP 42:673-80. 2008
    This is a descriptive study, aiming at comparing the nursing workload in a post-operatory heart surgery unit (UPOCC) using NAS, TISS-28 and NEMS, and verifying both the observed and recommended nursing staff-to-patient ratio according to ..
  19. ncbi Nursing staffing, nursing workload, the work environment and patient outcomes
    Christine Duffield
    Centre for Health Services Management, Faculty of Nursing, Midwifery and Health, University of Technology, Sydney, Broadway, NSW, Australia
    Appl Nurs Res 24:244-55. 2011
    Nurse staffing (fewer RNs), increased workload, and unstable nursing unit environments were linked to negative patient outcomes including falls and medication errors on medical/surgical units in a mixed method study combining longitudinal ..
  20. ncbi Optical brain monitoring for operator training and mental workload assessment
    Hasan Ayaz
    School of Biomedical Engineering, Science and Health Systems, College of Nursing and Health Professions, Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Neuroimage 59:36-47. 2012
    An accurate measure of mental workload in human operators is a critical element of monitoring and adaptive aiding systems that are designed to improve the efficiency and safety of human-machine systems during critical tasks...
  21. ncbi Effect of the ACGME duty hours restrictions on surgical residents and faculty: a systematic review
    Mohammad H Jamal
    General Surgery, Department of Surgery and Centre for Medical Education, Faculty of Medicine, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Acad Med 86:34-42. 2011
    ....
  22. ncbi Disturbed sleep and fatigue as predictors of return from long-term sickness absence
    Torbjorn Akerstedt
    Stress Research Institute, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden
    Ind Health 48:209-14. 2010
    ..34-0.90). Intermediate term sickness absence showed similar, but slightly weaker, results. The results indicate that disturbed sleep and fatigue are predictors of lack of return from long term and intermediate term sickness absence...
  23. ncbi Association between workaholism and sleep problems among hospital nurses
    Kazumi Kubota
    Department of Mental Health, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
    Ind Health 48:864-71. 2010
    ..However, no significant associations were found between workaholism and insomnia symptoms. These results suggest that workaholic nurses had higher risks for impaired awakening, insufficient sleep, and workplace sleepiness...
  24. ncbi Physically demanding workloads and the risks of musculoskeletal disorders in homecare workers in the USA
    Il Ho Kim
    Bloomberg School of Nursing, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada
    Health Soc Care Community 18:445-55. 2010
    ..Considering the high physical demands among homecare workers, the finding in this study clearly indicates that practical intervention strategies should be implemented to protect homecare workers from exposure to MSD risk factors...
  25. ncbi Associations of psychosocial working conditions with self-rated general health and mental health among municipal employees
    Mikko Laaksonen
    Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, PO Box 41, FIN 00014 Helsinki, Finland
    Int Arch Occup Environ Health 79:205-12. 2006
    ..In addition, the effect of occupational class on these associations is examined...
  26. ncbi Effects of work hour reduction on residents' lives: a systematic review
    Kathlyn E Fletcher
    Department of Internal Medicine, Clement J Zablocki VA Medical Center Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee 53295, USA
    JAMA 294:1088-100. 2005
    ..These limitations are likely to also have an impact on other aspects of the lives of residents...
  27. ncbi Precision of measurements of physical workload during standardised manual handling. Part II: Inclinometry of head, upper back, neck and upper arms
    G A Hansson
    Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, University Hospital, SE 221 85 Lund, Sweden
    J Electromyogr Kinesiol 16:125-36. 2006
    For measuring the physical exposure/workload in studies of work-related musculoskeletal disorders, direct measurements are valuable...
  28. ncbi Nursing workload and staff allocation in an intensive care unit: a pilot study according to Nursing Activities Score (NAS)
    Katia Grillo Padilha
    School of Nursing, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil
    Intensive Crit Care Nurs 26:108-13. 2010
    The objectives of the study were to identify the daily nursing workload in an intensive care unit (ICU) and to analyse the adequacy of nursing staff in a six hour shift according to the Nursing Activities Score (NAS).
  29. ncbi [Evaluation of the Nursing Activities Score (NAS) as a nursing workload measurement tool in an adult ICU]
    Regina Maria Yatsue Conishi
    UTI do Hospital Sírio Libanês, Brasil
    Rev Esc Enferm USP 41:346-54. 2007
    ..This is an exploratory, descriptive, prospective field study with a quantitative approach carried out at a general/adult Intensive Care Unit in the city of São Paulo...
  30. ncbi Surgical residents' perception of the 16-hour work day restriction: concern for negative impact on resident education and patient care
    David Y Lee
    Department of Surgery, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital Center, New York, NY 10025, USA
    J Am Coll Surg 215:868-77. 2012
    ..Our aim was to assess the attitudes and perception of general surgery residents regarding the new duty hour limitation as well as the transfer of care process under the new guidelines...
  31. pmc Chronic care management in Danish general practice--a cross-sectional study of workload and multimorbidity
    Grete Moth
    The Research Unit for General Practice, Aarhus University, Bartholins Alle 2, DK 8000, Aarhus C, Denmark
    BMC Fam Pract 13:52. 2012
    ..However, little is known about these encounters in general practice. The aim was to describe the frequency of patients with one or more chronic conditions in general practice and how these consultations were experienced by the GPs...
  32. ncbi [Factors associated with nursing workload in adult intensive care units]
    Leilane Andrade Gonçalves
    Escola de Enfermagem, Univer sidade de São Paulo EEUSP, UTI de Adultos do Hospital Sírio Libanês, Sao Paulo, SP, Brasil
    Rev Esc Enferm USP 41:645-52. 2007
    This study was aimed both at analyzing the nursing workload on the first day of admission of patients in Intensive Care Units (ICUs) and the factors associated with it...
  33. ncbi Improving work style behavior in computer workers with neck and upper limb symptoms
    Claire M Bernaards
    Department of Occupational and Public Health, Institute for Research in Extramural Medicine, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    J Occup Rehabil 18:87-101. 2008
    ..The goal of this study was to assess the effectiveness of a group-based interactive work style intervention in improving work style behavior...
