finland

Summary

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Environmental and heritable factors in the causation of cancer--analyses of cohorts of twins from Sweden, Denmark, and Finland
    P Lichtenstein
    Department of Medical Epidemiology, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
    N Engl J Med 343:78-85. 2000
  2. pmc Clinical assessment and improved diagnosis of bocavirus-induced wheezing in children, Finland
    Maria Söderlund-Venermo
    Department of Virology, Haartman Institute, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Emerg Infect Dis 15:1423-30. 2009
  3. ncbi Preventing excessive weight gain during pregnancy - a controlled trial in primary health care
    T I Kinnunen
    UKK Institute for Health Promotion Research, Tampere, Finland
    Eur J Clin Nutr 61:884-91. 2007
  4. pmc Coxsackievirus A6 and hand, foot, and mouth disease, Finland
    Riikka Osterback
    University of Turku, Turku, Finland
    Emerg Infect Dis 15:1485-8. 2009
  5. ncbi Infant vitamin d supplementation and allergic conditions in adulthood: northern Finland birth cohort 1966
    Elina Hypponen
    Centre for Paediatric Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1N 1EH, UK
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1037:84-95. 2004
  6. ncbi Sustained reduction in the incidence of type 2 diabetes by lifestyle intervention: follow-up of the Finnish Diabetes Prevention Study
    Jaana Lindström
    Diabetes Unit, Department of Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention, National Public Health Institute, Mannerheimintie 166, 00300 Helsinki, Finland
    Lancet 368:1673-9. 2006
  7. ncbi Mercury, fish oils, and risk of acute coronary events and cardiovascular disease, coronary heart disease, and all-cause mortality in men in eastern Finland
    Jyrki K Virtanen
    Research Institute of Public Health, University of Kuopio, PO Box 1627, 70211 Kuopio, Finland
    Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 25:228-33. 2005
  8. pmc A genome-wide association study of type 2 diabetes in Finns detects multiple susceptibility variants
    Laura J Scott
    Department of Biostatistics and Center for Statistical Genetics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    Science 316:1341-5. 2007
  9. ncbi Early life factors and blood pressure at age 31 years in the 1966 northern Finland birth cohort
    Marjo Riitta Jarvelin
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Imperial College London, Norfolk Place, London W2 1PG, United Kingdom
    Hypertension 44:838-46. 2004
  10. ncbi Non-response and related factors in a nation-wide health survey
    K Korkeila
    Department of General Practice, University of Turku, Finland
    Eur J Epidemiol 17:991-9. 2001

Detail Information

Publications347 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Environmental and heritable factors in the causation of cancer--analyses of cohorts of twins from Sweden, Denmark, and Finland
    P Lichtenstein
    Department of Medical Epidemiology, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
    N Engl J Med 343:78-85. 2000
    ..The contribution of hereditary factors to the causation of sporadic cancer is unclear. Studies of twins make it possible to estimate the overall contribution of inherited genes to the development of malignant diseases...
  2. pmc Clinical assessment and improved diagnosis of bocavirus-induced wheezing in children, Finland
    Maria Söderlund-Venermo
    Department of Virology, Haartman Institute, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Emerg Infect Dis 15:1423-30. 2009
    ..and follow-up serum samples from 258 wheezing children and single serum samples from 115 healthy adults in Finland were examined. Our assays had a sensitivity of 97% and a specificity of 99.5%...
  3. ncbi Preventing excessive weight gain during pregnancy - a controlled trial in primary health care
    T I Kinnunen
    UKK Institute for Health Promotion Research, Tampere, Finland
    Eur J Clin Nutr 61:884-91. 2007
    ..To investigate whether individual counselling on diet and physical activity during pregnancy can have positive effects on diet and leisure time physical activity (LTPA) and prevent excessive gestational weight gain...
  4. pmc Coxsackievirus A6 and hand, foot, and mouth disease, Finland
    Riikka Osterback
    University of Turku, Turku, Finland
    Emerg Infect Dis 15:1485-8. 2009
    ..of hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) with onychomadesis (nail shedding) as a common feature occurred in Finland. We identified an unusual enterovirus type, coxsackievirus A6 (CVA6), as the causative agent...
  5. ncbi Infant vitamin d supplementation and allergic conditions in adulthood: northern Finland birth cohort 1966
    Elina Hypponen
    Centre for Paediatric Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1N 1EH, UK
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1037:84-95. 2004
    ..The Northern Finland Birth Cohort consists of all individuals in the two most northern provinces of Finland who were due to be born in ..
  6. ncbi Sustained reduction in the incidence of type 2 diabetes by lifestyle intervention: follow-up of the Finnish Diabetes Prevention Study
    Jaana Lindström
    Diabetes Unit, Department of Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention, National Public Health Institute, Mannerheimintie 166, 00300 Helsinki, Finland
    Lancet 368:1673-9. 2006
    ..In the extended follow-up of the Finnish Diabetes Prevention Study, we assessed the extent to which the originally-achieved lifestyle changes and risk reduction remain after discontinuation of active counselling...
  7. ncbi Mercury, fish oils, and risk of acute coronary events and cardiovascular disease, coronary heart disease, and all-cause mortality in men in eastern Finland
    Jyrki K Virtanen
    Research Institute of Public Health, University of Kuopio, PO Box 1627, 70211 Kuopio, Finland
    Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 25:228-33. 2005
    ..We investigated the effects of high mercury content in hair on the risk of acute coronary events and cardiovascular and all-cause mortality in men from eastern Finland.
  8. pmc A genome-wide association study of type 2 diabetes in Finns detects multiple susceptibility variants
    Laura J Scott
    Department of Biostatistics and Center for Statistical Genetics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    Science 316:1341-5. 2007
    ..This brings the number of T2D loci now confidently identified to at least 10...
