- Trypanosoma cruzi isoenzyme variability in Ecuador: first observation of zymodeme III genotypes in chronic chagasic patients
E A Garzón
Instituto de Biología Molecular Tropical, Universidad Catolica de Santiago de Guayaquil, Ecuador
Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 96:378-82. 2002
..patients and 3 stocks isolated from Triatoma dimidiata collected in human habitats from the coastal part of Ecuador (all stocks isolated in August-December 1998)...
- Incidence of childhood leukemia and oil exploitation in the Amazon basin of Ecuador
Anna Karin Hurtig
Instituto de Epidemiología y Salud Comunitaria Manuel Amunárriz, Apdo 17 10 7410, Quito, Ecuador
Int J Occup Environ Health 10:245-50. 2004
..living in the proximity to oil fields and those living in areas free from oil exploitation in the Amazon basin of Ecuador, 91 cancer cases among children (0-14 years) from the provinces of Sucumbios, Orellana, Napo, and Pastaza during ..
- Pulmonary tuberculosis in an indigenous community in the mountains of Ecuador
N C Romero-Sandoval
Facultad de Medicina, Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador PUCE, Quito, Ecuador
Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 11:550-5. 2007
..An aboriginal community of 653 persons...
- Phytolith evidence for early Holocene Cucurbita domestication in southwest Ecuador
Dolores R Piperno
Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute STRI, Balboa, Panama
Science 299:1054-7. 2003
Cucurbita (squash and gourd) phytoliths recovered from two early Holocene archaeological sites in southwestern Ecuador and directly dated to 10,130 to 9320 carbon-14 years before the present (about 12,000 to 10,000 calendar years ago) ..
- Unintended pregnancy and women's use of prenatal care in Ecuador
US Agency for International Development Paraguay, Population Leadership Program, Berkeley, CA 94704, USA
Soc Sci Med 51:1011-8. 2000
..unintended pregnancy--both unwanted and mistimed and several dimensions of use of prenatal care among women in Ecuador, where the level of unintended pregnancy has risen considerably in recent years...
- Detection and identification of Leishmania species within naturally infected sand flies in the andean areas of ecuador by a polymerase chain reaction
Department of Veterinary Hygiene, Faculty of Agriculture, Yamaguchi University, Yamaguchi, Japan
Am J Trop Med Hyg 72:87-93. 2005
- The origin and diversification of Galapagos mockingbirds
Brian S Arbogast
Department of Biological Sciences, Humboldt State University, Arcata, California 95521, USA
Evolution 60:370-82. 2006
..America, northern South America, and the Caribbean, rather than the geographically nearest species in continental Ecuador. Thus, propensity for over-water dispersal may have played a more important role than geographic proximity in the ..
- Snake venomics and antivenomics of Bothrops atrox venoms from Colombia and the Amazon regions of Brazil, Perú and Ecuador suggest the occurrence of geographic variation of venom phenotype by a trend towards paedomorphism
Programa de Ofidismo Escorpionismo, Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín 1226, Colombia Escuela de Microbiología, Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín 1226, Colombia
J Proteomics 73:57-78. 2009
The venom proteomes of Bothrops atrox from Colombia, Brazil, Ecuador, and Perú were characterized using venomic and antivenomic strategies. Our results evidence the existence of two geographically differentiated venom phenotypes...
- mtDNA history of the Cayapa Amerinds of Ecuador: detection of additional founding lineages for the Native American populations
Dipartimento di Biologia, Universita di Roma Tor Vergata, Rome Italy
Am J Hum Genet 65:519-30. 1999
- Pesticide exposure and stunting as independent predictors of neurobehavioral deficits in Ecuadorian school children
Institute of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark
Pediatrics 117:e546-56. 2006
..To examine possible effects on blood pressure, neurological function, and neurobehavioral tests in school-aged children with and without prenatal pesticide exposure in an area where stunting is common...
- Biogeography of Triatominae (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) in Ecuador: implications for the design of control strategies
Pathogen Molecular Biology and Biochemistry Unit, Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 96:611-20. 2001
..we report the results of the identification of specimens belonging to various species of Triatominae captured in Ecuador (15 species from 17 provinces) and deposited in the entomological collections of the Catholic University of ..
- Allergic symptoms, atopy, and geohelminth infections in a rural area of Ecuador
Philip J Cooper
Laboratorio de Investigaciones, Hospital Pedro Vicente Maldoonado, Pichincha Provinece, Ecuador
Am J Respir Crit Care Med 168:313-7. 2003
..and symptoms of allergic disease, we studied 4433 schoolchildren from 71 schools in a rural tropical area in Ecuador. Information was collected on allergic symptoms, allergen skin test reactivity, and presence of geohelminth ..
- Community participation eliminates yaws in Ecuador
Centro de Epidemiología Comunitaria y Medicina Tropical, Esmeraldas, Ecuador
Trop Med Int Health 8:634-8. 2003
..A survey in 1988 in the northern region of Ecuador documented a prevalence of 16.5% of clinical cases and 96.3% of serological cases...
