Summary: Presentation of pertinent data by one with special skill or knowledge representing mastery of a particular subject.
Publications270 found, 100 shown here
- On the "general acceptance" of eyewitness testimony research. A new survey of the expertsS M Kassin
Department of Psychology, Williams College, Williamstown, MA, USA
Am Psychol 56:405-16. 2001..Results also indicate that these experts set high standards before agreeing to testify. Despite limitations, these results should help to shape expert testimony so that it more accurately represents opinions in the scientific community.
- "Reasonable medical certainty": can we meet Daubert standards in insanity cases?Norman G Poythress
J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 32:228-30. 2004
- The role of the expert witness in the adversarial legal systemRoy G Beran
University of New South Wales
J Law Med 17:133-7. 2009..It follows that the role of the expert is to provide a well-prepared analysis; it is the lawyer who is paid to be biased...
- Accuracy and reliability of forensic latent fingerprint decisionsBradford T Ulery
Noblis, 3150 Fairview Park Drive, Falls Church, VA 22042, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:7733-8. 2011..Examiners frequently differed on whether fingerprints were suitable for reaching a conclusion...
- Designing a proficiency-based, content validated virtual reality curriculum for laparoscopic colorectal surgery: a Delphi approachVanessa N Palter
University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Surgery 151:391-7. 2012..The purpose of this study was to develop a proficiency-based VR technical skills curriculum for laparoscopic colorectal surgery...
- An expert assessment on climate change and health - with a European focus on lungs and allergiesBertil Forsberg
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Umea University, Sweden
Environ Health 11:S4. 2012..Additionally exposure to moulds and contaminants from water damaged buildings may increase...
- The Delphi technique: myths and realitiesCatherine Powell
Lecturer in Child Health Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK
J Adv Nurs 41:376-82. 2003..To outline the key concepts and principles of the Delphi technique...
- Ultrasonography for rheumatologists: the development of specific competency based educational outcomesA K Brown
Academic Unit of Musculoskeletal Disease, University of Leeds, Chapel Allerton Hospital, Leeds LS7 4SA, UK
Ann Rheum Dis 65:629-36. 2006..Specific competency outcomes will facilitate informed development of a common curriculum and structured programme of training and assessment...
- Delays in diagnosis of paediatric cancers: a systematic review and comparison with expert testimony in lawsuitsJean François Brasme
INSERM U953, Epidemiological Research Unit on Perinatal Health and Women s and Children s Health, Hopital Saint Vincent de Paul, Paris, France
Lancet Oncol 13:e445-59. 2012..The relations between delay in diagnosis and outcome are complex and probably depend more on tumour biology than on parental or medical factors...
- Development of an objective evaluation tool to assess technical skill in laparoscopic colorectal surgery: a Delphi methodologyVanessa N Palter
Wilson Centre, Toronto, ON, Canada
Am J Surg 201:251-9. 2011..The aim of this study was to determine expert consensus regarding items required on a rating scale for LCS, using a Delphi technique...
- The use of expert elicitation in environmental health impact assessment: a seven step procedureAnne B Knol
National Institute for Public Health and the Environment RIVM, Bilthoven, The Netherlands
Environ Health 9:19. 2010..Typically, the knowledge-base is limited with incomplete, or inconsistent evidence and missing or ambiguous data. Consulting experts can help to identify and address uncertainties...
- The effects of rational and experiential information processing of expert testimony in death penalty casesDaniel A Krauss
Department of Psychology, Claremont McKenna College, 850 Columbia Avenue, Claremont, CA 91711, USA
Behav Sci Law 22:801-22. 2004Past research examining the effects of actuarial and clinical expert testimony on defendants' dangerousness in Texas death penalty sentencing has found that jurors are more influenced by less scientific pure clinical expert testimony and ..
- Through a scanner darkly: functional neuroimaging as evidence of a criminal defendant's past mental statesTeneille Brown
University of Utah, S J Quinney College of Law, USA
Stanford Law Rev 62:1119-208. 2010....
- Expert testimony in sexually violent predator commitments: conceptualizing legal standards of "mental disorder" and "likely to reoffend"Shoba Sreenivasan
Forensic Outreach Services, Greater Los Angeles VA Medical Center and University of Southern California, Keck School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA 90073, USA
J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 31:471-85. 2003..Thus, expert testimony provided by these professionals has taken a central role in the commitment determinations...
- Eliciting expert opinion for economic models: an applied exampleJose Leal
Health Economics Research Centre, Department of Public Health, University of Oxford, Old Road Campus, Oxford, UK
Value Health 10:195-203. 2007..Our objective was to develop a practical computer-based tool for eliciting expert opinion about the shape of the uncertainty distribution around individual model parameters...
- [Opinions issued by an expert appointed by a court in civil cases from the point of view of the defendant insurance company]Waldemar Truszkiewicz
Biura Medycznej Obslugi Ubezpieczeń Centrali PZU SA I PZU Zycie SA w Warszawie
Arch Med Sadowej Kryminol 57:104-10. 2007..deciding about the percentage of permanent detriment to health in most cases on a slightly higher level than was decided by a physician who took such a decision for the insurance agency...
- The risks of being sued and how much is paidRebecca W West
Piedmont Liability Trust, Charlottesville, Virginia 22903, USA
J Am Coll Radiol 1:89-91. 2004
- [Malpractice in internal medicine in the case material of the Forensic Medicine Department, Medical University of Lódź, Poland]Małgorzata Mizerska
Katedry i Zakładu Medycyny Sadowej UM, Lodzi
Arch Med Sadowej Kryminol 54:252-8. 2004..In most cases errors were made in the diagnosis, as a result of neglect in performing necessary examinations, or of erroneous interpretation of results obtained...
