afghanistan

Summary

Top Publications

  1. pmc Epidemiological geomatics in evaluation of mine risk education in Afghanistan: introducing population weighted raster maps
    Neil Andersson
    Centro de Investigacion de Enfermedades Tropicales, Universidad Autonoma de Guerrero, Acapulco, Mexico
    Int J Health Geogr 5:1. 2006
  2. ncbi Combat duty in Iraq and Afghanistan, mental health problems, and barriers to care
    Charles W Hoge
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, U S Army Medical Research and Materiel Command, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
    N Engl J Med 351:13-22. 2004
  3. ncbi Prevention of postpartum hemorrhage at home birth in Afghanistan
    Harshadkumar Sanghvi
    JHPIEGO, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet 108:276-81. 2010
  4. ncbi Military TBI during the Iraq and Afghanistan wars
    Deborah Warden
    Defense and Veterans Brain Injury Center, Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington, DC 20307, USA
    J Head Trauma Rehabil 21:398-402. 2006
  5. ncbi Understanding sequelae of injury mechanisms and mild traumatic brain injury incurred during the conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan: persistent postconcussive symptoms and posttraumatic stress disorder
    Aaron I Schneiderman
    War Related Illness and Injury Study Center, Washington DC VA Medical Center, Washington, DC 20422, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 167:1446-52. 2008
  6. doi Lessons from the health sector in Afghanistan: how progress can be made in challenging circumstances
    Benjamin Loevinsohn
    World Bank, 1818 H St NW, Washington, DC 20433, USA
    JAMA 300:724-6. 2008
  7. ncbi Where giving birth is a forecast of death: maternal mortality in four districts of Afghanistan, 1999-2002
    Linda A Bartlett
    Division of Reproductive Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Lancet 365:864-70. 2005
  8. ncbi Osteomyelitis in military personnel wounded in Iraq and Afghanistan
    Heather C Yun
    Infectious Disease Service, Brooke Army Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA
    J Trauma 64:S163-8; discussion S168. 2008
  9. pmc Determinants of skilled birth attendant utilization in Afghanistan: a cross-sectional study
    Maureen Mayhew
    Vancouver Coastal Health, and Department of Health Care and Epidemiology, University of British Columbia, 5804 Fairview Ave, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z3, Canada
    Am J Public Health 98:1849-56. 2008
  10. ncbi Combat casualties in Afghanistan cared for by a single Forward Surgical Team during the initial phases of Operation Enduring Freedom
    George E Peoples
    274th Forward Surgical Team, Fort Bragg, NC 28310, USA
    Mil Med 170:462-8. 2005

Detail Information

Publications299 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Epidemiological geomatics in evaluation of mine risk education in Afghanistan: introducing population weighted raster maps
    Neil Andersson
    Centro de Investigacion de Enfermedades Tropicales, Universidad Autonoma de Guerrero, Acapulco, Mexico
    Int J Health Geogr 5:1. 2006
    Evaluation of mine risk education in Afghanistan used population weighted raster maps as an evaluation tool to assess mine education performance, coverage and costs...
  2. ncbi Combat duty in Iraq and Afghanistan, mental health problems, and barriers to care
    Charles W Hoge
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, U S Army Medical Research and Materiel Command, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
    N Engl J Med 351:13-22. 2004
    The current combat operations in Iraq and Afghanistan have involved U.S. military personnel in major ground combat and hazardous security duty...
  3. ncbi Prevention of postpartum hemorrhage at home birth in Afghanistan
    Harshadkumar Sanghvi
    JHPIEGO, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet 108:276-81. 2010
    To test the safety, acceptability, feasibility, and effectiveness of community-based education and distribution of misoprostol for prevention of postpartum hemorrhage at home birth in Afghanistan.
  4. ncbi Military TBI during the Iraq and Afghanistan wars
    Deborah Warden
    Defense and Veterans Brain Injury Center, Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington, DC 20307, USA
    J Head Trauma Rehabil 21:398-402. 2006
    Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is an important source of morbidity in the Iraq and Afghanistan wars. Although penetrating brain injuries are more readily identified, closed brain injuries occur more commonly...
  5. ncbi Understanding sequelae of injury mechanisms and mild traumatic brain injury incurred during the conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan: persistent postconcussive symptoms and posttraumatic stress disorder
    Aaron I Schneiderman
    War Related Illness and Injury Study Center, Washington DC VA Medical Center, Washington, DC 20422, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 167:1446-52. 2008
    A cross-sectional study of military personnel following deployment to conflicts in Iraq or Afghanistan ascertained histories of combat theater injury mechanisms and mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) and current prevalence of ..
  6. doi Lessons from the health sector in Afghanistan: how progress can be made in challenging circumstances
    Benjamin Loevinsohn
    World Bank, 1818 H St NW, Washington, DC 20433, USA
    JAMA 300:724-6. 2008
  7. ncbi Where giving birth is a forecast of death: maternal mortality in four districts of Afghanistan, 1999-2002
    Linda A Bartlett
    Division of Reproductive Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Lancet 365:864-70. 2005
    Maternal mortality in Afghanistan is uniformly identified as an issue of primary public-health importance...
  8. ncbi Osteomyelitis in military personnel wounded in Iraq and Afghanistan
    Heather C Yun
    Infectious Disease Service, Brooke Army Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA
    J Trauma 64:S163-8; discussion S168. 2008
    ..We describe demographics and microbiology of OIF/OEF casualties with primary and recurrent osteomyelitis...
  9. pmc Determinants of skilled birth attendant utilization in Afghanistan: a cross-sectional study
    Maureen Mayhew
    Vancouver Coastal Health, and Department of Health Care and Epidemiology, University of British Columbia, 5804 Fairview Ave, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z3, Canada
    Am J Public Health 98:1849-56. 2008
    We sought to identify characteristics associated with use of skilled birth attendants where health services exist in Afghanistan.
  10. ncbi Combat casualties in Afghanistan cared for by a single Forward Surgical Team during the initial phases of Operation Enduring Freedom
    George E Peoples
    274th Forward Surgical Team, Fort Bragg, NC 28310, USA
    Mil Med 170:462-8. 2005
    The 274th Forward Surgical Team (FST) was the first FST deployed to Bagram, Afghanistan, to provide surgical care for combat casualties during the initial phases of Operation Enduring Freedom...
  11. ncbi Daily stressors, war experiences, and mental health in Afghanistan
    Kenneth E Miller
    Boston Center for Refugee Health and Human Rights at Boston University, Boston, MA 02118, USA
    Transcult Psychiatry 45:611-38. 2008
    Working in Afghanistan's capital city of Kabul, the authors assessed the relative contribution of daily stressors and war-related experiences of violence and loss to levels of depression, PTSD, impaired functioning, and a culturally ..
  12. ncbi Establishment of an accreditation system for midwifery education in Afghanistan: maintaining quality during national expansion
    Jeffrey M Smith
    JHPIEGO, Bangkok, Thailand
    Public Health 122:558-67. 2008
    To establish a mechanism for ensuring and regulating quality of pre-service midwifery education in Afghanistan during a period of intense expansion.
  13. ncbi Genetic structure of Plasmodium vivax isolates from two malaria endemic areas in Afghanistan
    Sedigheh Zakeri
    Malaria and Vector Research Group, Biotechnology Research Center, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, Iran
    Acta Trop 113:12-9. 2010
    In this study, the nature and extent of genetic diversity of Plasmodium vivax populations circulating in Afghanistan have been investigated by analyzing three genetic markers: csp, msp-1, and msp-3 alpha...
