human rights

Summary

Summary: The rights of the individual to cultural, social, economic, and educational opportunities as provided by society, e.g., right to work, right to education, and right to social security.

Top Publications

  1. pmc HIV prevalence, risks for HIV infection, and human rights among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Malawi, Namibia, and Botswana
    Stefan Baral
    Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    PLoS ONE 4:e4997. 2009
  2. pmc Routine HIV testing in Botswana: a population-based study on attitudes, practices, and human rights concerns
    Sheri D Weiser
    Physicians for Human Rights, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America
    PLoS Med 3:e261. 2006
  3. pmc Imprisonment and women's health: concerns about gender sensitivity, human rights and public health
    Brenda J van den Bergh
    World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe, Copenhagen Ø, Denmark
    Bull World Health Organ 89:689-94. 2011
  4. ncbi Human rights and HIV prevention, treatment, and care for people who inject drugs: key principles and research needs
    Daniel Wolfe
    Open Society Foundations Public Health Program, International Harm Reduction Development Program, New York, NY, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 55:S56-62. 2010
  5. pmc Health and human rights in Chin State, Western Burma: a population-based assessment using multistaged household cluster sampling
    Richard Sollom
    Physicians for Human Rights, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
    PLoS Med 8:e1001007. 2011
  6. ncbi Changes in HIV testing policies and the implications for women
    Suzanne Maman
    The Universityof North Carolina at Chapel Hill, School of Public Health, Department of Health Behavior and Health Education, CB 7440, Chapel Hill, NC27599 7440, USA
    J Midwifery Womens Health 53:195-201. 2008
  7. ncbi The right to love: the desire for parenthood among men living with HIV
    Vera Paiva
    Institute of Psychology, AIDS Prevention Studies Nucleus NEPAIDS, University of Sao Paulo USP, Brazil
    Reprod Health Matters 11:91-100. 2003
  8. ncbi Globalisation and health inequalities: can a human rights paradigm create space for civil society action?
    Leslie London
    University of Cape Town, School of Public Health and Family Medicine, Anzio Rd, Observatory, Cape Town 7925, South Africa
    Soc Sci Med 74:6-13. 2012
  9. ncbi Human rights accountability for maternal death and failure to provide safe, legal abortion: the significance of two ground-breaking CEDAW decisions
    Eszter Kismodi
    Department of Reproductive Health and Research, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Reprod Health Matters 20:31-9. 2012
  10. ncbi Kenya's cash transfer program: protecting the health and human rights of orphans and vulnerable children
    John H Bryant
    Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Department of International Health, USA
    Health Hum Rights 11:65-76. 2009

Detail Information

Publications270 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc HIV prevalence, risks for HIV infection, and human rights among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Malawi, Namibia, and Botswana
    Stefan Baral
    Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    PLoS ONE 4:e4997. 2009
    ..Epidemiologic data for MSM in southern Africa are among the sparsest globally, and HIV risk among these men has yet to be characterized in the majority of countries...
  2. pmc Routine HIV testing in Botswana: a population-based study on attitudes, practices, and human rights concerns
    Sheri D Weiser
    Physicians for Human Rights, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America
    PLoS Med 3:e261. 2006
    ..The Botswana government recently implemented a policy of routine or "opt-out" HIV testing in response to the high prevalence of HIV infection, estimated at 37% of adults...
  3. pmc Imprisonment and women's health: concerns about gender sensitivity, human rights and public health
    Brenda J van den Bergh
    World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe, Copenhagen Ø, Denmark
    Bull World Health Organ 89:689-94. 2011
    ..care to imprisoned women fails to meet their needs and is, in too many cases, far short of what is required by human rights and international recommendations...
  4. ncbi Human rights and HIV prevention, treatment, and care for people who inject drugs: key principles and research needs
    Daniel Wolfe
    Open Society Foundations Public Health Program, International Harm Reduction Development Program, New York, NY, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 55:S56-62. 2010
    ..that regard IDU as criminals and those regarding drug-dependent individuals as patients deserving treatment and human rights. Advocates for IDU health and human rights find common cause in urging greater attention to legal frameworks, ..
  5. pmc Health and human rights in Chin State, Western Burma: a population-based assessment using multistaged household cluster sampling
    Richard Sollom
    Physicians for Human Rights, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
    PLoS Med 8:e1001007. 2011
    ..as Myanmar) is an isolated ethnic minority area with poor health outcomes and reports of food insecurity and human rights violations. We report on a population-based assessment of health and human rights in Chin State...
  6. ncbi Changes in HIV testing policies and the implications for women
    Suzanne Maman
    The Universityof North Carolina at Chapel Hill, School of Public Health, Department of Health Behavior and Health Education, CB 7440, Chapel Hill, NC27599 7440, USA
    J Midwifery Womens Health 53:195-201. 2008
    ..Understanding women's experiences will help to formulate feasible and effective strategies to support women and ensure they gain access to HIV treatment services...
  7. ncbi The right to love: the desire for parenthood among men living with HIV
    Vera Paiva
    Institute of Psychology, AIDS Prevention Studies Nucleus NEPAIDS, University of Sao Paulo USP, Brazil
    Reprod Health Matters 11:91-100. 2003
    ..We conclude that the rights of those with HIV to found a family depend as much on curing the ills of prejudice and discrimination, including among health professionals, as on medical interventions...
  8. ncbi Globalisation and health inequalities: can a human rights paradigm create space for civil society action?
    Leslie London
    University of Cape Town, School of Public Health and Family Medicine, Anzio Rd, Observatory, Cape Town 7925, South Africa
    Soc Sci Med 74:6-13. 2012
    ..with increasing inequalities, global integration has simultaneously strengthened the dissemination of human rights discourse across the world...
