- Are self-reports of health and morbidities in developing countries misleading? Evidence from India
S V Subramanian
Harvard School of Public Health, Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Boston, MA, USA
Soc Sci Med 68:260-5. 2009
..we tested whether the association between self-reported poor health/morbidities and socioeconomic status (SES) in India follows the expected direction or not...
- Empowering sex workers in India to reduce vulnerability to HIV and sexually transmitted diseases
Center for Community Health, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
Soc Sci Med 69:1157-66. 2009
The Sonagachi Project was initiated in Kolkata, India in 1992 as a STD/HIV intervention for sex workers. The project evolved to adopt strategies common to women's empowerment programs globally (i.e...
- Open-angle glaucoma in an urban population in southern India: the Andhra Pradesh eye disease study
Public Health Ophthalmology Service, L V Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad, India
Ophthalmology 107:1702-9. 2000
To assess the prevalence and features of open-angle glaucoma in an urban population in southern India.
- Estimating wealth effects without expenditure data--or tears: an application to educational enrollments in states of India
Development Research Group, World Bank, 1818 H Street NW, Washington, DC 20433, USA
Demography 38:115-32. 2001
Using data from India, we estimate the relationship between household wealth and children's school enrollment...
- Characterization of a new metallo-beta-lactamase gene, bla(NDM-1), and a novel erythromycin esterase gene carried on a unique genetic structure in Klebsiella pneumoniae sequence type 14 from India
Yonsei University College of Medicine, Research Institute of Antimicrobial Resistance, Seoul, Republic of Korea
Antimicrob Agents Chemother 53:5046-54. 2009
A Swedish patient of Indian origin traveled to New Delhi, India, and acquired a urinary tract infection caused by a carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae strain that typed to the sequence type 14 complex...
- Effect of community-based behaviour change management on neonatal mortality in Shivgarh, Uttar Pradesh, India: a cluster-randomised controlled trial
International Center for Advancing Neonatal Health, Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
Lancet 372:1151-62. 2008
In rural India, most births take place in the home, where high-risk care practices are common...
- Reduction of catastrophic health care expenditures by a community-based health insurance scheme in Gujarat, India: current experiences and challenges
Michael Kent Ranson
Health Policy Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, England
Bull World Health Organ 80:613-21. 2002
- Declines in risk behaviour and sexually transmitted infection prevalence following a community-led HIV preventive intervention among female sex workers in Mysore, India
Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada
AIDS 22:S91-100. 2008
..community-led intervention programme for reducing sexual risk among female sex workers (FSW) in Mysore, India. The key programme components were: community mobilization and peer-mediated outreach; increasing access to and ..
- Containing HIV/AIDS in India: the unfinished agenda
Avahan India AIDS Initiative, The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, New Delhi, India
Lancet Infect Dis 6:508-21. 2006
b>India's HIV epidemic is not yet contained and prevention in populations most at risk (high-risk groups) needs to be enhanced and expanded...
- Angle-closure glaucoma in an urban population in southern India. The Andhra Pradesh eye disease study
Public Health Ophthalmology Service, L V Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad, India
Ophthalmology 107:1710-6. 2000
To assess the prevalence and features of angle-closure glaucoma (ACG) in an urban population in southern India.
- A nationally representative case-control study of smoking and death in India
Centre for Global Health Research, St Michael s Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada
N Engl J Med 358:1137-47. 2008
The nationwide effects of smoking on mortality in India have not been assessed reliably.
- Updating phylogeny of mitochondrial DNA macrohaplogroup m in India: dispersal of modern human in South Asian corridor
Anthropological Survey of India, Southern Regional Centre, Bogadi, Mysore, India
PLoS ONE 4:e7447. 2009
..chosen from a total collection of 2,783 control-region sequences, sampled from 26 selected tribal populations of India. On the basis of complete mtDNA sequencing, we identified 12 new haplogroups--M53 to M64; redefined/ascertained ..
- Trends in hypertension epidemiology in India
Department of Medicine, Monilek Hospital and Research Centre, Jawahar Nagar, Jaipur, India
J Hum Hypertens 18:73-8. 2004
Cardiovascular diseases caused 2.3 million deaths in India in the year 1990; this is projected to double by the year 2020...
- Responding to the threat of chronic diseases in India
K Srinath Reddy
Department of Cardiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi 110029, India
Lancet 366:1744-9. 2005
At the present stage of India's health transition, chronic diseases contribute to an estimated 53% of deaths and 44% of disability-adjusted life-years lost. Cardiovascular diseases and diabetes are highly prevalent in urban areas...
