neonatal intensive care units

Summary

Summary: Hospital units providing continuing surveillance and care to acutely ill newborn infants.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi SNAP-II and SNAPPE-II: Simplified newborn illness severity and mortality risk scores
    D K Richardson
    Joint Program in Neonatology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Children's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    J Pediatr 138:92-100. 2001
  2. ncbi Development of a surveillance system for nosocomial infections: the component for neonatal intensive care units in Germany
    P Gastmeier
    Institute of Medical Microbiology and Hospital Epidemiology, Hannover Medical School, Carl Neuberg Str 1, 30625 Hannover, Germany
    J Hosp Infect 57:126-31. 2004
  3. ncbi Antibiotic use in neonatal intensive care units and adherence with Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 12 Step Campaign to Prevent Antimicrobial Resistance
    Sameer J Patel
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Pediatrics, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 28:1047-51. 2009
  4. ncbi Assessment of family needs in neonatal intensive care units
    Cynthia A Mundy
    Medical College of Georgia in Augusta, 30912, USA
    Am J Crit Care 19:156-63. 2010
  5. ncbi Trends in mortality and morbidity for very low birth weight infants, 1991-1999
    Jeffrey D Horbar
    University of Vermont Department of Pediatrics, Burlington, Vermont Vermont Oxford Network, Burlington, Vermont, USA
    Pediatrics 110:143-51. 2002
  6. ncbi Spread of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in a neonatal intensive unit associated with understaffing, overcrowding and mixing of patients
    B M Andersen
    Department of Hospital Infection, Ulleval University Hospital, Oslo, Norway
    J Hosp Infect 50:18-24. 2002
  7. ncbi Antibiotics and antifungals in neonatal intensive care units: a review
    V Fanos
    Neonatal Intensive Care Unit University of Cagliari, Italy
    J Chemother 19:5-20. 2007
  8. ncbi Determinants of nosocomial infection in 6 neonatal intensive care units: an Italian multicenter prospective cohort study
    Cinzia Auriti
    Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Bambino Gesu Children s Hospital, Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico IRCCS, Rome, Italy
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 31:926-33. 2010
  9. ncbi Coagulase-negative staphylococcal sepsis in neonates. Association between antibiotic resistance, biofilm formation and the host inflammatory response
    Claus Klingenberg
    Department of Pediatrics, University Hospital of North Norway
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 24:817-22. 2005
  10. ncbi A qualitative examination of changing practice in Canadian neonatal intensive care units
    Bonnie Stevens
    Faculty of Nursing, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada
    J Eval Clin Pract 13:287-94. 2007

Detail Information

Publications286 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi SNAP-II and SNAPPE-II: Simplified newborn illness severity and mortality risk scores
    D K Richardson
    Joint Program in Neonatology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Children's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    J Pediatr 138:92-100. 2001
    ..The primary outcome was in-hospital mortality.STUDY DESIGN: Thirty neonatal intensive care units in Canada, California, and New England collected data on all admissions during the mid 1990s; patients ..
  2. ncbi Development of a surveillance system for nosocomial infections: the component for neonatal intensive care units in Germany
    P Gastmeier
    Institute of Medical Microbiology and Hospital Epidemiology, Hannover Medical School, Carl Neuberg Str 1, 30625 Hannover, Germany
    J Hosp Infect 57:126-31. 2004
    ..Infections Surveillance (NNIS) system established in the US has a special surveillance component for neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) with some fairly specific methods...
  3. ncbi Antibiotic use in neonatal intensive care units and adherence with Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 12 Step Campaign to Prevent Antimicrobial Resistance
    Sameer J Patel
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Pediatrics, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 28:1047-51. 2009
    ....
  4. ncbi Assessment of family needs in neonatal intensive care units
    Cynthia A Mundy
    Medical College of Georgia in Augusta, 30912, USA
    Am J Crit Care 19:156-63. 2010
    Limited research has been conducted to assess family needs in neonatal intensive care units. Health care providers often make assumptions about what families need, but these assumptions are unfounded and can lead to inappropriate ..
  5. ncbi Trends in mortality and morbidity for very low birth weight infants, 1991-1999
    Jeffrey D Horbar
    University of Vermont Department of Pediatrics, Burlington, Vermont Vermont Oxford Network, Burlington, Vermont, USA
    Pediatrics 110:143-51. 2002
    ..Medical care for very low birth weight (VLBW) infants and their mothers has changed dramatically during the 1990s, yet it is unclear how these changes have affected mortality and morbidity...
  6. ncbi Spread of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in a neonatal intensive unit associated with understaffing, overcrowding and mixing of patients
    B M Andersen
    Department of Hospital Infection, Ulleval University Hospital, Oslo, Norway
    J Hosp Infect 50:18-24. 2002
    ..The NICU and the delivery suite were closed for one week for disinfection and screening. The outbreak ended after 34 days. Since then, two years later, no further cases have been detected in the NICU or the delivery suite...
  7. ncbi Antibiotics and antifungals in neonatal intensive care units: a review
    V Fanos
    Neonatal Intensive Care Unit University of Cagliari, Italy
    J Chemother 19:5-20. 2007
    ..Due to emergence of resistant bacterial strains in Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICU), other classes of antibiotics such as quinolones and linezolid will probably increase their ..
  8. ncbi Determinants of nosocomial infection in 6 neonatal intensive care units: an Italian multicenter prospective cohort study
    Cinzia Auriti
    Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Bambino Gesu Children s Hospital, Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico IRCCS, Rome, Italy
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 31:926-33. 2010
    Nosocomial infections are still a major cause of morbidity and mortality among neonates admitted to neonatal intensive care units (NICUs).
  9. ncbi Coagulase-negative staphylococcal sepsis in neonates. Association between antibiotic resistance, biofilm formation and the host inflammatory response
    Claus Klingenberg
    Department of Pediatrics, University Hospital of North Norway
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 24:817-22. 2005
    ..Coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS) are the most prevalent pathogens causing late onset sepsis in neonates. They are often multiresistant to antibiotics, and the ability to form biofilm is considered their main virulence determinant...
  10. ncbi A qualitative examination of changing practice in Canadian neonatal intensive care units
    Bonnie Stevens
    Faculty of Nursing, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada
    J Eval Clin Pract 13:287-94. 2007
    ..Individual interviews (n=76) and focus group sessions (n=14 with a total of 78 participants) were conducted for a total of 154 health professional participants...
  11. pmc Variations in rates of nosocomial infection among Canadian neonatal intensive care units may be practice-related
    Khalid Aziz
    Memorial University of Newfoundland, St John s NF, Canada
    BMC Pediatr 5:22. 2005
    ..with positive blood or cerebrospinal fluid bacterial cultures, is a major cause of morbidity in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). Rates of NI appear to vary substantially between NICUs...
