infant care

Summary

Summary: Care of infants in the home or institution.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Continuum of care for maternal, newborn, and child health: from slogan to service delivery
    Kate J Kerber
    Saving Newborn Lives, Save the Children, Washington, DC, USA
    Lancet 370:1358-69. 2007
  2. ncbi Effect of community-based behaviour change management on neonatal mortality in Shivgarh, Uttar Pradesh, India: a cluster-randomised controlled trial
    Vishwajeet Kumar
    International Center for Advancing Neonatal Health, Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Lancet 372:1151-62. 2008
  3. ncbi Newborn survival: a multi-country analysis of a decade of change
    Joy E Lawn
    Save the Children, Cape Town, South Africa
    Health Policy Plan 27:iii6-28. 2012
  4. pmc Newborn-care training and perinatal mortality in developing countries
    Waldemar A Carlo
    University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35233, USA
    N Engl J Med 362:614-23. 2010
  5. pmc Acceptability of evidence-based neonatal care practices in rural Uganda - implications for programming
    Peter Waiswa
    Makerere University School of Public Health, Kampala, Uganda
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 8:21. 2008
  6. ncbi Behavior change for newborn survival in resource-poor community settings: bridging the gap between evidence and impact
    Vishwajeet Kumar
    Habitat for Global Health, Shivgarh, Uttar Pradesh, India
    Semin Perinatol 34:446-61. 2010
  7. pmc Poor newborn care practices - a population based survey in eastern Uganda
    Peter Waiswa
    Makerere University School of Public Health, Kampala, Uganda
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 10:9. 2010
  8. ncbi Developing a community-based neonatal care intervention: a health facility assessment to inform intervention design
    Laura D Howe
    MRC Centre for Causal Analyses in Translational Epidemiology, School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 25:192-200. 2011
  9. pmc Behavioral responses to pain are heightened after clustered care in preterm infants born between 30 and 32 weeks gestational age
    Liisa Holsti
    Centre for Community Child Health Research, Child and Family Research Institute, Vancouver, Canada
    Clin J Pain 22:757-64. 2006
  10. ncbi Infant crying and sleeping in London, Copenhagen and when parents adopt a "proximal" form of care
    Ian St James-Roberts
    Thomas Coram Research Unit, Institute of Education, University of London, London, United Kingdom
    Pediatrics 117:e1146-55. 2006

Detail Information

Publications265 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Continuum of care for maternal, newborn, and child health: from slogan to service delivery
    Kate J Kerber
    Saving Newborn Lives, Save the Children, Washington, DC, USA
    Lancet 370:1358-69. 2007
    ....
  2. ncbi Effect of community-based behaviour change management on neonatal mortality in Shivgarh, Uttar Pradesh, India: a cluster-randomised controlled trial
    Vishwajeet Kumar
    International Center for Advancing Neonatal Health, Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Lancet 372:1151-62. 2008
    ..We developed an intervention of behaviour change management, with a focus on prevention of hypothermia, aimed at modifying practices and reducing neonatal mortality...
  3. ncbi Newborn survival: a multi-country analysis of a decade of change
    Joy E Lawn
    Save the Children, Cape Town, South Africa
    Health Policy Plan 27:iii6-28. 2012
    ..Accelerating progress requires data-driven investments and addressing context-specific implementation realities...
  4. pmc Newborn-care training and perinatal mortality in developing countries
    Waldemar A Carlo
    University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35233, USA
    N Engl J Med 362:614-23. 2010
    ..Of the 3.7 million neonatal deaths and 3.3 million stillbirths each year, 98% occur in developing countries. An evaluation of community-based interventions designed to reduce the number of these deaths is needed...
  5. pmc Acceptability of evidence-based neonatal care practices in rural Uganda - implications for programming
    Peter Waiswa
    Makerere University School of Public Health, Kampala, Uganda
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 8:21. 2008
    ..A key concern is whether these internationally recommended practices are acceptable and will be demanded by the target community. We explored the acceptability of these interventions in two rural districts of Uganda...
  6. ncbi Behavior change for newborn survival in resource-poor community settings: bridging the gap between evidence and impact
    Vishwajeet Kumar
    Habitat for Global Health, Shivgarh, Uttar Pradesh, India
    Semin Perinatol 34:446-61. 2010
    ..We finally touch upon key overarching principles that should guide intervention execution for maximal impact...
  7. pmc Poor newborn care practices - a population based survey in eastern Uganda
    Peter Waiswa
    Makerere University School of Public Health, Kampala, Uganda
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 10:9. 2010
    ..We assessed socioeconomic differences in use of newborn care practices in order to inform policy and programming in Uganda...
  8. ncbi Developing a community-based neonatal care intervention: a health facility assessment to inform intervention design
    Laura D Howe
    MRC Centre for Causal Analyses in Translational Epidemiology, School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 25:192-200. 2011
    ..We demonstrate that important information can be yielded from a relatively simple health facility assessment involving key informant interviews...
  9. pmc Behavioral responses to pain are heightened after clustered care in preterm infants born between 30 and 32 weeks gestational age
    Liisa Holsti
    Centre for Community Child Health Research, Child and Family Research Institute, Vancouver, Canada
    Clin J Pain 22:757-64. 2006
    ..To compare biobehavioral pain responses of preterm infants born at differing gestational ages (GAs) when pain was preceded by a rest period or by a series of routine nursing interventions...
  10. ncbi Infant crying and sleeping in London, Copenhagen and when parents adopt a "proximal" form of care
    Ian St James-Roberts
    Thomas Coram Research Unit, Institute of Education, University of London, London, United Kingdom
    Pediatrics 117:e1146-55. 2006
    Western parents are given conflicting advice about whether to introduce a "scheduled" approach to infant care or to follow their infants' demands. Attempts to address this issue using randomized, controlled trials have been unsuccessful...
  11. ncbi Household knowledge and practices of newborn and maternal health in Haripur district, Pakistan
    R Khadduri
    Independent Health Consultant, formerly of Save the Children US, Islamabad, Pakistan
    J Perinatol 28:182-7. 2008
    ..To learn about household maternal and newborn health knowledge and practices to aid the design of newborn programming within Save the Children's Haripur Program...
  12. ncbi Understanding home-based neonatal care practice in rural southern Tanzania
    Mwifadhi Mrisho
    Ifakara Health Research and Development Centre, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 102:669-78. 2008
    ..Some neonates are denied colostrum, which is perceived as dirty. Behaviour-change communication efforts are needed to improve early newborn care practices...
