pakistan

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Top Publications

  1. ncbi Epidemiology of hepatitis C virus infection in Pakistan
    Nadeem Sajjad Raja
    Department of Medical Microbiology, Southend University Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Essex, United Kingdom
    J Microbiol Immunol Infect 41:4-8. 2008
  2. pmc Cognitive behaviour therapy-based intervention by community health workers for mothers with depression and their infants in rural Pakistan: a cluster-randomised controlled trial
    Atif Rahman
    School of Population, Community, and Behavioural Sciences, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK
    Lancet 372:902-9. 2008
  3. pmc Genetic diversity among Plasmodium falciparum field isolates in Pakistan measured with PCR genotyping of the merozoite surface protein 1 and 2
    Najia K Ghanchi
    Department of Pathology and Microbiology, Aga Khan University, Stadium Road, PO Box 3500, Karachi 74800, Pakistan
    Malar J 9:1. 2010
  4. pmc Frequency distribution of hepatitis C virus genotypes in different geographical regions of Pakistan and their possible routes of transmission
    Muhammad Idrees
    Division of Molecular Virology and Molecular Diagnostics, National Centre of Excellence in Molecular Biology, University of the Punjab, Lahore 53700, Pakistan
    BMC Infect Dis 8:69. 2008
  5. ncbi Identities, frequencies and origins of TMC1 mutations causing DFNB7/B11 deafness in Pakistan
    S I Kitajiri
    Laboratory of Molecular Genetics, National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, National Institutes of Health, Rockville, MD 20850 3320, USA
    Clin Genet 72:546-50. 2007
  6. ncbi Prevalence of metabolic syndrome in Pakistan
    Abdul Basit
    Baqai Medical University, Baqai Institute of Diabetology and Endocrinology, Karachi, Pakistan
    Metab Syndr Relat Disord 6:171-5. 2008
  7. ncbi Health seeking behaviour and health service utilization in Pakistan: challenging the policy makers
    Babar T Shaikh
    Department of Community Health Sciences, Aga Khan University Karachi, Pakistan
    J Public Health (Oxf) 27:49-54. 2005
  8. pmc Hepatitis C virus genotype 3a infection and hepatocellular carcinoma: Pakistan experience
    Muhammad Idrees
    Division of Molecular Virology and Molecular Diagnostics, National Centre of Excellence in Molecular Biology, University of the Punjab Lahore, 87 West Canal Bank Road Thokar Niaz Baig, Lahore 53700, Pakistan
    World J Gastroenterol 15:5080-5. 2009
  9. ncbi An account of the botanical anthelmintics used in traditional veterinary practices in Sahiwal district of Punjab, Pakistan
    Altaf Hussain
    Department of Veterinary Parasitology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad 38040, Pakistan
    J Ethnopharmacol 119:185-90. 2008
  10. ncbi Sustainable harvest of medicinal plants at Bulashbar Nullah, Astore (Northern Pakistan)
    Zabta Khan Shinwari
    Ethnobotany Project, WWF P World Wide Fund for Nature Pakistan, 34 D II, Sahibzada Abdul Qayum Road, University Town, Peshawar, Pakistan
    J Ethnopharmacol 84:289-98. 2003

Detail Information

Publications352 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Epidemiology of hepatitis C virus infection in Pakistan
    Nadeem Sajjad Raja
    Department of Medical Microbiology, Southend University Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Essex, United Kingdom
    J Microbiol Immunol Infect 41:4-8. 2008
    ..of the disease have been studied worldwide, but little is known about the epidemiology of HCV infection in Pakistan. This paper reviews the available evidence on the epidemiology of HCV infection in Pakistan obtained via MEDLINE ..
  2. pmc Cognitive behaviour therapy-based intervention by community health workers for mothers with depression and their infants in rural Pakistan: a cluster-randomised controlled trial
    Atif Rahman
    School of Population, Community, and Behavioural Sciences, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK
    Lancet 372:902-9. 2008
    ..We integrated a cognitive behaviour therapy-based intervention into the routine work of community-based primary health workers in rural Pakistan and assessed the effect of this intervention on maternal depression and infant outcomes.
  3. pmc Genetic diversity among Plasmodium falciparum field isolates in Pakistan measured with PCR genotyping of the merozoite surface protein 1 and 2
    Najia K Ghanchi
    Department of Pathology and Microbiology, Aga Khan University, Stadium Road, PO Box 3500, Karachi 74800, Pakistan
    Malar J 9:1. 2010
    ..However, limited data are available from Pakistan. This study aimed to establish molecular characterization of P...
  4. pmc Frequency distribution of hepatitis C virus genotypes in different geographical regions of Pakistan and their possible routes of transmission
    Muhammad Idrees
    Division of Molecular Virology and Molecular Diagnostics, National Centre of Excellence in Molecular Biology, University of the Punjab, Lahore 53700, Pakistan
    BMC Infect Dis 8:69. 2008
    Information regarding hepatitis C virus genotypes and subtypes circulating in Pakistan and various risk factors for their transmission are not known well...
  5. ncbi Identities, frequencies and origins of TMC1 mutations causing DFNB7/B11 deafness in Pakistan
    S I Kitajiri
    Laboratory of Molecular Genetics, National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, National Institutes of Health, Rockville, MD 20850 3320, USA
    Clin Genet 72:546-50. 2007
    ..R34X and other mutations of TMC1 are prevalent contributors to the genetic load of deafness across a variety of populations and continents...
  6. ncbi Prevalence of metabolic syndrome in Pakistan
    Abdul Basit
    Baqai Medical University, Baqai Institute of Diabetology and Endocrinology, Karachi, Pakistan
    Metab Syndr Relat Disord 6:171-5. 2008
    ..With the high prevalence of all of these metabolic risk factors, the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in Pakistan according to different definitions is reported to be from 18% to 46%, comparable to the data from other South ..
  7. ncbi Health seeking behaviour and health service utilization in Pakistan: challenging the policy makers
    Babar T Shaikh
    Department of Community Health Sciences, Aga Khan University Karachi, Pakistan
    J Public Health (Oxf) 27:49-54. 2005
    ..However, very few focused studies have been seen in Pakistan in this regard...
  8. pmc Hepatitis C virus genotype 3a infection and hepatocellular carcinoma: Pakistan experience
    Muhammad Idrees
    Division of Molecular Virology and Molecular Diagnostics, National Centre of Excellence in Molecular Biology, University of the Punjab Lahore, 87 West Canal Bank Road Thokar Niaz Baig, Lahore 53700, Pakistan
    World J Gastroenterol 15:5080-5. 2009
    To assess the association between chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in Pakistan, and the genotype distribution among these HCC patients.
  9. ncbi An account of the botanical anthelmintics used in traditional veterinary practices in Sahiwal district of Punjab, Pakistan
    Altaf Hussain
    Department of Veterinary Parasitology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad 38040, Pakistan
    J Ethnopharmacol 119:185-90. 2008
    The present study was aimed at documentation of botanical anthelmintics used in the traditional veterinary practices in Sahiwal district of Punjab, Pakistan.
