india

Summary

Top Publications

  1. pmc Are self-reports of health and morbidities in developing countries misleading? Evidence from India
    S V Subramanian
    Harvard School of Public Health, Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Boston, MA, USA
    Soc Sci Med 68:260-5. 2009
  2. pmc Empowering sex workers in India to reduce vulnerability to HIV and sexually transmitted diseases
    Dallas Swendeman
    Center for Community Health, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    Soc Sci Med 69:1157-66. 2009
  3. ncbi Open-angle glaucoma in an urban population in southern India: the Andhra Pradesh eye disease study
    L Dandona
    Public Health Ophthalmology Service, L V Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad, India
    Ophthalmology 107:1702-9. 2000
  4. ncbi Estimating wealth effects without expenditure data--or tears: an application to educational enrollments in states of India
    D Filmer
    Development Research Group, World Bank, 1818 H Street NW, Washington, DC 20433, USA
    Demography 38:115-32. 2001
  5. pmc Characterization of a new metallo-beta-lactamase gene, bla(NDM-1), and a novel erythromycin esterase gene carried on a unique genetic structure in Klebsiella pneumoniae sequence type 14 from India
    Dongeun Yong
    Yonsei University College of Medicine, Research Institute of Antimicrobial Resistance, Seoul, Republic of Korea
    Antimicrob Agents Chemother 53:5046-54. 2009
  6. doi Effect of community-based behaviour change management on neonatal mortality in Shivgarh, Uttar Pradesh, India: a cluster-randomised controlled trial
    Vishwajeet Kumar
    International Center for Advancing Neonatal Health, Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Lancet 372:1151-62. 2008
  7. pmc Reduction of catastrophic health care expenditures by a community-based health insurance scheme in Gujarat, India: current experiences and challenges
    Michael Kent Ranson
    Health Policy Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, England
    Bull World Health Organ 80:613-21. 2002
  8. doi Declines in risk behaviour and sexually transmitted infection prevalence following a community-led HIV preventive intervention among female sex workers in Mysore, India
    Sushena Reza-Paul
    Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada
    AIDS 22:S91-100. 2008
  9. ncbi Containing HIV/AIDS in India: the unfinished agenda
    Padma Chandrasekaran
    Avahan India AIDS Initiative, The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, New Delhi, India
    Lancet Infect Dis 6:508-21. 2006
  10. ncbi Angle-closure glaucoma in an urban population in southern India. The Andhra Pradesh eye disease study
    L Dandona
    Public Health Ophthalmology Service, L V Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad, India
    Ophthalmology 107:1710-6. 2000

Detail Information

Publications372 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Are self-reports of health and morbidities in developing countries misleading? Evidence from India
    S V Subramanian
    Harvard School of Public Health, Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Boston, MA, USA
    Soc Sci Med 68:260-5. 2009
    ..we tested whether the association between self-reported poor health/morbidities and socioeconomic status (SES) in India follows the expected direction or not...
  2. pmc Empowering sex workers in India to reduce vulnerability to HIV and sexually transmitted diseases
    Dallas Swendeman
    Center for Community Health, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    Soc Sci Med 69:1157-66. 2009
    The Sonagachi Project was initiated in Kolkata, India in 1992 as a STD/HIV intervention for sex workers. The project evolved to adopt strategies common to women's empowerment programs globally (i.e...
  3. ncbi Open-angle glaucoma in an urban population in southern India: the Andhra Pradesh eye disease study
    L Dandona
    Public Health Ophthalmology Service, L V Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad, India
    Ophthalmology 107:1702-9. 2000
    To assess the prevalence and features of open-angle glaucoma in an urban population in southern India.
  4. ncbi Estimating wealth effects without expenditure data--or tears: an application to educational enrollments in states of India
    D Filmer
    Development Research Group, World Bank, 1818 H Street NW, Washington, DC 20433, USA
    Demography 38:115-32. 2001
    Using data from India, we estimate the relationship between household wealth and children's school enrollment...
  5. pmc Characterization of a new metallo-beta-lactamase gene, bla(NDM-1), and a novel erythromycin esterase gene carried on a unique genetic structure in Klebsiella pneumoniae sequence type 14 from India
    Dongeun Yong
    Yonsei University College of Medicine, Research Institute of Antimicrobial Resistance, Seoul, Republic of Korea
    Antimicrob Agents Chemother 53:5046-54. 2009
    A Swedish patient of Indian origin traveled to New Delhi, India, and acquired a urinary tract infection caused by a carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae strain that typed to the sequence type 14 complex...
  6. doi Effect of community-based behaviour change management on neonatal mortality in Shivgarh, Uttar Pradesh, India: a cluster-randomised controlled trial
    Vishwajeet Kumar
    International Center for Advancing Neonatal Health, Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Lancet 372:1151-62. 2008
    In rural India, most births take place in the home, where high-risk care practices are common...
  7. pmc Reduction of catastrophic health care expenditures by a community-based health insurance scheme in Gujarat, India: current experiences and challenges
    Michael Kent Ranson
    Health Policy Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, England
    Bull World Health Organ 80:613-21. 2002
    ....
  8. doi Declines in risk behaviour and sexually transmitted infection prevalence following a community-led HIV preventive intervention among female sex workers in Mysore, India
    Sushena Reza-Paul
    Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada
    AIDS 22:S91-100. 2008
    ..community-led intervention programme for reducing sexual risk among female sex workers (FSW) in Mysore, India. The key programme components were: community mobilization and peer-mediated outreach; increasing access to and ..
  9. ncbi Containing HIV/AIDS in India: the unfinished agenda
    Padma Chandrasekaran
    Avahan India AIDS Initiative, The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, New Delhi, India
    Lancet Infect Dis 6:508-21. 2006
    b>India's HIV epidemic is not yet contained and prevention in populations most at risk (high-risk groups) needs to be enhanced and expanded...
  10. ncbi Angle-closure glaucoma in an urban population in southern India. The Andhra Pradesh eye disease study
    L Dandona
    Public Health Ophthalmology Service, L V Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad, India
    Ophthalmology 107:1710-6. 2000
    To assess the prevalence and features of angle-closure glaucoma (ACG) in an urban population in southern India.
  11. doi A nationally representative case-control study of smoking and death in India
    Prabhat Jha
    Centre for Global Health Research, St Michael s Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada
    N Engl J Med 358:1137-47. 2008
    The nationwide effects of smoking on mortality in India have not been assessed reliably.
  12. pmc Updating phylogeny of mitochondrial DNA macrohaplogroup m in India: dispersal of modern human in South Asian corridor
    Adimoolam Chandrasekar
    Anthropological Survey of India, Southern Regional Centre, Bogadi, Mysore, India
    PLoS ONE 4:e7447. 2009
    ..chosen from a total collection of 2,783 control-region sequences, sampled from 26 selected tribal populations of India. On the basis of complete mtDNA sequencing, we identified 12 new haplogroups--M53 to M64; redefined/ascertained ..
  13. ncbi Trends in hypertension epidemiology in India
    R Gupta
    Department of Medicine, Monilek Hospital and Research Centre, Jawahar Nagar, Jaipur, India
    J Hum Hypertens 18:73-8. 2004
    Cardiovascular diseases caused 2.3 million deaths in India in the year 1990; this is projected to double by the year 2020...
  14. ncbi Responding to the threat of chronic diseases in India
    K Srinath Reddy
    Department of Cardiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi 110029, India
    Lancet 366:1744-9. 2005
    At the present stage of India's health transition, chronic diseases contribute to an estimated 53% of deaths and 44% of disability-adjusted life-years lost. Cardiovascular diseases and diabetes are highly prevalent in urban areas...
