orphanages

Summary

Summary: Institutions for the housing and care of orphans, foundlings, and abandoned children. They have existed as such since the medieval period but the heading is applicable to such usage also in modern parlance.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Health of children adopted from Guatemala: comparison of orphanage and foster care
    Laurie Miller
    Department of Pediatrics, New England Medical Center, 750 Washington St, Boston, MA 02111, USA
    Pediatrics 115:e710-7. 2005
  2. ncbi Fostering healthy brains
    Kim Kiser
    Minn Med 89:13-4. 2006
  3. ncbi Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders in children residing in Russian orphanages: a phenotypic survey
    Laurie C Miller
    International Adoption Clinic, Tufts New England Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts 02111, USA
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 30:531-8. 2006
  4. ncbi Medical diagnoses and growth of children residing in Russian orphanages
    Laurie C Miller
    International Adoption Clinic, Tufts New England Medical Center, Boston, MA 02111, USA
    Acta Paediatr 96:1765-9. 2007
  5. ncbi Cryptosporidiosis and other intestinal parasites in 3 Yemeni orphanages: prevalence, risk, and morbidity
    Latifa A Al-Shibani
    Department of Medical Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Sana a University, Sana a, Yemen
    J Egypt Soc Parasitol 39:327-37. 2009
  6. ncbi Behavioral problems among children living in orphanage facilities of Karachi, Pakistan: comparison of children in an SOS Village with those in conventional orphanages
    Zohra S Lassi
    Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 46:787-96. 2011
  7. ncbi Adolescents living in orphanages in Ankara: psychological symptoms, level of physical activity, and associated factors
    Özge Karadağ Çaman
    Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health, Ankara, Turkey
    Turk Psikiyatri Derg 22:93-103. 2011
  8. ncbi A 2-year follow-up of orphans' competence, socioemotional problems and post-traumatic stress symptoms in traditional foster care and orphanages in Iraqi Kurdistan
    A Ahmad
    Department of Neuroscience, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
    Child Care Health Dev 31:203-15. 2005
  9. ncbi [Polemic letter to the article of Ilona Kardos: Introduction to developmental pathology: report on the institutional care of infants]
    Bálint Füzéki
    Psychiatr Hung 20:238-9; author reply 240-3. 2005
  10. ncbi The predictive accuracy of pre-adoption video review in adoptees from Russian and Eastern European orphanages
    Jon L Boone
    Department of Pediatrics, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06520 8064, USA
    Clin Pediatr (Phila) 42:585-90. 2003

Detail Information

Publications175 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Health of children adopted from Guatemala: comparison of orphanage and foster care
    Laurie Miller
    Department of Pediatrics, New England Medical Center, 750 Washington St, Boston, MA 02111, USA
    Pediatrics 115:e710-7. 2005
    ..Physical evidence suggestive of prenatal alcohol exposure and adequacy of vaccinations administered were also reviewed...
  2. ncbi Fostering healthy brains
    Kim Kiser
    Minn Med 89:13-4. 2006
  3. ncbi Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders in children residing in Russian orphanages: a phenotypic survey
    Laurie C Miller
    International Adoption Clinic, Tufts New England Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts 02111, USA
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 30:531-8. 2006
    ..Over 600,000 children reside in institutional care in Russia, most of them in baby homes and orphanages. The actual prevalence of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) among these children is unknown...
  4. ncbi Medical diagnoses and growth of children residing in Russian orphanages
    Laurie C Miller
    International Adoption Clinic, Tufts New England Medical Center, Boston, MA 02111, USA
    Acta Paediatr 96:1765-9. 2007
    Survey the health of young children residing in Russian orphanages.
  5. ncbi Cryptosporidiosis and other intestinal parasites in 3 Yemeni orphanages: prevalence, risk, and morbidity
    Latifa A Al-Shibani
    Department of Medical Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Sana a University, Sana a, Yemen
    J Egypt Soc Parasitol 39:327-37. 2009
    The epidemiological pattern of cryptosporidiosis and other intestinal parasites were studied among 3 orphanages in Sana'a City. A total of 292 orphans (225 males & 67 females), aged 4-20 years old were recruited...
  6. ncbi Behavioral problems among children living in orphanage facilities of Karachi, Pakistan: comparison of children in an SOS Village with those in conventional orphanages
    Zohra S Lassi
    Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 46:787-96. 2011
    This study compared the behavioral problems of children living in an SOS Village, which attempts to provide a family setup for its children, with those living in conventional orphanages.
  7. ncbi Adolescents living in orphanages in Ankara: psychological symptoms, level of physical activity, and associated factors
    Özge Karadağ Çaman
    Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health, Ankara, Turkey
    Turk Psikiyatri Derg 22:93-103. 2011
    Adolescents living in orphanages are at a disadvantage with respect to mental health...
  8. ncbi A 2-year follow-up of orphans' competence, socioemotional problems and post-traumatic stress symptoms in traditional foster care and orphanages in Iraqi Kurdistan
    A Ahmad
    Department of Neuroscience, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
    Child Care Health Dev 31:203-15. 2005
    ..This paper aims to compare orphans' development in two different care systems...
