- The impact of health on retirement behaviour: empirical evidence from West Germany
Arbeitsbereich Makroökonomie und quantitative Wirtschaftspolitik, University of Hamburg, Germany
Health Econ 6:425-38. 1997
..A policy-related simulation experiment based on the estimates is carried out in order to assess the effects of changes in the incentive structure of the existing pension scheme...
- Seroprevalence and risk factors associated with seropositivity in sows from 67 herds in north-west Germany infected with Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae
Elisabeth grosse Beilage
Field Station for Epidemiology, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Foundation, Büscheler Str 9, D 49456 Bakum, Germany
Prev Vet Med 88:255-63. 2009
..hyopneumoniae. A cross-sectional study was carried out in 2578 sows from 67 herds in north-west Germany. Data concerning general herd characteristics, acclimatisation practices, indoor and outside contacts, as well ..
- Autologous blood donor screening indicated a lower prevalence of viral hepatitis in East vs West Germany: epidemiological benefit from established health resources
Medizinische Klinik and Poliklinik II, University Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany
J Viral Hepat 16:743-8. 2009
..We found a lower prevalence of hepatitis B virus and HCV in East vs West Germany, 0.2%vs 0.32% and 0.16%vs 0...
- Consumption of omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids in former East and West Germany and changes in East Germany after the reunification
Universitäts Kinderklinik, Dresden, Germany
Respir Med 93:213-6. 1999
..Based on the results of two dietary surveys, the intake of omega-3-FA and omega-6-FA in West Germany in 1985-1989 and in Dresden, East Germany in 1988-1989 and 1990-1991 was estimated...
- A 7.5-year prospective study of longer than 18 months type-specific human papillomavirus persistence in a routine cytology-based cervical screening population of about 31,000 women in West Germany
Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Pecs, Hungary
Eur J Cancer Prev 18:307-15. 2009
..This may influence future screening strategies and therapy decisions...
- Prevalence of depression diagnosis and prescription of antidepressants in East and West Germany: an analysis of health insurance data
Mental Health Research Network, Clinic for Psychiatry, University of Leipzig, Semmelweisstr 10, 04103, Leipzig, Germany
Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 45:329-35. 2010
This study aimed to analyse depression-related factors. The prevalence of depression has been shown in prior surveys to vary between East and West Germany. Do these differences also appear in health insurance data?
- Changing health inequalities in east and west Germany since unification
London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, European Centre on Health of Societies in Transition, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
Soc Sci Med 58:119-36. 2004
..of these changes during the 1990s, looking specifically at income-related health inequalities in east and west Germany and its modulation by psychosocial factors...
- Environmental tobacco smoke and cardiometabolic risk in young children: results from a survey in south-west Germany
Institute of Epidemiology, Ulm University, 89081 Ulm, Germany
Eur Heart J 30:1885-93. 2009
..We explored the association between exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) and various cardiometabolic biomarkers in 10-year-old children...
- Changing mortality patterns in East and West Germany and Poland. II: short-term trends during transition and in the 1990s
European Centre on Health of Societies in Transition, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT
J Epidemiol Community Health 54:899-906. 2000
- Seroprevalence of herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) and type 2 (HSV-2) in former East and West Germany, 1997-1998
Department of Infectious Diseases Epidemiology, Robert Koch Institute, Seestrasse 10, 35133 Berlin, Germany
Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 24:131-5. 2005
..Differences in HSV-2 seroprevalence between FEG and FWG suggest differences in sexual behaviour that warrant further investigation...
- Declining mortality rates for nonmelanoma skin cancers in West Germany, 1968-99
Epidemiology Unit Institute for Medical Informatics, Biometry and Epidemiology, University Hospital of Essen, Hufelandstr 55, 45122 Essen, Germany
Br J Dermatol 150:517-22. 2004
..Mortality analyses based on routine death certification provide a rough guide to the magnitude of nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC) mortality...
- Vaccine innovation and adoption: polio vaccines in the UK, the Netherlands and West Germany, 1955-1965
Clare Hall, Herschel Road, Cambridge CB3 9AL
Med Hist 50:425-46. 2006
- Trends in maternal mortality ratio among women of German and non-German nationality in West Germany, 1980-1996
Department of Tropical Hygiene and Public Health, Heidelberg, Germany
Int J Epidemiol 28:919-24. 1999
Maternal mortality is a sensitive indicator for inequity in health. We describe recent trends in overall and cause-specific maternal mortality ratio among women of German and non-German nationality residing in West Germany.