  15. pmc Polarity and temporality of high-resolution y-chromosome distributions in India identify both indigenous and exogenous expansions and reveal minor genetic influence of Central Asian pastoralists
    Sanghamitra Sengupta
    Human Genetics Unit, Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata, India
    Am J Hum Genet 78:202-21. 2006
    ..Our reappraisal indicates that pre-Holocene and Holocene-era--not Indo-European--expansions have shaped the distinctive South Asian Y-chromosome landscape...
  16. doi Effect of a participatory intervention with women's groups on birth outcomes and maternal depression in Jharkhand and Orissa, India: a cluster-randomised controlled trial
    Prasanta Tripathy
    Ekjut, Chakradharpur, Jharkhand, India
    Lancet 375:1182-92. 2010
    Community mobilisation through participatory women's groups might improve birth outcomes in poor rural communities. We therefore assessed this approach in a largely tribal and rural population in three districts in eastern India.
  17. ncbi Medicinal plants of India with anti-diabetic potential
    J K Grover
    Department of Pharmacology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi 110049, India
    J Ethnopharmacol 81:81-100. 2002
    ..Ayurveda and other Indian literature mention the use of plants in treatment of various human ailments. India has about 45000 plant species and among them, several thousands have been claimed to possess medicinal properties...
  18. doi Power, community mobilization, and condom use practices among female sex workers in Andhra Pradesh, India
    Kim M Blankenship
    Department of Sociology, Duke Global Health Institute, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27708, USA
    AIDS 22:S109-16. 2008
    ....
  19. ncbi Persistence of high maternal mortality in Koppal district, Karnataka, India: observed service delivery constraints
    Asha George
    Indian Institute of Management Bangalore, India
    Reprod Health Matters 15:91-102. 2007
    ..complications access many health providers in Koppal, the poorest district in the state of Karnataka, south India. Yet they die...
  20. pmc Association of maternal height with child mortality, anthropometric failure, and anemia in India
    S V Subramanian
    Department of Society, Human Development, and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    JAMA 301:1691-701. 2009
    ..Research on intergenerational factors that might also predispose a child to increased health adversity remains limited...
  21. pmc Prospective study of one million deaths in India: rationale, design, and validation results
    Prabhat Jha
    Centre for Global Health Research, Public Health Sciences, St Michael s Hospital, McLaughlin Centre for Molecular Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
    PLoS Med 3:e18. 2006
    Over 75% of the annual estimated 9.5 million deaths in India occur in the home, and the large majority of these do not have a certified cause...
  22. ncbi Risk factor profile for chronic non-communicable diseases: results of a community-based study in Kerala, India
    K R Thankappan
    Achutha Menon Centre for Health Science Studies, Department of Biochemistry, Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology, Thiruvananthapuram, India
    Indian J Med Res 131:53-63. 2010
    Kerala State is a harbinger of what will happen in future to the rest of India in chronic non-communicable diseases (NCD)...
  23. ncbi Regular use of alcohol and tobacco in India and its association with age, gender, and poverty
    K J Neufeld
    Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 77:283-91. 2005
    This study provides national estimates of regular tobacco and alcohol use in India and their associations with gender, age, and economic group obtained from a representative survey of 471,143 people over the age of 10 years in 1995-96, ..
  24. ncbi Antenatal care: provision and inequality in rural north India
    Saseendran Pallikadavath
    Opportunities and Choices Programme of Reproductive Health Research and School of Nursing and Midwifery, University of Southampton, Southampton SO16 5YA, UK
    Soc Sci Med 59:1147-58. 2004
    The objectives of this paper are to examine factors associated with use of antenatal care in rural areas of north India, to investigate access to specific critical components of care and to study differences in the pattern of services ..
  25. doi Baseline integrated behavioural and biological assessment among most at-risk populations in six high-prevalence states of India: design and implementation challenges
    Tobi Saidel
    Family Health International, 4401 Wilson Boulevard, Arlington, VA 22201, USA
    AIDS 22:S17-34. 2008
    ..approaches and challenges in implementing and analysing the first round of the integrated biobehavioural assessment of most-at-risk populations, conducted in conjunction with evaluation of Avahan, the India AIDS initiative.
  26. pmc Evidence of selective sweeps in genes conferring resistance to chloroquine and pyrimethamine in Plasmodium falciparum isolates in India
    Tonya Mixson-Hayden
    Malaria Branch, Division of Parasitic Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Highway, MS F 12, Chamblee, GA 30341, USA
    Antimicrob Agents Chemother 54:997-1006. 2010
    ..In India, P...
  27. ncbi Awareness, knowledge and attitude toward informed consent among doctors in two different cultures in Asia: a cross-sectional comparative study in Malaysia and Kashmir, India
    R M Yousuf
    Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, International Islamic University Malaysia, Kuantan, Malaysia
    Singapore Med J 48:559-65. 2007
    ..The objective of this descriptive study was to evaluate the perceptions and practices among attending medical professionals in matters relating to informed consent in selected hospitals...
  28. pmc Individual and contextual determinants of domestic violence in North India
    Michael A Koenig
    Department of Population and Family Health Sciences, 615 N Wolfe St, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Am J Public Health 96:132-8. 2006
    We examined individual- and community-level influences on domestic violence in Uttar Pradesh, North India.
  29. ncbi Utilization of maternal health care services in Southern India
    K Navaneetham
    Asian MetaCentre for Population and Sustainable Development Analysis, Institute for Asian Research, National University of Singapore, AS7 Shaw Foundation Building, 117570, Singapore
    Soc Sci Med 55:1849-69. 2002
    ..the patterns and determinants of maternal health care utilization across different social settings in South India: in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu...
  30. ncbi High prevalence of vitamin D deficiency among pregnant women and their newborns in northern India
    Alok Sachan
    Department of Endocrinology, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, India
    Am J Clin Nutr 81:1060-4. 2005
    Vitamin D deficiency is prevalent in India, a finding that is unexpected in a tropical country with abundant sunshine. Vitamin D deficiency during pregnancy has important implications for the newborn and infant...
  31. pmc Methods for establishing a surveillance system for cardiovascular diseases in Indian industrial populations
    K S Reddy
    Department of Cardiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi 110029, India
    Bull World Health Organ 84:461-9. 2006
    ..To establish a surveillance network for cardiovascular diseases (CVD) risk factors in industrial settings and estimate the risk factor burden using standardized tools...
  32. ncbi Cost of illness: evidence from a study in five resource-poor locations in India
    David M Dror
    Institute for Health Policy and Management, Erasmus University Rotterdam MC
    Indian J Med Res 127:347-61. 2008
    In India, health services are funded largely through out-of-pocket spendings (OOPS). We carried out this study to collect data on the cost of an illness episode and parameters affecting cost in five locations in India.
  33. doi A community-based diabetes prevention and management education program in a rural village in India
    Padmini Balagopal
    Gandhigram Rural Institute, Tamilnadu, India
    Diabetes Care 31:1097-104. 2008
    In this study we evaluated a 7-month community-based nonpharmacological lifestyle intervention to prevent/reduce the risk of developing diabetes and its complications in a resource-poor village in Tamilnadu, India.
  34. ncbi Severe Plasmodium vivax malaria: a report on serial cases from Bikaner in northwestern India
    Dhanpat K Kochar
    Department of Medicine, S P Medical College, Bikaner, Rajasthan, India
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 80:194-8. 2009
    ..P. Medical College and associated group of hospitals in Bikaner, India from September 2003 through December 2005. The diagnosis of P...
  35. doi Sexual practices, HIV and sexually transmitted infections among self-identified men who have sex with men in four high HIV prevalence states of India
    Ginnela N V Brahmam
    Division of Community Studies, National Institute of Nutrition NIN, Hyderabad, India
    AIDS 22:S45-57. 2008
    ..To describe the sociodemographic characteristics, prevalence of high-risk sexual behaviours, HIV, sexually transmitted infections (STI), and perception of risk in self-identified men who have sex with men (MSM) in four south Indian states...
