- Treating depression in primary care in low-income women in Santiago, Chile: a randomised controlled trial
Division of Psychiatry, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
Lancet 361:995-1000. 2003
..We aimed to compare the effectiveness of a stepped-care programme with usual care in primary-care management of depression in low-income women in Santiago, Chile.
- Acute myocardial infarction mortality in comparison with lung and bladder cancer mortality in arsenic-exposed region II of Chile from 1950 to 2000
Arsenic Health Effects Research Program, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 7360, USA
Am J Epidemiol 166:1381-91. 2007
..The authors investigated mortality from 1950 to 2000 in the arsenic-exposed region II of Chile (population: 477,000 in 2000) in comparison with the unexposed region V...
- Treatment of postnatal depression in low-income mothers in primary-care clinics in Santiago, Chile: a randomised controlled trial
Hospital Clinico, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile
Lancet 370:1629-37. 2007
..We compared the effectiveness of a multicomponent intervention with usual care to treat postnatal depression in low-income mothers in primary-care clinics in Santiago, Chile.
- Epidemiology of Vibrio parahaemolyticus outbreaks, southern Chile
Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile
Emerg Infect Dis 15:163-8. 2009
Disease outbreaks caused by Vibrio parahaemolyticus in Puerto Montt, Chile, began in 2004 and reached a peak in 2005 at 3,600 clinical cases. Until 2006, every analyzed case was caused by the serovar O3:K6 pandemic strain...
- Vulnerability to heat-related mortality in Latin America: a case-crossover study in Sao Paulo, Brazil, Santiago, Chile and Mexico City, Mexico
Michelle L Bell
EnvironmentalHealth, Yale University, New Haven, CT06511, USA
Int J Epidemiol 37:796-804. 2008
..Factors affecting vulnerability to heat-related mortality are not well understood. Identifying susceptible populations is of particular importance given anticipated rising temperatures from climatic change...
- Two year review of intestinal intussusception in six large public hospitals of Santiago, Chile
Microbiology Program, Instituto de Ciencias Biomedicas, Faculty of Medicine, University of Chile, Independencia 1027, Santiago, Chile
Pediatr Infect Dis J 22:717-21. 2003
- Common mental disorders and the built environment in Santiago, Chile
Division of Psychiatry, University of Bristol, Cotham House, Cotham Hill, Bristol BS6 6JL, UK
Br J Psychiatry 190:394-401. 2007
..There is growing research interest in the influence of the built environment on mental disorders...
- Analyzing the cost effectiveness of Santiago, Chile's policy of using urban forests to improve air quality
Francisco J Escobedo
University of Florida, IFAS School of Forest Resources and Conservation, Building 164, Mowry Road, P O Box 110806, Gainesville, FL 32611 0806, USA
J Environ Manage 86:148-57. 2008
Santiago, Chile has the distinction of having among the worst urban air pollution problems in Latin America...
- Dynamics of clinical and environmental Vibrio parahaemolyticus strains during seafood-related summer diarrhea outbreaks in southern Chile
Instituto de Nutricion y Tecnologia de los Alimentos, Universidad de Chile, El Libano 5524, Macul, Santiago 6903625, Chile
Appl Environ Microbiol 75:7482-7. 2009
Seafood consumption-related diarrhea became prevalent in Chile when the pandemic strain of Vibrio parahaemolyticus serotype O3:K6 reached a region in the south of Chile (Region de los Lagos) where approximately 80% of the country's ..
- [Inequality of health care for the elderly in Chile]
Departamento de Salud Publica, Facultad de Medicina, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile
Rev Med Chil 132:865-72. 2004
Health problems of the elderly are important in Chile. The proportion of elderly subjects will increase in the next few years due to expected demographic changes...
- [Gender inequity in the access to health care in Chile]
Instituto de Epidemiología y Políticas de Salud Pública, Universidad del Desarrollo
Rev Med Chil 131:669-78. 2003
In the last two decades, Chile has experienced advances in economical development and global health indicators. However, gender inequities persist in particular related to access to health services and financing of health insurance.
- Subgingival microbial profiles in chronic periodontitis patients from Chile, Colombia and Spain
ETEP Research Group, Faculty of Dentistry, University Complutense, Madrid, Spain
J Clin Periodontol 35:106-13. 2008
To investigate the subgingival microbiota of distinct periodontitis patient populations, in Chile, Colombia and Spain, using identical clinical and bacteriological methods.
