Genomes and Genes
pediatric intensive care units
Summary: Hospital units providing continuous surveillance and care to acutely ill infants and children. Neonates are excluded since INTENSIVE CARE UNITS, NEONATAL is available.
Publications212 found, 100 shown here
- Circumstances surrounding end of life in a pediatric intensive care unitDaniel Garros
Department of Critical Care Medicine, Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Pediatrics 112:e371. 2003Approximately 60% of deaths in pediatric intensive care units follow limitation or withdrawal of life-sustaining treatment (LST). We aimed to describe the circumstances surrounding decision making and end-of-life care in this setting.
- Forgoing life-sustaining treatments in children: a comparison between Northern and Southern European pediatric intensive care unitsDenis J Devictor
Service de Réanimation Pédiatrique, Assistance Publique Hopitaux de Paris, Hopital de Bicetre, Bicetre, France
Pediatr Crit Care Med 5:211-5. 2004This study was conducted to determine how the decision-making process to forgo life support differs between southern and northern European pediatric intensive care units.
- A descriptive study of children dying in the pediatric intensive care unit after withdrawal of life-sustaining treatmentChristine A Zawistowski
University of Pittsburgh Department of Critical Care Medicine, Critical Care Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
Pediatr Crit Care Med 5:216-23. 2004..To examine physiologic and therapeutic changes following withdrawal of life-sustaining treatment in children...
- Neuromuscular problems of the critically ill neonate and childBasil T Darras
Department of Neurology, Children s Hospital Boston, Boston, MA, USA
Semin Pediatr Neurol 11:147-68. 2004..Case studies suggest the wide range of presentations these disorders may make to the pediatrician or pediatric neurologist...
- Association of hypoglycemia, hyperglycemia, and glucose variability with morbidity and death in the pediatric intensive care unitKupper A Wintergerst
Department of Pediatrics, Pediatric Endocrinology and Diabetes, Stanford University, S 302 Medical Center, Stanford, California 94305 5208, USA
Pediatrics 118:173-9. 2006..We evaluated retrospectively plasma glucose levels and the degree of hypoglycemia, hyperglycemia, and glucose variability in a PICU and then assessed their association with hospital length of stay and mortality rates...
- Prevention of central venous catheter-associated bloodstream infections in pediatric intensive care units: a performance improvement collaborativeHoward E Jeffries
University of Washington School of Medicine, Division of Pediatric Critical Care, Seattle Children s Hospital, Seattle, WA 98105, USA
Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 30:645-51. 2009..The goal of this effort was to reduce central venous catheter (CVC)-associated bloodstream infections (BSIs) in pediatric intensive care unit (ICU) patients by means of a multicenter evidence-based intervention...
- Reduction in case fatality rate from meningococcal disease associated with improved healthcare deliveryR Booy
Department of Paediatrics, Imperial College School of Medicine, St Mary's Hospital, Norfolk Place, London W2 1PG, UK
Arch Dis Child 85:386-90. 2001....
- PIM2: a revised version of the Paediatric Index of MortalityAnthony Slater
Women s and Children s Hospital, 72 King William Road, SA 5006, North Adelaide, Australia
Intensive Care Med 29:278-85. 2003..To revise the Paediatric Index of Mortality (PIM) to adjust for improvement in the outcome of paediatric intensive care...
- A comparison of three scoring systems for mortality risk among retrieved intensive care patientsS M Tibby
Department of Paediatric Intensive Care, Guy s Hospital, London, UK
Arch Dis Child 87:421-5. 2002..To assess the impact of two paediatric intensive care unit retrieval teams on the performance of three mortality risk scoring systems: pre-ICU PRISM, PIM, and PRISM II...
- Calibration of the paediatric index of mortality in UK paediatric intensive care unitsG A Pearson
Birmingham Children s Hospital, Steelhouse Lane, Birmingham B4 6NH, UK
Arch Dis Child 84:125-8. 2001..To test a paediatric intensive care mortality prediction model for UK use...
- Higher prevalence of pharyngeal than nasal Staphylococcus aureus carriage in pediatric intensive care unitsMari M Nakamura
Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Children s Hospital Boston, Boston, MA, USA
J Clin Microbiol 48:2957-9. 2010..We examined the sensitivity of nasal and pharyngeal sampling for S. aureus colonization in 331 children admitted to intensive care units. Pharyngeal screening was more sensitive than nasal screening (92.6% versus 63.1%, P < 0.0001)...
- Performance of Pediatric Risk of Mortality (PRISM), Pediatric Index of Mortality (PIM), and PIM2 in a pediatric intensive care unit in a developing countryAnu Thukral
Department of Pediatrics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi, India
Pediatr Crit Care Med 7:356-61. 2006..To determine the discriminative ability and calibration of existing scoring systems in predicting the outcome (mortality) in children admitted to an Indian pediatric intensive care unit (PICU)...
- Nosocomial infection rates in US children's hospitals' neonatal and pediatric intensive care unitsB H Stover
Infection Control, Kosair Children s Hospital, Louisville, KY 40202, USA
Am J Infect Control 29:152-7. 2001..Few data are available on nosocomial infections (NIs) in US children's hospitals' neonatal or pediatric intensive care units. The Pediatric Prevention Network (PPN) was established to improve characterization of NIs in ..
- Diagnostic value of real-time polymerase chain reaction to detect viruses in young children admitted to the paediatric intensive care unit with lower respiratory tract infectionAlma C van de Pol
Department of Pediatrics, Division of Infectious Diseases, Wilhelmina Children s Hospital, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands
Crit Care 10:R61. 2006..However, most infections are believed to be caused by respiratory viruses. A diagnostic study was performed to compare conventional viral tests with the recently developed real-time PCR technique...