  10. ncbi Sustainable harvest of medicinal plants at Bulashbar Nullah, Astore (Northern Pakistan)
    Zabta Khan Shinwari
    Ethnobotany Project, WWF P World Wide Fund for Nature Pakistan, 34 D II, Sahibzada Abdul Qayum Road, University Town, Peshawar, Pakistan
    J Ethnopharmacol 84:289-98. 2003
    ..Two species, Bunium persicum and Ephedra gerardiana, are recommended for in vitro cultivation to obtain quick benefits. While Hippophae rhamnoides can be sustainably used for socio-economic uplift of the local communities...
  11. ncbi Diclofenac residues as the cause of vulture population decline in Pakistan
    J Lindsay Oaks
    Department of Veterinary Microbiology and Pathology, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington 99164 7040, USA
    Nature 427:630-3. 2004
    ..In 2000, the Peregrine Fund initiated its Asian Vulture Crisis Project with the Ornithological Society of Pakistan, establishing study sites at 16 OWBV colonies in the Kasur, Khanewal and Muzaffargarh-Layyah Districts of ..
  12. ncbi The burden of road traffic injuries in developing countries: the 1st national injury survey of Pakistan
    Abdul Ghaffar
    Health Services Academy, Islamabad, Pakistan
    Public Health 118:211-7. 2004
    To assess the burden of road traffic injuries in Pakistan-a developing country in South Asia.
  13. pmc Neonatal mortality, risk factors and causes: a prospective population-based cohort study in urban Pakistan
    Imtiaz Jehan
    Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan
    Bull World Health Organ 87:130-8. 2009
    ..To evaluate the prevalence, sex distribution and causes of neonatal mortality, as well as its risk factors, in an urban Pakistani population with access to obstetric and neonatal care...
  14. ncbi Background demographics and risk behaviors of injecting drug users in Karachi, Pakistan
    Shehzad Parviz
    Community Health Sciences Department, The Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan
    Int J Infect Dis 10:364-71. 2006
    To find the prevalence of HIV infection and risk behaviors among injecting drug users (IDUs) in Karachi, Pakistan.
  15. ncbi DEET mosquito repellent provides personal protection against malaria: a household randomized trial in an Afghan refugee camp in Pakistan
    Mark Rowland
    HealthNet International, Peshawar, Pakistan
    Trop Med Int Health 9:335-42. 2004
    ..randomized trial was undertaken among a study population of 127 families (25%) in an Afghan refugee village in Pakistan to compare the efficacy of repellent soap (Mosbar containing 20% DEET and 0.5% permethrin) vs. a placebo lotion...
  16. ncbi Where do they go, whom do they consult, and why? Health-seeking behaviors in the northern areas of Pakistan
    Babar T Shaikh
    University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom
    Qual Health Res 18:747-55. 2008
    ..behaviors and determinants of health service utilization of people living in the rural Northern Areas of Pakistan. Data was gathered from 2004 to 2005 through 10 gender-specific focus group discussions...
  17. ncbi Variations in the population size, distribution and client volume among female sex workers in seven cities of Pakistan
    J F Blanchard
    Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, 750 Bannatyne Avenue, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
    Sex Transm Infect 84:ii24-7. 2008
    To describe the size and distribution of female sex worker (FSW) populations and the distribution of client-FSW encounters in seven major cities of Pakistan.
  18. ncbi Gender-based barriers to primary health care provision in Pakistan: the experience of female providers
    Zubia Mumtaz
    Centre for Population Studies, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK
    Health Policy Plan 18:261-9. 2003
    In common with several countries in South Asia, the Pakistan government health system has introduced cadres of community-based female health and family planning workers as a response to gender-based constraints on women's access to ..
  19. pmc Cataract prevalence, cataract surgical coverage and barriers to uptake of cataract surgical services in Pakistan: the Pakistan National Blindness and Visual Impairment Survey
    Z Jadoon
    Pakistan Institute of Community Ophthalmlogy, Kyber Institute of Ophthalmic Medical Sciences, Peshawar, Pakistan
    Br J Ophthalmol 91:1269-73. 2007
    ..of visual impairment and blindness caused by cataract, the prevalence of aphakia/pseudophakia, cataract surgical coverage (CSC) and to identify barriers to the uptake of cataract services among adults aged >or=30 years in Pakistan.
  20. ncbi The stem cell transplant program in Pakistan--the first decade
    Ts Shamsi
    Bismillah Taqee Institute of Health Sciences and Blood Diseases Center, Karachi, Pakistan
    Bone Marrow Transplant 42:S114-S117. 2008
    Stem cell transplantation is curative in a number of otherwise fatal hematological diseases. In Pakistan, SCT was started in October 1995 at Dr Ziauddin Hospital by Dr Tahir Shamsi and his team...
  21. ncbi High prevalence of hepatitis C virus infection in the largest province of Pakistan
    Muhammad Idrees
    Division of Virology and Molecular Diagnostics, National Center of Excellence in Molecular Biology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan
    J Dig Dis 9:95-103. 2008
    To estimate the prevalence and spectrum of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in the general population of Pakistan.
  22. ncbi Prescription practices of public and private health care providers in Attock District of Pakistan
    S Siddiqi
    Multi donor Support Unit, Social Action Programme, World Bank Bldg, Shatirah e Jamhuriyat, Sector G 5 1, Islamabad, Pakistan
    Int J Health Plann Manage 17:23-40. 2002
    ..A study from Attock District of Pakistan assessed this problem in the formal allopathic health sector and compared prescribing practices of health care ..
  23. ncbi Understanding gendered influences on women's reproductive health in Pakistan: moving beyond the autonomy paradigm
    Zubia Mumtaz
    Department of Public Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of Alberta, Canada
    Soc Sci Med 68:1349-56. 2009
    ..autonomy and the gendered social, cultural, economic and political realities of women's lives in rural Punjab, Pakistan. These inadequacies include: the concept's undue emphasis on women's independent, autonomous action; a lack of ..
  24. ncbi Hepatitis B virus genotypes, subgenotypes, precore, and basal core promoter mutations in the two largest provinces of Pakistan
    Choudhary Shoaib Ahmed
    Department of Infectious Diseases, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou 510515, China
    J Gastroenterol Hepatol 24:569-73. 2009
    Hepatitis B virus (HBV) genotyping has been done in most countries, but unfortunately, in Pakistan, HBV genotypic distribution is still unclear...
  25. ncbi Molecular characterization of Plasmodium vivax clinical isolates in Pakistan and Iran using pvmsp-1, pvmsp-3alpha and pvcsp genes as molecular markers
    Sedigheh Zakeri
    Malaria and Vector Research Group, Biotechnology Research Center, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, Iran
    Parasitol Int 59:15-21. 2010
    In this study, the diversity of Plasmodium vivax populations circulating in Pakistan and Iran has been investigated by using circumsporozoite protein (csp) and merozoite surface proteins 1 and 3alpha (msp-1 and msp-3alpha) genes as ..
  26. ncbi Life events, social support and depression in childbirth: perspectives from a rural community in the developing world
    A Rahman
    School of Psychiatry and Behavioural Sciences, University of Manchester
    Psychol Med 33:1161-7. 2003
    ..Disability associated with depression and its impact on infant health and development could have important public health implications for many developing countries where large proportions of the population are rural...
  27. ncbi An intervention involving traditional birth attendants and perinatal and maternal mortality in Pakistan
    Abdul Hakeem Jokhio
    Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences, Jamshoro, Sindh, Pakistan
    N Engl J Med 352:2091-9. 2005
    ..There are approximately 4 million neonatal deaths and half a million maternal deaths worldwide each year. There is limited evidence from clinical trials to guide the development of effective maternity services in developing countries...