  12. ncbi Risk indicators for hearing loss in infants treated in different neonatal intensive care units
    P Van Dommelen
    Department of Statistics, TNO Quality of Life, Leiden, The Netherlands
    Acta Paediatr 99:344-9. 2010
    ..and specialized procedures are risk indicators for unilateral or bilateral hearing loss (HL) and to evaluate whether these risk indicators are associated with variation in prevalence of HL between Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICUs).
  13. ncbi Central venous catheter removal versus in situ treatment in neonates with coagulase-negative staphylococcal bacteremia
    M Gary Karlowicz
    Department of Pediatrics, Eastern Virginia Medical School, Children s Hospital of the King s Daughters, Norfolk, VA 23507, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 21:22-7. 2002
    ..To determine how often neonates with coagulase-negative staphylococcal (CONS) bacteremia can be treated successfully without removing the central venous catheter (CVC)...
  14. ncbi Patient volume, staffing, and workload in relation to risk-adjusted outcomes in a random stratified sample of UK neonatal intensive care units: a prospective evaluation
    Janet Tucker
    Dugald Baird Centre for Research on Women s Health, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Aberdden, UK
    Lancet 359:99-107. 2002
    ..We assessed whether patient volume, staffing levels, and workload are associated with risk-adjusted outcomes, and with costs or staff wellbeing...
  15. pmc Variation in rates of severe retinopathy of prematurity among neonatal intensive care units in the Australian and New Zealand Neonatal Network
    B A Darlow
    Department of Paediatrics, Christchurch School of Medicine and Health Sciences, PO Box 4345, Christchurch, New Zealand
    Br J Ophthalmol 89:1592-6. 2005
    To analyse variations in rates of severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) among neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) in the Australian and New Zealand Neonatal Network (ANZNN), adjusting for sampling variability and for case mix.
  16. ncbi Evaluation and development of potentially better practices for improving family-centered care in neonatal intensive care units
    Roger P Saunders
    Women s Hospital of Greensboro, Greensboro, North Carolina, USA
    Pediatrics 111:e437-49. 2003
    ..Eleven centers collaborating on quality improvement tried to make the care of families better by focusing on understanding and improving family-centered care...
  17. ncbi Parents' perceptions of staff competency in a neonatal intensive care unit
    Luisa Cescutti-Butler
    Maternity and Neonatal Services, Salisbury NHS Trust and Institute of Health and Community Studies, Bournemouth University, Dorset, UK
    J Clin Nurs 12:752-61. 2003
    ..These ideas are supported by the available literature. A number of methodological issues are raised...
  18. ncbi Hand hygiene practices in a neonatal intensive care unit: a multimodal intervention and impact on nosocomial infection
    Barbara C C Lam
    Department of Paediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Queen Mary Hospital, 102 Pokfulam Rd, Hong Kong, China
    Pediatrics 114:e565-71. 2004
    Health care-associated infections persist as a major problem in most neonatal intensive care units. Hand hygiene has been singled out as the most important measure in preventing hospital-acquired infection...
  19. ncbi Evaluation and treatment of neonates with suspected late-onset sepsis: a survey of neonatologists' practices
    Lorry G Rubin
    Department of Pediatrics, Schneider Children s Hospital of the North Shore Long Island Jewish Health System, New Hyde Park, New York, USA
    Pediatrics 110:e42. 2002
    To ascertain current diagnostic and treatment practices for suspected late-onset sepsis in infants in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) and identify areas that may benefit from clinical practice guidelines.
  20. pmc Impact of enhanced infection control at 2 neonatal intensive care units in the Philippines
    Christopher J Gill
    Center for International Health and Development, Department of International Health, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02118, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 48:13-21. 2009
    ..The growing burden of neonatal mortality associated with hospital-acquired neonatal sepsis in the developing world creates an urgent need for cost-effective infection-control measures in resource-limited settings...
  21. ncbi Mortality in low birth weight infants according to level of neonatal care at hospital of birth
    Javier Cifuentes
    Department of Pediatrics, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile, Santiago, Chile
    Pediatrics 109:745-51. 2002
    ..This study evaluated the effect of NICU level and patient volume at the hospital of birth on neonatal mortality of infants with a birth weight (BW) of <2000 g...
  22. ncbi Nurses as moral practitioners encountering parents in neonatal intensive care units
    Liv Fegran
    Agder University College, Faculty of Health and Sports, Kristiansand, Norway
    Nurs Ethics 13:52-64. 2006
    ..To illuminate the issue of nurses as moral practitioners, we present an observation of contemporary child care, and discuss it from the perspective of the Danish moral philosopher KE Løgstrup and his book The ethical demand...
  23. ncbi End-of-life decisions in Dutch neonatal intensive care units
    A A Eduard Verhagen
    Department of Pediatrics, University Medical Centre, 9700 RB Groningen, The Netherlands
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 163:895-901. 2009
    ..To clarify the practice of end-of-life decision making in severely ill newborns...
  24. ncbi Parental role in medical decision-making: fact or fiction? A comparative study of ethical dilemmas in French and American neonatal intensive care units
    Kristina Orfali
    MacLean Center for Clinical Medical Ethics, The University of Chicago, 5841 S Maryland Avenue, MC 6098, Chicago, IL 6098, USA
    Soc Sci Med 58:2009-22. 2004
    ..fieldwork, in-depth interviews with 60 clinicians and 71 parents and chart review over a year in two neonatal intensive care units (one in France and one in the US), we analyze the factors that can explain the observed differences in ..
  25. ncbi Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus colonization and its association with infection among infants hospitalized in neonatal intensive care units
    Yhu Chering Huang
    Division of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Chang Gung Children s Hospital, 5 Fu Shin St, Kweishan, Taoyuan, Taiwan
    Pediatrics 118:469-74. 2006
    ..We conducted this study to assess the rate of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus colonization and its association with infection among infants hospitalized in methicillin-resistant S aureus-endemic NICUs...
  26. ncbi Family-centered care in the NICU
    Terry Griffin
    Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, Ill, USA terrynnp aol com
    J Perinat Neonatal Nurs 20:98-102. 2006
    ..By virtue of their continual presence and role in the NICU, nurses are in a unique position to support family-centered care...
  27. ncbi Nosocomial infection rates in US children's hospitals' neonatal and pediatric intensive care units
    B H Stover
    Infection Control, Kosair Children s Hospital, Louisville, KY 40202, USA
    Am J Infect Control 29:152-7. 2001
    ..These findings suggest the need to determine reasons for variations and to identify optimal NI surveillance methods at children's hospitals so that valid interhospital NI rate comparisons can be made...
  28. ncbi Improved outcome of preterm infants when delivered in tertiary care centers
    L Y Chien
    Department of Pediatrics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    Obstet Gynecol 98:247-52. 2001
    ..Score for Neonatal Acute Physiology, Version II [SNAP-II]) among preterm infants who were admitted to Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICUs)...
  29. ncbi Predictors of mortality and length of stay for neonates admitted to children's hospital neonatal intensive care units
    M A Berry
    Department of Pediatrics, Montreal Children s Hospital and McGill University Health Centre, Montreal, QC, Canada
    J Perinatol 28:297-302. 2008
    ..which adjust prediction for severity of illness, do not account for higher observed mortality in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) of children's hospitals than that of perinatal centers...
