health services accessibility

Summary

Summary: The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Revisiting the behavioral model and access to medical care: does it matter?
    R M Andersen
    Department of Health Services, School of Public Health, UCLA 90024 1772, USA
    J Health Soc Behav 36:1-10. 1995
  2. pmc Contribution of primary care to health systems and health
    Barbara Starfield
    Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Milbank Q 83:457-502. 2005
  3. pmc Still too far to walk: literature review of the determinants of delivery service use
    Sabine Gabrysch
    Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 9:34. 2009
  4. ncbi Household catastrophic health expenditure: a multicountry analysis
    Ke Xu
    Evidence and Information for Policy, World Health Organization, 20 Avenue Appia, CH 1211 27, Geneva, Switzerland
    Lancet 362:111-7. 2003
  5. ncbi Factors affecting the utilization of antenatal care in developing countries: systematic review of the literature
    Bibha Simkhada
    Public Health Department and Dugald Baird Centre, University of Aberdeen, UK
    J Adv Nurs 61:244-60. 2008
  6. ncbi Hunger, waiting time and transport costs: time to confront challenges to ART adherence in Africa
    A P Hardon
    University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam School for Social Science Research, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    AIDS Care 19:658-65. 2007
  7. ncbi Medicine prices, availability, and affordability in 36 developing and middle-income countries: a secondary analysis
    A Cameron
    Essential Medicines and Pharmaceutical Policies, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Lancet 373:240-9. 2009
  8. pmc Inequalities in access to medical care by income in developed countries
    Eddy van Doorslaer
    Department of Health Policy and Management, Erasmus University Medical Centre, Rotterdam, Netherlands
    CMAJ 174:177-83. 2006
  9. ncbi Conditional cash transfers for improving uptake of health interventions in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review
    Mylene Lagarde
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Health Policy Unit, London, England
    JAMA 298:1900-10. 2007
  10. ncbi Poverty and access to health care in developing countries
    David H Peters
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N Wolfe St, Rm E8132, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1136:161-71. 2008

Detail Information

Publications347 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Revisiting the behavioral model and access to medical care: does it matter?
    R M Andersen
    Department of Health Services, School of Public Health, UCLA 90024 1772, USA
    J Health Soc Behav 36:1-10. 1995
    ..The Behavioral Model of Health Services Use was initially developed over 25 years ago. In the interim it has been subject to considerable application, reprobation, and alteration. I review its development and assess its continued relevance...
  2. pmc Contribution of primary care to health systems and health
    Barbara Starfield
    Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Milbank Q 83:457-502. 2005
    ..The means by which primary care improves health have been identified, thus suggesting ways to improve overall health and reduce differences in health across major population subgroups...
  3. pmc Still too far to walk: literature review of the determinants of delivery service use
    Sabine Gabrysch
    Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 9:34. 2009
    ....
  4. ncbi Household catastrophic health expenditure: a multicountry analysis
    Ke Xu
    Evidence and Information for Policy, World Health Organization, 20 Avenue Appia, CH 1211 27, Geneva, Switzerland
    Lancet 362:111-7. 2003
    ..Yet catastrophic expenditure is not rare. We investigated the extent of catastrophic health expenditure as a first step to developing appropriate policy responses...
  5. ncbi Factors affecting the utilization of antenatal care in developing countries: systematic review of the literature
    Bibha Simkhada
    Public Health Department and Dugald Baird Centre, University of Aberdeen, UK
    J Adv Nurs 61:244-60. 2008
    ..This paper is a report of a systematic review to identify and analyse the main factors affecting the utilization of antenatal care in developing countries...
  6. ncbi Hunger, waiting time and transport costs: time to confront challenges to ART adherence in Africa
    A P Hardon
    University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam School for Social Science Research, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    AIDS Care 19:658-65. 2007
    ....
  7. ncbi Medicine prices, availability, and affordability in 36 developing and middle-income countries: a secondary analysis
    A Cameron
    Essential Medicines and Pharmaceutical Policies, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Lancet 373:240-9. 2009
    ..Here, we present a secondary analysis of medicine availability in 45 national and subnational surveys done using the WHO/HAI methodology...
  8. pmc Inequalities in access to medical care by income in developed countries
    Eddy van Doorslaer
    Department of Health Policy and Management, Erasmus University Medical Centre, Rotterdam, Netherlands
    CMAJ 174:177-83. 2006
    ..This is often interpreted as requiring that care be available on the basis of need and not willingness or ability to pay. We sought to examine equity in physician utilization in 21 OECD countries for the year 2000...
  9. ncbi Conditional cash transfers for improving uptake of health interventions in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review
    Mylene Lagarde
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Health Policy Unit, London, England
    JAMA 298:1900-10. 2007
    ..The effectiveness of these strategies in different contexts has not previously been the subject of a systematic review...
  10. ncbi Poverty and access to health care in developing countries
    David H Peters
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N Wolfe St, Rm E8132, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1136:161-71. 2008
    ..The challenge remains to find ways to ensure that vulnerable populations have a say in how strategies are developed, implemented, and accounted for in ways that demonstrate improvements in access by the poor...
  11. ncbi Applying an equity lens to child health and mortality: more of the same is not enough
    Cesar G Victora
    Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil
    Lancet 362:233-41. 2003
    ..Equity must be a priority in the design of child survival interventions and delivery strategies, and mechanisms to ensure accountability at national and international levels must be developed...
  12. ncbi Defining quality of care
    S M Campbell
    National Primary Care Research and Development Centre, The University of Manchester, UK
    Soc Sci Med 51:1611-25. 2000
    ..Using a conceptual framework to describe the totality of quality of care shows which aspects of care any set of quality indicators actually includes and measures and, and which are not included...
  13. pmc The influence of distance and level of care on delivery place in rural Zambia: a study of linked national data in a geographic information system
    Sabine Gabrysch
    Institute of Public Health, Ruprecht Karls Universitat, Heidelberg, Germany
    PLoS Med 8:e1000394. 2011
    ..The aim of this study was to quantify the effects of distance to care and level of care on women's use of health facilities for delivery in rural Zambia, and to compare their population impact to that of other important determinants...
  14. pmc Piloting the global subsidy: the impact of subsidized artemisinin-based combination therapies distributed through private drug shops in rural Tanzania
    Oliver J Sabot
    Malaria Control Team, Clinton Foundation HIV AIDS Initiative, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    PLoS ONE 4:e6857. 2009
    ..To overcome this challenge, a global ACT subsidy has been proposed. We tested this proposal through a pilot program in rural Tanzania...
