ecuador

Summary

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Trypanosoma cruzi isoenzyme variability in Ecuador: first observation of zymodeme III genotypes in chronic chagasic patients
    E A Garzón
    Instituto de Biología Molecular Tropical, Universidad Catolica de Santiago de Guayaquil, Ecuador
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 96:378-82. 2002
  2. ncbi Incidence of childhood leukemia and oil exploitation in the Amazon basin of Ecuador
    Anna Karin Hurtig
    Instituto de Epidemiología y Salud Comunitaria Manuel Amunárriz, Apdo 17 10 7410, Quito, Ecuador
    Int J Occup Environ Health 10:245-50. 2004
  3. ncbi Pulmonary tuberculosis in an indigenous community in the mountains of Ecuador
    N C Romero-Sandoval
    Facultad de Medicina, Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador PUCE, Quito, Ecuador
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 11:550-5. 2007
  4. ncbi Phytolith evidence for early Holocene Cucurbita domestication in southwest Ecuador
    Dolores R Piperno
    Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute STRI, Balboa, Panama
    Science 299:1054-7. 2003
  5. ncbi Unintended pregnancy and women's use of prenatal care in Ecuador
    E Eggleston
    US Agency for International Development Paraguay, Population Leadership Program, Berkeley, CA 94704, USA
    Soc Sci Med 51:1011-8. 2000
  6. ncbi Detection and identification of Leishmania species within naturally infected sand flies in the andean areas of ecuador by a polymerase chain reaction
    Hirotomo Kato
    Department of Veterinary Hygiene, Faculty of Agriculture, Yamaguchi University, Yamaguchi, Japan
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 72:87-93. 2005
  7. ncbi The origin and diversification of Galapagos mockingbirds
    Brian S Arbogast
    Department of Biological Sciences, Humboldt State University, Arcata, California 95521, USA
    Evolution 60:370-82. 2006
  8. ncbi Snake venomics and antivenomics of Bothrops atrox venoms from Colombia and the Amazon regions of Brazil, Perú and Ecuador suggest the occurrence of geographic variation of venom phenotype by a trend towards paedomorphism
    Vitelbina Núñez
    Programa de Ofidismo Escorpionismo, Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín 1226, Colombia Escuela de Microbiología, Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín 1226, Colombia
    J Proteomics 73:57-78. 2009
  9. pmc mtDNA history of the Cayapa Amerinds of Ecuador: detection of additional founding lineages for the Native American populations
    O Rickards
    Dipartimento di Biologia, Universita di Roma Tor Vergata, Rome Italy
    Am J Hum Genet 65:519-30. 1999
  10. ncbi Pesticide exposure and stunting as independent predictors of neurobehavioral deficits in Ecuadorian school children
    Philippe Grandjean
    Institute of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark
    Pediatrics 117:e546-56. 2006

Detail Information

Publications307 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Trypanosoma cruzi isoenzyme variability in Ecuador: first observation of zymodeme III genotypes in chronic chagasic patients
    E A Garzón
    Instituto de Biología Molecular Tropical, Universidad Catolica de Santiago de Guayaquil, Ecuador
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 96:378-82. 2002
    ..patients and 3 stocks isolated from Triatoma dimidiata collected in human habitats from the coastal part of Ecuador (all stocks isolated in August-December 1998)...
  2. ncbi Incidence of childhood leukemia and oil exploitation in the Amazon basin of Ecuador
    Anna Karin Hurtig
    Instituto de Epidemiología y Salud Comunitaria Manuel Amunárriz, Apdo 17 10 7410, Quito, Ecuador
    Int J Occup Environ Health 10:245-50. 2004
    ..living in the proximity to oil fields and those living in areas free from oil exploitation in the Amazon basin of Ecuador, 91 cancer cases among children (0-14 years) from the provinces of Sucumbios, Orellana, Napo, and Pastaza during ..
  3. ncbi Pulmonary tuberculosis in an indigenous community in the mountains of Ecuador
    N C Romero-Sandoval
    Facultad de Medicina, Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador PUCE, Quito, Ecuador
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 11:550-5. 2007
    ..An aboriginal community of 653 persons...
  4. ncbi Phytolith evidence for early Holocene Cucurbita domestication in southwest Ecuador
    Dolores R Piperno
    Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute STRI, Balboa, Panama
    Science 299:1054-7. 2003
    Cucurbita (squash and gourd) phytoliths recovered from two early Holocene archaeological sites in southwestern Ecuador and directly dated to 10,130 to 9320 carbon-14 years before the present (about 12,000 to 10,000 calendar years ago) ..
  5. ncbi Unintended pregnancy and women's use of prenatal care in Ecuador
    E Eggleston
    US Agency for International Development Paraguay, Population Leadership Program, Berkeley, CA 94704, USA
    Soc Sci Med 51:1011-8. 2000
    ..unintended pregnancy--both unwanted and mistimed and several dimensions of use of prenatal care among women in Ecuador, where the level of unintended pregnancy has risen considerably in recent years...
  6. ncbi Detection and identification of Leishmania species within naturally infected sand flies in the andean areas of ecuador by a polymerase chain reaction
    Hirotomo Kato
    Department of Veterinary Hygiene, Faculty of Agriculture, Yamaguchi University, Yamaguchi, Japan
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 72:87-93. 2005
    ....
  7. ncbi The origin and diversification of Galapagos mockingbirds
    Brian S Arbogast
    Department of Biological Sciences, Humboldt State University, Arcata, California 95521, USA
    Evolution 60:370-82. 2006
    ..America, northern South America, and the Caribbean, rather than the geographically nearest species in continental Ecuador. Thus, propensity for over-water dispersal may have played a more important role than geographic proximity in the ..
  8. ncbi Snake venomics and antivenomics of Bothrops atrox venoms from Colombia and the Amazon regions of Brazil, Perú and Ecuador suggest the occurrence of geographic variation of venom phenotype by a trend towards paedomorphism
    Vitelbina Núñez
    Programa de Ofidismo Escorpionismo, Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín 1226, Colombia Escuela de Microbiología, Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín 1226, Colombia
    J Proteomics 73:57-78. 2009
    The venom proteomes of Bothrops atrox from Colombia, Brazil, Ecuador, and Perú were characterized using venomic and antivenomic strategies. Our results evidence the existence of two geographically differentiated venom phenotypes...
  9. pmc mtDNA history of the Cayapa Amerinds of Ecuador: detection of additional founding lineages for the Native American populations
    O Rickards
    Dipartimento di Biologia, Universita di Roma Tor Vergata, Rome Italy
    Am J Hum Genet 65:519-30. 1999
    ....
  10. ncbi Pesticide exposure and stunting as independent predictors of neurobehavioral deficits in Ecuadorian school children
    Philippe Grandjean
    Institute of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark
    Pediatrics 117:e546-56. 2006
    ..To examine possible effects on blood pressure, neurological function, and neurobehavioral tests in school-aged children with and without prenatal pesticide exposure in an area where stunting is common...
  11. ncbi Biogeography of Triatominae (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) in Ecuador: implications for the design of control strategies
    F Abad-Franch
    Pathogen Molecular Biology and Biochemistry Unit, Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 96:611-20. 2001
    ..we report the results of the identification of specimens belonging to various species of Triatominae captured in Ecuador (15 species from 17 provinces) and deposited in the entomological collections of the Catholic University of ..