- Hip fracture incidence in east and west germany: reassessement ten years after unification
Bavarian Public Health Research Center, Ludwig Maximilians University, Munich, Germany
Osteoporos Int 12:136-9. 2001
..hip fracture incidence ten years following German reunification and compare incidence rates in former East and West Germany. Data from the German hospital discharge diagnosis registry were used to compare rates in former East and West ..
- Prevalence and genotype distribution of multiple human papillomavirus infection in the uterine cervix: a 7.5-year longitudinal study in a routine cytology-based screening population in West Germany
Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Pecs, Pecs, Hungary
J Med Virol 80:1814-23. 2008
..composition of multiple HPV infections were investigated in a routine cervical screening population in West Germany both at a cross-sectional level and longitudinally...
- Biomonitoring of persistent organochlorine pesticides, PCDD/PCDFs and dioxin-like PCBs in blood of children from South West Germany (Baden-Wuerttemberg) from 1993 to 2003
Baden Wuerttemberg State Health Office Landesgesundheitsamt, Wiederholdstr 15, 70174 Stuttgart, Germany
Chemosphere 58:1185-201. 2005
..at four different demographic regions in Baden-Wuerttemberg, a highly industrialised federal state in South West Germany. DDE, HCB, PCB 138, PCB 153 and PCB 180 were measured in 1996/1997, 1998/1999, 2000/2001 and 2002/2003 in ..
- Twenty years of the German Environmental Survey (GerES): human biomonitoring--temporal and spatial (West Germany/East Germany) differences in population exposure
Federal Environment Agency, Berlin
Int J Hyg Environ Health 210:271-97. 2007
..The first survey for adults (GerES I) was carried out in 1985/1986 (West Germany) followed by GerES IIa in 1990/1991 (West Germany) and GerES IIb in 1991/1992 (East Germany)...
- Allergic sensitization and disease in mother-child pairs from Germany: role of early childhood environment
Institut fur umweltmedizinische Forschung IUF, Heinrich Heine Universitat Dusseldorf, Dusseldorf, Germany
Int Arch Allergy Immunol 143:282-9. 2007
..and it can be hypothesized that the allergic phenotypes in mothers and their children are less similar than in West Germany. This was investigated in our study done in mothers and their 6-year-old children from East and West Germany in ..
- Trends in mortality attributable to current alcohol consumption in east and west Germany
European Centre on Health of Societies in Transition, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, WC1E 7HT, London, UK
Soc Sci Med 56:1385-95. 2003
There is emerging awareness of alcohol as a cause of the persisting health divide between east and west Germany. This study quantifies the burden of alcohol attributable mortality in the two parts of Germany in the 1990s, taking account ..
- [The psychopathology of Karl Jaspers: then and now]
M W Hengeveld
Universitair Medisch Centrum, Rotterdam
Tijdschr Psychiatr 48:835-42. 2006
..Jaspers' view on this subject is particularly important in our days of DSM-criteria, neuro-imaging and molecular biology...
- Cost comparison analysis: pentaerythrithyl tetranitrate (PETN) and isosorbide dinitrate (ISDN) prescribed to diabetic patients in primary care practices in Germany
Institute of Biometrics and Epidemiology, German Diabetes Center, Leibniz Center at Heinrich Heine University, Dusseldorf, Germany
Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther 45:516-23. 2007
..Thus, the aim of this investigation was to compare the costs for PETN and ISDN therapy in diabetic patients in primary care...
- Incidence of skin lymphoma in Germany
Institute of Medical Epidemiology, Biometry and Informatics, Medical Faculty, Martin Luther University of Halle Wittenberg, Germany
Ann Epidemiol 16:214-22. 2006
..Population-based analyses of the incidence of skin lymphoma in Europe are very sparse. We analyzed German population-based incidence data on skin lymphoma to study the descriptive epidemiology of these tumors...
- [Symptoms and personality traits of East and West German psychotherapy patients with anxiety and depressive disorders]
Abteilung für Psychosomatische Medizin und Psychotherapie, Medizinische Fakultät der Otto von Guericke Universität Magdeburg
Psychother Psychosom Med Psychol 54:206-13. 2004
..symptoms and personality traits of patients from two Psychosomatic University Departments, one in Düsseldorf (West Germany) and the other in Magdeburg (East Germany), suffering from anxiety disorders and depression...