- [Errors in medical records as the cause of negative expert decisions regarding disability pensions]Tomasz Zyss
Kliniki Psychiatrii Dorosłych Collegium Medium UJ w Krakowie
Arch Med Sadowej Kryminol 57:144-52. 2007..Duration of treatment before applying for disability pension is also evaluated. The author discusses particular cases in the context of ethical and deontological principles...
- Do you understand your risk? Liability and third-party evaluations in civil litigationLiza H Gold
Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, DC, USA
J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 35:200-10. 2007..Understanding the liability associated with third-party evaluations will assist psychiatrists in minimizing their exposure...
- Implant dentistry at the focus of liability lawsuitsLudger Figgener
Department of Prosthodontics, Department of Dental Medicine, University of Muenster, Waldeyerstrasse 30, D 48149 Muenster, Germany
Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 19:382-6. 2004..The aim of this retrospective analysis was to highlight aspects of these lawsuits of special significance, to subject them to both qualitative and quantitative analysis, and to show how conflicts can be avoided...
- The first element of negligenceRuthe C Ashley
Crit Care Nurse 23:81. 2003
- Malpractice in oncologyM L Hansis
Medizinischer Dienst der Spitzenverbände der Krankenkassen e V MDS, Essen, Germany
Onkologie 26:535-8. 2003..If a malpractice is attested, the distinct damage resulting from this can only be appraised approximately, e.g. by comparing the statistical probability of survival in various tumor stages...
- Keeping criticism at bay: suggestions for forensic psychiatry expertsAnnette Friend
J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 31:406-12. 2003
- The expert witness: understanding the rationaleR James Brenner
University of California, San Francisco, UCSF Mt Zion Hospital, Radiology H2804, 1600 Divisadero Street, San Francisco, CA 94115 1667, USA
J Am Coll Radiol 4:612-6. 2007..Both rules of evidence and court decisions have evolved in a manner that encourages the introduction of expert testimony while conditioning its use to avoid unfair bias...
- [Fault of organisation in hospital and practice]A Wienke
Wienke Becker, Rechtsanwälte, Bonner Strasse 323, 50968 Köln
Laryngorhinootologie 85:589-92. 2006
- [On the causes of medical errors in life-threatening conditions--a medico-legal assessment based on the material of the chair and Department of Forensic Medicine, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice, collected between 2000 and the end of June, 2006]Czesław Chowaniec
Z Katedry i Zakładu Medycyny Sadowej Slaskiej Akademii Medycznej w Katowicach
Arch Med Sadowej Kryminol 57:200-4. 2007..The investigators also drew attention to factors affecting the degree of risk of medical error commission and the most common causes of inappropriate medical in life-threatening conditions...
- [Position and role of the court expert in the light of expectations of the legal proceedings agency]Irena Piotrowska
Prezes Sadu Okregowego w Katowicach
Arch Med Sadowej Kryminol 57:196-9. 2007
- [Burden of proof in medical cases--presumption of fact and prima facie evidence. 1. Burden of proof]Marcin Sliwka
Katedry Prawa Cywilnego i Miedzynarodowego Obrotu Gospodarczego Uniwersytetu Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu
Arch Med Sadowej Kryminol 54:45-52. 2004..The effect of the institution of informed consent on burden of proof in polish civil law is also described. This paper includes numerous High Court sentences on evidential and medical issues...
- [The court expert and his opinion in legal proceedings]Waldemar Szmidt
Sedzia Sadu Apelacyjnego w Katowicach
Arch Med Sadowej Kryminol 57:193-5. 2007
- [Medical and legal aspects of inability to participate in legal proceedings and the execution of imprisonment resulting from mental illness]Stanisław M Teleśnicki
Oddziału Obserwacji Sadowo Psychiatrycznej przy Areszcie Sledczym w Krakowie
Arch Med Sadowej Kryminol 54:65-71. 2004..Legal settlements relating to this problem were submitted. We paid attention to medical circumstances in which judicial experts should act in such cases...
- The expert medical witness in legal perspectiveFred L Cohen
Gary Roberts and Associates, West Palm Beach, Florida, USA
J Leg Med 25:185-209. 2004
- The problem of evasive testimony: the expert "waffle"Thomas G Gutheil
Department of Psychiatry, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Bosston, MA, USA
J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 35:112-7. 2007..This review notes some examples of this phenomenon and attempts to categorize them in a meaningful way. An ancillary goal of this discussion may be to aid experts in focusing their answers...
- The impossible dialogue between psychiatry and the judicial system: a language problemZvi Zemishlany
Geha Mental Health Center, Petah Tikva, Israel
Isr J Psychiatry Relat Sci 43:150-4; discussion 155-8. 2006..The two systems can be complementary only if both sides make a serious effort to communicate and respect each other's principles and language...
- Medical malpractice charges in Germany--role of the forensic pathologist in the preliminary criminal proceedingReinhard Dettmeyer
Institute of Forensic Medicine, University of Bonn, Germany
J Forensic Sci 50:423-7. 2005..There was no relevant shift in the range of subjects involved compared to former studies. The investigated charges might represent only a small fraction of cases of medical practice falling below the standard of care...