- Polarity and temporality of high-resolution y-chromosome distributions in India identify both indigenous and exogenous expansions and reveal minor genetic influence of Central Asian pastoralists
Human Genetics Unit, Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata, India
Am J Hum Genet 78:202-21. 2006
..Our reappraisal indicates that pre-Holocene and Holocene-era--not Indo-European--expansions have shaped the distinctive South Asian Y-chromosome landscape...
- Effect of a participatory intervention with women's groups on birth outcomes and maternal depression in Jharkhand and Orissa, India: a cluster-randomised controlled trial
Ekjut, Chakradharpur, Jharkhand, India
Lancet 375:1182-92. 2010
Community mobilisation through participatory women's groups might improve birth outcomes in poor rural communities. We therefore assessed this approach in a largely tribal and rural population in three districts in eastern India.
- Medicinal plants of India with anti-diabetic potential
J K Grover
Department of Pharmacology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi 110049, India
J Ethnopharmacol 81:81-100. 2002
..Ayurveda and other Indian literature mention the use of plants in treatment of various human ailments. India has about 45000 plant species and among them, several thousands have been claimed to possess medicinal properties...
- Power, community mobilization, and condom use practices among female sex workers in Andhra Pradesh, India
Kim M Blankenship
Department of Sociology, Duke Global Health Institute, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27708, USA
AIDS 22:S109-16. 2008
- Persistence of high maternal mortality in Koppal district, Karnataka, India: observed service delivery constraints
Indian Institute of Management Bangalore, India
Reprod Health Matters 15:91-102. 2007
..complications access many health providers in Koppal, the poorest district in the state of Karnataka, south India. Yet they die...
- Association of maternal height with child mortality, anthropometric failure, and anemia in India
S V Subramanian
Department of Society, Human Development, and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
JAMA 301:1691-701. 2009
..Research on intergenerational factors that might also predispose a child to increased health adversity remains limited...
- Prospective study of one million deaths in India: rationale, design, and validation results
Centre for Global Health Research, Public Health Sciences, St Michael s Hospital, McLaughlin Centre for Molecular Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
PLoS Med 3:e18. 2006
Over 75% of the annual estimated 9.5 million deaths in India occur in the home, and the large majority of these do not have a certified cause...
- Risk factor profile for chronic non-communicable diseases: results of a community-based study in Kerala, India
K R Thankappan
Achutha Menon Centre for Health Science Studies, Department of Biochemistry, Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology, Thiruvananthapuram, India
Indian J Med Res 131:53-63. 2010
Kerala State is a harbinger of what will happen in future to the rest of India in chronic non-communicable diseases (NCD)...
- Regular use of alcohol and tobacco in India and its association with age, gender, and poverty
K J Neufeld
Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA
Drug Alcohol Depend 77:283-91. 2005
This study provides national estimates of regular tobacco and alcohol use in India and their associations with gender, age, and economic group obtained from a representative survey of 471,143 people over the age of 10 years in 1995-96, ..
- Antenatal care: provision and inequality in rural north India
Opportunities and Choices Programme of Reproductive Health Research and School of Nursing and Midwifery, University of Southampton, Southampton SO16 5YA, UK
Soc Sci Med 59:1147-58. 2004
The objectives of this paper are to examine factors associated with use of antenatal care in rural areas of north India, to investigate access to specific critical components of care and to study differences in the pattern of services ..
- Baseline integrated behavioural and biological assessment among most at-risk populations in six high-prevalence states of India: design and implementation challenges
Family Health International, 4401 Wilson Boulevard, Arlington, VA 22201, USA
AIDS 22:S17-34. 2008
..approaches and challenges in implementing and analysing the first round of the integrated biobehavioural assessment of most-at-risk populations, conducted in conjunction with evaluation of Avahan, the India AIDS initiative.
- Evidence of selective sweeps in genes conferring resistance to chloroquine and pyrimethamine in Plasmodium falciparum isolates in India
Malaria Branch, Division of Parasitic Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Highway, MS F 12, Chamblee, GA 30341, USA
Antimicrob Agents Chemother 54:997-1006. 2010
..In India, P...
