- Age and sex differences in reaction time in adulthood: results from the United Kingdom Health and Lifestyle Survey
Medical Research Council Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, 4 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow G12 8RZ, Scotland, UK
Psychol Aging 21:62-73. 2006
..The aging of choice RT variability is a function of its mean and the error rate. There are significant sex differences, most notably for choice RT variability...
- Patients' beliefs about prescribed medicines and their role in adherence to treatment in chronic physical illness
Centre for Health Care Reserach, University of Brighton, UK
J Psychosom Res 47:555-67. 1999
- Strategies for mitigating an influenza pandemic
Neil M Ferguson
Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, St Mary s Campus, Norfolk Place, London W2 1PG, UK
Nature 442:448-52. 2006
..to examine intervention options should initial containment of a novel influenza outbreak fail, using Great Britain and the United States as examples...
- Cohort profile: 1958 British birth cohort (National Child Development Study)
Centre for Paediatric Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1N 1EH, UK
Int J Epidemiol 35:34-41. 2006
- Diffusion of innovations in service organizations: systematic review and recommendations
University College London, Room 403, Holborn Union Building, Highgate Hill, London N19 5LW, UK
Milbank Q 82:581-629. 2004
..Both the model and the method should be tested more widely in a range of contexts...
- ALSPAC--the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children. I. Study methodology
Institute of Child Health, University of Bristol, UK
Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 15:74-87. 2001
..The study has an open policy in regard to collaboration within strict confidentiality rules...
- National Institute for Clinical Excellence and its value judgments
Michael D Rawlins
Wolfson Unit of Clinical Pharmacology, Medical School, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, Newcastle NE2 4HH
BMJ 329:224-7. 2004
- Derivation and validation of QRISK, a new cardiovascular disease risk score for the United Kingdom: prospective open cohort study
Tower Building, University Park, Nottingham NG2 7RD
BMJ 335:136. 2007
..To derive a new cardiovascular disease risk score (QRISK) for the United Kingdom and to validate its performance against the established Framingham cardiovascular disease algorithm and a newly developed Scottish score (ASSIGN)...
- Descriptive epidemiology of the 2001 foot-and-mouth disease epidemic in Great Britain: the first five months
J C Gibbens
Veterinary Service, DEFRA, London
Vet Rec 149:729-43. 2001
In February 2001, foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) was confirmed in Great Britain. A major epidemic developed, which peaked around 50 cases a day in late March, declining to under 10 a day by May. By mid-July, 1849 cases had been detected...
- Synthesising qualitative and quantitative evidence: a review of possible methods
Department of Health Sciences, University of Leicester, LE1 6TP Leicester, UK
J Health Serv Res Policy 10:45-53. 2005
..There is an urgent need for robust ways of incorporating qualitative evidence into systematic reviews...
- Adverse events in British hospitals: preliminary retrospective record review
Clinical Risk Unit, Department of Psychology, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, UK
BMJ 322:517-9. 2001
..To examine the feasibility of detecting adverse events through record review in British hospitals and to make preliminary estimates of the incidence and costs of adverse events...
- A review of avian influenza in different bird species
D J Alexander
Avian Virology, VLA Weybridge, Addlestone, Surrey, UK
Vet Microbiol 74:3-13. 2000
..Secondary spread is usually associated with human involvement, probably by transferring infective faeces from infected to susceptible birds...
- Positive and negative effects of widespread badger culling on tuberculosis in cattle
Christl A Donnelly
Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, St Mary s Campus, Norfolk Place, London W2 1PG, UK
Nature 439:843-6. 2006
..These findings are biologically consistent with previous studies but will present challenges for policy development...
- Oral susceptibility to bluetongue virus of Culicoides (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) from the United Kingdom
Institute of Animal Health, Pirbright Laboratory, Pirbright, Surrey GU24 0NF, United Kingdom
J Med Entomol 43:73-8. 2006
..These results are discussed with reference to the potential threat of the virus to susceptible livestock in northern Europe...