- [Robert Bosch Foundation started "East-West Educational Dialogue": "I wish for more networks"]
Pflege Z 56:726-7. 2003
- [Legal abortion--embryo-fetocide--threatening auto-genocide?]
Direktor i R der Klinik für Neonatologie, Medizinische Universitat zu Lubeck
Dtsch Med Wochenschr 128:1788-91. 2003
- [Company centredness in the rehabilitation system of the German Democratic Republic, GDR]
Institut für Gesundheits und Pflegewissenschaft, Gesellschaftliche Entwicklung nach dem Systemumbruch, Projekt C5 Rehabilitation zwischen Transformation und Weiterentwicklung, Martin Luther Universitat Halle Wittenberg
Rehabilitation (Stuttg) 46:233-7. 2007
- Adolescents' transitions to behavioral autonomy after German unification
Claudia M Haase
Department of Developmental Psychology and Center for Applied Developmental Science, University of Jena, Am Steiger 3 1, D 07743 Jena, Germany
J Adolesc 31:337-53. 2008
..Our findings illustrate the plasticity of autonomy transitions under conditions of social change...
- Peer relations of adolescents from nuclear and separated families
Department of Psychology, University of Jena, Jena, Germany
J Adolesc 24:535-48. 2001
..Based on the second questionnaire assessment of a longitudinal study conducted in East and West Germany, reports from a total of 637 boys and girls on deviant and constructive peers in their social network as well ..
- Post-diagnostic abortion in Germany: reproduction gone awry, again?
Susan L Erikson
University of Colorado Boulder, Department of Anthropology, Campus Box 233, Boulder, CO 80466, USA
Soc Sci Med 56:1987-2001. 2003
..Data collected at two German hospitals-one in former East Germany, one in former West Germany-illuminate rates of PDT use and provide data with which to discuss the specter of post-diagnostic abortion in ..
- Reexamining adaptation and the set point model of happiness: reactions to changes in marital status
Richard E Lucas
Department of Psychology, Michigan State University, East Lansing 48824, USA
J Pers Soc Psychol 84:527-39. 2003
..Thus, marital transitions can be associated with long-lasting changes in satisfaction, but these changes can be overlooked when only average trends are examined...
- T(H)1/T(H)2 immune response profiles differ between atopic children in eastern and western Germany
Clinical Chemistry and Molecular Diagnostics, University Hospital Marburg, Germany
J Allergy Clin Immunol 109:338-42. 2002
..Lower prevalence rates for childhood respiratory allergies have been reported in eastern Germany than in western Germany...
- Cross-sectional study on influenza vaccination, Germany, 1999-2000
Robert Koch Institut, Berlin, Germany
Emerg Infect Dis 8:1442-7. 2002
..of 1,190 survey participants reported having been vaccinated (adjusted 18%) with 16% (adjusted 15%) in former West Germany versus 35% (adjusted 32%) in former East Germany...
- Use of oral contraceptives in Germany: prevalence, determinants and use-associated health correlates. Results of National Health Surveys from 1984 to 1999
RKI 22, Pharmacoepidemiology, Robert Koch Institute, Seestr 10, D 13353 Berlin, Germany
Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 134:57-66. 2007
..To describe oral contraceptive (OC) use, its determinants and use-associated health correlates from 1984 to 1999 in Germany...
- [East-West educational dialogue in nursing: "Decisive are the heads" (interview by Katrin Balzer)]
Pflege Z 56:806-9. 2003
- Oral health of representative samples of Germans examined in 1989 and 1992
Institut der Deutschen Zahnarzte (Institute of German Dentists, IDZ, Cologne, Germany
Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 24:62-7. 1996
..Finally, the authors recommend the inclusion of qualitative research techniques when studying the differential causation of the inverse correlation between oral morbidity and social status...
- [Schizophrenia and religiousness--a comparative study at the time of the two German states]
Klinik für Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie der Ruhr Universität Bochum, LWL Klinik Bochum
Psychiatr Prax 35:240-6. 2008
..Religious delusions are prevalent symptoms in schizophrenia. It is unclear, however, whether religious delusions reflect illness- or culture-related factors...
- Social epidemiology after the German reunification: East vs. West or poor vs. rich?
Bielefeld University School of Public Health, Department of Epidemiology and International Public Health, Bielefeld, Germany
Int J Public Health 53:13-22. 2008
..Seventeen years after reunification, economic disparities persist between former "East" and "West" Germany. We examine whether there are according health disparities and how they developed over time...
