health expenditures

Summary

Summary: The amounts spent by individuals, groups, nations, or private or public organizations for total health care and/or its various components. These amounts may or may not be equivalent to the actual costs (HEALTH CARE COSTS) and may or may not be shared among the patient, insurers, and/or employers.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Household catastrophic health expenditure: a multicountry analysis
    Ke Xu
    Evidence and Information for Policy, World Health Organization, 20 Avenue Appia, CH 1211 27, Geneva, Switzerland
    Lancet 362:111-7. 2003
  2. ncbi What are the economic consequences for households of illness and of paying for health care in low- and middle-income country contexts?
    Diane McIntyre
    Health Economics Unit, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa
    Soc Sci Med 62:858-65. 2006
  3. pmc Reduction of catastrophic health care expenditures by a community-based health insurance scheme in Gujarat, India: current experiences and challenges
    Michael Kent Ranson
    Health Policy Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, England
    Bull World Health Organ 80:613-21. 2002
  4. ncbi Financing health care for all: challenges and opportunities
    A K Shiva Kumar
    UNICEF India, New Delhi, India
    Lancet 377:668-79. 2011
  5. pmc Health care and equity in India
    Y Balarajan
    Department of Global Health and Population, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
    Lancet 377:505-15. 2011
  6. ncbi Effect of payments for health care on poverty estimates in 11 countries in Asia: an analysis of household survey data
    Eddy van Doorslaer
    Department of Health Policy and Management, Erasmus University Medical Centre, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Lancet 368:1357-64. 2006
  7. pmc Household catastrophic health expenditure: evidence from Georgia and its policy implications
    George Gotsadze
    Curatio International Foundation, 37d, I Chavchavadze ave, Tbilisi, 0179, Georgia
    BMC Health Serv Res 9:69. 2009
  8. ncbi Estimating log models: to transform or not to transform?
    W G Manning
    Department of Health Studies, Harris School of Public Policy Studies, The University of Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    J Health Econ 20:461-94. 2001
  9. ncbi Community-based health insurance in developing countries: a study of its contribution to the performance of health financing systems
    Guy Carrin
    Department of Health Financing, Expenditure and Resource Allocation, World Health Organisation, Geneva, Switzerland
    Trop Med Int Health 10:799-811. 2005
  10. ncbi A 10-year experience with universal health insurance in Taiwan: measuring changes in health and health disparity
    Chi Pang Wen
    Center for Health Policy Research and Development, National Health Research Institutes, Zhunan, Taiwan
    Ann Intern Med 148:258-67. 2008

Detail Information

Publications345 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Household catastrophic health expenditure: a multicountry analysis
    Ke Xu
    Evidence and Information for Policy, World Health Organization, 20 Avenue Appia, CH 1211 27, Geneva, Switzerland
    Lancet 362:111-7. 2003
    ..Yet catastrophic expenditure is not rare. We investigated the extent of catastrophic health expenditure as a first step to developing appropriate policy responses...
  2. ncbi What are the economic consequences for households of illness and of paying for health care in low- and middle-income country contexts?
    Diane McIntyre
    Health Economics Unit, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa
    Soc Sci Med 62:858-65. 2006
    ....
  3. pmc Reduction of catastrophic health care expenditures by a community-based health insurance scheme in Gujarat, India: current experiences and challenges
    Michael Kent Ranson
    Health Policy Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, England
    Bull World Health Organ 80:613-21. 2002
    ....
  4. ncbi Financing health care for all: challenges and opportunities
    A K Shiva Kumar
    UNICEF India, New Delhi, India
    Lancet 377:668-79. 2011
    ....
  5. pmc Health care and equity in India
    Y Balarajan
    Department of Global Health and Population, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
    Lancet 377:505-15. 2011
    ..physical access to high-quality health services and human resources for health, high out-of-pocket health expenditures, inflation in health spending, and behavioural factors that affect the demand for appropriate health care...
  6. ncbi Effect of payments for health care on poverty estimates in 11 countries in Asia: an analysis of household survey data
    Eddy van Doorslaer
    Department of Health Policy and Management, Erasmus University Medical Centre, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Lancet 368:1357-64. 2006
    ..We aimed to reassess measures of poverty in 11 low-to-middle income countries in Asia by calculating total household resources both with and without out-of-pocket payments for health care...
  7. pmc Household catastrophic health expenditure: evidence from Georgia and its policy implications
    George Gotsadze
    Curatio International Foundation, 37d, I Chavchavadze ave, Tbilisi, 0179, Georgia
    BMC Health Serv Res 9:69. 2009
    To quantify extent of catastrophic household health expenditures, determine factors influencing it and estimate Fairness in Financial Contribution (FFC) index in Georgia to establish the baseline for expected reforms and contribute to ..
  8. ncbi Estimating log models: to transform or not to transform?
    W G Manning
    Department of Health Studies, Harris School of Public Policy Studies, The University of Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    J Health Econ 20:461-94. 2001
    Health economists often use log models to deal with skewed outcomes, such as health utilization or health expenditures. The literature provides a number of alternative estimation approaches for log models, including ordinary least-..
  9. ncbi Community-based health insurance in developing countries: a study of its contribution to the performance of health financing systems
    Guy Carrin
    Department of Health Financing, Expenditure and Resource Allocation, World Health Organisation, Geneva, Switzerland
    Trop Med Int Health 10:799-811. 2005
    ..The proposals pertain to the demand for and the supply of health care in the community; to the technical, managerial and institutional set-up of CHI; and to the rational use of subsidies...
  10. ncbi A 10-year experience with universal health insurance in Taiwan: measuring changes in health and health disparity
    Chi Pang Wen
    Center for Health Policy Research and Development, National Health Research Institutes, Zhunan, Taiwan
    Ann Intern Med 148:258-67. 2008
    ..Coverage expanded from 57% of the population (before the introduction of national health insurance) to 98%...
  11. pmc Catastrophic household expenditure for health care in a low-income society: a study from Nouna District, Burkina Faso
    Tin Tin Su
    Department of Tropical Hygiene and Public Health, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany
    Bull World Health Organ 84:21-7. 2006
    ..To quantify the extent of catastrophic household health care expenditure and determine the factors responsible for it in Nouna District, Burkina Faso...
  12. pmc Coping with out-of-pocket health payments: empirical evidence from 15 African countries
    Adam Leive
    International Monetary Fund, Washington, DC 20431, United States of America
    Bull World Health Organ 86:849-856. 2008
    To explore factors associated with household coping behaviours in the face of health expenditures in 15 African countries and provide evidence for policy-makers in designing financial health protection mechanisms.
  13. pmc Public spending on health care in Africa: do the poor benefit?
    F Castro-Leal
    World Bank, Latin America and Caribbean Region, Washington DC, USA
    Bull World Health Organ 78:66-74. 2000
    ..The constraints that prevent the poor from taking advantage of these services must also be addressed if the public subsidies are to be effective in reaching the poor...