  30. ncbi Parent visiting and participation in infant caregiving activities in a neonatal unit
    Linda S Franck
    Children s Nursing Research, Great Ormond Street Hospital, London, United Kingdom
    Birth 30:31-5. 2003
    ..The study purposes were to describe the frequency and duration of parent visiting and participation in infant caregiving activities, and to identify parent and infant factors associated with parental participation...
  31. ncbi Job satisfaction among neonatal nurses
    Cynthia Archibald
    Florida Atlantic University, Davie, FL, USA
    Pediatr Nurs 32:176-9, 162. 2006
    ..Each participant was allowed to review the typed interview as one means of credibility...
  32. ncbi Improved outcomes of outborn preterm infants if admitted to perinatal centers versus freestanding pediatric hospitals
    Prakesh S Shah
    Department of Pediatrics, Mount Sinai Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Pediatr 146:626-31. 2005
    ..To examine whether admission hospital type (13 perinatal centers vs 4 freestanding pediatric hospitals) was associated with differences in risk and illness severity adjusted mortality and morbidity among outborn preterm infants...
  33. ncbi [Availability of pediatric and neonatal intensive care units in the city of São Paulo]
    Daniela C de Souza
    Universidade de Sao Paulo USP, Sao Paulo, SP
    J Pediatr (Rio J) 80:453-60. 2004
    ..To describe the health care service provided in pediatric intensive care units in the city of São Paulo, by identifying and describing the units and analyzing their geographic distribution...
  34. ncbi Center differences and outcomes of extremely low birth weight infants
    Betty R Vohr
    Women and Infants Hospital, Providence, Rhode Island 02905, USA
    Pediatrics 113:781-9. 2004
    ....
  35. ncbi An outbreak of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in a neonatal intensive care unit
    Lisa Saiman
    Department of Pediatrics Columbia University and New York Presbyterian Medical Center, Children s Hospital of New York, New York, New York 10032, USA
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 24:317-21. 2003
    ..To describe the epidemiologic and molecular investigations that successfully contained an outbreak of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU)...
  36. ncbi Nosocomial transmission of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus from a mother to her preterm quadruplet infants
    Anne Sophie Morel
    Department of Pediatrics, Division of Infectious Diseases and New York Presbyterian Hospital, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Am J Infect Control 30:170-3. 2002
    Patient-to-patient transmission of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) has been well described...
  37. ncbi Molecular epidemiology of gram-negative bacilli from infected neonates and health care workers' hands in neonatal intensive care units
    Valerie Waters
    Department of Pediatrics, Columbia University, New York, New York 10032, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 38:1682-7. 2004
    ..2001 to January 2003, GNB caused 192 (34%) of 562 hospital-acquired infections in the 2 participating neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) and were isolated from the hands of 45 (38%) of 119 nurses...
  38. pmc Should euthanasia be legal? An international survey of neonatal intensive care units staff
    M Cuttini
    Unit of Epidemiology, Burlo Garofolo Institute, Trieste and Tuscany Agency for Health, Florence, Italy
    Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed 89:F19-24. 2004
    ..To present the views of a representative sample of neonatal doctors and nurses in 10 European countries on the moral acceptability of active euthanasia and its legal regulation...
  39. ncbi Near-infrared reflectance analysis to evaluate the nitrogen and fat content of human milk in neonatal intensive care units
    L Corvaglia
    Istituto Clinico di Pediatria Preventiva e Neonatologia, Policlinico S Orsola Malpighi, Universita di Bologna, Via Massarenti 11 40138 Bologna, Italy
    Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed 93:F372-5. 2008
    ..To validate near-infrared reflectance analysis (NIRA) as a fast, reliable and suitable method for routine evaluation of human milk's nitrogen and fat content...
  40. ncbi The use of fluconazole in neonatal intensive care units
    P Manzoni
    Neonatology and NICU, S Anna Hospital Azienda Ospedaliera Regina Margherita, S Anna, C so Spezia 60, 10126 Torino, Italy
    Arch Dis Child 94:983-7. 2009
    Preterm neonates in neonatal intensive care units (NICU) are at high risk of invasive fungal infection (IFI), mostly by Candida spp...
  41. ncbi Risk and pharmacoeconomic analyses of the injectable medication process in the paediatric and neonatal intensive care units
    Isabella De Giorgi
    Department of Pharmacy, Geneva University Hospitals, 4 rue Gabrielle Perret Gentil, Geneva 14, Switzerland
    Int J Qual Health Care 22:170-8. 2010
    ..To analyse safety risks in injectable medications. To assess the potential impact and pharmacoeconomic aspects of safety tools...
  42. pmc Annual league tables of mortality in neonatal intensive care units: longitudinal study. International Neonatal Network and the Scottish Neonatal Consultants and Nurses Collaborative Study Group
    G J Parry
    Medical Care Research Unit, School of Health and Related Research, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S3 7XL
    BMJ 316:1931-5. 1998
    ..To assess whether crude league tables of mortality and league tables of risk adjusted mortality accurately reflect the performance of hospitals...
  43. ncbi [Variations in nurse staffing in adult and neonatal intensive care units]
    Sung Hyun Cho
    Department of Nursing, Hanyang University
    Taehan Kanho Hakhoe Chi 36:691-700. 2006
    ..This study was done to analyze variations in unit staffing and recommend policies to improve nursing staffing levels in intensive care units (ICUs)...
  44. ncbi Statistical analysis of patients' characteristics in neonatal intensive care units
    Ali Kokangul
    Department of Industrial Engineering, Cukurova University, Adana, Turkey
    J Med Syst 34:471-8. 2010
    The staff in the neonatal intensive care units is required to have highly specialized training and the using equipment in this unit is so expensive...
  45. ncbi Higher mortality rates among inborn infants admitted to neonatal intensive care units at night
    Shoo K Lee
    Department of Pediatrics, University of British Columbia, Canada
    J Pediatr 143:592-7. 2003
    To examine circadian variation in deaths among infants < or =32 weeks' gestation admitted to Canadian neonatal intensive care units (NICU).
  46. ncbi Surveillance of infection in neonatal intensive care units
    James W Gray
    Birmingham Children s Hospital, Steelhouse Lane, Birmingham, B4 6NH, UK
    Early Hum Dev 83:157-63. 2007
    ..Until then, considerable value can be obtained from local infection surveillance...
  47. ncbi Molecular epidemiology of Candida parapsilosis sepsis from outbreak investigations in neonatal intensive care units
    Errol Reissa
    Mycotic Diseases Branch, Division of Foodborne, Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, National Center for Zoonotic, Vector Borne, and Enteric Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Infect Genet Evol 8:103-9. 2008
    ..used in a Southern blot assay for genotyping Candida parapsilosis (CP) from 3 fungemia outbreaks in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) in the southeastern U.S...