- Incidence of and mortality due to sepsis, severe sepsis and septic shock in Italian Pediatric Intensive Care Units: a prospective national surveyAndrea Wolfler
Department of Anesthesia and Intensive Care, Children s Hospital Vittore Buzzi, Istituti Clinici di Perfezionamento, Via Castelvetro 32, 20154, Milano, Italy
Intensive Care Med 34:1690-7. 2008The objective was to assess the incidence of sepsis, severe sepsis and septic shock and their mortality in Italian Pediatric Intensive Care Units (PICUs).
- An outbreak of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infection in patients of a pediatric intensive care unit and high carriage rate among health care workersYu Chen Lin
Department of Pediatrics, Veterans General Hospital Kaohsiung, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
J Microbiol Immunol Infect 40:325-34. 2007..To investigate the impact of carriage by health care workers (HCWs) on patient transmission, surveillance culture was performed following an outbreak of MRSA in a pediatric intensive care unit (PICU)...
- Volume-outcome relationships in pediatric intensive care unitsJ M Tilford
Department of Pediatrics, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, and Arkansas Children s Hospital, Little Rock, Arkansas, USA
Pediatrics 106:289-94. 2000b>Pediatric intensive care units (PICUs) have expanded nationally, yet few studies have examined the potential impact of regionalization and no study has demonstrated whether a relationship between patient volume and outcome exists in these ..
- Procalcitonin and C-reactive protein as markers of systemic inflammatory response syndrome severity in critically ill childrenCorsino Rey
Department of Paediatrics, Paediatric Intensive Care Unit, Hospital Universitario Central de Asturias, University of Oviedo, Celestino Villamil s n, 33006, Oviedo, Spain
Intensive Care Med 33:477-84. 2007..To analyse the clinical value of procalcitonin (PCT), C-reactive protein (CRP) and leucocyte count in the diagnosis of paediatric sepsis and in the stratification of patients according to severity...
- Follow up of survival and quality of life in children after intensive careM Jayshree
Division of Pediatric Intensive Care, Department of Pediatrics, Advanced Pediatric Centre, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh 160 012, India
Indian Pediatr 40:303-9. 2003..To evaluate the health related quality of life of children after intensive care and to assess their long term survival...
- Scoring systems in pediatric intensive care: PRISM III versus PIMReinoud J Gemke
Department of Pediatric Intensive Care, Free University Medical Center, P O Box 7057, 1007 MB Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Intensive Care Med 28:204-7. 2002..To compare the performance of two different clinical scoring systems that were developed to assess mortality probability in pediatric intensive care...
- Bispectral index versus COMFORT score to determine the level of sedation in paediatric intensive care unit patients: a prospective studyAndreas E Triltsch
Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine corrected, Campus Benjamin Franklin, Charite University Hospital Berlin, Berlin, Germany
Crit Care 9:R9-17. 2005..The aim of this prospective observational trial was to evaluate the use of electroencephalographic (EEG) BIS for monitoring sedation in paediatric intensive care unit (PICU) patients...
- Calibration of the paediatric index of mortality score for UK paediatric intensive careS M Tibby
Arch Dis Child 86:65; author reply 65-6. 2002
- The functional outcome and quality of life of children after admission to an intensive care unitAnna Taylor
Intensive Care Unit, Royal Children s Hospital, Flemington Road, Victoria 3052, Parkville, Australia
Intensive Care Med 29:795-800. 2003..To evaluate the long-term outcome of children following admission to a paediatric intensive care unit...
- Outcome at 6 months after admission for pediatric intensive care: a report of a national study of pediatric intensive care units in the United kingdomSamantha Jones
Health Services Research, School of Health and Related Research, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, United Kingdom
Pediatrics 118:2101-8. 2006..The goal was to measure, by using the Health Utilities Index, the health status of children 6 months after admission to PICUs in the United Kingdom...
- Changes in the profile of paediatric intensive care associated with centralisationG Pearson
Birmingham Children s Hospital, Steelhouse Lane, Birmingham B4 6NH, UK
Intensive Care Med 27:1670-3. 2001..To compare intensive care admissions from a defined population of children in 1991 and 1999, during a period of organisational change and centralisation of paediatric intensive care...
- Psychiatric outcome following paediatric intensive care unit (PICU) admission: a cohort studyGwyneth Rees
The Academic Unit of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, St Mary s Campus, Imperial College London, Norfolk Place, London, W2 1PG, UK
Intensive Care Med 30:1607-14. 2004..To determine whether paediatric intensive care unit (PICU) admission is associated with greater psychiatric morbidity in children and parents as compared with general paediatric ward admissions...
- Continuous end-tidal carbon dioxide monitoring in pediatric intensive care unitsMelissa Langhan
Department of Pediatrics, Section of Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06504, USA
J Crit Care 24:227-30. 2009..This study was designed to explore the current availability and utilization patterns for continuous ETCO(2) monitoring in pediatric intensive care units.
- Enteral nutrition and cardiovascular medications in the pediatric intensive care unitWendalyn King
Children s Healthcare of Atlanta at Egleston, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 28:334-8. 2004..The objective of this study is to evaluate the tolerance of enteral nutrition in pediatric patients receiving cardiovascular medications...
- Relationship of illness severity and length of stay to functional outcomes in the pediatric intensive care unit: a multi-institutional studyD H Fiser
Department of Pediatrics, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences and Arkansas Children s Hospital, Little Rock 72202 3591, USA
Crit Care Med 28:1173-9. 2000..We hypothesized that a positive relationship exists between functional outcome scores, severity of illness, and length of stay...
