great britain

Summary

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Age and sex differences in reaction time in adulthood: results from the United Kingdom Health and Lifestyle Survey
    Geoff Der
    Medical Research Council Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, 4 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow G12 8RZ, Scotland, UK
    Psychol Aging 21:62-73. 2006
  2. ncbi Patients' beliefs about prescribed medicines and their role in adherence to treatment in chronic physical illness
    R Horne
    Centre for Health Care Reserach, University of Brighton, UK
    J Psychosom Res 47:555-67. 1999
  3. ncbi Strategies for mitigating an influenza pandemic
    Neil M Ferguson
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, St Mary s Campus, Norfolk Place, London W2 1PG, UK
    Nature 442:448-52. 2006
  4. ncbi Cohort profile: 1958 British birth cohort (National Child Development Study)
    Chris Power
    Centre for Paediatric Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1N 1EH, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 35:34-41. 2006
  5. pmc Diffusion of innovations in service organizations: systematic review and recommendations
    Trisha Greenhalgh
    University College London, Room 403, Holborn Union Building, Highgate Hill, London N19 5LW, UK
    Milbank Q 82:581-629. 2004
  6. ncbi ALSPAC--the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children. I. Study methodology
    J Golding
    Institute of Child Health, University of Bristol, UK
    Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 15:74-87. 2001
  7. pmc National Institute for Clinical Excellence and its value judgments
    Michael D Rawlins
    Wolfson Unit of Clinical Pharmacology, Medical School, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, Newcastle NE2 4HH
    BMJ 329:224-7. 2004
  8. pmc Derivation and validation of QRISK, a new cardiovascular disease risk score for the United Kingdom: prospective open cohort study
    Julia Hippisley-Cox
    Tower Building, University Park, Nottingham NG2 7RD
    BMJ 335:136. 2007
  9. ncbi Descriptive epidemiology of the 2001 foot-and-mouth disease epidemic in Great Britain: the first five months
    J C Gibbens
    Veterinary Service, DEFRA, London
    Vet Rec 149:729-43. 2001
  10. ncbi Synthesising qualitative and quantitative evidence: a review of possible methods
    Mary Dixon-Woods
    Department of Health Sciences, University of Leicester, LE1 6TP Leicester, UK
    J Health Serv Res Policy 10:45-53. 2005

Research Grants

  1. Personality and Health from Childhood to Adulthood
    Avshalom Caspi; Fiscal Year: 2006
  2. Role of Fungal Microflora in Mucosal Tolerance/Immunity
    GARY HUFFNAGLE; Fiscal Year: 2009
  3. 12th International Congress of Radiation Research
    George Iliakis; Fiscal Year: 2003
  4. 11TH INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS OF RADIATION RESEARCH
    Elizabeth Travis; Fiscal Year: 1999
  5. Dipstick Assay for Detection of Acetaminophen Protein Adducts
    Laura P James; Fiscal Year: 2010
  6. Reaction and Adaptation to Major Life Events
    Richard Lucas; Fiscal Year: 2009
  7. ANALYSIS OF GENETIC LINKAGE IN TUBEROUS SCLEROSIS
    Moyra Smith; Fiscal Year: 1990
  8. Family Physician Reports of Medical Error
    Anton Kuzel; Fiscal Year: 2001
  9. FAMILY STRUCTURE EFFECTS ON CHILDREN
    ANDREW CHERLIN; Fiscal Year: 2002
  10. COLLABORATIVE STUDY OF INITIAL GLAUCOMA TREATMENT
    PAUL LICHTER; Fiscal Year: 2003

Detail Information

Publications324 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Age and sex differences in reaction time in adulthood: results from the United Kingdom Health and Lifestyle Survey
    Geoff Der
    Medical Research Council Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, 4 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow G12 8RZ, Scotland, UK
    Psychol Aging 21:62-73. 2006
    ..The aging of choice RT variability is a function of its mean and the error rate. There are significant sex differences, most notably for choice RT variability...
  2. ncbi Patients' beliefs about prescribed medicines and their role in adherence to treatment in chronic physical illness
    R Horne
    Centre for Health Care Reserach, University of Brighton, UK
    J Psychosom Res 47:555-67. 1999
    ....
  3. ncbi Strategies for mitigating an influenza pandemic
    Neil M Ferguson
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, St Mary s Campus, Norfolk Place, London W2 1PG, UK
    Nature 442:448-52. 2006
    ..to examine intervention options should initial containment of a novel influenza outbreak fail, using Great Britain and the United States as examples...
  4. ncbi Cohort profile: 1958 British birth cohort (National Child Development Study)
    Chris Power
    Centre for Paediatric Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1N 1EH, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 35:34-41. 2006
  5. pmc Diffusion of innovations in service organizations: systematic review and recommendations
    Trisha Greenhalgh
    University College London, Room 403, Holborn Union Building, Highgate Hill, London N19 5LW, UK
    Milbank Q 82:581-629. 2004
    ..Both the model and the method should be tested more widely in a range of contexts...
  6. ncbi ALSPAC--the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children. I. Study methodology
    J Golding
    Institute of Child Health, University of Bristol, UK
    Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 15:74-87. 2001
    ..The study has an open policy in regard to collaboration within strict confidentiality rules...
