public policy

Summary

Summary: A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.

Top Publications

  1. pmc Effects of alcohol tax and price policies on morbidity and mortality: a systematic review
    Alexander C Wagenaar
    University of Florida, College of Medicine, Department of Epidemiology and Health Policy Research, Gainesville, FL 32610 0177, USA
    Am J Public Health 100:2270-8. 2010
  2. pmc Demographic, knowledge, attitudinal, and accessibility factors associated with uptake of cervical cancer screening among women in a rural district of Tanzania: three public policy implications
    Frida S Lyimo
    Weill Bugando University College of Health Sciences, Mwanza, Tanzania
    BMC Public Health 12:22. 2012
  3. pmc Secondhand tobacco smoke in bars and restaurants in Santiago, Chile: evaluation of partial smoking ban legislation in public places
    Marcia Erazo
    Faculty of Medicine, University of Chile, Santiago, Chile
    Tob Control 19:469-74. 2010
  4. pmc The perils of ignoring history: Big Tobacco played dirty and millions died. How similar is Big Food?
    Kelly D Brownell
    Rudd Center for Food Policy andObesity, Yale University, 309 Edwards Street, New Haven, CT06520 8369, USA
    Milbank Q 87:259-94. 2009
  5. pmc The effect of fiscal policy on diet, obesity and chronic disease: a systematic review
    Anne Marie Thow
    Menzies Centre for Health Policy, University of Sydney, NSW, Australia
    Bull World Health Organ 88:609-14. 2010
  6. ncbi Public policy and private health insurance: distributional impact on public and private hospital usage
    Agnes E Walker
    Australian Centre for Economic Research on Health, Australian National University, Barry Drive Building 62, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia
    Aust Health Rev 31:305-14. 2007
  7. ncbi Ecology. The biodiversity and ecosystem services science-policy interface
    Charles Perrings
    School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287, USA
    Science 331:1139-40. 2011
  8. pmc Corporate social responsibility and access to policy élites: an analysis of tobacco industry documents
    Gary J Fooks
    School for Health, University of Bath, Bath, United Kingdom
    PLoS Med 8:e1001076. 2011
  9. ncbi Global health equity and climate stabilisation: a common agenda
    Sharon Friel
    Commission on Social Determinants of Health, International Institute for Society and Health, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, UK
    Lancet 372:1677-83. 2008
  10. ncbi A crisis in the marketplace: how food marketing contributes to childhood obesity and what can be done
    Jennifer L Harris
    Rudd Center for Food Policy and Obesity, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06520 8369, USA
    Annu Rev Public Health 30:211-25. 2009

Detail Information

Publications282 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Effects of alcohol tax and price policies on morbidity and mortality: a systematic review
    Alexander C Wagenaar
    University of Florida, College of Medicine, Department of Epidemiology and Health Policy Research, Gainesville, FL 32610 0177, USA
    Am J Public Health 100:2270-8. 2010
    ..We systematically reviewed the effects of alcohol taxes and prices on alcohol-related morbidity and mortality to assess their public health impact...
  2. pmc Demographic, knowledge, attitudinal, and accessibility factors associated with uptake of cervical cancer screening among women in a rural district of Tanzania: three public policy implications
    Frida S Lyimo
    Weill Bugando University College of Health Sciences, Mwanza, Tanzania
    BMC Public Health 12:22. 2012
    ..The aim of the study was to identify the most important factors related to the uptake of cervical cancer screening among women in a rural district of Tanzania...
  3. pmc Secondhand tobacco smoke in bars and restaurants in Santiago, Chile: evaluation of partial smoking ban legislation in public places
    Marcia Erazo
    Faculty of Medicine, University of Chile, Santiago, Chile
    Tob Control 19:469-74. 2010
    ....
  4. pmc The perils of ignoring history: Big Tobacco played dirty and millions died. How similar is Big Food?
    Kelly D Brownell
    Rudd Center for Food Policy andObesity, Yale University, 309 Edwards Street, New Haven, CT06520 8369, USA
    Milbank Q 87:259-94. 2009
    ..In the hope that the food history will be written differently, this article both highlights important lessons that can be learned from the tobacco experience and recommends actions for the food industry...
  5. pmc The effect of fiscal policy on diet, obesity and chronic disease: a systematic review
    Anne Marie Thow
    Menzies Centre for Health Policy, University of Sydney, NSW, Australia
    Bull World Health Organ 88:609-14. 2010
    ..To assess the effect of food taxes and subsidies on diet, body weight and health through a systematic review of the literature...
  6. ncbi Public policy and private health insurance: distributional impact on public and private hospital usage
    Agnes E Walker
    Australian Centre for Economic Research on Health, Australian National University, Barry Drive Building 62, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia
    Aust Health Rev 31:305-14. 2007
    ..To study the effectiveness of recent private health insurance (PHI) reforms, in particular the 30% rebate and Lifetime Health Cover, in terms of their stated aim of reducing the load on public hospitals...
  7. ncbi Ecology. The biodiversity and ecosystem services science-policy interface
    Charles Perrings
    School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287, USA
    Science 331:1139-40. 2011
  8. pmc Corporate social responsibility and access to policy élites: an analysis of tobacco industry documents
    Gary J Fooks
    School for Health, University of Bath, Bath, United Kingdom
    PLoS Med 8:e1001076. 2011
    ..However, few studies have focused in depth on what tobacco companies hoped to achieve through CSR or reflected on the extent to which these ambitions have been realised...
  9. ncbi Global health equity and climate stabilisation: a common agenda
    Sharon Friel
    Commission on Social Determinants of Health, International Institute for Society and Health, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, UK
    Lancet 372:1677-83. 2008
    ..Global interconnectedness and interdependence enable the social and environmental determinants of health to be addressed in ways that will increase health equity, reduce poverty, and build societies that live within environmental limits...
  10. ncbi A crisis in the marketplace: how food marketing contributes to childhood obesity and what can be done
    Jennifer L Harris
    Rudd Center for Food Policy and Obesity, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06520 8369, USA
    Annu Rev Public Health 30:211-25. 2009
    ..This article reviews existing knowledge of the impact of marketing and addresses the value of various legal, legislative, regulatory, and industry-based approaches to change...
  11. pmc Smoking behaviour, involuntary smoking, attitudes towards smoke-free legislations, and tobacco control activities in the European Union
    Jose M Martínez-Sánchez
    Tobacco Control Unit, Institut Català d Oncologia ICO, L Hospitalet de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain
    PLoS ONE 5:e13881. 2010
    ....
  12. ncbi Comparative cost-effectiveness of policy instruments for reducing the global burden of alcohol, tobacco and illicit drug use
    Dan Chisholm
    Evidence and Information for Policy, World Health Organisation, Geneva, Switzerland
    Drug Alcohol Rev 25:553-65. 2006
    ..These issues are the subject of the final section of this review...