- Entomological evaluation by pool screen polymerase chain reaction of Onchocerca volvulus transmission in Ecuador following mass Mectizan distribution
Angel G Guevara
Laboratory of Clinical Investigation, Community Services Vozandes, Quito, Ecuador
Am J Trop Med Hyg 68:222-7. 2003
..flies was estimated by pool screen polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification in the three river basins in Ecuador endemic for onchocerciasis...
- Predictors and nutritional consequences of intestinal parasitic infections in rural Ecuadorian children
Mamie Eleanor Sackey
Community and International Nutrition and Health Section, Department of Human Nutrition, Foods, and Exercise, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Virginia 24061 0430, USA
J Trop Pediatr 49:17-23. 2003
..They also suggest that domestic animals may be an important reservoir for Giardia and other intestinal protozoal infections observed in the Ecuadorian children studied...
- Environmental impacts and metal exposure of aquatic ecosystems in rivers contaminated by small scale gold mining: the Puyango River basin, southern Ecuador
N H Tarras-Wahlberg
Graduate School, Department of Geography, University of Cambridge, United Kingdom
Sci Total Environ 278:239-61. 2001
Gold mining in the Portovelo-Zaruma district in southern Ecuador is causing considerable environmental impacts; the most important ones are related to the discharge of cyanide, mercury and metal rich tailings into rivers of the Puyango ..
- Phenolic compounds in Rosaceae fruits from Ecuador
Department of Food Science, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, P O Box 7051, SE 750 07, Uppsala, Sweden
J Agric Food Chem 57:1204-12. 2009
..LC-MS analysis of capuli cherry revealed dimeric and trimeric procyanidins, quercetin and kaempferol hexosides and pentosides, and a kaempferol-O,C-dipentoside...
- Cancer mortality and oil production in the Amazon Region of Ecuador, 1990-2005
Michael A Kelsh
Exponent Health Sciences, Menlo Park, CA, USA
Int Arch Occup Environ Health 82:381-95. 2009
..To compare cancer mortality rates in Amazon cantons (counties) with and without long-term oil exploration and extraction activities...
- An outbreak of plague including cases with probable pneumonic infection, Ecuador, 1998
J M Gabastou
PAHO WHO, Quito, Ecuador
Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 94:387-91. 2000
During February and March of 1998, 12 sudden deaths were reported among residents of a high-Andean community in Ecuador. All 12 fatalities were members of the same extended family and some had apparent exposure to sick guinea-pigs...
- Geographical differences in cancer incidence in the Amazon basin of Ecuador in relation to residence near oil fields
Anna Karin Hurtig
Instituto de Epidemiología y Salud Comunitaria, Manuel Amunárriz, Apdo 17 10 7410, Quito, Ecuador
Int J Epidemiol 31:1021-7. 2002
..This study aimed to determine if there was any difference in overall and specific cancer incidence rates between populations living in proximity to oil fields and those who live in areas free from oil exploitation...
- Sociodemographic and nutritional correlates of neurobehavioral development: a study of young children in a rural region of Ecuador
Alexis J Handal
University of Michigan School of Public Health, Department of Epidemiology, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
Rev Panam Salud Publica 21:292-300. 2007
To identify and describe the sociodemographic and nutritional characteristics associated with neurobehavioral development among young children living in three communities in the northeastern Andean region of Cayambe-Tabacundo, Ecuador.
- Evolution of character displacement in Darwin's finches
Peter R Grant
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544 1003, USA
Science 313:224-6. 2006
..These findings support the role of competition in models of community assembly, speciation, and adaptive radiations...
- Male and female range use in a group of white-bellied spider monkeys (Ateles belzebuth) in Yasuní National Park, Ecuador
Stephanie N Spehar
Anthropology, Department of Religious Studies and Anthropology, University of Wisconsin Oshkosh, Oshkosh, 800 Algoma Blvd, Oshkosh, WI 54901, USA
Am J Primatol 72:129-41. 2010
..Over several years of research on one group of spider monkeys (Ateles belzebuth) in Yasuní National Park, Ecuador, we characterized the ranging patterns of adult males and females and evaluated the extent to which they conform ..
- Prevalence and risk factors for protozoan and nematode infections among children in an Ecuadorian highland community
Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, School of Veterinary Medicine, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA
Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 99:585-92. 2005
In order to create a parasite prevention program for Santa Ana, Ecuador, we worked with local physicians to identify the prevalence and risk factors for intestinal parasitic infection among children...
- Taeniasis-cysticercosis in Southern Ecuador: assessment of infection status using multiple laboratory diagnostic tools
Centro Internacional de Zoonosis, Universidad Central del Ecuador, Quito, Ecuador
Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 101:779-82. 2006
..The further use of complementary diagnostic methods for a better understanding of the epidemiology of T. solium is suggested...
- Epilepsy and neurocysticercosis in Atahualpa: a door-to-door survey in rural coastal Ecuador
Oscar H Del Brutto
Department of Neurological Sciences, Hospital Clinica Kennedy, Guayaquil, Ecuador
Epilepsia 46:583-7. 2005
..To determine the prevalence of epilepsy and the role of neurocysticercosis in the occurrence of epilepsy in Atahualpa...