- Reduction of nosocomial infections and mortality attributable to nosocomial infections in pediatric intensive care units in LithuaniaVaidotas Gurskis
Unit of Pediatric Intensive Care, Clinic of Children s Diseases, Hospital of Kaunas University of Medicine, Eiveniu 2, Kaunas, Lithuania
Medicina (Kaunas) 45:203-13. 2009..The aim of the study was to identify the most important risk factors for nosocomial infections, evaluate the incidence rates and risk changes after the multimodal intervention, and to assess mortality attributable to nosocomial infections...
- Use of antibiotics in pediatric intensive care and potential savingsJ E Fischer
Department of Neonatology and Pediatric Intensive Care, University Children s Hospital, Zurich, Switzerland
Intensive Care Med 26:959-66. 2000..Because of the heterogeneity between units regarding patient mix and other characteristics, site-specific targets for reduction must be identified. Here we present a model to address the issue by means of an observational cohort study...
- Predictors of outcome in the pediatric intensive care units of children with malignanciesRon Ben Abraham
Department of Anesthesiology, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Israel
J Pediatr Hematol Oncol 24:23-6. 2002..Clinical predictors of short-term outcome for rational triage to pediatric intensive care units (PICU) were retrospectively assessed.
- Noninvasive positive pressure ventilation: five years of experience in a pediatric intensive care unitSandrine Essouri
Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Kremlin Bicetre Hospital, Assistance Publique Hopitaux de Paris, Kremlin Bicetre, France
Pediatr Crit Care Med 7:329-34. 2006..To evaluate the feasibility and outcome of noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV) in daily clinical practice...
- Routine chest radiographs in pediatric intensive care unitsFrans B Plötz
Pediatrics 110:421; author reply 421. 2002
- Transfusion strategies for patients in pediatric intensive care unitsJacques Lacroix
Universite de Montreal, Montreal, Canada
N Engl J Med 356:1609-19. 2007..We hypothesized that a restrictive transfusion strategy of using packed red cells that were leukocyte-reduced before storage would be as safe as a liberal transfusion strategy, as judged by the outcome of multiple-organ dysfunction...
- Comparison of procalcitonin with C-reactive protein and serum amyloid for the early diagnosis of bacterial sepsis in critically ill neonates and childrenA Enguix
Biochemical Laboratory, Hospital Narcea, Cangas del Narcea, University of Oviedo, Spain
Intensive Care Med 27:211-5. 2001..DESIGN AND SETTING: Prospective, observational study in neonatal and pediatric intensive care units. PATIENTS: A total of 116 divided into four groups according to age and diagnosis: neonates (aged 3-30 ..
- Hand hygiene practices in adult versus pediatric intensive care units at a university hospital before and after interventionRezhan Hussein
ETSU Quillen College of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, Johnson City, TN, USA
Scand J Infect Dis 39:566-70. 2007..care workers (HCWs) were carried out at a tertiary care center by a single observer in all adult and pediatric intensive care units (ICUs) before and after educational programs. Access to alcohol-based hand rub was also increased...
- Effect of mechanical ventilator weaning protocols on respiratory outcomes in infants and children: a randomized controlled trialAdrienne G Randolph
Children s Hospital, MICU, FA 108, 300 Longwood Ave, Boston, MA 02115, USA
JAMA 288:2561-8. 2002..Ventilator management protocols shorten the time required to wean adult patients from mechanical ventilation. The efficacy of such weaning protocols among children has not been studied...
- Acute respiratory distress syndrome: is it underrecognized in the pediatric intensive care unit?Martin C J Kneyber
Department of Pediatric Intensive Care, V U University Medical Center, P O Box 7057, 1007 MB, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Intensive Care Med 34:751-4. 2008..To describe the incidence of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in mechanically ventilated children and to study whether ARDS is underrecognized in this patient population...
- An evaluation of extubation failure predictors in mechanically ventilated infants and childrenJ A Farias
Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos Pediatricos, Hospital de Niños R Gutiérrez, Gallo, 1425, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Intensive Care Med 28:752-7. 2002..To assess the accuracy of traditional weaning indices in predicting extubation failure, and to compare their accuracy when indices are measured at the onset of a breathing trial (SBT) and at the end of the SBT before extubation...
- Nosocomial infections in pediatric intensive care unitsR Lodha
Department of Pediatrics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi, India
Indian J Pediatr 68:1063-70. 2001Nosocomial infections are a significant problem in pediatric intensive care units. While Indian estimates are not available, western PICUs report incidence of 6-8%...
- Validation of the paediatric logistic organ dysfunction (PELOD) score: prospective, observational, multicentre studyStephane Leteurtre
Paediatric Intensive Care Unit, Jeanne de Flandre University Hospital, Lille, France
Lancet 362:192-7. 2003..We aimed to validate the paediatric logistic organ dysfunction (PELOD) score and estimate its validity when recorded daily (dPELOD)...
- Acute severe asthma: differences in therapies and outcomes among pediatric intensive care unitsJoan S Roberts
Department of Pediatrics, University of Washington School of Medicine, Children s Hospital, Seattle, USA
Crit Care Med 30:581-5. 2002To determine differences in therapies and outcomes among pediatric intensive care units for patients with acute severe asthma.
- Mortality in severe meningococcal diseaseK Thorburn
Paediatric Intensive Care Unit, Royal Liverpool Children s Hospital Alder Hey, Eaton Road, Liverpool L12 2AP, UK
Arch Dis Child 85:382-5. 2001..To evaluate mortality of critically ill children admitted with meningococcal disease...
- In-house, overnight physician staffing: a cross-sectional survey of Canadian adult and pediatric intensive care unitsChristopher S Parshuram
Department of Critical Care Medicine and Division of Clinical Pharmacology, Population Health Sciences, The Research Institute, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, and McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
Crit Care Med 34:1674-8. 2006..Physician staffing is an important determinant of patient outcomes following intensive care unit (ICU) admission. We conducted a national survey of in-house after-hours physician staffing in Canadian ICUs...