  9. ncbi Human rights accountability for maternal death and failure to provide safe, legal abortion: the significance of two ground-breaking CEDAW decisions
    Eszter Kismodi
    Department of Reproductive Health and Research, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Reprod Health Matters 20:31-9. 2012
    ..In Alyne da Silva Pimentel v. Brazil, the first maternal death case decided by an international human rights body, it confirms that States have a human rights obligation to guarantee that all women, irrespective of their ..
  10. ncbi Kenya's cash transfer program: protecting the health and human rights of orphans and vulnerable children
    John H Bryant
    Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Department of International Health, USA
    Health Hum Rights 11:65-76. 2009
    ..program documents obtained from those key actors--describes the Kenyan cash transfer program in light of human rights issues as they relate to childrens health...
  11. pmc Medical evidence of human rights violations against non-Arabic-speaking civilians in Darfur: a cross-sectional study
    Alexander C Tsai
    Robert Wood Johnson Health and Society Scholars Program, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
    PLoS Med 9:e1001198. 2012
    ..We sought to characterize the nature and geographic scope of allegations of human rights violations perpetrated against civilians in Darfur and to evaluate their consistency with medical examinations ..
  12. pmc Vulnerability, human rights, and comprehensive health care needs of young people living with HIV/AIDS
    José Ricardo de Carvalho Mesquita Ayres
    Department of Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Am J Public Health 96:1001-6. 2006
    ..We concluded that young people living with HIV need comprehensive care based on a human rights approach. In this regard, we offer some practical recommendations for health programs.
  13. ncbi "Rights" and wrongs: what utility for the right to health in reforming trade rules on medicines?
    Lisa Forman
    Comparative Program on Health Society, Munk Centre for International Studies, University of Toronto, ON, Canada
    Health Hum Rights 10:37-52. 2008
    ..I argue further that this outcome illustrates how human rights in concert with social action were able to effectively challenge dominant claims about the necessity of ..
  14. pmc Using indicators to determine the contribution of human rights to public health efforts
    Sofia Gruskin
    Program on International Health and Human Rights, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, United States of America
    Bull World Health Organ 87:714-9. 2009
    There is general agreement on the need to integrate human rights into health policies and programmes, although there is still reluctance to go beyond rhetorical acknowledgement of their assumed significance...
  15. ncbi What is a human-rights based approach to health and does it matter?
    Leslie London
    School of Public Health and Family Medicine, University of Cape Town Health Sciences Faculty, Cape Town, South Africa
    Health Hum Rights 10:65-80. 2008
    A human rights approach to health is critical to address growing global health inequalities...
  16. ncbi Health system strengthening: new potential for public health and human rights collaboration
    Lynn P Freedman
    Averting Maternal Death and Disability Program, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
    Reprod Health Matters 15:219-20. 2007
  17. pmc Critical reflections on evidence, ethics and effectiveness in the management of tuberculosis: public health and global perspectives
    Geetika Verma
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Toronto, M5T 1R8 Canada
    BMC Med Ethics 5:E2. 2004
    ..Tuberculosis is a major cause of morbidity and mortality globally. Recent scholarly attention to public health ethics provides an opportunity to analyze several ethical issues raised by the global tuberculosis pandemic...
  18. ncbi Use of human rights to meet the unmet need for family planning
    Jane Cottingham
    Lancet 380:172-80. 2012
    In this report, we describe how human rights can help to shape laws, policies, programmes, and projects in relation to contraceptive information and services...
  19. ncbi Protecting the human rights of people with mental disorder: new recommendations emerging from the Council of Europe
    David Kingdon
    Br J Psychiatry 185:277-9. 2004
  20. ncbi History, principles, and practice of health and human rights
    Sofia Gruskin
    Program on International Health and Human Rights, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Lancet 370:449-55. 2007
    ..We discuss the changing views of human rights in the context of the HIV/AIDS epidemic and propose further development of the right to health by increased ..
  21. pmc Picturing neuroscience research through a human rights lens: imaging first-episode schizophrenic treatment-naive individuals
    Marleen Eijkholt
    National Core for Neuroethics, Division of Neurology, The University of British Columbia, 2211 Wesbrook Mall, Koerner S124, Vancouver, BC V6T 2B5, Canada
    Int J Law Psychiatry 35:146-52. 2012
    ..imaging research involving first-episode schizophrenic treatment-naive individuals (FESTNIs) through a legal human rights lens; in particular, the lens of the Additional Protocol to the Convention on Human Rights and Biomedicine ..
  22. pmc HIV testing, human rights, and global AIDS policy: exceptionalism and its discontents
    Ronald Bayer
    Columbia University
    J Health Polit Policy Law 34:301-23. 2009
    ..and its outcome will provide a unique resource to those faced with policy choices; it will also provide a unique opportunity to lay bare the complex and politically charged relationships evolving between public health and human rights.
  23. ncbi From mandatory to voluntary testing: balancing human rights, religious and cultural values, and HIV/AIDS prevention in Ghana
    Isaac N Luginaah
    Department of Geography, University of Western Ontario, London, Ont, Canada N6A 5C2
    Soc Sci Med 61:1689-700. 2005
    ..In response to government and public criticisms about human rights violations, churches that previously imposed mandatory HIV testing on members planning to marry now have ..
  24. ncbi The exodus of health professionals from sub-Saharan Africa: balancing human rights and societal needs in the twenty-first century
    Linda Ogilvie
    University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada
    Nurs Inq 14:114-24. 2007
    ..In this paper we present a comprehensive analysis of the literature and argue that, from a human rights perspective, there are competing rights in the international migration of health professionals: the right to ..