  36. ncbi West Nile virus isolates from India: evidence for a distinct genetic lineage
    Vijay P Bondre
    Microbial Containment Complex Unit, National Institute of Virology ICMR, Sus Road, Pashan, Pune 411 021, India
    J Gen Virol 88:875-84. 2007
    ..sequence of one human isolate of West Nile virus (WNV) and the partial genomic sequences of 14 other strains from India isolated in the period 1955-1982 from different hosts and geographical areas were determined...
  37. ncbi Phylogeography and origin of Indian domestic goats
    Manjunath B Joshi
    Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology, Hyderabad, India
    Mol Biol Evol 21:454-62. 2004
    ..the present investigation of 363 goats belonging to 10 different breeds from different geographic regions of India using mtDNA sequence data from the HVRI region...
  38. pmc Genetic variability in the G protein gene of group A and B respiratory syncytial viruses from India
    Shama Parveen
    Department of Microbiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi 110029, India
    J Clin Microbiol 44:3055-64. 2006
    ..Limited data are available on the molecular epidemiology of RSV from developing countries, including India. This study reports on the genetic variability in the glycoprotein G gene among RSV isolates from India...
  39. pmc Barriers to free antiretroviral treatment access for female sex workers in Chennai, India
    Venkatesan Chakrapani
    Indian Network for People Living with HIV AIDS INP, Chennai, India
    AIDS Patient Care STDS 23:973-80. 2009
    b>India's National AIDS Control Organization (NACO) provides free first-line antiretroviral treatment (ART) at government centers for people living with HIV...
  40. pmc Plasma IP-10, apoptotic and angiogenic factors associated with fatal cerebral malaria in India
    Vidhan Jain
    National Institute of Malaria Research ICMR, Jabalpur, India
    Malar J 7:83. 2008
    ....
  41. doi HPV screening for cervical cancer in rural India
    Rengaswamy Sankaranarayanan
    International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon, France
    N Engl J Med 360:1385-94. 2009
    ..screening by testing for human papillomavirus (HPV), cytologic testing, or visual inspection of the cervix with acetic acid (VIA) on the incidence of cervical cancer and the associated rates of death in the Osmanabad district in India.
  42. pmc Rapid Assessment of Avoidable Blindness in India
    John Neena
    Community Ophthalmology Unit, Dr RP Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, Delhi State, India
    PLoS ONE 3:e2867. 2008
    ..The study determined magnitude and causes of avoidable blindness in India in 2007 among the 50+ population.
  43. ncbi Women's use of contraception in rural India: a village-level study
    E Chacko
    Department of Geography, The George Washington University, Quigley s Room 202, 619 21st Street, N W, Washington, DC 20052, USA
    Health Place 7:197-208. 2001
    ..This paper examines the determinants of contraceptive use among married women in four villages in rural West Bengal, India. It uses primary quantitative data obtained from a survey of 600 women and qualitative data derived from ..
  44. pmc Characterization of the influenza A H5N1 viruses of the 2008-09 outbreaks in India reveals a third introduction and possible endemicity
    Alok K Chakrabarti
    Microbial Containment Complex, National Institute of Virology, Pune, India
    PLoS ONE 4:e7846. 2009
    ..avian influenza A H5N1 was reported from backyard and commercial poultry in West Bengal (WB), an eastern state of India in early 2008...
  45. ncbi IL-10- and TGF-beta-mediated susceptibility in kala-azar and post-kala-azar dermal leishmaniasis: the significance of amphotericin B in the control of Leishmania donovani infection in India
    Samiran Saha
    Infectious Disease and Immunology Division, Indian Institute of Chemical Biology, Kolkata, India
    J Immunol 179:5592-603. 2007
    ..the better therapeutic activity of AmB and its probable role in the recent decline in PKDL occurrences in India. Moreover, elucidation of immune responses in Indian PKDL patients revealed a spectral pattern of disease ..
  46. pmc Henipavirus infection in fruit bats (Pteropus giganteus), India
    Jonathan H Epstein
    The Consortium for Conservation Medicine, New York, New York 10001, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 14:1309-11. 2008
    ..viruses to determine whether henipaviruses circulate in pteropid fruit bats (Pteropus giganteus) in northern India. Twenty bats were seropositive for Nipah virus, which suggests circulation in this species, thereby extending the ..
  47. ncbi Scrub typhus: prevalence and diagnostic issues in rural Southern India
    Rita Isaac
    Clin Infect Dis 39:1395-6. 2004
  48. ncbi Smoking and its association with cataract: results of the Andhra Pradesh eye disease study from India
    Sannapaneni Krishnaiah
    L V Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad, India
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 46:58-65. 2005
    To investigate the associations between tobacco smoking and various forms of cataracts among the people of a state in India.
  49. ncbi Cutoff values for normal anthropometric variables in asian Indian adults
    Chamukuttan Snehalatha
    Diabetes Research Centre, M V Hospital for Diabetes and World Health Organization Collaborating Centre for Research, Education and Training in Diabetes, Royapuram, Chennai, India
    Diabetes Care 26:1380-4. 2003
    ..Therefore, this analysis was performed to find out the normal cutoff values for BMI and upper-body adiposity (waist circumference [WC] or waist-to-hip ratio [WHR]) by computing their risk associations with diabetes...
  50. ncbi The role of collectives in STI and HIV/AIDS prevention among female sex workers in Karnataka, India
    S S Halli
    Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
    AIDS Care 18:739-49. 2006
    This paper evaluates the role of female sex worker (FSW) collectives in the state of Karnataka, India, regarding their facilitating effect in increasing knowledge and promoting change towards safer sexual behaviour...
  51. pmc Incidence, virulence factors, and clonality among clinical strains of non-O1, non-O139 Vibrio cholerae isolates from hospitalized diarrheal patients in Kolkata, India
    S Chatterjee
    National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases, Beliaghata, Kolkata, India
    J Clin Microbiol 47:1087-95. 2009
    ..4% (n = 54) of the total 197 V. cholerae strains isolated from patients in Kolkata, India, in 2003. Of 197 strains, 135 were identified as O1 serotype Ogawa and 2 were identified as O139...
  52. ncbi What's in a country average? Wealth, gender, and regional inequalities in immunization in India
    Rohini P Pande
    International Center for Research on Women, 1717 Massachusetts Ave, NW, Suite 302, Washington, DC 20036, USA
    Soc Sci Med 57:2075-88. 2003
    ..Using the example of immunization in India, this paper demonstrates the importance of disaggregating national averages for a better understanding of social ..
  53. ncbi Secular trends in the prevalence of diabetes and impaired glucose tolerance in urban South India--the Chennai Urban Rural Epidemiology Study (CURES-17)
    V Mohan
    Madras Diabetes Research Foundation and Dr Mohan s Diabetes Specialities Centre, Gopalapuram, Chennai, India
    Diabetologia 49:1175-8. 2006
    The aim of this study was to determine the secular trends in prevalence of diabetes and IGT in urban India.
  54. ncbi The incidence of end-stage renal disease in India: a population-based study
    G K Modi
    Department of Nephrology, Bhopal Memorial Hospital and Research Centre, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India
    Kidney Int 70:2131-3. 2006
    ..We report the ESRD incidence in a large urban population in India. ESRD incidence was estimated for four consecutive calendar years (2002-2005) among 572 029 subjects residing in ..
  55. ncbi Son preference and sex composition of children: evidence from India
    S Clark
    Population Council, New York, NY 10017, USA
    Demography 37:95-108. 2000
    ..in national-level estimates that aggregate across all families, this article provides empirical evidence from India that son preference has two pronounced and predictable family-level effects on the sex composition of children ..