- Studies on a focus of yaws in the Santiago Basin, province of Esmeraldas, Ecuador
R H Guderian
Department of Clinical Investigations, Hospital Vozandes, Quito, Ecuador
Trop Geogr Med 43:142-7. 1991
..8%) of clinical lesions, with the majority found on the legs (64.2%). Papilloma was the most prevalent lesion (55.4%). Mass treatment of the basin using benzathine penicillin G was done according to WHO recommendation...
- Discovery and barcoding by analysis of spliced leader RNA gene sequences of new isolates of Trypanosomatidae from Heteroptera in Costa Rica and Ecuador
Dmitri A Maslov
Department of Biology, University of California, Riverside, California 92521, USA
J Eukaryot Microbiol 54:57-65. 2007
..Investigations of trypanosomatid diversity, host-specificity, and biogeography have become feasible using the approach described herein...
- Atypical clinical variants in New World cutaneous leishmaniasis: disseminated, erysipeloid, and recidiva cutis due to Leishmania (V.) panamensis
Department of Parasitology, Kochi Medical School, Kochi University, Kochi, Japan
Am J Trop Med Hyg 73:281-4. 2005
..V.) panamensis was identified as the etiologic agent. Our cases extend the spectrum of clinical presentations in New World leishmaniasis...
- Neurocognitive effects of chronic lead intoxication in Andean children
S A Counter
Department of Neurology Biological Laboratories, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
J Neurol Sci 160:47-53. 1998
..The results demonstrate a range of neurological responses in children with chronically elevated PbB levels from apparent exceptional neuro-physiological tolerance of PbB intoxication, to some fine motor and cognitive deficits...
- Sebacinales form ectendomycorrhizas with Cavendishia nobilis, a member of the Andean clade of Ericaceae, in the mountain rain forest of southern Ecuador
Systematic Botany, Tubingen University, Auf der Morgenstelle 1, D 72076 Tubingen, Germany
New Phytol 169:355-65. 2006
..is an endemic member of the Ericaceae growing as a hemiepiphyte in the tropical mountain rain forest of southern Ecuador. Mycorrhizas were collected from 20 individuals along an altitudinal gradient between 1850 and 2300 m...
- Emergency room visits for respiratory conditions in children increased after Guagua Pichincha volcanic eruptions in April 2000 in Quito, Ecuador observational study: time series analysis
Elena N Naumova
Department of Public Health and Family Medicine, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston MA 02111, USA
Environ Health 6:21. 2007
..documented elevated rates of emergency room (ER) visits for acute upper and lower respiratory infections and asthma-related conditions in the children of Quito, Ecuador associated with the eruption of Guagua Pichincha in April of 2000.
- Chromosome and DNA damage analysis in individuals occupationally exposed to pesticides with relation to genetic polymorphism for CYP 1A1 gene in Ecuador
Laboratorio de Genetica Molecular, y Citogenética Humana, Escuela de Biologia, Pontificia Universidad Catolica del Ecuador, Quito, Ecuador
Mutat Res 562:77-89. 2004
..and the chromosomal aberration (CA) test using peripheral blood samples from 45 pesticide sprayers from Cayambe, Ecuador. From a total of approximately 200 nuclei scored for each donor with the comet assay, a highly significant ..
- Household risk factors for Trypanosoma cruzi seropositivity in two geographic regions of Ecuador
Carla L Black
Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, 27599, USA
J Parasitol 93:12-6. 2007
..on the relationship between environmental factors and Trypanosoma cruzi transmission have been conducted in Ecuador. We conducted a cross-sectional study of household risk factors for T...
- The role of geography and ecology in shaping the phylogeography of the speckled hummingbird (Adelomyia melanogenys) in Ecuador
Jaime A Chaves
Department of Biology, San Francisco State University, San Francisco, CA 94132, USA
Mol Phylogenet Evol 43:795-807. 2007
..Results highlight the role of both isolation and ecology in diversification in Ecuadorian montane regions, while suggesting the two may not always act in concert to produce divergence in adaptive traits...
- Monitoring of DNA damage in individuals exposed to petroleum hydrocarbons in Ecuador
Laboratorio de Genética Molecular y Citogenética Humana, Departamento de Ciencias Biologicas, Pontificia Universidad Catolica del Ecuador, Quito, Ecuador
Ann N Y Acad Sci 1140:121-8. 2008
..001). Thus, it can be determined that populations that are exposed to hydrocarbons are susceptible to developing genetic damage. Therefore, risk groups can be determined in certain zones where the oil impact has been greater...
- Functional traits and niche-based tree community assembly in an Amazonian forest
Nathan J B Kraft
Department of Integrative Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
Science 322:580-2. 2008
..Our results show that strategy differentiation among species contributes to the maintenance of diversity in one of the most diverse tropical forests in the world...