  13. ncbi Socioeconomic consequences of mercury use and pollution
    Edward B Swain
    Minnesota Pollution Control Agency, St Paul 55155, USA
    Ambio 36:45-61. 2007
    ....
  14. pmc Can food be addictive? Public health and policy implications
    Ashley N Gearhardt
    Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA
    Addiction 106:1208-12. 2011
    ..Although the addictive potential of foods continues to be debated, important lessons learned in reducing the health and economic consequences of drug addiction may be especially useful in combating food-related problems...
  15. pmc Obesity metaphors: how beliefs about the causes of obesity affect support for public policy
    Colleen L Barry
    Yale University School of Public Health, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, 60 College Street, New Haven, CT 06520, USA
    Milbank Q 87:7-47. 2009
    ..This article identifies a unique role of metaphor-based beliefs, as distinct from conventional political attitudes, in explaining support for obesity policies...
  16. pmc Policy support, norms, and secondhand smoke exposure before and after implementation of a comprehensive smoke-free law in Mexico city
    James F Thrasher
    Department of Health Promotion, Education and Behavior, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, 800 Sumter St, Room 215, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
    Am J Public Health 100:1789-98. 2010
    ..We assessed attitudes and beliefs about smoke-free laws, compliance, and secondhand smoke exposure before and after implementation of a comprehensive smoke-free law in Mexico City...
  17. pmc Medicine. Moving toward transparency of clinical trials
    Deborah A Zarin
    National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health, U S Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, MD 20894, USA
    Science 319:1340-2. 2008
  18. ncbi How much would closing schools reduce transmission during an influenza pandemic?
    Kathryn Glass
    National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia
    Epidemiology 18:623-8. 2007
    ..Although schools have been closed to slow the spread of influenza, there is limited evidence as to the impact on transmission of disease...
  19. ncbi From research to public policy: an essential extension of the translation research agenda
    David M Mirvis
    Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, USA
    Clin Transl Sci 2:379-81. 2009
    ..The results will benefit the researcher and the decision maker, as well as the research itself...
  20. pmc Rationale and consequences of reclassifying obesity as an addictive disorder: neurobiology, food environment and social policy perspectives
    Patricia J Allen
    Department of Psychology, Tufts University, Medford, MA 02155, USA
    Physiol Behav 107:126-37. 2012
    ..Psychiatric Association, version IV, and consider the consequences of such a reclassification of obesity for public policy. Specifically, we discuss evidence from both human and animal studies investigating the effects of various ..
  21. ncbi Physical education policy compliance and children's physical fitness
    Emma V Sanchez-Vaznaugh
    Department of Health Education, San Francisco State University, California, USA
    Am J Prev Med 42:452-9. 2012
    ..Although compliance at the school and district levels is likely to be critical for the success of physical education policies, few published studies have focused on this issue...
  22. ncbi Why the Distilled Spirits Industry Council of Australia is not a credible partner for the Australian government in making alcohol policy
    Geoffrey Munro
    Australian Drug Foundation, Melbourne, Australia
    Drug Alcohol Rev 31:365-9. 2012
    ....
  23. ncbi Health literacy and child health promotion: implications for research, clinical care, and public policy
    Lee M Sanders
    University of Miami, Miller School of Medicine, Jay Weiss Center for Social Medicine and Health Equity, Department of Pediatrics, 1601 NW 12th Ave, Suite 4063, Miami, FL 33136, USA
    Pediatrics 124:S306-14. 2009
    ..Future initiatives to reduce child health inequities should include health-promotion strategies that meet the health literacy needs of children, adolescents, and their caregivers...
  24. ncbi Cost-effectiveness of volumetric alcohol taxation in Australia
    Joshua M Byrnes
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia
    Med J Aust 192:439-43. 2010
    ....
  25. ncbi Public engagement as a means of restoring public trust in science--hitting the notes, but missing the music?
    Brian Wynne
    ESRC Centre for Economic and Social Aspects of Genomics, Lancaster University, Lancaster, UK
    Community Genet 9:211-20. 2006
    ....
  26. pmc Cervical cancer screening programmes and policies in 18 European countries
    A Anttila
    The Finnish Cancer Registry, Helsinki, Finland
    Br J Cancer 91:935-41. 2004
    ..Our survey indicated that the recommendations as currently given are met in only few European countries. Health authorities need to consider stronger measures and incentives than those laid out in the current set of recommendations...
  27. ncbi Interventions to reduce HIV transmission related to injecting drug use in prison
    Ralf Jürgens
    HIV AIDS, Health, Policy and Human Rights, Quebec, Canada
    Lancet Infect Dis 9:57-66. 2009
    ..The introduction of these programmes in countries with an existing or emergent epidemic of HIV infection among injecting drug users is therefore warranted, as part of comprehensive programmes to address HIV in prisons...
  28. pmc Workplace and home smoking restrictions and racial/ethnic variation in the prevalence and intensity of current cigarette smoking among women by poverty status, TUS-CPS 1998-1999 and 2001-2002
    Vickie L Shavers
    National Cancer Institute, Division of Cancer Control and Population Science, Applied Research Program, Health Service and Economics Branch, 6130 Executive Blvd, MSC 7344, EPN Room 4005, Bethesda, MD 20892 7344, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 60:34-43. 2006
    ..This cross sectional study examines the association of workplace smoking policies and home smoking restrictions with current smoking among women...
  29. ncbi The national free delivery policy in Nepal: early evidence of its effects on health facilities
    Sophie Witter
    Immpact, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK
    Health Policy Plan 26:ii84-91. 2011
    ..It will be challenging to build on the gains of the past few years and sustain them, at the same time as merging the separate free care funding streams...
  30. pmc Reducing corruption in a Mexican medical school: impact assessment across two cross-sectional surveys
    Sergio Paredes-Solís
    Centro de Investigacion de Enfermedades Tropicales, Universidad Autonoma de Guerrero, Mexico
    BMC Health Serv Res 11:S13. 2011
    ....
  31. ncbi Is nonsmoking dangerous to the health of restaurants? The effect of California's indoor smoking ban on restaurant revenues
    Lisa Stolzenberg
    School of Policy and Management, Florida International University, Miami, FL 33199, USA
    Eval Rev 31:75-92. 2007
    ..Findings also revealed that the indoor smoking ban had little observable impact on the revenue rate for restaurants overall and for non-alcohol-serving restaurants...
  32. ncbi Establishing evidence for early action: the prevention of reproductive and developmental harm
    David Gee
    Strategic Knowledge and Innovation, European Environment Agency, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Basic Clin Pharmacol Toxicol 102:257-66. 2008
    ..Proposals are made to improve those in current use, including a definition of the precautionary principle...