  12. ncbi Allergic symptoms, atopy, and geohelminth infections in a rural area of Ecuador
    Philip J Cooper
    Laboratorio de Investigaciones, Hospital Pedro Vicente Maldoonado, Pichincha Provinece, Ecuador
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 168:313-7. 2003
    ..and symptoms of allergic disease, we studied 4433 schoolchildren from 71 schools in a rural tropical area in Ecuador. Information was collected on allergic symptoms, allergen skin test reactivity, and presence of geohelminth ..
  13. ncbi Community participation eliminates yaws in Ecuador
    Mariella Anselmi
    Centro de Epidemiología Comunitaria y Medicina Tropical, Esmeraldas, Ecuador
    Trop Med Int Health 8:634-8. 2003
    ..A survey in 1988 in the northern region of Ecuador documented a prevalence of 16.5% of clinical cases and 96.3% of serological cases...
  14. ncbi Entomological evaluation by pool screen polymerase chain reaction of Onchocerca volvulus transmission in Ecuador following mass Mectizan distribution
    Angel G Guevara
    Laboratory of Clinical Investigation, Community Services Vozandes, Quito, Ecuador
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 68:222-7. 2003
    ..flies was estimated by pool screen polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification in the three river basins in Ecuador endemic for onchocerciasis...
  15. ncbi Predictors and nutritional consequences of intestinal parasitic infections in rural Ecuadorian children
    Mamie Eleanor Sackey
    Community and International Nutrition and Health Section, Department of Human Nutrition, Foods, and Exercise, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Virginia 24061 0430, USA
    J Trop Pediatr 49:17-23. 2003
    ..They also suggest that domestic animals may be an important reservoir for Giardia and other intestinal protozoal infections observed in the Ecuadorian children studied...
  16. ncbi Environmental impacts and metal exposure of aquatic ecosystems in rivers contaminated by small scale gold mining: the Puyango River basin, southern Ecuador
    N H Tarras-Wahlberg
    Graduate School, Department of Geography, University of Cambridge, United Kingdom
    Sci Total Environ 278:239-61. 2001
    Gold mining in the Portovelo-Zaruma district in southern Ecuador is causing considerable environmental impacts; the most important ones are related to the discharge of cyanide, mercury and metal rich tailings into rivers of the Puyango ..
  17. ncbi Phenolic compounds in Rosaceae fruits from Ecuador
    Catalina Vasco
    Department of Food Science, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, P O Box 7051, SE 750 07, Uppsala, Sweden
    J Agric Food Chem 57:1204-12. 2009
    ..LC-MS analysis of capuli cherry revealed dimeric and trimeric procyanidins, quercetin and kaempferol hexosides and pentosides, and a kaempferol-O,C-dipentoside...
  18. ncbi Cancer mortality and oil production in the Amazon Region of Ecuador, 1990-2005
    Michael A Kelsh
    Exponent Health Sciences, Menlo Park, CA, USA
    Int Arch Occup Environ Health 82:381-95. 2009
    ..To compare cancer mortality rates in Amazon cantons (counties) with and without long-term oil exploration and extraction activities...
  19. ncbi An outbreak of plague including cases with probable pneumonic infection, Ecuador, 1998
    J M Gabastou
    PAHO WHO, Quito, Ecuador
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 94:387-91. 2000
    During February and March of 1998, 12 sudden deaths were reported among residents of a high-Andean community in Ecuador. All 12 fatalities were members of the same extended family and some had apparent exposure to sick guinea-pigs...
  20. ncbi Geographical differences in cancer incidence in the Amazon basin of Ecuador in relation to residence near oil fields
    Anna Karin Hurtig
    Instituto de Epidemiología y Salud Comunitaria, Manuel Amunárriz, Apdo 17 10 7410, Quito, Ecuador
    Int J Epidemiol 31:1021-7. 2002
    ..This study aimed to determine if there was any difference in overall and specific cancer incidence rates between populations living in proximity to oil fields and those who live in areas free from oil exploitation...
  21. ncbi Sociodemographic and nutritional correlates of neurobehavioral development: a study of young children in a rural region of Ecuador
    Alexis J Handal
    University of Michigan School of Public Health, Department of Epidemiology, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    Rev Panam Salud Publica 21:292-300. 2007
    To identify and describe the sociodemographic and nutritional characteristics associated with neurobehavioral development among young children living in three communities in the northeastern Andean region of Cayambe-Tabacundo, Ecuador.
  22. ncbi Evolution of character displacement in Darwin's finches
    Peter R Grant
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544 1003, USA
    Science 313:224-6. 2006
    ..These findings support the role of competition in models of community assembly, speciation, and adaptive radiations...
  23. ncbi Male and female range use in a group of white-bellied spider monkeys (Ateles belzebuth) in Yasuní National Park, Ecuador
    Stephanie N Spehar
    Anthropology, Department of Religious Studies and Anthropology, University of Wisconsin Oshkosh, Oshkosh, 800 Algoma Blvd, Oshkosh, WI 54901, USA
    Am J Primatol 72:129-41. 2010
    ..Over several years of research on one group of spider monkeys (Ateles belzebuth) in Yasuní National Park, Ecuador, we characterized the ranging patterns of adult males and females and evaluated the extent to which they conform ..
  24. ncbi Prevalence and risk factors for protozoan and nematode infections among children in an Ecuadorian highland community
    Seppo Rinne
    Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, School of Veterinary Medicine, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 99:585-92. 2005
    In order to create a parasite prevention program for Santa Ana, Ecuador, we worked with local physicians to identify the prevalence and risk factors for intestinal parasitic infection among children...
  25. ncbi Taeniasis-cysticercosis in Southern Ecuador: assessment of infection status using multiple laboratory diagnostic tools
    R Rodriguez-Hidalgo
    Centro Internacional de Zoonosis, Universidad Central del Ecuador, Quito, Ecuador
    Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 101:779-82. 2006
    ..The further use of complementary diagnostic methods for a better understanding of the epidemiology of T. solium is suggested...
  26. ncbi Epilepsy and neurocysticercosis in Atahualpa: a door-to-door survey in rural coastal Ecuador
    Oscar H Del Brutto
    Department of Neurological Sciences, Hospital Clinica Kennedy, Guayaquil, Ecuador
    Epilepsia 46:583-7. 2005
    ..To determine the prevalence of epilepsy and the role of neurocysticercosis in the occurrence of epilepsy in Atahualpa...
  27. ncbi Studies on a focus of yaws in the Santiago Basin, province of Esmeraldas, Ecuador
    R H Guderian
    Department of Clinical Investigations, Hospital Vozandes, Quito, Ecuador
    Trop Geogr Med 43:142-7. 1991
    ..8%) of clinical lesions, with the majority found on the legs (64.2%). Papilloma was the most prevalent lesion (55.4%). Mass treatment of the basin using benzathine penicillin G was done according to WHO recommendation...
  28. ncbi Discovery and barcoding by analysis of spliced leader RNA gene sequences of new isolates of Trypanosomatidae from Heteroptera in Costa Rica and Ecuador
    Dmitri A Maslov
    Department of Biology, University of California, Riverside, California 92521, USA
    J Eukaryot Microbiol 54:57-65. 2007
    ..Investigations of trypanosomatid diversity, host-specificity, and biogeography have become feasible using the approach described herein...
  29. ncbi Atypical clinical variants in New World cutaneous leishmaniasis: disseminated, erysipeloid, and recidiva cutis due to Leishmania (V.) panamensis
    Manuel Calvopina
    Department of Parasitology, Kochi Medical School, Kochi University, Kochi, Japan
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 73:281-4. 2005
    ..V.) panamensis was identified as the etiologic agent. Our cases extend the spectrum of clinical presentations in New World leishmaniasis...