  14. pmc Contracting out health services in fragile states
    Natasha Palmer
    Health Policy Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London WC1E 7HT
    BMJ 332:718-21. 2006
  15. ncbi Properties of the Hopkins Symptom Checklist-25 (HSCL-25) and the Self-Reporting Questionnaire (SRQ-20) as screening instruments used in primary care in Afghanistan
    Peter Ventevogel
    HealthNet TPO, Mental Health Programme, Jalalabad, Afghanistan
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 42:328-35. 2007
    Recent epidemiological studies in Afghanistan using mental health questionnaires yielded high prevalence rates for anxiety and depression.
  16. ncbi Mental health in postwar afghanistan
    Paul Bolton
    JAMA 292:626-8. 2004
  17. ncbi Permethrin-treated chaddars and top-sheets: appropriate technology for protection against malaria in Afghanistan and other complex emergencies
    M Rowland
    HealthNet International, Peshawar, Pakistan
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 93:465-72. 1999
    ..In Islamic and non-Islamic countries in Asia, treated chaddars and top-sheets should offer a satisfactory solution for the most vulnerable who cannot afford treated nets...
  18. ncbi Amputations in U.S. military personnel in the current conflicts in Afghanistan and Iraq
    Lynn G Stansbury
    U S Army Institute of Surgical Research Extremity Trauma Soft tissue Branch, Fort Sam Houston, Texas 78234, USA
    J Orthop Trauma 22:43-6. 2008
    To determine rates of major limb amputation in U.S. military casualties in the current conflicts in Afghanistan and Iraq, to correlate these with mechanism of injury, and compare the rate with that seen in U.S...
  19. ncbi Anger, hostility, and aggression among Iraq and Afghanistan War veterans reporting PTSD and subthreshold PTSD
    Matthew Jakupcak
    VA Puget Sound Health Care System, Seattle, WA, USA
    J Trauma Stress 20:945-54. 2007
    Iraq and Afghanistan War veterans were grouped by level of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptomatology and compared on self-report measures of trait anger, hostility, and aggression...
  20. ncbi Sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine, chlorproguanil-dapsone, or chloroquine for the treatment of Plasmodium vivax malaria in Afghanistan and Pakistan: a randomized controlled trial
    Toby Leslie
    HealthNet TPO Malaria and Leishmaniasis Control Programme, Peshawar, Northwest Frontier Province, Pakistan
    JAMA 297:2201-9. 2007
    ..The antifolates are an important and affordable antimalarial class to which it is often assumed P vivax malaria is intrinsically resistant...
  21. pmc Contracting for health services: effects of utilization and quality on the costs of the Basic Package of Health Services in Afghanistan
    Omid Ameli
    Tech Serve Program, Management Sciences for Health, Kabul, Afghanistan
    Bull World Health Organ 86:920-8. 2008
    To research the effects of changes in health service utilization and quality on the costs of the Basic Package of Health Services (BPHS) in 13 provinces of Afghanistan.
  22. ncbi posttraumatic stress and its relationship to physical health functioning in a sample of Iraq and Afghanistan War veterans seeking postdeployment VA health care
    Matthew Jakupcak
    VA Puget Sound Health Care System, Seattle, Washington, USA
    J Nerv Ment Dis 196:425-8. 2008
    ..relationship between posttraumatic stress and physical health functioning was examined in a sample of Iraq and Afghanistan War veterans seeking postdeployment VA care...
  23. ncbi Observations from a maternal and infant hospital in Kabul, Afghanistan--2003
    Jennifer L Williams
    National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Midwifery Womens Health 50:e31-5. 2005
    b>Afghanistan is believed to have one of the highest infant and maternal mortality rates in the world...
  24. ncbi Mefloquine prescriptions in the presence of contraindications: prevalence among US military personnel deployed to Afghanistan, 2007
    Remington L Nevin
    United States Africa Command, Combined Joint Task Force Horn of Africa, Camp Lemonier, Djibouti
    Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 19:206-10. 2010
    ..This analysis was performed to quantify the effectiveness of these policies in ensuring health care provider compliance with package insert prescribing guidance...
  25. ncbi Bringing the war back home: mental health disorders among 103,788 US veterans returning from Iraq and Afghanistan seen at Department of Veterans Affairs facilities
    Karen H Seal
    Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA
    Arch Intern Med 167:476-82. 2007
    ....
  26. pmc A balanced scorecard for health services in Afghanistan
    David H Peters
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Bull World Health Organ 85:146-51. 2007
    The Ministry of Public Health (MOPH) in Afghanistan has developed a balanced scorecard (BSC) to regularly monitor the progress of its strategy to deliver a basic package of health services...
  27. ncbi Mental health problems, use of mental health services, and attrition from military service after returning from deployment to Iraq or Afghanistan
    Charles W Hoge
    Division of Psychiatry and Neuroscience, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Washington, DC, USA
    JAMA 295:1023-32. 2006
    ..population-level screening for mental health problems among all service members returning from deployment to Afghanistan, Iraq, and other locations...
  28. ncbi Posttraumatic stress and depression symptoms in soldiers returning from combat operations in Iraq and Afghanistan
    Coady B Lapierre
    Department of Psychology and Counseling, Tarleton State University Central Texas, Killeen, TX 76549, USA
    J Trauma Stress 20:933-43. 2007
    ..who recently returned from a 12-month deployment to either Iraq (Operation Iraqi Freedom, n = 2,275) or Afghanistan (Operation Enduring Freedom, n = 1,814), completed study materials...
  29. ncbi Differences in transmission seasons as an epidemiological tool for characterization of anthroponotic and zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis in northern Afghanistan
    Michael Faulde
    Department of Medical Entomology Zoology, Central Institute of the Bundeswehr Medical Service, P O Box 7340, 56068 Koblenz, Germany
    Acta Trop 105:131-8. 2008
    ..Scientific reports from Afghanistan mainly focus on the current status of war and refugee-related anthroponotic cutaneous leishmaniasis (ACL), but ..
  30. ncbi A qualitative assessment of injection drug use and harm reduction programmes in Kabul, Afghanistan: 2006-2007
    Catherine S Todd
    Division of International Health and Cross Cultural Medicine, University of California, 9500 Gilman Drive, Mailstop 0622, La Jolla, San Diego, CA 92093 0622, USA
    Int J Drug Policy 20:111-20. 2009
    The purpose of this paper was to examine the context of injection drug use in Kabul, Afghanistan among injection drug users (IDUs) utilising and not utilising needle and syringe programmes (NSPs).
  31. ncbi Beyond individual war trauma: domestic violence against children in Afghanistan and Sri Lanka
    Claudia Catani
    Department of Psychology, University of Konstanz and Vivo, Konstanz, Germany
    J Marital Fam Ther 34:165-76. 2008
    ..Research conducted in Sri Lanka and Afghanistan, two long-standing war-torn societies, found that in addition to multiple exposure to war or disaster-related ..
  32. ncbi A nascent HIV type 1 epidemic among injecting drug users in Kabul, Afghanistan is dominated by complex AD recombinant strain, CRF35_AD
    E Sanders-Buell
    US Military HIV Research Program Division of Retrovirology, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Rockville Maryland 20850, USA
    AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 23:834-9. 2007
    ..In Afghanistan, the introduction of HIV-1 into IDU networks has begun, but a recent report of 3% HIV-1 prevalence suggests ..
