physician patient relations

Summary

Summary: The interactions between physician and patient.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Patient self-management of chronic disease in primary care
    Thomas Bodenheimer
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, USA
    JAMA 288:2469-75. 2002
  2. ncbi Patient-centredness: a conceptual framework and review of the empirical literature
    N Mead
    National Primary Care Research and Development Centre, University of Manchester, UK
    Soc Sci Med 51:1087-110. 2000
  3. ncbi Decision-making in the physician-patient encounter: revisiting the shared treatment decision-making model
    C Charles
    Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ont, Canada
    Soc Sci Med 49:651-61. 1999
  4. ncbi The impact of patient-centered care on outcomes
    M Stewart
    Centre for Studies in Family Medicine, The University of Western Ontario, London, Canada
    J Fam Pract 49:796-804. 2000
  5. ncbi The OPTION scale: measuring the extent that clinicians involve patients in decision-making tasks
    Glyn Elwyn
    Primary Care Group, School of Medicine, University of Wales Swansea, Swansea, UK
    Health Expect 8:34-42. 2005
  6. pmc Physician-patient relationship and medication compliance: a primary care investigation
    Ngaire Kerse
    Department of General Practice and Primary Health Care, University of Auckland, New Zealand
    Ann Fam Med 2:455-61. 2004
  7. ncbi Health-related quality-of-life assessments and patient-physician communication: a randomized controlled trial
    Symone B Detmar
    Division of Psychosocial Research and Epidemiology, The Netherlands Cancer Institute, Plesmanlaan 121, 1066 CX Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    JAMA 288:3027-34. 2002
  8. pmc Patients' unvoiced agendas in general practice consultations: qualitative study
    C A Barry
    Department of General Practice and Primary Care, Guy s, King s, and St Thomas s School of Medicine, King s College, London SE11 6SP
    BMJ 320:1246-50. 2000
  9. ncbi Defining and assessing professional competence
    Ronald M Epstein
    University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, 885 South Ave, Rochester, NY 14620, USA
    JAMA 287:226-35. 2002
  10. ncbi Physician empathy: definition, components, measurement, and relationship to gender and specialty
    Mohammadreza Hojat
    Center for Research in Medical Education and Health Care, Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Jefferson Medical College, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 159:1563-9. 2002

Detail Information

Publications314 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Patient self-management of chronic disease in primary care
    Thomas Bodenheimer
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, USA
    JAMA 288:2469-75. 2002
    ..Self-management education for chronic illness may soon become an integral part of high-quality primary care...
  2. ncbi Patient-centredness: a conceptual framework and review of the empirical literature
    N Mead
    National Primary Care Research and Development Centre, University of Manchester, UK
    Soc Sci Med 51:1087-110. 2000
    ..Two main approaches to measurement are evaluated: self-report instruments and external observation methods. A number of recommendations concerning the measurement of patient-centredness are made...
  3. ncbi Decision-making in the physician-patient encounter: revisiting the shared treatment decision-making model
    C Charles
    Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ont, Canada
    Soc Sci Med 49:651-61. 1999
    ..Rather than advocating a particular approach, we emphasize the importance of flexibility in the way that physicians structure the decision-making process so that individual differences in patient preferences can be respected...
  4. ncbi The impact of patient-centered care on outcomes
    M Stewart
    Centre for Studies in Family Medicine, The University of Western Ontario, London, Canada
    J Fam Pract 49:796-804. 2000
    ..We designed this observational cohort study to assess the association between patient-centered communication in primary care visits and subsequent health and medical care utilization...
  5. ncbi The OPTION scale: measuring the extent that clinicians involve patients in decision-making tasks
    Glyn Elwyn
    Primary Care Group, School of Medicine, University of Wales Swansea, Swansea, UK
    Health Expect 8:34-42. 2005
    ..The OPTION instrument assesses to what degree clinicians involve patients in decision making...
  6. pmc Physician-patient relationship and medication compliance: a primary care investigation
    Ngaire Kerse
    Department of General Practice and Primary Health Care, University of Auckland, New Zealand
    Ann Fam Med 2:455-61. 2004
    ..We assessed the relationship between 4 attributes of the physician-patient relationship and medication compliance...
  7. ncbi Health-related quality-of-life assessments and patient-physician communication: a randomized controlled trial
    Symone B Detmar
    Division of Psychosocial Research and Epidemiology, The Netherlands Cancer Institute, Plesmanlaan 121, 1066 CX Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    JAMA 288:3027-34. 2002
    ..There has been increasing interest in the use of health-related quality-of-life (HRQL) assessments in daily clinical practice, yet few empirical studies have been conducted to evaluate the usefulness of such assessments...
  8. pmc Patients' unvoiced agendas in general practice consultations: qualitative study
    C A Barry
    Department of General Practice and Primary Care, Guy s, King s, and St Thomas s School of Medicine, King s College, London SE11 6SP
    BMJ 320:1246-50. 2000
    ..To investigate patients' agendas before consultation and to assess which aspects of agendas are voiced in the consultation and the effects of unvoiced agendas on outcomes...
  9. ncbi Defining and assessing professional competence
    Ronald M Epstein
    University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, 885 South Ave, Rochester, NY 14620, USA
    JAMA 287:226-35. 2002
    ..However, they may underemphasize some important domains of professional medical practice, including interpersonal skills, lifelong learning, professionalism, and integration of core knowledge into clinical practice...
  10. ncbi Physician empathy: definition, components, measurement, and relationship to gender and specialty
    Mohammadreza Hojat
    Center for Research in Medical Education and Health Care, Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Jefferson Medical College, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 159:1563-9. 2002
    ..This study was designed to investigate the components of physician empathy, its measurement properties, and group differences in empathy scores...
  11. pmc Trust in physicians and medical institutions: what is it, can it be measured, and does it matter?
    M A Hall
    Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Department of Public Health Sciences, Medical Center Blvd, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1063, USA
    Milbank Q 79:613-39, v. 2001
    ..This conceptual and empirical understanding has significance for ethics, law, and public policy...
  12. pmc Observational study of effect of patient centredness and positive approach on outcomes of general practice consultations
    P Little
    Primary Medical Care Group, Community Clinical Sciences Division, Faculty of Medicine, Southhampton University, Southampton SO165ST
    BMJ 323:908-11. 2001
    ..To measure patients' perceptions of patient centredness and the relation of these perceptions to outcomes...
  13. pmc Patients' use of the Internet for medical information
    Joseph A Diaz
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Memorial Hospital of Rhode Island, Brown University School of Medicine, Pawtucket, RI 02860, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 17:180-5. 2002
    ....