  30. ncbi Neurocognitive effects of chronic lead intoxication in Andean children
    S A Counter
    Department of Neurology Biological Laboratories, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    J Neurol Sci 160:47-53. 1998
    ..The results demonstrate a range of neurological responses in children with chronically elevated PbB levels from apparent exceptional neuro-physiological tolerance of PbB intoxication, to some fine motor and cognitive deficits...
  31. ncbi Sebacinales form ectendomycorrhizas with Cavendishia nobilis, a member of the Andean clade of Ericaceae, in the mountain rain forest of southern Ecuador
    Sabrina Setaro
    Systematic Botany, Tubingen University, Auf der Morgenstelle 1, D 72076 Tubingen, Germany
    New Phytol 169:355-65. 2006
    ..is an endemic member of the Ericaceae growing as a hemiepiphyte in the tropical mountain rain forest of southern Ecuador. Mycorrhizas were collected from 20 individuals along an altitudinal gradient between 1850 and 2300 m...
  32. pmc Emergency room visits for respiratory conditions in children increased after Guagua Pichincha volcanic eruptions in April 2000 in Quito, Ecuador observational study: time series analysis
    Elena N Naumova
    Department of Public Health and Family Medicine, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston MA 02111, USA
    Environ Health 6:21. 2007
    ..documented elevated rates of emergency room (ER) visits for acute upper and lower respiratory infections and asthma-related conditions in the children of Quito, Ecuador associated with the eruption of Guagua Pichincha in April of 2000.
  33. ncbi Chromosome and DNA damage analysis in individuals occupationally exposed to pesticides with relation to genetic polymorphism for CYP 1A1 gene in Ecuador
    Cesar Paz-y-Mino
    Laboratorio de Genetica Molecular, y Citogenética Humana, Escuela de Biologia, Pontificia Universidad Catolica del Ecuador, Quito, Ecuador
    Mutat Res 562:77-89. 2004
    ..and the chromosomal aberration (CA) test using peripheral blood samples from 45 pesticide sprayers from Cayambe, Ecuador. From a total of approximately 200 nuclei scored for each donor with the comet assay, a highly significant ..
  34. ncbi Household risk factors for Trypanosoma cruzi seropositivity in two geographic regions of Ecuador
    Carla L Black
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, 27599, USA
    J Parasitol 93:12-6. 2007
    ..on the relationship between environmental factors and Trypanosoma cruzi transmission have been conducted in Ecuador. We conducted a cross-sectional study of household risk factors for T...
  35. ncbi The role of geography and ecology in shaping the phylogeography of the speckled hummingbird (Adelomyia melanogenys) in Ecuador
    Jaime A Chaves
    Department of Biology, San Francisco State University, San Francisco, CA 94132, USA
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 43:795-807. 2007
    ..Results highlight the role of both isolation and ecology in diversification in Ecuadorian montane regions, while suggesting the two may not always act in concert to produce divergence in adaptive traits...
  36. ncbi Monitoring of DNA damage in individuals exposed to petroleum hydrocarbons in Ecuador
    Cesar Paz-y-Mino
    Laboratorio de Genética Molecular y Citogenética Humana, Departamento de Ciencias Biologicas, Pontificia Universidad Catolica del Ecuador, Quito, Ecuador
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1140:121-8. 2008
    ..001). Thus, it can be determined that populations that are exposed to hydrocarbons are susceptible to developing genetic damage. Therefore, risk groups can be determined in certain zones where the oil impact has been greater...
  37. ncbi Functional traits and niche-based tree community assembly in an Amazonian forest
    Nathan J B Kraft
    Department of Integrative Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    Science 322:580-2. 2008
    ..Our results show that strategy differentiation among species contributes to the maintenance of diversity in one of the most diverse tropical forests in the world...
  38. ncbi Spatial and temporal distribution of cholera in Ecuador between 1991 and 1996
    Emmanuelle Chevallier
    Département d épidémiologie et de santé publique, Universite Paul Sabatier, Faculte de Medecine, Toulouse, France
    Eur J Public Health 14:274-9. 2004
    ..Favoured by local conditions, the epidemic of cholera in Ecuador had a rapid impact. The epidemic of cholera evolved with temporal and geographical variations.
  39. ncbi The effects of long-term community level treatment with ivermectin (Mectizan) on adult Onchocerca volvulus in Latin America
    Eddie W Cupp
    Department of Entomology and Plant Pathology, Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849 5413, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 71:602-7. 2004
    The objective of this study was to examine nodules from Mexico, Guatemala, and Ecuador collected over a one-year period (2001) to determine the effects of semi-annual ivermectin treatments on Onchocerca volvulus macrofilarial populations...
  40. pmc Prevalence of intestinal parasites in young Quichua children in the highlands of rural Ecuador
    Kathryn H Jacobsen
    Calvin College, Grand Rapids, Michigan, USA
    J Health Popul Nutr 25:399-405. 2007
    ..of intestinal parasites in young Quichua children was assessed in 20 rural communities in the highlands of Ecuador in August 2005...
  41. pmc Following the water: a controlled study of drinking water storage in northern coastal Ecuador
    Karen Levy
    Department of Environmental Science, Policy, and Management, University of California, Berkeley, California, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 116:1533-40. 2008
    ....
  42. pmc Life histories, blood revenge, and reproductive success among the Waorani of Ecuador
    Stephen Beckerman
    Department of Anthropology, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:8134-9. 2009
    ..We suggest that the spacing of revenge raids may be involved in the explanation of why the consequences of aggressiveness differ between these 2 warlike lowland South American peoples...
  43. pmc Global conservation significance of Ecuador's Yasuní National Park
    Margot S Bass
    Finding Species, Takoma Park, Maryland, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 5:e8767. 2010
    The threats facing Ecuador's Yasuní National Park are emblematic of those confronting the greater western Amazon, one of the world's last high-biodiversity wilderness areas...
  44. ncbi Seroprevalence and risk factors for Trypanosoma cruzi infection in the Amazon region of Ecuador
    Mario J Grijalva
    Tropical Disease Institute, College of Osteopathic Medicine, Department of Biomedical Sciences, Ohio University, Athens, Ohio 45701, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 69:380-5. 2003
    ..cruzi infection as the basis for future educational and control programs in this region...
  45. ncbi Molecular phylogenetics of the lizard genus Microlophus (squamata:tropiduridae): aligning and retrieving indel signal from nuclear introns
    Edgar Benavides
    Department of Integrative Biology, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT, USA
    Syst Biol 56:776-97. 2007
    ....
  46. ncbi Phylogeny of the túngara frog genus Engystomops (= Physalaemus pustulosus species group; Anura: Leptodactylidae)
    Santiago R Ron
    Museo de Zoología, Centro de Biodiversidad y Ambiente, Escuela de Biologia, Pontificia Universidad Catolica del Ecuador, Av 12 de Octubre 1076 y Roca, Aptdo 17 01 2184, Quito, Ecuador
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 39:392-403. 2006
    ..petersi + E. cf. freibergi. Clade II (Duovox) includes all species distributed in W Ecuador and NW Peru. Brevivox, a clade of small-sized species is strongly supported within Duovox...
  47. pmc Relating diarrheal disease to social networks and the geographic configuration of communities in rural Ecuador
    Sarah J Bates
    School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 166:1088-95. 2007
    ..how these effects might develop, the authors analyzed social network and geographic data from northern coastal Ecuador and examined associations with diarrhea prevalence...
