hospital costs

Summary

Summary: The expenses incurred by a hospital in providing care. The hospital costs attributed to a particular patient care episode include the direct costs plus an appropriate proportion of the overhead for administration, personnel, building maintenance, equipment, etc. Hospital costs are one of the factors which determine HOSPITAL CHARGES (the price the hospital sets for its services).

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Comparison of hospital costs and length of stay associated with general internists and hospitalist physicians at a community hospital
    George D Everett
    Department of Internal Medicine, Orlando Regional Healthcare, Orlando, FL 32806, USA
    Am J Manag Care 10:626-30. 2004
  2. ncbi Cost of hospitalization for preterm and low birth weight infants in the United States
    Rebecca B Russell
    March of Dimes, 1275 Mamaroneck Ave, White Plains, NY 10605, USA
    Pediatrics 120:e1-9. 2007
  3. ncbi Clinical pathways: effects on professional practice, patient outcomes, length of stay and hospital costs
    Thomas Rotter
    Department of Public Health, Dresden Medical School, University of Dresden, Dresden, Germany, D 01307
    Cochrane Database Syst Rev 3:CD006632. 2010
  4. ncbi Costs attributable to healthcare-acquired infection in hospitalized adults and a comparison of economic methods
    Rebecca R Roberts
    Department of Emergency Medicine, John H Stroger Jr Hospital of Cook County, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
    Med Care 48:1026-35. 2010
  5. ncbi Predictors of 30-day mortality and hospital costs in patients with ventilator-associated pneumonia attributed to potentially antibiotic-resistant gram-negative bacteria
    Katherine E Kollef
    Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Chest 134:281-7. 2008
  6. ncbi Cost-effectiveness of open partial fasciectomy, needle aponeurotomy, and collagenase injection for dupuytren contracture
    Neal C Chen
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and the Section of Plastic Surgery, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    J Hand Surg Am 36:1826-1834.e32. 2011
  7. ncbi Who pays for poor surgical quality? Building a business case for quality improvement
    Justin B Dimick
    VA Outcomes Group, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, White River Junction, VT, USA
    J Am Coll Surg 202:933-7. 2006
  8. ncbi Hospital costs and outcomes among intravenous antifungal therapies for patients with invasive aspergillosis in the United States
    Aryun Kim
    Center for Anti Infective Research and Development, Hartford Hospital, Hartford, CT 06102, USA
    Mycoses 54:e301-12. 2011
  9. ncbi The burden of appendicitis-related hospitalizations in the United States in 1997
    Glenn M Davies
    Merck Research Laboratories, Merck and Co Inc, Blue Bell, Pennsylvania, USA
    Surg Infect (Larchmt) 5:160-5. 2004
  10. ncbi The impact of preterm birth on hospital inpatient admissions and costs during the first 5 years of life
    Stavros Petrou
    National Perinatal Epidemiology Unit, Institute of Health Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Pediatrics 112:1290-7. 2003

Detail Information

Publications287 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Comparison of hospital costs and length of stay associated with general internists and hospitalist physicians at a community hospital
    George D Everett
    Department of Internal Medicine, Orlando Regional Healthcare, Orlando, FL 32806, USA
    Am J Manag Care 10:626-30. 2004
    ..To compare initial and long-term hospital resource utilization of hospitalists and general internists at an urban community hospital...
  2. ncbi Cost of hospitalization for preterm and low birth weight infants in the United States
    Rebecca B Russell
    March of Dimes, 1275 Mamaroneck Ave, White Plains, NY 10605, USA
    Pediatrics 120:e1-9. 2007
    The objective of this study was to estimate national hospital costs for infant admissions that are associated with preterm birth/low birth weight.
  3. ncbi Clinical pathways: effects on professional practice, patient outcomes, length of stay and hospital costs
    Thomas Rotter
    Department of Public Health, Dresden Medical School, University of Dresden, Dresden, Germany, D 01307
    Cochrane Database Syst Rev 3:CD006632. 2010
    ..To assess the effect of clinical pathways on professional practice, patient outcomes, length of stay and hospital costs. SEARCH STRATEGY: We searched the Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effectiveness (DARE), the Effective ..
  4. ncbi Costs attributable to healthcare-acquired infection in hospitalized adults and a comparison of economic methods
    Rebecca R Roberts
    Department of Emergency Medicine, John H Stroger Jr Hospital of Cook County, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
    Med Care 48:1026-35. 2010
    ..Our goals were to estimate the costs attributable to healthcare-acquired infection (HAI) and conduct a sensitivity analysis comparing analytic methods...
  5. ncbi Predictors of 30-day mortality and hospital costs in patients with ventilator-associated pneumonia attributed to potentially antibiotic-resistant gram-negative bacteria
    Katherine E Kollef
    Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Chest 134:281-7. 2008
    To identify predictors of 30-day mortality and hospital costs in patients with ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) attributed to potentially antibiotic-resistant Gram-negative bacteria (PARGNB) [Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Acinetobacter ..
  6. ncbi Cost-effectiveness of open partial fasciectomy, needle aponeurotomy, and collagenase injection for dupuytren contracture
    Neal C Chen
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and the Section of Plastic Surgery, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    J Hand Surg Am 36:1826-1834.e32. 2011
    ..We undertook a cost-utility analysis to compare traditional fasciectomy for Dupuytren with 2 new treatments, needle aponeurotomy and collagenase injection...
  7. ncbi Who pays for poor surgical quality? Building a business case for quality improvement
    Justin B Dimick
    VA Outcomes Group, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, White River Junction, VT, USA
    J Am Coll Surg 202:933-7. 2006
    ..The goal of the present study was to determine whether hospitals or payors incur a larger burden of increased hospital costs associated with complications.
  8. ncbi Hospital costs and outcomes among intravenous antifungal therapies for patients with invasive aspergillosis in the United States
    Aryun Kim
    Center for Anti Infective Research and Development, Hartford Hospital, Hartford, CT 06102, USA
    Mycoses 54:e301-12. 2011
    ..All costs were inflated to $US 2006. Length of stay, hospital costs and mortality were compared after stratification by initial antifungal therapy...
  9. ncbi The burden of appendicitis-related hospitalizations in the United States in 1997
    Glenn M Davies
    Merck Research Laboratories, Merck and Co Inc, Blue Bell, Pennsylvania, USA
    Surg Infect (Larchmt) 5:160-5. 2004
    ..Acute appendicitis is among the most frequent causes of surgical abdominal disease worldwide...
  10. ncbi The impact of preterm birth on hospital inpatient admissions and costs during the first 5 years of life
    Stavros Petrou
    National Perinatal Epidemiology Unit, Institute of Health Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Pediatrics 112:1290-7. 2003
    ..To compare the cumulative use and cost of hospital inpatient services to 5 years of age by individuals divided into 4 subgroups by gestational age at birth...
  11. ncbi Obesity, survival, and hospital costs-findings from a screening project in Sweden
    Sixten Borg
    IHE, The Swedish Institute for Health Economics, Lund, Sweden
    Value Health 8:562-71. 2005
    ..Our aims were to estimate 1) the costs of hospital treatment and 2) the value of lost production due to early death associated with overweight and obese patients, and then to extrapolate the findings to national costs...