- Design and analysis of pilot studies: recommendations for good practice
Gillian A Lancaster
Department of Mathematical Sciences, University of Liverpool, UK
J Eval Clin Pract 10:307-12. 2004
..It will also safeguard against pilot studies being conducted simply because of small numbers of available patients...
- Strain characterization of natural sheep scrapie and comparison with BSE
Moira E Bruce
Institute for Animal Health, Neuropathogenesis Unit, Ogston Building, West Mains Road, Edinburgh EH9 3JF, UK
J Gen Virol 83:695-704. 2002
..The tested sample is too small to come to any conclusions about whether the BSE strain is present in sheep, but the study provides a framework for further more extensive studies...
- Patients seeking care from acupuncture practitioners in the UK: a national survey
Foundation for Traditional Chinese Medicine, York, UK
Complement Ther Med 14:20-30. 2006
..Our secondary aim was to compare the profiles of acupuncture patients with those of a patient survey undertaken in 1988...
- Cohort Profile: The 1946 National Birth Cohort (MRC National Survey of Health and Development)
MRC National Survey of Health and Development, Royal Free and UCL Medical School, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
Int J Epidemiol 35:49-54. 2006
- A modeling framework to describe the transmission of bluetongue virus within and between farms in Great Britain
Institute for Animal Health, Pirbright Laboratory, Pirbright, Surrey, United Kingdom
PLoS ONE 4:e7741. 2009
..Yet BT has emerged over the past decade as one of the most important diseases of livestock...
- Descriptive study comparing routine hospital administrative data with the Vascular Society of Great Britain and Ireland's National Vascular Database
Department of Primary Care and Social Medicine, Dr Foster Unit at Imperial College London, London, UK
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg 33:461-5; discussion 466. 2007
..To compare patient volume and outcomes in vascular surgery between an administrative data set (Hospital Episode Statistics) and a clinical database (National Vascular Database)...
- Variations in population health status: results from a United Kingdom national questionnaire survey
Centre for Health Economics, University of York
BMJ 316:736-41. 1998
..To measure the health of a representative sample of the population of the United Kingdom by using the EuroQoL EQ-5D questionnaire...
- Natural experiments: an underused tool for public health?
MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, 4 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow G12 8RZ, UK
Public Health 119:751-7. 2005
..This paper discusses some of the benefits and limitations of using this type of evidence, drawing on two ongoing quasi-experimental studies as examples...
- Occupational exposure to noise and the attributable burden of hearing difficulties in Great Britain
K T Palmer
MRC Environmental Epidemiology Unit, Community Clinical Sciences, Southhampton General Hospital, University of Southampton, SO16 6YD, UK
Occup Environ Med 59:634-9. 2002
- Sexual behaviour in Britain: partnerships, practices, and HIV risk behaviours
A M Johnson
Centre for Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Department of Primary Care and Population Sciences, Royal Free and University College Medical School, Mortimer Market Centre, WC1E 6AU, London, UK
Lancet 358:1835-42. 2001
- Mental health of children and adolescents in Great Britain
Office for National Statistics, London, UK
Int Rev Psychiatry 15:185-7. 2003
..Causal relationships should not be assumed for any of the results presented in this report...
- Quality at general practice consultations: cross sectional survey
J G Howie
Department of Community Health Sciences General Practice, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH8 9DX
BMJ 319:738-43. 1999
..To measure quality of care at general practice consultations in diverse geographical areas, and to determine the principal correlates associated with enablement as an outcome measure...
- 'I can't do any serious exercise': barriers to physical activity amongst people of Pakistani and Indian origin with Type 2 diabetes
Research Unit in Health, Behaviour Change, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH8 9AG, UK
Health Educ Res 21:43-54. 2006
..We recommend a realistic and culturally sensitive approach, which identifies and capitalizes on the kinds of activities patients already do in their everyday lives...