  14. pmc Patients' trust in physicians: many theories, few measures, and little data
    S D Pearson
    Center for Ethics in Managed Care, Harvard Medical School and Harvard Pilgrim Health Care, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 15:509-13. 2000
    ..The gaps identified in our knowledge about trust can help target new efforts to strengthen the methodological basis of work to understand this vital element of medical relationships...
  15. ncbi The meaning of patient involvement and participation in health care consultations: a taxonomy
    Andrew G H Thompson
    School of Social and Political Studies, University of Edinburgh, Adam Ferguson Bldg, George Square, EH8 9LL Edinburgh, UK
    Soc Sci Med 64:1297-310. 2007
    ..These levels are seen to provide basic building blocks for a more sophisticated understanding of involvement within and between these contexts for use by professionals, managers, policy-makers and researchers...
  16. ncbi Measuring patient-centered communication in patient-physician consultations: theoretical and practical issues
    Ronald M Epstein
    Department of Family Medicine, University of Rochester, 1381 South Avenue, Rochester, NY 14620, USA
    Soc Sci Med 61:1516-28. 2005
    ..The increasing influence of the PCC literature to guide medical education, licensure of clinicians, and assessments of quality provides a strong rationale for further clarification of these measurement issues...
  17. ncbi Informed decision making in outpatient practice: time to get back to basics
    C H Braddock
    Department of Medicine, VA Puget Sound Health Care System, Seattle 98108, USA
    JAMA 282:2313-20. 1999
    ..However, little is known about the extent to which physicians foster patient involvement in decision making, particularly in routine office practice...
  18. ncbi SPIKES-A six-step protocol for delivering bad news: application to the patient with cancer
    W F Baile
    The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas, USA
    Oncologist 5:302-11. 2000
    ..Directions for continuing assessment of the protocol are suggested...
  19. pmc Shared decision making: developing the OPTION scale for measuring patient involvement
    G Elwyn
    Department of Primary Care, University of Wales Swansea Clinical School, Swansea SA2 8PP, UK
    Qual Saf Health Care 12:93-9. 2003
    ....
  20. ncbi Further validation and reliability testing of the Trust in Physician Scale. The Stanford Trust Study Physicians
    D H Thom
    Department of Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, CA, USA
    Med Care 37:510-7. 1999
    ..To further validate and assess the reliability and validity of the Trust in Physician Scale...
  21. pmc Continuity of primary care: to whom does it matter and when?
    Paul A Nutting
    Center for Research Strategies and the Department of Family Medicine, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, Colo 80203, USA
    Ann Fam Med 1:149-55. 2003
    ..We hypothesized that continuity would be more important to patients who are older, sicker, and female, who have established a relationship with their physician, and whose visit addresses more complex problems...
  22. pmc Defining and measuring interpersonal continuity of care
    John W Saultz
    Department of Family Medicine, School of Medicine, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, Ore 97239 3098, USA
    Ann Fam Med 1:134-43. 2003
    ..In an effort to learn more about the importance of continuity of care to physicians and patients, I reviewed the medical literature on continuity of care to define interpersonal continuity and describe how it has been measured and studied...
  23. pmc Effect on health-related outcomes of interventions to alter the interaction between patients and practitioners: a systematic review of trials
    Simon J Griffin
    General Practice and Primary Care Research Unit, Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Institute of Public Health, University Forvie Site, Robinson Way, Cambridge, CB2 2SR, UK
    Ann Fam Med 2:595-608. 2004
    ....
  24. pmc Importance of patient pressure and perceived pressure and perceived medical need for investigations, referral, and prescribing in primary care: nested observational study
    Paul Little
    Primary Medical Care, Community Clinical Sciences Division, Southampton University, Aldermoor Health Centre, Southampton SO16 5ST
    BMJ 328:444. 2004
    ..To assess how pressures from patients on doctors in the consultation contribute to referral and investigation...
  25. ncbi Communication patterns of primary care physicians
    D L Roter
    Department of Health Policy and Management, The Johns Hopkins University School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    JAMA 277:350-6. 1997
    ....
  26. ncbi Empathy in medical students as related to academic performance, clinical competence and gender
    M Hojat
    Center for Research in Medical Education and Health Care, Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19107, USA
    Med Educ 36:522-7. 2002
    ..Therefore, it is important to address the measurement of empathy, its development and its correlates in medical schools...
  27. ncbi Communicating sad, bad, and difficult news in medicine
    Lesley Fallowfield
    Cancer Research UK Psychosocial Oncology Group, Brighton and Sussex Medical School, University of Sussex, BN1 9QG, Falmer, UK
    Lancet 363:312-9. 2004
    ..We focus mainly on difficulties encountered involving parents in an obstetric or paediatric setting, people in acute trauma situations such as accident and emergency departments, and patients with cancer...
  28. ncbi Patients' participation in medical care: effects on blood sugar control and quality of life in diabetes
    S Greenfield
    Department of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles
    J Gen Intern Med 3:448-57. 1988
    ..Experimental patients reported significantly fewer function limitations. The authors conclude that the intervention is feasible and that it changes patient behavior, improves blood sugar control, and decreases functional limitations...
  29. ncbi Disclosure of CAM use to medical practitioners: a review of qualitative and quantitative studies
    A Robinson
    Monash University School of Rural Health, P O Box 424, Traralgon, VIC 3844, Australia
    Complement Ther Med 12:90-8. 2004
    ..This literature review aims to provide an understanding of the degree to which patients disclose their use of CAM to their medical practitioners, and their reasons for not doing so...
  30. ncbi Association of non-adherence to antiepileptic drugs and seizures, quality of life, and productivity: survey of patients with epilepsy and physicians
    Collin A Hovinga
    University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, TN 38103, USA
    Epilepsy Behav 13:316-22. 2008
    ....
  31. ncbi Involving patients in decisions during psychiatric consultations
    Claudia Goss
    Department of Medicine and Public Health, Section of Psychiatry and Clinical Psychology, University of Verona, Policlinico G B Rossi Piazzale L A Scuro 10, 37134 Verona, Italy
    Br J Psychiatry 193:416-21. 2008
    ..Patient involvement in the decision-making process is a key element for good clinical practice. Few data are available on patient involvement in psychiatry...
  32. pmc Health professionals' attitudes towards using a Web 2.0 portal for child and adolescent diabetes care: qualitative study
    Cecilia Nordqvist
    Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Linkoping University, S 581 83 Linkoping, Sweden
    J Med Internet Res 11:e12. 2009
    ..Modern management of type 1 diabetes requires continuous support and problem-based learning, but few pediatric clinics offer Web 2.0 resources to patients as part of routine diabetes care...