- Assessing medication prescribing errors in pediatric intensive care unitsMichael A Cimino
Children s Hospital of Buffalo Kaleida Health, Buffalo, NY, USA
Pediatr Crit Care Med 5:124-32. 2004To evaluate a matrix for determining the predominant type, cause category, and rate of medication prescribing errors, and to explore the effectiveness of hospital-based improvement initiatives among pediatric intensive care units (PICUs).
- Comparison of the bispectral index monitor with the Comfort score in assessing level of sedation of critically ill childrenSimon P Courtman
Great Ormond Street Hospital for Sick Children, Great Ormond Street, WC1 N 3JH, London, UK
Intensive Care Med 29:2239-46. 2003..To compare the value of bispectral index as a monitor of sedation in critically ill children with a validated sedation scoring system...
- Persistent hyperglycemia in critically ill childrenEdward Vincent Faustino
Department of Pediatrics, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520, USA
J Pediatr 146:30-4. 2005..To determine the prevalence and prognostic significance of hyperglycemia among critically ill nondiabetic children...
- Guidelines and levels of care for pediatric intensive care unitsDavid I Rosenberg
Crit Care Med 32:2117-27. 2004....
- Epidemiologic investigation of Burkholderia cepacia acquisition in two pediatric intensive care unitsChawki Loukil
Department of Microbiology, Hopital Robert Debre, 48, boulevard Serurier, 75019 Paris, France
Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 24:707-10. 2003..To investigate and describe an outbreak of Burkholderia cepacia in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and a pediatric intensive care unit (PICU), and to report the interventions leading to the cessation of the outbreak...
- Guidelines and levels of care for pediatric intensive care unitsDavid I Rosenberg
Pediatrics 114:1114-25. 2004....
- Nosocomial infections in the pediatric intensive care units in LithuaniaJolanta Asembergiene
Unit of Pediatric Intensive Care, Clinic of Children s Diseases, Hospital of Kaunas University of Medicine, Eiveniu 2, Kaunas, Lithuania
Medicina (Kaunas) 45:29-36. 2009..The aim of the study was to collect the data on incidence rates, pathogens of nosocomial infections, and antimicrobials for treatment of nosocomial infections...
- End-of-life practices in seven Brazilian pediatric intensive care unitsPatricia M Lago
Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre Brazil and Pediatric and Child Health Post Graduation Program, School of Medicine, Pontificia Universidade Catolica do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil
Pediatr Crit Care Med 9:26-31. 2008To evaluate the incidence of life support limitation and medical practices in the last 48 hrs of life of children in seven Brazilian pediatric intensive care units (PICUs).
- Preventable harm occurring to critically ill childrenGitte Y Larsen
Primary Children s Medical Center, Salt Lake City, UT, USA
Pediatr Crit Care Med 8:331-6. 2007....
- The increased cost of complications in children with status asthmaticusChristopher L Carroll
Department of Pediatrics, Connecticut Children s Medical Center, Hartford, Connecticut 06106, USA
Pediatr Pulmonol 42:914-9. 2007..This suggests that intubation and mechanical ventilation itself may increase the risk of developing a complication in this population...
- Invasive candidiasis in pediatric intensive care unitsSunit Singhi
Department of Pediatrics, Advanced Pediatrics Centre, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India
Indian J Pediatr 76:1033-44. 2009..Evaluation of newer antifungal agents and precise role of prophylactic therapy in ICU patients is needed...
- Dissemination of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae in pediatric intensive care unitsTsu Lan Wu
Department of Clinical Pathology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taoyuan, Taiwan
J Clin Microbiol 41:4836-8. 2003To study the growing trend of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Enterobacteriaceae in pediatric intensive care units (PICUs), 88 nonrepetitive ESBL-producing isolates were prospectively collected and analyzed by molecular ..
- Unrecognized burden of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus carriage in the pediatric intensive care unitAaron M Milstone
Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 29:1174-6. 2008..This weekly surveillance enabled more accurate estimates of the incidence rates of MRSA and VRE carriage and led to an increased number of isolation-days for patients...
- A prospective, randomized, controlled trial of noninvasive ventilation in pediatric acute respiratory failureLeticia J Yañez
University of Los Andes, Intensive Care Unit, Santa Maria Clinic, Los Andes, Chile corrected
Pediatr Crit Care Med 9:484-9. 2008..standard therapy alone in children with acute respiratory failure; assess method effectiveness in improving gas exchange and vital signs; and assess method safety...
- [Prognostic indexes of mortality in pediatric intensive care units]S Prieto Espuñes
Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos Pediatricos, Hospital Universitario Central de Asturias, Universidad de Oviedo, Asturias, Espana
An Pediatr (Barc) 66:345-50. 2007To assess the validity of the Pediatric Risk of Mortality score (PRISM), the Pediatric Index of Mortality (PIM) and the PIM 2 in two Spanish pediatric intensive care units.
- Evolution of the medical practices and modes of death on pediatric intensive care units in southern BrazilDélio José Kipper
Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Hospital Sao Lucas, School of Medicine, Pontificia Universidade Catolica do Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
Pediatr Crit Care Med 6:258-63. 2005..on decisions for limiting life-sustaining treatments (L-LST) over a period of 13 yrs in three pediatric intensive care units (PICUs) located in southern Brazil...
- A national survey of pediatric critical care resources in the United StatesFolafoluwa O Odetola
Division of Pediatric Critical Care Medicine, Department of Pediatrics and Communicable Diseases, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
Pediatrics 115:e382-6. 2005..To characterize resources available for the care of critically ill and injured children in the United States...