- [Information for health equity in Chile]
Escuela de Salud Pública de la Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile
Rev Panam Salud Publica 11:374-85. 2002
To estimate the magnitude of geographical health inequalities in Chile through key indicators based on data and information that are routinely collected and easily obtained, and to characterize the current situation with respect to the ..
- Infectious salmon anaemia virus (ISAV) isolated from the ISA disease outbreaks in Chile diverged from ISAV isolates from Norway around 1996 and was disseminated around 2005, based on surface glycoprotein gene sequences
Frederick S B Kibenge
Department of Pathology and Microbiology, OIE Reference Laboratory for ISA, Atlantic Veterinary College, University of Prince Edward Island, 550 University Ave, Charlottetown, P E I, C1A 4P3, Canada
Virol J 6:88. 2009
..The first outbreak of ISA in marine-farmed Atlantic salmon in the Southern hemisphere occurred in Chile starting in June 2007...
- Improving physical fitness and emotional well-being in adolescents of low socioeconomic status in Chile: results of a school-based controlled trial
Department of Family and Community Medicine, School of Medicine, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile, Lira 44, Santiago, Chile
Health Promot Int 20:113-22. 2005
..Countries in transitional epidemiological scenarios, such as Chile, need to develop effective strategies to improve physical activity as a way to face the epidemic of chronic ..
- Increased childhood liver cancer mortality and arsenic in drinking water in northern Chile
Arsenic Health Effects Research Program, School of Public Health, University of California, 140 Warren Hall, Berkeley, CA 94720 7360, USA
Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 17:1982-7. 2008
..Some evidence for these effects originated from region II of Chile, which had a period of elevated arsenic levels in drinking water, in particular from 1958 to 1970...
- Comparative phylogeography of codistributed species of Chilean Liolaemus (Squamata: Tropiduridae) from the central-southern Andean range
Pedro F Victoriano
Departamento de Zoologia, Facultad de Ciencias Naturales y Oceanográficas, C I E P Universidad de Concepción, Casilla 160 C, Concepcion, Chile
Mol Ecol 17:2397-416. 2008
..partially overlapping geographical ranges of lizards of the genus Liolaemus from the Andean Range in south-central Chile. We reconstruct mtDNA gene trees for three partially codistributed species (Liolaemus tenuis, L. lemniscatus and L...
- Age- and serotype-specific pediatric invasive pneumococcal disease: insights from systematic surveillance in Santiago, Chile, 1994--2007
Centro para Vacunas en Desarrollo, Chile, Hospital de Niños Roberto del Rio, Santiago, Chile
J Infect Dis 198:1809-17. 2008
We monitored pediatric invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) in Santiago, Chile, from 1994 to 2007.
- First detection, isolation and molecular characterization of infectious salmon anaemia virus associated with clinical disease in farmed Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) in Chile
Marcos G Godoy
Biovac SA, Puerto Montt, Chile
BMC Vet Res 4:28. 2008
..In the Southern hemisphere, ISAV was first detected in Chile in 1999 in marine-farmed Coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch)...
- Cost-effectiveness of a primary care treatment program for depression in low-income women in Santiago, Chile
Division of Psychiatry, University of Bristol, Cotham House, Cotham Hill, Bristol BS6 6UJ
Am J Psychiatry 163:1379-87. 2006
The authors compared the incremental cost-effectiveness of a stepped-care, multicomponent program with usual care for the treatment of depressed women in primary care in Santiago, Chile.
- Increased skin cancer mortality in Chile beyond the effect of ageing: Temporal analysis 1990 to 2005
Faustino T Alonso
Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile
Acta Derm Venereol 90:141-6. 2010
b>Chile has a medium-to-high skin cancer mortality rate. Previous studies have shown an increasing rate of skin cancer mortality...
- Etiology of community-acquired pneumonia in hospitalized patients in chile: the increasing prevalence of respiratory viruses among classic pathogens
Departamento de Enfermedades Respiratorias, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile, Santiago, Chile
Chest 131:779-87. 2007
..The aim of this study was to determine the microbial etiology of CAP in adults and to identify the risk factors for various specific pathogens...