  13. ncbi Community-based interventions for improving perinatal and neonatal health outcomes in developing countries: a review of the evidence
    Zulfiqar A Bhutta
    Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, Aga Khan University, Stadium Road, Karachi 74800, Pakistan
    Pediatrics 115:519-617. 2005
    ..A comprehensive review of the evidence base for impact of interventions on neonatal health and survival in developing-country communities has not been reported...
  14. ncbi Breast-feeding and feeding practices of infants in a developing country: a national survey in Lebanon
    Malek Batal
    Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, American University of Beirut, PO Box 11 0236, Beirut, Lebanon
    Public Health Nutr 9:313-9. 2006
    ....
  15. ncbi Kangaroo Mother Care: 25 years after
    Nathalie Charpak
    Kangaroo Foundation, Bogota, Colombia
    Acta Paediatr 94:514-22. 2005
    ..The psychosocial effects of KMC include reduced stress, enhancement of mother-infant bonding, and positive effects on the family environment and the infant's cognitive development...
  16. ncbi Neonatal skin care
    G L Darmstadt
    Department of Pediatrics and Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, Washington, USA
    Pediatr Clin North Am 47:757-82. 2000
    ..In the meantime, greater awareness among neonatal health care practitioners of state-of-the-art strategies for optimizing skin integrity in neonates is an important step toward improving neonatal health...
  17. ncbi The impact of newborn bathing on the prevalence of neonatal hypothermia in Uganda: a randomized, controlled trial
    Anna Bergstrom
    Division of International Health IHCAR, Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    Acta Paediatr 94:1462-7. 2005
    ..To elucidate the impact of bathing on the prevalence of hypothermia among newborn babies exposed to the skin-to-skin (STS) care technique before and after bathing...
  18. ncbi Salivary cortisol and mood and pain profiles during skin-to-skin care for an unselected group of mothers and infants in neonatal intensive care
    Evalotte Mörelius
    Division of Pediatrics, Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine, University Hospital, SE 581 85 Linkoping, Sweden
    Pediatrics 116:1105-13. 2005
    ..Skin-to-skin care is 1 possible method to reduce the separation-dependent stress. The aim of the present study was to investigate how skin-to-skin care influences stress for the mother and the infant in neonatal intensive care...
  19. ncbi Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) risk reduction and infant sleep location - moving the discussion forward
    Helen L Ball
    Parent Infant Sleep Lab, Department of Anthropology and Wolfson Research Institute, Durham University, Dawson Building, South Road, Durham DH1 3LE, UK
    Soc Sci Med 79:84-91. 2013
    ..We present examples of how more detailed research and culturally-embedded interventions could reorient discussion around infant sleep location...
  20. ncbi Crossover trial of analgesic efficacy of glucose and pacifier in very preterm neonates during subcutaneous injections
    Ricardo Carbajal
    Poissy Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Poissy Saint Germain Hospital, Poissy, France
    Pediatrics 110:389-93. 2002
    ....
  21. pmc Individualized developmental care for a large sample of very preterm infants: health, neurobehaviour and neurophysiology
    G McAnulty
    Department of Psychiatry Psychology, Children s Hospital Boston and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA
    Acta Paediatr 98:1920-6. 2009
    ..To assess medical and neurodevelopmental effects of Newborn Individualized Developmental Care and Assessment Program (NIDCAP) for a large sample of very early-born infants...
  22. ncbi Community based newborn care: a systematic review and metaanalysis of evidence: UNICEF-PHFI series on newborn and child health, India
    Siddhartha Gogia
    Department of Pediatrics, Max Hospital, Gurgaon, Haryana, India
    Indian Pediatr 48:537-46. 2011
    ..A systematic review of the evidence on community-based intervention packages to reduce NMR is essential for advocacy and action to reach MDG-4...
  23. ncbi Mainstreaming nutrition into maternal and child health programmes: scaling up of exclusive breastfeeding
    Nita Bhandari
    Society for Applied Studies, New Delhi, India
    Matern Child Nutr 4:5-23. 2008
    ..Legal framework must make it possible for mothers to exclusively breastfeed for at least 4 months. Sustained programme efforts are critical to achieve high coverage and this requires strong national- and state-level leadership...
  24. ncbi Mortality in low birth weight infants according to level of neonatal care at hospital of birth
    Javier Cifuentes
    Department of Pediatrics, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile, Santiago, Chile
    Pediatrics 109:745-51. 2002
    ..This study evaluated the effect of NICU level and patient volume at the hospital of birth on neonatal mortality of infants with a birth weight (BW) of <2000 g...
  25. ncbi The Stockholm Neonatal Family Centered Care Study: effects on length of stay and infant morbidity
    Annica Ortenstrand
    Sachs Children s Hospital, Sodersjukhuset, SE 118 83 Stockholm, Sweden
    Pediatrics 125:e278-85. 2010
    ..Our goal was to evaluate the effect of a new model of family care (FC) in a level 2 NICU, where parents could stay 24 hours/day from admission to discharge...
  26. pmc Effect of WHO newborn care training on neonatal mortality by education
    Elwyn Chomba
    Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, University of Zambia, Lusaka, Zambia
    Ambul Pediatr 8:300-4. 2008
    ..Essential Newborn Care (ENC) course sets the minimum accepted standard for training midwives on aspects of infant care (neonatal resuscitation, breastfeeding, kangaroo care, small baby care, and thermoregulation), many of which ..
  27. ncbi Kangaroo Mother Care in very low birth weight infants
    K Ramanathan
    Department of Pediatrics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
    Indian J Pediatr 68:1019-23. 2001
    ..6/14) (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: KMC managed babies had better weight gain, earlier hospital discharge and, more impressively, higher exclusive breast-feeding rates. KMC is an excellent adjunct to the routine preterm care in a nursery...
  28. ncbi Baby CareLink: using the internet and telemedicine to improve care for high-risk infants
    J E Gray
    Department of Neonatology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Pediatrics 106:1318-24. 2000
    ....
  29. ncbi State of the art and recommendations. Kangaroo mother care: application in a high-tech environment
    K H Nyqvist
    Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
    Acta Paediatr 99:812-9. 2010
    ....
  30. ncbi Early contact versus separation: effects on mother-infant interaction one year later
    Ksenia Bystrova
    Associate Professor, Department of Hospital Pediatrics, St Petersburg Pediatric Academy, St Petersburg, Russia
    Birth 36:97-109. 2009
    ..The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare possible long-term effects on mother-infant interaction of practices used in the delivery and maternity wards, including practices relating to mother-infant closeness versus separation...
  31. ncbi Local understandings of vulnerability and protection during the neonatal period in Sylhet District, Bangladesh: a qualitative study
    Peter J Winch
    Project to Advance the Health of Newborns and Mothers PROJAHNMO, Sylhet, Bangladesh
    Lancet 366:478-85. 2005
    ..We describe the organisation of the neonatal period in Sylhet District, Bangladesh, the perceived threats to the well-being of neonates, and the ways in which families seek to protect them...