  12. ncbi A longitudinal study of the effects of age and time to death on hospital costs
    Meena Seshamani
    University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    J Health Econ 23:217-35. 2004
    ..English dataset, this paper uses more robust methods to examine the effects of age and proximity to death on hospital costs. A random effects panel data two-part model shows that approaching death affects costs up to 15 years prior to ..
  13. ncbi Mortality, length of hospitalization, and costs associated with invasive fungal infections in high-risk patients
    Joseph Menzin
    Boston Health Economics, Inc, Waltham, MA 02451, USA
    Am J Health Syst Pharm 66:1711-7. 2009
    ..The mortality, length of hospitalization, and costs associated with invasive fungal infections (IFIs) in hospitalized patients were studied...
  14. pmc Benchmarking and reducing length of stay in Dutch hospitals
    Ine Borghans
    Tranzo, Tilburg University, PO Box 90153, 5000 LE Tilburg, The Netherlands
    BMC Health Serv Res 8:220. 2008
    ..To assess the development of and variation in lengths of stay in Dutch hospitals and to determine the potential reduction in hospital days if all Dutch hospitals would have an average length of stay equal to that of benchmark hospitals...
  15. ncbi Does better disease management in primary care reduce hospital costs? Evidence from English primary care
    Mark Dusheiko
    Centre for Health Economics, University of York, UK
    J Health Econ 30:919-32. 2011
    ..practices to examine whether better primary care management of 10 chronic diseases is associated with reduced hospital costs. We find that only primary care performance in stroke care is associated with lower hospital costs...
  16. ncbi Patient classification and hospital costs of care for acute myocardial infarction in nine European countries
    Unto Häkkinen
    Centre for Health and Social Economics, National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland
    Health Econ 21:19-29. 2012
    ..It seems possible to improve DRG-like hospital payment systems through the inclusion of episode-specific variables...
  17. pmc Length of stay and associated costs of obesity related hospital admissions in Ireland
    Akke Vellinga
    Department of Public Health, Health Service Executive West, Galway, Ireland
    BMC Health Serv Res 8:88. 2008
    ..The risk associated with childhood obesity in particular, which will accelerate the development of adult morbidity and mortality, has been identified as an emerging public health problem...
  18. ncbi [DRG reimbursement for multiple trauma patients -- a comparison with the comprehensive hospital costs using the German trauma registry]
    M Grotz
    Unfallchirurgische Klinik, MHH, Hannover
    Unfallchirurg 107:68-75. 2004
    ..working group of the German Trauma Society developed a calculating algorithm to estimate the comprehensive hospital costs for every patient in the German trauma registry...
  19. ncbi Intussusception in Taiwanese children: analysis of incidence, length of hospitalization and hospital costs in different age groups
    Wan Ling Ho
    Department of Pediatrics, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan
    J Formos Med Assoc 104:398-401. 2005
    This study investigated the characteristics of intussusception in Taiwanese children of different age groups, including the incidence, length of hospitalization and hospital costs.
  20. pmc Consistent ART adherence is associated with improved quality of Life, CD4 counts, and reduced hospital costs in central China
    Honghong Wang
    School of Nursing, Central South University, Changsha 410013, Hunan, China
    AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 25:757-63. 2009
    ..005), shorter hospital stays (p = 0.005), and lower hospital expenses (p = 0.006). Consistent adherence is associated with better outcomes including improved quality of life, higher CD4 counts, and lower health care costs...
  21. ncbi The impact of nurse staffing on hospital costs and patient length of stay: a systematic review
    Petsunee Thungjaroenkul
    Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand
    Nurs Econ 25:255-65. 2007
    Research examining the relationships between nurse staffing, hospital costs, and length of stay is varied using a range of methods and definitions...
  22. ncbi Walking speed predicts health status and hospital costs for frail elderly male veterans
    Jama L Purser
    Division of Geriatrics, Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center DUMC, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    J Rehabil Res Dev 42:535-46. 2005
    ..Walking speed is useful for the functional assessment of acutely ill, hospitalized older adults. Measurement of walking speed over time may help predict those who will need and use more health-related services...
  23. pmc Treatment cost for typhoid fever at two hospitals in Kolkata, India
    Dipika Sur
    National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases, Kolkata, India
    J Health Popul Nutr 27:725-32. 2009
    ..Recalculation based on 80% occupancy rate in inpatient wards (following the recommendation of the World Health Organization) found that the cost of treating children, adults, and all patients was US$ 14.53, 36.44, and 16.11 respectively...
  24. ncbi The economic consequences of preterm birth during the first 10 years of life
    Stavros Petrou
    National Perinatal Epidemiology Unit NPEU, University of Oxford Old Road Campus, Old Road, Headington, Oxford OX3 7LF, England, UK
    BJOG 112:10-5. 2005
    ..To examine the association between gestational age at the time of birth and long-term use and cost of hospital inpatient services...
  25. ncbi Determinants of hospital costs associated with traumatic brain injury in England and Wales
    S Morris
    Health Economics Research Group, Brunel University, Uxbridge, Middlesex, UB8 3PH, UK
    Anaesthesia 63:499-508. 2008
    ....
  26. ncbi The effects of nurse staffing on adverse events, morbidity, mortality, and medical costs
    Sung Hyun Cho
    Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs, Seoul, Korea
    Nurs Res 52:71-9. 2003
    ..Nurse staffing levels are an important working condition issue for nurses and believed to be a determinant of the quality of nursing care and patient outcomes...
  27. ncbi The impact of atrial fibrillation on the cost of stroke: the berlin acute stroke study
    Bernd Brüggenjürgen
    Institute for Social Medicine, Epidemiology and Health Economics, Charite Universitatsmedizin Berlin, Germany
    Value Health 10:137-43. 2007
    ....
  28. ncbi [Cost analysis of acute therapy of polytrauma patients]
    D Ganzoni
    Departement für Chirurgie, Klinik für Unfallchirurgie, Universitatsspital Zurich
    Swiss Surg 9:268-74. 2003
    ..If hospitals are required to work with a balanced budget, then these losses can no longer be neglected. New forms of invoicing multiply trauma patients must be found in Switzerland...
  29. ncbi Estimating mean hospital cost as a function of length of stay and patient characteristics
    Elena Polverejan
    Department of Epidemiology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48823, USA
    Health Econ 12:935-47. 2003
    ..b>Hospital costs constitute a significant proportion of overall expenditure in health care...
  30. pmc Stress CMR imaging observation unit in the emergency department reduces 1-year medical care costs in patients with acute chest pain: a randomized study for comparison with inpatient care
    Chadwick D Miller
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27357, USA
    JACC Cardiovasc Imaging 4:862-70. 2011
    ....
  31. ncbi Teaching hospital costs: implications for academic missions in a competitive market
    R Mechanic
    The Lewin Group, Fairfax, VA, USA
    JAMA 280:1015-9. 1998
    ..As the managed care environment demands lower prices and a greater focus on primary care, the high cost of teaching hospitals may adversely affect their ability to carry out academic missions...