- Assessing the risk of bluetongue to UK livestock: uncertainty and sensitivity analyses of a temperature-dependent model for the basic reproduction number
Institute for Animal Health, Pirbright Laboratory, Ash Road, Pirbright, Surrey GU24 0NF, UK
J R Soc Interface 5:363-71. 2008
..The importance of temperature reflects the fact that it influences many processes involved in the transmission of BTV and, in particular, the biting rate, the extrinsic incubation period and the vector mortality rate...
- Herd size and bovine tuberculosis persistence in cattle farms in Great Britain
Department of Biological Sciences and Mathematics Institute, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL, UK
Prev Vet Med 92:360-5. 2009
..bTB) infection in cattle is one of the most complex and persistent problems faced by the cattle industry in Great Britain today...
- Bluetongue in the United Kingdom and northern Europe in 2007 and key issues for 2008
Met Office, FitzRoy Road, Exeter EX1 3PB, UK
Vet Rec 162:298-302. 2008
..Here, John Gloster and colleagues investigate the meteorological parameters that allowed this incursion into the UK and discuss key issues related to the disease's possible re-establishment in 2008...
- The influence of childhood weight and socioeconomic status on change in adult body mass index in a British national birth cohort
Medical Research Council National Survey of Health and Development, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Royal Free and University College Medical School, London, UK
Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 24:725-34. 2000
..To investigate the effect of childhood weight and childhood socioeconomic status on the pattern of change in body mass index (BMI) between 20 and 43 years...
- Prevalence of asthma symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment in 12-14 year old children across Great Britain (international study of asthma and allergies in childhood, ISAAC UK)
Department of Public Health Sciences, St George's Hospital Medical School, London
BMJ 316:118-24. 1998
..DESIGN: Self completion questionnaire. SETTING: Great Britain. SUBJECTS: All pupils aged 12-14 years in a stratified cluster sample of 93 large mixed secondary schools in ..
- Consumer involvement in health research: a review and research agenda
School of Health and Related Research, University of Sheffield, Regent Court, 30 Regent Street, Sheffield, S1 4DA, UK
Health Policy 61:213-36. 2002
..why does consumer involvement influence health research? (3) how can the influence of consumers in health research be measured and evaluated? and (4) what factors are associated with 'successful' consumer involvement in health research?..
- Cohort profile: 1970 British Birth Cohort (BCS70)
Centre for Longitudinal Studies, Institute of Education, Bedford Group for Lifecourse and Statistical Studies, 20 Bedford Way, London WC1H 0AL, UK
Int J Epidemiol 35:836-43. 2006
- Pay-for-performance programs in family practices in the United Kingdom
National Primary Care Research and Development Centre, University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom
N Engl J Med 355:375-84. 2006
..This contract increases existing income according to performance with respect to 146 quality indicators covering clinical care for 10 chronic diseases, organization of care, and patient experience...
- Tissue distribution of protease resistant prion protein in variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease using a highly sensitive immunoblotting assay
J D Wadsworth
MRC Prion Unit and Department of Neurogenetics, Imperial College School of Medicine at St Mary s, Norfolk Place, W2 1PG, London, UK
Lancet 358:171-80. 2001
..We aimed to improve immunoblotting methods for high sensitivity detection of PrP(Sc) to investigate the distribution of PrP(Sc) in a range of vCJD tissues...
- The prevalence of rheumatoid arthritis in the United Kingdom: new estimates for a new century
ARC Epidemiology Unit, Stopford Building, University of Manchester, Oxford Road, Manchester M13 9PT, UK
Rheumatology (Oxford) 41:793-800. 2002
..Since then the classification criteria for RA have been revised and there has been evidence of a fall in the incidence of RA, especially in women...
- An evaluation of liquid-based cytology and human papillomavirus testing within the UK cervical cancer screening programme
Clinical Operational Research Unit, University College London, Department of Mathematics, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK
Br J Cancer 91:84-91. 2004
..British Journal of Cancer (2004) 91, 84-91. doi:10.1038/sj.bjc.6601884 www.bjcancer.com Published online 25 May 2004..