  33. ncbi The role of health literacy in patient-physician communication
    Mark V Williams
    Department of Family Medicine, Emory University, School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30303, USA
    Fam Med 34:383-9. 2002
    ..We reviewed research on health literacy, examined its impact on patient-physician communication, and offer recommendations to enhance communication with patients who have poor health literacy...
  34. ncbi Patient-doctor communication
    Carol Teutsch
    Med Clin North Am 87:1115-45. 2003
    ..Patient satisfaction with their care, rests heavily on how successfully this transition is accomplished. Ready access to quality information and thoughtful patient-doctor discussions is at the fulcrum of this revolution...
  35. ncbi Physician scores on a national clinical skills examination as predictors of complaints to medical regulatory authorities
    Robyn Tamblyn
    Department of Medicine, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    JAMA 298:993-1001. 2007
    ..To address this problem, licensure assessment has been reformed in Canada and the United States, including a national standardized assessment of patient-physician communication and clinical history taking and examination skills...
  36. ncbi The physician-patient working alliance
    Jairo N Fuertes
    Graduate School of Education, Division of Psychological and Educational Services, Fordham University, New York, NY 10023 7478, USA
    Patient Educ Couns 66:29-36. 2007
    ....
  37. ncbi Continuity of care: an essential element of modern general practice?
    George K Freeman
    Centre for Primary Care and Social Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, The Reynolds Building, St Dunstan s Road, London W6 8RP, UK
    Fam Pract 20:623-7. 2003
    ....
  38. pmc Patient-centered communication: do patients really prefer it?
    Sara L Swenson
    Program in Medical Ethics, Division of General Internal Medicine, University of California San Francisco, CA 94143 0320, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 19:1069-79. 2004
    ..To investigate patient preferences for a patient-centered or a biomedical communication style...
  39. ncbi Soliciting the patient's agenda: have we improved?
    M K Marvel
    Fort Collins Family Medicine Residency Program, CO, USA
    JAMA 281:283-7. 1999
    ..Previous research indicates physicians frequently choose a patient problem to explore before determining the patient's full spectrum of concerns...
  40. pmc Patients' preferences for risk disclosure and role in decision making for invasive medical procedures
    D J Mazur
    Medical Service, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Portland, OR 97201, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 12:114-7. 1997
    ..39; CI 1.40, 4.06) tended to prefer patient-based or shared decision making. CONCLUSIONS: Male veterans consistently preferred shared patient-physician decision making in the context of invasive medical interventions...
  41. ncbi Physician-patient interaction: what do elders want?
    Jason N Vieder
    Botsford General Hospital, Farmington Hills, Mich, USA
    J Am Osteopath Assoc 102:73-8. 2002
    ..This study also reveals that physicians' characteristics and patients' gender and race also impacted the success of medical encounters...
  42. ncbi Doctor-patient communication about drugs: the evidence for shared decision making
    F A Stevenson
    Department of General Practice, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, UK
    Soc Sci Med 50:829-40. 2000
    ..These findings were presented in feedback sessions with participating GPs, who identified a number of barriers to shared decision making, as well as expressing an interest in developing strategies to overcome these barriers...
  43. pmc What is clinical empathy?
    Jodi Halpern
    Division of Health and Medical Sciences, University of California, Berkeley Berkeley, Calif 94720 1190, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 18:670-4. 2003
    ..In contrast, this article argues that physicians' emotional attunement greatly serves the cognitive goal of understanding patients' emotions. This has important implications for teaching empathy...
  44. ncbi Patients or research subjects? A qualitative study of participation in a randomised controlled trial of a complex intervention
    Ben Heaven
    Health Technologies and Human Relations Research Group, Centre for Health Services Research, School of Population and Health Sciences, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, 21 Claremont Place, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE2 4AA, UK
    Patient Educ Couns 62:260-70. 2006
    ..To explore participants' understandings regarding treatment decisions, made within an efficacy randomised controlled trial (RCT) of decision-support tools...
  45. pmc Relationship between increased personal well-being and enhanced empathy among internal medicine residents
    Tait D Shanafelt
    Department of Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 20:559-64. 2005
    ..While resident distress and its potential to negatively effect patient care have been well documented, little is known bout resident well-being or its potential to enhance care...
  46. ncbi Quality of diabetes care: problem of patient or doctor adherence?
    Jardena J Puder
    Division of Endocrinology, Diabetology and Clinical Nutrition University Hospital, Basel, Switzerland
    Swiss Med Wkly 133:530-4. 2003
    ..Patient non-adherence can be changed by improving education, perception, motivation and self-management. Strategies for improving disease management are discussed...
  47. ncbi Family medicine attributes related to satisfaction, health and costs
    Mireia Sans-Corrales
    Institut Català de la Salut ICS, Spain
    Fam Pract 23:308-16. 2006
    ..To identify, from a systematic review of the literature, the attributes of Family Medicine (FM) that influence the primary health care outcome as measured by users' satisfaction, improvement in patient health and in costs...
  48. ncbi Improving patients' communication with doctors: a systematic review of intervention studies
    Jane Harrington
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioural Sciences, University College London, Wolfson Building, 48 Riding House Street, W1N 8AA, London, UK
    Patient Educ Couns 52:7-16. 2004
    ..Few studies examined the links between patient characteristics and the success of the interventions. Future research needs to establish which forms of intervention are most effective and practical, for which groups of patients...
  49. ncbi Symptoms as a source of medical knowledge: understanding medically unexplained disorders in women
    K Malterud
    Department of Public Health and Primary Health Care, University of Bergen, Norway
    Fam Med 32:603-11. 2000
    ..Also examined is the impact of commonly occurring teaching traps related to gender, psychosocial labeling, universalistic understanding, omnipotence, and power...
  50. ncbi Communicative and strategic action in interpreted consultations in primary health care: a Habermasian perspective
    Trisha Greenhalgh
    University College London, UK
    Soc Sci Med 63:1170-87. 2006
    ..We discuss the implications of our findings for communication with limited English speakers in healthcare consultations and for realizing contemporary policy goals such as concordance, shared decision-making, empowerment, and choice...
  51. ncbi The inverse care law revisited: impact of disadvantaged location on accessing longer GP consultation times
    John S Furler
    Med J Aust 177:80-3. 2002
    ..To compare the rate of provision of longer consultations per head of population across practice locations categorised by socioeconomic status...