- Expert evidence, the adversary system, and the juryNeil Vidmar
Pyschology Department, Duke Law School, Science and Towerview Drives, Durham, NC 27708, USA
Am J Public Health 95:S137-43. 2005..Conflicts between the American adversary system and changes in trial procedures that might assist the jury in its task are also considered here...
- Psychiatric malpractice case analysis: striving for objectivityJames Knoll
New Hampshire Department of Corrections, Division of Forensic and Medical Services, 105 Pleasant Street, 4th Floor, Concord, NH 03302, USA
J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 34:215-23. 2006..In this article, the authors discuss some potential impediments to objective analysis of malpractice cases such as the use of the wrong standard, causation, hindsight bias, and contributory negligence...
- Commentary: getting at the truth about pathological lyingDon Grubin
Department of Forensic Psychiatry, St Nicholas Hospital, Gosforth, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK NE3 3XT
J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 33:350-3. 2005....
- Asperger's disorder and murderDonna M Schwartz-Watts
University of South Carolina School of Medicine, 15 Medical Park, Suite 102, Columbia, SC, USA
J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 33:390-3. 2005..Three cases are presented in which defendants with diagnosed Asperger's disorder were charged with murder. Specific symptoms in this disorder are discussed as they relate to issues of diminished capacity and criminal responsibility...
- [Expert evidence. General prerequisites and procedural characteristics for expert opinions]K Ulsenheimer
Ulsenheimer Friedrich Rechtsanwälte, Munchen
Anaesthesist 54:1081-8. 2005..Since August 2002 gross negligent errors by the expert are also liable for compensation in law under [section sign] 839a of the German Civil Code Book...
- [Insufficient cooperativeness in forensic neuropsychiatric assessment: prevalence estimates of negative response bias]Th Merten
Vivantes Netzwerk für Gesundheit, Klinikum im Friedrichshain, Klinik fur Neurologie, Berlin
Versicherungsmedizin 58:19-21. 2006..These findings underline the importance of modern methods for assessment of symptom validity in forensic contexts. Cooperativeness of compensation claimants cannot be assumed solely on the basis of clinical impression...
- [Opinioning on the ability to conduct activities concerned with law suit, participation in court trials, temporary imprisonment and police station arrest]Piotr Kowalski
Katedra i Zakład Medycyny Sadowej Collegium Medicum Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego, 31 531 Krakow, ul Grzegorzecka 16
Arch Med Sadowej Kryminol 55:285-7. 2005..This problem, as we think, is not exclusively the domain of forensic medicine specialists since the ability to make a reliable assessment of health condition is required from every licensed physician...
- Forensic practice: a day in the lifeWilliam H Reid
American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law, USA
J Psychiatr Pract 12:50-4. 2006
- [Remarks about the position of the medico-legal expert in imperative regulations in the Penal and Civil Codes]Czesław Chowaniec
Z Katedry i Zakładu Medycyny Sadowej SAM w Katowicach
Arch Med Sadowej Kryminol 55:268-72. 2005..It is also essential to introduce statutory legal protection of court experts as well as to undertake activities leading to equaling the status of Polish court experts to that of other European countries...
- [The risk of medical error occurrence on holidays in the material of the Forensic Medicine Department, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice, in the years 2000-2005]Czesław Chowaniec
Katedry i Zakładu Medycyny Sadowej Slaskiej Akademii Medycznej w Katowicach
Arch Med Sadowej Kryminol 57:95-100. 2007..Evaluating the above presented cases, the authors drew attention to factors affecting the risk of medical error and the most common causes of inappropriate patient management...
- Malpractice. How to survive a depositionBerkeley Rice
Med Econ 82:45-8. 2005
- [Regional conciliation and compensation commissions: how they work]Cécile Manaouil
CRCI de Picardie, CHU d Amiens, Amiens
Presse Med 35:1707-15. 2006..The procedure applies only to care provided since 5 September 2001. From the request for indemnification by 'ONIAM or the insurer, the process must last no longer than one year...
- 4 nurse attorneys tell you how to stay out of legal hot waterLinda M Roman
RN 70:26-31. 2007
- A healer or an executioner? The proper role of a psychiatrist in a criminal justice systemGregory Dolin
J Law Health 17:169-216. 2002
- [Disturbance of the health--an attempt at interpreting the term. Part II--problems in medico-legal opinionating]Tomasz Jurek
Akademii Medycznej we Wrocławiu
Arch Med Sadowej Kryminol 56:216-22. 2006..The results of the analysis allow for adopting a definition that permits to judge objectively the injured person's complaints and to determine the limits of the compensatory ability of his body...
- [Medical criteria of delaying or stopping imprisonment]Piotr Engelgardt
Katedra i Zakład Medycyny Sadowej, Akademii Medycznej w Bydgoszczy
Przegl Lek 63:593-6. 2006..The authors have also provided examples of illnesses that would illustrate those definitions/criteria and came up with a suggested procedure of decision-making to be applied to such cases...
- The medical malpractice insurance crisis, againDavid N Hoffman
Wyckoff Heights Medical Center, Brooklyn, New York, USA
Hastings Cent Rep 35:15-9. 2005
- Can a radiologist be compelled to testify as an expert witness?Leonard Berlin
Department of Radiology, Rush North Shore Medical Center, 9600 Gross Point Rd, Skokie, IL 60076, USA
AJR Am J Roentgenol 185:36-42. 2005
- [Expert opinion aspects of thrombosis prophylaxis]K Ulsenheimer
Rechtsanwaltskanzlei, Maximiliansplatz 12, 80333 München
Chirurg 78:133-7. 2007..Without this necessary knowledge in the legal field, regrettable judicial errors will always reoccur...