- Naturally acquired babesiosis in a reindeer (Rangifer tarandus tarandus) herd in Great Britain
Department of Veterinary Pathology, Royal Veterinary College, London, UK
Parasitol Res 89:194-8. 2003
..In addition, molecular identification of the infecting Babesiasp. was undertaken using SSU rRNA gene sequence analysis. It is likely that the organism causing babesiosis in this reindeer herd is B. divergens...
- Guidelines for the control and prevention of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in healthcare facilities
J E Coia
Department of Bacteriology, Glasgow Royal Infirmary, Glasgow, UK
J Hosp Infect 63:S1-44. 2006
..Inadequate staffing, especially amongst nurses, contributes to the increased prevalence of MRSA. Laboratories should notify the relevant national authorities if VISA/GISA or VRSA isolates are identified...
- Research designs for studies evaluating the effectiveness of change and improvement strategies
Centre for Health Services Research, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
Qual Saf Health Care 12:47-52. 2003
..The general principle underlying the choice of evaluative design is, however, simple-those conducting such evaluations should use the most robust design possible to minimise bias and maximise generalisability...
- The contribution of childhood and adult socioeconomic position to adult obesity and smoking behaviour: an international comparison
Centre for Paediatric Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford Street, WC1N 1EH London, UK
Int J Epidemiol 34:335-44. 2005
- Congenital and infantile cataract in the United Kingdom: underlying or associated factors. British Congenital Cataract Interest Group
J S Rahi
Department of Epidemiology, Institute of Child Health and Great Ormond Street Hospital, London, United Kingdom
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 41:2108-14. 2000
- Objective measurement of levels and patterns of physical activity
Chris J Riddoch
Sport and Exercise Science, School for Health, University of Bath, Bath, UK
Arch Dis Child 92:963-9. 2007
..To measure the levels and patterns of physical activity, using accelerometers, of 11-year-old children participating in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC)...
- Disease dynamics over very different time-scales: foot-and-mouth disease and scrapie on the network of livestock movements in the UK
Rowland R Kao
Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3PS, UK
J R Soc Interface 4:907-16. 2007
..These contradictory indicators emphasize that appropriate observation time frames and good discrimination among types of potentially infectious contacts are vital in order for network analysis to be a valuable epidemiological tool...
- Appraising qualitative research for inclusion in systematic reviews: a quantitative and qualitative comparison of three methods
Department of Health Sciences, University of Leicester, Leicester, UK
J Health Serv Res Policy 12:42-7. 2007
..We aimed to compare three methods for appraising qualitative research papers that were candidates for inclusion in a systematic review of evidence on support for breast-feeding...
- Using quantitative and qualitative data in health services research - what happens when mixed method findings conflict? [ISRCTN61522618]
Public Health Research Group, School of Population and Health Sciences, Faculty of Medical Sciences, William Leech Building, Framlington Place, Newcastle upon Tyne NE2 4HH, UK
BMC Health Serv Res 6:28. 2006
- Systematically reviewing qualitative and quantitative evidence to inform management and policy-making in the health field
Health Services Research Unit, Department of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
J Health Serv Res Policy 10:6-20. 2005
..The choice of approach will be contingent on the aim of the review and nature of the available evidence, and often more than one approach will be required...
- The near-universal experience of regret among smokers in four countries: findings from the International Tobacco Control Policy Evaluation Survey
Geoffrey T Fong
Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
Nicotine Tob Res 6:S341-51. 2004
- The role of mathematical modelling in the control of the 2001 FMD epidemic in the UK
Rowland R Kao
Dept of Zoology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, OX1 3PS, Oxford, UK
Trends Microbiol 10:279-86. 2002
..Here, the different modelling exercises that were developed over the course of the epidemic are reviewed, describing the difficulties in interpreting the available data and the appropriateness of the various assumptions...
- Inequalities in maternal health: national cohort study of ethnic variation in severe maternal morbidities
National Perinatal Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford
BMJ 338:b542. 2009
..To describe on a national basis ethnic differences in severe maternal morbidity in the United Kingdom...