  52. ncbi Loyalty to the regular care provider: patients' and physicians' views
    D Roberge
    Centre de Recherche, , 3120, boulevard Taschereau, Greenfield Park, PQ, Canada
    Fam Pract 18:53-9. 2001
    ..It shows that patients clearly identify with a particular physician rather than a clinic. The results challenge the prevailing methods of assessing longitudinality of care...
  53. pmc Personal continuity and access in UK general practice: a qualitative study of general practitioners' and patients' perceptions of when and how they matter
    Bruce Guthrie
    Tayside Centre for General Practice, University of Dundee, Dundee DD2 4BF, UK
    BMC Fam Pract 7:11. 2006
    ..This study examined patient and general practitioner (GP) perceptions of the value of personal continuity and rapid access, and the relationship between them...
  54. ncbi Patient complaints about physician behaviors: a qualitative study
    Marcia M Wofford
    Department of Pediatrics, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salen, North Carolina 27157, USA
    Acad Med 79:134-8. 2004
    ..The authors sought to determine the usefulness of patient complaints by establishing meaningful categories and exploring their epidemiology...
  55. ncbi Socio-economic status of the patient and doctor-patient communication: does it make a difference?
    S Willems
    Department of General Practice and Primary Health Care, Ghent University, UZ 1K3, De Pintelaan 185, B 9000 Gent, Belgium
    Patient Educ Couns 56:139-46. 2005
    ..A more effective communication could be established by both doctors and patients through doctors' awareness of the contextual communicative differences and empowering patients to express concerns and preferences...
  56. ncbi A typology of shared decision making, informed consent, and simple consent
    Simon N Whitney
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston 77098, USA
    Ann Intern Med 140:54-9. 2004
    ..In the continuing effort to provide patients with appropriate decisional authority over their own medical choices, shared decision making, informed consent, and simple consent each has a distinct role to play...
  57. ncbi Sharing decisions in cancer care
    M Gattellari
    Department of Cancer Medicine, University of Sydney, NSW, Australia
    Soc Sci Med 52:1865-78. 2001
    ..Doctor - as well as patient - based interventions are required to promote patient participation...
  58. ncbi Physician overestimation of patient literacy: a potential source of health care disparities
    P Adam Kelly
    U S Department of Veterans Affairs, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, USA
    Patient Educ Couns 66:119-22. 2007
    ..To investigate physician overestimation of patient literacy level in a primary care setting...
  59. ncbi Toward creating physician-healers: fostering medical students' self-awareness, personal growth, and well-being
    D H Novack
    MCP Hahnemann University School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19129, USA
    Acad Med 74:516-20. 1999
    ..The authors suggest goals and objectives for medical education that can promote trainees' self-awareness, personal growth, and well-being, and comment on how medical educators might achieve and evaluate these goals and objectives...
  60. ncbi Making fun of patients: medical students' perceptions and use of derogatory and cynical humor in clinical settings
    Delese Wear
    Northeastern Ohio Universities College of Medicine, Rootstown, Ohio, USA
    Acad Med 81:454-62. 2006
    ..quot; This study examines one dimension of this phenomenon: how medical students perceive and use derogatory and cynical humor directed at patients...
  61. pmc Patient experiences and attitudes about access to a patient electronic health care record and linked web messaging
    Andrea Hassol
    Abt Associates Inc, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    J Am Med Inform Assoc 11:505-13. 2004
    ..The objective of our study was to evaluate patients' values and perceptions regarding Web-based communication with their primary care providers in the context of access to their electronic health care record...
  62. pmc General practitioner contacts with patients before and after deliberate self harm
    K Houston
    Centre for Suicide Research, Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford
    Br J Gen Pract 53:365-70. 2003
    ..Although much attention is focused on suicide prevention by psychiatric services, the role of the general practitioner (GP) in the prevention of suicidal behaviour and in the aftercare of DSH patients is also important...
  63. pmc The patient physician relationship in the Internet age: future prospects and the research agenda
    B S Gerber
    Section of General Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
    J Med Internet Res 3:E15. 2001
    ..However, further research is necessary to understand these differences in the patient physician relationship along with their corresponding effects on patient and physician satisfaction as well as clinical outcomes...
  64. pmc The relative importance of physician communication, participatory decision making, and patient understanding in diabetes self-management
    Michele Heisler
    Veterans Affairs Center for Practice Management and Outcomes Research, VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Mich, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 17:243-52. 2002
    ....
  65. pmc Quality at general practice consultations: cross sectional survey
    J G Howie
    Department of Community Health Sciences General Practice, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH8 9DX
    BMJ 319:738-43. 1999
    ..To measure quality of care at general practice consultations in diverse geographical areas, and to determine the principal correlates associated with enablement as an outcome measure...
  66. pmc Using multiple sources of knowledge to reach clinical understanding of chronic fatigue syndrome
    Carolyn A Chew-Graham
    School of Community Based Medicine, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK
    Ann Fam Med 6:340-8. 2008
    ..Current policy in the United Kingdom recommends management in primary care. We explored how patients with CFS/ME and family physicians understand this condition and how their understanding might affect the primary care consultation...
  67. pmc Better physician-patient relationships are associated with higher reported adherence to antiretroviral therapy in patients with HIV infection
    John Schneider
    Department of Medicine, University of Chicago, Ill, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 19:1096-103. 2004
    ..There is little evidence to support the widely accepted assertion that better physician-patient relationships result in higher rates of adherence with recommended therapies...
  68. ncbi Influence of context effects on health outcomes: a systematic review
    Z Di Blasi
    Department of Health Sciences and Clinical Evaluation, University of York, NHS Centre for Reviews and Dissemination, UK
    Lancet 357:757-62. 2001
    ..We did a systematic review to determine whether there was any empirical evidence to support this theory...
  69. pmc Not all patients want to participate in decision making. A national study of public preferences
    Wendy Levinson
    Department of Medicine, St Michael s Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Gen Intern Med 20:531-5. 2005
    ..The Institute of Medicine calls for physicians to engage patients in making clinical decisions, but not every patient may want the same level of participation...
  70. pmc Time allocation in primary care office visits
    Ming Tai-Seale
    Department of Health Policy and Management, School of Rural Public Health, 1266 TAMU, College Station, TX 77843 1266, USA
    Health Serv Res 42:1871-94. 2007
    ..To use an innovative videotape analysis method to examine how clinic time was spent during elderly patients' visits to primary care physicians. Secondary objectives were to identify the factors that influence time allocations...
  71. ncbi Linking primary care performance to outcomes of care
    D G Safran
    Health Institute, New England Medical Center, Boston, MA 02111, USA
    J Fam Pract 47:213-20. 1998
    ....