  34. ncbi Predictors of workplace satisfaction for U.S. medical school faculty in an era of change and challenge
    Sarah A Bunton
    Organization and Management Studies, Association of American Medical Colleges, Washington, DC, USA
    Acad Med 87:574-81. 2012
    ..To examine the current state of satisfaction with the academic medicine workplace among U.S. medical school faculty and the workplace factors that have the greatest influence on global satisfaction...
  35. ncbi The inconsistent mediating effects of psychosocial work characteristics on the education-health relationship
    Hanyao Qiu
    Department of Sociology and Criminology and Law, University of Florida, PO Box 117330, Gainesville, FL 32611 7330, USA
    Soc Sci Med 75:1539-46. 2012
    ..We discuss the implications of this study for health and family-based work policies...
  36. ncbi Physical workload and risk of early retirement: prospective population-based study among middle-aged men
    Minna Karpansalo
    Research Institute of Public Health, University of Kuopio, PO Box 1927, 70120 Kuopio, Finland
    J Occup Environ Med 44:930-9. 2002
    ..Self-estimated physical workload was assessed at baseline. The inclusive pension records were obtained from national pension institutions...
  37. ncbi Long workhours and health
    Monique van der Hulst
    Department of Work and Organizational Psychology, University of Nijmegen, PO Box 9104, 6500 HE Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Scand J Work Environ Health 29:171-88. 2003
    ..However, the evidence is inconclusive because many studies did not control for potential confounders. Due to the gaps in the current evidence and the methodological shortcomings of the studies in the review, further research is needed...
  38. pmc Work-related sleep disturbances and sickness absence in the Swedish working population, 1993-1999
    Hugo Westerlund
    Stress Research Institute, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden
    Sleep 31:1169-77. 2008
    ..To examine secular trends in work-related sleep disturbances and their association with sickness absence in the Swedish working population...
  39. pmc Long working hours and sleep disturbances: the Whitehall II prospective cohort study
    Marianna Virtanen
    Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Helsinki, Finland
    Sleep 32:737-45. 2009
    ..To examine whether exposure to long working hours predicts various forms of sleep disturbance; short sleep, difficulty falling asleep, frequent waking, early waking and waking without feeling refreshed...
  40. ncbi Psychosocial working conditions and depressive symptoms among Swedish employees
    Linda L Magnusson Hanson
    Work Organisation and Health, Stress Research Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
    Int Arch Occup Environ Health 82:951-60. 2009
    ..To investigate prospective associations between working conditions and depressive symptoms in Swedish men and women...
  41. ncbi The reliability and validity of the therapeutic activity index
    Wanna Wing Yee Kwok
    Intensive Care Unit, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin, Hong Kong, China
    J Crit Care 20:257-63. 2005
    ..To assess the psychometric properties of the Simplified Therapeutic Intervention Scoring System (TISS 28) scale...
  42. ncbi Quality of work, well-being, and intended early retirement of older employees: baseline results from the SHARE Study
    Johannes Siegrist
    Department of Medical Sociology, University of Duesseldorf, Germany
    Eur J Public Health 17:62-8. 2007
    ....
  43. pmc Out of hours service in Denmark: evaluation five years after reform
    M B Christensen
    Research Unit for General Practice, University of Aarhus, 2 DK 8000 Aarhus C, Denmark
    BMJ 316:1502-5. 1998
    ..Five years after its introduction, to evaluate the 1992 reform in the out of hours service in Denmark...
  44. ncbi Quality of after-hours primary care in the Netherlands: a narrative review
    Paul Giesen
    Scientific Institute for Quality of Healthcare, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, The Netherlands
    Ann Intern Med 155:108-13. 2011
    ..Physicians expressed high satisfaction with PCP cooperatives; their workload decreased, and job satisfaction increased compared with the situation before the reorganization...
  45. ncbi Nursing activities score
    Dinis Reis Miranda
    University Hospital Groningen, The Netherlands
    Crit Care Med 31:374-82. 2003
    The instruments used for measuring nursing workload in the intensive care unit (e.g., Therapeutic Intervention Scoring System-28) are based on therapeutic interventions related to severity of illness...
  46. ncbi A hard day's night: a longitudinal study on the relationships among job demands and job control, sleep quality and fatigue
    Annet H de Lange
    Social and Organizational Psychology, University of Groningen, The Netherlands
    J Sleep Res 18:374-83. 2009
    ....
  47. ncbi Job satisfaction among hospital doctors in Norway and Germany. A comparative study on national samples
    Judith Rosta
    The Research Institute of the Norwegian Medical Association, Oslo, Norway
    Scand J Public Health 37:503-8. 2009
    ..To compare German and Norwegian hospital doctors on 10 different aspects of job satisfaction and general life satisfaction...
  48. ncbi Job strain as a predictor of disability pension: the Finnish Public Sector Study
    S Laine
    Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Topeliuksenkatu 41 a A, FI 00250 Helsinki, Finland
    J Epidemiol Community Health 63:24-30. 2009
    ..To examine whether high job strain (a combination of high job demands and low job control) is a risk factor for disability pension...
  49. ncbi Differences in physical workload, psychosocial factors and musculoskeletal disorders between two groups of female hospital cleaners with two diverse organizational models
    Jeannette Unge
    Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, University Hospital Lund, Lund, Sweden
    Int Arch Occup Environ Health 81:209-20. 2007
    To clarify if differences in the physical workload, the psychosocial factors and in musculoskeletal disorders can be attributed to work organizational factors.
  50. ncbi Differences in sickness absence in Sweden and Denmark: the cross national HAKNAK study
    Thomas Lund
    The Danish National Centre for Social Research, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Eur J Public Health 19:343-9. 2009
    ....
  51. ncbi Nursing home staff attitudes towards residents with dementia: strain and satisfaction with work
    Henry Brodaty
    School of Psychiatry, University of New South Wales, Randwick, New South Wales 2031, Australia
    J Adv Nurs 44:583-90. 2003
    ..b>Workload is highly predictive of the experience of burden and job pressure, while these outcomes vary according to whether ..
  52. ncbi Understanding physicians' intentions to withdraw from practice: the role of job satisfaction, job stress, mental and physical health
    E S Williams
    Department of Management and Marketing, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, USA
    Health Care Manage Rev 26:7-19. 2001
    ..This study proposes and tests a model relating job stress to four intentions to withdraw from practice mediated by job satisfaction and perceptions of physical and mental health...