  9. ncbi [Polemic letter to the article of Ilona Kardos: Introduction to developmental pathology: report on the institutional care of infants]
    Bálint Füzéki
    Psychiatr Hung 20:238-9; author reply 240-3. 2005
  10. ncbi The predictive accuracy of pre-adoption video review in adoptees from Russian and Eastern European orphanages
    Jon L Boone
    Department of Pediatrics, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06520 8064, USA
    Clin Pediatr (Phila) 42:585-90. 2003
    ..Although ratings of development on PreAVE are similar to PosADE, the ability to detect moderate to severe developmental delay by video review is limited...
  11. ncbi International adoption as a natural experiment
    Teena M McGuinness
    University of South Alabama College of Nursing, Mobile, AL, USA
    J Pediatr Nurs 21:276-88; quiz 289. 2006
    ..The feasibility of generalizing findings to other children in foster care is also addressed...
  12. ncbi Who will care for me? The debate of orphanages versus foster care
    Joanne O'sullivan
    Massachusetts General Hospital s Institute of Health Professions in Boston, MA
    Policy Polit Nurs Pract 7:142-8. 2006
    ..the questions being examined are, is a return to orphanage care feasible and if so, would the re-creation of orphanages benefit the children who would be placed in them...
  13. ncbi [Prevalence of atopy and atopic diseases in children living in an orphanage in Lodz area--pilot study]
    Iwona Stelmach
    Uniwersytet Medyczny w Lodzi, Oddział Kliniczny Interny Dzieciecej i Alergologii III Katedry Pediatrii
    Pol Merkur Lekarski 20:531-4. 2006
    ..Over the past three decades there has been an increase in the prevelance of allergic diseases, specially among children...
  14. ncbi A comparison of the electroencephalogram between institutionalized and community children in Romania
    Peter J Marshall
    University of Maryland, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 16:1327-38. 2004
    ..The results are discussed in the context of two models: that the pattern of EEG in the institutionalized children reflects a maturational lag in nervous system development, or that it reflects tonic cortical hypoactivation...
  15. ncbi Scabies in Thai orphanages
    Chulabhorn Pruksachatkunakorn
    Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand
    Pediatr Int 45:724-7. 2003
    Scabies outbreaks have emerged in the orphanages in Chiang Mai, Thailand. Sulfur has been accepted as the standard treatment for childhood scabies in Thailand. Sulfur was administered in the mass treatment in two orphanages...
  16. ncbi Health-related behaviour self-assessment of children living in a children's home; study based on own research realised in the Podlaskie Province
    K Van Damme-Ostapowicz
    Department of General Nursing, Medical University of Białystok, Poland
    Adv Med Sci 52:37-43. 2007
    ..The purpose of the study was to diagnose the health-related behaviour of children brought up in children's homes, to compare the obtained results with those obtained from a group of peers brought up in their own families...
  17. ncbi Not by bread alone project: a 2-year follow-up report
    V Taneja
    Department of Pediatrics, St Stephen s Hospital, Tis Hazari, Delhi, India
    Child Care Health Dev 31:703-6. 2005
    ..However, the enthusiasm of the caregivers waned over the year the programme was entrusted to them. After 1 year, a full time play therapist was recruited to rejuvenate the play programme...
  18. ncbi The social situation of motherless children in rural and urban areas of Guinea-Bissau
    Tania Nicole Masmas
    Projecto de Saude de Bandim, Bissau, Guinea Bissau
    Soc Sci Med 59:1231-9. 2004
    ..The traditional extended family system appears to be capable of handling motherless children in a non-discriminatory fashion. However, the AIDS epidemic will continue to stress the extended family system and social services to the limit...
  19. ncbi Working among the poorest of the poor
    Colette Blockley
    School of Nursing, Otago Polytechnic, Dunedin
    Nurs N Z 12:23-5. 2006
  20. ncbi Institutionalization and psychological suffering: notes on the mental health of institutionalized adolescents in Brazil
    Ligia Costa Leite
    Child and Youth Care and Rehabilitation Center, Institute of Psychiatry, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    Transcult Psychiatry 41:281-93. 2004
    ....
  21. pmc Psychological disturbances of war-traumatized children from different foster and family settings in Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Melvudin Hasanović
    Department of Psychiatry, Tuzla University Clinical Center, Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Croat Med J 47:85-94. 2006
    ..To assess the psychological health of war-traumatized children in different foster settings and compare them with children living with one or both parents, 7 years after the 1992-1995 war in Bosnia and Herzegovina...
  22. ncbi Cognitive recovery in socially deprived young children: the Bucharest Early Intervention Project
    Charles A Nelson
    Harvard Medical School and Children s Hospital, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Science 318:1937-40. 2007
    ..These results point to the negative sequelae of early institutionalization, suggest a possible sensitive period in cognitive development, and underscore the advantages of family placements for young abandoned children...
  23. ncbi International adoption: a health and developmental prospective
    Patrick Mason
    International Adoption Center, Inova Fairfax Hospital for Children, Fairfax, VA 22031, USA
    Semin Speech Lang 26:1-9. 2005
    ....
  24. ncbi Mulock Houwer's 'Education for responsibility': a chapter from the Dutch history of institutional upbringing
    Ido Weijers
    Univeristy of Utrecht
    Clio Med 71:169-88. 2003
  25. ncbi Early deprivation and home basal cortisol levels: a study of internationally adopted children
    Darlene A Kertes
    Institute of Child Development, 51 East River Road, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    Dev Psychopathol 20:473-91. 2008
    ..A structural equation model revealed that preadoption Deprived Care predicted Growth Delay at adoption and Growth Delay predicted higher morning cortisol levels and a larger diurnal cortisol decrease...
