Summary: A course or method of action selected, usually by an organization, institution, university, society, etc., from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions and positions on matters of public interest or social concern. It does not include internal policy relating to organization and administration within the corporate body, for which ORGANIZATION AND ADMINISTRATION is available.
Publications247 found, 100 shown here
- Responses of medical schools to institutional conflicts of interestSusan H Ehringhaus
Association of American Medical Colleges, Washington, DC 20037, USA
JAMA 299:665-71. 2008..Institutional financial conflicts of interest may affect research results. No national data exist on the extent to which US medical schools have formally responded to challenges associated with institutional conflicts of interest (ICOI)...
- Variations in smoking after admission to psychiatric inpatient units and impact of a partial smoking ban on smoking and on smoking-related perceptionsIneke Keizer
University Hospitals of Geneva, Department of Psychiatry, Geneva, Switzerland
Int J Soc Psychiatry 55:109-23. 2009..Smoke-related problems are particularly frequent in psychiatry, with additional concerns about iatrogenic effects on smoking in inpatient settings...
- Implementing computerized technology: an organizational analysisK J Klein
Department of Psychology, University of Maryland, College Park 20742, USA
J Appl Psychol 86:811-24. 2001..Further research is needed to replicate and extend the findings...
- Effect of restricting contact between pharmaceutical company representatives and internal medicine residents on posttraining attitudes and behaviorB B McCormick
Mount Sinai Hospital, 600 University Ave, Room 427, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5G 1X5
JAMA 286:1994-9. 2001..CONCLUSIONS: Policies restricting PCR access to internal medicine trainees and the amount of contact during residency appear to affect future attitudes and behavior of physicians...
- Health system changes to facilitate the delivery of tobacco-dependence treatmentMichael C Fiore
University of Wisconsin Center for Tobacco Research and Intervention, Madison, Wisconsin 53711, USA
Am J Prev Med 33:S349-56. 2007..Further research to optimize the effectiveness and adoption of these strategies will help ensure that patients receive evidence-based interventions that foster tobacco-use cessation...
- Effect of exposure to small pharmaceutical promotional items on treatment preferencesDavid Grande
Department of Medicine and Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics, University of Pennsylvania, 3641 Locust Walk, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6218, USA
Arch Intern Med 169:887-93. 2009..Our experiment measures whether exposure to these items results in more favorable attitudes toward marketed products and whether policies that restrict pharmaceutical marketing mitigate this effect...
- Does exposure to conflict of interest policies in psychiatry residency affect antidepressant prescribing?Andrew J Epstein
Department of Veterans Affairs Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Philadelphia Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Philadelphia, PA, USA
Med Care 51:199-203. 2013..Academic medical institutions have instituted conflict of interest (COI) policies in response to concerns about pharmaceutical industry influence...
- Tobacco dependence, treatment and smoke-free policies: a survey of mental health professionals' knowledge and attitudesElena Ratschen
Clinical Sciences Building, University of Nottingham, City Hospital, NG5 1PB Nottingham, UK
Gen Hosp Psychiatry 31:576-82. 2009..Mental health inpatient units in England have to be smoke-free by law. Preliminary studies have indicated that staff may not have the necessary knowledge and resources to support the implementation of a smoke-free policy...
- Total smoking bans in psychiatric inpatient services: a survey of perceived benefits, barriers and support among staffPaula Wye
School of Psychology, University of Newcastle, Newcastle, Australia
BMC Public Health 10:372. 2010..Thirdly, to examine the association between the benefits and barriers perceived by clinicians and their support for a total smoking ban in their unit...
- Effects of adopting a smoke-free policy in state psychiatric hospitalsVera Hollen
National Association of State Mental Health Program Directors Research Institute, Inc, Suite 401, Alexandria, VA 22314, USA
Psychiatr Serv 61:899-904. 2010....
- Smoking behaviour predicts tobacco control attitudes in a high smoking prevalence hospital: a cross-sectional study in a Portuguese teaching hospital prior to the national smoking banSofia B Ravara
Health Sciences Research Centre CICS, Faculty of Health Sciences FCS, University of Beira Interior UBI, Av, Infante D, Henrique, 6200 506 Covilha, Portugal
BMC Public Health 11:720. 2011..In November 2007, a Portuguese teaching-hospital surveyed smoking behaviour and tobacco control (TC) attitudes before the national ban came into force in January 2008...
- Effect of a total smoking ban in a maximum security psychiatric hospitalAnthony G Hempel
Vernon State Hospital, TX, USA
Behav Sci Law 20:507-22. 2002..Patients relied very little on treatment modalities to alleviate nicotine withdrawal. Pre-ban apprehension by staff and patients dissipated with time after the smoking ban started...
- Managing conflicts of interest in clinical care: a national survey of policies at U.S. medical schoolsSusan Chimonas
Center on Medicine as a Profession, Columbia University, New York, New York 10032, USA
Acad Med 86:293-9. 2011..However, no reliable data exist on the extent to which schools have policies to manage CCOIs. The authors sought to determine the extent and strength of medical schools' CCOI policies...
- The adoption of smoke-free hospital campuses in the United StatesS C Williams
The Joint Commission, Oakbrook Terrace, IL 60181, USA
Tob Control 18:451-8. 2009..Little is actually known, however, about the prevalence of these policies or their impact...
- Conflicts of interest: a review of institutional policy in Australian medical schoolsPaul R Mason
Royal Melbourne Hospital, Melbourne, Vic, Australia
Med J Aust 194:121-5. 2011..To examine the adequacy of policies at Australian medical schools for managing potential conflicts of interest with the pharmaceutical industry...