  14. ncbi Cost of illness: evidence from a study in five resource-poor locations in India
    David M Dror
    Institute for Health Policy and Management, Erasmus University Rotterdam MC
    Indian J Med Res 127:347-61. 2008
    ..In India, health services are funded largely through out-of-pocket spendings (OOPS). We carried out this study to collect data on the cost of an illness episode and parameters affecting cost in five locations in India...
  15. ncbi Poverty, out-of-pocket payments and access to health care: evidence from Tajikistan
    Jane Falkingham
    Department of Social Statistics, University of Southampton, Southampton SO17 1BJ, UK
    Soc Sci Med 58:247-58. 2004
    ..Urgent action is needed to ensure equity in access to health care...
  16. pmc Catastrophic and poverty impacts of health payments: results from national household surveys in Thailand
    Supon Limwattananon
    Department of Social and Administrative Pharmacy, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, Thailand
    Bull World Health Organ 85:600-6. 2007
    ..To estimate the incidence and describe the profile of catastrophic expenditures and impoverishment due to household out-of-pocket payments, comparing the periods before and after the introduction of universal health care coverage (UC)...
  17. pmc Poverty and health sector inequalities
    Adam Wagstaff
    The World Bank, Washington, DC 20433, USA
    Bull World Health Organ 80:97-105. 2002
    ..It is argued that too little is known about the impacts of such policies, notwithstanding a wealth of measurement techniques and considerable evidence on the extent and causes of inequalities...
  18. ncbi Protecting households from catastrophic health spending
    Ke Xu
    Department of Health Systems Financing, Health Systems and Services, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Health Aff (Millwood) 26:972-83. 2007
    ..Prepayment mechanisms protect people from financial catastrophe, but there is no strong evidence that social health insurance systems offer better or worse protection than tax-based systems do...
  19. ncbi Coping with health-care costs: implications for the measurement of catastrophic expenditures and poverty
    Gabriela Flores
    Department of Econometrics, University of Geneva, Switzerland
    Health Econ 17:1393-412. 2008
    ..Ignoring health payments leads to underestimate poverty by 7-8% points among hospitalized households; 80% of this adjustment is hidden poverty due to coping...
  20. ncbi China's rural-urban care gap shrank for chronic disease patients, but inequities persist
    Weiyan Jian
    Health Science Center, Peking University, Beijing, China
    Health Aff (Millwood) 29:2189-96. 2010
    ..Our analysis suggests that different approaches will be required to narrow the rural-urban health service gap in different regions of China...
  21. pmc A cross-sectional study of the microeconomic impact of cardiovascular disease hospitalization in four low- and middle-income countries
    Mark D Huffman
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e20821. 2011
    ..To estimate individual and household economic impact of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in selected low- and middle-income countries (LMIC)...
  22. ncbi Coping with health care expenses among poor households: evidence from a rural commune in Vietnam
    Kim Thuy Nguyen
    Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA
    Soc Sci Med 74:724-33. 2012
    ..Future reforms should focus on obviating these funding measures among at-risk populations...
  23. ncbi Evidence is good for your health system: policy reform to remedy catastrophic and impoverishing health spending in Mexico
    Felicia Marie Knaul
    Mexican Health Foundation, Periferico Sur 4809, Col Arenal Tepepan, 14610 Mexico City, Mexico
    Lancet 368:1828-41. 2006
    ..The results of the Mexican experience suggest an important role for the organisation and financing of the health system in reducing impoverishment and protecting households during periods of individual and collective financial crisis...
  24. pmc Inequalities in health care use and expenditures: empirical data from eight developing countries and countries in transition
    M Makinen
    Abt Associates Inc, Bethesda, MD 20814, USA
    Bull World Health Organ 78:55-65. 2000
    ..The analyses use household data to examine the distribution of service use and health expenditures. Each study divides the population into "income" quintiles, estimated using consumption expenditures...
  25. ncbi Non-evidence-based policy: how effective is China's new cooperative medical scheme in reducing medical impoverishment?
    Winnie Yip
    Department of Public Health, Oxford University, Headington, Oxford, OX3 7LF, UK
    Soc Sci Med 68:201-9. 2009
    ..in reducing medical impoverishment, we used household survey data from 2006 linked to claims records of health expenditures to simulate the effect of MSA/Catastrophic on reducing the share of individuals falling below the poverty ..
  26. ncbi Determinants of out-of-pocket health expenditure in China: analysis using China Health and Nutrition Survey data
    Xuedan You
    Department of Public Health, Graduate School of Medicine, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
    Appl Health Econ Health Policy 9:39-49. 2011
    ..Medical issues have become a larger concern than any other issue for households...
  27. ncbi Reducing out-of-pocket expenditures to reduce poverty: a disaggregated analysis at rural-urban and state level in India
    Charu C Garg
    World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Health Policy Plan 24:116-28. 2009
    ..High OOP payment share in total health expenditures did not always imply a high poverty headcount; state-specific economic and social factors played a role...
  28. ncbi Horizontal equity in utilisation of care and fairness of health financing: a comparison of micro-health insurance and user fees in Rwanda
    Pia Schneider
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Health Econ 15:19-31. 2006
    ....
  29. ncbi Catastrophic medical payment and financial protection in rural China: evidence from the New Cooperative Medical Scheme in Shandong Province
    Xiaoyun Sun
    Health Department of Shandong Province, Jinan, China
    Health Econ 18:103-19. 2009
    ..To measure the impact of China's New Cooperative Medical Scheme (NCMS) on catastrophic medical payments of rural households in Linyi County, Shandong Province...
  30. ncbi Out-of-pocket medical spending for care of chronic conditions
    W Hwang
    Department of Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, USA
    Health Aff (Millwood) 20:267-78. 2001
    ..As policymakers continue to use cost sharing and design of benefit packages to contain health spending, it is important to consider the impact of these policies on persons with chronic conditions and their families...
  31. ncbi Privatization and its discontents--the evolving Chinese health care system
    David Blumenthal
    Institute for Health Policy, Massachusetts General Hospital Partners Health Care System, Boston, USA
    N Engl J Med 353:1165-70. 2005
  32. pmc Health insurance for the poor: impact on catastrophic and out-of-pocket health expenditures in Mexico
    OMAR GALARRAGA
    Health Economics Unit, Center for Evaluation and Survey Research, Mexican School of Public Health, National Institute of Public Health INSP, Av Universidad 655, Cuernavaca 62508, Mexico
    Eur J Health Econ 11:437-47. 2010
    ..SP) in Mexico was to improve the financial protection of the uninsured population against excessive health expenditures. This paper estimates the impact of SP on catastrophic health expenditures (CHE), as well as out-of-pocket (..