- Implementation of promotion and prevention activities in decentralized health systems: comparative case studies from Chile and Brazil
University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL, UK
Health Promot Int 20:167-75. 2005
..and promotion through a comparison of the experiences in four local health systems in each of Brazil and Chile. These experiences in Brazil and Chile are presented by key themes of national health system structure, local ..
- Cutaneous manifestations in renal transplant recipients of Santiago, Chile
Department of Dermatology, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile, Chile
Transplant Proc 41:3752-4. 2009
..These manifestations differ depending on the evaluated population. The objective of this study was to describe the prevalence of cutaneous manifestations among renal transplant recipients in Chile between 1979 and 2008.
- Arsenic exposure from drinking water and birth weight
School of Public Health and Markey Cancer Center, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40504, USA
Epidemiology 14:593-602. 2003
..Limited evidence suggests that arsenic may have adverse human reproductive effects. We investigated the association between drinking water arsenic exposure and fetal growth, as manifest in birth weight...
- Vegetables collected in the cultivated Andean area of northern Chile: total and inorganic arsenic contents in raw vegetables
Centro de Estudios en Ciencia y Tecnología de Alimentos, Universidad de Santiago de Chile, Libertador Bernardo O Higgins 3363, Santiago de Chile, 33074 Correo 33, Chile
J Agric Food Chem 50:642-7. 2002
High levels of arsenic are found in the soil and water of the Second Region in Chile as a result of natural causes...
- Knowledge of the management of paediatric dental traumas by non-dental professionals in emergency rooms in South Araucanía, Temuco, Chile
Dental Department, University of La Frontera, Manuel Montt 112, 4 degree piso, Casilla 54 D Temuco, Chile
Dent Traumatol 25:611-9. 2009
..first aid for dental trauma in children (TDI) by non-dental professionals and paramedical technicians of hospital emergency rooms in the South Araucanía Health Service, Chile, which was attained through application of a survey.
- Mars-like soils in the Atacama Desert, Chile, and the dry limit of microbial life
Laboratorio de Quimica de Plasmas y Estudios Planetarios, Instituto de Ciencias Nucleares, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Circuito Exterior, Ciudad Universitaria, Apartado Postal 70 543, Mexico City, 04510, Mexico
Science 302:1018-21. 2003
..Incubation experiments, patterned after the Viking labeled-release experiment but with separate biological and nonbiological isomers, show active decomposition of organic species in these soils by nonbiological processes...
- Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome due to Andes virus in Temuco, Chile: clinical experience with 16 adults
Department of Internal Medicine, Temuco Teaching Hospital and Faculty of Medicine Universidad de la Frontera, Temuco, Chile
Chest 120:548-54. 2001
To describe the clinical features and laboratory abnormalities of 16 adults with confirmed Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) due to Andes virus in Temuco, Chile.
- Pectenotoxins and yessotoxin from Arica Bay, North Chile as determined by tandem mass spectrometry
Alfred Wegener Institut fur Polar und Meeresforschung, 27570 Bremerhaven, Germany
Toxicon 54:364-7. 2009
..chromatography (LC-MS/MS) in size-fractionated plankton samples taken at five stations in Arica Bay, northern Chile in the southern summer 2007/2008...
- Opportunities to use drugs and stages of drug involvement outside the United States: Evidence from the Republic of Chile
University of Chile, School of Public Health, Santiago de Chile, Chile
Drug Alcohol Depend 102:30-4. 2009
Studying youthful drug involvement in the Republic of Chile, we sought to replicate North American research findings about the earliest stages of drug involvement (e.g...
- Relation between private health insurance and high rates of caesarean section in Chile: qualitative and quantitative study
S F Murray
Centre for International Child Health, Institute of Child Health, University College London, London WC1N 1EH, UK
BMJ 321:1501-5. 2000
To explore the circumstances and factors that explain the association between private health insurance cover and a high rate of caesarean sections in Chile.
- Incidence, 30-day case-fatality rate, and prognosis of stroke in Iquique, Chile: a 2-year community-based prospective study (PISCIS project)
Pablo M Lavados
Departamento de Medicina, Clinica Alemana de Santiago, Instituto de Neurocirugia, Servicio de Salud Metropolitano Oriente, Santiago, Chile
Lancet 365:2206-15. 2005
..Our aim was to ascertain prospectively the incidence of first-ever stroke in the predominantly Hispanic-Mestizo population of Iquique, a city in the northern desert region of Chile.
