health care quality assurance


Summary: Activities and programs intended to assure or improve the quality of care in either a defined medical setting or a program. The concept includes the assessment or evaluation of the quality of care; identification of problems or shortcomings in the delivery of care; designing activities to overcome these deficiencies; and follow-up monitoring to ensure effectiveness of corrective steps.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Improving chronic illness care: translating evidence into action
    E H Wagner
    W.A. MacColl Institute for Healthcare Innovation at the Center for Health Studies, Group Health Cooperative of Puget Sound, Seattle, USA
    Health Aff (Millwood) 20:64-78. 2001
  2. ncbi A conceptual framework for the OECD Health Care Quality Indicators Project
    Onyebuchi A Arah
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Int J Qual Health Care 18:5-13. 2006
  3. ncbi From best evidence to best practice: effective implementation of change in patients' care
    Richard Grol
    Centre for Quality of Care Research WOK, Universities of Nijmegen and Maastricht, PO Box 9101, WOK 229 6500 HB, Nijmegen, Netherlands
    Lancet 362:1225-30. 2003
  4. ncbi A measuring instrument for evaluation of quality systems
    C Wagner
    NIVEL, Netherlands Institute of Primary Health Care, Utrecht
    Int J Qual Health Care 11:119-30. 1999
  5. ncbi Health sector accreditation research: a systematic review
    David Greenfield
    Centre for Clinical Governance Research in Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of New South Wales, Sydney NSW 2052, Australia
    Int J Qual Health Care 20:172-83. 2008
  6. ncbi The quality of medical care provided to vulnerable community-dwelling older patients
    Neil S Wenger
    RAND Health, Santa Monica, California, USA
    Ann Intern Med 139:740-7. 2003
  7. ncbi Effects of computerized clinical decision support systems on practitioner performance and patient outcomes: a systematic review
    Amit X Garg
    Division of Nephrology, University of Western Ontario, London, Canada
    JAMA 293:1223-38. 2005
  8. ncbi Effects of quality improvement strategies for type 2 diabetes on glycemic control: a meta-regression analysis
    Kaveh G Shojania
    Ottawa Health Research Institute and Department of Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario
    JAMA 296:427-40. 2006
  9. ncbi Systematic review: the evidence that publishing patient care performance data improves quality of care
    Constance H Fung
    RAND, Santa Monica, California 90407 2138, USA
    Ann Intern Med 148:111-23. 2008
  10. ncbi Quality assurance for the diagnostics of viral diseases to enhance the emergency preparedness in Europe
    O Donoso Mantke
    Centre for Biological Safety ZBS 1, Robert Koch Institut, Berlin, Germany
    Euro Surveill 10:102-6. 2005

Detail Information

Publications324 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Improving chronic illness care: translating evidence into action
    E H Wagner
    W.A. MacColl Institute for Healthcare Innovation at the Center for Health Studies, Group Health Cooperative of Puget Sound, Seattle, USA
    Health Aff (Millwood) 20:64-78. 2001
    ..In this paper we describe the CCM, its use in intensive quality improvement activities with more than 100 health care organizations, and insights gained in the process...
  2. ncbi A conceptual framework for the OECD Health Care Quality Indicators Project
    Onyebuchi A Arah
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Int J Qual Health Care 18:5-13. 2006
  3. ncbi From best evidence to best practice: effective implementation of change in patients' care
    Richard Grol
    Centre for Quality of Care Research WOK, Universities of Nijmegen and Maastricht, PO Box 9101, WOK 229 6500 HB, Nijmegen, Netherlands
    Lancet 362:1225-30. 2003
    ..In general, evidence shows that none of the approaches for transferring evidence to practice is superior to all changes in all situations...
  4. ncbi A measuring instrument for evaluation of quality systems
    C Wagner
    NIVEL, Netherlands Institute of Primary Health Care, Utrecht
    Int J Qual Health Care 11:119-30. 1999
    ..To develop an instrument for provider organizations, consumers, purchasers, and policy makers to measure and compare the development of quality systems in provider organizations...
  5. ncbi Health sector accreditation research: a systematic review
    David Greenfield
    Centre for Clinical Governance Research in Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of New South Wales, Sydney NSW 2052, Australia
    Int J Qual Health Care 20:172-83. 2008
    ..The purpose of this study was to identify and analyze research into accreditation and accreditation processes...
  6. ncbi The quality of medical care provided to vulnerable community-dwelling older patients
    Neil S Wenger
    RAND Health, Santa Monica, California, USA
    Ann Intern Med 139:740-7. 2003
    ..Previous studies have focused on general medical conditions aimed at prolonging life, not on geriatric issues important for quality of life...
  7. ncbi Effects of computerized clinical decision support systems on practitioner performance and patient outcomes: a systematic review
    Amit X Garg
    Division of Nephrology, University of Western Ontario, London, Canada
    JAMA 293:1223-38. 2005
    ..Developers of health care software have attributed improvements in patient care to these applications. As with any health care intervention, such claims require confirmation in clinical trials...
  8. ncbi Effects of quality improvement strategies for type 2 diabetes on glycemic control: a meta-regression analysis
    Kaveh G Shojania
    Ottawa Health Research Institute and Department of Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario
    JAMA 296:427-40. 2006
    ..There have been numerous reports of interventions designed to improve the care of patients with diabetes, but the effectiveness of such interventions is unclear...
  9. ncbi Systematic review: the evidence that publishing patient care performance data improves quality of care
    Constance H Fung
    RAND, Santa Monica, California 90407 2138, USA
    Ann Intern Med 148:111-23. 2008
    ..Previous reviews have shown inconsistent effects of publicly reported performance data on quality of care, but many new studies have become available in the 7 years since the last systematic review...