- Long-term associations of outdoor air pollution with mortality in Great Britain
Small Area Health Statistics Unit, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, St Mary s Campus, Imperial College London, Norfolk Place, London W2 1PG, UK
Thorax 62:1088-94. 2007
..Recent studies have indicated long-term effects on mortality of particulate and sulphur dioxide (SO(2)) pollution, but uncertainties remain over the size of any effects, potential latency and generalisability...
- Social support, ethnicity and mental health in adolescents
Centre for Psychiatry, Queen Mary s School of Medicine and Dentistry, University of London, Old Anatomy Building, Charterhouse Square, London, EC1M 6BQ, UK
Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 41:755-60. 2006
..In this study, we explored whether social support varied with ethnic group in young people, and if it explained ethnic differences in prevalence of psychological distress...
- Predicting outcome after acute and subacute stroke: development and validation of new prognostic models
Department of Clinical Neurosciences, Western General Hospital, Edinburgh, Scotland
Stroke 33:1041-7. 2002
..Statistical models to predict the outcome of patients with acute and subacute stroke could have several uses, but no adequate models exist. We therefore developed and validated new models...
- Web 2.0 technologies for undergraduate and postgraduate medical education: an online survey
Medical Education Unit, The University of Leeds, 20 Hyde Terrace, Leeds LS2 9LN, UK
Postgrad Med J 83:759-62. 2007
..To identify the current familiarity and use of Web 2.0 technologies by medical students and qualified medical practitioners, and to identify the barriers to its use for medical education...
- Performance of the UK Prospective Diabetes Study Risk Engine and the Framingham Risk Equations in Estimating Cardiovascular Disease in the EPIC- Norfolk Cohort
Rebecca K Simmons
1MRC Epidemiology Unit, Cambridge, UK
Diabetes Care 32:708-13. 2009
..0%; and 3) individuals with normoglycemia defined as A1C <6.0%...
- Blood pressure centiles for Great Britain
Lisa V Jackson
Willow Wood Medical Practice and University of East Anglia School of Medicine, Health Policy and Practice, Norwich, UK
Arch Dis Child 92:298-303. 2007
To produce representative cross-sectional blood pressure reference centiles for children and young people living in Great Britain.
- Incidence and costs of unintentional falls in older people in the United Kingdom
York Health Economics Consortium Ltd, University of York, UK
J Epidemiol Community Health 57:740-4. 2003
..To estimate the number of accident and emergency (A&E) attendances, admissions to hospital, and the associated costs as a result of unintentional falls in older people...
- Estimating the costs of school closure for mitigating an influenza pandemic
Md Z Sadique
Modelling and Economics Unit, Health Protection Agency, 61 Colindale Avenue, London, NW9 5EQ, UK
BMC Public Health 8:135. 2008
..Although a number of studies have suggested that such a policy might reduce the incidence, there are no published studies of the cost of such policies. This study attempts to fill this knowledge gap..
- Involving consumers in research and development agenda setting for the NHS: developing an evidence-based approach
Social Science Research Unit, Institute of Education, London, UK
Health Technol Assess 8:1-148, III-IV. 2004
..Also to identify the barriers to, and facilitators of, meaningful participation by consumers in research identification and prioritisation...
- Imported malaria and high risk groups: observational study using UK surveillance data 1987-2006
Adrian D Smith
HPA Malaria Reference Laboratory, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London WC1E 6AU
BMJ 337:a120. 2008
..To examine temporal, geographic, and sociodemographic trends in case reporting and case fatality of malaria in the United Kingdom...
- Effectiveness and efficiency of guideline dissemination and implementation strategies
J M Grimshaw
Health Services Research Unit, University of Aberdeen, UK
Health Technol Assess 8:iii-iv, 1-72. 2004
..To estimate the resource implications of these strategies. To develop a framework for deciding when it is efficient to develop and introduce clinical guidelines...