  48. ncbi Field ecology of sylvatic Rhodnius populations (Heteroptera, Triatominae): risk factors for palm tree infestation in western Ecuador
    F Abad-Franch
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, Pathogen Molecular Biology Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Trop Med Int Health 10:1258-66. 2005
    ..An outline of 'risk palm ecotopes' and environmental management-based strategies for the control of peridomestic, palm tree-living vector populations are proposed...
  49. ncbi Genetic analysis of leishmania parasites in Ecuador: are Leishmania (Viannia) panamensis and Leishmania (V.) Guyanensis distinct taxa?
    A L Banuls
    Centre d Etudes sur le Polymorphisme des Microorganismes, Unité Mixte de Recherche no 9926, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, Montpellier, France
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 61:838-45. 1999
    In the course of an epidemiologic survey in Ecuador, the following collection of Leishmania stocks was isolated: 28 from patients with clinical signs of leishmaniasis, 2 from sloths, 1 from a dog, and 4 from sand flies...
  50. ncbi An ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plants used in Loja and Zamora-Chinchipe, Ecuador
    Vicente Tene
    Planta de Productos Naturales, Universidad Técnica Particular de Loja, Loja, Ecuador
    J Ethnopharmacol 111:63-81. 2007
    ..The present study reports a total of 275 plant species, having 68 different therapeutical uses...
  51. ncbi Microdistribution of sylvatic triatomine populations in central-coastal Ecuador
    Victoria Suarez-Davalos
    Center for Infectious Disease Research, Pontifical Catholic University of Ecuador, Quito, Ecuador
    J Med Entomol 47:80-8. 2010
    Chagas disease is a serious public health problem in Ecuador, where nearly 230,000 individuals show Trypanosoma cruzi infection. Sylvatic T. cruzi transmission is a threat to current control strategies...
  52. ncbi Increasing compliance with maternal and child care quality standards in Ecuador
    Jorge Hermida
    Quality Assurance Project, University Research Co, LLC, Quito, Ecuador
    Int J Qual Health Care 14:25-34. 2002
    ..To determine the effects of hospital quality assurance interventions on compliance with clinical standards, availability of essential drugs, client satisfaction, and utilization...
  53. ncbi Integrating phylogenetics and environmental niche models to explore speciation mechanisms in dendrobatid frogs
    Catherine H Graham
    Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720, USA
    Evolution 58:1781-93. 2004
    ..Further, the method outlined in this paper will be increasingly useful as knowledge of distribution and phylogeny of tropical species increases...
  54. ncbi Infection by trypanosomes in marsupials and rodents associated with human dwellings in Ecuador
    C Miguel Pinto
    Laboratorio de Investigación en Enfermedades Infecciosas, Escuela de Ciencias Biologicas, Pontificia Universidad Catolica del Ecuador, Quito, Ecuador
    J Parasitol 92:1251-5. 2006
    Small mammals trapped in domestic and peridomestic environments of rural Ecuador were screened for trypanosome infection by direct microscopy and hemoculture...
  55. ncbi High household infestation rates by synanthropic vectors of Chagas disease in southern Ecuador
    M J Grijalva
    Tropical Disease Institute, Biomedical Sciences Department, Ohio University College of Osteopathic Medicine, Athens, OH 45701, USA
    J Med Entomol 42:68-74. 2005
    ..surveys were conducted in five rural communities (138 domiciliary units [DUs]) in the southern Andes of Ecuador. Adobe walls and ceramic tile roofs were predominant construction materials...
  56. ncbi Altitudinal patterns of spider sociality and the biology of a new midelevation social Anelosimus species in Ecuador
    Leticia Avilés
    Department of Zoology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 1Z4, Canada
    Am Nat 170:783-92. 2007
    ..We refer to these as the "maternal survival" and "prey size" hypotheses, respectively, and suggest that both in combination may explain the geographical distribution of sociality in the genus...
  57. pmc The use of magical plants by curanderos in the Ecuador highlands
    Anthony P Cavender
    Department of Sociology and Anthropology, East Tennessee State University, Johnson City, Tennessee 37604, USA
    J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 5:3. 2009
    ..g., soul loss, evil wind, witchcraft) has been documented in the Ecuador highlands, so-called magical plants have received much less focused attention than plants used for treating ..
  58. ncbi Beyond habitat requirements: individual fine-scale site fidelity in a colony of the Galapagos sea lion (Zalophus wollebaeki) creates conditions for social structuring
    Jochen B W Wolf
    Department of Animal Behaviour, University of Bielefeld, P O Box 100131, 33501 Bielefeld, Germany
    Oecologia 152:553-67. 2007
    ..We discuss the implication of observed fine-scale site fidelity patterns on habitat use, dispersal decisions and social structure in colonial breeding pinnipeds...
  59. ncbi [Prevalence of anaemia in schoolchildren in the Amazon area of Ecuador]
    Edy Quizhpe
    Instituto de Epidemiología y Salud Comunitaria Manuel Amunárriz, Quito, Ecuador
    Rev Panam Salud Publica 13:355-61. 2003
    To determine the prevalence of anemia in rural school-age children in the Amazon region of Ecuador.
  60. ncbi [Prevalence of and risk factors for overweight among school girls 12 to 19 years old in a semi-urban region of Ecuador]
    José Castro Burbano
    Universidad San Francisco de Quito, Quito, Ecuador
    Rev Panam Salud Publica 13:277-84. 2003
    ..overweight and identify its risk factors in school girls between the ages of 12 and 19 in a semi-urban region of Ecuador and to explore the potential relationship between the adolescents' body mass index (BMI) and their physical ..
  61. pmc Directly dated starch residues document early formative maize (Zea mays L.) in tropical Ecuador
    Sonia Zarrillo
    Department of Archaeology, University of Calgary, 2500 University Drive NW, Calgary, AB, Canada
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:5006-11. 2008
    ..Furthermore, some scholars have argued that maize was not introduced to southwestern Ecuador until approximately 4150-3850 calendar years before the present (cal B.P...
  62. ncbi Is Lutzomyia serrana (Diptera, Psychodidae, Phlebotominae) present in Ecuador?
    J P Dujardin
    UMR IRD CNRS 9926, Av Agropolis, 911 BP 5045, 34032 Montpellier, France
    Parasite 11:211-7. 2004
    ..guilvardae is a distinct species. However, they suggest that L. robusta and L. serrana in Ecuador are the same taxon, and that it is distinguishable from the population of L. serrana in Bolivia...
  63. pmc Cancer incidence near oilfields in the Amazon basin of Ecuador revisited
    Alejandro Arana
    Occup Environ Med 64:490. 2007
  64. ncbi Taeniosis-cysticercosis in man and animals in the Sierra of Northern Ecuador
    R Rodriguez-Hidalgo
    Centro Internacional de Zoonosis, Universidad Central del Ecuador UC, PO Box 17 03 100, Quito, Ecuador
    Vet Parasitol 118:51-60. 2003
    Taenia solium is endemic in the Andean region of Ecuador. The recent rediscovery of Taenia saginata in humans urges to reconsider some assumptions in relation to the epidemiology of the taeniosis/cysticercosis complex in this country...
  65. pmc Relationship of pulmonary function among women and children to indoor air pollution from biomass use in rural Ecuador
    Seppo T Rinne
    Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, School of Veterinary Medicine, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA
    Respir Med 100:1208-15. 2006
    ..Four groups containing 20 households each were selected in Santa Ana, Ecuador based on the relative amount of liquid petroleum gas and biomass fuel that they used for cooking...