  10. ncbi Quality assurance for the diagnostics of viral diseases to enhance the emergency preparedness in Europe
    O Donoso Mantke
    Centre for Biological Safety ZBS 1, Robert Koch Institut, Berlin, Germany
    Euro Surveill 10:102-6. 2005
    ..Particularly the EU-candidate countries and Eastern neighbouring countries will be invited to join the network in the near future. A public website is available at
  11. ncbi Promoting quality: the health-care organization from a management perspective
    Seth W Glickman
    Duke University, Durham, NC, USA
    Int J Qual Health Care 19:341-8. 2007
  12. ncbi Positive control wells: a potential answer to remote-area quality assurance of malaria rapid diagnostic tests
    C T Lon
    National Center for Parasitology, Entomology and Malaria Control, Cambodia, 372, Blv Monivong, Corner Street 322, Phnom Penh, Cambodia
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 99:493-8. 2005
    ..The wells show potential to overcome an important obstacle to the wide implementation of accurate parasite-based diagnosis and appropriate treatment. Further assessment of their place in malaria management is warranted...
  13. ncbi A quality management model for integrated care: results of a Delphi and Concept Mapping study
    Mirella Minkman
    Vilans, Centre of Excellence in Long term Care, Catharijnesingel 47, 3511 GC Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Int J Qual Health Care 21:66-75. 2009
    ..The objective of this study is to identify the elements and clusters of a quality management model for integrated care...
  14. ncbi Pay-for-performance programs in family practices in the United Kingdom
    Tim Doran
    National Primary Care Research and Development Centre, University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom
    N Engl J Med 355:375-84. 2006
    ..This contract increases existing income according to performance with respect to 146 quality indicators covering clinical care for 10 chronic diseases, organization of care, and patient experience...
  15. ncbi Long-term effectiveness of a quality improvement program for patients with type 2 diabetes in general practice
    C M Renders
    Institute for Research in Extramural Medicine, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam
    Diabetes Care 24:1365-70. 2001
    ..To assess the long-term effectiveness of a quality improvement program on care provided and patient outcomes in patients with diabetes...
  16. pmc Integrating qualitative research with trials in systematic reviews
    James Thomas
    Evidence for Policy and Practice Information and Coordinating EPPI Centre, Social Science Research Unit, Institute of Education, London WC1H 0NR
    BMJ 328:1010-2. 2004
  17. ncbi Computerized prescribing alerts and group academic detailing to reduce the use of potentially inappropriate medications in older people
    Steven R Simon
    HMO Research Network Center for Education and Research in Therapeutics, Harvard Medical School and Harvard Pilgrim Healthcare, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 54:963-8. 2006
  18. pmc Barriers to and facilitators of clinical practice guideline use in nursing homes
    Department of Medicine, Division of Geriatrics, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 55:1404-9. 2007
    ..To identify barriers to and facilitators of the diffusion of clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) and clinical protocols in nursing homes (NHs)...
  19. ncbi Integrated care programmes for chronically ill patients: a review of systematic reviews
    Marielle Ouwens
    Centre for Quality of Care Research WOK, Radbound University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Int J Qual Health Care 17:141-6. 2005
    ..To investigate effectiveness, definitions, and components of integrated care programmes for chronically ill patients on the basis of systematic reviews...
  20. ncbi Understanding what works--and why--in quality improvement: the need for theory-driven evaluation
    Kieran Walshe
    Centre for Public Policy and Management, Manchester Business School, University of Manchester, Booth Street West, Manchester, M15 6PB, UK
    Int J Qual Health Care 19:57-9. 2007
  21. ncbi Basics of quality improvement in health care
    Prathibha Varkey
    Divison of Preventive, Occupational and Aerospace Medicine, College of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, 200 First St SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    Mayo Clin Proc 82:735-9. 2007
    ..Key quality improvement concepts and methodologies, including plan-do-study-act, six-sigma, and lean strategies, are discussed, and the differences between quality improvement and quality-of-care research are explored...
  22. pmc Improving organisational systems for diabetes care in Australian Indigenous communities
    Ross Bailie
    Menzies School of Health Research, Institute of Advanced Studies, Charles Darwin University, Darwin, NT, Australia
    BMC Health Serv Res 7:67. 2007
  23. ncbi An international review of projects on hospital performance assessment
    Oliver Groene
    Research and Education, Avedis Donabedian Research Institute, Barcelona, Spain
    Int J Qual Health Care 20:162-71. 2008
  24. ncbi Development of medical checklists for improved quality of patient care
    Brigette Hales
    Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, ON, Canada
    Int J Qual Health Care 20:22-30. 2008
    ..Their development requires a systematic and comprehensive approach, particularly when implemented in high intensity fields such as medicine...
  25. ncbi Effect of increasing the intensity of implementing pneumonia guidelines: a randomized, controlled trial
    Donald M Yealy
    University of Pittsburgh and the Veterans Affairs Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15240, USA
    Ann Intern Med 143:881-94. 2005
    ..Despite the development of evidence-based pneumonia guidelines, limited data exist on the most effective means to implement guideline recommendations into clinical practice...
  26. pmc Antenatal care in The Gambia: missed opportunity for information, education and communication
    Samuel E Anya
    Reproductive Health Research Unit, School of Medicine and Allied Health Sciences, University of The Gambia, MDI Road, Kanifing, The Gambia
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 8:9. 2008
    ..We examined the provision of information and education in antenatal clinics from the perspective of pregnant women attending these clinics...
  27. ncbi Randomized trial of quality improvement intervention to improve diabetes care in primary care settings
    HealthPartners Research Foundation, Minneapolis, MN 55440 1524, USA
    Diabetes Care 28:1890-7. 2005
    ..To assess the impact of a quality improvement (QI) intervention on the quality of diabetes care at primary care clinics...
  28. ncbi Gender differences in quality of HIV care in Ryan White CARE Act-funded clinics
    Lisa R Hirschhorn
    Harvard Medical School Division of AIDS, The Landmark Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
    Womens Health Issues 16:104-12. 2006
    ..We examined differences in care received by HIV-infected women and men in a national sample of Ryan White CARE Act-funded clinics and explored the influence of clinic characteristics on care quality...
  29. ncbi Hospital-level performance improvement: beta-blocker use after acute myocardial infarction
    Elizabeth H Bradley
    Section of Health Policy and Administration, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06520, USA
    Med Care 42:591-9. 2004
  30. ncbi Methods for assessing quality of provider performance in developing countries
    Lynne Miller Franco
    Quality Assurance Project, Center for Human Services, Bethesda, MD 20814, USA
    Int J Qual Health Care 14:17-24. 2002
    ..To compare the effectiveness of methods for assessing the quality of pediatric outpatient health provider performance in developing countries...