- A qualitative investigation of smoke-free policies on hospital propertyAnnette S H Schultz
Psychosocial Oncology and Cancer Nursing Research Group, Faculty of Nursing, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba
CMAJ 183:E1334-44. 2011..Many hospitals have adopted smoke-free policies on their property. We examined the consequences of such polices at two Canadian tertiary acute-care hospitals...
- Smoking bans in acute care psychiatric settings: a Machiavellian smoke screen?Mona M Shattell
University of North Carolina at Greensboro, School of Nursing, Greensboro, NC 27402, USA
Issues Ment Health Nurs 29:201-3. 2008
- Factors associated with success of smoke-free initiatives in Australian psychiatric inpatient unitsSharon Lawn
Department of Psychiatry, Flinders University, Room 4T306, Margaret Tobin Centre, GPO Box 2100, Adelaide, South Australia 5001, Australia
Psychiatr Serv 61:300-5. 2010....
- Smoking cessation interventions in Australian drug treatment agencies: a national survey of attitudes and practicesRaoul A Walsh
Centre for Health Research and Psycho oncology, The Cancer Council NSW and University of Newcastle, Wallsend, Australia
Drug Alcohol Rev 24:235-44. 2005..Smoking cessation receives little systematic attention from drug and alcohol agencies. Training and policy initiatives are needed urgently to address negative staff attitudes impeding progress in this area...
- Leadership and priority setting: the perspective of hospital CEOsDavid Reeleder
Department of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Health Sciences Building, 155 College Street, Suite 425, Toronto, Ont, Canada M5T 3M6
Health Policy 79:24-34. 2006..It also provides a leadership guide for decision makers to improve the quality of their leadership, and in so doing, we believe, the fairness of their priority setting...
- Smoking restrictions and treatment for smoking: policies and procedures in psychiatric inpatient units in AustraliaPaula M Wye
School of Psychology, University of Newcastle, Behavioural Sciences Building, University Dr, Callaghan, New South Wales 2308, Australia
Psychiatr Serv 60:100-7. 2009....
- A survey of staff attitudes to smoking-related policy and intervention in psychiatric and general health care settingsLisa McNally
Department of Mental Health Addictive Behaviour, St George s, University of London, Cranmer Terrace, London SW17 0RE, UK
J Public Health (Oxf) 28:192-6. 2006..A survey was carried out to investigate differences in attitudes between clinical staff in psychiatric and general medical settings to smoke-free policy and intervention...
- Impact of school district sugar-sweetened beverage policies on student beverage exposure and consumption in middle schoolsDonna B Johnson
Center for Public Health Nutrition, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 3410, USA
J Adolesc Health 45:S30-7. 2009..To determine the associations between 1) exposure to sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) in middle schools and student consumption of SSB during the school day; and 2) school district policies about SSB and exposure to SSB in schools...
- Evaluation of a smoke-free forensic hospital: patients' perspectives on issues and benefitsAngela M Hehir
Centre for Health Research in Criminal Justice, Justice Health, Pagewood, Australia
Drug Alcohol Rev 31:672-7. 2012..This study describes the experience of patients and the impact of the smoke-free policy on smoking intentions and practice...
- Promotion of evidence-based practice by professional nursing associations: literature reviewGerda Holleman
Centre for Quality of Care Research, Nursing Science Section, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
J Adv Nurs 53:702-9. 2006..This paper reports a literature review examining the activities of professional nursing associations in the promotion of evidence-based practice...
- Support for smoke-free vocational education settings: an exploratory survey of staff behaviours, experiences and attitudesBillie Bonevski
The Centre for Health Research and Psycho Oncology, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW
Health Promot J Austr 22:11-6. 2011..The aim of this survey was to explore staff experiences, behaviours and attitudes towards smoking and smoke-free policies for the TAFE setting...
- A longitudinal assessment of the impact of smoke-free worksite policies on tobacco useJoseph E Bauer
Department of Health Behavior, Division of Cancer Prevention and Population Sciences, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Elm and Carlton Streets, Buffalo, NY 14263, USA
Am J Public Health 95:1024-9. 2005..In this cohort study, we assessed the impact of smoke-free work-site policies on smoking cessation behaviors...
- Organizational justice and health; review of evidenceMarko Elovainio
National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland
G Ital Med Lav Ergon 32:B5-9. 2010..This paper is a review of the literature on organizational justice and its impact on workers' health...
- Vaginal birth after cesarean: do California hospital policies follow national guidelines?Ida R Shihady
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Nursing Research Institute, Cedars Sinai Medical Center, 8635 West 3rd Street, Los Angeles, CA 90048, USA
J Reprod Med 52:349-58. 2007..To review whether California hospitals are adhering to national practice guidelines with regard to vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC)...
- Increasing the practice of health promotion initiatives by licensed premisesJ Wiggers
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Newcastle, NSW, Australia
Health Educ Behav 28:331-40. 2001..A considerable opportunity therefore exists for health promotion practitioners to become more actively involved in facilitating the adoption of such initiatives in this setting...
- The impact of school tobacco policies on student smoking in Washington State, United States and Victoria, AustraliaTracy J Evans-Whipp
Centre for Adolescent Health, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, 2 Gatehouse Street, Parkville, VIC 3052, Australia
Int J Environ Res Public Health 7:698-710. 2010..45; 95% CI: 0.25 to 0.82; p = 0.009). There was no clear evidence in this study that a comprehensive smoking ban, harsh penalties, remedial penalties, harm minimization policy or abstinence policy impact on any of the smoking outcomes...
- Food environment in secondary schools: a la carte, vending machines, and food policies and practicesSimone A French
Division of Epidemiology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, 55455 1015, USA
Am J Public Health 93:1161-7. 2003..This study described the food environment in 20 Minnesota secondary schools...