  32. ncbi Parent visiting and participation in infant caregiving activities in a neonatal unit
    Linda S Franck
    Children s Nursing Research, Great Ormond Street Hospital, London, United Kingdom
    Birth 30:31-5. 2003
    ..The study purposes were to describe the frequency and duration of parent visiting and participation in infant caregiving activities, and to identify parent and infant factors associated with parental participation...
  33. ncbi What can be done to keep babies' skin healthy?
    David Atherton
    Department of Paediatric Dermatology, Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children
    RCM Midwives 7:288-90. 2004
    ..Implementing these measures would form a simple skincare routine that could help keep babies' skin healthy...
  34. ncbi Breastfeeding or breastmilk to alleviate procedural pain in neonates: a systematic review
    Prakesh S Shah
    Department of Paediatrics, Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Breastfeed Med 2:74-82. 2007
    ..To (1) compare breastfeeding with control (placebo, no treatment, sucrose, glucose, pacifiers, or positioning) and (2) compare breastmilk with control for procedural pain in neonates...
  35. ncbi Infant sleep position: a randomized clinical trial of an educational intervention in the maternity ward in Porto Alegre, Brazil
    Roberto Mario Silveira Issler
    Professor in the Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre 90035 003, Brazil
    Birth 36:115-21. 2009
    ..The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect on mothers of an individual educational intervention in the maternity ward about infant sleep position...
  36. ncbi Preschool outcome in children born very prematurely and cared for according to the Newborn Individualized Developmental Care and Assessment Program (NIDCAP)
    B Westrup
    Neonatal Programme, Department of Woman and Child Health, Astrid Lindgren Children s Hospital, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
    Acta Paediatr 93:498-507. 2004
    ..The aim of the present investigation was to determine the effect of such care on the development at preschool age of children born with a gestational age of less than 32 wk...
  37. ncbi Systematic scaling up of neonatal care in countries
    Rudolf Knippenberg
    Health Section UNICEF, 3 UN Plaza, NY 10017, USA
    Lancet 365:1087-98. 2005
    ..Monitoring progress and effect is essential to refining strategies. National aims to reduce neonatal deaths should be set, and interventions incorporated into national plans and existing programmes...
  38. ncbi Bathing and cleansing in newborns from day 1 to first year of life: recommendations from a European round table meeting
    U Blume-Peytavi
    Department of Dermatology and Allergy, Charite Universitatsmedizin Berlin, Chariteplatz 1, Berlin, Germany
    J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 23:751-9. 2009
    ..In 2007, the 1st European Round Table meeting on 'Best Practice for Infant Cleansing' was held, at which a panel of expert dermatologists and paediatricians from across Europe aimed to provide a consensus on infant bathing and cleansing...
  39. pmc Infant skin-cleansing product versus water: a pilot randomized, assessor-blinded controlled trial
    Tina Lavender
    School of Nursing, Midwifery and Social Work, The University of Manchester, Manchester, UK
    BMC Pediatr 11:35. 2011
    ..The aims were to produce baseline data which would inform decisions for the main trial design (i.e. population, primary outcome, sample size calculation) and to optimize the robustness of trial processes within the study setting...
  40. ncbi Child care practices in nonindustrialized societies
    E A Nelson
    Department of Paediatrics, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China
    Pediatrics 105:E75. 2000
    ..To described child care practices associated with an increased risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) in nonindustrialized 19th and 20th century societies...
  41. ncbi Maternal awareness of sudden infant death syndrome in North Queensland, Australia: an analysis of infant care practices
    T A Douglas
    The Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Kirwan Hospitalfor Women, Townsville, Queensland, Australia
    J Paediatr Child Health 37:441-5. 2001
    To assess awareness of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and risk reducing recommendations in a sample of mothers in North Queensland, Australia, and to examine their infant care practices.
  42. ncbi Hurdles and opportunities for newborn care in rural Uganda
    Romano N Byaruhanga
    San Raphael of St Francis Hospital Nsambya, PO Box 7146, Kampala, Uganda
    Midwifery 27:775-80. 2011
    ..However, resistance to the acceptance and adoption of these practices may still be a problem and challenge in the rural community in Uganda...
  43. ncbi Infant care practices in New Zealand: a cross-cultural qualitative study
    S Abel
    Department of Maori and Pacific Health, University of Auckland, New Zealand
    Soc Sci Med 53:1135-48. 2001
    This paper describes and compares the infant care practices and beliefs of Maori, Tongan, Samoan, Cook Islands, Niuean and Pakeha (European) caregivers residing in Auckland, New Zealand...
  44. ncbi SIDS-related knowledge and infant care practices among Maori mothers
    David Tipene-Leach
    Hauora Heretaunga, Hastings, New Zealand
    N Z Med J 123:88-96. 2010
    ..The aim of the study was to determine what Maori mothers know about SIDS prevention, and to determine their SIDS-related child care practices...
  45. ncbi Sleep position and infant care practices in an urban community in Kuala Lumpur
    R J Raja Lope
    Department of Paediatrics, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Jalan Yaacob Latif, 56000 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
    Med J Malaysia 65:45-8. 2010
    ..to determine the prevalence and predictors of non-supine sleep position and the prevalence of other high-risk infant care practices for SIDS. Of 263 infants, 24...
  46. pmc Infants bed-sharing with mothers
    M Wailoo
    Department of Child Health, University of Leicester, Clinical Sciences Building, Leicester Royal Infirmary, Leicester LE2 7LX, UK
    Arch Dis Child 89:1082-3. 2004
  47. ncbi Tolerance of baby cleansers in infants: a randomized controlled trial
    Ma Victoria Dizon
    University of Santo Tomas Hospital, Manila, Philippines
    Indian Pediatr 47:959-63. 2010
    ..Parents did not report any side-effects. All the three studied interventions used as whole body cleansers were efficacious and well tolerated by infants...
  48. pmc Nighttime parenting strategies and sleep-related risks to infants
    Lane E Volpe
    Department of Anthropology, Parent Infant Sleep Lab, Durham University, UK
    Soc Sci Med 79:92-100. 2013
    ..Exploring why mothers might choose to manage sleep and nighttime parenting in ways that appear to increase potential risks to infants may help illuminate how risks occur for individual infants...
  49. doi Putting co-sleeping into perspective
    Peter S Blair
    J Pediatr (Rio J) 84:99-101. 2008
  50. ncbi Improvement of short- and long-term outcomes for very low birth weight infants: Edmonton NIDCAP trial
    Kathrine Leigh Peters
    Faculty of Nursing, Perinatal Clinical Research Centre, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada
    Pediatrics 124:1009-20. 2009
    ..Secondary outcome measures were days of ventilation, incidence of chronic lung disease, and 18-month neurodevelopmental outcomes...