  33. pmc Prices don't drive regional Medicare spending variations
    Daniel J Gottlieb
    Dartmouth Institute for Health Policy and Clinical Practice, Lebanon, New Hampshire, USA
    Health Aff (Millwood) 29:537-43. 2010
    ..The findings suggest that utilization-not local price differences-drives Medicare regional payment variations, along with special payments for medical education and care for the poor...
  34. pmc Impact of illness and medical expenditure on household consumptions: a survey in western China
    Kuangnan Fang
    Department of Statistics, School of Economics, Xiamen University, Xiamen, China
    PLoS ONE 7:e52928. 2012
    ..In November and December of 2011, a survey was conducted in three cities in western China, namely Lan Zhou, Gui Lin and Xi An, and their surrounding rural areas...
  35. pmc Examining inequities in incidence of catastrophic health expenditures on different healthcare services and health facilities in Nigeria
    Obinna Onwujekwe
    Health Policy Research Group, Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, University of Nigeria Enugu Campus, Enugu, Nigeria
    PLoS ONE 7:e40811. 2012
    ..The study estimated the level of catastrophic healthcare expenditures for different healthcare services and facilities and their distribution across socioeconomic status (SES) groups...
  36. ncbi Longevity and health care expenditures: the real reasons older people spend more
    Zhou Yang
    Department of Health Policy and Administration, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, 27599, USA
    J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 58:S2-10. 2003
    ..We also analyzed differences in expenditure patterns by age and time to death for various service types and payers...
  37. pmc Limitations of methods for measuring out-of-pocket and catastrophic private health expenditures
    Chunling Lu
    Department of Global Health and Social Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, United States of America
    Bull World Health Organ 87:238-44, 244A-244D. 2009
    ..To investigate the effect of survey design, specifically the number of items and recall period, on estimates of household out-of-pocket and catastrophic expenditure on health...
  38. ncbi Modelling the implications of moving towards universal coverage in Tanzania
    Josephine Borghi
    Department of Global Health and Development, Faculty of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Tavistock Place, London, WC1H 9SH, UK
    Health Policy Plan 27:i88-100. 2012
    ..The feasibility and sustainability of efforts to promote universal coverage will depend on the ability of the system to contain costs...
  39. pmc Basing care reforms on evidence: the Kenya health sector costing model
    Steffen Flessa
    University of Greifswald, Faculty of Law and Economics, Friedrich Loeffler Str, 70, D 17489 Greifswald, Germany
    BMC Health Serv Res 11:128. 2011
    ....
  40. pmc Excess costs of dementia disorders and the role of age and gender - an analysis of German health and long-term care insurance claims data
    Larissa Schwarzkopf
    Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, Institute of Health Economics and Health Care Management, Neuherberg, Germany
    BMC Health Serv Res 12:165. 2012
    ..Additionally, we sought to identify gender-specific cost patterns and to describe age-dependent cost profiles...
  41. ncbi Mutual health insurance in Rwanda: evidence on access to care and financial risk protection
    Priyanka Saksena
    Department of Health Systems Financing, World Health Organization, 20, Avenue Appia 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland
    Health Policy 99:203-9. 2011
    ..In this paper, we examine the effect of mutual health insurance (MHI) on utilization of health services and financial risk protection...
  42. pmc The financial burden of overweight and obesity among elderly Americans: the dynamics of weight, longevity, and health care cost
    Zhou Yang
    Department of Health Services Research, Management and Policy, College of Public Health and Health Professions, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32610 0195, USA
    Health Serv Res 43:849-68. 2008
    ..To investigate the financial burdens attributed to overweight and obesity on the U.S. health care system among elderly Americans...
  43. ncbi Inequality in household catastrophic health care expenditure in a low-income society of Iran
    Zahra Kavosi
    Department of Health Management and Economics, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
    Health Policy Plan 27:613-23. 2012
    ..We assessed change in household catastrophic health care expenditures (CHE) and inequality in facing such expenditures in south-west Tehran...
  44. ncbi Cost-of-illness studies : a review of current methods
    Ebere Akobundu
    Pharmaceutical Health Services Research Department, School of Pharmacy, University of Maryland, Baltimore, Maryland 21201, USA
    Pharmacoeconomics 24:869-90. 2006
    ..Comparisons and assessments of COI estimates should consider the method used to estimate costs both as an important source of variation in the reported COI estimates and as a marker of the reliability of the COI estimate...
  45. ncbi Health care quality, geographic variations, and the challenge of supply-sensitive care
    Elliott S Fisher
    Center for the Evaluative Clinical Sciences, Dartmouth Medical School, Hannover, NH 03755 3863, USA
    Perspect Biol Med 46:69-79. 2003
  46. ncbi Paying for hospital-based care of Kala-azar in Nepal: assessing catastrophic, impoverishment and economic consequences
    Shiva R Adhikari
    Nepal Health Economics Association, Kathmandu, Nepal
    Health Policy Plan 24:129-39. 2009
    ..In other words, the method of financing health care payments is an important ingredient in understanding the economic burden of disease...
  47. ncbi Ill health and its potential influence on household consumptions in rural China
    Hong Wang
    Yale University School of Public Health, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520, USA
    Health Policy 78:167-77. 2006
    ..In addition, the decline of the percentages of other consumptions is much larger for households with hospitalization than for households with chronic diseases...
  48. pmc Household out-of-pocket payments for illness: evidence from Vietnam
    Nguyen Thi Bich Thuan
    Planning and Financing Department of Ministry of Health, Hanoi, Vietnam
    BMC Public Health 6:283. 2006
    ..this study, the burden of illness in the Bavi district, Vietnam is measured based upon individual household health expenditures for communicable and non-communicable illnesses...
  49. ncbi Household food insecurity and food expenditure in Bolivia, Burkina Faso, And the Philippines
    Hugo R Melgar-Quinonez
    Department of Human Nutrition, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210 1295, USA
    J Nutr 136:1431S-1437S. 2006
    ..The results offer evidence that the US HFSSM is able to discriminate between households at different levels of food insecurity status in diverse developing world settings...
  50. ncbi [Socioeconomic costs of stroke in Korea: estimated from the Korea national health insurance claims database]
    Seung Ji Lim
    Department of Public Health, Yonsei University Graduate School, Korea
    J Prev Med Public Health 42:251-60. 2009
    ..To estimate the annual socioeconomic costs of stroke in Korea in 2005 from a societal perspective...
  51. ncbi Type 2 diabetes mellitus in China: a preventable economic burden
    Weibing Wang
    School of Public Health, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032, China
    Am J Manag Care 15:593-601. 2009
    ..To estimate the direct and indirect costs of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in China in 2007 and project these costs for the year 2030, and to examine and compare the benefits of selected interventions...
  52. ncbi Are health services protecting the livelihoods the urban poor in Sri Lanka? Findings from two low-income areas of Colombo
    Steven Russel
    University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK
    Soc Sci Med 63:1732-44. 2006
    ..Assessment of policy options that can improve health system performance must start from a better understanding of the demand-side influences over performance...