  33. pmc Multidrug-resistant organisms in military wounds from Iraq and Afghanistan
    Jason H Calhoun
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Missouri, MC213, DC053 00, One Hospital Drive, Columbia, MO 65212, USA
    Clin Orthop Relat Res 466:1356-62. 2008
    ..More research is required to give military physicians the tools they require to reduce the infection rate and defeat multidrug-resistant organisms...
  34. ncbi Chloroquine resistance in Pakistan and the upsurge of falciparum malaria in Pakistani and Afghan refugee populations
    I Shah
    National Institute of Malaria Research and Training, Lahore, Pakistan
    Ann Trop Med Parasitol 91:591-602. 1997
    ....
  35. ncbi Malaria epidemiology and control in refugee camps and complex emergencies
    M Rowland
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    Ann Trop Med Parasitol 95:741-54. 2001
    ..During the last decade, research on malaria in refugee camps on the Pakistan-Afghanistan and Thailand-Burma borders has led to new methods and strategies for malaria prevention and case management, ..
  36. ncbi Prevalence of hepatitis B among Afghan refugees living in Balochistan, Pakistan
    Arshad Quddus
    WHO, Polio Eradication Initiative, Kandahar, Afghanistan
    Int J Infect Dis 10:242-7. 2006
    Continued civil war and political instability in Afghanistan have lead to a huge influx of refugees into the neighboring provinces in Pakistan...
  37. pmc Malaria control under the Taliban regime: insecticide-treated net purchasing, coverage, and usage among men and women in eastern Afghanistan
    Natasha Howard
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Malar J 9:7. 2010
    ..This study examines reported ITN purchasing, coverage, and usage in eastern Afghanistan and explores women's access to health information during the Taliban regime (1996-2001)...
  38. ncbi Maternal mortality in Herat Province, Afghanistan, in 2002: an indicator of women's human rights
    Lynn L Amowitz
    Physicians for Human Rights, 100 Boylston St, Suite 702, Boston, MA 02116, USA
    JAMA 288:1284-91. 2002
    Maternal mortality rates in Afghanistan are estimated to be high.
  39. ncbi A bold new beginning for midwifery in Afghanistan
    Sheena Currie
    JHPIEGO ACCESS, Baltimore, MD 21231, USA
    Midwifery 23:226-34. 2007
  40. ncbi Transmission and prevention of HIV and sexually transmitted infections in war settings: implications for current and future armed conflicts
    Catherine A Hankins
    AIDS 16:2245-52. 2002
  41. ncbi Miltefosine treatment of Leishmania major infection: an observational study involving Dutch military personnel returning from northern Afghanistan
    P P A M van Thiel
    Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, Tropical Medicine and AIDS and Center for Infection and Immunity, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Clin Infect Dis 50:80-3. 2010
    ..Thirty patients experienced cure after receipt of miltefosine, 3 after receipt of additional ilSb(v), and 1 after 28 daily intravenous injections of antimony. Temporary diminution of ejaculate volume was reported by 21 patients...
  42. ncbi An epidemic of scurvy in Afghanistan: assessment and response
    Edith Cheung
    UNICEF Afghanistan Country Office, Kabul, Afghanistan
    Food Nutr Bull 24:247-55. 2003
    In March 2002, there were reports of a hemorrhagic fever outbreak in western Afghanistan. It was later confirmed that the hemorrhagic symptoms and increased mortality were actually due to scurvy...
  43. ncbi Afghan refugees and the temporal and spatial distribution of malaria in Pakistan
    Mark Rowland
    HealthNet International, University Town, Peshawar, Pakistan
    Soc Sci Med 55:2061-72. 2002
    ..Within a decade of the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan and the arrival of 2...
  44. ncbi Population-based tuberculin skin testing and prevalence of tuberculosis infection in Afghanistan
    Shannon C Doocy
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    World Health Popul 10:44-53. 2008
    A tuberculin skin-test survey was conducted in eight provinces of Afghanistan to estimate the prevalence and annual risk of tuberculosis infection among the Afghan population.
  45. ncbi Economic evaluation of measles catch-up and follow-up campaigns in Afghanistan in 2002 and 2003
    Maya Vijayaraghavan
    The National Immunization Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Disasters 30:256-69. 2006
    ..of, and the return on the investment in, the 2002 catch-up and the 2003 follow-up measles campaigns in Afghanistan from the perspective of the donor...
  46. ncbi Cutaneous leishmaniasis in Kabul: observations on a 'prolonged epidemic'
    R W Ashford
    Department of Parasitology, School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool
    Ann Trop Med Parasitol 86:361-71. 1992
    ..It is suggested that Leishmania tropica is at the limit of its range in Kabul and only remains endemic because of the rapid turnover of people in the City...
  47. ncbi Plasmodium vivax-associated acute respiratory distress syndrome after extended travel in Afghanistan
    Jason D Maguire
    US Military Hospital, Expeditionary Medical Facility, APO AE 09366, Kuwait
    Travel Med Infect Dis 5:301-5. 2007
    ..vomiting, diarrhea and fever 10 days after returning to the United States from an 8-month deployment in Afghanistan. His symptoms persisted over the next 5 days until he presented in respiratory failure with a partial pressure ..
  48. ncbi Sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine plus artesunate compared with chloroquine for the treatment of vivax malaria in areas co-endemic for Plasmodium falciparum and P. vivax: a randomised non-inferiority trial in eastern Afghanistan
    Kate Kolaczinski
    HealthNet TPO, P O Box 8011, University Town, Peshawar, Pakistan
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 101:1081-7. 2007
    ..In areas co-endemic for falciparum and vivax malaria incorrect differential diagnosis is always a risk. In Afghanistan the adoption of sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine plus artesunate (SP+AS) as first-line falciparum treatment raises the ..
  49. ncbi Report from the CDC: mental health of women in postwar Afghanistan
    Barbara Lopes Cardozo
    International Emergency and Refugee Health Branch, Division of Emergency and Environmental Health Services, National Center for Environmental Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Womens Health (Larchmt) 14:285-93. 2005
    ..Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) conducted a national population-based mental health survey in Afghanistan. The prevalence of symptoms of depression was 73% (standard error [SE] 8.15) and 59% (SE 5...
  50. ncbi Operation Enduring Freedom: the 48th Combat Support Hospital in Afghanistan
    Alan L Beitler
    Department of Surgery, New Jersey Healthcare System, East Orange 07018 1095, USA
    Mil Med 171:189-93. 2006
    To examine the experience of the 48th Combat Support Hospital (CSH) while deployed to Afghanistan, with an emphasis on trauma care.
  51. ncbi Health and money in Afghanistan
    Khabir Ahmad
    Lancet 364:1301-2. 2004
  52. ncbi An experiment with community health funds in Afghanistan
    Krishna D Rao
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of International Health, New Delhi, India
    Health Policy Plan 24:301-11. 2009
    As Afghanistan rebuilds its health system, it faces key challenges in financing health services. To reduce dependence on donor funds, it is important to develop sustainable local financing mechanisms...
  53. ncbi The lasting legacy of war: epidemiology of injuries from landmines and unexploded ordnance in Afghanistan, 2002-2006
    Oleg O Bilukha
    International Emergency and Refugee Health Branch, Division of Emergency and Environmental Health Services, National Center for Environmental Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Prehosp Disaster Med 23:493-9. 2008
    Due to several decades of armed conflict and civil unrest, Afghanistan is one of the countries most affected by landmines and unexploded ordnance worldwide.
  54. ncbi Oceans of need in the desert: ethical issues identified while researching humanitarian agency response in Afghanistan
    Markus Michael
    Independent Consultant, www doctor michael com
    Dev World Bioeth 2:109-30. 2002
    This paper describes the interventions by the International Committee of the Red Cross to support a hospital in Afghanistan during the mid 1990s...