  7. pmc National Institute for Clinical Excellence and its value judgments
    Michael D Rawlins
    Wolfson Unit of Clinical Pharmacology, Medical School, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, Newcastle NE2 4HH
    BMJ 329:224-7. 2004
  8. pmc Derivation and validation of QRISK, a new cardiovascular disease risk score for the United Kingdom: prospective open cohort study
    Julia Hippisley-Cox
    Tower Building, University Park, Nottingham NG2 7RD
    BMJ 335:136. 2007
    ..To derive a new cardiovascular disease risk score (QRISK) for the United Kingdom and to validate its performance against the established Framingham cardiovascular disease algorithm and a newly developed Scottish score (ASSIGN)...
  9. ncbi Descriptive epidemiology of the 2001 foot-and-mouth disease epidemic in Great Britain: the first five months
    J C Gibbens
    Veterinary Service, DEFRA, London
    Vet Rec 149:729-43. 2001
    In February 2001, foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) was confirmed in Great Britain. A major epidemic developed, which peaked around 50 cases a day in late March, declining to under 10 a day by May. By mid-July, 1849 cases had been detected...
  10. ncbi Synthesising qualitative and quantitative evidence: a review of possible methods
    Mary Dixon-Woods
    Department of Health Sciences, University of Leicester, LE1 6TP Leicester, UK
    J Health Serv Res Policy 10:45-53. 2005
    ..There is an urgent need for robust ways of incorporating qualitative evidence into systematic reviews...
  11. pmc Adverse events in British hospitals: preliminary retrospective record review
    C Vincent
    Clinical Risk Unit, Department of Psychology, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    BMJ 322:517-9. 2001
    ..To examine the feasibility of detecting adverse events through record review in British hospitals and to make preliminary estimates of the incidence and costs of adverse events...
  12. ncbi A review of avian influenza in different bird species
    D J Alexander
    Avian Virology, VLA Weybridge, Addlestone, Surrey, UK
    Vet Microbiol 74:3-13. 2000
    ..Secondary spread is usually associated with human involvement, probably by transferring infective faeces from infected to susceptible birds...
  13. ncbi Positive and negative effects of widespread badger culling on tuberculosis in cattle
    Christl A Donnelly
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, St Mary s Campus, Norfolk Place, London W2 1PG, UK
    Nature 439:843-6. 2006
    ..These findings are biologically consistent with previous studies but will present challenges for policy development...
  14. ncbi Oral susceptibility to bluetongue virus of Culicoides (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) from the United Kingdom
    Simon Carpenter
    Institute of Animal Health, Pirbright Laboratory, Pirbright, Surrey GU24 0NF, United Kingdom
    J Med Entomol 43:73-8. 2006
    ..These results are discussed with reference to the potential threat of the virus to susceptible livestock in northern Europe...
  15. ncbi Design and analysis of pilot studies: recommendations for good practice
    Gillian A Lancaster
    Department of Mathematical Sciences, University of Liverpool, UK
    J Eval Clin Pract 10:307-12. 2004
    ..It will also safeguard against pilot studies being conducted simply because of small numbers of available patients...
  16. ncbi Strain characterization of natural sheep scrapie and comparison with BSE
    Moira E Bruce
    Institute for Animal Health, Neuropathogenesis Unit, Ogston Building, West Mains Road, Edinburgh EH9 3JF, UK
    J Gen Virol 83:695-704. 2002
    ..The tested sample is too small to come to any conclusions about whether the BSE strain is present in sheep, but the study provides a framework for further more extensive studies...
  17. ncbi Patients seeking care from acupuncture practitioners in the UK: a national survey
    Hugh MacPherson
    Foundation for Traditional Chinese Medicine, York, UK
    Complement Ther Med 14:20-30. 2006
    ..Our secondary aim was to compare the profiles of acupuncture patients with those of a patient survey undertaken in 1988...
  18. ncbi Cohort Profile: The 1946 National Birth Cohort (MRC National Survey of Health and Development)
    Michael Wadsworth
    MRC National Survey of Health and Development, Royal Free and UCL Medical School, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 35:49-54. 2006
  19. pmc A modeling framework to describe the transmission of bluetongue virus within and between farms in Great Britain
    Camille Szmaragd
    Institute for Animal Health, Pirbright Laboratory, Pirbright, Surrey, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 4:e7741. 2009
    ..Yet BT has emerged over the past decade as one of the most important diseases of livestock...
  20. ncbi Descriptive study comparing routine hospital administrative data with the Vascular Society of Great Britain and Ireland's National Vascular Database
    P Aylin
    Department of Primary Care and Social Medicine, Dr Foster Unit at Imperial College London, London, UK
    Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg 33:461-5; discussion 466. 2007
    ..To compare patient volume and outcomes in vascular surgery between an administrative data set (Hospital Episode Statistics) and a clinical database (National Vascular Database)...
  21. pmc Variations in population health status: results from a United Kingdom national questionnaire survey
    P Kind
    Centre for Health Economics, University of York
    BMJ 316:736-41. 1998
    ..To measure the health of a representative sample of the population of the United Kingdom by using the EuroQoL EQ-5D questionnaire...
  22. ncbi Natural experiments: an underused tool for public health?
    M Petticrew
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, 4 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow G12 8RZ, UK
    Public Health 119:751-7. 2005
    ..This paper discusses some of the benefits and limitations of using this type of evidence, drawing on two ongoing quasi-experimental studies as examples...
  23. pmc Occupational exposure to noise and the attributable burden of hearing difficulties in Great Britain
    K T Palmer
    MRC Environmental Epidemiology Unit, Community Clinical Sciences, Southhampton General Hospital, University of Southampton, SO16 6YD, UK
    Occup Environ Med 59:634-9. 2002
    ....