  53. ncbi Effectiveness and costs of interventions to lower systolic blood pressure and cholesterol: a global and regional analysis on reduction of cardiovascular-disease risk
    Christopher J L Murray
    Evidence and Information for Policy, World Health Organization, 27, Geneva, Switzerland
    Lancet 361:717-25. 2003
    ....
  54. ncbi Social risk management options for medical care in Indonesia
    Menno Pradhan
    Economic and Social Institute, Free University, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Health Econ 11:431-46. 2002
    ..Using the 1995 SUSENAS household survey, the observed distribution of user fees and health expenditures is used to derive a distribution of 'needed' medical expenditures...
  55. ncbi Targeted health insurance in a low income country and its impact on access and equity in access: Egypt's school health insurance
    W Yip
    Harvard School of Public Health, Program in Health Care Financing, University Place, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Health Econ 10:207-20. 2001
    ..Our results also indicate that original calculations may underestimate the SHIP financial outlays, thereby threatening the long run financial sustainability of the programme...
  56. ncbi A longitudinal study of the effects of age and time to death on hospital costs
    Meena Seshamani
    University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    J Health Econ 23:217-35. 2004
    ..The large tenfold increase in costs from 5 years prior to death to the last year of life overshadows the 30% increase in costs from age 65 to 85. Hence, expenditure projections must consider remaining life expectancy in the populations...
  57. ncbi Assessing the reliability of household expenditure data: results of the World Health Survey
    Ke Xu
    Department of Health Systems Financing, Health Systems and Services, World Health Organization, 20 Avenue Appia, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland
    Health Policy 91:297-305. 2009
    ..The study suggests further efforts to standardize the questions in collecting expenditure data in household surveys for the purpose of cross-country and over time comparison...
  58. pmc Choice of healthcare provider following reform in Vietnam
    Nguyen Thi Bich Thuan
    Planning and Financing Department of Ministry of Health, Hanoi, Vietnam
    BMC Health Serv Res 8:162. 2008
    ..This paper examines the choice of medical provider and household healthcare expenditure for different providers in a rural district of Vietnam following healthcare reform...
  59. ncbi Are malaria treatment expenditures catastrophic to different socio-economic and geographic groups and how do they cope with payment? A study in southeast Nigeria
    Obinna Onwujekwe
    Health Policy Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Trop Med Int Health 15:18-25. 2010
    ....
  60. ncbi Utilisation of maternal health care in western rural China under a new rural health insurance system (New Co-operative Medical System)
    Qian Long
    Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland School of Public Health, Peking University, Beijing, China
    Trop Med Int Health 15:1210-7. 2010
    ..To investigate factors influencing maternal health care utilisation in western rural China and its relation to income before (2002) and after (2007) introducing a new rural health insurance system (NCMS)...
  61. ncbi Who pays for health care in Asia?
    Owen O'Donnell
    Department of Balkan, Slavic and Oriental Studies, University of Macedonia, 156 Egnatia Street, Thessaloniki 54006, Greece
    J Health Econ 27:460-75. 2008
    ..But in most low-/middle-income countries, the better-off not only pay more, they also get more health care...
  62. pmc Socioeconomic status overrides age and gender in determining health-seeking behaviour in rural Bangladesh
    Syed Masud Ahmed
    BRAC Research and Evaluation Division, 75 Mokhtali, Dhaka 1212, Bangladesh
    Bull World Health Organ 83:109-17. 2005
    ....
  63. pmc The private health sector in India
    Amit Sengupta
    BMJ 331:1157-8. 2005
  64. ncbi The Millennium Project: a plan for meeting the Millennium Development Goals
    J D Sachs
    The UN Millennium Project, 314 Low Library, New York, NY 10027, USA
    Lancet 365:347-53. 2005
  65. ncbi Prevalence and costs of chronic conditions in the VA health care system
    Wei Yu
    VA HSR and D Health Economics Resource Center, Center for Health Policy, Center for Primary Care and Outcomes Research, Stanford University, USA
    Med Care Res Rev 60:146S-167S. 2003
    ..2 million) of VA health care users had 3 or more of the 29 chronic conditions. These individuals accounted for 73 percent of the total cost. Overall, VA health care users have more chronic diseases than the general population...
  66. pmc Medical care and payment for diabetes in China: enormous threat and great opportunity
    Wenying Yang
    Chinese Japanese Friendship Hospital, Beijing, People s Republic of China
    PLoS ONE 7:e39513. 2012
    ....
  67. pmc Comparing methods of racial and ethnic disparities measurement across different settings of mental health care
    Benjamin Lê Cook
    Center for Multicultural Mental Health Research, Instructor, Department of Psychiatry, Harvard Medical School, 120 Beacon St, 4th Floor, Somerville, MA 02143, USA
    Health Serv Res 45:825-47. 2010
    ..The ability to track improvement against racial/ethnic disparities in mental health care is hindered by the varying methods and disparity definitions used in previous research...
  68. pmc Effect of health expenses on household capabilities and resource allocation in a rural commune in Vietnam
    Kim Thuy Nguyen
    Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 7:e47423. 2012
    ..We aim to re-conceptualize the impact of health expenses on household "flourishing" in terms of "basic capabilities."..
  69. ncbi Catastrophic health expenditure and impoverishment in Turkey
    Mahmut Saadi Yardim
    Hacettepe University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health, Sihhiye, Ankara, Turkey
    Health Policy 94:26-33. 2010
    ..This study aims to identify the level of catastrophic health expenditure (CHE) in Turkey and, to reveal household factors predicting this outcome...
  70. ncbi State health insurance and out-of-pocket health expenditures in Andhra Pradesh, India
    Victoria Y Fan
    Center for Global Development, 1800 Massachusetts Ave NW, Third Floor, Washington, DC 20036, USA
    Int J Health Care Finance Econ 12:189-215. 2012
    ..of Andhra Pradesh in southern India began rolling out Aarogyasri health insurance to reduce catastrophic health expenditures in households 'below the poverty line'...
  71. ncbi Impact of late-stage CKD and aging on medical utilization in the elderly population: a closed-cohort study in Taiwan
    Ming Yen Lin
    Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
    Nephrol Dial Transplant 25:3230-5. 2010
    ..However, population-based research on how the elderly with CKD utilize medical services is still unexplored. We aimed to examine the effects of CKD severity and aging on medical utilizations in the elderly population...
  72. pmc Hardship financing of healthcare among rural poor in Orissa, India
    Erika Binnendijk
    Institute of Health Policy and Management, Erasmus University Rotterdam, PO Box 1738, 3000 DR Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    BMC Health Serv Res 12:23. 2012
    ..We define hardship financing as having to borrow money with interest or to sell assets to pay out-of-pocket healthcare costs...