- Stakeholder analysis: a reviewR Brugha
London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK
Health Policy Plan 15:239-46. 2000..As a cross-sectional view of an evolving picture, the utility of stakeholder analysis for predicting and managing the future is time-limited and it should be complemented by other policy analysis approaches...
- Trends in college binge drinking during a period of increased prevention efforts. Findings from 4 Harvard School of Public Health College Alcohol Study surveys: 1993-2001Henry Wechsler
Department of Health and Social Behavior at the Harvard School of Public Health in Boston, MA 02115, USA
J Am Coll Health 50:203-17. 2002..Other significant changes included increases in immoderate drinking and harm among drinkers. More students lived in substance-free housing and encountered college educational efforts and sanctions resulting from their alcohol use...
- Nutrition services and foods and beverages available at school: results from the School Health Policies and Programs Study 2006Terrence P O'Toole
Division of Adolescent and School Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Highway NE, MS K 12, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
J Sch Health 77:500-21. 2007..This article describes the characteristics of both school nutrition services and the foods and beverages sold outside of the school meals program in the United States, including state- and district-level policies and school practices...
- Do we practice what we preach? Health care worker screening and vaccinationJulia M L Brotherton
Communicable Diseases Surveillance and Control Branch, New South Wales Public Health Officer Training Program, New South Wales Health Department, North Sydney, Australia
Am J Infect Control 31:144-50. 2003..To describe the current screening and immunization practices in New South Wales (NSW) hospitals and the experience of NSW nurses in relation to screening and immunization and to identify areas that can be targeted for improvement...
- Are nurses prepared to curb the tobacco epidemic in China? A questionnaire survey of schools of nursingSophia Siu Chee Chan
Department of Nursing Studies, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China
Int J Nurs Stud 45:706-13. 2008..Smoking prevalence among Chinese males is the highest in the world and its morbidity and mortality is growing. Previous studies suggested nurses are inadequately prepared to treat tobacco use and dependence...
- Transparency and oversight in local wellness policiesJamie F Chriqui
Bridging the Gap Program and Health Policy Center, Institute for Health Research and Policy, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1747 W Roosevelt Rd, M C 275, Room 558, Chicago, IL 60608, USA
J Sch Health 81:114-21. 2011....
- Implementation of a campus-wide Irish hospital smoking ban in 2009: prevalence and attitudinal trends among staff and patients in lead upPatricia Fitzpatrick
Department of Preventive Medicine and Health Promotion, St Vincent s University Hospital, Elm Park, Dublin 4, Ireland
Health Promot Int 24:211-22. 2009..6% of patients and 52.4% of staff agreed with an outright campus ban being implemented. These findings were persuasive in instigating a process in 2007/08 to go totally smoke-free by 2009, the stages for which are discussed...
- No magic targets! Changing clinical practice to become more evidence basedSue Dopson
Said Business School, Templeton College, University of Oxford, UK
Health Care Manage Rev 27:35-47. 2002..diffusion, and adoption of new knowledge, namely: What makes this information credible and therefore utilized? Why do actors decide to use new knowledge? And what is the significance of the social context of which actors are a part?..
- Organizational policy recommendations for control of STI/HIV among female sex workers in China: regular examination of workers in social hygiene clinicsDonald E Morisky
Department of Community Health Sciences, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
AIDS Care 23:83-95. 2011....
- Breastfeeding and the use of human milkLawrence M Gartner
Pediatrics 115:496-506. 2005..The policy statement delineates various ways in which pediatricians can promote, protect, and support breastfeeding not only in their individual practices but also in the hospital, medical school, community, and nation...
- Evaluating the impact of a Connecticut program to reduce availability of unhealthy competitive food in schoolsMichael W Long
Department of Society, Human Development, and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
J Sch Health 80:478-86. 2010....
- Exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) and determinants of support for complete smoking bans in psychiatric settingsM C Willemsen
STIVORO for a Smoke free Future, The Hague, The Netherlands
Tob Control 13:180-5. 2004..To measure environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure in psychiatric settings and to assess determinants of support for complete smoking bans...
- Policies and management of conflicts of interest within medical research institutional review boards: results of a national studyChristine Vogeli
Massachusetts General Hospital, Department of Medicine, Institute for Health Policy, and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02038, USA
Acad Med 84:488-94. 2009....
- Barriers and challenges for tobacco control in a smoke-free hospitalCristina Martinez
Cancer Prevention and Control Unit, Institut Catala d Oncologia, Barcelona, Spain
Cancer Nurs 31:88-94. 2008..Tailored smoking cessation programs should be designed to help healthcare professionals to stop smoking. In addition, healthcare professionals should play a key role in promoting a healthy smoke-free lifestyle...
- Financial conflicts of interest in physicians' relationships with the pharmaceutical industry--self-regulation in the shadow of federal prosecutionDavid M Studdert
Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, USA
N Engl J Med 351:1891-900. 2004
- Challenging the smoking culture within a mental health service supportivelyPaul Reilly
Alma Street Centre, Fremantle Hospital and Health Service, South Metropolitan Health Service, Fremantle, WA, Australia
Int J Ment Health Nurs 15:272-8. 2006..The groups also provided the opportunity to develop a model of intervention to address smoking in a mental health setting and to raise the public health role of mental health nurses...
- Offering to return results to research participants: attitudes and needs of principal investigators in the Children's Oncology GroupConrad V Fernandez
Department of Pediatrics, IWK Health Centre, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
J Pediatr Hematol Oncol 25:704-8. 2003..The authors determined current practice and attitudes and needs of researchers in establishing programs to return results to research participants...
- Smoking bans in psychiatric inpatient settings? A review of the researchSharon Lawn
Division of Mental Health Finders Medical Centre, South Australia
Aust N Z J Psychiatry 39:866-85. 2005..The main aim is to identify which processes contribute to successful implementation of smoking bans and which processes create problems for implementation in these settings...
