Genomes and Genes
Summary: Institutions for the housing and care of orphans, foundlings, and abandoned children. They have existed as such since the medieval period but the heading is applicable to such usage also in modern parlance.
Publications175 found, 100 shown here
- Health of children adopted from Guatemala: comparison of orphanage and foster careLaurie Miller
Department of Pediatrics, New England Medical Center, 750 Washington St, Boston, MA 02111, USA
Pediatrics 115:e710-7. 2005..Physical evidence suggestive of prenatal alcohol exposure and adequacy of vaccinations administered were also reviewed...
- Fostering healthy brainsKim Kiser
Minn Med 89:13-4. 2006
- Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders in children residing in Russian orphanages: a phenotypic surveyLaurie C Miller
International Adoption Clinic, Tufts New England Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts 02111, USA
Alcohol Clin Exp Res 30:531-8. 2006..Over 600,000 children reside in institutional care in Russia, most of them in baby homes and orphanages. The actual prevalence of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) among these children is unknown...
- Medical diagnoses and growth of children residing in Russian orphanagesLaurie C Miller
International Adoption Clinic, Tufts New England Medical Center, Boston, MA 02111, USA
Acta Paediatr 96:1765-9. 2007Survey the health of young children residing in Russian orphanages.
- Cryptosporidiosis and other intestinal parasites in 3 Yemeni orphanages: prevalence, risk, and morbidityLatifa A Al-Shibani
Department of Medical Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Sana a University, Sana a, Yemen
J Egypt Soc Parasitol 39:327-37. 2009The epidemiological pattern of cryptosporidiosis and other intestinal parasites were studied among 3 orphanages in Sana'a City. A total of 292 orphans (225 males & 67 females), aged 4-20 years old were recruited...
- Behavioral problems among children living in orphanage facilities of Karachi, Pakistan: comparison of children in an SOS Village with those in conventional orphanagesZohra S Lassi
Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan
Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 46:787-96. 2011This study compared the behavioral problems of children living in an SOS Village, which attempts to provide a family setup for its children, with those living in conventional orphanages.
- Adolescents living in orphanages in Ankara: psychological symptoms, level of physical activity, and associated factorsÖzge Karadağ Çaman
Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health, Ankara, Turkey
Turk Psikiyatri Derg 22:93-103. 2011Adolescents living in orphanages are at a disadvantage with respect to mental health...
- A 2-year follow-up of orphans' competence, socioemotional problems and post-traumatic stress symptoms in traditional foster care and orphanages in Iraqi KurdistanA Ahmad
Department of Neuroscience, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
Child Care Health Dev 31:203-15. 2005..This paper aims to compare orphans' development in two different care systems...
- [Polemic letter to the article of Ilona Kardos: Introduction to developmental pathology: report on the institutional care of infants]Bálint Füzéki
Psychiatr Hung 20:238-9; author reply 240-3. 2005
- The predictive accuracy of pre-adoption video review in adoptees from Russian and Eastern European orphanagesJon L Boone
Department of Pediatrics, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06520 8064, USA
Clin Pediatr (Phila) 42:585-90. 2003..Although ratings of development on PreAVE are similar to PosADE, the ability to detect moderate to severe developmental delay by video review is limited...
- International adoption as a natural experimentTeena M McGuinness
University of South Alabama College of Nursing, Mobile, AL, USA
J Pediatr Nurs 21:276-88; quiz 289. 2006..The feasibility of generalizing findings to other children in foster care is also addressed...
- Who will care for me? The debate of orphanages versus foster careJoanne O'sullivan
Massachusetts General Hospital s Institute of Health Professions in Boston, MA
Policy Polit Nurs Pract 7:142-8. 2006..the questions being examined are, is a return to orphanage care feasible and if so, would the re-creation of orphanages benefit the children who would be placed in them...
- [Prevalence of atopy and atopic diseases in children living in an orphanage in Lodz area--pilot study]Iwona Stelmach
Uniwersytet Medyczny w Lodzi, Oddział Kliniczny Interny Dzieciecej i Alergologii III Katedry Pediatrii
Pol Merkur Lekarski 20:531-4. 2006..Over the past three decades there has been an increase in the prevelance of allergic diseases, specially among children...
- A comparison of the electroencephalogram between institutionalized and community children in RomaniaPeter J Marshall
University of Maryland, USA
J Cogn Neurosci 16:1327-38. 2004..The results are discussed in the context of two models: that the pattern of EEG in the institutionalized children reflects a maturational lag in nervous system development, or that it reflects tonic cortical hypoactivation...
- Scabies in Thai orphanagesChulabhorn Pruksachatkunakorn
Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand
Pediatr Int 45:724-7. 2003Scabies outbreaks have emerged in the orphanages in Chiang Mai, Thailand. Sulfur has been accepted as the standard treatment for childhood scabies in Thailand. Sulfur was administered in the mass treatment in two orphanages...
- Health-related behaviour self-assessment of children living in a children's home; study based on own research realised in the Podlaskie ProvinceK Van Damme-Ostapowicz
Department of General Nursing, Medical University of Białystok, Poland
Adv Med Sci 52:37-43. 2007..The purpose of the study was to diagnose the health-related behaviour of children brought up in children's homes, to compare the obtained results with those obtained from a group of peers brought up in their own families...
- Not by bread alone project: a 2-year follow-up reportV Taneja
Department of Pediatrics, St Stephen s Hospital, Tis Hazari, Delhi, India
Child Care Health Dev 31:703-6. 2005..However, the enthusiasm of the caregivers waned over the year the programme was entrusted to them. After 1 year, a full time play therapist was recruited to rejuvenate the play programme...
- The social situation of motherless children in rural and urban areas of Guinea-BissauTania Nicole Masmas
Projecto de Saude de Bandim, Bissau, Guinea Bissau
Soc Sci Med 59:1231-9. 2004..The traditional extended family system appears to be capable of handling motherless children in a non-discriminatory fashion. However, the AIDS epidemic will continue to stress the extended family system and social services to the limit...
- Working among the poorest of the poorColette Blockley
School of Nursing, Otago Polytechnic, Dunedin
Nurs N Z 12:23-5. 2006
- Institutionalization and psychological suffering: notes on the mental health of institutionalized adolescents in BrazilLigia Costa Leite
Child and Youth Care and Rehabilitation Center, Institute of Psychiatry, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Transcult Psychiatry 41:281-93. 2004....
- Psychological disturbances of war-traumatized children from different foster and family settings in Bosnia and HerzegovinaMelvudin Hasanović
Department of Psychiatry, Tuzla University Clinical Center, Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Croat Med J 47:85-94. 2006..To assess the psychological health of war-traumatized children in different foster settings and compare them with children living with one or both parents, 7 years after the 1992-1995 war in Bosnia and Herzegovina...
- Cognitive recovery in socially deprived young children: the Bucharest Early Intervention ProjectCharles A Nelson
Harvard Medical School and Children s Hospital, Boston, MA 02215, USA
Science 318:1937-40. 2007..These results point to the negative sequelae of early institutionalization, suggest a possible sensitive period in cognitive development, and underscore the advantages of family placements for young abandoned children...
- International adoption: a health and developmental prospectivePatrick Mason
International Adoption Center, Inova Fairfax Hospital for Children, Fairfax, VA 22031, USA
Semin Speech Lang 26:1-9. 2005....
- Mulock Houwer's 'Education for responsibility': a chapter from the Dutch history of institutional upbringingIdo Weijers
Univeristy of Utrecht
Clio Med 71:169-88. 2003
- Early deprivation and home basal cortisol levels: a study of internationally adopted childrenDarlene A Kertes
Institute of Child Development, 51 East River Road, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
Dev Psychopathol 20:473-91. 2008..A structural equation model revealed that preadoption Deprived Care predicted Growth Delay at adoption and Growth Delay predicted higher morning cortisol levels and a larger diurnal cortisol decrease...
- An outbreak of echovirus 11 in a children's homeE Somekh
The Pediatric Infectious Diseases Unit, The Edith Wolfson Medical Center, Holon, Israel
Epidemiol Infect 126:441-4. 2001..Our survey demonstrated that echovirus 11 may spread very efficiently in children's homes. The rate of meningitis in the infected infants was 30% while all the recently infected adults were asymptomatic...
- Attachment, cognitive, and motor development in adopted children: short-term outcomes after international adoptionW Monique van Londen
Department of Child and Adolescent Studies, Utrecht University, The Netherlands
J Pediatr Psychol 32:1249-58. 2007..To examine infant attachment and developmental functioning shortly after international adoption...
- Orphan care in Malawi: current practicesBetty J Beard
School of Nursing, Eastern Michigan University, Ypsilanti, Michigan, USA
J Community Health Nurs 22:105-15. 2005..By listening to the people of Africa, the worldwide community can learn how to work with them as they care for millions of orphaned children...
- [Nutritional status of adopted Chinese girls in Spain]T Lourenço Nogueira
Hospital Universitario La Paz, Unidad de Nutrición Clínica y Dietética, Madrid, Espana
Nutr Hosp 22:436-46. 2007....
- Problem behaviors of children adopted from the former Soviet UnionTeena M McGuinness
University of South Alabama College of Nursing, Mobile, AL, USA
J Pediatr Health Care 21:171-9. 2007..A significant concern is that 13 children adopted from the former Soviet Union have died at the hands of their American adoptive parents since 1996...
- The orphans of Eritrea: what are the choices?Peter H Wolff
Children s Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Am J Orthopsychiatry 75:475-84. 2005..The public policy implications of the findings for the protection of unaccompanied children in impoverished developing countries are discussed...
- Frequency of Giardia lamblia among children in Dohuk, northern IraqA T al-Saeed
Department of Microbiology, College of Medicine, University of Dohuk, Iraq
East Mediterr Health J 12:555-61. 2006..9%); boys had a higher rate than girls. Some infected samples (70/486) showed double or triple infections and G. lamblia was combined with Hymenolepis nana, Blastocystis hominis, Entamoeba histolytica and Iodamoeba buetschlii...
- The effectiveness of an embedded programme to increase the linguistic responsiveness of caregivers in an orphanage in South AfricaKaren Levin
University of the Witwatersrand
S Afr J Commun Disord 54:39-46. 2007Children who reside in orphanages are at risk of developmental delay, particularly with regard to communicative competence...
- Daniela's legacy. Nurturing Romanian orphansMichael Farruggia
Boise Veterans Medical Center, Idaho, USA
J Christ Nurs 20:32-4. 2003
- [Children's nutrition and development in orphanages at Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso)]D Ye
Arch Pediatr 13:1347. 2006
- BBC apologizes for airing AIDS 'denialist' documentaryVirginia Hughes
Nat Med 13:1391. 2007
- Concepts of childhood: what we know and where we might goMargaret L King
Renaiss Q 60:371-407. 2007..This essay seeks to identify key features and recent trends amid this abundance of learned inquiry...
- [Perception of their social environment and their future in institutionalized school-age children]Mirjana Remetić
Dom zdravlja Tuzla, Tuzla
Med Arh 59:83-6. 2005..Lack of social support cause the withdrawing and suffering and can lead soon or later to problematic behaviour...
- Psychiatric disorder among British children looked after by local authorities: comparison with children living in private householdsTamsin Ford
Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Institute of Psychiatry, De Crespigny Park, London SE5 8AF, UK
Br J Psychiatry 190:319-25. 2007....
- Family-based care and psychological problems of AIDS orphans: does it matter who was the care-giver?Guoxiang Zhao
Department of Psychology, Henan University, Kaifeng, China
Psychol Health Med 15:326-35. 2010..e. surviving parent, grandparents, other relatives, and non-relatives) before they were replaced in orphanages. The participants include 176 double AIDS orphans from four AIDS orphanages in rural China...
- [Adopted children: risk factors and neuropsychological problems]S Hernández-Muela
Instituto Valenciano de Neurología Pediátrica, Valencia, Espana
Rev Neurol 36:S108-17. 2003..rate, with the corresponding decrease in the number of children available for adoption, and the disappearance of orphanages. This growing demand can be met by developing countries, in which the birth rate is still high and there are ..
- Behavior problems and mental health referrals of international adoptees: a meta-analysisFemmie Juffer
Centre for Child and Family Studies, Leiden University, Leiden, The Netherlands
JAMA 293:2501-15. 2005..Before adoption, international adoptees often experience insufficient medical care, malnutrition, maternal separation, and neglect and abuse in orphanages.
- Care arrangements of AIDS orphans and their relationship with children's psychosocial well-being in rural ChinaYan Hong
Department of Social and Behavioral Health, School of Rural Public Health, Texas A and M Health Science Center, College Station, TX 77843, USA
Health Policy Plan 26:115-23. 2011..A total of 296 children who lost both parents to AIDS participated in the study, including 176 in orphanages, 90 in kinship care and 30 in community-based group homes...
- Nutritional status, psychological well-being and the quality of life of AIDS orphans in rural Henan Province, ChinaZhonghu He
Institute of Child and Adolescent Health, Peking University Health Science Center, Beijing, China
Trop Med Int Health 12:1180-90. 2007..To assess the influence of orphanhood due to AIDS on children's nutritional status, psychological well-being and life quality, and to explore appropriate intervention strategies in China...
- Larger amygdala but no change in hippocampal volume in 10-year-old children exposed to maternal depressive symptomatology since birthSonia J Lupien
Mental Health Institute of University of Montreal, Hospital Louis H Lafontaine, Montreal, QC, Canada H1N 3M5
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:14324-9. 2011..However, children reared in orphanages present enlarged amygdala volumes, suggesting that the amygdala may be particularly sensitive to severely ..
- Evaluating acceptability and completeness of overseas immunization records of internationally adopted childrenJoann M Schulte
Division of HIV AIDS Surveillance and Epidemiology, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
Pediatrics 109:E22. 2002..The acceptability of vaccinations received outside the United States was addressed by the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices in 1994, but few population-based studies assessing these vaccinations have been reported...
- Oral health needs of HIV/AIDS orphans in Gauteng, South AfricaE Blignaut
University of Limpopo, School of Dentistry, Medunsa, Stomatological Studies, Pretoria, South Africa
AIDS Care 19:532-8. 2007..A cross-sectional, prospective study was conducted on a convenience sample of HIV-positive children, living in orphanages in Gauteng, South Africa, in order to determine the oral health needs of the children...
- Life improvement, life satisfaction, and care arrangement among AIDS orphans in rural Henan, ChinaQun Zhao
Carman and Ann Adams Department of Pediatrics, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, Michigan, USA
J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care 20:122-32. 2009..government's response to the increasing number of children orphaned in the HIV epidemic included setting up AIDS orphanages and supporting community-based group homes for double orphans (children who lost both parents to HIV)...
- Sir William Dunn (1833-1912): the man, his trust and his legacy to science and medicineEric Sidebottom
The Sir William Dunn School of Pathology, Oxford, UK
J Med Biogr 14:46-53. 2006..They allotted about 120 small sums to hospitals, nursing homes, orphanages and like institutions, but then decided that larger projects would be more likely to be permanent memorials to ..
- In whose care and custody? Orphans of the HIV epidemicC Levine
Orphan Project Families and Children in the HIV Epidemic, New York, NY
AIDS Clin Care 7:85, 88 concl. 1995..In the past, most children in orphanages were not orphans but had come from families where one parent was dead or ill, where the parents could not afford ..
- Molluscum contagiosum and dental caries: a pertinent combinationS Dixit
Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, New Horizon Dental College and Research Center, Sakri, Bilaspur, Chhattisgarh, India
J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent 27:197-201. 2009..The present study was carried out to reveal the DMFT/deft status of children in the age group of 1-12 years, residing in orphanages from Pune, India.
- AIDS knowledge and HIV stigma among children affected by HIV/AIDS in rural ChinaQun Zhao
School of Public Administration, Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, Nanjing, China
AIDS Educ Prev 23:341-50. 2011..in 2009 from 118 orphanage orphans (children who had lost both of their parents to HIV and living in AIDS orphanages), 299 family-cared orphans (children who had lost one or both of their parents to HIV and living with surviving ..
- The Emanuel Miller Memorial Lecture 2006: adoption as intervention. Meta-analytic evidence for massive catch-up and plasticity in physical, socio-emotional, and cognitive developmentMarinus H van IJzendoorn
Centre for Child and Family Studies, Leiden University, The Netherlands
J Child Psychol Psychiatry 47:1228-45. 2006..have been said to be difficult children, scarred by their past experiences in maltreating families or neglecting orphanages, or by genetic or pre- and perinatal problems...
- The impact of institutionalization on child developmentKim MacLean
Psychology Department, St Francis Xavier University, Antigonish, Nova Scotia, Canada
Dev Psychopathol 15:853-84. 2003During the past 10 years researchers studying children adopted from Romanian orphanages have had the opportunity to revisit developmental questions regarding the impact of early deprivation on child development...
- Prevalence of orphans among HIV infected children--a preliminary study from a pediatric HIV centre in Western IndiaIra Shah
Department of Pediatric HIV, BJ Wadia Hospital for Children, Parel, Mumbai 400012, India
J Trop Pediatr 54:258-60. 2008..4%) and aunts (4.8%) took responsibility of taking care of the children. Only two children (1.4%) were put in orphanages. Prevalence of HIV-infected orphans is high (40%)...
- Promoting health in American-occupied Japan. Resistance to allied public health measures, 1945-1952Sey Nishimura
Institute for the History and Philosophy of Science and Technology, University of Toronto, Kyoto 606 0855, Japan
Am J Public Health 99:1364-75. 2009..perceived some measures-terminated pensions for wounded Japanese veterans, lack of support for segregated orphanages for mixed-race children, and suppression of Japanese atomic bomb medical reports-as promoting US national ..
- Smallpox vaccination in the early 19th century using live carriers: the travels of Francisco Xavier de BalmisJ Antonio Aldrete
Arachnoiditis Foundation, Inc, Birmingham, AL, USA
South Med J 97:375-8. 2004..Without refrigeration, the vaccine was passed from one child to another (boys taken out of orphanages)...
- Prenatal alcohol exposure and neurodevelopmental disorders in children adopted from eastern EuropeMagnus Landgren
Department of Pediatrics, Developmental Neurology, Mariestad, Skaraborg Hospital, Skovde, Sweden
Pediatrics 125:e1178-85. 2010..The purposes of this investigation were to determine the frequencies of and associations between different neurodevelopmental disorders and to study the potential lasting effects of alcohol on children adopted from eastern Europe...
- Salivary cortisol levels in children adopted from romanian orphanagesM R Gunnar
Institute of Child Development, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, 55455, USA
Dev Psychopathol 13:611-28. 2001Six and a half years after adoption. 6- to 12-year-old children reared in Romanian orphanages for more than 8 months in their first years of life (RO...
- Language acquisition with limited input: Romanian institution and foster careJennifer Windsor
Department of Speech Language Hearing Sciences, 115 Shevlin Hall, University of Minnesota, 164 Pillsbury Drive SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
J Speech Lang Hear Res 50:1365-81. 2007..To provide the first detailed information about native language abilities of children who are or had been institutionalized...
- Developmental recovery and deficit in children adopted from Eastern European orphanagesSharon Judge
University of Tennessee Knoxville, 37996 3400, USA
Child Psychiatry Hum Dev 34:49-62. 2003..recovery during the 1st year of placement in a sample of 124 children adopted from Eastern European orphanages. At the time of adoption, substantial growth and developmental delays were identified, with about half below the ..
- Incidence of specific absolute neurocognitive impairment in globally intact children with histories of early severe deprivationMichael E Behen
Department of Pediatrics, Children s Hospital of Michigan, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan 48201, USA
Child Neuropsychol 14:453-69. 2008..Eighty-five children (38 males, mean age = 112.8, SD = 30.3 months; range 61-209 months) raised from birth in orphanages underwent comprehensive neuropsychological evaluation. Fifty-four were deemed globally intact (IQ > 85)...
- International adoption: infectious diseases issuesLaurie C Miller
New England Medical Center, Boston, MA 02111, USA
Clin Infect Dis 40:286-93. 2005..Most of these children reside in orphanages before adoption, where they may experience malnutrition, environmental deprivation, neglect, and exposure to ..
- Comparison of usefulness of randomly amplified polymorphic DNA and amplified-fragment length polymorphism techniques in epidemiological studies on nasopharyngeal carriage of non-typable Haemophilus influenzaeEwa Augustynowicz
Department of Sera and Vaccine Evaluation, National Institute of Hygiene, Chocimska 24 St, 00 791 Warsaw, Poland
J Med Microbiol 52:1005-14. 2003..Eighty-seven isolates from healthy children attending day-care centres or living at orphanages in southern Poland were investigated...
- Mental illness and ethnicity - being a stateless person (apatride)Vesna Sendula Jengić
Psychiatric Hospital Rab, Croatia
Psychiatr Danub 20:443-5. 2008..It is also unknown exact date and place of birth. Only certain data were that she lived in many orphanages, refugees' camps and communes in several European countries...
- Enhancement of attachment and cognitive development of young nursery-reared chimpanzees in responsive versus standard careMarinus H van IJzendoorn
Centre for Child and Family Studies at Leiden University, P O Box 9555, 2300 RB Leiden, The Netherlands
Dev Psychobiol 51:173-85. 2009..the attachment classification distribution was similar to that of human infants raised in Greek or Romanian orphanages. RC chimpanzees showed less disorganized attachment to their human caregivers, had a more advanced cognitive ..
- Infantile acropustulosis in internationally adopted childrenLaurie M Good
Department of Dermatology, University of Colorado, Denver Health Sciences Center, Aurora, Colorado 80045 0510, USA
J Am Acad Dermatol 65:763-71. 2011Infantile acropustulosis (IA) is a recurrent, self-limited, vesicopustular disorder affecting young children. Most cases occur after scabies infestation. IA seems to be common in children adopted from orphanages overseas.
- The business of relief work: a Victorian Quaker in Constantinople and her circleMichelle Tusan
Univ of Nevada, Las Vegas
Vic Stud 51:633-61. 2009..The mapping of these networks reveals the evolving relationship between evangelicalism, the humanitarian movement, and the marketplace in imperial Britain...
- Communication and academic challenges in early adolescence for children who have been adopted from the former Soviet UnionBrenda L Beverly
University of South Alabama, Mobile, AL 36688 0002, USA
Lang Speech Hear Serv Sch 39:303-13. 2008..This was a Time II survey of outcomes for children, now ages 9 to 13 years, who were almost 4 years old on average when they were adopted from the former Soviet Union...
- Orphan rocker tracks: a variant of friction melanosis in an institutionalized childGary Diamond
Department of Pediatric Neurology and Child Development, Schneider Children s Medical Center of Israel, Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Petah Tiqva, Israel Department of Pediatric Dermatology, Schneider Children s Medical Center of Israel, Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Petah Tiqva, Israel
Pediatr Dermatol 30:e198-9. 2013..An institutionalized child whose lower back was subjected to intense and repeated rocking displayed the characteristic lesions. ..
- Psychiatric Morbidity among a Sample of Orphanage Children in CairoMohamed A El Koumi
Departments of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Zagazig University, Egypt
Int J Pediatr 2012:141854. 2012..Methods. This cross-sectional study was conducted in three private orphanages in Cairo...
- Effects of caregiver-child interactions on play occupations among young children institutionalized in Eastern EuropeLisa A Daunhauer
Department of Occupational Therapy, College of Applied Human Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523 1573, USA
Am J Occup Ther 61:429-40. 2007....
- Microstructural abnormalities in language and limbic pathways in orphanage-reared children: a diffusion tensor imaging studyAjay Kumar
1Carmen and Ann Adams Department of Pediatrics, Children s Hospital of Michigan, Detroit, MI, USA
J Child Neurol 29:318-25. 2014..matter tracts in 36 children (age M = 124 months) with histories of early deprivation, raised from birth in orphanages and subsequently adopted into the United States, compared to 16 age-matched typically developing children...
- High increments of overweight along with low length-for-age growth during the first 24 months of lifeM Bacardi-Gascon
Facultad de Medicina y Psicología, Universidad Autonoma de Baja California, Mexico
Nutr Hosp 27:1894-9. 2012It has been reported that children nursed in orphanages loose one month of lineal growth for every three months they spend in the orphanage.
- Kinship care at community is better model to ensure psychosocial and economic security to orphans living with HIV than from care homesS L Acharya
Ministry of Health and Population, National Center For AIDS and STD Control, Nepal
J Nepal Health Res Counc 11:22-5. 2013..The objective of this study was to investigate which model of care and support is more appropriate for improving psychosocial and economic security of AIDS orphans...
- The international society for developmental psychobiology Sackler symposium: Early adversity and the maturation of emotion circuits-A cross-species analysisBridget L Callaghan
Department of Psychology, Columbia University, New York City, NY, 10027
Dev Psychobiol 56:1635-50. 2014..Finally, a human model of maternal deprivation is presented in which children born into orphanages and then adopted abroad exhibit aberrant development of emotion circuits...
- [The characteristics of orofacial clefts in small communities]Georgeta Zegan
Disciplina de Ortodonţie şi Ortopedie Dento Facială, Facultatea de Medicina Dentara, Universitatea de Medicini şi Farmacie Grigore T Popa Iaşi
Rev Med Chir Soc Med Nat Iasi 116:605-10. 2012..Establishing the prevalence of orofacial clefts in a community of institutionalized children and the correlations with sex, weight at birth, life environment, maternal age and children's associated diseases...
- The role of the Toronto Girls' Home, 1863-1910Charlotte Neff
Laurentian University, Sudbury, Ontario
J Fam Hist 36:286-315. 2011....
- The behavioral development of Korean children in institutional care and international adoptive familiesRichard M Lee
Department of Psychology, University of Minnesota, 75 East River Road, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
Dev Psychol 46:468-78. 2010..Institutionalization due to family disruption was a risk for relinquished children only, whereas parental contact did not increase the risk for behavioral problems. The unique sample population and other limitations are discussed...
- Dopamine transporter gene polymorphism moderates the effects of severe deprivation on ADHD symptoms: developmental continuities in gene-environment interplaySuzanne E Stevens
MRC Social, Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, London, UK
Am J Med Genet B Neuropsychiatr Genet 150:753-61. 2009..in a sample of individuals who experienced severe institutional deprivation (up to 42 months of age) in Romanian orphanages and a non-institutionalized comparison group...
- Mexican hospitalsMauro Loyo-Varela
Servicio de Neurocirugia, Hospital Regional de Veracruz, Veracruz, Mexico
Cir Cir 77:463-9. 2009..Public Assistance Secretariat was established, which was dedicated to assist hospitals, nurseries, asylums and orphanages. In 1943, this Public Assistance Secretariat joined with the Public Health Department, forming what today is the ..
- Mental health of adolescents reared in institutional care in Turkey: challenges and hope in the twenty-first centuryNese Erol
Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Ankara University, Ankara, Turkey
Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 19:113-24. 2010..The highest rates of problems by youth self-report also support the view that the youths' own voices ought to be heard and need to inform the reform process regarding their future care...
- Nontraditional families and childhood progress through schoolMichael J Rosenfeld
Department of Sociology, Stanford University, 450 Serra Mall, Bldg 120, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
Demography 47:755-75. 2010..Children ofallfamily types (including children ofsame-sex couples) are far more likely to make normal progress through school than are children living in group quarters (such as orphanages and shelters).
