personnel staffing and scheduling

Summary

Summary: The selection, appointing, and scheduling of personnel.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Mortality among patients admitted to hospitals on weekends as compared with weekdays
    C M Bell
    Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Sunnybrook and Women's College Health Sciences Centre, ON, Canada
    N Engl J Med 345:663-8. 2001
  2. ncbi Effects of weekend admission and hospital teaching status on in-hospital mortality
    Peter Cram
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Iowa College of Medicine, Iowa City 52242, USA
    Am J Med 117:151-7. 2004
  3. ncbi Hospital nurse staffing and patient mortality, nurse burnout, and job dissatisfaction
    Linda H Aiken
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, School of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania, 420 Guardian Dr, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6096, USA
    JAMA 288:1987-93. 2002
  4. ncbi Effect of reducing interns' work hours on serious medical errors in intensive care units
    Christopher P Landrigan
    Division of Sleep Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    N Engl J Med 351:1838-48. 2004
  5. ncbi The association of registered nurse staffing levels and patient outcomes: systematic review and meta-analysis
    Robert L Kane
    University of Minnesota School of Public Health, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455, USA
    Med Care 45:1195-204. 2007
  6. ncbi Extended work shifts and the risk of motor vehicle crashes among interns
    Laura K Barger
    Division of Sleep Medicine, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    N Engl J Med 352:125-34. 2005
  7. pmc Effects of nurse staffing and nurse education on patient deaths in hospitals with different nurse work environments
    Linda H Aiken
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, School of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania, PA 19104 4217, USA
    Med Care 49:1047-53. 2011
  8. ncbi Nurse-staffing levels and the quality of care in hospitals
    Jack Needleman
    Department of Health Policy and Management, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Mass 02115, USA
    N Engl J Med 346:1715-22. 2002
  9. ncbi Role stress and career satisfaction among registered nurses by work shift patterns
    Amy J Hoffman
    Kirkhof School of Nursing, Grand Valley State University, Grand Rapids, Mich 49301, USA
    J Nurs Adm 33:337-42. 2003
  10. ncbi Effect of the ACGME duty hours restrictions on surgical residents and faculty: a systematic review
    Mohammad H Jamal
    General Surgery, Department of Surgery and Centre for Medical Education, Faculty of Medicine, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Acad Med 86:34-42. 2011

Research Grants

  1. The Influence of Staff Turnover on Quality
    Nicholas Castle; Fiscal Year: 2007
  2. EXAMINING NURSING HOME COMPARE
    Nicholas Castle; Fiscal Year: 2005
  3. INCIDENT REPORTING IN NURSING HOMES
    Nicholas Castle; Fiscal Year: 2008
  4. Staffing Characteristics of Nursing Homes and Quality
    Nicholas Castle; Fiscal Year: 2008
  5. Financial incentives for smoking cessation
    Kevin Volpp; Fiscal Year: 2006
  6. Financial incentives for smoking cessation
    Kevin Volpp; Fiscal Year: 2008
  7. Impact of resident work hour rules on errors and quality
    Kevin Volpp; Fiscal Year: 2007
  8. A Model of Patient and Nursing Administration Outomes
    Barbara Mark; Fiscal Year: 2006
  9. Nurse Staffing, Financial Performance, Quality of Care
    Barbara Mark; Fiscal Year: 2009
  10. Do organizational factors influence both patient and wo*
    Alison Trinkoff; Fiscal Year: 2002

Detail Information

Publications317 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Mortality among patients admitted to hospitals on weekends as compared with weekdays
    C M Bell
    Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Sunnybrook and Women's College Health Sciences Centre, ON, Canada
    N Engl J Med 345:663-8. 2001
    ..CONCLUSIONS: Patients with some serious medical conditions are more likely to die in the hospital if they are admitted on a weekend than if they are admitted on a weekday...
  2. ncbi Effects of weekend admission and hospital teaching status on in-hospital mortality
    Peter Cram
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Iowa College of Medicine, Iowa City 52242, USA
    Am J Med 117:151-7. 2004
    ..We compared mortality rates between patients admitted on weekends and weekdays and whether weekend-weekday variation in rates differed between patients admitted to teaching and nonteaching hospitals in California...
  3. ncbi Hospital nurse staffing and patient mortality, nurse burnout, and job dissatisfaction
    Linda H Aiken
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, School of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania, 420 Guardian Dr, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6096, USA
    JAMA 288:1987-93. 2002
    ....
  4. ncbi Effect of reducing interns' work hours on serious medical errors in intensive care units
    Christopher P Landrigan
    Division of Sleep Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    N Engl J Med 351:1838-48. 2004
    ..Although sleep deprivation has been shown to impair neurobehavioral performance, few studies have measured its effects on medical errors...
  5. ncbi The association of registered nurse staffing levels and patient outcomes: systematic review and meta-analysis
    Robert L Kane
    University of Minnesota School of Public Health, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455, USA
    Med Care 45:1195-204. 2007
    ..To examine the association between registered nurse (RN) staffing and patient outcomes in acute care hospitals...
  6. ncbi Extended work shifts and the risk of motor vehicle crashes among interns
    Laura K Barger
    Division of Sleep Medicine, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    N Engl J Med 352:125-34. 2005
    ..Long work hours and work shifts of an extended duration (> or =24 hours) remain a hallmark of medical education in the United States. Yet their effect on health and safety has not been evaluated with the use of validated measures...
  7. pmc Effects of nurse staffing and nurse education on patient deaths in hospitals with different nurse work environments
    Linda H Aiken
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, School of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania, PA 19104 4217, USA
    Med Care 49:1047-53. 2011
    ..Little is known about whether and under what conditions each type of investment works better to improve outcomes...
  8. ncbi Nurse-staffing levels and the quality of care in hospitals
    Jack Needleman
    Department of Health Policy and Management, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Mass 02115, USA
    N Engl J Med 346:1715-22. 2002
    ..It is uncertain whether lower levels of staffing by nurses at hospitals are associated with an increased risk that patients will have complications or die...
  9. ncbi Role stress and career satisfaction among registered nurses by work shift patterns
    Amy J Hoffman
    Kirkhof School of Nursing, Grand Valley State University, Grand Rapids, Mich 49301, USA
    J Nurs Adm 33:337-42. 2003
    ..This study examined the variation in role stress and career satisfaction among hospital-based registered nurses (RNs) by shift length...