  28. ncbi Control of malaria in Pakistan by applying deltamethrin insecticide to cattle: a community-randomised trial
    M Rowland
    HealthNet International, University Town, Peshawar, Pakistan
    Lancet 357:1837-41. 2001
    ..We aimed to investigate whether domestic livestock treated with deltamethrin (applied by a sponging method) would prove toxic to mosquitoes and therefore aid in malaria control...
  29. ncbi Prevalence of blindness and visual impairment in Pakistan: the Pakistan National Blindness and Visual Impairment Survey
    Mohammad Z Jadoon
    Pakistan Institute of Community Ophthalmology, Kyber Institute of Ophthalmic Medical Sciences, Peshawar, Pakistan
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 47:4749-55. 2006
    To determine the prevalence of blindness and visual impairment in adults aged 30 years and older in Pakistan and to assess socio-demographic risk factors.
  30. ncbi Prevalence of diabetes in Pakistan
    A S Shera
    Diabetic Association of Pakistan and WHO Collaborating Centre for Diabetes, 5 E 3, Nazimabad, Karachi 74600, Pakistan
    Diabetes Res Clin Pract 76:219-22. 2007
    ..performing a cross-sectional survey conducted earlier in the rural and urban areas of all the four provinces of Pakistan. The statistical analysis was performed from the obtained results by using SPSS version 12.0...
  31. pmc Prevalence of antimalarial drug resistance mutations in Plasmodium vivax and P. falciparum from a malaria-endemic area of Pakistan
    Lubna Khatoon
    Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Biological Sciences, Quaid i Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 81:525-8. 2009
    To study drug resistance in Bannu district, a malaria-endemic area in Pakistan, molecular-based analyses were undertaken...
  32. pmc Hepatitis C virus in Pakistan: a systematic review of prevalence, genotypes and risk factors
    Yasir Waheed
    NUST Center of Virology and Immunology, National University of Sciences and Technology, Sector H 12 Islamabad, Pakistan
    World J Gastroenterol 15:5647-53. 2009
    In Pakistan more than 10 million people are living with Hepatitis C virus (HCV), with high morbidity and mortality. This article reviews the prevalence, genotypes and factors associated with HCV infection in the Pakistani population...
  33. pmc Hepatitis B and hepatitis C in Pakistan: prevalence and risk factors
    Syed Asad Ali
    Institute for Global Health, Division of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee, 37203 1738, USA
    Int J Infect Dis 13:9-19. 2009
    b>Pakistan carries one of the world's highest burdens of chronic hepatitis and mortality due to liver failure and hepatocellular carcinomas...
  34. ncbi Correlates of injection use of synthetic drugs among drug users in Pakistan: a case controlled study
    Faran Emmanuel
    HIV AIDS Surveillance Project, AIDS Block, National Institute of Health, Chak Shehzad, Islamabad
    J Pak Med Assoc 56:119-24. 2006
    To assess the various correlates of injection of synthetic drugs among drug users in Pakistan.
  35. ncbi The growing burden of chronic kidney disease in Pakistan
    Tazeen H Jafar
    Section of Nephrology, Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan
    N Engl J Med 354:995-7. 2006
  36. ncbi Household knowledge and practices of newborn and maternal health in Haripur district, Pakistan
    R Khadduri
    Independent Health Consultant, formerly of Save the Children US, Islamabad, Pakistan
    J Perinatol 28:182-7. 2008
    ..To learn about household maternal and newborn health knowledge and practices to aid the design of newborn programming within Save the Children's Haripur Program...
  37. ncbi Effectiveness of the direct observation component of DOTS for tuberculosis: a randomised controlled trial in Pakistan
    J D Walley
    Nuffield Institute for Health, University of Leeds, UK
    Lancet 357:664-9. 2001
    DOTS is the control strategy for tuberculosis promoted by WHO. Pakistan is currently developing its National Tuberculosis Programme, and requires guidance on types of direct observation of treatment appropriate for the local conditions...
  38. pmc Challenges and opportunities in developing a psychological intervention for perinatal depression in rural Pakistan--a multi-method study
    A Rahman
    Division of Psychiatry, University of Manchester, Manchester, U K
    Arch Womens Ment Health 10:211-9. 2007
    ..We describe lessons learned from a multi-method formative study to develop and deliver a psychological intervention to depressed mothers and their infants through non-specialist village based health workers...
  39. ncbi Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in sheep and goats in Rahim Yar Khan (Punjab), Pakistan
    M Ramzan
    Department of Parasitology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, 38040, Pakistan
    Trop Anim Health Prod 41:1225-9. 2009
    ..In Pakistan, no data is available on this aspect among food animals...
  40. ncbi Difficulties in maintaining improved handwashing behavior, Karachi, Pakistan
    Stephen P Luby
    International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease, Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 81:140-5. 2009
    In an earlier study in Karachi, Pakistan, households that received free soap and handwashing promotion for 9 months reported 53% less diarrhea than controls...
  41. ncbi Pakistan--country profile of cancer and cancer control 1995-2004
    Yasmin Bhurgri
    Karachi Cancer Registry
    J Pak Med Assoc 56:124-30. 2006
  42. ncbi Epidemic of hepatitis E in a military unit in Abbotrabad, Pakistan
    Joe P Bryan
    Department of Preventive Medicine and Biometrics, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, Maryland 20814 4799, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 67:662-8. 2002
    An outbreak of hepatitis caused by hepatitis E virus (HEV) in Abbottabad, Pakistan was traced to fecal contamination of a water system...
  43. ncbi Incidence of acute respiratory infections in children 2 months to 5 years of age in periurban communities in Karachi, Pakistan
    Shaikh Qamaruddin Nizami
    Department of Pediatrics, The Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi
    J Pak Med Assoc 56:163-7. 2006
    ..To measure the incidence of acute respiratory infections and burden of respiratory pathogens in children aged two months to five years...
  44. ncbi Frequency of isolation of various subtypes and antimicrobial resistance of Shigella from urban slums of Karachi, Pakistan
    Afia Zafar
    Department of Pathology and Microbiology, Aga Khan University Hospitals, Stadium Road, PO Box 3500, Karachi 74800, Pakistan
    Int J Infect Dis 13:668-72. 2009
    ..Therefore we conducted a prospective study to determine the frequency of isolation of Shigella serotypes and antimicrobial resistance...
  45. ncbi Spousal abuse during pregnancy in Karachi, Pakistan
    Mufiza Farid
    Department of Community Health Sciences, Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet 101:141-5. 2008
    To determine the magnitude of and factors associated with spousal abuse during pregnancy in women presenting to tertiary care hospitals in Karachi, Pakistan.
  46. ncbi Prevalence of Helicobacter pylori pathogenicity-associated cagA and vacA genotypes among Pakistani dyspeptic patients
    Tanvir Ahmad
    Life Sciences Group, IAD, PINSTECH, Nilore, Islamabad, Pakistan
    FEMS Immunol Med Microbiol 55:34-8. 2009
    ..of virulence-associated genes, cagA, vacA and particularly vacA allelic variants among dyspeptic patients from Pakistan. Gastric biopsy samples were obtained from 78 adult patients presenting dyspepsia symptoms...