  25. ncbi Maternal mortality in Herat Province, Afghanistan, in 2002: an indicator of women's human rights
    Lynn L Amowitz
    Physicians for Human Rights, 100 Boylston St, Suite 702, Boston, MA 02116, USA
    JAMA 288:1284-91. 2002
    ..Maternal mortality rates in Afghanistan are estimated to be high...
  26. pmc Population-based survey methods to quantify associations between human rights violations and health outcomes among internally displaced persons in eastern Burma
    Luke C Mullany
    Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 61:908-14. 2007
    Case reports of human rights violations have focused on individuals' experiences. Population-based quantification of associations between rights indicators and health outcomes is rare and has not been documented in eastern Burma.
  27. ncbi Mental health care user participation in mental health policy development and implementation in South Africa
    Sharon Kleintjes
    Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch, South Africa
    Int Rev Psychiatry 22:568-77. 2010
    ....
  28. pmc Dignity is a useless concept
    Ruth Macklin
    BMJ 327:1419-20. 2003
  29. pmc A critical analysis of the Brazilian response to HIV/AIDS: lessons learned for controlling and mitigating the epidemic in developing countries
    Alan Berkman
    Department of Sociomedical Sciences, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, 600 West 168th St, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Am J Public Health 95:1162-72. 2005
    ..Among the critical issues that are discussed are human rights and solidarity, the interface of politics and public health, sexuality and culture, the integration of ..
  30. ncbi Women trafficked into prostitution: determinants, human rights and health needs
    Olga Gajic-Veljanoski
    University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada
    Transcult Psychiatry 44:338-58. 2007
    ..In this article, we review the definition and extent of human trafficking, and focus on the human rights abuses and determinants of trafficking in women...
  31. pmc Imprisoned and imperiled: access to HIV and TB prevention and treatment, and denial of human rights, in Zambian prisons
    Katherine W Todrys
    Human Rights Watch, New York, USA
    J Int AIDS Soc 14:8. 2011
    ..Although HIV and tuberculosis (TB) prevalence are high in prisons throughout sub-Saharan Africa, little research has been conducted on factors related to prevention, testing and treatment services...
  32. ncbi Injecting drugs into human rights advocacy
    Rick Lines
    Int J Drug Policy 18:453-7. 2007
  33. ncbi Sexuality and human rights: an Asian perspective
    Erick Laurent
    Gifu Keizai University, Japan
    J Homosex 48:163-225. 2005
    ..The development of the Internet has even facilitated the encounters while allowing secrecy. Unfortunately, the traditional figures of transgender and transvestites have often been separated from the gay liberation movement...
  34. ncbi Advancing health equity in the global marketplace: how human rights can help
    Ted Schrecker
    Institute of Population Health, University of Ottawa, 1 Stewart Street, Ottawa, ON, Canada, Canada
    Soc Sci Med 71:1520-6. 2010
    ..This article analyzes the relevance of the international human rights framework (IHRF) to the Commission's goal of reducing health disparities with reference to both social ..
  35. ncbi Human rights and the treatment of sex offenders
    Tony Ward
    School of Psychology, Victoria University of Wellington, PO Box 600, Wellington, New Zealand
    Sex Abuse 19:195-216. 2007
    b>Human rights create a protective zone around persons and allow them the opportunity to further their own valued personal projects without interference from others...
  36. ncbi Human rights abuses in Zimbabwe
    F D Madzimbamuto
    Zimbabwe Association of Doctors for Human Rights
    S Afr Med J 95:96-7. 2005
  37. ncbi Dual loyalties and the ethical and human rights obligations of occupational health professionals
    Leslie London
    Occupational and Environmental Health Research Unit, School of Public Health and Family Medicine, University of Cape Town, South Africa
    Am J Ind Med 47:322-32. 2005
    ..Underlying most ethical dilemmas in occupational health practice is the problem of Dual Loyalties where health professionals have simultaneous obligations, explicit or implicit, to a third party, usually a private employer...
  38. ncbi Human rights and ethics in genomic research: rethinking the model
    Richard E Ashcroft
    Queen Mary, University of London, Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Institute of Health Sciences Education, 2 Newark Street, London E1 2AT, UK
    Pharmacogenomics 8:391-5. 2007
    ..Recent international statements and policy-making have applied human rights ideas to generate frameworks for the regulation of genomic research...
  39. ncbi Using human rights principles to promote quality of abortion care in Brazil
    Leila Adesse
    Ipas Brasil, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    Reprod Health Matters 13:155-7. 2005
  40. pmc Desperately seeking targets: the ethics of routine HIV testing in low-income countries
    Stuart Rennie
    Department of Dental Ecology, University of North Carolina Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7450, USA
    Bull World Health Organ 84:52-7. 2006
    ..stigmatization of people with HIV/AIDS, opt-out HIV-testing policies may become disconnected from the human rights ideals that first motivated calls for universal access to AIDS treatment...
  41. ncbi The proliferation of human rights in global health governance
    Lance Gable
    Wayne State University Law School, USA
    J Law Med Ethics 35:534-44, 511. 2007
    b>Human rights play an integral role in the global governance of health. Recently, both structural and normative aspects of human rights have proliferated across multiple levels and within multiple contexts around the world...
  42. ncbi Human rights, environmental justice, and the health of farm workers in South Africa
    Leslie London
    School of Public Health and Primary Health Care, University of Cape Town Health Sciences Faculty, Anzio Road, Observatory 7925, Cape Town, South Africa
    Int J Occup Environ Health 9:59-68. 2003
    ..A public health agenda must integrate into programs and policies to address the health of farm workers the recognition that violations of their rights underlie much of their burden of ill health...