  51. ncbi [Sleeping habits related to sudden infant death syndrome: a population-based study]
    Lorena Teresinha Consalter Geib
    Universidade de Passo Fundo, Rua Tiradentes 400, Apto 601, Passo Fundo, RS 99010 260, Brazil
    Cad Saude Publica 22:415-23. 2006
    ....
  52. ncbi Infant care practices in rural China and their relation to prenatal care utilisation
    B I Nwaru
    Tampere School of Public Health, University of Tampere, Tampere, Finland
    Glob Public Health 6:1-14. 2011
    Studies describing postpartum childcare practices and the influence of prenatal care on infant care outcomes in rural China are scarce...
  53. ncbi Do baby wet wipes change periurethral aerobic flora?
    Dursun A Senses
    Department of Pediatrics, Duzce University School of Medicine, Duzce, Turkey
    Jpn J Infect Dis 60:225-6. 2007
    ..05); however, there was no significant difference in the frequency of uropathogen isolation between males and females. We therefore concluded that baby wet wipes are as safe as water for the cleaning of babies after diaper soiling...
  54. ncbi SIDS-protective infant care practices among Auckland, New Zealand mothers
    Lynne Hutchison
    Department of Paediatrics, The University of Auckland, Auckland
    N Z Med J 119:U2365. 2006
    To survey the knowledge and implementation of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)-protective infant care practices in mothers of infants aged less than 4 months.
  55. ncbi Neonatal transitional care
    Karen Lasby
    Neonatal Transition Team, Calgary Health Region, Calgary, Alberta
    Can Nurse 100:18-23. 2004
    ..The NTCP models neonatal care that is seamless across the healthcare system and congruent with the needs of the infant and family...
  56. ncbi Improving the delivery room setting in developing countries: the opinion of local health caregivers
    Daniele Trevisanuto
    Pediatric Department, Medical School, University of Padua, Azienda Ospedaliera Padova, Padua, Italy
    Acta Paediatr 97:1045-8. 2008
    ..We evaluated the local health caregivers' opinions regarding the priority areas for improving the hospital delivery room setting in developing countries...
  57. pmc Kangaroo Mother Care, an example to follow from developing countries
    Juan Gabriel Ruiz-Peláez
    Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics Unit, School of Medicine, Javeriana University, Bogota, Colombia
    BMJ 329:1179-81. 2004
  58. ncbi Kangaroo Mother Care, home environment and father involvement in the first year of life: a randomized controlled study
    R Tessier
    School of Psychology, Laval University, Quebec, QC, Canada
    Acta Paediatr 98:1444-50. 2009
    ..This study tested the hypothesis that Kangaroo Mother Care creates a climate in the family, which enhances infants' performance on the developmental quotient scale...
  59. ncbi Disposable baby wipes: efficacy and skin mildness
    M Odio
    Baby Care Global Business Unit, Proter and Gamble Co, Cincinnati, OH, USA
    Dermatol Nurs 13:107-12, 117-8, 121. 2001
    ..This observation verified that the test wipes are minimally disruptive to the epidermal barrier and thus suitable for use on intact or compromised, irritated skin...
  60. ncbi Skin care in the NICU patient: effects of wipes versus cloth and water on stratum corneum integrity
    Marty Visscher
    Skin Sciences Institute, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH 45229, USA
    Neonatology 96:226-34. 2009
    ..There is a need to minimize damage, facilitate skin development and reduce infection risk, but the literature on the effects of skin care practices in NICU patients is limited...
  61. ncbi Changes in diapered and nondiapered infant skin over the first month of life
    M O Visscher
    Skin Sciences Institute, Children's Hospital Research Foundation, University of Cincinnati, Ohio, USA
    Pediatr Dermatol 17:45-51. 2000
    ..We conclude that healthy newborn skin undergoes progressive changes in epidermal barrier properties over the first 28 days. Adult skin testing does not replicate newborn skin during the first month of life...
  62. ncbi Weight gain in preterm infants following parent-administered Vimala massage: a randomized controlled trial
    Alma Patricia Gonzalez
    Department of Neonatology, Gynecology and Pediatric Hospital number 48, Mexican Institute of Social Security, Mexico
    Am J Perinatol 26:247-52. 2009
    ..63 +/- 5.41 days versus 19.33 +/- 7.92 days, P = 0.03). The addition of parent-administered Vimala massage to usual nursery care resulted in increased weight gain and shorter hospital stay among clinically stable preterm newborns...
  63. ncbi Motivations of mothers to enroll their newborn infants in general clinical research on well-infant care and development
    Ayala Maayan-Metzger
    Department of Neonatology, Edmond and Lili Safra Children s Hospital, Sheba Medical Center, and Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel
    Pediatrics 121:e590-6. 2008
    ..work was to identify possible motivations for mothers to consent to having their newborn infants participate in medical research on well-infant care and to compare between mothers of term infants and mothers of stable preterm infants.
  64. ncbi Clinical demonstration of skin mildness and suitability for sensitive infant skin of a new baby wipe
    Ralf Adam
    Procter and Gamble Service GmbH, Schwalbach Technical Center, Schwalbach am Taunus, Germany
    Pediatr Dermatol 26:506-13. 2009
    ..A cleansing baby wipe with sufficient pH buffering capacity may help to restore the pH balance of skin following exposure to urine and feces in the diaper environment and maintain skin health...
  65. ncbi Newborn survival in Uganda: a decade of change and future implications
    Anthony K Mbonye
    Community Health Services, Ministry of Health, Kampala, Uganda
    Health Policy Plan 27:iii104-117. 2012
    ..Translating this favourable policy environment into district-level implementation and high quality services is now the priority...
  66. pmc Sudden infant death syndrome and sleeping position in pre-term and low birth weight infants: an opportunity for targeted intervention
    P S Blair
    Institute of Child Life and Health, Department of Clinical Science, South Bristol, University of Bristol, UK
    Arch Dis Child 91:101-6. 2006
    ..To determine the combined effects of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) risk factors in the sleeping environment for infants who were "small at birth" (pre-term (<37 weeks), low birth weight (<2500 g), or both)...
  67. ncbi Changes in skin pH after the use of baby wipes
    G C Priestley
    Department of Dermatology, University of Edinburgh, Royal Infirmary, Scotland
    Pediatr Dermatol 13:14-7. 1996
    ..Further research is necessary to evaluate the implications of these findings...