  31. ncbi An intervention to decrease catheter-related bloodstream infections in the ICU
    Peter Pronovost
    School of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, USA
    N Engl J Med 355:2725-32. 2006
    ..Catheter-related bloodstream infections occurring in the intensive care unit (ICU) are common, costly, and potentially lethal...
  32. ncbi Improving nursing home quality of care through outcomes data: the MDS quality indicators
    David R Zimmerman
    Center for Health Systems Research and Analysis, University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, WI 53709, USA
    Int J Geriatr Psychiatry 18:250-7. 2003
  33. pmc Hearing the patient's voice? Factors affecting the use of patient survey data in quality improvement
    E Davies
    King s College London School of Medicine, Thames Cancer Registry, London SE1 3QD, UK
    Qual Saf Health Care 14:428-32. 2005
    ..To develop a framework for understanding factors affecting the use of patient survey data in quality improvement...
  34. ncbi The art of quality assessment of RCTs included in systematic reviews
    A P Verhagen
    Department of Epidemiology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    J Clin Epidemiol 54:651-4. 2001
  35. ncbi Integrating evidence-based practices and the recovery model
    F J Frese
    Northeastern Ohio Universities College of Medicine, USA
    Psychiatr Serv 52:1462-8. 2001
    ..The authors suggest ways to integrate evidence-based practices with the recovery model and then suggest a hybrid theory that maximizes the virtues and minimizes the weaknesses of each model...
  36. ncbi Consumer health information seeking on the Internet: the state of the art
    R J Cline
    Department of Health Science Education, University of Florida, Gainesville 32611, USA
    Health Educ Res 16:671-92. 2001
    ..Both interpersonal and mass communication concepts open avenues for investigation and understanding the influence of the Internet on health beliefs and behaviors, health care, medical outcomes, and the health care system...
  37. pmc Patient outcomes and evidence-based medicine in a preferred provider organization setting: a six-year evaluation of a physician pay-for-performance program
    Amanda S Gilmore
    Health Benchmarks Inc, Woodland Hills, CA, USA
    Health Serv Res 42:2140-59; discussion 2294-323. 2007
  38. ncbi The quality of quality measurement in U.S. nursing homes
    Vincent Mor
    Department of Community Health, Brown University School of Medicine, Box G A418, Providence, RI 02192, USA
    Gerontologist 43:37-46. 2003
    ..This article examines various technical challenges inherent in the design, implementation, and dissemination of health care quality performance measures...
  39. ncbi Effects of payment for performance in primary care: qualitative interview study
    Susan Maisey
    School of Medicine, Health Policy and Practice, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK
    J Health Serv Res Policy 13:133-9. 2008
    ..To understand the effects of a large scale 'payment for performance' scheme (the Quality and Outcomes Framework [QOF]) on professional roles and the delivery of primary care in the English National Health Service...
  40. ncbi Discussion between reviewers does not improve reliability of peer review of hospital quality
    T P Hofer
    Veterans Affairs Center for Practice Management and Outcomes Research, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48113, USA
    Med Care 38:152-61. 2000
    ..The authors assessed the impact of discussion between 2 reviewers on the reliability of peer review...
  41. ncbi A new approach for measuring quality of care for women with hypertension
    S M Asch
    RAND, 1700 Main St, Santa Monica, CA 90407
    Arch Intern Med 161:1329-35. 2001
    ..Existing systems have not always linked process measures to blood pressure outcomes...
  42. ncbi Electronic alerts to prevent venous thromboembolism among hospitalized patients
    Nils Kucher
    Department of Medicine, Cardiovascular Division, Harvard Medical School and Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    N Engl J Med 352:969-77. 2005
    ..We hypothesized that the use of a computer-alert program to encourage prophylaxis might reduce the frequency of deep-vein thrombosis among high-risk hospitalized patients...
  43. ncbi Evaluating the use of a modified CAHPS survey to support improvements in patient-centred care: lessons from a quality improvement collaborative
    Elizabeth Davies
    King s College London School of Medicine, Thames Cancer Registry, London, UK
    Health Expect 11:160-76. 2008
  44. ncbi A method for detecting runs of good and bad clinical outcomes on Variable Life-Adjusted Display (VLAD) charts
    Chris Sherlaw-Johnson
    Clinical Operational Research Unit, Department of Mathematics, University College London, UK
    Health Care Manag Sci 8:61-5. 2005
    ..This paper introduces a scheme for applying control limits from CUSUM charts onto the VLAD, thus enhancing its role as an effective monitoring tool...
  45. ncbi Drug utilisation 90% profiles--a useful tool for quality assessment of prescribing in primary health care in Stockholm
    Björn Wettermark
    Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Division of Clinical Pharmacology, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
    Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 12:499-510. 2003
    ..To analyse strengths and weaknesses of a simple method for assessing the general quality of drug prescribing and to study the acceptance of the method among general practitioners (GPs)...
  46. ncbi Improving preventive care by prompting physicians
    E A Balas
    School of Medicine, University of Missouri, Columbia 65211, USA
    Arch Intern Med 160:301-8. 2000
    ..To assess the impact of prompting physicians on health maintenance, answer questions regarding the mode of delivery, and identify opportunities and limitations of this information intervention...
  47. ncbi Tailored outreach visits as a method for implementing guidelines and improving preventive care
    M E Hulscher
    Centre for Quality of Care Research, University of Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Int J Qual Health Care 10:105-12. 1998
    ..We explored whether and how many visits were paid to practices that showed no increase in adherence to guidelines...
  48. ncbi Effects of compression depth and pre-shock pauses predict defibrillation failure during cardiac arrest
    Dana P Edelson
    Section of General Internal Medicine, University of Chicago Hospitals, Chicago, IL 60637, United States
    Resuscitation 71:137-45. 2006
    ..Specifically, the clinical effects of compression depth and pauses in chest compression prior to defibrillation (pre-shock pauses) are unknown...