  10. ncbi Effect of the ACGME duty hours restrictions on surgical residents and faculty: a systematic review
    Mohammad H Jamal
    General Surgery, Department of Surgery and Centre for Medical Education, Faculty of Medicine, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Acad Med 86:34-42. 2011
    ....
  11. pmc Hospital nursing and 30-day readmissions among Medicare patients with heart failure, acute myocardial infarction, and pneumonia
    Matthew D McHugh
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, Philadelphia, PA 19104 4217, USA
    Med Care 51:52-9. 2013
    ..Provisions of the Affordable Care Act that increase hospitals' financial accountability for preventable readmissions have heightened interest in identifying system-level interventions to reduce readmissions...
  12. ncbi Effect of 24-hour mandatory versus on-demand critical care specialist presence on quality of care and family and provider satisfaction in the intensive care unit of a teaching hospital
    Ognjen Gajic
    Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, MN, USA
    Crit Care Med 36:36-44. 2008
    ..We compared the quality of care and patient/family and provider satisfaction before and after changing the staffing model from on-demand to continuous 24-hr critical care specialist presence in the intensive care unit...
  13. ncbi Shift work and metabolic syndrome, diabetes mellitus and ischaemic heart disease
    Dorota Szosland
    The National Centre for Workplace Health Promotion, Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine, Łódź, Poland
    Int J Occup Med Environ Health 23:287-91. 2010
    ..Recent data increasingly reveal relations between shift work and plasma resistin, ghrelin, leptin and adiponectin...
  14. ncbi Burnout and internal medicine resident work-hour restrictions
    Ravi Gopal
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Colorado Health Science Center, Aurora, CO, USA
    Arch Intern Med 165:2595-600. 2005
    ..We evaluated rates of burnout in internal medicine residents before and after the implementation of the new work-hour restriction...
  15. ncbi Reconsidering the conceptualization of nursing workload: literature review
    Roisin Morris
    Dublin City University, School of Nursing, Dublin City University, Glasnevin, Dublin, Ireland
    J Adv Nurs 57:463-71. 2007
    ....
  16. ncbi Systematic review of studies of staffing and quality in nursing homes
    Jane E Bostick
    University of Missouri Columbia, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
    J Am Med Dir Assoc 7:366-76. 2006
    ..To evaluate a range of staffing measures and data sources for long-term use in public reporting of staffing as a quality measure in nursing homes...
  17. ncbi The effects of nurse staffing on adverse events, morbidity, mortality, and medical costs
    Sung Hyun Cho
    Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs, Seoul, Korea
    Nurs Res 52:71-9. 2003
    ..Nurse staffing levels are an important working condition issue for nurses and believed to be a determinant of the quality of nursing care and patient outcomes...
  18. ncbi Workload Indicators of Staffing Need method in determining optimal staffing levels at Moi Teaching and Referral Hospital
    P Musau
    Department of Surgery, Moi Teaching and Referral Hospital, P O Box 4606 30100, Eldoret, Kenya
    East Afr Med J 85:232-9. 2008
    ..With the health personnel consuming up to three quarters of recurrent budgets, a need arises to ascertain that a workforce for any health facility is the optimal level needed to produce the desired product...
  19. ncbi Workhours in relation to work stress, recovery and health
    Mikko Härmä
    Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Centre of Expertise on Human Factors at Work, Topeliuksenkatu 41 a A, FI 00250 Helsinki, Finland
    Scand J Work Environ Health 32:502-14. 2006
    ....
  20. ncbi Impact of night-float rotation on sleep, mood, and alertness: the resident's perception
    Anita Cavallo
    Department of Pediatrics, Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH 45229 3039, USA
    Chronobiol Int 19:893-902. 2002
    ..The impact of night-shift work should be considered in the design of night-float schedules, and teaching should be provided for residents to learn coping strategies for night-shift work...
  21. ncbi Physician staffing patterns and clinical outcomes in critically ill patients: a systematic review
    Peter J Pronovost
    Department of Critical Care Medicine, Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    JAMA 288:2151-62. 2002
    ..Intensive care unit (ICU) physician staffing varies widely, and its association with patient outcomes remains unclear...
  22. ncbi Effects on sleep-related problems and self-reported health after a change of shift schedule
    Björn Karlson
    Department of Laboratory Medicine, Lund University, Lund, Sweden
    J Occup Health Psychol 14:97-109. 2009
    ..As predicted, on most dimensions measured the shift workers displayed clear improvements from initially poorer scores than daytime workers, and the daytime workers displayed no improvements...
  23. pmc Nurse staffing and postsurgical adverse events: an analysis of administrative data from a sample of U.S. hospitals, 1990-1996
    Christine Kovner
    Division of Nursing, School of Education, New York University, New York 10003 6677, USA
    Health Serv Res 37:611-29. 2002
    ..To examine the impact of nurse staffing on selected adverse events hypothesized to be sensitive to nursing care between 1990 and 1996, after controlling for hospital characteristics...
  24. pmc Hospital nurse practice environments and outcomes for surgical oncology patients
    Christopher R Friese
    Dana Farber Cancer Institute, Harvard School of Public Health, 44 Binney Street SM 271, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Health Serv Res 43:1145-63. 2008
    ..To examine the effect of nursing practice environments on outcomes of hospitalized cancer patients undergoing surgery...
  25. ncbi Systematic review: association of shift length, protected sleep time, and night float with patient care, residents' health, and education
    Darcy A Reed
    Division of Primary Care Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    Ann Intern Med 153:829-42. 2010
    ..Protected sleep time (that is, "nap") is strongly encouraged. As duty-hour reforms are implemented, examination of the quality and outcomes of the relevant literature is important...
  26. ncbi Variations in nursing practice environments: relation to staffing and hospital characteristics
    Eileen T Lake
    Department of Sociology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6096, USA
    Nurs Res 55:1-9. 2006
    ..While improvements in nursing practice environments are considered essential to address the nursing shortage, relatively little is known about the nursing practice environments in most hospitals...