  15. ncbi Overcoming barriers to health service access: influencing the demand side
    Tim Ensor
    International Programme, Centre for Health Economics, University of York, York, UK
    Health Policy Plan 19:69-79. 2004
    ..The likely nature of the interventions means that pragmatic policy routes that go beyond the traditional boundaries of the public health sector are required for implementing the findings...
  16. pmc A systematic review of inequalities in the use of maternal health care in developing countries: examining the scale of the problem and the importance of context
    Lale Say
    UNDP UNFPA WHO World Bank Special Programme of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction, Department of Reproductive Health and Research, WHO, Geneva, Switzerland
    Bull World Health Organ 85:812-9. 2007
    ..These findings emphasize the need to investigate and assess context-specific causes of varying use of maternal health care, if safe motherhood is to become a reality in developing countries...
  17. ncbi India's Janani Suraksha Yojana, a conditional cash transfer programme to increase births in health facilities: an impact evaluation
    Stephen S Lim
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98121, USA
    Lancet 375:2009-23. 2010
    ..We independently assessed the effect of JSY on intervention coverage and health outcomes...
  18. ncbi What are the economic consequences for households of illness and of paying for health care in low- and middle-income country contexts?
    Diane McIntyre
    Health Economics Unit, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa
    Soc Sci Med 62:858-65. 2006
    ....
  19. ncbi Combat duty in Iraq and Afghanistan, mental health problems, and barriers to care
    Charles W Hoge
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, U S Army Medical Research and Materiel Command, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
    N Engl J Med 351:13-22. 2004
    ....
  20. ncbi Expanding access to voluntary HIV counselling and testing in sub-Saharan Africa: alternative approaches for improving uptake, 2001-2007
    Joseph K B Matovu
    Rakai Health Sciences Program Uganda Virus Research Institute, Entebbe, Uganda
    Trop Med Int Health 12:1315-22. 2007
    ..We recommend that these alternative models be implemented in more settings and on a much larger scale in sub-Saharan Africa, where VCT uptake rates remain low...
  21. ncbi Improving primary care for patients with chronic illness
    Thomas Bodenheimer
    Family and Community Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, USA
    JAMA 288:1775-9. 2002
    ..Case studies are provided describing how components of the chronic care model have been implemented in the primary care practices of 4 health care organizations...
  22. pmc The availability and affordability of selected essential medicines for chronic diseases in six low- and middle-income countries
    Shanti Mendis
    Department of Chronic Diseases and Health Promotion, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Bull World Health Organ 85:279-88. 2007
    ..To assess the availability and affordability of medicines used to treat cardiovascular disease, diabetes, chronic respiratory disease and glaucoma and to provide palliative cancer care in six low- and middle-income countries...
  23. pmc Contextual influences on the use of health facilities for childbirth in Africa
    Rob Stephenson
    Department of Global Health, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, 1518 Clifton Rd, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Am J Public Health 96:84-93. 2006
    ..Previous studies of maternal health-seeking behavior focused on individual- and household-level factors. We examined community-level influences on the decision to deliver a child in a health facility across 6 African countries...
  24. pmc Diagnostic and treatment delay among pulmonary tuberculosis patients in Ethiopia: a cross sectional study
    Solomon Yimer
    Amhara National Regional State Health Bureau, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia
    BMC Infect Dis 5:112. 2005
    ..The objective of this study was to determine the length of delays, and analyze the factors affecting the delay from onset of symptoms of pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) until the commencement of treatment...
  25. pmc Huge poor-rich inequalities in maternity care: an international comparative study of maternity and child care in developing countries
    Tanja A J Houweling
    Department of Public Health, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Bull World Health Organ 85:745-54. 2007
    ..This paper describes poor-rich inequalities in the use of maternity care and seeks to understand these inequalities through comparisons with other types of health care...
  26. pmc Access to health care in contexts of livelihood insecurity: a framework for analysis and action
    Brigit Obrist
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, Swiss Tropical Institute, Basel, Switzerland
    PLoS Med 4:1584-8. 2007
  27. ncbi The effect of distance to health-care facilities on childhood mortality in rural Burkina Faso
    Anja Schoeps
    Institute of Public Health, University of Heidelberg, Germany
    Am J Epidemiol 173:492-8. 2011
    ..The findings of this study emphasize the importance of geographic accessibility of health care for child survival in sub-Saharan Africa and demonstrate the need to improve health-care access to achieve the Millennium Development Goals...
  28. ncbi What does 'access to health care' mean?
    Martin Gulliford
    Department of Public Health Sciences, King s College London, UK
    J Health Serv Res Policy 7:186-8. 2002
    ..Equity of access may be measured in terms of the availability, utilisation or outcomes of services. Both horizontal and vertical dimensions of equity require consideration...
  29. ncbi Potential barriers to the use of health services among ethnic minorities: a review
    Emmanuel Scheppers
    JBI Institute for Rheumatology and Rehabilitation Medicine, Department of Research and Education Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Fam Pract 23:325-48. 2006
    ..In order to enlighten care providers, as to the potential pitfalls that may exist, there is a need to explore the different factors in the creation of the barriers...
  30. ncbi Treatment-seeking behaviour, cost burdens and coping strategies among rural and urban households in Coastal Kenya: an equity analysis
    Jane Chuma
    Kenya Medical Research Institute, Kilifi, Kenya
    Trop Med Int Health 12:673-86. 2007
    ....
  31. ncbi Rapid scale-up of antiretroviral therapy at primary care sites in Zambia: feasibility and early outcomes
    Jeffrey S A Stringer
    Schools of Medicine and Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, USA
    JAMA 296:782-93. 2006
    ..The Zambian Ministry of Health has scaled-up human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) care and treatment services at primary care clinics in Lusaka, using predominately nonphysician clinicians...
  32. ncbi A scoping review of the literature on the abolition of user fees in health care services in Africa
    Valery Ridde
    Research Center of the University of Montreal Hospital Center, Montreal, Canada
    Health Policy Plan 26:1-11. 2011
    ..We draw lessons from these experiences and suggest avenues for future research...
  33. ncbi Reaching the Abuja target for intermittent preventive treatment of malaria in pregnancy in African women: a review of progress and operational challenges
    Jenny Hill
    Child and Reproductive Health Group, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, UK
    Trop Med Int Health 11:409-18. 2006
    ....