  49. ncbi Consumer health information. What the research is telling us
    K Currie
    Centre for Clinical Effectiveness, Monash Institute of Public Health, Monash Medical Centre, Victoria
    Aust Fam Physician 30:1108-12. 2001
    ..The provision of relevant information is a fundamental prerequisite of consumer participation in decision making in health care. Such information needs to be available, accurate, and understandable...
  50. ncbi Estimation of measles vaccination coverage using the Lot Quality Assurance Sampling (LQAS) method--Tamilnadu, India, 2002-2003
    Saravanan Sivasankaran
    National Institute of Epidemiology, Chennai, India
    MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 55:16-9. 2006
  51. ncbi Inside guidelines: comparative analysis of recommendations and evidence in diabetes guidelines from 13 countries
    Jako S Burgers
    Centre for Quality of Care Research, University Medical Centre Nijmegen, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Diabetes Care 25:1933-9. 2002
    ..To compare guidelines on diabetes from different countries in order to examine whether differences in recommendations could be explained by use of different research evidence...
  52. ncbi Adherence to American Diabetes Association standards of care by rural health care providers
    Patricia Coon
    Deaconess Billings Clinic, Center on Aging, Billings, Montana 59107, USA
    Diabetes Care 25:2224-9. 2002
    ..To determine whether rural health care providers are compliant with American Diabetes Association (ADA) clinical practice guidelines for glycemic, blood pressure, lipid management, and preventative services...
  53. ncbi The volume-outcome relationship: from Luft to Leapfrog
    David M Shahian
    Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Lahey Clinic, Burlington, Massachusetts 01805, USA
    Ann Thorac Surg 75:1048-58. 2003
    ..The Leapfrog Group has established a minimum volume requirement of 500 procedures for coronary artery bypass grafting. In view of the questionable basis for this recommendation, we suggest that it be reevaluated...
  54. ncbi Exclusion of patients from pay-for-performance targets by English physicians
    Tim Doran
    National Primary Care Research and Development Centre, University of Manchester, United Kingdom
    N Engl J Med 359:274-84. 2008
    ..However, exception reporting may allow physicians to inappropriately exclude patients for whom targets have been missed (a practice known as gaming)...
  55. ncbi Quality of health care for women: a demonstration of the quality assessment tools system
    Elizabeth A McGlynn
    RAND, Santa Monica, California 90401, USA
    Med Care 41:616-25. 2003
    ..Consumers, purchasers, and regulators are seeking information on quality for a variety of purposes. To address these demands, methods are required that are flexible in meeting the information needs of different audiences...
  56. ncbi Improving service quality: experience from the Tanzania Family Health Project
    F Atherton
    DFID Bangladesh, FCO, London, UK
    Int J Qual Health Care 11:353-6. 1999
    ..To improve the quality and uptake of reproductive health service in rural communities in Tanzania...
  57. pmc Practice development plans to improve the primary care management of acute asthma: randomised controlled trial
    Juliet M Foster
    Dept of General Practice and Primary Care, University of Aberdeen, Foresterhill Health Centre, Aberdeen, UK
    BMC Fam Pract 8:23. 2007
    ..Our professional development plan aimed to improve the primary care management of acute asthma, which is known to be suboptimal...
  58. ncbi Impact of disseminating quality improvement programs for depression in managed primary care: a randomized controlled trial
    K B Wells
    RAND, Health Program, Santa Monica, CA 90407, USA
    JAMA 283:212-20. 2000
    ..Care of patients with depression in managed primary care settings often fails to meet guideline standards, but the long-term impact of quality improvement (QI) programs for depression care in such settings is unknown...
  59. ncbi A systems framework for evaluating nursing care quality in nursing homes
    Lynn Unruh
    Health Services Administration, Department of Health Professions, College of Health and Public Affairs, HPA 2, Room 210 L, University of Central Florida, Orlando, Florida 32816 2200, USA
    J Med Syst 28:197-214. 2004
    ..The framework is matched with a discussion of multilevel structural equation analysis for statistical application. Future research should expand the framework to include non-nursing components of quality...
  60. ncbi Structured implicit review: a new method for monitoring nursing care quality
    M L Pearson
    RAND Health, Santa Monica, California 90407 2138, USA
    Med Care 38:1074-91. 2000
  61. pmc Quality and comparison of antenatal care in public and private providers in the United Republic of Tanzania
    Christoph Boller
    Swiss Centre for International Health, Swiss Tropical Institute, Basel, Switzerland
    Bull World Health Organ 81:116-22. 2003
    ..To compare the quality of public and private first-tier antenatal care services in Dar es Salaam, United Republic of Tanzania, using defined criteria...
  62. ncbi Quality assessment of oral anticoagulant treatment in the Beer-Sheba district
    T Yermiahu
    Haematology Laboratory and Institute, Soroka Medical Center, Beer Sheba, Israel
    Int J Qual Health Care 13:209-13. 2001
    ..To evaluate the adequacy of oral anticoagulation therapy in patients with either prosthetic heart valves or atrial fibrillation...
  63. ncbi Improving the management of chronic disease at community health centers
    Bruce E Landon
    Department of Health Care Policy, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    N Engl J Med 356:921-34. 2007
  64. pmc Study protocol for the development of a European measure of best practice for people with long term mental health problems in institutional care (DEMoBinc)
    Helen Killaspy
    Department of Mental Health Sciences, University College London, Royal Free Hospital, London, UK
    BMC Psychiatry 9:36. 2009
    ..They also constitute a major resource pressure for mental health services, social services, informal carers and society as a whole...
  65. ncbi Public reporting and pay for performance in hospital quality improvement
    Peter K Lindenauer
    Division of Healthcare Quality, Baystate Medical Center, Springfield, MA 01199, USA
    N Engl J Med 356:486-96. 2007
    ..Public reporting and pay for performance are intended to accelerate improvements in hospital care, yet little is known about the benefits of these methods of providing incentives for improving care...
  66. ncbi All-or-none measurement raises the bar on performance
    Thomas Nolan
    Institute for Healthcare Improvement, Cambridge, Mass 02138, USA
    JAMA 295:1168-70. 2006
  67. ncbi Pay for performance in the hospital setting: what is the state of the evidence?