  24. ncbi Sexual behaviour in Britain: partnerships, practices, and HIV risk behaviours
    A M Johnson
    Centre for Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Department of Primary Care and Population Sciences, Royal Free and University College Medical School, Mortimer Market Centre, WC1E 6AU, London, UK
    Lancet 358:1835-42. 2001
    ....
  25. ncbi Mental health of children and adolescents in Great Britain
    H Meltzer
    Office for National Statistics, London, UK
    Int Rev Psychiatry 15:185-7. 2003
    ..Causal relationships should not be assumed for any of the results presented in this report...
  26. pmc Quality at general practice consultations: cross sectional survey
    J G Howie
    Department of Community Health Sciences General Practice, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH8 9DX
    BMJ 319:738-43. 1999
    ..To measure quality of care at general practice consultations in diverse geographical areas, and to determine the principal correlates associated with enablement as an outcome measure...
  27. ncbi 'I can't do any serious exercise': barriers to physical activity amongst people of Pakistani and Indian origin with Type 2 diabetes
    J Lawton
    Research Unit in Health, Behaviour Change, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH8 9AG, UK
    Health Educ Res 21:43-54. 2006
    ..We recommend a realistic and culturally sensitive approach, which identifies and capitalizes on the kinds of activities patients already do in their everyday lives...
  28. pmc Assessing the risk of bluetongue to UK livestock: uncertainty and sensitivity analyses of a temperature-dependent model for the basic reproduction number
    Simon Gubbins
    Institute for Animal Health, Pirbright Laboratory, Ash Road, Pirbright, Surrey GU24 0NF, UK
    J R Soc Interface 5:363-71. 2008
    ..The importance of temperature reflects the fact that it influences many processes involved in the transmission of BTV and, in particular, the biting rate, the extrinsic incubation period and the vector mortality rate...
  29. ncbi Herd size and bovine tuberculosis persistence in cattle farms in Great Britain
    Ellen Brooks-Pollock
    Department of Biological Sciences and Mathematics Institute, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL, UK
    Prev Vet Med 92:360-5. 2009
    ..bTB) infection in cattle is one of the most complex and persistent problems faced by the cattle industry in Great Britain today...
  30. ncbi Bluetongue in the United Kingdom and northern Europe in 2007 and key issues for 2008
    J Gloster
    Met Office, FitzRoy Road, Exeter EX1 3PB, UK
    Vet Rec 162:298-302. 2008
    ..Here, John Gloster and colleagues investigate the meteorological parameters that allowed this incursion into the UK and discuss key issues related to the disease's possible re-establishment in 2008...
  31. ncbi The influence of childhood weight and socioeconomic status on change in adult body mass index in a British national birth cohort
    R Hardy
    Medical Research Council National Survey of Health and Development, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Royal Free and University College Medical School, London, UK
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 24:725-34. 2000
    ..To investigate the effect of childhood weight and childhood socioeconomic status on the pattern of change in body mass index (BMI) between 20 and 43 years...
  32. pmc Prevalence of asthma symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment in 12-14 year old children across Great Britain (international study of asthma and allergies in childhood, ISAAC UK)
    B Kaur
    Department of Public Health Sciences, St George's Hospital Medical School, London
    BMJ 316:118-24. 1998
    ..DESIGN: Self completion questionnaire. SETTING: Great Britain. SUBJECTS: All pupils aged 12-14 years in a stratified cluster sample of 93 large mixed secondary schools in ..
  33. ncbi Consumer involvement in health research: a review and research agenda
    Jonathan Boote
    School of Health and Related Research, University of Sheffield, Regent Court, 30 Regent Street, Sheffield, S1 4DA, UK
    Health Policy 61:213-36. 2002
    ..why does consumer involvement influence health research? (3) how can the influence of consumers in health research be measured and evaluated? and (4) what factors are associated with 'successful' consumer involvement in health research?..
  34. ncbi Cohort profile: 1970 British Birth Cohort (BCS70)
    Jane Elliott
    Centre for Longitudinal Studies, Institute of Education, Bedford Group for Lifecourse and Statistical Studies, 20 Bedford Way, London WC1H 0AL, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 35:836-43. 2006
  35. ncbi Pay-for-performance programs in family practices in the United Kingdom
    Tim Doran
    National Primary Care Research and Development Centre, University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom
    N Engl J Med 355:375-84. 2006
    ..This contract increases existing income according to performance with respect to 146 quality indicators covering clinical care for 10 chronic diseases, organization of care, and patient experience...
  36. ncbi Tissue distribution of protease resistant prion protein in variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease using a highly sensitive immunoblotting assay
    J D Wadsworth
    MRC Prion Unit and Department of Neurogenetics, Imperial College School of Medicine at St Mary s, Norfolk Place, W2 1PG, London, UK
    Lancet 358:171-80. 2001
    ..We aimed to improve immunoblotting methods for high sensitivity detection of PrP(Sc) to investigate the distribution of PrP(Sc) in a range of vCJD tissues...
  37. ncbi The prevalence of rheumatoid arthritis in the United Kingdom: new estimates for a new century
    D Symmons
    ARC Epidemiology Unit, Stopford Building, University of Manchester, Oxford Road, Manchester M13 9PT, UK
    Rheumatology (Oxford) 41:793-800. 2002
    ..Since then the classification criteria for RA have been revised and there has been evidence of a fall in the incidence of RA, especially in women...
  38. pmc An evaluation of liquid-based cytology and human papillomavirus testing within the UK cervical cancer screening programme
    C Sherlaw-Johnson
    Clinical Operational Research Unit, University College London, Department of Mathematics, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Br J Cancer 91:84-91. 2004
    ..British Journal of Cancer (2004) 91, 84-91. doi:10.1038/sj.bjc.6601884 www.bjcancer.com Published online 25 May 2004..