  48. ncbi Reducing acquired infections in the NICU: observing and implementing meaningful differences in process between high and low acquired infection rate centers
    Barry T Bloom
    Wesley Medical Center, 550 N Hillside, Wichita, KS 67214, USA
    J Perinatol 23:489-92. 2003
    Acquired infection is one of the most prevalent sources of concern in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs)...
  49. pmc Relationship between probable nosocomial bacteraemia and organisational and structural factors in UK neonatal intensive care units
    G J Parry
    Health Services Research, School of Health and Related Research, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S1 4DA, UK
    Qual Saf Health Care 14:264-9. 2005
    To assess the relationship between organisational and structural factors of UK neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) with risk adjusted probable nosocomial bacteraemia.
  50. ncbi A practical approach to evaluating and treating neutropenia in the neonatal intensive care unit
    R D Christensen
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, USA
    Clin Perinatol 27:577-601. 2000
    ..When a neonatologist discovers a low blood neutrophil count, choices must be made regarding further evaluation and treatment. The authors hope that the information provided in this article is useful in making these choices...
  51. pmc Epidemiology and diagnosis of hospital-acquired conjunctivitis among neonatal intensive care unit patients
    Janet Haas
    Columbia University School of Nursing, New York, NY, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 24:586-9. 2005
    ..Reporting may be inaccurate in this population given that the National Nosocomial Infection Surveillance System (NNIS) definition is largely dependent on a positive culture, whereas clinical practice often consists of empiric treatment...
  52. ncbi Experience with the use of palivizumab together with infection control measures to prevent respiratory syncytial virus outbreaks in neonatal intensive care units
    H Kurz
    Department of Paediatrics, SMZ Ost Danube Hospital, Vienna, Austria
    J Hosp Infect 70:246-52. 2008
    ..virus (RSV) frequently causes nosocomial outbreaks in general paediatric wards and occasionally in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs)...
  53. ncbi Nosocomial infections in neonatal intensive care units: profile, risk factor assessment and antibiogram
    Saritha Kamath
    Department of Microbiology, Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore, Karnataka, India
    Indian J Pediatr 77:37-9. 2010
    ..To determine the profile and risk factors of neonatal nosocomial infections and determine the antibiotic susceptibilities of these isolates...
  54. ncbi Nosocomial infection in neonatal intensive care units
    L G Donowitz
    University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville 22908
    Am J Infect Control 17:250-7. 1989
    Nosocomial infection rates in neonatal intensive care units range from 5% to 25%. Both endemic and epidemic infections have been documented, with causative agents including gram-positive cocci, gram-negative bacilli, and viruses...
  55. ncbi Some chronic obstructive pulmonary disease will originate in neonatal intensive care units
    J R Bentham
    Neonatal Unit, Liverpool Women s Hospital, Liverpool L8 7SS, UK
    Paediatr Respir Rev 6:29-32. 2005
    ..The nature of their long-term respiratory problems, the impact of cigarette smoking and the effect on life expectancy are all unanswered questions that need addressing as these infants grow up...
  56. ncbi Control of vancomycin-resistant enterococci in the neonatal intensive care unit
    Nalini Singh
    Department of Pediatrics, George Washington University School of Medicine, Washington, DC 20010, USA
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 26:646-9. 2005
    ....
  57. pmc Risk factors for late-onset health care-associated bloodstream infections in patients in neonatal intensive care units
    Sharon E Perlman
    Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
    Am J Infect Control 35:177-82. 2007
    ..of this study were to compare risk factors for CR versus non-CR BSI and to compare risk factors for BSI associated with gram-negative versus gram-positive organisms among infants hospitalized in two neonatal intensive care units (NICUs).
  58. ncbi Economic implications of neonatal intensive care unit collaborative quality improvement
    J A Rogowski
    RAND Corporation, Washington, DC, USA
    Pediatrics 107:23-9. 2001
    ..To make measurable improvements in the quality and cost of neonatal intensive care using a multidisciplinary collaborative quality improvement model...
  59. ncbi Variations in incidence of necrotizing enterocolitis in Canadian neonatal intensive care units
    Koravangattu Sankaran
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Saskatchewan, Canada
    J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 39:366-72. 2004
    ..cohorts of extremely low-birth-weight infants and have not examined risk-adjusted variations among neonatal intensive care units (NICUs)...
  60. ncbi Variations of Apgar score of very low birth weight infants in different neonatal intensive care units
    Mario Rudiger
    Department of Neonatology and Pediatric Intensive Care, University Hospital Carl Gustav Carus Dresden, Dresden, Germany
    Acta Paediatr 98:1433-6. 2009
    ..The study tested whether physicians that give low scores to written case descriptions also apply lower scores to preterm infants...
  61. ncbi A prospective incidence study of nosocomial infections in a neonatal care unit
    Mireya Urrea
    Quality Service Infection Hospital Program, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
    Am J Infect Control 31:505-7. 2003
    ..However, nosocomial infections (NI) still represent an important cause of morbidity and mortality in this population...
  62. ncbi Pain management in French neonatal intensive care units
    T Debillon
    Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Mother and Child University Hospital, Nantes
    Acta Paediatr 91:822-6. 2002
    The aim of this study was to investigate pain management in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) in France and to identify factors associated with variability across units...
  63. ncbi A comparison of two versus one blood culture in the diagnosis and treatment of coagulase-negative staphylococcus in the neonatal intensive care unit
    Simon Struthers
    Department of Pediatrics, Children s and Women s Health Care Center of British Columbia, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    J Perinatol 22:547-9. 2002
    ..This study compares two versus one blood culture in the diagnosis and treatment of coagulase-negative staphylococcus (CONS) in babies with suspected sepsis...
  64. ncbi Implementing potentially better practices for improving family-centered care in neonatal intensive care units: successes and challenges
    Kimberly A Cisneros Moore
    Children s Hospital at Providence Alaska Medical Center, Anchorage, Alaska, USA
    Pediatrics 111:e450-60. 2003
    Multidisciplinary teams from 11 medical center neonatal intensive care units collaborated in a quality improvement project with a focus on family-centered care.
  65. ncbi Risk factors for retinopathy of prematurity in six neonatal intensive care units in Beijing, China
    Y Chen
    Peking University People s Hospital, No 11 Xi Zhi Men South Street, Beijing 100044, PR China
    Br J Ophthalmol 92:326-30. 2008
    ..This study was undertaken to determine the incidence of and risk factors for ROP among preterm infants in Beijing, the capital of China, after implementation of the guidelines...
  66. ncbi Growth in the neonatal intensive care unit influences neurodevelopmental and growth outcomes of extremely low birth weight infants
    Richard A Ehrenkranz
    Department of Pediatrics, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520 8064, USA
    Pediatrics 117:1253-61. 2006
    ....
  67. ncbi Do we practice evidence-based care in our neonatal intensive care units?
    David J Henderson-Smart
    Department of Neonatal Medicine, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Missenden Road, Camperdown, NSW, 2050 Australia
    Clin Perinatol 30:333-42. 2003
    ....