  9. ncbi Early life factors and blood pressure at age 31 years in the 1966 northern Finland birth cohort
    Marjo Riitta Jarvelin
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Imperial College London, Norfolk Place, London W2 1PG, United Kingdom
    Hypertension 44:838-46. 2004
    ..7, -1.1) mm Hg lower systolic blood pressure. Our results support the concept that birth weight, other birth measures, and infant growth are important determinants of blood pressure and hence cardiovascular disease risk in later life...
  10. ncbi Non-response and related factors in a nation-wide health survey
    K Korkeila
    Department of General Practice, University of Turku, Finland
    Eur J Epidemiol 17:991-9. 2001
    ..To analyse selective factors associated with an unexpectedly low response rate...
  11. ncbi Relation of immediate postnatal growth with obesity and related metabolic risk factors in adulthood: the northern Finland birth cohort 1966 study
    Ioanna Tzoulaki
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Imperial College London, Norfolk Place, W2 1PG London, United Kingdom
    Am J Epidemiol 171:989-98. 2010
    ..These results showed that growth during the immediate postnatal period is associated with adulthood obesity and BP. Lifestyle changes from early life might be important in reducing adulthood obesity and high-BP risk...
  12. ncbi The validity of the Finnish Hospital Discharge Register and Causes of Death Register data on coronary heart disease
    Pia Pajunen
    National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil 12:132-7. 2005
    ....
  13. ncbi Trends in self-reported sleep duration and insomnia-related symptoms in Finland from 1972 to 2005: a comparative review and re-analysis of Finnish population samples
    Erkki Kronholm
    The National Public Health Institute, Turku, Finland
    J Sleep Res 17:54-62. 2008
    ..Similarly, there is an extensively distributed belief, at least in Finland, that the prevalence of insomnia-related symptoms is increasing, but evidence for this is even sparser...
  14. ncbi Time trends in socio-economic differences in incidence rates of cancers of the breast and female genital organs (Finland, 1971-1995)
    E Pukkala
    Finnish Cancer Registry, Helsinki
    Int J Cancer 81:56-61. 1999
    ..g., reproductive patterns, viral infections, diet, physical activity, prevalence of overweight and obesity, smoking and alcohol consumption or combinations of these factors) that may be risk factors for the specific cancers studied...
  15. ncbi National type 2 diabetes prevention programme in Finland: FIN-D2D
    Timo Saaristo
    Finnish Diabetes Association, Tampere, Finland
    Int J Circumpolar Health 66:101-12. 2007
    ..In Finland, a national programme for the prevention of T2D has been launched...
  16. ncbi Socioeconomic status and smoking: analysing inequalities with multiple indicators
    Mikko Laaksonen
    Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Eur J Public Health 15:262-9. 2005
    ..While previous studies have mostly relied on one socioeconomic indicator at a time, this study examined socioeconomic differences in smoking by using several indicators that reflect different dimensions of socioeconomic position...
  17. pmc Community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolated in Finland in 2004 to 2006
    Mari Kanerva
    National Institute for Health and Welfare, Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology and Control, Helsinki, Finland
    J Clin Microbiol 47:2655-7. 2009
    ..population-based study on community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) in Finland during 2004 to 2006 showed that both incidence (1...
  18. ncbi Fat and heart disease: yes we can make a change--the case of North Karelia (Finland)
    Pekka Puska
    National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland
    Ann Nutr Metab 54:33-8. 2009
    ..which were first started in the Province of North Karelia and later on extended to all other regions of Finland. Their aim was to change population diets, especially with respect to the quality of fat: to reduce saturated and ..
  19. pmc Sickness absence as a risk factor for job termination, unemployment, and disability pension among temporary and permanent employees
    M Virtanen
    Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Department of Psychology, Helsinki, Finland
    Occup Environ Med 63:212-7. 2006
    ..This study examined sickness absence as a risk factor for job termination, unemployment, and disability pension among temporary and permanent workers...
  20. ncbi Salivary gland cancer in Finland 1991--96: an evaluation of 237 cases
    Heikki Luukkaa
    Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, University of Turku, Turku, Finland
    Acta Otolaryngol 125:207-14. 2005
    ..In this material consisting of various salivary gland carcinomas, stage I, male gender and age were the most powerful predictors of patient outcome...
  21. ncbi A recurrent mutation in PALB2 in Finnish cancer families
    Hannele Erkko
    Department of Clinical Genetics, University of Oulu and Oulu University Hospital, FIN 90029 OYS, Finland
    Nature 446:316-9. 2007
    ..Here we show, by screening for PALB2 mutations in Finland that a frameshift mutation, c...
  22. ncbi Exposure of Listeria monocytogenes within an epidemic caused by butter in Finland
    R Maijala
    Risk Analysis, National Veterinary and Food Research Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    Int J Food Microbiol 70:97-109. 2001
    ..Between June 1998 and April 1999, an outbreak caused by L. monocytogenes serotype 3a in butter occurred in Finland. The majority of the cases were immunocompromised and hospitalized at the Helsinki University Central Hospital (..
  23. pmc Nationwide prevalence of sporadic and familial idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis: evidence of founder effect among multiplex families in Finland
    U Hodgson
    Department of Medicine, Division of Pulmonary Medicine, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, Finland
    Thorax 57:338-42. 2002
    The prevalence of sporadic and familial idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) cases in Finland was evaluated according to the revised recommendations of the American Thoracic Society.
  24. ncbi Low physical activity as a predictor for total and cardiovascular disease mortality in middle-aged men and women in Finland
    Noel C Barengo
    Department of Public Health and General Practice, University of Kuopio, PL 1627, 70211 Kuopio, Finland
    Eur Heart J 25:2204-11. 2004
    ....