  26. pmc An outbreak of echovirus 11 in a children's home
    E Somekh
    The Pediatric Infectious Diseases Unit, The Edith Wolfson Medical Center, Holon, Israel
    Epidemiol Infect 126:441-4. 2001
    ..Our survey demonstrated that echovirus 11 may spread very efficiently in children's homes. The rate of meningitis in the infected infants was 30% while all the recently infected adults were asymptomatic...
  27. ncbi Attachment, cognitive, and motor development in adopted children: short-term outcomes after international adoption
    W Monique van Londen
    Department of Child and Adolescent Studies, Utrecht University, The Netherlands
    J Pediatr Psychol 32:1249-58. 2007
    ..To examine infant attachment and developmental functioning shortly after international adoption...
  28. ncbi Orphan care in Malawi: current practices
    Betty J Beard
    School of Nursing, Eastern Michigan University, Ypsilanti, Michigan, USA
    J Community Health Nurs 22:105-15. 2005
    ..By listening to the people of Africa, the worldwide community can learn how to work with them as they care for millions of orphaned children...
  29. ncbi [Nutritional status of adopted Chinese girls in Spain]
    T Lourenço Nogueira
    Hospital Universitario La Paz, Unidad de Nutrición Clínica y Dietética, Madrid, Espana
    Nutr Hosp 22:436-46. 2007
    ....
  30. ncbi Problem behaviors of children adopted from the former Soviet Union
    Teena M McGuinness
    University of South Alabama College of Nursing, Mobile, AL, USA
    J Pediatr Health Care 21:171-9. 2007
    ..A significant concern is that 13 children adopted from the former Soviet Union have died at the hands of their American adoptive parents since 1996...
  31. ncbi The orphans of Eritrea: what are the choices?
    Peter H Wolff
    Children s Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Am J Orthopsychiatry 75:475-84. 2005
    ..The public policy implications of the findings for the protection of unaccompanied children in impoverished developing countries are discussed...
  32. ncbi Frequency of Giardia lamblia among children in Dohuk, northern Iraq
    A T al-Saeed
    Department of Microbiology, College of Medicine, University of Dohuk, Iraq
    East Mediterr Health J 12:555-61. 2006
    ..9%); boys had a higher rate than girls. Some infected samples (70/486) showed double or triple infections and G. lamblia was combined with Hymenolepis nana, Blastocystis hominis, Entamoeba histolytica and Iodamoeba buetschlii...
  33. ncbi The effectiveness of an embedded programme to increase the linguistic responsiveness of caregivers in an orphanage in South Africa
    Karen Levin
    University of the Witwatersrand
    S Afr J Commun Disord 54:39-46. 2007
    Children who reside in orphanages are at risk of developmental delay, particularly with regard to communicative competence...
  34. ncbi Daniela's legacy. Nurturing Romanian orphans
    Michael Farruggia
    Boise Veterans Medical Center, Idaho, USA
    J Christ Nurs 20:32-4. 2003
  35. ncbi [Children's nutrition and development in orphanages at Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso)]
    D Ye
    Arch Pediatr 13:1347. 2006
  36. ncbi BBC apologizes for airing AIDS 'denialist' documentary
    Virginia Hughes
    Nat Med 13:1391. 2007
  37. ncbi Concepts of childhood: what we know and where we might go
    Margaret L King
    Brooklyn College
    Renaiss Q 60:371-407. 2007
    ..This essay seeks to identify key features and recent trends amid this abundance of learned inquiry...
  38. ncbi [Perception of their social environment and their future in institutionalized school-age children]
    Mirjana Remetić
    Dom zdravlja Tuzla, Tuzla
    Med Arh 59:83-6. 2005
    ..Lack of social support cause the withdrawing and suffering and can lead soon or later to problematic behaviour...
  39. ncbi Psychiatric disorder among British children looked after by local authorities: comparison with children living in private households
    Tamsin Ford
    Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Institute of Psychiatry, De Crespigny Park, London SE5 8AF, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 190:319-25. 2007
    ....
  40. pmc Family-based care and psychological problems of AIDS orphans: does it matter who was the care-giver?
    Guoxiang Zhao
    Department of Psychology, Henan University, Kaifeng, China
    Psychol Health Med 15:326-35. 2010
    ..e. surviving parent, grandparents, other relatives, and non-relatives) before they were replaced in orphanages. The participants include 176 double AIDS orphans from four AIDS orphanages in rural China...
  41. ncbi [Adopted children: risk factors and neuropsychological problems]
    S Hernández-Muela
    Instituto Valenciano de Neurología Pediátrica, Valencia, Espana
    Rev Neurol 36:S108-17. 2003
    ..rate, with the corresponding decrease in the number of children available for adoption, and the disappearance of orphanages. This growing demand can be met by developing countries, in which the birth rate is still high and there are ..
  42. ncbi Behavior problems and mental health referrals of international adoptees: a meta-analysis
    Femmie Juffer
    Centre for Child and Family Studies, Leiden University, Leiden, The Netherlands
    JAMA 293:2501-15. 2005
    ..Before adoption, international adoptees often experience insufficient medical care, malnutrition, maternal separation, and neglect and abuse in orphanages.