  39. ncbi Naturally acquired babesiosis in a reindeer (Rangifer tarandus tarandus) herd in Great Britain
    C Langton
    Department of Veterinary Pathology, Royal Veterinary College, London, UK
    Parasitol Res 89:194-8. 2003
    ..In addition, molecular identification of the infecting Babesiasp. was undertaken using SSU rRNA gene sequence analysis. It is likely that the organism causing babesiosis in this reindeer herd is B. divergens...
  40. ncbi Guidelines for the control and prevention of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in healthcare facilities
    J E Coia
    Department of Bacteriology, Glasgow Royal Infirmary, Glasgow, UK
    J Hosp Infect 63:S1-44. 2006
    ..Inadequate staffing, especially amongst nurses, contributes to the increased prevalence of MRSA. Laboratories should notify the relevant national authorities if VISA/GISA or VRSA isolates are identified...
  41. pmc Research designs for studies evaluating the effectiveness of change and improvement strategies
    M Eccles
    Centre for Health Services Research, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
    Qual Saf Health Care 12:47-52. 2003
    ..The general principle underlying the choice of evaluative design is, however, simple-those conducting such evaluations should use the most robust design possible to minimise bias and maximise generalisability...
  42. ncbi The contribution of childhood and adult socioeconomic position to adult obesity and smoking behaviour: an international comparison
    Chris Power
    Centre for Paediatric Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford Street, WC1N 1EH London, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 34:335-44. 2005
    ....
  43. ncbi Congenital and infantile cataract in the United Kingdom: underlying or associated factors. British Congenital Cataract Interest Group
    J S Rahi
    Department of Epidemiology, Institute of Child Health and Great Ormond Street Hospital, London, United Kingdom
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 41:2108-14. 2000
    ....
  44. pmc Objective measurement of levels and patterns of physical activity
    Chris J Riddoch
    Sport and Exercise Science, School for Health, University of Bath, Bath, UK
    Arch Dis Child 92:963-9. 2007
    ..To measure the levels and patterns of physical activity, using accelerometers, of 11-year-old children participating in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC)...
  45. pmc Disease dynamics over very different time-scales: foot-and-mouth disease and scrapie on the network of livestock movements in the UK
    Rowland R Kao
    Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3PS, UK
    J R Soc Interface 4:907-16. 2007
    ..These contradictory indicators emphasize that appropriate observation time frames and good discrimination among types of potentially infectious contacts are vital in order for network analysis to be a valuable epidemiological tool...
  46. ncbi Appraising qualitative research for inclusion in systematic reviews: a quantitative and qualitative comparison of three methods
    Mary Dixon-Woods
    Department of Health Sciences, University of Leicester, Leicester, UK
    J Health Serv Res Policy 12:42-7. 2007
    ..We aimed to compare three methods for appraising qualitative research papers that were candidates for inclusion in a systematic review of evidence on support for breast-feeding...
  47. pmc Using quantitative and qualitative data in health services research - what happens when mixed method findings conflict? [ISRCTN61522618]
    Suzanne Moffatt
    Public Health Research Group, School of Population and Health Sciences, Faculty of Medical Sciences, William Leech Building, Framlington Place, Newcastle upon Tyne NE2 4HH, UK
    BMC Health Serv Res 6:28. 2006
    ....
  48. ncbi Systematically reviewing qualitative and quantitative evidence to inform management and policy-making in the health field
    Nicholas Mays
    Health Services Research Unit, Department of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    J Health Serv Res Policy 10:6-20. 2005
    ..The choice of approach will be contingent on the aim of the review and nature of the available evidence, and often more than one approach will be required...
  49. ncbi The near-universal experience of regret among smokers in four countries: findings from the International Tobacco Control Policy Evaluation Survey
    Geoffrey T Fong
    Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
    Nicotine Tob Res 6:S341-51. 2004
    ....
  50. ncbi The role of mathematical modelling in the control of the 2001 FMD epidemic in the UK
    Rowland R Kao
    Dept of Zoology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, OX1 3PS, Oxford, UK
    Trends Microbiol 10:279-86. 2002
    ..Here, the different modelling exercises that were developed over the course of the epidemic are reviewed, describing the difficulties in interpreting the available data and the appropriateness of the various assumptions...
  51. pmc Inequalities in maternal health: national cohort study of ethnic variation in severe maternal morbidities
    Marian Knight
    National Perinatal Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford
    BMJ 338:b542. 2009
    ..To describe on a national basis ethnic differences in severe maternal morbidity in the United Kingdom...
  52. pmc Long-term associations of outdoor air pollution with mortality in Great Britain
    Paul Elliott
    Small Area Health Statistics Unit, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, St Mary s Campus, Imperial College London, Norfolk Place, London W2 1PG, UK
    Thorax 62:1088-94. 2007
    ..Recent studies have indicated long-term effects on mortality of particulate and sulphur dioxide (SO(2)) pollution, but uncertainties remain over the size of any effects, potential latency and generalisability...
  53. ncbi Social support, ethnicity and mental health in adolescents
    Emily Klineberg
    Centre for Psychiatry, Queen Mary s School of Medicine and Dentistry, University of London, Old Anatomy Building, Charterhouse Square, London, EC1M 6BQ, UK
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 41:755-60. 2006
    ..In this study, we explored whether social support varied with ethnic group in young people, and if it explained ethnic differences in prevalence of psychological distress...
