cities

Summary

Summary: A large or important municipality of a country, usually a major metropolitan center.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Global change and the ecology of cities
    Nancy B Grimm
    School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287 4501, USA
    Science 319:756-60. 2008
  2. pmc Chronic exposure to fine particles and mortality: an extended follow-up of the Harvard Six Cities study from 1974 to 2009
    Johanna Lepeule
    Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 120:965-70. 2012
  3. pmc A tale of many cities: universal patterns in human urban mobility
    Anastasios Noulas
    Computer Laboratory, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 7:e37027. 2012
  4. pmc Growth, innovation, scaling, and the pace of life in cities
    Luis M A Bettencourt
    Theoretical Division, MS B284, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:7301-6. 2007
  5. ncbi Heat effects on mortality in 15 European cities
    Michela Baccini
    Department of Statistics, University of Florence, Italy
    Epidemiology 19:711-9. 2008
  6. ncbi Impact of heat on mortality in 15 European cities: attributable deaths under different weather scenarios
    M Baccini
    Department of Statistics G Parenti, University of Florence, Florence, Italy
    J Epidemiol Community Health 65:64-70. 2011
  7. pmc The impact of heat waves on mortality in seven major cities in Korea
    Ji Young Son
    School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06511, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 120:566-71. 2012
  8. pmc Urban scaling and its deviations: revealing the structure of wealth, innovation and crime across cities
    Luis M A Bettencourt
    Theoretical Division and Center for Nonlinear Studies, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 5:e13541. 2010
  9. pmc Disparities by race in heat-related mortality in four US cities: the role of air conditioning prevalence
    Marie S O'Neill
    The Robert Wood Johnson Health and Society Scholars Program, Center for Social Epidemiology and Population Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48104 2548, USA
    J Urban Health 82:191-7. 2005
  10. pmc Clonal complexes and virulence factors of Staphylococcus aureus from several cities in India
    Srikanth Shambat
    Society for Innovation and Development, Department of Microbiology, Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru 560012, India
    BMC Microbiol 12:64. 2012

Detail Information

Publications361 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Global change and the ecology of cities
    Nancy B Grimm
    School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287 4501, USA
    Science 319:756-60. 2008
    ..b>Cities themselves present both the problems and solutions to sustainability challenges of an increasingly urbanized world.
  2. pmc Chronic exposure to fine particles and mortality: an extended follow-up of the Harvard Six Cities study from 1974 to 2009
    Johanna Lepeule
    Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 120:965-70. 2012
    ..5 µm; PM2.5) and mortality. However, concerns have been raised regarding the sensitivity of the results to model specifications, lower exposures, and averaging time...
  3. pmc A tale of many cities: universal patterns in human urban mobility
    Anastasios Noulas
    Computer Laboratory, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 7:e37027. 2012
    ..In this paper we study urban mobility patterns of people in several metropolitan cities around the globe by analyzing a large set of Foursquare users...
  4. pmc Growth, innovation, scaling, and the pace of life in cities
    Luis M A Bettencourt
    Theoretical Division, MS B284, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:7301-6. 2007
    Humanity has just crossed a major landmark in its history with the majority of people now living in cities. Cities have long been known to be society's predominant engine of innovation and wealth creation, yet they are also its main ..
  5. ncbi Heat effects on mortality in 15 European cities
    Michela Baccini
    Department of Statistics, University of Florence, Italy
    Epidemiology 19:711-9. 2008
    ..We report the associations between daily maximum apparent temperature and daily deaths during the warm season in 15 European cities.
  6. ncbi Impact of heat on mortality in 15 European cities: attributable deaths under different weather scenarios
    M Baccini
    Department of Statistics G Parenti, University of Florence, Florence, Italy
    J Epidemiol Community Health 65:64-70. 2011
    High ambient summer temperatures have been shown to influence daily mortality in cities across Europe. Quantification of the population mortality burden attributable to heat is crucial to the development of adaptive approaches...
  7. pmc The impact of heat waves on mortality in seven major cities in Korea
    Ji Young Son
    School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06511, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 120:566-71. 2012
    ..Understanding the health impacts of heat waves is important, especially given anticipated increases in the frequency, duration, and intensity of heat waves due to climate change...
  8. pmc Urban scaling and its deviations: revealing the structure of wealth, innovation and crime across cities
    Luis M A Bettencourt
    Theoretical Division and Center for Nonlinear Studies, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 5:e13541. 2010
    With urban population increasing dramatically worldwide, cities are playing an increasingly critical role in human societies and the sustainability of the planet...
  9. pmc Disparities by race in heat-related mortality in four US cities: the role of air conditioning prevalence
    Marie S O'Neill
    The Robert Wood Johnson Health and Society Scholars Program, Center for Social Epidemiology and Population Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48104 2548, USA
    J Urban Health 82:191-7. 2005
    ..Combined effect estimates across all cities were calculated using inverse variance-weighted averages...
  10. pmc Clonal complexes and virulence factors of Staphylococcus aureus from several cities in India
    Srikanth Shambat
    Society for Innovation and Development, Department of Microbiology, Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru 560012, India
    BMC Microbiol 12:64. 2012
    ..We performed molecular characterization of all the isolates to determine their lineage and microarray of select isolates from each sequence type to analyze their toxins, virulence and immune-evasion factors...
  11. pmc Health insurance coverage and impact: a survey in three cities in China
    Kuangnan Fang
    Department of Statistics, School of Economics, Xiamen University, Xiamen, China
    PLoS ONE 7:e39157. 2012
    ..A phone call survey was conducted in three major cities in China in July and August, 2011...
  12. pmc Temperature and mortality in nine US cities
    Antonella Zanobetti
    Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Epidemiology 19:563-70. 2008
    ..Extreme temperatures have been associated with increased mortality worldwide. The extent to which air pollutants may confound or modify this association remains unclear...
  13. pmc Unhealthy landscapes: Policy recommendations on land use change and infectious disease emergence
    Jonathan A Patz
    Center for Sustainability and the Global Environment SAGE, Nelson Institute for Environmental Studies and the Department of Population Health Sciences, University of Wisconsin, Madison, 53726 4087, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 112:1092-8. 2004
    ....
  14. ncbi Cities change the songs of birds
    Hans Slabbekoorn
    Behavioural Biology, Institute of Biology, Leiden University, 2300 RA Leiden, The Netherlands
    Curr Biol 16:2326-31. 2006
    ..urbanization and the ongoing rise of urban noise levels form a major threat to living conditions in and around cities. Urban environments typically homogenize animal communities, and this results, for example, in the same few bird ..
  15. pmc Psychological benefits of greenspace increase with biodiversity
    Richard A Fuller
    Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2TN, UK
    Biol Lett 3:390-4. 2007
    The world's human population is becoming concentrated into cities, giving rise to concerns that it is becoming increasingly isolated from nature...
  16. ncbi Street lighting disturbs commuting bats
    Emma Louise Stone
    School of Biological Sciences, University of Bristol, Woodland Road, Bristol BS8 1UG, UK
    Curr Biol 19:1123-7. 2009
    ..These results demonstrate that light pollution may have significant negative impacts upon the selection of flight routes by bats...