- Floating marine debris in fjords, gulfs and channels of southern Chile
Iván A Hinojosa
Universidad Catolica del Norte, Biologia Marina, Larrondo 1281, Coquimbo, Chile
Mar Pollut Bull 58:341-50. 2009
..composition and distribution of FMD during the years 2002-2005 in the fjords, gulfs and channels of southern Chile. Abundances of FMD were relatively high compared with other studies, ranging from 1 to 250 items km(-2)...
- Genetic structure and clonal diversity of an introduced pest in Chile, the cereal aphid Sitobion avenae
C C Figueroa
Instituto de Ecologia y Evolucion, Universidad Austral de Chile, Campus Isla Teja Casilla 567, Valdivia, Chile
Heredity (Edinb) 95:24-33. 2005
In Chile, the aphid Sitobion avenae is of recent introduction, lives on cultivated and wild Poaceae, and is thought to reproduce by permanent parthenogenesis...
- Reduction of birth prevalence rates of neural tube defects after folic acid fortification in Chile
Jorge S Lopez-Camelo
Estudo Colaborativo Latino Americano de Malformações Congênitas, ECLAMC at IMBICE, Instituto Multidisciplinario de Biologia Celular, La Plata, Argentina
Am J Med Genet A 135:120-5. 2005
To verify whether the decreasing neural tube defects birth prevalence rates in Chile are due to folic acid fortification or to pre-existing decreasing trends, we performed a population survey using a network of Estudio Colaborativo ..
- Population prevalence of psychiatric disorders in Chile: 6-month and 1-month rates
Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health, University of Concepcion, Concepcion, Chile
Br J Psychiatry 184:299-305. 2004
..Few South American studies have examined current prevalence rates of psychiatric disorders...
- Blood host sources of Mepraia spinolai (Heteroptera: Reduviidae), wild vector of chagas disease in Chile
Departamento de Ciencias Biologicas, Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias, Universidad de Chile
J Med Entomol 38:303-7. 2001
There are two vectors of the Chagas' disease in Chile: Triatoma infestans Klug the domestic vector and Mepraia spinolai Porter the sylvatic vector. The alimentary profile of M. spinolai has been poorly studied...
- [Prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in adult from Talca, Chile]
Iván Palomo G
Departamento de Bioquímica Clínica e Inmunohematología, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Talca, Talca, Chile
Rev Med Chil 135:904-12. 2007
..Cardiovascular disease (CVD) has several traditional risk factors (RF), and some of them are potentially modifiable...
- Congenital Chagas disease of second generation in Santiago, Chile. Report of two cases
, ICBM, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile
Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo 43:231-2. 2001
..Afterwards, she moved to Santiago, where she married and has resided up to now. Serology and xenodiagnoses were also positive. All the Trypanosoma cruzi infected individuals were successfully treated with nifurtimox...
- Invasion of a rocky intertidal shore by the tunicate Pyura praeputialis in the Bay of Antofagasta, Chile
Juan Carlos Castilla
Center for Advanced Studies in Ecology and Biodiversity, Facultad de Ciencias Biologicas, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile, Casilla 114 D, Santiago, Chile
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101:8517-24. 2004
..Australia, from where it appears to have originated, and exclusively along 60-70 km inside the Bay of Antofagasta, Chile. mtDNA sequences suggested that the species invaded this rocky shore recently...
- Anthropogenic debris on beaches in the SE Pacific (Chile): results from a national survey supported by volunteers
Universidad Catolica del Norte, Larrondo 1281, Coquimbo, Chile
Mar Pollut Bull 58:1718-26. 2009
..8 items m(-2) and the major types were plastics, cigarette butts and glass. Densities in central Chile were lower than in northern and southern Chile, which could be due to different attitudes of beach users or to ..
- Evaluation of azinphos-methyl resistance and activity of detoxifying enzymes in codling moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) from central Chile
Departamento de Producción Agrícola, Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias, Universidad de Talca, Casilla 747, Talca, Chile
J Econ Entomol 100:551-6. 2007
..Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) in Chile. Organophosphates are the most widely used insecticides, and azinphos-methyl is an important element in spray ..