  68. ncbi Single-room infant care: future trends in special care nursery planning and design
    Bonnie Henry Bowie
    Family Childbirth Center, Providence Seattle Medical Center, Washington, USA
    Neonatal Netw 22:27-34. 2003
    ..Each phase of design development is described, including space programming, schematic design, environmental design, and design development, as well as the successful use of a multidisciplinary team...
  69. ncbi Infant care practices in a metropolitan aboriginal population Bibbulung Gnarneep Team
    S J Eades
    Epidemiology Division, TVW Telethon Institute for Child Health Research, West Perth, Australia
    J Paediatr Child Health 35:541-4. 1999
    ..To describe sleeping position, room and bed-sharing, tobacco smoke exposure and infant feeding for a sample of Australian Aboriginal infants from a metropolitan area...
  70. ncbi Postoperative pain after cesarean birth affects breastfeeding and infant care
    Annika Karlström
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Hospital of Sundsvall, Sundsvall, Sweden
    J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs 36:430-40. 2007
    ..To study women's experience of postoperative pain and pain relief after cesarean birth and factors associated with pain assessment and the birth experience...
  71. ncbi Newborn vitamin A supplementation reduced infant mortality in rural Bangladesh
    Rolf D W Klemm
    DRPH, Johns Hopkins University, Center for Human Nutrition, Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 North Wolfe St, Baltimore, MD 21205
    Pediatrics 122:e242-50. 2008
    ..We assessed the effect of supplementing newborns with 50000 IU of vitamin A on all-cause infant mortality through 24 weeks of age...
  72. ncbi Home-based neonatal care: summary and applications of the field trial in rural Gadchiroli, India (1993 to 2003)
    Abhay T Bang
    Society for Education, Action and Research in Community Health, Gadchiroli, India
    J Perinatol 25:S108-22. 2005
    ..The need to develop an integrated approach is emphasized. A case for newborn care in the community is made for achieving equity in health care...
  73. ncbi Early interventions involving parents to improve neurodevelopmental outcomes of premature infants: a meta-analysis
    J A Vanderveen
    Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada
    J Perinatol 29:343-51. 2009
    ..To determine in a systematic review, whether interventions for infant development that involve parents, improve neurodevelopment at 12 months corrected age or older...
  74. pmc Global report on preterm birth and stillbirth (3 of 7): evidence for effectiveness of interventions
    Fernando C Barros
    Post Graduate Course in Health and Behaviour, Universidade Catolica de Pelotas, Brazil
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 10:S3. 2010
    ..Survival of preterm newborns may also be improved with interventions given during these times or soon after birth. This comprehensive review assesses existing interventions for low- and middle-income countries (LMICs)...
  75. pmc The early postnatal period: exploring women's views, expectations and experiences of care using focus groups in Victoria, Australia
    Della A Forster
    Mother and Child Health Research, La Trobe University, 324 328 Lt Lonsdale St, Melbourne, Australia
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 8:27. 2008
    ..We aimed to gain a more in-depth understanding of women's views, expectations and experiences of early postnatal care...
  76. ncbi Salivary cortisol response in mother-infant dyads at high psychosocial risk
    E Morelius
    Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine Division of Paediatrics, Linkoping University Hospital, Linkoping, Sweden
    Child Care Health Dev 33:128-36. 2007
    ..The aim of the present study was to investigate the adrenocortical response to diaper change in mother-infant dyads with psychosocial risk factors...
  77. ncbi Kangaroo mother care for low birth weight infants: a randomized controlled trial
    Rao P N Suman
    Department of Neonatology, Seth GS Medical College and KEM Hospital, Mumbai, India
    Indian Pediatr 45:17-23. 2008
    ..To compare the effect of Kangaroo mother care (KMC) and conventional methods of care (CMC) on growth in LBW babies (> 2000 g)...
  78. ncbi Is a nappy change stressful to neonates?
    Evalotte Mörelius
    Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine Division of Paediatrics, Linkoping University Hospital, SE 581 85 Linkoping, Sweden
    Early Hum Dev 82:669-76. 2006
    ..The aim was to investigate whether NICU infants have different pattern of stress and pain responses than healthy newborns when challenged by a non-painful everyday care routine...
  79. ncbi Effects of minimal acupuncture in children with infantile colic - a prospective, quasi-randomised single blind controlled trial
    Marianne Reinthal
    Department of Paediatrics, Institute of Health and Caring Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden
    Acupunct Med 26:171-82. 2008
    ..Treatments are generally not totally effective and some cause side effects. In this study we aimed to test the effect of light needling (minimal acupuncture) on crying...
  80. ncbi Self-Efficacy in Infant Care Scale: development and psychometric testing
    Tassanee Prasopkittikun
    Department of Pediatric Nursing, Faculty of Nursng, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand
    Nurs Health Sci 8:44-50. 2006
    The Self-Efficacy in Infant Care Scale (SICS) is a self-administered measure to assess maternal judgments about the ability to care for the baby during the first year of life...
  81. ncbi The efficacy of non-pharmacological interventions in the management of procedural pain in preterm and term neonates. A systematic literature review
    Eva Cignacco
    Department for Obstetrics and Neonatology, Women s and Children s Clinic, University Hospital Insel, Bern, Effingerstr 102, CH 3010 Bern, Switzerland
    Eur J Pain 11:139-52. 2007
    ..Non-pharmacological treatment methods are being increasingly discussed with regard to pain prevention and relief either alone or in combination with pharmacological treatment...
  82. pmc Early intervention of multiple home visits to prevent childhood obesity in a disadvantaged population: a home-based randomised controlled trial (Healthy Beginnings Trial)
    Li Ming Wen
    Health Promotion Service, Sydney South West Area Health Service, New South Wales, Australia
    BMC Public Health 7:76. 2007
    ....
  83. ncbi Adaptation of kangaroo mother care for community-based application
    Iftekhar Quasem
    Bangladesh Rural Advancement Committee, BRAC Centre, Mohakali, Dhaka, Bangladesh
    J Perinatol 23:646-51. 2003
    ..CKMC could stabilize newborns and possibly reduce neonatal mortality where there is little medical care for newborns and low birth weight (LBW) is common...
  84. ncbi Does kangaroo mother care save lives?
    R C Pattinson
    MRC Maternal and Infant Health Care Strategies Research Unit, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa
    J Trop Pediatr 52:438-41. 2006
    ..76/1000 live births after KMC had been introduced (RR 0.62; 95% CI 0.53-0.73). The large and significant reduction in the NNDR of neonates weighing between 1000 and 1999 g was associated with the introduction of KMC...
  85. ncbi Kangaroo care and breastfeeding of mother-preterm infant dyads 0-18 months: a randomized, controlled trial
    Sara J Hake-Brooks
    University of Utah, Salt Lake City, USA
    Neonatal Netw 27:151-9. 2008
    ..To determine the effects of kangaroo care (KC) (skin-to-skin contact) on breastfeeding status in mother-preterm infant dyads from postpartum through 18 months...