  54. ncbi Predicting outcome after acute and subacute stroke: development and validation of new prognostic models
    Carl Counsell
    Department of Clinical Neurosciences, Western General Hospital, Edinburgh, Scotland
    Stroke 33:1041-7. 2002
    ..Statistical models to predict the outcome of patients with acute and subacute stroke could have several uses, but no adequate models exist. We therefore developed and validated new models...
  55. pmc Web 2.0 technologies for undergraduate and postgraduate medical education: an online survey
    J Sandars
    Medical Education Unit, The University of Leeds, 20 Hyde Terrace, Leeds LS2 9LN, UK
    Postgrad Med J 83:759-62. 2007
    ..To identify the current familiarity and use of Web 2.0 technologies by medical students and qualified medical practitioners, and to identify the barriers to its use for medical education...
  56. pmc Performance of the UK Prospective Diabetes Study Risk Engine and the Framingham Risk Equations in Estimating Cardiovascular Disease in the EPIC- Norfolk Cohort
    Rebecca K Simmons
    1MRC Epidemiology Unit, Cambridge, UK
    Diabetes Care 32:708-13. 2009
    ..0%; and 3) individuals with normoglycemia defined as A1C <6.0%...
  57. pmc Blood pressure centiles for Great Britain
    Lisa V Jackson
    Willow Wood Medical Practice and University of East Anglia School of Medicine, Health Policy and Practice, Norwich, UK
    Arch Dis Child 92:298-303. 2007
    To produce representative cross-sectional blood pressure reference centiles for children and young people living in Great Britain.
  58. pmc Incidence and costs of unintentional falls in older people in the United Kingdom
    P Scuffham
    York Health Economics Consortium Ltd, University of York, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 57:740-4. 2003
    ..To estimate the number of accident and emergency (A&E) attendances, admissions to hospital, and the associated costs as a result of unintentional falls in older people...
  59. pmc Estimating the costs of school closure for mitigating an influenza pandemic
    Md Z Sadique
    Modelling and Economics Unit, Health Protection Agency, 61 Colindale Avenue, London, NW9 5EQ, UK
    BMC Public Health 8:135. 2008
    ..Although a number of studies have suggested that such a policy might reduce the incidence, there are no published studies of the cost of such policies. This study attempts to fill this knowledge gap..
  60. ncbi Involving consumers in research and development agenda setting for the NHS: developing an evidence-based approach
    S Oliver
    Social Science Research Unit, Institute of Education, London, UK
    Health Technol Assess 8:1-148, III-IV. 2004
    ..Also to identify the barriers to, and facilitators of, meaningful participation by consumers in research identification and prioritisation...
  61. pmc Imported malaria and high risk groups: observational study using UK surveillance data 1987-2006
    Adrian D Smith
    HPA Malaria Reference Laboratory, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London WC1E 6AU
    BMJ 337:a120. 2008
    ..To examine temporal, geographic, and sociodemographic trends in case reporting and case fatality of malaria in the United Kingdom...
  62. ncbi Effectiveness and efficiency of guideline dissemination and implementation strategies
    J M Grimshaw
    Health Services Research Unit, University of Aberdeen, UK
    Health Technol Assess 8:iii-iv, 1-72. 2004
    ..To estimate the resource implications of these strategies. To develop a framework for deciding when it is efficient to develop and introduce clinical guidelines...
  63. pmc PRIME--PRocess modelling in ImpleMEntation research: selecting a theoretical basis for interventions to change clinical practice
    Anne E Walker
    Health Services Research Unit, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK
    BMC Health Serv Res 3:22. 2003
    ....
  64. ncbi The health of UK military personnel who deployed to the 2003 Iraq war: a cohort study
    Matthew Hotopf
    King s Centre for Military Health Research, King s College London, London, UK
    Lancet 367:1731-41. 2006
    ..Concerns have been raised about the mental and physical health of UK military personnel who deployed to the 2003 war in Iraq and subsequent tours of duty in the country...
  65. ncbi Evidence-based guidelines for treating depressive disorders with antidepressants: a revision of the 2000 British Association for Psychopharmacology guidelines
    I M Anderson
    Senior Lecturer and Honorary Consultant Psychiatrist, Neuroscience and Psychiatry Unit, University of Manchester, UK
    J Psychopharmacol 22:343-96. 2008
    ....
  66. ncbi Mortality in people with type 2 diabetes in the UK
    H E Mulnier
    Postgraduate Medical School, University of Surrey, Guildford, UK
    Diabet Med 23:516-21. 2006
    ..The relative risk decreases with age. In people with Type 2 diabetes, obesity and smoking both contribute to the risk of all-cause mortality, supporting doctrines to stop smoking and lose weight...
  67. ncbi Updated estimates of the proportion of childhood leukaemia incidence in Great Britain that may be caused by natural background ionising radiation
    Mark P Little
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Imperial College, London W2 1PG, UK
    J Radiol Prot 29:467-82. 2009
    ..paper (Wakeford et al 2009 Leukaemia 23 770-6) we estimated the proportion of childhood leukaemia incidence in Great Britain attributable to natural background radiation to be about 20%...
  68. pmc Lymphohaematopoietic malignancy around all industrial complexes that include major oil refineries in Great Britain
    P Wilkinson
    Department of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK
    Occup Environ Med 56:577-80. 1999
    ..incidence of lymphohaematopoietic malignancy around industrial complexes that include major oil refineries in Great Britain after recent public and scientific concern of possible carcinogenic hazards of emissions from the ..