  53. pmc Work factors and occupational class disparities in sickness absence: findings from the GAZEL cohort study
    Maria Melchior
    National Institute of Health and Medical Research, Saint Maurice, France
    Am J Public Health 95:1206-12. 2005
    ..To estimate the contribution of stress-related and physical work factors to occupational class disparities in sickness absence from work...
  54. ncbi Occupational class inequalities across key domains of health: results from the Helsinki Health Study
    Eero Lahelma
    Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Eur J Public Health 15:504-10. 2005
    ..e. the subjective, functional and medical domains. Additionally, we examine whether physical or mental workload will affect these inequalities, and whether these effects are specific to particular health indicators.
  55. ncbi Students' opinions about their preparation for clinical practice
    Katinka J A H Prince
    Skillslab, Faculty of Medicine, Maastricht University, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Med Educ 39:704-12. 2005
    ..There are data that suggest that medical students do not feel sufficiently prepared for clinical practice in the clerkships. The transition from pre-clinical to clinical training causes problems...
  56. ncbi Retirement intentions of general practitioners aged 45-65 years
    Thomas D Brett
    General Practice and Primary Health Care Research, School of Medicine, University of Notre Dame, Fremantle, WA, Australia
    Med J Aust 191:75-7. 2009
    ..To ascertain the retirement intentions of a cohort of Australian general practitioners...
  57. ncbi Reconsidering the conceptualization of nursing workload: literature review
    Roisin Morris
    Dublin City University, School of Nursing, Dublin City University, Glasnevin, Dublin, Ireland
    J Adv Nurs 57:463-71. 2007
    ..the way in which nursing intensity and patient dependency have been considered to be conceptually similar to nursing workload, and to propose a model to show how these concepts actually differ in both theoretical and practical terms.
  58. ncbi Changes in perceived job strain and the risk of major depression: results from a population-based longitudinal study
    Jianli Wang
    Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    Am J Epidemiol 169:1085-91. 2009
    ..Reducing job strain may have positive impacts on the risk of depression. Self-rated health is a strong predictor of depression and plays an important role in the relation between job strain and depression...
  59. ncbi Work load and work hours in relation to disturbed sleep and fatigue in a large representative sample
    Torbjorn Akerstedt
    National Institute for Psychsocial Factors and Health, Stockholm, Sweden
    J Psychosom Res 53:585-8. 2002
    ..To study the relation between work and background factors on the one hand and disturbed sleep and fatigue on the other...
  60. ncbi Workload and surgeon's specialty for outcome after colorectal cancer surgery
    David Archampong
    Department of Surgery, University Hospital Wales, Cardiff, Wales, UK
    Cochrane Database Syst Rev 3:CD005391. 2012
    ..However there is conflicting evidence about the role of such healthcare provider characteristics in the management of colorectal cancer...
  61. ncbi Population-based study of the surgical workload and economic impact of bowel obstruction caused by postoperative adhesions
    J Kössi
    Department of Surgery, University of Turku, Turku, Finland
    Br J Surg 90:1441-4. 2003
    Intestinal obstruction is the most severe consequence of adhesion formation. This study examined the annual surgical workload and costs of intestinal obstruction caused by postoperative intra-abdominal adhesions.
  62. ncbi Physical load during work and leisure time as risk factors for back pain
    W E Hoogendoorn
    Institute for Research in Extramural Medicine, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Scand J Work Environ Health 25:387-403. 1999
    ..The evidence was moderate for patient handling and heavy physical work, and no evidence was found for standing or walking, sitting, sports, and total leisure-time physical activity...
  63. ncbi Blood natural killer activity is reduced in men with occupational stress and job insecurity working in a university
    Paolo Boscolo
    Unit of Occupational Medicine, University G d Annunzio of Chieti Pescara, Chieti, Italy
    Int Arch Occup Environ Health 82:787-94. 2009
    ..To examine the immune response to job strain and insecurity of 88 men working in a university, divided according to age and type of employment...
  64. ncbi Upper arm postures and movements in female hairdressers across four full working days
    Jens Wahlström
    Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Umea University Hospital, SE 901 85 Umea, Sweden
    Ann Occup Hyg 54:584-94. 2010
    ....
  65. pmc NHS Direct versus general practice based triage for same day appointments in primary care: cluster randomised controlled trial
    David A Richards
    Department of Health Sciences, University of York, Heslington, York YO10 5DD
    BMJ 329:774. 2004
    To assess the relative effects on consultation workload and costs of off-site triage by NHS Direct for patients requesting same day appointments compared with usual on-site nurse telephone triage in general practice.
  66. ncbi Do staffing levels predict missed nursing care?
    Beatrice J Kalisch
    University of Michigan School of Nursing, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    Int J Qual Health Care 23:302-8. 2011
    ..To examine whether actual nurse staffing predicts missed nursing care, controlling for other unit characteristics...
  67. ncbi Consensus-based findings and recommendations for estimating the costs of health-related productivity loss from a company's perspective
    Kimi Uegaki
    EMGO Institute, VU University Medical Center, Van der Boechorststraat 7, NL 1081 BT Amsterdam, Netherlands
    Scand J Work Environ Health 33:122-30. 2007
    ....
  68. ncbi Modular data logger system for physical workload measurements
    G A Hansson
    Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, University Hospital, SE 221 85, Lund, Sweden
    Ergonomics 46:407-15. 2003
    Direct technical measurements of physical workload have advantages in studies of work-related musculoskeletal disorders...
  69. ncbi Emergency physicians' behaviors and workload in the presence of an electronic whiteboard
    Daniel J France
    Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Department of Medicine, S1108 Medical Center North, Nashville, TN 37232 2668, USA
    Int J Med Inform 74:827-37. 2005
    ..of work and the access to timely clinical and system information will be required for providers to manage their workload in a safe and efficient manner...
  70. pmc A study of the workload and effectiveness of a comprehensive acute stroke service
    N U Weir
    Department of Clinical Neurosciences, University of Calgary, Canada T2N 2T9
    J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 76:863-5. 2005
    To study the workload of and use of acute intervention within an established acute stroke service, the Calgary Stroke Programme (CSP).