  43. pmc Care arrangements of AIDS orphans and their relationship with children's psychosocial well-being in rural China
    Yan Hong
    Department of Social and Behavioral Health, School of Rural Public Health, Texas A and M Health Science Center, College Station, TX 77843, USA
    Health Policy Plan 26:115-23. 2011
    ..A total of 296 children who lost both parents to AIDS participated in the study, including 176 in orphanages, 90 in kinship care and 30 in community-based group homes...
  44. ncbi Nutritional status, psychological well-being and the quality of life of AIDS orphans in rural Henan Province, China
    Zhonghu He
    Institute of Child and Adolescent Health, Peking University Health Science Center, Beijing, China
    Trop Med Int Health 12:1180-90. 2007
    ..To assess the influence of orphanhood due to AIDS on children's nutritional status, psychological well-being and life quality, and to explore appropriate intervention strategies in China...
  45. pmc Larger amygdala but no change in hippocampal volume in 10-year-old children exposed to maternal depressive symptomatology since birth
    Sonia J Lupien
    Mental Health Institute of University of Montreal, Hospital Louis H Lafontaine, Montreal, QC, Canada H1N 3M5
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:14324-9. 2011
    ..However, children reared in orphanages present enlarged amygdala volumes, suggesting that the amygdala may be particularly sensitive to severely ..
  46. ncbi Evaluating acceptability and completeness of overseas immunization records of internationally adopted children
    Joann M Schulte
    Division of HIV AIDS Surveillance and Epidemiology, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Pediatrics 109:E22. 2002
    ..The acceptability of vaccinations received outside the United States was addressed by the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices in 1994, but few population-based studies assessing these vaccinations have been reported...
  47. ncbi Oral health needs of HIV/AIDS orphans in Gauteng, South Africa
    E Blignaut
    University of Limpopo, School of Dentistry, Medunsa, Stomatological Studies, Pretoria, South Africa
    AIDS Care 19:532-8. 2007
    ..A cross-sectional, prospective study was conducted on a convenience sample of HIV-positive children, living in orphanages in Gauteng, South Africa, in order to determine the oral health needs of the children...
  48. pmc Life improvement, life satisfaction, and care arrangement among AIDS orphans in rural Henan, China
    Qun Zhao
    Carman and Ann Adams Department of Pediatrics, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, Michigan, USA
    J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care 20:122-32. 2009
    ..government's response to the increasing number of children orphaned in the HIV epidemic included setting up AIDS orphanages and supporting community-based group homes for double orphans (children who lost both parents to HIV)...
  49. ncbi Sir William Dunn (1833-1912): the man, his trust and his legacy to science and medicine
    Eric Sidebottom
    The Sir William Dunn School of Pathology, Oxford, UK
    J Med Biogr 14:46-53. 2006
    ..They allotted about 120 small sums to hospitals, nursing homes, orphanages and like institutions, but then decided that larger projects would be more likely to be permanent memorials to ..
  50. ncbi In whose care and custody? Orphans of the HIV epidemic
    C Levine
    Orphan Project Families and Children in the HIV Epidemic, New York, NY
    AIDS Clin Care 7:85, 88 concl. 1995
    ..In the past, most children in orphanages were not orphans but had come from families where one parent was dead or ill, where the parents could not afford ..
  51. ncbi Molluscum contagiosum and dental caries: a pertinent combination
    S Dixit
    Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, New Horizon Dental College and Research Center, Sakri, Bilaspur, Chhattisgarh, India
    J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent 27:197-201. 2009
    ..The present study was carried out to reveal the DMFT/deft status of children in the age group of 1-12 years, residing in orphanages from Pune, India.
  52. ncbi AIDS knowledge and HIV stigma among children affected by HIV/AIDS in rural China
    Qun Zhao
    School of Public Administration, Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, Nanjing, China
    AIDS Educ Prev 23:341-50. 2011
    ..in 2009 from 118 orphanage orphans (children who had lost both of their parents to HIV and living in AIDS orphanages), 299 family-cared orphans (children who had lost one or both of their parents to HIV and living with surviving ..
  53. ncbi The Emanuel Miller Memorial Lecture 2006: adoption as intervention. Meta-analytic evidence for massive catch-up and plasticity in physical, socio-emotional, and cognitive development
    Marinus H van IJzendoorn
    Centre for Child and Family Studies, Leiden University, The Netherlands
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 47:1228-45. 2006
    ..have been said to be difficult children, scarred by their past experiences in maltreating families or neglecting orphanages, or by genetic or pre- and perinatal problems...
  54. ncbi The impact of institutionalization on child development
    Kim MacLean
    Psychology Department, St Francis Xavier University, Antigonish, Nova Scotia, Canada
    Dev Psychopathol 15:853-84. 2003
    During the past 10 years researchers studying children adopted from Romanian orphanages have had the opportunity to revisit developmental questions regarding the impact of early deprivation on child development...
  55. ncbi Prevalence of orphans among HIV infected children--a preliminary study from a pediatric HIV centre in Western India
    Ira Shah
    Department of Pediatric HIV, BJ Wadia Hospital for Children, Parel, Mumbai 400012, India
    J Trop Pediatr 54:258-60. 2008
    ..4%) and aunts (4.8%) took responsibility of taking care of the children. Only two children (1.4%) were put in orphanages. Prevalence of HIV-infected orphans is high (40%)...