- [Validation and standardization of the "Questionnaire for Assessing Subjective Physical Well-Being" by Kolip and Schmidt in a representative German sample]
Universitatsklinikum Leipzig, Klinik für Psychotherapie und Psychosomatische Medizin
Psychother Psychosom Med Psychol 56:172-81. 2006
- Prevention of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) due to an active health monitoring system 20 years prior to the public "Back to Sleep" campaigns
Institute of Legal Medicine, University of Munster, Germany
Arch Dis Child 91:324-6. 2006
Before reunification, the post-neonatal mortality rate was lower in East Germany than in West Germany. Moreover, the incidence of SIDS (sudden infant death syndrome) was much lower in the East.
- Legal medicine in the Federal Republic of Germany and after reunification
Institute of Forensic Medicine, Ludwig Maximilians University, Frauenlobstr 7a, 80337 München, Germany
Forensic Sci Int 144:137-41. 2004
- "When looking back on my past life I regret...": retrospective regret in the second half of life
Department of Social Gerontology, Free University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Death Stud 29:625-44. 2005
..Differences in the kind of attribution and in the centrality of themes are discussed in terms of lifespan theory, death preparation, and cultural differences...
- Height and weight in Germany, evidence from the German Socio-Economic Panel, 2002
University of Erlangen Nuremberg, Department of Economics, Lange Gasse 20, Nuremberg D 90403, Germany
Econ Hum Biol 4:359-82. 2006
..BMI is also determined by individuals' characteristics with similar underlying patterns. That is, in both West and East Germany, women with low income and low education have a higher BMI whereas the better educated women weigh less...
- Religious individualization or secularization? Testing hypotheses of religious change--the case of Eastern and Western Germany
European University Viadrina
Br J Sociol 58:603-32. 2007
..Religious individualization is only a component of the predominant secularization process...
- [The changing role of intraoperative mammary frozen sections in breast cancer: comparison of data from East and West Germany before and after reunification]
Pathologisches Institut, Carl Thiem Klinikum, Thiemstrasse 111, 03048, Cottbus, Germany
Pathologe 27:346-9. 2006
..intraoperative frozen sections obtained from representatively selected departments of pathology from East and West Germany before and after reunification were analysed comparatively...
- Back pain, a communicable disease?
Institute for Social Medicine, University of Luebeck, D Luebeck, Germany
Int J Epidemiol 37:69-74. 2008
..It is seldom the consequence of a contagious disease caused by microorganisms. This does not exclude it from being communicable if 'communicable' is to refer to something being transmitted by sharing or exchanging information...
- Bad data do not make good studies
Cerebrovasc Dis 18:254; author reply 254-5. 2004
- Temporal trends in the incidence rate of childhood cancer in Germany 1987-2004
German Childhood Cancer Registry, Institute of Medical Biostatistics, Epidemiology and Informatics, University of Mainz, Germany
Int J Cancer 122:1859-67. 2008
..Neuroblastoma yielded a period effect in western Germany due to screening. With the exception of germ cell tumors, further observations for solid tumor entities are in agreement with those reported for Europe...
- Self-esteem, academic self-concept, and achievement: how the learning environment moderates the dynamics of self-concept
Center for Educational Research, Max Planck Institute for Human Development, Berlin, Germany
J Pers Soc Psychol 90:334-49. 2006
..was examined using a three-wave cross-lagged panel design with a large sample of 7th graders from East and West Germany, a total of 5,648 students who were tested shortly after German reunification...
- [Suicidal methods--a comparison between East and West Germany. Epidemiological, forensic and sociomedical aspects]
Robert Koch Institut, Berlin
Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz 47:1095-106. 2004
..The same trend towards an increase of "hard" means of suicide was noted. The ways in which suicide is committed are becoming increasingly alike, but in the East it is apparent that people adhere more to "traditional" means of suicide...
- After the fall of the Berlin Wall: perceptions and consequences of stability and change among middle-aged and older East and West Germans
Gerben J Westerhof
Center for Psychogerontology, Radboud University Nijmegen, P O Box 9104, 6500 HE Nijmegen, The Netherlands
J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 61:S240-7. 2006
..We would expect perceptions of decline and, to a lesser extent, perceptions of improvement to be related to lower levels of subjective well-being...
- [Development of tuberculosis in Germany--a comparison between former West and East Germany]
Pneumologie 48:160-3. 1994
..A comparison of the development of infant tuberculosis does not disclose any influence exercised by BCT vaccination on the epidemiology...