  25. ncbi Self-reported life satisfaction and 20-year mortality in healthy Finnish adults
    H Koivumaa-Honkanen
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Kuopio and Kuopio University Hospital, Finland
    Am J Epidemiol 152:983-91. 2000
    ..Life dissatisfaction may predict mortality and serve as a general health risk indicator. This effect seems to be partially mediated through adverse health behavior...
  26. ncbi Agents causing occupational asthma in Finland in 1986-2002: cow epithelium bypassed by moulds from moisture-damaged buildings
    R Piipari
    Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Helsinki, Finland
    Clin Exp Allergy 35:1632-7. 2005
    Occupational asthma is an avoidable form of asthma. In Finland, the diagnosis of occupational asthma entitles substantial compensation to the employee...
  27. ncbi Comparison of socioeconomic differences in self-perceived health in Estonia and Finland
    Kersti Pärna
    Department of Public Health, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia, and Estonian Centre of Behavioural and Health Sciences, Tallinn Tartu, Estonia
    Scand J Public Health 38:129-34. 2010
    To compare self-perceived health in relation to socioeconomic factors in Estonia and Finland.
  28. ncbi Effect of lifestyle intervention on the occurrence of metabolic syndrome and its components in the Finnish Diabetes Prevention Study
    Pirjo Ilanne-Parikka
    Diabetes Center, Finnish Diabetes Association, Tampere, Finland
    Diabetes Care 31:805-7. 2008
    ..The aim of this secondary analysis of the Finnish Diabetes Prevention Study was to assess the effects of lifestyle intervention on metabolic syndrome and its components...
  29. ncbi Social capital at work as a predictor of employee health: multilevel evidence from work units in Finland
    Tuula Oksanen
    Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Turku, Finland
    Soc Sci Med 66:637-49. 2008
    ..In conclusion, this longitudinal multilevel study provides support for the hypothesis that exposure to low social capital at work may be detrimental to the health of employees...
  30. ncbi Anti-inflammatory effect of lifestyle changes in the Finnish Diabetes Prevention Study
    C Herder
    Institute for Clinical Diabetology, German Diabetes Centre, Leibniz Centre at Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf, Dusseldorf, Germany
    Diabetologia 52:433-42. 2009
    ..Physical activity and diet can attenuate systemic immune activation, but it is not known which individual components of a comprehensive lifestyle intervention are most effective in targeting subclinical inflammation...
  31. ncbi The Finnish Arthroplasty Register: report of the hip register
    T J Puolakka
    Department of Surgery, Tampere University Hospital, Finland
    Acta Orthop Scand 72:433-41. 2001
    ..data from the Finnish Arthroplasty Register indicate that the results of total hip replacements are improving in Finland. With the civic registration number, one can link and match data files...
  32. ncbi Fall-induced injuries and deaths among older adults
    P Kannus
    Accident and Trauma Research Center and the Tampere Research Center of Sports Medicine, President Urho Kaleva Kekkonen Institute for Health Promotion Research, Finland
    JAMA 281:1895-9. 1999
    ..Although various fall-induced injuries and deaths among older adults are increasing, little is known about the epidemiology of these events...
  33. pmc Genetic diversity and phylogeography of Seewis virus in the Eurasian common shrew in Finland and Hungary
    Hae Ji Kang
    Department of Pediatrics, John A Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawaii at Manoa, 651 Ilalo Street, Honolulu, HI 96813, USA
    Virol J 6:208. 2009
    ..the spatial or geographic variation of SWSV, archival liver tissues from 88 Eurasian common shrews, trapped in Finland in 1982 and in Hungary during 1997, 1999 and 2000, were analyzed for hantavirus RNAs by reverse transcription-..
  34. pmc Maternal care and birth outcomes among ethnic minority women in Finland
    Maili Malin
    National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland
    BMC Public Health 9:84. 2009
    ..The aim of this study is to compare the access to and use of maternity services, and their outcomes among ethnic minority women having a singleton birth in Finland.
  35. pmc Linkage and linkage disequilibrium scan for autism loci in an extended pedigree from Finland
    Helena Kilpinen
    Department of Molecular Medicine, Institute for Molecular Medicine, Finland
    Hum Mol Genet 18:2912-21. 2009
    Population isolates, such as Finland, have proved beneficial in mapping rare causative genetic variants due to a limited number of founders resulting in reduced genetic heterogeneity and extensive linkage disequilibrium (LD)...
  36. ncbi Mass screening programmes and trends in cervical cancer in Finland and the Netherlands
    Maaike A van der Aa
    Comprehensive Cancer Centre, Stedendriehoek Twente, Enschede, The Netherlands
    Int J Cancer 122:1854-8. 2008
    With respect to cervical cancer management, Finland and the Netherlands are comparable in relevant characteristics, e.g., fertility rate, age-of-mother at first birth and a national screening programme for several years...
  37. ncbi Insomnia and global sleep dissatisfaction in Finland
    Maurice M Ohayon
    Stanford Sleep Epidemiology Research Center, School of Medicine, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA
    J Sleep Res 11:339-46. 2002
    ..purpose of this study is to assess the prevalence of insomnia symptoms and diagnoses in the general population of Finland. A total of 982 participants, aged 18 years or older and representative of the general population of Finland, ..
  38. ncbi Labelling the salt content in foods: a useful tool in reducing sodium intake in Finland
    Pirjo Pietinen
    Department of Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention, National Public Health Institute KTL, Mannerheimintie 166, 00300 Helsinki, Finland
    Public Health Nutr 11:335-40. 2008
    ..To estimate the impact of choosing food products labelled either as low or high in salt on salt intake in the Finnish adult population...
  39. ncbi Cumulative incidence of type 1 diabetes in 10,168 siblings of Finnish young-onset type 1 diabetic patients
    Valma Harjutsalo
    Diabetes and Genetic Epidemiology Unit, Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, National Public Health Institute, Mannerheimintie 166, FIN 00300, Helsinki, Finland
    Diabetes 54:563-9. 2005
    ..This large prospective family study of type 1 diabetes in siblings of childhood-onset diabetic patients provides reliable empirical estimates for the sibling recurrence risk...