  34. pmc Malaria drug shortages in Kenya: a major failure to provide access to effective treatment
    Beth B Kangwana
    Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, Kenya Medical Research Institute Wellcome Trust Programme Nairobi, Kenya
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 80:737-8. 2009
    ..The shortage was in large part caused by a delayed procurement process. National ministries of health and the international community must address the current shortcomings facing antimalarial drug supply to the public sector...
  35. pmc Increasing the acceptability of HIV counseling and testing with three C's: convenience, confidentiality and credibility
    Nicole Angotti
    University of Texas at Austin, TX, USA
    Soc Sci Med 68:2263-70. 2009
    ..Our study suggests that attention to these factors in VCT strategies may mitigate the fear of HIV testing, and ultimately increase uptake in rural African settings...
  36. ncbi Community-based health insurance in developing countries: a study of its contribution to the performance of health financing systems
    Guy Carrin
    Department of Health Financing, Expenditure and Resource Allocation, World Health Organisation, Geneva, Switzerland
    Trop Med Int Health 10:799-811. 2005
    ..The proposals pertain to the demand for and the supply of health care in the community; to the technical, managerial and institutional set-up of CHI; and to the rational use of subsidies...
  37. pmc The impact of retail-sector delivery of artemether-lumefantrine on malaria treatment of children under five in Kenya: a cluster randomized controlled trial
    Beth P Kangwana
    Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, Kenya Medical Research Institute Wellcome Trust Research Programme, Kenya
    PLoS Med 8:e1000437. 2011
    ..This study in western Kenya aimed to evaluate the impact of providing subsidized artemether-lumefantrine (AL) through retail providers on the coverage of prompt, effective antimalarial treatment for febrile children aged 3-59 months...
  38. pmc Factors influencing death at home in terminally ill patients with cancer: systematic review
    Barbara Gomes
    The Cicely Saunders Foundation Department of Palliative Care, Policy, and Rehabilitation, King s College London, London SE5 9RJ
    BMJ 332:515-21. 2006
    ..To determine the relative influence of different factors on place of death in patients with cancer...
  39. ncbi Systematic Review: the use of vouchers for reproductive health services in developing countries: systematic review
    Nicole M Bellows
    Independent Consultant, Nairobi, Kenya
    Trop Med Int Health 16:84-96. 2011
    ..To identify where vouchers have been used for reproductive health (RH) services, to what extent RH voucher programmes have been evaluated, and whether the programmes have been effective...
  40. pmc Improvements in access to malaria treatment in Tanzania following community, retail sector and health facility interventions -- a user perspective
    Sandra Alba
    Dept Epidemiology and Public Health, Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Basel, Switzerland
    Malar J 9:163. 2010
    ..The effect of these interventions on understanding and treatment of malaria was studied in rural Tanzania. The data also enabled an investigation of the determinants of access to treatment...
  41. ncbi Women's position within the household as a determinant of maternal health care use in Nepal
    Marie Furuta
    Department of Community Health Nursing, St Mary s College, Kurume, Japan
    Int Fam Plan Perspect 32:17-27. 2006
    ..In particular, how a woman's position within her household may affect the receipt of health care deserves further investigation...
  42. pmc Negotiating multiple barriers: health workers' access to counselling, testing and treatment in Malawi
    Ireen Namakhoma
    REACH Trust, Lilongwe, Malawi
    AIDS Care 22:68-76. 2010
    ..Given health workers' critical role in HIV delivery in Malawi, there is need to develop solutions to help health workers overcome these barriers...
  43. pmc Inequities in the global health workforce: the greatest impediment to health in sub-Saharan Africa
    Stella C E Anyangwe
    World Health Organization Country Office, Andrew Mwenya Beit Roads, Lusaka, Republic of Zambia, Africa
    Int J Environ Res Public Health 4:93-100. 2007
    ....
  44. ncbi Barriers to fertility regulation: a review of the literature
    Martha Campbell
    Center for Entrepreneurship in International Health and Development, School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley 94720 7360, USA
    Stud Fam Plann 37:87-98. 2006
    ..Problems of quantifying barriers limit understanding of their importance. New ways to quantify them and to identify misinformation, which is often concealed in survey data, are needed for future research...
  45. pmc Use of task-shifting to rapidly scale-up HIV treatment services: experiences from Lusaka, Zambia
    Mary B Morris
    Centre for Infectious Disease Research in Zambia Lusaka, Zambia
    BMC Health Serv Res 9:5. 2009
    ..While this approach has been successful, long-term solutions to the human resource crisis are also urgently needed to expand the number of providers and to slow staff migration out of the region...
  46. ncbi Black residential segregation, disparities in spatial access to health care facilities, and late-stage breast cancer diagnosis in metropolitan Detroit
    Dajun Dai
    Department of Geosciences, Core Faculty in Partnership for Urban Health Research, Institute of Public Health, 33 Gilmer Street, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA 30303, USA
    Health Place 16:1038-52. 2010
    ..Findings emphasize the need for heightened screening, surveillance, and intervention programs in these areas...
  47. pmc Conducting a critical interpretive synthesis of the literature on access to healthcare by vulnerable groups
    Mary Dixon-Woods
    Department of Health Sciences, University of Leicester, 22 28 Princess Road West, Leicester LE1 6TP, UK
    BMC Med Res Methodol 6:35. 2006
    ..This approach is sensitised to the processes of conventional systematic review methodology and draws on recent advances in methods for interpretive synthesis...
  48. ncbi Treatment and care for injecting drug users with HIV infection: a review of barriers and ways forward
    Daniel Wolfe
    Open Society Institute, International Harm Reduction Development Program, New York, NY 10019, USA
    Lancet 376:355-66. 2010
    ....
  49. ncbi An enhanced two-step floating catchment area (E2SFCA) method for measuring spatial accessibility to primary care physicians
    Wei Luo
    Department of Geography, Northern Illinois University, Davis Hall 120, DeKalb, IL 60115, USA
    Health Place 15:1100-7. 2009
    ..It is easy to implement in GIS and straightforward to interpret...
  50. ncbi Community and health system factors associated with facility delivery in rural Tanzania: a multilevel analysis
    Margaret E Kruk
    Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health, Department of Health Policy and Management, 600 W 168th Street, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Health Policy 97:209-16. 2010
    ..This study estimated the contribution of individual and community factors in explaining variation in the use of health facilities for childbirth in rural Tanzania...