- [Medico-legal opinion in establishing "exposure to direct danger of death or grave detriment to health"]Tomasz Jurek
Katedry i Zakładu Medycyny Sadowej, Akademii Medycznej im Piastów Slaskich we Wrocławiu
Arch Med Sadowej Kryminol 55:66-73. 2005..The assessment of "direct danger" should be the result of close cooperation between the judicial representative and forensic expert...
- On sound and unsound mind: the role of suicide in tort and insurance litigationRobert I Simon
Program in Psychiatry and the Law, Georgetown University School of Medicine, Washington, DC, USA
J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 33:176-82. 2005..In malpractice and insurance cases, expert testimony is required regarding the mental state of the individual who attempted or committed suicide...
- [Medico-legal opinions in penal cases provided by clinicians and forensic medicine specialists--comparative analysis]Czesław Chowaniec
Katedra i Zakład Medycyny Sadowej SAM w Katowicach
Arch Med Sadowej Kryminol 55:257-60. 2005..7. the lack of a correct way of thinking and conclusion making. The aim of the paper was to pay close attention to the absolute need of verification of court experts' qualifications and work...
- The practice of forensic medicine: opportunity with strings attachedWilliam H Reid
University of Texas Health Sciences Center, San Antonio, TX, USA
J Med Pract Manage 18:262-5. 2003..It will focus on private consultation, in which the physician provides expertise to lawyers, courts, or organizations involved in legal or administrative matters...
- Jurisprudence issues in forensic odontologyC M Bowers
Ventura County Medical Examiner's Office, Ventura, California, USA
Dent Clin North Am 45:399-415, ix. 2001....
- [Burden of proof in medical cases--presumption of fact and prima facie evidence. II. Presumption of fact and prima facie evidence]Marcin Sliwka
Katedry Prawa Cywilnego i Miedzynarodowego Obrotu Gospodarczego Uniwersytetu Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu
Arch Med Sadowej Kryminol 54:53-63. 2004..This paper also describes the importance of the res ipsa loquitur rule in United Kingdom and USA. This paper includes numerous High Court sentences on evidential and medical issues...
- [Cooperation between criminal investigators and forensic medicine. A complementary system and its peculiarities, illustrated by a case from general practice]Hildegard Grass
Institut für Rechtsmedizin der Universität zu Köln
Arch Kriminol 209:1-8. 2002..On the basis of the relevant legal principles an already concluded investigation ("dietary capsule case") is critically discussed...
- Looking closer: forensic nursingRachel R Boersma
Graduate Program in Forensic Nursing at Fitchburg State College, Fitchburg, MA, USA
Nurs Manage 39:31-4; quiz 35. 2008..With a keen eye, you can foster comprehensive care to victims; protect your organization from allegations of abuse, negligence, and malpractice; and offer a care environment that recognizes the complexities of our current society...
- Medical errors, medical negligence, and professional medical liability reformSara Rosenbaum
Department of Health Policy at the School of Public Health and Health Services at George Washington University, USA
Public Health Rep 118:272-4. 2003
- Expertise in law, medicine, and health careD W Shuman
Southern Methodist University School of Law, USA
J Health Polit Policy Law 26:267-90. 2001....
- Get even with a hired gun?Lee J Johnson
Med Econ 80:120. 2003
- Medical tort falls short in courtJames W Jones
The Center for Medical Ethics and Health Policy, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77356, USA
J Vasc Surg 46:1303-5. 2007
- [Possibilities of medical opinionating in cases associated with "exposure to direct danger of death or serious health damage"]Tomasz Konopka
Z Katedry i Zakładu Medycyny Sadowej Collegium Medicum UJ
Arch Med Sadowej Kryminol 58:43-8. 2008..g. in the case of traumawithout any injuries. In complex cases, however, which include the majority of medical error cases, passing an opinion on exposure to direct danger of death or severe health damage may be not feasible...
- [Brief instructions for the use of expertise by stomatologists and maxillofacial surgeons--Part 2. Expertise in physical harm and medical responsibility]C Rougé-Maillart
Service de Stomatologie et Chirurgie Maxillo Faciale, Consultation de médecine légale, C H U, 49033 Angers Cedex
Rev Stomatol Chir Maxillofac 104:144-8. 2003
- [Estimation of medical protocol correctness in the light of opinions issued as ordered by the judiciary or prosecution authorities]Dorota Pieśniak
Department of Forensic Medicine, Medical University of Gdansk, Poland
Pol Merkur Lekarski 23:47-51. 2007....
- [Lymphadenitis calls for strict follow-up]G H Schlund
HNO 50:492-4. 2002
- [Pitfalls in medical expert evaluation. Of "credible" probands and "convincing" experts]C Maier
Abteilung Gesellschaftsärzte, Allianz Versicherungs AG, Munchen
Versicherungsmedizin 55:122-6. 2003..Courts cannot judge correctly, administrations cannot decide in time, insurance companies cannot regulate reasonably. Finally inferior assessments harm more than they serve--especially the doctor's reputation...
- Forensic aspects of everyday practice: legal issues that every practitioner must knowAndrew E Vernick
Wharton, Levin, Ehrmantraut and Klein, 104 West Street, Post Office Box 551, Annapolis, MD 21404 0551, USA
Child Adolesc Psychiatr Clin N Am 11:905-28. 2002..Although avoidance of attorneys and the legal process is not possible for the practitioner, with the proper information and legal resources, the child and adolescent psychiatrist can navigate around the legal potholes...