  56. ncbi Vitamin D and bone mineral density status of healthy schoolchildren in northern India
    Raman K Marwaha
    Department of Endocrinology and Thyroid Research, Institute of Nuclear Medicine and Allied Sciences, Delhi, India
    Am J Clin Nutr 82:477-82. 2005
    Current data on the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in India are scarce.
  57. pmc Chikungunya virus in US travelers returning from India, 2006
    Robert S Lanciotti
    Diagnostic and Reference Laboratory, Arbovirus Disease Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Fort Collins, Colorado 80521, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 13:764-7. 2007
    ..In 2005-2006, CHIKV epidemics were reported in islands in the Indian Ocean and in southern India. We present data on laboratory-confirmed CHIKV infections among travelers returning from India to the United ..
  58. ncbi Same-sex behavior and high rates of HIV among men attending sexually transmitted infection clinics in Pune, India (1993-2002)
    Amita Gupta
    Division of Infectious Disease, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, 600 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 43:483-90. 2006
    To determine HIV/sexually transmitted infection (STI) prevalence, trends, and risk behaviors of men who have sex with men (MSM) and compare these with those of non-MSM attending STI clinics in Pune, India over a 10-year period.
  59. doi Factors associated with traumatic dental injuries among 12-year-old schoolchildren in South India
    Jamil David
    Centre for International Health, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway
    Dent Traumatol 25:500-5. 2009
    ..To assess the prevalence of, and correlates of traumatic dental injuries among 12-year-old schoolchildren in Kerala...
  60. ncbi Prevalence of diabetic retinopathy in urban India: the Chennai Urban Rural Epidemiology Study (CURES) eye study, I
    Mohan Rema
    Madras Diabetes Research Foundation, Chennai, India
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 46:2328-33. 2005
    To assess the prevalence of diabetic retinopathy (DR) in type 2 diabetic subjects in urban India using four-field stereo color photography.
  61. doi Intimate partner violence and death among infants and children in India
    Leland K Ackerson
    Department of Community Health and Sustainability, University of Massachusetts Lowell, Lowell, Massachusetts 01854, USA
    Pediatrics 124:e878-89. 2009
    ..The goal was to test the association between maternal intimate partner violence (IPV) victimization and child death...
  62. doi High prevalence of diabetes and cardiovascular risk factors associated with urbanization in India
    Ambady Ramachandran
    India Diabetes Research Foundation and Dr A Ramachandran s Diabetes Hospitals, Egmore, Chennai, India
    Diabetes Care 31:893-8. 2008
    ..of diabetes, impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), impaired fasting glucose (IFG), and cardiovascular risk factors between a city, a town, and periurban villages (PUVs) in southern India and to look for temporal changes in the city and PUVs.
  63. pmc Poverty, child undernutrition and morbidity: new evidence from India
    Shailen Nandy
    School for Policy Studies, University of Bristol, Bristol, England
    Bull World Health Organ 83:210-6. 2005
    ..Using anthropometric data on 24 396 children in India, we constructed an alternative composite index of anthropometric failure (CIAF) and compared it with conventional ..
  64. pmc The health of aging populations in China and India
    Somnath Chatterji
    Measurement and Health Information Systems, at the World Health Organization in Geneva, Switzerland
    Health Aff (Millwood) 27:1052-63. 2008
    China and India are home to two of the world's largest populations, and both populations are aging rapidly. Our data compare health status, risk factors, and chronic diseases among people age forty-five and older in China and India...
  65. doi Domestic violence in Eastern India: factors associated with victimization and perpetration
    B V Babu
    Regional Medical Research Centre, Indian Council of Medical Research, Bhubaneswar, Orissa
    Public Health 124:136-48. 2010
    To examine the factors associated with victimization and perpetration of domestic violence in Eastern India.
  66. pmc The mortality divide in India: the differential contributions of gender, caste, and standard of living across the life course
    S V Subramanian
    Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Avenue, KRESGE 7th Floor, Boston, MA 02115 6096, USA
    Am J Public Health 96:818-25. 2006
    We investigated the contributions of gender, caste, and standard of living to inequalities in mortality across the life course in India.
  67. pmc Phylogenetic studies reveal existence of multiple lineages of a single genotype of DENV-1 (genotype III) in India during 1956-2007
    Himani Kukreti
    National Institute of Communicable Diseases, Delhi, India
    Virol J 6:1. 2009
    Dengue virus type 1 (DENV-1) have been mostly circulating silently with dominant serotypes DENV-2 and DENV-3 in India. However recent times have marked an increase in DENV-1 circulation in yearly outbreaks...
  68. ncbi The dynamics of Wuchereria bancrofti infection: a model-based analysis of longitudinal data from Pondicherry, India
    S Subramanian
    Vector Control Research Centre Indian Council of Medical Research, Indira Nagar, Medical Complex, Pondicherry 605 006, India
    Parasitology 128:467-82. 2004
    ..the impact of integrated vector management on the intensity of Wuchereria bancrofti infection in Pondicherry, India. The aims of this analysis were (1) to gain insight into the dynamics of infection, with emphasis on the possible ..
  69. pmc Suicidal behavior among female sex workers in Goa, India: the silent epidemic
    Maryam Shahmanesh
    Centre for Sexual Health and HIV Research, University College London, 3rd floor Mortimer Market Centre, off Caper St, London WC1E 6AU UK
    Am J Public Health 99:1239-46. 2009
    We sought to study suicidal behavior prevalence and its association with social and gender disadvantage, sex work, and health factors among female sex workers in Goa, India.
  70. pmc Visceral leishmaniasis elimination programme in India, Bangladesh, and Nepal: reshaping the case finding/case management strategy
    Dinesh Mondal
    International Centre for Diarrhoeal Diseases Research, Laboratory Sciences Division, Dhaka, Bangladesh
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 3:e355. 2009
    We sought to estimate visceral leishmaniasis (VL) burden in Bangladesh, India, and Nepal and document care-seeking behaviour for VL to provide baseline information for monitoring the VL elimination program and identify options for ..
  71. doi Ethno-medicinal application of plants in the eastern region of Shimoga District, Karnataka, India
    N Rajakumar
    Department of PG Studies and Research in Applied Botany, Kuvempu University, Jnana Sahyadri, Shankaraghatta 577 451, Shimoga Dist, Karnataka, India
    J Ethnopharmacol 126:64-73. 2009
    ..of human and veterinary ailments by communities residing in the eastern part of Shimoga district of Karnataka in India and to determine the consensus of informant's knowledge on different category of ailments and fidelity level of ..
  72. pmc Medicinal plants used by traditional healers in Kancheepuram district of Tamil Nadu, India
    Chellaiah Muthu
    Entomology Research Institute, Loyola College, Chennai 600 034, India
    J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 2:43. 2006
    ..The traditional healers are dwindling in number and there is a grave danger of traditional knowledge disappearing soon since the younger generation is not interested to carry on this tradition...
  73. pmc Higher maternal plasma folate but not vitamin B-12 concentrations during pregnancy are associated with better cognitive function scores in 9- to 10- year-old children in South India
    Sargoor R Veena
    Epidemiology Research Unit, Holdsworth Memorial Hospital, Mysore 570 021, South India
    J Nutr 140:1014-22. 2010
    ..It also suggests that, in terms of neurodevelopment, the concentration used to define folate deficiency may be set too low...
  74. pmc Improving immunisation coverage in rural India: clustered randomised controlled evaluation of immunisation campaigns with and without incentives
    Abhijit Vinayak Banerjee
    Department of Economics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 50 Memorial Drive, E52 391, Cambridge, MA 02142, USA
    BMJ 340:c2220. 2010
    ..To assess the efficacy of modest non-financial incentives on immunisation rates in children aged 1-3 and to compare it with the effect of only improving the reliability of the supply of services...