  40. ncbi Fears, sexual disturbances and personality features in men with prostatitis: a population-based cross-sectional study in Finland
    A Mehik
    Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, Oulu University Hospital, Finland
    BJU Int 88:35-8. 2001
    ..To determine the occurrence of mental distress related to prostatitis in Finnish men...
  41. ncbi Social class differences in health behaviours among employees from Britain, Finland and Japan: the influence of psychosocial factors
    Eero Lahelma
    Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, PO Box 41, 00014 Helsinki, Finland
    Health Place 16:61-70. 2010
    ..This is done by comparing employee cohorts from Britain, Finland and Japan...
  42. ncbi The contribution of childhood and adult socioeconomic position to adult obesity and smoking behaviour: an international comparison
    Chris Power
    Centre for Paediatric Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford Street, WC1N 1EH London, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 34:335-44. 2005
    ....
  43. ncbi Time trends in brain tumor incidence rates in Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Sweden, 1974-2003
    Isabelle Deltour
    Institute of Cancer Epidemiology, Danish Cancer Society, Strandboulevarden 49, DK 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark
    J Natl Cancer Inst 101:1721-4. 2009
    In Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Sweden, the use of mobile phones increased sharply in the mid-1990s; thus, time trends in brain tumor incidence after 1998 may provide information about possible tumor risks associated with mobile phone ..
  44. ncbi Physical exercise and psychological well-being: a population study in Finland
    P Hassmen
    Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, S 106 91, Sweden
    Prev Med 30:17-25. 2000
    ..The purpose of the present study was therefore to explore the association between physical exercise frequency and a number of measures of psychological well-being in a large population-based sample...
  45. ncbi Increasing prevalence of coeliac disease over time
    S Lohi
    Paediatric Research Center, Medical School, University of Tampere, Tampere, Finland
    Aliment Pharmacol Ther 26:1217-25. 2007
    ..The number of coeliac disease diagnoses has increased in the recent past and according to screening studies, the total prevalence of the disorder is around 1%...
  46. ncbi The Finnish Diabetes Prevention Study (DPS): Lifestyle intervention and 3-year results on diet and physical activity
    Jaana Lindström
    Diabetes and Genetic Epidemiology Unit, Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    Diabetes Care 26:3230-6. 2003
    ..To describe the 1) lifestyle intervention used in the Finnish Diabetes Prevention Study, 2) short- and long-term changes in diet and exercise behavior, and 3) effect of the intervention on glucose and lipid metabolism...
  47. ncbi Four potassium channel mutations account for 73% of the genetic spectrum underlying long-QT syndrome (LQTS) and provide evidence for a strong founder effect in Finland
    Heidi Fodstad
    Research Program in Molecular Medicine, Biomedicum Helsinki, Finland
    Ann Med 36:53-63. 2004
    ..We had previously identified 14 different LOTS-causing mutations in 92 Finnish families...
  48. ncbi Replication of 1q42 linkage in Finnish schizophrenia pedigrees
    J Ekelund
    National Public Health Institute, Department of Molecular Medicine, Helsinki, Finland
    Mol Psychiatry 9:1037-41. 2004
    ..This replicates the previous linkage finding in the same region and constitutes supportive evidence for a susceptibility gene in this region...
  49. pmc Smoking during pregnancy in Finland: determinants and trends, 1987-1997
    N Jaakkola
    Environmental Epidemiology Unit, Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Am J Public Health 91:284-6. 2001
    This study examined determinants of and trends in smoking during pregnancy in Finland from 1987 through 1997.
  50. ncbi The genetic epidemiology of schizophrenia in a Finnish twin cohort. A population-based modeling study
    T D Cannon
    Department of Psychology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 55:67-74. 1998
    ..We applied structural equation modeling in a total population of twins to determine the significance and magnitudes of the genetic and environmental contributions to schizophrenia...
  51. ncbi Human bocavirus and acute wheezing in children
    Tobias Allander
    Department of Microbiology Tumor and Cell Biology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    Clin Infect Dis 44:904-10. 2007
    ..It has been detected primarily in children with acute lower respiratory tract infection, but its occurrence, clinical profile, and role as a causative agent of respiratory tract disease are not clear...
  52. ncbi Occupational class inequalities across key domains of health: results from the Helsinki Health Study
    Eero Lahelma
    Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Eur J Public Health 15:504-10. 2005
    ..e. the subjective, functional and medical domains. Additionally, we examine whether physical or mental workload will affect these inequalities, and whether these effects are specific to particular health indicators...
  53. ncbi Sex differences in heritability of BMI: a comparative study of results from twin studies in eight countries
    Karoline Schousboe
    The Danish Twin Registry, Epidemiology, Institute of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark, Denmark
    Twin Res 6:409-21. 2003
    ..Furthermore, they suggest that strategies to identify predisposing genes may benefit from taking into account potential sex specific effects...
  54. ncbi Chromosome 1 loci in Finnish schizophrenia families
    J Ekelund
    Department of Molecular Medicine, National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    Hum Mol Genet 10:1611-7. 2001
    ..linkage to two regions on chromosome 1q32--q42 in schizophrenia families collected for two separate studies in Finland. Here we report the results of a fine mapping effort aimed at further definition of the chromosomal region of ..
  55. ncbi Molecular subtypes of breast cancers detected in mammography screening and outside of screening
    Harri Sihto
    Laboratory of Molecular Oncology, Biomedicum, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, Finland
    Clin Cancer Res 14:4103-10. 2008
    ..The frequency and significance of gene expression profile-derived molecular subtypes of breast cancers found in mammography screening are unknown...
  56. ncbi Physical fitness profiles in young Finnish men during the years 1975-2004
    Matti Santtila
    Training Division of the Defence Staff, Finnish Defense Forces, Helsinki, Finland
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 38:1990-4. 2006
    ....
