iceland

Summary

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Gastrointestinal stromal tumors in Iceland, 1990-2003: the icelandic GIST study, a population-based incidence and pathologic risk stratification study
    Geir Tryggvason
    Department of Pathology, Landspitali University Hospital, Reykjavik, Iceland
    Int J Cancer 117:289-93. 2005
  2. pmc Present and future costs of COPD in Iceland and Norway: results from the BOLD study
    R Nielsen
    Section of Thoracic Medicine, Institute of Medicine, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway
    Eur Respir J 34:850-7. 2009
  3. ncbi The European Network of Health Promoting schools--from Iceland to Kyrgyzstan
    Vivian Barnekow Rasmussen
    Promotion of Young People s Health, World Health Organization, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Promot Educ 12:169-72. 2005
  4. ncbi Familial aggregation of atrial fibrillation in Iceland
    David O Arnar
    Department of Medicine, Landspitali University Hospital, Hringbraut, Reykjavik, Iceland
    Eur Heart J 27:708-12. 2006
  5. ncbi Incidence of unprovoked seizures and epilepsy in Iceland and assessment of the epilepsy syndrome classification: a prospective study
    Elias Olafsson
    Department of Neurology, Landspitalinn University Hospital, Reykjavik, Iceland
    Lancet Neurol 4:627-34. 2005
  6. ncbi Nitrification in terrestrial hot springs of Iceland and Kamchatka
    Laila J Reigstad
    Department of Biology, Center for Geobiology, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway
    FEMS Microbiol Ecol 64:167-74. 2008
  7. pmc The impact of divergence time on the nature of population structure: an example from Iceland
    Alkes L Price
    Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
    PLoS Genet 5:e1000505. 2009
  8. pmc Cancer as a complex phenotype: pattern of cancer distribution within and beyond the nuclear family
    Laufey T Amundadottir
    deCODE Genetics, Reykjavik, Iceland
    PLoS Med 1:e65. 2004
  9. ncbi The prevalence of chronic fatigue syndrome in Iceland - a national comparison by gender drawing on four different criteria
    Eirikur Lindal
    Department of Psychiatry, Landspitalinn University Hospital, IS 101 Reykjavik, Iceland
    Nord J Psychiatry 56:273-7. 2002
  10. pmc Distribution of Crenarchaeota representatives in terrestrial hot springs of Russia and Iceland
    Anna A Perevalova
    Winogradsky Institute of Microbiology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Prospekt 60 letiya Oktyabrya, 7 2, 117312 Moscow, Russia
    Appl Environ Microbiol 74:7620-8. 2008

Research Grants

  1. COMMUNITY BASED STUDY ON OCCUPATIONAL ASTHMA, ECRHS-OA
    Manolis Kogevinas; Fiscal Year: 2001
  2. Clinical Validation of BCT - Phase II
    DAVID KOPPERDAHL; Fiscal Year: 2010
  3. Clinical Validation of BCT
    DAVID KOPPERDAHL; Fiscal Year: 2007
  4. A multilevel approach to understanding healthcare disparities in the nursing home
    LATARSHA CHISHOLM; Fiscal Year: 2009
  5. Family Linkage Study of Obstructive Sleep Apnea
    Allan Pack; Fiscal Year: 2007
  6. International Caries Detection and Assessement System
    Amid Ismail; Fiscal Year: 2005
  7. NATIONAL CENTER FOR INFERTILITY RESEARCH AT MGH
    William Crowley; Fiscal Year: 2006
  8. Genome-wide association study of MI in Caucasians
    Jeffrey R Gulcher; Fiscal Year: 2010
  9. Mapping a Gene for Parkinsons Disease in Norway
    Matthew Farrer; Fiscal Year: 2005
  10. A CONSORTIUM TO INVESTIGATE HUMAN LONGEVITY AND FRAILTY
    Steven Cummings; Fiscal Year: 2002

Scientific Experts

Detail Information

Publications252 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Gastrointestinal stromal tumors in Iceland, 1990-2003: the icelandic GIST study, a population-based incidence and pathologic risk stratification study
    Geir Tryggvason
    Department of Pathology, Landspitali University Hospital, Reykjavik, Iceland
    Int J Cancer 117:289-93. 2005
    ..All patients diagnosed in Iceland with a gastrointestinal mesenchymal tumor over the years 1990-2003 were evaluated with an immunohistochemical ..
  2. pmc Present and future costs of COPD in Iceland and Norway: results from the BOLD study
    R Nielsen
    Section of Thoracic Medicine, Institute of Medicine, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway
    Eur Respir J 34:850-7. 2009
    ..We estimate the current and future economic burden of COPD in Reykjavik, Iceland and Bergen, Norway using data from the BOLD initiative...
  3. ncbi The European Network of Health Promoting schools--from Iceland to Kyrgyzstan
    Vivian Barnekow Rasmussen
    Promotion of Young People s Health, World Health Organization, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Promot Educ 12:169-72. 2005
    ....
  4. ncbi Familial aggregation of atrial fibrillation in Iceland
    David O Arnar
    Department of Medicine, Landspitali University Hospital, Hringbraut, Reykjavik, Iceland
    Eur Heart J 27:708-12. 2006
    ..AF is a disorder with a high prevalence, which has been known to cluster in families, but the heritability of the common form has not been well defined...
  5. ncbi Incidence of unprovoked seizures and epilepsy in Iceland and assessment of the epilepsy syndrome classification: a prospective study
    Elias Olafsson
    Department of Neurology, Landspitalinn University Hospital, Reykjavik, Iceland
    Lancet Neurol 4:627-34. 2005
    ..We prospectively studied the incidence of a single unprovoked seizure and epilepsy in the population of Iceland, and applied the syndrome classification endorsed by the International League Against Epilepsy to this population.
  6. ncbi Nitrification in terrestrial hot springs of Iceland and Kamchatka
    Laila J Reigstad
    Department of Biology, Center for Geobiology, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway
    FEMS Microbiol Ecol 64:167-74. 2008
    ..In a molecular survey of archaeal ammonia monooxygenase (AMO) genes in terrestrial hot springs of Iceland and Kamchatka, the amoA gene encoding the alpha-subunit of AMO was detected in a total of 14 hot springs out of ..
  7. pmc The impact of divergence time on the nature of population structure: an example from Iceland
    Alkes L Price
    Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
    PLoS Genet 5:e1000505. 2009
    ..Here, we show that regional geographic ancestries of individuals from Iceland can be distinguished using 292,289 autosomal single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs)...
  8. pmc Cancer as a complex phenotype: pattern of cancer distribution within and beyond the nuclear family
    Laufey T Amundadottir
    deCODE Genetics, Reykjavik, Iceland
    PLoS Med 1:e65. 2004
    ..of searching for genetic factors that contribute to cancer at one or more sites in the body, we have analyzed familial aggregation of cancer in extended families based on all cancer cases diagnosed in Iceland over almost half a century.
  9. ncbi The prevalence of chronic fatigue syndrome in Iceland - a national comparison by gender drawing on four different criteria
    Eirikur Lindal
    Department of Psychiatry, Landspitalinn University Hospital, IS 101 Reykjavik, Iceland
    Nord J Psychiatry 56:273-7. 2002
    The study was carried out to estimate the prevalence of chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) in Iceland. No previous prevalence studies known to us have been undertaken in Iceland or in Scandinavia...
  10. pmc Distribution of Crenarchaeota representatives in terrestrial hot springs of Russia and Iceland
    Anna A Perevalova
    Winogradsky Institute of Microbiology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Prospekt 60 letiya Oktyabrya, 7 2, 117312 Moscow, Russia
    Appl Environ Microbiol 74:7620-8. 2008
    ..of Crenarchaeota in terrestrial hot springs of the Kamchatka Peninsula and the Lake Baikal region (Russia) and of Iceland. Among the phylotypes detected there were relatives of both cultured (mainly hyperthermophilic) and uncultured ..
  11. ncbi Teenage contraceptive use in Iceland: a gender perspective
    Soley S Bender
    Faculty of Nursing, Univeresity of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland
    Public Health Nurs 22:17-26. 2005
    ..Preventive strategies must primarily target those teenagers who start sexual debut early, are not in a steady relationship, and are not receiving parental support...
  12. ncbi Deep sternal wound infections following open heart surgery in Iceland: a population-based study
    Steinn Steingrimsson
    Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Landspitali University Hospital, Reykjavik, Iceland
    Scand Cardiovasc J 42:208-13. 2008
    The aim of this nationwide case-control study was to study the epidemiology and identify risk factors of deep sternal wound infections (DSWI) in Iceland.
  13. ncbi Cancer risk by education in Iceland; a census-based cohort study
    Halldora Vidarsdottir
    Icelandic Cancer Registry, Icelandic Cancer Society, Reykjavik, Iceland
    Acta Oncol 47:385-90. 2008
    ..The relationship between education and cancer risk has not been studied in the small, but ethnically homogenous, Icelandic population postulated to be outstanding as regards social equity...
  14. ncbi An association between the kinship and fertility of human couples
    Agnar Helgason
    deCODE Genetics, Sturlugata 8, 101 Reykjavik, Iceland
    Science 319:813-6. 2008
    ....
  15. ncbi Adenocarcinoma of the prostate in Iceland: a population-based study of stage, Gleason grade, treatment and long-term survival in males diagnosed between 1983 and 1987
    E Jonsson
    Department of Urology, Landspitali University Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland
    Scand J Urol Nephrol 40:265-71. 2006
    ..To investigate adenocarcinoma of the prostate in a single population with an extended follow-up period...
  16. ncbi The natural history of untreated multiple sclerosis in Iceland. A total population-based 50 year prospective study
    John Benedikz
    Multiple Sclerosis Rehabilitation and Diagnostic Center of the MS Society of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland
    Clin Neurol Neurosurg 104:208-10. 2002
  17. ncbi Effectiveness of cervical cancer screening in Iceland, 1964-2002: a study on trends in incidence and mortality and the effect of risk factors
    Kristjan Sigurdsson
    Cancer Detection Clinic, Icelandic Cancer Society, Reykjavik, Iceland
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 85:343-9. 2006
    ..The effectiveness of a 40-year established nationwide cervical screening program has been evaluated to define optimal age limits and screening intervals...
  18. ncbi Polyphasic analysis of Thermus isolates from geothermal areas in Iceland
    Gudmundur O Hreggvidsson
    Prokaria Ltd, Gylfaflot 5, IS 112 Reykjavik, Iceland
    Extremophiles 10:563-75. 2006
    Genetic relationships and diversity of 101 Thermus isolates from different geothermal regions in Iceland were investigated by using multilocus enzyme electrophoresis (MLEE) and small subunit ribosomal rRNA (SSU rRNA) sequence analysis...
  19. ncbi The effect of infectious burden on the prevalence of atopy and respiratory allergies in Iceland, Estonia, and Sweden
    Christer Janson
    Respiratory Medicine and Allergology, Akademiska sjukhuset, Uppsala, Sweden
    J Allergy Clin Immunol 120:673-9. 2007
    ..Epidemiologic reports on the effect of microbe exposure on the development of atopy and allergic asthma are inconsistent...
  20. ncbi Allelic frequencies and patterns of single-nucleotide polymorphisms in candidate genes for asthma and atopy in Iceland
    H Hakonarson
    deCODE Genetics, Inc, Reykjavik, Iceland
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 164:2036-44. 2001
    ..We assessed the nature, pattern, and frequency of SNPs in 24 candidate genes in Iceland and looked for associations with asthma and atopy...
  21. pmc Selection at work in self-incompatible Arabidopsis lyrata. II. Spatial distribution of S haplotypes in Iceland
    Mikkel H Schierup
    Department of Ecology and Genetics, Institute of Biology, University of Aarhus, 8000 Aarhus C, Denmark
    Genetics 180:1051-9. 2008
    ..SI) locus of Arabidopsis lyrata (Brassicaceae) at 12 locations spread over the species' natural distribution in Iceland. Previous investigations of the system have identified 34 functionally different S haplotypes maintained by ..
  22. ncbi Prediction of cancer incidence in the Nordic countries up to the year 2020
    Bjørn Møller
    Kreftregisteret, Institute of Population Based Cancer Research, Norway
    Eur J Cancer Prev 11:S1-96. 2002
  23. ncbi Emotional experts: parents' views on end-of-life decisions for preterm infants in Iceland
    Jónína Einarsdóttir
    Department of Anthropology, Faculty of Social and Human Sciences, University of Iceland, Reykjavik
    Med Anthropol Q 23:34-50. 2009
    In this article, I examine how parents of infants with birth weight of 1000 grams or less in Iceland relate to the questions whether and when treatment for a preterm infant may be withdrawn, and who should make such a decision...
  24. ncbi Breast cancer risk factors and age at diagnosis: an Icelandic cohort study
    Laufey Tryggvadottir
    Icelandic Cancer Registry, Icelandic Cancer Society, Reykjavik, Iceland
    Int J Cancer 98:604-8. 2002
    ..From a cohort of 80.219 women attending population-based cervical and breast cancer screening in Iceland, 1120 cases were identified, aged 26-90 years at diagnosis and 10,537 controls, individually matched to the cases ..
  25. ncbi Fundamental causes of health disparities: stratification, the welfare state, and health in the United States and Iceland
    Sigrun Olafsdottir
    Department of Sociology, Boston University, MA 02115, USA
    J Health Soc Behav 48:239-53. 2007
    ..industrialized societies at opposite ends of an equal/unequal continuum are compared: the United States and Iceland. Using data from the 1998 General Social Survey and the 1998 Health and Living Standards of Adult Icelanders ..
  26. ncbi Vitamin D deficiency and nutritional status in elderly hospitalized subjects in Iceland
    Alfons Ramel
    Unit for Nutrition Research, Landspitali University Hospital and Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, University of Iceland, Eiriksgata 29, 101 Reykjavik, Iceland
    Public Health Nutr 12:1001-5. 2009
    ..The aims of the study were to describe the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in elderly hospitalized patients in Reykjavik, Iceland, and to investigate the effects of nutritional status and season on serum 25(OH)D.
  27. ncbi Clinical study on gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) in Iceland, 1990-2003
    Geir Tryggvason
    Department of Pathology, Landspitali University Hospital, Reykjavik, Iceland
    Dig Dis Sci 52:2249-53. 2007
    ..Five-year survival is better than previously reported and gastric GIST seems to be more benign than nongastric. GIST seems to metastasize mainly intra-abdominally...
  28. ncbi [Epidemiological study of functional bowel disorders in Iceland]
    Linda B Olafsdóttir
    Iceland University Hospital, Hringbraut, 101 Reykjavik, Iceland
    Laeknabladid 91:329-33. 2005
    The aim of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence of functional bowel disorders (FBD) in a population-based sample and to assess FBD-related health care seeking and medication in Iceland.
  29. ncbi Missense mutations causing mild hemophilia A in Iceland detected by denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis
    S Jonsdottir
    Department of Medical Genetics, National University Hospital, Reykjavik, Iceland
    Hum Mutat 1:506-8. 1992
  30. ncbi Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in Sweden, Estonia and Iceland
    Alda Birgisdottir
    Faculty of Medicine, University of Iceland
    Scand J Infect Dis 38:625-31. 2006
    ..We investigated the prevalence and risk factors for T. gondii infection in Iceland, Sweden and Estonia, and tested the hypothesis that T...
  31. ncbi Parental perception of fluorosis among 8-year-old children living in three communities in Iceland, Ireland and England
    Halla Sigurjóns
    University of Iceland, Faculty of Odontology, Reykjavik, Iceland
    Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 32:34-8. 2004
    ..To assess the impact of enamel fluorosis in three of the communities examined in 'Project FLINT', it was decided to conduct a structured telephone interview with the parents of some of the children who took part in the study...
  32. ncbi Diversity and abundance of Korarchaeota in terrestrial hot springs of Iceland and Kamchatka
    Laila Johanne Reigstad
    Centre for Geobiology and Department of Biology, University of Bergen, Allegaten, Bergen, Norway
    ISME J 4:346-56. 2010
    ..distribution and abundance of Korarchaeota, we analysed 19 terrestrial hot springs in Hveragerdi and Krysuvik, Iceland, and in Kamchatka, Russia. The springs were 70-97 degrees C with pH 2.5-6.5...
  33. ncbi Prevalence of epilepsy in rural Iceland: a population-based study
    E Olafsson
    Department of Neurology, National University Hospital Landspitalinn, Reykjavik, Iceland
    Epilepsia 40:1529-34. 1999
    To determine the prevalence of epilepsy (recurrent unprovoked seizures) in the population of rural Iceland.
  34. pmc Broiler Campylobacter contamination and human campylobacteriosis in Iceland
    Kenneth A Callicott
    Poultry Microbiological Safety Research Unit, USDA ARS, Athens, GA 30605, USA
    Appl Environ Microbiol 74:6483-94. 2008
    ....
  35. ncbi Schistosome cercariae as the causative agent of swimmer's itch in Iceland
    L Kolarova
    Department of Tropical Medicine, Charles University, Faculty Hospital Bulovka, Prague, Czech Republic
    J Helminthol 73:215-20. 1999
    ..were noted on the legs of children after wading in the pond in the Family Park in Laugardalur, Reykjavík, Iceland. Clinical symptoms developing on the legs resembled those of cercarial dermatitis...
  36. ncbi Collagenous and lymphocytic colitis in Iceland
    Margret Agnarsdottir
    Department of Pathology, University of Iceland, Reykjavik
    Dig Dis Sci 47:1122-8. 2002
    The aim of this study was to determine the nationwide incidence of collagenous and lymphocytic colitis in Iceland and the location of histopathological changes in the large bowel...