- Workplace smoking policies in Taiwan and their association with employees' smoking behavioursSusan C Hu
Department of Public Health, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan
Eur J Public Health 15:270-5. 2005..However, there are no data about workplace smoking policies in Taiwan. The purpose of this study was to document the status of worksite smoking policies in Taiwan and its potential impact on employees' smoking behaviours...
- Acceptability and impact of a partial smoking ban followed by a total smoking ban in a psychiatric hospitalManuela Etter
Department of Psychiatry, Geneva University Hospitals, Geneva, Switzerland
Prev Med 46:572-8. 2008..To assess the impact of a partial smoking ban followed by a total smoking ban in a psychiatric hospital in Switzerland...
- Managing financial and nonfinancial conflicts of interest in healthcare deliveryAaron S Kesselheim
Division of Pharmacoepidemiology and Pharmacoeconomics, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Am J Ther 17:440-3. 2010..The case history, device, physician, and patient described below do not represent actual people or events, but are intended to be emblematic of the challenges faced in the current medical marketplace...
- Attitudes of research ethics board chairs towards disclosure of research results to participants: results of a national surveyS Danielle MacNeil
Department of Surgery, Division of Otolaryngology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
J Med Ethics 33:549-53. 2007..The attitudes of research ethics board (REB) chairs towards this practice, although integral to policy development, are unknown...
- Impact of a smoke-free policy in a large psychiatric hospital on staff attitudes and patient behaviorSabrina Voci
Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Canada M5S 2S1
Gen Hosp Psychiatry 32:623-30. 2010....
- Barriers to adopting and implementing local-level tobacco control policiesTravis D Satterlund
Center for Evaluation and Research, University of California, Davis, 1616 DaVinci Ct, Davis, CA 95618, USA
J Community Health 36:616-23. 2011....
- Worksite policies and environments supporting physical activity in midwestern communitiesElizabeth A Dodson
Saint Louis University School of Public Health Community Health, Prevention Research Center, Department of Community Health, 3545 Lafayette Ave, St Louis, MO 63104, USA
Am J Health Promot 23:51-5. 2008..To examine the association of worksite policies and environments to physical activity...
- A review of school drug policies and their impact on youth substance useTracy Evans-Whipp
Centre for Adolescent Health, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, and Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia
Health Promot Int 19:227-34. 2004....
- Is there a relation between school smoking policies and youth cigarette smoking knowledge and behaviors?Helen Darling
Social and Behavioural Research in Cancer Group, Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
Health Educ Res 21:108-15. 2006..The results suggest that having a school tobacco policy was unrelated to the prevalence of tobacco use among students, tobacco purchasing behavior and knowledge of the negative health effects of tobacco...
- Compliance and support for smoke-free school policiesD R Trinidad
Cancer Prevention ontrol Program, Cancer Center, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093 0645, USA
Health Educ Res 20:466-75. 2005..Increased efforts are necessary to communicate to teachers the importance of their modeling of policy compliance to students...
- School tobacco control policies related to students' smoking and attitudes toward smoking: national survey results, 1999-2000Revathy Kumar
Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48106 1248, USA
Health Educ Behav 32:780-94. 2005..Permitting staff to smoke was significantly positively associated with students' daily cigarette use and negatively with their disapproval of cigarette use. Policy implications are discussed...
- SARS and hospital priority setting: a qualitative case study and evaluationJennifer A H Bell
University of Toronto Joint Centre for Bioethics, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
BMC Health Serv Res 4:36. 2004..The purpose of this study is to describe and evaluate priority setting in a hospital in response to SARS using the ethical framework 'accountability for reasonableness'...
- Personnel psychology: performance evaluation and pay for performanceSara L Rynes
Department of Management and Organizations, Tippie College of Business, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
Annu Rev Psychol 56:571-600. 2005..We conclude with suggestions as to how psychological research can make useful contributions to knowledge of PE, PFP, and performance improvement...
- Informing research participants of research results: analysis of Canadian university based research ethics board policiesS D MacNeil
IWK Health Centre, PO Box 9700, 5850 5980 University Avenue, Halifax, Nova Scotia, B3K 6R8 Canada
J Med Ethics 32:49-54. 2006..The policies of Canadian research ethics boards (REBs) are unknown...
- Smoke-free hospitals - the English experience: results from a survey, interviews, and site visitsElena Ratschen
University of Nottingham, Clinical Sciences Building, City Hospital, Nottingham NG5 1PB, UK
BMC Health Serv Res 8:41. 2008..This study was carried out to determine the extent of smoke-free policy implementation in English NHS acute and mental health Trusts, and to explore challenges and impacts related to policy implementation...
- Evaluating the strength of school tobacco policies: the development of a practical rating systemJennifer C Boyce
Wisconsin Department of Health Services, Bureau of Environmental and Occupational Health, 1 West Wilson Street, Madison, WI 53701, USA
J Sch Health 79:495-504. 2009..The purpose of this study was to develop a new practical rating system for school tobacco policies, assess its reliability, and present preliminary validation data...
- Impact of a smoke-free hospital campus policy on employee and consumer behaviorJ Gary Wheeler
Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences and Arkansas Children s Hospital, 800 Marshall St, Little Rock, AR 72202, USA
Public Health Rep 122:744-52. 2007..We evaluated the effects of implementing a clean air policy on employee attitudes, recruitment, and retention; hospital utilization; and consumer satisfaction in 2003 through 2005...
- School smoking policy characteristics and individual perceptions of the school tobacco context: are they linked to students' smoking status?Catherine M Sabiston
Department of Kinesiology and Physical Education, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada
J Youth Adolesc 38:1374-87. 2009..School tobacco policies should be part of a comprehensive approach to adolescent tobacco use...