    Ateev Mehrotra
    RAND Health, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 2665, USA
    Am J Med Qual 24:19-28. 2009
    ..There is a need for more systematic evaluation of hospital P4P to understand its effect and whether the benefits of investing in P4P outweigh the associated costs...
  68. ncbi Organisational change theory and the use of indicators in general practice
    M Rhydderch
    Department of Primary Care, The Clinical School, University of Wales Swansea, Swansea SA2 8PP, UK
    Qual Saf Health Care 13:213-7. 2004
    ..It concludes that a strategic framework for quality improvement should take account of all four theories, recognising the multiple realities that any one approach will fail to reflect...
  69. ncbi Global review of health care surveys using lot quality assurance sampling (LQAS), 1984-2004
    Susan E Robertson
    Department of Immunization, Vaccines and Biologicals, World Health Organization, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland
    Soc Sci Med 63:1648-60. 2006
    ..Such data provide insight into understanding relationships between various investments in social, human, and physical capital, and into the effectiveness of different public health strategies in achieving particular behavioral outcomes...
  70. ncbi Teamwork in the operating theatre: cohesion or confusion?
    Shabnam Undre
    Department of Surgical Oncology and Technology, Imperial College, London, UK
    J Eval Clin Pract 12:182-9. 2006
    ..The aim of the research that we report here was to empirically assess the cohesiveness of the multidisciplinary operating theatre (OT) team...
  71. pmc What do we know about how to do audit and feedback? Pitfalls in applying evidence from a systematic review
    R Foy
    Centre for Health Services Research, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom
    BMC Health Serv Res 5:50. 2005
    ..We set out to assess whether current guidance and systematic review evidence can sufficiently inform practical decisions about how to use audit and feedback to improve quality of care...
  72. ncbi Monitoring the quality of maternity care: how well are labour and delivery events reported in population health data?
    Christine L Roberts
    Clinical and Population Perinatal Health Research, The Kolling Institute of Medical Research, University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
    Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 23:144-52. 2009
    ..Consistency in reporting in birth and hospital discharge data from different countries and over time suggests the findings are likely to be generalisable to high-income countries...
  73. pmc Optimising reproductive and child health outcomes by building evidence-based research and practice in South East Asia (SEA-ORCHID): study protocol
    David J Henderson-Smart
    NSW Centre for Perinatal Health Services Research, Queen Elizabeth ll Research Institute, University of Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
    BMC Med Res Methodol 7:43. 2007 Thailand, Indonesia, the Philippines and Malaysia be improved by increasing the local capacity for the synthesis of research, implementation of effective interventions, and identification of gaps in knowledge needing further research?..
  74. ncbi What constitutes high quality of care for adults with epilepsy?
    M J V Pugh
    Department of Veterans Affairs, South Texas Veterans Health Care System Verdict, San Antonio, TX 78229 4404, USA
    Neurology 69:2020-7. 2007
    ..As most care is provided in primary and general neurology care, we focused our assessment of quality on care within primary care and general neurology clinics...
  75. ncbi Evaluation of the performance of pharmacists in terms of providing health assistance at a university hospital
    Thais Rodrigues Penaforte
    University of Sao Paulo, College of Medicine of Ribeirão Preto, Department of Social Medicine Ribeirão Preto, Brazil
    Clinics (Sao Paulo) 62:567-72. 2007
  76. ncbi Balancing participation and expertise: a comparison of locally and centrally managed health care quality improvement within primary care practices
    Louise E Parker
    RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, CA, USA
    Qual Health Res 17:1268-79. 2007
    ..They believe that balancing participation and expertise provides the best formula for producing lasting QI for health care organizations across a wide variety of circumstances...
  77. pmc Effects of the Premier Hospital Quality Incentive Demonstration on Medicare patient mortality and cost
    Andrew M Ryan
    Brandeis University, Waltham, MA 02454, USA
    Health Serv Res 44:821-42. 2009
    ..and Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services Hospital Quality Incentive Demonstration (PHQID), a public quality reporting and pay-for-performance (P4P) program, on Medicare patient mortality, cost, and outlier classification...
  78. ncbi Improving outpatient care of depression by implementing practice guidelines: a controlled clinical trial
    Isaac Bermejo
    Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University of Freiburg, Hauptstr 5, 79104 Freiburg, Germany
    Int J Qual Health Care 21:29-36. 2009
    ..The aim of the study was to implement clinical practice guidelines for outpatient care of depression using a practice-oriented and interdisciplinary approach...
  79. pmc Rapidity and modality of imaging for acute low back pain in elderly patients
    Hoangmai H Pham
    Center for Studying Health System Change, 600 Maryland Ave SW, Ste 550, Washington, DC 20024, USA
    Arch Intern Med 169:972-81. 2009
    ..Most quality metrics focus on underuse of services, leaving unclear what factors are associated with potential overuse...
  80. ncbi Lessons from evaluations of purchaser pay-for-performance programs: a review of the evidence
    Jon B Christianson
    University of Minnesota, USA
    Med Care Res Rev 65:5S-35S. 2008
    ..However, the literature relating to purchaser pay-for-performance initiatives does underscore several important issues that deserve attention going forward that relate to the design and implementation of pay-for-performance initiatives...
  81. ncbi The effect of health care system administrator pay-for-performance on quality of care
    Jeph Herrin
    Section of Cardiovascular Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, USA
    Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf 34:646-54. 2008
    ..In 2001, Baylor Health Care System (BHCS) began linking supervisor compensation to performance on the Joint Commission core measures...
  82. ncbi Pay for performance in behavioral health
    Robert W Bremer
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Colorado, Denver, CO, USA
    Psychiatr Serv 59:1419-29. 2008
    ..This article presents the results of a targeted national effort to identify pay-for-performance programs in behavioral health and describe their core components...
  83. ncbi [Evolution and practical application of the concept of clinical governance in Italy]
    V Trabacchi
    Dipartimento di Sanita Pubblica, Universita degli Studi di Parma
    Ann Ig 20:509-15. 2008
  84. ncbi An intervention to improve spontaneous adverse drug reaction reporting by hospital physicians: a time series analysis in Spain
    Consuelo Pedrós
    Fundacio Institut Catala de Farmacologia, Barcelona, Spain
    Drug Saf 32:77-83. 2009
    ..Spontaneous reporting of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) in hospitals is scarce and several obstacles to such reporting have been identified previously...