  33. ncbi At the frontier of tobacco control: a brief review of public attitudes toward smoke-free outdoor places
    George Thomson
    University of Otago, Box 7343, Wellington South, Wellington, New Zealand
    Nicotine Tob Res 11:584-90. 2009
    ..Their use appears to be one of the frontier areas of tobacco control development. We briefly reviewed the available reports on public attitudes about smoke-free public outdoor areas...
  34. ncbi Ethical and public policy aspects of childhood obesity: opinions of scientists working on an intervention study
    D Wickins-Drazilova
    Department of Philosophy, Lancaster University, Lancaster, UK
    Obes Rev 11:620-6. 2010
    ....
  35. ncbi Public opinion about laws to prohibit weight discrimination in the United States
    Rebecca M Puhl
    Department of Psychology, Rudd Center for Food Policy and Obesity, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 19:74-82. 2011
    ..These findings can be used to inform policy makers in efforts to develop antidiscrimination laws. Such measures will rectify health disparities for overweight Americans and facilitate public health efforts to address obesity...
  36. ncbi A review of organotin regulatory strategies, pending actions, related costs and benefits
    M A Champ
    Advanced Technology Research Project ATRP Corporation, Falls Church, VA 22042 3934, USA
    Sci Total Environ 258:21-71. 2000
    ..Market forces are selective for cheap labor and cheap environments. 'Unregulated' countries have unknowingly accepted the environmental and human health risks to gain the economic benefits from painting TBT on ships. (ABSTRACT TRUNCATED)..
  37. ncbi Incorporating the effects of socioeconomic uncertainty into priority setting for conservation investment
    Marissa F McBride
    Environmental Science, School of Botany, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria 3010, Australia
    Conserv Biol 21:1463-74. 2007
    ....
  38. ncbi Sharing the benefits of genetic resources: from biodiversity to human genetics
    Doris Schroeder
    Centre for Professional Ethics, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, United Kingdom
    Dev World Bioeth 6:135-43. 2006
    ....
  39. ncbi Escaping from the Phantom Zone: social determinants of health, public health units and public policy in Canada
    Dennis Raphael
    School of Health Policy and Management, York University, ON, Canada
    Health Promot Int 24:193-8. 2009
    ..research and advocacy activities in the service of strengthening the SDOH are so divorced from everyday public policy activity, media discourse and public awareness as to metaphorically suggest that SDOH researchers and ..
  40. ncbi Understanding the impact of public policy on cancer research: a bibliometric approach
    Grant Lewison
    School of Library, Archive and Information Studies, University College London, Gower St, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Eur J Cancer 46:912-9. 2010
    ..through changing demographics (ageing and population growth) cancer is now one of the most complex and global public policy issues...
  41. pmc Vested Interests in addiction research and policy. Alliance between tobacco and alcohol industries to shape public policy
    Nan Jiang
    Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
    Addiction 108:852-64. 2013
    ..The collaboration between these two industries in the tobacco policy arena is unknown. This study explored if tobacco and alcohol companies built alliances to influence tobacco legislation and, if so, how those alliances worked...
  42. ncbi The marketing of dissolvable tobacco: social science and public policy research needs
    Brian G Southwell
    RTI International, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA
    Am J Health Promot 26:331-2. 2012
    ..The emergence of these new products poses distinct opportunities and challenges for social and behavioral science and public health research and raises important public policy questions.
  43. ncbi All creatures great and minute: a public policy primer for companion animal zoonoses
    J K Reaser
    Pet Industry Joint Advisory Council, Washington, DC, USA
    Zoonoses Public Health 55:385-401. 2008
    ..background on the human-animal bond, risks of zoonoses associated with groups of companion animals, and the public policy context, as well as identify the factors needed to build a comprehensive approach to companion animal zoonoses ..
  44. ncbi Human dignity in international policy documents: a useful criterion for public policy?
    Inmaculada de Melo-Martin
    Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY 10065, USA
    Bioethics 25:37-45. 2011
    ..Thus, they fail to guide public policy on embryo experimentation...
  45. ncbi The effectiveness of alcohol control policies on alcohol-related traffic fatalities in the United States
    Koyin Chang
    Dept of Healthcare Information and Management, Ming Chuan University, Taoyuan, Taiwan
    Accid Anal Prev 45:406-15. 2012
    ..The findings of this study suggest that zero tolerance laws and increased beer taxes are the most effective policies in reducing alcohol-related fatalities in all regions...
  46. ncbi Public financing of IVF: a review of policy rationales
    Philipa Mladovsky
    London School of Economics, LSE Health, Cowdray House, Houghton Street, London, WC2A 2AE, UK
    Health Care Anal 18:113-28. 2010
    ....
  47. ncbi Public policy, elder abuse, and Adult Protective Services: the struggle for coherence
    Paula M Mixson
    Paula Mixson and Associates, Austin, Texas 78723, USA
    J Elder Abuse Negl 22:16-36. 2010
    The author examines public policy related to Adult Protective Services (APS) in the United States from the perspective of more than 20 years of experience in a large state APS program and a long-standing involvement in national ..
  48. pmc The challenge of bridging science and policy in the Baltic Sea eutrophication governance in Finland: the perspective of science
    Mia Pihlajamäki
    Finnish Institute of International Affairs, Helsinki, Finland
    Ambio 40:191-9. 2011
    ..The aim is, then, to open up perspectives on how ambiguities related to science-policy interface could be coped with...
  49. ncbi The role of public policy in treating the epidemic of global obesity
    J O Hill
    Department of Pediatrics, Center for Human Nutrition, University of Colorado at Denver and Health Sciences, Denver, Colorado, USA
    Clin Pharmacol Ther 81:772-5. 2007
    ..Unfortunately, there is little information to adequately evaluate the many policies that have been suggested. The intent of this review is to discuss the potential use of policy to stem the global epidemic of obesity...
  50. ncbi A nutritional comparison of foods and beverages marketed to children in two advertising policy environments
    Monique Potvin Kent
    Institute of Population Health, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 20:1829-37. 2012
    ....
  51. ncbi Third-party reproductive assistance around the Mediterranean: comparing Sunni Egypt, Catholic Italy and multisectarian Lebanon
    Marcia C Inhorn
    Anthropology Department, Yale University, 10 Sachem Street, New Haven, CT 06511, USA
    Reprod Biomed Online 21:848-53. 2010
    ..Such comparisons point to the need for understanding the complex interactions between law, religion, local moralities and reproductive practices for global bioethics...
  52. pmc Cost-effectiveness of colorectal cancer screening in high-risk Spanish patients: use of a validated model to inform public policy
    Uri Ladabaum
    Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Redwood City, CA 94063, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 19:2765-76. 2010
    ..We developed a decision analytic model tailored to a pilot screening program for high-risk persons in Spain with the aim of informing public policy decisions.