  68. pmc Colonization and persistence of antibiotic-resistant Enterobacteriaceae strains in infants nursed in two neonatal intensive care units in East London, United Kingdom
    Michael Millar
    Division of Infection, Barts and The London NHS Trust, 3rd Floor, Pathology and Pharmacy Building, 80 Newark St, London E1 2ES, United Kingdom
    J Clin Microbiol 46:560-7. 2008
    Stool samples were collected from infants nursed in two neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) in East London, United Kingdom...
  69. ncbi Which aspects of safety culture predict incident reporting behavior in neonatal intensive care units? A multilevel analysis
    Cathelijne Snijders
    Princess Amalia Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, Isala Clinics, Zwolle, The Netherlands
    Crit Care Med 37:61-7. 2009
    ....
  70. ncbi NIC/Q 2000: establishing habits for improvement in neonatal intensive care units
    Jeffrey D Horbar
    Vermont Oxford Network, Burlington, Vermont 05401, USA
    Pediatrics 111:e397-410. 2003
    ....
  71. ncbi Variations in central venous catheter-related infection risks among Canadian neonatal intensive care units
    Li Yin Chien
    Institute of Community Health Nursing, School of Nursing, National Yang Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 21:505-11. 2002
    ....
  72. ncbi Echocardiography on neonatal intensive care units in Australia and New Zealand
    N Evans
    Department of Neonatal Medicine, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital and University of Sydney, Camperdown, Sydney, Australia
    J Paediatr Child Health 36:169-71. 2000
    To establish the number of neonatal intensive care units (NICU) in Australia and New Zealand where echocardiography is performed by neonatologists, and to establish attitudes to the training of neonatologists in echocardiography.
  73. ncbi Nosocomial infections in a Dutch neonatal intensive care unit: surveillance study with definitions for infection specifically adapted for neonates
    W C van der Zwet
    Department of Medical Microbiology and Infection Control, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    J Hosp Infect 61:300-11. 2005
    The incidence of nosocomial infection in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) is high compared with other wards. However, no definitions for hospital-acquired infection are available for NICUs...
  74. ncbi 'They've forgotten that I'm the mum': constructing and practising motherhood in special care nurseries
    D Lupton
    School of Social Science and Liberal Studies, Charles Sturt University, Australia
    Soc Sci Med 53:1011-21. 2001
    ..The nurses' attitude to and treatment of the mothers was integral in the development of the mothers' relationship with their infants in the nurseries, and this influence extended beyond discharge of the infants...
  75. ncbi Occurrence of nosocomial bloodstream infections in six neonatal intensive care units
    S B Brodie
    Division of Infectious Disease, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 19:56-65. 2000
    Nosocomial bloodstream infections (NBSIs) occur frequently in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) and are associated with substantial morbidity and mortality. Little has been published regarding variation in NBSI among institutions.
  76. ncbi Carbapenemase-producing Pseudomonas aeruginosa and ciprofloxcacin use in neonatal intensive care units
    Z A Toraman
    J Hosp Infect 54:164-5. 2003
  77. ncbi Outbreaks of influenza A virus infection in neonatal intensive care units
    Xavier Sagrera
    Servei de Neonatologia Pediatra, SCIAS Hospital de Barcelona, Spain
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 21:196-200. 2002
    ..Outbreaks of nosocomial influenza virus infections have been described rarely during childhood and even less so in the neonatal period...
  78. ncbi Molecular surveillance of clinical methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolates in neonatal intensive care units
    Yhu Chering Huang
    Chang Gung University, Kweishan, Taoyuan, Taiwan
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 26:157-60. 2005
    Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has become an important nosocomial pathogen in our neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) and accounts for almost all S. aureus clinical isolates...
  79. ncbi Early versus late treatment of posthaemorrhagic ventricular dilatation: results of a retrospective study from five neonatal intensive care units in The Netherlands
    L S de Vries
    Department of Neonatology, Wilhelmina Children s Hospital, UMC Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Acta Paediatr 91:212-7. 2002
    ..Infants with PHVD, admitted to 5 of the 10 Dutch neonatal intensive care units were studied retrospectively, to investigate whether there was a difference in the time of onset of ..
  80. ncbi [Pseudomonas aeruginosa infections in a neonatal care unit at Reunion Island]
    P Gerardin
    Service de neonatalogie, Réanimation néonatale et pédiatrique, Hôpital de Terre Sainte, Groupe Hospitalier Sud Reunion, Saint Pierre, La Reunion, France
    Arch Pediatr 13:1500-6. 2006
    ..To investigate an outbreak of Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA) hospital-acquired infections in neonates...
  81. ncbi Neonatal hypothermia levels and risk factors for mortality in a tropical country
    R Kambarami
    Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, University of Zimbabwe, Harare, Zimbabwe
    Cent Afr J Med 49:103-6. 2003
    ..To determine the prevalence of hypothermia, factors associated with hypothermia and risk factors for mortality in hypothermic newborn infants...
  82. ncbi Variations in intraventricular hemorrhage incidence rates among Canadian neonatal intensive care units
    A R Synnes
    Department of Pediatrics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    J Pediatr 138:525-31. 2001
    OBJECTIVES: To examine the variation in intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) incidence among neonatal intensive care units and identify potentially modifiable risk factors...
  83. ncbi Gram-negative bacilli associated with catheter-associated and non-catheter-associated bloodstream infections and hand carriage by healthcare workers in neonatal intensive care units
    Elaine L Larson
    Department of Pediatrics, School of Nursing, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
    Pediatr Crit Care Med 6:457-61. 2005
    ..caused by Gram-negative bacilli are a substantial cause of morbidity and mortality in infants in neonatal intensive care units. This study describes the species of Gram-negative bacilli causing bloodstream infections in two ..
  84. ncbi Quality of life in preschool children born preterm
    N C Theunissen
    Department of Health Psychology, Utrecht University, The Netherlands
    Dev Med Child Neurol 43:460-5. 2001
    ..g. different opinions about what needed treatment). Neonatal intensive care after birth has HRQoL implications for all children, particularly in children born at <32 weeks of gestation...
  85. ncbi Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia in neonatal intensive care units: an analysis of 90 episodes
    Y Y Chuang
    Division of Paediatric Infectious Diseases, Chang Gung Children s Hospital, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan
    Acta Paediatr 93:786-90. 2004
    ..To delineate the clinical features of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) bacteraemia in infants hospitalized at the neonatal intensive care unit...
  86. ncbi Implementing potentially better practices for multidisciplinary team building: creating a neonatal intensive care unit culture of collaboration
    Mark S Brown
    Presbyterian St Luke s Medical Center, Denver, Colorado, USA
    Pediatrics 111:e482-8. 2003
    ....
  87. ncbi Use of medications for gastroesophageal reflux at discharge among extremely low birth weight infants
    William F Malcolm
    Department of Pediatrics Neonatology, Box 3179, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    Pediatrics 121:22-7. 2008
    ....