  75. doi The social conditions for successful peer education: a comparison of two HIV prevention programs run by sex workers in India and South Africa
    Flora Cornish
    School of Nursing, Midwifery and Community Health, Glasgow Caledonian University, Glasgow, UK
    Am J Community Psychol 44:123-35. 2009
    ..compare the context and the implementation of two peer education interventions run by sex workers, one in India and one in South Africa, which produced contrasting outcomes...
  76. ncbi Epidemiological characteristics of leprosy reactions: 15 years experience from north India
    Bhushan Kumar
    Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India
    Int J Lepr Other Mycobact Dis 72:125-33. 2004
    A retrospective analysis of patient's leprosy clinic records at PGIMER, Chandigarh, India for the period 1983 to 1998 was undertaken to study the frequency, time of onset, and risk factors for leprosy reactions...
  77. doi Characterization of group A rotavirus infections in adolescents and adults from Pune, India: 1993-1996 and 2004-2007
    Vaishali S Tatte
    Rotavirus Group, National Institute of Virology, Pune, India
    J Med Virol 82:519-27. 2010
    ..were collected in 1993-1996 and 2004-2007 from adolescents and adults with acute gastroenteritis in Pune, India for detection and characterization of rotavirus. At the two time points, group A rotavirus was detected in 8...
  78. doi Prevalence and vision-related outcomes of cataract surgery in Gujarat, India
    Gudlavalleti V S Murthy
    International Center for Eye Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Ophthalmic Epidemiol 16:400-9. 2009
    ..Investigate the prevalence and vision-related outcomes of cataract surgery in an area of high cataract surgical rate...
  79. ncbi Genetic evidence of an early exit of Homo sapiens sapiens from Africa through eastern Africa
    L Quintana-Murci
    Dipartimento di Genetica e Microbiologia, University of Pavia, Italy
    Nat Genet 23:437-41. 1999
    ..haplogroup M, first regarded as an ancient marker of East-Asian origin, has been found at high frequency in India and Ethiopia, raising the question of its origin...
  80. ncbi Rapid decline in prevalence of pulmonary tuberculosis after DOTS implementation in a rural area of South India
    R Subramani
    Tuberculosis Research Centre, Chennai, India
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 12:916-20. 2008
    Tiruvallur District in Tamilnadu, South India, where the World Health Organization-recommended DOTS strategy was implemented as a tuberculosis (TB) control measure in 1999.
  81. pmc Impact of round-the-clock, rapid oral fluid HIV testing of women in labor in rural India
    Nitika Pant Pai
    Division of Infectious Diseases and Immunodeficiency Service, Montreal Chest Institute, McGill University Health Center, Montreal, Canada
    PLoS Med 5:e92. 2008
    ..In India, many rural women present for delivery without any prior antenatal care...
  82. doi A community based approach to improve health care seeking for newborn danger signs in rural Wardha, India
    Amol R Dongre
    Dr Sushila Nayar School of Public Health, Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Sewagram, Maharashtra, India
    Indian J Pediatr 76:45-50. 2009
    ....
  83. doi Risk factors for suicide in rural south India
    S D Manoranjitham
    Department of Psychiatric Nursing, Christian Medical College, Vellore, India
    Br J Psychiatry 196:26-30. 2010
    ..The relative contributions of psychosocial stress and psychiatric morbidity to suicide are a subject of debate...
  84. doi Single-dose liposomal amphotericin B for visceral leishmaniasis in India
    Shyam Sundar
    Kala azar Medical Research Center, Department of Medicine, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India
    N Engl J Med 362:504-12. 2010
    ..We wanted to determine whether the efficacy of a single infusion of liposomal amphotericin B was inferior to conventional parenteral therapy, consisting of 15 alternate-day infusions of amphotericin B deoxycholate...
  85. ncbi Contact screening and chemoprophylaxis in India's Revised Tuberculosis Control Programme: a situational analysis
    V V Banu Rekha
    Tuberculosis Research Centre, Chennai, India
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 13:1507-12. 2009
    b>India's Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme (RNTCP) recommends screening of all household contacts of smear-positive pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) cases for tuberculosis (TB) disease, and 6-month isoniazid preventive therapy (..
  86. ncbi Glaucoma in a rural population of southern India: the Aravind comprehensive eye survey
    R Ramakrishnan
    Aravind Eye Care System, Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India
    Ophthalmology 110:1484-90. 2003
    To determine the prevalence of glaucoma and risk factors for primary open-angle glaucoma in a rural population of southern India.
  87. doi Changing patterns of diet, physical activity and obesity among urban, rural and slum populations in north India
    K Yadav
    Comprehensive Rural Health Services Project, Ballabgarh, Centre for Community Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
    Obes Rev 9:400-8. 2008
    Rapid urbanization and accompanying lifestyle changes in India lead to transition in non-communicable disease risk factors...
  88. doi Urban rural differences in prevalence of self-reported diabetes in India--the WHO-ICMR Indian NCD risk factor surveillance
    Viswanathan Mohan
    Madras Diabetes Research Foundation and Dr Mohan s Diabetes Specialities Centre, 4 Conran Smith Road, Gopalapuram, Chennai 600086, India
    Diabetes Res Clin Pract 80:159-68. 2008
    ..NCD) risk factor surveillance conducted in different geographical locations (North, South, East, West/Central) in India between April 2003 and March 2005...
  89. doi Community influences on intimate partner violence in India: Women's education, attitudes towards mistreatment and standards of living
    Michael H Boyle
    McMcaster University Hamilton, ONT Canada
    Soc Sci Med 69:691-7. 2009
    ..information came from 68,466 married female participants in the National Family Health Survey conducted throughout India in 1998-1999. Multilevel logistic regression was used to address the study objectives...
  90. ncbi Factors influencing the care-seeking behaviour of chest symptomatics: a community-based study involving rural and urban population in Tamil Nadu, South India
    G Sudha
    Tuberculosis Research Centre, Indian Council of Medical Research, Chennai, India
    Trop Med Int Health 8:336-41. 2003
    ..the factors that influence the care-seeking behaviour of chest symptomatics in urban and rural areas in South India. We conducted in-depth interviews with 649 participants: 80% of 310 urban residents and 63% of 339 rural people ..
  91. ncbi Factors associated with patient and health system delays in the diagnosis of tuberculosis in South India
    R Rajeswari
    Tuberculosis Research Centre, Indian Council of Medical Research, Chetput, Chennai
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 6:789-95. 2002
    ..the factors associated with delay in 1) care-seeking (patient delay), and 2) diagnosis by health providers (health system delay), among smear-positive tuberculosis patients, before large-scale DOTS implementation in South India.
  92. ncbi Effect of visual screening on cervical cancer incidence and mortality in Tamil Nadu, India: a cluster-randomised trial
    Rengaswamy Sankaranarayanan
    Screening Group, International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon, France
    Lancet 370:398-406. 2007
    ..We assessed the effect of screening using visual inspection with 4% acetic acid (VIA) on cervical cancer incidence and mortality in a cluster randomised controlled trial in India.
  93. ncbi High prevalence of diabetes, obesity and dyslipidaemia in urban slum population in northern India
    A Misra
    Department of Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 25:1722-9. 2001
    ..on hitherto poorly studied rural-urban migrants settled in urban slums in a large metropolitan city in northern India, with the aim of studying anthropometric and metabolic characteristics of this population in socio-economic ..