- Awareness, knowledge and attitude toward informed consent among doctors in two different cultures in Asia: a cross-sectional comparative study in Malaysia and Kashmir, India
R M Yousuf
Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, International Islamic University Malaysia, Kuantan, Malaysia
Singapore Med J 48:559-65. 2007
..The objective of this descriptive study was to evaluate the perceptions and practices among attending medical professionals in matters relating to informed consent in selected hospitals...
- Individual and contextual determinants of domestic violence in North India
Michael A Koenig
Department of Population and Family Health Sciences, 615 N Wolfe St, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
Am J Public Health 96:132-8. 2006
We examined individual- and community-level influences on domestic violence in Uttar Pradesh, North India.
- Utilization of maternal health care services in Southern India
Asian MetaCentre for Population and Sustainable Development Analysis, Institute for Asian Research, National University of Singapore, AS7 Shaw Foundation Building, 117570, Singapore
Soc Sci Med 55:1849-69. 2002
..the patterns and determinants of maternal health care utilization across different social settings in South India: in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu...
- High prevalence of vitamin D deficiency among pregnant women and their newborns in northern India
Department of Endocrinology, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, India
Am J Clin Nutr 81:1060-4. 2005
Vitamin D deficiency is prevalent in India, a finding that is unexpected in a tropical country with abundant sunshine. Vitamin D deficiency during pregnancy has important implications for the newborn and infant...
- Methods for establishing a surveillance system for cardiovascular diseases in Indian industrial populations
K S Reddy
Department of Cardiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi 110029, India
Bull World Health Organ 84:461-9. 2006
..To establish a surveillance network for cardiovascular diseases (CVD) risk factors in industrial settings and estimate the risk factor burden using standardized tools...
- Cost of illness: evidence from a study in five resource-poor locations in India
David M Dror
Institute for Health Policy and Management, Erasmus University Rotterdam MC
Indian J Med Res 127:347-61. 2008
In India, health services are funded largely through out-of-pocket spendings (OOPS). We carried out this study to collect data on the cost of an illness episode and parameters affecting cost in five locations in India.
- A community-based diabetes prevention and management education program in a rural village in India
Gandhigram Rural Institute, Tamilnadu, India
Diabetes Care 31:1097-104. 2008
In this study we evaluated a 7-month community-based nonpharmacological lifestyle intervention to prevent/reduce the risk of developing diabetes and its complications in a resource-poor village in Tamilnadu, India.
- Severe Plasmodium vivax malaria: a report on serial cases from Bikaner in northwestern India
Dhanpat K Kochar
Department of Medicine, S P Medical College, Bikaner, Rajasthan, India
Am J Trop Med Hyg 80:194-8. 2009
..P. Medical College and associated group of hospitals in Bikaner, India from September 2003 through December 2005. The diagnosis of P...
- Sexual practices, HIV and sexually transmitted infections among self-identified men who have sex with men in four high HIV prevalence states of India
Ginnela N V Brahmam
Division of Community Studies, National Institute of Nutrition NIN, Hyderabad, India
AIDS 22:S45-57. 2008
..To describe the sociodemographic characteristics, prevalence of high-risk sexual behaviours, HIV, sexually transmitted infections (STI), and perception of risk in self-identified men who have sex with men (MSM) in four south Indian states...
- West Nile virus isolates from India: evidence for a distinct genetic lineage
Vijay P Bondre
Microbial Containment Complex Unit, National Institute of Virology ICMR, Sus Road, Pashan, Pune 411 021, India
J Gen Virol 88:875-84. 2007
..sequence of one human isolate of West Nile virus (WNV) and the partial genomic sequences of 14 other strains from India isolated in the period 1955-1982 from different hosts and geographical areas were determined...
- Phylogeography and origin of Indian domestic goats
Manjunath B Joshi
Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology, Hyderabad, India
Mol Biol Evol 21:454-62. 2004
..the present investigation of 363 goats belonging to 10 different breeds from different geographic regions of India using mtDNA sequence data from the HVRI region...
- Genetic variability in the G protein gene of group A and B respiratory syncytial viruses from India
Department of Microbiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi 110029, India
J Clin Microbiol 44:3055-64. 2006
..Limited data are available on the molecular epidemiology of RSV from developing countries, including India. This study reports on the genetic variability in the glycoprotein G gene among RSV isolates from India...
- Barriers to free antiretroviral treatment access for female sex workers in Chennai, India
Indian Network for People Living with HIV AIDS INP, Chennai, India
AIDS Patient Care STDS 23:973-80. 2009
b>India's National AIDS Control Organization (NACO) provides free first-line antiretroviral treatment (ART) at government centers for people living with HIV...