  66. ncbi Prevalence and intensity of soil-transmitted helminthiasis in the city of Portoviejo (Ecuador)
    C Andrade
    Hospital Provincial del Seguro Social, Portoviejo, Equador
    Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 96:1075-9. 2001
    We studied the stool samples of 151 school children in a district of the city of Portoviejo (Ecuador) in order to determine the prevalence and intensity of soil-transmitted helminthiasis (STH) and their relationships with anthropometric ..
  67. ncbi Comparative intradermal tuberculin test in dairy cattle in the north of Ecuador and risk factors associated with bovine tuberculosis
    Freddy Proaño-Perez
    International Centre of Zoonosis, Central University of Ecuador, Quito, Ecuador
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 81:1103-9. 2009
    ..the prevalence of bovine tuberculosis (BTB) in Mejia canton, the major dairy cattle production area in northern Ecuador. Twenty dairy herds comprising 2,022 cattle were selected...
  68. ncbi Gynecologic and breast malignancies in the Amazon basin of Ecuador, 1985-1998
    A K Hurtig
    Instituto de Epidemiología y Salud Comunitaria, Manuel Amunárriz, Quito, Apdo 17 10 7410, Ecuador
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet 76:199-201. 2002
  69. ncbi Locomotor behavior of Lagothrix lagothricha and Ateles belzebuth in Yasuní National Park, Ecuador: general patterns and nonsuspensory modes
    J G Cant
    Department of Anatomy, School of Medicine, University of Puerto Rico, San Juan, Puerto Rico 00936-5067, USA
    J Hum Evol 41:141-66. 2001
    ..monkeys (Lagothrix lagothricha) and spider monkeys (Ateles belzebuth) in undisturbed rainforest of northern Ecuador revealed similar patterns in use of plant forms (categorized tree and liana structure), and substantial ..
  70. ncbi Cancer among indigenous people in the Amazon Basin of Ecuador, 1985-2000
    Miguel San Sebastian
    Instituto de Epidemiología y Salud Comunitaria Manuel Amunárriz, Coca, Orellana, Ecuador
    Rev Panam Salud Publica 16:328-33. 2004
    To provide some of the first data on cancer incidence among indigenous people in the Amazon basin of Ecuador, and to compare that incidence with the level found among nonindigenous persons living in that same area.
  71. ncbi Cryptic host specificity of an avian skin mite (Epidermoptidae) vectored by louseflies (Hippoboscidae) associated with two endemic Galapagos bird species
    Noah Kerness Whiteman
    Harvard University Museum of Comparative Zoology, 26 Oxford Street, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, USA
    J Parasitol 92:1218-28. 2006
    ..Mites of hawk flies were more abundant than those of cormorant flies. Within the Myialges clade associated with hawks, genetic differentiation between 2 island populations mirrored its host's patterns of differentiation...
  72. ncbi Hantavirus nephropathy as a pseudo-import pathology from Ecuador
    R Demeester
    University Hospital Saint Pierre, Department of Internal Medicine, Brussels, Belgium
    Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 29:59-62. 2010
    ..infection (nephropathia epidemica) diagnosed in a Belgian backpacker returning from a trekking expedition in Ecuador, after likely heavy exposure to rodents...
  73. pmc Environmental change and infectious disease: how new roads affect the transmission of diarrheal pathogens in rural Ecuador
    Joseph N S Eisenberg
    School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48104, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:19460-5. 2006
    ..The construction of a new road in a previously roadless area of northern coastal Ecuador provides a valuable natural experiment to examine how changes in the social and natural environment, mediated by ..
  74. ncbi [Leishmaniasis in Ecuador. 5. Leishmaniasis and anthropization on the Pacific coast]
    J Mouchet
    ORSTOM, Paris, France
    Ann Soc Belg Med Trop 74:35-41. 1994
    ..The reservoirs live and circulate throughout coffee plantations. In deforested areas, neither aggressive sand flies have been observed, nor leishmaniasis transmission...
  75. ncbi Diversity and distribution patterns of Pronophilina butterflies (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Satyrinae) along an altitudinal transect in north-western Ecuador
    Tomasz W Pyrcz
    Zoological Museum of the Jagiellonian University, Ingardena 6, 30 060 Krakow, Poland
    Neotrop Entomol 38:716-26. 2009
    ..a species-rich group of neotropical montane butterflies, were carried out along an elevational transect in Ecuador to assess the effect of altitude on their distribution patterns, diversity and community structure...
  76. pmc The life history and shelter building behavior of Vettius coryna coryna Hewitson, 1866 in eastern Ecuador (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae: Hesperiinae)
    Harold F Greeney
    Yanayacu Biological Station and Center for Creative Studies, Cosanga, Quito, Ecuador
    J Insect Sci 9:32. 2009
    Abstract We describe all life-stages of Vettius coryna coryna Hewitson, 1866 in eastern Ecuador. The details of larval shelter structure and associated shelter building behavior are described and illustrated, as observed on two grass ..
  77. ncbi [Inconsistent condom use among sexual workers in Ecuador: results from a behavior survey]
    Juan Pablo Gutierrez
    División de Economia y Políticas de la Salud, Centro de Investigación en Sistemas de Salud, Instituto Nacional de Salud Publica, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico
    Salud Publica Mex 48:104-12. 2006
    Whilst existing data suggests that the HIV epidemic in Ecuador is concentrated amongst men who have sex with men (MSM), there is very little available information on the situation of key populations, i.e...
  78. ncbi The effect of malarial infection on maternal-fetal outcome in Ecuador
    E Espinoza
    High Risk Pregnancy Unit of the Enrique C Sotomayor Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital, Guayaquil, Ecuador
    J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 18:101-5. 2005
    ..To describe maternal and fetal outcome among pregnancies complicated with malarial infection...
  79. ncbi Genetic and other diseases in the pottery of Tumaco-La Tolita culture in Colombia-Ecuador
    J E Bernal
    Instituto de Genetica Humana, Facultad de Medicina, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Bogota, Colombia
    Clin Genet 70:188-91. 2006
    The people of Tumaco-La Tolita culture inhabited the borders of present-day Colombia and Ecuador. Already extinct by the time of the Spaniards arrival, they left a huge collection of pottery artifacts depicting everyday life; among these,..
  80. ncbi The traditional and conventional medical treatment of cutaneous leishmaniasis in rural Ecuador
    M M Weigel
    Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, School of Human Resources and Education, Department of Human Nutrition, Foods and Exercise, Blacksburg, Virginia, USA
    Rev Panam Salud Publica 10:395-404. 2001
    To explore the knowledge, beliefs, and practices (KBPs) regarding cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) treatment held by an endemic population in Ecuador.
  81. ncbi The health status of rural school children in the Amazon basin of Ecuador
    M San Sebastian
    Community Health Workers Association, Coca, Ecuador
    J Trop Pediatr 45:379-82. 1999
    An assessment of the health status among school children of the Naporuna ethnicity was conducted in north-eastern Ecuador. Prevalence of protein-energy malnutrition (PEM), parasitic infections, and pathology was investigated among 511 ..
  82. ncbi Malignant salivary gland tumors in Quito, Ecuador
    L Pacheco-Ojeda
    Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery Department, Hospital Carlos Andrade Marin, Instituto Ecuatoriano de Seguridad Social, Quito, Ecuador
    ORL J Otorhinolaryngol Relat Spec 62:296-302. 2000
    ..Age-standardized incidence rates are 0.5 and 0.3 per 100,000 in Quito, Ecuador; and 1.0 and 0.7 per 100,000 in the USA (SEER Program), for males and females, respectively...