  69. ncbi Defining quality of care
    S M Campbell
    National Primary Care Research and Development Centre, The University of Manchester, UK
    Soc Sci Med 51:1611-25. 2000
    ..Using a conceptual framework to describe the totality of quality of care shows which aspects of care any set of quality indicators actually includes and measures and, and which are not included...
  70. ncbi The life course prospective design: an example of benefits and problems associated with study longevity
    M E J Wadsworth
    Medical Research Council National Survey of Health and Development, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Royal Free Hospital, University College Medical School, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Soc Sci Med 57:2193-205. 2003
    ..That seems also likely in Britain's two later born national birth cohort studies that have continued into adulthood...
  71. pmc Improving the quality of health care in the United Kingdom and the United States: a framework for change
    E B Ferlie
    University of London
    Milbank Q 79:281-315. 2001
    ..The multilevel change framework and associated properties provide a framework for assessing progress along the journey...
  72. ncbi Identifying patients with a cancer diagnosis using general practice medical records and Cancer Registry data
    Shane W Pascoe
    Centre for Primary Health Care and Equity, University of New South Wales, Sydney 2052, Australia
    Fam Pract 25:215-20. 2008
    ..ii) To describe the effectiveness of search strategies to identify all patients in primary care with a cancer diagnosis compared with a diagnosis identified by a Cancer Registry...
  73. ncbi The effect of climate change on the occurrence and prevalence of livestock diseases in Great Britain: a review
    P Gale
    Veterinary Laboratories Agency, Weybridge, New Haw, Addlestone, Surrey, UK
    J Appl Microbiol 106:1409-23. 2009
    ..change has, and will continue to affect the occurrence, distribution and prevalence of livestock diseases in Great Britain (GB). This paper reviews how climate change could affect livestock diseases in GB...
  74. pmc Establishing neonatal networks: the reality
    Neil Marlow
    Department of Child Health, Queen s Medical Centre, Nottingham, UK
    Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed 92:F137-42. 2007
    ..The development of some form of national coordination of network activities and greater sharing of good practice would enhance the value of the managed clinical neonatal networks...
  75. ncbi The relationship between time since registration and measured incidence rates in the General Practice Research Database
    James D Lewis
    Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 14:443-51. 2005
    ....
  76. ncbi How do age and tooth loss affect oral health impacts and quality of life? A study comparing two national samples
    James G Steele
    Department of Restorative Dentistry, School of Dental Sciences, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
    Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 32:107-14. 2004
    ..Age, number of teeth and cultural background are important variables influencing oral health-related quality of life...
  77. pmc Prevalence of permanent childhood hearing impairment in the United Kingdom and implications for universal neonatal hearing screening: questionnaire based ascertainment study
    H M Fortnum
    MRC Institute of Hearing Research, University Park, Nottingham NG7 2RD
    BMJ 323:536-40. 2001
    ..To estimate the prevalence of confirmed permanent childhood hearing impairment and its profile across age and degree of impairment in the United Kingdom...
  78. ncbi Who knows the bed bug? Knowledge of adult bed bug appearance increases with people's age in three counties of Great Britain
    Klaus Reinhardt
    Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Western Bank S10 2TN, United Kingdom
    J Med Entomol 45:956-8. 2008
    ..If an increasing knowledge of the bed bug appearance facilitates early detection of infestations, the hospitality and travel industry may benefit from educating their staff on the bed bug appearance...
  79. ncbi The estimation of a preference-based measure of health from the SF-36
    John Brazier
    Sheffield Health Economics Group, School of Health and Related Research, University of Sheffield, UK
    J Health Econ 21:271-92. 2002
    ..These problems must be weighed against the rich descriptive ability of the SF-6D, and the potential application of these models to existing and future SF-36 data set...
  80. ncbi Interpreting change scores for pain and functional status in low back pain: towards international consensus regarding minimal important change
    Raymond W J G Ostelo
    EMGO Institute, VU University Medical Centre, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 33:90-4. 2008
    ..Literature review, expert panel, and a workshop during the "VIII International Forum on Primary Care Research on Low Back Pain" (Amsterdam, June 2006)...
  81. pmc Estimating the long-term impact of a prophylactic human papillomavirus 16/18 vaccine on the burden of cervical cancer in the UK
    M Kohli
    Health Economics and Outcomes Research, i3 Innovus, Burlington, Ontario, Canada
    Br J Cancer 96:143-50. 2007
    ..Areas for future research include investigation of the beneficial effects of HPV vaccination on infection transmission and epidemic dynamics, as well as HPV-related neoplasms in other sites...
  82. ncbi The UK Obstetric Surveillance System for rare disorders of pregnancy
    Marian Knight
    National Perinatal Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Old Road Campus, Oxford, UK
    BJOG 112:263-5. 2005
  83. pmc Recent network evolution increases the potential for large epidemics in the British cattle population
    S E Robinson
    Epidemiology Group, Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, University of Liverpool, Leahurst, Neston, Wirral CH64 7TE, UK
    J R Soc Interface 4:669-74. 2007
    Following the foot and mouth disease epidemic in Great Britain (GB) in 2001, livestock movement bans were replaced with mandatory periods of standstill for livestock moving between premises...
  84. ncbi A quantitative assessment of the risks from illegally imported meat contaminated with foot and mouth disease virus to Great Britain
    Emma Hartnett
    Centre for Veterinary Epidemiology and Risk Analysis, Veterinary Laboratories Agency, New Haw, Addlestone, Surrey KT15 3NB, UK
    Risk Anal 27:187-202. 2007
    ..As a member of the European Union, Great Britain (GB) has put in place a number of regulations to prevent the importation of pathogens in imported meat ..