  71. ncbi Recovery as an explanatory mechanism in the relation between acute stress reactions and chronic health impairment
    Sabine A E Geurts
    Radboud University Nijmegen, Department of Work and Organizational Psychology, PO Box 9104, 6500 HE Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Scand J Work Environ Health 32:482-92. 2006
    ..It is concluded that the chronic situation of sustained physiological activation and incomplete recovery is an important pathway to chronic health impairment...
  72. ncbi Associations of job strain and working overtime with adverse health behaviors and obesity: evidence from the Whitehall II Study, Helsinki Health Study, and the Japanese Civil Servants Study
    Tea Lallukka
    Department of Public Health, P O Box 41 Mannerheimintie 172, 00014 University of Helsinki, Finland
    Soc Sci Med 66:1681-98. 2008
    ..In conclusion, job strain and working overtime had some, albeit mostly weak and inconsistent, associations with adverse health behaviors and obesity in these middle-aged white-collar employee cohorts from Britain, Finland, and Japan...
  73. ncbi Hospital workload and adverse events
    Joel S Weissman
    Institute for Health Policy, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, USA
    Med Care 45:448-55. 2007
    ..Hospitals are under pressure to increase revenue and lower costs, and at the same time, they face dramatic variation in clinical demand...
  74. ncbi Association of workload of on-call medical interns with on-call sleep duration, shift duration, and participation in educational activities
    Vineet M Arora
    Department of Medicine, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA
    JAMA 300:1146-53. 2008
    Further restrictions in resident duty hours are being considered, and it is important to understand the association between workload, sleep loss, shift duration, and the educational time of on-call medical interns.
  75. ncbi Psychosocial work environment and stress-related disorders, a systematic review
    K Nieuwenhuijsen
    Coronel Institute of Occupational Health, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, PO Box 22700, 1100 DE Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Occup Med (Lond) 60:277-86. 2010
    ..Knowledge on the impact of the psychosocial work environment on the occurrence of stress-related disorders (SRDs) can assist occupational physicians in the assessment of the work-relatedness of these disorders...
  76. ncbi Results of an integrative review of patient classification systems
    Dijon R Fasoli
    Department of Veterans Affairs, Bedford, MD, USA
    Annu Rev Nurs Res 28:295-316. 2010
    ..Sixty-three articles reporting studies related to PCS, Patient Acuity Systems or Workload Management Systems from 1983 to 2010 and applicable for inpatient medical/surgical settings were reviewed...
  77. ncbi Nurse absenteeism and workload: negative effect on restraint use, incident reports and mortality
    Lynn Unruh
    Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Princeton, New Jersey, USA
    J Adv Nurs 60:673-81. 2007
    ..This paper is a report of a study to assess the impact of nurse absenteeism on the quality of patient care...
  78. ncbi Do psychosocial work environment factors measured with scales from the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire predict register-based sickness absence of 3 weeks or more in Denmark?
    Reiner Rugulies
    National Research Centre for the Working Environment, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Scand J Public Health 38:42-50. 2010
    ..To analyse the predictive validity of 18 psychosocial work environment scales from the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire version II (COPSOQ II) with regard to risk of sickness absence...
  79. ncbi Measuring nursing workload in intensive care: an observational study using closed circuit video cameras
    Renee Adomat
    School of Health Sciences Nursing, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    J Adv Nurs 42:402-12. 2003
    ..The problem is compounded by the current method for calculating the nurse: patient ratio using a Nurse Workload Patient Category scoring system or similar adaptations used in many intensive care units...
  80. ncbi Effects of overtime work on blood pressure and body mass index in Japanese male workers
    Koji Wada
    Department of Occupational Health, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kitasato University, Sagamihara, Kanagawa, Japan
    Occup Med (Lond) 56:578-80. 2006
    ..Effects of overtime work on health is a controversial issue...
  81. ncbi Psychological factors and insomnia among male civil servants in Japan
    Chiyoe Murata
    Department of Community Health and Preventive Medicine, Hamamatsu University School of Medicine, 1 20 1 Handayama, Hamamatsu, Shizuoka 431 3192, Japan
    Sleep Med 8:209-14. 2007
    ..This study aims at assessing the relative impact of psychological factors on insomnia among daytime workers...
  82. ncbi Psychosocial job characteristics and insomnia: a prospective cohort study using the Demand-Control-Support (DCS) and Effort-Reward Imbalance (ERI) job stress models
    Atsuhiko Ota
    Department of Public Health, Fujita Health University School of Medicine, Toyoake, Aichi, Japan
    Sleep Med 10:1112-7. 2009
    ..To examine the prospective effects of psychosocial job characteristics evaluated with the Demand-Control-Support (DCS) and Effort-Reward Imbalance (ERI) models on insomnia...
  83. ncbi Effort-reward imbalance at work and risk of sleep disturbances. Cross-sectional and prospective results from the Danish Work Environment Cohort Study
    Reiner Rugulies
    National Research Centre for the Working Environment, Copenhagen, Denmark
    J Psychosom Res 66:75-83. 2009
    ..This study aimed to analyze if adverse psychosocial working conditions, defined by the model of effort-reward imbalance (ERI), increase the risk of sleep disturbances in the Danish workforce...
  84. ncbi Recommended changes to diagnostic criteria for gestational diabetes: impact on workload
    Jeff R Flack
    Diabetes Centre, Bankstown Lidcombe, Bankstown, New South Wales, Australia
    Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol 50:439-43. 2010
    ..We sought to assess the impact on the workload for GDM management in Australia that would occur if these changes were adopted.
  85. ncbi Multiple resources and mental workload
    Christopher D Wickens
    University of Illinois, Champaign, Illinois, USA
    Hum Factors 50:449-55. 2008
    ..objective is to lay out the rationale for multiple resource theory and the particular 4-D multiple resource model, as well as to show how the model is useful both as a design tool and as a means of predicting multitask workload overload.
  86. ncbi Dutch endoscopic capacity in the era of colorectal cancer screening
    J S Terhaar Sive Droste
    Department of Gastroenterology, VU University Medical Centre, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Neth J Med 64:371-3. 2006
    ..Hence, we analysed the Dutch endoscopic practice to provide a clear insight into endoscopic workload and manpower with a special emphasis on the current ability to facilitate a successful implementation of a faecal ..