  47. ncbi Pan-resistant Acinetobacter infection in neonates in Karachi, Pakistan
    Ali Faisal Saleem
    Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, Aga Khan University, Karachi 74800, Pakistan
    J Infect Dev Ctries 4:30-7. 2010
    ..Pan-resistant Acinetobacter infection has emerged as an important nosocomial pathogen in our inpatient neonates over the past few years...
  48. ncbi HIV risk in Karachi and Lahore, Pakistan: an emerging epidemic in injecting and commercial sex networks
    Asma Bokhari
    National AIDS Control Programme, Ministry of Health, Government of Pakistan, Pakistan
    Int J STD AIDS 18:486-92. 2007
    ..sex workers (MSWs), Hijras (transgenders), female sex workers (FSWs) and male truckers in Karachi and Lahore, Pakistan. The design was a linked-anonymous cross-sectional study of individuals identified at key venues or through peer ..
  49. ncbi Quality of pharmacies in Pakistan: a cross-sectional survey
    Zahid A Butt
    World Health Organization, Campaign and Social Mobilization Cell, Islamabad, Punjab, Pakistan
    Int J Qual Health Care 17:307-13. 2005
    To estimate the proportion of pharmacies meeting licensing requirements and to identify factors associated with these pharmacies in urban Rawalpindi, Pakistan.
  50. ncbi Knowledge and practice of healthy lifestyle and dietary habits in medical and non-medical students of Karachi, Pakistan
    Rubina A Sajwani
    Department of Community Health Sciences, The Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan
    J Pak Med Assoc 59:650-5. 2009
    ..To objectively compare the differences in knowledge and practices regarding healthy lifestyle among medical and non-medical students of Karachi along with assessment of any perceived barriers...
  51. ncbi Ethnobotany of plants used by the Thari people of Nara Desert, Pakistan
    Rahmatullah Qureshi
    Pir Mehr Ali Shah Arid Agriculture University, Department of Botany, Murree Road, Rawalpindi Pakistan
    Fitoterapia 79:468-73. 2008
    ..the results of an ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plants used by the Thari people of the Nara Desert, Sindh, Pakistan. Fifty-one plant species distributed across 28 families and 43 genera were discovered to have medicinal uses by ..
  52. ncbi Depression and diabetes in a rural community in Pakistan
    Naeem Zahid
    Department of General Practice and Community Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
    Diabetes Res Clin Pract 79:124-7. 2008
    To determine the prevalence of depression amongst subjects with diabetes and associated risk factors in a rural area of Pakistan.
  53. ncbi Does child gender determine household decision for health care in rural Thatta, Pakistan?
    R Nuruddin
    Department of Community Health Sciences, Aga Khan University, Karachi 74800, Pakistan
    J Public Health (Oxf) 31:389-97. 2009
    In South Asia, gender disparity in child mortality is highest in Pakistan. We examined the influence of child gender on household decision regarding health care.
  54. ncbi Clinical and microbiological diagnosis of trachoma in children living in rural areas in the district of Attock, Punjab, Pakistan
    Pablo Goldschmidt
    Laboratoire du Centre Hospitalier National d Ophtalmologie des Quinze Vingts, Paris, France
    Ophthalmic Epidemiol 13:335-42. 2006
    ..Since the 1958 report indicating that the highest incidence of trachoma in Pakistan was found in the province of Punjab, no new trials have been published...
  55. ncbi Development of an improved genotyping assay for the detection of hepatitis C virus genotypes and subtypes in Pakistan
    Muhammad Idrees
    Division of Molecular Virology and Molecular Diagnostics, National Centre of Excellence in Molecular Biology, University of the Punjab, 87 West Canal Bank Road, Thokar Niaz Baig, Lahore, Pakistan
    J Virol Methods 150:50-6. 2008
    ..The data indicate that the method described in this study may offer better sensitivity and specificity for the detection directly of HCV genotypes present at low levels in HCV patient samples...
  56. pmc Implementing community-based perinatal care: results from a pilot study in rural Pakistan
    Zulfiqar A Bhutta
    Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan
    Bull World Health Organ 86:452-9. 2008
    This pilot study investigated the feasibility of delivering a package of community-based interventions for improving perinatal care using lady health workers (LHWs) and traditional birth attendants (Dais) in rural Pakistan.
  57. ncbi Chlorhexidine vaginal and neonatal wipes in home births in Pakistan: a randomized controlled trial
    S Saleem
    Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan
    Obstet Gynecol 110:977-85. 2007
    ..6% chlorhexidine vaginal and neonatal wipes to improve perinatal outcomes in home deliveries in Pakistan and the ability of traditional birth attendants and project staff to perform a randomized trial of this ..
  58. ncbi Prevalence of HIV, hepatitis B and C amongst health workers of Civil Hospital Karachi
    S Aziz
    Departments of Paediatrics, Pathology and Surgery, Sindh Institute of Urology and Transplantation, Sindh AIDS Control Program, Karachi
    J Pak Med Assoc 52:92-4. 2002
    ..To determine the prevalence of HIV, Hepatitis B (HBV) and Hepatitis C (HCV) amongst the health workers of Civil Hospital Karachi (CHK)...
  59. pmc Correlates of cigarette smoking among male college students in Karachi, Pakistan
    Shafquat Rozi
    Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Department of Community Health Sciences, Aga Khan University, Stadium Road, PO Box 3500, Karachi, Pakistan
    BMC Public Health 7:312. 2007
    ..Therefore, it is important to understand the factors that might influence their smoking habit. Our study aims to assess the influence of factors that encourage college students to smoke cigarettes...
  60. pmc Rise in childhood obesity with persistently high rates of undernutrition among urban school-aged Indo-Asian children
    T H Jafar
    Clinical Epidemiology Unit, Department of Community Health Sciences and Medicine, Aga Khan University, Stadium Road, Karachi, Pakistan
    Arch Dis Child 93:373-8. 2008
    ..Evidence for the transition in nutrition in Indo-Asian developing countries is lacking. We conducted these analyses to determine the trends in nutritional status of school-aged children in urban Pakistan.
  61. ncbi Insertion of beta-satellite repeats identifies a transmembrane protease causing both congenital and childhood onset autosomal recessive deafness
    H S Scott
    Division of Medical Genetics, University of Geneva Medical School, Geneve, Switzerland
    Nat Genet 27:59-63. 2001
    ..This is the first description of beta-satellite insertion into an active gene resulting in a pathogenic state, and the first description of a protease involved in hearing loss...
  62. ncbi Risky sexual behavior, knowledge of sexually transmitted infections and treatment utilization among a vulnerable population in Rawalpindi, Pakistan
    Naeem Hassan Saleem
    Canada Pakistan, HIV AIDS Surveillance Project HASP, Punjab AIDS Control Program, 7th Floor, LDA Plaza, Egerton Road, Lahore, Pakistan
    Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health 39:642-8. 2008
    ..A cross-sectional study preceded by mapping, was conducted in Rawalpindi, Pakistan during 2005. Subjects were recruited through snowball, time location cluster and cluster sampling techniques...
  63. ncbi An inventory of the ethnobotanicals used as anthelmintics in the southern Punjab (Pakistan)
    Abdul Jabbar
    Ethnoveterinary Research and Development Centre, Department of Veterinary Parasitology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad 38040, Pakistan
    J Ethnopharmacol 108:152-4. 2006
    A survey was conducted in southern Punjab, Pakistan, in order to document existing ethnobotanical knowledge by the herdsmen/key respondents about anthelmintics in ruminants...