  53. pmc Health impact assessment, human rights and global public policy: a critical appraisal
    Alex Scott-Samuel
    Division of Public Health, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, England
    Bull World Health Organ 85:212-7. 2007
    b>Public policy decisions in both the social and economic spheres have enormous impact on global public health...
  54. ncbi Public bioethics and public engagement: the politics of "proper talk"
    Alfred Moore
    Department of Philosophy, University College Cork, Ireland
    Public Underst Sci 19:197-211. 2010
    ..The article then questions whether the authority to categorize publics and identify "proper" ethical positions reintroduces problems of expertise in a new form...
  55. ncbi Banking on it: public policy and the ethics of stem cell research and development
    Mita Giacomini
    Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McMaster University, HSC 3H1C, 1200 Main Street, West, Hamilton, Ont, Canada L8N 3Z5
    Soc Sci Med 65:1490-500. 2007
    ..They are therefore highly worthy of scientific pursuit. This conclusion is provisional and the framework must be reapplied as scientific knowledge, technological capacity and ethical mores evolve...
  56. ncbi The vulnerabilities in childhood and adolescence and the Brazilian public policy intervention
    Franciele Fagundes Fonseca
    Universidade Estadual de Montes Claros UNIMONTES, Montes Claros, MG, Brasil
    Rev Paul Pediatr 31:258-64. 2013
    ..To review and discuss childhood and adolescence vulnerabilities, as well as Brazilian public policies of intervention...
  57. ncbi Framing and the marginalisation of evidence in media reportage of policy debate about alcopops, Australia 2008-2009: implications for advocacy
    Andrea S Fogarty
    School of Public Health, The University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia
    Drug Alcohol Rev 30:569-76. 2011
    ..The tax was associated with both and overall net reduction in alcohol consumption (2.7%) and reduction specifically in ready-to-drink spirits (26.1%)...
  58. ncbi General deterrence effects of U.S. statutory DUI fine and jail penalties: long-term follow-up in 32 states
    Alexander C Wagenaar
    University of Florida, College of Medicine, Department of Epidemiology and Health Policy Research and Institute for Child Health Policy, 1329 SW 16th St Rm 5130, Box 100177, Gainesville, FL 32610 0177, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 39:982-94. 2007
    ..We examined effects of state statutory changes in DUI fine or jail penalties for firsttime offenders from 1976 to 2002...
  59. pmc Population composition, public policy, and the genetics of smoking
    Jason D Boardman
    Department of Sociology and Institute of Behavioral Science, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309 0327, USA
    Demography 48:1517-33. 2011
    In this article, we explore the effect of public policy on the extent to which genes influence smoking desistance...
  60. ncbi Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders: when science, medicine, public policy, and laws collide
    Kenneth R Warren
    National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA
    Dev Disabil Res Rev 15:170-5. 2009
    ..been at odds with one another, resulting in collisions among policies and practices in science, medicine, public policy and the law...
  61. ncbi Conservation and adaptation to climate change
    Cassandra Brooke
    WWF Australia, GPO Box 528, Sydney, New South Wales 2001, Australia
    Conserv Biol 22:1471-6. 2008
    ....
  62. ncbi Population risk factors and trends in health care and public policy
    Betsy Haughton
    Department of Nutrition, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, USA
    J Acad Nutr Diet 112:S35-46. 2012
    ..This article provides an overview of the most important population risk factors and trends in health care and public policy that are anticipated to affect the current dietetics workforce and future of dietetics training and practice...
  63. ncbi Gun violence and media effects: challenges for science and public policy
    Malte Elson
    Malte Elson, Department of Communication, University of Munster, Munster, Germany Christopher J Ferguson, Department of Psychology, Stetson University, DeLand, Florida, USA
    Br J Psychiatry 203:322-4. 2013
    ..In order to inform public policy, we need to close gaps, both in empirical research and the academic debate, while being alert for potential ..
  64. pmc The use of public policy analysis to enhance the Nursing Home Reform Act of 1987
    Gerald Mark Breen
    Department of Public Affairs, University of Central Florida, Orlando, Florida, USA
    Soc Work Health Care 48:505-18. 2009
    ..By employing public policy analysis, and by analyzing various social science theories applicable to the improvement of care delivery and ..
  65. ncbi Can, and should, behavioural neuroscience influence public policy?
    Ben Seymour
    Center for Information and Neural Networks, Osaka University, 1 3 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka 5650871, Japan
    Trends Cogn Sci 16:449-51. 2012
    ..really help shape the governance of a nation? Or does this represent growing misuse of neuroscience to attach scientific authority to policy, plus a clutch of neuroscientists trying to overstate their findings for a taste of power?..
  66. ncbi Public policy and the market for dental services
    J L Leake
    Faculty of Dentistry, University of Toronto, 124 Edward Street, Toronto, ON, Canada
    Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 36:287-95. 2008
    ..We further suggest that nations need to develop national systems capable of the surveillance of disease and human resources, and of the monitoring of appropriateness and efficiency of their oral healthcare delivery systems...
  67. ncbi Environmental equity and the role of public policy: experiences in the Rijnmond region
    Hanneke Kruize
    Centre for Environmental Health Research, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, P O Box 1, 3720, BA, Bilthoven, The Netherlands
    Environ Manage 40:578-95. 2007
    ..to grasp the mechanisms underlying the environmental equity situation, with an emphasis on the role of public policy. Environmental equity is not a priority in public policy for the greater Rotterdam region known as the ..
  68. ncbi Accidental needle sticks, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, and the fallacy of public policy
    Bruce L Wolf
    Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37205, USA
    Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 97:52-4. 2006
    ..Safety needles for intradermal testing remain optional. Whether safety needles reduce the number of accidental needle sticks (ANSs) in the outpatient setting has yet to be proven...
  69. ncbi Connecting active living research and public policy: transdisciplinary research and policy interventions to increase physical activity
    Joseph M Schilling
    Metropolitan Institute at the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Alexandria, VA, USA
    J Public Health Policy 30:S1-15. 2009
    ..Improving the rigor of research, asking policy-relevant questions, presenting country-specific data, and effectively communicating findings to policy makers are likely to contribute to greater impact of research on policy processes...
  70. ncbi Mandatory helmet legislation and the print media in Viet Nam
    Peter S Hill
    School of Population Health, The University of Queensland, Herston Road, Herston 4006, Australia
    Accid Anal Prev 41:789-97. 2009
    ..In highlighting quality control of helmets as a key issue, the media have identified a potential ongoing role in monitoring the state's initiative in reducing the road toll from traumatic brain injury in motorcyclists...
  71. ncbi Cigarette price, affordability and smoking prevalence in the European Union
    Ilze Bogdanovica
    Division of Epidemiology and Public Health, UK Centre for Tobacco Control Studies, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK
    Addiction 107:188-96. 2012
    ....