  51. ncbi Access to and utilisation of health services for the poor in Uganda: a systematic review of available evidence
    S N Kiwanuka
    Makerere University School of Public Health, Department of Health Policy Planning and Management, Third floor Room 307, P O Box 7072, Kampala, Uganda
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 102:1067-74. 2008
    ..Longitudinal and controlled studies are needed to see if strategies to improve access to services reach the poor...
  52. pmc Early loss of HIV-infected patients on potent antiretroviral therapy programmes in lower-income countries
    Martin W G Brinkhof
    Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine, Bern, Switzerland
    Bull World Health Organ 86:559-67. 2008
    ..To analyse the early loss of patients to antiretroviral therapy (ART) programmes in resource-limited settings...
  53. pmc A model to prioritize access to elective surgery on the basis of clinical urgency and waiting time
    Roberto Valente
    Health Management Unit, S Martino University Hospital, L go R Benzi 10, 16132 Genoa, Italy
    BMC Health Serv Res 9:1. 2009
    ..The aim of this paper is to propose a model to manage waiting lists and prioritize admissions to elective surgery...
  54. ncbi The impact of distance of residence from a peripheral health facility on pediatric health utilisation in rural western Kenya
    Daniel R Feikin
    Kenya Medical Research Institute KEMRI, Kisumu, Kenya
    Trop Med Int Health 14:54-61. 2009
    ..To explore the impact of distance on utilisation of peripheral health facilities for sick child visits in Asembo, rural western Kenya...
  55. pmc Universal access: making health systems work for women
    T K Sundari Ravindran
    Achutha Menon Centre for Health Science Studies, Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology, Medical College, Trivandrum, Kerala, India
    BMC Public Health 12:S4. 2012
    ..It also explores how 'gender-blind' organisation and delivery of health care services may deny universal access to women even when universal coverage has been nominally achieved. The paper then makes recommendations for addressing these...
  56. ncbi Determinants of utilisation of maternal care services after the reduction of user fees: a case study from rural Burkina Faso
    Manuela De Allegri
    Institute of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Heidelberg, INF 324, Heidelberg, Germany
    Health Policy 99:210-8. 2011
    ..To identify determinants of utilisation for antenatal care (ANC) and skilled attendance at birth after a substantial reduction in user fees...
  57. pmc Barriers to accessing highly active antiretroviral therapy by HIV-positive women attending an antenatal clinic in a regional hospital in western Uganda
    Putu Duff
    School of Public Health, University of Alberta, Canada
    J Int AIDS Soc 13:37. 2010
    ....
  58. ncbi To retain or remove user fees?: reflections on the current debate in low- and middle-income countries
    Chris D James
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Appl Health Econ Health Policy 5:137-53. 2006
    ..Analysis should move on from broad evaluations of user fees towards exploring how best to dismantle the multiple barriers to access in specific contexts...
  59. ncbi Subjective unmet need and utilization of health care services in Canada: what are the equity implications?
    Sara Allin
    Department of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, University of Toranto, Canada
    Soc Sci Med 70:465-72. 2010
    ....
  60. ncbi Access to health: women's status and utilization of maternal health services in Nepal
    Sharad Kumar Sharma
    Institute for Population and Social Research, Mahidol University, Thailand
    J Biosoc Sci 39:671-92. 2007
    ..Socioeconomic and demographic variables such as household economic status, number of living children and place of residence showed stronger association with use of maternal health services then did intervention programmes...
  61. pmc Utilization of public or private health care providers by febrile children after user fee removal in Uganda
    Elizeus Rutebemberwa
    Department of Health Policy Planning and Management, Makerere University School of Public Health, PO Box 7072, Kampala, Uganda
    Malar J 8:45. 2009
    ..The study aimed to assess determinants for use of government facilities or drug shops/private clinics for febrile illnesses in children under five...
  62. pmc Effect of geographical access to health facilities on child mortality in rural Ethiopia: a community based cross sectional study
    Yemisrach B Okwaraji
    Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 7:e33564. 2012
    ..This study assessed the effect of travel time and distance to health facilities on mortality in children under five years in a remote area of rural north-western Ethiopia...
  63. pmc Using targeted vouchers and health equity funds to improve access to skilled birth attendants for poor women: a case study in three rural health districts in Cambodia
    Por Ir
    Provincial Health Department, Ministry of Health, Siem Reap, Cambodia
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 10:1. 2010
    ..We assess their effectiveness in improving access to skilled birth attendants for poor women in three rural health districts in Cambodia and draw lessons for further improvement and scaling-up...
  64. ncbi Removing user fees in the health sector: a review of policy processes in six sub-Saharan African countries
    Bruno Meessen
    Department of Public Health, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Nationalestraat 155, 2000 Antwerpen, Belgium
    Health Policy Plan 26:ii16-29. 2011
    ..We contend that national policy-makers and international agencies could better collaborate in this respect...
  65. ncbi Contextual analysis of breast and cervical cancer screening and factors associated with health care access among United States women, 2002
    Steven S Coughlin
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Soc Sci Med 66:260-75. 2008
    ..A significant interaction was also observed between the percentage of county female population who were Hispanic and the percentage who were non-Hispanic Black...
  66. pmc Barriers to prompt and effective malaria treatment among the poorest population in Kenya
    Jane Chuma
    Kenya Medical Research Institute Wellcome Trust Research Programme, P, O Box, 230, Kilifi, Kenya
    Malar J 9:144. 2010
    ..This paper explores access barriers to effective malaria treatment among the poorest population in four malaria endemic districts in Kenya...
  67. ncbi The impact of competing subsistence needs and barriers on access to medical care for persons with human immunodeficiency virus receiving care in the United States
    W E Cunningham
    Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, USA
    Med Care 37:1270-81. 1999
    ..To examine whether competing subsistence needs and other barriers are associated with poorer access to medical care among persons infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), using self-reported data...
  68. ncbi Systematic review of emergency department crowding: causes, effects, and solutions
    Nathan R Hoot
    Department of Biomedical Informatics, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN 37232, USA
    Ann Emerg Med 52:126-36. 2008
    ..This structured overview of the literature may help to identify future directions for the crowding research agenda...