  57. pmc Risk factors for poor tuberculosis treatment outcome in Finland: a cohort study
    Tuula Vasankari
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, National Public Health Institute, Mannerheimintie 166, 00300 Helsinki, Finland
    BMC Public Health 7:291. 2007
    ..We investigated the patient- and treatment-system dependent factors affecting treatment outcome in a two-year cohort of all treated culture-verified pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) cases to establish a basis for improving outcomes...
  58. ncbi Work-family conflicts and self-rated health among middle-aged municipal employees in Finland
    Torsten Winter
    Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Int J Behav Med 13:276-85. 2006
    ..postal surveys, which were carried out in 2001 and 2002, among female and male employees of the city of Helsinki, Finland. The participants were aged 40-60, and the response rate for women was 69%, and for men 60%...
  59. ncbi Presumed futility in paramedic-treated out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: an Utstein style analysis in Tampere, Finland
    Antti Kämäräinen
    Medical School, University of Tampere, Tampere, Finland
    Resuscitation 75:235-43. 2007
    To report prospectively the outcome from prehospital cardiac arrest according to the Utstein template in the city of Tampere, Finland, with special reference to those patients in whom resuscitation was not attempted.
  60. ncbi Incidence of bone and soft tissue sarcoma after radiotherapy: a cohort study of 295,712 Finnish cancer patients
    Anna Virtanen
    School of Public Health, University of Tampere, Tampere, Finland
    Int J Cancer 118:1017-21. 2006
    ..In conclusion, radiotherapy appears to be associated with an increased risk of developing sarcoma especially among younger patients. Further investigation is needed to clarify the dose-response of the preceding ionizing radiation...
  61. pmc Cowpox with severe generalized eruption, Finland
    Paula M Pelkonen
    Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Helsinki, Finland
    Emerg Infect Dis 9:1458-61. 2003
    ..In Finnish wild rodents, orthopoxvirus seroprevalences were 0%-92%, in humans the seroprevalence was 100% in the age group >50, decreasing towards younger age groups...
  62. ncbi Physical functioning in multiple sclerosis: a population-based study in central Finland
    Jaana Paltamaa
    Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Central Hospital of Central Finland, Keskussairaalantie 19, FIN 40620 Jyväskylä, Finland
    J Rehabil Med 38:339-45. 2006
    ..To describe multiple sclerosis and its impact on individuals' perceived problems in functioning, particularly in the domains of self-care, mobility and domestic life...
  63. ncbi Prevalence of Celiac disease among children in Finland
    Markku Maki
    Pediatric Research Center, Medical School, University of Tampere, Tampere, Finland
    N Engl J Med 348:2517-24. 2003
    ....
  64. ncbi Expanding screening for rare metabolic disease in the newborn: an analysis of costs, effect and ethical consequences for decision-making in Finland
    Ilona Autti-Ramo
    Finnish Office for Health Care Technology Assessment, National Research and Development Centre for Welfare and Health STAKES, Helsinki, Finland
    Acta Paediatr 94:1126-36. 2005
    Currently, the only metabolic disorder that newborns are screened for in Finland is congenital hypothyroidism...
  65. ncbi Temporal changes in the incidence of epilepsy in Finland: nationwide study
    Matti SillanpAA
    Department of Public Health, University of Turku, Turku, Finland
    Epilepsy Res 71:206-15. 2006
    ..To examine possible changes over time in the incidence of epilepsy in different age groups...
  66. ncbi Incidence and prevalence of asthma and allergic rhinitis: a cohort study of Finnish adolescents
    Taina M Huurre
    Department of Mental Health and Alcohol Research, National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    J Asthma 41:311-7. 2004
    ..4 (95% CI = 10.1-12.8). Among both genders, the highest incidence rate of allergic rhinitis was between 17 and 22 years. Our study adds to the limited knowledge on the incidence rates of asthma and allergic rhinitis...
  67. ncbi Glycemic control in patients with diabetes in Finland
    T Valle
    Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    Diabetes Care 22:575-9. 1999
    To evaluate the quality of diabetes care at a national level in Finland, using level of glycemia as a determinant of success in treatment.
  68. pmc Change and persistence in healthcare inequities: access to elective surgery in Finland in 1992--2003
    Kristna Manderbacka
    Health Services Research, STAKES National Research and Development Centre for Welfare and Health, Helsinki, Finland
    Scand J Public Health 37:131-8. 2009
    Many countries experience persistent or increasing socioeconomic disparities in specialist care. This study examines the socioeconomic distribution of elective surgery from 1992 to 2003 in Finland.
  69. ncbi Lymphoedema therapy in breast cancer patients: a systematic review on effectiveness and a survey of current practices and costs in Finland
    Anne Karki
    Satakunta University of Applied Sciences, Research and Development, Pori, Finland
    Acta Oncol 48:850-9. 2009
    This study systematically evaluates the effects and harms of physiotherapy methods and explores current treatment practices and costs in relation to lymphoedema in breast cancer patients in Finland.
  70. pmc Outbreaks of Streptococcus pneumoniae carriage in day care cohorts in Finland - implications for elimination of transmission
    Fabian Hoti
    Department of Vaccination and Immune Protection, Division of Health Protection, National Institute for Health and Welfare THL, Helsinki, Finland
    BMC Infect Dis 9:102. 2009
    ..Exposure within families and within DCCs are the main risk factors for colonisation with pneumococcal serotypes in DCC attendees...
  71. ncbi Parental smoking behaviour and effects of tobacco smoke on children's health in Finland and Russia
    Timo T Hugg
    South Karelia Allergy and Environment Institute, Lääkäritie 15, 55330 Tiuruniemi, Finland
    Eur J Public Health 18:55-62. 2008
    There is little information on potential differences in smoking behaviour of parents between Finland and Russia and on the effects of environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure on allergic and respiratory diseases among Finnish and ..