  32. ncbi Myocardial infarction following coronary artery bypass graft surgery increases healthcare resource utilization
    John C Chen
    Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, University of Hawaii School of Medicine, Honolulu, USA
    Crit Care Med 35:1296-301. 2007
    ..To assess the health economic impact of perioperative myocardial infarction in a cohort of patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery...
  33. ncbi Outcome and attributable cost of ventilator-associated pneumonia among intensive care unit patients in a suburban medical center
    David K Warren
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Crit Care Med 31:1312-7. 2003
    ..To determine the attributable cost of ventilator-associated pneumonia from a hospital-based cost perspective, after adjusting for potential confounders...
  34. ncbi Cost calculation and prediction in adult intensive care: a ground-up utilization study
    J L Moran
    Department of Intensive Care Medicine, The Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Woodville, South Australia
    Anaesth Intensive Care 32:787-97. 2004
    ..73. In non-survivors, predictors were age and ICU length of stay (plus interaction), and Omega score (determination R2, 0.97; validation 0.91). Patient costs may be predicted by a combination of ICU activity indices and severity scores...
  35. pmc Coding response to a case-mix measurement system based on multiple diagnoses
    Colin Preyra
    Department of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, University of Toronto, Canada
    Health Serv Res 39:1027-45. 2004
    ..To examine the hospital coding response to a payment model using a case-mix measurement system based on multiple diagnoses and the resulting impact on a hospital cost model...
  36. ncbi Costs induced by hip fractures: a prospective controlled study in Belgium. Belgian Hip Fracture Study Group
    P Autier
    Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, European Institute of Oncology, Milan, Italy
    Osteoporos Int 11:373-80. 2000
    ..We assessed the direct medical costs induced by hip fractures during and after hospitalization. Hospital costs of 170 consecutive Belgian women with hip fracture were gathered...
  37. ncbi The epidemiology of severe sepsis in children in the United States
    R Scott Watson
    Department of Critical Care Medicine, Center for Research on Health Care, and the CRISMA Clinical Research, Investigation, and Systems Modeling of Acute Illness Laboratory, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15261, USA
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 167:695-701. 2003
    ..We sought to determine the age- and sex-adjusted incidence, outcome, and associated hospital costs of severe sepsis in United States children using 1995 hospital discharge and population data from seven states ..
  38. ncbi Determinants of costs and the length of stay in acute coronary syndromes: a real life analysis of more than 10,000 patients
    Matthias Bramkamp
    Department of Internal Medicine, University Hospital of Zurich, RAE B 40, Ramistr 100, CH 8091 Zurich, Switzerland
    Cardiovasc Drugs Ther 21:389-98. 2007
    ..The aim of this study was to investigate inpatient costs of acute coronary syndromes (ACS) in Switzerland and to assess the main cost drivers associated with this disease...
  39. ncbi Comparison of clinical and functional outcomes and hospital costs following pharyngoesophageal reconstruction with the anterolateral thigh free flap versus the jejunal flap
    Peirong Yu
    Department of Plastic Surgery, University of Texas M D Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030, USA
    Plast Reconstr Surg 117:968-74. 2006
    ..Pharyngoesophageal defects are commonly reconstructed with free jejunal or fasciocutaneous flaps, with various outcomes, and a direct comparison is lacking...
  40. ncbi Costs and benefits of the MRSA Search and Destroy policy in a Dutch hospital
    M M L van Rijen
    Laboratory for Microbiology and Infection Control, Amphia Hospital Breda, Langendijk 75, P O Box 90157, 4800 RL, Breda, The Netherlands
    Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 28:1245-52. 2009
    ..In conclusion, application of the MRSA Search and Destroy policy in a hospital in a country with a low endemic MRSA incidence saves money and lives...
  41. ncbi The rate and cost of hospital-acquired infections occurring in patients admitted to selected specialties of a district general hospital in England and the national burden imposed
    R Plowman
    Infection Control Unit, Laboratory of Hospital Infection, Central Public Health Laboratory, London, UK
    J Hosp Infect 47:198-209. 2001
    ..Infected patients, on average, incurred hospital costs 2.9 (regression model estimate: 2.8; 95% CI; 2.6, 3...
  42. ncbi Population-based study of determinants of initial secondary care costs of acute stroke in the United Kingdom
    Ramon Luengo-Fernandez
    Health Economics Research Centre, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Stroke 37:2579-87. 2006
    ..However, very few such data are available and none from population-based studies. We determined the predictors of resource use and acute care costs of stroke using data from a population-based study...
  43. ncbi Hospital costs associated with surgical complications: a report from the private-sector National Surgical Quality Improvement Program
    Justin B Dimick
    Center for Evaluative Clinical Sciences, Dartmouth Medical School, Hanover, NH, USA
    J Am Coll Surg 199:531-7. 2004
    ..The objective of the current study was to calculate hospital costs associated with postoperative complications, because reducing morbidity may offset the costs of using the NSQIP...
  44. ncbi Emergency department physician activation of the catheterization laboratory and immediate transfer to an immediately available catheterization laboratory reduce door-to-balloon time in ST-elevation myocardial infarction
    Umesh N Khot
    Indiana Heart Physicians St Francis Heart Center, 5330 E Stop 11 Rd, Indianapolis, IN 46237, USA
    Circulation 116:67-76. 2007
    ..However, there are limited prospective data on specific measures to significantly reduce door-to-balloon time...
  45. ncbi Perioperative predictors of ICU and hospital costs in coronary artery bypass graft surgery
    L V Doering
    School of Nursing, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    Chest 118:736-43. 2000
    ..This study evaluated the predictive power of a preoperative mortality risk measurement (Parsonnet score) and of early extubation (< or = 6 h from ICU admission) in determining ICU and hospital costs.
  46. ncbi EuroSCORE predicts intensive care unit stay and costs of open heart surgery
    Johan Nilsson
    Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Heart and Lung Center, University Hospital, Lund, Sweden
    Ann Thorac Surg 78:1528-34. 2004
    ..This study aimed to determine whether the preoperative risk stratification model EuroSCORE predicts the different components of resource utilization in open heart surgery...
  47. ncbi Diabetes mellitus and cerebrovascular disease as independent determinants for increased hospital costs and length of stay in open appendectomy in comparison with laparoscopic appendectomy: a nationwide cohort study
    Chun Chieh Yeh
    Graduate Institute of Clinical Medical Science, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan
    Am Surg 78:329-34. 2012
    Comorbidity has been proven to increase hospital costs and length of hospital stays in patients receiving appendectomy for the treatment of acute appendicitis...
  48. ncbi The effect of a multidisciplinary hospitalist/physician and advanced practice nurse collaboration on hospital costs
    Marie J Cowan
    School of Nursing, Hospitalist Division, VA Department of Medicine, UCLA Medical Center, University of California Los Angeles, CA 90095 1702, USA
    J Nurs Adm 36:79-85. 2006
    ..To compare nurse practitioner/physician management of hospital care, multidisciplinary team-based planning, expedited discharge, and assessment after discharge to usual management...
  49. pmc End-of-life hospital costs in cancer patients: do advance directives or routes of hospital admission make a difference?
    Tow S Tan
    Department of Oncology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn, USA
    Oncology 80:118-22. 2011
    ..End-of-life cancer care is costly. The current study explored whether advance directives or route of hospital admission reduced cancer patients' terminal hospitalization costs...