  87. ncbi The influence of procedure volumes and standardization of care on quality and efficiency in total joint replacement surgery
    Kevin J Bozic
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Philip R Lee Institute for Health Policy Studies, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143 0728, USA
    J Bone Joint Surg Am 92:2643-52. 2010
    ....
  88. ncbi Shift work, occupational noise and physical workload with ensuing development of blood pressure and their joint effect on the risk of coronary heart disease
    Hanna Virkkunen
    Tampere School of Public Health, FI 30104 University of Tampere, Finland
    Scand J Work Environ Health 33:425-34. 2007
    ..period was explored in groups defined according to exposure to shift work, occupational noise, and physical workload. The impact of baseline SBP and its increase in relation to coronary heart disease (CHD) risk due to these ..
  89. pmc Long working hours and cognitive function: the Whitehall II Study
    Marianna Virtanen
    Centre of Expertise for Work Organizations, Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Helsinki, Finland
    Am J Epidemiol 169:596-605. 2009
    ..This study shows that long working hours may have a negative effect on cognitive performance in middle age...
  90. ncbi What is healthy work for women and men? - A case-control study of gender- and sector-specific effects of psycho-social working conditions on long-term sickness absence
    Ulrik Lidwall
    Department of Sociology, Stockholm University and Department of Analysis, Swedish National Institute for Working Life, Stockholm, Sweden
    Work 27:153-63. 2006
    ..Thus, the active learning hypothesis receives no support for women in the Swedish working population in general...
  91. ncbi Health and safety of older nurses
    Susan Letvak
    University of North Carolina at Greensboro, School of Nursing, 27402, USA
    Nurs Outlook 53:66-72. 2005
    ..Overall, older RNs reported higher levels of physical and mental health than the national norm. Efforts must be made to keep older RNs healthy so we can retain them in the workforce...
  92. ncbi Overworked? On the relationship between workload and health worker performance
    Ottar Maestad
    Chr Michelsen Institute, Bergen, Norway
    J Health Econ 29:686-98. 2010
    ..Training has a positive effect on quality but is not in itself sufficient to raise quality to adequate levels...
  93. ncbi Aging, experienced nurses: their value and needs
    Dorcas C Fitzgerald
    Youngstown State University, Youngstown OH, United States of America
    Contemp Nurse 24:237-42. 2007
    ..For this article, aging, older and mature refer to experienced nurses in their 40s, 50s and 60s.)...
  94. ncbi Computer mouse use predicts acute pain but not prolonged or chronic pain in the neck and shoulder
    J H Andersen
    Johan Hviid Andersen, Department of Occupational Medicine, Herning Hospital, 7400 Herning, Denmark
    Occup Environ Med 65:126-31. 2008
    ..Computer use may have an adverse effect on musculoskeletal outcomes. This study assessed the risk of neck and shoulder pain associated with objectively recorded professional computer use...
  95. pmc Reductions in workload and reporting time by use of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus screening with MRSASelect medium compared to mannitol-salt medium supplemented with oxacillin
    Philippe R S Lagacé-Wiens
    Clinical Microbiology, Saint Boniface General Hospital, Winnipeg, Manitoba R2H 2A6, Canada
    J Clin Microbiol 46:1174-7. 2008
    ..the implementation of an MRSA screening protocol using a selective chromogenic medium (MRSASelect) reduced the workload for this screening test by 63.7% overall and by 12...
  96. pmc Work-life conflict and associations with work- and nonwork-related factors and with physical and mental health outcomes: a nationally representative cross-sectional study in Switzerland
    Oliver Hämmig
    Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Zurich, Hirschengraben 84, 8001 Zurich, Switzerland
    BMC Public Health 9:435. 2009
    ....
  97. ncbi Practice effects, workload, and reaction time in deception
    Jennifer M C Vendemia
    University of South Carolina, Department of Psychology, Columbia 29209, USA
    Am J Psychol 118:413-29. 2005
    ..Findings indicate that deceptive responding generates longer RTs than does truthful responding and that this relationship remains constant with practice. We use these findings to support a cognitive model of deception...
  98. ncbi A prospective observation of onsets of health defects associated with working hours
    Kimio Tarumi
    Occupational Health Training Center, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Yahatanishi ku, Kitakyushu, Japan
    Ind Health 41:101-8. 2003
    ..Also, it might be useful to observe the onset of mental disorders in work of less than 50 hours with the workers' perception of work time...
  99. ncbi Low back pain as a predictor of long-term work disability
    Bard Natvig
    University of Oslo, Institute of General Practice and Community Medicine, Oslo, Norway
    Scand J Public Health 30:288-92. 2002
    ..To investigate low back pain (LBP), with and without other musculoskeletal pains, as a predictor of long-term work disability...
  100. ncbi Job stress, social support at work, and insomnia in Japanese shift workers
    A Nakata
    National Institute of Industrial Health, Kawasaki, Japan
    J Hum Ergol (Tokyo) 30:203-9. 2001
    ..8; adjusted OR 1.5). Our findings suggest the low social support at work independently associated with insomnia in shift workers...
  101. ncbi Job satisfaction of staff and the team environment in Australian general practice
    Mark F Harris
    Centre for Primary Health Care and Equity, School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW
    Med J Aust 186:570-3. 2007
    ..To study the work satisfaction of general practice staff, the differences between types of staff, and the individual and organisational factors associated with work satisfaction...

Research Grants77

  1. Surgical Revascularization's Impact on Mitochondria in Hibernating Myocardium
    ROSEMARY FRANCES KELLY; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..By performing a surgical operation to resupply blood to the heart, our research will test whether these adaptations to ischemia are reversible and allow the heart to return to normal function, or if the adaptations are permanent. ..
  2. Effects of Dietary Fat on Contractile and Mitochondrial Function in Heart Failure
    Margaret P Chandler; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..diets (saturated and unsaturated) on myocardial contractile function (both at rest and under conditions of high workload), and mitochondrial OX PHOS and ETC complex activities in normal rats and in two HF models...
  3. Neurovascular Dysfunction and Oxidative Stress in Renal Failure
    Jeanie Park; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..exercise could lead to an augmented BP response and contribute to exercise dysfunction by increasing myocardial workload, as well as increase the risk of adverse CV events during physical activity...