  55. ncbi Fortifying food in the field to boost nutrition: case studies from Afghanistan, Angola, and Zambia
    Tina van den Briel
    Food Nutr Bull 28:353-64. 2007
    ..This paper outlines three approaches by WFP to fortifying cereals in Afghanistan, Angola, and Zambia...
  56. pmc Molecular surveillance of Plasmodium vivax dhfr and dhps mutations in isolates from Afghanistan
    Sedigheh Zakeri
    Malaria and Vector Research Group, Biotechnology Research Center, Institut Pasteur of Iran, Pasteur Avenue, PO BOX 1316943551, Tehran, Iran
    Malar J 9:75. 2010
    ..The present study investigates the frequency of SNPs-haplotypes in the dhfr and dhps genes in P. vivax clinical isolates circulating in two malaria endemic areas in Afghanistan.
  57. ncbi Malnutrition and mortality in Kohistan District, Afghanistan, April 2001
    F Assefa
    Save the Children USA, 2000 M St NW, Suite 500, Washington, DC 20036, USA
    JAMA 286:2723-8. 2001
    The humanitarian situation in Afghanistan has been deteriorating for more than 3 years because of civil war and severe drought...
  58. ncbi Nutritional status in postconflict Afghanistan: evidence from the National Surveillance System Pilot and National Risk and Vulnerability Assessment
    Wendy A Johnecheck
    Gerald J and Dorothy R Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy, Tufts University, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Food Nutr Bull 28:3-17. 2007
    ..Assessment (NRVA) 2003, were conducted by government, United Nations, and nongovernmental organizations in Afghanistan, as part of wider efforts characterizing Afghan livelihoods in relation to particular outcomes of interest: ..
  59. ncbi Mental health symptoms following war and repression in eastern Afghanistan
    Willem F Scholte
    Academic Medical Center, Department of Psychiatry, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    JAMA 292:585-93. 2004
    ..conflict, suppression, and displacement resulted in a high prevalence of mental health symptoms throughout Afghanistan. Its Eastern province of Nangarhar is part of the region that originated the Taliban movement...
  60. ncbi Epidemiology of infections associated with combat-related injuries in Iraq and Afghanistan
    Clinton K Murray
    Brooke Army Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, Texas, USA
    J Trauma 64:S232-8. 2008
    ..of far forward surgical assets have improved the survival of casualties in the current wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. As such, casualties are at higher risk of infectious complications of their injuries including sepsis, which ..
  61. ncbi Monitoring perinatal outcomes in hospitals in Kabul, Afghanistan: The first step of a quality assurance process
    Richard J Guidotti
    Department of Reproductive Health and Research, World Health Organization, Geneva 27, Switzerland
    J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 22:285-92. 2009
    b>Afghanistan is one of the countries with highest maternal and perinatal mortality in the world. Lack of reliable data, however, makes it difficult to select and prioritise the interventions that would be most cost effective...
  62. ncbi Sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine remains efficacious against uncomplicated, Plasmodium falciparum malaria in north-eastern Afghanistan
    N Ezard
    Roll Back Malaria, World Health Organization, House 249, Street 10, Wazir Akbar Khan, Kabul, Afghanistan
    Ann Trop Med Parasitol 98:85-8. 2004
  63. pmc Pakistan, Afghanistan look to women to improve health care
    Paul Garwood
    Bull World Health Organ 84:845-7. 2006
  64. ncbi Maternal healthcare needs assessment survey at Rabia Balkhi Hospital in Kabul, Afghanistan
    Homa Khorrami
    School of Medicine and Health Sciences, George Washington University, Washington, DC, USA
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet 101:259-63. 2008
    Since the Department of Health and Human Services chose Rabia Balkhi Hospital (RBH) in Kabul, Afghanistan, as a site for intervention in 2002, the status of women's health there has been of interest...
  65. ncbi Hazardous alcohol use and receipt of risk-reduction counseling among U.S. veterans of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan
    Patrick S Calhoun
    Mental Illness Research, Education, and Clinical Center 116B DVAMC, 508 Fulton Street, Durham, NC 27705, USA
    J Clin Psychiatry 69:1686-93. 2008
    Military service in Afghanistan (Operation Enduring Freedom [OEF]) and Iraq (Operation Iraqi Freedom [OIF]) has been associated with high rates of mental health problems...
  66. pmc Violence, suffering, and mental health in Afghanistan: a school-based survey
    Catherine Panter-Brick
    Department of Anthropology, Durham University, Durham, UK
    Lancet 374:807-16. 2009
    Studies in Afghanistan have shown substantial mental health problems in adults. We did a survey of young people (11-16 years old) in the country to assess mental health, traumatic experiences, and social functioning.
  67. ncbi Eye injuries on the battlefields of Iraq and Afghanistan: public health implications
    Adrienne B Ari
    United States Army, Fort Rucker, Alabama, USA
    Optometry 77:329-39. 2006
    ..Unfortunately, the incidence of combat eye injuries has increased over time, despite the development of protective measures...
  68. ncbi Stethoscopes and headscarves: female medical students in present-day Afghanistan
    Katherine Schexneider
    National Naval Medical Center, Laboratory Department, Bethesda, MD 20889, USA
    Mil Med 175:21-4. 2010
    This descriptive study reviews the experiences and challenges of female medical students in Afghanistan in the post-Taliban era, addressing issues specific to them as women and also in the wider context of the practice of medicine as it ..
  69. ncbi Norwalk-like virus attacks troops in Afghanistan
    Khabir Ahmad
    Lancet Infect Dis 2:391. 2002
  70. ncbi Culturally competent care: emphasis on understanding the people of Afghanistan, Afghanistan Americans, and Islamic culture and religion
    J Newman Giger
    Graduate Studies, School of Nursing, University of Alabama at Birmingham, USA
    Int Nurs Rev 49:79-86. 2002
    ..This article provides information about the people of Afghanistan, Afghanistan Americans, and Islamic culture and religion, which can greatly assist the nurse who is confronted ..
  71. pmc Cross-sectional analysis of factors associated with prior contraceptive use among hospitalized obstetric patients in Kabul, Afghanistan
    Catherine S Todd
    Division of International Health and Cross Cultural Medicine, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA
    Contraception 78:249-56. 2008
    This study was conducted to assess prevalence and correlates of prior contraceptive use among hospitalized obstetric patients in Kabul, Afghanistan.
  72. ncbi Cesarean delivery surveillance system at a maternity hospital in Kabul, Afghanistan
    Tharani Kandasamy
    Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet 104:14-7. 2009
    ..To use an active facility-based maternal and newborn surveillance system to describe cesarean delivery practices and outcomes in a resource-poor setting...
  73. pmc Cutaneous and presumed visceral leishmaniasis in a soldier deployed to Afghanistan
    James P Woodrow
    Department of Internal Medicine, Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington, DC, USA
    MedGenMed 8:43. 2006
    ..who suffered both visceral and cutaneous manifestations of leishmaniasis after returning from deployment in Afghanistan. Overlap of cutaneous and visceral involvement is rare and has not been reported in our cohort...
  74. ncbi Autosomal STR frequencies in Afghanistan population
    Andrea Berti
    Carabinieri Scientific Investigation Department of Rome DNA Unit Viale di Tor di Quinto 151, 00191 Rome, Italy
    J Forensic Sci 50:1494-6. 2005
  75. ncbi Potential health hazards of cluster bombing in the Shomali Valley, Afghanistan in October-November 2001
    Steve Mannion
    Lilongwe Central Hospital and Malawi Against Physical Disability, Malawi
    Mil Med 168:756-7. 2003
    ..After the recent bombing of Afghanistan, nine cluster bomb sites in the Shomali Valley were assessed...