- Year in review in intensive care medicine, 2004. III. Outcome, ICU organisation, scoring, quality of life, ethics, psychological problems and communication in the ICU, immunity and hemodynamics during sepsis, pediatric and neonatal critical care, experimePeter Andrews
Intensive Care Medicine Unit, Western General Hospital, Edinburgh, UK
Intensive Care Med 31:356-72. 2005
- Alterations in glucose homeostasis in the pediatric intensive care unit: Hyperglycemia and glucose variability are associated with increased mortality and morbidityEliotte Hirshberg
Department of Pediatrics, Division of Critical Care, University of Utah, Primary Children s Medical Center, Salt Lake City, UT, USA
Pediatr Crit Care Med 9:361-6. 2008....
- A protocolized approach to identify and manage hyperglycemia in a pediatric critical care unitCatherine M Preissig
Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Critical Care Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, USA
Pediatr Crit Care Med 9:581-8. 2008..There is limited information regarding hyperglycemia and its control in pediatric intensive care...
- [Prevalence of mechanical ventilation in pediatric intensive care units in Spain]J Balcells Ramirez
An Pediatr (Barc) 61:533-41. 2004To study the prevalence and characteristics of mechanical ventilation in children admitted to Spanish pediatric intensive care units (PICU).
- Traumatic stress in parents of children admitted to the pediatric intensive care unitAndrew Balluffi
Social Work Department, Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, 34th Street and Civic Center Boulevard, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
Pediatr Crit Care Med 5:547-53. 2004..To examine the correlation between parental perceptions of illness severity and objective measures. To assess the association among demographic, situational, and illness factors and the severity of ASD and PTSD...
- Glucose control, organ failure, and mortality in pediatric intensive careMichael Yung
The Women s and Children s Hospital, Adelaide, South Australia
Pediatr Crit Care Med 9:147-52. 2008In ventilated children, to determine the prevalence of hyperglycemia, establish whether it is associated with organ failure, and document glycemic control practices in Australasian pediatric intensive care units (PICUs).
- Blood glucose control in critically ill adults and children: a survey on stated practiceEliotte Hirshberg
University of Utah, Internal Medicine and Pediatrics, Salt Lake City, UT 84113, USA
Chest 133:1328-35. 2008..We document clinicians' stated blood glucose control practice patterns in North American pediatric and adult ICUs...
- Pediatric delirium: a new diagnostic challenge of which to be awareWerther Brunow de Carvalho
Crit Care Med 36:1986-7. 2008
- Hyperglycemia and outcome in the pediatric intensive care unitGenna W Klein
Mount Sinai School of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Endocrinology and Diabetes, New York, NY, USA
J Pediatr 153:379-84. 2008..To identify the frequency of hyperglycemia in children who are nondiabetic and critically ill and assess the independent effect of hyperglycemia on outcome...
- Transpyloric enteral nutrition in the critically ill child with renal failureJesús López-Herce
Gregorio Maranon General University Hospital, Paediatric Intensive Care Unit, Dr Castelo 47, 28009 Madrid, Spain
Intensive Care Med 32:1599-605. 2006..To study the efficacy and tolerance of transpyloric enteral nutrition (TEN) in the critically ill child with acute renal failure (ARF)...
- What's new in pediatric intensive careJoseph A Carcillo
Children s Hospital of Pittsburgh, Anesthesiology, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
Crit Care Med 34:S183-90. 2006..To provide an update on new developments in the field of pediatric intensive care...
- Effectiveness and long-term outcome of cardiopulmonary resuscitation in paediatric intensive care units in SpainAntonio Rodríguez-Núñez
Paediatric Emergency and Critical Care Division, Hospital Clinico Universitario de Santiago de Compostela, Santiago de Compostela, Spain
Resuscitation 71:301-9. 2006..To analyse the immediate effectiveness of resuscitation and long-term outcome of children who suffered a cardiorespiratory arrest when admitted to paediatric intensive care units (PICU)...
- A prospective study of ventilator-associated pneumonia in childrenRamya Srinivasan
University of California, San Francisco, California, USA
Pediatrics 123:1108-15. 2009..We conducted a prospective, observational study in a tertiary care pediatric center to determine risk factors for the development of and outcomes from ventilator-associated pneumonia...
- Predictive factors for the success of noninvasive mask ventilation in infants and children with acute respiratory failureVera Bernet
Department of Neonatology and Intensive Care, University Children s Hospital, Zurich, Switzerland
Pediatr Crit Care Med 6:660-4. 2005..This study was performed to determine prognostic variables for the success of NIV in a group of infants and children with respiratory failure for a wide range of reasons...
- Do weekends or evenings matter in a pediatric intensive care unit?Eric D Hixson
From the Quality Institute, Cleveland Clinic Health System, Cleveland, OH, USA
Pediatr Crit Care Med 6:523-30. 2005..To assess what independent influence, if any, weekend or evening admission to a pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) staffed 24 hrs/day, 7 days/wk by in-house, board-certified pediatric intensivists might have on mortality...
- Glucose level and risk of mortality in pediatric septic shockRicardo G Branco
Paediatric Intensive Care Unit, Addenbrooke s Hospital, Cambridge, UK
Pediatr Crit Care Med 6:470-2. 2005..To study the relationship between serum glucose level and mortality in children with septic shock...
- A five-year experience with the use of BiPAP in a pediatric intensive care unit populationGayatri Joshi
University of Missouri School of Medicine, Columbia, MO, USA
J Intensive Care Med 22:38-43. 2007..BiPAP safely and effectively improves the respiratory status of and might decrease the need for endotracheal intubation in pediatric patients with acute respiratory insufficiency of various etiologies...
- [Comparison of two prognostic scores (PRISM and PIM) at a pediatric intensive care unit]Vanessa Feller Martha
Unidade de Terapia Intensiva Pediátrica, Hospital Moinhos de Vento, Porto Alegre, RS
J Pediatr (Rio J) 81:259-64. 2005....