- Plasma IP-10, apoptotic and angiogenic factors associated with fatal cerebral malaria in India
National Institute of Malaria Research ICMR, Jabalpur, India
Malar J 7:83. 2008
- HPV screening for cervical cancer in rural India
International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon, France
N Engl J Med 360:1385-94. 2009
..screening by testing for human papillomavirus (HPV), cytologic testing, or visual inspection of the cervix with acetic acid (VIA) on the incidence of cervical cancer and the associated rates of death in the Osmanabad district in India.
- Rapid Assessment of Avoidable Blindness in India
Community Ophthalmology Unit, Dr RP Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, Delhi State, India
PLoS ONE 3:e2867. 2008
..The study determined magnitude and causes of avoidable blindness in India in 2007 among the 50+ population.
- Women's use of contraception in rural India: a village-level study
Department of Geography, The George Washington University, Quigley s Room 202, 619 21st Street, N W, Washington, DC 20052, USA
Health Place 7:197-208. 2001
..This paper examines the determinants of contraceptive use among married women in four villages in rural West Bengal, India. It uses primary quantitative data obtained from a survey of 600 women and qualitative data derived from ..
- Characterization of the influenza A H5N1 viruses of the 2008-09 outbreaks in India reveals a third introduction and possible endemicity
Alok K Chakrabarti
Microbial Containment Complex, National Institute of Virology, Pune, India
PLoS ONE 4:e7846. 2009
..avian influenza A H5N1 was reported from backyard and commercial poultry in West Bengal (WB), an eastern state of India in early 2008...
- IL-10- and TGF-beta-mediated susceptibility in kala-azar and post-kala-azar dermal leishmaniasis: the significance of amphotericin B in the control of Leishmania donovani infection in India
Infectious Disease and Immunology Division, Indian Institute of Chemical Biology, Kolkata, India
J Immunol 179:5592-603. 2007
..the better therapeutic activity of AmB and its probable role in the recent decline in PKDL occurrences in India. Moreover, elucidation of immune responses in Indian PKDL patients revealed a spectral pattern of disease ..
- Henipavirus infection in fruit bats (Pteropus giganteus), India
Jonathan H Epstein
The Consortium for Conservation Medicine, New York, New York 10001, USA
Emerg Infect Dis 14:1309-11. 2008
..viruses to determine whether henipaviruses circulate in pteropid fruit bats (Pteropus giganteus) in northern India. Twenty bats were seropositive for Nipah virus, which suggests circulation in this species, thereby extending the ..
- Scrub typhus: prevalence and diagnostic issues in rural Southern India
Clin Infect Dis 39:1395-6. 2004
- Smoking and its association with cataract: results of the Andhra Pradesh eye disease study from India
L V Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad, India
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 46:58-65. 2005
To investigate the associations between tobacco smoking and various forms of cataracts among the people of a state in India.
- Cutoff values for normal anthropometric variables in asian Indian adults
Diabetes Research Centre, M V Hospital for Diabetes and World Health Organization Collaborating Centre for Research, Education and Training in Diabetes, Royapuram, Chennai, India
Diabetes Care 26:1380-4. 2003
..Therefore, this analysis was performed to find out the normal cutoff values for BMI and upper-body adiposity (waist circumference [WC] or waist-to-hip ratio [WHR]) by computing their risk associations with diabetes...
- The role of collectives in STI and HIV/AIDS prevention among female sex workers in Karnataka, India
S S Halli
Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
AIDS Care 18:739-49. 2006
This paper evaluates the role of female sex worker (FSW) collectives in the state of Karnataka, India, regarding their facilitating effect in increasing knowledge and promoting change towards safer sexual behaviour...
- Incidence, virulence factors, and clonality among clinical strains of non-O1, non-O139 Vibrio cholerae isolates from hospitalized diarrheal patients in Kolkata, India
National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases, Beliaghata, Kolkata, India
J Clin Microbiol 47:1087-95. 2009
..4% (n = 54) of the total 197 V. cholerae strains isolated from patients in Kolkata, India, in 2003. Of 197 strains, 135 were identified as O1 serotype Ogawa and 2 were identified as O139...
- What's in a country average? Wealth, gender, and regional inequalities in immunization in India
Rohini P Pande
International Center for Research on Women, 1717 Massachusetts Ave, NW, Suite 302, Washington, DC 20036, USA
Soc Sci Med 57:2075-88. 2003
..Using the example of immunization in India, this paper demonstrates the importance of disaggregating national averages for a better understanding of social ..