  73. ncbi Expenditures and health status among adults with back and neck problems
    Brook I Martin
    Department of Orthopaedics and Sports Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98104, USA
    JAMA 299:656-64. 2008
    ..Back and neck problems are among the symptoms most commonly encountered in clinical practice. However, few studies have examined national trends in expenditures for back and neck problems or related these trends to health status measures...
  74. ncbi The economic impact of chronic diseases: how do households respond to shocks? Evidence from Russia
    Dele Olawale Abegunde
    World Health Organization, Chronic Diseases and Health Promotion, 20 Avenue Appia, 1211 Geneva, Switzerland
    Soc Sci Med 66:2296-307. 2008
    ..These results have implications for policies regarding the financing of treatment and control of chronic diseases in the country studied...
  75. ncbi Direct health care costs of diabetic patients in Spain
    Juan Oliva
    Department of Economics, University Carlos III de Madrid, Getafe, Madrid, Spain
    Diabetes Care 27:2616-21. 2004
    ..The goal of this study was to estimate the health care resources spent by type 1 and type 2 diabetic patients in Spain during the year 2002...
  76. ncbi Do policy changes in the pharmaceutical reimbursement schedule affect drug expenditures? Interrupted time series analysis of cost, volume and cost per volume trends in Sweden 1986-2002
    Karolina Andersson
    Department of Social Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy at Goteborg University, P O Box 453, SE 405 30 Goteborg, Sweden
    Health Policy 79:231-43. 2006
    ....
  77. ncbi Do microfinance programs help families insure consumption against illness?
    Paul Gertler
    Haas School of Business, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 1900, USA
    Health Econ 18:257-73. 2009
    ..In general, results support the importance of these institutions in helping families to self-insure consumption against health shocks...
  78. pmc Do interventions to prevent lifestyle-related diseases reduce healthcare expenditures? A randomized controlled clinical trial
    Akira Babazono
    Department of Health Care Administration and Management, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Higashi ku, Fukuoka, Japan
    J Epidemiol 21:75-80. 2011
    ..In 2008, the Japanese government implemented a program of health lifestyle interventions to reduce health care expenditure. This study evaluated whether these interventions decreased health care expenditures...
  79. pmc Health care expenditures for children with autism spectrum disorders in Medicaid
    Li Wang
    Penn State College of Medicine, Public Health Sciences, A210, 600 Centerview Drive, PO Box 855, Hershey, PA 17033 0855, USA
    J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 49:1165-71. 2010
    ..To study trends in health care expenditures associated with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) in state Medicaid programs...
  80. ncbi The convergence of health care expenditure in the US states
    Zijun Wang
    Private Enterprise Research Center, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX, USA
    Health Econ 18:55-70. 2009
    ..The expenditure on prescription drugs is the most important diverging factor. Policy implications of these empirical results are discussed...
  81. ncbi [The association between public social expenditure and suicides: evidence from OECD countries]
    Yoojin Park
    Seoul National University Graduate School of Public Health, Seoul, Korea
    J Prev Med Public Health 42:123-9. 2009
    ..This study aimed to examine the association between public social expenditure (PSE) and suicides in the 27 countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) from 1980 to 2003...
  82. pmc The burden of physical activity on type 2 diabetes public healthcare expenditures among adults: a retrospective study
    Jamile S Codogno
    Department of Physical Education UNESP Univ Estadual Paulista, Rio Claro, Brazil
    BMC Public Health 11:275. 2011
    ..The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between physical activity and the expenditures in public healthcare on type 2 diabetes mellitus treatment...
  83. ncbi An alternative approach to projecting health expenditure in Australia
    Stephen Begg
    School of Population Health, University of Queensland, 288 Herston Road, Herston, Brisbane, QLD 4006, Australia
    Aust Health Rev 32:148-55. 2008
    ..To introduce a large body of work that explores the modelling of expenditure on health services per person living with major causes of disease or injury as a valid basis for conclusions regarding future health expenditure in Australia...
  84. ncbi Estimation of the financial burden to the National Health Insurance for patients with major cancers in Taiwan
    Po Ching Chu
    Institute of Occupational Medicine and Industrial Hygiene, College of Public Health, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan
    J Formos Med Assoc 107:54-63. 2008
    ..This study attempts to estimate lifetime health expenditure for patients with 17 types of major cancers...
  85. ncbi Do health sector reforms have their intended impacts? The World Bank's Health VIII project in Gansu province, China
    Adam Wagstaff
    Development Research Group and East Asia Region, The World Bank, Washington, DC, USA
    J Health Econ 26:505-35. 2007
    ..Little impact is detected on the use of services, and while the evidence points to the project reducing sickness days, the evidence on health outcomes is mixed...
  86. pmc Health insurance coverage and medical expenditures of immigrants and native-born citizens in the United States
    Leighton Ku
    Department of Health Policy, The George Washington University, 2021 K St NW, Suite 800, Washington, DC 20006, USA
    Am J Public Health 99:1322-8. 2009
    ..I examined insurance coverage and medical expenditures of both immigrant and US-born adults to determine the extent to which immigrants contribute to US medical expenditures...
  87. ncbi [Assessment of the pharmaceutical expenditure in Hungary]
    András Inotai
    Semmelweis Egyetem, Egyetemi Gyógyszertár Gyógyszerügyi Szervezési Intézet, Budapest, Hogyes E u 9 1092
    Acta Pharm Hung 80:162-72. 2010
    ..In order to improve the allocative efficiency of health care spending, available resources should be spent only on effective, cost-effective, economically affordable medicines...
  88. ncbi Health care reform and change in public-private mix of financing: a Korean case
    Hyoung Sun Jeong
    Department of Health Administration, Yonsei University, 234 Maeji Heungup, Wonju, Kangwon do 220 710, Republic of Korea
    Health Policy 74:133-45. 2005
    ....
  89. ncbi Borrowing and selling to pay for health care in low- and middle-income countries
    Margaret E Kruk
    Health Management and Policy, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Health Aff (Millwood) 28:1056-66. 2009
    ..The risk was higher among the poorest households and in countries with less health insurance. Health systems in developing countries are failing to protect families from the financial risks of seeking health care...
  90. pmc Factors affecting catastrophic health expenditure and impoverishment from medical expenses in China: policy implications of universal health insurance
    Ye Li
    Harbin Medical University, 157 Baojian Road, Nangang District, Harbin, Heilongjiang, 150086, China
    Bull World Health Organ 90:664-71. 2012
    ..To assess the degree to which the Chinese people are protected from catastrophic household expenditure and impoverishment from medical expenses and to explore the health system and structural factors influencing the first of these outcomes...
  91. pmc Economic transition should come with a health warning: the case of Vietnam
    M Segall
    Institute of Development Studies, Sussex, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 56:497-505. 2002
    ....