  27. pmc Outcomes of variation in hospital nurse staffing in English hospitals: cross-sectional analysis of survey data and discharge records
    Anne Marie Rafferty
    Florence Nightingale School of Nursing and Midwifery, King s College London, James Clerk Maxwell Building, 57 Waterloo Road, London SE1 8WA, UK
    Int J Nurs Stud 44:175-82. 2007
    ..Despite growing evidence in the US, little evidence has been available to evaluate whether internationally, hospitals in which nurses care for fewer patients have better outcomes in terms of patient survival and nurse retention...
  28. ncbi Patient volume, staffing, and workload in relation to risk-adjusted outcomes in a random stratified sample of UK neonatal intensive care units: a prospective evaluation
    Janet Tucker
    Dugald Baird Centre for Research on Women s Health, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Aberdden, UK
    Lancet 359:99-107. 2002
    ..We assessed whether patient volume, staffing levels, and workload are associated with risk-adjusted outcomes, and with costs or staff wellbeing...
  29. ncbi The working hours of hospital staff nurses and patient safety
    Ann E Rogers
    School of Nursing, Center for Sleep and Respiratory Neurobiology, School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, USA
    Health Aff (Millwood) 23:202-12. 2004
    ..The risks of making an error were significantly increased when work shifts were longer than twelve hours, when nurses worked overtime, or when they worked more than forty hours per week...
  30. ncbi Relationship between quality of care, staffing levels, skill mix and nurse autonomy: literature review
    Veronica Currie
    Research and Development Fellow, Quality Improvement Programme, RCN Institute, Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford, UK
    J Adv Nurs 51:73-82. 2005
    ....
  31. ncbi Postprandial hormone and metabolic responses amongst shift workers in Antarctica
    J Lund
    British Antarctic Survey, High Cross, Madingley Road, Cambridge, UK
    J Endocrinol 171:557-64. 2001
    ..When applied to the 20% of the UK workforce currently employed on shift work, these findings have major significance from an occupational health perspective...
  32. pmc Effect of intensive care unit organizational model and structure on outcomes in patients with acute lung injury
    Miriam M Treggiari
    Department of Anesthesiology, Harborview Medical Center, University of Washington School of Medicine, 325 Ninth Avenue, Seattle, WA 98104, USA
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 176:685-90. 2007
    ..Prior studies supported an association between intensive care unit (ICU) organizational model or staffing patterns and outcome in critically ill patients...
  33. pmc Implementing a 48 h EWTD-compliant rota for junior doctors in the UK does not compromise patients' safety: assessor-blind pilot comparison
    F P Cappuccio
    Sleep, Health and Society Programme, Clinical Sciences Research Institute, Warwick Medical School, Coventry, CV2 2DX, UK
    QJM 102:271-82. 2009
    ..Surveys of doctors' subjective opinions on shift work have not provided reliable objective data with which to evaluate its efficacy...
  34. ncbi Nurse staffing models, nursing hours, and patient safety outcomes
    Linda McGillis Hall
    Nursing Effectiveness, Utilization, and Outcomes Research Unit, Faculty of Nursing, University of Toronto, Ontario
    J Nurs Adm 34:41-5. 2004
    ..Limited research has been conducted examining the effect of nurse staffing models on costs and patient outcomes...
  35. ncbi Overcrowding in the nation's emergency departments: complex causes and disturbing effects
    R W Derlet
    Emergency Department, University of California Davis Medical Center, Sacramento, CA 95817, USA
    Ann Emerg Med 35:63-8. 2000
    ..Unless the problem is solved in the near future, the general public may no longer be able to rely on EDs for quality and timely emergency care, placing the people of this country at risk...
  36. ncbi Nurse staffing, care delivery model, and patient care quality
    Linda McGillis Hall
    Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Ottawa, Ontario
    J Nurs Care Qual 19:27-33. 2004
    ..Patient care delivery models were also important predictors of the quality outcomes studied...
  37. pmc Residency training at a crossroads: duty-hour standards 2010
    Kevin G Volpp
    Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Philadelphia Veterans Affairs Medical Center, USA
    Ann Intern Med 153:826-8. 2010
    ..A more flexible, dynamic policy that emphasizes ongoing testing and evaluation would be more likely to achieve improvements in clinical and educational outcomes...
  38. ncbi Applying WHO's 'workforce indicators of staffing need' (WISN) method to calculate the health worker requirements for India's maternal and child health service guarantees in Orissa State
    Amy Hagopian
    Department of Global Health, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
    Health Policy Plan 27:11-8. 2012
    ..We measured the difference between this ideal number and current staffing levels...
  39. ncbi The night float paradigm to decrease sleep deprivation: good solution or a new problem?
    Anita Cavallo
    Department of Pediatrics, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Centre, 3333 Burnet Avenue, Cincinnati, OH 45229 3039, USA
    Ergonomics 46:653-63. 2003
    ..36, p = 0.03. Training programs that adopt the night float rotation must be aware of potential deleterious effects of the night float rotation as they may lead to serious consequences on residents' performance and patients' safety...
  40. ncbi Sleep length and quality, sleepiness and urinary melatonin among healthy Danish nurses with shift work during work and leisure time
    Anne Helene Garde
    National Research Centre for the Working Environment, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Int Arch Occup Environ Health 82:1219-28. 2009
    ..Sleep problems are common effects of shift work. The aim of the present study was to evaluate how different types of shift affect sleep and sleepiness, and to relate sleepiness to urinary 6-sulfatoxymelatonin...
  41. ncbi How post-call resident doctors perform, feel and are perceived in out-patient clinics
    Chen Chung Liu
    Department of Psychiatry, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei
    Med Educ 45:669-77. 2011
    ..Recently, in the U.S.A., the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education guidelines limited residents' consecutive duty to 24 hours. In Europe, the European Working Time Directive limits the average working week to 48 hours...
  42. ncbi Introduction of night shift call system for surgical trainees: a prospective self-controlled trial
    Daniel Tai Yam Lee
    Department of Surgery, United Christian Hospital, Kwun Tong, Kowloon, Hong Kong
    Med Educ 37:495-9. 2003
    ..This study aimed to determine the advantages and disadvantages of an NSCS compared with those of the conventional overnight call system (ONCS)...
  43. pmc Impact of staffing on bloodstream infections in the neonatal intensive care unit
    Jeannie P Cimiotti
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, School of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, 19104 6096, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 160:832-6. 2006
    ..To examine the association between registered nurse staffing and healthcare-associated bloodstream infections in infants in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU)...