- Spatial and temporal distribution of cholera in Ecuador between 1991 and 1996
Département d épidémiologie et de santé publique, Universite Paul Sabatier, Faculte de Medecine, Toulouse, France
Eur J Public Health 14:274-9. 2004
..Favoured by local conditions, the epidemic of cholera in Ecuador had a rapid impact. The epidemic of cholera evolved with temporal and geographical variations.
- The effects of long-term community level treatment with ivermectin (Mectizan) on adult Onchocerca volvulus in Latin America
Eddie W Cupp
Department of Entomology and Plant Pathology, Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849 5413, USA
Am J Trop Med Hyg 71:602-7. 2004
The objective of this study was to examine nodules from Mexico, Guatemala, and Ecuador collected over a one-year period (2001) to determine the effects of semi-annual ivermectin treatments on Onchocerca volvulus macrofilarial populations...
- Prevalence of intestinal parasites in young Quichua children in the highlands of rural Ecuador
Kathryn H Jacobsen
Calvin College, Grand Rapids, Michigan, USA
J Health Popul Nutr 25:399-405. 2007
..of intestinal parasites in young Quichua children was assessed in 20 rural communities in the highlands of Ecuador in August 2005...
- Following the water: a controlled study of drinking water storage in northern coastal Ecuador
Department of Environmental Science, Policy, and Management, University of California, Berkeley, California, USA
Environ Health Perspect 116:1533-40. 2008
- Life histories, blood revenge, and reproductive success among the Waorani of Ecuador
Department of Anthropology, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:8134-9. 2009
..We suggest that the spacing of revenge raids may be involved in the explanation of why the consequences of aggressiveness differ between these 2 warlike lowland South American peoples...
- Global conservation significance of Ecuador's Yasuní National Park
Margot S Bass
Finding Species, Takoma Park, Maryland, United States of America
PLoS ONE 5:e8767. 2010
The threats facing Ecuador's Yasuní National Park are emblematic of those confronting the greater western Amazon, one of the world's last high-biodiversity wilderness areas...
- Seroprevalence and risk factors for Trypanosoma cruzi infection in the Amazon region of Ecuador
Mario J Grijalva
Tropical Disease Institute, College of Osteopathic Medicine, Department of Biomedical Sciences, Ohio University, Athens, Ohio 45701, USA
Am J Trop Med Hyg 69:380-5. 2003
..cruzi infection as the basis for future educational and control programs in this region...
- Molecular phylogenetics of the lizard genus Microlophus (squamata:tropiduridae): aligning and retrieving indel signal from nuclear introns
Department of Integrative Biology, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT, USA
Syst Biol 56:776-97. 2007
- Phylogeny of the túngara frog genus Engystomops (= Physalaemus pustulosus species group; Anura: Leptodactylidae)
Santiago R Ron
Museo de Zoología, Centro de Biodiversidad y Ambiente, Escuela de Biologia, Pontificia Universidad Catolica del Ecuador, Av 12 de Octubre 1076 y Roca, Aptdo 17 01 2184, Quito, Ecuador
Mol Phylogenet Evol 39:392-403. 2006
..petersi + E. cf. freibergi. Clade II (Duovox) includes all species distributed in W Ecuador and NW Peru. Brevivox, a clade of small-sized species is strongly supported within Duovox...
- Relating diarrheal disease to social networks and the geographic configuration of communities in rural Ecuador
Sarah J Bates
School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA
Am J Epidemiol 166:1088-95. 2007
..how these effects might develop, the authors analyzed social network and geographic data from northern coastal Ecuador and examined associations with diarrhea prevalence...
- Field ecology of sylvatic Rhodnius populations (Heteroptera, Triatominae): risk factors for palm tree infestation in western Ecuador
Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, Pathogen Molecular Biology Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
Trop Med Int Health 10:1258-66. 2005
..An outline of 'risk palm ecotopes' and environmental management-based strategies for the control of peridomestic, palm tree-living vector populations are proposed...
- Genetic analysis of leishmania parasites in Ecuador: are Leishmania (Viannia) panamensis and Leishmania (V.) Guyanensis distinct taxa?
A L Banuls
Centre d Etudes sur le Polymorphisme des Microorganismes, Unité Mixte de Recherche no 9926, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, Montpellier, France
Am J Trop Med Hyg 61:838-45. 1999
In the course of an epidemiologic survey in Ecuador, the following collection of Leishmania stocks was isolated: 28 from patients with clinical signs of leishmaniasis, 2 from sloths, 1 from a dog, and 4 from sand flies...
- An ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plants used in Loja and Zamora-Chinchipe, Ecuador
Planta de Productos Naturales, Universidad Técnica Particular de Loja, Loja, Ecuador
J Ethnopharmacol 111:63-81. 2007
..The present study reports a total of 275 plant species, having 68 different therapeutical uses...
- Microdistribution of sylvatic triatomine populations in central-coastal Ecuador
Center for Infectious Disease Research, Pontifical Catholic University of Ecuador, Quito, Ecuador
J Med Entomol 47:80-8. 2010
Chagas disease is a serious public health problem in Ecuador, where nearly 230,000 individuals show Trypanosoma cruzi infection. Sylvatic T. cruzi transmission is a threat to current control strategies...