  72. ncbi Patients' preferences for participation in clinical decision making: a review of published surveys
    J Benbassat
    Health Research Policy Program, JDC Brookdale Institute in Jerusalem, Israel
    Behav Med 24:81-8. 1998
    ..The ability to communicate health-related information and to determine the patients' desire to participate in medical decisions should be viewed as a basic clinical skill...
  73. ncbi The role of provider continuity in preventing hospitalizations
    J M Gill
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, Christiana Care Health System, Wilmington, Del, USA
    Arch Fam Med 7:352-7. 1998
    ..To examine the association between provider continuity and future hospitalization in a Medicaid population, and to determine if this association is greater for ambulatory care-sensitive conditions...
  74. ncbi The continuum of patient satisfaction--from satisfied to very satisfied
    Karen Collins
    School for Health and Related Research ScHARR, University of Sheffield, Regent Court, 30 Regent Street, Sheffield S1 4DA, UK
    Soc Sci Med 57:2465-70. 2003
    ....
  75. ncbi Clinical empathy as emotional labor in the patient-physician relationship
    Eric B Larson
    Group Health Cooperative, Center for Health Studies, University of Washington, Seattle 98101 1448, USA
    JAMA 293:1100-6. 2005
    ..This will be valuable for both physicians and patients facing the increasingly fragmented and technological world of modern medicine...
  76. ncbi The placebo effect in alternative medicine: can the performance of a healing ritual have clinical significance?
    Ted J Kaptchuk
    Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Ann Intern Med 136:817-25. 2002
    ..nonspecific psychosocial effects have more positive health outcomes than a proven, specific conventional treatment? What makes therapy legitimate, positive clinical outcomes or culturally acceptable methods of attainment? Who decides?..
  77. ncbi The physician's role in the vocational rehabilitation process
    Curt Edlund
    Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology, Umea University, 901 87 Umea, Sweden
    Disabil Rehabil 24:727-33. 2002
    ..To describe and analyse physicians' experiences of working with sick-listing and vocational rehabilitation, their perceptions of their co-actors and the interaction they participate in...
  78. ncbi Physician communication skills training: a review of theoretical backgrounds, objectives and skills
    Donald J Cegala
    School of Journalism and Communication and Department of Family Science, Ohio State University, Columbus, 43210, USA
    Med Educ 36:1004-16. 2002
    ..Given the importance of competent communication to the doctor-patient relationship and health care in general, these shortcomings should be addressed in future research...
  79. ncbi Improving patient quality of life with feedback to physicians about functional status
    L V Rubenstein
    Sepulveda VA Medical Center, CA 91343, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 10:607-14. 1995
    ....
  80. ncbi Health literacy: the gap between physicians and patients
    Richard S Safeer
    CareFirst BlueCross BlueShield, Baltimore, MD 21201 2707, USA
    Am Fam Physician 72:463-8. 2005
    ..All patients prefer reading medical information written in dear and concise language. Physicians should be alert to this problem because most patients are unwilling to admit that they have literacy problems...
  81. ncbi Effect of communications training on medical student performance
    Michael J Yedidia
    Center for Health and Public Service Research, Robert F Wagner Graduate School of Public Service, and School of Medicine, New York University, and Medical Education Development, New York City, NY 10003, USA
    JAMA 290:1157-65. 2003
    ....
  82. ncbi How well do general practitioners deliver palliative care? A systematic review
    Geoffrey K Mitchell
    Centre for General Practice, University of Queensland Medical School, Herston Road, Herston 4006, Queensland, Australia
    Palliat Med 16:457-64. 2002
    ..Efforts by specialist services to develop formal involvement of GPs in the care of individual patients, may be an effective method of improving GP palliative care skills and appreciation of the roles specialist services can play...
  83. ncbi Determinants of the use of complementary therapies by patients with cancer
    O Paltiel
    Department of Social Medicine and School of Public Health, Hadassah Medical Center, Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Israel
    J Clin Oncol 19:2439-48. 2001
    ....
  84. ncbi Patient-physician communication assessment instruments: 1986 to 1996 in review
    H Boon
    Department of Family Medicine, University of Western Ontario, London, Canada
    Patient Educ Couns 35:161-76. 1998
    ..We suggest that further validation of existing instruments and incorporation of assessment of non-verbal communication between the patient and the doctor are needed...
  85. pmc Ecological approaches to self-management: the case of diabetes
    Edwin B Fisher
    Washington University, Division of Health Behavior Research, 4444 Forest Park Ave, St Louis, MO 63108, USA
    Am J Public Health 95:1523-35. 2005
    ..Both approaches emphasize identification of goals, teaching of skills, and facilitation and reinforcement of the use of those skills...
  86. ncbi A study of patient clues and physician responses in primary care and surgical settings
    W Levinson
    Section of General Internal Medicine, University of Chicago, 5841 S Maryland Ave, MC 2007, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    JAMA 284:1021-7. 2000
    ..A paucity of information exists regarding how physicians address the psychological and social concerns of patients...
  87. ncbi Breaking bad news about cancer: patients' preferences for communication
    P A Parker
    Department of Behavioral Science, The University of Texas M D Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77030, USA
    J Clin Oncol 19:2049-56. 2001
    ..The goal of this study was to assess patients' preferences regarding the way in which physicians deliver news about their cancer diagnosis and management...
  88. ncbi Electronic technology: a spark to revitalize primary care?
    Thomas Bodenheimer
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, USA
    JAMA 290:259-64. 2003
    ..If primary care practices are to benefit from the electronic revolution, they must redesign their clinical processes to ensure that e-health facilitates rather than hinders the work of physicians...
  89. ncbi Distrust, race, and research
    Giselle Corbie-Smith
    Department of Social Medicine, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Campus Box 7240, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    Arch Intern Med 162:2458-63. 2002
    ..Investigators have voiced concerns that distrust of research and the medical community impedes successful recruitment of African Americans into clinical research...
  90. ncbi Patient participation in medical consultations: why some patients are more involved than others
    Richard L Street
    Department of Communication, Texas A and M University, College Station 77843 4234, and Houston Center for Quality of Care and Utilization Studies, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Texas, USA
    Med Care 43:960-9. 2005
    ..Because more active patient participation contributes to improved health outcomes and quality of care, it is important to understand factors affecting the way patients communicate with healthcare providers...
  91. pmc Physicians' communication and perceptions of patients: is it how they look, how they talk, or is it just the doctor?
    Richard L Street
    Department of Communication, Texas A and M University, TAMU 4234, College Station, TX 77843 4234, USA
    Soc Sci Med 65:586-98. 2007
    ..Physicians' encounters with black patients revealed communicative difficulties that may lower quality of care for these patients...