  86. ncbi Community-based kangaroo mother care to prevent neonatal and infant mortality: a randomized, controlled cluster trial
    Nancy L Sloan
    Department of Epidemiology, Columbia University, Mailman School of Public Health, 722 West 168th St, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Pediatrics 121:e1047-59. 2008
    ..This trial tested whether community-based kangaroo mother care reduces the overall neonatal mortality rate by 27.5%, infant mortality rate by 25%, and low birth weight neonatal mortality rate by 30%...
  87. ncbi Teen pregnancy--a program for awareness and health education
    Brandi McCormack
    Division of General Practice, and School of Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, University of Western Australia
    Aust Fam Physician 34:17-20. 2005
    ..At the same time, this program provides an opportunity to introduce adolescents to health services within their community with a particular focus on general practice...
  88. ncbi Negotiating sleep: a qualitative study of new mothers
    Holly Powell Kennedy
    Department of Family Health Care Nursing, University of California, San Francisco CA 94143, USA
    J Perinat Neonatal Nurs 21:114-22. 2007
    ..The study was part of a larger randomized clinical trial on an intervention to improve sleep and well-being among new mothers...
  89. ncbi Newborn care in rural Uttar Pradesh
    A H Baqui
    Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of International Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Indian J Pediatr 74:241-7. 2007
    ..To describe selected newborn care practices related to cord care, thermal care and breastfeeding in rural Uttar Pradesh and to identify socio-demographic, antenatal and delivery care factors that are associated with these practices...
  90. ncbi Factors associated with maternal knowledge of newborn care among hospital-delivered mothers in Sri Lanka
    Upul Senarath
    Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Colombo, 25 Kynsey Road, Colombo 08, Sri Lanka
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 101:823-30. 2007
    ..Maternal education programmes should place more emphasis on first-time mothers, unemployed women and those with delayed booking visits...
  91. ncbi Rocking and pacifiers: two comforting interventions for heelstick pain
    R G Campos
    Department of Family Health Care Nursing, School of Nursing, University of California, San Francisco 94143 0606
    Res Nurs Health 17:321-31. 1994
    ..Pacifiers reduced heart rate levels significantly more than did rocking. Thus, newborns clearly benefit from both comforting methods. Several mechanisms are proposed to account for these findings...
  92. ncbi The Baby Think It Over experience to prevent teen pregnancy: a postintervention evaluation
    Judy Didion
    Medical College of Ohio, USA
    Public Health Nurs 21:331-7. 2004
    ..The findings suggest that simulated experiences can be a powerful strategy for effective learning about complex decisions regarding the risks of sexual activity and the realities of parenting...
  93. ncbi Effect of training for care providers on practice of essential newborn care in hospitals in Sri Lanka
    Upul Senarath
    Department of Community Medicine of Faculty of Medicine in University of Colombo, Colombo, Sri Lanka
    J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs 36:531-41. 2007
    ..To evaluate the effectiveness of a training program for care providers in improving practice of essential newborn care in obstetric units...
  94. ncbi Randomized controlled trial of very early mother-infant skin-to-skin contact and breastfeeding status
    Elizabeth R Moore
    Vanderbilt University School of Nursing, Nashville, TN, USA
    J Midwifery Womens Health 52:116-25. 2007
    ..48; P < .03). Very early skin-to-skin contact enhanced breastfeeding success during the early postpartum period. No significant differences were found at 1 month...
  95. pmc Critical views on postpartum care expressed by new mothers
    Ann Rudman
    Department of Woman and Child Health, Karolinska Institutet, Campus Solna, Retzius väg 13, 171 77 Stockholm, Sweden
    BMC Health Serv Res 7:178. 2007
    ..Characteristics of the women who spontaneously gave negative comments about postpartum care were compared with those who did not...
  96. ncbi A selective review of maternal sleep characteristics in the postpartum period
    Lauren P Hunter
    School of Nursing, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA 92182 4158, USA
    J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs 38:60-8. 2009
    ....
  97. ncbi A randomized comparison of home visits and hospital-based group follow-up visits after early postpartum discharge
    G J Escobar
    Kaiser Permanente Medical Care Program Perinatal Research Unit Division of Research, Oakland, California, USA
    Pediatrics 108:719-27. 2001
    ....
  98. ncbi First-time mothers: social support and confidence in infant care
    Patricia Leahy Warren
    School of Nursing and Midwifery, Brookfield Health Sciences Complex, University College, Cork, Republic of Ireland
    J Adv Nurs 50:479-88. 2005
    ..a study whose primary aim was to explore the relationship between social support for first-time mothers and their confidence in infant care practices. A secondary aim was to identify their sources of support in the postnatal period.
  99. ncbi Insights from Australian parents into educational experiences in the early postnatal period
    Lois V McKellar
    University of South Australia, School of Nursing and Midwifery, GPO Box 2471, Adelaide, South Austrlia
    Midwifery 22:356-64. 2006
    ....
  100. ncbi Reducing parenting stress in families with irritable infants
    Maureen R Keefe
    College of Nursing, University of Utah, Salt Lake City 84112 5880, USA
    Nurs Res 55:198-205. 2006
    ..Infant irritability, also referred to as infantile colic, occurs in 10-25% of all infants and is the most common parental concern reported in the first year of life...
  101. ncbi The efficacy of developmentally sensitive interventions and sucrose for relieving procedural pain in very low birth weight neonates
    B Stevens
    Faculty of Nursing, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Nurs Res 48:35-43. 1999
    ..Procedural pain management for very low birth weight (VLBW) neonates has been minimal or nonexistent in most neonatal intensive care units (NICUs)...

Research Grants63

  1. BREEDING BIOLOGY AND BEHAVIOR OF MONOGAMOUS PRIMATES
    Charles Snowdon; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..b>Infant care taking is divided among group members with fathers and older siblings doing most infant carrying...
  2. Mothers and Others: Family-based Obesity Prevention for Infants and Toddlers
    Margaret E Bentley; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..will be one of the first to meet the unique needs of individual families by delivering anticipatory guidance on infant care, feeding and growth through multiple channels and to multiple caregivers...
  3. Study of Attitudes and Factors Affecting Infant Care
    Michael J Corwin; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The SAFE study will survey mothers about infant care practices that influence SIDS risk, including sleep position, bed sharing, and pacifier use...
  4. Conjunctival Continuous Blood and Tissue Gas Monitor for Infant Care
    LOTHAR KEMPEN; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Given both the minimal invasive nature of conjunctival monitoring and the importance of blood gas analysis, this system could become a standard tool in critical care, during surgery, and in the emergency room. ..