- Extubation failure in pediatric intensive care incidence and outcomesSteven D Baisch
Division of Pediatric Critical Care Medicine, Children s Hospitals and Clinics, Minneapolis and St Paul, MN, USA
Pediatr Crit Care Med 6:312-8. 2005..To evaluate the hypotheses that children requiring reintubation are at an increased risk of prolonged hospitalizations, congenital heart disease, and death compared with age- and disease-severity-matched control patients...
- Children's factual and delusional memories of intensive careGillian Colville
Pediatric Psychology Service, St George s Hospital, London, United Kingdom
Am J Respir Crit Care Med 177:976-82. 2008..Delusional memories are significantly associated with post-traumatic stress in adult patients after intensive care...
- Differences in pediatric ICU mortality risk over timeJ M Tilford
Department of Pediatrics, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, and Arkansas Children s Hospital, Little Rock 72202 3591, USA
Crit Care Med 26:1737-43. 1998..To compare pediatric intensive care unit (ICU) mortality risk using models from two distinct time periods; and to discuss the implications of changing mortality risk for severity systems and quality-of-care assessment...
- Incidence and short-term outcome of acute lung injury in mechanically ventilated childrenP Dahlem
Dept of Paediatrics, Emma Children s Hospital, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Eur Respir J 22:980-5. 2003..Further investigations should confirm prognostic factors (e.g. respiratory parameters) for prediction of outcome...
- What is the daily practice of mechanical ventilation in pediatric intensive care units? A multicenter studyJ A Farias
Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos Pediatricos, Hospital de Niños R Gutiérrez, B de Irigoyen 49, 1834 Temperley, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Intensive Care Med 30:918-25. 2004To describe the daily practice of mechanical ventilation (MV), and secondarily, its outcome in pediatric intensive care units (PICUs).
- Association between evening admissions and higher mortality rates in the pediatric intensive care unitYeseli Arias
Department of Pediatrics, University of California, Davis, Sacramento, California 95817, USA
Pediatrics 113:e530-4. 2004..Previous research investigating the relationship between the time of admission and mortality rates has yielded inconsistent results and has not been conducted in the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) patient population...
- Procalcitonin as a diagnostic and prognostic biomarker of sepsis in critically ill childrenFrancis Leclerc
Pediatr Crit Care Med 4:264-6. 2003
- Acute lung injury in pediatric intensive care in Australia and New Zealand: a prospective, multicenter, observational studySimon Erickson
Pediatric Intensive Care Units at Princess Margaret Hospital for Children, Perth, WA, Australia
Pediatr Crit Care Med 8:317-23. 2007..The objective of this prospective study was to clarify the incidence, demographics, management strategies, outcome, and mortality predictors of ALI in children in Australia and New Zealand...
- The correlation of the bispectral index monitor with clinical sedation scores during mechanical ventilation in the pediatric intensive care unitJohn W Berkenbosch
Department of Child Health, University of Missouri Columbia, Columbia, Missouri 65212, USA
Anesth Analg 94:506-11; table of contents. 2002..67--0.75 and a positive predictive value of 0.07--0.52. We conclude that the BIS monitor may be a useful adjunct for the assessment of sedation in PICU patients...
- Long-term effects of pediatric intensive care unit hospitalization on families with young childrenRhonda Board
Northeastern University School of Nursing, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Heart Lung 31:53-66. 2002..The purpose of this study was to prospectively examine the long-term effects of the pediatric intensive care unit experience on parents and on family adaptation...
- Extubation failure in pediatric intensive care: a multiple-center study of risk factors and outcomesStephen C Kurachek
University of Minnesota Department of Pediatrics and Childrens Hospitals and Clinics, Minneapolis, USA
Crit Care Med 31:2657-64. 2003..a contemporary failed extubation rate, risk factors, and consequences of extubation failure in pediatric intensive care units (PICUs)...
- Association of timing, duration, and intensity of hyperglycemia with intensive care unit mortality in critically ill childrenVijay Srinivasan
Pediatric Critical Care Medicine, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Division of Critical Care Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA
Pediatr Crit Care Med 5:329-36. 2004..To study the association of timing, duration, and intensity of hyperglycemia with pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) mortality in critically ill children...
- Routine chest radiographs in pediatric intensive care unitsM W Quasney
Department of Pediatrics, Crippled Children s Foundation Research Center, Le Bonheur Children s Medical Center, University of Tennessee, Memphis, Tennessee 38103, USA
Pediatrics 107:241-8. 2001..To determine whether interventions were performed based on portable routine morning chest x-rays (CXRs) in pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) patients and to identify patient subgroups for whom the routine CXR is most useful...
- Comparison between clinical diagnoses and autopsy findings in a pediatric intensive care unit in São Paulo, BrazilMarta P Cardoso
Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Instituto da Criança, Department of Pediatrics, Medical School, Sao Paulo University, Brazil
Pediatr Crit Care Med 7:423-7. 2006..To verify the frequency of discrepancies between clinical diagnoses and autopsy findings in patients from a pediatric intensive care unit and to look for predictive factors of the discrepancies...
- The feasibility of conducting clinical trials in infants and children with acute respiratory failureAdrienne G Randolph
Department of Anesthesia, Children s Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Am J Respir Crit Care Med 167:1334-40. 2003..As part of a clinical trial, we screened all mechanically ventilated children in nine large pediatric intensive care units (ICUs) across North America for 6 consecutive months. Of 6,403 total ICU admissions, 1,096 (17...
- Noninvasive positive-pressure ventilation in children with lower airway obstructionPeter J Thill
Pediatric Intensivist, Children s Hospital and Clinics, Minneapolis St Paul, MN, USA
Pediatr Crit Care Med 5:337-42. 2004..The objective of this study was to determine whether noninvasive mask ventilation improved respiratory function in children with asthma and other obstructive lower airways diseases...