  92. ncbi Tuberculosis patient expenditure on drugs and tests in subsidised, public services in China: a descriptive study
    Qin Liu
    Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China
    Trop Med Int Health 15:26-32. 2010
    ..To measure patient expenditure on additional drugs and tests in public services where tuberculosis (TB) drugs are supplied for free...
  93. ncbi Can insurance increase financial risk? The curious case of health insurance in China
    Adam Wagstaff
    The World Bank, 1818 H Street NW, Washington, DC 20433, USA
    J Health Econ 27:990-1005. 2008
    ..Further analysis suggests that this is due to insurance encouraging people to seek care when sick and to seek care from higher-level providers...
  94. ncbi Costs of health care administration in the United States and Canada
    Steffie Woolhandler
    Department of Medicine, Cambridge Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Cambridge, Mass, USA
    N Engl J Med 349:768-75. 2003
    ..We investigated whether the ascendancy of computerization, managed care, and the adoption of more businesslike approaches to health care have decreased administrative costs...
  95. ncbi Impact of a generic substitution reform on patients' and society's expenditure for pharmaceuticals
    Karolina Andersson
    Social Medicine, Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy at Goteborg University, P O Box 453, SE 405 30 Goteborg, Sweden
    Health Policy 81:376-84. 2007
    ..This suggests that generic substitution has contributed to a reduction in the growth of pharmaceutical expenditure...
  96. pmc Preference-Based EQ-5D index scores for chronic conditions in the United States
    Patrick W Sullivan
    University of Colorado Department of Economics, Boulder, USA
    Med Decis Making 26:410-20. 2006
    ..These results highlight the necessity of making a wide array of appropriate, community-based estimates more accessible to cost-effectiveness researchers...
  97. ncbi The economic burden of schizophrenia in the United States in 2002
    Eric Q Wu
    Analysis Group, Inc, Boston, MA 02199, USA
    J Clin Psychiatry 66:1122-9. 2005
    ..This study quantifies excess annual costs associated with schizophrenia patients in the United States in 2002 from a societal perspective...
  98. pmc Trends in inpatient treatment intensity among Medicare beneficiaries at the end of life
    Amber E Barnato
    Medicine and Health Policy and Management, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Health Serv Res 39:363-75. 2004
    ..We sought to determine whether disproportionate increases in hospital treatment intensity over time among decedents are responsible for the persistent growth in end-of-life expenditures...
  99. ncbi Pharmaceutical risk-sharing agreements
    Joseph P Cook
    NERA Economic Consulting, White Plains, NY, USA
    Pharmacoeconomics 26:551-6. 2008
    ..While there may be difficulties in devising such schemes for every product, such risk-sharing plans may become a staple feature of the market in the future...
  100. pmc Attitudes and behaviour of general practitioners and their prescribing costs: a national cross sectional survey
    C Watkins
    General Practitioner, Backwell and Nailsea Medical Group, Backwell, Bristol BS48 3HA, UK
    Qual Saf Health Care 12:29-34. 2003
    ..GPs at the top of the range have annual prescribing costs that are almost twice as much as those at the bottom of the range. This variation cannot be accounted for purely in terms of differences in underlying need for health care...
  101. pmc Basic patterns in national health expenditure
    Philip Musgrove
    The World Bank, Washington, DC 20433, USA
    Bull World Health Organ 80:134-42. 2002
    ..Within public spending, there is no convergence in the type of finance - general revenue versus social insurance. Private insurance is usually insignificant except in some rich countries...

Research Grants84

  1. Immune Regulation of Bone Homeostasis
    MERVYN NEALE WEITZMANN; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ....
  2. The gastric X/A-like (ghrelin) cell: A peripheral regulator of food intake
    NILS WG LAMBRECHT; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The proposed studies will address important pathophysiological questions regarding the mechanisms regulating appetite and satiety as well as provide potentially important clinical treatment strategies. ..
  3. Optimized Growth Media to Detect Intracellular Bacteria Implicated in Chronic Dis
    PATRICIA MASCARELLI; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..abstract_text> ..
  4. Soluble Epoxide Hydrolase as a Target for Ischemic Cardioprotection
    Donna M Van Winkle; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Thus the currently proposed studies are significant in terms of clinical implications for limiting cardiac damage in the vulnerable veteran population and for fiscal health of the Department of Veterans Affairs. ..
  5. The Habenulo-Interpeduncular Pathway and Nicotine
    Christie D Fowler; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  6. VitC to Decrease Effects of Smoking in Pregnancy on Infant Lung Function-CCC-Lead
    CYNTHIA T MCEVOY; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..End of Abstract) ..
  7. Plant-Derived Estrogens and Cell Proliferation
    Emma Shtivelman; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Our goal is to discover estrogens that do not promote cancer, but retain the beneficial of estrogens on body weight and fat accumulation. ..
  8. Mechanism Underlying Nitrite Sensitivity of Mucoid Pseudomonas in COPD
    Daniel J Hassett; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Improved treatment options, in this case the use of sodium nitrite for the management of COPD exacerbations precipitated by PA infection are needed to reduce mortality and morbidity. ..
  9. Metabolic Crosstalk Between Immune Cells and the Liver in Obesity
    BENJAMIN MANTELL; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The completion of the work program detailed in this proposal has the potential to influence both of these areas. ..
  10. Histone Methylation: a role in excessive ethanol intake and self-administration
    Jennifer A Rinker; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Results from the proposed research will help elucidate the mechanisms underlying alcohol-induced neuroplastic changes and provide insight into the development of more targeted treatment and prevention strategies. ..
  11. A Novel Drug for Septicemia Targets A1 ARs
    Constance Neely Wilson; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Thus, there is a large unmet medical need for a safe, effective anti-sepsis therapy which can be used as an adjunctive therapy to antibiotics for the treatment of sepsis. ..
  12. Novel Drug VS-105 for Treatment of Osteoporosis
    Jinshyun Ruth Wu-Wong; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Assuming Vidasym's VS-105 has a modest 5% penetration into the osteoporosis market, the estimated annual sales will be US$0.6+ billion. ..
  13. Estradiol-Induced Sialyation Of NCAM Prevents Leucocyte:Endothelial Adhesion
    Frederick Naftolin; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This proposal may improve the application of anti-atherosclerosis agents and lead to development of new agents to protect blood vessels from atherosclerosis and its complications. ..
  14. Tunable Insulin Resistance in a Drosophila Model of Diabetes
    ELENA M GRACHEVA; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  15. Rapid, Highly Multiplexed and Sensitive Blood Test for Drug-resistant Bacteria
    ARMIN H REITMAIR; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  16. Multivalent Vaccine for Opiate Addiction
    Paul R Pentel; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..abstract_text> ..