- Excessive infant crying: often not confined to the first 3 months of age
Institute for Social Paediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, University of Munich, Heiglhofstr. 63, D-81377, Munich, Germany
Early Hum Dev 64:1-6. 2001
..0% (95% CI 17.9-24.1) and persisted for longer in 39.6% (95% CI 31.5-47.7) of these. Professionals consulting parents on crying problems should take into account its possible persistence for longer periods of time...
- The medical profession in Germany: past trends, current state and future prospects
Cah Sociol Demogr Med 44:43-70. 2004
..If this does not happen, there will be bottlenecks in the supply of medical care on a broad front in Germany. In the end, the provision of medical care for the population as a whole could be jeopardised...
- Reflections: a historical vignette
Jan M Gybels
Department Neurosciences and Psychiatry, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
Neurosurgery 56:614-20; discussion 614-20. 2005
- The schizophrenic career of a "monster drug"
William A Silverman
Pediatrics 110:404-6. 2002
- The role of personality, parents and peers in adolescents career exploration
University of Jena, Germany
J Adolesc 25:19-30. 2002
..The findings suggest that it would be fruitful to consider more thoroughly the role of peers in future research on adolescents' career development...
- [Medicine on the other side of medicine: the experiment of the Socialist Patients' Collective in Heidelberg, 1969-71]
Z Wurttemb Landesgesch 61:461-8. 2002
- Genetic code, text, and scripture: metaphors and narration in German molecular biology
Max Planck Institute for the History of Science, Berlin
Sci Context 18:629-48. 2005
- [Professional medical history in the FRG in search for a lobby: looking back at discussions of the 1970s]
Institut fur Geschichte der Medizin, Charite Universitatsmedizin Berlin
Medizinhist J 42:356-68. 2007
- ["Keine Angst vor Psychiatern." Psychiatry, critics of psychiatry and the public in the Federal Republic of Germany 1960-1980]
Med Ges Gesch 26:341-60. 2006
..e. Frank Fischers's book "Irrenhäuser. Kranke klagen an" (1969) and the "Frankfurter Psychiatriestreit 1976"...
- [On rabbits and snakes: psychiatry and the public in the early years of the Federal Republic of Germany]
Med Ges Gesch 26:311-40. 2006
..Besides psychiatrists refused the criticism, so that the "crisis of psychiatry" did not induce any structural changes...
- [American influences on the development of anaesthesiology in the Federal Republic of Germany between 1949 and 1960]
Institut für Ethik, Geschichte und Theorie der Medizin, Universitätsklinikum der Universität Münster
Anasthesiol Intensivmed Notfallmed Schmerzther 40:133-41. 2005
..This was the starting point for the consolidation of anaesthesia as a special discipline of medicine in Germany in the 1960s...
- Albrecht Fleckenstein: father of calcium antagonism
Louis J Acierno
University of Central Florida, College of Health and Public Affairs, Orlando, Florida 32816 2200, USA
Clin Cardiol 27:710-1. 2004
- [The making of the sexual and erotic body in the West German youth magazine BRAVO, 1960s-70s]
Centre for the History of Medicine and Disease, Wolfson Research Institute, Durham University, Stockton on Tees TS17 6BH, United Kingdom
Medizinhist J 42:142-79. 2007
..The focus is on BRAVO's contribution to the shaping of the sexual and erotic knowledge of the young in West Germany since the mid-1960s...
- [The success of hygiene in the last 40 years]
Zentralbl Bakteriol Mikrobiol Hyg B 187:271-94. 1989
..Increasing prosperity was accompanied by new problems of hygiene. Infectious diseases almost eradicated in West Germany, were imported by air travellers...
- Early history of home hemodialysis in the Federal Republic of Germany
FRCP London, Le Michelangelo, Monaco
ASAIO J 50:291-3. 2004
..How KfH was created is curiously omitted from its official web site, and the purpose of this article is to describe how this organization was started in 1969...
- [Development of German child and adolescent psychiatry and the Marburg clinic]
Klinik für Kinder und Jugendpsychiatrie und psychotherapie der Philipps Universität Marburg
Z Kinder Jugendpsychiatr Psychother 37:379-90; quiz 390-1. 2009
..According to the Zeitgeist, six chronologically overlapping phases in West Germany can be distinguished: (1) Search for orientation and reorganization, (2) decade of consolidation and ..