  92. ncbi Do patients talk differently to male and female physicians? A meta-analytic review
    Judith A Hall
    Department of Psychology, Northeastern University, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Patient Educ Couns 48:217-24. 2002
    ..Partnership statements were made significantly more often to female than male physicians in general medical visits but not in obstetrical-gynecological visits...
  93. pmc Do professional interpreters improve clinical care for patients with limited English proficiency? A systematic review of the literature
    Leah S Karliner
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Medical Effectiveness Research Center for Diverse Populations, Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, 1701 Divisadero, Suite 500, San Franicsco, CA 94143 1732, USA
    Health Serv Res 42:727-54. 2007
    ..To determine if professional medical interpreters have a positive impact on clinical care for limited English proficiency (LEP) patients...
  94. ncbi Measuring the involvement of patients in shared decision-making: a systematic review of instruments
    G Elwyn
    Department of General Practice, University of Wales College of Medicine, Canolfan Iechyd Llanedeyrn Health Centre, CF23 9PN, Cardiff, UK
    Patient Educ Couns 43:5-22. 2001
    ..The concept of patient involvement (shared decision-making; informed collaborative choice) is emerging in the literature and requires an accurate method of assessment...
  95. pmc Roles and influence of people who accompany patients on visits to the doctor
    J B Brown
    Thames Valley Family Practice Research Unit TVFPRU, Centre for Studies in Family Medicine CSFM, University of Western Ontario UWO, London
    Can Fam Physician 44:1644-50. 1998
    ....
  96. pmc Are physicians' attitudes of respect accurately perceived by patients and associated with more positive communication behaviors?
    Mary Catherine Beach
    Department of Medicine, Division of General Internal Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Patient Educ Couns 62:347-54. 2006
    ..characteristics are associated with greater physician-reported respect? Do patients accurately perceive levels of physician respect? Are there specific communication behaviors associated with physician-reported respect for patients?..
  97. pmc When do patients and their physicians agree on diabetes treatment goals and strategies, and what difference does it make?
    Michele Heisler
    Veterans Affairs Center for Practice Management and Outcomes Research, VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, MI 48113 0170, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 18:893-902. 2003
    ..However, this hypothesis has not been tested in actual encounters of patients with their own physicians...
  98. pmc An exploration of the value of the personal doctor-patient relationship in general practice
    K E Kearley
    Imperial College School of Medicine, London
    Br J Gen Pract 51:712-8. 2001
    ..Whether a patient has a personal GP is associated with their perception of its importance and with factors which create an opportunity for a relationship to evolve...
  99. pmc Deprivation, psychological distress, and consultation length in general practice
    A M Stirling
    Department of General Practice, University of Glasgow, 4 Lancaster Crescent, Glasgow G12 0RR
    Br J Gen Pract 51:456-60. 2001
    ..This provides further evidence to support Tudor Hart's 'inverse care law' and has implications for the resourcing of primary care in deprived areas...
  100. ncbi The patient-physician relationship. Narrative medicine: a model for empathy, reflection, profession, and trust
    R Charon
    Division of General Medicine, College of Physicians and Surgeons of Columbia University, PH 9 East, Room 105, 630 W 168th St, New York, NY 10032, USA
    JAMA 286:1897-902. 2001
    ..By bridging the divides that separate physicians from patients, themselves, colleagues, and society, narrative medicine offers fresh opportunities for respectful, empathic, and nourishing medical care...
  101. pmc Physicians' shared decision-making behaviors in depression care
    Henry N Young
    Social and Administrative Sciences Division, School of Pharmacy, University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, USA
    Arch Intern Med 168:1404-8. 2008
    ..This study assesses the extent to which physicians enact SDM behaviors and describes factors associated with physicians' SDM behaviors within the context of depression care...

Research Grants86

  1. Physician-Patient Communication Project
    Derjung M Tarn; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Findings will be used to develop physician- and patient-targeted interventions to promote efficient, effective communication during office visits that maximize patient understanding and satisfaction. ..
  2. Recruitment and Retention Best practices in Primary Care Settings
    Anne Victoria Neale; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  3. MANAGED MENTAL HEALTH CARE & PATTERNS OF UTILIZATION
    Barbara Dickey; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..In addition to our estimation of savings, a number of definitions of "savings" are used in the managed care literature. These will be critiqued and reviewed with comparisons to our approach...
  4. SELF-CARE AND COMPLIANCE OF CHRONICALLY ILL AGED
    Linda Belgrave; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..The joint examination of compliance and self-care and the addition of physician-patient interactions and the chronic disease experience to the health belief model are unique features of this study...
  5. ADVANCE DIRECTIVE DISCUSSIONS WITH ELDERLY OUTPATIENTS
    PETER DITTO; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..relationship are associated with level of comprehension?, and 3) What aspects of physicians' and/or patients' behavior during the AD discussion are associated with patients' post-discussion comprehension and affective reactions?..
  6. Colorectal Cancer Screening and the NetLET Intervention
    Sally Vernon; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  7. Race effects in oncologists' end-of-life communication
    Kathryn Pollak; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The public health impact of this study is that we may prevent some suffering by African Americans at the end of life by understanding communication patterns between patients and oncologists. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  8. End of Life Communication Skills for Oncology Fellows
    Anthony Back; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This program will create a formal curriculum for communication skills that could be replicated in many institutions to improve the quality of oncologists-patient communication--and ultimately the quality of cancer care--nationwide. ..
  9. A Pilot Smoking Cessation Study for Newly Diagnosed Lung Cancer Patients
    Elyse Park; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..We propose to assess the efficacy and potential feasibility of a combined behavioral and pharmacological treatment program that is integrated into the thoracic oncology setting. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  10. Enhancing informed consent in cancer clinical trials;development and evaluation o
    CARMA BYLUND; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This could improve accrual rates as well as communication between doctors and patients. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  11. Obesity as a Barrier to Patient-Physician Communication
    Kathryn Pollak; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  12. PARTNER ASSISTED INTERVENTIONS FOR PREGNANT SMOKERS
    Kathryn Pollak; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The primary outcomes of interest will be rates of smoking cessation among pregnant women and levels of perceived partner support for cessation at all follow-ups. ..
  13. Breast Cancer Care and Survivorship in Underserved Women
    Rose C Maly; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  14. Shared Medical Records and Chronic Illness Care
    James D Ralston; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Results of this study will help inform the development, evaluation and dissemination of patient Web portals designed to support the care of patients with diabetes and multiple co-morbidities. ..