  4. Role of Acid-Sensing Ion Channels in Pulmonary Vascular Smooth Muscle Store-Opera
    Nikki L Jernigan; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..COPD is associated with increased blood pressure in the lung which places an extra workload on the heart and leads to right heart failure...
  5. Skeletal muscle ATP-sensitive potassium channels determine bodily energy balance
    Leonid Zingman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..indicate that sarcolemmal ATP-sensitive K+ (KATP) channels limit muscle energy expenditure under physiological workload, while KATP channel deficit provokes an extra energy cost of muscle performance...
  6. ELECTROPHYSIOLOGY OF NEONATAL AND ADULT HEART
    Martin Morad; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: Human heart has great energetic needs because of its large workload (equivalent to pushing 1 ton the length of a football field per day);where the required energy supply is provided ..
  7. Attenuation of cardiac parasympathetic nerve acetylcholine release in obesity by
    Wohaib Hasan; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..for arrhythmias and indirectly contribute to myocardial dysfunction from catecholamine toxicity and increased workload. These studies should identify novel neuropeptide targets for reversing abnormal parasympathetic activity in ..
  8. Control of KATP channel expression by CaMKII: role in heart failure resistance
    DENICE HODGSON-ZINGMAN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..expression level of KATP channels which affects how quickly and efficiently KATP current can adapt to changes in workload. A complete understanding of mechanisms that control membrane KATP channel expression may reveal new avenues to ..
  9. NFAT and MEF-2 Choreograph Bladder Wall Remodeling Following Partial Outlet Obstr
    STEPHEN ANTHONY ZDERIC; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..bladder is capable of undergoing hypertrophy via a complex remodeling process that allows it to adapt to its new workload. This remodeling is driven by a number of signaling cascades and their corresponding transcription factors...
  10. Renal and Cardiovascular Events in Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease
    Akinlolu O Ojo; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Significance: An uninterrupted K24 funding is needed to maintain a limited clinical workload so that the applicant can continue to mentor trainees in POR and be able to conduct high quality clinical ..
  11. OSTEOGENIC REGULATION OF VASCULAR CALCIFICATION
    Dwight A Towler; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..We test whether regulation of these signals reduces arterial hardening, decreases cardiac workload, and improves blood flow to the foot.
  12. Regional Cystic fibrosis DNA Mutation Analysis
    JANE P GETCHELL; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..common to the Northeast US, a limited front end expenditure, and processing that will fit into the present NBS workload. States have been queried, and four states in the NYMAC region have the potential to benefit from the services: ..
  13. Regulation of Heart Function by a Gata4-Fog2 transcriptional complex
    WILLIAM TSWENCHING PU; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..However, understanding of how the packaging responds to signals from outside the cell, such as increased workload, are not well understood...
  14. Effector Functions of Mucosal IgA
    Sherie L Morrison; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..sterile injection equipment or highly skilled medical personnel, thus significantly reducing the costs and workload necessary for immunization...
  15. Skeletal muscle KATP channels determine bodily energy balance
    Leonid Zingman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..indicate that sarcolemmal ATP-sensitive K+ (KATP) channels limit muscle energy expenditure under physiological workload, while KATP channel deficit provokes an extra energy cost of muscle performance...
  16. KATP channel regulation of bodily energy expenditure and weight maintenance
    Leonid Zingman; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..control of bodily energy expenditure, and Aim #2 will determine the signaling pathway for KATP channel workload-related expression control, as a tool to manipulate the channel function...
  17. From Innovation to Solutions: Autodialers, Use of Early Autumn Physicals and Vac
    Richard K Zimmerman; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Innovative strategies to increase vaccination rates are needed due to the increased workload and to the fact that adolescents make fewer health supervision visits...
  18. A Study of Ventilatory Homeostasis and Phonatory Behavior During Aerobic Exercise
    AARON SCOTT ZIEGLER; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Specific Aims are: SA 1: To investigate the influence of (a) vocal goal and (b) exercise workload on respiratory function...
  19. Proton-Coupling Strategies in Alkaliphilic Bacillus
    Terry Ann Krulwich; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  20. RGS Regulation of Cardiac Signaling and Hypertrophy
    Ulrike Mende; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..a functional (although not essential) compensation, persistent hypertrophy in response to excess hemodynamic workload often leads to ventricular remodeling with functional decompensation and development of overt heart failure...
  21. Unexpected Consequences of Insulin Resistance for the Heart
    Romain Harmancey; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..test the hypothesis that the uncoupling protein 3 (UCP3) decreases efficiency of the heart subjected to a high workload by inhibiting glucose oxidation...
  22. Juvenile mouse model of delayed anthracycline cardiotoxicity
    Asa B Gustafsson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This investigation will provide new understanding of DOX cardiotoxicity and potential therapy, and may also shed light on the role of stem cells in the response to increased cardiac workload.
  23. Orchestra: A high performance biomedical supercomputing collaborative
    Marcos Athanasoulis; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..by the varied needs of the biomedical research community, and will use "fair share" algorithms to balance the workload across available nodes and ensure that all researchers have appropriate access to the resource...
  24. Neurobiological Reactivity, Allostatic Load and Depression in Mexican Youth
    PAUL DAVID HASTINGS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..High levels of allostatic load have been identified in Mexican origin adults who experience economic, familial, workload, and acculturative stress, yet allostatic load has not been examined from a dynamic, multi-systemic or ..
  25. Refining IT Support for Genetics in Medicine
    David W Bates; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..4. To evaluate the satisfaction of treating clinicians, perceived clinical impact, and net effect on workload associated with deploying genetic infrastructure, a combination of call tracking, genetic IT infrastructure usage ..
  26. Physically Realistic Virtual Surgery
    DANIEL BOUGERE JONES; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..suturing, etc with little training in cognitive skills associated with higher level mental functions related to workload management, planning, communication, decision-making and problem-solving...
  27. CARDIAC HYPERTROPHIC INTRACELLULAR SIGNALING PATHWAYS
    Jeffrey Robbins; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The myocardium can hypertrophy in response to injury, changes in workload, or increases in wall stress...
  28. Speech Therapy Robot (STR) to assist in the administration of evidence based spee
    Garima Srivastava; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..This heavy workload for an SLP limits their capacity to provide effective treatment...