- The influence of school smoking policies on student tobacco useTracie A Barnett
Centre de recherche du CHU Sainte Justine, 3175 chemin de la Cote Sainte Catherine, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 161:842-8. 2007..To investigate the association between smoking behavior among secondary school students and school smoking policies...
- The relationship between school-based smoking policies and prevention programs on smoking behavior among grade 12 students in Prince Edward Island: a multilevel analysisDonna A Murnaghan
School of Nursing, University Prince Edward Island, Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island, Canada
Prev Med 44:317-22. 2007..To examine how school-based smoking policies and prevention programs are associated with occasional and regular smoking among a cohort of grade 12 students in Prince Edward Island, Canada, between 1999 and 2001...
- School, parent, and student perspectives of school drug policiesTracy J Evans-Whipp
Centre for Adolescent Health, Murdoch Children s Research Institute, Melbourne, Australia
J Sch Health 77:138-46; quiz 153-4. 2007....
- The impact of school smoking policies and student perceptions of enforcement on school smoking prevalence and location of smokingC Y Lovato
Department of Health Care and Epidemiology, University of British Columbia, 270 5804 Fairview Avenue, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z3 Canada
Health Educ Res 22:782-93. 2007....
- The effects of a non-smoking policy on nursing staff smoking behaviour and attitudes in a psychiatric hospitalR N Bloor
Keele University Medical School, Harplands Hospital, Stoke on Trent, UK
J Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs 13:188-96. 2006..The study highlights the importance of introducing staff support systems as an integral part of smoking policies and the role of counterintuitive behaviour in the effectiveness of smoking policy introduction in healthcare settings...
- The relationship between school policies and youth tobacco useMonica L Adams
Youth Tobacco Access Project, Center for Community Research DePaul University, 990 W Fullerton Ave, Suite 3100, Chicago, IL 60614, USA
J Sch Health 79:17-23; quiz 41-3. 2009..School tobacco policies represent a type of universal intervention that might have some promise for preventing or reducing tobacco use...
- Smoke-free schools? Results of a secondary school smoking policies survey 2002Helen Darling
Social and Behavioural Research in Cancer Group, Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
N Z Med J 116:U560. 2003..To describe the cigarette-smoking policies of a sample of New Zealand secondary schools...
- A methodological and substantive review of the evidence that schools cause pupils to smokePaul Aveyard
Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, The University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
Soc Sci Med 58:2253-65. 2004..However, under-control and over-control of confounding and lack of theoretical underpinning precludes definitive conclusions on how particular school characteristics influence pupils' smoking...
- Understanding and responding to adverse eventsCharles Vincent
Department of Surgical Oncology and Technology, Imperial College School of Science, Technology, and Medicine, St Mary s Hospital, London
N Engl J Med 348:1051-6. 2003
- How policy variables influence the timing of applications for Social Security Disability InsuranceR V Burkhauser
Department of Policy Analysis and Management, Cornell University, USA
Soc Secur Bull 64:52-83. 2001....
- A prospective investigation of the impact of smoking bans on tobacco cessation and relapseD R Longo
Center for Family Medicine Science in the Department of Family and Community Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Missouri Columbia, Columbia, Missouri 65212, USA
Tob Control 10:267-72. 2001..We randomly selected both hospitals and employees from 12 strata based on hospital size and state tobacco regulations, and sampled employees in the same communities. Main outcome measures were post-ban quit ratio and relapse rate...
- An outbreak of syphilis in Alabama prisons: correctional health policy and communicable disease controlM I Wolfe
Epidemic Intelligence Service, Epidemiology Program Office, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC, Medical Examiner Program, National Center for Environmental Health, Atlanta, GA, USA
Am J Public Health 91:1220-5. 2001..After syphilis outbreaks were reported at 3 Alabama State men's prisons in early 1999, we conducted an investigation to evaluate risk factors for syphilis infection and describe patterns of syphilis transmission...
- School smoking policies and smoking prevalence among adolescents: multilevel analysis of cross-sectional data from WalesL Moore
Cardiff School of Social Sciences, Cardiff University, Cardiff, UK
Tob Control 10:117-23. 2001..To examine the association between school smoking policies and smoking prevalence among pupils...
- Tobacco policy rating form: a tool for evaluating worksite and tribal smoking control policiesR E Glasgow
Oregon Research Institute, Eugene 97403 1983, USA
Tob Control 5:286-91. 1996..To report on the development and validation of a rating scale to code the various components of written tobacco policies...
- Underage college students' drinking behavior, access to alcohol, and the influence of deterrence policies. Findings from the Harvard School of Public Health College Alcohol StudyHenry Wechsler
Department of Health and Social Behavior at the Harvard School of Public Health in Boston, USA
J Am Coll Health 50:223-36. 2002..A majority of underage students supported increasing efforts to control underage drinking. The results suggest that additional policy efforts to control underage drinking may be effective and feasible...
- Priority setting in a hospital critical care unit: qualitative case studyJens Mielke
University of Zimbabwe Medical School, Zimbabwe
Crit Care Med 31:2764-8. 2003..To describe priority setting for admissions in a hospital critical care unit and to evaluate it using the ethical framework of "accountability for reasonableness...
- A statewide school tobacco policy review: process, results, and implicationsYvonne D Stephens
Health Education, Dept of Health Promotion and Human Movement, 37 Hill Center, Ithaca College, Ithaca, NY 14850, USA
J Sch Health 72:334-8. 2002..Initial efforts included sending letters and a "tobacco tool kit" to schools containing recommendations and resources to improve their district's tobacco policy...
- US public universities' compliance with recommended tobacco-control policiesAbigail C Halperin
Department of Family Medicine, University of Washington, Center for Health Education and Research, Seattle, Washington 98104, USA
J Am Coll Health 51:181-8. 2003..Although this national sample of public universities had implemented some of the recommended policies, they must take further actions to comply fully with campus tobacco-control guidelines...