  44. ncbi Data suggest nurse fatigue threatens patient safety
    Stephanie Tabone
    Tex Nurs 78:4-7. 2004
  45. ncbi Implementation of resident work hour restrictions is associated with a reduction in mortality and provider-related complications on the surgical service: a concurrent analysis of 14,610 patients
    Alicia R Privette
    Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05401, USA
    Ann Surg 250:316-21. 2009
    ....
  46. ncbi Are for-profit hospital conversions harmful to patients and to Medicare?
    Gabriel Picone
    University of South Florida, USA
    Rand J Econ 33:507-23. 2002
    ..Thereafter, the decline in quality is much lower. A similar decline in quality is not observed after hospitals switch from for-profit to government or private nonprofit status...
  47. ncbi Hospital staff nurses' work hours, meal periods, and rest breaks. A review from an occupational health nurse perspective
    Amy Witkoski
    University of Pennsylvania, School of Nursing, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    AAOHN J 58:489-97; quiz 498-9. 2010
    ..Overall findings suggest that the expertise of an occupational health nurse in the hospital setting could significantly improve the health and safety of staff nurses...
  48. ncbi Changes in hospital performance after ownership conversions
    Yu Chu Shen
    Health Policy Center, Urban Institute, Washington DC 20037, USA
    Inquiry 40:217-34. 2003
    ..No conversion of any kind led to a reduced amount of unprofitable care, but conversion to private ownership (nonprofit and for-profit) increased the probability of trauma center closures...
  49. ncbi Introduction of a 14-hour work shift model for housestaff in the medical ICU
    Bekele Afessa
    Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, 200 First St SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    Chest 128:3910-5. 2005
    ..To describe the outcomes of switching housestaff from a traditional model of "long-call" every 4 days to a 14-h work-shift model in a medical ICU (MICU) over a 5-week pilot period...
  50. pmc Development of the Hospital Nurse Surveillance Capacity Profile
    Ann Kutney-Lee
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, Philadelphia, PA 19104 4217, USA
    Res Nurs Health 32:217-28. 2009
    ..Greater nurse surveillance capacity was significantly associated with better quality of care and fewer adverse events. The profile may assist administrators to improve nurse surveillance and patient outcomes...
  51. ncbi Modeling the impact of the components of long work hours on injuries and "accidents"
    Simon Folkard
    Universite Paris Descartes, Faculte de Medecine, Laboratoire d Anthropolgie Appliquée, Paris, France
    Am J Ind Med 49:953-63. 2006
    ..The potential impact of long work hours on health and safety is a major concern that has resulted in various work hour regulations...
  52. ncbi Failure to rescue
    Sean P Clarke
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, 420 Guardian Drive, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6096, USA
    Am J Nurs 103:42-7. 2003
  53. pmc Quality and cost analysis of nurse staffing, discharge preparation, and postdischarge utilization
    Marianne E Weiss
    Marquette University College of Nursing, Milwaukee, WI 53201 1881, USA
    Health Serv Res 46:1473-94. 2011
    ....
  54. ncbi Effects of shift work on noise-induced hearing loss
    Yu Fung Chou
    Institute of Environmental Health, Deparment of Occupational Safety and Health, School of Public Health, China Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan
    Noise Health 11:185-8. 2009
    ..In conclusion, working a 12-hour shift followed by a day off is best for workers and hearing protection should be provided in high noise areas...
  55. pmc Nurse staffing levels: impact of organizational characteristics and registered nurse supply
    Mary A Blegen
    School of Nursing, University of California, San Francisco, 2 Koret, 0608, Room N707B, San Francisco, CA 94143 0608, USA
    Health Serv Res 43:154-73. 2008
    ..To assess the impact of nurse supply in the geographic areas surrounding hospitals on staffing levels in hospital units, while taking into account other factors that influence nurse staffing...
  56. ncbi Shift work, confounding and death from ischaemic heart disease
    G Yadegarfar
    Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Hezar Jerib Road, Isfahan, Iran
    Occup Environ Med 65:158-63. 2008
    ..To investigate the relation between shift work and death from ischaemic heart disease (IHD) and evidence for confounding by social class and healthy shift worker effects...
  57. ncbi Roles of nurse aides and family members in acute patient care in Taiwan
    Huey Ming Tzeng
    Department of Nursing, I Shou University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
    J Nurs Care Qual 19:169-75. 2004
    ..This article examines the roles of nurse aides and family members in providing acute patient care in Taiwan and discusses issues of nursing care quality as related to nurse staffing in acute care hospitals...
  58. ncbi A comparison of US, UK, and Dutch perioperative staffing practices
    Martie van Beuzekom
    OR Centre at Leiden University Medical Centre, Leiden, The Netherlands
    AORN J 84:632-41. 2006
    ..An examination of the historical differences in staffing may support the hypothesis that both disciplines may be needed for the OR to function most effectively...
  59. ncbi Measurement of nursing care time of specific interventions on a hematology-oncology unit related to diagnostic categories
    Andrea Colombo
    Faculty of Medicine, San Gerardo University Hospital, University of Milano Bicocca, Monza, Italy
    Cancer Nurs 28:476-80. 2005
    ..The results obtained are an estimate of the different daily workload that is required for these categories of patients in selected nursing procedures...
  60. ncbi Surgical residents' perceptions of the effects of the ACGME duty hour requirements 1 year after implementation
    Jennifer L Irani
    Department of Surgery, Brigham and Women s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Surgery 138:246-53. 2005
    ....
  61. ncbi Nurse staffing and unplanned extubation in the pediatric intensive care unit
    James P Marcin
    Department of Pediatrics and Department of Nursing, UC Davis Children s Hospital, University of California Davis, 2516 Stockton Boulevard, Sacramento, CA 95817, USA
    Pediatr Crit Care Med 6:254-7. 2005
    ..To determine the association between unplanned extubations and years of nurse experience and nurse-to-patient ratio in the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU)...
  62. ncbi Mortality and morbidities among very premature infants admitted after hours in an Australian neonatal intensive care unit network
    Mohamed E Abdel-Latif
    Department of Newborn Care, Royal Hospital for Women, New South Wales, Australia
    Pediatrics 117:1632-9. 2006
    ..We hypothesize that adverse sequelae are increased in these infants...