  72. ncbi How has the Licensing Act (2003) changed the epidemiology of assaults presenting to a Cambridgeshire emergency department? Before and after study
    Ben H Peirce
    Cambridge University, Cambridge University Foundation Hospitals Trust, UK
    Eur J Emerg Med 18:351-6. 2011
    ..This study aimed to assess whether the Licensing Act (2003) has had a significant impact on the number and demography of assaults presenting to a Cambridgeshire emergency department...
  73. pmc Health impact assessment as a strategy for intersectoral collaboration
    Eunjeong Kang
    Department of Health Administration and Management, Soon Chun Hyang University, Asan, Korea
    J Prev Med Public Health 44:201-9. 2011
    ..This study examined the use of health impact assessment (HIA) as a tool for intersectoral collaboration using the case of an HIA project conducted in Gwang Myeong City, Korea...
  74. pmc Presumed consent for organ preservation in uncontrolled donation after cardiac death in the United States: a public policy with serious consequences
    Joseph L Verheijde
    Bioethics, Policy and Law Program, School of Life Sciences, Center for Biology and Society, Arizona State University, 300 East University Drive, Tempe, Arizona 85287, USA
    Philos Ethics Humanit Med 4:15. 2009
    ....
  75. ncbi The needle in the haystack: international consortia and the return of individual research results
    Susan E Wallace
    Population and Public Health Sciences, University of Leicester, Leicester, UK
    J Law Med Ethics 39:631-9. 2011
    ..Finally, it suggests an oversight mechanism these and other international consortia can use to ensure that this important issue is addressed appropriately...
  76. pmc "Efforts to Reprioritise the Agenda" in China: British American Tobacco's Efforts to Influence Public Policy on Secondhand Smoke in China
    Monique E Muggli
    Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA
    PLoS Med 5:1729-69. 2008
    ..Internal tobacco industry documents show that transnational tobacco companies (TTCs) have pursued a multifaceted strategy for undermining the adoption of restrictions on smoking in many countries...
  77. ncbi The whole-brain concept of death remains optimum public policy
    James L Bernat
    Dept of Medicine Neurology at Dartmouth Medical School and Clinical Ethics Program at Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center
    J Law Med Ethics 34:35-43, 3. 2006
  78. ncbi Framing public policy towards a public health paradigm for gambling
    David Korn
    University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Gambl Stud 19:235-56. 2003
    This paper examines the public policy value of looking at gambling from a public health perspective. The manner in which social issues are framed will either expand or curtail public policy debates...
  79. ncbi Death, brain death, and the limits of science: why the whole-brain concept of death is a flawed public policy
    Mike Nair-Collins
    Clinical Trials Support Division, Nathan Kline Institute for Psychiatric Research
    J Law Med Ethics 38:667-83. 2010
    ..This is disingenuous, and it results in serious moral flaws in the medical practices surrounding organ donation. Public policy that relies on the whole-brain concept of death is therefore morally flawed and in need of revision.
  80. pmc A review of low-level air pollution and adverse effects on human health: implications for epidemiological studies and public policy
    Neide Regina Simoes Olmo
    Laboratory of Experimental Air Pollution, Department of Pathology, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Clinics (Sao Paulo) 66:681-90. 2011
    ..We also aimed to determine which of these studies mentioned public policy issues...
  81. ncbi The role of work in psychological health and well-being: a conceptual, historical, and public policy perspective
    David L Blustein
    Department of Counseling, Developmental, and Educational Psychology, Boston College, Chestnut Hill, MA 02467, USA
    Am Psychol 63:228-40. 2008
    ..Three illustrative lines of inquiry in which research has affected the potential for informing public policy are presented...
  82. ncbi Science, precaution, and the politics of technological risk: converging implications in evolutionary and social scientific perspectives
    Andy Stirling
    SPRU Science and Technology Policy Research, University of Sussex, Freeman Centre, Falmer, Brighton, East Sussex BN1 9QE, UK
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1128:95-110. 2008
    ..A concrete framework is outlined through which the synergies can be more effectively harnessed. By this means, we can hope simultaneously to improve scientific rigor and democratic legitimacy in risk governance...
  83. ncbi A timely harvest
    Pierre Benoit Joly
    INRA, 65 Boulevard de Brandebourg, F 94205 Ivry, France
    Nature 450:174. 2007
  84. ncbi [Social marketing and public policies for health: campaign to promote smoke-free spaces in Mexico]
    Victor Villalobos
    Instituto Nacional de Salud Publica, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico
    Salud Publica Mex 52:S129-37. 2010
    ..The campaign evaluation indicates a significant impact, which suggests that future campaigns use similar strategies in their development...
  85. pmc Exploring the impact of foreign direct investment on tobacco consumption in the former Soviet Union
    A B Gilmore
    European Centre on Health of Societies in Transition, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    Tob Control 14:13-21. 2005
    ..This paper seeks to explore the impact that the substantial transnational tobacco company investments have had on patterns of tobacco trade and consumption in the former Soviet Union...
  86. ncbi State of the science on postacute rehabilitation: setting a research agenda and developing an evidence base for practice and public policy. An introduction
    Allen W Heinemann
    Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL, USA
    Assist Technol 20:55-60. 2008
    ..The full set of symposium articles, including recommendations for future research, appear in Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation...
  87. ncbi The common morality in communitarian thought: reflective consensus in public policy
    Mark G Kuczewski
    Neiswanger Institute for Bioethics and Health Policy, Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine, Maywood, IL 60153, USA
    Theor Med Bioeth 30:45-54. 2009
    ..that the notion of the common morality can have in a contemporary communitarian approach to ethics and public policy. The common morality can be defined as the conditions for shared pursuit of the good or as the values, ..
  88. ncbi International trade, animal health and veterinary epidemiology: challenges and opportunities
    C Zepeda
    Center for Veterinary Epidemiology and Disease Surveillance Systems, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523, USA
    Prev Vet Med 48:261-71. 2001
    ..This paper analyses the interactions between international trade of animals (and animal products) and epidemiology with discussion on the inputs of epidemiology in surveillance, risk analysis and regionalization...
  89. ncbi Effects of a workplace-smoking ban in combination with tax increases on smoking in the Dutch population
    Wendy M I Verdonk-Kleinjan
    Food and Consumer Product Safety Authority, PO Box 2168, 5600 CD Eindhoven, The Netherlands
    Nicotine Tob Res 13:412-8. 2011
    ..This study explores how the combination of measures influences the smoking behavior of the general population divided into subpopulations with and without paid work (all aged 16-65 years)...