  64. ncbi God should give daughters to rich families only: attitudes towards childbearing among low-income women in Punjab, Pakistan
    A Winkvist
    Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Umea University, Sweden
    Soc Sci Med 51:73-81. 2000
    We evaluated perceptions and experiences of bearing sons and daughters among 42 women in Punjab, Pakistan, with special emphasis on son preference, changes in women's status within the marital family and resulting health effects...
  65. pmc Contribution of BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations to breast and ovarian cancer in Pakistan
    Alexander Liede
    University of Toronto, Sunnybrook and Women s College Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Am J Hum Genet 71:595-606. 2002
    The population of Pakistan has been reported to have the highest rate of breast cancer of any Asian population (excluding Jews in Israel) and one of the highest rates of ovarian cancer worldwide...
  66. ncbi Ethnic differences in obesity among immigrants from developing countries, in Oslo, Norway
    B N Kumar
    Section of Preventive Medicine and Epidemiology, Department of Community Medicine and General Practice, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
    Int J Obes (Lond) 30:684-90. 2006
    ..To compare ethnic and gender differences in generalized and central obesity and to investigate whether these differences persisted after adjusting for socio-demographic and lifestyle factors...
  67. ncbi Prevalence of metabolic syndrome in urban Pakistan (Karachi): comparison of newly proposed International Diabetes Federation and modified Adult Treatment Panel III criteria
    M Zafar Iqbal Hydrie
    Department of International Health, Institute of General Practice and Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, Norway
    Metab Syndr Relat Disord 7:119-24. 2009
    ..the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in adults aged 25 years and older from an urban population of Karachi, Pakistan, according to the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) definition and modified Adult Treatment Panel III (ATP ..
  68. ncbi General practitioners' approach to hypertension in urban Pakistan: disturbing trends in practice
    Tazeen H Jafar
    Section of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, Aga Khan University, PO Box 3500, Stadium Road, Karachi, 74800, Pakistan
    Circulation 111:1278-83. 2005
    ..Control of blood pressure (BP) remains suboptimal worldwide. The objective of this study was to determine whether (primary) general practitioners' (GPs) approach to high BP is in accordance with international guidelines...
  69. ncbi Risk factors for hepatitis C virus infection in male adults in Rawalpindi-Islamabad, Pakistan
    A Bari
    Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Department of Community Health Sciences, The Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan
    Trop Med Int Health 6:732-8. 2001
    ..To identify risk factors associated with HCV infection in Islamabad-Rawalpindi...
  70. pmc Novel genotypes of H9N2 influenza A viruses isolated from poultry in Pakistan containing NS genes similar to highly pathogenic H7N3 and H5N1 viruses
    Munir Iqbal
    Division of Microbiology, Institute for Animal Health, Compton Laboratory, Compton, Newbury, Berkshire, UK
    PLoS ONE 4:e5788. 2009
    The impact of avian influenza caused by H9N2 viruses in Pakistan is now significantly more severe than in previous years...
  71. pmc Genetic variability in the precore and core promoter regions of hepatitis B virus strains in Karachi
    Zaigham Abbas
    Department of Hepatogastroenterology, Sindh Institute of Urology and Transplantation, Karachi, Pakistan
    BMC Gastroenterol 6:20. 2006
    ..The local prevalence of HBV genotypes and mutations has not been well studied. The aim of the present study is to determine the prevalence of HBV genotypes and mutations in the PC and BCP region in HBV strains in Karachi...
  72. pmc Temporal trends in hepatitis B and C infection in family blood donors from interior Sindh, Pakistan
    Syed Abdul Mujeeb
    Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre, Karachi, Pakistan
    BMC Infect Dis 8:43. 2008
    ..Earlier studies have reported increasing rates of hepatitis infection in Pakistan, particularly in rural areas. Pakistan has no active surveillance program to monitor trends of these infections...
  73. ncbi Epidemiology and clinical pattern of hepatitis delta virus infection in Pakistan
    Khalid Mumtaz
    Department of Medicine, The Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan
    J Gastroenterol Hepatol 20:1503-7. 2005
    The global epidemiology of hepatitis delta virus (HDV) infection is changing. This study was performed to determine the epidemiology and clinical impact of hepatitis delta in Pakistan.
  74. ncbi Obstacles to contraceptive use in Pakistan: a study in Punjab
    J B Casterline
    Policy Research Division, Population Council, New York, USA
    Stud Fam Plann 32:95-110. 2001
    The principal aim of this study is to assess the strength in Pakistan of a set of hypothesized obstacles to practicing contraception...
  75. ncbi Validation of verbal autopsy to determine the cause of 137 neonatal deaths in Karachi, Pakistan
    David R Marsh
    Office of Health, Save the Children Federation US, Westport, CT, USA
    Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 17:132-42. 2003
    ..Seriously ill neonates (n = 137) were enrolled from the Civil Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan, between 31 October 1993 and 31 July 1994...
  76. ncbi Irritable bowel syndrome and health seeking behaviour in different communities of Pakistan
    Wasim Jafri
    Department of Medicine, Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi
    J Pak Med Assoc 57:285-7. 2007
    To investigate the frequency of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and health seeking behaviour in patients belonging to different ethnic groups and their squatter settlements in two cities of Pakistan.
  77. pmc A nested-PCR-based schizodeme method for identifying Leishmania kinetoplast minicircle classes directly from clinical samples and its application to the study of the epidemiology of Leishmania tropica in Pakistan
    H A Noyes
    Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool L3 5QA, United Kingdom
    J Clin Microbiol 36:2877-81. 1998
    ..The nested PCR was tested for sensitivity on 20 samples from patients from the Timargara refugee camp, Pakistan. Samples were collected by scraping out a small amount of tissue with a scalpel from an incision at the edge of ..
  78. pmc Outcome of prenatal depression and risk factors associated with persistence in the first postnatal year: prospective study from Rawalpindi, Pakistan
    Atif Rahman
    Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, University of Manchester and Human Development Research Foundation, Islamabad, Pakistan
    J Affect Disord 100:115-21. 2007
    ..Prolonged depression during the postnatal period is associated with impaired infant growth and development. Little is known about the factors predicting the persistence of prenatal depression beyond the first few postnatal months...
  79. ncbi Delayed cuticular penetration and enhanced metabolism of deltamethrin in pyrethroid-resistant strains of Helicoverpa armigera from China and Pakistan
    Mushtaq Ahmad
    Central Cotton Research Institute, Multan, Pakistan
    Pest Manag Sci 62:805-10. 2006
    ..These findings show that the resistant Pakistani and Chinese strains of H. armigera possess mechanisms of reduced cuticular penetration and enhanced metabolism of deltamethrin and perhaps other pyrethroids...
  80. ncbi Prevalence and social correlates of postnatal depression in a low income country
    N Husain
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Canada
    Arch Womens Ment Health 9:197-202. 2006
    ..We aimed to explore the prevalence of postnatal depression and its association with social support and other risk factors in a sample of Pakistani women...