  85. pmc Psychometric test of the Team Climate Inventory-short version investigated in Dutch quality improvement teams
    Mathilde M H Strating
    Erasmus Medical Centre, Institute of Health Policy and Management, 3000 DR Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    BMC Health Serv Res 9:126. 2009
    ..The aim of our study is to investigate the psychometric properties of the 14-item version of the Team Climate Inventory in healthcare quality improvement teams participating in a Dutch quality collaborative...
  86. ncbi A multimodal strategy based on pay-per-performance to improve quality of care of family practitioners in Argentina
    Adolfo Rubinstein
    Division of Family and Community Medicine, Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina
    J Ambul Care Manage 32:103-14. 2009
    ..Despite these results, a better performance matrix is needed to capture not only specific conditions but also other aspects like integrating, prioritizing, and personalizing care...
  87. pmc Relationship between organizational factors and performance among pay-for-performance hospitals
    Ernest R Vina
    Zynx Health, 10880 Wilshire Blvd, Los Angeles, CA 90024, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 24:833-40. 2009
    ..We conducted this study to identify the key organizational factors associated with higher performance...
  88. pmc Ethnic disparities in coronary heart disease management and pay for performance in the UK
    Christopher Millett
    Department of Primary Care and Social Medicine, Imperial College Faculty of Medicine, London, England
    J Gen Intern Med 24:8-13. 2009
    ..Few pay for performance schemes have been subject to rigorous evaluation, and their impact on disparities in chronic disease management is uncertain...
  89. ncbi Introduction of a new incentive and target-based contract for family physicians in the UK: good for older patients with diabetes but less good for women?
    M P McGovern
    Department of General Practice and Primary Care, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK
    Diabet Med 25:1083-9. 2008
  90. ncbi Improving patient safety in intensive care units in Michigan
    Peter J Pronovost
    Johns Hopkins University, School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21231, USA
    J Crit Care 23:207-21. 2008
  91. ncbi Data quality bias: an underrecognized source of misclassification in pay-for-performance reporting?
    Darcey D Terris
    Mannheim Institute of Public Health, Social and Preventive Medicine, Mannheim Medical School, University of Heidelberg, Mannheim, Germany
    Qual Manag Health Care 17:19-26. 2008
    ..Significant investment in data collection and reporting mechanisms may be required, especially in resource-limited settings, to achieve the intended effects and avoid increasing disparities in health care quality...
  92. ncbi Look who's taking notes in your clinic: mystery shoppers as evaluators in sexual health services
    Paula Baraitser
    Lambeth and Southwark Sexual Health Modernization Programme, London, UK
    Health Expect 11:54-62. 2008
    ..To test the feasibility of professional patients as a tool for sexual health service evaluation. Professional patients are paid to use services specifically for audit or evaluation purposes without disclosing their identity as evaluators...
  93. ncbi Effect of physician-specific pay-for-performance incentives in a large group practice
    Sukyung Chung
    Research Institute, Palo Alto Medical Foundation, 795 El Camino Real, Palo Alto, CA 94301, USA
    Am J Manag Care 16:e35-42. 2010
    ..To assess the effect of a physician-specific pay-for-performance program on quality-of-care measures in a large group practice...
  94. ncbi Potential unintended financial consequences of pay-for-performance on the quality of care for minority patients
    Amrita M Karve
    Duke Clinical Research Institute, Durham, NC, USA
    Am Heart J 155:571-6. 2008
    ..The purpose of this study was to determine whether pay-for-performance (PFP) increases existing racial care disparities...
  95. pmc Employing the electronic health record to improve diabetes care: a multifaceted intervention in an integrated delivery system
    Valerie Weber
    Department of General Internal Medicine, Geisinger Health System, Danville, PA, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 23:379-82. 2008
    ..Type 2 diabetes is one of the nation's most prevalent chronic diseases. Although well-known practice guidelines exist, real-life clinical performance often falls short of benchmarks...
  96. ncbi [Quality management and safety culture in medicine: context and concepts]
    Werner Wischet
    UMIT University for Health Sciences, Medical Informatics and Technology, Hall in Tirol, Osterreich
    Z Evid Fortbild Qual Gesundhwes 103:530-5. 2009
    ..In addition, key instruments of safety culture as well as their limitations will be presented...
  97. ncbi Delivery of child health services in Indigenous communities: implications for the federal government's emergency intervention in the Northern Territory
    Ross S Bailie
    Menzies School of Health Research, Institute of Advanced Studies, Charles Darwin University, Darwin, NT, Australia
    Med J Aust 188:615-8. 2008
    ..To describe delivery of child health services in Australian Aboriginal communities, and to identify gaps in services required to improve the health of Aboriginal children...
  98. pmc Effects of computerized guidelines for managing heart disease in primary care
    William M Tierney
    Regenstrief Institute for Health Care, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 18:967-76. 2003
    ..Electronic information systems have been proposed as one means to reduce medical errors of commission (doing the wrong thing) and omission (not providing indicated care)...
  99. ncbi Annoyances, disruptions, and interruptions in surgery: the Disruptions in Surgery Index (DiSI)
    Nick Sevdalis
    Clinical Safety Research Unit, Department of Bio Surgery and Surgical Technology, Imperial College, 10th Floor, QEQM, St Mary s Hospital, South Wharf Road, London, W2 1NY, UK
    World J Surg 32:1643-50. 2008
    ..Recent studies have investigated disruptions to surgical process via observation. We developed the Disruptions in Surgery Index (DiSI) to assess operating room professionals' self-perceptions of disruptions that affect surgical processes...