  50. ncbi Effect of urgent treatment for transient ischaemic attack and minor stroke on disability and hospital costs (EXPRESS study): a prospective population-based sequential comparison
    Ramon Luengo-Fernandez
    Health Economics Research Centre, Department of Public Health, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Lancet Neurol 8:235-43. 2009
    ..We now report the effect of the EXPRESS intervention on admissions to hospital, costs, and disability...
  51. ncbi Acute hospital costs after minimally invasive versus open lumbar interbody fusion: data from a US national database with 6106 patients
    Michael Y Wang
    Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL, USA
    J Spinal Disord Tech 25:324-8. 2012
    ..Retrospective multi-institutional database review...
  52. ncbi Additional stroke-related and non-stroke-related cardiovascular costs and hospitalizations in managed-care patients after ischemic stroke
    Craig S Roberts
    Global Outcomes Research, Pfizer Inc, New York, NY 10017, USA
    Stroke 40:1425-32. 2009
    ..Because the incremental economic impact of this added risk is unknown, we assessed the additional cardiovascular costs and hospitalizations associated with ischemic stroke...
  53. ncbi Obesity, hospital services use and costs
    Nana Bro Folmann
    Research Centre for Prevention and Health, Glostrup University Hospital, Glostrup, Denmark
    Adv Health Econ Health Serv Res 17:319-32. 2007
    To quantify the association between obesity and somatic hospital costs and number of overall somatic hospital contacts--number of inpatient admissions, number of outpatient visits, and number of emergency department visits--based on ..
  54. ncbi Stochastic demand, production responses and hospital costs
    David Hughes
    HM Treasury, 1 Horse Guards Road, SW1A 2HQ, London, UK
    J Health Econ 22:999-1010. 2003
    ..The model estimates that the cost of an elective admission is approximately 45% of the cost of an emergency admission. Demand uncertainty imposes a direct cost equivalent to around 5% of the total cost of emergency admission...
  55. ncbi Evaluation of the relationship between preoperative risk scores, postoperative and total length of stays and hospital costs in coronary bypass surgery
    T S Kurki
    HUCH, Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care Medicine, Meilahti Hospital, FIN 00029 HUS, Helsinki, Finland
    Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 20:1183-7. 2001
    ..The aim of the present study was to determine whether the risk scores can be used to predict the hospital (LOS) and postoperative (POS) lengths of stay and total costs among coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) patients...
  56. pmc Hospital costs of nosocomial multi-drug resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa acquisition
    Eva Morales
    Health Services Evaluation and Clinical Epidemiology Department, Hospital del Mar IMIM, Barcelona, Spain
    BMC Health Serv Res 12:122. 2012
    ..We aimed to assess the hospital economic costs of nosocomial multi-drug resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa acquisition...
  57. ncbi Computed tomography (CT)-guided versus laparoscopic radiofrequency ablation: a single-institution comparison of morbidity rates and hospital costs
    Maria A Cassera
    Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Surgery Program, Providence Portland Medical Center, 4805 NE Glisan St, Suite 6N50, Portland, OR 97213, USA
    Surg Endosc 25:1088-95. 2011
    ..This analysis investigates the 30-day morbidity, hospital cost, and reimbursement for CT-guided RFA versus laparoscopic RFA used to manage hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and colorectal liver metastases (CRLM)...
  58. ncbi Integrating rapid pathogen identification and antimicrobial stewardship significantly decreases hospital costs
    Katherine K Perez
    Department of Pharmacy, The Methodist Hospital, Houston, Texas, USA
    Arch Pathol Lab Med 137:1247-54. 2013
    ..In an era of increasing antimicrobial resistance, methods to acquire and rapidly translate critical results into timely therapies for gram-negative bloodstream infections are needed...
  59. ncbi Hospital cost shifting revisited: new evidence from the balanced budget act of 1997
    Vivian Y Wu
    School of Policy, Planning, and Development, University of Southern California and RAND, 650 Childs Way, RGL 305, Los Angeles, CA 90089, USA
    Int J Health Care Finance Econ 10:61-83. 2010
    ..In contrast, hospitals with greater reliance on Medicare were more financially distressed, as these hospitals saw large BBA cuts but were limited in their abilities to cost shift...
  60. ncbi Hospital costs of acute pulmonary embolism
    John Fanikos
    Department of Pharmacy, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Am J Med 126:127-32. 2013
    ..We evaluated hospitalized patients with the primary diagnosis of pulmonary embolism. Our goal was to determine the total and component costs associated with their hospital care...
  61. ncbi Length of stay and hospital costs associated with a pharmacodynamic-based clinical pathway for empiric antibiotic choice for ventilator-associated pneumonia
    Anthony M Nicasio
    Center for Anti Infective Research and Development, Hartford Hospital, Hartford, Connecticut 06102, USA
    Pharmacotherapy 30:453-62. 2010
    To determine hospital costs associated with the use of a clinical pathway implemented in our intensive care units (ICUs) to optimize antibiotic regimen selection for patients with ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) compared with costs ..
  62. ncbi [Hospital costs for abdominal aortic aneurysm surgery]
    Jes S Lindholt
    Forskningssektionen, karkirurgisk afdeling, Regionshospitalet Viborg, 8800 Viborg, Denmark
    Ugeskr Laeger 172:2206-12. 2010
    ..The aim of the study was to estimate the direct cost of an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair and to validate it against the national Diagnostic Related Group (DRG) costs...
  63. ncbi Costs and reimbursement gaps after implementation of third-generation left ventricular assist devices
    Vinod Mishra
    Clinical Management Support Department, Rikshospitalet University Hospital, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
    J Heart Lung Transplant 29:72-8. 2010
    The purpose of this study was to compare and contrast total hospital costs and subsequent reimbursement of implementing a new program using a third-generation left ventricular assist device (LVAD) in Norway.
  64. ncbi Investigating DRG cost weights for hospitals in middle income countries
    Shahram Ghaffari
    School of Population Health, University of Queensland, Australia
    Int J Health Plann Manage 24:251-64. 2009
    ....
  65. ncbi Determinants of costs and resource utilization associated with open heart surgery
    E Sokolovic
    Department of Medical Economics, University Hospital, Zurich, Switzerland
    Eur Heart J 23:574-8. 2002
    This study sought to determine the patient- and the therapy-related determinants of in-hospital costs for patients undergoing heart surgery at the University Hospital in Zurich.
  66. ncbi Hospital costs associated with surgical site infections in general and vascular surgery patients
    Melissa M Boltz
    Division of Outcomes Research and Quality, Department of Surgery, Penn State Milton S Hershey Medical Center, Hershey, PA 17033 0850, USA
    Surgery 150:934-42. 2011
    ..We used data from the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) to estimate the total cost and DOS associated with SSIs in patients undergoing general and vascular surgery...
  67. ncbi The cost of trauma
    Stephen Lanzarotti
    Department of Surgery, University of Arizona College of Medicine, Tucson, Arizona 85724 5063, USA
    Am Surg 69:766-70. 2003
    ..percentage of their hospital bill reimbursed and cost coverage (CC), whether that reimbursement covered their hospital costs, were analyzed...