  72. ncbi Explanations for gender differences in sickness absence: evidence from middle-aged municipal employees from Finland
    M Laaksonen
    Department of Public Health, PO Box 41, FIN 00014 University of Helsinki, Finland
    Occup Environ Med 65:325-30. 2008
    ..To examine gender differences in sickness absence spells of various lengths and to explain these differences by health status, working conditions and family-related factors...
  73. ncbi Birth measures and depression at age 31 years: the Northern Finland 1966 Birth Cohort Study
    Anne Herva
    Department of Psychiatry, University Hospital of Oulu, PL 26, FIN 90029 OYS, Finland
    Psychiatry Res 160:263-70. 2008
    ..The analyses were based on 4,007 males and 4,332 females born in 1966 in the two northernmost provinces of Finland with data on current depression measured by the Hopkins Symptom Checklist-25 questionnaire (HSCL-25) and self-..
  74. ncbi Mortality of the Sami in northern Finland 1979-2005
    Leena Soininen
    Arctic Centre, Rovaniemi, University of Lapland, Finland
    Int J Circumpolar Health 67:43-55. 2008
    To describe the mortality of the Finnish Sami population. Study design. A cohort study. The Sami population living in northern Finland represents a specific genetic background and a way of life that has been different from other Finns.
  75. ncbi Psychological risk factors of incidence of breast cancer: a prospective cohort study in Finland
    A R Aro
    Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    Psychol Med 35:1515-21. 2005
    ..Belief that depression and other psychological factors predict breast cancer is common, but there have been few prospective epidemiological studies on this relationship...
  76. ncbi Annual disease burden due to human papillomavirus (HPV) 6 and 11 infections in Finland
    Kari J Syrjanen
    Department of Oncology and Radiotherapy, Turku University Hospital, Savitehtaankatu 1, FIN 20521 Turku, Finland
    Scand J Infect Dis Suppl 107:3-32. 2009
    ..these malignancies in 2002, and the Finnish Cancer Registry (FCR) website for obtaining these (y 2005) numbers in Finland. The evidence linking HPV to each individual tumour category was classified as: 1) established, 2) emerging, and ..
  77. ncbi A nationwide population-based survey on visual acuity, near vision, and self-reported visual function in the adult population in Finland
    Arja Laitinen
    Department of Health and Functional Capacity, National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    Ophthalmology 112:2227-37. 2005
    To estimate the prevalence rates of habitual visual acuity (VA) levels and visual impairment in Finland and to assess their correlation with self-reported visual function.
  78. ncbi Nocturia frequency, bother, and quality of life: how often is too often? A population-based study in Finland
    Kari A O Tikkinen
    Department of Urology, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, Finland
    Eur Urol 57:488-96. 2010
    ..Nocturia (ie, waking at night to void) is common and disrupts sleep. Traditionally, one nightly episode has been regarded as clinically meaningless, yet the justification for this belief remains weak...
  79. pmc Test, episode, and programme sensitivities of screening for colorectal cancer as a public health policy in Finland: experimental design
    Nea Malila
    Finnish Cancer Registry, Pieni Roobertinkatu 9, 00130 Helsinki, Finland
    BMJ 337:a2261. 2008
    ..To report the sensitivities of the faecal occult blood test, screening episode, and screening programme for colorectal cancer and the benefits of applying a randomised design at the implementation phase of a new public health policy...
  80. ncbi Decline of coronary heart disease mortality in Finland during 1983 to 1992: roles of incidence, recurrence, and case-fatality. The FINMONICA MI Register Study
    V Salomaa
    National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    Circulation 94:3130-7. 1996
    The rate of coronary heart disease (CHD) mortality in eastern Finland has been the highest in the world. The official mortality statistics suggest, however, that is has declined by 60% during the past 20 years...
  81. ncbi A prospective study of dietary calcium, dairy products and prostate cancer risk (Finland)
    Panagiota N Mitrou
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Rockville, MD 20852, USA
    Int J Cancer 120:2466-73. 2007
    ..The results from this large prospective study suggest that intake of calcium or some related component contained in dairy foods is associated with increased prostate cancer risk...
  82. ncbi Prevalence of weight cycling and its relation to health indicators in Finland
    Marjaana Lahti-Koski
    Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, National Public Health Institute, Mannerheimintie 166, 00300 Helsinki, Finland
    Obes Res 13:333-41. 2005
    ..This study was performed to identify weight cyclers and to assess the prevalence of weight cycling and its relation to health indicators in Finnish adults...
  83. ncbi Non-participation may bias the results of a psychiatric survey: an analysis from the survey including magnetic resonance imaging within the Northern Finland 1966 Birth Cohort
    Marianne Haapea
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 42:403-9. 2007
    ..Furthermore, we wanted to explore other associative factors expected to affect non-participation...
  84. ncbi Primary gastrointestinal non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. A population based study in central Finland in 1975-1993
    L Halme
    Fourth Department of Surgery, Helsinki University Hospital, Finland
    Acta Oncol 36:69-74. 1997
    ..objective of the present study is to determine the frequency of gastrointestinal lymphomas in the area of central Finland as well as the influence of clinical features and therapeutical approaches on the survival of these patients...
  85. ncbi Cervical cancer screening programme in Finland with an example on implementing alternative screening methods
    Ahti Anttila
    Mass Screening Registry, Finnish Cancer Registry, Helsinki, Finland
    Coll Antropol 31:17-22. 2007
    In Finland (population 5 million) the organised Pap screening programme for preventing cervical cancer has been in action already for 45 years. Women aged 30 to 64 are targeted (N 1.25 million) and the screening interval is five years...
  86. ncbi Climate impact on suicide rates in Finland from 1971 to 2003
    Reija Ruuhela
    Finnish Meteorological Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    Int J Biometeorol 53:167-75. 2009
    ..In this study, we performed a correlation analysis between nationwide suicide rates and weather variables in Finland during the period 1971-2003...
  87. ncbi Molecular epidemiology of Aleutian mink disease virus in Finland
    Anna Knuuttila
    Division of Microbiology and Epidemiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Vet Microbiol 133:229-38. 2009
    ..To gain a more detailed view of the molecular epidemiology of mink AMDV in Finland, we phylogenetically analysed 14 new Finnish strains from 5 farms and all 40 strains with corresponding sequences ..
  88. pmc Shigatoxigenic Escherichia coli (STEC) infections in Finland during 1998-2002: a population-based surveillance study
    M Eklund
    Enteric Bacteria Laboratory, Department of Bacterial and Inflammatory Diseases, National Public Health Institute KTL, FIN 00300 Helsinki, Finland
    Epidemiol Infect 133:845-52. 2005
    ..124 microbiologically confirmed infections caused by shigatoxigenic Escherichia coli (STEC) were reported in Finland. Of these, 25 (20%) were associated with recent foreign travel...
  89. ncbi Sociodemographic factors and a secular trend of adolescent overweight in Finland
    Susanna Kautiainen
    Tampere School of Public Health, University of Tampere, Tampere, Finland
    Int J Pediatr Obes 4:360-70. 2009
    ..The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether this secular trend differed between sociodemographic subgroups of adolescents...
  90. ncbi Screening infants with social and emotional problems: a pilot study of the brief infant toddler social and emotional assessment (BITSEA) in Northern Finland
    Helena Haapsamo
    Clinic of Child Psychiatry, University and University Hospital of Oulu, Oulu, 90029 OYS, Finland
    Int J Circumpolar Health 68:386-93. 2009
    ..To compare 3 questionnaires used to evaluate early developmental problems, emotional disturbances and competence in 18-month-old infants...
  91. ncbi Pain in European long-term care facilities: cross-national study in Finland, Italy and The Netherlands
    Wilco P Achterberg
    EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research, Department of Nursing Home Medicine, VU University Medical Center, Van der Boechorststraat 7, 7 Kamer B544, 1081 BT Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Pain 148:70-4. 2010
    ..the prevalence of pain, its frequency and severity as well as its correlates in three European countries: Finland (north), Italy (south) and the Netherlands (western central)...
  92. ncbi A six-fold gradient in the incidence of type 1 diabetes at the eastern border of Finland
    Anita Kondrashova
    Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation, Center for Prevention of Type 1 Diabetes, Finland
    Ann Med 37:67-72. 2005
    ..We assessed the contribution of environmental and genetic factors to type 1 diabetes by comparing the incidence in two neighboring populations living in conspicuously different socioeconomic circumstances...
  93. ncbi Relationship between work stress and body mass index among 45,810 female and male employees
    Anne Kouvonen
    Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Psychosom Med 67:577-83. 2005
    ..The 2 problems could be connected if work stress promotes unhealthy eating habits and sedentary behavior and thereby contributes to weight gain. This study explored the association between work stress and body mass index (BMI; kg/m2)...
  94. ncbi Co-occurrence of metabolic syndrome with depression and anxiety in young adults: the Northern Finland 1966 Birth Cohort Study
    Anne Herva
    Department of Psychiatry, Oulu University Hospital, Oulu, Finland
    Psychosom Med 68:213-6. 2006
    ..We studied whether metabolic syndrome and its components are associated with depressive and anxiety symptoms in a young adult population cohort...
  95. ncbi Use of laxatives among older nursing home residents in Helsinki, Finland
    Helka Hosia-Randell
    Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Drugs Aging 24:147-54. 2007
    ....
  96. ncbi Sexual behavior and drinking style among teenagers: a population-based study in Finland
    Hanna M Lavikainen
    School of Public Health, University of Tampere, Tampere, Finland
    Health Promot Int 24:108-19. 2009
    ..Cross-sectional school survey data from the School Health Promotion Study was collected in Finland in 2002-2003. The national sample consisted of adolescents from the eighth and ninth grades (n = 100,790)...
  97. ncbi Social inequality in fetal growth: a comparative study of Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden in the period 1981-2000
    L H Mortensen
    Research Programme on Child Health, National Institute of Public Health, Center for Health and Society, Copenhagen, Denmark
    J Epidemiol Community Health 62:325-31. 2008
    To examine the socioeconomic patterns and time trends in fetal growth in Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Sweden from 1981 to 2000.
  98. ncbi Breast cancer in Nigeria and Finland: epidemiological, clinical and histological comparison
    O F Ikpatt
    Department of Pathology, University of Calabar, Teaching Hospital, Nigeria
    Anticancer Res 22:3005-12. 2002
    We compared the histology and patterns of occurrence of breast cancers in Nigeria (n = 297) and Finland (n = 285).
  99. ncbi Time trends in the incidence of type 1 diabetes in Finnish children: a cohort study
    Valma Harjutsalo
    Diabetes Unit, Department of Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention, National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    Lancet 371:1777-82. 2008
    b>Finland has the highest incidence of type 1 diabetes worldwide, reaching 40 per 100,000 people per year in the 1990s...
  100. ncbi Continuous 15-year decrease in incidence and mortality of stroke in Finland: the FINSTROKE study
    Juhani Sivenius
    University Hospital of Kuopio, Brain Research and Rehabilitation Center Neuron, Kuopio, Finland
    Stroke 35:420-5. 2004
    The purpose of this study was to analyze the incidence and mortality trends in stroke events among persons 25 to 74 years of age in Finland during 1983 to 1997.
  101. pmc Gender differences in health care use among the elderly population in areas of Norway and Finland. A cross-sectional analysis based on the HUNT study and the FINRISK Senior Survey
    Anna Liisa Suominen-Taipale
    Department of Public Health and General Practice, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway
    BMC Health Serv Res 6:110. 2006
    The aim of the study was to examine gender differences in the self-reported use of health care services by the elderly in rural and metropolitan areas of two Nordic countries with slightly different health care systems: Finland and Norway.

Research Grants20

  1. Rural Environmental Health in Central/Eastern Europe
    Thomas Cook; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..delegates, the conference will include selected agricultural health and safety experts from Finland, Norway, Sweden, and the Netherlands; rural and environmental health professionals from Wales, the World Health ..
  2. FOLLOW UP OF THE ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL, BETA-CAROTENE CANCER PREVENTION (ATBC) STUDY
    Jarmo Virtamo; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Male smokers between the ages of 50 and 69 were recruited from southwestern Finland between April 1985 and June 1988...
  3. The Shape of Income and Mortality
    George Kaplan; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..it will coordinate efforts of an experienced set of researchers conducting identical analyses in Canada, Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Sweden in order to examine in a broader context the nature of the association between income and ..
  4. TENTH CONGRESS: INT SOC. BIOMED. RES. ALCOHOLISM
    Ting Kai Li; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..ISBRA Congresses are held biennially and, since the founding of ISBRA, meetings have been held in Germany, USA, Finland, Japan, Canada, UK, Australia, and Denmark...
  5. Xylitol syrup for the prevention of acute otitis media in otitis-prone children
    Louis Vernacchio; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..In two well-designed, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trials conducted by a single research team in Finland, daily treatment with xylitol five times daily for two to three months was found to reduce the incidence of AOM ..
  6. COMPARATIVE LIFE COURSE RESEARCH ON ECONOMIC WELL-BEING
    LEE RAINWATER; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..Norway, Germany, France, the United Kingdom, Canada, Spain and the United States with the possible inclusion of Finland and Australia...
  7. Identifying Calpain-10 Substrates from Human Proteome
    Rihe Liu; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..in a population of Mexican Americans who are susceptible to the disease, and also in an isolated population from Finland. Follow-up studies show, however, that levels of association between this putative diabetes-susceptibility gene ..
  8. XYLITOL FOR ACUTE OTITIS MEDIA PROPHYLAXIS
    Louis Vernacchio; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..In two recent, well-designed, randomized, double-blind clinical trials conducted by a single research team in Finland, daily treatment with xylitol for two to three months was found to reduce the cumulative incidence of AOM in ..
  9. Suppression of Breakthrough Bleeding in LNG-IUS Users
    Ov Slayden; Fiscal Year: 2006
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The Mirena(c) (Leiras, OY, Finland) is an intrauterine system (IUS) that releases levonorgestrel (LNG) and provides women with highly effective contraception for 5 years...
  10. ORAL INFECTIONS AND VASCULAR RISK IN SEVEN COUNTRIES
    Moise Desvarieux; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..sites (Belfast, Ireland; Brisbane, Australia-European; Glasgow, Scotland; Greifswald, Germany; Helsinki, Finland) and to develop additional sites (Port-au-Prince, Haiti, Brisbane, Australia-aborigine), in addition to the ..
  11. 13th World Congress on Biomedical Alcohol Research
    Edward Riley; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..S.A., Finland, Japan, Canada, UK, Australia, and Denmark...
  12. 15th Congress of INTERNATIONAL SOCIETY FOR BIOMEDICAL RESEARCH ON ALCOHOLISM
    Edward Riley; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..S.A., Finland, Japan, Canada, UK, Australia, and Denmark. For the 15th Congress in 2010, ISBRA will be meeting in Paris, France...
  13. NALTREXONE AND ALCOHOL REACTIVITY
    STEPHEN KIEFER; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..consumption (high alcohol drinking or HAD rats from Indiana University, alcohol preferring or AA rats from Finland). The effects of low doses of naltrexone on alcohol taste reactivity will be examined in the first experiment...
  14. STANDARDS FOR GENETIC EPIDEMIOLOGIC STUDIES OF IDDM
    Janice Dorman; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..across racial groups and countries, with annual age-adjusted rates of more than 29/100,000 per year in Finland, but only 0.7/100,000 per year in Japan...
  15. DETERMINANTS OF DISABILITY IN ELDERLY MEN
    MIRJA NISSINEN; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..At the 25-year follow-up, mental and functional capacities were assessed in Finland and Italy...
  16. AGRICULTURAL INJURIES IN FINLAND
    Risto Rautiainen; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..2%, and other diseases 10.5%. This information has been instrumental in driving preventive efforts in Finland, however, it has not been reported in the scientific literature in the English Language...
  17. Hormone levels during pregnancy and maternal ovarian cancer
    Annekatrin Lukanova; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..In a case control study (1,827 cases, 3,654 controls), nested within two large cohorts in Finland and Sweden, we will explore the associations between progesterone and 17alpha-OH progesterone (marker of corpus ..
  18. Eleventh Congress: Int. Soc. Biomed. Res. Alcoholism
    Robert Harris; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..ISBRA Congresses are held biannually and, since the founding of ISBRA, meetings have been held in Germany, USA, Finland, Japan, Canada, UK,. Australia, and Denmark...
  19. MOLECULAR CHARACTERIZATION OF FAMILIAL LYMPHEDEMA
    Mansoor Sarfarazi; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The primary congenital lymphedema, mapped to 5q35.3, was recently shown by a group of investigators from Finland to be due in some families to missense mutations in the cytoplasmic tyrosine kinase domain of the vegfr3 gene...
  20. 2009 Stress Proteins in Growth, Development, and Disease Gordon Research Conferen
    JEFFREY BRODSKY; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA) and the Vice-Chair is Lea Sistonen (Abo Akademi University, Turku, Finland). The Proctor Academy has a long history in supporting GRCs and is handicapped accessible...