- Are we doing a good job: PRISM, PIM and all thatF Shann
Intensive Care Med 28:105-7. 2002
- Predictors for mortality after prolonged mechanical ventilation after cardiac surgery in childrenRon Ben-Abraham
Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Tel Aviv, Israel
J Crit Care 17:235-9. 2002..To identify early mortality-associated clinical risk factors preceding, during, and after cardiac surgery in children...
- Association of nursing workload and unplanned extubations in a pediatric intensive care unitRobert S Ream
Division of Critical Care, Department of Pediatrics, Saint Louis University, St Louis, MO, USA
Pediatr Crit Care Med 8:366-71. 2007..To estimate nursing workload from the patient acuity level (PAL) assigned to patients in a pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) and to determine its influence on unplanned extubations...
- Improved survival with hospitalists in a pediatric intensive care unitPatricia A Tenner
University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Critical Care, 78229, USA
Crit Care Med 31:847-52. 2003..To compare the survival of patients in a teaching hospital pediatric intensive care unit in which residents provided after-hours in-house coverage with survival in the same unit with hospitalists providing this coverage...
- Sedation monitoring of children by the Bispectral Index in the pediatric intensive care unitRajesh Aneja
Division of Pediatric Critical Care, Children s Hospital of Buffalo, Buffalo, NY, USA
Pediatr Crit Care Med 4:60-4. 2003..To compare the Bispectral Index with clinical sedation assessment using the Ramsay score in normal sedated and paralyzed critically ill children...
- HALF-PINT: Heart and Lung Failure - Pediatric INsulin Titration trial - CCCVinay M Nadkarni; Fiscal Year: 2013..applicant): Heart and lung failure are the most common causes of death in critically ill children in Pediatric Intensive Care Units (PICUs)...
- HALF-PINT: Heart And Lung Failure - Pediatric INsulin Titration trial - DCCDavid Wypij; Fiscal Year: 2013..applicant): Heart and lung failure are the most common causes of death in critically ill children in Pediatric Intensive Care Units (PICUs)...
- Collaborative Pediatric Critical Care Research Network At Children's Hospital ofJoseph A Carcillo; Fiscal Year: 2013..of these MOF phenotypes and the use of specific therapies have not been systematically investigated in Pediatric Intensive Care Units, other than our own...
- Age of Blood in Children in Pediatric Intensive Care UnitsPhilip C Spinella; Fiscal Year: 2013..The Age of Blood in Children in Pediatric Intensive Care Units (ABC-PICU) trial has been designed to determine if the use of RBCs of short storage duration improves ..
- Neurodevelopmental Outcome after Cardiac Intensive CareDAVID LLOYD WESSEL; Fiscal Year: 2013..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: Mortality in pediatric intensive care units has decreased dramatically, however survivors are at risk for neurologic morbidity...
- Toward Optimal End-of-Life Care in the PICURobert Truog; Fiscal Year: 2010..2002;IOM, 2003), and newly emerging data indicate that over 80% of those deaths occur within pediatric intensive care units (PICUs), (Watson et al., 2003)...
- Sedation Management in Pediatric Patients with Acute Respiratory FailureMARTHA AQ CURLEY; Fiscal Year: 2013..Eighteen pediatric intensive care units (9 randomized to the sedation management intervention and 9 to continue to provide usual care) will ..
- Evaluating safety and quality of tracheal intubation in pediatric ICUsAkira Nishisaki; Fiscal Year: 2012..failure by placing a tube in the airway to support breathing is a common, high risk procedure in pediatric intensive care units (PICUs) that often results in complications...
- Modern Genetic Testing in Pediatric Critical Care EnvironmentJeffrey S Upperman; Fiscal Year: 2010..The genetic testing for acute diagnostic or therapeutic indications in pediatric patients admitted to pediatric intensive care units poses clinical, ethical and social challenges that may differ from genetic testing in other clinical ..
- Defining and Preventing Ventilator-Associated Complications in PediatricsGrace M Lee; Fiscal Year: 2013..pneumonia (VAP) is one of the most common healthcare-associated infections in neonatal and pediatric intensive care units (ICU) in the U.S., resulting in significant morbidity and mortality...
- Eliminating CA-BSIs in Chronic Central LinesMARLENE ROSEMARY MILLER; Fiscal Year: 2011..is to determine whether best practice care bundles for the management of acute central lines in pediatric intensive care units (PICU) can be tailored and disseminated to the pediatric hematology / oncology population to reduce ..
- Mechanisms of regulation of excitability in immature CNSJoaquin N Lugo; Fiscal Year: 2010..continuous seizures) is one of the most common diagnoses for children transported to the Pediatric Intensive Care Units at a number of major children's hospitals and is associated with serious long-term consequences...
- Sedation Management in Pediatric Patients supported on *MARTHA CURLEY; Fiscal Year: 2004..We will pilot test the sedation algorithm in a randomized controlled clinical trial of two matched pediatric intensive care units in two different hospitals...
- Transfer of Children to Level I Pediatric Intensive Care UnitsFOLAFOLUWA ODETOLA; Fiscal Year: 2009..Care for the most severely ill children within non-tertiary (Level II) pediatric intensive care units (PICUs) is associated with higher odds of mortality in comparison with care of similar children within ..
- CPP Management Information Feedback and NursingCatherine Kirkness; Fiscal Year: 2007..Computer interfaces that provide visual information about CPP will be allocated to beds in each of the pediatric intensive care units used for children ages 1-16 years with traumatic injury, in whom ICP and blood pressure monitoring has ..