  88. ncbi Telephotoscreening to detect retinopathy of prematurity: preliminary study of the optimum time to employ digital fundus camera imaging to detect ROP
    Kimberly G Yen
    Department of Ophthalmology, Moran Eye Center, University of Utah, Salt, Lake City, Utah, USA
    J AAPOS 6:64-70. 2002
    Labor-intensive screening of infants in the neonatal intensive care units is the only way presently to detect retinopathy of prematurity (ROP)...
  89. ncbi Mothers in the NICU: outsider to partner
    Judith A Heermann
    The College of Nursing, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, USA
    Pediatr Nurs 31:176-81, 200. 2005
    The emerging care delivery model for Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICU) is family-focused, developmentally supportive care...
  90. ncbi Abnormal heart rate characteristics are associated with neonatal mortality
    M Pamela Griffin
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, Virginia 22908, USA
    Pediatr Res 55:782-8. 2004
    ..01). The HRC index provides independent information about the risk of neonatal death in the upcoming 7 d, and the cumulative HRC is an estimate of the risk of in-hospital neonatal mortality...
  91. ncbi Non-invasive radiation-free monitoring of regional lung ventilation in critically ill infants
    I Frerichs
    Department of Anaesthesiological Research, Centre of Anaesthesiology, Emergency and Intensive Care Medicine, TL 195, University of Gottingen, Robert Koch Strasse 40, 37075 Gottingen, Germany
    Intensive Care Med 27:1385-94. 2001
    ..We have studied the applicability and clinical relevance of a relatively new non-invasive radiation-free imaging method, electrical impedance tomography (EIT), in monitoring regional lung function in paediatric intensive care patients...
  92. ncbi The universe of developmental care: a new conceptual model for application in the neonatal intensive care unit
    Sharyn Gibbins
    Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, ON, Canada
    Adv Neonatal Care 8:141-7. 2008
    ..The components of the model and its theoretical underpinnings, its practical application and direction for future clinical practice, education, and research are presented...
  93. ncbi Changes in mortality for extremely low birth weight infants in the 1990s: implications for treatment decisions and resource use
    William Meadow
    Department of Pediatrics and MacLean Center for Clinical Medical Ethics, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA
    Pediatrics 113:1223-9. 2004
    ..We wondered how these medical advances had affected both the epidemiology and ethics of life and death for extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants in the NICU...
  94. pmc Variations in mortality rates among Canadian neonatal intensive care units
    Koravangattu Sankaran
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon
    CMAJ 166:173-8. 2002
    Most previous reports of variations in mortality rates for infants admitted to neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) have involved small groups of subpopulations, such as infants with very low birth weight...
  95. ncbi The effects of family resources, coping, and strains on family adjustment 18 to 24 months after the NICU experience
    Joanne Doucette
    McMaster Children s Hospital and McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    Adv Neonatal Care 4:92-104. 2004
    ..To examine the relationship of family coping, resources, and strains on family adjustment over time following the NICU experience...
  96. ncbi Therapeutic hypothermia in neonates. Review of current clinical data, ILCOR recommendations and suggestions for implementation in neonatal intensive care units
    Thomas Hoehn
    Neonatology and Pediatric Intensive Care Medicine, Department of General Pediatrics, Heinrich Heine University, Duesseldorf, Germany
    Resuscitation 78:7-12. 2008
    ....
  97. pmc Exposure to phthalates in neonatal intensive care unit infants: urinary concentrations of monoesters and oxidative metabolites
    Jennifer Weuve
    Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 114:1424-31. 2006
    We previously demonstrated that among 54 infants in neonatal intensive care units, exposure to polyvinyl chloride plastic medical devices containing the plasticizer di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) is associated with urinary ..
  98. ncbi Do clinical markers of barotrauma and oxygen toxicity explain interhospital variation in rates of chronic lung disease? The Neonatology Committee for the Developmental Network
    L J Van Marter
    Children s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Pediatrics 105:1194-201. 2000
    ..To explore the hypothesis that variation in respiratory management among newborn intensive care units (NICUs) explains differences in chronic lung disease (CLD) rates...
  99. ncbi Molecular epidemiology of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae in a neonatal intensive care unit
    Maria Bagattini
    Dipartimento di Scienze Mediche Preventive, Sezione di Igiene, Universita di Napoli Federico II, Napoli, Italy
    J Antimicrob Chemother 57:979-82. 2006
    ..To investigate the molecular epidemiology of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae in the neonatal intensive care unit of a university hospital in Italy...
  100. ncbi Candidemia in neonatal intensive care units: Barcelona, Spain
    Dolors Rodriguez
    Infectious Diseases Department, Medicine Department, Hospital Universitari Vall d Hebron, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 25:224-9. 2006
    Candida spp. are increasingly important hospital-acquired pathogens in neonatal intensive care units (NICU) and cause considerable mortality in preterm infants. Most studies have been limited to a single institution...
  101. ncbi Effects of open endotracheal suction on lung volume in infants receiving HFOV
    D G Tingay
    Department of Neonatology, Royal Children s Hospital, Flemington Rd, 3052, Parkville, Vic, Australia
    Intensive Care Med 33:689-93. 2007
    ..To describe the pattern and magnitude of lung volume change during open endotracheal tube (ETT) suction in infants receiving high-frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV)...

Research Grants66

  1. MULTICENTER NETWORK OF NEONATAL INTENSIVE CARE UNITS
    T O SHEA; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..in this region there are approximately 20,000 births, including 1400 who are admitted to the WFUSM neonatal intensive care units, and 270 who are very low birth weight...
  2. Effects of Noise on Newborns < 1000g Birthweight
    Robert Lasky; Fiscal Year: 2007
    Noise levels in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) may have serious adverse effects on high risk infants by increasing apneic, bradycardic, or desaturation episodes; sleep disturbances; mechanical ventilation; hospital stay; poor ..
  3. Wireless At-Risk Infant Monitoring System
    JASON HOLMSTEDT; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..g., sudden infant death syndrome). While neonatology and neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) have greatly raised the survival rate of at-risk, very low birth weight, and extremely ..
  4. Novel Therapeutic Targets in Necrotizing Enterocolitis
    Peter J Giannone; Fiscal Year: 2012
    Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), a major cause of morbidity and mortality in neonatal intensive care units, is a disease for which there is currently no medical treatment. Treatment of infants that develop NEC is solely supportive...
  5. Biomarker Profiles for Early Diagnosis of Sepsis in Neonates
    JAMES PRESTON MAPES; Fiscal Year: 2011
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Sepsis is a frequent and serious problem in neonatal intensive care units, particularly in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants...
  6. Cooperative Multicenter Maternal Fetal Medicine Units Networks
    John M Thorp; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..UNC, Wake AHEC/WakeMed, and MAHEC/Mission have state of the art Level III neonatal intensive care units, and Rex has a Level II nursery...
  7. Confirmatory Screening for Congenital Non-Syndromic Genetic Hearing Loss Using Ta
    Edwin W Naylor; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Newborns in the neonatal intensive care units are more likely to suffer from hearing loss as a toxic side effect of the antibiotics which are ..