  69. ncbi Equity of access to health care services: theory and evidence from the UK
    M Goddard
    Centre for Health Economics, University of York, Heslington, UK
    Soc Sci Med 53:1149-62. 2001
    ..The theoretical framework and the lessons learned from the UK are of direct relevance to researchers from other countries seeking to examine equity of access in a wide variety of institutional settings...
  70. ncbi Barriers in accessing maternal healthcare: evidence from low-and middle-income countries
    Paul McNamee
    Health Economics Research Unit, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK
    Expert Rev Pharmacoecon Outcomes Res 9:41-8. 2009
    ..It is concluded that it is not possible to state categorically whether one particular barrier is more important than others and that efforts should continue to consider demand-side barriers more fully, along with supply-side barriers...
  71. ncbi Patient-reported barriers and drivers of adherence to antiretrovirals in sub-Saharan Africa: a meta-ethnography
    Sonja Merten
    Swiss Institute of Tropical and Public Health, Basel, Switzerland
    Trop Med Int Health 15:16-33. 2010
    ....
  72. pmc Which family members use the best nets? An analysis of the condition of mosquito nets and their distribution within households in Tanzania
    Angela Tsuang
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Malar J 9:211. 2010
    ....
  73. ncbi Expansion of cancer care and control in countries of low and middle income: a call to action
    Paul Farmer
    Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA
    Lancet 376:1186-93. 2010
    ....
  74. ncbi Perceived barriers to utilization of maternal health services in rural Cambodia
    Sadatoshi Matsuoka
    JICA Project for Improving Maternal and Child Health Services in Rural Areas in Cambodia, PO Box 613, Phnom Penh, Cambodia
    Health Policy 95:255-63. 2010
    ..The aim of this study was to identify the underlying causes of Cambodian women's non-use of maternal health services provided by skilled birth attendants...
  75. pmc Coping with out-of-pocket health payments: empirical evidence from 15 African countries
    Adam Leive
    International Monetary Fund, Washington, DC 20431, United States of America
    Bull World Health Organ 86:849-856. 2008
    ..To explore factors associated with household coping behaviours in the face of health expenditures in 15 African countries and provide evidence for policy-makers in designing financial health protection mechanisms...
  76. ncbi Effect of cardiac rehabilitation referral strategies on utilization rates: a prospective, controlled study
    Sherry L Grace
    School of Kinesiology and Health Sciences, Faculty of Health, York University, 368 Bethune, 4700 Keele St, Toronto, ON M3J 1P3, Canada
    Arch Intern Med 171:235-41. 2011
    ....
  77. ncbi The sudden removal of user fees: the perspective of a frontline manager in Burundi
    Manassé Nimpagaritse
    Ministry of Public Health, Bujumbura, Burundi
    Health Policy Plan 26:ii63-71. 2011
    ..This analysis, performed from the frontline perspective, clarifies the importance of a rigorous planning of any reform, as well as of involving peripheral actors and understanding the complex challenges that they face...
  78. ncbi Utilization of maternal health care services in Southern India
    K Navaneetham
    Asian MetaCentre for Population and Sustainable Development Analysis, Institute for Asian Research, National University of Singapore, AS7 Shaw Foundation Building, 117570, Singapore
    Soc Sci Med 55:1849-69. 2002
    ..The findings of this study provide insights for planning and implementing appropriate maternal health service delivery programs in order to improve the health and well-being of both mother and child...
  79. pmc The association of stigma with self-reported access to medical care and antiretroviral therapy adherence in persons living with HIV/AIDS
    Jennifer N Sayles
    Division of General Internal Medicine and Health Services Research, David Geffen School of Medicine at University of California Los Angeles, 911 Broxton Ave, Los Angeles, CA 90024, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 24:1101-8. 2009
    ..The stigma of HIV-infection may profoundly affect the lives of persons living with HIV/AIDS (PLHA). However few studies have examined the association of HIV stigma with multiple components of HIV treatment and care...
  80. ncbi Maternal mortality and access to obstetric services in West Africa
    C Ronsmans
    Maternal Health Programme, Department of Infectious Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Trop Med Int Health 8:940-8. 2003
    ..In this study we examine the association between population indicators of access to obstetric care and levels of maternal mortality in urban and rural West Africa...
  81. ncbi Barriers to access to antiretroviral treatment in Mozambique, as perceived by patients and health workers in urban and rural settings
    Mariana Posse
    Faculty of Economics and Management, Catholic University of Mozambique, Beira, Mozambique
    AIDS Patient Care STDS 23:867-75. 2009
    ....
  82. ncbi Prices, availability and affordability of essential medicines in rural areas of Hubei Province, China
    Hao Yang
    Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 13 Hangkong Road, Wuhan, Hubei Province, 430030, PR China
    Health Policy Plan 25:219-29. 2010
    ..To investigate the availability of essential medicines and their prices in Hubei province...
  83. pmc Improvements in access to malaria treatment in Tanzania after switch to artemisinin combination therapy and the introduction of accredited drug dispensing outlets - a provider perspective
    Sandra Alba
    Dept Epidemiology and Public Health, Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Basel, Switzerland
    Malar J 9:164. 2010
    ..Subsidized ALu was made available in both health facilities and ADDOs. The effect of these interventions on access to malaria treatment was studied in rural Tanzania...
  84. pmc A process evaluation of user fees abolition for pregnant women and children under five years in two districts in Niger (West Africa)
    Valery Ridde
    Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Montreal, Montreal, QC, Canada
    BMC Health Serv Res 9:89. 2009
    ..This article presents a process evaluation of an NGO intervention to abolish user fees in Niger for children under five years and pregnant women...
  85. pmc Wait times for surgical and adjuvant radiation treatment of breast cancer in Canada and the United States: greater socioeconomic inequity in America
    Kevin M Gorey
    School of Social Work, University of Windsor, 401 Sunset Avenue, Windsor, Ontario N9B3P4, Canada
    Clin Invest Med 32:E239-49. 2009
    ..Gaps between supply and demand may be growing. This study examined whether socioeconomic status has a differential effect on waits for surgical and adjuvant radiation treatment (RT) of breast cancer in Canada and the US...
  86. pmc Risk factors of infant and child mortality in rural Burkina Faso
    Heiko Becher
    University of Heidelberg, Department of Tropical Hygiene and Public Health, Im Neuenheimer Feld 324, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany
    Bull World Health Organ 82:265-73. 2004
    ..The aim of the study was to quantify the effect of risk factors for childhood mortality in a typical rural setting in sub-Saharan Africa...