- Can the school make a difference? A multilevel analysis of adolescent risk and health behaviourLea Maes
Department of Public Health, University Hospital, Ghent University, Block A, De Pintelaan 185, 9000, Gent, Belgium
Soc Sci Med 56:517-29. 2003..The findings demonstrate the need for a more thorough examination of the paths by which schools can influence the health behaviour of their pupils...
- Intensive care unit admissions do not pass the reasonableness testMartin A Strosberg
Crit Care Med 31:2809-11. 2003
- Lessons on ethical decision making from the bioscience industryJocelyn E Mackie
University of Toronto Joint Centre for Bioethics, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
PLoS Med 3:e129. 2006
- Study on failures to disclose conflicts of interest in Environmental Health PerspectivesMerrill Goozner
Environ Health Perspect 112:A794-5; author replies A795-7. 2004
- College smoking policies and smoking cessation programs: results of a survey of college health center directorsH Wechsler
Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, USA
J Am Coll Health 49:205-12. 2001..Recommended actions include campus-wide no-smoking policies that apply to student residences and identification of new ways of providing smoking prevention and cessation services...
- Mission and organizational performance in the healthcare industryA Forehand
James Madison University, Harrisonburg, Virginia, USA
J Healthc Manag 45:267-77. 2000..Finally, the significance of the material presented will be considered followed by suggestions for future mission statement development and evaluation...
- Research activity and evidence-based practice within DNA: a surveySteven J Ersser
Nursing Development and Skin Care Research, School of Health and Social Care, Bournemouth University, UK
Dermatol Nurs 20:189-94. 2008..Of the remaining respondents who did not answer this question, we could not be clear on their status and so decided not to separate member and non-member responses during analysis...
- The Magnet Recognition Program and evidence-based practiceMartha L Clark
the St Luke Hospitals, 85 North Grand Avenue, Ft Thomas, KY 41075, USA
J Perianesth Nurs 21:186-9. 2006..This article will give a brief introduction of the Magnet Recognition Program and suggest activities that will involve staff nurses in EBP...
- Structure and function of the emergency department: matching emergency department choices to the emergency department missionThomas W Graber
Department of Emergency Medicine, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, 29360 Lake Road, Bay Village, OH 44140 1321, USA
Emerg Med Clin North Am 22:47-72. 2004..ED leaders who understand the ED mission and the resources available today and who engage vigorously in the change process will turn that mission into immensely beneficial action...
- Support for smoking cessation interventions in physician organizations: results from a national studySara B McMenamin
Center for Health and Public Policy Studies, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, California 94720 7360, USA
Med Care 41:1396-406. 2003....
- Surgeons, intensivists, and the covenant of care: administrative models and values affecting care at the end of life--UpdatedJoan Cassell
Department of Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA
Crit Care Med 31:1551-7; discussion 1557-9. 2003..End-of-life care remains a challenging and complex activity in critical care units. There is little information concerning the influence of administrative models of care delivery on end-of-life care...
- The courage to stand up: the cultural politics of nurses' access to ethics consultationElisa J Gordon
Alden March Bioethics Institute, Albany Medical Center, New York, USA
J Clin Ethics 17:231-54. 2006
- Nonpunitive medication error reporting: 3-year findings from one hospital's Primum Non Nocere initiativeMary Jean Potylycki
Lehigh Valley Hospital and Health Network, Allentown, PA 18107, USA
J Nurs Adm 36:370-6. 2006..To identify underlying practices and attitudes on medication error occurrences and reporting practices...
- Outcomes of adoption: measuring evidence uptake by individuals and organizationsNancy E Donaldson
UCSF Stanford Center for Research and Innovation in Patient Care, UCSF School of Nursing, San Francisco, CA 94143 0610, USA
Worldviews Evid Based Nurs 1:S41-51. 2004..The translation and diffusion of findings into health care validate the potential of evidence-based innovation to improve clinical practice and affirm the benefits of society's investment in advancing science...
- Healthcare provider complaints to the emergency department: a preliminary report on a new quality improvement instrumentR T Griffey
Department of Emergency Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, 75 Francis Street, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Qual Saf Health Care 15:344-6. 2006..We present 1 year's results from a system initiated to capture healthcare providers' complaints, respond systematically, and integrate them into our quality program...
- Ophthalmologic Follow-up Care for Children Born Very-Low-Birth-WeightCHIHHUNG JASON WANG; Fiscal Year: 2012..The findings will have important public health implications for tracking their health, development, and educational outcomes. ..
- Venue-based HIV and alcohol use risk reduction among female sex workers in ChinaXiaoming Li; Fiscal Year: 2012..Serial behavioral and biomedical data from both gatekeepers and FSWs will be collected every 6 months over a 2-year period to assess the long-term impact of the intervention. ..
- Pharmacists of Conscience: Ethical Decision-Making and Consistency of CareELIZABETH ANNE CHIARELLO; Fiscal Year: 2010..Since pharmacists'decisions help determine who can access specific drugs, understanding how they make choices is important for ensuring patient safety and access to care.) ..
- Network for Tobacco Control among Women in Parana, BrazilIsabel C Scarinci; Fiscal Year: 2012....
- ADVANCING COLLABORATIVE GENETIC RESEARCH: ETHICAL AND POLICY CHALLENGESSUZANNE RIVERA; Fiscal Year: 2013..Moreover, the findings will provide knowledge that improves our capacity to advance multi-institutional studies, and the results are likely to influence concepts and methods in clinical and translational genetic research. ..
- Assessing VHA patient and provider perceptions of Point of Care research (POCr)Charlene R Weir; Fiscal Year: 2012..Aim 2 will use feedback and discussion with stakeholders to design marketing, education, and implementation guidelines for dissemination. ..