  8. Improving Preterm Outcomes by Safeguarding Maternal Mental Health
    Michael Silverstein; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..an R03-funded pilot trial of Problem Solving Education (PSE) among mothers of preterm infants in two neonatal intensive care units (NICUs)...
  9. Atlas - A Handheld High Resolution Wide-field Retinal Imager
    PAUL ANDREW YATES; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..due in part to the low numbers of pediatric-trained ophthalmologists and ROP diagnostic equipment in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs)...
  10. Chronic intermittent hyperoxia and development of respiratory control
    Ryan W Bavis; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Supplemental O2 is among the most common treatments employed in neonatal intensive care units, particularly in the care of preterm and very low birth weight infants...
  11. Accelerating Adoption of Comparative Effectiveness Research in Premature Infants
    Phillip Brian Smith; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..medical record, along with patient-level data on demographics to identify the worst-performing neonatal intensive care units for each of the AIMs...
  12. The Neonatal Microbiome and Necrotizing Enterocolitis
    Phillip I Tarr; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..These efforts will be accomplished using subjects from three collaborating neonatal intensive care units (NICUs), focusing on the critical, instructive, and understudied pre-NEC stage of illness, and ..
  13. Neonatal EEG Monitor
    Tammy Tsuchida; Fiscal Year: 2012
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Electroencephalography (EEG) is a crucial tool in Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICU), where it is used to diagnose seizures and status epilepticus and to monitor critically ill neonates...
  14. Wireless Novel MicroEEG for Neonatal Apnea and Community Neurological Network
    ZACHARY H IBRAHIM; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Despite such obvious need, standard EEG is not constantly available in most Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICUs)...
  15. DEVELOPMENT EFFECT ON LOOP DIURETIC OTOTOXICITY
    Leonard Rybak; Fiscal Year: 1999
    Loop diuretics are widely used to treat premature infants in neonatal intensive care units. Recent reports have suggested an increased risk of permanent sensorineural hearing loss among infants receiving such treatments...
  16. MULTICENTER NETWORK OF NEONATAL INTENSIVE CARE UNITS
    Michele Walsh; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..by applicant): Case Western Reserve University has been a leading member of the Multicenter Network of Neonatal Intensive Care Units since 1986...
  17. An Innovative Hearing Loss Prevention Approach For Infant Incubator
    Xun Yu; Fiscal Year: 2011
    Infant incubators are widely used in neonatal intensive care units (NICU) for the care of pre-term babies, as they cannot cope with the environment without external help...
  18. MULTICENTER NETWORK OF NEONATAL INTENSIVE CARE UNITS
    Kathleen A Kennedy; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..RELEVANCE (See instructions): In the US each year, approximately 400,000 infants are admitted to neonatal intensive care units because of prematurity or birth defects...
  19. The Effects of Nursing on NICU Patient Outcomes
    Jeannette A Rogowski; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..These infants are treated in neonatal intensive care units where they are closely monitored and provided with an array of life support measures and intensive ..
  20. Infant Oral Feeding Device for Use in Neonatal Intensive Care Units
    Chantal Lau; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..No oral feeding device currently exists to assist infants in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) who encounter oral feeding difficulties...
  21. NICHD Coooperative Multicenter Neonatal Research Network
    Neil Norman Finer; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..half of newborn infants intubated for mechanical ventilation or surfactant treatment in United States neonatal intensive care units (NICU) are premedicated...
  22. EHR-based patient safety: Automated error detection in neonatal intensive care
    IMRE SOLTI; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..review of 700 charts (one full year of patient admissions at our institution) in one of the largest Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICU) in the nation...
  23. Feeding Readiness in Preterm Infants
    Rita H Pickler; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This study will help nurses and families in neonatal intensive care units provide feeding care that may result in shorter hospital stays and improved developmental outcomes.
  24. NICHD Cooperative Multicenter Neonatal Research Network
    KRISA PAGE VAN MEURS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..submits a competing renewal application to participate in the Cooperative Multicenter Network of Neonatal Intensive Care Units (Network)...
  25. Pathophysiology of Aerodigestive Reflexes in Infants
    SUDARSHAN JADCHERLA; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..to the development of safe feeding and airway protection strategies among infants convalescing in the neonatal intensive care units;thus contributing to prolonged lengths of stay, recurrent hospitalizations, and death...
  26. Noninvasive Methemoglobin Monitoring Technology
    LEONARD WINCHESTER; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..One area that has a potentially huge demand for noninvasive methemoglobin sensors is the Neonatal Intensive Care Units. The inhaled nitric oxide therapy effectively decreases the need for extracorporeal membrane ..
  27. Errors and AEs in the setting of neonatal surgery performed in the NICU
    KuoJen Tsao; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Surgery and neonatal intensive care units are major contributors to medical errors and adverse events...
  28. The Effects of Neonatal Intensive Care Deregionalization on Treatment and Infant
    SETH FREEDMAN; Fiscal Year: 2009
    DESCRIPTION (provided by the applicant): Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICUs) have greatly improved health outcomes for sick, preterm, and underweight infants...
  29. DEVELOPING CIRCADIAN RHYTHMICITY
    Scott Rivkees; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..In neonatal intensive care units, preterm infants are typically exposed to continuous dim lighting without photic time-of-day cues...
  30. Recombinant Lactoferrin and Necrotizing Enterocolitis
    Karel Petrak; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..It is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in neonatal intensive care units, with incidence of approximately 10 percent in VLBW infants and mortality of about 25 percent...
  31. Novel Complementary Therapy for Preterm Infants
    John Bauer; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..of these conditions is necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), a major cause of morbidity and mortality in neonatal intensive care units, is a disease for which there is currently no medical treatment...
  32. Race, Ethnicity and Quality of Health Care for Newborns
    Laurence Baker; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..An issue that has not been well studied is variation in the use of neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) and variation in the use of high quality hospitals. Studies in other areas (e.g...
  33. MUCOSAL PROTECTIVE FACTORS IN HUMAN MILK
    Radhakrishna Rao; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..intestine, is the most common non-respiratory, life-threatening disease among infants admitted to neonatal intensive care units. Although etiologic and epidemiologic characteristics of NEC are poorly understood, two major factors ..
  34. The Neonatal Microbiome and Necrotizing Enterocolitis
    Phillip Tarr; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..These efforts will be accomplished using subjects from three collaborating neonatal intensive care units (NICUs), focusing on the critical, instructive, and understudied pre-NEC stage of illness, and ..
  35. NEOPAIN MULTICENTER TRIAL: DATA COORDINATING CENTER
    Bruce Barton; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Analgesic practices recorded prospectively in 109 Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICUs) showed that opioids and benzodiazepines were most commonly used, with large variations in ..