- The role of the expert witnessLaurance Jerrold
School of Orthodontics, Jacksonville University, 2800 University Boulevard North, Jacksonville, FL 32211, USA
Surg Clin North Am 87:889-901, vii-viii. 2007..This purpose of this article is to serve as a primer for those interested in understanding the role that the expert is supposed to play in litigation, and the factors surrounding his activities...
- Teleconferencing model for forensic consultation, court testimony, and continuing educationThomas W Miller
Department of Psychiatry, College of Medicine, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40509 1810, USA
Behav Sci Law 26:301-13. 2008..Finally, changing patterns are addressed in clinically based health-care delivery for criminal justice, social services, and forensic mental health...
- Pathology expert witness testimony and pathology practice: a tale of 2 standardsElliott Foucar
Arch Pathol Lab Med 129:1268-76. 2005..This experience can be even more troubling when a key participant in the proceedings is a fellow pathologist guiding a jury toward an unfamiliar interpretation of the pathology standard of care...
- [Learning from the experiences of an arbitration unit for medical liability questions]K D Scheppokat
Aus der Schlichtungsstelle für Arzthaftpflichtfragen der Norddeutschen Arztekammem, Hannover
Ther Umsch 62:185-90. 2005..b>Expert testimony suffers from similar uncertainties...
- Legal responsibilities of the pathologistC A Picut
Hoffmann La Roche, Nutley, New Jersey 07110
Toxicol Pathol 22:213-21. 1994..In-house and contract pathologists should be prepared to give expert testimony in court and ensure that an effective document retention policy is implemented...
- The need for tort reform as part of health care reformTiffany Thornton
Department of Orthopedic Surgery and Rehabilitation Medicine, SUNY Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, New York 11203, USA
J Long Term Eff Med Implants 18:321-7. 2008..Regulation of expert testimony by medical societies would curb false or biased testimony...
- Ecstasy (MDMA), methamphetamine, and date rape (drug-facilitated sexual assault): a consideration of the issuesKarl L R Jansen
Auckland Hospital, New Zealand
J Psychoactive Drugs 38:1-12. 2006..and amphetamines in samples taken from sexual assault victims, and hence these prosecutions sometimes rely on expert testimony from toxicologists, pathologists and police officers rather than psychologists and psychiatrists who are ..
- Requirements and definitions in conflict of interest policies of medical journalsJared A Blum
Brown University College of Medicine, Providence, Rhode Island, USA
JAMA 302:2230-4. 2009..Conflicts of interest (COIs) may influence medical literature. However, it is unclear whether medical journals have consistent policies for defining and soliciting COI disclosures...
- The probate judge and involuntary civil commitment in South CarolinaMichael J Ferlauto
South Carolina Department of Mental Health, Columbia, SC, USA
J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 39:209-16. 2011..education and experience of the judges, their approach to the decision-making process, their view of lay and expert testimony at commitment hearings, and their knowledge about four items: two common psychiatric terms (delusion and ..
- The barriers to achieving an evidence base for bitemark analysisIain A Pretty
Restorative Dentistry, Turner Dental School, Manchester, United Kingdom
Forensic Sci Int 159:S110-20. 2006..In forensic science the advent of the Daubert ruling has required that judges assess the forensic value of 'expert testimony' ensuring that techniques, methodologies and practices are not only commonly accepted (as was the previous ..
- Invited Article: Conflicts of interest for authors of American Academy of Neurology clinical practice guidelinesR G Holloway
Department of Neurology, University of Rochester, 601 Elmwood Avenue, Box 673, Rochester, NY 14642, USA
Neurology 71:57-63. 2008..Clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) shape clinical care worldwide but are prone to potential error and bias due to conflicts of interest (COI)...
- Individuality of handwritingSargur N Srihari
Departmentof Computer Science and engineering, Center of Excellence for Document Analysis and Recognition, University at Buffalo, State University of New York, 14228 2567, USA
J Forensic Sci 47:856-72. 2002Motivated by several rulings in United States courts concerning expert testimony in general, and handwriting testimony in particular, we undertook a study to objectively validate the hypothesis that handwriting is individual...
- Expert testimony based on decision analysis: a malpractice case reportS S Weir
Department of Family Medicine, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill 27599
J Gen Intern Med 5:406-9. 1990OBJECTIVE: Expert testimony in malpractice cases is often subjective and biased. Decision-analytic techniques might provide an objective basis for such testimony. DESIGN: Case report...
- Amnesia and crimeDominique Bourget
Department of Psychiatry, University of Ottawa
J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 35:469-80. 2007..Forensic psychiatrists and other mental health professionals are often required to provide expert testimony regarding amnesia in defendants...
- Predictions of future dangerousness in capital murder trials: is it time to "disinvent the wheel"?John F Edens
Department of Psychology at Sam Houston State University, Texas, USA
Law Hum Behav 29:55-86. 2005..in mental health issues, one topic that has not received much attention recently is the ongoing use of expert testimony to support claims that defendants represent a "continuing threat to society...
- Empirical research on the insanity defense and attempted reforms: evidence toward informed policyR Borum
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA
Law Hum Behav 23:117-35. 1999..These reforms, including various procedural changes in definitions, burden of proof, and expert testimony, the institution of a guilty but mentally ill verdict, and the abolition of the insanity defense itself, are ..