  94. doi The poorest of the poor: a poverty appraisal of households affected by visceral leishmaniasis in Bihar, India
    M Boelaert
    Department of Public Health, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium
    Trop Med Int Health 14:639-44. 2009
    To provide data about wealth distribution in visceral leishmaniasis (VL)-affected communities compared to that of the general population of Bihar State, India.
  95. ncbi End-stage renal care in developing countries: the India experience
    Vivekanand Jha
    Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India
    Ren Fail 26:201-8. 2004
    ..To conclude, the financial burden of RRT in developing nations impacts on the lifestyle and future of entire families, and extracts a cost far higher than the actual amount of money spent on treatment...
  96. ncbi Clusters of cytokines determine malaria severity in Plasmodium falciparum-infected patients from endemic areas of Central India
    D Prakash
    National Centre for Cell Science, Pune, Pune Maharashtra, India
    J Infect Dis 194:198-207. 2006
    ..noncerebral malaria (SM), or cerebral malaria (CM) and in control subjects from Gondia, a malaria-endemic site in India, as well as in healthy subjects from non-malaria-endemic areas...
  97. ncbi Health system in India: opportunities and challenges for improvements
    K V Ramani
    Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad, India
    J Health Organ Manag 20:560-72. 2006
    ..The paper seeks to show that health and socio-economic developments are so closely intertwined that is impossible to achieve one without the other...
  98. ncbi Accuracy of visual screening for cervical neoplasia: Results from an IARC multicentre study in India and Africa
    Rengaswamy Sankaranarayanan
    Unit of Descriptive Epidemiology, International Agency for Research on Cancer, 150 cours Albert Thomas, 69372 Lyon Cedex 08, France
    Int J Cancer 110:907-13. 2004
    ..cross-sectional studies involving 56,939 women aged 25-65 years were conducted in Burkina Faso, Congo, Guinea, India, Mali and Niger to evaluate the accuracy of VIA and VILI performed by health workers...
  99. ncbi Street and working children of Delhi, India, misusing toluene: an ethnographic exploration
    Rajeev Seth
    VIMHANS and PCI, New Delhi, India
    Subst Use Misuse 40:1659-79. 2005
    ....
  100. ncbi Needlestick injuries in a tertiary care centre in Mumbai, India
    A Mehta
    P D Hinduja National Hospital and Medical Research Centre, Veer Savarkar Marg, Mahim West, Mumbai 400 016, India
    J Hosp Infect 60:368-73. 2005
    ..All staff who sustained injury with HIV were given immediate antiretroviral therapy (AZT 600 mg/day) for six weeks. Subsequent six-month follow-up showed zero seroconversion...
  101. ncbi Gender disadvantage and reproductive health risk factors for common mental disorders in women: a community survey in India
    Vikram Patel
    Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, England
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 63:404-13. 2006
    ..Gender disadvantage and reproductive health are major determinants of women's health in developing countries...

Research Grants73

  1. INDO-US Collaboration to Develop Rotavirus Vaccines
    Pratima Ray; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..In India, rotavirus is responsible for about 20% of diarrhea related hospitalizations and 100,000 deaths; the annual number ..
  2. N-methanocarbathymidine (N-MCT) for the Treatment of Herpes and Pox Virus Infecti
    Aquilur Rahman; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This is particularly true in India and Southeast Asia where HIV and HSV infection rates are climbing, and thus on a global scale, there will be a ..
  3. Hospital - Based Surveillance of Acute Febrile Illness in Western Ghat Region of
    ARUNKUMAR GOVINDAKARNAVAR; Fiscal Year: 2013
    Program Director/Principal Investigator (Govindakarnavar, Arunkumar): AFI Surveillance in Western Ghat Region of India ABSTRACT: Advances in laboratory diagnostics have greatly enhanced understanding of the infectious etiologies of ..
  4. Interdisciplinary Research Training in Reproduction for Indian Fellows
    John C Herr; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..three PhD scientists or post-resident physicians [MD or PhD/MD], holding positions at two partner institutions in India, for investigative careers in reproductive research...
  5. Predicting Bilirubin-induced Auditory Toxicity in Infants with Severe Jaundice
    Sanjiv B Amin; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..of severe jaundice is low in the USA, an international collaborative study is required, that includes infants from India, where the prevalence of severe jaundice is high, and technologic expertise to measure unbound bilirubin that is ..
  6. A Culturally Tailored LIfestyle Intervention to Prevent Diabetes in South Asians:
    KABAYAM M VENKAT NARAYAN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: The South Asian Community, people with origins in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Maldives, Nepal, Sri Lanka, or Bhutan, are more likely to get diabetes, get diabetes at ..
  7. Impact of Diabetes and Hyperlipidemia on Host Defense
    Hardy Kornfeld; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Immune deficiency in DM is less severe than AIDS, but DM is more prevalent and is increasing sharply in India and China, which already have high rates of TB...
  8. Pulmonary effects of biomass fuel indoor PM from rural India
    Shyam Biswal; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..There is a disproportionate increase in COPD and asthma among non-smokers in rural India who use biomass for cooking...
  9. Mediators of Atherosclerosis in South Asians Living in America
    Alka M Kanaya; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): South Asians (individuals from India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka) represent a quarter of the world's population and are one of the fasting growing ethnic groups in the United ..
  10. Crystalline Endolysin Treatment for Tuberculosis in TB/HIV co-infected patients
    BHAMI C SHENOY; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..that one in every 4 TB patients diagnosed with MDR-TB in Russia and about 50% of MDR-TB burden is in China and India. Worldwide there are 440,000 MDR-TB cases and 150,000 deaths occurred in 2008. About 5...
  11. CHONDROPROTECTIVE ACTIVITY OF POMEGRANATE EXTRACT
    Tariq M Haqqi; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Pomegranate fruit (PF) or its extract (PFE) is widely used in Unani and Ayurvedic medicinal systems in India for the treatment of diabetes and Colitis...
  12. Determining Molecular Mechanisms of Chikungunya Virulence and Attenuation
    KATHERINE D RYMAN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Since early 2005, a CHIKV epidemic has been responsible for over 1.5 million cases of CHIK fever in India and the Indian Ocean islands of Riunion, Mauritius, Madagascar and Seychelles...
  13. Lab-on-a-chip for Neonatal Hyperbilirubinemia Screening
    Vijay Srinivasan; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..In developing countries such as India, 5%-12% of all newborns are reported to develop severe hyperbilirubinemia in the newborn period...
  14. Measuring Tobacco Mortality within the Million Death Study in India
    Prabhat Jha; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..b>India's SRS is a large continuous demographic survey of 7,597 small areas (4,433 rural and 3,164 urban) randomly ..
  15. Environmental Triggers of Cardiometabolic Disease
    Sanjay Rajagopalan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..focused investigations in environments with the highest levels of exposure (developing countries such as China and India), are likely to provide new and much needed data on the risk posed by these variables on an individuals life-time ..
  16. Treating cutaneous leishmaniasis by radio-frequency induced heat (RFH) therapy
    Abhay R Satoskar; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..We propose to perform this trial in India, Ethiopia, Peru and Guatemala because infections in these regions are caused by different Leishmania species, and ..
  17. Substituting Brown Rice for White Rice: Effect on Diabetes Risk Factors in India
    Mohan Viswanathan; Fiscal Year: 2012
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Currently, India has the largest absolute number of people with diabetes in the world and the escalation in diabetes incidence is occurring as global free trade continues to fuel rapid economic and ..
  18. Optimized Adaptation of Simian-tropic R5 HIV Clade C to Pig-tailed Macaques
    RUTH MARGRIT RUPRECHT; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..HIV clade C (HIV-C) causes >56% of all cases of HIV/AIDS worldwide and predominates in sub-Saharan Africa and India. A non-human primate (NHP) model would greatly benefit the preclinical development of prevention strategies, ..