  63. ncbi Physician assistants as physician extenders in the pediatric intensive care unit setting-A 5-year experience
    Mudit Mathur
    Department of Pediatrics, The Children s Hospital at Downstate, and SUNY Downstate College of Medicine, Brooklyn, NY, USA
    Pediatr Crit Care Med 6:14-9. 2005
    ..To describe the scope of practice and complementary role of physician assistants as physician extenders in the pediatric intensive care unit...
  64. ncbi The left-without-being-seen rate: an imperfect measure of emergency department crowding
    Jesse M Pines
    Acad Emerg Med 13:807; author reply 807-8. 2006
  65. ncbi Complication rates on weekends and weekdays in US hospitals
    Eran Bendavid
    Center for Health Policy, Stanford Medical School, Stanford, Calif 94305, USA
    Am J Med 120:422-8. 2007
    ..Recent studies and anecdotal evidence suggest that patient safety may be compromised on weekends. Our objective was to determine whether rates of complications in hospitals are higher on weekends than on weekdays...
  66. ncbi Cardiovascular risk factors and primary selection into shift work
    Kirsten Nabe-Nielsen
    The National Research Centre for the Working Environment, Lerso Parkalle 105, DK 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark
    Scand J Work Environ Health 34:206-12. 2008
    ....
  67. pmc Nurses' working conditions: implications for infectious disease
    Patricia W Stone
    Columbia University School of Nursing, New York, New York 10032, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 10:1984-9. 2004
    ..Understanding and improving nurses' working conditions can potentially decrease the incidence of many infectious diseases. Relevant research is reviewed, and policy options are discussed...
  68. ncbi Effects of shift rotation and the flexibility of a shift system on daytime alertness and cardiovascular risk factors
    Katriina Viitasalo
    Finnair Health Services, Finnair Plc, IF 67, FI 01053 Finnair, Finland
    Scand J Work Environ Health 34:198-205. 2008
    ....
  69. ncbi [Why are babies born at night at increased risk of early neonatal mortality?]
    G Heller
    Klinik für Geburtshilfe und Perinatologie, Zentrum für Gynäkologie und Geburtshilfe, Universitat Marburg
    Z Geburtshilfe Neonatol 207:137-42. 2003
    ..However, alternative explanations exist such as decreased birth-weight of night births. The objective of this study was to further investigate this relationship...
  70. ncbi [Effect of nurse staffing on patient outcomes: a review of the literature]
    Yia Wun Liang
    Department of Senior Citizen Service Management, National Taichung Nursing College, ROC
    Hu Li Za Zhi 57:77-82. 2010
    ..Insufficient nurse staffing leads to increases in adverse patient events, prolonged average hospital stay lengths, and total healthcare expenditures. Evidence shows that nurse staffing is closely linked to patient outcomes...
  71. ncbi Staffing in acute hospital wards: part 1. The relationship between number of nurses and ward organizational environment
    Ann Adams
    Senior Research Fellow, Centre for Primary Health Care Studies, School of Health and Social Studies, University of Warwick, Coventry, UK
    J Nurs Manag 11:287-92. 2003
    ..Patients are also likely to benefit from a lower incidence of 'hierarchical practice' associated with having a low nurse/bed ratio within a ward...
  72. ncbi The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education resident duty hour new standards: history, changes, and impact on staffing of intensive care units
    Stephen M Pastores
    Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY, USA
    Crit Care Med 39:2540-9. 2011
    ....
  73. ncbi Optimizing the arrival, waiting, and NPO times of children on the day of pediatric endoscopy procedures
    Bettina Smallman
    Department of Anesthesiology, SUNY Upstate, Syracuse, NewYork, USA
    Anesth Analg 110:879-87. 2010
    ..We critique which of the several types of OR management decisions dependent on accuracy of prediction are relevant to series (lists) of brief pediatric anesthetics...
  74. ncbi Typical savings from each minute reduction in tardy first case of the day starts
    Franklin Dexter
    Department of Anesthesia, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    Anesth Analg 108:1262-7. 2009
    ..Analysts and clinicians sitting in operating room (OR) committee meetings cannot evaluate rapidly whether a suggested idea to reduce delays in first case of the day starts can be beneficial economically...
  75. ncbi Scheduling a delay between different surgeons' cases in the same operating room on the same day using upper prediction bounds for case durations
    F Dexter
    Department of Anesthesia, University of Iowa, Iowa City 52242, USA
    Anesth Analg 92:943-6. 2001
    ..2% of single cases and 92% +/- 0.6% of pairs of cases. We conclude that our methodology can be used to calculate an appropriate, and reasonably accurate, scheduled delay between two surgeons' cases in the same OR on the same day...
  76. ncbi Use of operating room information system data to predict the impact of reducing turnover times on staffing costs
    Franklin Dexter
    Division of Management Consulting, Department of Anesthesia, University of Iowa, Iowa City 52242, USA
    Anesth Analg 97:1119-26, table of contents. 2003
    ....
  77. ncbi How to release allocated operating room time to increase efficiency: predicting which surgical service will have the most underutilized operating room time
    Franklin Dexter
    Division of Management Consulting, Department of Anesthesia, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA
    Anesth Analg 96:507-12, table of contents. 2003
    ..In contrast, compromising by releasing the OR time of a service other than the one with the most allocated but unscheduled OR time markedly reduces OR efficiency. OR managers can use these results when releasing allocated OR time...
  78. ncbi Both bias and lack of knowledge influence organizational focus on first case of the day starts
    Elisabeth U Dexter
    Section of General Thoracic Surgery, Department of Surgery, State University of New York Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, New York, USA
    Anesth Analg 108:1257-61. 2009
    ..Nevertheless, delays in starting first cases of the day are a common topic in OR committee meetings...
  79. ncbi A psychological basis for anesthesiologists' operating room managerial decision-making on the day of surgery
    Franklin Dexter
    Department of Anesthesia and Health Management and Policy, Division of Management Consulting, University of Iowa, IA 52242, USA
    Anesth Analg 105:430-4. 2007
    ..Although a sound basis for decision-making involving individual ORs, the heuristic is often suboptimal economically when applied to decisions involving multiple ORs...