  17. pmc Family planning use among urban poor women from six cities of Uttar Pradesh, India
    Ilene S Speizer
    Gillings School of Global Public Health and Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
    J Urban Health 89:639-58. 2012
    ..This study uses baseline, representative data from six cities in Uttar Pradesh, India to examine family planning use among the urban poor...
  18. ncbi HIV and syphilis prevalence and associated factors among young men who have sex with men in 4 cities in China
    Suo Wei
    School of Public Health, Anhui Medical University, 69 Meishan Road, 230032, Hefei, Anhui Province, People s Republic of China
    AIDS Behav 17:1151-8. 2013
    ..The prevalence of HIV and Syphilis are high among YMSM in cities in China. Preventive interventions should be developed for controlling HIV spreading among YMSM urgently.
  19. pmc Association between perceived neighborhood environment and walking among adults in 4 cities in Japan
    Shigeru Inoue
    Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Tokyo Medical University, 6 1 1 Shinjuku, Shinjuku ku, Tokyo 160 8402, Japan
    J Epidemiol 20:277-86. 2010
    ..The aim of this study was to examine the association between perceived neighborhood environment and neighborhood walking for multiple purposes among Japanese...
  20. pmc Modeling the dynamic transmission of dengue fever: investigating disease persistence
    Líliam César de Castro Medeiros
    Centro de Ciência do Sistema Terrestre, Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais, INPE, Sao Jose dos Campos, Brazil
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 5:e942. 2011
    ..The aim of this study is to investigate the influence of various factors related to humans and vectors in the maintenance of viral transmission during extended periods...
  21. ncbi A survey of public perception and response to heat warnings across four North American cities: an evaluation of municipal effectiveness
    Scott C Sheridan
    Department of Geography, Kent State University, Kent, OH 44242, USA
    Int J Biometeorol 52:3-15. 2007
    ..of municipal heat watch warning systems, a thorough evaluation of the heat mitigation plans of four North American cities--Dayton (Ohio, USA), Philadelphia (Pennsylvania, USA), Phoenix (Arizona, USA), and Toronto (Ontario, Canada)--was ..
  22. pmc Cloud coverage acts as an amplifier for ecological light pollution in urban ecosystems
    Christopher C M Kyba
    Institute for Space Sciences, Freie Universitat Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    PLoS ONE 6:e17307. 2011
    ..1. These results have important implications for choronobiological and chronoecological studies in urban areas, where this amplification effect has previously not been considered...
  23. ncbi The spreading of disorder
    Kees Keizer
    Faculty of Behavioral and Social Sciences, University of Groningen, 9712 TS Groningen, Netherlands
    Science 322:1681-5. 2008
    ..We found that, when people observe that others violated a certain social norm or legitimate rule, they are more likely to violate other norms or rules, which causes disorder to spread...
  24. pmc Sentinel surveillance of influenza-like-illness in two cities of the tropical country of Ecuador: 2006-2010
    Richard W Douce
    Hospital Vozandes, Quito, Ecuador
    PLoS ONE 6:e22206. 2011
    ....
  25. ncbi Cities spawn epidemic dengue viruses
    Duane J Gubler
    Nat Med 10:129-30. 2004
  26. ncbi Rats, cities, people, and pathogens: a systematic review and narrative synthesis of literature regarding the ecology of rat-associated zoonoses in urban centers
    Chelsea G Himsworth
    School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 13:349-59. 2013
    ..rattus) are the source of a number of pathogens responsible for significant human morbidity and mortality in cities around the world...
  27. pmc The relation between temperature, ozone, and mortality in nine French cities during the heat wave of 2003
    Laurent Filleul
    Institut de Veille Sanitaire, Bordeaux, France
    Environ Health Perspect 114:1344-7. 2006
    ..During this period, elevated ozone concentrations were measured all over the country. Questions were raised concerning the contribution of O3 to the health impact of the summer 2003 heat wave...
  28. ncbi Distributed lag effects in the relationship between temperature and mortality in three major cities in South Korea
    Jongsik Ha
    Korea Environment Institute, 613 2 Bulgwang dong Eunpyeong gu, Soeul 122 706, South Korea
    Sci Total Environ 409:3274-80. 2011
    ..Ultimately, it suggests that public health programs be amended to allow for differential high-temperature effects spread over multiple days...
  29. ncbi Prevalence, quantification and antimicrobial resistance of Campylobacter spp. on chicken neck-skins at points of slaughter in 5 major cities located on 4 continents
    Benoit Garin
    Institut Pasteur de Dakar, BP 220, Dakar, Senegal
    Int J Food Microbiol 157:102-7. 2012
    ..We assessed Campylobacter contamination of chicken neck-skins at points of slaughter in 5 major cities in Africa (Dakar in Senegal, Yaounde in Cameroon), Oceania (Noumea in New Caledonia), the Indian Ocean (..
  30. pmc Individual and public-program adaptation: coping with heat waves in five cities in Canada
    Anna Alberini
    University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
    Int J Environ Res Public Health 8:4679-701. 2011
    ..In September 2010, we conducted a survey of households in 5 cities in Canada to study these issues...
  31. pmc Walking for leisure among adults from three Brazilian cities and its association with perceived environment attributes and personal factors
    Grace A O Gomes
    Physical Education Departament, Bioscience Institute, Physical Activity, Health and Sport Laboratory NAFES, Unesp Univ Estadual Paulista, Rio Claro SP 13506 900, Brazil
    Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 8:111. 2011
    ..However, most of the evidence on this topic derives from high-income countries and little is known about walking patterns and its association with environmental features in low and middle income countries...
  32. ncbi Variations in the population size, distribution and client volume among female sex workers in seven cities of Pakistan
    J F Blanchard
    Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, 750 Bannatyne Avenue, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
    Sex Transm Infect 84:ii24-7. 2008
    To describe the size and distribution of female sex worker (FSW) populations and the distribution of client-FSW encounters in seven major cities of Pakistan.
  33. pmc High and persistent HIV seroincidence in men who have sex with men across 47 U.S. cities
    Marta Louise Ackers
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 7:e34972. 2012
    ..To provide HIV seroincidence data among men who have sex with men (MSM) in the United States and to identify predictive factors for seroconversion...
  34. pmc Prevalence and characterization of heterogeneous vancomycin-intermediate Staphylococcus aureus isolates from 14 cities in China
    Wenjia Sun
    Department of Clinical Laboratory, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing 100730, People s Republic of China
    Antimicrob Agents Chemother 53:3642-9. 2009
    ..aureus isolates collected from 14 cities in China from 2005 to 2007 was 13 to 16%, as determined by a combination of (i) measurement by the modified ..
  35. pmc A semantic autonomous video surveillance system for dense camera networks in Smart Cities
    Lorena Calavia
    Universidad de Valladolid, Dpto TSyCeIT, ETSIT, Paseo de Belén 15, Valladolid 47011, Spain
    Sensors (Basel) 12:10407-29. 2012
    ..the system, and therefore making it suitable for its usage as an integrated safety and security solution in Smart Cities. Alarm detection is performed on the basis of parameters of the moving objects and their trajectories, and is ..