  76. ncbi Vitamin D status of socio-economically deprived children in Kabul, Afghanistan
    Semira Manaseki-Holland
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, Birmingham University, Edgbaston, Birmingham, UK
    Int J Vitam Nutr Res 78:16-20. 2008
    ..We investigated the prevalence of plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-OHD) deficiency in such a group...
  77. pmc Knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding avian influenza (H5N1), Afghanistan
    Toby Leslie
    Research Department, Afghan Public Health Institute, Ministry of Public Health, Kabul, Afghanistan
    Emerg Infect Dis 14:1459-61. 2008
    ..A survey conducted in 2 affected and 3 unaffected provinces found that greater knowledge about reducing exposure was associated with higher socioeconomic status, residence in affected provinces, and not owning backyard poultry...
  78. pmc Leishmaniasis in refugee and local Pakistani populations
    Simon Brooker
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    Emerg Infect Dis 10:1681-4. 2004
    ..Results suggested similar patterns of endemicity in both Afghan refugee and Pakistani populations and highlighted risk factors and household clustering of disease...
  79. ncbi Literature review: Afghanistan women's health crisis, health service delivery, and ethical issues for international aid
    Helen Turner
    Health Care Women Int 27:748-59. 2006
    The literature indicates that the health of women in Afghanistan is poor. In 1997 maternal mortality in Afghanistan was one of the worst in the world...
  80. ncbi Determinants of primary care service quality in Afghanistan
    Peter Meredith Hansen
    Department of International Health, The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Room E8132, 615 N Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 22105, USA
    Int J Qual Health Care 20:375-83. 2008
    To identify factors associated with service quality provided by agencies implementing a basic package of health services in Afghanistan.
  81. ncbi A population-based assessment of women's mental health and attitudes toward women's human rights in Afghanistan
    Lynn L Amowitz
    Physicians for Human Rights, Boston, Massachusetts 02116, USA
    J Womens Health (Larchmt) 12:577-87. 2003
    To assess the health status of Afghan women and attitudes of these women and their male relatives during the period of Taliban rule toward women's rights and community development needs in Afghanistan.
  82. ncbi Mental health care reform in Afghanistan
    Peter Ventevogel
    J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad 14:1-3. 2002
    The mental health situation in Afghanistan is characterized by a highly felt need and an extremely incapacitated mental health care system. The new Afghan government has identified mental health as one of five health priorities...
  83. ncbi Attitudes and practices of obstetric care providers in Kabul, Afghanistan regarding antenatal testing for sexually transmitted infection
    Catherine S Todd
    Division of International Health and Cross Cultural Medicine, University of California, San Diego, CA 92093 0622, USA
    J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs 37:607-15. 2008
    To determine attitudes toward and utilization of testing for HIV, syphilis, and hepatitis B among obstetric care providers in Kabul, Afghanistan.
  84. ncbi Relapsing vivax malaria after 6 months of daily atovaquone/proguanil in Afghanistan: the case for expanded use of primaquine as a causal prophylactic
    Jason D Maguire
    U S Military Hospital, Expeditionary Medical Facility, Arifjan, Kuwait
    J Travel Med 14:411-4. 2007
    A 22-year-old soldier presented with vivax malaria after extended travel in Afghanistan. Compliant with atovaquone/proguanil in country, he discontinued prophylaxis immediately upon departure...
  85. pmc Provision of health care in rural Afghanistan: needs and challenges
    Brigg Reilley
    Am J Public Health 94:1686-8. 2004
    b>Afghanistan's health system is severely limited in terms of preventive and curative services, referral systems, and human resources...
  86. ncbi Endemic infectious diseases of Afghanistan
    Mark R Wallace
    Naval Medical Center, San Diego, CA, 92134, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 34:S171-207. 2002
    The current crisis in Afghanistan has resulted in an influx of Western military personnel, peacekeepers, humanitarian workers, and journalists...
  87. ncbi Living nursing presence with soldiers returning from Iraq and Afghanistan: quality of life issues for returning soldiers
    Elizabeth S Flinn
    Department of Veterans Affairs, R C Johnson VA Medical Center, Sioux Falls, South Dakota, USA
    Nurs Sci Q 20:218-9. 2007
  88. ncbi A cross-sectional assessment of utilization of addiction treatment among injection drug users in Kabul, Afghanistan
    Catherine S Todd
    Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, University of California, San Diego, California, USA
    Subst Use Misuse 44:416-30. 2009
    ..prior use of detoxification and addiction-treatment programs among injection drug users (IDUs) in Kabul, Afghanistan. From 2005-2006, IDUs (n = 464) recruited into this cross-sectional study completed an interviewer-administered ..
  89. ncbi A successful response to an outbreak of cholera in Afghanistan
    Faizullah Kakar
    Ministry of Public Health, Afghanistan
    Trop Doct 38:17-20. 2008
    Although postconflict Afghanistan has some of the worst health indicators in the world, the government is working hard to rebuild the health infrastructure, extend services to underserved areas and improve the quality of health services...
  90. ncbi Correlates of receptive and distributive needle sharing among injection drug users in Kabul, Afghanistan
    Catherine S Todd
    Division of International Health and Cross Cultural Medicine, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093 0622, USA
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 34:91-100. 2008
    We describe receptive and distributive needle/syringe sharing among injection drug users (IDUs) in Kabul, Afghanistan. In this cross-sectional study, IDUs completed an interviewer-administered questionnaire...
  91. ncbi Mental health, social functioning, and disability in postwar Afghanistan
    Barbara Lopes Cardozo
    International Emergency and Refugee Health Branch, Division of Emergency and Environmental Health Services, National Center for Environmental Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    JAMA 292:575-84. 2004
    More than 2 decades of conflict have led to widespread human suffering and population displacement in Afghanistan. In 2002, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and other collaborating partners performed a national population-..
  92. ncbi The effect of wealth status on care seeking and health expenditures in Afghanistan
    Laura C Steinhardt
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N Wolfe St, Suite E8132, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Health Policy Plan 24:1-17. 2009
    This paper analyses the effect of wealth status on care-seeking patterns and health expenditures in Afghanistan, based on a national household survey conducted within public health facility catchment areas...
  93. ncbi Injuries and deaths from landmines and unexploded ordnance in Afghanistan, 2002-2006
    Oleg O Bilukha
    JAMA 298:516-8. 2007
  94. pmc Spatial epidemiology of Plasmodium vivax, Afghanistan
    Simon Brooker
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    Emerg Infect Dis 12:1600-2. 2006
    Plasmodium vivax is endemic to many areas of Afghanistan. Geographic analysis helped highlight areas of malaria risk and clarified ecologic risk factors for transmission...
  95. ncbi Post-traumatic stress in asylum seekers and refugees from Chechnya, Afghanistan, and West Africa: gender differences in symptomatology and coping
    Walter Renner
    University of Innsbruck, Department of Psychology, Emotion, Cognition, and Interaction Unit, Innrain 52, A 6020 Innsbruck, Austria
    Int J Soc Psychiatry 55:99-108. 2009
    ..Internationally, a high number of refugees are in need of help as a consequence of post-traumatic stress or acculturation problems...