  100. ncbi A survey of hospital quality improvement activities
    Alan B Cohen
    Boston University Health Policy Institute, Boston, MA, USA
    Med Care Res Rev 65:571-95. 2008
  101. ncbi Physicians respond to pay-for-performance incentives: larger incentives yield greater participation
    Francois S de Brantes
    Bridges to Excellence, 13 Sugar St, Newtown, CT 06470, USA
    Am J Manag Care 15:305-10. 2009
    ..To determine the extent to which the size of the available financial incentive influences a physician's decision to participate in a pay-for-performance (P4P) program...

Research Grants77

  1. Outcomes of the Wraparound Service Model
    Eric Bruns; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  2. Adoption of Buprenorphine in an HMO Setting
    Dennis McCarty; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Aim 3: Identify factors that facilitate and inhibit the adoption and use of buprenorphine through interviews with 530 patients and 96 practitioners and administrators. ..
  3. The Impact of Public Reporting on the Quality of Post-Acute Care
    RACHEL WERNER; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This will be the first rigorous analysis to inform the policy debate on the benefits and risks of public reporting in the post-acute care sector. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  4. Nursing Home IT: Optimal Medication and Care Delivery
    Susan Horn; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Distill and summarize lessons learned about what is critical for successful implementation of HIT in nursing homes, including facilitators, barriers, and strategies to address them. ..
  5. Hospital strategies to improve outcome performance
    ELIZABETH HOWE BRADLEY; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We will work on dissemination strategies with CMS, JCAHO, American College of Cardiology (ACC), American Health Association (AHA), the Veteran's Administration (VA), and the VHA. ..
  6. Safer Antithrombotic Therapy for Elderly ACS Patients
    Eric Peterson; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Finally, we will use established relations with professional societies and the VHA to widely disseminate our study's major findings. ..
  7. Improving Care for the Dying: Transforming Patiens's Wi*
    John Combes; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..A tool will be developed to measure outcomes including length of stay, patient satisfaction and financial implications of hospital-based palliative care. ..
  8. Financial Incentives and Variations in the Care of Medicare Beneficiaries
    Bruce E Landon; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Because patients will be clustered within physicians and physicians clustered within markets, we will use hierarchical analytic methods. ..
    Eric Bruns; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  10. Strategies to reduce time to reperfusion therapy for MI
    Harlan Krumholz; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Data generated from these studies will guide efforts by clinicians, administrators, researchers, and policy makers to decrease time to reperfusion therapy for patients with STEMI. ..
  11. Telemonitoring to improve heart failure outcomes
    Harlan Krumholz; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  12. Are Volume Standards Accurate Measures of Quality?
    Laurent Glance; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  13. Cognitive-Behavioral Aspects of Cancer-Related Fatigue
    Paul Jacobsen; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..5-year follow-up data on the two treated groups currently being followed, and the opportunity to collect complete initial and 3- year follow-up data matched comparison groups of women with no history of cancer. ..
  14. MD Group Characteristics and Quality of Care for CHD
    Bruce Landon; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  15. Client and Counselor Attitudes Toward Medication
    Dennis McCarty; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Aim 4. Test the impact of persuasion messages on medication usage attitudes, beliefs, normative beliefs, and attentions among both clients and counselors. ..
  16. Organizational Change to Improve Access and Retention
    Dennis McCarty; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  17. For-Profit Ownership and End-of-Life Care
    Elizabeth Bradley; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Relevance in lay language: We will generate knowledge about the influence of for-profit hospice ownership on the experiences of patients with cancer and their families. ..
    Jonathan Kruskal; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..This project will allow identification of a series of in vivo steps that can be used to explore novel diagnostic and therapeutic probes in animal studies. ..
    Harlan Krumholz; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..abstract_text> ..
  20. Statewide Implementation of Electronic Health Records
    David Bates; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Dissemination of the results of this work should speed efforts toward the establishment of a national health information infrastructure. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  21. Treatment of Older Patients with Early Breast Cancer
    Arash Naeim; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  22. Trial to Enhance Adherence to Multiple Guidelines
    Benjamin Crabtree; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The intervention will be translatable into ongoing implementations of evidence-based guidelines in the primary care setting where the majority of Americans receive their medical care. ..
  23. Medication Use, Comorbidity and Outcomes in Aging populations
    Robert Glynn; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  24. Enhancing Recovery after Neonatal Stroke
    John Barks; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Together these experiments will provide insights into the mechanisms that mediate and modulate functional recovery after neonatal stroke. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  25. Cognitive Functioning After Breast Cancer Treatment
    Patricia A Ganz; Fiscal Year: 2010
  26. Reducing Health Risk Behavior & Improving Health Adolescent Depression
    Joan Rosenbaum Asarnow; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Results will provide critical guidance to the field regarding strategies for improving health and reducing health risk behaviors in adolescents with MDD. ..
    Jiska Cohen Mansfield; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..PHS 398 (Rev. 05/01) Page 2 Principal Investigator/Program Director (Last, first, middle): Cohen-Mansfield, Jiska ..
  28. Biosurveillance Utilizing SNOMED-CT Based Natural Language Processing
    Peter Elkin; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The fruits of this research will assist our national initiatives to pave the way toward a safe and effective BioSecure biosurveillance solution. ..
  29. Unit Level Nurse Workload Impacts on Patient Safety
    Nancy Donaldson; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Of equal importance, this study will advance staffing measurement by tracing and analyzing the impact of variation in staffing and patient turnover, exploring the impact of variance on patient safety and outcomes. ..
  30. Safety Net Hospitals and Minority Access to Health Care
    Gloria Bazzoli; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..It is important for policy makers, the public, and the health industry to know what this might mean for access to care if the loss of financial support results in further safety net contraction. ..
  31. Vein wall remodeling after DVT is matrix metalloproteinase dependent
    Peter Henke; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This proposal will provide important mechanistic insight into the pathophysiology of post-phelbitic syndrome with real potential translation to decreasing the morbidity from this under-acknowledged disease. ..
  32. Substance Abusing Delinquents: 5-Year Outcomes of RCT
    SCOTT HENGGELER; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Aim 3. Test hypotheses about the mediators and moderators of MST treatment effects. ..
  33. Reducing Barriers to Pain and Fatigue Management
    Betty Ferrell; Fiscal Year: 2009
  34. Treatment of Depression in Mothers in Home Visitation
    ROBERT AMMERMAN; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  35. Standard Database for CT Lung Images
    Samuel Armato; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The ideas resented in this proposal are expected to stimulate the efforts of the Consortium toward that goal. ..