  83. ncbi Hematology, serum chemistry, and serology of Galápagos penguins (Spheniscus mendiculus) in the Galápagos Islands, Ecuador
    Erika K Travis
    Saint Louis Zoo, One Government Drive, Saint Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    J Wildl Dis 42:625-32. 2006
    The Galápagos penguin (Spheniscus mendiculus) is an endangered species endemic to the Galápagos Islands, Ecuador. In 2003 and 2004, 195 penguins from 13 colonies on the islands of Isabela and Fernandina in the Galápagos archipelago ..
  84. ncbi Rapid surveys for program evaluation: design and implementation of an experiment in Ecuador
    K MacIntyre
    Tulane University, School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, Department of International Health and Development, New Orleans, Louisiana 70112, USA
    Rev Panam Salud Publica 6:192-201. 1999
    This paper presents details from the field test of two rapid surveys in Ecuador in 1995...
  85. ncbi Biomass burning in the Amazon-fertilizer for the mountaineous rain forest in Ecuador
    Peter Fabian
    Technical University of Munich, TUM Life Science Center Weihenstephan WZW, Am Hochanger 13, 85354 Freising, Germany
    Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 12:290-6. 2005
    ..Chemical analyses of rain and fogwater samples collected in the mountaineous rain forest of south Ecuador show frequent episodes of high sulfate and nitrate concentration, from which annual deposition rates are derived ..
  86. ncbi Ranging behavior and foraging ecology of lowland woolly monkeys (Lagothrix lagotricha poeppigii) in Yasuní National Park, Ecuador
    Anthony Di Fiore
    Department of Anthropology, New York University, New York 10003, USA
    Am J Primatol 59:47-66. 2003
    ..of lowland woolly monkeys (Lagothrix lagotricha poeppigii) in a terra firma rainforest in Yasuní National Park, Ecuador, and examined the relationship between ranging, diet, food availability, and food patch use for this population...
  87. ncbi Molecular identification of endocervical Chlamydia trachomatis infection among gestations at risk for preterm birth in Ecuador
    Marcela Medina
    Enrique C Sotomayor Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital, Guayaquil, Ecuador
    Arch Gynecol Obstet 279:9-10. 2009
    ..To identify Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) endocervical infection among gestations at risk for preterm birth by means of DNA amplification...
  88. ncbi Leishmaniasis recidiva cutis due to Leishmania (Viannia) panamensis in subtropical Ecuador: isoenzymatic characterization
    Manuel Calvopina
    Department of Parasitology, School of Medicine, Kochi University, Kochi, Japan
    Int J Dermatol 45:116-20. 2006
    ..LRC is characterized by slowly progressing lesion(s) that appear after a variable period of time, from months to years, in or around the scar of an apparently clinically healed sore...
  89. pmc Cytogenetic monitoring in a population occupationally exposed to pesticides in Ecuador
    Cesar Paz-y-Mino
    Laboratorio de Genética Molecular y Citogenética Humana, Departamento de Ciencias Biologicas, and Unidad de Genética, Facultad de Medicina, Pontificia Universidad Catolica del Ecuador, Quito, Ecuador
    Environ Health Perspect 110:1077-80. 2002
    ..of structural and numerical chromosomal aberrations (CAs) in workers of a plantation of flowers located in Quito, Ecuador, in South America...
  90. ncbi Low educational level: a risk factor for sexually transmitted infections among commercial sex workers in Quito, Ecuador
    M M Solomon
    School of Medicine, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Int J STD AIDS 19:264-7. 2008
    ..This study analysed this association among female CSWs in Quito, Ecuador. Eighty-five CSWs were given a Spanish-language questionnaire on behaviours, socioeconomics and demographics...
  91. ncbi Causes of mortality of wild birds submitted to the Charles Darwin Research Station, Santa Cruz, Galapagos, Ecuador from 2002-2004
    Nicole L Gottdenker
    Saint Louis Zoo, Saint Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    J Wildl Dis 44:1024-31. 2008
    ..Trauma and trauma-related deaths (n=141) dominated necropsy submissions. Infectious causes of avian mortality included myiasis due to Philornis sp. (n=6), avian pox (n=1), and schistosomosis (n=1)...
  92. ncbi Environmental management of small-scale and artisanal mining: the Portovelo-Zaruma goldmining area, southern Ecuador
    N H Tarras-Wahlberg
    Swedish Geological AB, Box 19090, 104 32 Stockholm, Sweden
    J Environ Manage 65:165-79. 2002
    ..policy initiatives needed to improve environmental management in the Portovelo-Zaruma mining district of southern Ecuador. In this area, gold is mined by a large number of small-scale and artisanal operators, and discharges of cyanide ..
  93. ncbi Identification of endotrypanum species from a sloth, a squirrel and Lutzomyia sandflies in ecuador by PCR amplification and sequencing of the mini-exon gene
    Ken Katakura
    Department of Parasitology, Gunma University School of Medicine, Maebashi, Japan
    J Vet Med Sci 65:649-53. 2003
    ..from a sloth (Choloepus hoffmanni), a squirrel (Sciurus granatensis) and two sandflies (Lutzomyia hartmanni) in Ecuador were indistinguishable from Endotrypanum monterogeii. Another strain isolated from Lu...
  94. ncbi The impact of price changes on demand for family planning and reproductive health services in Ecuador
    John H Bratt
    Health Services Research, Family Health International, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA
    Health Policy Plan 17:281-7. 2002
    ..The study therefore provided CEMOPLAF managers with knowledge that price increases at the levels tested would help to achieve sustainability goals (by increasing locally generated income) without undermining CEMOPLAF's social mission...
  95. ncbi Improving the safety of the blood supply in Ecuador through external performance evaluation of serological screening of blood donors
    Mario J Grijalva
    Infectious Disease Research Laboratory, School of Biological Sciences, Catholic University, Quito, Ecuador
    J Clin Virol 34:S47-52. 2005
    ..The Ecuadorian National Blood System collects approximately 100 000 units of blood per year. Screening for infectious agents is conducted by 23 autonomous blood services using different methodologies and reagents...
  96. ncbi Headache and cysticercosis in Ecuador, South America
    M E Cruz
    Ecuadorean Academy of Neurosciences, Quito
    Headache 35:93-7. 1995
    ..005) and EITB (odds ratio 3.07, P < 0.05) diagnosis of neurocysticercosis. Neurocysticercosis appears to be a significant risk factor for the presentation of migraine-type headaches in areas endemic for T. solium infection...
  97. ncbi Emerging patterns in overweight and obesity in Ecuador
    Adam Bernstein
    Harvard School of Public Health, Department of Nutrition, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, United States of America
    Rev Panam Salud Publica 24:71-4. 2008
  98. ncbi Fungi associated with food and feed commodities from Ecuador
    A M Pacin
    Centro de Investigaciones en Micotoxinas Universidad Nacional de Luján, Argentina
    Mycopathologia 156:87-92. 2003
    ..from farms and corn-based pelleted feeds were collected from ranches from the coastal and mountain regions in Ecuador during 1998, and assessed for fungal contamination...
  99. pmc A new species of solitary Meteorus (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) reared from caterpillars of toxic butterflies (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) in Ecuador
    Scott R Shaw
    Insect Museum, Department of Renewable Resources, University of Wyoming, Laramie, Wyoming 82071 3354, USA
    J Insect Sci 9:34. 2009
    ..Shaw and Jones (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), is described from the Yanayacu Biological Station, Napo Province, Ecuador. The new species is diagnosed and compared to other species in the genus...