  96. ncbi Battlefield casualties treated at Camp Rhino, Afghanistan: lessons learned
    Tracy R Bilski
    Department of Surgery, 1st Medical Battalion Naval Hospital Camp Pendleton, California, USA
    J Trauma 54:814-21. 2003
    Operation Enduring Freedom is an effort to combat terrorism after an attack on the United States. The first large-scale troop movement (> 1,300) was made by the U.S. Marines into the country of Afghanistan by establishing Camp Rhino.
  97. ncbi Improvised explosive devices and traumatic brain injury: the military experience in Iraq and Afghanistan
    Duncan Wallace
    Kiloh Centre, Prince of Wales Hospital, Randwick, NSW, Australia
    Australas Psychiatry 17:218-24. 2009
    The current conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan have seen frequent use of improvised explosive devices resulting in thousands of casualties, with traumatic brain injuries particularly common...
  98. ncbi Four years of burn injuries in a Red Cross hospital in Afghanistan
    F Calder
    International Committee of the Red Cross, 19 avenue de la Paix, 1202 Geneva, Switzerland
    Burns 28:563-8. 2002
    This study examines the epidemiology and mortality of patients admitted with burns to a Red Cross hospital in Afghanistan between 1996 and 2000...
  99. ncbi The quantitative analysis of uranium isotopes in the urine of the civilian population of eastern Afghanistan after Operation Enduring Freedom
    Asaf Durakovic
    Uranium Medical Research Centre, Washington, DC 20008, USA
    Mil Med 170:277-84. 2005
    ..of four uranium isotopes (234U, 235U, 236U, and 238U) in urine specimens from the civilian population of Afghanistan after Allied Forces Operation Enduring Freedom...
  100. ncbi Self-reported combat stress indicators among troops deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan: an epidemiological study
    Mark S Riddle
    US Naval Medical Research Unit No 3, Cairo, Egypt
    Compr Psychiatry 49:340-5. 2008
    ..Rates of self-reported depression among troops in Afghanistan were lower than those of Iraq (32.3 vs 69.7 per 10000, P < .0001)...
  101. ncbi Advanced medical care for soldiers injured in Iraq and Afghanistan
    David W Polly
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Minnesota, USA
    Minn Med 87:42-4. 2004
    ..This article presents an overview of the types of injuries emerging from the current conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan, the majority of which are extremity injuries, and the care soldiers are receiving on the battlefield, while ..

Research Grants77

  1. Pituitary dysfunction, behavioral symptoms, and quality of life after blast mTBI
    CHARLES WILLIAM WILKINSON; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..injury (mTBI) caused by blast effects of explosive devices is the "signature injury" of the current Iraq and Afghanistan conflicts, affecting an estimated 18% of deployed American service members...
  2. 5-HT transporter function: Interaction of hormones and antidepressants
    Alan Frazer; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: With the recent combat deployments in Iraq and Afghanistan, treating the mental health care needs of veterans will be a continuing challenge for years to come...
  3. Nanoparticle Coupled Antioxidants for Respiratory Illness in Veterans
    RODNEY JON SCHLOSSER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..provided by applicant): Respiratory illnesses affect over two-thirds of Veterans deployed to Iraq or Afghanistan. The fact that respiratory tract disorders are among the most common medical conditions in Operation Enduring ..
  4. Neuroprotection and Myelin Repair Mechanisms in Multiple Sclerosis
    Inderjit Singh; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..to treat veterans working at this time period of war and different environmental conditions in Iraq and Afghanistan. In spite of the current therapeutics for MS targeting immune response, the disease often progresses leading to ..
  5. Combination drug treatment to inhibit multiple cell death pathways after TBI
    ALAN IRA FADEN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Traumatic brain injury (TBI) may occur in as many as 22% of troops deployed in Afghanistan and Iraq...
  6. Novel, Rapidly Translatable Technologies for Healing Long Bone Segmental Defects
    Christopher H Evans; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..of high energy trauma in civilian settings as well as the continuing military conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan. Increasingly, large segmental defects are also seen in patients who have required multiple revisions of failed ..
  7. Understanding Pain of Gastrointestinal Origin in Women that Serve in OEF/OIF
    Beverley Greenwood-Van Meerveld; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..S. military have served in Iraq and Afghanistan. Although the VA is focused on providing specialized care for female veterans, very few research studies have ..
  8. ANALYSIS OF TRYPANOSOME MRNA SYNTHESIS BY GENE TRANSFER
    Vivian Bellofatto; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Not surprisingly, this disease is a problem for American troops in Iraq and Afghanistan;more than 700 cases have been diagnosed in returning military personnel...
  9. MicroRNA Regulation of Macrophage Polarization in Muscle Regeneration
    Paula K Shireman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..to the current application, extremity injuries compromise 50-60% of all combat casualties observed in Iraqi/Afghanistan War Veterans resulting in large soft tissue defects (muscle and skin) and high amputation rates...
  10. Erythropoietin in Non-Erythroid Cells: Function and Regulation
    Josef T Prchal; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Elderly populations, such as those in the VA, as well as current returning veterans from Iraq and Afghanistan are also at high risk for traumatic brain injury...
  11. Regulation of Bacteroides fragilis multidrug efflux pumps
    Hannah Wexler; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We identified several MDR clinical isolates (including one from a GI in Afghanistan) with increased pump activity;these isolates were resistant to metronidazole and other agents and resulted in ..
  12. Frontal Lobe Injury and Executive Control of Cognition and Emotion
    Diane Swick; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Furthermore, it is estimated that 14% of Veterans returning from Afghanistan and Iraq have post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and a substantial percentage of Veterans have both ..
  13. The Role of Glycolipids and CD1 in the Immunology of Leishmania Infection
    Laurence U Buxbaum; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..S. military stationed in Afghanistan and Iraq...
  14. A translational model of neuro-immune therapy for PTSD in veterans of the OEF/OIF
    Leonardo H Tonelli; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Veterans from the recent Iraq and Afghanistan wars (Operation Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom) have a particularly high incidence of PTSD and other ..
  15. Enhancing Plasticity in Damaged Spinal Cord to Repair Transmission and Function
    Victor L Arvanian; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..S. troops inside heavily armored vehicles. In fact, "One in Six Wounded in Afghanistan War Have Spinal Cord Injuries" (The Spinal Post, Nov.11, 2009")...
  16. Characterizing Patellofemoral Joint Stress Using Patient-Specific Models
    GARY BEAUPRE; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..5B. By comparison, the medical cost for treating Iran and Afghanistan veterans is currently estimated to be $2.0B per year...
  17. Novel Treatment Strategies for Targeting Posttraumatic Epilepsy
    Helen M Bramlett; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..not only effects civilian populations but is now known as the "signature injury" of the recent wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. In addition to cognitive problems associated with all types of TBI, posttraumatic seizure incidence rates will ..
  18. Treating cutaneous leishmaniasis by radio-frequency induced heat (RFH) therapy
    Abhay R Satoskar; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Recently, CL has been seen in canine populations in the US as well as army personnel serving in Iraq and Afghanistan. Systemic pentavalent antimonials such as sodium stibogluconate (SSG) are the recommended treatment for CL ..
  19. Functions of nuclear non-canonical poly(A) polymerases in Trypanosomes
    Ruslan Aphasizhev; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Considering the occurrence of visceral leishmaniasis among U.S. troops stationed in the Persian Gulf and Afghanistan, a demand for effective anti-trypanosomal therapies may be anticipated in the United States...