  29. Research Career Development in HIV-Related Anal Dysplasia/Carcinoma Prevention an
    Jaime Robertson; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..8 per 100,000). De- spite the need for effective anal carcinoma screening, the workload and costs involved prevent its wide- spread integration into routine HIV care...
  30. Understanding mechanisms of Fontan failure and key predictors for patient outcome
    Ajit P Yoganathan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..the hemodynamics through this surgical construct in an effort to optimize its efficiency and minimize the imposed workload on the single ventricle...
  31. Macaque Model of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: Effects of Force and Posture Exposures
    Carolyn M Sommerich; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Cumulative workload, degree of impairment, time to occurrence are some of the dependent measures that will be used to characterize ..
  32. Mindfulness and Acceptance Applied in Colleges Through Web-Based Guided Self-Help
    Jacqueline Pistorello; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..of problems encountered in the CCC setting, while the online guided self-help format would reduce counselors'workload for each client, improving cost- effectiveness and reducing waiting lists...
  33. Opportunistic Decision Making Information Needs and Workflow in Emergency Care
    Jiajie Zhang; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Emergency Departments (ED) in hospitals are high workload, information intensive, time sensitive, interruption- laden, multitasking, error-prone, and life-critical environments...
  34. Determinants of Multisite Musculoskeletal Pain Among Construction Workers
    Alberto Juan Caban-Martinez; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..e. physical workload, ergonomic use, organizational/worksite policies and practices) and non-occupational risk factors (i.e...
  35. Portable pneumatic driver for counterpulsation therapy
    Paul A Spence; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The CPD fills during native heart systole lowering ventricular workload, and ejects during diastole augmenting myocardial and end-organ perfusion...
  36. Workload effects on response time to life-threatening arrhythmias
    Noa Segall; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The knowledge to be gained will inform efforts to study this problem in real-world cardiac telemetry and, ultimately, help to develop evidence-based standards for remote monitoring. ..
  37. Bioenergetics and fatigability in older individuals
    Robert G Weiss; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..to those with low, fatigability, that 2) performance fatigue occurs at the same energetic threshold but at lower workload/activity in those with high fatigability, and that 3) some responsible mechanisms for performance fatigue-related ..
  38. PillStream: Agile High-Throughput Assembly of Custom Multi-Medication Packaging
    EDWARD ACWORTH; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Phase I success, in Phase II we will develop a commercial scale PillStream capable of handling 50% of the workload of a typical C-F pharmacy, and pilot it in two C-F pharmacies serving a total of 10,000 beds...
  39. ISO/IEC 17025:2005 Accreditation for State Food Testing Laboratories (U18)
    BONNIE SUE MOON; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..any capabilities acquired through this cooperative agreement opportunity will be incorporated into the ongoing workload planning for participating sections throughout the lifetime of the cooperative agreement and beyond...
  40. Micro-Spectroscopy for Cytological Screening, and Staging of Disease
    Max Diem; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The optical methods are entirely machine-based and computer-interpreted and thus, reduce the workload in diagnostic laboratories, increase the overall accuracy and decrease the time required to render medical ..
  41. Complex I Deficiency Triggered Acceleration of Heart Failure
    Rong Tian; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Complex I function is compensated under resting conditions but limits ATP synthesis during chronic increases in workload. Hypothesis 1b: The shift of substrate utilization from fatty acids to glucose in cardiac hypertrophy exacerbates ..
  42. Purinergic Pathways in Crohn's Disease
    Alan Colm Moss; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The Dept of Medicine and Division of Gastroenterology have limited his clinical workload with the primary intention of allowing him appropriate time for laboratory experience, coursework and academic ..
  43. The Impact of Nursing Workforce Organization on Outcomes of Hospitalized Children
    HEATHER LYNN TUBBS COOLEY; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Certain characteristics of hospital nursing workforce organization - nurse workload, nurse education, and the nurse practice environment - are associated with better outcomes for hospitalized ..
  44. Optimizing Computer-Based Video to Increase HIV Testing in Emergency Departments
    Ian David Aronson; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Due to ED staff limitations, most notably time and an already heavy workload, many EDs are not able to offer all patients a test or adequately provide necessary pre-test information...
  45. Data Extraction using EDR in Dental PBRN
    TITUS K SCHLEYER; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The approach we will develop will facilitate practice-based research by reducing clinician workload and secondary data entry, thereby increasing efficiency;making data available for real-time validation and ..
  46. Counterpulsation Device with Integrated ECG Sensing
    Robert D Dowling; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The CPD fills with blood during native heart systole lowering ventricular workload, and ejects during diastole augmenting myocardial and end-organ perfusion...
  47. The role and regulation of the LKB1-AMPK axis in diabetic cardiomyopathy
    EDWARD JAMES MILLER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..the functional and metabolic phenotype of the diabetic heart, particularly in response to acute changes in workload, evaluating changes in reactive oxygen species generation and mitochondrial function...
  48. A Novel Approach to Assessing Cognitive State During Real-World Tasks
    Robin Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..the B-Alert(R) X10 system (a portable, wireless EEG/ECG headset with cognitive state algorithms of engagement and workload) to address these limitations...
  49. MECHANISMS OF EXERCISE INDUCED ASTHMA IN HUMANS
    Kenneth Beck; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..In addition, results from these studies may suggest therapies to improve airway function, particularly as related to exercise, in asthmatics. ..
  50. Personalizing Automated Interactivity between Treatment Providers and Clients
    James C Mundt; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The promise of current electronic technologies for reducing healthcare costs, lightening treatment provider workload, and improving treatment outcomes can only be realized if the technologies are easy to use and meet the needs of ..
  51. Testing perceived control as a risk factor in diathesis-stress model of anxiety
    ALYSON KAY ZALTA; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..individuals with high and low levels of perceived control (N = 80) will complete two days of testing using a high-workload (high stress) and low-workload (low stress) computerized divided attention task (DAT)...
  52. Disease, Disability and Death in an Aging Workforce
    MARK RICHARD CULLEN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..include 1) pre-employment health trajectories;2) adult health behaviors;3) work status and economic rewards;3) workload, including physical demands, hours and shifts;5) physical environmental hazards of work;6) psychosocial ..