  100. ncbi Validation and cross-cultural adjustment of PDQL-questionnaire, Spanish version (Ecuador) (PDQL-EV)
    Marcos Serrano-Dueñas
    Abnormal Movements Clinic, Neurology Department, Carlos Andrade Marin Hospital, Quito, Ecuador
    Parkinsonism Relat Disord 10:433-7. 2004
    ..To validate the Ecuadorian Spanish-language version of the Parkinson's Disease Quality of Life Questionnaire (PDQL-EV)...
  101. pmc Promoting the health of marginalized populations in Ecuador through international collaboration and educational innovations
    Margot W Parkes
    Department of Family Practice, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Bull World Health Organ 87:312-9. 2009
    ....

Research Grants62

  1. Latin American Center for Malaria Research and Control
    SOCRATES HERRERA VALENCIA; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..bring together field sites from Colombia, Peru, Panama and Guatemala, and has plans to further include sites from Ecuador and Honduras and possibly other endemic countries of the Latin American (LA) and the Caribbean such as Haiti...
  2. Role of surface proteins in sand fly colonization by Bartonella bacilliformis
    Michael F Minnick; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..e., lower altitudes and more diverse habitats) of Ecuador, Colombia and Peru. The at-risk population is estimated at 1.7 million people in a 56,000 square-mile area of S...
  3. Impact of maternal work in the Ecuadorian flower industry on infant development
    Alexis Handal; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Using a community-based research approach and building on existing relationships with co-investigators in Ecuador and with community leaders and members, we will recruit and enroll 30 pregnant rose and non-rose workers in their ..
  4. DUST MITE, COCKROACH AND CAT ALLERGENS IN ASTHMA
    Thomas A Platts-Mills; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..include a comparison of home environments, allergic sensitization, clinical symptoms, and stool microbiome in Ecuador, Costa Rica, and Virginia. II...
  5. Pediatric Traumatic Brain Injury in Latin America
    Nancy A Carney; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..It will take place in five trauma centers;three in Argentina, one in Bolivia, and one in Ecuador. These centers represent the variation in resources available for treatment of TBI in Latin America...
  6. Environment Change and Diarrheal Disease: A Natural Experiment
    Joseph N S Eisenberg; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The construction of new roads in coastal Ecuador continues to provide a valuable natural experiment through which to examine the impacts of environmental and ..
  7. Exploiting pathogen-induced cell death to create disease resistant plants:R01GM05
    Jean T Greenberg; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..One of the most important crops in Andean countries (Bolivia, Peru and Ecuador) is the potato...
  8. Latin America Treatment &Innovation Network in Mental Health (LANTIN-MH)
    Paulo Rossi Menezes; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Pilot studies will take place in Guatemala, Colombia and Ecuador. 2...
  9. Harvard School of Public Health MHIRT Training Program Grant
    Michelle A Williams; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..while working on collaborative research projects with investigators in countries including Ethiopia, Zimbabwe, Ecuador, Peru, Mexico, the Republic of Georgia, Vietnam, and Thailand...
  10. Phenotypic and Genomic Characterization of Microtia in the Andean Population
    Daniela Varela Luquetti; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..genetic, and environmental risk factors for microtia in children from the Andean region, more specifically from Ecuador, Bolivia and Colombia...
  11. Phenotypic and Genomic Characterization of Microtia in the Andean Population
    Daniela Varela Luquetti; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..genetic, and environmental risk factors for microtia in children from the Andean region, more specifically from Ecuador, Bolivia and Colombia...
  12. Change in allergen exposure and reversibility of the tolerant immune response
    ELIZABETH ANNE ERWIN; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..increases in asthma have shown that the prevalence of wheezing varies markedly among countries ranging from 2% in Ecuador to 30% in New Zealand...
  13. Economic Well-being in the Aftermath of the Indian Ocean Tsunami
    CLARK GRAY; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..and development, and to develop an R01 proposal to initiate a large-scale longitudinal data collection in Ecuador incorporating population-environment approaches...
  14. Environmental sampling of Leptospira species to link to human leptospirosis cases
    TALIMA ROSS PEARSON; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This study will be conducted around Portoviejo City, Ecuador, where leptospirosis cases are common and will involve collection and analyses of environmental, animal and ..
  15. Regional Training Center for Tropical Disease Research in Quito-Ecuador
    Mario J Grijalva; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..the implementation and evaluation of effective public health programs as well as informed health policies in Ecuador. The overall objective of this proposal is to obtain biological and clinical information that will improve ..
  16. Social Vulnerability and Climatic Drivers of Enteric Disease in Rural Ecuador
    Karen Levy; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..on weekly incidence of gastrointestinal disease for approximately 4,000 people living in 21 villages in rural Ecuador;2) Daily weather data for the same region available since 1965;and 3) a rich dataset on social and infrastructure ..
  17. CyberSurgeons Live Simulation and PBL Development and Dissemination
    CHARLES ARTHUR WOOD; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..trauma unit" in medical-surgical teams to diagnose and treat an ailing researcher deep in the rainforests of Ecuador. The second component is an online CyberSurgeons problem-based learning (PBL) module which features a "problem" ..
  18. QUIPU: The Andrean Global Health Informatics Research and Training Center
    PATRICIA JANNET GARCIA; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..from the AR, the Universidad del Cauca (UCA) in Colombia and the Universidad Andina Simon Bolivar (UASB) in Ecuador, and the University of Washington (UW);who will work together as a Consortium to collaboratively implement QUIPU...
  19. Economic Well-being in the Aftermath of the Indian Ocean Tsunami
    CLARK GRAY; Fiscal Year: 2013
    This project will support research on population-environment relationships in Indonesia and Ecuador using a variety of new approaches...
  20. CONTRACEPTION, BREASTFEEDING, AND THE USE OF HEALTH CARE
    JOSEPH POTTER; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..from the Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) recently conducted in the Dominican Republic, Guatemala, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru, the proposed research will undertake a comparative assessment of the contextual determinants of ..
  21. GENETIC AND ECOLOGIC DIFFERENTIATION OF MALARIA VECTORS
    LEON LOUNIBOS; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..Anopheles nuneztovari sister group which includes known or suspected vectors of human malaria in Venezuela, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Suriname, Brazil and Bolivia...
  22. Substance Abuse and Health Vulnerability: Colombian Refugees in Ecuador
    Michele G Shedlin; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..among Hispanic immigrant communities of New York to explore drug use and STI/HIV risk among Colombian refugees in Ecuador. The (4)study aims include: 1) Identification of the sociodemographic characteristics, migratory/refugee ..
  23. Pathogenesis of persistent C. trachomatis STDs
    DEBORAH ANNE DEAN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): This research will be performed primarily in Quito, Ecuador, Universidad Central Del Ecuador, Facultad de Ciencias Medicas and Centro de Biomedicina in collaboration with Drs...
  24. CLONING OF THE INVASIVENESS GENE FROM BARTONELLA BACILLI
    ETHELEEN MC GINNIS; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..outbreaks of bartonellosis have been confined geographically to the western slopes of the Andes in Peru, Ecuador and Colombia...
  25. Explaining Immigrant Second Generation Outcomes
    JOHN MOLLENKOPF; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..32 whose parents immigrated to the United States from China, the West Indies, the Dominican Republic, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru, and the former Soviet Union, as well as Americans from white, black, and Puerto Rican backgrounds...