- [Radiotherapy of benign diseases: a pattern of care study in Germany]
M H Seegenschmiedt
Klinik für Radioonkologie, Strahlentherapie und Nuklearmedizin, Alfried Krupp Krankenhaus Essen
Strahlenther Onkol 175:541-7. 1999
..Similar to the European Society of Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology survey, a patterns of care study was performed in Germany...
- [Incidence of resistance and risk factors for resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis. A retrospective study of 1,055 patients of a specialty hospital 1984 to 1993]
Pneumologie 50:28-35. 1996
..no data on the time course of drug-resistant tuberculosis and on risk factors for drug resistance in former West Germany. We reviewed the medical records of all patients with positive cultures for Mycobacterium tuberculosis from ..
- A statistical model to compare road mortality in OECD countries
Centre Européen d Etudes de Sécurité et d Analyse des Risques CEESAR, Nanterre, France
Accid Anal Prev 33:371-85. 2001
..The highest decreases were observed in ex-West Germany (- 48%), Switzerland (- 44%), Australia (- 40%), and UK (- 39%)...
- Respiratory health and individual estimated exposure to traffic-related air pollutants in a cohort of young children
GSF National Research Center for Environment and Health, Institute of Epidemiology, Neuherberg, Germany
Occup Environ Med 64:8-16. 2007
- Preschool children's health and its association with parental education and individual living conditions in East and West Germany
Xianming du Prel
Institut für Umweltmedizinische Forschung IUF an der Heinrich Heine Universität Düsseldorf, Dusseldorf, Germany
BMC Public Health 6:312. 2006
..Explanations of observed associations between parental education and health indicators were examined...
- Revised and new reference values for some persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in blood for human biomonitoring in environmental medicine
Department of Hygiene, Social and Environmental Medicine, Ruhr University Bochum, Universitatsstr 150, D 44801 Bochum, Germany
Int J Hyg Environ Health 206:223-9. 2003
..Survey 1998 (adults aged 18-69 years) and from a survey performed with children (age 9-11 years) in south-west Germany 1998/99. The levels of organochlorine compounds in blood of adults increased with increasing age...
- Differences in allergy trends between East and West Germany and possible explanations
Institut fur umweltmedizinische Forschung IUF, Heinrich Heine University Dusseldorf, Dusseldorf, Germany
Clin Exp Allergy 40:289-98. 2010
..the German reunification in 1990, manifestations of most allergic diseases were less prevalent in East than in West Germany. It was hypothesized that these East-West differences would diminish with lifestyle and pollution changes in ..
- A world from brave to new: Talcott Parsons and the war effort at Harvard University
University of Heidelburg, Germany
J Hist Behav Sci 35:257-89. 1999
..Targets envisaged for the 1950s, then, were community and citizenship in the newly democratic societies such as (West) Germany, the land that defeated Nazism...
- [Work-site health promotion in Germany. Results of the IAB--establishment panel 2002 and 2004]
Landesinstitut für den Offentlichen Gesundheitsdienst NRW lögd, Bielefeld, Germany
Gesundheitswesen 69:63-76. 2007
..North Rhine-Westphalia was precisely average. In East Germany, almost one-fourth and in West Germany just under one-fifth of all companies surveyed carry out health-promoting measures...
- Allergy, total IgE and eosinophils in East and West -- serious effects of different degrees of helminthiasis and smoking
Works Medical Service, Boehringer Ingelheim Pharma KG, Postfach 200, D 55216 Ingelheim, Germany
Eur J Med Res 7:63-71. 2002
Allergies are rarer in East Germany than in West Germany, although elevated IgE-levels and blood eosinophil counts can be found in the East. The aim of this study is to control the known results in Slowakia...
- Thalidomide: a re-look
J K Grover
Department of Pharmacology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi 110029, India
Natl Med J India 13:132-41. 2000
Thalidomide was synthesized in 1954 in erstwhile West Germany and marketed as a sedative in over 46 countries until the early 1960s. Owing to serious teratogenic effects, the drug was withdrawn from the market in 1961...
- Subtype-specific incidence of testicular cancer in Germany: a pooled analysis of nine population-based cancer registries
Clinical Epidemiology Unit, Institute of Medical Epidemiology, Biometry and Informatics, Medical Faculty, Martin Luther University of Halle Wittenberg, Halle, Germany
Int J Androl 32:306-16. 2009
..Majority of these cancers were yolk sac tumours (0.1 per 100,000). In East and West Germany, rates of embryonal carcinoma in the early periods were considerably lower than the rates of malignant teratoma...