  5. Burden of Late-Pre term Births throughout the First Year of Life
    Donna R Halloran; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Specific Aim 3: Determine the difference in cost of infant care in late preterm versus term infants in the first year of life using population-based data which includes ..
  6. Neuroendocrine Control of Paternal Care in the Common Marmoset
    Toni Elaine Ziegler; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..is the ideal model for studying hormonal activation of male parental care due to their active participation in infant care from the first day of birth...
  7. Community Partnership for Breastfeeding Promotion and Support
    ANN MARIE DOZIER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..multi-disciplinary efforts across the perinatal period involving hospitals, WIC, prenatal and infant care providers to increase adoption of evidence-based approaches to improve breastfeeding (BF)...
  8. Sleep Patterns and Depression in Mothers and Fathers of Twins
    ELIZABETH DAMATO; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Sleep restriction results in a cascade of negative effects for families of twins. Unrelenting infant care demands of two high-risk infants result in a lack of time for parents' personal needs, including the need ..
  9. Social Media And Risk-reduction Training for Infant Care Practices (SMART)
    Rachel Y Moon; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Innovative aspects of the Social Media and Risk-reduction Training of Infant Care Practices (SMART) study include its: 1) unique collaboration of leaders in the field;2) leveraging of the ..
  10. Closing the gaps in PMTCT program coverage, early infant diagnosis and treatment.
    Mary Ann Davies; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..due to persistent coverage gaps and drop-offs at each of the steps required in completion of the PMTCT and infant care continuum, with upwards of 1000 vertically infected infants born in the Western Cape each year...
  11. INFECTION IN ELBW INFANTS:PROTECTION WITH MOTHER'S MILK
    Nancy Rodriguez; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..protection for ELBW infants; additionally, OMM is inexpensive, and facilitates mothers' participation in infant care. The dissertation will test strategies for using OMM to provide protection from infection during the early post-..
  12. USE OF PERINATAL/INFANT SERVICES BY HISPANICS IN AHCCCS
    Patricia Moore; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..A number of studies provide convincing evidence that perinatal and infant care services are beneficial and that use of services by these groups is associated with improved health outcomes...
  13. KANGAROO MOTHER CARE TO PREVENT INFANT MORTALITY
    Nancy Sloan; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Bivariate comparisons and adjusted Cox proportional hazards analyses will be conducted by intent-to-treat and by receipt of and KMC compliance. ..
  14. Functional status and motor activity in PPD
    Barbara Posmontier; Fiscal Year: 2005
    The postpartum period is a crucial and demanding time period for new mothers to perform infant care, household, social, occupational, and community activities...
  15. VALIDATING THE SAFETY OF NURSE-HEALTH ADVOCATE SERVICES
    KARLA NACION; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..maternal child-health advocates (MCHA), working with a professional nurse, provide health screening, self and infant care information and referrals in a safe manner?" The research tests these hypotheses: 1) There will be no ..
  16. MAJIC, MAKING ADVANCES AGAINST JAUNDICE IN INFANT CARE
    R Palmer; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  17. ANIMAL MODEL FOR RETINOPATHY OF PREMATURITY
    John Penn; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..Recently, with the increasing sophistication of premature infant care, the survival of preterm infants has increased and with it the incidence of ROP...
  18. DEVELOPING AND IMPROVING INSTITUTIONAL ANIMAL RESOURCES
    JANICE WAGNER; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..existing corrals to provide more usable group harem breeding corrals, and 2) provide equipment for better infant care. This G20 application and the P40 application from WaNPRC represent a cost-effective and uniquely qualified ..
  19. MILK AVAILABILITY & LACTATION STATUS IN MOTHERS
    Pamela Hill; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..b) lactation hormone levels (prolactin & oxytocin) in response to breast pumping & nursing, c) infant care elements (Kangaroo care & frequency of lactation via pumping or nursing), & d) group (mothers of ..
  20. EVOLUTIONARY PRACTICES TO INCREASE SECURE ATTACHMENT
    John Kennell; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..birth, with mother and infant supported by a knowledgeable woman who guided the new mother in breastfeeding and infant care techniques. Also, an infant spent much of the first year of life carried close to the mother s body...
  21. IMPACT EVALUATION OF PROGRAMS FOR MOTHERS AND INFANTS
    Mary Peoples Sheps; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..This analysis will be based on a quasi-experimental evaluation of the Maternity and Infant Care Project in North Carolina...
  22. SUCKING DEVICE FOR FEEDING OF LOW-BIRTHWEIGHT INFANTS
    Barbara Medoff Cooper; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..the feeding behavior, development of sucking and swallowing of immature infants, and the related problems of infant care and transition to normal feeding activity...
  23. Ethnic Variations in Infant Feeding Decision Processes
    Anne Beal; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..about their breastfeeding abilities (self-efficacy), sources of information regarding infant feeding and infant care, perceived barriers to breastfeeding, and breastfeeding knowledge...
  24. SELFREGULATORY PRETERM INFANT CARE--ADAPTATION POSTBIRTH
    Gene Anderson; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..The broad long term objective is to develop an effictive acceptable, and easy to implement model of mother-infant care which begins at birth and incorporates self-regulatory care and kangaroo care to assure a comprehensive ..
  25. RESIDENTIAL TRMT OF ADDICTED WOMEN WITH THEIR INFANTS
    SHIRLEY COLETTI; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..It will also develop on-site infant care facilities in a therapeutic community (TC) program...
  26. INTERVENTIONS FOR COCAINE-EXPO TEENAGE MOTHERS/INFANTS
    Tiffany Field; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..therapy classes; 2) a drug rehab daycare group (level 2) that receives the same drug rehab program plus infant care in a new infant nursery in a daycare program directed by the PI; and 3) a drug rehab plus infant daycare plus ..
  27. COMPARATIVE STUDY--IMPLEMENTATION OF CHILD HEALTH POLICY
    Andrew Coburn; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..extent to which the policy objectives embodied in the transfer to the states of authority for the maternal and Infant Care and Children and Youth Projects were achieved...
  28. AHEC SPECIAL INITIATIVES
    MICHAEL HUPPERT; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..the opportunity for students to follow families through the latter stages of pregnancy, birth, and initial infant care. The curriculum will emphasize the continuity of care of women and children in the ambulatory setting, focusing ..
  29. FUNCTIONAL STATUS DURING PREGNANCY AND THE POSTPARTUM
    Lorraine Tulman; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..Postpartal functional status is defined as the woman's readiness to assume infant care responsibilities and resume usual self-care, household, social and community, and occupational activities...