  85. ncbi Validation and refinement of scores to predict very early stroke risk after transient ischaemic attack
    S Claiborne Johnston
    Stroke Service, Department of Neurology, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143 0114, USA
    Lancet 369:283-92. 2007
    ....
  86. ncbi The risk of prostate cancer amongst black men in the United Kingdom: the PROCESS cohort study
    Yoav Ben-Shlomo
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, and Department of Urology, United Bristol Healthcare Trust, Southmead Hospital, Bristol, UK
    Eur Urol 53:99-105. 2008
    ..It is known that African American men have a greater risk of prostate cancer than white men. We investigated whether this was true for first-generation black Caribbean and black African men in the United Kingdom...
  87. ncbi Valuations of EQ-5D health states: are the United States and United Kingdom different?
    Jeffrey A Johnson
    Institute of Health Economics and University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
    Med Care 43:221-8. 2005
    ..We sought to compare directly elicited valuations for EQ-5D health states between the US and UK general adult populations...
  88. ncbi Trends in ixodid tick abundance and distribution in Great Britain
    J P W Scharlemann
    Oxford Tick Research Group, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Med Vet Entomol 22:238-47. 2008
    ..Tick infestation prevalence increased over time on all grouse moors and 77% of MoD estates and decreased at six locations...
  89. pmc Modelling the initial spread of foot-and-mouth disease through animal movements
    D M Green
    Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PS, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 273:2729-35. 2006
    Livestock movements in Great Britain (GB) are well recorded and are a unique record of the network of connections among livestock-holding locations...
  90. ncbi The sources of phosphorus in the waters of Great Britain
    Philip J White
    Scottish Crop Research Inst, Invergowrie, Dundee DD2 5DA, UK
    J Environ Qual 38:13-26. 2009
    ..TP) and soluble reactive phosphorus (SRP) loads to watercourses of the River Basin Districts (RBDs) of Great Britain (GB) were estimated using inventories of industrial P loads and estimates of P loads from sewage treatment ..
  91. ncbi Retrospective analysis of Salmonella isolates recovered from animal feed in Great Britain
    C Papadopoulou
    Centre for Epidemiology and Risk Analysis, Veterinary Laboratories Agency Weybridge, New Haw, Addlestone, Surrey KT15 3NB
    Vet Rec 165:681-8. 2009
    ..the diversity of serovars and the antimicrobial resistance of isolates from animal feedingstuffs in Great Britain, and to compare Salmonella strains found in animal feed and in livestock, data collected under voluntary and ..
  92. ncbi Trends in service use and treatment for mental disorders in adults throughout Great Britain
    Traolach S Brugha
    Brandon Mental Health Unit, Department of Health Sciences, Leicester General Hospital, Gwendolen Road, Leicester LE5 4PW, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 185:378-84. 2004
    ..Trends in health treatments and outcomes in the general population may be used to monitor achievement of health targets...
  93. ncbi Data quality of the Cattle Tracing System in Great Britain
    D M Green
    Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PS
    Vet Rec 161:439-43. 2007
    The Cattle Tracing System (cts) of Great Britain was examined to investigate the quality of its data in terms of known errors and omissions, and their distribution...
  94. ncbi Thinking life is not worth living. A population survey of Great Britain
    H V Thomas
    Department of Psychological Medicine, University of Wales College of Medicine, Cardiff, UK
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 37:351-6. 2002
    ..aims to identify factors associated with feeling life is not worth living amongst the household population of Great Britain, and to assess the strength of these associations after taking account of an individual's level of psychiatric ..
  95. ncbi It's not just what you say, it's also how you say it: opening the 'black box' of informed consent appointments in randomised controlled trials
    Julia Wade
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, 39 Whatley Road, Clifton, Bristol BS8 2PS, United Kingdom
    Soc Sci Med 68:2018-28. 2009
    ..Use of these techniques is necessary to make potential participants' understanding of key issues and their position regarding equipoise explicit in order to facilitate truly informed consent...
  96. pmc What patients expect from complementary therapy: a qualitative study
    Janet Richardson
    School of Integrated Health, University of Westminster, 115 New Cavendish St, London W1W 6UW, England, UK
    Am J Public Health 94:1049-53. 2004
    ..Data on the expectations of patients who use complementary therapy are limited. We assessed the expectations of patients who use complementary therapy...
  97. ncbi Mortality in women with turner syndrome in Great Britain: a national cohort study
    Minouk J Schoemaker
    Section of Epidemiology, Sir Richard Doll Building, Institute of Cancer Research, Sutton, Surrey SM2 5NG, United Kingdom
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 93:4735-42. 2008
    ..Turner syndrome is characterized by complete or partial X chromosome monosomy. It is associated with substantial morbidity, but mortality risks and causes of death are not well described...
  98. pmc Expert patients usher in a new era of opportunity for the NHS
    Liam Donaldson
    Department of Health, London SW1A
    BMJ 326:1279-80. 2003
  99. ncbi Establishing the criterion validity of the Graduate Medical School Admissions Test (GAMSAT)
    Hamish Coates
    Australian Council for Educational Research, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    Med Educ 42:999-1006. 2008
    ....
  100. ncbi Geographical distribution of variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease in Great Britain, 1994-2000
    S Cousens
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK
    Lancet 357:1002-7. 2001
    ..We investigated whether regional incidences of vCJD were correlated with regional dietary data...