- The excess of atopic eczema in East Germany is related to the intrinsic type
Division of Environmental Dermatology and Allergology GSF TUM, Department of Dermatology and Allergy, am Biederstein, Munich Technical University, Biedersteiner Str 29, 80802 Munich, Germany
Br J Dermatol 143:992-8. 2000
..data for atopic eczema based on a dermatological examination have not so far been available for East and West Germany. Possible differences in the proportions of extrinsic and intrinsic types of eczema, and how far these could ..
- Isolated hepatocytes of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) as a tool to discriminate between differently contaminated small river systems
Aquatic Toxicology and Ecology Group, Department of Zoology, University of Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 230, D-69120, Heidelberg, Germany
Toxicol In Vitro 14:361-77. 2000
..to native waters and acetone sediment extracts of KrÃ¤henbach and KÃ¶rsch, two small rivers in south-west Germany with different levels of chemical contamination, and were investigated by means of electron microscopic and ..
- The importance of policy orientation and environment on physical activity participation--a comparative analysis between Eastern Germany, Western Germany and Finland
University of Jyvaskyla, Department of Health Sciences, PO Box 35, FIN 40351 Jyvaskyla, Finland
Health Promot Int 17:235-46. 2002
..Analysis of policy orientations showed that Finland had the most extensive 'Sport for All' policy, although West Germany's policy orientation did not differ that much from Finland's...
- Structure and mineralisation density of antler and pedicle bone in red deer (Cervus elaphus L.) exposed to different levels of environmental fluoride: a quantitative backscattered electron imaging study
Institute of General and Systematic Zoology, Justus Liebig University of Giessen, Germany
J Anat 196:71-83. 2000
..001) than those of controls from uncontaminated regions in West Germany (antlers: 206 +/- 41, pedicles: 322 +/- 52 mg F-/kg ash). Mean (56.5 +/- 4.5%) and maximum (84.9 +/- 2...
- German Environmental Survey 1998 (GerES III): environmental pollutants in blood of the German population
Federal Environmental Agency, P O Box 330022, D 14191 Berlin, Germany
Int J Hyg Environ Health 205:297-308. 2002
..alpha-HCH and gamma-HCH could be detected in 1.7% and 5.2% of the samples only. beta-HCH was quantified in 34% of the samples with a 95th percentile of 0.5 microgram/l...
- Sexually transmitted diseases in Germany
Department of Dermatology and Venereology, University of Heidelberg, Germany
Int J STD AIDS 13:246-53. 2002
In the former West Germany, in specific venereal diseases legislation passed in 1953, only syphilis, gonorrhoea, ulcus molle, and lymphogranuloma venereum were defined as venereal diseases and subject to mandatory notification...
- Correlations between mutagenic activity of organic extracts of airborne particulate matter, NOx and sulphur dioxide in southern Germany: results of a two-year study
Institute for Hygiene, Department for Hygiene and Med Microbiology, University of Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 324, D 69120 Heidelberg, Germany
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 12:10-20. 2005
..The aim of the study was to find correlations between routine monitoring data and mutagenic activity of organic extracts of simultaneously drawn samples...
- Werner Ernst Reichardt Ph.D: founder of modern computational visual neurophysiology and anti-Nazi resistance fighter
J T Flynn
The Department of Ophthalmology, Harkness Eye Institute, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York 10032, USA
Doc Ophthalmol 99:225-36. 1999
..Institut and later became Director of the Max Planck Institut fÃ¼r Biologische Kybernetik in TÃ¼bingen, West Germany. Reichardt was one of the founders of the quantitative study of visually controlled orientation in animals...
- Trends in prevalence of atopic diseases and allergic sensitization in children in Eastern Germany
GSF National Research Centre for Environment and Health Institute of Epidemiology, Neuherberg, Germany
Eur Respir J 19:1040-6. 2002
..illnesses and allergies between populations living in the former East Germany and those living in the former West Germany have been reported...
- ["Healthy cities"--requirements and performance. Questionnaire results and a suggestion on quality monitoring (healthy-cities-barometer)]
K D Plümer
Akademie für öffentliches Gesundheitswesen in Düsseldorf
Gesundheitswesen 66:202-7. 2004
..To figure out how far this has been attained after almost 15 years of "healthy cities" policy in Germany was the focal point of the first questioning of local project coordinators...