  68. ncbi CIHI survey: Hospital costs for preterm and small-for-gestational age babies in Canada
    Gillian Lim
    Canadian Institute for Health Information CIHI
    Healthc Q 12:20-4. 2009
    ..Information, Too Early, Too Small: A Profile of Small Babies across Canada, and provides information on the hospital costs among low birth weight, preterm and SGA babies...
  69. ncbi Outcomes and cost of coronary artery bypass graft surgery in the United States and Canada
    Mark J Eisenberg
    Division of Cardiology, Jewish General Hospital, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Arch Intern Med 165:1506-13. 2005
    ..We sought to determine whether there is a difference in in-hospital outcomes and costs for coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) between the United States and Canada...
  70. ncbi Impact of diverticular disease on hospital costs and activity
    S Papagrigoriadis
    Department of Colorectal Surgery, King s College Hospital, London, UK
    Colorectal Dis 6:81-4. 2004
    ..There are no national data on the hospital prevalence, clinical implications or financial impact of diverticular disease hence the extent of the clinical problem is as yet not quantified...
  71. ncbi The hospital costs of treating necrotizing fasciitis
    Audi B Widjaja
    Plastic Unit, Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    ANZ J Surg 75:1059-64. 2005
    ....
  72. ncbi Invited commentary
    Victor A Ferraris
    Division of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery, University of Kentucky, C208, UKMC800 Rose St, Lexington, KY 40536, USA
    Ann Thorac Surg 78:1534-5. 2004
  73. ncbi A new practical technique to reduce allogeneic blood exposure and hospital costs while preserving clotting factors after cardiopulmonary bypass: the Hemobag
    Keith A Samolyk
    Address for correspondence Keith A Samolyk, CCP, LCP, Global Blood Resources LLC, PO Box 383, Somers, CT 06071, USA
    Perfusion 20:343-9. 2005
    ..Infusion of the Hemobag concentrate appears to recover safely substantial proteins, clotting factor and cell concentration for all types of cardiac procedures, maintaining the security of a primed circuit...
  74. ncbi Temporal changes in hospital costs for left ventricular assist device implantation
    Mark S Slaughter
    Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, University of Louisville, KY 40202, USA
    J Card Surg 26:535-41. 2011
    ..The current study examines the hospitalization costs associated with treatment of New York Heart Failure Class IV patients when implanted with a CF LVAD and compares them to previously reported costs of a PF LVAD in the same population...
  75. ncbi Long-term survival and return on investment after nonneurologic injury: implications for the elderly trauma patient
    Ben L Zarzaur
    Department of Surgery, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennessee 38163, USA
    J Trauma 69:93-8. 2010
    ..The purpose of this study was to evaluate the cost per 2-year survivor stratified by age after moderate- to severe-nonneurologic injury...
  76. ncbi Hospital costs incurred by the Italian National Health Service for invasive cervical cancer
    Gabriella Ferrandina
    Gynecologic Oncology Unit, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Campobasso, Italy
    Gynecol Oncol 119:243-9. 2010
    ..Costs were estimated using DRG charges. All patients with histological diagnosis of invasive cervical cancer admitted to Gynecologic Oncology centres of the Catholic University of the Sacred Heart between 2000 and 2007 were enrolled...
  77. ncbi Hospital costs and length of stay among homeless patients admitted to medical, surgical, and psychiatric services
    Stephen W Hwang
    Centre for Research on Inner City Health, The Keenan Research Centre, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Med Care 49:350-4. 2011
    ..This study compares hospitalization costs for homeless and housed patients, with and without adjustment for patient and service characteristics...
  78. pmc Cost factors in Canadian pediatric trauma
    A Dueck
    Department of Surgery, Queen's University, Kingston, Ont
    Can J Surg 44:117-21. 2001
    ..CONCLUSIONS: The cost of pediatric trauma in Canada can be predicted from admission data and trauma scores. The cost of extremity injuries is significant and can be predicted by the PTS but not the ISS...
  79. ncbi Identifying pre- and postoperative predictors of cost and length of stay for coronary artery bypass surgery
    W A Ghali
    Health Care Research Unit, Boston Medical Center, Mass, USA
    Am J Med Qual 14:248-54. 1999
    ..We then used the resulting models to calculate adjusted mean hospital costs and LOS. These 3 factors were all significantly associated with resource use...
  80. ncbi Validation of a preoperative risk index as a predictor of perioperative morbidity and hospital costs in coronary artery bypass graft surgery
    Tuula S Kurki
    Department of Anesthesia and Intensive Care Medicine, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, Finland
    J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 16:401-4. 2002
    ....
  81. ncbi Health information technology and its effects on hospital costs, outcomes, and patient safety
    William E Encinosa
    Center for Delivery, Organization and Markets, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, 540 Gaither Road, Rockville, MD 20850, USA
    Inquiry 48:288-303. 2011
    ..75 per $1 spent on IT capital. Thus, EMRs contain costs by better coordinating care to rescue patients from medical errors once they occur...
  82. ncbi Do AR-DRGs adequately describe the trauma patient episode in New South Wales, Australia?
    Kate Curtis
    Trauma Service, St George Hospital, Gray St, Kogarah NSW 2217, Australia
    HIM J 40:7-13. 2011
    ..AR-DRGs are not adequate to describe the extent of injuries experienced by trauma patients and there is a need to investigate alternative funding models for trauma services...
  83. ncbi The hospital costs of care for stroke in nine European countries
    David Epstein
    Centre for Health Economics, University of York, UK
    Health Econ 17:S21-31. 2008
    ..The vignette methodology appears feasible, but further research needs to consider access to healthcare over a longer follow up and to include both costs and outcomes...
  84. ncbi The estimated magnitude and direct hospital costs of prosthetic joint infections in the United States, 1997 to 2004
    Matthew Hellmann
    Division of Infectious Diseases, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21224 2780, USA
    J Arthroplasty 25:766-71.e1. 2010
    ..The nearly doubled number of prosthetic joint infection-related hospitalizations may have been caused by an increased implant rate, changes in patient population, implant procedures, or causative organisms...
  85. ncbi Impact of different stages of chronic kidney disease on in-hospital costs in patients with coronary heart disease
    Anne Meyer
    Department of Cardiology and Angiology, Medizinische Klinik und Poliklinik C, Munster, Germany
    Nephrol Dial Transplant 23:1955-60. 2008
    ..Its effect on in-hospital costs for the treatment of coronary heart disease (CHD) has not been assessed that, although it is of interest due ..
  86. ncbi The use of economic modeling to determine the hospital costs associated with nosocomial infections
    Rebecca R Roberts
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Cook County Hospital, Rush University, Chicago, IL, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 36:1424-32. 2003
    ..The economic model explained 56% of the total variability in cost among patients. Hospitals can use these data when evaluating potential cost savings from effective infection-control measures...
  87. ncbi Estimating hospital costs attributable to prolonged air leak in pulmonary lobectomy
    Gonzalo Varela
    Section of Thoracic Surgery, Salamanca University Hospital, 37007 Salamanca, Paseo de San Vicente 58, Spain
    Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 27:329-33. 2005
    ..after pulmonary surgery is a frequent occurrence and is reported to cause increased length of stay (LOS) and hospital costs although the costs directly attributable to PAL have never been published...