- Empirical research on the insanity defense and attempted reforms: evidence toward informed policyR Borum
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA
Law Hum Behav 23:375-93. 1999..These reforms, including various procedural changes in definitions, burden of proof, and expert testimony, the institution of a guilty but mentally ill verdict, and the abolition of the insanity defense itself, are ..
- Ten years of judicial gatekeeping under DaubertJoe S Cecil
Federal Judicial Center s Program on Scientific and Technical Evidence, One Columbus Circle, NE, Washington, DC 20002, USA
Am J Public Health 95:S74-80. 2005In the ten years since Daubert v Merrell Dow Pharmaceuticals, Inc, the standards for admissibility at trial of expert testimony in general and scientific evidence in particular have become more demanding...
- The ethics of health care professionals' opinions for hireR S Masella
Department of Orthodontics, College of Dental Medicine, Nova Southeastern University, 3200 S University Drive, Fort Lauderdale, Fla 33328, USA
J Am Dent Assoc 132:361-7. 2001..While objectivity is a hallmark of ethical health care evaluation, conflict arises when medical experts exhibit bias and serve the hiring party's interests instead of the public's...
- [Creation and validation of a forensic protocol to assess psychological harm in battered women]Ramón Arce
Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, Facultad de Psicologia, Santiago de Compostela, Spain
Psicothema 21:241-7. 2009..alone given that, in legal terms, faking or false testimony must be detected and eliminated before an expert testimony can be admitted...
- Tort reform: the pathologists' perspectiveElliott Foucar
Semin Diagn Pathol 24:131-47. 2007..of "reform" also includes attempts to exert influence on the tort system from the outside (eg, peer review of expert testimony) and measures designed to keep patient dissatisfaction out of the tort system (eg, apology for error)...
- The impact of mental health evidence on support for capital punishment: are defendants labeled psychopathic considered more deserving of death?John F Edens
Department of Psychology, Southern Methodist University, Dallas, TX 75275, USA
Behav Sci Law 23:603-25. 2005..When expert testimony described the defendant as psychopathic, a much larger percentage of participants supported a death sentence (..
- An innovative participatory method for newly democratic societies: The "civic groups forum" on national health insurance reform in TaiwanChung Yeh Deng
Institute of Hospital and Health Care Administration, National Yang Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan
Soc Sci Med 70:896-903. 2010..Comprehensible reading materials, expert lectures, expert testimony, and group discussions were provided to enhance deliberative discussion of policy issues...
- Demons, nature, or God? Witchcraft accusations and the French disease in early modern VeniceLaura J McGough
HIV AIDS prevention, CARE, and treatment program, Cote d Ivoire
Bull Hist Med 80:219-46. 2006..Witchcraft was one possible explanation; using expert testimony from physicians, however, the Holy Office ruled out witchcraft as a cause of incurable cases and reinforced ..
- Automatisms: bridging clinical neurology with criminal lawJoshua Rolnick
Laboratory of Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology, Department of Neurology and Neurological Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
Epilepsy Behav 20:423-7. 2011..charged with a serious crime can acknowledge committing the act and yet may go free if, relying on the expert testimony of clinicians, the court determines that the act of crime was committed in a state of automatism...
- A tale of two experts: thalidomide and political engagement in the United States and West GermanyArthur Daemmrich
Chemical Heritage Foundation, Philadelphia, PA 19106 2702, USA
Soc Hist Med 15:137-58. 2002..Kelsey through her regulatory position at the FDA, Lenz was open to sharp criticism, especially when giving expert testimony during a lengthy court trial...
- Legal issues encountered when treating the patient with a sleep disorderVidya Krishnan
Department of Medicine, Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine, MetroHealth Medical Center, 2500 MetroHealth Dr, Cleveland, OH 44109, USA
Chest 139:200-7. 2011..Finally, if necessary, the sleep specialist may be called upon to provide expert testimony about the medical evidence provided and the likelihood that a sleep disorder contributed to an alleged ..
- Determining dangerousness in sexually violent predator evaluations: cognitive-experiential self-theory and juror judgments of expert testimonyJoel D Lieberman
Department of Criminal Justice, University of Nevada, 4505 Maryland Parkway, Box 455009, Las Vegas, NV 89154 5009, USA
Behav Sci Law 25:507-26. 2007Past research examining the effects of expert testimony on the future dangerousness of a defendant in death penalty sentencing found that jurors are more influenced by less scientific clinical expert testimony and tend to devalue ..
- Expert testimony pertaining to battered woman syndrome: its impact on jurors' decisionsRegina A Schuller
Department of Psychology, York University, 4700 Keele Street, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Law Hum Behav 26:655-73. 2002..Within the trial, both the response history (passive, active) and presence of expert testimony pertaining to battered woman syndrome (present, absent) were systematically varied...
- MODEL FOR STATE POLICY ON GENETIC TESTING/SCREENINGAnn Carroll; Fiscal Year: 1999..likely to be affected by developments in genetic testing and screening will be invited to provide expert testimony at Task Force meetings...
- Community Environmental Health Research: Finding MeaningDavid Ozonoff; Fiscal Year: 2006..4) Establish mechanisms for forging new and on-going community-researcher relationships. ..
- Expert Decision-making in Exposure AssessmentGurumurthy Ramachandran; Fiscal Year: 2007..The methodology will be developed using a large occupational exposure dataset from 3M Company, and probabilistic professional judgments obtained from occupational hygienists employed at 3M Company. ..