- Decentralization and equity of resource allocation: evidence from Colombia and Chile
Thomas J Bossert
Politics and Governance Group, International Health Systems Program, Harvard School of Public Health, 665 Huntington Ave, SPH1 1210, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Bull World Health Organ 81:95-100. 2003
To investigate the relation between decentralization and equity of resource allocation in Colombia and Chile.
- A preliminary survey of non-lichenized fungi cultured from the hyperarid Atacama Desert of Chile
Catharine A Conley
Planetary Sciences Division, Science Mission Directorate, NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC 20546, USA
Astrobiology 6:521-6. 2006
..All fungi identified in this preliminary survey are spore-forming saprobes that are readily dispersed by wind, a likely mechanism that accounts for their presence in the central Atacama Desert...
- Abortion policies and practices in Chile: ambiguities and dilemmas
Bonnie L Shepard
Social Sectors Development Strategies, Brookline, MA, USA
Reprod Health Matters 15:202-10. 2007
Abortion is not legal in Chile even to save the woman's life or health. This situation creates serious dilemmas and vulnerabilities for both women and medical practitioners...
- [A randomized trial of pharmacotherapy with telephone monitoring to improve treatment of depression in primary care in Santiago, Chile]
Hospital Clinico, Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile
Rev Med Chil 135:587-95. 2007
..Depression is a public health problem, due to its high prevalence and its associated disability...
- [Inequalities in public health care provision in Chile]
Escuela de Salud Publica, Universidad de Chile, Santiago de Chile, Chile
Cad Saude Publica 18:1053-66. 2002
- Odontogenic tumors in Chile: a study of 362 cases
Oral Pathology Referral Institute, Faculty of Odontology, University of Chile, Santiago, Chile
J Oral Pathol Med 31:415-20. 2002
..The aim of this study was to determine the relative frequency of this heterogeneous group of lesions in a Chilean population, and to compare these data with previous reports...
- Age-specific prevalence of antibodies to hepatitis A in Santiago, Chile: risk factors and shift in age of infection among children and young adults
Alan D Fix
International Health Division, Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore 21201, USA
Am J Trop Med Hyg 66:628-32. 2002
..describes age-specific prevalence of antibodies to HAV (anti-HAV) among children and young adults in Santiago, Chile, compared with previous prevalence data and assesses factors predictive for anti-HAV...
- Geographic variation of gallbladder cancer mortality and risk factors in Chile: a population-based ecologic study
Marcelo E Andia
Departamento de Salud Publica, Facultad de Medicina, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile, Santiago, Chile
Int J Cancer 123:1411-6. 2008
b>Chile's gallbladder cancer rates are among the highest in the world, being the leading cause of cancer deaths among Chilean women...
- The early origins hypothesis with an emphasis on growth rate in the first year of life and asthma: a prospective study in Chile
R J Rona
Department of Public Health Sciences, King s College London, 5th Floor, Capital House, 42 Weston Street, London SE1 3QD, UK
Thorax 60:549-54. 2005
..An analysis was therefore carried out to test this hypothesis...
- mtDNA microevolution in Southern Chile's archipelagos
Programa de Genética Humana ICBM, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Chile, Santiago 7, Chile
Am J Phys Anthropol 129:473-81. 2006
The genetic variability of four predominantly Indian populations of southern Chile's archipelagos was examined by determining the frequencies of four mitochondrial DNA haplogroups that characterize the American Indian populations...
- Complete nucleotide sequence of a Chilean hantavirus
John D Meissner
Department of Microbiology, University of Nevada, FA310 MS200, Reno, NV 89557, USA
Virus Res 89:131-43. 2002
..sequence of an Andes virus (ANDV) strain isolated from an infected Oligoryzomys longicaudatus rodent trapped in Chile in 1997...
- Epstein-Barr virus in gastric carcinoma is associated with location in the cardia and with a diffuse histology: a study in one area of Chile
Instituto Chileno Japones de Enfermedades Digestivas, Hospital Clinico San Borja Arriaran, Santiago, Chile
Int J Cancer 94:527-30. 2001
..S. suggesting unique characteristics of EBV-associated GC in Latin-America...
- Influenza A pandemics: clinical and organizational aspects: the experience in Chile
Intensive Care Unit, Hospital del Salvador, Clínica Indisa Santiago, Chile
Crit Care Med 38:e133-7. 2010
..Soon after the first report from Mexico, the disease arrived in Chile, where it spread quickly from south to north, mimicking cold weather progression through the country...
- