operating rooms

Summary

Summary: Facilities equipped for performing surgery.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi The sounds of music in the operating room
    Yehuda Ullmann
    Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Rambam Medical Center and Faculty of Medicine, Technion Israel Institute of Technology, 8 Ha Aliya Street, Haifa, Israel
    Injury 39:592-7. 2008
  2. pmc Systems approaches to surgical quality and safety: from concept to measurement
    Charles Vincent
    Clinical Safety Research Unit, Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, University of London, London, United Kingdom
    Ann Surg 239:475-82. 2004
  3. ncbi Risk factors for particulate and microbial contamination of air in operating theatres
    S Scaltriti
    Public Health Science Department, Modena and Reggio Emilia University, Modena, Italy
    J Hosp Infect 66:320-6. 2007
  4. ncbi A pilot study of the implementation of WHO surgical checklist in Finland: improvements in activities and communication
    R S K Takala
    Department of Anaesthesiology, Intensive Care, Emergency Medicine and Pain Clinic, Turku University Hospital, Finland
    Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 55:1206-14. 2011
  5. pmc Patient safety in surgical environments: cross-countries comparison of psychometric properties and results of the Norwegian version of the Hospital Survey on Patient Safety
    Arvid S Haugen
    Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, Haukeland University Hospital, Jonas Lies vei 65, N 5021 Bergen, Norway
    BMC Health Serv Res 10:279. 2010
  6. ncbi Why is patient safety so hard? A selective review of ethnographic studies
    Mary Dixon-Woods
    Department of Health Sciences, University of Leicester, Leicester, UK
    J Health Serv Res Policy 15:11-6. 2010
  7. ncbi Changing time in an operating suite
    R Walker
    School of Public Health, La Trobe University, Bundoora, Australia
    Int J Nurs Stud 38:25-35. 2001
  8. ncbi The concept of surgical operating list 'efficiency': a formula to describe the term
    J J Pandit
    Nuffield Department of Anaesthetics, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford OX3 9DU, UK
    Anaesthesia 62:895-903. 2007
  9. ncbi Does the use of laminar flow and space suits reduce early deep infection after total hip and knee replacement?: the ten-year results of the New Zealand Joint Registry
    G J Hooper
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Musculoskeletal Medicine, University of Otago, Christchurch, P O Box 4345, Christchurch, New Zealand
    J Bone Joint Surg Br 93:85-90. 2011
  10. ncbi Experimental evaluation of the efficacy of sanitation procedures in operating rooms
    Alessia Frabetti
    CIAS Laboratory, Center for the Study of Contamination of Highly Sterile Environments, Department of Architecture, University of Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy
    Am J Infect Control 37:658-64. 2009

Research Grants

Detail Information

Publications327 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi The sounds of music in the operating room
    Yehuda Ullmann
    Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Rambam Medical Center and Faculty of Medicine, Technion Israel Institute of Technology, 8 Ha Aliya Street, Haifa, Israel
    Injury 39:592-7. 2008
    ..Little information is available about the effect of music on the operating room (OR) staff...
  2. pmc Systems approaches to surgical quality and safety: from concept to measurement
    Charles Vincent
    Clinical Safety Research Unit, Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, University of London, London, United Kingdom
    Ann Surg 239:475-82. 2004
    ....
  3. ncbi Risk factors for particulate and microbial contamination of air in operating theatres
    S Scaltriti
    Public Health Science Department, Modena and Reggio Emilia University, Modena, Italy
    J Hosp Infect 66:320-6. 2007
    ....
  4. ncbi A pilot study of the implementation of WHO surgical checklist in Finland: improvements in activities and communication
    R S K Takala
    Department of Anaesthesiology, Intensive Care, Emergency Medicine and Pain Clinic, Turku University Hospital, Finland
    Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 55:1206-14. 2011
    ..Prior to national checklist implementation, we assessed its possible impact on the operating room (OR) process, safety-related issues and communication among surgical staff in a high-income country...
  5. pmc Patient safety in surgical environments: cross-countries comparison of psychometric properties and results of the Norwegian version of the Hospital Survey on Patient Safety
    Arvid S Haugen
    Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, Haukeland University Hospital, Jonas Lies vei 65, N 5021 Bergen, Norway
    BMC Health Serv Res 10:279. 2010
    ..This study examined the psychometric properties of a Norwegian translation of the HSOPS and also compared safety climate factors from a surgical setting to hospitals in the United States, the Netherlands and Norway...
  6. ncbi Why is patient safety so hard? A selective review of ethnographic studies
    Mary Dixon-Woods
    Department of Health Sciences, University of Leicester, Leicester, UK
    J Health Serv Res Policy 15:11-6. 2010
    ..Addressing safety problems requires acknowledgement that patient safety is not simply a technical issue, but a site of organizational and professional politics...
  7. ncbi Changing time in an operating suite
    R Walker
    School of Public Health, La Trobe University, Bundoora, Australia
    Int J Nurs Stud 38:25-35. 2001
    ..This approach to changing the use of time imposed considerable real 'costs' on staff, especially nurses, and created concerns about safety...
  8. ncbi The concept of surgical operating list 'efficiency': a formula to describe the term
    J J Pandit
    Nuffield Department of Anaesthetics, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford OX3 9DU, UK
    Anaesthesia 62:895-903. 2007
    ..e. those from the university hospital). We suggest that surgical list performance is more completely described by our formula for efficiency than it is by other conventional measures such as list utilisation or cancellation rate alone...
  9. ncbi Does the use of laminar flow and space suits reduce early deep infection after total hip and knee replacement?: the ten-year results of the New Zealand Joint Registry
    G J Hooper
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Musculoskeletal Medicine, University of Otago, Christchurch, P O Box 4345, Christchurch, New Zealand
    J Bone Joint Surg Br 93:85-90. 2011
    ..Our results question the rationale for their increasing use in routine joint replacement, where the added cost to the health system seems to be unjustified...
  10. ncbi Experimental evaluation of the efficacy of sanitation procedures in operating rooms
    Alessia Frabetti
    CIAS Laboratory, Center for the Study of Contamination of Highly Sterile Environments, Department of Architecture, University of Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy
    Am J Infect Control 37:658-64. 2009
    ..There remains much debate on how to define an adequate sanitation protocol in hospital environments...
  11. ncbi Implementing a pre-operative checklist to increase patient safety: a 1-year follow-up of personnel attitudes
    L Nilsson
    Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, University Hospital, Linkoping, Sweden
    Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 54:176-82. 2010
    ..We assessed personnel attitudes to a pre-operative checklist ('time out') immediately before start of the operative procedure...
  12. ncbi The operation room as a hostile environment for surgeons: physical complaints during and after laparoscopy
    Vicdan Sari
    Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Minim Invasive Ther Allied Technol 19:105-9. 2010
    ..The dominant upper extremity appears to be more involved than the non-dominant side. More awareness and implementation of ergonomic guidelines is needed...
  13. ncbi A prospective study of patient safety in the operating room
    Caprice K Christian
    Department of Surgery, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Surgery 139:159-73. 2006
    ..To better understand the operating room as a system and to identify system features that influence patient safety, we performed an analysis of operating room patient care using a prospective observational technique...
  14. ncbi Application of the human factors analysis and classification system methodology to the cardiovascular surgery operating room
    Andrew W ElBardissi
    Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA
    Ann Thorac Surg 83:1412-8; discussion 1418-9. 2007
    ..We hypothesized that human factors identified in other domains would similarly be viewed as contributors to error in cardiac surgery...
  15. ncbi Preoperative clinic visits reduce operating room cancellations and delays
    Marla B Ferschl
    University of Chicago Hospitals, IL 60637, USA
    Anesthesiology 103:855-9. 2005
    ..The authors tested whether a visit to an anesthesia preoperative medicine clinic (APMC) would reduce day-of-surgery case cancellations and/or case delays...
  16. ncbi Improving patient safety in the operating theatre and perioperative care: obstacles, interventions, and priorities for accelerating progress
    N Sevdalis
    Department of Surgery and Cancer, Imperial College London, London, UK
    Br J Anaesth 109:i3-i16. 2012
    ....
  17. ncbi Application of ergonomic guidelines during minimally invasive surgery: a questionnaire survey of 284 surgeons
    L S G L Wauben
    Delft University of Technology, Faculty of Industrial Design Engineering, Landbergstraat 15, 2628, CE, Delft, The Netherlands
    Surg Endosc 20:1268-74. 2006
    ..This study aimed to obtain an answer for the question: Are ergonomic guidelines applied in the operating room and what are the consequences?..
  18. ncbi Traffic flow in the operating room: an explorative and descriptive study on air quality during orthopedic trauma implant surgery
    Annette Erichsen Andersson
    Institute of Health and Care Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden
    Am J Infect Control 40:750-5. 2012
    ....
  19. ncbi Operating room teamwork among physicians and nurses: teamwork in the eye of the beholder
    Martin A Makary
    Department of Surgery and Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA
    J Am Coll Surg 202:746-52. 2006
    ..Although efforts to improve patient safety through improving teamwork are growing, there is no validated tool to scientifically measure teamwork in the surgical setting...
  20. ncbi Novel, compact, intraoperative magnetic resonance imaging-guided system for conventional neurosurgical operating rooms
    M Hadani
    Department of Neurosurgery, Sheba Medical Center, Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Israel
    Neurosurgery 48:799-807; discussion 807-9. 2001
    ..Preliminary clinical experience with a novel, compact, intraoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-guided system that can be used in an ordinary operating room is presented...
  21. ncbi Nursing and patient safety in the operating room
    Herdis Alfredsdottir
    Operating Room, National University Hospital, Reykjavik, Iceland
    J Adv Nurs 61:29-37. 2008
    ..This paper is a report of a study to identify what operating room nurses believe influences patient safety and how they see their role in enhancing patient safety...
  22. ncbi Environmental controls in operating theatres
    S Dharan
    Infection Control Programme, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Geneva Hospitals, Switzerland
    J Hosp Infect 51:79-84. 2002
    ..Few countries have set bacterial threshold limits for conventionally ventilated operating rooms, although most recommend 20 air changes per hour to obtain 50-150 colony forming units/m(3) of air...
  23. ncbi Operating room ventilation with laminar airflow shows no protective effect on the surgical site infection rate in orthopedic and abdominal surgery
    Christian Brandt
    Charité Universtitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    Ann Surg 248:695-700. 2008
    ..To evaluate whether operating room (OR) ventilation with (vertical) laminar airflow impacts on surgical site infection (SSI) rates...
  24. pmc Current concepts for clean air and total joint arthroplasty: laminar airflow and ultraviolet radiation: a systematic review
    Richard P Evans
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, 531, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, 4301 West Markham, Little Rock, AR 72205, USA
    Clin Orthop Relat Res 469:945-53. 2011
    ..Both airborne and nonairborne bacterial contamination must be reduced in the operating room...
  25. ncbi Impact of preoperative briefings on operating room delays: a preliminary report
    Shantanu Nundy
    Department of Surgery, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 1909 Thames St, 2nd Floor, Baltimore, MD 21231, USA
    Arch Surg 143:1068-72. 2008
    ..Preoperative briefings have the potential to reduce operating room (OR) delays through improved teamwork and communication...
  26. ncbi Surgical team behaviors and patient outcomes
    Karen Mazzocco
    Sharp Metropolitan Medical Campus, Sharp HealthCare, Patient Relations and Concierge Services, San Diego, CA USA
    Am J Surg 197:678-85. 2009
    ..Little evidence exists that links teamwork to patient outcomes. We conducted this study to determine if patients of teams with good teamwork had better outcomes than those with poor teamwork...
  27. ncbi Elective surgical case cancellation in the Veterans Health Administration system: identifying areas for improvement
    Joshua L Argo
    Center for Surgical, Medical Acute care Research and Transitions, Birmingham Veterans Administration Medical Center, Birmingham, AL, USA
    Am J Surg 198:600-6. 2009
    ..This study evaluated elective surgical case cancellation (CC) rates, reasons for these cancellations, and identified areas for improvement within the Veterans Health Administration (VA) system...
  28. ncbi Monitoring air sampling in operating theatres: can particle counting replace microbiological sampling?
    A Landrin
    Pharmacie, Hopital Europeen Georges Pompidou, Paris, France
    J Hosp Infect 61:27-9. 2005
    ..was to determine whether particle counting could be predictive of microbiological contamination of air in operating rooms. Over a three-month period, air microbiological sampling and particle counting were performed simultaneously ..
  29. pmc Assessing system failures in operating rooms and intensive care units
    M van Beuzekom
    OR Centre, Leiden University Medical Centre, Leiden, The Netherlands
    Qual Saf Health Care 16:45-50. 2007
    ..Proactive methods are able to objectively detect structural shortcomings before mishaps and have been widely used in other high-risk industries...
  30. ncbi Identification of systems failures in successful paediatric cardiac surgery
    K R Catchpole
    Royal College of Surgeons of England, Lincoln s Inn Fields, London, WC2A 3PE, UK
    Ergonomics 49:567-88. 2006
    ..Prospectively identifying and reducing these recurrent failures would lead to improved surgical standards and enhanced patient safety...
  31. pmc Patient safety in surgery
    Martin A Makary
    Department of Surgery, John Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA
    Ann Surg 243:628-32; discussion 632-5. 2006
    ..Patient safety initiatives aimed at creating a safe operating room (OR) culture are increasingly being adopted, but a reliable means of measuring their impact on front-line providers does not exist...
  32. ncbi Role-modelling in the operating room: medical student observations of exemplary behaviour
    Saundra E Curry
    Department of Anesthesia, Faculty of Columbia University, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University Medical Center, 622 West168th Street, New York, NY 10032
    Med Educ 45:946-57. 2011
    ..The assumption is that, if left unchecked, students will see these negative behaviours exhibited by their role models and possibly emulate them, allowing the potential reinforcement of the inappropriate behaviours...
  33. ncbi A prospective observational study of human factors, adverse events, and patient outcomes in surgery for pediatric cardiac disease
    Paul Barach
    Department of Anesthesia, Utrecht Medical Center, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 136:1422-8. 2008
    ..To explore the impact of human factors on intraoperative adverse events and compensation mechanisms in pediatric cardiac surgery...
  34. ncbi Identification and interference of intraoperative distractions and interruptions in operating rooms
    Sophia Antoniadis
    Institute and Outpatient Clinic for Occupational, Social, and Environmental Medicine, University Hospital, Ludwig Maximilians University, Munich, Germany Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University Hospital Munich, Großhadern, Germany
    J Surg Res 188:21-9. 2014
    ..This study aimed to observe interruption events in operating rooms (ORs) and to measure surgical team's intraoperative interference from interruptions during surgery.
  35. pmc Communication failures in the operating room: an observational classification of recurrent types and effects
    L Lingard
    University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Qual Saf Health Care 13:330-4. 2004
    ..This study was part of a larger project to develop a team checklist to improve communication in the OR...
  36. ncbi Field application of SPME as a novel tool for occupational exposure assessment with inhalational anesthetics
    Mohammad Javad Zare Sakhvidi
    Department of Occupational Health, Research Centre for Health Sciences, School of Public Health, Hamedan University of Medical Science, Hamadan, Iran
    Environ Monit Assess 184:6483-90. 2012
    Occupational exposure to inhalational anesthetics occurs routinely in operating rooms. It could induce serious health hazards and diseases. This exposure assessment is a crucial step in determining risks...
  37. ncbi Do we really need laminar flow ventilation in the operating room to prevent surgical site infections?
    Pamela A Lipsett
    Ann Surg 248:701-3. 2008
  38. ncbi Long-term surveillance of air quality in medical center operating rooms
    Gwo Hwa Wan
    Department of Respiratory Care, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Kwei Shan, Tao Yuan, Taiwan
    Am J Infect Control 39:302-8. 2011
    Maintenance of adequate indoor air quality (IAQ) in operating rooms (ORs) is critical to the prevention of nosocomial infection in hospitalized patients. This study evaluated the characteristics of IAQ in various ORs in a medical center.
  39. ncbi A systematic review of simulation for multidisciplinary team training in operating rooms
    David Cumin
    Centre for Medical and Health Sciences Education, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand
    Simul Healthc 8:171-9. 2013
    ..Future work should focus on how best to overcome the barriers to implementation of team training interventions for full OR teams, particularly on how to engage senior staff to aid recruitment...
  40. ncbi A study of job stress, stress coping strategies, and job satisfaction for nurses working in middle-level hospital operating rooms
    Chung Kuang Chen
    Office of Research and Development, National Yunlin University of Science and Technology
    J Nurs Res 17:199-211. 2009
    ..Understanding the interactive relationships between demographics and work-related variables, job stress, job stress coping strategies, and job satisfaction for operating room (OR) nurses is important...
  41. ncbi Ergonomics principles associated with laparoscopic surgeon injury/illness
    Kristen Miller
    Texas A and M Health Science Center School of Rural Public Health, 114 SRPH Administration Building, College Station, TX 77843, USA
    Hum Factors 54:1087-92. 2012
    ..This study sought to investigate the prevalence of laparoscopic surgeon injury/illness symptoms and evaluate associations between symptoms and operating room ergonomics...
  42. pmc Outbreak of infection with a multiresistant Klebsiella pneumoniae strain associated with contaminated roll boards in operating rooms
    Annemarie van 't Veen
    Department of Clinical Microbiology, St Elisabeth Hospital, P O Box 747, 5000 AS Tilburg, The Netherlands
    J Clin Microbiol 43:4961-7. 2005
    ..It was concluded that two operation rooms played a significant role in the transmission of an MRKP strain between ICU patients during the presented outbreak...
  43. ncbi Using mean duration and variation of procedure times to plan a list of surgical operations to fit into the scheduled list time
    Jaideep J Pandit
    Nuffield Department of Anaesthetics, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, UK
    Eur J Anaesthesiol 28:493-501. 2011
    ..We wished to assess whether, theoretically, the known duration of individual operations could be used quantitatively to predict the likely duration of the operating list...
  44. ncbi Assessment of the ergonomically optimal operating surface height for laparoscopic surgery
    M A van Veelen
    Faculty of Design, Engineering and Production, Subfaculty Industrial Design Engineering, Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands
    J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A 12:47-52. 2002
    ..The operating surface height was defined as the level of the abdominal wall of a patient with pneumoperitoneum...
  45. ncbi Equipment-related incidents in the operating room: an analysis of occurrence, underlying causes and consequences for the clinical process
    I Wubben
    Department of Health Technology and Services Research, University of Twente, PO Box 217, 7500 AE Enschede, The Netherlands
    Qual Saf Health Care 19:e64. 2010
    ..Equipment-related incidents in the operating room (OR) can affect quality of care. In this study, the authors determined the occurrence and effects on the care process in a large teaching hospital...
  46. ncbi Optimal sequencing of urgent surgical cases. Scheduling cases using operating room information systems
    F Dexter
    Department of Anesthesia, University of Iowa, Iowa City 52242, USA
    J Clin Monit Comput 15:153-62. 1999
    ..We use an example to illustrate that the optimal sequence varies depending on the scheduling objective chosen...
  47. ncbi Are your hospital operating rooms "efficient"? A scoring system with eight performance indicators
    Alex Macario
    Anesthesiology 105:237-40. 2006
  48. ncbi Control chart monitoring of the numbers of cases waiting when anesthesiologists do not bring in members of call team
    Johannes Ledolter
    Department of Management Sciences, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    Anesth Analg 111:196-203. 2010
    An anesthesia group staffing agreement with a hospital often specifies the minimum number of operating rooms (ORs) to be covered during evening or weekend hours...
  49. ncbi Knowledge is power: averting safety-compromising events in the OR
    Kathleen Catalano
    Perot System Corporation, Plano, TX, USA
    AORN J 88:987-95. 2008
    ..Knowledge is power and increased awareness of patient safety issues and the resources that are available to both health care practitioners and consumers can help perioperative nurses ward off patient safety problems before they occur...
  50. ncbi Molecular epidemiology of microbial contamination in the operating room environment: Is there a risk for infection?
    Charles E Edmiston
    Department of Surgery, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53226, USA
    Surgery 138:573-9; discussion 579-82. 2005
    Modern operating rooms are considered to be aseptic environments. The use of surgical mask, frequent air exchanges, and architectural barriers are used to reduce airborne microbial populations...
  51. ncbi [Air microbial sampling: the state of the art]
    Cesira Pasquarella
    Dipartimento di Sanita Pubblica, Sezione di Igiene, Universita degli Studi di Parma, Italy
    Ig Sanita Pubbl 64:79-120. 2008
    ....
  52. ncbi Assessing and improving teamwork in cardiac surgery
    Jan Maarten Schraagen
    TNO Human Factors, PO Box 23, 3769 ZG Soesterberg, The Netherlands
    Qual Saf Health Care 19:e29. 2010
    ..The current paper focuses on improving methods for studying teamwork; a companion paper will report on the empirical results...
  53. ncbi An observational study of surgeons' sequencing of cases and its impact on postanesthesia care unit and holding area staffing requirements at hospitals
    Eric Marcon
    Department of Manufacturing System Management and Maintenance, Jean Monnet University, Saint Etienne, France
    Anesth Analg 105:119-26. 2007
    ..Staffing requirements in the operating room (OR) holding area and in the Phase I postanesthesia care unit (PACU) are influenced by the sequencing of each surgeon's list of cases in the same OR on the same day...
  54. ncbi The effect of the Operating Room Coordinator's risk appreciation on operating room efficiency
    Pieter S Stepaniak
    Division of Operating Rooms and Anaesthesiology, St Franciscus Hospital, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Anesth Analg 108:1249-56. 2009
    ..The hypothesis to be tested is that the relationship between the personality of each of the four ORCs and the risk an ORC is willing to take of cases running late affects OR efficiency...
  55. ncbi Air sampling methods to evaluate microbial contamination in operating theatres: results of a comparative study in an orthopaedics department
    C Napoli
    Department of Biomedical Sciences and Human Oncology, Section of Hygiene, University of Bari Aldo Moro, Bari, Italy
    J Hosp Infect 80:128-32. 2012
    ..e. surface air system (SAS)] and passive [i.e. index of microbial air contamination (IMA) and nitrocellulose membranes positioned near the wound] sampling systems...
  56. ncbi Occlusive scrub suits in operating theaters during cataract surgery: effect on airborne contamination
    Bjørg Marit Andersen
    Clinic of Preventive Medicine, Department of Hospital Infections, Ulleval University Hospital, Oslo, Norway
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 23:218-20. 2002
    ..During the intervention period, all wore occlusive scrub suits, which, compared with cotton scrub suits, were associated with more than a 50% reduction in the load of airborne bacteria during operations...
  57. ncbi Validation of statistical methods to compare cancellation rates on the day of surgery
    Franklin Dexter
    Division of Management Consulting and Department of Anesthesia, University of Iowa, Iowa City 52242, USA
    Anesth Analg 101:465-73, table of contents. 2005
    ..Conversely, if inappropriate statistical methods are used, administrators may claim success at reducing cancellation rates when, in fact, the problem remains unresolved, affecting patients and clinicians...
  58. ncbi Crew resource management: using aviation techniques to improve operating room safety
    Michael A Ricci
    Fletcher Allen Health Care, Burlington, VT, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 83:441-4. 2012
    ..We implemented a surgical crew resource management (CRM) program for all operating room (OR) personnel...
  59. ncbi [Hygiene between tradition and implementation]
    M L Hansis
    Klinisches Qualitätsmanagement, Medizinischer Dienst der Spietzenverbände der Krankenkassen, Essen
    Orthopade 33:412-5. 2004
    ..They should be fostered and not disparaged as myths. Discussions of experts should not be conducted in public; that is disastrous for the everyday work of physicians in hospitals...
  60. ncbi Operational research in the management of the operating theatre: a survey
    Francesca Guerriero
    Laboratory of Decisions Engineering for Health Care Delivery, Department of Electronics, Computer Science and Systems, University of Calabria, Calabria, Italy
    Health Care Manag Sci 14:89-114. 2011
    ..Directions for future researches are also highlighted...
  61. ncbi Microbial air monitoring in operating theatres: experience at the University Hospital of Parma
    C Pasquarella
    Department of Public Health, University of Parma, Parma, Italy
    J Hosp Infect 81:50-7. 2012
    ..Microbial air monitoring in operating theatres has been a subject of interest and debate. No generally accepted sampling methods and threshold values are available...
  62. ncbi Methodological approaches to anaesthetists' workload in the operating theatre
    J M Leedal
    Department of Anaesthesia, Royal Lancaster Infirmary, Ashton Road, Lancaster LA1 4RP, UK
    Br J Anaesth 94:702-9. 2005
    ..The potential for delegation of tasks, for instance to non-physician anaesthetists, can also not be made on evidence-based grounds. Strategies for active management of workload may be useful in practice...
  63. ncbi Impact of intraoperative behavior on surgical site infections
    Guido Beldi
    Department of Visceral and Transplant Surgery, Bern, Switzerland
    Am J Surg 198:157-62. 2009
    ..We evaluated the effect of extensive intraoperative antiseptic measures and the impact of the behavior of members of the surgical team on SSIs...
  64. ncbi Educational value of the operating room experience during a core surgical clerkship
    Jennifer L Irani
    Department of Surgery, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 75 Francis Street, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Am J Surg 200:167-72. 2010
    ..The amount and content of medical student teaching in the operating room and its alignment with clerkship goals was unknown...
  65. ncbi The addition of a mobile ultra-clean exponential laminar airflow screen to conventional operating room ventilation reduces bacterial contamination to operating box levels
    S Friberg
    Department of Orthopaedics, Umea University, S 901 85, Umea, Sweden
    J Hosp Infect 55:92-7. 2003
    ....
  66. ncbi Optimization of surgery sequencing and scheduling decisions under uncertainty
    Brian Denton
    Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, 200 First St SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    Health Care Manag Sci 10:13-24. 2007
    b>Operating rooms (ORs) are simultaneously the largest cost center and greatest source of revenues for most hospitals. Due to significant uncertainty in surgery durations, scheduling of ORs can be very challenging...
  67. ncbi Evaluation of measures to decrease intra-operative bacterial contamination in orthopaedic implant surgery
    B A S Knobben
    Department of Biomedical Engineering, University Medical Centre Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands
    J Hosp Infect 62:174-80. 2006
    ..After 18 months of follow-up, there was also a decrease in deep periprosthetic infection...
  68. ncbi Attracting surgical clerks to surgical careers: role models, mentoring, and engagement in the operating room
    Loren Berman
    Robert Wood Johnson Clinical Scholars Program, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06511, USA
    J Am Coll Surg 207:793-800, 800.e1-2. 2008
    ..This study was designed to identify those aspects of the clerkship that are associated with medical students expressing an interest in surgery at the end of the clerkship...
  69. ncbi Efforts to enhance operating room teaching
    Mary Iwaszkiewicz
    Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois, USA
    J Surg Educ 65:436-40. 2008
    ..To identify the learning needs of faculty members who are not perceived by residents as outstanding teachers in the operating room...
  70. ncbi A comparison of faculty and resident perception of resident learning needs in the operating room
    Carla M Pugh
    Department of Surgery, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois, USA
    J Surg Educ 64:250-5. 2007
    ..Our hypothesis is that surgical faculty and residents have significantly different perceptions of residents' learning needs...
  71. ncbi Noise in the operating rooms of Greek hospitals
    Chrisoula Tsiou
    Department of Nursing, Technological Education Institute of Athens, A g Spiridonos 1 and Palikaridi, Egaleo 12210, Athens, Greece
    J Acoust Soc Am 123:757-65. 2008
    This study is an evaluation of the problem of noise pollution in operating rooms. The high sound pressure level of noise in the operating theatre has a negative impact on communication between operating room personnel...
  72. ncbi A mobile laminar airflow unit to reduce air bacterial contamination at surgical area in a conventionally ventilated operating theatre
    C Pasquarella
    Department of Public Health, University of Parma, Parma, Italy
    J Hosp Infect 66:313-9. 2007
    ..Use of a mobile LAF unit with turbulent air ventilation can reduce bacterial contamination at the surgical area in high-risk operations (e.g. prosthesis implant)...
  73. pmc Improving on-time surgical starts in an operating room
    James G Wright
    Child Health Evaluative Sciences, Research Institute, The Hospital for Sick Children, and the Departments of Surgery, Public Health Sciences and Health Policy, Management and Evaluations, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ont, Canada
    Can J Surg 53:167-70. 2010
    b>Operating rooms are expensive to run, and hospitals strive to be efficient. The purpose of this study was to evaluate an initiative to improve starting on time in the operating room in an academic pediatric hospital.
  74. ncbi Operating room utilization alone is not an accurate metric for the allocation of operating room block time to individual surgeons with low caseloads
    Franklin Dexter
    Division of Management Consulting, Department of Anesthesia, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA
    Anesthesiology 98:1243-9. 2003
    ..The authors studied potential limitations affecting whether a facility can accurately estimate the average block time utilizations of individual surgeons performing low volumes of cases...
  75. ncbi Estimating the incidence of prolonged turnover times and delays by time of day
    Franklin Dexter
    Division of Management Consulting, Department of Anesthesia, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    Anesthesiology 102:1242-8; discussion 6A. 2005
    ..Prolonged turnover times cause frustration and can thereby reduce professional satisfaction and the workload surgeons bring to a hospital...
  76. ncbi Reducing tardiness from scheduled start times by making adjustments to the operating room schedule
    Ruth E Wachtel
    Department of Anesthesia, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    Anesth Analg 108:1902-9. 2009
    ..Factors that influence tardiness were quantified in a companion paper and have been used to develop interventions that have the potential for reducing tardiness...
  77. ncbi Typical savings from each minute reduction in tardy first case of the day starts
    Franklin Dexter
    Department of Anesthesia, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    Anesth Analg 108:1262-7. 2009
    ..Analysts and clinicians sitting in operating room (OR) committee meetings cannot evaluate rapidly whether a suggested idea to reduce delays in first case of the day starts can be beneficial economically...
  78. ncbi Both bias and lack of knowledge influence organizational focus on first case of the day starts
    Elisabeth U Dexter
    Section of General Thoracic Surgery, Department of Surgery, State University of New York Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, New York, USA
    Anesth Analg 108:1257-61. 2009
    ..The economic costs of reducing first case delays are often high, because efforts need to be applied to multiple operating rooms (ORs) simultaneously...
  79. ncbi Optimizing the arrival, waiting, and NPO times of children on the day of pediatric endoscopy procedures
    Bettina Smallman
    Department of Anesthesiology, SUNY Upstate, Syracuse, NewYork, USA
    Anesth Analg 110:879-87. 2010
    ..We critique which of the several types of OR management decisions dependent on accuracy of prediction are relevant to series (lists) of brief pediatric anesthetics...
  80. ncbi A parent in the operating theater: a survey of attitudes
    Alistair Paice
    Department of Pediatric Surgery, Medway Maritime Hospital, Gillingham, Kent, United Kingdom ME7 5NY
    J Pediatr Surg 44:711-9. 2009
    ..A parent is often present during anesthetic induction of their child. Some ask to see surgery. We sought views regarding the prospect of a parent in theater during surgery...
  81. ncbi Calculating institutional support that benefits both the anesthesia group and hospital
    Franklin Dexter
    Division of Management Consulting, Department of Anesthesia, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    Anesth Analg 106:544-53, table of contents. 2008
    ..e., OR allocations). Such an agreement creates incentives whereby the hospital and anesthesia group both profit from increased OR workload and from more accurate specialty-specific staffing...
  82. ncbi Operating room nursing directors' influence on anesthesia group operating room productivity
    Danielle Masursky
    Department of Anesthesiology, State University of New York Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, New York, USA
    Anesth Analg 107:1989-96. 2008
    ..We assessed reward structures using (A) letters of nomination for the "OR Manager of the Year" award offered annually by the publication OR Manager, and (B) data from a salary/career survey of OR directors by the same publication...
  83. ncbi Teamwork and communication in surgical teams: implications for patient safety
    Peter Mills
    Field Office of the Department of Veterans Affairs National Center for Patient Safety, White River Junction, VT 05009, USA
    J Am Coll Surg 206:107-12. 2008
    ....
  84. ncbi Coordination of appointments for anesthesia care outside of operating rooms using an enterprise-wide scheduling system
    Franklin Dexter
    Division of Management Consulting, Department of Anesthesia, University of Iowa, Iowa 52242, USA
    Anesth Analg 105:1701-10, table of contents. 2007
    An anesthesia department implemented scheduling of anesthetics outside of operating rooms (non-OR) by clerks and nurses from other departments using its hospital's enterprise-wide scheduling system.
  85. ncbi A norm utilisation for scarce hospital resources: evidence from operating rooms in a Dutch university hospital
    Mark van Houdenhoven
    Division of Operating Rooms, ICU, and Anaesthesiology, ErasmusMC University Medical Centre, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    J Med Syst 31:231-6. 2007
    Utilisation of operating rooms is high on the agenda of hospital managers and researchers. Many efforts in the area of maximising the utilisation have been focussed on finding the holy grail of 100% utilisation...
  86. ncbi A psychological basis for anesthesiologists' operating room managerial decision-making on the day of surgery
    Franklin Dexter
    Department of Anesthesia and Health Management and Policy, Division of Management Consulting, University of Iowa, IA 52242, USA
    Anesth Analg 105:430-4. 2007
    ..Although a sound basis for decision-making involving individual ORs, the heuristic is often suboptimal economically when applied to decisions involving multiple ORs...
  87. ncbi Operating room managerial decision-making on the day of surgery with and without computer recommendations and status displays
    Franklin Dexter
    Department of Anesthesia, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    Anesth Analg 105:419-29. 2007
    ..Decision makers can rely on passive status displays (e.g., big screens or whiteboards), active status displays (e.g., text pager notification), and/or command displays (e.g., text recommendations about what to do)...
  88. ncbi When to release allocated operating room time to increase operating room efficiency
    Franklin Dexter
    Department of Anesthesia, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA
    Anesth Analg 98:758-62, table of contents. 2004
    ..What matters much more is having the correct OR allocations and, if OR time needs to be released, making that decision based on the scheduled workload...
  89. ncbi Air transport of patients with unstable aortic aneurysms directly into operating rooms
    Sanjay Shewakramani
    Department of Emergency Services, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02114 2696, USA
    Prehosp Emerg Care 11:337-42. 2007
    The purpose of this study was to describe an air transport service's protocol for direct transport of patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm leak (AAAL) into receiving hospital operating rooms (ORs).
  90. ncbi Use of operating room information system data to predict the impact of reducing turnover times on staffing costs
    Franklin Dexter
    Division of Management Consulting, Department of Anesthesia, University of Iowa, Iowa City 52242, USA
    Anesth Analg 97:1119-26, table of contents. 2003
    ....
  91. ncbi Statistical power analysis to estimate how many months of data are required to identify operating room staffing solutions to reduce labor costs and increase productivity
    Richard H Epstein
    Department of Anesthesiology, Jefferson Medical College, and Medical Data Applications, Ltd, USA
    Anesth Analg 94:640-3; table of contents. 2002
    ..When applied routinely for adjusting staffing (e.g., on a quarterly basis), 9 to 12 mo of data should be used...
  92. ncbi How to release allocated operating room time to increase efficiency: predicting which surgical service will have the most underutilized operating room time
    Franklin Dexter
    Division of Management Consulting, Department of Anesthesia, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA
    Anesth Analg 96:507-12, table of contents. 2003
    ..In contrast, compromising by releasing the OR time of a service other than the one with the most allocated but unscheduled OR time markedly reduces OR efficiency. OR managers can use these results when releasing allocated OR time...
  93. ncbi A strategy to decide whether to move the last case of the day in an operating room to another empty operating room to decrease overtime labor costs
    F Dexter
    Department of Anesthesia, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA
    Anesth Analg 91:925-8. 2000
    ....
  94. ncbi Physicians' perceptions of minimum time that should be saved to move a surgical case from one operating room to another: internet-based survey of the membership of the Association of Anesthesia Clinical Directors (AACD)
    Franklin Dexter
    Department of Anesthesia, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    J Clin Anesth 15:206-10. 2003
    ..However, there is a penalty cost for moving a case. The goal of the study was to measure perceptions of the minimum time that needs to be saved for it to be worthwhile to move a case from a late-running OR to another OR...
  95. ncbi Which algorithm for scheduling add-on elective cases maximizes operating room utilization? Use of bin packing algorithms and fuzzy constraints in operating room management
    F Dexter
    Department of Anesthesia, University of Iowa, Iowa City 52242, USA
    Anesthesiology 91:1491-500. 1999
    ....
  96. ncbi Cancellation of operations on the day of intended surgery at a major Australian referral hospital
    William N Schofield
    Centre for Health Services Research, University of Sydney at Westmead, Western Sydney Area Health Service, Hawkesbury Road, Westmead, NSW 2145, Australia
    Med J Aust 182:612-5. 2005
    ..To establish the rate of and reasons for cancellations of surgery on the scheduled day in an Australian hospital...
  97. ncbi Teamwork in the operating room: frontline perspectives among hospitals and operating room personnel
    J Bryan Sexton
    The Johns Hopkins University, Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, and Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of Health Policy and Management, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Anesthesiology 105:877-84. 2006
    ..However, a reliable and widely used measurement tool for the operating room (OR) setting does not currently exist...
  98. ncbi Teamwork in the operating theatre: cohesion or confusion?
    Shabnam Undre
    Department of Surgical Oncology and Technology, Imperial College, London, UK
    J Eval Clin Pract 12:182-9. 2006
    ..The aim of the research that we report here was to empirically assess the cohesiveness of the multidisciplinary operating theatre (OT) team...
  99. ncbi Automatic updating of times remaining in surgical cases using bayesian analysis of historical case duration data and "instant messaging" updates from anesthesia providers
    Franklin Dexter
    Division of Management Consulting, Department of Anesthesia, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    Anesth Analg 108:929-40. 2009
    ..Once a case scheduled for 2 h has been on-going for 1.5 h, the median time remaining is not 0.5 h but longer, and the amount longer differs among procedures...
  100. ncbi Predicting bacterial populations based on airborne particulates: a study performed in nonlaminar flow operating rooms during joint arthroplasty surgery
    Gregory W Stocks
    Fondren Orthopedic Group, 7401 S Main Street, Houston, TX 77030 4509, USA
    Am J Infect Control 38:199-204. 2010
    ..This study investigated whether the density of airborne particulates can predict the density of viable airborne bacteria at the surgery site...
  101. ncbi Nitrous oxide pollution in operating theatres in relation to the type of leakage and the number of efficacious air exchanges per hour
    M Sartini
    Department of Health Sciences, University of Genoa, Italy
    J Prev Med Hyg 47:155-9. 2006
    ....

Research Grants62

  1. Acoustocautery
    Narendra Sanghvi; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..We believe that acoustocautely devices can become standard equipment in operating rooms and emergency departments as commercial systems become available...
  2. Mitochondrial dysfunction, oxidative stress, and surgical acute kidney injury
    FREDERIC TREMAINE BILLINGS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Studies will be performed in Vanderbilt University Medical Center operating rooms, intensive care units, and clinics, and in Division of Clinical Pharmacology laboratories...
  3. Development of an instrument to track oxygen from blood to mitochondria in vivo
    Kenneth A Schenkman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Our long-term goal is to develop the cell oximeter for clinical use in ambulances, emergency departments, intensive care units, and operating rooms.
  4. Optimizing Operating Room Efficiency
    BRADLEY NIEL DOEBBELING; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..is to develop a software package and workflow process to optimize the utilization and scheduling of patients, operating rooms, staffing, technology, supplies and hospital beds...
  5. Development of Thermoacoustic Tomography Brain Imaging
    Mark A Anastasio; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..1) relatively low-cost, 2) portability that would permit near real-time imaging studies at bedside or in operating rooms, 3) use of non-ionizing radiation, and 4) measurement of structural and functional brain information that is ..
  6. TRAUMA AND INFLAMMATION RESEARCH TRAINING
    Irshad H Chaudry; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..and (2) the existence of a Level I Trauma Center, Critical Care and Burn Centers and a hospital with 80 operating rooms. These features provide a focal point for the generation of hypothesis-driven research projects that can be ..
  7. Advanced Surgical Center for Translational Research at Dartmouth
    Thomas A Colacchio; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..research, especially activities which take place in high-cost, revenue generating facilities such as surgical operating rooms and imaging suites...
  8. High-Speed Biplane X-Ray Fluoro/CT System for Translational Cardiovascular Resear
    Michael V McConnell; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..is ideal as it has an entire floor dedicated to animal research, with preparation/housing facilities, operating rooms, 2D/3D echo systems, a 3T MRI system, and additional cardiovascular imaging and research equipment (..
  9. A Layered, Multi-Agent System To Facilitate Healthcare Team Processes
    ROBERTO JAVIER NICOLALDE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Many rural hospitals lack the resources to have round-the-clock surgical staff and operating rooms reserved for cesarean delivery...
  10. University of Montreal Cardiac Surgery Clinical Investigation Group
    LOUIS PAUL PERRAULT; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..implantable artificial heart program and emerging strength in cell therapy and seven new hybrid technology operating rooms are currently under construction at MHI...
  11. STAT Palm-Sized Blood Counter
    EUGENE YAN HO CHAN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..would be applicable for emergencies in a wide-range of settings including ambulances, inpatient rooms, operating rooms, medical offices, and resource-starved settings...
  12. Stroke Stem Cell/Hydrogel Therapy
    STANLEY THOMAS CARMICHAEL; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This approach has translational utility as new neurosurgical operating rooms incorporate MRI-guided stereotaxic capabilities, which have been used to target stroke...
  13. STAT Palm-Sized Blood Counter
    EUGENE YAN HO CHAN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The resulting product can be utilized in a wide- range of settings including ambulances, inpatient rooms, operating rooms, medical offices, and resource- starved settings.
  14. Miami Center for Vision Research
    Vittorio Porciatti; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..design and data analysis, 3) Experimental Models - to provide expertise and services on experimental models, operating rooms and specialized procedures, 4) Histology &Tissue Processing - to support the processing of biological ..
  15. HARVESTING AUTOLOGOUS PLATELETS FOR WOUND HEALING
    Don B Olsen; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..developed in this project will allow growth factor-mediated wound healing to reach diverse patient populations in a wide variety of situations from well-equipped operating rooms to minimally equipped remote battlefield medical units.
  16. Errors and AEs in the setting of neonatal surgery performed in the NICU
    KuoJen Tsao; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..in neonatal intensive care and recognition of the hazards in transporting high- risk neonates to the operating rooms, surgical intervention in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) has become routine practice...
  17. Clinical Study of RFID Tagged Surgical Sponges
    Sharon Morris; Fiscal Year: 2004
    The long-term objective of this project is the commercialization of Surgical Identification Systems for use in operating rooms worldwide...
  18. ANESTHESIA RESEARCH CENTER
    William Hamilton; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..JW Severinghaus: Regulation of respiration. Transcutaneous techniques. Multiplexed mass spectrometer monitoring in operating rooms. Neuromuscular block monitor with EMG area display.
  19. Airborne Nanoparticles for Therapeutic Applications
    Amir Naqwi; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..to build an automated turnkey drug nanoparticle generator, which would be ready for use in ophthalmology operating rooms. Proposed Phase II project also covers extensive animal studies to determine the safety and efficacy of ..
  20. Clinical study of RFID Tagged Surgical Sponges and Instruments
    DAVID SZAKELYHIDI; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..is the commercialization of a surgical sponge and instrument detection and identification system for use in operating rooms worldwide...
  21. ASSESSING THE VARIABILITY IN TIME TO TREATMENT IN SURGER
    Mark Chassin; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..physician factors (knowledge, diagnostic acumen), hospital factors (availability of diagnostic tests and operating rooms), and health system factors (health insurance, utilization management, gatekeeping)...
  22. INCREASE OF TOXICITY OF TRACE ANESTHETICS BY UV LIGHT
    JOANNES KARIS; Fiscal Year: 1980
    Ultraviolet irradiation is used in some operating rooms to decrease intraoperative wound infection. Halogenated hydrocarbons are commonly used as anesthetic agents and are known to undergo photodecomposition...
  23. RENOVATION OF WILMER RESARCH FACILITY
    Edward Miller; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Outdated and non-functional equipment and space will be replaced to generate three animal operating rooms, an ocular imaging facility, modern lighting and computer controls...
  24. TISSUE PROCUREMENT CORE FACILITY AT JOSEPHINE FORD CANCE
    RICHARD ZARBO; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..On the day of surgery, an on-call pathologist's assistant collects tissue from operating rooms immediately after completion of the surgery...
  25. Low Cost Multilayer Sensors for Breath Alcohol Analysis
    Stephanie Hooker; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..breath testers, in rehabilitation and probationary activities, and in medical emergency facilities and operating rooms. PROPOSED COMMERCIAL APPLICATION: Commercial spinoff applications include personal workplace monitors, ..
  26. HDR Brachytherapy System Using Ytterbium-169
    John Munro; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..e. unshielded) operating rooms. With the increased use of HDR brachytherapy for the treatment of prostate cancer, and with the recent ..
  27. BCL-2 FAMILY AND P53 GENES ALTER APOPTOSIS IN GLIOMAS
    Keith Rich; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..of p53 and bcl-2 gene family members measured in fresh tissue specimens obtained from the neurosurgery operating rooms. This strategy will allow for the determination of the importance of functional p53, and its interactions ..
  28. MICROSURGICAL TRAINING MODEL
    Neil Watson; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..It would be portable and sanitary for use in or near operating rooms, where the best surgical microscopes are usually found. Instructional video tapes could also be provided.
  29. MICRO-SURGICAL TRAINING MODELS AND TEACHING MATERIALS
    Richard McKinney; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..In operating rooms or surgical skills laboratories the system would facilitate hands-on education, which now must be obtained ..
  30. Production of Pyrogen-Free Water in Hemodialysis Units
    ANUNCIA GONZALEZ MARTIN; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..industry: large quantities of pyrogen-free water are required for intravenous infusion fluids, fluids for injection and for irrigation in operating rooms. Also, other industries, such as the hydroponics industry need sterile water.
  31. A Case-crossover Study of Sharps-related injuries
    Murray Mittleman; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The effect of risk factors in continuous exposure settings such as operating rooms and intermittent exposure settings such as inpatient units and outpatient clinics will be evaluated...
  32. ANESTHETIC MECHANISMS IN VASCULAR SMOOTH MUSCLE
    WALTER BOYLE; Fiscal Year: 2005
    Description (provided by applicant): Anesthetic gasses are administered to thousands of patients in operating rooms across the United States each day...
  33. CARDIOVASCULAR EFFECTS OF COCAINE IN CARDIOMYOPATHY
    Michael Mathier; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..in a state-of-the-art facility at Allegheny University of the Health Sciences/Allegheny Campus featuring 2 operating rooms, a catheterization laboratory and 6 recording rooms for the conduct of experiments...
  34. Interactive intraoperative imaging with cone beam CT
    JOSEPH STAYMAN; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..they either are difficult to use, are expensive, produce poor images, or are incompatible with existing operating rooms. We propose to develop a compact intraoperative cone-beam CT imaging tool that will be highly interactive and ..
  35. PRODUCTION OF PYROGEN-FREE WATER IN HEMODIALYSIS UNIT
    ANUNCIA GONZALEZ MARTIN; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..large quantities of pyrogen-free water are used by the medical industry such as in intravenous infusion fluids, fluids for infection and for irrigation in operating rooms. Also, sterile water is needed in the hydroponics industry.
  36. A PATTERN RECOGNIZING EEG MONITORING DEVICE
    THOMAS CHARLESWORTH; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..EEG monitoring is desirable in operating rooms and intensive care units for the purpose of rapid detection of changes in neurological function, thus ..
  37. Graphical CV Display for Hemodynamic Monitoring
    ALEXA DOIG; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..research will involve adapting a graphical cardiovascular display that was originally designed for use in operating rooms. Display adaptation to critical care nursing will be an iterative process, guided by an established design ..
  38. PHASE III ANIMAL RESOURCES SUPPORT FACILITIES
    Gary White; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..These include: 1. Upgrade the existing acute procedures area in the surgical support area to three animal operating rooms that meet AAALAC and NIH standards for survival operating rooms. 2...
  39. Haptically Enhanced Control of Minimally Invasive Tools
    JAMES GOLDIE; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..alternative to robotics that can improve results and lessen the need to purchase new tools, rebuild operating rooms, or alter tried and true surgical methods...
  40. VISUALLY INTERFACED COMPUTER-ASSISTED ANESTHESIA RECORD
    Christopher Chase; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..If a computer assisted anesthesia record were used in each of these operating rooms, a market potential of 400 to 500 million dollars would be realized.
  41. Intraoperative Brain Dysfunction Monitor/Detector
    Tatjana Zikov; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Toward the end of Phase I, the proposed system will undergo an extensive clinical evaluation at the operating rooms of two medical centers.
  42. Na Channels in Afferents after Bladder Obstruction
    William Steers; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Insight into these cellular processes could be exploited to develop afferent based treatments for OAB employing pharmacologic, molecular or gene based strategies. ..
  43. IMAGE GUIDED THERAPY CENTER
    Ferenc Jolesz; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  44. Intraoperative 3T MRI Scanner for Minimally Invasive Therapy
    Ferenc Jolesz; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  45. Role of IGF-1 In Diastolic Dysfunction of Aging
    Leanne Groban; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..This study will provide the groundwork for future studies examining how IGF-1 signaling may modulate the programming and gene expression of the senescent myocardium. ..
  46. Image Guided Surgery using Rapid Prototyping Models
    Frank Bova; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This proposal addresses the extension of this new technology, with the goal optimizing a system for pediatric neurosurgery. ..
  47. MOLECULAR GENETICS OF HEARING IMPAIRMENT
    MARCI LESPERANCE; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Strong institutional support is available at the University of Michigan in terms of core facilities for research, the sponsor and co-sponsor, and collaborators in hearing research, molecular biology, and molecular genetics. ..
  48. Obstacles to Answering Physicians' Patient-Care Question
    John Ely; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Benefit: By identifying areas where knowledge resources fail to meet the needs of physicians, we will provide recommendations to help knowledge base developers better meet those needs. ..
  49. Model of Traumatic Brain Injury Treatment
    Michael Russell; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  50. Image-Guided Otologic Surgery
    Robert Labadie; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..It is anticipated that this system will make ear surgery safer and more efficient. ..
  51. Evaluation of Optical Imaging for Seizure Localization
    Michael Haglund; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  52. Psychological Influences on Postoperative Recovery
    Zeev Kain; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The broad, longterm objectives of this research are the evaluation, development and implementation of preoperative interventions that will improve the postoperative behavioral and clinical recovery process. ..
  53. Optical imaging of epilepsy in rat and human neocortex
    THEODORE SCHWARTZ; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..These experiments will set the groundwork for implementing optical recordings in general clinical practice as a novel technique for mapping and predicting human seizures. ..
  54. Preparing rural and urban hospitals to improve safety culture through simulation
    David Gaba; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..We will also use multiple methods, including process measures and participant evaluations, to evaluate simulation qualitatively. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  55. Therapeutic Studies of Primary CNS Malignancies-NABTT
    Gene Barnett; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  56. Robotic Mastoidectomy
    Robert Labadie; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..It is hypothesized that this strategy will be more efficient than either the human or robotic interventions examined in Specific Aim 2. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  57. Function of the Urethra in Continent Women
    Kimberly Kenton; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Normative ranges will be calculated for EMG, current perception thresholds, and urethral pressures for Caucasian and African American women. These data can then be used by other centers as reference data. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  58. Molecular Genetics of Nonsyndromic Auditory Neuropathy
    MARCI LESPERANCE; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Identifying the AUNA1 gene and defining another genetically homogeneous phenotype will be another important step toward developing a clinical algorithm for evaluation of dominant deafness. ..
  59. Beta2 adrenoceptor genotype and preterm labor
    Richard Smiley; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  60. NEWBORN GENETIC SCREENING:FOR WHOSE BENEFIT?
    Lainie Ross; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..OUTCOMES: The major outcomes will be a series of peer-reviewed articles and a full-length book entitled Newborn Genetic Screening: In whose Interest? For whose Benefit? ..
  61. Physical Restraints and Therapy Disruption in Hospitals
    Ann Minnick; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  62. A Tailored Internet-based Preparation Program for Perioperative Anxiety and Pain
    Zeev N Kain; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..At the conclusion of this application, we will have preliminary data on which to base a follow-up full-scale evaluation of the efficacy and effectiveness of this program and potential moderators of its treatment effects. ..