  36. pmc Laws of population growth
    Hernán D Rozenfeld
    Levich Institute and Physics Department, City College of New York, New York, NY 10031, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:18702-7. 2008
    An important issue in the study of cities is defining a metropolitan area, because different definitions affect conclusions regarding the statistical distribution of urban activity...
  37. pmc Awareness, attitudes and prevention of malaria in the cities of Douala and Yaoundé (Cameroon)
    Cyrille Ndo
    Laboratoire de Recherche sur le Paludisme, Organisation de Coordination pour la Lutte Contre les Endemies en Afrique Centrale, Yaounde, Cameroon
    Parasit Vectors 4:181. 2011
    ..This study was designed to assess knowledge, attitude and management of malaria in households living in the cities of Douala and Yaoundé.
  38. pmc Extreme temperatures and mortality: assessing effect modification by personal characteristics and specific cause of death in a multi-city case-only analysis
    Mercedes Medina-Ramón
    Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 114:1331-6. 2006
    ..Extremes of temperature are associated with short-term increases in daily mortality...
  39. ncbi Green cities and health: a question of scale?
    Elizabeth A Richardson
    School of Geosciences, University of Edinburgh, Drummond Street, Edinburgh EH8 9XP, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 66:160-5. 2012
    b>Cities are expanding and accommodating an increasing proportion of the world's population. It is important to identify features of urban form that promote the health of city dwellers...
  40. ncbi Temporal distribution of Aedes aegypti in different districts of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, measured by two types of traps
    N A Honório
    Laboratório de Transmissores de Hematozoários, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz FIOCRUZ, Av Brasil 4365, Manguinhos, Rio de Janeiro, CEP 21045 900, Brasil
    J Med Entomol 46:1001-14. 2009
    ....
  41. pmc High-risk behaviors among men who have sex with men in 6 US cities: baseline data from the EXPLORE Study
    Beryl A Koblin
    New York Blood Center, New York, NY 10021, USA
    Am J Public Health 93:926-32. 2003
    We describe the prevalence of risk behaviors at baseline among men who have sex with men (MSM) who were enrolled in a randomized behavioral intervention trial conducted in 6 US cities.
  42. ncbi A study of the relationships between Parkinson's disease and markers of traffic-derived and environmental manganese air pollution in two Canadian cities
    Murray M Finkelstein
    McMaster University and University of Toronto, Canada
    Environ Res 104:420-32. 2007
    ..markers of exposure to vehicle exhaust and industrial emissions of Mn within a cohort of 110,000 subjects in the cities of Toronto and Hamilton, Canada...
  43. ncbi Capture-recapture for estimating the size of the female sex worker population in three cities in Côte d'Ivoire and in Kisumu, western Kenya
    Bea Vuylsteke
    Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium
    Trop Med Int Health 15:1537-43. 2010
    To estimate the female sex worker population size in three cities in Côte d'Ivoire and in Kisumu, Kenya.
  44. ncbi Analyzing the cost effectiveness of Santiago, Chile's policy of using urban forests to improve air quality
    Francisco J Escobedo
    University of Florida, IFAS School of Forest Resources and Conservation, Building 164, Mowry Road, P O Box 110806, Gainesville, FL 32611 0806, USA
    J Environ Manage 86:148-57. 2008
    ..g. alternative fuels) to abate PM(10) in Santiago and determined that municipal urban forest management efficiency was similar to these other air quality improvement measures...
  45. ncbi Determination of heavy metal concentrations in street dusts in Istanbul E-5 highway
    Naim Sezgin
    Faculty of Engineering, Department of Environmental Engineering, Istanbul University, 34850 Avcilar, Istanbul, Turkey
    Environ Int 29:979-85. 2004
    Components and quantity of street dust are environmental pollution indicators especially in big cities. Street dust is generally composed of car exhaust gas originated particles and wind-transported particles...
  46. ncbi Spider, bee, and bird communities in cities are shaped by environmental control and high stochasticity
    T Sattler
    Swiss Federal Research Institute WSL, Ecosystem Boundaries, Via Belsoggiorno 22, 6500 Bellinzona, Switzerland
    Ecology 91:3343-53. 2010
    ..for the community composition of spiders (Araneae), bees (Apidae), and birds (Aves) at 96 locations in three Swiss cities. Environmental variables (topography, climate, land cover, urban green management) were measured on four different ..
  47. pmc Air pollution and emergency department visits for cardiac and respiratory conditions: a multi-city time-series analysis
    David M Stieb
    Population Studies Division, Healthy Environments and Consumer Safety Branch, Health Canada, Postal locator 4903C, 269 Laurier Ave West Ottawa, Ontario, K1A 0K9, Canada
    Environ Health 8:25. 2009
    ....
  48. pmc Network structure and city size
    DAVID LEVINSON
    Department of Civil Engineering, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 7:e29721. 2012
    Network structure varies across cities. This variation may yield important knowledge about how the internal structure of the city affects its performance...
  49. ncbi Organic extracts of urban air pollution particulate matter (PM2.5)-induced genotoxicity and oxidative stress in human lung bronchial epithelial cells (BEAS-2B cells)
    Seung Min Oh
    Hoseo Toxicological Research Center, Hoseo University, 165, Sechul ri, Baebang myun, Asan, Chungnam, 336 795, Republic of Korea
    Mutat Res 723:142-51. 2011
    ..and motor vehicle-originated pollutants has been shown to exist, air pollution genotoxicity studies of urban cities are steadily increasing...
  50. ncbi Ecology of herbivorous arthropods in urban landscapes
    Michael J Raupp
    Department of Entomology, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
    Annu Rev Entomol 55:19-38. 2010
    ....
  51. pmc Study on the association between ambient air pollution and daily cardiovascular and respiratory mortality in an urban district of Beijing
    Fengying Zhang
    Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 11A Datun Road, Beijing 100101, China
    Int J Environ Res Public Health 8:2109-23. 2011
    ..For cardiovascular disease mortality, the largest RR was in Lag01 for PM10, and in current day (Lag0) for SO2 and NO2. NO2 was associated with the largest RRs for deaths from both cardiovascular disease and respiratory disease...
  52. ncbi Multipollutant modeling issues in a study of ambient air quality and emergency department visits in Atlanta
    Paige E Tolbert
    Rollins School of Public Health, Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
    J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol 17:S29-35. 2007
    ..In multipollutant models, PM10 and ozone persisted as predictors, with ozone the stronger predictor. Caveats and considerations in interpreting the multipollutant model results are discussed...
  53. ncbi Wide dissemination of OXA-23-producing carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii clonal complex 22 in multiple cities of China
    Yiqi Fu
    Department of Respiratory Diseases, First Affiliated Hospital, College of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310003, People s Republic of China
    J Antimicrob Chemother 65:644-50. 2010
    In this study, multilocus sequence typing (MLST) was used to describe the genetic backgrounds of carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (CRAB) and carbapenem-susceptible A. baumannii (CSAB) from multiple cities of China.
  54. ncbi Urban ecosystem health assessment: a review
    Meirong Su
    State Key Joint Laboratory of Environment Simulation and Pollution Control, School of Environment, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
    Sci Total Environ 408:2425-34. 2010
    Due to the important role of cities for regional, national, and international economic development and the concurrent degradation of the urban environmental quality under rapid urbanization, a systematic diagnosis of urban ecosystem ..