  43. ncbi Human rights, cultural pluralism, and international health research
    Patricia A Marshall
    Department of Bioethics, School of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, 44106, USA
    Theor Med Bioeth 26:529-57. 2005
    ..b>Human rights and social justice are key considerations for both population health and biomedical research...
  44. pmc Health impact assessment, human rights and global public policy: a critical appraisal
    Alex Scott-Samuel
    Division of Public Health, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, England
    Bull World Health Organ 85:212-7. 2007
    ..One route towards achieving this objective involves the inclusion of human rights assessments within HIA...
  45. doi Harm reduction and human rights: finding common cause
    Jonathan Cohen
    Law and Health Initiative, Open Society Institute Public Health Program, New York, New York, USA
    AIDS 22:S93-4. 2008
  46. ncbi Circumcision: what should be done?
    Hanoch Ben-Yami
    Department of Philosophy, Central European University, 9 Nador Street, Budapest 1051, Hungary
    J Med Ethics 39:459-62. 2013
    ..I conclude with general considerations on why the steps taken towards the reform of circumcision should be moderate...
  47. ncbi Human rights in health systems frameworks: what is there, what is missing and why does it matter?
    Sofia Gruskin
    Department of Global Health and Population, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
    Glob Public Health 7:337-51. 2012
    ..While equity concerns and human rights language appear often in the global health discourse, their inclusion in health systems efforts beyond ..
  48. ncbi Biobanking and public health: is a human rights approach the tie that binds?
    Eric M Meslin
    Indiana University Center for Bioethics, 410 W 10th Street, Suite 3100, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA
    Hum Genet 130:451-63. 2011
    ..g. informed consent, autonomy, privacy) remain individualist. We demonstrate the value of using human rights as a public health ethics framework to address this tension in biobanking by applying it to two illustrative ..
  49. pmc From ideals to tools: applying human rights to maternal health
    Alicia Ely Yamin
    Program on the Health Rights of Women and Children, Franςois Xavier Bagnoud Center for Health and Human Rights, Harvard University, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America
    PLoS Med 10:e1001546. 2013
    Alicia Yamin argues that applying human rights frameworks and approaches to maternal health offers strategies and tools to address the root causes of maternal morbidity and mortality within and beyond health systems, in addition to ..
  50. ncbi The recognition of access to health care as a human right in South Africa: is it enough?
    C Ngwena
    Faculty of Law at Vista University, Bloemfontein, South Africa
    Health Hum Rights 5:26-44. 2000
    ....
  51. ncbi Conscientious objection to sexual and reproductive health services: international human rights standards and European law and practice
    Christina Zampas
    University of Miami Law School, Human Rights Clinic, Miami, FL, USA
    Eur J Health Law 19:231-56. 2012
    ..the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion as protected by national, international and regional human rights law...
  52. ncbi The social determinants of health, health equity, and human rights
    Audrey R Chapman
    University of Connecticut School of Medicine, 263 Farmington Ave, Farmington, CT 06030, USA
    Health Hum Rights 12:17-30. 2010
    ..The article argues that the right to health requires greater attention to the social determinants of health, health inequalities, and power dynamics than these topics have received to date...
  53. pmc The right to sutures: social epidemiology, human rights, and social justice
    Sridhar Venkatapuram
    University College London, Deptartment of Epidemiology and Public Health, 1 19 Torrington Place, London, UK
    Health Hum Rights 12:3-16. 2010
    The article examines the convergences and contrasts between social epidemiology, social medicine, and human rights approaches toward advancing global health and health equity...
  54. ncbi The human rights context for ethical requirements for involving people with intellectual disability in medical research
    T Iacono
    La Trobe Rural Health School, La Trobe University, Bendigo, Victoria, Australia
    J Intellect Disabil Res 56:1122-32. 2012
    The history of ethical guidelines addresses protection of human rights in the face of violations. Examples of such violations in research involving people with intellectual disabilities (ID) abound...
  55. ncbi Mental health and inequity: a human rights approach to inequality, discrimination, and mental disability
    Jonathan Kenneth Burns
    Department of Psychiatry, Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine, University of KwaZulu Natal, Durban, South Africa
    Health Hum Rights 11:19-31. 2009
    Mental disability and mental health care have been neglected in the discourse around health, human rights, and equality. This is perplexing as mental disabilities are pervasive, affecting approximately 8% of the world population...
  56. ncbi Human rights abuses threaten health in Burma
    Rhona Macdonald
    Lancet 370:375-6. 2007
  57. ncbi The child's interests and the case for the permissibility of male infant circumcision
    Joseph Mazor
    Department of Philosophy, Logic and Scientific Method, London School of Economics, Lakatos Building, WC2A 2AE London, UK
    J Med Ethics 39:421-8. 2013
    ..Finally, I distinguish male circumcision from female genital cutting in several important respects and argue that we can coherently hold that male circumcision is permissible without also endorsing all forms of female genital cutting...
  58. ncbi Pharmaceutical knowledge governance: a human rights perspective
    Trudo Lemmens
    University of Toronto
    J Law Med Ethics 41:163-84. 2013
    ..This paper analyzes why this is a human rights concern and what difference a human rights analysis can make...
  59. ncbi The evolution of human rights in World Health Organization policy and the future of human rights through global health governance
    B M Meier
    University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 218 Abernethy Hall, Chapel Hill, NC 27514, USA Electronic address
    Public Health 128:179-87. 2014
    The World Health Organization (WHO) was intended to serve at the forefront of efforts to realize human rights to advance global health, and yet this promise of a rights-based approach to health has long been threatened by political ..