  20. Molecular probes for a vOTU from CCHFV using a fluorogenic peptide
    SCOTT DUSAN PEGAN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This risk has been recently highlighted by a CCHF death of an American Soldier based in Afghanistan in 2009. Currently, there is no FDA approved vaccine or therapeutic for treatment of CCHF...
  21. Innovative technologies to effectively treat Multi-drug resistant and/or biofilm-
    Jie Wen; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Medical reports from the military actions in Iraq and Afghanistan confirmed the emergence of multi-drug resistant bacteria (MDR) such as Acinetobacter baumannii, Klebsiella ..
  22. TBI epileptogenesis: pathologic hippocampal L-glut synaptic plasticity
    John T Slevin; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..traumatic brain injury (TBI) has been labeled the signature injury of the current combat in Iraq and Afghanistan. TBI is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States and is a risk factor for post-traumatic ..
  23. Stress and PTSD Among OEF/OIF Soldiers &Their Spouses
    Catherine M Caska; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: Up to 25% of service members deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan return home showing signs of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and a large portion of these veterans exhibit ..
  24. Screening New Therapeutics for the Treatment of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
    NEAL GORDON SIMON; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Recent studies indicate that the incidence of PTSD among Iraq and Afghanistan veterans is 20% and may reach 35%, a rate far higher than in the general population...
  25. Barriers to Effective Tobacco Control Policy Implementation in the US Military
    Ruth E Malone; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..these issues are of heightened concern due to the country's current involvement in conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan. However, smoking prevalence among military personnel remains unacceptably high, despite declining from 51...
  26. Immunopathological basis of PTSD
    Prakash S Nagarkatti; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..To date, over 1.6 million US men and women have served in the wars in Iraq (Operation Iraqi Freedom, OIF) and Afghanistan and surrounding regions (Operation Enduring Freedom, OEF)...
  27. Telehealth Outreach for Chronic Back Pain
    Joseph H Atkinson; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Gulf War, Iraq, and Afghanistan veterans report back pain rates exceeding 30%, suggesting the VA will continue to face this problem...
  28. Recognition of Mtb-Infected Cells by Non-Classically Restritcted CD8+ T Cells
    David M Lewinsohn; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..personnel have been deployed to areas of the world where TB is endemic, with recent examples including Iraq and Afghanistan. As a result, an improved vaccine for TB is urgently needed...
  29. Preventive Web-Based Intervention for Spouses of Traumatized Military Personnel
    BENTSON H contact MCFARLAND; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The motivation for the project is unchanged in that spouses of military personnel returned from Iraq or Afghanistan must often deal with consequences of service members'traumatic experiences...
  30. Development of novel therapeutics for a neglected tropical disease leishmaniasis
    ABHAY R contact SATOSKAR; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..populations in the US, as well as army personnel serving in Leishmania endemic countries such as Iraq and Afghanistan. Antimonials (Glucantime(tm) and Pentostam(tm)), amphotericin B, and miltefosine are used to treat ..
  31. Telehealth Tinnitus Intervention for Patients with TBI
    JAMES A contact HENRY; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..associated with traumatic brain injury and post-traumatic stress disorder-"signature injuries" of the Iraq and Afghanistan conflicts...
  32. Identifying neurons and circuits critical for epileptogenesis
    Istvan Mody; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..the incidence of posttraumatic epilepsy may increase drastically in the returning US veterans from Iraq and Afghanistan because the shock wave originating from Improvised Explosive Devices produces a novel type of brain injury ..
  33. Virulence-Associated Proteins of Pathogenic Leptospira Species
    James Matsunaga; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..as an important potential cause of illness for military personnel serving in many areas of the world, including Afghanistan and the Middle East...
  34. TBI &Alcohol Abuse: Co-occurring Conditions that Enhance Brain Damage
    Donald M Kuhn; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..In fact, TBI has been coined the "signature" injury suffered by soldiers and marines serving in Afghanistan and Iraq and accounts for about 30% of all combat casualties...
  35. Alcoholism and Brain Functions
    MARLENE OSCAR BERMAN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..high risk of alcohol misuse, and it is a growing problem among military personnel who have served in Iraq and Afghanistan. Because emotion dysregulation may underlie addictive disorders such as alcoholism, this may, in turn, further ..
  36. Effect of Prosthetic Foot-Ankle Stiffness on Amputee Function
    GLENN KLUTE; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Further, the current military conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan are resulting in additional amputees of traumatic etiology;a population who will rely on the VA for years to ..
  37. Molecular Mechanisms of Enhanced Contractility following Traumatic Brain Injury:
    Christian W Kreipke; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..as the signature injury in the War on Terrorism that, upon return of our men and women fighting in Iraq and Afghanistan, is projected to cost millions in patient care and rehabilitation costs...
  38. Nucleoside hydrolase Inhibitors from natural products for Leishmania
    ESTEBAN EDWARD MENA; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..the United States for due to presence of the US military in the Gulf War and it current deployments to Iraq and Afghanistan many soldiers are bitten by sand flies and develop classic leishmaniasis presentations...
  39. Regulation of Leishmania-Associated Macrophage Activities by MicroRNAs
    Joel W Graff; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..is a parasitic disease transmitted by sand flies and is endemic in 88 countries worldwide including Iraq and Afghanistan. Macrophages are a major site of leishmania parasite replication...
  40. Targeted Gene Therapy and Nanomedicine Approaches to Treat Corneal Diseases
    RAJIV RAVINDRA MOHAN; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Despite the use of combat eye protection, eye injuries occurred in 16% of our wounded troops in Afghanistan and Iraq...
  41. A mechanism for suppression of TNF induced endothelial dysfunction
    Arnold Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..combat-associated trauma with sepsis is certainly a timely concern due to combat operations in the Iraq and Afghanistan theater. ARDS is mediated, at least in part, by TNF-induced signal transduction pathways...
  42. INJURY PREVENTION TRAINING IN EGYPT AND THE MIDDLE EAST
    Jon Mark Hirshon; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Shams University in Cairo, Egypt, we trained approximately 450 trainees from Egypt, Iraq, Sudan, Palestine and Afghanistan in one or more of the training programs initiated through the grant...
  43. Innate Immune Effectors in Early Immune Response to Mycobacterium Tuberculosis
    Marielle C Gold; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Furthermore, an increasing number of US military personnel are being deployed to TB endemic regions such as Afghanistan. There is an urgent need to develop of an efficacious vaccine for Mtb that will require a better understanding ..
  44. SCORE: Principal Differential Analysis with Covariates for Functional Data
    Joan G Staniswalis; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Lee, and Helfer 2009), is vital during this time of ongoing deployment of military personnel in Iraq and Afghanistan. PDA is a method for obtaining a low-dimensional representation of a curve by first estimating a linear ..
  45. Central Auditory Processing Deficits Associated with Blast Exposure
    Marjorie R Leek; Fiscal Year: 2012
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The current conflicts in Afghanistan (Operation Enduring Freedom;OEF) and Iraq (Operation Iraqi Freedom;OIF) have resulted in unprecedented rates of exposure to high-intensity blasts and resulting ..
  46. Blood-Brain Barrier Disruption in Blast Neurotrauma
    AMANDA DAWN GAUDREAU-BALDERRAMA; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..provided by applicant): Blast-related traumatic brain injury (TBI), the "signature injury" of the Iraq and Afghanistan wars, affects 12- 23% of the 2.2 million U.S. servicemen and women deployed in these conflicts...
  47. Cognition in Parkinson's Disease
    DEBORAH LYNN HARRINGTON; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..in the veteran population is likely to increase further due to head injuries in veterans returning from Afghanistan and Iraq, as people who experience neurotrauma are four to eight times more likely to develop idiopathic PD...