  56. pmc Promoting health in American-occupied Japan. Resistance to allied public health measures, 1945-1952
    Sey Nishimura
    Institute for the History and Philosophy of Science and Technology, University of Toronto, Kyoto 606 0855, Japan
    Am J Public Health 99:1364-75. 2009
    ..perceived some measures-terminated pensions for wounded Japanese veterans, lack of support for segregated orphanages for mixed-race children, and suppression of Japanese atomic bomb medical reports-as promoting US national ..
  57. ncbi Smallpox vaccination in the early 19th century using live carriers: the travels of Francisco Xavier de Balmis
    J Antonio Aldrete
    Arachnoiditis Foundation, Inc, Birmingham, AL, USA
    South Med J 97:375-8. 2004
    ..Without refrigeration, the vaccine was passed from one child to another (boys taken out of orphanages)...
  58. ncbi Prenatal alcohol exposure and neurodevelopmental disorders in children adopted from eastern Europe
    Magnus Landgren
    Department of Pediatrics, Developmental Neurology, Mariestad, Skaraborg Hospital, Skovde, Sweden
    Pediatrics 125:e1178-85. 2010
    ..The purposes of this investigation were to determine the frequencies of and associations between different neurodevelopmental disorders and to study the potential lasting effects of alcohol on children adopted from eastern Europe...
  59. ncbi Salivary cortisol levels in children adopted from romanian orphanages
    M R Gunnar
    Institute of Child Development, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, 55455, USA
    Dev Psychopathol 13:611-28. 2001
    Six and a half years after adoption. 6- to 12-year-old children reared in Romanian orphanages for more than 8 months in their first years of life (RO...
  60. ncbi Language acquisition with limited input: Romanian institution and foster care
    Jennifer Windsor
    Department of Speech Language Hearing Sciences, 115 Shevlin Hall, University of Minnesota, 164 Pillsbury Drive SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    J Speech Lang Hear Res 50:1365-81. 2007
    ..To provide the first detailed information about native language abilities of children who are or had been institutionalized...
  61. ncbi Developmental recovery and deficit in children adopted from Eastern European orphanages
    Sharon Judge
    University of Tennessee Knoxville, 37996 3400, USA
    Child Psychiatry Hum Dev 34:49-62. 2003
    ..recovery during the 1st year of placement in a sample of 124 children adopted from Eastern European orphanages. At the time of adoption, substantial growth and developmental delays were identified, with about half below the ..
  62. pmc Incidence of specific absolute neurocognitive impairment in globally intact children with histories of early severe deprivation
    Michael E Behen
    Department of Pediatrics, Children s Hospital of Michigan, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan 48201, USA
    Child Neuropsychol 14:453-69. 2008
    ..Eighty-five children (38 males, mean age = 112.8, SD = 30.3 months; range 61-209 months) raised from birth in orphanages underwent comprehensive neuropsychological evaluation. Fifty-four were deemed globally intact (IQ > 85)...
  63. ncbi International adoption: infectious diseases issues
    Laurie C Miller
    New England Medical Center, Boston, MA 02111, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 40:286-93. 2005
    ..Most of these children reside in orphanages before adoption, where they may experience malnutrition, environmental deprivation, neglect, and exposure to ..
  64. ncbi Comparison of usefulness of randomly amplified polymorphic DNA and amplified-fragment length polymorphism techniques in epidemiological studies on nasopharyngeal carriage of non-typable Haemophilus influenzae
    Ewa Augustynowicz
    Department of Sera and Vaccine Evaluation, National Institute of Hygiene, Chocimska 24 St, 00 791 Warsaw, Poland
    J Med Microbiol 52:1005-14. 2003
    ..Eighty-seven isolates from healthy children attending day-care centres or living at orphanages in southern Poland were investigated...
  65. ncbi Mental illness and ethnicity - being a stateless person (apatride)
    Vesna Sendula Jengić
    Psychiatric Hospital Rab, Croatia
    Psychiatr Danub 20:443-5. 2008
    ..It is also unknown exact date and place of birth. Only certain data were that she lived in many orphanages, refugees' camps and communes in several European countries...
  66. ncbi Enhancement of attachment and cognitive development of young nursery-reared chimpanzees in responsive versus standard care
    Marinus H van IJzendoorn
    Centre for Child and Family Studies at Leiden University, P O Box 9555, 2300 RB Leiden, The Netherlands
    Dev Psychobiol 51:173-85. 2009
    ..the attachment classification distribution was similar to that of human infants raised in Greek or Romanian orphanages. RC chimpanzees showed less disorganized attachment to their human caregivers, had a more advanced cognitive ..
  67. ncbi Infantile acropustulosis in internationally adopted children
    Laurie M Good
    Department of Dermatology, University of Colorado, Denver Health Sciences Center, Aurora, Colorado 80045 0510, USA
    J Am Acad Dermatol 65:763-71. 2011
    Infantile acropustulosis (IA) is a recurrent, self-limited, vesicopustular disorder affecting young children. Most cases occur after scabies infestation. IA seems to be common in children adopted from orphanages overseas.