  17. Conservative Versus Dialytic Management in Stage V Chronic Kidney Disease
    GLENN MATTHEW CHERTOW; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..If this pilot trial demonstrates feasibility in randomizing patients to these two strategies, results from this pilot study can be used to inform the design of a larger, more definitive trial. ..
  18. Food Environment, Diet Quality and Disparities in Obesity
    Adam Drewnowski; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This interdisciplinary project on the built environment, behavior and health brings together experts from nutrition, geography, epidemiology, medicine, statistics and urban design. ..
  19. Role of Focal Adhesion Kinase (FAK) in Nephrosis and Nephritis
    Shuta Ishibe; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The goal of the proposal is to define the mechanisms that are involved during kidney injury and to utilize inhibitors that antagonize against the offending agent(s) responsible for disease progression. ..
  20. Expression of clp genes in Streptococcus mutans
    Indranil Biswas; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Successful completion of our studies could lead to the development of novel therapeutic treatments to reduce tooth decay. ..
  21. Vascular Structure and Function in Arteriovenous Fistula Maturation
    Jonathan Himmelfarb; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..To determine whether plasma biomarkers of oxidative stress and endothelial dysfunction can predict outcomes of newly created native AV fistulae. ..
  22. Dietary patterns and root caries risk
    ELIZABETH A KAYE; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The findings may help to define healthy eating patterns that reduce the risk of root decay. ..
  23. Monitoring Social Change: Health, Reproduction, Aging
    Barry M Popkin; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ....
  24. Enhancing NEAT to Treat Obesity
    Catherine M Kotz; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Changes in energy balance and particularly the development of obesity exacerbate morbidity of several diseases in veterans. Determining potential avenues for future treatments provides hope in dealing with this national health issue. ..
  25. Inhibition of Neointimal Hyperplasia Following Vascular Surgery in Diabetes
    MELINA RAE KIBBE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  26. Development of A Novel Anti-Hyperglycemic Agent
    Zhaoping Li; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..We believe that Cyclo-Z will be effective and safe in the prevention and treatment of diabetes and that this novel drug will be beneficial to the health of many diabetic veteran patients. ..
  27. Studies of YlxM of Streptococcus mutans, a newly identified component of the Sign
    MATTHEW LAWRENCE WILLIAMS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Additionally this research represents the basis of a doctoral dissertation project. Hence, this fellowship application will assist in trainin a student with an interest in oral health research to become an independent investigator. ..
  28. OEF/OIF Veterans with PTSD in Mental Health Residential Treatment Programs
    Eric Slade; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  29. Comparative Effectiveness of Advanced Diagnostic Imaging for Hepatic Fibrosis
    Jayant A Talwalkar; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The proposed research has relevance to public health, because the fundamental mechanisms being investigated appear common for maintaining health and creating disease in human beings. ..
  30. Vascular Mechanisms in Homocysteinemia and Atherosclerosis
    Steven R Lentz; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The goals of this project are to define the molecular mechanisms by which hyperhomocysteinemia and hypercholesterolemia, alone or in combination, lead to adverse vascular events, and to identify new targets for therapy. ..
  31. Personality and Health Services Use and Expenditures of Older Persons
    Bruce Friedman; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  32. Improving the efficacy of anti-nicotine immunotherapy
    Alexey G Mukhin; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..By advancing the vaccine/immunotherapy, which is a highly promising treatment approach, this project has the potential to have a major positive impact on public health. ..
  33. The Impact of Microfinance on Health: Experimental Evidence from India
    Rohini Pande; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..2) physiological indicators of stress (cortisol levels) and psychological indicators of distress and (3) health expenditures and health care utilization...
  34. Continuous Oxygen Monitor for Patients on Long-Term Oxygen Therapy (COMPLY)
    B Eugene Parker; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..The proposed system will provide an elective, practical, and fordable method for reliably assessing LTOT adherence in clinical practice and research settings. ..
  35. Ron Receptor Tyrosine Kinase Signaling in Breast Cancer
    Susan E Waltz; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The focus of this proposal is to define the role of a novel protein, termed Ron, and Ron- dependent signaling pathways as potential new therapeutic targets to combat this disease. ..
  36. Effect of alcohol exposure on human Treg induction &CD36HI monocyte biology
    KATHLEEN ELIZABETH JAEGER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The proposed studies could elucidate novel therapeutic avenues to treat the immunopathology associated with FAS. ..
  37. Cost-effective Uses of New Hepatitis C Treatments and their VA Budgetary Impact
    Douglas K Owens; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We will develop a spreadsheet-based tool for direct use by VA policymakers to help them to anticipate and plan for the optimal roll-out and management of HCV treatments. ..
  38. Obesity, Inflammation and Thrombosis: LOOK AHEAD
    Christie M Ballantyne; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  39. CYTOKINE INFLAMMATORY MEDIATORS AND MUCIN REGULATION IN MIDDLE EAR EPITHELIUM
    Joseph E Kerschner; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  40. A Novel Electrospun Vascular Graft
    David J Vachon; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Dynamic studies of the electrospun graft (under flow) will be used to understand the materials behavior in blood. ..
  41. Bone Microarchitecture: The Framingham Osteoporosis Study
    Douglas P Kiel; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  42. Tailored telehealth weight management tool to overweight adults with disabilities
    DERSHUNG YANG; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  43. Subjective Well-Being Over The Life Course
    STEPHEN JONATHAN MACHIN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The programme will be a fully-integrated collaboration between economists, psychologists, epidemiologists and psychiatrists. ..
  44. The Role of Adipose Tissue Remodeling in Surgically-Induced Weight Loss
    Nima Saeidi; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..These alterations correlate with post-surgical augmentation of energy expenditure and hampering the brown adiposities induction blunts the therapeutic effects of the surgery significantly. ..
  45. A New Cytokine-Based Immunoassay for the Diagnosis of Lyme Disease
    Linda K Bockenstedt; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..As a strategy that complements current serologic tests, the whole blood cytokine assay will improve the combined sensitivity and specificity of LD diagnostics, especially in situations in which the serologic tests alone under-perform. ..
  46. Bacterial Survival in the Mammalian Urothelium
    JOSEPH PALERMO; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  47. Multi-disciplinary Training in Benign Urology
    Hunter Wessells; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  48. The North Carolina Cleft Outcomes Study
    Ronald P Strauss; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Results will improve understanding of short and long-term outcomes among children with OFC. This can enhance health and quality of life for children with these conditions and their families. ..
  49. Acute Coronary Syndrome Outcomes for Medicare Patients
    SALLY STEARNS; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..A Markov model will be used to portray the relative effects of the two procedures. These results will guide future study design for treatment of ACS in the elderly. ..
  50. A Web Based Self Management Intervention for Intermittent Urinary Catheter Use
    Mary H Wilde; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..g., UTI, urine leakage), CIC self- management, CIC self-efficacy, health related expenditures and quality of life. Information from this study will be used to modify the Internet application for a future Phase 2 trial in a larger study. ..