- PRIME--PRocess modelling in ImpleMEntation research: selecting a theoretical basis for interventions to change clinical practice
Anne E Walker
Health Services Research Unit, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK
BMC Health Serv Res 3:22. 2003
- The health of UK military personnel who deployed to the 2003 Iraq war: a cohort study
King s Centre for Military Health Research, King s College London, London, UK
Lancet 367:1731-41. 2006
..Concerns have been raised about the mental and physical health of UK military personnel who deployed to the 2003 war in Iraq and subsequent tours of duty in the country...
- Evidence-based guidelines for treating depressive disorders with antidepressants: a revision of the 2000 British Association for Psychopharmacology guidelines
I M Anderson
Senior Lecturer and Honorary Consultant Psychiatrist, Neuroscience and Psychiatry Unit, University of Manchester, UK
J Psychopharmacol 22:343-96. 2008
- Mortality in people with type 2 diabetes in the UK
H E Mulnier
Postgraduate Medical School, University of Surrey, Guildford, UK
Diabet Med 23:516-21. 2006
..The relative risk decreases with age. In people with Type 2 diabetes, obesity and smoking both contribute to the risk of all-cause mortality, supporting doctrines to stop smoking and lose weight...
- Updated estimates of the proportion of childhood leukaemia incidence in Great Britain that may be caused by natural background ionising radiation
Mark P Little
Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Imperial College, London W2 1PG, UK
J Radiol Prot 29:467-82. 2009
..paper (Wakeford et al 2009 Leukaemia 23 770-6) we estimated the proportion of childhood leukaemia incidence in Great Britain attributable to natural background radiation to be about 20%...
- Lymphohaematopoietic malignancy around all industrial complexes that include major oil refineries in Great Britain
Department of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK
Occup Environ Med 56:577-80. 1999
..incidence of lymphohaematopoietic malignancy around industrial complexes that include major oil refineries in Great Britain after recent public and scientific concern of possible carcinogenic hazards of emissions from the ..
- Defining quality of care
S M Campbell
National Primary Care Research and Development Centre, The University of Manchester, UK
Soc Sci Med 51:1611-25. 2000
..Using a conceptual framework to describe the totality of quality of care shows which aspects of care any set of quality indicators actually includes and measures and, and which are not included...
- The life course prospective design: an example of benefits and problems associated with study longevity
M E J Wadsworth
Medical Research Council National Survey of Health and Development, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Royal Free Hospital, University College Medical School, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
Soc Sci Med 57:2193-205. 2003
..That seems also likely in Britain's two later born national birth cohort studies that have continued into adulthood...
- Improving the quality of health care in the United Kingdom and the United States: a framework for change
E B Ferlie
University of London
Milbank Q 79:281-315. 2001
..The multilevel change framework and associated properties provide a framework for assessing progress along the journey...
- Identifying patients with a cancer diagnosis using general practice medical records and Cancer Registry data
Shane W Pascoe
Centre for Primary Health Care and Equity, University of New South Wales, Sydney 2052, Australia
Fam Pract 25:215-20. 2008
..ii) To describe the effectiveness of search strategies to identify all patients in primary care with a cancer diagnosis compared with a diagnosis identified by a Cancer Registry...
- The effect of climate change on the occurrence and prevalence of livestock diseases in Great Britain: a review
Veterinary Laboratories Agency, Weybridge, New Haw, Addlestone, Surrey, UK
J Appl Microbiol 106:1409-23. 2009
..change has, and will continue to affect the occurrence, distribution and prevalence of livestock diseases in Great Britain (GB). This paper reviews how climate change could affect livestock diseases in GB...
- Establishing neonatal networks: the reality
Department of Child Health, Queen s Medical Centre, Nottingham, UK
Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed 92:F137-42. 2007
..The development of some form of national coordination of network activities and greater sharing of good practice would enhance the value of the managed clinical neonatal networks...
- The relationship between time since registration and measured incidence rates in the General Practice Research Database
James D Lewis
Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA
Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 14:443-51. 2005
- How do age and tooth loss affect oral health impacts and quality of life? A study comparing two national samples
James G Steele
Department of Restorative Dentistry, School of Dental Sciences, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 32:107-14. 2004
..Age, number of teeth and cultural background are important variables influencing oral health-related quality of life...