  68. ncbi The business of relief work: a Victorian Quaker in Constantinople and her circle
    Michelle Tusan
    Univ of Nevada, Las Vegas
    Vic Stud 51:633-61. 2009
    ..The mapping of these networks reveals the evolving relationship between evangelicalism, the humanitarian movement, and the marketplace in imperial Britain...
  69. ncbi Communication and academic challenges in early adolescence for children who have been adopted from the former Soviet Union
    Brenda L Beverly
    University of South Alabama, Mobile, AL 36688 0002, USA
    Lang Speech Hear Serv Sch 39:303-13. 2008
    ..This was a Time II survey of outcomes for children, now ages 9 to 13 years, who were almost 4 years old on average when they were adopted from the former Soviet Union...
  70. ncbi Orphan rocker tracks: a variant of friction melanosis in an institutionalized child
    Gary Diamond
    Department of Pediatric Neurology and Child Development, Schneider Children s Medical Center of Israel, Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Petah Tiqva, Israel Department of Pediatric Dermatology, Schneider Children s Medical Center of Israel, Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Petah Tiqva, Israel
    Pediatr Dermatol 30:e198-9. 2013
    ..An institutionalized child whose lower back was subjected to intense and repeated rocking displayed the characteristic lesions. ..
  71. pmc Psychiatric Morbidity among a Sample of Orphanage Children in Cairo
    Mohamed A El Koumi
    Departments of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Zagazig University, Egypt
    Int J Pediatr 2012:141854. 2012
    ..Methods. This cross-sectional study was conducted in three private orphanages in Cairo...
  72. ncbi Effects of caregiver-child interactions on play occupations among young children institutionalized in Eastern Europe
    Lisa A Daunhauer
    Department of Occupational Therapy, College of Applied Human Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523 1573, USA
    Am J Occup Ther 61:429-40. 2007
    ....
  73. pmc Microstructural abnormalities in language and limbic pathways in orphanage-reared children: a diffusion tensor imaging study
    Ajay Kumar
    1Carmen and Ann Adams Department of Pediatrics, Children s Hospital of Michigan, Detroit, MI, USA
    J Child Neurol 29:318-25. 2014
    ..matter tracts in 36 children (age M = 124 months) with histories of early deprivation, raised from birth in orphanages and subsequently adopted into the United States, compared to 16 age-matched typically developing children...
  74. ncbi High increments of overweight along with low length-for-age growth during the first 24 months of life
    M Bacardi-Gascon
    Facultad de Medicina y Psicología, Universidad Autonoma de Baja California, Mexico
    Nutr Hosp 27:1894-9. 2012
    It has been reported that children nursed in orphanages loose one month of lineal growth for every three months they spend in the orphanage.
  75. ncbi Kinship care at community is better model to ensure psychosocial and economic security to orphans living with HIV than from care homes
    S L Acharya
    Ministry of Health and Population, National Center For AIDS and STD Control, Nepal
    J Nepal Health Res Counc 11:22-5. 2013
    ..The objective of this study was to investigate which model of care and support is more appropriate for improving psychosocial and economic security of AIDS orphans...
  76. ncbi The international society for developmental psychobiology Sackler symposium: Early adversity and the maturation of emotion circuits-A cross-species analysis
    Bridget L Callaghan
    Department of Psychology, Columbia University, New York City, NY, 10027
    Dev Psychobiol 56:1635-50. 2014
    ..Finally, a human model of maternal deprivation is presented in which children born into orphanages and then adopted abroad exhibit aberrant development of emotion circuits...
  77. ncbi [The characteristics of orofacial clefts in small communities]
    Georgeta Zegan
    Disciplina de Ortodonţie şi Ortopedie Dento Facială, Facultatea de Medicina Dentara, Universitatea de Medicini şi Farmacie Grigore T Popa Iaşi
    Rev Med Chir Soc Med Nat Iasi 116:605-10. 2012
    ..Establishing the prevalence of orofacial clefts in a community of institutionalized children and the correlations with sex, weight at birth, life environment, maternal age and children's associated diseases...
  78. ncbi The role of the Toronto Girls' Home, 1863-1910
    Charlotte Neff
    Laurentian University, Sudbury, Ontario
    J Fam Hist 36:286-315. 2011
    ....
  79. ncbi The behavioral development of Korean children in institutional care and international adoptive families
    Richard M Lee
    Department of Psychology, University of Minnesota, 75 East River Road, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    Dev Psychol 46:468-78. 2010
    ..Institutionalization due to family disruption was a risk for relinquished children only, whereas parental contact did not increase the risk for behavioral problems. The unique sample population and other limitations are discussed...
  80. ncbi Dopamine transporter gene polymorphism moderates the effects of severe deprivation on ADHD symptoms: developmental continuities in gene-environment interplay
    Suzanne E Stevens
    MRC Social, Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, London, UK
    Am J Med Genet B Neuropsychiatr Genet 150:753-61. 2009
    ..in a sample of individuals who experienced severe institutional deprivation (up to 42 months of age) in Romanian orphanages and a non-institutionalized comparison group...
  81. ncbi Mexican hospitals
    Mauro Loyo-Varela
    Servicio de Neurocirugia, Hospital Regional de Veracruz, Veracruz, Mexico
    Cir Cir 77:463-9. 2009
    ..Public Assistance Secretariat was established, which was dedicated to assist hospitals, nurseries, asylums and orphanages. In 1943, this Public Assistance Secretariat joined with the Public Health Department, forming what today is the ..