- Secular trends in the prevalence of diabetes and impaired glucose tolerance in urban South India--the Chennai Urban Rural Epidemiology Study (CURES-17)
Madras Diabetes Research Foundation and Dr Mohan s Diabetes Specialities Centre, Gopalapuram, Chennai, India
Diabetologia 49:1175-8. 2006
The aim of this study was to determine the secular trends in prevalence of diabetes and IGT in urban India.
- The incidence of end-stage renal disease in India: a population-based study
G K Modi
Department of Nephrology, Bhopal Memorial Hospital and Research Centre, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India
Kidney Int 70:2131-3. 2006
..We report the ESRD incidence in a large urban population in India. ESRD incidence was estimated for four consecutive calendar years (2002-2005) among 572 029 subjects residing in ..
- Son preference and sex composition of children: evidence from India
Population Council, New York, NY 10017, USA
Demography 37:95-108. 2000
..in national-level estimates that aggregate across all families, this article provides empirical evidence from India that son preference has two pronounced and predictable family-level effects on the sex composition of children ..
- Vitamin D and bone mineral density status of healthy schoolchildren in northern India
Raman K Marwaha
Department of Endocrinology and Thyroid Research, Institute of Nuclear Medicine and Allied Sciences, Delhi, India
Am J Clin Nutr 82:477-82. 2005
Current data on the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in India are scarce.
- Chikungunya virus in US travelers returning from India, 2006
Robert S Lanciotti
Diagnostic and Reference Laboratory, Arbovirus Disease Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Fort Collins, Colorado 80521, USA
Emerg Infect Dis 13:764-7. 2007
..In 2005-2006, CHIKV epidemics were reported in islands in the Indian Ocean and in southern India. We present data on laboratory-confirmed CHIKV infections among travelers returning from India to the United ..
- Same-sex behavior and high rates of HIV among men attending sexually transmitted infection clinics in Pune, India (1993-2002)
Division of Infectious Disease, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, 600 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 43:483-90. 2006
To determine HIV/sexually transmitted infection (STI) prevalence, trends, and risk behaviors of men who have sex with men (MSM) and compare these with those of non-MSM attending STI clinics in Pune, India over a 10-year period.
- Factors associated with traumatic dental injuries among 12-year-old schoolchildren in South India
Centre for International Health, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway
Dent Traumatol 25:500-5. 2009
..To assess the prevalence of, and correlates of traumatic dental injuries among 12-year-old schoolchildren in Kerala...
- Prevalence of diabetic retinopathy in urban India: the Chennai Urban Rural Epidemiology Study (CURES) eye study, I
Madras Diabetes Research Foundation, Chennai, India
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 46:2328-33. 2005
To assess the prevalence of diabetic retinopathy (DR) in type 2 diabetic subjects in urban India using four-field stereo color photography.
- Intimate partner violence and death among infants and children in India
Leland K Ackerson
Department of Community Health and Sustainability, University of Massachusetts Lowell, Lowell, Massachusetts 01854, USA
Pediatrics 124:e878-89. 2009
..The goal was to test the association between maternal intimate partner violence (IPV) victimization and child death...
- High prevalence of diabetes and cardiovascular risk factors associated with urbanization in India
India Diabetes Research Foundation and Dr A Ramachandran s Diabetes Hospitals, Egmore, Chennai, India
Diabetes Care 31:893-8. 2008
..of diabetes, impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), impaired fasting glucose (IFG), and cardiovascular risk factors between a city, a town, and periurban villages (PUVs) in southern India and to look for temporal changes in the city and PUVs.
- Poverty, child undernutrition and morbidity: new evidence from India
School for Policy Studies, University of Bristol, Bristol, England
Bull World Health Organ 83:210-6. 2005
..Using anthropometric data on 24 396 children in India, we constructed an alternative composite index of anthropometric failure (CIAF) and compared it with conventional ..
- The health of aging populations in China and India
Measurement and Health Information Systems, at the World Health Organization in Geneva, Switzerland
Health Aff (Millwood) 27:1052-63. 2008
China and India are home to two of the world's largest populations, and both populations are aging rapidly. Our data compare health status, risk factors, and chronic diseases among people age forty-five and older in China and India...