  36. MULTICENTER NETWORK OF NEONATAL INTENSIVE CARE UNITS
    LUCILLE PAPILE; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..In summary, UNM has evidenced a long-standing commitment to patient care, clinical research and longitudinal follow-up. These attributes make the program an ideal candidate for continued participation in the Neonatal Network. ..
  37. MULTICENTER NETWORK OF NEONATAL INTENSIVE CARE UNITS
    JOSEPH PHILIPS; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..Performance of a properly designed study of therapy in PPHN will provide a scientific basis for future studies and improve the outlook for thousands of infants every year...
  38. NEONATAL BILIRUBINOMETER FOR NEAR-PATIENT TESTING
    JOHN STEINKE; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Furthermore, the conventional benchtop bilirubinometers that are sometimes used in newborn nurseries, neonatal intensive care units, and pediatricians' offices require extensive sample preparation, including the centrifugation of ..
  39. COSTS OF CARE FOR VLBW INFANTS
    Jeannette Rogowski; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The Vermont Oxford Network is a voluntary, collaborative network of neonatal intensive care units organized to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of medical care for newborn infants...
  40. MULTICENTER NETWORK OF NEONATAL INTENSIVE CARE UNITS
    JEROLD LUCEY; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ....
  41. Creating Online NICU Networks to Educate, Consult & Team
    JANE SIDERS; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..plan will focus on the use of HIT to ensure appropriate care from the time infants are admitted to Neonatal Intensive Care Units in acute care facilities through the transition process to community-based health care services...
  42. MULTICENTER NETWORK OF NEONATAL INTENSIVE CARE UNITS
    Avroy Fanaroff; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..In summary, we have the personnel, patients, support programs and, above all, the firm institutional and staff commitment necessary to ensure successful participation in this project...
  43. Impact of Neonatal Heart Rate Characteristics Monitoring
    JOSEPH MOORMAN; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..trial in which monitoring results are available for half the infants in 3 university tertiary care neonatal intensive care units. The main study group is very low birth weight infants, and the main outcome variable is ventilator-..
  44. Active Bottle for Preterm Infant Oral Feeding
    JAMES GOLDIE; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Subjects will be 32 infants receiving care in the Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICUs) at CHB and BIDMC, who are 32 to 34 weeks post conceptional age at the first test and are ..
  45. INOS GENE TRANSFECTION IN PULMONARY HYPERTENSION
    LOUIS CHICOINE; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Neonatal pulmonary hypertension is the second leading cause for admission to neonatal intensive care units for respiratory support...
  46. Novel markers for neonatal sepsis
    Ashok Reddy; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..and the diagnosis of "rule out sepsis" is the single most frequent discharge diagnosis from neonatal intensive care units. Traditionally, the diagnosis of suspected sepsis has been based upon clinical judgment, bacterial ..
  47. Supporting the Development of Preterm Newborns
    LISA MCELANEY; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..of preterm infants; and specific care strategies to support the development of premature infants in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). Over 400,000 infants are born prematurely in the U.S. each year...
  48. PARENT/PROFESSIONAL COLLABORATION IN NICU DECISIONS
    JOY PENTICUFF; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..investigator's abstract) Parental input into treatment decisions for their low birth weight infants in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) is both a legal and ethical imperative...
  49. MULTICENTER NETWORK OF NEONATAL INTENSIVE CARE UNITS
    Jon Tyson; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..A group sequential design will be used to allow the study to be terminated early if large differences in mortality are observed without violating the validity of the statistical analyses...
  50. MENTORING PERINATAL EPIDEMIOLOGY & HEALTH CARE RESEARCH
    Douglas Richardson; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..focus has been documenting the marked variations in mortality, morbidity and resource use among neonatal intensive care units (NICUs)...
  51. MULTICENTER NETWORK OF NEONATAL INTENSIVE CARE UNITS
    Charles Bauer; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ....
  52. FULL TERM INTENSIVE CARE SURVIVORS: OUTCOME ASSESSMENT
    Marie McCormick; Fiscal Year: 1990
    b>Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICUs) have contributed significantly to the declines in neonatal and post-neonatal mortality seen in this country. The role of NICU care in changing patterns of morbidity is equally important...
  53. MULTICENTER NETWORK OF NEONATAL INTENSIVE CARE UNITS
    ANN STARK; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ....
  54. MULTICENTER NETWORK OF NEONATAL INTENSIVE CARE UNITS
    SHELDON KORONES; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Historically, our relationship with the obstetricians has been exemplary and productive. Fiscal efficiency: We are adept at budget management; in previous multicenter studies our costs have been lower than most other participants. ..
  55. Hypothermia for Acute Brain Injury in Children
    Charles Cox; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..past and ongoing multicenter trials and the establishment of the two NICHD-funded clinical research (Neonatal Intensive Care Units and Maternal Fetal Medicine Units) networks at UT-Houston...
  56. MULTICENTER NETWORK OF NEONATAL INTENSIVE CARE UNITS
    DALE PHELPS; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This center will be an outstanding participating Network Center. Dale Phelps as the PI, will be a dedicated participant and contributor on the Steering Committee and working subcommittees. ..
  57. MULTICENTER NETWORK OF NEONATAL INTENSIVE CARE UNITS
    Seetha Shankaran; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..This phase will require a total of 998 pairs of infants to assure statistical significance for either the null hypothesis (alpha less than 0.05) or the alternative hypothesis (beta less than 0.1)...
  58. MULTICENTER NETWORK OF NEONATAL INTENSIVE CARE UNITS
    SHELDON KORONES; Fiscal Year: 1990
    A multicenter cooperative group of neonatal intensive care units is to be organized for concerted efforts to scientifically evaluate treatment regimens applied to sick newborns...
  59. IGG RECEPTOR ISOFORMS AND NEONATAL INFECTIONS
    JOSEPH PHILIPS; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..that will be tested in prospective studies with all available patients plus controls from two neonatal intensive care units is that the low responding FcgammaR genotypes (FcgammaRIIA, FcgammaRIIIA, FcgammaRIIIB) are more ..
  60. MONITOR FOR TRACKING NEONATAL SEIZURES
    RICHARD MOBERG; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..Two corporate partners have been identified for worldwide distribution to neonatal intensive care units. A selection of the neonatal seizures collected as part of this project and background information on ..
  61. Clinical Predictors of Antiretroviral Failure
    Daniel Benjamin; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  62. INHALED NO IN PREVENTION OF CHRONIC LUNG DISEASE
    Scott Lorch; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..In summary, this clinical trial will assess the efficacy and safety of inhaled nitric oxide for amelioration of a major disease of premature infants. ..
  63. Early Diagnosis of Neonatal Candidiasis
    Daniel Benjamin; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  64. Perinatal Regionalization and Quality of Care
    Scott Lorch; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  65. Susceptibility Testing, Treatment Choices, and Outcomes of MDR-GNB Infections
    Lisa Saiman; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Carefully conducted observational studies and clinically relevant in vitro antimicrobial susceptibility testing, hold the greatest promise to improve the treatment of patients infected with mutidrug-resistant organisms. ..
  66. Resilience in Children
    Barry Lester; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..