  87. ncbi Protecting households from catastrophic health spending
    Ke Xu
    Department of Health Systems Financing, Health Systems and Services, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Health Aff (Millwood) 26:972-83. 2007
    ..Prepayment mechanisms protect people from financial catastrophe, but there is no strong evidence that social health insurance systems offer better or worse protection than tax-based systems do...
  88. ncbi Outcome effectiveness of community health workers: an integrative literature review
    Susan M Swider
    Department of Community and Mental Health Nursing, College of Nursing, Rush University, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
    Public Health Nurs 19:11-20. 2002
    ..Further research is required with an emphasis on stronger study design, documentation of CHW activities, and carefully defined target populations...
  89. pmc Beyond fragmentation and towards universal coverage: insights from Ghana, South Africa and the United Republic of Tanzania
    Diane McIntyre
    Health Economics Unit, University of Cape Town, Observatory, South Africa
    Bull World Health Organ 86:871-6. 2008
    ..Ultimately, there needs to be greater integration of financing mechanisms to promote universal cover with strong income and risk cross-subsidies in the overall health system...
  90. ncbi Toward universal access to HIV counseling and testing and antiretroviral treatment in Ethiopia: looking beyond HIV testing and ART initiation
    Yibeltal Assefa
    Medical Services Directorate, Ministry of Health, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    AIDS Patient Care STDS 24:521-5. 2010
    ..In conclusion, in spite of the rapid scale-up of HCT and ART services in Ethiopia, linkage and retention were not adequate. Therefore, strategies should be developed and implemented to improve linkage and retention...
  91. pmc Poverty and health sector inequalities
    Adam Wagstaff
    The World Bank, Washington, DC 20433, USA
    Bull World Health Organ 80:97-105. 2002
    ..It is argued that too little is known about the impacts of such policies, notwithstanding a wealth of measurement techniques and considerable evidence on the extent and causes of inequalities...
  92. pmc Access to health care and mortality of children under 5 years of age in the Gambia: a case-control study
    Merrin E Rutherford
    Centre for International Health, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Bull World Health Organ 87:216-24. 2009
    ....
  93. pmc Do poorer people have poorer access to local resources and facilities? The distribution of local resources by area deprivation in Glasgow, Scotland
    Sally Macintyre
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, 4 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow, UK
    Soc Sci Med 67:900-14. 2008
    ....
  94. ncbi Using community-based participatory research to address health disparities
    Nina B Wallerstein
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of New Mexico School of Medicine, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA
    Health Promot Pract 7:312-23. 2006
    ....
  95. ncbi Equity in the delivery of health care in Europe and the US
    E Van Doorslaer
    Department of Health Policy, Erasmus University, Rotterdam, Netherlands
    J Health Econ 19:553-83. 2000
    ..These findings appear to be fairly general and emerge in countries with very diverse characteristics regarding access and provider incentives...
  96. ncbi Variable catchment sizes for the two-step floating catchment area (2SFCA) method
    Wei Luo
    Department of Geography, Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, IL 60115, USA
    Health Place 18:789-95. 2012
    ....
  97. ncbi Factors facilitating and challenging access and adherence to antiretroviral therapy in a township in the Zambian Copperbelt: a qualitative study
    Elizabeth Grant
    Primary Palliative Care Research Group, Division of Community Health Sciences, General Practice Section, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK
    AIDS Care 20:1155-60. 2008
    ..The increase in the number of people who were expected to die but were now looking well also shifted community attitudes. HIV/AIDS is beginning to move from a hidden terminal disease to a chronic condition that is treatable...
  98. pmc Health care for immigrants in Europe: is there still consensus among country experts about principles of good practice? A Delphi study
    Walter Deville
    International and Migrant Health, Netherlands Institute for Health Services Research, Otterstraat 118 124, 3500 BN Utrecht, The Netherlands
    BMC Public Health 11:699. 2011
    ..This study assessed the views and values of professionals working in different health care contexts and in different European countries as to what constitutes good practice in health care for immigrants...
  99. ncbi Availability and distribution of, and geographic access to emergency obstetric care in Zambia
    Sabine Gabrysch
    Institute of Public Health, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet 114:174-9. 2011
    ..To assess the availability and coverage of emergency obstetric care (EmOC) services in Zambia...
  100. ncbi Risk factors for child mortality in rural Tanzania
    Joanna R M Armstrong Schellenberg
    Ifakara Health Research and Development Centre, Ifakara, Tanzania
    Trop Med Int Health 7:506-11. 2002
    ..The association between mothers carrying their children and child survival was unexpected and deserves further investigation...
  101. ncbi Illegality as risk factor: a survey of unauthorized migrant patients in a Berlin clinic
    Heide Castañeda
    University of South Florida, Anthropology, Tampa, FL 33620 8100, USA
    Soc Sci Med 68:1552-60. 2009
    ..Solutions must address these legal ambiguities, which represent a primary barrier to equity in a nation with otherwise universal health coverage...

Research Grants73

  1. Understanding/ Treating Neuropsychiatric Symptoms of Pediatric Physical Illness
    Eva Szigethy; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  2. Personalized Clinical Diagnostics and Beyond: Integrated Ring Resonator Arrays
    Ryan Bailey; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This technology promises to broadly impact the landscape of the biomedical sciences, both meeting the clinical diagnostic challenges of today and pioneering the paradigm-shifting discoveries of tomorrow. ..
  3. Novel TIRF microscopy analyzing trafficking & signaling at the cell cortex
    Derek Toomre; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Consistent with the recovery act's goal, this funding will provide full-time summer employment for 4 undergraduate students and accelerate scientific achievement of the parent DP2 award...
  4. Hypothalamic Orexin Role in Menopause-Associated Hot Flashes and Mood/Sleep Disru
    PHILIP LEE JOHNSON; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This will allow me to make significant contributions to our knowledge of the neural and neurochemical mechanisms that lead to hot flashes and to identify potential novel nonhormonal targets for treatment. ..
  5. Regulation of mural cells during pulmonary capillary formation
    Stephen E McGowan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..These studies are relevant to other vascular diseases including stroke, diabetes, and chronic renal insufficiency, which are also common among veterans. ..
  6. Inhibition of human neutrophil function by Francisella tularensis
    Lee Ann H Allen; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The results of this study may lead to new treatments to combat this severe and often fatal lung infection. ..