- Increasing compliance with maternal and child care quality standards in Ecuador
Quality Assurance Project, University Research Co, LLC, Quito, Ecuador
Int J Qual Health Care 14:25-34. 2002
..To determine the effects of hospital quality assurance interventions on compliance with clinical standards, availability of essential drugs, client satisfaction, and utilization...
- Integrating phylogenetics and environmental niche models to explore speciation mechanisms in dendrobatid frogs
Catherine H Graham
Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720, USA
Evolution 58:1781-93. 2004
..Further, the method outlined in this paper will be increasingly useful as knowledge of distribution and phylogeny of tropical species increases...
- Infection by trypanosomes in marsupials and rodents associated with human dwellings in Ecuador
C Miguel Pinto
Laboratorio de Investigación en Enfermedades Infecciosas, Escuela de Ciencias Biologicas, Pontificia Universidad Catolica del Ecuador, Quito, Ecuador
J Parasitol 92:1251-5. 2006
Small mammals trapped in domestic and peridomestic environments of rural Ecuador were screened for trypanosome infection by direct microscopy and hemoculture...
- High household infestation rates by synanthropic vectors of Chagas disease in southern Ecuador
M J Grijalva
Tropical Disease Institute, Biomedical Sciences Department, Ohio University College of Osteopathic Medicine, Athens, OH 45701, USA
J Med Entomol 42:68-74. 2005
..surveys were conducted in five rural communities (138 domiciliary units [DUs]) in the southern Andes of Ecuador. Adobe walls and ceramic tile roofs were predominant construction materials...
- Altitudinal patterns of spider sociality and the biology of a new midelevation social Anelosimus species in Ecuador
Department of Zoology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 1Z4, Canada
Am Nat 170:783-92. 2007
..We refer to these as the "maternal survival" and "prey size" hypotheses, respectively, and suggest that both in combination may explain the geographical distribution of sociality in the genus...
- The use of magical plants by curanderos in the Ecuador highlands
Anthony P Cavender
Department of Sociology and Anthropology, East Tennessee State University, Johnson City, Tennessee 37604, USA
J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 5:3. 2009
..g., soul loss, evil wind, witchcraft) has been documented in the Ecuador highlands, so-called magical plants have received much less focused attention than plants used for treating ..
- Beyond habitat requirements: individual fine-scale site fidelity in a colony of the Galapagos sea lion (Zalophus wollebaeki) creates conditions for social structuring
Jochen B W Wolf
Department of Animal Behaviour, University of Bielefeld, P O Box 100131, 33501 Bielefeld, Germany
Oecologia 152:553-67. 2007
..We discuss the implication of observed fine-scale site fidelity patterns on habitat use, dispersal decisions and social structure in colonial breeding pinnipeds...
- [Prevalence of anaemia in schoolchildren in the Amazon area of Ecuador]
Instituto de Epidemiología y Salud Comunitaria Manuel Amunárriz, Quito, Ecuador
Rev Panam Salud Publica 13:355-61. 2003
To determine the prevalence of anemia in rural school-age children in the Amazon region of Ecuador.
- [Prevalence of and risk factors for overweight among school girls 12 to 19 years old in a semi-urban region of Ecuador]
José Castro Burbano
Universidad San Francisco de Quito, Quito, Ecuador
Rev Panam Salud Publica 13:277-84. 2003
..overweight and identify its risk factors in school girls between the ages of 12 and 19 in a semi-urban region of Ecuador and to explore the potential relationship between the adolescents' body mass index (BMI) and their physical ..
- Directly dated starch residues document early formative maize (Zea mays L.) in tropical Ecuador
Department of Archaeology, University of Calgary, 2500 University Drive NW, Calgary, AB, Canada
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:5006-11. 2008
..Furthermore, some scholars have argued that maize was not introduced to southwestern Ecuador until approximately 4150-3850 calendar years before the present (cal B.P...
- Is Lutzomyia serrana (Diptera, Psychodidae, Phlebotominae) present in Ecuador?
J P Dujardin
UMR IRD CNRS 9926, Av Agropolis, 911 BP 5045, 34032 Montpellier, France
Parasite 11:211-7. 2004
..guilvardae is a distinct species. However, they suggest that L. robusta and L. serrana in Ecuador are the same taxon, and that it is distinguishable from the population of L. serrana in Bolivia...
- Cancer incidence near oilfields in the Amazon basin of Ecuador revisited
Occup Environ Med 64:490. 2007
- Taeniosis-cysticercosis in man and animals in the Sierra of Northern Ecuador
Centro Internacional de Zoonosis, Universidad Central del Ecuador UC, PO Box 17 03 100, Quito, Ecuador
Vet Parasitol 118:51-60. 2003
Taenia solium is endemic in the Andean region of Ecuador. The recent rediscovery of Taenia saginata in humans urges to reconsider some assumptions in relation to the epidemiology of the taeniosis/cysticercosis complex in this country...
- Relationship of pulmonary function among women and children to indoor air pollution from biomass use in rural Ecuador
Seppo T Rinne
Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, School of Veterinary Medicine, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA
Respir Med 100:1208-15. 2006
..Four groups containing 20 households each were selected in Santa Ana, Ecuador based on the relative amount of liquid petroleum gas and biomass fuel that they used for cooking...
- Prevalence and intensity of soil-transmitted helminthiasis in the city of Portoviejo (Ecuador)
Hospital Provincial del Seguro Social, Portoviejo, Equador
Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 96:1075-9. 2001
We studied the stool samples of 151 school children in a district of the city of Portoviejo (Ecuador) in order to determine the prevalence and intensity of soil-transmitted helminthiasis (STH) and their relationships with anthropometric ..
- Comparative intradermal tuberculin test in dairy cattle in the north of Ecuador and risk factors associated with bovine tuberculosis
International Centre of Zoonosis, Central University of Ecuador, Quito, Ecuador
Am J Trop Med Hyg 81:1103-9. 2009
..the prevalence of bovine tuberculosis (BTB) in Mejia canton, the major dairy cattle production area in northern Ecuador. Twenty dairy herds comprising 2,022 cattle were selected...
- Gynecologic and breast malignancies in the Amazon basin of Ecuador, 1985-1998
A K Hurtig
Instituto de Epidemiología y Salud Comunitaria, Manuel Amunárriz, Quito, Apdo 17 10 7410, Ecuador
Int J Gynaecol Obstet 76:199-201. 2002
- Locomotor behavior of Lagothrix lagothricha and Ateles belzebuth in YasunÃ National Park, Ecuador: general patterns and nonsuspensory modes
J G Cant
Department of Anatomy, School of Medicine, University of Puerto Rico, San Juan, Puerto Rico 00936-5067, USA
J Hum Evol 41:141-66. 2001
..monkeys (Lagothrix lagothricha) and spider monkeys (Ateles belzebuth) in undisturbed rainforest of northern Ecuador revealed similar patterns in use of plant forms (categorized tree and liana structure), and substantial ..
- Cancer among indigenous people in the Amazon Basin of Ecuador, 1985-2000
Miguel San Sebastian
Instituto de Epidemiología y Salud Comunitaria Manuel Amunárriz, Coca, Orellana, Ecuador
Rev Panam Salud Publica 16:328-33. 2004
To provide some of the first data on cancer incidence among indigenous people in the Amazon basin of Ecuador, and to compare that incidence with the level found among nonindigenous persons living in that same area.
- Cryptic host specificity of an avian skin mite (Epidermoptidae) vectored by louseflies (Hippoboscidae) associated with two endemic Galapagos bird species
Noah Kerness Whiteman
Harvard University Museum of Comparative Zoology, 26 Oxford Street, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, USA
J Parasitol 92:1218-28. 2006
..Mites of hawk flies were more abundant than those of cormorant flies. Within the Myialges clade associated with hawks, genetic differentiation between 2 island populations mirrored its host's patterns of differentiation...
- Hantavirus nephropathy as a pseudo-import pathology from Ecuador
University Hospital Saint Pierre, Department of Internal Medicine, Brussels, Belgium
Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 29:59-62. 2010
..infection (nephropathia epidemica) diagnosed in a Belgian backpacker returning from a trekking expedition in Ecuador, after likely heavy exposure to rodents...
- Environmental change and infectious disease: how new roads affect the transmission of diarrheal pathogens in rural Ecuador
Joseph N S Eisenberg
School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48104, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:19460-5. 2006
..The construction of a new road in a previously roadless area of northern coastal Ecuador provides a valuable natural experiment to examine how changes in the social and natural environment, mediated by ..
- [Leishmaniasis in Ecuador. 5. Leishmaniasis and anthropization on the Pacific coast]
ORSTOM, Paris, France
Ann Soc Belg Med Trop 74:35-41. 1994
..The reservoirs live and circulate throughout coffee plantations. In deforested areas, neither aggressive sand flies have been observed, nor leishmaniasis transmission...
- Diversity and distribution patterns of Pronophilina butterflies (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Satyrinae) along an altitudinal transect in north-western Ecuador
Tomasz W Pyrcz
Zoological Museum of the Jagiellonian University, Ingardena 6, 30 060 Krakow, Poland
Neotrop Entomol 38:716-26. 2009
..a species-rich group of neotropical montane butterflies, were carried out along an elevational transect in Ecuador to assess the effect of altitude on their distribution patterns, diversity and community structure...
- The life history and shelter building behavior of Vettius coryna coryna Hewitson, 1866 in eastern Ecuador (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae: Hesperiinae)
Harold F Greeney
Yanayacu Biological Station and Center for Creative Studies, Cosanga, Quito, Ecuador
J Insect Sci 9:32. 2009
Abstract We describe all life-stages of Vettius coryna coryna Hewitson, 1866 in eastern Ecuador. The details of larval shelter structure and associated shelter building behavior are described and illustrated, as observed on two grass ..