  81. pmc Assessment and management of children aged 1-59 months presenting with wheeze, fast breathing, and/or lower chest indrawing; results of a multicentre descriptive study in Pakistan
    T Hazir
    The Children s Hospital, Islamabad, Pakistan
    Arch Dis Child 89:1049-54. 2004
    ..To improve the WHO case management guidelines, more data is needed about the clinical outcome in children with wheezing/pneumonia overlap...
  82. pmc Incremental cost-effectiveness of supplementary immunization activities to prevent neonatal tetanus in Pakistan
    Ulla K Griffiths
    Department of Immunization, Vaccines, and Biologicals, World Health Organization, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland
    Bull World Health Organ 82:643-51. 2004
    ..estimate the incremental cost-effectiveness of supplementary immunization activities to prevent neonatal tetanus in the Loralai district of Pakistan. The supplemental immunization activities were carried out in two phases during 2001-03.
  83. ncbi Fatal Sarcoptes scabiei infection of blue sheep (Pseudois nayaur) in Pakistan
    M P Dagleish
    Moredun Research Institute, Pentlands Science Park, Bush Loan, Penicuik, Near Edinburgh, EH26 OPZ Scotland, UK
    J Wildl Dis 43:512-7. 2007
    ..from a blue sheep (Pseudois nayaur) from the Shimshali Pamir in the Karakorum range of the western Himalaya in Pakistan (36 degrees 28'N, 75 degrees 36'E)...
  84. ncbi Knowledge regarding management of tuberculosis among general practitioners in northern areas of Pakistan
    Romana Shehzadi
    Section of Pulmonary Medicine, The Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi
    J Pak Med Assoc 55:174-6. 2005
    To assess the knowledge of General Practitioners (GPs)in NWFP and northern areas of Pakistan regarding diagnosis and management of tuberculosis.
  85. ncbi Comparative features and outcomes of malaria at a tertiary care hospital in Karachi, Pakistan
    M A Beg
    Department of Pathology and Microbiology, The Aga Khan University, Stadium Road, PO Box 3500, Karachi 74800, Pakistan
    Int J Infect Dis 12:37-42. 2008
    ..A comparison of clinical and laboratory features, diagnostic methods, drug treatment, and outcomes for patients hospitalized with malaria by Plasmodium species...
  86. ncbi Sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine, chlorproguanil-dapsone, or chloroquine for the treatment of Plasmodium vivax malaria in Afghanistan and Pakistan: a randomized controlled trial
    Toby Leslie
    HealthNet TPO Malaria and Leishmaniasis Control Programme, Peshawar, Northwest Frontier Province, Pakistan
    JAMA 297:2201-9. 2007
    ..The antifolates are an important and affordable antimalarial class to which it is often assumed P vivax malaria is intrinsically resistant...
  87. ncbi Assessment of water quality of Manchar Lake in Sindh (Pakistan)
    Ghulam Murtaza Mastoi
    M A Kazi Institute of Chemistry, University of Sindh, Jamshoro 76080, Sindh, Pakistan
    Environ Monit Assess 141:287-96. 2008
    Manchar Lake is the largest natural freshwater lake in Pakistan. The Lake has received less fresh water in past few years. In addition, drainage water is being discharged in the Lake through Main Nara Valley Drain (MNVD) since many years...
  88. pmc Knowledge of modifiable risk factors of heart disease among patients with acute myocardial infarction in Karachi, Pakistan: a cross sectional study
    Muhammad S Khan
    Department of Community Health Sciences, Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan
    BMC Cardiovasc Disord 6:18. 2006
    ..of knowledge of modifiable risk factors and determined the factors associated with good level of knowledge among patients presenting with their first acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in a tertiary care hospital in Karachi, Pakistan.
  89. pmc Status of children's blood lead levels in Pakistan: implications for research and policy
    Muhammad Masood Kadir
    Department of Community Health Sciences, Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan
    Public Health 122:708-15. 2008
    Data on blood lead levels, sources of lead and health effects were reviewed among children in Pakistan.
  90. ncbi Lens opacities in adults in Pakistan: prevalence and risk factors
    Shaheen P Shah
    International Centre for Eye Health, Clinical Research Unit, Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London
    Ophthalmic Epidemiol 14:381-9. 2007
    To investigate the prevalence and risk factors for lens opacity (LO) amongst a nationally representative sample of the adult population of Pakistan.
  91. pmc The role of son preference in reproductive behaviour in Pakistan
    R Hussain
    School of Health, University of New England, Armidale, NSW, Australia
    Bull World Health Organ 78:379-88. 2000
    The sex of surviving children is an important determinant of reproductive behaviour in South Asia in general and Pakistan in particular...
  92. ncbi Incidence of blinding vitamin A deficiency in North West Frontier Province and its adjoining Federally Administered Tribal Areas, Pakistan
    Mohammad Aman Khan
    Pakistan Institute of Community Ophthalmology, Hayatabad Medical Complex, Hayatabad, Peshawar, Pakistan
    Ophthalmic Epidemiol 16:2-7. 2009
    ..in the North West Frontier Province (NWFP) and its adjoining Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) in Pakistan, using a new surveillance system, and to describe socio-economic and other characteristics of reported cases.
  93. ncbi Marching toward the Millennium Development Goals: what about health systems, health-seeking behaviours and health service utilization in Pakistan?
    Babar T Shaikh
    Health Policy and Management Program, Department of Community Health Sciences, Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan
    World Health Popul 10:16-24. 2008
    ..changes in policy as well as extensive reforms and strong inter-sectoral coordination in the healthcare system of Pakistan. While aiming for such macro-level achievements, it is imperative to analyze the on-the-ground realities of any ..
  94. ncbi Translation and cultural adaptation of health questionnaires
    A Rahman
    School of Psychiatry and Behavioural Sciences, University of Manchester, UK
    J Pak Med Assoc 53:142-7. 2003
    Health research in Pakistan often requires questionnaires in English language developed in the West to be translated into the local language...
  95. pmc Resource allocation and budgetary mechanisms for decentralized health systems: experiences from Balochistan, Pakistan
    A Green
    Nuffield Institute for Health, University of Leeds, England
    Bull World Health Organ 78:1024-35. 2000
    ..and budgetary system for the public health sector, using experience gained in the Province of Balochistan, Pakistan. The resource allocation and budgetary system is a critical, yet often neglected, component of any ..
  96. ncbi Stroke in Pakistan
    Bhojo A Khealani
    Department of Medicine, Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi
    J Pak Med Assoc 58:400-3. 2008
    ..Though the incidence is falling in West but probably is rising in Asia. The burden of stroke risk factors in Pakistan is enormous e.g. by 2020 Pakistan will be 4th most populous country in terms of diabetic patients...
  97. ncbi Ascaris lumbricoides among children in rural communities in the Northern Area, Pakistan: prevalence, intensity, and associated socio-cultural and behavioral risk factors
    Hiroshi Nishiura
    Department of Public Health, School of Medicine, Miyazaki Medical College, 5200 Kihara, Kiyotake, Japan
    Acta Trop 83:223-31. 2002
    ..prevalence and intensity of Ascaris lumbricoides in 492 children from five rural villages in the Northern Area of Pakistan was examined. The overall prevalence of A. lumbricoides was 91% (95%CI 88.6-93...
  98. ncbi Population-based surveillance for severe rotavirus gastroenteritis in children in Karachi, Pakistan
    Romena Qazi
    Department of Pathology and Microbiology, The Aga Khan University, Stadium Road, Karachi, Pakistan
    Vaccine 27:F25-30. 2009
    ..genotypes in children less than five years of age was determined in two low-income communities in Karachi, Pakistan. Over a two-year period, 717 children met eligibility criteria for severe diarrhoea and stools were obtained from ..
  99. ncbi Determinants of low birth weight in urban Pakistan
    Naveed Zafar Janjua
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1665 University Blvd, RPHB 430, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
    Public Health Nutr 12:789-98. 2009
    To identify determinants of low birth weight (LBW) in Karachi, Pakistan, including environmental exposures and nutritional status of the mother during pregnancy.
  100. ncbi Birth weight predicts response to vaccination in adults born in an urban slum in Lahore, Pakistan
    Sophie E Moore
    Medical Research Council International Nutrition Group, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    Am J Clin Nutr 80:453-9. 2004
    ..Evidence is also emerging that some components of immune function may be programmed in early life. However, this evidence is limited and requires confirmation...
  101. ncbi Recycling of injection equipment in Pakistan
    Syed Abdul Mujeeb
    Jinnah Post Graduate Medical Center, Karachi, Pakistan
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 24:145-6. 2003

Research Grants62

  1. Exposure to Indoor Air Pollutants and Birth Outcomes
    Amna Siddiqui; Fiscal Year: 2005
    Overall 25% of the children born in Pakistan are low birth weight (LBW), defined as birth weight of less than 2500 grams. LBW is associated with increased risk of mortality, morbidity, and poor psychosocial and physical development...
  2. Feasibility Study of Probiotics for Growth Faltering
    Christine Wanke; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..for height and weight for age z scores before and after the time of weaning in children in a slum community in Pakistan. This study will examine the feasibility of enrolling infants at birth, following them weekly at home until the ..
  3. Comprehensive biomarker study to capitalize on existing GWAS in 10K South Asians
    Danish Saleheen; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..By funding additional biomarker studies, NHLBI can bring this unique study into the NHLBI GWAS portfolio. The Pakistan Risk of Myocardial Infarction Study (PROMIS) is internationally unique because in a South Asian population it has ..
  4. A Culturally Tailored LIfestyle Intervention to Prevent Diabetes in South Asians:
    KABAYAM M VENKAT NARAYAN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: The South Asian Community, people with origins in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Maldives, Nepal, Sri Lanka, or Bhutan, are more likely to get diabetes, get diabetes at younger ages,..
  5. Mediators of Atherosclerosis in South Asians Living in America
    Alka M Kanaya; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): South Asians (individuals from India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka) represent a quarter of the world's population and are one of the fasting growing ethnic groups in the United ..
  6. Phages and Genomic Variation in Vibrio Cholerae Evolution
    JOHN JOSEPH MEKALANOS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Cholera epidemics in 2010 in Africa, Pakistan, and Haiti remind us that further investigation of this disease is warranted. The ability of V...
  7. Establishment of a bioresource for discovery and evaluation of genetic and other
    Danish Saleheen; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..provided by applicant): The RACE (Risk Assessment of Cerebrovascular Events) Study is a nascent bioresource in Pakistan that aims to study of the genetic and other determinants of stroke in South Asia...
  8. Markers of the metabolic syndrome linking type 2 diabetes and MI in South Asia
    Danish Saleheen; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The Pakistan Risk of Myocardial Infarction Study (PROMIS) provides an internationally unique opportunity to conduct such ..
  9. Genetic Basis of Moderate to Severe Hearing Loss in Pakistan
    Sadaf Naz; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..plan to: a) Enroll large consanguineous families with recessively inherited moderate to severe hearing loss from Pakistan, b) Discover novel loci by performing genome-wide linkage analyses on the collected samples &c) Identify the ..
  10. South Asian Health: From Research to Practice and Policy
    Latha P Palaniappan; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..5 million. This population, which hails largely from India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Nepal, has staggering cardiovascular and cancer risk...
  11. Infectious Diseases and Child Health in Pakistan Research Training Program.
    Anita K M Zaidi; Fiscal Year: 2013
    Project Summary Infectious diseases are the biggest killers of children in Pakistan, causing 60% of all child deaths under 5 years of age...
  12. Burden of RSV and Influenza Virus in Children in Pakistan
    Syed Asad Ali; Fiscal Year: 2012
    b>Pakistan has the fourth highest number of child deaths in the world with more than 500,000 children dying annually before the age of 5 years. Nearly one quarter of this mortality is due to lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI)...
  13. Prenatal Lead Exposures in Pakistan: A Prelude to Prevention
    Nalini Sathiakumar; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Lead toxicity remains a major environmental health risk throughout the world. Pakistan and South Asian countries consider phasing-out of leaded gasoline as an adequate measure for control of lead...
  14. Functional characterization of Orientia tsutsugamushi ankryin repeat proteins
    Jason A Carlyon; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..S. Marines training at a military base in Japan, and the prevalence of scrub typhus in Afghanistan and Pakistan where U.S. troops are deployed, echoes the risk of U.S. soldiers for the disease...
  15. Brain Research to Ameliorate Impaired Neurodevelopment-Home-based Intervention
    Waldemar A Carlo; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..utilizing established multidisciplinary collaborations between researchers in the US, Zambia, India, and Pakistan who currently work as part of the NICHD Global Network for Women's and Children's Research on an early ..
  16. Vanderbilt University-CIDRZ AIDS International Training and Research Program
    Sten H Vermund; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We now seek to renew our AITRP with a continued focus on Zambia (since 1998), Pakistan (since 1994), India (since 2000), China (since 2000), and our newest partnership in Mozambique (VU training ..
  17. Columbia University/Aga Khan University Global Network Research Unit
    Robert L Goldenberg; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..b>Pakistan, with a population of 180,000,000 people and some of the highest maternal, fetal and neonatal mortality rates ..
  18. Localization of nonsyndromic hearing impairment genes
    SUZANNE MARGARET LEAL; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..NSHI loci and NSHI loci with unknown genes, pedigrees segregating NSHI are being ascertained from throughout Pakistan. These pedigrees are usually both consanguineous and can independently establish linkage...
  19. International Cerebrovascular Translational Clinical Research Training Program
    Saad Shafqat; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..skills and aptitude to perform clinical research on stroke which has relevance and applicability to the needs of Pakistan.This goal will be achieved by a three year training program whose first year will be dedicated to the acquisition ..
  20. Molecular Basis of Hereditary Retinal Degenerations
    Radha Ayyagari; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The molecular basis of hereditary retinal diseases in inbred populations from Pakistan, India, and Mexico has not been well studied...
  21. South Asian Hub for Advocacy, Research &Education on Mental Health (SHARE)
    Atif Rahman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..A partner core will be simultaneously set up in the Institute of Psychiatry, Rawalpindi, Pakistan. The two cores will form the twin 'hearts'of a larger network of academic, research, user/carer and ..
  22. AKU Global Network Research Unit
    Robert L Goldenberg; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..5 years ago, the University of Alabama at Birmingham (DAB) and the Aga Khan University (AKU), in Karachi, Pakistan competed for and were awarded a Research Unit within the Global Network (GN)...
  23. UAB-International Training and Research in Environmental and Occupational Health
    Nalini Sathiakumar; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Birmingham (DAB) ITREOH, a collaborative research training effort with the Aga Khan University (AKU) of Karachi, Pakistan, seeks to expand its training and research collaboration in South Asia...
  24. Masters in Research Ethics at Aga Khan University
    Aasim Ahmad; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..and individuals representing key institutions involved in healthcare and research from within the region and Pakistan. The specific aim is to train 240 key personnel, carefully selected for their potential to have a maximum impact ..
  25. International Collaborative Trauma and Injury Research Training
    Junaid Abdul Razzak; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The overall goal of the new Johns Hopkins-Pakistan International Collaborative Trauma and Injury Research Training Program (JHU-Pak ICTIRT) is to strengthen research capacity on acute care of trauma ..
  26. Community management of mental retardation in Pakistan: An exploratory study
    Ilyas Mirza; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The stigma associated with these disorders is also a barrier to help seeking. Pakistan, a low income country, has the highest level of reported mental retardation among the low- middle- income ..
  27. South Asians Engaging in Hypertension Awareness & Treatment (SAEHAT)
    Jyotsna Changrani; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..South Asian immigrants, from countries including India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh, are among the fastest growing segment of our population. The U.S. is home to over 1...
  28. Chronic Kidney Disease in the Pakistani Population
    Tazeen Jafar; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Principal Investigator/Program Director (Last, First, Middle): Jafar, Tazeen H Project Summary / Abstract Pakistan is a developing Indo Asian country facing an epidemic of chronic diseases including hypertension, diabetes, and ..
  29. STRUCTURAL BASIS FOR ROTAVIRUS ENTRY INTO CELLS
    PHILIP DORMITZER; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..interest in scientific approaches to clinically important infectious diseases was inspired by work in Zaire and Pakistan while a biological anthropology student at Harvard College...
  30. Pakistan Bioethics Program-Gateway to the Islamic World
    Asad Raja; Fiscal Year: 2003
    Our ultimate goal is to improve the conduct of human subjects research in Pakistan and the Islamic world by strengthening capacity in bioethics and particularly in research ethics. The specific objectives of this planning grant are: 1...
  31. SKELETAL DYSPLASIAS OF PAKISTAN
    Daniel Cohn; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..and radiographic definition, and determination of the inheritance pattern in skeletal dysplasia families in Pakistan. In selected families with novel phenotypes, blood collection for molecular genetic studies will also be ..
  32. UAB-AKU: Intl Maternal & Child Health Research/Training
    Sibylle Kristensen; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..scientists to contribute to maternal and child health research efforts by addressing factors appropriate to Pakistan which contribute to poor pregnancy outcomes and the poor health status of mothers and children in Pakistan...
  33. HEALTH SERVICES RESEARCH FOR MOTHERS IN RURAL PAKISTAN
    FRAID MIDHET; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..This project is implemented through a quasi-experimental design with about 16 villages serving as intervention sites and another 16 as control sites. ..
  34. Hypertension and Renal Disease in the Pakistani Populat*
    Andrew Levey; Fiscal Year: 2004
    b>Pakistan is a low-income developing country with five major ethnic subpopulations, each with distinct language, cultural practices, dietary habits, health beliefs, and behaviors...
  35. TS PROPHYLAXIS AND DRUG-RESISTANT MALARIA IN MALAWI
    CHRISTOPHER PLOWE; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  36. Randomized, controlled trial of daily trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole or weekly chl
    CHRISTOPHER PLOWE; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  37. DRUG-RESISTANT MALARIA IN MALAWI
    CHRISTOPHER PLOWE; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  38. TS PROPHYLAXIS AND DRUG-RESISTANT MALARIA IN MALAWI
    CHRISTOPHER PLOWE; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  39. Strengthening social capital to reduce youth violence
    Trudy Harpham; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The project enables cross-fertilization of research on youth violence between US, European and institutions in the South, which has been limited to date. ..
  40. " Evaluating a Microeconomic Intervention for High Risk Women in India"
    SUSAN GAIL SHERMAN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Ultimately, the evaluation will provide the cost effectiveness of such an intervention as well as the impact on HIV/STI incidence and risky behaviors. ..
  41. Obesity, Oxidative Stress, and Diabetes in Older Adults
    Alka Kanaya; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..If these markers are implicated in causing diabetes, then this would lead to testing whether vitamins or other supplements that target these markers may decrease the risk of diabetes in obese individuals. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  42. HOST IMMUNOREGULATION OF ANTILEISHMANIAL CHEMOTHERAPY
    Henry Murray; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..And Aim 3: Characterize immunostimulation in AmB's efficacy, and in recrudescent infection following AmB therapy, pinpoint the likely cytokine-driven T cell mechanism which prevents post-treatment relapse. ..
  43. HBV vaccination in young drug users
    Irene Kuo; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  44. Reduce Transmission Risks & Improve HCV Treatment Access
    Steffanie Strathdee; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  45. Demographic Models of Multiracial Population Growth
    Joshua Goldstein; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  46. HIV BEHAVIORS IN INJECTING AND NONINJECTING DRUG USERS
    Susan Sherman; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Additionally, we are complementing our research with the inclusion of NIUs of whom we will compare and contrast with our new injectors and, observe factors associated with the transition into an injecting career. ..
  47. BACTERIAL LIVE VECTOR-BASED VACCINE AGAINST MALARIA
    Myron Levine; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..falciparum, and by these effects working in concert, we will ultimately be able to prevent disease completely in some subjects and to markedly ameliorate disease severity in others. ..
  48. Domoic Acid and Neonatal Microglia Activation
    Alejandro Mayer; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..activated microglia cells and their mediators play in DOM-induced excitotoxic neuronal injury and thus contribute to potential novel approaches for the therapy of the neuropathology associated with Amnesic Shellfish Poisoning in humans ..
  49. Archiving the Charleston Heart Study
    Paul Nietert; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  50. Int'l Society for Trace Elements Research in Humans
    Harold Sandstead; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  51. Micronutrients, stroke and cognition in aging
    Irwin Rosenberg; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  52. Bone Response to Soy Isoflavones in Women
    D Lee Alekel; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ....
  53. Zn & Maternal-Infant Brain Function in S. Ethiopia: Randomized Controlled Trials
    K Hambidge; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  54. Host Immunoregulation of Response to Antileishmanial Chemotherapy
    Henry Murray; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  55. Metabolic Syndrome and Atherosclerosis in South Asians
    Alka Kanaya; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..End of Abstract) [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  56. RECOMBINANT & LIVE ORAL SALMONELLA TYPHI HYBRID VACCINES
    Myron Levine; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  57. Curriculum in emerging infectious disease transmission (RMI)
    Megan Murray; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  58. Renal Transplantation, Homocysteine Lowering & Cognition
    Irwin Rosenberg; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Demonstrating the cognitive benefits of lowering homocysteine may pave the way to nutritional modification of cognitive decline in RTRs and other high-risk groups and even in the general population. ..
  59. MACROPHAGE IRON METABOLISM AND TUBERCULOSIS INFECTION
    Megan Murray; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..tuberculosis may help identify those at high risk for disease progression and lead to therapeutic interventions aimed at reducing macrophage iron stores. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  60. MOLECULAR MECHANISMS OF EIAV PERSISTENCE
    JERALD OAKS; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..These studies will provide insight into HIV persistence in HAART patients, and potentially provide a model that can be used to evaluate strategies for actual elimination of lentiviral infections. ..