  36. Biotech & Materials Research to Reduce Caries Disparity
    Peter Milgrom; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The conference will be co-sponsored by the Northwest/Alaska Center to Reduce Oral Health Disparities, the University of Washington UWeb Bioengineering Center, and the Salivary Diagnostics Project. ..
    Robert Drake; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Finally, we will take maximal advantage of conducting the rural and urban studies in conjunction with one another. ..
  38. Epidemiology of Venous Thromboembolism
    Robert Glynn; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The results of this work may lead to new strategies for VTE preventio. ..
  39. Eliciting Truly Informed Consent
    William Hendee; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
    Samuel Armato; Fiscal Year: 2004
  41. Allergy Alerts in Computerized Physician Entry
    David Bates; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..We believe the results of our work will improve patient safety and the overall quality of pharmacotherapy. We also believe that the results of our study will be applicabe to other healthcare systems ..
  42. Challenging Life Events in Older Persons
    TIMOTHY DAALEMAN; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..e. social support, mental health status. Secondary aims include learning how a baseline measure of patient spirituality predicts future death attitudes and discussions of advance care planning. ..
  43. Multilevel Modeling for Depression Process Care
    LINDA DICKINSON; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
    Thomas McGuire; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Understanding how adverse selection works in managed care and what can be done about it should be a very high priority for research. ..
  45. Decision Making in End-Stage Heart Failure
    Paul Hauptman; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
    Elizabeth Wells; Fiscal Year: 2002
  47. An Automated System to Monitor Medical Device Safety
    Frederic Resnic; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This approach can be readily extended to monitor the safety of technologies outside of interventional cardiology as outcomes data repositories become available. ..
    PATRICK O CONNOR; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Results will be relevant to policy makers, purchasers, health plans, medical groups, and clinics that are seeking to improve chronic disease care, and may suggest new intervention strategies worth further investigation. ..
  49. Human Subjects Research Enhancements Programs
    William Rosner; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..All such monthly reviews and quizzes will be archived for review. All of the above activities will be designed to be continued after the completion of the initial year of support. ..
    William Rosner; Fiscal Year: 2001
  51. Medication Management Decisions in Schizophrenia
    Mark Olfson; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The results will inform quality improvement programs by identifying key modifiable determinants of the quality of medication management in the community treatment of schizophrenia. ..
  52. Effects of Hospitalists in Medicare Data
    David Meltzer; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
    David Meltzer; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Specific Aim number 3- To assess the effects of hospitalists on housestaff and medical student education and satisfaction. This will be accomplished by surveys administered to medical students and housestaff. ..
  54. Controlled Vocabulary Design for Clinical Applications
    Peter Elkin; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..g., implementation of guidelines), education of future clinicians (e.g., information acquisition techniques) and research (e.g., outcomes research) toward the evidence-based practice of medicine. ..
  55. Thrombus resolution is CXC chemokine dependent
    Peter Henke; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  56. Targeting BCL-XL Expression in Mesothelioma
    W Smythe; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Upstream targets regulating bcl-xl expression for use in future therapeutic paradigms may be identified. ..
  57. Enhancing Colorectal CA Screening through Learning Teams
    Benjamin F Crabtree; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Practice improvements will be translatable into new efforts that increase cancer screening in the settings where the majority of Americans receive most of their medical care. ..
  58. Cardiac Parasympathetic Effect in Exercise and Recovery
    Jeffrey Goldberger; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  59. Cost-Effectiveness of Prostate Cancer Screen/Treatment
    David Meltzer; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..3. To assess how the cost-effectiveness of prostate cancer screening and treatment will be affected by the appropriate inclusion of future medical and non-medical costs in cost- effectiveness analysis. ..
  60. Florida Model for Oral Cancer Control, Phase I
    Scott Tomar; Fiscal Year: 2003
  61. Role of non-tuberculous mycobacteria in lung disease
    Jason Stout; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Our findings will also assist clinicians in predicting which patients with NTM isolated from the respiratory tract will have NTM pulmonary disease. ..
    Patricia Ganz; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Finally, we will establish the validity of member self-report of FOBT and sigmoidoscopy through a chart review. ..
  63. Ethnic Minority Children in Public Mental Health
    Lonnie Snowden; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Similarly, we test the effect of clients' outpatient/linkage-brokerage use on ethnic disparities in crisis care use. ..
    Patricia Ganz; Fiscal Year: 2002
    Thomas McGuire; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..4) Test the behavior of the managed care plans against the predictions of the optimal network theory. ..
  66. Evaluation of the 'Rewarding Results' Program
    Gary Young; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..s. ..
  67. Provider Attitudes and Performance: Responses to Pay-for-Quality Incentives
    Anthony Waddimba; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The findings shall be directly relevant[unreadable] to policy framers, health plan managers, hospital administrators, physician group executives,[unreadable] PCPs, patients, researchers, and other stakeholders. ..
  68. Outcomes of ICU Working Conditions
    Patricia Stone; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..In addition, obtaining NNIS and Medicare data creates an opportunity to explore the sensitivity and specificity of identifying NI through claims data. ..
    Susan Essock; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  70. Policies Improving Non-English Speakers' Access & Care
    Lonnie Snowden; Fiscal Year: 2009
    Kevin Oeffinger; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This study will represent the first clinical trial aimed at increasing physical activity in leukemia survivors and will advance our understanding of this vulnerable population. ..
  72. Patient and family participation in hospice team meeting
    Debra Parker Oliver; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The results of this study will provide preliminary data for a larger multi-phase, multi-site follow-up project. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  73. Responses to Energy & Mock Healing in Fatigued Survivors
    Shamini Jain; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  74. Mammography and High-Risk Survivors of Pediatric Cancer
    Kevin Oeffinger; Fiscal Year: 2005
  75. Economics of Racial & Ethnic Disparities in MH Services
    Thomas McGuire; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Test for evidence that patient reaction to provider discrimination leads to lower compliance rates and worse outcomes for these minorities. ..