  80. ncbi Operating room managerial decision-making on the day of surgery with and without computer recommendations and status displays
    Franklin Dexter
    Department of Anesthesia, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    Anesth Analg 105:419-29. 2007
    ..Decision makers can rely on passive status displays (e.g., big screens or whiteboards), active status displays (e.g., text pager notification), and/or command displays (e.g., text recommendations about what to do)...
  81. ncbi Markers of insulin resistance in day and shift workers aged 30-59 years
    Teruo Nagaya
    Department of Public Health, Nagoya City University Medical School, 1 Kawasumi, Mizuho cho, Mizuho ku, Nagoya 467 8601, Japan
    Int Arch Occup Environ Health 75:562-8. 2002
    ..To examine relationships between shift work and markers (metabolic abnormalities) of insulin resistance (IR)...
  82. ncbi Systematic review of general thoracic surgery articles to identify predictors of operating room case durations
    Franklin Dexter
    Department of Anesthesia, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    Anesth Analg 106:1232-41, table of contents. 2008
    ..We hypothesized that the accuracy of case duration prediction could be improved by the use of other electronic medical record data (e.g., patient weight or surgeon notes using standardized vocabularies)...
  83. ncbi Statistical power analysis to estimate how many months of data are required to identify operating room staffing solutions to reduce labor costs and increase productivity
    Richard H Epstein
    Department of Anesthesiology, Jefferson Medical College, and Medical Data Applications, Ltd, USA
    Anesth Analg 94:640-3; table of contents. 2002
    ..When applied routinely for adjusting staffing (e.g., on a quarterly basis), 9 to 12 mo of data should be used...
  84. ncbi Review article: review of behavioral operations experimental studies of newsvendor problems for operating room management
    Ruth E Wachtel
    Department of Anesthesia, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    Anesth Analg 110:1698-710. 2010
    ..Results suggest that only the use of computerized decision-support systems can effectively circumvent these biases...
  85. ncbi Effect of reducing interns' weekly work hours on sleep and attentional failures
    Steven W Lockley
    Division of Sleep Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    N Engl J Med 351:1829-37. 2004
    ....
  86. ncbi Internal medicine housestaff and attending physician perceptions of the impact of the New York State Section 405 regulations on working conditions and supervision of residents in two training programs
    J Conigliaro
    Department of Medicine, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461
    J Gen Intern Med 8:502-7. 1993
    ..Thus, despite some substantial benefits, Section 405 may not be achieving its goals of improving resident supervision and the quality of patient care by houseofficers...
  87. ncbi Does a stressful psychosocial work environment mediate the effects of shift work on cardiovascular risk factors?
    R Peter
    Department of Medical Sociology, University of Ulm, Germany
    Scand J Work Environ Health 25:376-81. 1999
    ..The hypothesis was tested that psychosocial work stress, as defined by the model of effort-reward imbalance, mediates the effects of shift work on cardiovascular risk...
  88. ncbi Patient safety: fatigue among clinicians and the safety of patients
    David M Gaba
    Patient Safety Center of Inquiry, Veterans Affairs Palo Alto Health Care System, Palo Alto, California, USA
    N Engl J Med 347:1249-55. 2002
  89. pmc Effects of hospital staffing and organizational climate on needlestick injuries to nurses
    Sean P Clarke
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, Philadelphia, 19104 6096, USA
    Am J Public Health 92:1115-9. 2002
    ..This study determined the effects of nurse staffing and nursing organization on the likelihood of needlestick injuries in hospital nurses...
  90. ncbi Effects of a night float system on housestaff neuropsychologic function
    D J Gottlieb
    Department of Internal Medicine, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis
    J Gen Intern Med 8:146-8. 1993
    ..Future investigation should be directed at clarifying the aspects of residency training that adversely affect housestaff mood...
  91. ncbi Hospital staffing, organization, and quality of care: Cross-national findings
    Linda H Aiken
    Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, Department of Sociology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia 19104, USA
    Nurs Outlook 50:187-94. 2002
    ..To examine the effects of nurse staffing and organizational support for nursing care on nurses' dissatisfaction with their jobs, nurse burnout, and nurse reports of quality of patient care in an international sample of hospitals...
  92. ncbi Nurse staffing and patient falls on acute care hospital units
    Nancy Dunton
    University of Kansas Medical Center School of Nursing, 3901 Rainbow Boulevard, Mail Stop 4043, Kansas City, KS 66160, USA
    Nurs Outlook 52:53-9. 2004
  93. ncbi Weekend and weeknight admissions have the same outcome of weekday admissions to an intensive care unit with onsite intensivist coverage
    Yaseen Arabi
    Intensive Care Department and College of Medicine, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, King Abdulaziz Medical City, King Fahad National Guard Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
    Crit Care Med 34:605-11. 2006
    ..The objective of this study was to determine whether weekend and nighttime admissions compromise patient outcome in an intensive care unit staffed by an onsite intensivist 24 hrs a day and 7 days a week...
  94. ncbi Nurse staffing and adverse events in hospitalized children
    Barbara A Mark
    University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, NC, USA
    Policy Polit Nurs Pract 8:83-92. 2007
    ..There was no statistically significant relationship between RN staffing and mortality. More hours of care provided by RNs was associated with improved quality of care for hospitalized pediatric patients...
  95. ncbi Effect of nurse staffing and antimicrobial-impregnated central venous catheters on the risk for bloodstream infections in intensive care units
    Juan Alonso-Echanove
    Division of Healthcare Quality Promotion, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 24:916-25. 2003
    ..Defining risk factors for central venous catheter (CVC)-associated bloodstream infections (BSIs) is critical to establishing prevention measures, especially for factors such as nurse staffing and antimicrobial-impregnated CVCs...
  96. ncbi Impact of nonphysician staffing on outcomes in a medical ICU
    Hayley B Gershengorn
    Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine, Beth Israel Medical Center, New York, NY 10003, USA
    Chest 139:1347-53. 2011
    ..In our study, we compare outcomes of nonphysician provider-based teams to those of medical house staff-based teams in the MICU...
  97. ncbi Calculating institutional support that benefits both the anesthesia group and hospital
    Franklin Dexter
    Division of Management Consulting, Department of Anesthesia, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    Anesth Analg 106:544-53, table of contents. 2008
    ..e., OR allocations). Such an agreement creates incentives whereby the hospital and anesthesia group both profit from increased OR workload and from more accurate specialty-specific staffing...