- Domestic violence in Eastern India: factors associated with victimization and perpetration
B V Babu
Regional Medical Research Centre, Indian Council of Medical Research, Bhubaneswar, Orissa
Public Health 124:136-48. 2010
To examine the factors associated with victimization and perpetration of domestic violence in Eastern India.
- The mortality divide in India: the differential contributions of gender, caste, and standard of living across the life course
S V Subramanian
Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Avenue, KRESGE 7th Floor, Boston, MA 02115 6096, USA
Am J Public Health 96:818-25. 2006
We investigated the contributions of gender, caste, and standard of living to inequalities in mortality across the life course in India.
- Phylogenetic studies reveal existence of multiple lineages of a single genotype of DENV-1 (genotype III) in India during 1956-2007
National Institute of Communicable Diseases, Delhi, India
Virol J 6:1. 2009
Dengue virus type 1 (DENV-1) have been mostly circulating silently with dominant serotypes DENV-2 and DENV-3 in India. However recent times have marked an increase in DENV-1 circulation in yearly outbreaks...
- The dynamics of Wuchereria bancrofti infection: a model-based analysis of longitudinal data from Pondicherry, India
Vector Control Research Centre Indian Council of Medical Research, Indira Nagar, Medical Complex, Pondicherry 605 006, India
Parasitology 128:467-82. 2004
..the impact of integrated vector management on the intensity of Wuchereria bancrofti infection in Pondicherry, India. The aims of this analysis were (1) to gain insight into the dynamics of infection, with emphasis on the possible ..
- Suicidal behavior among female sex workers in Goa, India: the silent epidemic
Centre for Sexual Health and HIV Research, University College London, 3rd floor Mortimer Market Centre, off Caper St, London WC1E 6AU UK
Am J Public Health 99:1239-46. 2009
We sought to study suicidal behavior prevalence and its association with social and gender disadvantage, sex work, and health factors among female sex workers in Goa, India.
- Visceral leishmaniasis elimination programme in India, Bangladesh, and Nepal: reshaping the case finding/case management strategy
International Centre for Diarrhoeal Diseases Research, Laboratory Sciences Division, Dhaka, Bangladesh
PLoS Negl Trop Dis 3:e355. 2009
We sought to estimate visceral leishmaniasis (VL) burden in Bangladesh, India, and Nepal and document care-seeking behaviour for VL to provide baseline information for monitoring the VL elimination program and identify options for ..
- Ethno-medicinal application of plants in the eastern region of Shimoga District, Karnataka, India
Department of PG Studies and Research in Applied Botany, Kuvempu University, Jnana Sahyadri, Shankaraghatta 577 451, Shimoga Dist, Karnataka, India
J Ethnopharmacol 126:64-73. 2009
..of human and veterinary ailments by communities residing in the eastern part of Shimoga district of Karnataka in India and to determine the consensus of informant's knowledge on different category of ailments and fidelity level of ..
- Medicinal plants used by traditional healers in Kancheepuram district of Tamil Nadu, India
Entomology Research Institute, Loyola College, Chennai 600 034, India
J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 2:43. 2006
..The traditional healers are dwindling in number and there is a grave danger of traditional knowledge disappearing soon since the younger generation is not interested to carry on this tradition...
- Higher maternal plasma folate but not vitamin B-12 concentrations during pregnancy are associated with better cognitive function scores in 9- to 10- year-old children in South India
Sargoor R Veena
Epidemiology Research Unit, Holdsworth Memorial Hospital, Mysore 570 021, South India
J Nutr 140:1014-22. 2010
..It also suggests that, in terms of neurodevelopment, the concentration used to define folate deficiency may be set too low...
- Improving immunisation coverage in rural India: clustered randomised controlled evaluation of immunisation campaigns with and without incentives
Abhijit Vinayak Banerjee
Department of Economics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 50 Memorial Drive, E52 391, Cambridge, MA 02142, USA
BMJ 340:c2220. 2010
..To assess the efficacy of modest non-financial incentives on immunisation rates in children aged 1-3 and to compare it with the effect of only improving the reliability of the supply of services...
- The social conditions for successful peer education: a comparison of two HIV prevention programs run by sex workers in India and South Africa
School of Nursing, Midwifery and Community Health, Glasgow Caledonian University, Glasgow, UK
Am J Community Psychol 44:123-35. 2009
..compare the context and the implementation of two peer education interventions run by sex workers, one in India and one in South Africa, which produced contrasting outcomes...