  82. pmc Mental health of adolescents reared in institutional care in Turkey: challenges and hope in the twenty-first century
    Nese Erol
    Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Ankara University, Ankara, Turkey
    Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 19:113-24. 2010
    ..The highest rates of problems by youth self-report also support the view that the youths' own voices ought to be heard and need to inform the reform process regarding their future care...
  83. pmc Nontraditional families and childhood progress through school
    Michael J Rosenfeld
    Department of Sociology, Stanford University, 450 Serra Mall, Bldg 120, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
    Demography 47:755-75. 2010
    ..Children ofallfamily types (including children ofsame-sex couples) are far more likely to make normal progress through school than are children living in group quarters (such as orphanages and shelters).
  84. ncbi [Syphilis, brothels, unwanted children and wet nurses. Italy and syphilis infection in the 19th century]
    S Sabbatani
    Unita Operativa di Malattie Infettive, Policlinico S Orsola Malpighi di Bologna, Italy
    Infez Med 16:175-87. 2008
    ..In this paper we present not only the question of prostitution in Italy in relation to syphilis, but also the serious problem of infection transmission to unweaned babies and to wet nurses in orphanages.
  85. ncbi [Childhood experiences of the Duplessis children: consequences 50 years later]
    Nikolas Paré
    Departement de Psychologie, Université de Montréal Institut de psychiatrie communautaire et familiale, Sir Mortimer B Davis, Hôpital général juif, Universite McGill
    Sante Ment Que 35:85-109. 2010
    ..Results indicate that childhood abuse and negligence are related to poorer long-term psychological adjustment. The findings also demonstrate that reporting at least four strengths in childhood can have long-term protective effects...
  86. ncbi Ocular morbidity among orphanages
    M K Shrestha
    Tilganga Eye Centre, Kathmandu, Nepal
    JNMA J Nepal Med Assoc 49:29-32. 2010
    The study assesses the spectrum of ocular morbidity and predictors of morbidity in children living in orphanages in the Kathmandu Valley.
  87. ncbi Costs of interventions for AIDS orphans and vulnerable children
    Yared Santa-Ana-Téllez
    Center for Evaluation Research and Surveys, Division of Health Economics, National Institute of Public Health, Cuernavaca, Mexico
    Trop Med Int Health 16:1417-26. 2011
    ..To review the published and grey literature for information regarding the costs and cost-effectiveness of interventions aimed at improving the welfare of orphans and vulnerable children owing to HIV/AIDS in low- and middle-income countries...
  88. ncbi Children adopted from China: a prospective study of their growth and development
    Nancy J Cohen
    Hincks Dellcrest Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 49:458-68. 2008
    ..adoption because of the relatively young age of the children and reported positive conditions of the orphanages. This study examined the process and outcome of growth and development of children adopted from China over their ..
  89. ncbi Posttraumatic stress disorder in adopted children from Romania
    R A C Hoksbergen
    Faculty of Social Sciences, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Am J Orthopsychiatry 73:255-65. 2003
    ..It seems plausible that the high incidence of PTSD characteristics was related to extreme physical and social neglect occurring in the orphanages.
  90. ncbi A three year follow-up of attachment and indiscriminate friendliness in children adopted from Romanian orphanages
    K Chisholm
    Department of Psychology, Saint Francis Xavier University, Antigonish, Nova Scotia
    Child Dev 69:1092-106. 1998
    ..Specifically, insecure RO children had more behavior problems, scored lower on the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale, and had parents who reported significantly more parenting stress than RO children classified as secure...
  91. ncbi Protective influences of families for children adopted from the former Soviet Union
    Teena M McGuinness
    University of South Alabama College of Nursing, Community Mental Health Nursing, 36688 0002, USA
    J Nurs Scholarsh 37:216-21. 2005
    ....
  92. ncbi Abnormal brain connectivity in children after early severe socioemotional deprivation: a diffusion tensor imaging study
    Thomas J Eluvathingal
    Carman and Ann Adams Department of Pediatrics, Children s Hospital of Michigan, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan, USA
    Pediatrics 117:2093-100. 2006
    We previously reported that children who were subjected to early socioemotional deprivation in Romanian orphanages showed glucose hypometabolism in limbic and paralimbic structures, including the orbital frontal gyrus, infralimbic ..
  93. ncbi Local brain functional activity following early deprivation: a study of postinstitutionalized Romanian orphans
    H T Chugani
    Department of Pediatrics, Children's Hospital of Michigan, Detroit Medical Center, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, Michigan 48201, USA
    Neuroimage 14:1290-301. 2001
    ..8 years) adopted from Romanian orphanages. Using statistical parametric mapping (SPM), the pattern of brain glucose metabolism in the orphans was compared ..
  94. ncbi Antimicrobial resistance of nasopharyngeal pneumococci from children from day-care centres and orphanages in Russia: results of a unique prospective multicentre study
    L S Stratchounski
    Institute of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, Smolensk, Russia
    Clin Microbiol Infect 12:853-66. 2006
    ..resistance of nasopharyngeal pneumococci isolated from children aged < 5 years in day-care centres and orphanages throughout Russia during 2001-2002...