- Phytophthora gallica sp. nov., a new species from rhizosphere soil of declining oak and reed stands in France and Germany
Phytophthora Research and Consultancy, Thomastrasse 75, D 83098 Brannenburg, Germany
Mycol Res 112:1195-205. 2008
..declining oak in Northeast France, and from the rhizosphere of Phragmites australis at Lake Constance in south-west Germany in 1998 and 2004, respectively...
- [Increasing regional disparities in living conditions in Germany and their role in the explanation of health inequalities]
Abteilung Epidemiologie and International Public Health, Fakultät für Gesundheitswissenschaften, Universitat Bielefeld
Gesundheitswesen 72:301-8. 2010
..Past studies have pointed out that social inequalities and their health consequences include a regional component. This study aims at systematically describing the development of regional disparities in living conditions across Germany...
- Mortality in blind subjects. A population-based study on social security files from Baden-Württemberg
H G Krumpaszky
Department of Medical Information Processing, University of T ubingen
Ophthalmologica 213:48-53. 1999
..However, no detailed analysis with respect to causes of blindness and the effect of additional diseases has been performed. The present study was undertaken to examine these questions...
- [Do daily newspapers of former West and East Germany cover crime in a different way?]
Hochschule der Sächsischen Polizei FH, Rothenburg Oberlausitz
Arch Kriminol 220:85-102. 2007
..investigated in the presented paper is whether crime is discussed differently in the media of former East and West Germany, how it is weighted and whether the real crime situation provides an explanation for any differences in press ..
- 12. Chernobyl's radioactive contamination of food and people
Alexey V Nesterenko
Institute of Radiation Safety Belrad, 2 nd Marusinsky St 27, Minsk 220053, Belarus
Ann N Y Acad Sci 1181:289-302. 2009
..products with measurable amounts of Chernobyl radioactive contamination, mostly from Turkey, Italy, Austria, West Germany, Greece, Yugoslavia, Hungary, Sweden, and Denmark...
- Will German patients accept their family physician as a gatekeeper?
Department of Family Medicine, University of Gottingen, Germany
J Gen Intern Med 15:496-502. 2000
..Looking to the experience in the United States with managed care and the possible introduction of gatekeeping in the near future in Germany, we performed a population-based survey to examine preferences for future gatekeeping arrangements...
- Maternal mortality in the former east Germany before and after reunification: changes in risk by marital status
Department of Tropical Hygiene, Im Neuenheimer Feld 324, 69120, Heidelberg, Germany
BMJ 319:1104-5. 1999
..This can be attributed to the adoption of a lenient reporting system from West Germany. Unmarried status, on the other hand, became a significant risk factor for maternal mortality after ..
- [Psychiatric disorders caused by global social change. Traumatization among the inhabitants of the former GDR]
Psychosomatische Medizin und Psychotherapie an der Klinik für Psychiatrie, Medizin der Otto von Guericke Universität Magdeburg, Germany
Fortschr Neurol Psychiatr 70:418-28. 2002
More than a decennium after the reunion of East and West Germany, the psychological sequelae of traumatic experiences of East Germans are still evident...
- The carnage wrought by major economic change: ecological study of traffic related mortality and the reunification of Germany
F K Winston
Children s Hospital of Philadelphia and University of Pennsylvania, Suite 706, Abramson Research Center, Civic Center Boulevard, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
BMJ 318:1647-50. 1999
..To document the effects of sudden economic change on death rates for occupants of cars in the former German Democratic Republic (East Germany)...
- [Prevention of sudden infant death in Germany]
Klinik und Poliklinik für Kinder und Jugendmedizin der Medizinischen Fakultät Carl Gustav Carus der Technischen Universität Dresden, Dresden, Deutschland
Wien Klin Wochenschr 115:874-80. 2003
..If we compare East and West Germany concerning the influence on the ways of looking after infants since the 1960th of the last century it has ..
- Regional trends in cerebrovascular mortality in Germany after unification (1990-1999)
Institute of Social Medicine, Epidemiology and Health Economics, Charite Hospital, Humboldt University of Berlin, Berlin, Germany
Cerebrovasc Dis 16:418-22. 2003
..Our aim was to analyze trends in mortality from cerebrovascular diseases in the formerly divided western and eastern parts of Germany since the unification...
- [Social determinants of smoking behavior in Germany: results of a 1995 micro-census]
Abteilung Gesundheitspolitik, Arbeits und Sozialmedizin, Zentrum für Sozialpolitik, Universitat Bremen
Soz Praventivmed 46:172-81. 2001