- [Syphilis, brothels, unwanted children and wet nurses. Italy and syphilis infection in the 19th century]S Sabbatani
Unita Operativa di Malattie Infettive, Policlinico S Orsola Malpighi di Bologna, Italy
Infez Med 16:175-87. 2008..In this paper we present not only the question of prostitution in Italy in relation to syphilis, but also the serious problem of infection transmission to unweaned babies and to wet nurses in orphanages.
- [Childhood experiences of the Duplessis children: consequences 50 years later]Nikolas Paré
Departement de Psychologie, Université de Montréal Institut de psychiatrie communautaire et familiale, Sir Mortimer B Davis, Hôpital général juif, Universite McGill
Sante Ment Que 35:85-109. 2010..Results indicate that childhood abuse and negligence are related to poorer long-term psychological adjustment. The findings also demonstrate that reporting at least four strengths in childhood can have long-term protective effects...
- Ocular morbidity among orphanagesM K Shrestha
Tilganga Eye Centre, Kathmandu, Nepal
JNMA J Nepal Med Assoc 49:29-32. 2010The study assesses the spectrum of ocular morbidity and predictors of morbidity in children living in orphanages in the Kathmandu Valley.
- Costs of interventions for AIDS orphans and vulnerable childrenYared Santa-Ana-Téllez
Center for Evaluation Research and Surveys, Division of Health Economics, National Institute of Public Health, Cuernavaca, Mexico
Trop Med Int Health 16:1417-26. 2011..To review the published and grey literature for information regarding the costs and cost-effectiveness of interventions aimed at improving the welfare of orphans and vulnerable children owing to HIV/AIDS in low- and middle-income countries...
- Children adopted from China: a prospective study of their growth and developmentNancy J Cohen
Hincks Dellcrest Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
J Child Psychol Psychiatry 49:458-68. 2008..adoption because of the relatively young age of the children and reported positive conditions of the orphanages. This study examined the process and outcome of growth and development of children adopted from China over their ..
- Posttraumatic stress disorder in adopted children from RomaniaR A C Hoksbergen
Faculty of Social Sciences, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
Am J Orthopsychiatry 73:255-65. 2003..It seems plausible that the high incidence of PTSD characteristics was related to extreme physical and social neglect occurring in the orphanages.
- A three year follow-up of attachment and indiscriminate friendliness in children adopted from Romanian orphanagesK Chisholm
Department of Psychology, Saint Francis Xavier University, Antigonish, Nova Scotia
Child Dev 69:1092-106. 1998..Specifically, insecure RO children had more behavior problems, scored lower on the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale, and had parents who reported significantly more parenting stress than RO children classified as secure...
- Protective influences of families for children adopted from the former Soviet UnionTeena M McGuinness
University of South Alabama College of Nursing, Community Mental Health Nursing, 36688 0002, USA
J Nurs Scholarsh 37:216-21. 2005....
- Abnormal brain connectivity in children after early severe socioemotional deprivation: a diffusion tensor imaging studyThomas J Eluvathingal
Carman and Ann Adams Department of Pediatrics, Children s Hospital of Michigan, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan, USA
Pediatrics 117:2093-100. 2006We previously reported that children who were subjected to early socioemotional deprivation in Romanian orphanages showed glucose hypometabolism in limbic and paralimbic structures, including the orbital frontal gyrus, infralimbic ..
- Local brain functional activity following early deprivation: a study of postinstitutionalized Romanian orphansH T Chugani
Department of Pediatrics, Children's Hospital of Michigan, Detroit Medical Center, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, Michigan 48201, USA
Neuroimage 14:1290-301. 2001..8 years) adopted from Romanian orphanages. Using statistical parametric mapping (SPM), the pattern of brain glucose metabolism in the orphans was compared ..
- Antimicrobial resistance of nasopharyngeal pneumococci from children from day-care centres and orphanages in Russia: results of a unique prospective multicentre studyL S Stratchounski
Institute of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, Smolensk, Russia
Clin Microbiol Infect 12:853-66. 2006..resistance of nasopharyngeal pneumococci isolated from children aged < 5 years in day-care centres and orphanages throughout Russia during 2001-2002...
- Listening & learning. Fostering health care in BulgariaL Phillips
J Christ Nurs 19:25-8. 2002
- [Diagnostic difficulties in identification of Haemophilus influenzae colonising the nasopharynx of children]Ewa Augustynowicz
Zakład Badania Surowic i Szczepionek PZH w Warszawie
Med Dosw Mikrobiol 57:29-37. 2005..or non-capsulated Haemophilus influenzae strains colonisation among children attending day-care centres or orphanages has been studied. Detection of capsulated or non-capsulated H...