  98. ncbi Relationships between nurse staffing and patient outcomes
    Ke Ping Yang
    Cardinal Tien College of Nursing
    J Nurs Res 11:149-58. 2003
    ..It obviously illustrates the relationships between nurse staffing and the quality of nursing practice...
  99. ncbi Effects of critical care nurses' work hours on vigilance and patients' safety
    Linda D Scott
    Kirkhof College of Nursing, Grand Valley State University, Grand Rapids, Michigan, USA
    Am J Crit Care 15:30-7. 2006
    ..However, little is known about the effects of the nurses' work hours on vigilance and patients' safety...
  100. ncbi Rotating shift work and risk of prostate cancer
    Michael Conlon
    Epidemiology 18:182-3. 2007
  101. pmc Intensivist physician staffing and the process of care in academic medical centres
    Jeremy M Kahn
    Division of Pulmonary, Allergy and Critical Care Medicine, Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, and the Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
    Qual Saf Health Care 16:329-33. 2007
    ..Although intensivist physician staffing is associated with improved outcomes in critical care, little is known about the mechanism leading to this observation...

Research Grants67

  1. The Influence of Staff Turnover on Quality
    Nicholas Castle; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  2. EXAMINING NURSING HOME COMPARE
    Nicholas Castle; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  3. INCIDENT REPORTING IN NURSING HOMES
    Nicholas Castle; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This information will further our development of a standardized incident reporting mechanism recommended by the Institute of Medicine and others. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  4. Staffing Characteristics of Nursing Homes and Quality
    Nicholas Castle; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  5. Financial incentives for smoking cessation
    Kevin Volpp; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  6. Financial incentives for smoking cessation
    Kevin Volpp; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  7. Impact of resident work hour rules on errors and quality
    Kevin Volpp; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Results from this study will be central to any future efforts to reduce errors in teaching hospitals through resident work hour reform. ..
  8. A Model of Patient and Nursing Administration Outomes
    Barbara Mark; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  9. Nurse Staffing, Financial Performance, Quality of Care
    Barbara Mark; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  10. Do organizational factors influence both patient and wo*
    Alison Trinkoff; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  11. Extended Work Schedules and Workplace Injury in Nurses
    Alison Trinkoff; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Identifying organizational variables related to nurse's health that, if modified, could reduce the likelihood of worker injury is key to maximizing the quality of health care while maintaining a healthy workforce. ..
  12. Physical Restraints and Therapy Disruption in Hospitals
    Ann Minnick; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  13. Outcomes of ICU Working Conditions
    Patricia Stone; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..In addition, obtaining NNIS and Medicare data creates an opportunity to explore the sensitivity and specificity of identifying NI through claims data. ..
  14. MANAGEMENT OF EXCESSIVE DAYTIME SLEEPINESS IN NARCOLEPSY
    Ann Rogers; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..In order to evaluate whether or not the NSSQ and ESS are sensitive to treatment effects, newly diagnosed subjects will be tested prior to starting stimulant medications, after 3 months of treatment and after one year of treatment. ..
  15. The Effect of Patient Volume on Outcome in the ICU
    Jeremy Kahn; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  16. Job Retention Among Home Healthcare Nurses
    CAROL ELLENBECKER; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Knowledge of variables that contribute to job retention in home care will provide the information necessary to maintain nursing staff and assure access to quality home healthcare services. ..
  17. SIESTA NAPS IN OLDER PEOPLE
    Timothy Monk; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  18. Sleep Loss, Sleepiness and Fatigue in 12-Hour Nurses
    Jeanne Geiger Brown; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ....
  19. Aspartame Intake and the Risk of Cancer
    Eva Schernhammer; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Our results may help decision-makers formulate guidelines and direct future aspartame studies. Even a null finding would be important in this context. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  20. Preparing rural and urban hospitals to improve safety culture through simulation
    David Gaba; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..We will also use multiple methods, including process measures and participant evaluations, to evaluate simulation qualitatively. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  21. Evaluation of Workplace Violence Prevention Intervention
    Jane Lipscomb; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..4) Design and implement a violence prevention intervention within these workplaces. 5) Conduct a process and outcome evaluation of the intervention in sample workplaces one year following program implementation. ..
  22. ENGAGEMENT OF PERSONS WITH DEMENTIA
    Jiska Cohen Mansfield; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..In that way, it presents an exciting prospect for improving the quality of life in demented persons, thereby reducing their caregivers' burden. ..
  23. Gut Ischemia/Reperfusion Injury: Modulation by Nutrients
    Rosemary Kozar; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The sponsors are an integral part of this arrangement and are especially suited to ensure success of the proposed project...
  24. Targeted, Tailored and Timely (T3) Symptom Management for Prostate Cancer
    Susan Beck; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  25. A CDSS to Translate Pressure Ulcer Prediction and Prevention to Home Health Care
    Sandra Bergquist Beringer; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  26. EFFECTS OF OSHA GUIDELINES ON VIOLENCE PREVENTION IN MEN
    Jane Lipscomb; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..abstract_text> ..
  27. TREATMENT OF CIRCADIAN SLEEP DISORDERS WITH BRIGHT LIGHT
    Steven W Lockley; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  28. Alcohol and Daily Work and Family Experiences
    JOSEPH GRZYWACZ; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..g., personality/dispositions, feelings of control and master, psychological wellbeing, social integration), and alcohol-related outcomes. ..
  29. AGING EFFECTS ON INTERMITTENT WORK CAPACITY
    Maury Nussbaum; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The quantification of intermittent work capacity is an important first step towards effective risk assessment, job evaluation, and reduction of economic and medical costs associated with workplace injuries. ..
  30. UNIQUE ASPECTS OF C1-- INHIBITOR STRUCTURE / FUNCTION
    Philip Patston; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  31. A New Measure of Nursing Home Care Quality
    Marilyn Rantz; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  32. ENHANCING DRUG COURT RETENTION IN A RURAL STATE
    Carl Leukefeld; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  33. PSYCHOBIOLOGY OF PTSD & ADVERSE OUTCOMES OF CHILDBEARING
    Julia Seng; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Findings from this study will provide a strong basis for future clinical research and an evidence base for potentially modifying maternity care practice guidelines to include care for PTSD. ..