  15. Genetic Counseling Processes and Analogue Client Outcome
    Debra Roter; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  16. Mammography Screening Decisions in the Elderly
    MARA SCHONBERG; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This is the first study to explore very elderly women's approach to decisions about screening mammography. ..
  17. PATIENT PREFERENCES FOR DISCLOSURE: A NATIONAL SURVEY
    Wendy Levinson; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  18. Nursing Home Comorbid Depression Care Management Intervention
    Charlene Quinn; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The planning process will involve the analysis of existing data, the conduct of a preliminary study, and the development of detailed research protocols and a manual of procedures. ..
  19. Benefits and Burdens of Screening Oldest-old Women: the Case of Mammography
    MARA SCHONBERG; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  20. Quality of Communication after Newborn Genetic Screening
    Michael Farrell; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Progress in this area will generalize to other areas of communication and help streamline the implementation of new genetic testing technology. ..
  21. Health Maintenance Consortium Resource Center
    Marcia Ory; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  22. Eliciting Patient Treatment Preferences for Osteoporosis
    Liana Fraenkel; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  23. Cultural Competency Training in Latino Health
    Desiree Lie; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..A central web resource will disseminate case-based instruction and relevant pertinent research on health disparities. ..
  24. Prescription Drug Coverage and Health Outcomes in Elders
    Jennifer Tjia; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  25. The Impact of Cultural Differences on Health Literacy & Chronic Disease Outcomes
    Susan Shaw; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Focus groups, ethnographic interviews, chronic disease diaries and home observations with a subsample of patients will provide greater contextualization and detail, aiding in survey development and the interpretation of survey findings. ..
  26. Peer Support--Congestive Heart Failure Self-Management
    MARY ELLEN HEISLER; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..If found effective, this approach could be used to improve health outcomes among patients with other chronic conditions, such as depression, chronic pain, or diabetes. ..
  27. Views of Privacy of Genetic Information
    Robert Klitzman; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The findings of this study can enhance further policy, professional and public education, and future research in this area. ..
  28. Race and outcomes in work-related back injuries
    Raymond Tait; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..If the cohort is examined at a later point in time, it will be possible to track true long-term outcomes of occupational healthcare. ..
  29. INFORMED DECISION MAKING IN OLDER PATIENTS AND SURGEONS
    Wendy Levinson; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The study also forms the scientific foundation of a major education initiative by the AAOS designed to improve the communication skills of surgeons and ultimately the care of patients. ..
  30. Improving Physician Skill at Providing End-of-Life Care
    J Curtis; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The results will allow investigators and others to develop targeted educational and systemic interventions to improve the quality of this care. ..
  31. PREVALENCE AND IMPACT OF GLAUCOMA AMONG THE VERY ELDERLY
    David Friedman; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Finally, the interactions between comorbidities (including cognitive deficits) and visual field loss will be explored. ..
  32. Amelioration of Literacy Deficits in Prenatal Care
    Debra Roter; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  33. IRB Member Assessment of Decisional Capacity in Psychiatric and Medical Research
    Raymond Tait; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Judgments of participants who received the measure will be compared to those who did not to determine whether the measure sensitized subjects to psychiatric issues. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  34. Barriers to Recommending Colorectal Cancer Screening
    Carmen Guerra; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Understanding the barriers to CRCS recommendation is an essential step in developing and implementing effective physician CRCS interventions that will significantly reduce CRC incidence, morbidity and mortality. ..
  35. Balancing Hope & Truth-Telling for Patients with Ca/COPD
    J Curtis; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..These strategies will be described and translated into interventions targeting nurses, physicians, and teams who provide care for patients with cancer, COPD, and other life-limiting diseases. ..
  36. Community Organizations in Syringe Exchange in Springfi
    Susan Shaw; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..To examine community opinions on needle exchange and other aspects of IDU-targeted HIV prevention through quantitative surveys. ..
  37. Using Team Simulation to Improve Error Disclosure to Patients and Safety Culture
    Thomas Gallagher; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Improving team communication and disclosure following harmful errors can enhance transparency and safety culture, increase patient satisfaction, and ultimately promote patient safety. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  38. Racial disparity in treating occupational low back pain
    Raymond Tait; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..apos; ..
  39. Views and Approaches Toward Research Integrity Among IRBs
    Robert Klitzman; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..We anticipate that the data from this study will serve as a significant foundation in assisting future research and the improvement of Rl through guidelines, education and other capacity building. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  40. EVALUATION OF A CONCEPTUAL MODEL OF ORGAN DONATION
    James Rodrigue; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  41. Cross Design Synthesis: Combining Evidence About Antidepressants and Suicidality
    Kelly J Kelleher; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We will also develop accessible and user friendly statistical software programs to implement the methodology that we develop. ..
  42. The Role of Churches in Cancer Prevention and Control among Korean Americans
    ANGELA JO; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This award will provide a foundation for Dr. Jo to develop a participatory research program addressing cancer disparities in the underserved with an initial focus on Korean Americans. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  43. Cognitive Basis of CHD Disparities: Factorial Experiment
    John McKinlay; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  44. OCULAR HYPERTENSION TREATMENT STUDY (OHTS)
    Donald Budenz; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ....
  45. EPIDEMIOLOGY OF FOOT & ANKLE DISORDERS AMONG THE ELDERLY
    John McKinlay; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Data will be gathered from a population-based multi-ethnic sample (N=1524) of older persons in a large northeastern city, and will be collected during an in-home interview and examination. ..
  46. Cognitive Functioning After Breast Cancer Treatment
    Patricia A Ganz; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  47. Effect of Massage on Chronic Low Back Pain
    Daniel Cherkin; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The findings will help physicians make informed and confident referrals, consumers and insurers make safe and cost-effective choices, and massage schools make responsible curriculum decisions. ..
  48. Partnerships to Eliminate Disparities in Cancer Outcome*
    Celette Skinner; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  49. Creating Avenues for Parent Partnership (CAPP)
    Janice Buelow; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..With the appropriate help, these children can learn to be productive members of society. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  50. CVD Predictors of Cognitive Function Trajectory over 20 Years
    Elizabeth L Barrett Connor; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This information is important given the aging of the population, the fact that CVD risk factors are modifiable, and because the maintenance of cognitive function is an essential component of healthy aging. ..
  51. EVALUATING THE EFFICACY OF ACUPUNCTURE FOR BACK PAIN
    Daniel Cherkin; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The pilot study will test the feasibility of conducting a full-scale trial and permit estimation of sample size, requirements. ..