- [Inconsistent condom use among sexual workers in Ecuador: results from a behavior survey]
Juan Pablo Gutierrez
División de Economia y Políticas de la Salud, Centro de Investigación en Sistemas de Salud, Instituto Nacional de Salud Publica, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico
Salud Publica Mex 48:104-12. 2006
Whilst existing data suggests that the HIV epidemic in Ecuador is concentrated amongst men who have sex with men (MSM), there is very little available information on the situation of key populations, i.e...
- The effect of malarial infection on maternal-fetal outcome in Ecuador
High Risk Pregnancy Unit of the Enrique C Sotomayor Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital, Guayaquil, Ecuador
J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 18:101-5. 2005
..To describe maternal and fetal outcome among pregnancies complicated with malarial infection...
- Genetic and other diseases in the pottery of Tumaco-La Tolita culture in Colombia-Ecuador
J E Bernal
Instituto de Genetica Humana, Facultad de Medicina, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Bogota, Colombia
Clin Genet 70:188-91. 2006
The people of Tumaco-La Tolita culture inhabited the borders of present-day Colombia and Ecuador. Already extinct by the time of the Spaniards arrival, they left a huge collection of pottery artifacts depicting everyday life; among these,..
- The traditional and conventional medical treatment of cutaneous leishmaniasis in rural Ecuador
M M Weigel
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, School of Human Resources and Education, Department of Human Nutrition, Foods and Exercise, Blacksburg, Virginia, USA
Rev Panam Salud Publica 10:395-404. 2001
To explore the knowledge, beliefs, and practices (KBPs) regarding cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) treatment held by an endemic population in Ecuador.
- The health status of rural school children in the Amazon basin of Ecuador
M San Sebastian
Community Health Workers Association, Coca, Ecuador
J Trop Pediatr 45:379-82. 1999
An assessment of the health status among school children of the Naporuna ethnicity was conducted in north-eastern Ecuador. Prevalence of protein-energy malnutrition (PEM), parasitic infections, and pathology was investigated among 511 ..
- Malignant salivary gland tumors in Quito, Ecuador
Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery Department, Hospital Carlos Andrade Marin, Instituto Ecuatoriano de Seguridad Social, Quito, Ecuador
ORL J Otorhinolaryngol Relat Spec 62:296-302. 2000
..Age-standardized incidence rates are 0.5 and 0.3 per 100,000 in Quito, Ecuador; and 1.0 and 0.7 per 100,000 in the USA (SEER Program), for males and females, respectively...
- Hematology, serum chemistry, and serology of Galápagos penguins (Spheniscus mendiculus) in the Galápagos Islands, Ecuador
Erika K Travis
Saint Louis Zoo, One Government Drive, Saint Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
J Wildl Dis 42:625-32. 2006
The Galápagos penguin (Spheniscus mendiculus) is an endangered species endemic to the Galápagos Islands, Ecuador. In 2003 and 2004, 195 penguins from 13 colonies on the islands of Isabela and Fernandina in the Galápagos archipelago ..
- Rapid surveys for program evaluation: design and implementation of an experiment in Ecuador
Tulane University, School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, Department of International Health and Development, New Orleans, Louisiana 70112, USA
Rev Panam Salud Publica 6:192-201. 1999
This paper presents details from the field test of two rapid surveys in Ecuador in 1995...
- Biomass burning in the Amazon-fertilizer for the mountaineous rain forest in Ecuador
Technical University of Munich, TUM Life Science Center Weihenstephan WZW, Am Hochanger 13, 85354 Freising, Germany
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 12:290-6. 2005
..Chemical analyses of rain and fogwater samples collected in the mountaineous rain forest of south Ecuador show frequent episodes of high sulfate and nitrate concentration, from which annual deposition rates are derived ..
- Ranging behavior and foraging ecology of lowland woolly monkeys (Lagothrix lagotricha poeppigii) in Yasuní National Park, Ecuador
Anthony Di Fiore
Department of Anthropology, New York University, New York 10003, USA
Am J Primatol 59:47-66. 2003
..of lowland woolly monkeys (Lagothrix lagotricha poeppigii) in a terra firma rainforest in Yasuní National Park, Ecuador, and examined the relationship between ranging, diet, food availability, and food patch use for this population...
- Molecular identification of endocervical Chlamydia trachomatis infection among gestations at risk for preterm birth in Ecuador
Enrique C Sotomayor Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital, Guayaquil, Ecuador
Arch Gynecol Obstet 279:9-10. 2009
..To identify Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) endocervical infection among gestations at risk for preterm birth by means of DNA amplification...
- Leishmaniasis recidiva cutis due to Leishmania (Viannia) panamensis in subtropical Ecuador: isoenzymatic characterization
Department of Parasitology, School of Medicine, Kochi University, Kochi, Japan
Int J Dermatol 45:116-20. 2006
..LRC is characterized by slowly progressing lesion(s) that appear after a variable period of time, from months to years, in or around the scar of an apparently clinically healed sore...