  34. Sleep Disturbances in People with Cancer and Caregivers
    Ann Berger; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  35. Effects of Light at Night on Circadian System in Nurses
    Eva Schernhammer; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  36. Impact of Patient Safety Initiatives on Nursing Workflow and Productivity
    Mary Blegen; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This conference will bring together experts on the work of nurses and on ways to measure that work in order to develop valid approaches to studying this increase in work demands. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  37. Multilevel Intervention to Improve Nursing Home Outcomes
    Marilyn Rantz; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Similarly, we will observe processes of care delivery before, during and after the multilevel intervention to describe the adoption of the care delivery strategies recommended in the intervention. ..
  38. Understanding Access to Hospice Care
    Melissa Carlson; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This information is critical for understanding disparities in use of hospice and for informing policies to increase the availability of hospice to patients with terminal illness and their families. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  39. Clock Genes, Night Work, and Breast Cancer Risk
    Eva Schernhammer; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The results from this study could help identify individuals who are more susceptible to night work than others, based on their genetic profile. ..
  40. Technology to Automatically Detect Early Signs of Illness in Senior Housing
    Marilyn J Rantz; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Subjects will not use any expensive telehealth equipment or wear any devices. We propose to use this information to detect changes in health status which could indicate an impending acute illness or exacerbation of chronic illness. ..
  41. 3rd Annual Pediatric Telehealth Colloquium
    James Marcin; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Incorporating telemedicine into pediatric care can help increase access, decrease disparities and increase quality of care provided to children living in rural and underserved communities. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  42. Occupational Trunk Flexion and Neuromuscular Disturbance
    Maury A Nussbaum; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Results will guide future studies and/or epidemiologic investigations regarding the mechanism of cumulative risk from flexed working postures. ..
  43. A Pilot Trial of Oral Melatonin Supplementation in Breast Cancer Survivors
    Eva Schernhammer; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This pilot data could lay the groundwork for a large scale trial to assess the chemopreventive potential of melatonin in women, both with and without a personal history of breast cancer. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  44. International Scientific Conference on Prevention of Work Related Musculoskeletal
    Laura Punnett; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  45. Racial Disparity in Access High Quality Cardiac Surgeons
    Dana Mukamel; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The knowledge gained in this project is essential for development of targeted programs that could successfully address the disparity in access to high quality cardiac care among elderly racial minorities. ..
  46. Are Volume Standards Accurate Measures of Quality?
    Laurent Glance; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  47. NASD Academic ED Collaborative - UC San Diego
    Theodore Chan; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..UCSD ED investigators will be responsible for following up on difficult to reach) patients. Local data and survey results will be submitted to the R-25 and R-21 sites for analysis. ..
  48. HIV RISK REDUCTION AMONG RURAL DRUG ABUSERS
    Carl Leukefeld; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Data analysis will include multivariate approaches to examine immediate changes and at 12-months as well as logistic regression and structural modeling to examine factors leading to differences in the intervention. ..
  49. Nursing Effort and Quality in Long-Term Care Facilities
    Robert Kane; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The database consists of 3125 residents in 98 nursing units from 62 facilities. Results should shed light on the current policy debate over nursing home staffing standards. ..
  50. Minimizing Error, Maximizing Outcome (MEMO): The Physic*
    Mark Linzer; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..We also anticipate being able to answer questions about women and minority physicians, groups that are typically underrepresented in physician-centered research. ..
  51. Videoscopic Drainage of Infected Pancreatic Collections
    Karen Horvath; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The long-term goal is to use data obtained from this study as the basis for a multicenter, Phase III, randomized study comparing the VARD to the current standard of care, open surgical necrosectomy. ..
  52. Nursing Homes: Medical Staff Models and Care Correlates
    Paul Katz; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Results of this study and its framework will guide future projects to explore the relationship between medical structure, medical practice patterns and health care outcomes. ..
  53. Risk factors and controls for falls from heights
    Maury Nussbaum; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  54. Nurse Staffing and Adverse Events on Inpatient Units
    EILEEN LAKE; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This study will strengthen the evidence base on how nurse staffing patterns and practice environments support the quality and safety of patient care. ..
  55. Factors Associated with RN Decisions to Work
    Carol Brewer; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..If successful, we will expand the tools that can be used to examine work behavior of the whole RN population, and ultimately develop relevant policy. ..
  56. Permeability Changes in Small Bowel Allograft Rejection
    Jonathan Fryer; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  57. Testing a video to improve provider-patient interaction
    Deborah Helitzer; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This research addresses the priorities of announcement PAR-04-117 "Understanding and Promoting Health Literacy." ..
  58. Symptom Management in Blood and Marrow Transplantation
    Marlene Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Future research will focus on developing and testing appropriate interventions. ..
  59. Risk Factors and Incidence of Sharps Injuries to Nurses
    Sean Clarke; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The public health impact relates to better strategies for control of exposure to bloodborne pathogens in healthcare workers as well as improving workplace safety more generally. ..
  60. Improving Transfusion Practices Using Decision Support
    Jeffrey Rothschild; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..We will also examine whether improvements in appropriate transfusion ordering behavior among clinicians using decision support tools will be greater than improvements achieved by educational programs alone. ..
  61. Targeting BCL-XL Expression in Mesothelioma
    W Smythe; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Upstream targets regulating bcl-xl expression for use in future therapeutic paradigms may be identified. ..
  62. Economics of Formulary Design and Mental Health Policy
    Haiden Huskamp; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Huskamp the training, mentoring, time and resources to develop the skills that will put her in a position to lead independent research on the economics of pharmaceutical treatment for mental illnesses. ..
  63. Effects of Mental Parity on High-Cost and Severely-Ill Individuals
    Haiden A Huskamp; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..We will estimate a combination of two-part random-effects models for longitudinal data, latent class random-effects models, logistic regression models, Poisson regression models, and hazard models to address these aims. ..
  64. Nursing Home IT: Optimal Medication and Care Delivery
    Susan Horn; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Distill and summarize lessons learned about what is critical for successful implementation of HIT in nursing homes, including facilitators, barriers, and strategies to address them. ..
  65. Development of an acute lung injury specific severity of illness measure
    COLIN COOKE; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..