  30. Factors Affecting the Racial Disparities in SIDS
    RACHEL MOON; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..SES and lower SES who do not use recommended sleep position and location, and how various decisions regarding infant care may relate to and influence other decisions, using qualitative techniques...
  31. BIOPSYCHOLOGY OF COMMUNICATION AND BEHAVIOR
    Charles Snowdon; Fiscal Year: 1999
    The proposal covers tow broad areas: infant care and infant behavioral development in cooperatively breeding monkeys, and the ontogeny of vocal communication in the same species...
  32. MINORITY PREDOCTORAL FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM
    Helen Lee; Fiscal Year: 2003
    The purpose of this research is to explore decision-making processes among low-income women regarding everyday infant care practices, specifically infant feeding decisions and sleep arrangement patterns, and to address the multiple ..
  33. INFANT SLEEP POSITION AND SIDS RISK
    ALLEN MITCHELL; Fiscal Year: 2000
    The Contractor will perform a study of the infant care-taking practices of approximately 10,000 mothers at the time of their child's birth, and at 1, 3 and 6 months of age to (1) document changes in infant sleep position in two ..
  34. Gastric Tube Placement in Young Children
    Marsha Ellett; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Results from this study will increase the safety of using gastric tubes in young children. ..
  35. Comparison of Risk Factors for SIDS and Other Sudden Unexpected Deaths in Infancy
    FERN HAUCK; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  36. Longitudinal study of caries in a rural WIC population
    John Warren; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Data from this pilot study will be of great value and will position the study team to effectively conduct future intervention studies to reduce oral health disparities. ..
  37. Regulators of Male Parental Care
    Toni Ziegler; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..With the development of parenting behavioral assays, the marmoset has the potential to be an ideal model system for studying parental care in primates and providing insights into the human condition. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  38. Radioactive Iodide Therapy of Pediatric Graves' Disease
    Scott A Rivkees; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  39. CB1 Receptor Action on the Developing Hippocampus
    Scott Rivkees; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..We anticipate that these studies will result in new insights into the potential effects of cannabinoid action on the developing brain. ..
  40. Vaccine therapy of congenital adrenal Hyperplasia
    Scott Rivkees; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..We also anticipate being able to extend this novel approach to the treatment of other receptor-mediated endocrine disorders, such as hyperthyroidism. ..
  41. DEVELOPING CIRCADIAN RHYTHMICITY
    Scott Rivkees; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..These studies may also lead to the development of new care practices in Neonatal Intensive Care Units and extend the field of developmental chronobiology to the bedside. ..
  42. NEURODEVELOPMENT AND EXPERIENCE: BEHAVIOR, QEEG AND MRI
    Heidelise Als; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  43. Predictors of Dietary Quality in Low-Income Pregnant Women
    Eileen R Fowles; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..More effective targeted strategies initiated within this narrow window of time may reduce the number of low birth weight infants and improve obstetrical outcomes. ..
  44. Feasibility and Pilot Efficacy of Flash-heated Breastmilk to Reduce Pediatric HIV
    Caroline Chantry; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  45. Anti-Adenosine Therapy of Neonatal Brain Injury
    Scott Rivkees; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..It is anticipated that these studies will lead to novel and practical strategies for directly preventing brain injury. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  46. A1-ADENOSINE RECEPTOR ACTION IN HIPPOCAMPUS
    Scott Rivkees; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..We anticipate these studies will lead to new insights into the mechanisms of A1AR action. We also anticipate that these studies will identify A1ARs as an important regulator of axon growth. ..
  47. A-1 Adenosine Receptor Action in Developing Heart
    Scott Rivkees; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..We anticipate that these studies will identify Rho and ROCK as critical signaling molecules in heart development and reveal that cardiac GTPase activity transduces the effects of adenosine. ..
  48. Community-Based Lifestyle Promotion With Latino Women
    Deborah Koniak Griffin; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Understanding also will be enhanced about the influence of interpersonal and environmental factors on adoption of healthy lifestyle behaviors of Latinas. ..
  49. The Role of Adenosine in Hypoglycemic Brain Injury
    Scott Rivkees; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..We anticipate that these studies will yield new insights into the mechanisms of hypoglycemic brain injury and may lead to the development of practical strategies for reducing hypoglycemic brain injury. ..
  50. Bioactivity and Vitamins in Flash-heated Breastmilk
    Caroline Chantry; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Information from these analyses will be used in linear programming to predict how the described changes in nutrient content of milk due to heating would affect the overall dietary needs of the child and the associated costs. ..
  51. Does Early Experience Improve Preterm Neurodevelopment?
    Heidelise Als; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The expected reduction in learning and school failure for the increasing numbers of preterm-born children in the nation's schools, would give the study and the intervention, significant national public health importance., ..
  52. Enhancing Infant Emotion Regulation: Two Holding Methods
    Madalynn Neu; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  53. ZINC AND IRON SUPPLEMENTATION: IMPACT ON DEVELOPMENT
    Maureen Black; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The results have important public health implications regarding the timing of micronutrient supplementation and the relationship between micronutrient deficiency and children's behavior and development. ..
  54. XYLITOL FOR ACUTE OTITIS MEDIA PROPHYLAXIS
    Louis Vernacchio; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..A preliminary estimate of the effect size of xylitol treatment from the pilot RCT will suggest whether the effect if sufficiently large to warrant a large formal RCT to be proposed. ..
  55. Adenosinergic Mechanisms of Intrauterine Growth Retardation
    Scott A Rivkees; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The goals of this proposal are to identify the mechanisms by which adenosine acts to protect the embryo in utero and how altered embryonic adenosine action leads to long-term adverse effects in adulthood. ..
  56. Preterm Fetal Growth Restriction and Developmental Care
    Heidelise Als; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The study will be significant in understanding ways to reduce long-term functional morbidities in FGR infants, as well as in identifying opportunities for enhancing last trimester brain development. ..
  57. Child Temperament and Diet: Predictors of Weight Gain
    John Worobey; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  58. PREVENTING HIV/AIDS IN TEEN MOTHERS AND THEIR PARTNERS
    Deborah Koniak Griffin; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  59. Prenatal Drug Exposure: Effects on Adolescent Brain and Behavioral Development
    Maureen Black; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This application examines adacemic performance, socio-emotional functioning, and drug use among adolescents exposed to cocaine and/or heroin prenatally ..
  60. Toddler Feeding Styles
    Maureen M Black; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..
  61. PSYCHOBIOLOGY OF CONGENITAL ADRENAL HYPERPLASIA (CAH)
    HEINO MEYER BAHLBURG; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The findings will contribute to our understanding of psychosexual differentiation in general and to the resolution of ongoing major controversies in the clinical management of patients with intersexuality. ..