- Prevalence of permanent childhood hearing impairment in the United Kingdom and implications for universal neonatal hearing screening: questionnaire based ascertainment study
H M Fortnum
MRC Institute of Hearing Research, University Park, Nottingham NG7 2RD
BMJ 323:536-40. 2001
..To estimate the prevalence of confirmed permanent childhood hearing impairment and its profile across age and degree of impairment in the United Kingdom...
- Who knows the bed bug? Knowledge of adult bed bug appearance increases with people's age in three counties of Great Britain
Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Western Bank S10 2TN, United Kingdom
J Med Entomol 45:956-8. 2008
..If an increasing knowledge of the bed bug appearance facilitates early detection of infestations, the hospitality and travel industry may benefit from educating their staff on the bed bug appearance...
- The estimation of a preference-based measure of health from the SF-36
Sheffield Health Economics Group, School of Health and Related Research, University of Sheffield, UK
J Health Econ 21:271-92. 2002
..These problems must be weighed against the rich descriptive ability of the SF-6D, and the potential application of these models to existing and future SF-36 data set...
- Interpreting change scores for pain and functional status in low back pain: towards international consensus regarding minimal important change
Raymond W J G Ostelo
EMGO Institute, VU University Medical Centre, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 33:90-4. 2008
..Literature review, expert panel, and a workshop during the "VIII International Forum on Primary Care Research on Low Back Pain" (Amsterdam, June 2006)...
- Estimating the long-term impact of a prophylactic human papillomavirus 16/18 vaccine on the burden of cervical cancer in the UK
Health Economics and Outcomes Research, i3 Innovus, Burlington, Ontario, Canada
Br J Cancer 96:143-50. 2007
..Areas for future research include investigation of the beneficial effects of HPV vaccination on infection transmission and epidemic dynamics, as well as HPV-related neoplasms in other sites...
- The UK Obstetric Surveillance System for rare disorders of pregnancy
National Perinatal Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Old Road Campus, Oxford, UK
BJOG 112:263-5. 2005
- Recent network evolution increases the potential for large epidemics in the British cattle population
S E Robinson
Epidemiology Group, Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, University of Liverpool, Leahurst, Neston, Wirral CH64 7TE, UK
J R Soc Interface 4:669-74. 2007
Following the foot and mouth disease epidemic in Great Britain (GB) in 2001, livestock movement bans were replaced with mandatory periods of standstill for livestock moving between premises...
- A quantitative assessment of the risks from illegally imported meat contaminated with foot and mouth disease virus to Great Britain
Centre for Veterinary Epidemiology and Risk Analysis, Veterinary Laboratories Agency, New Haw, Addlestone, Surrey KT15 3NB, UK
Risk Anal 27:187-202. 2007
..As a member of the European Union, Great Britain (GB) has put in place a number of regulations to prevent the importation of pathogens in imported meat ..
- Validation and refinement of scores to predict very early stroke risk after transient ischaemic attack
S Claiborne Johnston
Stroke Service, Department of Neurology, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143 0114, USA
Lancet 369:283-92. 2007
- The risk of prostate cancer amongst black men in the United Kingdom: the PROCESS cohort study
Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, and Department of Urology, United Bristol Healthcare Trust, Southmead Hospital, Bristol, UK
Eur Urol 53:99-105. 2008
..It is known that African American men have a greater risk of prostate cancer than white men. We investigated whether this was true for first-generation black Caribbean and black African men in the United Kingdom...
- Valuations of EQ-5D health states: are the United States and United Kingdom different?
Jeffrey A Johnson
Institute of Health Economics and University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
Med Care 43:221-8. 2005
..We sought to compare directly elicited valuations for EQ-5D health states between the US and UK general adult populations...
- Trends in ixodid tick abundance and distribution in Great Britain
J P W Scharlemann
Oxford Tick Research Group, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
Med Vet Entomol 22:238-47. 2008
..Tick infestation prevalence increased over time on all grouse moors and 77% of MoD estates and decreased at six locations...