  90. ncbi Conservation science and forest service policy for roadless areas
    James Morton Turner
    Science, Technology, and Environmental Policy Program, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
    Conserv Biol 20:713-22. 2006
    ..The emphasis on large-scale, top-down, national approaches to conservation policy has rendered such policies politically problematic...
  91. ncbi Smoking restrictions in bars and bartender smoking in the US, 1992-2007
    Marianne P Bitler
    Department of Economics, University of California at Irvine, Irvine, CA 92697 3125, USA
    Tob Control 20:196-200. 2011
    ....
  92. ncbi Establishing a Three Rs programme at the Canadian Council on Animal Care
    Gilly Griffin
    Canadian Council on Animal Care, 1510 130 Albert Street, Ottawa, ON K1P 5G4, Canada
    Altern Lab Anim 37:63-7. 2009
    ..This programme will build on the work of FRAME and other similar Three Rs organisations, to further the promotion and implementation of the Three Rs in Canadian science...
  93. pmc A historical synopsis of farm animal disease and public policy in twentieth century Britain
    Abigail Woods
    Centre for the History of Science, Technology and Medicine, Level 2, Central Library, Imperial College London South Kensington campus, London SW7 2AZ, UK
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 366:1943-54. 2011
    ..This paper documents and analyses these changes in relation to the development of public policy. It reveals that scientific knowledge and disease demographics cannot by themselves explain the shifting ..
  94. ncbi The intersection of public policy and health behavior theory in the physical activity arena
    Genevieve F Dunton
    Dept of Preventive Medicine, University of Southern California, Alhambra, CA, USA
    J Phys Act Health 7:S91-8. 2010
    ..To develop effective physical activity policies in these and other areas, greater understanding of how and why policies successfully impact behavior change is needed...
  95. pmc Public policy action and CCC implementation: benefits and hurdles
    Carter Steger
    State and Local Campaigns, American Cancer Society Cancer Action Network, 901 E Street, NW Suite 500, Washington, DC 2004, USA
    Cancer Causes Control 21:2041-8. 2010
    ..Efforts have moved progressively from describing how public policy can enhance the comprehensive cancer control agenda to implementation of public policy best practices at both ..
  96. ncbi New Belgian embryo transfer policy leads to sharp decrease in multiple pregnancy rate
    L Van Landuyt
    Centre for Reproductive Medicine, University Hospital, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Laarbeeklaan 101, B Brussels, Belgium
    Reprod Biomed Online 13:765-71. 2006
    ..Clinical pregnancy rates were not compromised by the new law. Elective single embryo transfer should be considered more seriously for women 36-39 years of age...
  97. ncbi How does public policy impact cervical screening and vaccination strategies?
    Thomas J Herzog
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Gynecol Oncol 119:175-80. 2010
    ..To examine the current approaches to cervical screening and points to consider for improving HPV vaccination acceptance and uptake in the US...
  98. ncbi Enforcing an outdoor smoking ban on a college campus: effects of a multicomponent approach
    Kari Jo Harris
    School of Public and Community Health Sciences, College of Health Professions and Biomedical Sciences, The University of Montana, Missoula, Montana 59812, USA
    J Am Coll Health 58:121-6. 2009
    ..Data on effective strategies to enforce policies banning outdoor smoking are sparse. This study tested the effects of an enforcement package implemented on a college campus...
  99. ncbi Public policy involvement by health commissioners
    Amy Thompson
    The University of Toledo, Health and Human Services, Toledo, OH 43606, USA
    J Community Health 34:239-45. 2009
    ..national study was to determine advocacy activities and level of involvement of health commissioners regarding public policy. Benefits, barriers, and perceived outcomes of advocacy efforts were also explored...
  100. pmc "We're not short of people telling us what the problems are. We're short of people telling us what to do": an appraisal of public policy and mental health
    Mark Petticrew
    Public and Environmental Health Research Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, WC1E 7HT, UK
    BMC Public Health 8:314. 2008
    ..We report on the theory, methods and findings of a project which involved an appraisal of current Scottish policy with respect to its potential impacts on mental health and wellbeing...
  101. pmc Public policy versus individual rights and responsibility: an economist's perspective
    Frank J Chaloupka
    University of Illinois, 444 Westside Research Office Bldg, 1747 West Roosevelt Rd, Chicago, IL 60608, USA
    Prev Chronic Dis 8:A100. 2011
    ..If effective public policies for reducing obesity and its consequences are to be developed and implemented, individual rights and government interests must be balanced...

Research Grants84

  1. Social protection, work and family strain: disadvantage effects in US and Europe
    Lisa F Berkman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Aim 4: Assess impacts of trends in work-family strain on socioeconomic inequalities in mortality in the US and Europe. ..
  2. Economic Restructuring and Social Mobility in Japan
    Wei hsin Yu; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  3. Risk Factors for Adolescent Drug Use in the United States and Colombia
    Eric C Brown; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This project takes advantage of a timely opportunity to collaboratively develop and share scientific knowledge for the prevention of adolescent drug use in both Colombian and U.S. youth populations. ..
  4. COMPARATIVE LIFE COURSE RESEARCH ON ECONOMIC WELL-BEING
    LEE RAINWATER; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..The studies will explore in particular changes over time and differences among countries in the characteristics of poor and low-income groups...
  5. HEALTH SERVICES IMPACTS OF YOUTH ALCOHOL MEASURES
    David Levy; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..abstract_text> ..
  6. Jornaleros Unidos con el Pueblo (Day Laborers United)
    Rajiv Bhatia; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Outcome indictors will be formulated to reflect changes in hazardous work conditions and their social and structural context and changes in the collective capacity of the community. ..
  7. NEWBORN GENETIC SCREENING:FOR WHOSE BENEFIT?
    Lainie Ross; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..OUTCOMES: The major outcomes will be a series of peer-reviewed articles and a full-length book entitled Newborn Genetic Screening: In whose Interest? For whose Benefit? ..
  8. ORGANOCHLORINE PESTICIDES AND MALE GENITAL ANOMALIES
    Rajiv Bhatia; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  9. Education in Genetic Ethics ('EDGE')
    Mark Rothstein; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The project includes a curriculum steering committee comprised of experts in the field of genetics research and genetics education, as well as select project team members, to provide on-going advance to the project. ..
  10. Vocational Student Tobacco Use
    Alexandra Loukas; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Development of effective prevention and intervention programs aimed at reducing tobacco use in this population require an understanding of the factors that contribute to their tobacco use. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  11. In-school and community media prevention
    Michael Slater; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..As a result, the school and community treatments are crossed and can each be assessed within an HLM framework. Cost-effectiveness data will also be collected and assessed. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  12. Deep Brain Stimulation for Disorders of Mood Thought and Behavior: Scientific an
    DEBRA MATHEWS; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  13. Macro-social & Parent Influence on Adolescents' Drug Use
    Matthew Farrelly; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Generalized Growth Mixture Modeling will be used to test the study hypotheses. ..