- Cytogenetic monitoring in a population occupationally exposed to pesticides in Ecuador
Laboratorio de Genética Molecular y Citogenética Humana, Departamento de Ciencias Biologicas, and Unidad de Genética, Facultad de Medicina, Pontificia Universidad Catolica del Ecuador, Quito, Ecuador
Environ Health Perspect 110:1077-80. 2002
..of structural and numerical chromosomal aberrations (CAs) in workers of a plantation of flowers located in Quito, Ecuador, in South America...
- Low educational level: a risk factor for sexually transmitted infections among commercial sex workers in Quito, Ecuador
M M Solomon
School of Medicine, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA
Int J STD AIDS 19:264-7. 2008
..This study analysed this association among female CSWs in Quito, Ecuador. Eighty-five CSWs were given a Spanish-language questionnaire on behaviours, socioeconomics and demographics...
- Causes of mortality of wild birds submitted to the Charles Darwin Research Station, Santa Cruz, Galapagos, Ecuador from 2002-2004
Nicole L Gottdenker
Saint Louis Zoo, Saint Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
J Wildl Dis 44:1024-31. 2008
..Trauma and trauma-related deaths (n=141) dominated necropsy submissions. Infectious causes of avian mortality included myiasis due to Philornis sp. (n=6), avian pox (n=1), and schistosomosis (n=1)...
- Environmental management of small-scale and artisanal mining: the Portovelo-Zaruma goldmining area, southern Ecuador
N H Tarras-Wahlberg
Swedish Geological AB, Box 19090, 104 32 Stockholm, Sweden
J Environ Manage 65:165-79. 2002
..policy initiatives needed to improve environmental management in the Portovelo-Zaruma mining district of southern Ecuador. In this area, gold is mined by a large number of small-scale and artisanal operators, and discharges of cyanide ..
- Identification of endotrypanum species from a sloth, a squirrel and Lutzomyia sandflies in ecuador by PCR amplification and sequencing of the mini-exon gene
Department of Parasitology, Gunma University School of Medicine, Maebashi, Japan
J Vet Med Sci 65:649-53. 2003
..from a sloth (Choloepus hoffmanni), a squirrel (Sciurus granatensis) and two sandflies (Lutzomyia hartmanni) in Ecuador were indistinguishable from Endotrypanum monterogeii. Another strain isolated from Lu...
- The impact of price changes on demand for family planning and reproductive health services in Ecuador
John H Bratt
Health Services Research, Family Health International, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA
Health Policy Plan 17:281-7. 2002
..The study therefore provided CEMOPLAF managers with knowledge that price increases at the levels tested would help to achieve sustainability goals (by increasing locally generated income) without undermining CEMOPLAF's social mission...
- Improving the safety of the blood supply in Ecuador through external performance evaluation of serological screening of blood donors
Mario J Grijalva
Infectious Disease Research Laboratory, School of Biological Sciences, Catholic University, Quito, Ecuador
J Clin Virol 34:S47-52. 2005
..The Ecuadorian National Blood System collects approximately 100 000 units of blood per year. Screening for infectious agents is conducted by 23 autonomous blood services using different methodologies and reagents...
- Headache and cysticercosis in Ecuador, South America
M E Cruz
Ecuadorean Academy of Neurosciences, Quito
Headache 35:93-7. 1995
..005) and EITB (odds ratio 3.07, P < 0.05) diagnosis of neurocysticercosis. Neurocysticercosis appears to be a significant risk factor for the presentation of migraine-type headaches in areas endemic for T. solium infection...
- Emerging patterns in overweight and obesity in Ecuador
Harvard School of Public Health, Department of Nutrition, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, United States of America
Rev Panam Salud Publica 24:71-4. 2008
- Fungi associated with food and feed commodities from Ecuador
A M Pacin
Centro de Investigaciones en Micotoxinas Universidad Nacional de Luján, Argentina
Mycopathologia 156:87-92. 2003
..from farms and corn-based pelleted feeds were collected from ranches from the coastal and mountain regions in Ecuador during 1998, and assessed for fungal contamination...
- A new species of solitary Meteorus (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) reared from caterpillars of toxic butterflies (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) in Ecuador
Scott R Shaw
Insect Museum, Department of Renewable Resources, University of Wyoming, Laramie, Wyoming 82071 3354, USA
J Insect Sci 9:34. 2009
..Shaw and Jones (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), is described from the Yanayacu Biological Station, Napo Province, Ecuador. The new species is diagnosed and compared to other species in the genus...
- Validation and cross-cultural adjustment of PDQL-questionnaire, Spanish version (Ecuador) (PDQL-EV)
Abnormal Movements Clinic, Neurology Department, Carlos Andrade Marin Hospital, Quito, Ecuador
Parkinsonism Relat Disord 10:433-7. 2004
..To validate the Ecuadorian Spanish-language version of the Parkinson's Disease Quality of Life Questionnaire (PDQL-EV)...
- Promoting the health of marginalized populations in Ecuador through international collaboration and educational innovations
Margot W Parkes
Department of Family Practice, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
Bull World Health Organ 87:312-9. 2009