  7. BIOCHEMISTRY OF PRE-MRNA SPLICING
    Adrian R Krainer; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The proposed studies are aimed at understanding basic cellular mechanisms of gene expression, and may provide the basis for developing or improving diagnostic tools and therapeutic agents for these diseases. ..
  8. Bi-functional Therapeutics for Allergy-BFTA
    Swey Shen Chen; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: The Project of bi-functional pan-IgE therapeutics may yield a commercializable product for treating IgE-mediated allergic diseases of different indications. ..
  9. Arcuate nucleus glutamatergic neurons modulate energy homeostasis
    Anthony N van den Pol; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  10. Roles of RNA Polymerases IV and V in siRNA-mediated gene silencing
    CRAIG STUART PIKAARD; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Our studies of RNA polymerases IV and V are significant with respect to all of these areas, especially the roles of intergenic noncoding RNAs and siRNAs in chromatin-mediated gene silencing. ..
  11. A Clinical Trial of Aspirin and Simvastatin in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension
    Steven Kawut; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..We aim to investigate safe but innovative therapies which could remodel the pulmonary vasculature and improve outcomes in this currently incurable disease. ..
  12. Electron Transfer in Iron and Copper Proteins
    Jay R Winkler; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Efforts will focus on oxidative generation of Compounds I and II in cytochromes P450 (Aim 3) and a bacterial enzyme that exhibits NOS-like reactivity (Aim 4). ..
  13. Human developmental toxicity of metal mixture exposure from e-waste recycling
    Aimin Chen; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This study will address the developmental effects of metal mixtures from primitive e-waste recycling activities. It will inform environmental health policy making to manage the e-waste and protect human health. ..
  14. A XENOPUS LAEVIS RESEARCH RESOURCE FOR IMMUNOBIOLOGY
    Jacques Robert; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We are proposing to continue the maintenance and the development of this unique non-mammalian resource facility for biomedical research for the benefit of the whole scientific community. ..
  15. Molecular Determinants of DNA Sliding and Hopping by a DNA Repair Glycosylase
    MENG MENG ROWLAND; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  16. Multimodal Retinal Functional Imaging for Diabetic Retinopathy
    Hao F Zhang; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Aim 4. Test the hypothesis using the developed technology by studying the variation of retinal vascular functions during ischemic retinopathy development in the OIR rat model. ..
  17. Community Ambulation Following Hip Fracture
    Jay Magaziner; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This study will evaluate a 16-week multi-component exercise program provided to patients in their homes to determine if it is effective in improving the ability to walk independently in the community (i.e., community ambulation). ..
  18. Novel High Affinity and Long-Acting Bovine FSH Analogs for Veterinary Superovulat
    BRUCE DALE WEINTRAUB; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ....
  19. Live cell imaging of IgH and c-Myc gene loci and the role of nuclear organization
    Mark T Groudine; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We will first determine the mechanism by which these gene loci interact with transcription factories and then determine if forcibly separating the two loci decreases the frequency of their translocations. ..
  20. The Role of Long Non-coding RNAs in EMT and Cancer Stem Cells
    Jason I Herschkowitz; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  21. The Effect Of Deafness Associated Mutations on MyosinVIIA Function
    Eva Forgacs; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The biochemical, structural and motile properties of the wild type and mutant myosin VIIA proteins will be studied, to delineate the molecular mechanism of the myosin VIIA related deafness, vestibular dysfunction and blindness. ..
  22. Planning a Multicenter Trial of PDE5A Inhibition for Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy
    Ronald G Victor; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ....
  23. SK channels: Roles and mechanisms for dendritic excitability and plasticity
    James G Maylie; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ....
  24. Improving ambulatory community access after paralysis
    Rudi Kobetic; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Being able to walk should significantly improve their quality of life by reducing their disability. ..
  25. FRET-based Biosensors to Monitor Redox in Cell Cycle Regulation
    Paul J A Kenis; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Ultimately, the tools will enhance understanding of the extent to which cancerous cells have lost the ability to mount changes in redox potential that accompany normal cell growth versus their sensitivity to these changes. ..
  26. Obesity related pancreatic fat worsens local injury via unsaturated fatty acids
    VIJAY PREM SINGH; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..These studies could open a new therapeutic frontier for this devastating disease by targeting specific lipases(s) and by stratifying patients according to risk of severe AP based on findings of IPF on imaging studies. ..
  27. Distance-Dependent Structure and Function of Neuronal Dendrites
    Kristen M Harris; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Investigative tools will be improved to measure core subcellular structures regulate synaptic load, especially during long-term potentiation, a well-studied cellular mechanism of learning and memory. ..
  28. Academic-Community Partnerships to Brdge Across the U.S. Pacific Islands
    Alice Tse; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The project work will be accomplished through training programs &meetings to be conducted in the USAPI jurisdictions, and culminate in a CBPR grant proposal for the USAPI. ..
  29. Structural Biology of the Apical Bile Acid Transporter.
    Peter W Swaan; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ....
  30. Distance-Dependent Structure and Function of Neuronal Dendrites
    Kristen M Harris; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  31. DETERMINATION OF NEURONAL FATES IN VISUAL CORTEX
    Susan K McConnell; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The goals of our research are to identify the genes that regulate neurogenesis in the visual cortex and to understand how they affect the formation of cortical circuitry. ..
  32. STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION OF NUCLEIC ACIDS
    Ignacio Tinoco; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This information will lead to improved understanding of RNA structure, stability, and dynamics. It will help in understanding RNA function, and in controlling the role of RNA in human diseases. ..
  33. Roles of Epstein-Barr virus nuclear antigens 2 and LP in B cell proliferation
    Elliott D Kieff; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  34. NITRIC OXIDE INTERACTION WITH INSECT NITROPHORINS
    FRANCES ANN WALKER; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ....
  35. Statistical models to investigate long-distance QTL transcription regulation
    BARBARA ELIZABETH ENGELHARDT; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..With the role of thousands of possibly disease-related mutations in hand, researchers can begin to piece together the mechanism of a disease and translate their findings into treatments for the disease much more quickly. ..
  36. Identification, Discovery, and Public Archiving of RNA Structural Motifs
    Shaojie Zhang; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We expect that the proposed work will lead to better understanding of the RNA structural motifs, and significantly promote biomedical research. ..
  37. Placental shape features, gestational timing and maternal and infant health
    Carolyn M Salafia; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ....