  48. Genetic and Environmental Risk/Resilience Factors for PTSD in OEF/OIF Veterans
    Bekh Bradley; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..between 10 and 20% of military service members deployed to combat in Iraq (Operation Iraqi Freedom;OIF)) and Afghanistan (Operation Enduring Freedom;OEF) develop significant symptoms of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) post ..
  49. Enhancing Civilian Support for Military Tobacco Control
    Ruth E Malone; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Since military involvement in Iraq and Afghanistan, no significant reduction in smoking prevalence has been achieved...
  50. Enhancing Civilian Support for Military Tobacco Control
    Ruth E Malone; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Since military involvement in Iraq and Afghanistan, no significant reduction in smoking prevalence has been achieved...
  51. Functional characterization of Orientia tsutsugamushi ankryin repeat proteins
    Jason A Carlyon; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..S. Marines training at a military base in Japan, and the prevalence of scrub typhus in Afghanistan and Pakistan where U.S. troops are deployed, echoes the risk of U.S. soldiers for the disease...
  52. Marijuana use, problems, and cannabis use disorders in OIF/OEF/OND veterans
    Jane Metrik; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..rates of mental health problems including substance use disorders among the US veterans of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, most of the reports have been focused on excessive alcohol use and related problems...
  53. Barriers to Alcohol, Drug and PTSD Treatment for Returning National Guard
    Roland S Moore; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..S. National Guard service members returning from deployment in Afghanistan and Iraq. Psychological barriers veterans face to seeking treatment include stigma...
  54. Portable Mantram Meditation for Veterans with Military Related PTSD
    Jill E Bormann; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Anticipated Impacts on Veteran's Healthcare: With wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, there is a growing number of Veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)...
  55. Mental Health and Service Utilization Among Reserve and National Guard Forces
    Sandro Galea; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..given the growing reliance on Reserve and National Guard forces during the war against terrorism in Iraq and Afghanistan. Current deployment to one of these two countries as parts of Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) or Operation ..
  56. Psychological Stress and Risk of Cardiovascular Disease
    Beth Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Using a database of over 200,000 veterans returning from Iraq and Afghanistan, Dr...
  57. Center for Neuroregulation in Alcohol Dependence (CeNiAD)
    Andrew J Saxon; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Project 2 addresses prazosin effects on alcohol craving and consumption in military returnees from Iraq and Afghanistan with PTSD...
  58. Rivastigmine Patch in Veterans with Cognitive Impairment Following TBI
    Olga Brawman-Mintzer; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..most significant health risks related to military duty;rapidly becoming the "signature injury" of the Iraq and Afghanistan conflicts...
  59. Antimicrobial Biodegradable Bone Graft for Craniofacial/Maxillofacial Application
    Arash Aslani; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..relative to injuries at the other anatomic locations has risen sharply during combat operations in Iraq and Afghanistan compared to previous military conflicts...
  60. Developing A Computer-Adapted Test for PTSD
    Susan V Eisen; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..many years, and is increasingly prominent with thousands of veterans now returning from deployment in Iraq and Afghanistan. Among Vietnam veterans the estimated lifetime prevalence of PTSD is 31% for men and 27% for women...
  61. A Structured Communication Tool to Improve OEF/OIF Veteran Care
    RICHARD WARREN GOLDBERG; Fiscal Year: 2012
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Background: Over 1.6 million US service members have served in Afghanistan or Iraq as part of Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) and Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF), and up to 15% of them report ..
  62. Efficacy of a Smoking Quit Line in the Military
    Robert C Klesges; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Air Force to nearly 40% for Marines. Moreover, since the 9/11 tragedy and subsequent military incursions into Afghanistan and Iraq, the prevalence of smoking in the military has increased, while smoking in the civilian population has ..
  63. Novel Antibacterials Targeting Gram-negative Nonfermenters
    Michelle M Butler; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..hospital and community-acquired infections as well as those infections obtained in the battlefields of Iraq and Afghanistan. This proposal describes a rational approach for targeting these bacterial agents with the bis-(..
  64. A novel vaccine against Leishmania
    Claude Selitrennikoff; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The disease has assumed importance for the United States as many soldiers serving in Iraq and Afghanistan veterans are exposed to sand flies and are afflicted with leishmaniasis...
  65. Vestibular Consequences of Blast-related Mild Traumatic Brain Injury
    FAITH AKIN; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..been described as the signature condition among United States military personnel involved in combat in Iraq and Afghanistan. The rate of TBI in Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) and Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) is thought to be ..
  66. Mitochondrial poly(A) Polymerases of Trypanosomes
    Ruslan Aphasizhev; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Considering the occurrence of visceral leishmaniasis among U.S. troops stationed in the Persian Gulf and Afghanistan, a demand for effective anti- trypanosomal therapies also may be anticipated in the United States...
  67. Use of a Novel Neuroplasticity-based Neurobehavioral Intervention for PTSD
    Amit Etkin; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..by comorbidity with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), which is the "signature injury" of the conflicts in Afghanistan and Iraq, as well as chronic pain...
  68. Executive Functioning in OEF/OIF Veterans with Traumatic Brain Injury
    Juliana Baldo; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..brain injury is a significant health problem in a large number of military personnel returning from Iraq and Afghanistan. Unfortunately, many individuals with mild traumatic brain injuries stemming from exposure to blasts or other ..
  69. A Rodent Model of TBI Suffered During Sustained Combat Operations
    RONALD RIECHERS; Fiscal Year: 2009
    Objective: Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) has been labeled the signature injury of the conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan. Clinically, TBI patients are heterogeneous in their symptomatology because of variability in location and severity ..
  70. Internet Self-Help Program for Major Depressive Disorder in Spouses of Combatants
    Bentson McFarland; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The proposed project is timely because many if not most combatants return from Iraq or Afghanistan to live with their families...
  71. Theory-Driven Mixed-Methods Evaluation of PTSD Treatment Implementation in VA Res
    Joan M Cook; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..providers are an urgent necessity due to influx of over a million soldiers returning from wars in Iraq and Afghanistan and a recent unexpected flood of Vietnam Veterans entering treatment...
  72. Cancer In the Jerusalem Perinatal Study
    Susan Harlap; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Jewish women from Morocco showed less breast cancer than expected. Ancestries from Iraq, lran/Afghanistan and other West Asian countries were associated with an increased risk of breast cancers in mothers...
  73. Web-based Behavioral Intervention for Returning Veterans with Risky Alcohol Use
    Terence M Keane; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..A substantial number of military personnel who have served in Iraq (Operation Iraqi Freedom;OIF) and Afghanistan (Operating Enduring Freedom;OEF) report alcohol misuse and symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) ..
  74. Prospective Study of Emergent and Chronic PTSD Following War-Zone Duty
    Susan Doron LaMarca; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..among military veterans during the weeks and months following their return from war-zone duty in Iraq and Afghanistan. In Ecological Proximal Assessment (EPA) participants make frequent self-reports that are proximal in time to ..
  75. Development of a Family-Based, Post-Deployment Intervention
    Ivan Miller; Fiscal Year: 2009
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): With the continuing military engagements in Iraq and Afghanistan, the number of returning military personnel from these war zones is increasing...
  76. Study of risk factors of tick-borne encephalitis in Poland
    Pawel Stefanoff; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  77. Promoting Adoption of EBPs in Addiction Treatment
    Linda Frisman; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Potential improvements in outcomes following use of MET-CBT will be estimated through use of administrative data. [unreadable] [unreadable]..