  88. pmc Endoscopic stenting versus surgical colostomy for the management of malignant colonic obstruction: comparison of hospital costs and clinical outcomes
    Shyam Varadarajulu
    Basil I Hirschowitz Endoscopic Center of Excellence, University of Alabama at Birmingham, JT 664, 1530 3rd Avenue S, Birmingham, AL 35294 0012, USA
    Surg Endosc 25:2203-9. 2011
    ..This study aimed to compare hospital costs and clinical outcomes between patients undergoing colostomy and those undergoing stenting for the management ..
  89. ncbi Relationship between glycemic control and diabetes-related hospital costs in patients with type 1 or type 2 diabetes mellitus
    Joseph Menzin
    Boston Health Economics, Inc, 20 Fox Rd, Waltham, MA 02451, USA
    J Manag Care Pharm 16:264-75. 2010
    ..However, limited data from clinical practice are available regarding the relationship between glycemic control and medical costs associated with diabetes care...
  90. ncbi Hospital resources consumed for surgical morbidity: effects of preoperative arginine and omega-3 fatty acid supplementation on costs
    Marco Braga
    Department of Surgery, Vita Salute San Raffaele University, Milan, Italy
    Nutrition 21:1078-86. 2005
    ..The aim of the present study was to calculate hospital costs for postoperative complications and to evaluate whether preoperative supplementation with omega-3 fatty acids ..
  91. pmc The hospital costs of treating lung cancer in the United Kingdom
    J L Wolstenholme
    Trent Institute for Health Services Research, University Medical School, Queen s Medical Centre, Nottingham, UK
    Br J Cancer 80:215-8. 1999
    ..These costs are lower than those identified in Canadian studies, the difference being explained by the use of a simulated costing methodology in these studies, lower unit costs and less aggressive interventions...
  92. ncbi Transfusion strategy for primary knee and hip arthroplasty: impact of an algorithm to lower transfusion rates and hospital costs
    V Martinez
    Department of Anesthesiology and Inserm Unité 792, Assistance Publique Hopitaux de Paris, Raymond Poincare Hospital, Paris Ile de France Ouest, Versailles St Quentin University, 92380 Garches, France
    Br J Anaesth 99:794-800. 2007
    ..Blood transfusion strategies should reduce both blood transfusion and costs. Possible solutions include autologous donation for selected patients and the prescription of erythropoietin (EPO)...
  93. pmc Real money: complications and hospital costs in trauma patients
    Mark R Hemmila
    Department of Surgery, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 5033, USA
    Surgery 144:307-16. 2008
    Major postoperative complications are associated with a substantial increase in hospital costs. Trauma patients are known to have a higher rate of complications than the general surgery population...
  94. ncbi A review of costing methodologies in critical care studies
    Jesse M Pines
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Virginia Health Sciences Center, Charlottesville, VA 22901, USA
    J Crit Care 17:181-6. 2002
    ..Given the importance of financial implications in medicine, it would be prudent for critical care studies to use these more advanced techniques...
  95. ncbi Intensive interventional maternity care reduces infant morbidity and hospital costs
    E A Reece
    Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, Temple University School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19140, USA
    J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 11:204-10. 2002
    ....
  96. pmc Comparison of hospital costs and length of stay for community internists, hospitalists, and academicians
    George Everett
    Internal Medicine Residency Program, Orlando Regional Healthcare, Orlando, FL 32806, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 22:662-7. 2007
    ..The model of inpatient medical management has evolved toward Hospitalists because of greater cost efficiency compared to traditional practice. The optimal model of inpatient care is not known...
  97. ncbi Adverse clinical and economic outcomes attributable to methicillin resistance among patients with Staphylococcus aureus surgical site infection
    John J Engemann
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 36:592-8. 2003
    ..Methicillin resistance is independently associated with increased mortality and hospital charges among patients with S. aureus SSI...
  98. ncbi The current hospital costs of treating hip fractures
    Thomas M Lawrence
    Department of Orthopaedics and Trauma, University Hospital Nottingham, Nottingham NG72UH, UK
    Injury 36:88-91; discussion 92. 2005
    ..fractures impact heavily on our health service resources yet there is no recent United Kingdom study detailing hospital costs for such injuries...
  99. ncbi A cost function analysis of shigellosis in Thailand
    Arthorn Riewpaiboon
    Faculty of Pharmacy, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand
    Value Health 11:S75-83. 2008
    ..The purpose of this study was to develop a cost function model to estimate the public treatment cost of shigellosis patients in Thailand...
  100. ncbi Performance-based budgeting in the public sector: an illustration from the VA health care system
    Suthathip Yaisawarng
    Department of Economics, Union College, NY 12308, USA
    Health Econ 15:295-310. 2006
    ..The paper also provides recommendations to improve the efficiency of delivering health care services applicable to public sector organizations...
  101. pmc "HRG drift" and payment by results
    Raquel Rogers
    Dr Foster Unit at Imperial College
    BMJ 330:563. 2005

Research Grants65

  1. Anti-Infective Central Venous Catheter
    MICHAEL VIOLANTE; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..of a few dollars, can potentially reduce this infection rate thereby saving lives and significantly reducing hospital costs. Following the launch of this product into a very broad market, a number of similar intravascular devices may ..
  2. Recombinant Lactoferrin and Necrotizing Enterocolitis
    Karel Petrak; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..b>Hospital costs associated with surgical and medical NEC are very high...
  3. Predictors and Outcomes of Pneumonia after Stroke
    Irene Katzan; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..2) Determine the effect of pneumonia on hospital costs. 3) Evaluate the effect of process of care measures on occurrence of pneumonia...
  4. Nikkomycin Z Treatment for Coccidioidomycosis
    John Galgiani; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The 2001 Arizona hospital costs were over $19 million which do not include lost time from work or the large number of persons whose infections ..
  5. EVALUATION OF NIKKOMYCIN Z PHARMACOLOGY FOR TREATMENT OF UNCOMPLICATED COCCIDIODE
    David Nix; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The 2001 Arizona hospital costs were over $19 million which do not include lost time from work or the large number of persons whose infections ..
  6. Sutureless Laparoscopic Partial Nephrectomy Using Laser Tissue Welding: Preclinic
    Yasmin Wadia; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..blood loss;d) blood product transfusions;e) operative time;f) ICU stay;g) hospital stay and f) total hospital costs. Technology innovation: LTW using our propriety biomaterials is an enhanced surgical ability that enables ..
  7. Fall risk assessment and prevention in elderly with diabetes using wearable techn
    Bor Rong Chen; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..appropriat and timely intervention, and could lead to improved quality of care and reduced associated hospital costs, due to reduced admissions and reduced severity of falls...
  8. Improving pain and function in hip fracture
    R Sean Morrison; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..missed or shortened physical therapy sessions, impaired function six months following surgery, and increased hospital costs. Physicians are reluctant to prescribe opioid analgesics to geriatric patients for fear of precipitating side ..