  38. Pro-inflammatory role of megakaryocytes in arthritis
    Peter A Nigrovic; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  39. Training in Environmental Health to Reduce Chronic Disease in Latin America
    Philip J Landrigan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This program will provide training in the identification, prevention, research, and treatment pediatric environmental health for Latin American health care providers and scientists. ..
  40. PITCH HF (CCC) Lead Application
    Marc J Semigran; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..If negative, it will deter the use of PDE5 inhibitors in systolic HF and will motivate further investigation into other potential therapies for RV dysfunction in HF patients. ..
  41. Neurotransplantation and Training to Promote Recovery of Chronic SCI Cats
    Michel A Lemay; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This will be a novel application of neuroregeneration and neurorehabilitation techniques to increase our understanding of the potential for repair after SCI. ..
  42. Research Training Prog in Reproductive Biol & Med for Latin American Scientists
    John E Nestler; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..
  43. Health benefits of vigorous exercise in middle-aged versus older men and women
    Paul T Williams; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..There is no current funding to support these analyses. This small grant award would support the analyses and preparation of six to eight additional manuscripts. ..
  44. Telehealth Outreach for Chronic Back Pain
    Joseph H Atkinson; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Rigorously controlled clinical trials of the type proposed could contribute to more accessible, integrated pain treatment. ..
  45. Understanding the malaria-poverty vicious circle
    MARCIA CALDAS DE CASTRO; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The research will also prepare the way to assess the economic impact of malaria control efforts in different countries, a research priority toward current malaria elimination goals. ..
  46. NEUTROPHIL FLAVOCYTOCHROME B STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION
    ALGIRDAS JOSEPH JESAITIS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..
  47. Control of cap-independent translation by a viral 3'UTR
    WYATT ALLEN MILLER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Over-active eIF4E causes tumors and restriction of its function inhibits many types of cancers. The tightly binding PTE RNA may provide structural knowledge for design of eIF4E-inhibiting cancer therapeutics. ..
  48. Structure and dynamics of the Tetrahymena telomerase ribonucleoprotein
    Michael D Stone; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..To this end, this proposal aims to illuminate the structural properties of telomerase that underlie its unique cellular activity. ..
  49. Zeiss 2-photon (2P) LSM780 laser scanning confocal microscope
    Moshe Levi; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  50. PITCH HF (DCC)
    Flora Sandra Siami; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..If negative, it will deter the use of PDE5 inhibitors in systolic HF and will motivate further investigation into other potential therapies for RV dysfunction in HF patients. ..
  51. Endothelial NOS by protein to protein interactions
    William C Sessa; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Research supported by this grant may help identify new drugs that reduce heart disease and improve the quality of life of people suffering with cardiovascular disease. ..
  52. The role of Usp 14 in regulating neuronal function
    SCOTT MICHAEL WILSON; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  53. Voltage-Gating in Bacterial Ion Channels
    Ana M Correa; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  54. Quantitative Analysis of Chemotactic Motility Cycle of Ameboid Cells
    JUAN CARLOS LASHERAS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  55. Toward personalized diabetes care: Understanding hypoglycemia in older adults
    KASIA JOANNA LIPSKA; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  56. Genetic analysis of Herpes virus neurotropism and encephalitis
    JENNIFER HART LAVAIL; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ....
  57. The Efficacy of Pranayama in COPD
    David A Kaminsky; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The data from this study will provide fundamental new insights into the mechanisms of action of pranayama, and will be critical in designing a large, multicenter trial to test the effectiveness of pranayama in patients with COPD. ..
  58. Preventive Web-Based Intervention for Spouses of Traumatized Military Personnel
    BENTSON H contact MCFARLAND; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  59. Effectiveness of Therapy via Telemedicine following Cochlear Implants
    Anu Sharma; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  60. Ribonucleotide Reductase: Structure and Function
    JoAnne Stubbe; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The aim of this proposal is to study RNR's unique mechanism, the understanding of which will aid in developing novel RNR inhibitors. ..
  61. HIV integrase/DNA complexes and concerted integration
    Duane P Grandgenett; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We will determine if LEDGF/p75 physically interacts with SC and test whether it influences host-site selection on chromatinized supercoiled target DNA that contains HIV-1 host-site consensus sequences. ..
  62. Peer groups for healthy pregnancy &HIV prevention for young Malawian women
    Kathleen F Norr; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  63. Regulation of Epithelial Sodium Channel by CFTR chloride channel
    Bakhrom Berdiev; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  64. Failure to Utilize Diabetes Health Services Following a Referral
    Andrew John Karter; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This project will help us better understand patients who are "falling through the cracks" despite full access to integrated health care, and allow healthcare delivery systems to modify their programs to better serve their membership. ..
  65. ARCHITECTURE OF ERYTHROCYTE SKELETON--BILAYER INTERFACE
    STEPHEN SHOHET; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..In aggregate, the role of bilayer-skeletal interactions in red cell membrane structure and stability will be more clearly defined. ..
  66. Nighttime Acoustic Pharyngometer (NAP) for Airway Obstruction Identification
    HANI KAYYALI; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..We believe NAP will provide the sleep community, for the first time, with an important and convenient complementary tool to help direct surgical or oral appliance treatments for OSA patients. ..
  67. TRAJECTORY OF RECOVERY OF LIFE-SPACE MOBILITY AFTER HOSPITALIZATION
    Cynthia Brown; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The VA medical center system is well suited for this type of research as the population of older patients admitted to the hospital is high and results of future studies can be disseminated nationally through the VA system. ..
  68. DISTANCE-LEARNING FOR IRBS ON ETHICAL ISSUES IN GENETICS
    Dorothy Wertz; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ....
  69. Geography, networks, and risk in disease transmission
    Richard Rothenberg; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  70. SHORT COURSE AND CERTIFICATE PROGRAM IN RESEARCH ETHICS
    Albert Jonsen; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..We will place this document on the Department of Medical History and Ethics web site. ..
  71. VIEWING DISTANCE AND COMPENSATORY MOVEMENTS IN FALLS
    GEOFFREY BUSH; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..abstract_text> ..
  72. NEURAL MECHANISMS OF SIZE PERCEPTION
    John Allman; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Finally, we will map the extent of the surrounding non-CRF by masking parts of the visual contextual display while measuring the responses to different sized stimuli presented within the CRF. ..
  73. TELEPHONE AFTERCARE PROJECT
    Jenny Chong; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ....