- Use of insulin glargine and cancer incidence in Scotland: a study from the Scottish Diabetes Research Network Epidemiology Group
H M Colhoun
Biomedical Research Institute, University of Dundee, Mackenzie Building, Kirsty Semple Way, Dundee, DD2 4BF, Scotland, UK
Diabetologia 52:1755-65. 2009
The aim of the present study was to examine whether patients with diabetes in Scotland using insulin glargine have a greater cancer risk than patients using other types of insulin.
- Contribution of modern cardiovascular treatment and risk factor changes to the decline in coronary heart disease mortality in Scotland between 1975 and 1994
University of Glasgow, Department of Public Health, 2 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow G12 8RZ, UK
Heart 81:380-6. 1999
To estimate the fall in coronary heart disease (CHD) mortality in Scotland attributable to medical and surgical treatments, and risk factor changes, between 1975 and 1994.
- Acute upper gastrointestinal haemorrhage in west of Scotland: case ascertainment study
Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow
BMJ 315:510-4. 1997
To determine the incidence and case fatality of acute upper gastrointestinal haemorrhage in the west of Scotland and to identify associated factors.
- Variations in fresh fruit and vegetable quality by store type, urban-rural setting and neighbourhood deprivation in Scotland
Healthy Environments Research Programme, Department of Geography, Queen Mary, University of London, Mile End Road, London E1 4NS, UK
Public Health Nutr 12:2044-50. 2009
..Here we investigate whether produce quality systematically varies by food store type, rural-urban location and neighbourhood deprivation in a selection of communities across Scotland.
- Do poorer people have poorer access to local resources and facilities? The distribution of local resources by area deprivation in Glasgow, Scotland
MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, 4 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow, UK
Soc Sci Med 67:900-14. 2008
..We examined the location of 42 resources in Glasgow City, Scotland, in 2005-2006, by quintile of small area deprivation...
- Young teenagers' perceptions of their own and others' bodies: a qualitative study of obese, overweight and 'normal' weight young people in Scotland
Centre for Research in Primary and Community Care, University of Hertfordshire, Hatfield, UK
Soc Sci Med 62:396-406. 2006
..These findings are important as they contradict the common perception that being overweight/obese is related to body dissatisfaction and that young people have a fear of fatness...
- Lay perceptions of type 2 diabetes in Scotland: bringing health services back in
Research Unit in Health, Behaviour and Change, School of Clinical Sciences and Community Health, University of Edinburgh, Medical School, Teviot Place, Edinburgh EH8 9AG, UK
Soc Sci Med 60:1423-35. 2005
..The sample comprised 40 patients resident in Lothian, Scotland, who had diverse experiences of services, some receiving GP-based care only, others having varying contact with ..
- Elevated alanine aminotransferase predicts new-onset type 2 diabetes independently of classical risk factors, metabolic syndrome, and C-reactive protein in the west of Scotland coronary prevention study
Division of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences, Universityof Glasgow, Glasgow Royal Infirmary, Glasgow G31 2ER, Scotland, UK
Diabetes 53:2855-60. 2004
..whether it predicted incident diabetes independently of routinely measured factors in 5,974 men in the West of Scotland Coronary Prevention Study. A total of 139 men developed new diabetes over 4.9 years of follow-up...
- The central Scotland Escherichia coli O157:H7 outbreak: risk factors for the hemolytic uremic syndrome and death among hospitalized patients
Department of Infectious Diseases, Monklands Hospital, Lanarkshire, United Kingdom
Clin Infect Dis 33:923-31. 2001
..The 1996 outbreak in central Scotland involved the largest number of adult case patients in whom hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) developed and, ..
- Serial metabolic measurements and conversion to type 2 diabetes in the west of Scotland coronary prevention study: specific elevations in alanine aminotransferase and triglycerides suggest hepatic fat accumulation as a potential contributing factor
Department of Vascular Biochemistry, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, Scotland
Diabetes 56:984-91. 2007
..to diabetes, we analyzed serial glucose and other metabolic measures obtained every 6 months within the West of Scotland Coronary Prevention Study trial...
- The lagged effect of cold temperature and wind chill on cardiorespiratory mortality in Scotland
Centre for Occupational and Environmental Health, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK
Occup Environ Med 62:702-10. 2005
..To investigate the lagged effects of cold temperature on cardiorespiratory mortality and to determine whether "wind chill" is a better predictor of these effects than "dry bulb" temperature...
- The epidemiology of infertility in the North East of Scotland
Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen Maternity Hospital, Foresterhill, Aberdeen AB25 2ZD, UK
Hum Reprod 24:3096-107. 2009
..This study aimed to determine the current prevalence of infertility in a defined geographical population, ascertain changes in self-reported infertility over time and identify risk factors associated with infertility...
- Incidence and demography of non-accidental head injury in southeast Scotland from a national database
Robert A Minns
Department of Child Life and Health, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom
Am J Prev Med 34:S126-33. 2008
..non-accidental head injury (NAHI; also called inflicted traumatic brain injury [inflicted TBI] and shaken baby syndrome [SBS]) in Scotland to report the incidence, confidence intervals, and demography of such cases in Southeast Scotland.
- Peritoneal dialysis-associated peritonitis in Scotland (1999-2002)
The Scottish Renal Registry, Royal Infirmary, Castle Street, Glasgow G4 0SF, UK
Nephrol Dial Transplant 19:2584-91. 2004
..We have performed a national study of all patients on PD in Scotland over a 3...
- Accuracy of Parkinson's disease diagnosis in 610 general practice patients in the West of Scotland
Edward J Newman
Department of Neurology, Institute of Neurological Sciences, Southern General Hospital, Glasgow, UK
Mov Disord 24:2379-85. 2009
..databases and case records identified 610 patients taking antiparkinson therapy for a PD diagnosis in 92 West of Scotland General Practices...
- Health status and health behaviours in neighbourhoods: a comparison of Glasgow, Scotland and Hamilton, Canada
Department of Geography, University of Toronto Mississauga, Mississauga, Ontario, Canada L5L 1C6
Health Place 16:331-8. 2010
..variations in health outcomes are compared across four socially contrasting neighbourhoods in Glasgow, Scotland and Hamilton, Ontario Canada...
- Recent trends in hospital admissions and mortality rates for peptic ulcer in Scotland 1982-2002
J Y Kang
Department of Gastroenterology, St George s Hospital, London, UK
Aliment Pharmacol Ther 24:65-79. 2006
..While overall hospital admission rates for peptic ulcer declined in England in the 1990 s, they increased among the elderly, especially for complicated ulcer. However, peptic ulcer admissions fell for all age groups in the United States...
- Dietary patterns of school-age children in Scotland: association with socio-economic indicators, physical activity and obesity
Leone C A Craig
Population Health, Division of Applied Health Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen AB25 2ZD, UK
Br J Nutr 103:319-34. 2010
The Survey of Sugar Intake among Children in Scotland was carried out in May to September 2006...
- Attribution of Campylobacter infections in northeast Scotland to specific sources by use of multilocus sequence typing
Norval J C Strachan
School of Biological Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, United Kingdom
J Infect Dis 199:1205-8. 2009
..The results indicate that chicken is a major source of infection in young urban children, although not in their rural counterparts, for which ruminant and other avian sources are more important...
- Metabolic syndrome with and without C-reactive protein as a predictor of coronary heart disease and diabetes in the West of Scotland Coronary Prevention Study
University Department of Pathological Biochemistry, Glasgow Royal Infirmary, 10 Alexandra Parade, Glasgow G31 2ER, Scotland, UK
Circulation 108:414-9. 2003
..Information on the prospective association of this definition for coronary heart disease (CHD) and type 2 diabetes is currently limited...
- One year prospective survey of Candida bloodstream infections in Scotland
Frank C Odds
Aberdeen Fungal Group, School of Medical Sciences, Institute of Medical Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen AB25 2ZD, UK
J Med Microbiol 56:1066-75. 2007
A 12 month survey of candidaemia in Scotland, UK, in which every Scottish hospital laboratory submitted all blood isolates of yeasts for identification, strain typing and susceptibility testing, provided 300 isolates from 242 patients, ..
- The impact of smokefree legislation in Scotland: results from the Scottish ITC: Scotland/UK longitudinal surveys
Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Department of Health Behavior, Buffalo, NY 14263, USA
Eur J Public Health 19:198-205. 2009
To evaluate how Scotland's smokefree law impacted self-reported secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure in hospitality venues, workplaces and in people's homes...
- Improving generalist end of life care: national consultation with practitioners, commissioners, academics, and service user groups
King s College London, Department of Palliative Care, Policy and Rehabilitation, Weston Education Centre, London SE5 9RJ
BMJ 337:a1720. 2008
..To identify major concerns of national and local importance in the provision, commissioning, research, and use of generalist end of life care...
- Practice size, caseload, deprivation and quality of care of patients with coronary heart disease, hypertension and stroke in primary care: national cross-sectional study
Department of Primary Care and Social Medicine, Imperial College London, London, UK
BMC Health Serv Res 7:96. 2007
..between quality of primary care for cardiovascular disease achieved by general practices in England and Scotland by general practice caseload, practice size and area based deprivation measures, using data from the New General ..
- Investigation of human infections with Salmonella enterica serovar Java in Scotland and possible association with imported poultry
D J Brown
Euro Surveill 8:35-40. 2003
..These results combined with epidemiological data and information on the origins of poultry meat strongly suggested that imported poultry meat is an important source of Java infections in humans in Scotland.
- Varying gender pattern of childhood injury mortality over time in Scotland
Paediatric Epidemiology and Community Health PEACH Unit, Department of Child Health, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
Arch Dis Child 94:524-30. 2009
..This article explores gender in relation to Scottish child injury mortality over time...
- The impact of the Health Technology Board for Scotland's grading model on referrals to ophthalmology services
Grampian Diabetes Retinal Screening Programme, Woolmanhill, Aberdeen AB25 1LD, UK
Br J Ophthalmol 89:891-6. 2005
To ascertain the impact of the Health Technology Board for Scotland's grading model on referrals to ophthalmology services.
- Maternal genetic effects set the potential for evolution in a free-living vertebrate population
A J Wilson
Institute of Cell, Animal and Population Biology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK
J Evol Biol 18:405-14. 2005
..we estimate maternal effects on early-life traits in a feral population of Soay sheep (Ovis aries) from St Kilda, Scotland. We then partition the maternal effects into genetic and environmental components to obtain the first direct ..
- Factors influencing variation in prescribing of antidepressants by general practices in Scotland
Section of General Practice, University of Glasgow, Glasgow
Br J Gen Pract 59:e25-31. 2009
..The prescribing of antidepressants has been rising dramatically in developed countries...
- Exploring patients' perspectives of pharmacist supplementary prescribing in Scotland
Derek C Stewart
School of Pharmacy, The Robert Gordon University, Schoolhill, Aberdeen, AB10 1FR, Scotland
Pharm World Sci 30:892-7. 2008
The aim of this study was to explore patients' perspectives and experiences of pharmacist supplementary prescribing (SP) in Scotland.
- Statistical approaches for assessing the relative validity of a food-frequency questionnaire: use of correlation coefficients and the kappa statistic
L F Masson
Department of Public Health, University of Aberdeen, Polwarth Building, Foresterhill, Aberdeen AB25 2ZD, Scotland, UK
Public Health Nutr 6:313-21. 2003
..To compare different statistical methods for assessing the relative validity of a self-administered, 150-item, semi-quantitative food-frequency questionnaire (FFQ) with 4-day weighed diet records (WR)...
- Height in young adulthood and risk of death from cardiorespiratory disease: a prospective study of male former students of Glasgow University, Scotland
Surveillance Research Program, Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD, USA
Am J Epidemiol 155:683-7. 2002
..study of 8,361 male former students who underwent medical examinations while attending Glasgow University, Scotland, from 1948 to 1968. The mean age at examination was 20.5 (range, 16.1-30.0) years...
- National survey of the prevalence, incidence, primary care burden, and treatment of heart failure in Scotland
N F Murphy
Department of Cardiology, Western Infirmary, Glasgow, UK
Heart 90:1129-36. 2004
To examine the epidemiology, primary care burden, and treatment of heart failure in Scotland, UK.
- Self-harm in adolescents: self-report survey in schools in Scotland
Rory C O'Connor
Suicidal Behaviour Research Group, University of Stirling, Stirling, UK
Br J Psychiatry 194:68-72. 2009
The suicide rate in Scotland is twice as high as that in England. However, the prevalence of self-harm is unknown.
- Incidence of invasive pneumococcal disease in Scotland, 1988-99
M H Kyaw
University of Edinburgh, Public Health Sciences
Epidemiol Infect 128:139-47. 2002
A review of the epidemiology of invasive pneumococcal disease in Scotland was carried out using data from laboratory-based systems during the period 1988-99. This comprised 5456 (90...
- A linear programming approach to estimate the economic impact of bovine viral diarrhoea (BVD) at the whole-farm level in Scotland
A W Stott
Animal Health Economics Group, Epidemiology Unit, SAC, Management Division, Craibstone Estate, AB21 9YA, Aberdeen, UK
Prev Vet Med 59:51-66. 2003
..Because farmers generally are considered to be risk adverse, this means that the least-cost disease-control option might not always be the preferred option...
- Phylogenetic analysis of infectious salmon anaemia virus isolates from Norway, Canada and Scotland
Department of Fisheries and Marine Biology, University of Bergen, Norway
Dis Aquat Organ 44:1-6. 2001
..2 and 8 from 10 different isolates of infectious salmon anaemia virus (ISAV) sampled in Norway, Canada and Scotland between 1987 and 1999 were determined and compared...
- Does young adult suicide cluster geographically in Scotland?
Daniel J Exeter
Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Population Health, University of Auckland, PO Box 92019, Auckland, NZ
J Epidemiol Community Health 61:731-6. 2007
Suicide rose dramatically among young adults in Scotland between 1980-1982 and 1999-2001, especially among those living in deprived areas.
- Does IQ predict cardiovascular disease mortality as strongly as established risk factors? Comparison of effect estimates using the West of Scotland Twenty-07 cohort study
G David Batty
MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil 17:24-7. 2010
..To compare the strength of the association between intelligence quotient (IQ) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality with the predictive power for established risk factors...
- Interacting effects of particulate pollution and cold temperature on cardiorespiratory mortality in Scotland
Centre for Occupational and Environmental Health, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK
Occup Environ Med 65:197-204. 2008
..To determine whether the effect of black smoke on cardiorespiratory mortality is modified by cold temperatures...
- The FTO gene is associated with an atherogenic lipid profile and myocardial infarction in patients with type 2 diabetes: a Genetics of Diabetes Audit and Research Study in Tayside Scotland (Go-DARTS) study
Alex S F Doney
Diabetes Research Group, Biomedical Research Institute, University of Dundee, Dundee, United Kingdom
Circ Cardiovasc Genet 2:255-9. 2009
..We hypothesized that this would also associate with metabolic phenotypes of insulin resistance and increased risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality...
- The dental practitioner and child protection in Scotland
A M Cairns
University of Glasgow Dental School, 378 Sauchiehall Street, Glasgow G2 3JZ
Br Dent J 199:517-20; discussion 512; quiz 530-1. 2005
- Record linked retrospective cohort study of 4.6 million people exploring ethnic variations in disease: myocardial infarction in South Asians
C M Fischbacher
Information Services Division, NHS National Services Scotland, Gyle Square, 1 South Gyle Crescent, Edinburgh, UK
BMC Public Health 7:142. 2007
..However, suitable and accurate data are usually not available. We demonstrated, using acute myocardial infarction, that linkage techniques can be ethical and potentially useful for this purpose...
- The rate of senescence in maternal performance increases with early-life fecundity in red deer
Daniel H Nussey
Ecol Lett 9:1342-50. 2006
..These results present rare evidence in support of the disposable soma and antagonistic pleiotropy theories of senescence from a wild vertebrate population and highlight the utility of mixed models for testing theories of ageing...
- A cross-sectional study of knowledge and practice of pelvic floor exercises during pregnancy and associated symptoms of stress urinary incontinence in North-East Scotland
Heather M Whitford
School of Nursing and Midwifery, University of Dundee, Ninewells Hospital and Medical School, Dundee DD1 9SY, Scotland, UK
Midwifery 23:204-17. 2007
- Monitoring patients in the community with suspected Escherichia coli O157 infection during a large outbreak in Scotland in 1996
Department of Public Health, University of Glasgow
Epidemiol Infect 127:413-20. 2001
..During the 1996 Central Scotland E...
- Mine water pollution in Scotland: nature, extent and preventative strategies
P L Younger
Department of Civil Engineering, University of Newcastle, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
Sci Total Environ 265:309-26. 2001
b>Scotland was one of the world's first industrialised countries, and has therefore also been one of the first countries to experience wholesale post-industrial dereliction...
- To tell or not to tell: barriers and facilitators in family communication about genetic risk
Department of Public Health, University of Aberdeen, Medical School, Foresterhill, Aberdeen, UK
Clin Genet 64:317-26. 2003
..Semi-structured interviews were undertaken with patients in the Northeast of Scotland who had attended genetic counselling for risk of hereditary breast and ovarian cancer and Huntington's disease, ..
- Drug misuse treatment services in Scotland: predicting outcomes
Zoe Slote Morris
Department of Engineering, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
Int J Qual Health Care 20:271-6. 2008
..To investigate which aspects of treatment satisfaction are the best predictors of improved health, improved mental health and achievement of abstinence in drug misuse treatment services...
- Surveillance for infectious salmon anaemia virus HPR0 in marine Atlantic salmon farms across Scotland
Alastair J A McBeath
Marine Scotland Marine Laboratory, PO Box 101, Victoria Road, Aberdeen, AB11 9DB, UK
Dis Aquat Organ 87:161-9. 2009
..The presence of HPR0 nucleic acid has been detected in many countries including Scotland, where it has mostly been associated with healthy wild and farmed fish...
- Coronary heart disease mortality among young adults in Scotland in relation to social inequalities: time trend study
Division of Public Health, University of Liverpool, Liverpool L69 3GB
BMJ 339:b2613. 2009
..To examine recent trends and social inequalities in age specific coronary heart disease mortality...
- Genetic analysis of infectious salmon anaemia virus (ISAV) from Scotland
C O Cunningham
Fisheries Research Services FRS Marine Laboratory, Aberdeen, Scotland, UK
Dis Aquat Organ 41:1-8. 2000
The nucleotide sequences of segments 2 and 8 of infectious salmon anaemia virus (ISAV) isolates from Scotland were determined. These were used to predict amino acid sequences of the products of these segments...
- Social inequalities in preterm birth in Scotland 1980-2003: findings from an area-based measure of deprivation
National Perinatal Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
BJOG 115:82-90. 2008
The preterm birth rate in Scotland has been increasing in recent years. Although preterm birth rates show a social gradient, it is unclear how this gradient has been affected by the overall increase...
- Sheep helminth parasitic disease in south eastern Scotland arising as a possible consequence of climate change
Parasitology Division, Moredun Research Institute, Pentlands Science Park, Bush Loan, Penicuik, Midlothian, EH26 0PZ, United Kingdom
Vet Parasitol 163:293-7. 2009
..contortus, Nematodirus battus, Teladorsagia circumcincta and Fasciola hepatica in sheep flocks in south eastern Scotland. The occurrence and timing of these disease outbreaks could not have been predicted in this region highlighting ..
- Where did all the GPs go? Increasing supply and geographical equity in England and Scotland
Centre for Health Economics, University of York, York, UK
J Health Serv Res Policy 15:28-35. 2010
..To examine the effect on geographical equity of increases in the total supply of general practitioners (GPs) and the ending of entry restrictions in 2002 and to explore the factors associated with the distribution of GPs across England...
- Is living in a rural area good for your respiratory health? Results from a cross-sectional study in Scotland
Department of General Practice and Primary Care, University of Aberdeen, Foresterhill Health Centre, Westburn Rd, Aberdeen, AB25 2AY, UK
Chest 128:2059-67. 2005
We aimed to investigate the epidemiology of self-reported chronic respiratory disease throughout Scotland, and to explore the relationship between quality of life and geographic location in those reporting disease.
- A national survey of the prevalence, incidence, primary care burden and treatment of atrial fibrillation in Scotland
Niamh F Murphy
Department of Cardiology, Western Infirmary, Glasgow, UK
Heart 93:606-12. 2007
..To examine the epidemiology, primary care burden and treatment of atrial fibrillation (AF)...
- Temporal and spatial patterns of bovine Escherichia coli O157 prevalence and comparison of temporal changes in the patterns of phage types associated with bovine shedding and human E. coli O157 cases in Scotland between 1998-2000 and 2002-2004
Michael C Pearce
8 Stour Court, Sandwich, Kent, CT13 9FY, UK
BMC Microbiol 9:276. 2009
..Incidence rates for human E. coli O157 infection in Scotland are higher than most other United Kingdom, European and North American countries...
- The effect of the UK incentive-based contract on the management of patients with coronary heart disease in primary care
Matt P McGovern
Department of General Practice and Primary Care, University of Aberdeen, Foresterhill Health Centre, Westburn Road, Aberdeen AB25 2AY, UK
Fam Pract 25:33-9. 2008
..The new General Medical Services (nGMS) contract was introduced in April 2004 to improve care of chronic diseases such as coronary heart disease (CHD) and reduce differences in treatment between patient subgroups...
- Increase in HIV sexual risk behaviour in homosexual men in Scotland, 1996-2002: prevention failure?
G J Hart
MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8RZ, UK
Sex Transm Infect 81:367-72. 2005
To investigate trends in homosexual men's sexual risk behaviour for HIV infection in Scotland.
- Personal continuity and access in UK general practice: a qualitative study of general practitioners' and patients' perceptions of when and how they matter
Tayside Centre for General Practice, University of Dundee, Dundee DD2 4BF, UK
BMC Fam Pract 7:11. 2006
..This study examined patient and general practitioner (GP) perceptions of the value of personal continuity and rapid access, and the relationship between them...
- HIV testing trends among gay men in Scotland, UK (1996-2005): implications for HIV testing policies and prevention
L M Williamson
MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, Glasgow, UK
Sex Transm Infect 85:550-4. 2009
To examine trends in the HIV testing behaviour of gay men in Scotland over a 10-year period.
- High incidence and prevalence of multiple sclerosis in south east Scotland: evidence of a genetic predisposition
P M Rothwell
Department of Clinical Neurosciences, Western General Hospital, Edinburgh, Scotland
J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 64:730-5. 1998
To determine the incidence and prevalence of multiple sclerosis in the Lothian and Border Health Board Regions of south east Scotland.
- Characteristics associated with reported CAM use in patients attending six GP practices in the Tayside and Grampian regions of Scotland: a survey
Highlands and Islands Health Research Institute, Inverness, UK
Complement Ther Med 11:168-76. 2003
..To study the nature of CAM use in primary care attenders, the involvement of their NHS healthcare professionals in their CAM care and differences in characteristics between CAM users and non-users...
- Maternal obesity in early pregnancy and risk of spontaneous and elective preterm deliveries: a retrospective cohort study
Gordon C S Smith
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Cambridge University, Rosie Maternity Hospital, Cambridge, England
Am J Public Health 97:157-62. 2007
..We sought to determine the association between maternal body mass index and risk of preterm delivery...
- The role of cytokine gene polymorphisms in colorectal cancer and their interaction with aspirin use in the northeast of Scotland
Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Institute of Medical Sciences, Foresterhill, Aberdeen AB25 2ZD, United Kingdom
Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 14:1613-8. 2005
..study of colorectal cancer cases (n = 264) and frequency-matched controls (n = 408) in the Northeast of Scotland and analyzed their interaction with regular aspirin use...
- General practitioner empathy, patient enablement, and patient-reported outcomes in primary care in an area of high socio-economic deprivation in Scotland--a pilot prospective study using structural equation modeling
Stewart W Mercer
Section of General Practice and Primary Care, Division of Community Based Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Glasgow, United Kingdom
Patient Educ Couns 73:240-5. 2008
..prospective study was to investigate the relationships between general practitioners (GPs) empathy, patient enablement, and patient-assessed outcomes in primary care consultations in an area of high socio-economic deprivation in Scotland.
- Urban-rural inequalities in ischemic heart disease in Scotland, 1981-1999
Kate A Levin
Dental Health Services Research Unit, The Mackenzie Building, Kirsty Semple Way, Dundee DD2 4BF
Am J Public Health 96:145-51. 2006
We sought to describe the pattern and magnitude of urban-rural variation in ischemic heart disease (IHD) in Scotland and to examine the associations among IHD health indicators, level of rurality, and degree of socioeconomic deprivation.
- Evaluation of producer and consumer benefits resulting from eradication of bovine viral diarrhoea (BVD) in Scotland, United Kingdom
Habtu T Weldegebriel
Land Economy and Environment Research Group, Scottish Agricultural College, King s Buildings, West Mains Road, Edinburgh, Scotland EH9 3JG, United Kingdom
Prev Vet Med 88:49-56. 2009
..We found that consequent upon the eradication of the disease milk yield per cow increased for all herd sizes in Scotland whereas milk price received by farmers fell...
- The inverse care law: clinical primary care encounters in deprived and affluent areas of Scotland
Stewart W Mercer
General Practice and Primary Care, Division of Community Based Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, Scotland
Ann Fam Med 5:503-10. 2007
..The inverse care law states that the availability of good medical care tends to vary inversely with the need for it in the population served, but there is little research on how the inverse care law actually operates...
- Diarrhea and respiratory symptoms among travelers to Asia, Africa, and South and Central America from Scotland
Christopher Allan Redman
Travel Medicine Section, Health Protection Scotland, 3 Clifton Place, Glasgow, Scotland, UK
J Travel Med 13:203-11. 2006
..Estimates of incidence and risk factors were determined for attendees at a travel clinic in Scotland using a questionnaire...
- Adhesion-related readmissions following gynaecological laparoscopy or laparotomy in Scotland: an epidemiological study of 24 046 patients
A M Lower
Isis Fertility Centre, Colchester CO4 9YA, UK
Hum Reprod 19:1877-85. 2004
..This study evaluated the epidemiology of adhesion-related readmissions following open and laparoscopic procedures...
- Evidence on equalisation in health in youth from the West of Scotland
MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, 4 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow G12 8RZ, UK
Soc Sci Med 59:13-27. 2004
..Data are derived from the West of Scotland 11 to 16 cohort, followed from late childhood (aged 11) through early (13) to mid (15) adolescence...
- The emotional effects of tooth loss in partially dentate people attending prosthodontic clinics in dental schools in England, Scotland and Hong Kong: a preliminary investigation
Department of Sedation and Special Care Dentistry, GKT Dental Institute, London, UK
Int Dent J 51:457-62. 2001
..To compare the emotional effects of tooth loss in three partially dentate populations...
- A population-based record linkage study of mortality in hepatitis C-diagnosed persons with or without HIV coinfection in Scotland
Scott A McDonald
Health Protection Scotland, Glasgow, United Kingdom
Stat Methods Med Res 18:271-83. 2009
..and excess risk of death from these causes in a large cohort of HCV-monoinfected and HIV-coinfected persons in Scotland. The study population consisted of 20,163 persons confirmed to be infected with hepatitis C through laboratory ..
- Recent trends in incidence of nonmelanoma skin cancers in the East of Scotland, 1992-2003
D H Brewster
Scottish Cancer Registry, Information Services Division, NHS National Services Scotland, Edinburgh, UK
Br J Dermatol 156:1295-300. 2007
- Are perceived neighbourhood problems associated with the likelihood of smoking?
MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, 4 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow G12 8RZ, UK
J Epidemiol Community Health 63:78-80. 2009
..To explore associations between residents' perceptions of the local residential environment and the likelihood of their smoking...
- The Midspan studies
Carole L Hart
Public Health and Health Policy, Division of Community Based Sciences, University of Glasgow, 1 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow G12 8RZ, Scotland, UK
Int J Epidemiol 34:28-34. 2005
- Variation in the alcohol content of a 'drink' of wine and spirit poured by a sample of the Scottish population
Jan S Gill
School of Health Sciences, Queen Margaret University College, Leith, Edinburgh EH6 8HX, UK
Health Educ Res 19:485-91. 2004
..Also, the reliability of many consumption surveys, where there is often the implicit assumption that a 'drink' is equivalent to a 'standard unit', must be questioned...
- Short-term and long-term outcomes in 133,429 emergency patients admitted with angina or myocardial infarction in Scotland, 1990-2000: population-based cohort study
Department of Public Health, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK
Heart 92:1563-70. 2006
To analyse short- and long-term outcomes and prognostic factors in a large population-based cohort of unselected patients with a first emergency admission for suspected acute coronary syndrome between 1990 and 2000 in Scotland.
- Changes in the incidence of cutaneous melanoma in the west of Scotland and Queensland, Australia: hope for health promotion?
David C Whiteman
Division of Population Studies and Human Genetics, Queensland Institute for Medical Research, Herston, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
Eur J Cancer Prev 17:243-50. 2008
..1982-2001 in Queensland, Australia (n=28 862 invasive melanomas; 2536 lentigo maligna melanomas) and the west of Scotland (n=4278 invasive melanomas; 525 lentigo maligna melanomas)...
- The impact and effectiveness of pneumococcal vaccination in Scotland for those aged 65 and over during winter 2003/2004
John D Mooney
Health Protection Scotland, Clifton House, Clifton Lane, Glasgow, UK
BMC Infect Dis 8:53. 2008
For winter 2003/2004 in Scotland, it was recommended that all those aged 65 and over be eligible to receive 23-valent polysaccharide pneumococcal vaccine (23vPPV), which has been shown to be effective in reducing the risk of invasive ..
- Salmonellosis in garden birds in Scotland, 1995 to 2008: geographic region, Salmonella enterica phage type and bird species
T W Pennycott
SAC Veterinary Services, Auchincruive, Ayr KA6 5AE
Vet Rec 166:419-21. 2010
Salmonellosis was diagnosed in garden birds from 198 incidents in Scotland between September 1995 and August 2008...
- Survival and re-operation rates after neurosurgical procedures in Scotland: implications for targeted surveillance of sub-clinical variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease
Sheila M Bird
MRC Biostatistics Unit, Cambridge, UK
Neuroepidemiology 33:1-11. 2009
..To assess the feasibility of post-mortem surveillance for subclinical variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD) at least 5 years after neurosurgical procedures...
- Community pharmacy harm reduction services for drug misusers: national service delivery and professional attitude development over a decade in Scotland
Department of General Practice and Primary Care, Foresterhill Health Centre, University of Aberdeen, Westburn Road, Aberdeen AB25 2AY, UK
J Public Health (Oxf) 29:350-7. 2007
..This paper reports a third Scotland-wide survey of pharmacies enabling service delivery to be charted over a decade.
- Decision-making about hormone replacement therapy by women in England and Scotland
Medical Research Council General Practice Research Framework, MRC Clinical Trials Unit, London, England
Climacteric 7:41-9. 2004
..The aim of this study was to explore women's decision-making about the balance of risks and benefits of taking hormone replacement therapy (HRT) based on the latest evidence from the Women's Health Initiative (WHI) trial of combined HRT...
- An analysis of urinary tract trauma in Scotland: imnpact on management and resource needs
S V Bariol
The Scottish Lithotriptor Centre, Western General Hospital, Edinburgh, Scotland
Surgeon 3:27-30. 2005
..We report the incidence, distribution, aetiology and outcome of urological trauma in a unique national database to provide an insight into its contemporary management...
- Modelling salmon lice dispersal in Loch Torridon, Scotland
A G Murray
Fisheries Research Services, Marine Laboratory, P O Box 101, 375 Victoria Road, Aberdeen, Scotland AB11 9DB, UK
Mar Pollut Bull 53:128-35. 2006
..Further field and experimental work on the viability of lice is required to assess infection risk...
- Air pollution and health in Scotland: a multicity study
Department of Statistics, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, G12 8QQ UK
Biostatistics 10:409-23. 2009
..an epidemiological study investigating the effects of long-term air pollution exposure on public health in Scotland, focusing on the 4 major urban areas, Aberdeen, Dundee, Edinburgh, and Glasgow...
- Season of birth in females with anorexia nervosa in Northeast Scotland
J M Eagles
Royal Cornhill Hospital, Aberdeen, United Kingdom
Int J Eat Disord 30:167-75. 2001
..METHOD: Case records of female patients presenting to secondary services in Northeast Scotland from 1965 to 1997 who received a clinical diagnosis of anorexia nervosa were examined...
- Associations between meteorological variables and acute stroke hospital admissions in the west of Scotland
Division of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
Acta Neurol Scand 117:85-9. 2008
..We combined a large clinical stroke registry with the UK Met Office database to assess the association between meteorological variables and specific clinical subtypes of acute stroke...
- Serotypes and sequence types of pneumococci causing invasive disease in Scotland prior to the introduction of pneumococcal conjugate polysaccharide vaccines
S C Clarke
Scottish Meningococcus and Pneumococcus Reference Laboratory, Stobhill Hospital, Department of Microbiology, Glasgow, United Kingdom
J Clin Microbiol 42:4449-52. 2004
..Three hundred sixty-eight pneumococci isolated in cases of invasive disease in Scotland in the first 6 months of 2003 were analyzed...
- The changing epidemiology of infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis in Scotland
Information Services Division, NHS National Services Scotland, Edinburgh, UK
Arch Dis Child 93:1007-11. 2008
..This was attributed to a reduction in the number of infants sleeping in the prone position following the "Back to Sleep" campaign...
- A mathematical model of the growth of sea lice, Lepeophtheirus salmonis, populations on farmed Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L., in Scotland and its use in the assessment of treatment strategies
C W Revie
Department of Computer and Information Sciences, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, UK
J Fish Dis 28:603-13. 2005
..A model was developed to describe the patterns of sea lice infection on salmon farms in Scotland and to predict the likely effect of various treatment strategies...
- Clostridium difficile in ready-to-eat salads, Scotland
Marwah M Bakri
Glasgow Caledonian University, Scotland, UK
Emerg Infect Dis 15:817-8. 2009
..Isolates were susceptible to vancomycin and metronidazole but variably resistant to other antimicrobial drugs. Ready-to-eat salads may be potential sources for virulent C. difficile...
- Associations between health and different types of environmental incivility: a Scotland-wide study
MRC, Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, 4 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow G12 8RZ, UK
Public Health 123:708-13. 2009
- Spinocerebellar ataxia type 8 in Scotland: frequency, neurological, neuropsychological and neuropsychiatric findings
The Robert Fergusson Unit, Royal Edinburgh Hospital, Edinburgh, UK
Acta Neurol Scand 117:41-8. 2008
..were to: (i) establish whether the spinocerebellar ataxia type 8 (SCA 8) expansion is associated with ataxia in Scotland; (ii) test the hypothesis that SCA 8 is associated with neuropsychological impairment; and (iii) review ..
- Rectal cancer survival in the Nordic countries and Scotland
Department of Surgery, Uppsala University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden
Int J Cancer 125:2406-12. 2009
..in the rectum, diagnosed in 1997 and identified in the national cancer registries in the Nordic countries and Scotland were included...
- Lyme disease--what is the cost for Scotland?
A W Joss
Department of Microbiology, Raigmore Hospital, Inverness IV2 3UJ, UK
Public Health 117:264-73. 2003
..Based on these figures, the total annual cost for Lyme disease, when projected to the whole of Scotland, is estimated to be significant at 331,000 Pounds (range 47,000-615,000 Pounds)...
- A comparison of the anatomic distribution of cutaneous melanoma in two populations with different levels of sunlight: the west of Scotland and Queensland, Australia 1982-2001
David C Whiteman
Division of Population Studies and Human Genetics, Queensland Institute for Medical Research, Post Office Royal Brisbane Hospital, Brisbane, QLD, Australia
Cancer Causes Control 18:485-91. 2007
..We ascertained all new cases of invasive cutaneous melanoma in the west of Scotland and Queensland 1982-2001...
- Oropharyngeal cancer incidence and mortality in Scotland: are rates still increasing?
Kate L Robinson
Unit of Chronic Disease Epidemiology, The Medical School, University of Manchester, Oxford Road, Manchester M13 9PT, UK
Oral Oncol 39:31-6. 2003
Oropharyngeal cancer incidence and mortality rates increased in Scotland between the early seventies and late eighties. Although these increases appeared to be cohort based, they were at that time confined to younger age groups...