- Career Development in Comparative Effectiveness ResearchJoshua P Metlay; Fiscal Year: 2010..The proposed KM1 Scholars program will recruit and train comparative effectiveness research scientists at different career stages in order to assure an adequate pipeline of outstanding investigators in this area. ..
- Developing an Office of Sponsored Projects for Presbyterian CollegeSarah M Sweitzer; Fiscal Year: 2013....
- A Systems Approach to Advancing Workforce Inclusion and DiversityJoan Y Reede; Fiscal Year: 2010..As a portable approach and platform, the proposed work, is potentially of value to all institutions. ..
- Mental Health of Humanitarian Aid WorkersCHRISTINA GERARDA VAN PIETERSOM; Fiscal Year: 2010..Third, recommendations will be formulated for organizational policy and response...
- HIV Risk Reduction for Women with Incarcerated PartnersOlga Grinstead; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- Translating Depression Guidelines in Substance Abuse TxGeoffrey Curran; Fiscal Year: 2007..Patient-level outcomes will include depressive symptoms, substance use outcomes, medication adherence quality of life, and services use. ..
- COMPUTERIZED CROSS-CULTURAL COMPETENCY ASSESSMENT PROGRAM FOR HEALTH ORGANIZATIONLAKEESHA NICOLE WOODS; Fiscal Year: 2013....
- Accountability and Health Safety A Statewide ApproachKenneth Thorpe; Fiscal Year: 2004..Additionally, organizational policy experts will collect qualitative data from healthcare professionals to assess the usefulness of feedback ..
- PhD Training in Health Services Research and Healthcare Quality ImprovementMaureen A Smith; Fiscal Year: 2012..exposures and analytic tools allowing them to understand the interlinkages between clinical policy, organizational policy, and public policy...
- POLICY TO SUPPORT TOBACCO TREATMENT IN HEALTH CAREJudith Ockene; Fiscal Year: 2003..Recommendations will be made about what standards should be included in a funding policy in order to assure successful implementation of a tobacco treatment program and services in different types of settings. ..
- MEHARRY MEDICAL COLLEGE: ADMINISTRATION COMPONENTWAYNE JOSEPH RILEY; Fiscal Year: 2011..4) Ensure that program evaluation is carried out on a continuing basis and that the findings are utilized for program improvement. ..
- Adolescent Primary Care Adoption of Substance Use SBIChristopher Tompkins; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- ENGAGING MINORITY COMMUNITIES IN GENETICS POLICY MAKINGToby Citrin; Fiscal Year: 2003..Qualitative and quantitative methods will be used to evaluate both process and outcome, with comparisons to the initial project. ..
- Philippine Child Health and Policy ExperimentJohn Peabody; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- Industry-Sponsored Research Contracts:An Empirical StudyMichelle Mello; Fiscal Year: 2002..The data will be analyzed descriptively and with chi-squared tests and regression analysis. ..
- IRB Innovation at a Private Research FoundationRODGER MCEVER; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- Divided Loyalties:Conflicts of Interest in MedicinePatricia Tereskerz; Fiscal Year: 2003..Change in existing laws, regulations and guidelines will be proposed. Final products resulting Ct from the research will include peer reviewed journal articles and a book intended for a university press...
- Safety Net Hospitals and Minority Access to Health CareGloria Bazzoli; Fiscal Year: 2009..It is important for policy makers, the public, and the health industry to know what this might mean for access to care if the loss of financial support results in further safety net contraction. ..
- ASIAN IMMIGRANT COMMUNITY INSTITUTIONS IN NYC AND HIVJohn Chin; Fiscal Year: 2004..A "grounded theory" approach will be used to analyze the data. ..
- Documentation & Software for Enhanced Subject ProtectionC Moore; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- Assessment of Organizational Capacity for Data SharingLisa Korst; Fiscal Year: 2006..It is anticipated that this proposal would produce a conceptual framework and instrument for determining the critical capacities of organizations that wish to implement a research information system. ..
- Research Integrity & Financial Conflicts of InterestPatricia Tereskerz; Fiscal Year: 2004..4) Explore the utility of using data reduction techniques and appropriate, multi-variate modeling techniques to show which types of financial arrangements predict questionable integrity practices. ..
- Enhancements to KUMC Human Research ProtectionsTHOMAS NOFFSINGER; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- Enhancing Human Subject Protection Via IRB WebsiteArnold Winston; Fiscal Year: 2002..abstract_text> ..
- MODELS OF CARE AND ORGANIZATIONAL CONGRUENCE IN SCUSMargaret Calkins; Fiscal Year: 2000..This assessment protocol will help long-term care organizations develop more cohesive and effective care settings. The process and much of the information is applicable to other settings. PROPOSED COMMERCIAL APPLICATION: NOT AVAILABLE ..
- NETWORKS, RESOURCES AND RISK AMONG WOMEN DRUG USERSMaureen Miller; Fiscal Year: 2001....
- Asperger's Syndrome: Diagnosis, Interpretation and ImpactELIZABETH NICKRENZ; Fiscal Year: 2009..of as a disease of the individual brain, or as a state of ongoing interpersonal mismatch with others? Which approach best helps teenagers with AS learn how to participate effectively in the social world, and how does it have this effect? ..