  101. ncbi Inequalities in influenza vaccine uptake among people aged over 74 years in Britain
    Punam Mangtani
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    Prev Med 41:545-53. 2005
    ..Little information exists on the relationship between uptake and need. We assessed factors influencing uptake and equity in uptake in over 74 year olds...

Research Grants24

  1. Personality and Health from Childhood to Adulthood
    Avshalom Caspi; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  2. Role of Fungal Microflora in Mucosal Tolerance/Immunity
    GARY HUFFNAGLE; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..and allergies have increased dramatically in westernized countries (>30% of school age children in the US, Great Britain, New Zealand and Australia currently have asthma). The mechanism(s) underlying this increase is unknown...
  3. 12th International Congress of Radiation Research
    George Iliakis; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Research Society was formed in the USA in 1952, and was followed soon after by the formation of societies in Great Britain, several countries in Europe (the Netherlands, Sweden, Poland, Germany, Italy, and France), Japan, and Israel...
  4. 11TH INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS OF RADIATION RESEARCH
    Elizabeth Travis; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..Research Society was formed in the USA in 1952, and was followed soon after by the formation of societies in Great Britain, several countries in Europe (the Netherlands, Sweden, Poland, Germany, Italy and France), Japan, and Israel...
  5. Dipstick Assay for Detection of Acetaminophen Protein Adducts
    Laura P James; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..APAP toxicity is the most common cause of acute liver failure (ALF) in the United States and Great Britain today...
  6. Reaction and Adaptation to Major Life Events
    Richard Lucas; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..on culture, analyses of adaptation to marriage will be replicated in two additional nations Australia and Great Britain. Second, prospective panel studies have been used to examine a relatively small number of life events...
  7. ANALYSIS OF GENETIC LINKAGE IN TUBEROUS SCLEROSIS
    Moyra Smith; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..samples from 6 three generation TS families collected by us and 16 families collected by our collaborators in Great Britain, have been analyzed using polymorphic genetic markers...
  8. Family Physician Reports of Medical Error
    Anton Kuzel; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..practice in the United States, and (2) compare them to those recognized and reported in Australia, Canada, Great Britain, the Netherlands, and New Zealand...
  9. FAMILY STRUCTURE EFFECTS ON CHILDREN
    ANDREW CHERLIN; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..the 1958 through 1991 waves of the prospective, longitudinal National Child Development Study (NCDS) of Great Britain, which has followed a single birth cohort from age 0 to 33...
  10. COLLABORATIVE STUDY OF INITIAL GLAUCOMA TREATMENT
    PAUL LICHTER; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Recent studies, particularly in Great Britain, suggest that initial treatment for open angle glaucoma is best handled with filtration surgery and that the ..
  11. AN ABEF SYNTHON FOR NORDITERPENOID ALKALOIDS
    David Lewis; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Principal Investigator's Abstract) In 1991 and 1992, patents were issued in the United States and in Great Britain for the use of certain C19 diterpenoid alkaloids for both the treatment of narcotic addiction and for ..
  12. ARE THERE ECONOMIC COSTS OF MARIJUANA USE?
    ROSALIE PACULA; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..toward marijuana as a way of reducing the criminal justice burden, following the example of Canada, Australia, Great Britain and several other European Countries...
  13. STABILITY OF INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES
    DUANE ALWIN; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..S. to relatively new national-level panel data from the U.S. and Great Britain: 1) the Study of American Families (SAF), 2) Americans' Changing Lives (ACL) study, 3) the British Household ..
  14. Neurodevelopmental Effects of Antiepileptic Drugs II
    Kimford Meador; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The NEAD study has an invaluable cohort, and the results of this continuation proposal will impact the clinical management of women receiving these medications, and improve the health of their children. ..
  15. Gene Expression in Barrett's Esophagus
    Hashem El Serag; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..We present preliminary data on microarray and RT-PCRanalyses on 5 patients with BE that suggest an overactive Wnt pathway: we have also assembled the essential components of a successful study using microarrays. ..
  16. NANOSCALE IRON PHASES IN NEURODEGENERATIVE DISEASES
    Jon Dobson; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The Pl's combination of skills and experience related to the research proposed here is unique and unavailable in the US. ..
  17. Cigarette smoking and colorectal cancer risk
    Andrew Hyland; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  18. Disability of elders: US and England comparisons
    David Melzer; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  19. Diet, Activity, Obesity & The Built Environment Dynamics
    Barry Popkin; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..A central issue is determining modifiable environment factors that may reduce ethnic and socioeconomic differentials in health status. ..
  20. Improving Smoking Cessation Outcomes in Heavy Drinkers
    Christopher Kahler; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Developing effective interventions that address alcohol use during smoking cessation treatment can make a major public health impact on this large, yet neglected, subgroup of smokers. ..
  21. Young Adult Environmental and Physical Activity Dynamics
    Barry Popkin; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..No study heretofore has had large-scale groupings and in-depth environmental measures over time to examine these issues in a dynamic manner. ..
  22. An Interdisciplinary Strategy for Obesity (RMI)
    Barry Popkin; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..We will apply the knowledge gained from our interdisciplinary research to achieve our long-term goal of developing novel treatment and prevention interventions for obesity. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  23. BEYOND RACE--EXPLAINING INEQUALITY MANIFESTED AS OBESITY
    Barry Popkin; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..This work will provide important insights in the relative importance of genetic and environmental determinants of overweight and activity. ..
  24. CHILD HEALTH EFFECTS OF RAPID SOCIO-DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGE
    Barry Popkin; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Finally, we will compare results across countries to determine whether there is a consistent pattern or structure of relationships across countries at different levels of development. ..