  14. Multi-site Prevention of Adolescent Conduct Problems
    KENNETH DODGE; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  15. Reduce Transmission Risks & Improve HCV Treatment Access
    Steffanie Strathdee; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  16. National Black Leadership Conference on Genetics
    Kathy Hudson; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The Conference will be held in Washington DC in May 2004. ..
  17. Interventions to Control Obesity in Community Colleges
    Laura Linnan; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  18. Policies Improving Non-English Speakers' Access & Care
    Lonnie Snowden; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  19. Impact of Drug Policy Reform on the HIV Risk Environment among IDUs in Tijuana
    Steffanie A Strathdee; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  20. Away From Home and Out of School
    Deborah A Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The findings will be useful to inform future community and population level interventions to promote healthy eating, active living, and obesity control. ..
  21. Interventions to Control Obesity in Colleges
    Laura A Linnan; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..If proven effective, this strong partnership model combined with powerful economic data offer a unique opportunity for intervention institutionalization and dissemination throughout the community college campus system. ..
  22. PHARMACOGENOMICS AND MINORITY POPULATIONS
    Mark Rothstein; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  23. GENETIC INFORMATION AND LIFE INSURANCE UNDERWRITING
    Mark Rothstein; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The conference will focus on building consensus and advancing understanding in areas of disagreement. The chapters, as well as the positions developed at the conference, will form the basis of a book to be published ..
  24. Leveraging Medicare Payment & Reporting Policies to Improve Nursing Home Quality
    David C Grabowski; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Thus, the information derived from this study has the potential to make important research and policy-relevant contributions aimed at improving the quality of care for all nursing home residents. ..
  25. BALTIMORE NEEDLE EXCHANGE PROGRAM EVALUATION
    Steffanie Strathdee; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..In meeting the above specific aims, the proposed study will have an important impact on policies surrounding NEP in the United States and elsewhere. ..
  26. ALCOHOL OUTLETS, BROKEN WINDOWS, GONORRHEA AND HIV RISK
    Deborah Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The findings will inform future HIV prevention interventions and provide guidance to CBOs as to whether control of alcohol outlets and neighborhood development may enhance the prevention of HIV transmission. ..
  27. GENETIC TIES AND THE FUTURE OF THE FAMILY
    Mark Rothstein; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..All lines of research would culminate in a major conference in the fall of 2002. The conference would be open to the public and structured to attract a diverse audience. ..
  28. Effects of major changes in alcohol availability
    Robin Room; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  29. Selection and the Quality Impact of Nursing Home Ownership
    David C Grabowski; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..By examining this relationship using a novel empirical strategy, this study provides an opportunity to improve the quality of care for the millions of Americans receiving care in the nursing home setting. ..
  30. Ethnic Minority Children in Public Mental Health
    Lonnie Snowden; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Similarly, we test the effect of clients' outpatient/linkage-brokerage use on ethnic disparities in crisis care use. ..
  31. Development of antisocial behavior in early adulthood
    KENNETH DODGE; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..transmission of behavior and cognitive-emotional processes; and 6) contribute to prevention practice and public policy by analyzing data in a way that addresses policy questions...
  32. GIS, ALCOHOL MARKETING, AND ALCOHOL-RELATED OUTCOMES
    Deborah Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Because alcohol marketing is already regulated, if certain marketing techniques are disproportionately associated with alcohol consumption and alcohol-related mortality, the findings can be used to inform public policy.
  33. Evaluation of a Hearing Conservation Program for Farm Youth: A 15-Year Follow-up
    BARBARA L MARLENGA; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  34. Promoting CIS Among Black Men in Barbershops
    Laura Linnan; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  35. Welfare Reform, Fertility and Reproductive Behavior
    Robert Kaestner; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  36. INTERNAL COUNCIL FOR TOBACCO RESEARCH AND TOBACCO INSTIT
    K Cummings; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..We anticipate that this information will assist policy makers in evaluating current regulatory measures to curtail tobacco usage. ..
  37. Breast Cancer After The Women?s Health Initiative Study: Declining Incidence?
    Nancy Krieger; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The knowledge gained will lead to new insights about the causes of breast cancer and ways its incidence can be reduced. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  38. Effectiveness of a free nicotine patch program among Ch*
    Donna Shelley; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..In addition I will examine determinants of medication use and cessation among Chinese Americans who participate in nicotine replacement therapy, including behavioral, cognitive, social, and cultural factors. ..
  39. Secondary Analysis of Alcohol Boating Data
    Robert Foss; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..In addition, analyses will be conducted to determine whether environmental controls on alcohol (prohibiting alcohol at lakes; prohibiting alcohol in public parks/beaches) appears to affect drinking among boaters and PWC riders. ..
  40. Linking Performance Measures to Treatment Outcomes
    Deborah Garnick; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Our goal is to develop a data set rich enough to support testing the WCG performance measures and their relationship to outcomes in states that represent larger and more diverse populations. ..
  41. Race & Breast Cancer Estrogen Receptor Status: Impact of Class and Missing Data
    Nancy Krieger; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  42. DVD Consent for Research in Older Schizophrenia Patients
    Dilip Jeste; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The DVD-based consent is not intended to supplant, but rather to supplement, the researcher-participant in-person interaction involved in consent process. ..
  43. PROJECT TOWARDS NO DRUG ABUSE COMPONENTS ANALYSIS
    STEVEN SUSSMAN; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..We will apply a series of sophisticated models to analyze the collected data for potential experimental, mediational and moderational effects as specified by hypotheses generated from the underlying theoretical base. ..
  44. BLOOD PRESSURE CONTROL IN HYPERTENSIVE SMOKERS
    Mark Vander Weg; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..We anticipate that those assigned to the BP control program will demonstrate more favorable changes in BP, weight, physical activity, and dietary intake at six- and 12-month follow-ups. ..
  45. Interdisciplinary Training: Neurodevelopmental Toxicology(RMI)
    David Bellinger; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Members of the faculty currently conduct a wealth of multidisciplinary research, which will provide trainees with ready opportunities to apply their training in ongoing research projects. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  46. Treatment and Costs of Neonatal Jaundice in a Large HMO
    Thomas Newman; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The results of this study will help make neonatal jaundice guidelines and treatment decisions more evidence based. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  47. A MULTI-CENTER THERAPY TRIAL FOR ACUTE LIVER FAILURE
    William Lee; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The overall goal is to apply modern clinical, epidemiological and virological techniques to the study of this rare but devastating illness. ..
  48. NURSING CDROM ON ETHICAL ISSUES OF GENETIC TESTING
    Janet Williams; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Increased knowledge of ethical aspects of genetic testing will enable professional nurses to incorporate this knowledge into their professional nursing roles. ..