  37. ncbi Caries preventive services for children and adolescents in Denmark, Iceland, Norway and Sweden: strategies and resource allocation
    N J Wang
    Faculty of Dentistry, University of Oslo, Norway
    Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 26:263-71. 1998
    According to the dental acts of Denmark, Iceland, Norway and Sweden, emphasis is placed on preventive dental care...
  38. ncbi Caries-preventive methods used for children and adolescents in Denmark, Iceland, Norway and Sweden
    C Källestål
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Umea University, Sweden
    Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 27:144-51. 1999
    Denmark, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden have all had a similar decline in dental caries during the last 20 years, although the decline has come later in Iceland...
  39. ncbi Morphological and genetic divergence of intralacustrine stickleback morphs in Iceland: a case for selective differentiation?
    G Á Olafsdóttir
    Department of Environmental and Evolutionary Biology, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, UK
    J Evol Biol 20:603-16. 2007
    ..in a recent (<10000 years) zone of primary divergence between stickleback morphs in Lake Thingvallavatn, Iceland. Environmental factors, especially predation, are clearly implicated in reducing gene flow between morphs...
  40. ncbi Addictions and their familiality in Iceland
    Thorarinn Tyrfingsson
    SAA Treatment Center, Reykjavik, Iceland
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1187:208-17. 2010
    ..a new family study based on clinical data for more than 19,000 individuals who have been treated for addiction in Iceland over the last three decades...
  41. ncbi Declining coronary heart disease mortality in Iceland: contribution by incidence, recurrence and case fatality rate
    Nikulas Sigfusson
    Icelandic Heart Association, Reykjavik, Iceland
    Scand Cardiovasc J 36:337-41. 2002
    To analyse to what extent the recent decline in coronary heart disease mortality in Iceland is due to changes in incidence, recurrence and case fatality rates.
  42. ncbi Temperature-related risk factors associated with the colonization of broiler-chicken flocks with Campylobacter spp. in Iceland, 2001-2004
    M T Guerin
    Department of Population Medicine, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada
    Prev Vet Med 86:14-29. 2008
    ..in Iceland, with an underlying assumption that at minimum ambient temperatures, flies (Musca domestica) play a role in the ..
  43. pmc Pandemic lessons from Iceland
    Scott F Dowell
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road NE, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:1109-10. 2008
  44. ncbi Assessing attitude towards prioritizing in healthcare in Iceland
    Kristjan Oddsson
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, St Olav University Hospital, 7006 Trondheim, Norway
    Health Policy 66:135-46. 2003
    The objective of the study was to access the attitude of various groups in Iceland towards some prioritizing principles and their application in healthcare...
  45. ncbi Tracing Listeria monocytogenes isolates from cold-smoked salmon and its processing environment in Iceland using pulsed-field gel electrophoresis
    Sigrun Gudmundsdottir
    Icelandic Fisheries Laboratories, Skulagata 4, 101 Reykjavik, Iceland
    Int J Food Microbiol 101:41-51. 2005
    ..Hindering the introduction into and spread of the organism through the processing environment is necessary to avoid jeopardizing safety of the final product...
  46. ncbi [Pulmonary resections for metastatic renal cell carcinoma in Iceland]
    Saemndur J Oddsson
    Laeknadeild HI
    Laeknabladid 94:377-81. 2008
    ..The aim of this study was to analyse the outcome of this patient group in Iceland over a 23 year period.
  47. pmc Septic arthritis in Iceland 1990-2002: increasing incidence due to iatrogenic infections
    A J Geirsson
    Department of Medicine, Landspitali Fossvogi, University Hospital of Iceland, 108 Reykjavik, Iceland
    Ann Rheum Dis 67:638-43. 2008
    ..To assess the impact of increased number of diagnostic and therapeutic joint procedures on the incidence and type of septic arthritis (SA)...
  48. ncbi Biobanks. Population databases boom, from Iceland to the U.S
    Jocelyn Kaiser
    Science 298:1158-61. 2002
  49. ncbi Familial risk of prostate cancer in Iceland
    B J Eldon
    Iceland Genomics Corporation, Reykjavik, Iceland
    BJU Int 92:915-9. 2003
    ..To estimate the risk of prostate and other types of cancer among relatives of Icelandic men diagnosed with prostate cancer over a 5-year period...
  50. ncbi Thermus oshimai sp. nov., isolated from hot springs in Portugal, Iceland, and the Azores, and comment on the concept of a limited geographical distribution of Thermus species
    R A Williams
    Department of Biochemistry, Queen Mary and Westfield College, London, United Kingdom
    Int J Syst Bacteriol 46:403-8. 1996
    ..We propose that the isolates that belonged to phenetic clusters E and F are members of a new species, Thermus oshimai; the type strain of T. oshimai is strain SPS17...
  51. ncbi [Prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus in Iceland 1967-2002]
    Jóhannes Bergsveinsson
    Laeknadeild HI, Reykjavik, Iceland
    Laeknabladid 93:397-402. 2007
    The prevalence of type 2 diabetes (T2DM) is increasing at an alarming rate worldwide. The prevalence of T2DM in Iceland has been comparatively low...
  52. ncbi Protection of privacy by third-party encryption in genetic research in Iceland
    J R Gulcher
    deCODE Genetics, Inc, Reykjavik, Iceland
    Eur J Hum Genet 8:739-42. 2000
    ..developing a third-party encryption system in direct collaboration with the Data Protection Commission (DPC) of Iceland. We have incorporated the encryption system within our sample collection and storage software, which minimises ..
  53. ncbi Biosamples, genomics, and human rights: context and content of Iceland's Biobanks Act
    D E Winickoff
    Harvard Law School, USA
    J Biolaw Bus 4:11-7. 2001
    ..The need for regulation of biobanking is especially acute in Iceland, whose parliament has granted a for-profit corporation, deCODE Genetics, an exclusive license to create a ..
  54. ncbi Estimation of 10-year risk of fatal cardiovascular disease and coronary heart disease in Iceland with results comparable with those of the Systematic Coronary Risk Evaluation project
    Thor Aspelund
    The Icelandic Heart Association, Kopavogur bLandspitali University Hospital, Reykjavik, Iceland
    Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil 14:761-8. 2007
    ..No data are available on the comparison between an absolute 10-year risk of fatal cardiovascular disease (CVD) and coronary heart disease (CHD) morbidity using the risk assessments of the Systematic Coronary Risk Evaluation (SCORE) project...
  55. ncbi Papillary thyroid carcinoma in Iceland. A study of the occurrence in families and the coexistence of other primary tumours
    J Hrafnkelsson
    Department of Pathology, University of Iceland, Reykjavik
    Acta Oncol 28:785-8. 1989
    This paper presents evidence from Iceland which indicates that papillary thyroid carcinoma occurs in certain families more often than expected...
  56. pmc Salmonella in sheep in Iceland
    S Hjartardottir
    Institute for Experimental Pathology, University of Iceland, Keldur, Iceland
    Acta Vet Scand 43:43-8. 2002
    In 1995 several outbreaks of food poisoning in humans occurred in Iceland, that were traced to salmonella contamination of singed sheep heads...
  57. ncbi Changes in the relationships between dogs, owners and veterinarians in Norway and Iceland
    H S Lund
    Department of Companion Animal Clinical Sciences, Norwegian School of Veterinary Science, PO Box 8146, Dep, 0033 Oslo, Norway
    Vet Rec 165:106-10. 2009
    ..About one-third of owners reported problems related to a lack of trust and poor communications in encounters with their veterinarians...
  58. pmc Neisseria meningitidis sequence type and risk for death, Iceland
    Magnus Gottfredsson
    Landspitali University Hospital, Reykjavik, Iceland
    Emerg Infect Dis 12:1066-73. 2006
    Invasive meningococcal infections are hyperendemic in Iceland, a relatively isolated country in the mid-Atlantic. We performed a nationwide study on all viable meningococcal strains (N = 362) from 1977 to 2004...
  59. ncbi Paratuberculosis in Iceland: epidemiology and control measures, past and present
    V Fridriksdottir
    Institute for Experimental Pathology, University of Iceland, Keldur, IS 112, Reykjavik, Iceland
    Vet Microbiol 77:263-7. 2000
    Paratuberculosis as well as the slow virus infections maedi/visna and jaagsiekte came to Iceland in 1933 when 20 sheep of the Karakul breed were imported from Halle, Germany...
  60. ncbi From epidemiology to lysyl oxidase like one (LOXL1) polymorphisms discovery: phenotyping and genotyping exfoliation syndrome and exfoliation glaucoma in Iceland
    Fridbert Jonasson
    University of Iceland, Landspitali, Reykjavik, Iceland
    Acta Ophthalmol 87:478-87. 2009
    ..All studies found XFS/XFG to be common in Iceland and to be age-related...
  61. ncbi Acute epiglottitis in Iceland 1983-2005
    Birgir Briem
    Department of Otolaryngology, Buskerud Central Hospital, Dronninggata 28, 3004 Drammen, Norway
    Auris Nasus Larynx 36:46-52. 2009
    To describe the changes in the epidemiology of epiglottitis in Iceland from 1983 to 2005.
  62. pmc Anxiety with panic disorder linked to chromosome 9q in Iceland
    Thorgeir E Thorgeirsson
    deCODE Genetics, Reykjavik, Iceland
    Am J Hum Genet 72:1221-30. 2003
    ..The linkage results may be relevant not only to PD but also to anxiety in general, since our linkage study included patients with other forms of anxiety...
  63. ncbi [Prevalence of COPD in Iceland--the BOLD study]
    Bryndis Benediktsdottir
    Laeknadeild, Háskóla Íslands
    Laeknabladid 93:471-7. 2007
    To investigate the prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in Iceland and possible risk factors.
  64. ncbi [Use of methylphenidate among children in Iceland 1989-2006]
    Helga Zoega
    Laeknabladid 93:825-32. 2007
    To determine the prevalence of methylphenidate use among children in Iceland and show utilization trends from 1989 to 2006. Patterns of use were analyzed by sex, age and region of habitation, short-acting vs...
  65. pmc Increasing incidence of candidemia: results from a 20-year nationwide study in Iceland
    Lena Rós Asmundsdóttir
    University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland
    J Clin Microbiol 40:3489-92. 2002
    A nationwide study on candidemia was conducted in Iceland from 1980 to 1999. The annual incidence increased from 1.4 cases/100,000 inhabitants/year between 1980 and 1984 to 4...
  66. ncbi Trends in peptic ulcer morbidity and mortality in Iceland
    Hildur Thors
    Department of Gastroenterology, National University Hospital, 101 Reykjavik, Iceland
    J Clin Epidemiol 55:681-6. 2002
    ..elective surgery 1971-1990) and all deaths from peptic ulcer (perforations and other ulcer deaths 1951-1989) in Iceland. Age-specific incidence and mortality were analyzed graphically by year of birth (cohort) and by year of event (..
  67. ncbi A population-based familial aggregation analysis indicates genetic contribution in a majority of renal cell carcinomas
    Tomas Gudbjartsson
    Landspitali University Hospital, Reykjavik, Iceland
    Int J Cancer 100:476-9. 2002
    ..Medical and pathologic records for all patients diagnosed with RCC in Iceland between 1955 and 1999 were reviewed. This included a total of 1,078 RCC cases, 660 males and 418 females...
  68. ncbi Familial risk of colon and rectal cancer in Iceland: evidence for different etiologic factors?
    Tryggvi Stefansson
    Department of Surgery, Landspitali University Hospital, Reykjavik, Iceland
    Int J Cancer 119:304-8. 2006
    ..study was to characterize the familial risk of colon and rectal cancer using 2 population-based registries in Iceland, the Icelandic Cancer Registry and a genealogy database...
  69. ncbi A common genetic background for inflammatory bowel disease and ankylosing spondylitis: a genealogic study in Iceland
    Bjarni Thjodleifsson
    Landspitali University Hospital, Hringbraut, Reykjavik IS 401, Iceland
    Arthritis Rheum 56:2633-9. 2007
    ..This study was undertaken to examine the familial occurrence and cosegregation of AS and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in order to determine whether there is a shared genetic risk factor in families...
  70. pmc Social correlates of cigarette smoking among Icelandic adolescents: a population-based cross-sectional study
    Alfgeir L Kristjansson
    Centre for Social Research and Analysis, School of Health and Education, Reykjavik University, Reykjavik, Iceland
    BMC Public Health 8:86. 2008
    ..the social mechanisms that influence adolescent smoking, we analyzed the relationship and relative importance of a broad spectrum of social variables in adolescent smoking in Iceland, a Nordic country with high per-capita income.
  71. ncbi 5-year incidence of age-related maculopathy in the Reykjavik Eye Study
    Fridbert Jonasson
    Department of Ophthalmology, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland
    Ophthalmology 112:132-8. 2005
    ..To examine the age- and gender-specific 5-year incidence of age-related maculopathy (ARM) and age-related macular degeneration (AMD) in citizens of Reykjavik...
  72. ncbi Birth weight and risk for childhood leukemia in Denmark, Sweden, Norway, and Iceland
    Lisa Lyngsie Hjalgrim
    Department of Epidemiology Research, Danish Epidemiology Science Center, Statens Serum Institut, Artillerivej 5, 2300 Copenhagen S, Denmark
    J Natl Cancer Inst 96:1549-56. 2004
    ..We conducted a population-based case-control study in Denmark, Sweden, Norway, and Iceland to investigate the association between birth weight (and other birth characteristics) and the risk of childhood ..
  73. ncbi [Quinolone resistance in Gram negative rods in Iceland and association with antibiotic use]
    Kristin Jonsdottir
    sýklafraedidelid Landspítala, Reykjavik, Island
    Laeknabladid 94:279-85. 2008
    ..The purpose of this study was to measure the frequency of fluoroquinolone resistance in the most prevalent Gram negative rods and look at the correlation with fluoroquinolone use over the last 8 years...
  74. ncbi Violent behaviour among adolescents in Iceland: a national survey
    Gerdur Run Gudlaugsdottir
    Gerdur Run Gudlaugsdottir, Master of Public Health Programme, Institute of Public Health, University of Copenhagen, Denmark
    Int J Epidemiol 33:1046-51. 2004
    ..In this study, we assessed the prevalence of violent behaviour and its correlates among 15-16 year old schoolchildren in Iceland.
  75. pmc Culling rate of Icelandic horses due to bone spavin
    S Bjornsdottir
    Hólar Agricultural College, Saudárkrókur, Iceland
    Acta Vet Scand 44:161-9. 2003
    ..It was concluded that bone spavin affects the duration of use of Icelandic horses and is the most common cause of culling due to disease of riding horses in the age range of 7-17 years...
  76. pmc Iron and iron/manganese ratio in forage from Icelandic sheep farms: relation to scrapie
    K B Gudmundsdottir
    Chief Veterinary Office, Section for Animal Diseases, Institute for Experimental Pathology, University of Iceland, Keldur, 112 Reykjavik, Iceland
    Acta Vet Scand 48:16. 2006
    ..existed between the amounts of iron in forage and the sporadic occurrence of scrapie observed in certain parts of Iceland. As iron and manganese are considered antagonistic in plants, calculation of the Fe/Mn ratios was also included ..
  77. ncbi Acute poisonings in Iceland: a prospective nationwide study
    Jakob Kristinsson
    Institute of Pharmacy, Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland
    Clin Toxicol (Phila) 46:126-32. 2008
    Poisoning is a common cause of emergency visits and hospital admission in Western countries. The purpose of this study was to assess the incidence and type of toxic exposures presenting to emergency medical facilities in Iceland.
  78. pmc Glutathione peroxidase (GPX) activity in blood of ewes on farms in different scrapie categories in Iceland
    Kristín B Gudmundsdóttir
    Chief Veterinary Office, Section for Animal Diseases, Institute for Experimental Pathology, University of Iceland, Keldur v Vesturlandsveg, 110 Reykjavik, Iceland
    Acta Vet Scand 50:23. 2008
    ..The aim of this study was to examine the GPX activity in blood as well as the distribution of GPX-activity levels from ewes on farms in scrapie-afflicted areas in Iceland.
  79. ncbi Risk factors for Campylobacter spp. colonization in broiler flocks in Iceland
    Pablo Romero Barrios
    Department of Population Medicine, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ont, Canada N1G 2W1
    Prev Vet Med 74:264-78. 2006
    ....
  80. pmc A farm-level study of risk factors associated with the colonization of broiler flocks with Campylobacter spp. in Iceland, 2001-2004
    Michele T Guerin
    Department of Population Medicine, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada
    Acta Vet Scand 49:18. 2007
    ..apparent association with increased consumption of fresh chicken meat, a longitudinal study was conducted in Iceland to identify the means to decrease the frequency of broiler flock colonization with Campylobacter...
  81. ncbi Common sequence variants in the LOXL1 gene confer susceptibility to exfoliation glaucoma
    Gudmar Thorleifsson
    deCODE Genetics Inc, 101 Reykjavik, Iceland
    Science 317:1397-400. 2007
    ..The population-attributable risk is more than 99%. The product of LOXL1 catalyzes the formation of elastin fibers found to be a major component of the lesions in XFG...
  82. pmc The BARD1 Cys557Ser variant and breast cancer risk in Iceland
    Simon N Stacey
    deCODE Genetics, Reykjavik, Iceland
    PLoS Med 3:e217. 2006
    ..We then used a computerized genealogy of the Icelandic population to study the relationships between the Cys557Ser variant and familial clustering of breast cancer...