  53. Exploring the impact of care network structure on medication safety and errors
    James E Gray; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Organizing and analyzing data in this way will allow rapid quantification of an individual clinician's workload at a specific point n time, the geographic dispersal of their patient care responsibilities, and the importance ..
  54. Immersive Simulation for Design and Evaluation of an Emergency Department IT
    ANN BISANTZ; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..These may include increased workload due to new processes or work-arounds, or serious safety compromises if systems are bypassed or abandoned, or ..
  55. Workload, Workforce, and Quality of Care in Pediatric Hospitals
    EVAN SCOTT FIELDSTON; Fiscal Year: 2013
    Project Summary/Abstract In this research plan, we examine associations between dynamic aspects of workload, workforce, and quality of care at children's hospitals and seek to address methodological problems of measuring utilization ..
  56. A human factors intervention to reduce risk in primary care of The elderly
    Ben Tzion Karsh; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..and evidence shows it contributes to two unwanted outcomes: poor situation awareness (SA) and high mental workload (MWL). SA is defined as a person's awareness and understanding of his or her situation...
  57. Interagency Collaborative Teams to Scale-up Evidence Based Practice
    MICHAEL SCOTT HURLBURT; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..in training, and to counter common threats to implementation by distributing expertise, responsibility, and workload across multiple agencies. The ICT approach first develops an interagency team of exceptionally high quality...
  58. Development of an Optical Instrument For Label-Free Assays
    DAVID WILIAM RALIN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..LFIRE reduces the workload for performing and developing assays, the costs of disposables, and the volumes of biological reagents needed...
  59. Minimally Invasive VAD for Treatment of Acute Right Heart Failure
    SCOTT C CORBETT; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The Impella RP system is designed to reduce the workload of the right ventricle and promote cardiac recovery, providing flows of up to 4 lpm and up to 2 weeks of support...
  60. Minnesota Department of Agriculture, Dairy and Food Inspection Divisions Response
    BENJAMIN DAVID MILLER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Approximately 80 per cent of the food program's workload is in retail food licensing, compliance, and inspection activities...
  61. Ocular Growth, Emmetropia, and Interphotoreceptor Retinoid-Binding Protein (IRBP)
    John M Nickerson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..A simple and organized set of focused experiments that test the hypotheses with sensible workload are proposed in two aims. These are: Aim 1...
  62. Developing a self-report measure of burden of treatment
    David T Eton; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This "chronic workload" can negatively impact well being, reduce adherence to treatment, and ultimately jeopardize long-term clinical ..
  63. CARDIAC GROWTH REGULATION
    Kaie Ojamaa; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..transcription factors (TATA box binding protein and TAFs) will be studied to determine the molecular basis of workload- and hormone-regulated (alpha)-MHC transcription...
  64. RESPIRATORY AND THERMAL PHYSIOLOGY OF FACE MASKS
    ARTHUR DUBOIS; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..The hypothesis to be tested is that thermal discomfort of the face is a major factor in workers not wearing respiratory protective devices...
  65. A counterpulsation device to promote myocardial recovery
    Paul Spence; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..In acute studies in a calf with diminished cardiac function (DCF), the 40-ml CPD successfully reduced ventricular workload and augmented myocardial perfusion...
  66. SUBENDOCARDIAL O2 SUPPLY AND DEMAND IN AORTIC STENOSIS
    Peter Scholz; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..balance and myocardial "efficiency" of hypertrophied hearts subjected to different forms of acute increases in workload to dissect out the factors leading to the increased vulnerability of the subendocardium...
  67. DIAPHRAGM ADAPTATIONS TO CHRONIC RESISTIVE LOADING
    David Prezant; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Unfortunately, respiratory muscle strength is often not adequate to meet acute increases in resistive workload that occurs during clinical exacerbations...
  68. Biodemographic Tools for Investigating Postpartum Amenorrhea
    DARRYL HOLMAN; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..to examine the relative effects of nutrition (assessed by anthropometric measures), nursing behavior, maternal workload and other health and socioeconomic variables on the time to resumption of menses in two of the studies (the ..
  69. ORGAN PROTECTION: ROLE OF ANESTHETICS
    JOHN TINKER; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..Earl Wood, Erik Ritman and associates at our Institution...
  70. Liquid Chromatography Mass Spectrometry system
    Adrian Franke; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The LC/MS workload will soon exceed the ALSR's current capacities which cannot be improved by additional technician time or method ..
  71. Development of a Counterpulsation Therapy Device
    Paul Spence; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The CPD fills during native heart systole lowering ventricular workload, and ejects during diastole augmenting myocardial and end-organ perfusion...
  72. RISK FACTORS FOR VIOLENCE AMONG NURSES
    SUSAN GERBERICH; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..cohort of registered and licensed practical nurses and: (1) personal exposures, including patient contact hours, workload, shifts worked, illness/injury history including prior work and non-work-related assault injuries, use of alcohol,..
  73. Verbal Orders Policies, Perceptions, and Occurrences
    DOUGLAS WAKEFIELD; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..VOs hold substantial potential for miscommunication due to a variety of factors, including fatigue, workload, sound-alike medications, background noise, accents, dialects and different pronunciations...
  74. WORKLOAD EFFECT ON TASK PERFORMANCE ON INCLINED SURFACE
    Amit Bhattacharya; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..experience of working on elevated and/or inclined surface, age, sex, and other fall risk factors such as physical workload, standing surface inclination and environmental lighting...
  75. DEVELOPMENTAL ALTERATIONS IN CARDIAC PROTEIN TURNOVER
    Allen Samarel; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The investigator's previous studies have identified a critical relationship between cardiomyocyte workload, and the assembly of myofibrillar proteins into sarcomeres...
  76. Cardiac Effects of a Mitochondrial Progesterone Receptor
    Thomas Price; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..STATEMENT Pregnancy is associated with dramatic changes in a woman's body including a great increase in the workload of the heart. This process requires an increase in ATP which serves as the major fuel source for the cell...
  77. REGULATION OF LEFT VENTRICULAR FUNCTION IN HYPERTROPHY
    Song Jung Kim; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Ventricular hypertrophy is a physiological adaptation by which the heart compensates for an increased workload, which may ultimately lead to decompensation and heart failure...