  60. ncbi Updated WHO guidance on safe abortion: health and human rights
    Joanna N Erdman
    Schulich School of Law, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet 120:200-3. 2013
    ..To reflect significant developments in the clinical, service delivery, and human rights aspects of abortion care, the Guidance was updated in 2012...
  61. ncbi Access to health care for undocumented migrants from a human rights perspective: a comparative study of Denmark, Sweden, and The Netherlands
    Dan Biswas
    Danish Research Centre for Migration, Ethnicity and Health, Department of Public Health, University of Copenhagen, Denmark
    Health Hum Rights 14:49-60. 2012
    ..across Europe, and entitlements on national levels are often at odds with the rights stated in international human rights law...
  62. ncbi Mental health status of human rights workers, Kosovo, June 2000
    Timothy H Holtz
    Division of Parasitic Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    J Trauma Stress 15:389-95. 2002
    b>Human rights workers in humanitarian relief settings may be exposed to traumatic events that put them at risk for psychiatric morbidity...
  63. pmc The right to enjoy the benefits of scientific progress: in search of state obligations in relation to health
    Yvonne Donders
    Amsterdam Center for International Law, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Med Health Care Philos 14:371-81. 2011
    After having received little attention over the past decades, one of the least known human rights--the right to enjoy the benefits of scientific progress and its applications--has had its dust blown off...
  64. pmc Brazilian mothers with HIV: experiences with diagnosis and treatment in a human rights based health care system
    Jessica Scott Jerome
    St John s College, Santa Fe, NM, USA
    AIDS Care 24:491-5. 2012
    ..It further suggests that more research be done to determine how particular forms of health care, such as the human rights-based approach that Brazil has taken to HIV/AIDS, inform patient-provider relationships.
  65. ncbi UNESCO 'declares' universals on bioethics and human rights - many unexpected universal truths unearthed by UN body
    Willem Landman
    Dev World Bioeth 5:iii-vi. 2005
  66. ncbi Human rights in the global response to HIV: findings from the 2008 United Nations General Assembly Special Session Reports
    Sofia Gruskin
    Program on International Health and Human Rights, Department of Global Health and Population, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 52:S104-10. 2009
    Every country in the world has made human rights-related commitments in relation to HIV, yet assessment of the extent to which HIV-related rights are indeed respected, protected and fulfilled remains relatively new...
  67. pmc Inclusion and human rights in health policies: comparative and benchmarking analysis of 51 policies from Malawi, Sudan, South Africa and Namibia
    Malcolm MacLachlan
    Centre for Global Health, School of Psychology, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland
    PLoS ONE 7:e35864. 2012
    ..An analytical framework was developed--EquiFrame--to evaluate 1) the extent to which 21 Core Concepts of human rights were addressed in policy documents, and 2) coverage of 12 Vulnerable Groups who might benefit from such ..
  68. ncbi Human rights-based approach to tobacco control
    Carolyn Dresler
    Arkansas Department of Health, Little Rock, AR 72207, USA
    Tob Control 21:208-11. 2012
    ..The FCTC is derivative from previously constructed international human rights conventions. These previous conventions have enforcement mechanisms, unlike the FCTC...
  69. ncbi Demography, Education, and Democracy: global trends and the case of Iran
    Wolfgang Lutz
    Leader of the World Population Program at the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria Director of the Vienna Institute of Demography VID of the Austrian Academy of Sciences Professor of Social and Economic Statistics at the WU Vienna University of Economics and Business and Professorial Research Fellow at Oxford University
    Popul Dev Rev 36:253-81. 2010
    ..The results show that based on the experience of 120 countries since 1970, Iran has a high chance of significant movement toward more democracy over the following two decades...
  70. ncbi The duty of States to assist other States in need: ethics, human rights, and international law
    Lawrence O Gostin
    Research nad Academic Programs, Georgetown University Law Center in Washington, DC, USA
    J Law Med Ethics 35:526-33, 511. 2007
    ..Transnational cooperation needs to be more effective and consistent to provide assistance for the world's poorest and least healthy people...
  71. ncbi Challenging orthodoxies: the road ahead for health and human rights
    Paul Farmer
    Department of Social Medicine, Harvard Medical School, USA
    Health Hum Rights 10:5-19. 2008
    ..health care in poor communities provide a standpoint from which to challenge conventional doctrines in human rights and public health...
  72. ncbi Interrogational neuroimaging in counterterrorism: a "no-brainer" or a human rights hazard?
    Jonathan H Marks
    Pennsylvania State University, USA
    Am J Law Med 33:483-500. 2007
  73. ncbi Mental health and human rights
    Amita Dhanda
    National Academy of Legal Studies and Research, Hyderabad, Hyderabad, India
    Lancet 370:1197-8. 2007
  74. ncbi Our place in the world: Conceptualizing obligations beyond borders in human rights-based approaches to health
    Alicia Ely Yamin
    Harvard Law School, USA
    Health Hum Rights 12:3-14. 2010
    ..there is the related dichotomy between compassion/charity and the accountability for legal obligations that a human rights approach to health and development demands...
  75. ncbi Human rights consequences of mandatory HIV screening policy of newcomers to Canada
    Laura M Bisaillon
    Institution of Population Health, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada
    Health Hum Rights 12:119-34. 2010
    This paper focuses on the key human rights consequences of the HIV screening policy that applies to all permanent and some temporary resident applicants to Canada...
  76. ncbi Human rights aspects of safe motherhood
    Mahmoud F Fathalla
    Assiut University, P O Box 30, Assiut, Egypt
    Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol 20:409-19. 2006
    ..Maternal deaths in developing countries are often the ultimate tragic outcome of the cumulative denial of women's human rights. Women are not dying because of untreatable diseases...