  19. HIV, HCV and Liver Disease Among Injection Drug Users in Chennai, India
    Shruti H Mehta; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..C virus (HCV), tuberculosis (TB), alcohol and liver disease among injection drug users (IDUs) in Chennai, India and to inform future treatment initiatives and interventions to reduce the burden of liver disease in a population ..
  20. Dissecting the Role of HIV-1 Tat &Chemokine Axis in Subtype-Specificity of HAD
    Vinayaka R Prasad; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..protein is defective in monocyte chemotaxis and proposed this as the basis for the reduction in HIV dementia in India. We have generated new evidence for subtype- specificity of HAD using subtype B and C isolates using the SCID HIV ..
  21. Fogarty Global Health Fellows Coordinating Center
    CHARLES MICHAEL VAN DER HORST; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..sites in Africa (Ghana, Malawi, South Africa (2), Swaziland, Uganda (2), Zambia), Asia (Bangladesh, China (3), India, Thailand) and South America (Argentina, Brazil, Peru)...
  22. The Ecology, Emergence and Pandemic Potential of Nipah virus in Bangladesh
    Peter Daszak; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Since this time, 7 recognized outbreaks of NiV have occurred in Bangladesh and India. The virus has achieved an advanced stage of emergence, with direct transmission from bats to people, capacity to ..
  23. Health and Retirement Survey for India
    David Bloom; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..research are (a) to develop a nationally representative, longitudinal survey of aging, health, and retirement in India;(b) to provide the foundation for new, rigorous, multidisciplinary studies of aging that will inform policy making ..
  24. Catalytic Antibody-Based Vaccine For Weight Loss
    AMANDA LEE GARNER; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..as the United States, overweight and obesity is significantly on the rise in developing nations such as China, India and Latin America representing a global public health crisis...
  25. Evaluation of the Effects of Chikungunya N-linked Glycosylation on Pathogenesis
    CHARLES EDWIN MCGEE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..epidemic transmission of CHIKV has resulted in millions of human infections in Africa, the Indian Ocean islands, India, and Southeast Asia [3-9] as well as the importation of human cases into the United States, the Caribbean, and ..
  26. Maternal Intestinal Infections and Low Birth Weight in a Rural Indian Cohort
    RACHEL MARGARET WHELAN; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..and helminthic infections) as contributors to low birth weight, preterm delivery and other birth outcomes in rural India. The hypotheses are that these infections cause or augment pregnancy outcomes such as iron deficiency anemia ..
  27. Plan for Cardiovascular Research Training in Advanced Biostatistics, Aging, and H
    Dorairaj Prabhakaran; Fiscal Year: 2013
    Plan for Cardiovascular Research Training in Advanced Biostatistics, Aging, and Health Policy Modeling in India. DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The proposed application aims to develop and refine research training program ..
  28. Fostering Opportunities for Nutrition and Global Health
    Wafaie W Fawzi; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We will partner with St. John's Research Institute (SJRI), Bangalore, India and additional collaborate with institutions in Tanzania and Brazil...
  29. The Impact of Microfinance on Health: Experimental Evidence from India
    Rohini Pande; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..leads to successful health and aging in adulthood Through conducting a large community-level randomized trial in India, the proposed project will provide causal evidence on the physical and mental health impacts of microfinance on ..
  30. Curcumin and chemoprevention of H. pylori-associated gastric carcinogenesis
    Rupesh Chaturvedi; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Curcumin, a secondary metabolite of the plant turmeric, is a common food ingredient in India and its consumption (40-200 mg/day) has been linked to decreased incidence of colorectal cancer and Alzheimer'..
  31. 15th International Workshop on Ataxia-Telangiectasia and ATM to be held in India
    Tej K Pandita; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..towards the 15th International Workshop on Ataxia- Telangiectasia and ATM, (ATW2012) which wil be held at the India Habitat Center, Delhi, India (http://www.indiahabitat.org/) on February 07-11, 2012...
  32. Maternal and Child Health Benefits from Reducing Household Air Pollution
    Patricia L Hibberd; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The consortium between the Massachusetts General Hospital and the Indira Gandhi Government Medical College Nagpur, India, affiliated with Lata Medical Research Foundation, has extensive experience in conducting international ..
  33. Role of oxido-reductive stress in regulating HIV-TB coinfection
    Roy L Sutliff; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Approximately, 99% of deaths due to HIV-Mtb coinfection take place in developing countries such as India. Furthermore, evolution of genetically and functionally distinct clinical strains of HIV and Mtb strains further ..
  34. Smokeless Tobacco Use and Reproductive Health Among Married Women in a Low-income
    Jean J Schensul; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Smokeless tobacco use is increasing dramatically among women in India and has been shown to contribute to reproductive health problems including premature birth, low birth weight, ..
  35. In-reach for Successful Aging through Education(i-SAGE)
    Vyjeyanthi S Periyakoil; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..including Foothill College, University of San Francisco, Catholic Charities of Santa Clara County, Pallium India USA and First Nations Native American Veterans Service Organizations...
  36. Effect of FADS gene variants on fatty acid synthesis &brain development in India
    AVINASH KUNJAN SHETTY; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Specifically, our data reveal that India sits geographically between populations to the east that have the alleles that facilitate the conversion of MC-FAs ..
  37. Childhood Illness and Risk Perception: Opportunity to Improve Handwashing
    Pavani Kalluri Ram; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..To achieve this specific aim, we will conduct a 2x2 factorial randomized controlled trial in New Delhi, India in which we will enroll 400 households of children <2 years old...
  38. The Complexity of Immigrant Generations
    STEPHEN J TREJO; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..groups from Hispanic (Mexico, Puerto Rico, Cuba, El Salvador, and the Dominican Republic) and Asian (China, India, Japan, Korea, and the Philippines) source countries...
  39. Gender Equity-Focused, Male-Centered Family Planning for Rural India
    Niranjan Saggurti; Fiscal Year: 2012
    The major barrier to India meeting its national goal of replacement fertility is the huge discrepancy between urban and rural family planning, with rural young women at highest risk for unplanned and unspaced pregnancies...
  40. Prevenitng HIV/STIs in Central Indian High Risk Women: A Pilot Intervention
    Thomas L Patterson; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Interventions to reduce sexual risks among FSWs (female sex workers) are lacking in India, and they need to be brief to save costs and engage FSWs...
  41. Small Molecule Inhibitors of the Poxvirus Type I Interferon Binding Protein
    Luis J Sigal; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..cowpox virus (CPXV)~ the vaccine species vaccinia virus (VAC) which is also responsible for zoonoses in Brazil and India, and the mouse pathogen Ectromelia virus (ECTV) that causes mousepox in mice and is an outstanding model for human ..
  42. EIAV Envelope Variation and Vaccine Efficacy
    Ronald C Montelaro; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In fact, the explosion of new HIV-1 infections being experienced in countries such as India, China, Russia, and South Africa and the failure to substantially reduce HIV-1 infections in targeted developing ..
  43. Cost-effective chronic disease prevention in developing countries
    JEREMY DAVID GOLDHABER-FIEBERT; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Conversely, properly targeted diabetes prevention can also reduce tuberculosis prevalence. In countries like India, diabetes'biological link to increased risk of active tuberculosis infection accounts for an estimated 15% of ..
  44. Selective Migration and the Macro Demographic Consequences of Armed Conflict
    NATHALIE ELIZABETH WILLIAMS; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Specifically I plan to use these skills to develop an R01 project proposal to investigate population dynamics during the on-going religion-ethnic conflict in Kashmir, India.
  45. Chiang Mai University HIV/AIDS Clinical Trials Unit
    Thira Sirisanthana; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Thailand was the first country in Asia with a major AIDS epidemic. The Thai epidemic curve leads those in India, China, and Vietnam by 5 - 10 years...