- Retrospective Assessment of Mixed Chemical ExposuresGurumurthy Ramachandran; Fiscal Year: 2003..However, the methods will be applicable to other industry based epidemiologic studies where the available data are sparse and exposures to chemical mixtures are the norm. ..
- MOLECULAR NEUROBIOLOGY OF DEPRESSIONRichard Shelton; Fiscal Year: 2003..Develop further expertise in basic molecular biological methods; 2. Develop new projects oriented to future funding opportunities; and 3. Continue to mentor the next generation of investigators. ..
- Signal Transduction in DepressionRichard Shelton; Fiscal Year: 2008..These studies may shed light on important cellular mediators of depression and provide new targets for amelioration. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Silica Exposure & Silicosis: Effect of Mixed ExposuresGurumurthy Ramachandran; Fiscal Year: 2002....
- EARLY VISUAL PROCESSING IN SCHIZOPHRENIAMichael F Green; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- A Therapeutic Target for MicrosporidiosisLouis Weiss; Fiscal Year: 2007..In addition, the approaches and methods developed in this R21 should also prove useful for studies on methionine aminopeptidases as therapeutic targets in other pathogenic protists. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Pharmacological Treatment of ADHD in Young ChildrenChristopher Kratochvil; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- Technology Exchange for Cancer Health Network (TECH-Net)Teresa Waters; Fiscal Year: 2006..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Biological Markers of Recovery for the KidneyJohn A Kellum; Fiscal Year: 2010..For analyses requiring serial samples and urine samples, we propose to study a subset of trial patients enrolled at 5 sites who consent to additional sample collection (208 patients) ..
- Genomics of Pediatric Headache DisordersAndrew Hershey; Fiscal Year: 2006..The results of this study should help in beginning to develop a molecular genomic approach for the diagnosis and treatment of different headache disorders. ..
- Image Theory in Disseminating Evidence-Based PracticesPaul Falzer; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- Host-Response Relationships in Patients with CandidemiaMelissa Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2006....
- Stepped Care for Depression and Musculoskeletal PainKurt Kroenke; Fiscal Year: 2007..Longitudinal assessment of the nondepressed cohort will establish the frequency and risk factors for incident depression. ..
- TOXOPLASMA ENCEPHALITIS IN AIDS: BRADYZOITE REGULATIONLouis Weiss; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- Parent Intervention for Drug-Abusing FathersThomas McMahon; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- The fuel sensing enzyme AMPK in the pathogenesis of prostate cancerZhijun Luo; Fiscal Year: 2010..g. adiponectin and leptin), success in this effort would suggest a novel, yet practical approach for treating prostate cancers in humans. ..
- GILZ Controls TLR-Induced NF-kB Activity In Acute AsthmaBruce Zuraw; Fiscal Year: 2008..We anticipate that this proposal will provide novel and clinically relevant data regarding the mechanisms of acute asthma exacerbations. ..
- TeleCare Management of Pain and Depression in CancerKurt Kroenke; Fiscal Year: 2009..Furthermore, if proven effective for depression and pain, TCM could readily be expanded to reducing barriers and improving care of other cancer-related symptoms. ..
- Systems Engineering of Pheresis Intervention for SepsisJohn Kellum; Fiscal Year: 2009..We will also call on the expertise of two companies, one specializing in adsorbent polymer technology (MedaSorb Technologies, LLC) and the other in complex systems modeling (Immunetrics, Inc.). ..
- Risk of Major Depression Among Breast Cancer PatientsJames Coyne; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- Second International Workshop on Microsporidia from Vertebrate and Invertebrate HLouis Weiss; Fiscal Year: 2007..Overall, the goal of this[unreadable] congress is to foster the exchange of information between these diverse groups of[unreadable] scientists leading to advances in research on these emergent pathogens. ..
- FAAH GENE MUTATIONS: RISK FACTORS IN DRUG USE/ADDICTIONJACK SIPE; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Long-Term Outcomes of Childhood-Onset EpilepsyAnne Berg; Fiscal Year: 2006..This in turn could help lessen the burdens associated with childhood-and adolescent-onset epilepsy for the individual, the family, and society as a whole. ..
- Neurology Outcomes Research:Clinical Trials/ TrainingRobert Holloway; Fiscal Year: 2005..Dr. Holloway's position within the Departments of Neurology and Community and Preventive Medicine, and the Rochester Clinical Research Curriculum will ensure the recruitment of highly qualified trainees. ..
- MIDWEST ROYBAL CENTER FOR HEALTH MAINTENANCESusan Hughes; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- ESCAPE Mechanistic SubstudiesRobert Califf; Fiscal Year: 2003..Catecholamines are also being collected at baseline and 3 months. In addition, the ESCAPE investigators are all ready capturing detailed demographic, clinical, and physiological information as part of the protocol for the primary study. ..
- Microsporidiosis:A Therapeutic TargetLouis Weiss; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- Nursing Effort and Quality in Long-Term Care FacilitiesRobert Kane; Fiscal Year: 2004..The database consists of 3125 residents in 98 nursing units from 62 facilities. Results should shed light on the current policy debate over nursing home staffing standards. ..
- CLINICAL INVESTIGATOR TRAINING ENHANCEMENT: CITE PROGRAMKurt Kroenke; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- HORMONE REPLACEMENT IN MENOPAUSAL WOMEN WITH EPILEPSYCynthia Harden; Fiscal Year: 2002..The outcome of this study will be determined by comparing seizure frequency in the baseline phase with the treated phase between placebo and hormone treated groups. ..