- A quiet migration: cultural influences impacting children adopted from the former Soviet UnionT McGuinness
University of South Alabama, College of Nursing Community Mental Health Nursing, Springhill Area Campus, Mobile, AL 36604, USA
J Cult Divers 7:59-64. 2000..The orphanages are microenvironments which may be closed to the influences of the larger culture...
- Pediatric migration and hepatitis A risk in host populationF Castelli
Institute of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, University of Brescia, Italy
J Travel Med 6:204-6. 1999..7 The aim of this paper is to report the epidemic HAV outbreak which occurred among the voluntary nursing staff of a pediatric Rwandan refugee community hosted in a village of the Brescia Province, in northern Italy...
- Grip strength as an index for assessment of nutritional status of children aged 6-10 yearsKavita Kenjle
Department of Food Science and Nutrition, SNDT Women s University, Sir Vithaldas Vidyavihar, Juhu Road, Santacruz West, Mumbai 400049, India
J Nutr Sci Vitaminol (Tokyo) 51:87-92. 2005..364 boys and 423 girls) in the age group of 6 to 10 y were selected from private and municipal schools, orphanages and slums in the cities of Mumbai and Pune, India. Grip strength was measured using the dominant hand...
- [Growth and development aspects of international adoption]Yehuda Senecky
Center for Child Development, Schneider Children s Medical Center of Israel, Petah Tikva, Israel
Harefuah 142:694-7, 717. 2003..Their infants and young children were placed in orphanages at a very young age...
- The relation between length of institutionalization and sensory integration in children adopted from Eastern EuropeSusan H Lin
Shenandoah University, Winchester, Virginia, USA
Am J Occup Ther 59:139-47. 2005..To examine the relation between length of institutionalization and sensory integration in children adopted from Eastern Europe...
- ADJUSTMENT OF INTERNATIONALLY ADOPTED CHILDRENMegan Gunnar; Fiscal Year: 2002..Over these years, the percentage of children adopted out of orphanages or baby homes has increased from 20 to 65%. Two studies are proposed...
- Recovery from Early Life Stress in Children Adopted from InstitutionsMegan R Gunnar; Fiscal Year: 2012..150 children internationally-adopted from orphanages/institutions and their families will be studied at four 8-mo intervals beginning 2 mos post-adoption for the ..
- Orphaned &Separated Children's Assessment Related to their Health &Well-BeingPAULA KARINA ALICE BRAITSTEIN; Fiscal Year: 2013..These include formal and informal foster homes, orphanages, community-based programs, government detention centres, homes and schools run by religious institutions or ..
- Early Experience, Stress and Neurobehavioral Development CenterMegan R Gunnar; Fiscal Year: 2013..Our projects involve (1) young children in domestic foster care (2) those adopted from orphanages overseas, as well as (3) another model that allows random assignment to maltreating care and tracking of ..
- The Long-Term Effects of Early Social-Emotional ExperienceRobert B McCall; Fiscal Year: 2012..of variations in early social- emotional experience and human relationships in children who are reared in orphanages in St...
- Pubertal Stress Recalibration HypothesisMegan R Gunnar; Fiscal Year: 2013..Our target participants will be youth adopted internationally from orphanages (post-institutionalied, PI) youth, compared to youth reared in their families of origin (non-adopted,NA)...
- Neurodevelopmental Outcome in Russian OrphanageLaurie Miller; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- NeuroBehavioral Correlates of Early DeprivationMegan Gunnar; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Developmental Psychobiology of Stress in ChildrenMegan Gunnar; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Early Experience, Stress Neurobiology & Prevention SciMegan Gunnar; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- Psychobiological studies of stress in young childrenMegan Gunnar; Fiscal Year: 2005..We argue that normative developmental research complements and provides basic data necessary for research and theory on developmental psychopathology. ..
- Effects of Early ExperienceCarol Carter; Fiscal Year: 2009..Intergenerational effects of these experiences will be examined as well. ..
- Neurobiology of Social SupportCAROL SUE CARTER; Fiscal Year: 2010..In addition, these studies may help us understand neuroendocrine mechanisms underlying child neglect or abuse and why these may differ in males and females. ..
- NEUROTERATOGENIC MECHANISM OF LCM VIRUS INFECTIONDaniel Bonthius; Fiscal Year: 2005..The importance of a-DG in influencing the tropism and infectivity of LCMV will be examined by blocking alpha-DG with an antibody prior to exposure of brain slices to LCMV. ..
- Viral vector-based RNAi therapy for Alexander DiseaseDaniel Bonthius; Fiscal Year: 2008..The disease is due to an abnormal gene. This research aims to develop a form of gene therapy to prevent and reverse the brain dysfunction of Alexander Disease. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..