- TREATMENT OF CIRCADIAN SLEEP DISORDERS WITH BRIGHT LIGHTSteven W Lockley; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Personalized Physical Activity & Nutrition Intervention for Overweight/Obese.....James Rimmer; Fiscal Year: 2008..Intention-to-treat analysis will be conducted using a series of mixed models that will compare the three treatment groups over time (pre-test and six, 12 and 18-month post-test). [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Photic and Nonphotic Input to the Human Circadian SystemSTEVEN LOCKLEY; Fiscal Year: 2008..limits of entrainment for non-photic synchronizers in order to potentially evaluate the efficacy of such time cues for treatment of circadian rhythm sleep-wake disorders in both the blind and sighted populations [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- ALPHA-2 ADRENERGIC CONTROL OF COLONIC FUNCTION IN IBSMichael Camilleri; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- EEFFECTS OF AEROBIC EXERCISE IN PERSONS WITH STROKEJames Rimmer; Fiscal Year: 2003..Unlike traditional analytic methods, the GEE approach can be used with data characterized by almost any type of statistical distribution (e.g., normal/Gaussian, binomial, Poison). ..
- Board of Trustees: Systemic Conflict of Interest at Research UniversitiesSHEILA SLAUGHTER; Fiscal Year: 2007..The purpose of examining the COI policies is to identify policies that best address ways to manage institutional and systemic COI. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Impact/HIV Intervention/Adolescent Males Leaving JailNicholas Freudenberg; Fiscal Year: 2005..This sub-study will also be used to tailor the intervention tested in this proposal for adolescent females. ..
- DETERMINING/UNDERSTANDING BARRIERS TO ADULT IMMUNIZATIONRichard Zimmerman; Fiscal Year: 2001..This project will furnish relevant, up-to-date to enhance policy planning, practice management and medical education. ..
- ALPHA 2 ADRENERGIC CONTROL IN IRRITABLE BOWEL SYNDROMEMichael Camilleri; Fiscal Year: 2008..Significance: This project will characterize pharmacogenetic mechanisms determining the response to clonidine through studies of candidate genes that control alpha2-adrenoreceptor function and norepinephrine transport in IBS. ..
- Universal Exercise Kits for Manual Wheelchair UsersJames Rimmer; Fiscal Year: 2006..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Quality of Life in Pediatric Inflammatory Bowel DiseaseJames Perrin; Fiscal Year: 2004..It will help to clarify the life domains that are affected by IBD and will inform interventions to improve QoL for children with IBD. ..
- Eliciting Truly Informed ConsentWilliam Hendee; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- Cannabinoid Mechanisms in Human Gastrointestinal Motor and Sensory FunctionsMICHAEL L CAMILLERI; Fiscal Year: 2010..These actions may be relevant to develop new treatments for IBS. The studies will also provide further understanding of the potential of medications like medical marijuana on stomach function that may be relevant to appetite control. ..
- Culture and Ethnic Variations in Breast Cancer TreatmentSCARLETT GOMEZ; Fiscal Year: 2006....
- Mechanism Underlying the Effects of Blue Light in HumansSTEVEN LOCKLEY; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- Building Health Empowerment Zones for People with DisabilitiesJames Rimmer; Fiscal Year: 2009..The primary outcome of this demonstration project is a model program for improving access to the built environment resulting in improved health and reduction of secondary conditions among people with mobility disabilities. ..
- Transdisciplinary Research on Urban Health Collaborative (RMI)Nicholas Freudenberg; Fiscal Year: 2008..This application will provide support for the institutionalization of these efforts at the University that educates more researchers and professionals involved in urban health than any university in the nation. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Social and built environment and race/ethnic variations in cancer outcomesSCARLETT GOMEZ; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Environmental Determinants of Sleep Disturbance: Role of Ambient Air PollutionJiu Chiuan Chen; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Dissemination: Increasing Physical ActivityDavid Buller; Fiscal Year: 2004..Students and young scientists will be encouraged to submit proposals for a poster session at the conference, and awards for the best submitted posters will be made. ..
- HIV PREVENTION, SEVERELY MENTALLY ILL LATINASSana Loue; Fiscal Year: 2005..This research is critical to inform the later development of an HIV prevention intervention trial to test the efficacy of an intervention that is culture- and gender-sensitive to this high risk population: Latina SMI. ..
- A Web-based Conference on Evidence Based Practice for Rural HospitalsKathleen Oman; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Impact of Hand Hygiene Guideline on Infections and CostsElaine Larson; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- BBP EXPOSURE AND RISK FACTORS IN NON-HOSPITAL BASED HCWSRobyn Gershon; Fiscal Year: 2002..This study will improve our understanding of the risks facing non-hospital HCWs and allow us to focus our energies and resources appropriately. ..
- EXTRAMURAL RESEARCH FACILITIES IMPROVEMENTRose Fife; Fiscal Year: 2004..Thus, this proposal now encompasses this new service as well. ..
- Nitric oxide and cyclooxygenase in arthritisRose Fife; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- Variations of care in older men with prostate cancerRavishankar Jayadevappa; Fiscal Year: 2007..We will use Instrumental variable approach to address the issues related to the selection bias.The outcome of this study will generate preliminary results and a working model leading to a RO1. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Novel Plasmids for Porphyromonas Post-Genomic ResearchFRANCIS MACRINA; Fiscal Year: 2006..Distribute these new genetic tools and knowledge about their use to workers studying Porphyromonas gingivalis and other black pigmented Gram-negative anaerobes. ..
- Family Health After Predictive HD TestingJanet Williams; Fiscal Year: 2004..This study will document the health care needs of family members of persons who receive a positive result from presymptomatic gene testing for an inherited degenerative neurologic disease. ..
- Worksite Environmental Interventions for Weight ControlSimone French; Fiscal Year: 2007..The effect of the intervention on health claims costs, work absenteeism and worker's compensation claims will be evaluated as a secondary outcome. ..
- After-hours communication support for hospice family caregivers and patientsKaren Courtney; Fiscal Year: 2009..We will explore if using a videophone for after-hours phone calls between hospice nurses and family caregivers leads to better caregiver and patient management of pain and higher levels of quality of life for both. ..