- Epidemiological characteristics of leprosy reactions: 15 years experience from north India
Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India
Int J Lepr Other Mycobact Dis 72:125-33. 2004
A retrospective analysis of patient's leprosy clinic records at PGIMER, Chandigarh, India for the period 1983 to 1998 was undertaken to study the frequency, time of onset, and risk factors for leprosy reactions...
- Characterization of group A rotavirus infections in adolescents and adults from Pune, India: 1993-1996 and 2004-2007
Vaishali S Tatte
Rotavirus Group, National Institute of Virology, Pune, India
J Med Virol 82:519-27. 2010
..were collected in 1993-1996 and 2004-2007 from adolescents and adults with acute gastroenteritis in Pune, India for detection and characterization of rotavirus. At the two time points, group A rotavirus was detected in 8...
- Prevalence and vision-related outcomes of cataract surgery in Gujarat, India
Gudlavalleti V S Murthy
International Center for Eye Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
Ophthalmic Epidemiol 16:400-9. 2009
..Investigate the prevalence and vision-related outcomes of cataract surgery in an area of high cataract surgical rate...
- Genetic evidence of an early exit of Homo sapiens sapiens from Africa through eastern Africa
Dipartimento di Genetica e Microbiologia, University of Pavia, Italy
Nat Genet 23:437-41. 1999
..haplogroup M, first regarded as an ancient marker of East-Asian origin, has been found at high frequency in India and Ethiopia, raising the question of its origin...
- Rapid decline in prevalence of pulmonary tuberculosis after DOTS implementation in a rural area of South India
Tuberculosis Research Centre, Chennai, India
Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 12:916-20. 2008
Tiruvallur District in Tamilnadu, South India, where the World Health Organization-recommended DOTS strategy was implemented as a tuberculosis (TB) control measure in 1999.
- Impact of round-the-clock, rapid oral fluid HIV testing of women in labor in rural India
Nitika Pant Pai
Division of Infectious Diseases and Immunodeficiency Service, Montreal Chest Institute, McGill University Health Center, Montreal, Canada
PLoS Med 5:e92. 2008
..In India, many rural women present for delivery without any prior antenatal care...
- A community based approach to improve health care seeking for newborn danger signs in rural Wardha, India
Amol R Dongre
Dr Sushila Nayar School of Public Health, Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Sewagram, Maharashtra, India
Indian J Pediatr 76:45-50. 2009
- Risk factors for suicide in rural south India
S D Manoranjitham
Department of Psychiatric Nursing, Christian Medical College, Vellore, India
Br J Psychiatry 196:26-30. 2010
..The relative contributions of psychosocial stress and psychiatric morbidity to suicide are a subject of debate...
- Single-dose liposomal amphotericin B for visceral leishmaniasis in India
Kala azar Medical Research Center, Department of Medicine, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India
N Engl J Med 362:504-12. 2010
..We wanted to determine whether the efficacy of a single infusion of liposomal amphotericin B was inferior to conventional parenteral therapy, consisting of 15 alternate-day infusions of amphotericin B deoxycholate...
- Contact screening and chemoprophylaxis in India's Revised Tuberculosis Control Programme: a situational analysis
V V Banu Rekha
Tuberculosis Research Centre, Chennai, India
Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 13:1507-12. 2009
b>India's Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme (RNTCP) recommends screening of all household contacts of smear-positive pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) cases for tuberculosis (TB) disease, and 6-month isoniazid preventive therapy (..
- Glaucoma in a rural population of southern India: the Aravind comprehensive eye survey
Aravind Eye Care System, Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India
Ophthalmology 110:1484-90. 2003
To determine the prevalence of glaucoma and risk factors for primary open-angle glaucoma in a rural population of southern India.
- Changing patterns of diet, physical activity and obesity among urban, rural and slum populations in north India
Comprehensive Rural Health Services Project, Ballabgarh, Centre for Community Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
Obes Rev 9:400-8. 2008
Rapid urbanization and accompanying lifestyle changes in India lead to transition in non-communicable disease risk factors...
- Urban rural differences in prevalence of self-reported diabetes in India--the WHO-ICMR Indian NCD risk factor surveillance
Madras Diabetes Research Foundation and Dr Mohan s Diabetes Specialities Centre, 4 Conran Smith Road, Gopalapuram, Chennai 600086, India
Diabetes Res Clin Pract 80:159-68. 2008
..NCD) risk factor surveillance conducted in different geographical locations (North, South, East, West/Central) in India between April 2003 and March 2005...