  77. ncbi What needs to be done? Occupational therapy responsibilities and challenges regarding human rights
    Sandra Maria Galheigo
    Department of Physiotherapy, Communication Science and Disorders, and Occupational Therapy, Faculty of Medicine, University of Sao Paulo, Rua Cipotânea 51, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Aust Occup Ther J 58:60-6. 2011
    Addressing human rights issues brings forth ethical and political responsibilities for occupational therapists and requires new epistemological and educational approaches...
  78. ncbi Abuse of mentally ill patients: are we ignoring the human rights principle?
    Amin A Muhammad Gadit
    Discipline of Psychiatry, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St John s, Canada
    J Pak Med Assoc 58:523-4. 2008
  79. ncbi The Truth and Reconciliation Commission in South Africa: relation to psychiatric status and forgiveness among survivors of human rights abuses
    D Kaminer
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Stellenbosch, Tygerberg, South Africa
    Br J Psychiatry 178:373-7. 2001
    BACKGROUND: The impact on individual survivors of human rights abuses of testifying before South Africa's Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) has not been established...
  80. ncbi The evolving field of health and human rights: issues and methods
    Stephen P Marks
    J Law Med Ethics 30:739-54. 2002
  81. ncbi Human rights and wrongs: could health impact assessment help?
    Eileen O'Keefe
    University of North London
    J Law Med Ethics 30:734-8. 2002
  82. ncbi Building a human rights framework for workers' compensation in the United States: opening the debate on first principles
    Jeffrey A Hilgert
    School of Industrial Relations, Universite de Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Am J Ind Med 55:506-18. 2012
    This article introduces the idea of human rights to the topic of workers' compensation in the United States...
  83. ncbi Reproductive health and human rights
    K Yanda
    Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet 82:275-83. 2003
    Reproductive health programs should adopt an approach based on human rights at the levels of clinical management as well as national policy, especially those programs responsible for abortion and post-abortion care...
  84. pmc Perceptions about human rights, sexual and reproductive health services by internally displaced persons in northern Uganda
    C G Orach
    Makerere University School of Public Health MUSPH, Department of Community Health and Behavioural Sciences, Kampala, Uganda ac ug
    Afr Health Sci 9:S72-80. 2009
    ..This study explores women and men IDPs' perceptions of their access to information about rights, access to health services and gender-based violence...
  85. pmc Mexico's northern border conflict: collateral damage to health and human rights of vulnerable groups
    Leo Beletsky
    Department of Medicine, University of California, San Diego, School of Medicine, La Jolla, California, USA
    Rev Panam Salud Publica 31:403-10. 2012
    To compare distributions of human rights violations and disease risk; to juxtapose these patterns against demographic and structural environmental variables, and to formulate implications for structural interventions.
  86. ncbi Human rights, politics, and reviews of research ethics
    Chris Beyrer
    Department of Epidemiology, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore MD, USA
    Lancet 360:246-51. 2002
    Although the human rights movement and the sphere of research ethics have overlapping principles and goals, there has been little attempt to incorporate external political and human rights contexts into research ethics codes or ethics ..
  87. pmc Bioethics and health and human rights: a critical view
    D Benatar
    Philosophy Department, University of Cape Town, Private Bag, Rondebosch 7701, South Africa
    J Med Ethics 32:17-20. 2006
    ..These are the fields of bioethics and of health and human rights. In this critical review of these fields, the author argues that bioethics, partly because it has been ..
  88. ncbi "Opt-out" testing for HIV in Africa: a caution
    Joanne Csete
    Lancet 363:493-4. 2004
  89. ncbi Caring for detained asylum seekers, human rights and bioethics
    Deborah Zion
    Aust N Z J Public Health 28:510-2. 2004
  90. ncbi Human rights and health: challenges for training nurses in South Africa
    L London
    Health and Human Rights Programme, School of Public Health and Family Medicine, University of Cape Town, Health Sciences Faculty, Cape Town, South Africa
    Curationis 31:5-18. 2008
    The need for health professionals to address their human rights obligations has emerged in the last decade both internationally as well as nationally following the findings of South Africa's Truth and Reconciliation Commission...
  91. ncbi Harm reduction, HIV/AIDS, and the human rights challenge to global drug control policy
    Richard Elliott
    Canadian HIV AIDS Legal Network
    Health Hum Rights 8:104-38. 2005
    ..At the same time, HIV/AIDS has catalyzed the "health and human rights movement" to articulate legal and policy responses that both represent sound public health policy and fulfill ..
  92. ncbi Neurobehavioural methods, effects and prevention: workers' human rights are why the field matters for developing countries
    L London
    Occupational and Environmental Health Research Unit, School of Public Health and Family Medicine, University of Cape Town Health Sciences Faculty, Anzio Rd, Observatory, Cape Town 7925, South Africa
    Neurotoxicology 30:1135-43. 2009
    ..Placing the problem in a human rights context enables researchers and scientists in developing countries to make a strong case for why the field of ..
  93. ncbi [Access to health care for undocumented immigrants. Rights and practice]
    Anne Rytter Hansen
    Københavns Universitet, Institut for Folkesundhedsvidenskab, Afdeling for Sundhedstjenesteforskning
    Ugeskr Laeger 168:3011-3. 2006
    ..In practice, undocumented immigrants in Denmark are able to receive more than emergency health care through unofficial networks of health care providers...