  26. Nutrition, Immunity & Health Status of Elderly Ecuadora*
    Simin Meydani; Fiscal Year: 2004
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant)This research will be done primarily in Ecuador as an extension of NIA grant 1 R01 AG13975, May 1997- April 2003 "Vitamin E and Infection in the Elderly...
  27. Mapping and cloning genes for Keratoconus
    Bassem Bejjani; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Recently we identified two distinct and independent populations (one from Ecuador, another from Lebanon) in which isolated KC seems to segregate in families either as an autosomal dominant trait ..
  28. A GENETIC APPROACH TO THE ROLE OF CYP1B1 IN PCG
    Bassem Bejjani; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Families from Saudi Arabia and Ecuador will be used also to map additional PCG loci...
  29. Effects of Secondary Occupational Pesticide Exposure on Childhood Growth
    Jose Suarez; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The proposed study will take place in the rural County of Pedro Moncayo, Ecuador, where 18% of adults work for the flower industry...
  30. U. S. Mexico Interdisciplinary Research Training Program
    Kathleen Curtis; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..and researchers located in Chihuahua City, Chihuahua (Mexico), Guadalajara, Jalisco (Mexico) and Quito Ecuador. The Project will serve as a catalyst to encourage students to pursue research careers concerning the variables ..
  31. GOITER AND RETARDATION IN RURAL ECUADOR
    JOHN STANBURY; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..The project site is in two villages of rural highland Ecuador, where endemic goiter is unusually severe and where the maize diet is low in protein and calories...
  32. International Leptospirosis Society Meeting 2007
    Joseph Vinetz; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The[unreadable] Fifth meeting of the International Leptospirosis Society will take place in Quito, Ecuador September[unreadable] 17-20, 2007...
  33. Antenatal Corticosteroids in Latin American Countries
    Alicia Aleman; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..a prospective survey of 1800 women who delivered preterm in hospitals in three Latin American countries (Uruguay, Ecuador and El Salvador). For the second aim, both quantitative and qualitative data will be analyzed...
  34. Epidemiology of Indoor Air Pollution and Human Health
    Seppo Rinne; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..We propose to address these deficiencies through detailed epidemiological studies in Santa Ana, Ecuador. Preliminary studies have shown a high prevalence of respiratory infection in the community, with approximately ..
  35. VITAMIN A/ZINC - PREVENTION OF PNEUMONIA (VAZPOP) STUDY
    Jeffrey Griffiths; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..stratified study of low dose vitamin A, 10 mg/day elemental zinc, both, or placebo in 2,400 children in Quito Ecuador. They will test the hypotheses that: a) low-dose vitamin A has paradoxically positive and negative effects on ..
  36. INTERNATIONAL TRAINING IN POPULATION, HEALTH AND AGING
    Barry Popkin; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Russian Academy of Medical Sciences (RIN) and Institute of Sociology, Russian Academy of Science (IS); and Ecuador (Fundacion Ecociencia, hereafter Ecociencia) and Centro de Estudios sobre Poblacion y Desarrollo Social (Center ..
  37. COMPARISON OF COLONIST AND INDIGENOUS AMAZONIAN LAND USE
    RICHARD BILSBORROW; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..b>Ecuador is losing about 1.8 percent of its Amazon forests per year-the highest loss rate of any Amazon basin country...
  38. The Quito Integrated Environment and Policy Study
    Jeffrey Griffiths; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..data, to rigorous human health outcome studies, for the purposes of economic cost-benefit analyses in Quito, Ecuador. Current empirical and observational evidence, coupled with the basic economic theories of externalities and ..
  39. Frontier Migration and the Rural Environment in Ecuador
    RICHARD BILSBORROW; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..on how environmental degradation such as deforestation or soil erosion influence why people leave rural areas of Ecuador. People are leaving rural areas all over the world for cities and other countries...
  40. Characterization of Trypanosoma cruzi in southern Ecuador
    MARIO GRIJALVA; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..parasites isolated from different hosts collected in the domestic, peridomestic and sylvatic habitats in Southern Ecuador, indicating frequent parasite exchange. We will test these hypotheses by: (1) molecularly characterizing T...
  41. Effects of oral clefts on birth outcomes and cleft risks due to maternal smoking
    GEORGE WEHBY; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Another aim is to obtain consistent estimates of the effect of maternal smoking or cleft lip and palate risk. The proposed model can be applied to study other newborn disorders. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  42. Health outcomes and improved phenotypic characterization of cleft lip and palate
    GEORGE WEHBY; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The study results are highly relevant for identifying health care needs, improving care practices and developing strategies to prevent cleft lip and palate and/or reduce its associated adverse effects. ..
  43. C. trachomatis genomics, strain typing, and evolution
    Deborah Dean; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  44. Modeling population-environment dynamics in the Ecuadorian Amazon
    William Pan; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  45. Staging Reproductive Aging in Four Cohorts: Issues of Hormone Use Spotting Bias
    Sioban Harlow; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Results will facilitate clinical decision making for women and providers relevant to contraception, symptomatic treatment and preventive therapy. ..
  46. Mental Health Services and Global Trade
    Howard Waitzkin; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  47. PATHOGENESIS OF CHLAMYDIAL OCULAR INFECTIONS
    Deborah Dean; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..A greater understanding of the pathogenesis of trachoma will aid in developing public health interventions and a vaccine that can be implemented in trachoma endemic areas throughout the world. ..
  48. Health Effects of Lifetime Exposure to Food Contaminants
    Philippe Grandjean; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The results may therefore provide new information that could very likely have an impact on the preventive efforts and standard-setting of the EPA and other regulatory agencies in the U.S and elsewhere. ..
  49. The Role of Neural Crest in Facial Patterning
    Richard Schneider; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..This project is significant in using a novel approach to investigate regulation of facial growth and will provide valuable insights on birth defects. ..
  50. Web-Delivered PC-Based Low Literacy HAZMAT Training
    WYNDHAM ANGER; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..s. ..
  51. Effectiveness of computer-based safety training in vine*
    W Anger; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  52. Burden of Malaria in Pregnancy in India
    Davidson Hamer; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The information generated by the study will also be instrumental in the development of new programs for preventing and mitigating the impact of MIP in India. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  53. A New System to Study the Control of Epidermal Growth
    Richard Schneider; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  54. Surgical Management of Facial Nerve Injury
    Theresa Hadlock; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The academic environment is one of complete dedication to advancing both biomedical science and patient care through careful study and diligent investigation, and of support for the mentored investigator. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  55. Pathogenesis of Persistent Chlamydial STDs
    Deborah Dean; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..1 Description, ..
  56. Three-generation Human Study of Reproductive Effects of Marine Food Contaminants
    PHILIPPE ADAM GRANDJEAN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Current evidence already suggests that these pathologies may already affect many populations, and the present proposal aims at identifying whether persistent organochlorine pollutants contribute to these abnormalities. ..
  57. A Secular Change in Menstrual Characteristicis of Adult and Midlife Women?
    Sioban D Harlow; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  58. Computations of Fold Changes in Evolution of Proteins
    Nick Grishin; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Finally, we will perform in silico evolution of model proteins under functional constraints and compare the results to those deduced from the analysis of natural sequences and structures. ..
  59. Gastroenteritis and Extreme Weather Events in Elderly
    Elena Naumova; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  60. Epidemiology of Neurocysticercosis
    Elizabeth Kelvin; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..data that will be used was collected for a clinical trial of treatment for NCC infection that was conducted in Ecuador. Through secondary analysis, we will investigate if host factors, specifically sex, age and familial aggregation, ..