  55. ncbi Ambient temperature and mortality: an international study in four capital cities of East Asia
    Joo Youn Chung
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, and Institute of Health and Environment, Seoul National University, Republic of Korea
    Sci Total Environ 408:390-6. 2009
    ..We describe the ambient temperature-mortality association for four capital cities in East Asia, Seoul, Beijing, Tokyo, and Taipei, and identify a threshold temperature for each city and the ..
  56. ncbi Prevalence of androgenetic alopecia in China: a community-based study in six cities
    T L Wang
    Department of Dermatology, Peking University People s Hospital, Beijing 100044, China
    Br J Dermatol 162:843-7. 2010
    ..In China, although there have been some epidemiological studies carried out in single cities or regions, no multicentre population-based study has been reported.
  57. ncbi Assessment of the impact of the vehicular traffic on BTEX concentration in ring roads in urban areas of Bari (Italy)
    Maurizio Caselli
    Dipartimento di Chimica, Universita degli Studi di Bari, Via Orabona 4, Bari, Italy
    Chemosphere 81:306-11. 2010
    ..The same concentration pattern and the correlation among BTEX levels in all sites confirmed the presence of a single source, the vehicular traffic, having a strong impact on air quality...
  58. pmc Differentiating the effects of fine and coarse particles on daily mortality in Shanghai, China
    Haidong Kan
    Department of Environmental Health, School of Public Health, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032, China
    Environ Int 33:376-84. 2007
    ..Our analyses provide the first statistically significant evidence in China that PM2.5 has an adverse effect on population health and strengthen the rationale for further limiting levels of PM2.5 in outdoor air in Shanghai...
  59. pmc Changing bee and hoverfly pollinator assemblages along an urban-rural gradient
    Adam J Bates
    Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences, The University of Birmingham, Birmingham, West Midlands, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 6:e23459. 2011
    ..We assessed changes in the diversity, abundance and species composition of bee and hoverfly pollinator assemblages in urban, suburban, and rural sites across a UK city...
  60. ncbi Sources of high PM2.5 concentrations in Milan, Northern Italy: molecular marker data and CMB modelling
    M G Perrone
    Research Center POLARIS, University of Milano Bicocca, DISAT, p zza della Scienza 1, 20126 Milan, Italy
    Sci Total Environ 414:343-55. 2012
    ..Secondary inorganic+organic aerosol constituted the major part of the PM2.5 mass during spring and summer (50-65%) at the three sites...
  61. ncbi Network environ perspective for urban metabolism and carbon emissions: a case study of Vienna, Austria
    Shaoqing Chen
    State Key Joint Laboratory of Environmental Simulation and Pollution Control, School of Environment, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
    Environ Sci Technol 46:4498-506. 2012
    b>Cities are considered major contributors to global warming, where carbon emissions are highly embedded in the overall urban metabolism...
  62. pmc Validation of walk score for estimating neighborhood walkability: an analysis of four US metropolitan areas
    Dustin T Duncan
    Department of Society, Human Development, and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Int J Environ Res Public Health 8:4160-79. 2011
    ..As such, our study confirms and extends the generalizability of previous findings demonstrating that Walk Score is a valid measure of estimating neighborhood walkability in multiple geographic locations and at multiple spatial scales...
  63. ncbi Modifiers of diurnal temperature range and mortality association in six Korean cities
    Youn Hee Lim
    Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Seoul National University, 599 Gwanak Ro, Gwanak Gu, Seoul, 151 752, South Korea
    Int J Biometeorol 56:33-42. 2012
    ..DTR was the greatest threat to vulnerable study populations, with greater influence in the fall season. DTR was found to be a predictor of mortality, and this relationship was modified by season and SES...
  64. ncbi Comparative approaches to measuring food access in urban areas: the case of Portland, Oregon
    Andrea L Sparks
    US Department of Housing and Urban Development, Washington, DC
    Urban Stud 48:1715-737. 2011
    ..These findings suggest that results from food access studies employing disparate methodologies can often be compared...
  65. ncbi Cities, productivity, and quality of life
    Edward Glaeser
    Department of Economics, School of Arts and Sciences, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Science 333:592-4. 2011
    Technological changes and improved electronic communications seem, paradoxically, to be making cities more, rather than less, important...
  66. pmc Spatial stability of adult Aedes aegypti populations
    Roberto Barrera
    Entomology and Ecology Activity, Dengue Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, San Juan, Puerto Rico
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 85:1087-92. 2011
    ..aegypti. There was significant spatial stability throughout the study in both locations. The consistency in trap productivity in time could be used to increase the effectiveness of vector and dengue control programs...
  67. pmc Test marketing of new smokeless tobacco products in four U.S. cities
    John D Rogers
    Center for Survey Research, University of Massachusetts Boston, 100 Morrissey Boulevard, Boston, MA 02125, USA
    Nicotine Tob Res 12:69-72. 2010
    ..This exploratory study was designed to assess the availability, price, and point-of-purchase marketing strategies for new smokeless tobacco products in 4 test market areas...
  68. pmc Urban birds have broader environmental tolerance
    Frances Bonier
    Department of Biology, University of Washington, Box 351800, Seattle, WA 98195 1800, USA
    Biol Lett 3:670-3. 2007
    ..We compared elevational and latitudinal distributions of 217 urban birds found in 73 of the world's largest cities with distributions of 247 rural congeners to test the hypothesis that urban birds possess broader environmental ..
  69. pmc Biologic effects induced in vitro by PM10 from three different zones of Mexico City
    Ernesto Alfaro-Moreno
    Instituto Nacional de Cancerologia, Mexico D F, Mexico
    Environ Health Perspect 110:715-20. 2002
    ..Our data suggest that particle composition as well as particle size should be considered in assessing the adverse effects of airborne particulate pollution...
  70. ncbi Urban forests and pollution mitigation: analyzing ecosystem services and disservices
    Francisco J Escobedo
    University of Florida, School of Forest Resources and Conservation, 361 Newins Ziegler Hall, PO Box 110410, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
    Environ Pollut 159:2078-87. 2011
    ....
  71. pmc Urban sprawl and public health
    Howard Frumkin
    Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, 1518 Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Public Health Rep 117:201-17. 2002
  72. ncbi Association of daily cause-specific mortality with ambient particle air pollution in Wuhan, China
    Zhengmin Qian
    Health Evaluation Sciences, Penn State College of Medicine, A210, 600 Centerview Drive, P O Box 855, Hershey, PA 17033 0855, USA
    Environ Res 105:380-9. 2007
    ..core area of 201 km(2) where air pollution levels are higher and pollution ranges are wider than the majority of cities in the published literature...
  73. pmc The effects of particulate matter sources on daily mortality: a case-crossover study of Barcelona, Spain
    Bart Ostro
    Centre for Research in Environmental Epidemiology, Barcelona, Spain
    Environ Health Perspect 119:1781-7. 2011
    ..Although a few studies exist on the effects of species and sources in U.S. cities, European cities-which have a higher proportion of diesel engines and denser urban populations-have not been well ..
  74. ncbi Chemical characteristics of PM2.5 and PM10 in haze-fog episodes in Beijing
    Yele Sun
    Center for Atmospheric Chemistry Study, Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China
    Environ Sci Technol 40:3148-55. 2006
    ..The serious air pollution in HF episodes was strongly correlated with the meteorological conditions and the emissions of pollutants from anthropogenic sources...
  75. ncbi Particulate urban air pollution affects the functional morphology of mouse placenta
    Mariana Matera Veras
    Laboratory of Experimental Air Pollution LIM05, Department of Pathology, School of Medicine, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Biol Reprod 79:578-84. 2008
    ..The findings indicate that urban air pollution affects placental functional morphology. Fetal weights are compromised despite attempts to improve diffusive transport across the placenta...
  76. ncbi Proximity to chipboard industries increases the risk of respiratory and irritation symptoms in children: the Viadana study
    Roberto de Marco
    Unit of Epidemiology and Medical Statistics, Department of Medicine and Public Health, University of Verona, Italy
    Sci Total Environ 408:511-7. 2010
    ..The present findings suggest that emissions from chipboard industries might have a serious impact on children's health status and should therefore be reduced and closely monitored...
  77. ncbi Changes in lung function and airway inflammation among asthmatic children residing in a woodsmoke-impacted urban area
    Ryan W Allen
    Faculty of Health Sciences, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada
    Inhal Toxicol 20:423-33. 2008
    ..5), whereas airway inflammation may be more closely related to some other constituent of the ambient PM(2.5) mixture...
  78. ncbi Availability and characteristics of nonbeverage alcohols sold in 17 Russian cities in 2007
    Artyom Gil
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 33:79-85. 2009
    ..there have been no systematic attempts to investigate the extent to which such products are available in other cities of the Russian Federation...
  79. pmc The effect of public health measures on the 1918 influenza pandemic in U.S. cities
    Martin C J Bootsma
    Mathematical Institute, Faculty of Sciences, Utrecht University, Budapestlaan 6, 3508 TA Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:7588-93. 2007
    ..S. compared with Europe, with some cities seeing only a single large peak in mortality and others seeing double-peaked epidemics...
  80. ncbi Mortality, inequality and race in American cities and states
    Angus Deaton
    Center for Health and Wellbeing, 347 Wallace Hall, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
    Soc Sci Med 56:1139-53. 2003
    A number of studies have found that mortality rates are positively correlated with income inequality across the cities and states of the US. We argue that this correlation is confounded by the effects of racial composition...
  81. pmc Inter-individual variability in fear of humans and relative brain size of the species are related to contemporary urban invasion in birds
    Martina Carrete
    Department of Conservation Biology, Estacion Biologica de Donana, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, Sevilla, Spain
    PLoS ONE 6:e18859. 2011
    ..One possibility is that fear of humans and vehicles could preclude most species from invading cities. Species entering urban environments might be those that are more tolerant of human disturbance (i.e...
  82. pmc Stress status and related characteristics among urban residents: a six-province capital cities study in China
    Tingzhong Yang
    Center for Tobacco Control Research, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China
    PLoS ONE 7:e30521. 2012
    ..To estimate current prevalence levels of stress, and to identify related characteristics among urban residents in China...
  83. ncbi Time for a change: dynamic urban ecology
    Cristina E Ramalho
    School of Plant Biology, e University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley, Perth, WA 6009, Australia
    Trends Ecol Evol 27:179-88. 2012
    Contemporary cities are expanding rapidly in a spatially complex, non-linear manner. However, this form of expansion is rarely taken into account in the way that urbanization is classically assessed in ecological studies...
  84. ncbi Eutrophication and nutrient release in urban areas of sub-Saharan Africa--a review
    P M Nyenje
    UNESCO IHE Institute for Water Education, Delft, The Netherlands
    Sci Total Environ 408:447-55. 2010
    ..between eutrophication of fresh inland surface waters in SSA and the release of nutrients in their mega-cities. Monitoring reports indicate that the population of mega-cities in SSA is rapidly increasing, and so is the total ..
  85. ncbi Lung function and indicators of exposure to indoor and outdoor particulate matter among asthma and COPD patients
    J J de Hartog
    IRAS, Utrecht University, PO Box 80178, 3508 TD Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Occup Environ Med 67:2-10. 2010
    ..5) and PM(10)) and may result in underestimation of health effects. This paper describes the relative strength of the association between outdoor and indoor exposure to ultrafine particles, PM(2.5) and PM(10) and lung function...
  86. ncbi Effect of particulate matter air pollution on hospital admissions and medical visits for lung and heart disease in two southeast Idaho cities
    Gregory V Ulirsch
    Division of Health Assessment and Consultation, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, Public Health Service, Atlanta, GA 30345, USA
    J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol 17:478-87. 2007
    ..Further work is planned to test this conclusion...
  87. ncbi Atmospheric polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in the urban air of Delhi during 2003
    Homdutt Sharma
    Department of Physics, Jamia Millia Islamia, Jamia Nagar, New Delhi, 110 025, India
    Environ Monit Assess 147:43-55. 2008
    ..Other sources might come from stationary combustion sources such as cooking fuel combustion and industrial emission...
  88. ncbi Low dose of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) can induce acute oxidative stress, inflammation and pulmonary impairment in healthy mice
    D R Riva
    Laboratory of Respiration Physiology, Carlos Chagas Filho Institute of Biophysics, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    Inhal Toxicol 23:257-67. 2011
    ..In conclusion, acute exposure to low doses of fine PM induced lung inflammation, oxidative stress and worsened lung impedance and histology in a dose-dependent pattern in mice...
  89. ncbi Assessment of lead, cadmium, and zinc contamination of roadside soils, surface films, and vegetables in Kampala City, Uganda
    Grace Nabulo
    Plant Science, School of Biological Sciences, Sutton Bonington Campus, University of Nottingham, Loughborough, Leicestershire LE12 5RD, UK
    Environ Res 101:42-52. 2006
    ..It is recommended that leafy vegetables should be grown 30 m from roads in high-traffic, urban areas...
  90. ncbi São Paulo Megacity Mental Health Survey - a population-based epidemiological study of psychiatric morbidity in the São Paulo metropolitan area: aims, design and field implementation
    Maria Carmen Viana
    Section of Psychiatric Epidemiology, LIM 23, Institute of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Rev Bras Psiquiatr 31:375-86. 2009
    ..A total of 5,037 individuals were interviewed, with a global response rate of 81.3%. Saliva samples were collected from 1,801 respondents, with DNA extracted stored pending further investigations...
  91. ncbi Street smoking bans in Japan: a hope for smoke-free cities?
    Hiroshi Ueda
    World Health Organization Centre for Health Development, Japan
    Health Policy 102:49-55. 2011
    ..This study analysed 112 municipalities enforcing municipal smoking restrictions on streets in Japan to examine anti-smoking measures implemented in urban settings from a health perspective and derive lessons for future tobacco control...
  92. ncbi Air quality data from large cities
    J M Baldasano
    Laboratory of Environmental Modelling, Technical University of Catalonia UPC, Diagonal 647 10 23, 08028 Barcelona, Spain
    Sci Total Environ 307:141-65. 2003
    This paper presents an assessment of the air quality for the principal cities in developed and developing countries...
  93. ncbi Gender-specific differences in effects of prenatal and postnatal environmental tobacco smoke exposure on respiratory symptoms in 23,474 children with and without allergic predisposition: results from 25 districts of northeast China
    Guang Hui Dong
    Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, School of Public Health, China Medical University, Shenyang, Liaoning Province, PR China
    Int J Environ Health Res 21:173-88. 2011
    ..In conclusion, ETS exposure was more evident in boys without family atopy history and more associations were detected in girls with family atopy history...
  94. ncbi Potential future increase in extreme one-hour precipitation events over Europe due to climate change
    A N Larsen
    Department of Environmental Engineering DTU Environment, Technical University of Denmark, Miljoevej, Bldg 113, DK 2800, Kgs Lyngby, Denmark
    Water Sci Technol 60:2205-16. 2009
    ..Intensities for short durations and high return periods will increase the most, which implies that European urban drainage systems will be challenged in the future...
  95. pmc Spatial and temporal patterns of coexistence between competing Aedes mosquitoes in urban Florida
    Paul T Leisnham
    Department of Environmental Science and Technology, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742 2315, USA
    Oecologia 160:343-52. 2009
    ..These results suggest that both temporal and spatial variation may contribute to local coexistence between these Aedes in urban areas...
  96. pmc Exposure to road traffic and railway noise and associations with blood pressure and self-reported hypertension: a cohort study
    Mette Sørensen
    Institute of Cancer Epidemiology, Danish Cancer Society, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Environ Health 10:92. 2011
    ..Epidemiological studies suggest that long-term exposure to transport noise increases the risk for cardiovascular disorders. The effect of transport noise on blood pressure and hypertension is uncertain...
  97. pmc Exploring or avoiding novel food resources? The novelty conflict in an invasive bird
    Daniel Sol
    Centre for Ecological Research and Forestry Applications CREAF Autonomous University of Barcelona, Bellaterra, Catalonia, Spain
    PLoS ONE 6:e19535. 2011
    ..Thus, mynas seem to modulate their problem-solving ability according to the benefits and costs of innovating in their particular habitat, which may help us understand the great success of the species in highly urbanized environments...
  98. ncbi Seasonal effect of PM(10) concentrations on mortality and morbidity in Seoul, Korea: a temperature-matched case-crossover analysis
    Okhee Yi
    Department Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public health and the Institute of Environment and Health, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea
    Environ Res 110:89-95. 2010
    ..However, only a few studies have focused on evaluating the effects of seasonal air pollution using data on both morbidity and mortality in Asia...
  99. pmc The impact of small changes in bar closing hours on violence. The Norwegian experience from 18 cities
    Ingeborg Rossow
    Norwegian Institute for Alcohol and Drug Research, Oslo, Norway
    Addiction 107:530-7. 2012
    ..To estimate the effect on violence of small changes in closing hours for on-premise alcohol sales, and to assess whether a possible effect is symmetrical...
  100. ncbi Watershed and land use-based sources of trace metals in urban storm water
    Liesl L Tiefenthaler
    Southern California Coastal Water Research Project, Costa Mesa, CA 92626, USA
    Environ Toxicol Chem 27:277-87. 2008
    ..Early season storms produced significantly higher metal flux compared with late season storms at both mass emission and land use sites...
  101. ncbi Temporal and spatial distribution of BTEX pollutants in the atmosphere of metropolitan areas and neighbouring towns
    Pasquale Iovino
    Department of Environmental Sciences, Second University of Naples, Caserta, Italy
    Environ Monit Assess 150:437-44. 2009
    ..The ratios between BTEX daily concentrations showed a clear dependence on the intensity of solar actinic flow, indicating a major role of photochemical processes in the air cleaning from these volatile organic pollutants...

Research Grants74

  1. National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NN/LM) Region 2
    DENNIS PATTRATH; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..S. health professionals who still do not have access, with special focus on those in rural areas and inner cities. The RML outreach program shall focus on: special populations or subject disciplines that have been identified as ..
  2. National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NN/LM) Region 2
    Javier Crespo; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..S. health professionals who still do not have access, with special focus on those in rural areas and inner cities. The RML outreach program shall focus on: special populations or subject disciplines that have been identified as ..
  3. National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 2
    JM J TOOEY; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..not directly affiliated with an institution with a medical library, with special focus on those in rural, inner cities, Medically Underserved Areas (MUA), and minority health practitioners or those who serve minority populations...
  4. National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 2
    JM J TOOEY; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..not directly affiliated with an institution with a medical library, with special focus on those in rural, inner cities, Medically Underserved Areas (MUA), and minority health practitioners or those who serve minority populations...
  5. National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 2
    JM J TOOEY; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..not directly affiliated with an institution with a medical library, with special focus on those in rural, inner cities, Medically Underserved Areas (MUA), and minority health practitioners or those who serve minority populations...
  6. National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NN/LM) Region 3
    Ruth Holst; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..S. health professionals who still do not have access, with special focus on those in rural areas and inner cities. The RML outreach program shall focus on: special populations or subject disciplines that have been identified as ..
  7. National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NN/LM) Region 3
    Ruth Holst; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..S. health professionals who still do not have access, with special focus on those in rural areas and inner cities. The RML outreach program shall focus on: special populations or subject disciplines that have been identified as ..
  8. ASTHMA AND ALLERGIC DISEASE CENTER
    Thomas A Platts Mills; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..an important cause of school absenteeism, hospitalization and mortality among populations living in poverty in the cities of the United States...
  9. National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 3
    Ruth Holst; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..not directly affiliated with an institution with a medical library, with special focus on those in rural, inner cities, Medically Underserved Areas (MUA), and minority health practitioners or those who serve minority populations...
  10. National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 3
    Ruth Holst; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..not directly affiliated with an institution with a medical library, with special focus on those in rural, inner cities, Medically Underserved Areas (MUA), and minority health practitioners or those who serve minority populations...
  11. National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 3
    Ruth Holst; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..not directly affiliated with an institution with a medical library, with special focus on those in rural, inner cities, Medically Underserved Areas (MUA), and minority health practitioners or those who serve minority populations...
  12. National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NN/LM) region 4
    Claire Hamasu; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..S. health professionals who still do not have access, with special focus on those in rural areas and inner cities. The RML outreach program shall focus on: special populations or subject disciplines that have been identified as ..
  13. National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NN/LM) region 4
    Claire Hamasu; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..S. health professionals who still do not have access, with special focus on those in rural areas and inner cities. The RML outreach program shall focus on: special populations or subject disciplines that have been identified as ..
  14. National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NN/LM) Region 5
    MICHELLE MALIZIA; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..S. health professionals who still do not have access, with special focus on those in rural areas and inner cities. The RML outreach program shall focus on: special populations or subject disciplines that have been identified as ..
  15. National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NN/LM) Region 6
    CATHY BURROUGHS; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..S. health professionals who still do not have access, with special focus on those in rural areas and inner cities. The RML outreach program shall focus on: special populations or subject disciplines that have been identified as ..
  16. National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NN/LM) Region 5
    MICHELLE MALIZIA; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..S. health professionals who still do not have access, with special focus on those in rural areas and inner cities. The RML outreach program shall focus on: special populations or subject disciplines that have been identified as ..
  17. National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NN/LM) Region 7
    TAMARA COMBS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..S. health professionals who still do not have access, with special focus on those in rural areas and inner cities. The RML outreach program shall focus on: special populations or subject disciplines that have been identified as ..
  18. National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 8
    Javier Crespo; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..not directly affiliated with an institution with a medical library, with special focus on those in rural, inner cities, Medically Underserved Areas (MUA), and minority health practitioners or those who serve minority populations...
  19. National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 8
    Javier Crespo; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..not directly affiliated with an institution with a medical library, with special focus on those in rural, inner cities, Medically Underserved Areas (MUA), and minority health practitioners or those who serve minority populations...
  20. National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 4
    HAMASU CLAIRE; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..not directly affiliated with an institution with a medical library, with special focus on those in rural, inner cities, Medically Underserved Areas (MUA), and minority health practitioners or those who serve minority populations...
  21. National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 4
    HAMASU CLAIRE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..not directly affiliated with an institution with a medical library, with special focus on those in rural, inner cities, Medically Underserved Areas (MUA), and minority health practitioners or those who serve minority populations...
  22. National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 4
    HAMASU CLAIRE; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..not directly affiliated with an institution with a medical library, with special focus on those in rural, inner cities, Medically Underserved Areas (MUA), and minority health practitioners or those who serve minority populations...
  23. National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 8
    Javier Crespo; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..not directly affiliated with an institution with a medical library, with special focus on those in rural, inner cities, Medically Underserved Areas (MUA), and minority health practitioners or those who serve minority populations...
  24. National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NN/LM) Region 1
    Colleen Cuddy; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..S. health professionals who still do not have access, with special focus on those in rural areas and inner cities. The RML outreach program shall focus on: special populations or subject disciplines that have been identified as ..
  25. National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 6
    CATHY BURROUGHS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..not directly affiliated with an institution with a medical library, with special focus on those in rural, inner cities, Medically Underserved Areas (MUA), and minority health practitioners or those who serve minority populations...
  26. National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 6
    CATHY BURROUGHS; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..not directly affiliated with an institution with a medical library, with special focus on those in rural, inner cities, Medically Underserved Areas (MUA), and minority health practitioners or those who serve minority populations...
  27. National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NN/LM) Region 1
    KATE BURR OLIVER; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..S. health professionals who still do not have access, with special focus on those in rural areas and inner cities. The RML outreach program shall focus on: special populations or subject disciplines that have been identified as ..
  28. National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 5
    MICHELLE MALIZIA; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..not directly affiliated with an institution with a medical library, with special focus on those in rural, inner cities, Medically Underserved Areas (MUA), and minority health practitioners or those who serve minority populations...
  29. National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 5
    MICHELLE MALIZIA; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..not directly affiliated with an institution with a medical library, with special focus on those in rural, inner cities, Medically Underserved Areas (MUA), and minority health practitioners or those who serve minority populations...
  30. National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 6
    CATHY BURROUGHS; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..not directly affiliated with an institution with a medical library, with special focus on those in rural, inner cities, Medically Underserved Areas (MUA), and minority health practitioners or those who serve minority populations...
  31. National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 5
    MICHELLE MALIZIA; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..not directly affiliated with an institution with a medical library, with special focus on those in rural, inner cities, Medically Underserved Areas (MUA), and minority health practitioners or those who serve minority populations...
  32. National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 7
    Julie Kwan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..not directly affiliated with an institution with a medical library, with special focus on those in rural, inner cities, Medically Underserved Areas (MUA), and minority health practitioners or those who serve minority populations...
  33. National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 7
    Julie Kwan; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..not directly affiliated with an institution with a medical library, with special focus on those in rural, inner cities, Medically Underserved Areas (MUA), and minority health practitioners or those who serve minority populations...
  34. National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 7
    Julie Kwan; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..not directly affiliated with an institution with a medical library, with special focus on those in rural, inner cities, Medically Underserved Areas (MUA), and minority health practitioners or those who serve minority populations...
  35. National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 1
    BARBARA EPSTEIN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..not directly affiliated with an institution with a medical library, with special focus on those in rural, inner cities, Medically Underserved Areas (MUA), and minority health practitioners or those who serve minority populations...
  36. National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 1
    BARBARA EPSTEIN; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..not directly affiliated with an institution with a medical library, with special focus on those in rural, inner cities, Medically Underserved Areas (MUA), and minority health practitioners or those who serve minority populations...
  37. National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 1
    BARBARA EPSTEIN; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..not directly affiliated with an institution with a medical library, with special focus on those in rural, inner cities, Medically Underserved Areas (MUA), and minority health practitioners or those who serve minority populations...
  38. ACTIVATED MACROPHAGES AND OZONE TOXICITY
    DEBRA LYNN LASKIN; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..87%. Potential adverse effects of ozone are even greater in large cities in the developing world where ozone levels can be significantly higher than in the U.S...
  39. Diesel Exhaust Particle Effects on Human Immunity to Mycobacterium tuberculosis
    Stephan K Schwander; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..from diesel engines are generated by various industries, contribute to 40% of particulate respirable matter in big cities and accumulate in underground mines...
  40. Mechanisms of airborne particulate matter induced thrombosis
    Gokhan M Mutlu; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..1 years of life lost in the most compared with the least polluted US cities. The mortality associated with acute exposure to ambient PM is largely due to ischemic cardiovascular events...
  41. Histone modifications and respiratory effects of traffic particle exposure
    Lifang Hou; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..recently completed Beijing Truck Driver Air Pollution Study (BTDAS) in Beijing, China, one of the most polluted cities in the world. Sixty truck drivers (high exposure) and 60 indoor workers (low exposure) were recruited...
  42. Genetic Control of Heart Function in a Hibernating Mammal
    Matthew T Andrews; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..and facilities including the Biomedical Genomics Center and Minnesota Supercomputing Institute in the Twin Cities, the School of Medicine, Department of Biology and the Department of Mathematics &Statistics in Duluth, and an ..
  43. Micro-RNA Profiling and Cardiovascular Effects of Traffic Particle Exposure
    Lifang Hou; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Truck Driver Air Pollution Study (BTDAS), our recently completed study in Beijing, China, one of the most polluted cities in the world...
  44. Ecology of Infectious Diseases (EID)-Immune Landscapes of Human Influenza in Hous
    Derek Cummings; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..For example, does influenza skip some small towns on a given year but infect all geographical areas of large cities, do children bring much more infection into households than adults, and can we predict that some geographical ..
  45. Qualitative Study of Mental Health Recovery in Dual Diagnosed Homeless
    DEBORAH KAY PADGETT; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..the findings 'up and out'to explore their translatability in both HF and TF programs (6 programs in 3 cities)...
  46. HIV Prevention Intervention for Young Transgender Women
    MATTHEW JAMES MIMIAGA; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We propose to test this intervention in a three-arm randomized controlled trial in two major U.S. cities with excellent access to and research experience with the population...
  47. Reducing Social Disparities of Heatwave Impacts in a Changing Climate
    MARIE SYLVIA O apos NEILL; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..S. cities (Detroit, MI;New York, NY;Philadelphia, PA;and Phoenix, AZ)...
  48. Air pollution and fetal growth in China
    Yawei Zhang; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..conducted in western populations, with few studies conducted in China which has the world's most polluted cities and the largest world burden in adverse pregnancy outcomes...
  49. Miami Womens Interagency HIV Study WIHS
    Lisa R Metsch; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..among women and the prevalence of HIV among women was among the highest in a national study of 21 epicenter cities in the U.S. Heterosexual transmission and intravenous drug use were the major risk factors for infection...
  50. HIV and Substance Use Prevention for South African Youth and Families
    Leickness Simbayi; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Project STYLE was designed and tested with 750 mentally ill teens across three US cities, and we will systematically adapt it for the South African context using a combination of ADAPT-ITT and CDC ..
  51. Three-dimensional visualization, interactive analysis and contextual mapping of s
    PIERRE E GOOVAERTS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..g. orthophoto with names of major cities and highways to enhance the sense of place)...
  52. Neuroprotective Gene Therapy in the Brain of Senile Rats
    Rodolfo G Goya; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..the elderly population in the urban areas of Argentina is comparable to that of many North American and European cities. Consequently, the incidence of age-related neurological pathologies is becoming a problem of significant medical ..
  53. Drug tourism to Mexico: Impact of Mexicos new drug law on HIV-HCV-TB in US IDUs
    Richard S Garfein; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The sister-cities of San Diego, CA, USA and Tijuana, BC, Mexico share the world's busiest land border crossing and are home to ..
  54. Sexual Health among Low-Income Female CSWs in China
    JENNIFER ZHIHUAN HUANG BOUEY; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..areas in China and has the largest migrant population and the highest STI incidence rate of all Chinese cities. The findings from this study will be used to guide the development of a future longitudinal sexual health risk ..
  55. Obesity, Muscle Strength, and Disability in Older Mexican Americans and Elders fr
    Soham Al Snih; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..a cross-sectional multicenter survey of representative samples of elderly populations living in seven large cities in Argentina, Barbados, Brazil, Chile, Cuba, Mexico, and Uruguay...
  56. Development of Behavioral and Social Interventions that Reduce Stigma and Improve
    Crystal M Fuller; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..this model can be duplicated not only throughout other high-risk neighborhoods in New York, but in several other cities and states. If our findings are positive, broader public health impact could follow...
  57. Neurodevelopment in Urban Environments: Role of Exposure to Ambient Air Pollution
    Jiu Chiuan Chen; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The growing population of children in American cities is exposed to various neurotoxins present in urban environments which may damage their developing brains...
  58. Bedside-to-Bench Research Training for Pediatric Infectious Diseases Fellows
    Mark R Schleiss; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..with intense and diverse inpatient and outpatient clinical experiences in children's hospitals in the Twin Cities. Following the first year, two years of research support will be provided for intense, mentored investigation of ..
  59. Chicago Westside Partnership for Children's Asthma Initiative (CWPC-AI)
    Steven Whitman; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..children have some of the highest rates documented, and Chicago has been shown to be among the hardest hit cities. The proposed project, the Chicago Westside Partnership for Children's Asthma Initiative (CWPC-AI), aims to ..
  60. The Logics for HIV Risk among Street-Based Heroin Injectors
    Philippe Bourgois; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..that drive the logics for HIV transmission behaviors among street-based injection drug users (IDUs) in two cities, Philadelphia and San Francisco, that span a strategic range of the demographic, economic, political, and cultural ..
  61. Effects of a neighborhood experiment on adolescent female psychological distress
    THERESA LOUISE OSYPUK; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..analysis of data from a social experiment of voluntary neighborhood relocation using Section 8 Vouchers in 5 cities (the Moving to Opportunity, MTO, Study), to test how and why random assignment of an offer to move to a low-..
  62. Heroin Price, Purity and Outcomes Study
    Daniel H Ciccarone; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..shown significant ecological correlation between HIV prevalence among heroin injectors in western and eastern US cities and regional differences in the distribution of BTH and PH...
  63. Feasibility of Pharmacy-Based HIV Interventions among IDUs: 2 New England Cities
    PATRICIA L CASE; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This application is for a New England study, using two cities, Boston, MA and Providence, RI, USA and proposes a two-year scope of work that adopts the qualitative methodology ..
  64. MULTICITY STUDY OF QUALITY OF CARE FOR HIV-RELATED TB
    Charles Bennett; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..of care for HIV-related Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) and community acquired pneumonia (CAP) in several cities. In particular, we propose to assess the quality of TB care for HIV-infected individuals, both in-hospital (the ..
  65. Patterns of Drug Use and Abuse in the Brazilian Rave Culture
    James Inciardi; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Currently, ecstasy use has spread to most major cities in Brazil, and occurs primarily in rave and night-club settings...
  66. Generation of Electricity by Normal Human Movement
    MARTIN BELCHER; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..enabling people to use medical devices, cellular/satellite phones, laptop computers, and GPS as they move around cities or in the wilderness...
  67. Vector-Borne Disease Control in Urban Environments (RMI)
    John C Beier; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Vector-borne diseases, like malaria, dengue, West Nile, and Rift Valley Fever are major public health problems in cities throughout the world...
  68. MASSACHUSETTS 1987 SAFE ROADS ACT/TRAFFIC SAFETY PROGRAM
    Ralph Hingson; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..Massachusetts- Commonwealth Fund Traffic Safety Program will provide 3-year $280,000 grants to six Massachusetts cities with >500 annual traffic injuries...
  69. The Role of Dead Space Syringes in HIV Epidemics Amount IDU's - Drug Abuse Aspect
    William A Zule; Fiscal Year: 2010
    HIV continues to spread among injecting drug users (IDUs) in many countries around the world. In recent years, cities in Eastern Europe, the Russian Federation, India, China, and other parts of Asia have experienced rapid increases in ..
  70. EFFECTS OF AMBIENT AIR POLLUTANTS ON ANNUAL MORTALITY
    George Thurston; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Two prospective cohort studies (Harvard 6-cities and American Cancer Society) showed significant excess annual total, cardiopulmonary, and lung cancer mortality in ..
  71. INNER CITY COCKROACH ALLERGEN REDUCTION TRIAL
    Peyton Eggleston; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract): Although many factors contribute to the excess asthma morbidity and mortality in US inner cities, strong epidemiologic evidence now points to cockroach allergen exposure as an important risk factor...
  72. US STUDY OF SEMEN QUALITY IN PARTNERS OF PREGNANT WOMEN
    Shanna Swan; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..S. component of an international study of this design, begun in November 1996 in four European cities. Protocols and questionnaires in use in Europe will be adapted minimally, as necessary for U.S. populations...
  73. Keys to Successful Implementation of Street Outreach for Violence Prevention
    JENNIFER MENDEL; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..It also uses community mobilization and media campaigns to change social norms about the use of violence. Other cities are attempting to replicate all or some aspects of the CeaseFire model...
  74. SYRINGE ACCESS AND HIV RISK
    Merrill Singer; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..city correlates of safer and riskier acquisition, use and discard behaviors, this study will collect data in three cities, and in eight bounded neighborhoods within each city (for a total of 24 neighborhood sites)...