  94. ncbi Health care access for refugees and immigrants with precarious status: public health and human right challenges
    Cecile Rousseau
    Division of Social and Transcultural Psychiatry, Department of Psychiatry, McGill University, Montreal, QC
    Can J Public Health 99:290-2. 2008
    ..Beyond the commitment of individual clinicians, Canadian medical associations should take an advocacy role and scrutinize the ethical and medical implications of the present system...
  95. ncbi Biosamples, genomics, and human rights: context and content of Iceland's Biobanks Act
    D E Winickoff
    Harvard Law School, USA
    J Biolaw Bus 4:11-7. 2001
    ..human DNA sampling and collection has accelerated without the development of enforceable rules protecting the human rights of donors...
  96. ncbi Human rights and universal access for men who have sex with men and people who inject drugs: a qualitative analysis of the 2010 UNGASS narrative country progress reports
    Asha Persson
    National Centre in HIV Social Research, Robert Webster Building, Level 2, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia
    Soc Sci Med 73:467-74. 2011
    All UN member states have endorsed a commitment to protect human rights in the global fight against HIV and to ensure universal access to HIV prevention, treatment, care, and support...
  97. pmc Brazil and access to HIV/AIDS drugs: a question of human rights and public health
    Jane Galvao
    Institute for Global Health, University of California, San Francisco, USA
    Am J Public Health 95:1110-6. 2005
    I explore the relationship between public health and human rights by examining the Brazilian government's policy of free and universal access to anti-retroviral medicines for people with HIV/AIDS...
  98. ncbi Ensuring sexual and reproductive health for people living with HIV: an overview of key human rights, policy and health systems issues
    Sofia Gruskin
    Program on International Health and Human Rights, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
    Reprod Health Matters 15:4-26. 2007
    ..sexual and reproductive health services that help them realise their reproductive goals, while ensuring their human rights. A dynamic relationship exists between the manner in which health services and programmes are delivered, and ..
  99. ncbi Pain management: a fundamental human right
    Frank Brennan
    Department of Palliative Care, Calvary Hospital, Kogarah, NSW, Australia
    Anesth Analg 105:205-21. 2007
    ....
  100. pmc A population-based assessment of human rights abuses committed against ethnic Albanian refugees from Kosovo
    V Iacopino
    Vincent Iacopino and Doug Ford are with Physicians for Human Rights, Boston, Mass, USA
    Am J Public Health 91:2013-8. 2001
    This study assessed patterns of displacement and human rights abuses among Kosovar refugees in Macedonia and Albania.
  101. pmc Human rights and the national interest: migrants, healthcare and social justice
    Phillip Cole
    Middlesex University, Trent Park, Bramley Road, London N14 4YZ, UK
    J Med Ethics 33:269-72. 2007
    ..The exclusion of migrants of any status from any welfare system cannot be ethically justified because the distinction between citizens and migrants cannot be an ethical one...

Research Grants48

  1. Surveillance: The Ethics of Public Health Reporting
    Ronald Bayer; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The project will inform discussion of the ethics of public health surveillance and contribute to the development of public policy sensitive to privacy and confidentiality as well as the demands of research and public health. ..
  2. Religious responses to HIV/AIDS in Brazil
    Richard Parker; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The extensive and in depth fieldwork is necessary given the scope of the project and its goal of assessing the role of religious organizations in the country's mobilization in response to AIDS. ..
  3. Risks for HIV and STIs among Moscow Sex Workers
    Chris Beyrer; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  4. Economic Evaluation of Addiction Services
    JENNIFER RUGER; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  5. Incidence, risk factors, and consequences of neonatal hypothermia in Nepal
    LUKE MULLANY; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Examination of alternate cutoffs for defining hypothermia severity may improve design of low-cost technologies for identification and subsequent management of hypothermic infants in the community. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  6. High Throughput Screen for Novel Inhibitors of Platelet Integrin alphaIIb-beta3
    Barry Coller; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  7. Linking Federal and State Data to Study the Economic Effects of Workplace Injury
    LESLIE BODEN; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  8. Clinical Versus Experiential Views of Genetic Disability
    CAROL GILL; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  9. CHILDREN IN HISPANIC FAMILIES EXPERIENCING A TEEN BIRTH
    Patricia East; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  10. AIDS Diarrhea and Antiretroviral Drug Absorption
    Daniel Fitzgerald; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  11. MECHANISMS OF ENZYMIC AND HYDRIDE TRANSFERS
    Gregory Petsko; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  12. Health disparities and aging in societies in transition
    Michael Marmot; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Analyses will examine cross-sectional outcomes, changes in health and functioning between the baseline and Wave II, and incidence of CVD and mortality since the baseline. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  13. Psychosocial Intervention in HIV-Affected Children in Haiti
    Joia Mukherjee; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Lastly, a group intervention for HIV affected children will be piloted to generate preliminary data for a larger, R01 study designed to prevent poor outcomes in HlV-affected children. ..
  14. Exploring Community:AIDS Volunteerism and Client Health
    ALLEN OMOTO; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  15. Mechanisms for Relations of Domestic Violence to Poor Maternal and Infant Health
    Jay Silverman; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  16. Development of the Partner Violence Perpetration Among *
    Jay Silverman; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This comparison will be vital to determining whether the risk and protective factors identified are relevant to present interventions for men who batter their female partners. ..
  17. CORRELATES OF HIV-1 PROTECTION
    Phyllis Kanki; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..4. We will determine the profile of beta chemokine message and protein in the evaluated HIV-2 infected women and study the association of beta chemokines with in vivo protection from HIV-1 infection. ..
  18. Computer-Based Technology & Caregiving for Older Adults
    RUSSELL MORGAN; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Outcomes of the conference will include a compendium of the state of the art in computer-based technologies for care giving, as well as conference proceedings and a journal article. ..