  83. pmc Sequences from first settlers reveal rapid evolution in Icelandic mtDNA pool
    Agnar Helgason
    deCODE Genetics, Reykjavik, Iceland
    PLoS Genet 5:e1000343. 2009
    ..carried by the first settlers were better preserved in their ancestral gene pools than among their descendants in Iceland. These results demonstrate the inferential power gained in ancient DNA studies through the application of ..
  84. ncbi [Coronary risk factors among men and women in Iceland. Results from the Reykjavik Study 1967-1985. 1992]
    Gudmundur Porgeirsson
    Laeknabladid 91:107-14. 2005
    ..However, since the women have much lower risk of dying from coronary heart disease than the men the absolute risk associated with each of the risk factors is much lower in the women...
  85. pmc Hybridization of glaucous gull (Larus hyperboreus) and herring gull (Larus argentatus) in Iceland: mitochondrial and microsatellite data
    Freydís Vigfúsdóttir
    Department of Biology, University of Iceland, Sturlugata 7, 101 Reykjavik, Iceland
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 363:2851-60. 2008
    ..the results from a study on the glaucous gull Larus hyperboreus, an Arctic species which has been breeding in Iceland for centuries, and the herring gull Larus argentatus which has a wide distribution in Europe but colonized ..
  86. pmc Study of a single BRCA2 mutation with high carrier frequency in a small population
    S Thorlacius
    Molecular and Cell Biology Research Laboratory, University of Iceland, Reykjavik
    Am J Hum Genet 60:1079-84. 1997
    ..Increase in breast cancer incidence and lower age at onset suggest a possible contributing environmental factor...
  87. ncbi Incidence of total hip replacement for primary osteoarthrosis in Iceland 1982-1996
    T Ingvarsson
    Department of Orthopedics, Central Hospital, Akureyri, Iceland
    Acta Orthop Scand 70:229-33. 1999
    We report the incidence of total hip replacements performed in Iceland between 1982 and 1996. During this period, 3,403 hip arthroplasties were done. The annual number of procedures increased from 94 hips in 1982 to 323 hips in 1996...
  88. ncbi Do lipids, blood pressure, diabetes, and smoking confer equal risk of myocardial infarction in women as in men? The Reykjavik Study
    Lilja S Jonsdottir
    Heart Preventive Clinic, Icelandic Heart Association, Holtasmari 1, 201 Kópavogur, Iceland, University Hospital, Hringbraut, 101 Reykjavik, Iceland
    J Cardiovasc Risk 9:67-76. 2002
    ..This study assesses the major risk factors for coronary events in men and women from the Reykjavik Study...
  89. pmc Discovery and description of giant submarine smectite cones on the seafloor in Eyjafjordur, northern Iceland, and a novel thermal microbial habitat
    V T Marteinsson
    Prokaria Ltd, 112 Reykjavik, Iceland
    Appl Environ Microbiol 67:827-33. 2001
    ..geothermal cones, rising 33, 25, and 45 m from the seafloor at a depth of 65 m in Eyjafjordur, northern Iceland. The greatest geothermal activity was on the highest cone, which discharged up to 50 liters of freshwater per s ..
  90. pmc Localization of a susceptibility gene for common forms of stroke to 5q12
    Solveig Gretarsdottir
    deCODE Genetics, Reykjavik, Iceland
    Am J Hum Genet 70:593-603. 2002
    ..We cross-matched a population-based list of patients with stroke in Iceland with an extensive computerized genealogy database clustering 476 patients with stroke within 179 extended ..
  91. pmc The effect of a single BRCA2 mutation on cancer in Iceland
    H Tulinius
    Icelandic Cancer Society, Reykjavik, Iceland University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland
    J Med Genet 39:457-62. 2002
    ..To estimate the risk of malignant diseases in families of probands with the same mutation in the BRCA2 gene...
  92. ncbi Haplotype analysis in Icelandic and Finnish BRCA2 999del5 breast cancer families
    R B Barkardottir
    Department of Pathology, University Hospital of Iceland, Iceland
    Eur J Hum Genet 9:773-9. 2001
    The 999del5 mutation is the single, strong BRCA2 founder mutation in Iceland and the most common BRCA1/2 founder mutation in Finland...
  93. ncbi Immunogenicity of two efficacious outer membrane protein-based serogroup B meningococcal vaccines among young adults in Iceland
    B A Perkins
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Infect Dis 177:683-91. 1998
    ..10% and 1% [control]) or the Finlay Institute vaccine group (P < .05 for both). SBA and ELISA may be insensitive correlates for protective efficacy for some outer membrane protein-based serogroup B meningococcal vaccines...
  94. ncbi The inheritance of hand osteoarthritis in Iceland
    Helgi Jonsson
    Department of Rheumatology, Landspitalinn University Hospital, Reykjavik, Iceland
    Arthritis Rheum 48:391-5. 2003
    ..To assess the contribution of genetics to hand osteoarthritis (HOA) and its subsets in the Icelandic population...
  95. ncbi Erythrocyte sedimentation rate, an independent predictor of coronary heart disease in men and women: The Reykjavik Study
    Margret B Andresdottir
    Icelandic Heart Association Research Institute, Kopavogur, Iceland
    Am J Epidemiol 158:844-51. 2003
    ..accident was assessed in a cohort of 7,988 men and 8,685 women who participated in The Reykjavik Study (Iceland). Cardiovascular risk assessment was based on characteristics at baseline, from 1967 to 1996...
  96. ncbi Mutations in corneal carbohydrate sulfotransferase 6 gene (CHST6) cause macular corneal dystrophy in Iceland
    N P Liu
    Department of Ophthalmology and Center for Human Genetics, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    Mol Vis 6:261-4. 2000
    ..Recently, mutations in the carbohydrate sulfotransferase 6 gene (CHST6) were identified to cause MCD. The purpose of this study was to examine CHST6 for mutations in Icelandic patients with MCD type I...
  97. ncbi A reassessment of genetic diversity in Icelanders: strong evidence from multiple loci for relative homogeneity caused by genetic drift
    A Helgason
    deCODE Genetics, 101 Reykjavik, Iceland
    Ann Hum Genet 67:281-97. 2003
    ..Overall, our analyses strongly indicate that the Icelandic gene pool is less heterogeneous than those of most other European populations...