- Community influences on intimate partner violence in India: Women's education, attitudes towards mistreatment and standards of living
Michael H Boyle
McMcaster University Hamilton, ONT Canada
Soc Sci Med 69:691-7. 2009
..information came from 68,466 married female participants in the National Family Health Survey conducted throughout India in 1998-1999. Multilevel logistic regression was used to address the study objectives...
- Factors influencing the care-seeking behaviour of chest symptomatics: a community-based study involving rural and urban population in Tamil Nadu, South India
Tuberculosis Research Centre, Indian Council of Medical Research, Chennai, India
Trop Med Int Health 8:336-41. 2003
..the factors that influence the care-seeking behaviour of chest symptomatics in urban and rural areas in South India. We conducted in-depth interviews with 649 participants: 80% of 310 urban residents and 63% of 339 rural people ..
- Factors associated with patient and health system delays in the diagnosis of tuberculosis in South India
Tuberculosis Research Centre, Indian Council of Medical Research, Chetput, Chennai
Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 6:789-95. 2002
..the factors associated with delay in 1) care-seeking (patient delay), and 2) diagnosis by health providers (health system delay), among smear-positive tuberculosis patients, before large-scale DOTS implementation in South India.
- Effect of visual screening on cervical cancer incidence and mortality in Tamil Nadu, India: a cluster-randomised trial
Screening Group, International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon, France
Lancet 370:398-406. 2007
..We assessed the effect of screening using visual inspection with 4% acetic acid (VIA) on cervical cancer incidence and mortality in a cluster randomised controlled trial in India.
- High prevalence of diabetes, obesity and dyslipidaemia in urban slum population in northern India
Department of Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 25:1722-9. 2001
..on hitherto poorly studied rural-urban migrants settled in urban slums in a large metropolitan city in northern India, with the aim of studying anthropometric and metabolic characteristics of this population in socio-economic ..
- The poorest of the poor: a poverty appraisal of households affected by visceral leishmaniasis in Bihar, India
Department of Public Health, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium
Trop Med Int Health 14:639-44. 2009
To provide data about wealth distribution in visceral leishmaniasis (VL)-affected communities compared to that of the general population of Bihar State, India.
- End-stage renal care in developing countries: the India experience
Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India
Ren Fail 26:201-8. 2004
..To conclude, the financial burden of RRT in developing nations impacts on the lifestyle and future of entire families, and extracts a cost far higher than the actual amount of money spent on treatment...
- Clusters of cytokines determine malaria severity in Plasmodium falciparum-infected patients from endemic areas of Central India
National Centre for Cell Science, Pune, Pune Maharashtra, India
J Infect Dis 194:198-207. 2006
..noncerebral malaria (SM), or cerebral malaria (CM) and in control subjects from Gondia, a malaria-endemic site in India, as well as in healthy subjects from non-malaria-endemic areas...
- Health system in India: opportunities and challenges for improvements
K V Ramani
Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad, India
J Health Organ Manag 20:560-72. 2006
..The paper seeks to show that health and socio-economic developments are so closely intertwined that is impossible to achieve one without the other...
- Accuracy of visual screening for cervical neoplasia: Results from an IARC multicentre study in India and Africa
Unit of Descriptive Epidemiology, International Agency for Research on Cancer, 150 cours Albert Thomas, 69372 Lyon Cedex 08, France
Int J Cancer 110:907-13. 2004
..cross-sectional studies involving 56,939 women aged 25-65 years were conducted in Burkina Faso, Congo, Guinea, India, Mali and Niger to evaluate the accuracy of VIA and VILI performed by health workers...
- Street and working children of Delhi, India, misusing toluene: an ethnographic exploration
VIMHANS and PCI, New Delhi, India
Subst Use Misuse 40:1659-79. 2005
- Needlestick injuries in a tertiary care centre in Mumbai, India
P D Hinduja National Hospital and Medical Research Centre, Veer Savarkar Marg, Mahim West, Mumbai 400 016, India
J Hosp Infect 60:368-73. 2005
..All staff who sustained injury with HIV were given immediate antiretroviral therapy (AZT 600 mg/day) for six weeks. Subsequent six-month follow-up showed zero seroconversion...
- Gender disadvantage and reproductive health risk factors for common mental disorders in women: a community survey in India
Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, England
Arch Gen Psychiatry 63:404-13. 2006
..Gender disadvantage and reproductive health are major determinants of women's health in developing countries...