  51. Recruiting Rural Parents/Infants to Health Research Projects: Atopic Dermatitis
    Steven R Feldman; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Analysis of the textual data resulting from these tape- recorded interviews will be based on computer-assisted systematic techniques that provide valid and reliable results. ..
  52. INNOVATIONS IN SHOCK WAVE LITHOTRIPSY TECHNOLOGY
    Pei Zhong; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..e., Siemens) to develop the next-generation shock wave lithotripter with significantly improved performance and safety features that will benefit all patients that require surgical removal of kidney stones. ..
  53. The Role of Obesity and Adipocytes in Immune Activation on Antiretroviral Therapy
    John Koethe; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  54. PCI Alternative Using Sustained Exercise (PAUSE)
    JONATHAN NEIL MYERS; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Our overall objective is to demonstrate the utility of a non-invasive technology to document the efficacy of exercise as an alternative treatment strategy to PCI for coronary lesions. ..
  55. Informing Decisions in Chronic Critical Illness: An RCT
    Judith E Nelson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  56. A comparative efficacy study: treatments of non-healing diabetic foot ulcers
    Roslyn R Isseroff; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Our work could provide not only important savings to our health care system, but also improved access to limb and life saving therapies for healing DFU to millions of affected individuals. ..
  57. Gastroesophageal Antireflux Mechanisms
    MICHAEL RAYMOND RUGGIERI; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  58. Effects of Physician Social Networks on Surgical Quality, Safety, and Costs
    John Malcolm Hollingsworth; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  59. Hearing Loss and Aging
    Frank R Lin; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  60. Targeted Sequencing of 3 Loci Associated with BMD in the Framingham Osteoporosis
    Douglas P Kiel; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The newly discovered genes will identify previously unsuspected disease pathways that may lead to new treatments for osteoporosis. ..
  61. The Impact of Coordinating Medicare and Medicaid benefits for the dually-eligible
    Hye Young Jung; Fiscal Year: 2011
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Health expenditures for the roughly 9 million dually-eligible beneficiaries in the U.S. are now reaching a quarter of a trillion dollars in 2010...
  62. MicroRNA Related Genetic Variation in Bladder Cancer Recurrence and Survival
    BROCK CLARKE CHRISTENSEN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  63. Access to Care of Medicare and Medicaid Enrollees
    Marlene Niefeld; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..If care is inappropriate or ineffective, then expanded benefits or increased payments for current services may be more important. ..
  64. Medicare Part D Cost-Sharing and Treatment of Mental Disorders Among Disabled Dua
    Julie Marie Donohue; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  65. CHILD SUPPORT, CHILD WELFARE & EFFECTS OF WELFARE REFORM
    H Peters; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Our estimation methodology allows us to use our results to do simulations of the effects of various policies on labor supply and child care choice. Data from the 1986, 1988, and 1989 waves of the NLSY are used to estimate the model. ..
  66. Viscoelastic deformation of bone matrix in postmenopause
    Do Gyoon Kim; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The outcomes of this project will contribute to the development of more effective therapies for treating osteoporosis associated with estrogen deficiency in postmenopausal patients. ..
  67. Novel therapy for osteoporosis
    Emma Moore; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..5 million fractures annually. We propose to develop a novel therapy for osteoporosis that will stimulate new bone formation. ..
  68. Development of anti-human TL1A monoclonal antibody for the treatment of human ast
    Vadim V Deyev; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  69. Diagnostic Biomarkers for Radicular Pain
    GAETANO JOHN SCUDERI; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..In addition, Cytonics will obtain invaluable information on disease pathogenesis and biochemical targets for the expeditious development of a next generation diagnostic assay and pharmacotherapeutic(s). ..
  70. METHODS FOR INCOMPLETE MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES DATA
    Thomas Belin; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Dr. Belin will also continue as an investigator in the Biostatistics Core of the UCLA Research Center on Managed Care for Psychiatric Disorders, (Dr. Kenneth Wells, PI). ..
  71. HEALTH SERVICES RESEARCH CENTER SUPPORT
    Stephen Shortell; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..With regard to evaluating alternative delivery systems, the Center is i (Text Truncated - Exceeds Capacity)..
  72. Managed Care Penetration and Cancer Care
    Nancy Keating; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..If managed care penetration is negatively associated with the delivery of care, interventions targeted toward policy-makers, providers, and patients will be needed to counteract the effects of market forces. ..
  73. Estimates of the Value of Life Using Air Bag Regulations as a Quasi-Experiment
    CHRISTOPHER ROHLFS; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..By improving the accuracy of these benefit estimates, this study will contribute toward improving the accuracy of government decision-making in these areas. ..
  74. MYOMETRIAL GAP JUNCTION MODULATION IN PRETERM LABOR
    WILLIAM LARSEN; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..Data obtained in these studies should provide a fundamental basis for the development of new preventative therapies and risk assessment for preterm labor...
  75. Consequences of Drug Cost Sharing:A New Randomized Trial
    Sebastian Schneeweiss; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..It should further provide a set of refined tools describing how to plan, implement, and execute drug cost-saving measures, including a pre-policy impact-simulation software. ..
  76. Heterogeneity and Econometric Net Cost Estimates of Schizophrenia Drug Treatments
    David Salkever; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Review note: This application is submitted as an R03 small grant in response to PA-06-180;the content is within the scope of "Research in Mental Health Economics" (NIMH PA-07-213). ..
  77. Clinically enhanced multi-purpose administrative dataset for comparative effectiv
    Hamisu Salihu; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  78. Novel Treatment for Septicemia Targets A1 ARs
    CONSTANCE WILSON; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Endacea estimates that there were 1.2 million cases of Gram-negative septicemia in 2000 worldwide with a potential market size of $3.8 billion worldwide. ..
  79. Care Choices and Costs for Low Back Pain
    Sylvia Kuo; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Such strategies may help reduce the health care expenditures associated with LBP. The findings from this proposed research will lead to a larger study which would examine outcomes and costs. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  80. CONTINUITY & COORDINATION OF MEDICAID CARE
    Andrea Gerstenberger; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..An examination of the relationship between continuity, coordination, and overall quality and cost of care may also prove interesting...
  81. Medicare Advantage?
    Lauren Nicholas; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  82. LONGEVITY AND ELDERLY HEALTH CARE EXPENDITURES
    EDWARD NORTON; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The MCBS panel data will enable them to use their own estimates of the increase in managed care coverage and the decrease in disability rates, as well as other sources. ..
  83. ENERGY-NUTRITION OF URBAN WOMEN IN A DEVELOPING COUNTRY
    G Spurr; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..The results will provide much needed information on how energy expenditures of third-world urban women related to their nutritional intakes, and will have important implications for policy makers...
  84. Disparities in Child & Family Health Care Expenditures
    Paul Newacheck; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..