  46. Parent Behavior and Child Adjustment Across Cultures
    Jennifer E Lansford; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..In the parent grant (R01HD054805-01A1), we will collect and analyze data in 8 countries (i.e., China, India, Italy, Kenya, Philippines, Sweden, Thailand, United States) and subgroups within these countries...
  47. Family and Health Consequences of Imbalanced Sex Ratios in India
    Scott J South; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): India has long experienced a numerical shortage of females, and this sex ratio imbalance is likely to grow with the widespread adoption of sex-selective abortion technologies...
  48. Selective Migration and the Macro Demographic Consequences of Armed Conflict
    NATHALIE ELIZABETH WILLIAMS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Specifically I plan to use these skills to develop an R01 project proposal to investigate population dynamics during the on-going religio-ethnic conflict in Kashmir, India.
  49. Understanding the inflammatory processes of neurocysticercosis: a US-India partne
    HELENE CARABIN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..NCC) is a parasitic infection of the brain that accounts for 34% of active epilepsy cases in Vellore district, India. New methods for diagnosing patients with NCC are badly needed...
  50. Acute Coronary Syndrome Quality Improvement in Kerala (ACS QUIK)
    MARK DANIEL HUFFMAN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..acute coronary syndrome (ACS) through a cluster-randomized, stepped wedge clinical trial design in Kerala, India. System-level quality improvement initiatives in ACS, while successful in high-income countries, have not been ..
  51. Physical Activity Behavior Among Midlife South Asian Indian Immigrants
    MANJU NARESH DANIEL; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Inclusion criteria are SAI immigrant men and women born in India and immigrated to the U.S., 40 to 65 years of age, without physical activity disability...
  52. Vanderbilt-Emory-Cornell-Duke Consortium for Global Health Fellows (VECDor)
    Sten H Vermund; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..institutions, selected as diverse, well-funded research sites in Africa (Kenya, Zambia, Tanzania, Rwanda), Asia (India, China, Vietnam), Latin America (Brazil, Mexico), and the Caribbean (Haiti)...
  53. A synthetic triterpenoid in breast cancer chemoprevention
    Anupam Bishayee; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..AMR) is a triterpene acid isolated from the stem bark of Amoora rohituka, a well known medicinal plant native of India. AMR has been shown to inhibit the proliferation of human breast carcinoma cells in vitro as well as suppress rat ..
  54. Feasibility of Pharmacy-Based HIV Interventions among IDUs: Ha Giang, Vietnam
    NANCY PIELEMEIER; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This application is one of five linked R21 applications- two from the U. S. and one each from India, Russia, and Vietnam - for possible study sites to explore the feasibility of a trial of pharmacy-based ..
  55. HIV, ART and the Intestinal Microbiota
    Honorine D Ward; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..before and after they initiate ART, in rural Tamil Nadu, where rates of HIV prevalence are the highest in India. Based on this proposal, we will examine the role that alterations in the intestinal microbiota play in ..
  56. Suppression of SHH Expression in Arthritis by Butea monosperma
    Tariq M Haqqi; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Butea monosperma (Lam) is widely distributed in India and water extract of Butea monosperma flowers (BME) is used to treat arthritis...
  57. CONTROLS FOR ASSOCIATION STUDIES OF ALCOHOLISM
    Kenneth Kidd; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..A combination of known and new makers encompassing ALDH2 will similarly be studied. Collaborators in China, India, and Africa will continue to help develop better coverage of populations in their regions for ADH and ALDH2 ..
  58. Nipah &Hendra Virus Nonhuman Primate Model &Therapeutics Development
    THOMAS WILLIAM GEISBERT; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..events have been reported from 1995 to 2007 and Nipah outbreaks have occurred on a regular basis in Bangladesh and India. We have been extensively studying Hendra and Nipah for several years and have characterized the envelope ..
  59. Leishmaniasis Drug Development Using an Evolutionary Design Strategy
    Roger G Linington; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Leishmaniasis is a debilitating disease prevalent across many of the inter-tropical regions of the world including India, Sudan and Brazil...
  60. Planning Grant for Parasitic Ulcer Treatment Trial
    Jeremy David Keenan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..University of California, San Francisco, the University of Illinois at Chicago, and the Aravind Eye Hospitals in India. As a result, the proposed study would make up the largest prospective randomized study on acanthamoeba keratitis ..
  61. Enhancing Dietary Iron and Zinc Bioavailability in Indian Children
    Steven A Abrams; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..There is no recommended daily intake for zinc in India. With stable isotopes of iron and zinc it is now possible to measure precisely iron and zinc absorption...
  62. Fighting Malaria with Microfinance: Evidence from India
    Alessandro Tarozzi; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..trial in collaboration with a rural micro-lending organization in rural Orissa, a malaria-endemic state of India. The research plan consists of the following: firstly, a preliminary baseline survey has been conducted in 150 ..
  63. International Feasibility Study of Pharmacy-Based HIV Prevention: St.Petersburg
    Alla V Shaboltas; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This application is one of five linked R21 applications - two in the U. S. and one each from India, Russia, and Vietnam -- that have begun to explore the possibility of participating in such a trial...
  64. ETHICAL ISSUES IN INTERNATIONAL HEALTH RESEARCH
    Richard Cash; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Sciences, of the Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute of Medical Sciences and Technology, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India. The three-year project was funded to develop a series of domestic and international workshops/courses on "Ethical ..
  65. Probiotics for Infectious Diarrhea in Children in South India
    Honorine Ward; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..function and enhance the immune response in children with cryptosporidial or rotaviral infections in South India. Rotavirus and Cryptosporidium spp...
  66. AIDS Stigma & Gender: Health Consequences in Urban India
    Maria Ekstrand; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Our research suggests that these problems exist in India as well...
  67. Pilot study of Newborn screening for hemoglobinopathies in South Gujarat India
    Lakshmanan Krishnamurti; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..of infants with sickle cell disease each year, hemoglobinopathies have emerged as a major public health problem in India. Newborn screening (NBS) can dramatically reduce morbidity and mortality from sickle cell disease (SCD) by ..
  68. Feasibility of Pharmacy-Based HIV Interventions among IDUs: India
    Carl A Latkin; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..DA024971 is a feasibility study of pharmacy-based HIV Interventions among injection drug users (IDUs) in Chennai, India. Transmission of HIV and other bloodborne viruses has been linked to restricting syringe access through pharmacies...
  69. Cerebral Malaria Associated Neurological Disorders in India
    Jonathan Stiles; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Morehouse School of Medicine, Centers of Disease Control and the Medical Research Center (ICMR), Jabalpur, India to address the role of immunopathogenesis in malaria-induced neurological impairment following P...
  70. Molecular Epidemiology of Cryptosporidiosis in India
    Honorine Ward; Fiscal Year: 2007
    This research will be done primarily at Christian Medical College, Vellore, India in collaboration with Dr. Gagandeep Kang as an extension of NIH grant RO1 AI05786, 04/15/03-3/31/08...
  71. CALICIVIRAL INFECTIONS AND DISEASE IN SOUTHERN INDIA
    MARY ESTES; Fiscal Year: 2009
    This research will be done primarily at Christian Medical College, Vellore, India in collaboration with Dr. Gagandeep Kang as an extension of NIH grant PO1 AI05788 (06/15/04-5/31/09)...
  72. Oral Screening in India using Optical Imaging Technology
    Ann Gillenwater; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..In India, it is the most common cancer in men and the third most common in women...
  73. Direct and Indirect Protection by Influenza Vaccine Given to Children in India
    Wayne M Sullender; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..9 million childhood deaths per year, 20% of the deaths are in India. The disease burden of influenza among children in India is ill defined but is likely substantial...