  19. HIV-2--A MODEL OF HIV PRIMARY INFECTION
    Phyllis Kanki; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The identification of temporal, qualitative, and quantitative aspects of these immune responses should contribute to out growing understanding of the determinants of HIV pathogenicity. ..
  20. Family Health After Predictive HD Testing
    Janet Williams; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This study will document the health care needs of family members of persons who receive a positive result from presymptomatic gene testing for an inherited degenerative neurologic disease. ..
  21. Does Girl Talk-2 Work in the Juvenile Justice System?
    Patricia Kelly; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The collaboration between a school of nursing and a local juvenile probation department provides a unique opportunity to implement and evaluate a community-centered STD/HIV prevention intervention. ..
  22. HEALTH DISPARITIES AMONG HEALTHCARE WORKERS
    Craig Slatin; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This setting will hopefully provide an adequate multidimensional range of factors to permit a meaningful examination of physical and social/behavioral risks and the complex pathways that produce disparities in population health status. ..
  23. INCREASING TREATMENT ADHERENCE THROUGH SOCIAL ENGAGEMENT
    Larry Davidson; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  24. VICTIMIZATION AND MENTAL HEALTH AMONG HIGH RISK YOUTHS
    ANTHONY D AUGELLI; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..from those who develop mental health problems? 5) What characteristics of youths-especially their victimization history, pre-existing psychiatric disorders, and suicidality history--relate to high risk for future suicide attempts? ..
  25. NURSING CDROM ON ETHICAL ISSUES OF GENETIC TESTING
    Janet Williams; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Increased knowledge of ethical aspects of genetic testing will enable professional nurses to incorporate this knowledge into their professional nursing roles. ..
  26. Novel On-line Education in Protection of Human Subjects
    Barry Coller; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Questionnaires for researchers and data queries of the educational system will be designed to conduct research describing the impact of the training program on trainees and investigators. ..
  27. Culturally Responsive Person-Centered Care for Psychosis
    Larry Davidson; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..If successful in the state of Connecticut, the project will offer a model that then can be replicated throughout the country to enhance care for this historically underserved population. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  28. Effects of Adolescent Identity upon Parental Mental Health
    MICHAEL LASALA; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  29. Bringing Men into HIV Prevention in Chile
    Lilian M Ferrer; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The intervention is low-cost, uses existing infrastructure, and includes careful process evaluation. If the intervention is effective, it can be disseminated for men throughout Chile. ..
  30. The Long-Term Psychosocial and Economic Impact of Explosive Remnants of War
    Jennifer Leaning; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..However, security issues will determine the ultimate research sites in Columbia. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  31. Perceived smoking risk: integrating science, law, policy
    Brion Fox; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The above goals are consistent with the intent of the K07, which is to provide an opportunity for promising individuals who wish to become independent investigators in cancer prevention. ..
  32. HIV-2 CELLULAR IMMUNITY CROSS-REACTIVE WITH HIV-1
    Phyllis Kanki; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Not only will these studies provide new information on the breadth and cross-reactivity of the HIV-2 cellular immune responses, but we also hope to correlate such responses with HIV-1 protection in vivo. ..
  33. Capture-Recapture Estimates of Workplace Injury Rates
    LESLIE BODEN; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  34. AREA-BASED SOCIOECONOMIC MEASURES FOR HEALTH DATA
    Nancy Krieger; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  35. Breast Cancer After The Women?s Health Initiative Study: Declining Incidence?
    Nancy Krieger; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The knowledge gained will lead to new insights about the causes of breast cancer and ways its incidence can be reduced. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  36. Community-Based Correlates of Adolescent Substance Use
    Kathy Sanders Phillips; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  37. CHANGES IN HEALTH: SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS AND PATHWAYS
    Michael Marmot; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Fortypespecifications,see instructions onpage 6.) RESEARCHGRANT TABLE OF CONTENTS PageNumbers FacePage 1 description, ..
  38. Familias En Accion: Educating & Changing Communities
    Patricia Kelly; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This collaboration between the nurse-researcher, the multidisciplinary research team, and the targeted community provides an important venue for the dissemination of nursing knowledge and praxis in a Mexican-American community. ..
  39. Efficacy of HIV Posttest Support for ANC in South Africa
    Suzanne Maman; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  40. CHILDREN'S REASONING ABOUT NATURAL AND INTENTIONAL CAUSE
    CHARLES KALISH; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Causal reasoning strategies may be both sources of error and possible frameworks for understanding elaborated scientific content. ..
  41. Racial Discrimination and Risk of Chronic Disease
    Nancy Krieger; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  42. HBCU RESEARCH SCIENTIST AWARD
    Kathy Sanders Phillips; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The Principal Investigator of this project is the Interim Dean of the School of Education. ..
  43. Bilirubin-induced Auditory Neuropathy in Preterms
    SANJIV AMIN; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  44. Race & Breast Cancer Estrogen Receptor Status: Impact of Class and Missing Data
    Nancy Krieger; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  45. Geocoding, Census Data & Social Disparities in Health
    Nancy Krieger; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  46. Socioeconomic Trends in Breast Cancer Incidence
    Nancy Krieger; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Results of this investigation will provide new insights into social determinants of and secular changes in breast cancer incidence, with implications for breast cancer surveillance, screening and control. ..
  47. NEWBORN GENETIC SCREENING:FOR WHOSE BENEFIT?
    Lainie Ross; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..OUTCOMES: The major outcomes will be a series of peer-reviewed articles and a full-length book entitled Newborn Genetic Screening: In whose Interest? For whose Benefit? ..