- Vicarious Dissonance, Attitude Change & Social IdentityJoel Cooper; Fiscal Year: 2004..The work is directed toward convincing people at risk of skin cancer to use sun block more frequently and effectively. ..
- RHINOVIRUS MEDIATED TRANSCRIPTION IN AIRWAY INFLAMMATIONBruce Zuraw; Fiscal Year: 2002..These results will provide a necessary foundation for additional investigations into downstream inflammatory consequences of rhinovirus infection as well as potential targets for new intervention strategies. ..
- PROTEASE INHIBITOR-INDUCED HYPERLIPIDEMIA IN AIDSVirgil Brown; Fiscal Year: 2004..These are specific agents that are effective in reducing triglyceride as well as improving insulin resistance. ..
- Research Integrity & Financial Conflicts of InterestPatricia Tereskerz; Fiscal Year: 2004..4) Explore the utility of using data reduction techniques and appropriate, multi-variate modeling techniques to show which types of financial arrangements predict questionable integrity practices. ..
- Multiple Factors Affecting Placebo Response in PDChristopher Goetz; Fiscal Year: 2004..Defining these determinant influences will help enhance placebo responses in clinical practice and control them in clinical trials. ..
- International Congress on MicrosporidiosisLouis Weiss; Fiscal Year: 2004..Overall, the goal of this congress is to foster the exchange of information between these diverse groups of scientists leading to advances in research on these emergent pathogens. ..
- REGULATION OF HEPATOCELLULAR FUNCTION BY GROWTH HORMONESusan Berry; Fiscal Year: 2002..1 gene expression, defining the IL-6 response element and the nuclear factors binding to Spi 2.1 in response to IL-6 with comparison to the GH response, thereby furthering understanding of the specificity of the Spi 2.1 response to GH. ..
- Interleukin-4 effects on calcium in airway smooth muscleJOHN MADISON; Fiscal Year: 2005..Studies will be done with freshly-dispersed bovine and cultured human airway smooth muscle cells. ..
- Tailoring an Intervention for African-American CaregiverJames Coyne; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- Translatability of Wellness Programs for Older WorkersSusan Hughes; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Treatment Response to Rehabilitation in SchizophreniaMatthew Kurtz; Fiscal Year: 2002..abstract_text> ..
- Treating Child Sexual Abuse: Effectiveness Pilot StudyRochelle Hanson; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- ESTROGEN BIOTRANSFORMATIONS AND BREAST CANCER ETIOLOGYROBERT BRUEGGEMEIER; Fiscal Year: 2006..3) To measure cellular levels of aromatase expression and cyclooxygenases expression in human breast cancer specimens. ..
- PROSPECTIVE COMPARISON OF COLONIC IMAGING TESTDon Rockey; Fiscal Year: 2001..The information gained from this study is expected to form the basis for national policy and decision making with reward to colonic imaging tests. ..
- Novel Clinical and Ocular Imaging Outcomes with Long-Term Follow-Up in MSLaura Balcer; Fiscal Year: 2010..Aim 3: Determine how low-contrast letter acuity, RNFL thickness, and total macular volume impact vision specific and overall health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in longitudinal studies of MS and ON. ..
- Regulation of Stellate Cell ContractilityDon Rockey; Fiscal Year: 2008..Physiologic endpoints will be an important focus. The proposed studies will shed light on the molecular basis of stellate cell contractility and moreover have direct relevance to human liver disease. ..
- PATHOGENESIS OF HEPATIC FIBROSIS AND PORTAL HYPERTENSIONDon C Rockey; Fiscal Year: 2010..These studies have direct relevance to human liver disease and will lead to new approaches for the treatment of hepatic fibrosis and portal hypertension as well as other forms of fibrosing injury. ..
- Using the Internet to Improve Patient's Self-Management of Chronic IllnessDeborah Miller; Fiscal Year: 2006..The utilization analysis will allow us to identify the incremental benefit of the comprehensive system compared to the secure system and to determine where there greatest savings in overall cost of care is gained. ..
- Oncology Clinical Trial Accrual StudyANNEKE SCHROEN; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- Visual Dysfunction and Quality of Life in MSLaura Balcer; Fiscal Year: 2003..This proposal will provide a crucial foundation for future studies of vision in MS that will involve longitudinal assessment. ..
- MEMORY FOR VISUAL MATERIALGEOFFREY LOFTUS; Fiscal Year: 2009..Finally, the proposed work on theory, methodology, statistics, and data interpretation is applicable to virtually every aspect of research in experimental psychology, clinical psychology, and neuroscience. ..
- Nitric Oxide and the LiverDon Rockey; Fiscal Year: 2003..The dates of the entire AASLD scientific meeting are November 3rd to November 5th. The participants will be invited speakers and attendees of the annual 2002 AASLD meeting. ..
- Treatments for Psychogenic Nonepileptic Seizures (NES)W LaFrance; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- TRANSMISSION OF VULNERABILITY FACTORS FOR SCHIZOPHRENIAKeith Nuechterlein; Fiscal Year: 2006..These goals will be addressed through data collection with schizophrenic probands and their first-degree relatives as well as with demographically matched community controls and their first-degree relatives. ..
- INTERVENTION RESEARCH TRAINING FOR THE PSYCHOSESKeith Nuechterlein; Fiscal Year: 2004..D.s and the other half Ph.D.s. Trainees will be assigned to primary and secondary mentors who will supervise their training activities in an individualized research mentorship model. ..