- Modelling the initial spread of foot-and-mouth disease through animal movements
D M Green
Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PS, UK
Proc Biol Sci 273:2729-35. 2006
Livestock movements in Great Britain (GB) are well recorded and are a unique record of the network of connections among livestock-holding locations...
- The sources of phosphorus in the waters of Great Britain
Philip J White
Scottish Crop Research Inst, Invergowrie, Dundee DD2 5DA, UK
J Environ Qual 38:13-26. 2009
..TP) and soluble reactive phosphorus (SRP) loads to watercourses of the River Basin Districts (RBDs) of Great Britain (GB) were estimated using inventories of industrial P loads and estimates of P loads from sewage treatment ..
- Retrospective analysis of Salmonella isolates recovered from animal feed in Great Britain
Centre for Epidemiology and Risk Analysis, Veterinary Laboratories Agency Weybridge, New Haw, Addlestone, Surrey KT15 3NB
Vet Rec 165:681-8. 2009
..the diversity of serovars and the antimicrobial resistance of isolates from animal feedingstuffs in Great Britain, and to compare Salmonella strains found in animal feed and in livestock, data collected under voluntary and ..
- Trends in service use and treatment for mental disorders in adults throughout Great Britain
Traolach S Brugha
Brandon Mental Health Unit, Department of Health Sciences, Leicester General Hospital, Gwendolen Road, Leicester LE5 4PW, UK
Br J Psychiatry 185:378-84. 2004
..Trends in health treatments and outcomes in the general population may be used to monitor achievement of health targets...
- Data quality of the Cattle Tracing System in Great Britain
D M Green
Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PS
Vet Rec 161:439-43. 2007
The Cattle Tracing System (cts) of Great Britain was examined to investigate the quality of its data in terms of known errors and omissions, and their distribution...
- Thinking life is not worth living. A population survey of Great Britain
H V Thomas
Department of Psychological Medicine, University of Wales College of Medicine, Cardiff, UK
Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 37:351-6. 2002
..aims to identify factors associated with feeling life is not worth living amongst the household population of Great Britain, and to assess the strength of these associations after taking account of an individual's level of psychiatric ..
- It's not just what you say, it's also how you say it: opening the 'black box' of informed consent appointments in randomised controlled trials
Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, 39 Whatley Road, Clifton, Bristol BS8 2PS, United Kingdom
Soc Sci Med 68:2018-28. 2009
..Use of these techniques is necessary to make potential participants' understanding of key issues and their position regarding equipoise explicit in order to facilitate truly informed consent...
- What patients expect from complementary therapy: a qualitative study
School of Integrated Health, University of Westminster, 115 New Cavendish St, London W1W 6UW, England, UK
Am J Public Health 94:1049-53. 2004
..Data on the expectations of patients who use complementary therapy are limited. We assessed the expectations of patients who use complementary therapy...
- Mortality in women with turner syndrome in Great Britain: a national cohort study
Minouk J Schoemaker
Section of Epidemiology, Sir Richard Doll Building, Institute of Cancer Research, Sutton, Surrey SM2 5NG, United Kingdom
J Clin Endocrinol Metab 93:4735-42. 2008
..Turner syndrome is characterized by complete or partial X chromosome monosomy. It is associated with substantial morbidity, but mortality risks and causes of death are not well described...
- Expert patients usher in a new era of opportunity for the NHS
Department of Health, London SW1A
BMJ 326:1279-80. 2003
- Establishing the criterion validity of the Graduate Medical School Admissions Test (GAMSAT)
Australian Council for Educational Research, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Med Educ 42:999-1006. 2008
- Geographical distribution of variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease in Great Britain, 1994-2000
Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK
Lancet 357:1002-7. 2001
..We investigated whether regional incidences of vCJD were correlated with regional dietary data...
- Inequalities in influenza vaccine uptake among people aged over 74 years in Britain
London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
Prev Med 41:545-53. 2005
..Little information exists on the relationship between uptake and need. We assessed factors influencing uptake and equity in uptake in over 74 year olds...