  52. Colorectal Cancer Screening in Chinese Americans
    Shin Ping Tu; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  53. EXERCISE TO AID SMOKING CESSATION IN WOMEN
    Bess Marcus; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..We will also conduct a cost analysis to determine the costs of delivering CTQ in the YMCA setting. Thus, we will create a dissemination model that can be sustained and more widely implemented in the YMCA network. ..
  54. Recoveries from Severe Mental Illness
    Carla Green; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..As such, proposed project will inform efforts to facilitate recovery individuals with severe psychiatric disabilities. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  55. Casa A Campo: Pesticide Safety for Farmworkers' Families
    Thomas Arcury; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  56. Multilevel Modeling for Depression Process Care
    LINDA DICKINSON; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  57. Impact of Culture on Cancer Screening in Chinese Women
    Wenchi Liang; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..I. to develop critical research skills to become an independent cancer control researcher. ..
  58. Patient-reported Measures of Cultural and Linguistic Competence
    ANNA NAPOLES; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  59. Influence of Uncertainty and Communication on Adjustment
    PATRICIA PARKER; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The proposed K07 Research Award would allow Dr. Parker to transition into an independent researcher in cancer prevention with a focus on psycho-oncology and physician-patient communication. ..
  60. Post-BBA Changes in Rural Hospital LTC Strategies
    Mary Fennell; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  61. COSTS AND BENEFITS OF ALCOHOL SERVICES & INTERVENTIONS
    Michael French; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..S. as well as abroad, the proposed study holds important potential to assist researchers, policymakers, and program directors with economic evaluation guidelines and "real world" applications. ..
  62. Economic Evaluation Methods: Development and Application
    Michael French; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  63. Improving Surveillance for Colorectal Polyps
    John Ayanian; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This study will provide a model for evaluating how data from electronic medical records can be used to improve screening of patients with prior colorectal polyps who are at increased risk of developing recurrent polyps or cancer. ..
  64. ECONOMIC EVALUATION METHODS--DEVELOPMENT & APPLICATIONS
    Michael French; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  65. Communication needs and decision-making among women with recurrent breast cancer
    Marla Clayman; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  66. DISCREPANCIES BETWEEN PATIENT AND PUBLIC UTILITY RATINGS
    Peter Ubel; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..It is not clear how the quality of life, and comorbidity measures will be used in these models. ..
  67. A Panel Study of Quit Smoking Processes in Low-SES Women
    Clara Manfredi; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..We will repeat the analyses with the two merged data sets, to assess the individual and area SES effects on smoking cessation processes on a total sample with greater variation on these variables. ..
  68. Trial of psychosocial training for pediatric generalists
    Lawrence Wissow; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  69. Primary Care Colorectal Ca Screening Surveillance System
    Richard Hoffman; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  70. Understanding and Improving Adherence in HIV Disease
    Ira Wilson; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This project is unique because it attempts to better understand and improve physician-patient communication around medication adherence for a prevalent, expensive, and treatable chronic condition. ..
  71. The DASH-Sodium Trial: Genetic Determinants of Response
    Laura Svetkey; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Ultimately, increased understanding of these mechanisms will lead to improved strategies for prevention and control, both nutritional and pharmacologic, of high BP. ..
  72. Tobacco Quitlines: An Adjunct to Dental Interventions
    Judith Gordon; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..In addition, we will conduct an economic analysis to determine the relative cost effectiveness of each intervention. ..
  73. PREMIER Maintenance Trial(MAINTENANCE)
    Laura Svetkey; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The purpose of this proposal is to develop and test two such interventions, which, if effective, should complement ongoing efforts to stem the obesity epidemic and ultimately prevent obesity-related CVD. ..
  74. End of Life Decisions: Differences in Patient and Proxy Treatment Preferences
    SUSAN PARKS; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..A better understanding of these factors will ultimately improve the shared decision making done between healthcare providers and families at the end of life for decisionally-incapacitated patients. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  75. ASSERTIVE COMMUNITY TREATMENT FOR THE DUALLY DIAGNOSED
    Robert Drake; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Finally, we will take maximal advantage of conducting the rural and urban studies in conjunction with one another. ..
  76. Tobacco Cessation via Public Health Dental Clinics
    Judith Gordon; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..4) The RE-AIM framework will be used to translate and evaluate the intervention in a "real world'' setting. 5) It is a disseminable model that, if effective, can used by public dental clinics throughout the US. ..
  77. IMPROVING MENTAL HEALTH CARE BY PEDIATRIC GENERALISTS
    Lawrence Wissow; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The second will explore how concepts of therapeutic alliance, which have been shown to predict treatment outcome in specialized mental health services, can be applied to mental health care provided by generalists. ..
  78. Literacy and Utilization of Maternal Depression Care
    Ian Bennett; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This study represents a unique and cost effective opportunity to study patient factors which are obstacles to depression treatment in women with low literacy and inform future interventions. ..
  79. Midcareer Investigator Award Patient-Oriented Research
    Ira Wilson; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Third, because of the Tufts University Sackler School MS/PhD Program in Clinical Research there is an existing, successful training infrastructure that provides both trainees and junior faculty the opportunity to learn research skills. ..
  80. Providers' Views of the Roles of Medical Interpreters
    I LING HSIEH; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  81. Efficacy of Massage Therapy at the End of Life
    Jean Kutner; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Analyses will determine the independent influence of the intervention (a series of massage therapy sessions) on the identified outcomes (pain, physical and emotional symptom distress, quality of life). ..
  82. TEN YEAR FOLLOW-UP OF DUAL DIAGNOSIS TREATMENT
    Robert Drake; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..g., gastritis). The results will be of interest to policy makers in many states that are replicating the model of integrated dual-diagnosis services that has been used in New Hampshire since 1988. ..
  83. Disparities in prostate cancer decision-making and QOL
    Thomas Denberg; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Knowledge gained will also lead to interventions for patients and clinicians to improve the decision-making process. ..
  84. PROJECT ALLIFE-EXERCISE AND LEUKEMIA SURVIVORS
    Kevin Oeffinger; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This study will represent the first clinical trial aimed at increasing physical activity in leukemia survivors and will advance our understanding of this vulnerable population. ..
  85. PREMIER--LIFESTYLE INTERVENTION BLOOD PRESSURE CONTROL
    Laura Svetkey; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Results from PREMIER will provide the scientific rationale for routinely implementing comprehensive lifestyle intervention programs to control BP and ultimately prevent BP related cardiovascular disease. ..
  86. Mainstream and Ethnic/Minority News Coverage of Cancer
    Jo Stryker; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..