  95. ncbi Listening & learning. Fostering health care in Bulgaria
    L Phillips
    J Christ Nurs 19:25-8. 2002
  96. ncbi [Diagnostic difficulties in identification of Haemophilus influenzae colonising the nasopharynx of children]
    Ewa Augustynowicz
    Zakład Badania Surowic i Szczepionek PZH w Warszawie
    Med Dosw Mikrobiol 57:29-37. 2005
    ..or non-capsulated Haemophilus influenzae strains colonisation among children attending day-care centres or orphanages has been studied. Detection of capsulated or non-capsulated H...
  97. ncbi A quiet migration: cultural influences impacting children adopted from the former Soviet Union
    T McGuinness
    University of South Alabama, College of Nursing Community Mental Health Nursing, Springhill Area Campus, Mobile, AL 36604, USA
    J Cult Divers 7:59-64. 2000
    ..The orphanages are microenvironments which may be closed to the influences of the larger culture...
  98. ncbi Pediatric migration and hepatitis A risk in host population
    F Castelli
    Institute of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, University of Brescia, Italy
    J Travel Med 6:204-6. 1999
    ..7 The aim of this paper is to report the epidemic HAV outbreak which occurred among the voluntary nursing staff of a pediatric Rwandan refugee community hosted in a village of the Brescia Province, in northern Italy...
  99. ncbi Grip strength as an index for assessment of nutritional status of children aged 6-10 years
    Kavita Kenjle
    Department of Food Science and Nutrition, SNDT Women s University, Sir Vithaldas Vidyavihar, Juhu Road, Santacruz West, Mumbai 400049, India
    J Nutr Sci Vitaminol (Tokyo) 51:87-92. 2005
    ..364 boys and 423 girls) in the age group of 6 to 10 y were selected from private and municipal schools, orphanages and slums in the cities of Mumbai and Pune, India. Grip strength was measured using the dominant hand...
  100. ncbi [Growth and development aspects of international adoption]
    Yehuda Senecky
    Center for Child Development, Schneider Children s Medical Center of Israel, Petah Tikva, Israel
    Harefuah 142:694-7, 717. 2003
    ..Their infants and young children were placed in orphanages at a very young age...
  101. ncbi The relation between length of institutionalization and sensory integration in children adopted from Eastern Europe
    Susan H Lin
    Shenandoah University, Winchester, Virginia, USA
    Am J Occup Ther 59:139-47. 2005
    ..To examine the relation between length of institutionalization and sensory integration in children adopted from Eastern Europe...

Research Grants16

  1. ADJUSTMENT OF INTERNATIONALLY ADOPTED CHILDREN
    Megan Gunnar; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Over these years, the percentage of children adopted out of orphanages or baby homes has increased from 20 to 65%. Two studies are proposed...
  2. Recovery from Early Life Stress in Children Adopted from Institutions
    Megan R Gunnar; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..150 children internationally-adopted from orphanages/institutions and their families will be studied at four 8-mo intervals beginning 2 mos post-adoption for the ..
  3. Orphaned &Separated Children's Assessment Related to their Health &Well-Being
    PAULA KARINA ALICE BRAITSTEIN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..These include formal and informal foster homes, orphanages, community-based programs, government detention centres, homes and schools run by religious institutions or ..
  4. Early Experience, Stress and Neurobehavioral Development Center
    Megan R Gunnar; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Our projects involve (1) young children in domestic foster care (2) those adopted from orphanages overseas, as well as (3) another model that allows random assignment to maltreating care and tracking of ..
  5. The Long-Term Effects of Early Social-Emotional Experience
    Robert B McCall; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..of variations in early social- emotional experience and human relationships in children who are reared in orphanages in St...
  6. Pubertal Stress Recalibration Hypothesis
    Megan R Gunnar; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Our target participants will be youth adopted internationally from orphanages (post-institutionalied, PI) youth, compared to youth reared in their families of origin (non-adopted,NA)...
  7. Neurodevelopmental Outcome in Russian Orphanage
    Laurie Miller; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  8. NeuroBehavioral Correlates of Early Deprivation
    Megan Gunnar; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  9. Developmental Psychobiology of Stress in Children
    Megan Gunnar; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  10. Early Experience, Stress Neurobiology & Prevention Sci
    Megan Gunnar; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  11. Psychobiological studies of stress in young children
    Megan Gunnar; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..We argue that normative developmental research complements and provides basic data necessary for research and theory on developmental psychopathology. ..
  12. Effects of Early Experience
    Carol Carter; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Intergenerational effects of these experiences will be examined as well. ..
  13. Neurobiology of Social Support
    CAROL SUE CARTER; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..In addition, these studies may help us understand neuroendocrine mechanisms underlying child neglect or abuse and why these may differ in males and females. ..
  14. NEUROTERATOGENIC MECHANISM OF LCM VIRUS INFECTION
    Daniel Bonthius; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The importance of a-DG in influencing the tropism and infectivity of LCMV will be examined by blocking alpha-DG with an antibody prior to exposure of brain slices to LCMV. ..
  15. Viral vector-based RNAi therapy for Alexander Disease
    Daniel Bonthius; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The disease is due to an abnormal gene. This research aims to develop a form of gene therapy to prevent and reverse the brain dysfunction of Alexander Disease. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..