  9. Sepsis Outcomes and Aging: Role of Sleep Disruption and the Blood Brain Barrier
    Mark R Opp; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Sepsis annually kills hundreds of thousands of people in the US with associated hospital costs of billions of dollars. Of concern, sepsis incidence is increasing at more than 8% annually...
  10. Robust BCT for Clinical Use
    DAVID KOPPERDAHL; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..CT exams taken for other purposes such as CT colonography, pelvic, abdominal, and spine exams, thus reducing hospital costs, incurring no addition radiation to the patient, requiring no change in the CT acquisition protocols, and ..
  11. Validation in Baboon Model of Broadband NIR Monitoring for Neonate Gut Perfusion
    David A Benaron; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..to better manage feeding, transfusion, and use of inotropes to significantly improve outcome and reduce hospital costs for these patients...
  12. Nontoxigenic Clostridium difficile as an Oral Vaccine for C. difficile Infection
    DALE NICHOLAS GERDING; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..and vaccine strategy in VA facilities would not only markedly reduce the severe morbidity and mortality of veteran patients, but would also reduce needless prolonged length of stay in hospitals and hospital costs.
  13. Micro-patterned surfaces for reducing the risk of catheter-associated UTI
    SHRAVANTHI REDDY; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..CAUTI) are the most common hospital- acquired infections, accounting for over one million cases and hospital costs of more than $500 million each year in the U.S. alone...
  14. Adipose-Derived Stromal/Stem Cell Therapy for Pressure Ulcers
    Xiying Wu; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..In fact, over 70% of pressure ulcers occur in Americans over the age of 70 and their hospital costs exceed $11 billion annually...
  15. Prospective Validation and Cost Analysis of the National Guidelines for Field Tri
    Craig D Newgard; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ....
  16. Standardized Rehabilitation for ICU Patients with Acute Respiratory Failure
    Peter E Morris; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Therapy will reduce biomarkers of inflammation;4) Standardized Rehabilitation Therapy will decrease hospital costs. We will conduct a two-arm, randomized trial in 326 patients with ARF to compare Standardized Rehabilitation ..
  17. Prevention of Nosocomial Infections and Cost-Effectiveness Refined (P-NICER)
    Patricia W Stone; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Healthcare associated infections (HAIs) are a major contributor to increased morbidity, mortality and hospital costs;and, the majority of these occur in intensive care units (ICUs) and many are associated with insertion of an ..
  18. Modulated Imaging: A Wide-field Optical Imaging Platform for Clinical Research
    Anthony J Durkin; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Economically, the Modulated Imaging device will reduce hospital costs by eliminating unnecessary additional hospital days for these patients.
  19. Targeting Staphylococcus aureus Virulence
    Hattie D Gresham; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..aureus infections is associated with significantly increased hospital costs. Therefore, novel approaches to drug development could both limit serious infection in veterans and assist the ..
  20. Neonatal apnea: Online risk score from new analyses of bedside monitor waveforms
    JOSEPH RANDALL contact MOORMAN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..verify a sensitive measure of apnea risk which could be widely implemented in other NICUs to save substantial hospital costs through earlier safe hospital discharge, as well as to contribute valuable knowledge about maturation of ..
  21. Formulation and Standardization of a Sickle Cell Disease Drug for Clinical Trial
    Robert Swift; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..increase the life expectancies of sufferers of this disease and reduce the estimated $500 million in direct hospital costs. A dried extract of four plants has been used to treat patients with SCD in Nigeria for many years (NIPRISAN)...
  22. Development of a novel antibody therapy for clostridium difficile infection
    Irving Nachamkin; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Patients with nosocomially acquired C. difficile disease incur significantly higher hospital costs and length of stay and has been estimated to exceed 1 billion dollars in the US. Thus, C...
  23. Nitric Oxide-Releasing Intranasal Gel To Decolonize Biofilm-embedded S. Aureus
    SUSANNE BAUMAN; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..aureus from the noses of surgical patients could save $4.5 billion a year in US hospital costs. The only FDA-approved treatment for nasal decolonization of S. aureus is 2% mupirocin...
  24. MRSA in Nursing Homes: Predictors of Burden and Environmental Contamination
    COURTNEY ANN REYNOLDS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..antibiotic-resistant bacterium that affects the chronically and critically ill and is associated with higher hospital costs, increased hospital length of stay, and substantial risks for patient morbidity and mortality both during and ..
  25. Pediatric Heart Network University of Utah
    RICHARD VINCENT WILLIAMS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Their hospital costs are among the highest of any type of birth defect, exceeding $180,000,000/year...
  26. Reducing Antimicrobial Use Associated with Ventilator Associated Pneumonia and Ca
    SARA ELIZABETH COSGROVE; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..will also analyze patient outcomes in both the VAP and CAUTI studies;we will assess length of stay, mortality, hospital costs, rates of emergence of resistance, rates of Clostridium difficile disease and rates of acquisition of MRSA and ..
  27. Improving Syncope Risk Stratification in Older Adults
    Benjamin C Sun; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..4 billion in yearly hospital costs. There are currently no effective prediction tools to identify older patients (agee60 years) who may be at ..
  28. Patient safety and outcomes in sepsis
    Vincent Liu; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Evaluating measures of patient safety in patients with sepsis can highlight potential areas of deficiency in current care. Moreover, they can be used to enhance the quality and delivery of sepsis care. ..
  29. The Role of GSK-3beta in Palate Development and Fusion
    Michael Longaker; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Among them, cleft palate posed an annual "national bill" exceeding $100 million in 2004 in direct hospital costs alone and is highly prevalent as the incidence is roughly 0...
  30. Palliative Care for Hospitalized Cancer Patients
    Diane E Meier; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..and advance care planning), and utilization (hospital and ICU lengths of stay, hospital readmission, and hospital costs) compared to usual care for adults hospitalized with advanced malignancies...
  31. Micro_patterned Surfaces for Reducing the Risk of Ventilator_Associated Pneumonia
    SHRAVANTHI REDDY; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The Phase II SBIR data will be essential in attracting and fully engaging industry partners with whom we are already discussing this technology (see letters). ..
  32. Genetic variation and biomarkers in children with acute lung injury
    Heidi R Flori; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..mortality, fewer days of mechanical ventilation, shorter intensive care and hospital length of stay, and lower hospital costs. In addition, results from this proposal will provide further insight into the pathophysiology of ALI/ARDS in ..
  33. Patient discomfort and agitation in the ICU: ET tube movement effects
    VIRGINIA ANNE HAMILTON; Fiscal Year: 2013
    Care of the critically ill patient accounts for approximately 20% of hospital costs in the U.S., and approximately one third of these patients require mechanical ventilation (MV)...
  34. Validating a Necrotizing Enterocolitis (NEC) Risk Index for Neonates
    SHEILA MARIA GEPHART; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..disease that affects newborns, accounting for 3000 deaths a year and nearly one-fifth of neonatal hospital costs in the US...
  35. Rectal Medication Administration Device for Palliative Care
    BRADFORD MACY; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Close to 30% of Medicare dollars are spent in the last year of life. The RMAD has the potential to reduce hospital costs by over $500 million annually...
  36. Micro-patterned Surfaces for Reducing the Risk of Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia
    SHRAVANTHI REDDY; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ....
  37. Development of transapical MVAD for heart failure therapy
    Daniel Tamez; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..physicians to treat patients with less advanced HF, improve patient outcomes shorten recovery time, and lower hospital costs. In this phase II proposal, we will complete engineering development and pre-clinical testing of the tMVAD to ..
  38. Quality and Costs in Hospitals: What Can We Learn from Medicare Patients?
    John A Romley; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We will then incorporate the estimates of perceived quality into a translog model of hospital costs and analyze these costs over time...
  39. Feeding and Pancreatic Rest in Acute Pancreatitis
    DAVID CLEMENT WHITCOMB; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..nutrition and does not exacerbate the disease process, thus leading to reduced morbidity, mortality and hospital costs. To recruit sufficient patients (n=114) to satisfy our statistical power calculations in a reasonable time ..
  40. Comparison of the Effectiveness of CAM Therapies in Pediatric Patients Undergoing
    AMBIKA contact MATHUR; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..mediation/sedation, and also result in increased recovery times, length of stay in the hospital, and increased hospital costs. Non-invasive complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapies, including passive music therapy, active ..
  41. INFECTIOUS COMPLICATIONS OF SPINE SURGERY IN THE ELDERLY
    Margaret A Olsen; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..are at increased risk for surgical site infections and have a 5-fold higher risk of death and 2-fold higher hospital costs associated with infection...
  42. A Mulit-Centered Prospective Study of Quality of Life in Adult Scoliosis
    KEITH HAPP BRIDWELL; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..problem in light of our aging population and the high cost of surgical treatment (at least $80,000 in hospital costs alone). Studies to date, however, have typically been limited, small, single institution and retrospective...
  43. Evaluating an emergency department observation syncope protocol for older adults
    Benjamin C Sun; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..4 billion in annual hospital costs. Most admitted patients are discharged within 48 hours, and approximately 50% of patients do not have an ..
  44. The impact of impaired cerebral autoregulation on postoperative delirium
    CHARLES HUGH BROWN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..include increased mortality, decreased cognitive function, decreased functional outcomes, and increased hospital costs. Although many factors may contribute to post-operative delirium, inadequate intraoperative cerebral blood ..
  45. Advancing Patient Call Light Systems to Achieve Better Outcomes
    Amy Wilson-Stronks; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..give LEP patients equitable access to nurse call systems, improve operational efficiency and decrease overall hospital costs. The Phase II hypothesis is that Eloquencewill meet requirements for LEP patients to effectively use nurse ..
  46. Determining National Injury Prevention Priorities
    Douglas J Wiebe; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..injury mechanisms in terms of three additional criteria: their relative burden in terms of mortality, hospital costs, and years of potential life lost...
  47. An Investigation into Hospital Lengths of Stay and Costly Readmissions
    Kathleen Carey; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..This presents an outstanding opportunity to improve value in health care delivery by building insights that will contribute to containing hospital costs simultaneously with improving hospital quality of care through reduced readmissions.
  48. Development of Novel Inhibitors of Clostridium difficile.
    Jane Ryan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..difficile is one of the most important causes of health care-associated infections;US annual excess hospital costs have been estimated at $3.2 billion per annum...
  49. Differences In Incentives Between Stand Alone Medicare Drug Coverage vs Medicare
    Kosali Ilayperuma Simon; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..to design formularies that optimize medical management by generously covering drugs whose use reduces hospital costs (Chandra, Gruber and McKnight, forthcoming) (the medical management hypothesis)...
  50. Micro-patterned surfaces for reducing the risk of catheter-associated UTI
    SHRAVANTHI REDDY; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  51. HEALTH SERVICES RESEARCH CENTER SUPPORT
    Stephen Shortell; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..in the practice of dentistry and continued longitudial evaluation of the impact of certificate of need on hospital costs. With regard to evaluating alternative delivery systems, the Center is i (Text Truncated - Exceeds Capacity)
  52. Chitosan Endoluminal Hemostatic Dressing
    Hua Xie; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..allow for early catheter removal, improved patient comfort, accelerated recovery and significantly reduced hospital costs due to shorter hospital stays...
  53. PHYSICIAN CESAREAN RATE AND RISK-ADJUSTED BIRTH OUTCOMES
    Tong Li; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Hospital charges will be used as a surrogate for direct hospital costs since the latter are not available.
  54. Aminocaproic Acid and Bleeding in Spinal Surgery
    Sean Berenholtz; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..increased incidence of postoperative complications, including nosocomial infections, ICU length of stay, and hospital costs. 3...
  55. A DRUG RELEASING URINARY CATHETER
    Robert Whalen; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..The new urinary catheter has the potential to reduce hospital costs associated with the management of catheter associated infections.
  56. Cost and Quality of Cancer Surgery
    Vivian Ho; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..that relative to low-volume surgeons, treatment by high-volume surgeons was associated with lower per-patient hospital costs for six different cancer resections...
  57. Registered Ultrasound-Endoscope
    Sharif Razzaque; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  58. The Economics of Mother's Milk Feedings in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit
    Briana Jegier; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..the percent of total feedings that are breast milk) that results in the best economic outcome as measured by hospital costs. The second analysis will use economic costing techniques to identify the exact cost to produce 1 ounce of ..
  59. Development, Implementation, and Evaluation of the Surgical Bed Management System
    KATHERINE ROWELL; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Objective: The duration of hospitalization, commonly known as length of stay (LOS), is a major determinant of hospital costs. The marked variation in LOS between hospitals for groups of patients with similar illnesses suggests there is ..
  60. IMPACT OF ETHICS CONSULTATION IN THE INTENSIVE CARE UNIT
    Lawrence Schneiderman; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..e. ICU and hospital days and life- prolonging interventions and hospital costs in those patients who fail to survive to hospital discharge...
  61. A Novel Long-Lived 41Ca Marker To Assess Bone Turnover For Breast Cancer Patients
    Susanta Hui; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..These two pursuits will allow physicians to effectively treat high-risk patients early with preventive drugs, and monitor treatments'efficacy, which will improve patients'quality of life and reduce hospital costs.
  62. RISK ADJUSTMENT METHODS FOR HYSTERECTOMY COMPLICATIONS
    Evan Myers; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..findings not routinely used for risk adjustment which account for variations in morbidity, length of stay, and hospital costs. Hysterectomy is the most commonly performed major surgery in non-pregnant women...
  63. DYSPNEA, AIRWAY RESISTANCE AND PRESSURE WITH SUCTIONING
    Carol Thompson; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..Addressing these questions could prolong life and reduce hospital costs by providing a basis for nursing care decisions regarding suctioning, since dyspnea is associated with ..
  64. SEQUESTER HYALURONAN--LIMIT CHRONIC ALLOGRAFT REJECTION
    RASHMIN SAVANI; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..will likely require multiple organ replacements, a predicament that carries a large morbidity, mortality and hospital costs. Development of interventions to lengthen graft survival requires study of the mechanisms contributing to the ..
  65. UGI HEMORRHAGE AND ENDOSCOPIC HEMOSTASIS
    Dennis Jensen; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..better than single therapy (BP) for initial hemostasis, reduction in early rebleeding rates, and reduction in hospital costs of car...