  98. ncbi Caries prevalence, Streptococcus mutans and sugar intake among 4-year-old urban children in Iceland
    W P Holbrook
    Faculty of Odontology, University of Iceland, Reykjavik
    Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 17:292-5. 1989
    Concern at the high prevalence of dental caries in Iceland prompted this survey of 158 preschool children in Reykjavik. On initial examination in 1987 45.8% of the children were caries-free and the prevalence of caries was a mean dmft 2...
  99. pmc Phylogenetic diversity analysis of subterranean hot springs in Iceland
    V T Marteinsson
    Prokaria Ltd, IS 112 Reykjavik, Iceland
    Appl Environ Microbiol 67:4242-8. 2001
    Geothermal energy has been harnessed and used for domestic heating in Iceland. In wells that are typically drilled to a depth of 1,500 to 2,000 m, the temperature of the source water is 50 to 130 degrees C...
  100. ncbi Oral lichen planus has a high rate of TP53 mutations. A study of oral mucosa in icelanD
    Helga M Ogmundsdottir
    Molecular and Cell Biology Laboratory, Icelandic Cancer Society, Reykjavik
    Eur J Oral Sci 110:192-8. 2002
    ..No associations were found with anatomical sites or disease progression. The unexpectedly high mutation rate of OLP might explain the premalignant potential of this lesion...
  101. pmc Campylobacter spp. in Icelandic poultry operations and human disease
    N J Stern
    USDA Agricultural Research Service, Poultry Microbiological Safety Research Unit, 950 College Station Rd, Athens, GA 30604 5677, USA
    Epidemiol Infect 130:23-32. 2003
    ..During 1999 in Iceland, domestic cases of campylobacteriosis reached peak levels at 116/100,000 and in 2000 dropped to 33/100,000...

Research Grants15

  1. COMMUNITY BASED STUDY ON OCCUPATIONAL ASTHMA, ECRHS-OA
    Manolis Kogevinas; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..ECRHS-II) following-up approximately 17,000 young adults from 12 countries (Australia, Belgium, France, Germany, Iceland, Italy, Norway, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, UK and USA)...
  2. Clinical Validation of BCT - Phase II
    DAVID KOPPERDAHL; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..For this, we will analyze the AGES cohort of 5,500 women and men in Reykjavik, Iceland, for incident hip and spine fracture...
  3. Clinical Validation of BCT
    DAVID KOPPERDAHL; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The AGES cohort of over 5500 residents from Reykjavik, Iceland, is unique since both hip and spine clinical fracture data are available for both men and women (as are the QCT ..
  4. A multilevel approach to understanding healthcare disparities in the nursing home
    LATARSHA CHISHOLM; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This index is the most widely use measure of segregation (Iceland, Weinberg, and Steinmetz, 2002)...
  5. Family Linkage Study of Obstructive Sleep Apnea
    Allan Pack; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..aggregation of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) as has been shown in the United States, Europe and recently in Iceland. Iceland represents a unique opportunity for genetic research...
  6. International Caries Detection and Assessement System
    Amid Ismail; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The ICDAS committee includes the following members: David Banting (Canada), Hafstein Eggerston (USA and Iceland), Amid Ismail (USA), Kim Ekstrand (Denmark), Christopher Longbottom (Scotland), Nigel Pitts (Scotland), Elmar ..
  7. NATIONAL CENTER FOR INFERTILITY RESEARCH AT MGH
    William Crowley; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..We will address many of these long-term obstacles by studying PCOS in Iceland where we can take advantage of the country's relative genetic and environmental homogeneity, the remarkably ..
  8. Genome-wide association study of MI in Caucasians
    Jeffrey R Gulcher; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..and accurate tag-SNP array genotyping a total of 4500 MI patients and 7500 controls from US (Caucasians) and Iceland. Additionally, for cross-ethnic group testing of signals found in Caucasians, the study will include 600 MI ..
  9. Mapping a Gene for Parkinsons Disease in Norway
    Matthew Farrer; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..2 million bases and numerous candidate genes. Population history and genetic data tells us that Iceland's heritage is primarily of Norse descent...
  10. A CONSORTIUM TO INVESTIGATE HUMAN LONGEVITY AND FRAILTY
    Steven Cummings; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..We will analyze date from a genomic scan for chromosomal regions associated with longevity in the population of Iceland. Members of the NIA-funded Centenarian Consortium may contribute additional candidate genes from their discovery ..
  11. Unraveling Musculoskeletal Pleiotropy Using Genome-Wide Association
    David Karasik; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..families, and siblings from Indiana, as well as the Rotterdam Study from the Netherlands and AGES-Reykjavik from Iceland. The OVERALL GOAL of the proposed project is to discern genetic factors contributing to two phenotypes that play ..
  12. EMORY COLLABORATIVE CENTER: PD ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH
    Mahlon Delong; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..a new genetic linkage to PD, PARK10, which has been associated with increased risk of 'sporadic' PD in Iceland. Sporadic PD patients will be evaluated at Emory and high-density genome scans will be performed...
  13. EPILEPSY EPIDEMIOLOGY--INCIDENCE & ANTECEDENTS IN ICELAN
    W Hauser; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..An incidence study of all seizure disorders will be conducted in the island country of Iceland. This country has provided excellent medical care to its citizens at little or no cost for many years, and has an ..
  14. Prevention of depression among adolescents in Iceland
    W Craighead; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..information for the new selection criteria and feasibility data regarding a larger prevention program throughout Iceland. Data from this project will inform and provide guidelines for a subsequent larger prevention program in Iceland ..
  15. 8th Sleep and Breathing Symposium
    Leszek Kubin; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Symposium on Sleep & Breathing is being organized to occur on May 31- June 2, 2002 in Reykjavik, Iceland. These approximately bi-annual symposia gather 100-200 participants The costs of the meetings are covered by the ..