- PEDIATRIC EMERGENCY CARE: SEVERITY AND QUALITYMurray Pollack; Fiscal Year: 2000..This predictor model will be developed in a reference set of 16 hospitals with Pediatric Intensive Care Units (PICUs) to insure similar inpatient capabilities and a total sample size of 12,000 patients...
- 3rd Annual Pediatric Telehealth ColloquiumJames Marcin; Fiscal Year: 2008..Incorporating telemedicine into pediatric care can help increase access, decrease disparities and increase quality of care provided to children living in rural and underserved communities. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- PICU Nosocomial Infections: Epidemiology and OutcomesAlexis Elward; Fiscal Year: 2007..Approximately 160,000 children are hospitalized in pediatric intensive care units (PICUs) annually in the US, Using a conservative estimate of a 5-15% incidence of nosocomial ..
- Mentored Patient-Oriented Research Career Development AwHeidi Flori; Fiscal Year: 2004..Therefore, we began a prospective study of pediatric ALI in the Pediatric Intensive Care Units of both a major university medical center and a large, inner city children's hospital...
- Catheter Dwell Time and Risk of Bloodstream Infections in Hospitalized NeonatesAaron M Milstone; Fiscal Year: 2011..This project will help to develop evidence-based strategies to prevent bloodstream infections among vulnerable infants hospitalized in the neonatal intensive care unit. ..
- Surfactant protein variants in pediatric lung injuryNeal Thomas; Fiscal Year: 2006..hundred and forty pediatric patients (ages 0-2 years) who are admitted to one of the ten participating pediatric intensive care units will be enrolled...
- The heat shock response and cytoprotectionHector Wong; Fiscal Year: 2006....
- Improving Outcomes of LBW Premature Infants and ParentsBernadette Melnyk; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- Promoting Sleep in Mothers of Low Birth Weight Infants: a Pilot StudyShih Yu Lee; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- EBP Leadership Summit: Improving health outcomes for high risk children and teensBernadette Melnyk; Fiscal Year: 2007..S. to improve health outcomes for our nation's children and adolescents. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Genomic analysis of pediatric SIRS and septic shockHector Wong; Fiscal Year: 2009..Child health will be positively impacted by developing the capability of conducting zinc supplementation trials in a safe and rigorous manner. ..
- Computer Adaptive Testing of Functional StatusStephen Haley; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- Industry-Sponsored Research Contracts:..Phase IIMichelle Mello; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- Computer Adaptive Testing of Post-Acute Care FunctioningStephen Haley; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- PATHOGENESIS OF ANTICONVULSANT HYPERSENSITIVITY SYNDROMEJAMES LEEDER; Fiscal Year: 2003..It is anticipated that the basic experimental paradigm employed for these studies can also be applied to other idiosyncratic toxicities with suspected drug bioactivation and immune etiologies. ..
- Flow Measurement at Dialysis Access SalvageNikolai Krivitski; Fiscal Year: 2003..We aim to market this device to surgical and interventional radiology and interventional radiology suites worldwide. ..
- Industry-Sponsored Research Contracts:An Empirical StudyMichelle Mello; Fiscal Year: 2002..The data will be analyzed descriptively and with chi-squared tests and regression analysis. ..
- Children with Chronic Health Conditions: Family ImpactKAREN KUHLTAHU; Fiscal Year: 2002....
- IATROGENIC OPIOID DEPENDENCE IN CRITICALLY ILL CHILDRENRALPH LUGO; Fiscal Year: 2002....
- Pain Assessment in Cognitively Impaired ChildrenShobha Malviya; Fiscal Year: 2005..A reliable and valid pain assessment tool is critical to facilitate our future study of pain management strategies in these children. ..
- NEWBORN GENETIC SCREENING:FOR WHOSE BENEFIT?Lainie Ross; Fiscal Year: 2005..OUTCOMES: The major outcomes will be a series of peer-reviewed articles and a full-length book entitled Newborn Genetic Screening: In whose Interest? For whose Benefit? ..
- Pediatric Cardiac Monitor for Extracorporeal Life SupportNikolai Krivitski; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- Consequences of surviving critical illness in childhooldR Watson; Fiscal Year: 2008..It will allow the candidate to obtain skills in multi-dimensional, long-term outcome assessment of critically ill children integral to his development into an independent investigator in pediatric critical care. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Enhancing Cultural Congruence in Hospice CareArdith Doorenbos; Fiscal Year: 2009..The results will be instrumental in improving culturally congruent palliative care. ..
- Computer Adaptive Testing of Pediatric Self-care and Social FunctionStephen Haley; Fiscal Year: 2006..Many rehabilitation settings may also find this measure helpful in meeting accreditation and institutional requirements for standardizing outcome monitoring in groups of children. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Ontogeny of Drug Bioactivation and Idiosyncratic ADRsJAMES LEEDER; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- Reducing Health Disparities at End of LifeArdith Z Doorenbos; Fiscal Year: 2010..This project will evaluate the effect of the web-based training for primary health clinicians on quality of end of life communication as assessed by patients and with content-based coding of clinician communication with patients. ..
- PLAY! Parents Lead Active YouthLeigh Small; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Measuring quality adjusted life years in children with autism spectrum disordersJOHN M contact TILFORD; Fiscal Year: 2010..Despite the potential for informing resource allocation to treatment of children with ASDs, methods and data for measuring QALYS in this population are lacking. ..
- Outcomes of Traumatic Brain InjuryHeather Keenan; Fiscal Year: 2007..In addition to publications, data from this mentored research will be used to develop additional, independent research awards. ..
- Fiber Bundle Volume and Clearance During HemodialysisNikolai Krivitski; Fiscal Year: 2002..This technology will improve hemodialysis outcomes, reduce management costs, and improve the quality of life for hemodialysis patients. A low cost, portable device will be successfully marketable in every hemodialysis center and ICU. ..