  49. PUBLIC ATTITUDES TOWARDS DEATH AND ORGAN PROCUREMENT
    Laura Siminoff; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..serve as a national model for constructive dialogue between the lay community, health care institutions, and public policy makers about this important subject...
  50. A Program for Expanding ELSI Undergraduate Pedagogy
    Ronald Green; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This proposal represents a logical next step in the employment of the skills and resources we have developed at Dartmouth for undergraduate ELSI education. ..
  51. DETERMINING/UNDERSTANDING BARRIERS TO ADULT IMMUNIZATION
    Richard Zimmerman; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..This project will furnish relevant, up-to-date to enhance policy planning, practice management and medical education. ..
  52. STAGE BASED HEALTH PROMOTION WITH THE ELDERLY
    Phillip Clark; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The 12-month intervention will include expert system generated reports, stage- based manual and newsletters and phone coaching. ..
  53. SAFEHAVEN: Decision Support for Nursing Home Resident Disaster Evacuations
    Vincent Mor; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Using existing nursing home data from multiple sources, this study seeks to understand the consequences of hurricanes and evacuation decisions, providing the first evidence base to inform the creation of evacuation guidelines. ..
  54. Economic Consequences of Alcohol Use Disorders
    Michael French; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Finally, the research significance is high because few studies have used contemporary research methods and data to estimate the economic effects of alcohol use and abuse. ..
  55. Conference on Wiring and Plasticity of Nervous Systems
    Thomas Pollard; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..We are confident that mutually beneficial insights will emerge from learning about each others work. ..
  56. Bio-Behavioral and Environmental Factors in Teen Smoking
    Hyoshin Kim; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  57. Coordinating Center for Caregiver Intervention Trial
    Richard Schulz; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..A uniform battery of predictor and outcome measures will be collected at baseline, three and six months. Cost effectiveness and clinical significance of the two conditions will also be evaluated. ..
  58. Malt beverage use & outcomes in a minority community
    Ricky Bluthenthal; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  59. AFRICAN AMERICAN COMMUNITY REVIEW OF GENETIC RESEARCH
    MORRIS FOSTER; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..We anticipate that different levels of community review will be applicable to different kinds of local and nested communities. ..
  60. Individual Differences in Response to Sleep Deprivation
    HANS VAN DONGEN; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  61. Patient-Reported Barriers to Colorectal Cancer Screening
    Steven Woolf; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Provider and patient focus groups will inform final interpretation of the barriers survey results. The study will provide essential data for prioritizing strategies to improve CRC screening rates. ..
  62. HEALTH DISPARITIES AMONG HEALTHCARE WORKERS
    Craig Slatin; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This setting will hopefully provide an adequate multidimensional range of factors to permit a meaningful examination of physical and social/behavioral risks and the complex pathways that produce disparities in population health status. ..
  63. EVALUATING USE OF GENETIC INFORMATION: A MODEL PROCESS
    Wylie Burke; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..5. To conduct an evaluation of the model process within a large health care system. ..
  64. Longitudinal Narrative Study of Women Who were Unsuccessful in Work-based Welfare
    Eugenie Hildebrandt; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Each woman will be interviewed four times over a 12-month period. The primary analytic approach will be a multistage narrative analysis developed by the investigative team for application in longitudinal qualitative interview studies. ..
  65. JOB HAZARD ANALYSIS OF SANDBLASTING SUBSTITUTES
    Beth Rosenberg; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  66. Effectively Implementing Psychiatric Advance Directives
    Jeffrey Swanson; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The proposed study will provide information about a state's experience with PADs so that policymakers may be guided in implementing PADs elsewhere. ..
  67. Innovative Approaches to Modeling Alcohol Relapse
    G Marlatt; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The abundance of treatment outcome data for addictive behaviors makes the proposed research an important and cost-effective contribution to the advancement of our understanding of the relapse process. ..
  68. 19th Annual Health Economics Conference
    David Meltzer; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..two sessions that focus on two critical issues in pharmaceutical economics that are of current importance for public policy and AHRQ: 1) the economics of comparative effectiveness research, including drug safety and regulation, and 2) ..
  69. Effects of Hospitalists in Medicare Data
    David Meltzer; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  70. Cost-Effectiveness of Prostate Cancer Screen/Treatment
    David Meltzer; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..3. To assess how the cost-effectiveness of prostate cancer screening and treatment will be affected by the appropriate inclusion of future medical and non-medical costs in cost- effectiveness analysis. ..
  71. Psychiatric Treatment and Violence Risk Management
    Jeffrey Swanson; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Through additional R01-fundable projects to be developed, this work will lead eventually to better-targeted interventions and policies for reducing violence risk and improving quality of life for persons with SMI. ..
  72. Smokers' Quitline for Asian Language Speakers
    Shu Hong Zhu; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Third, by targeting Asian language speakers this study addresses the issue of ethnic disparities, which has been identified by many (including the NCI Bypass Budget) as a research priority. ..
  73. A MULTI-CENTER TRIAL OF ACADEMIC HOSPITALISTS
    David Meltzer; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Specific Aim number 3- To assess the effects of hospitalists on housestaff and medical student education and satisfaction. This will be accomplished by surveys administered to medical students and housestaff. ..
  74. STUDIES ON VITAMIN D AND CALCIUM METABOLISM
    Anthony Norman; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  75. COSTS AND BENEFITS OF ALCOHOL SERVICES & INTERVENTIONS
    Michael French; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..S. as well as abroad, the proposed study holds important potential to assist researchers, policymakers, and program directors with economic evaluation guidelines and "real world" applications. ..
  76. Filipino Early Childhood Development--Longitudinal Anal*
    JERE BEHRMAN; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..3) To strengthen the analytical capacity of OPS through collaborative analytical research that integrates health, nutrition, demographic and economic concerns, in addition to collaborative data collection. ..
  77. THERAPY DEVELOPMENT FOR MENTALLY ILL DRUG ABUSERS
    Kate Carey; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..This award would allow the applicant protected time (teaching relief and summer support) to continue to develop her research on the treatment of substance abuse among the severely mentally ill. ..
  78. The Medical Consequences of Different Types of Heroin
    Daniel Ciccarone; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..e., soft tissue infection, HIV and heroin related overdose. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  79. FOLLOW UP OF THE COMMIT COHORT PARTICIPANTS 13 YEARS LAT
    K Cummings; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  80. PREVENTING CHANGE TO REGULAR SMOKING IN COLLEGE STUDENTS
    Kari Harris; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The proposed experiences will provide Dr. Harris with the skills to develop and launch a fully independent career in cancer prevention and control. ..
  81. Certified Safe Farm Evaluating Health Insurance Claims
    Kelley Donham; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  82. Economic Evaluation Methods: Development and Application
    Michael French; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....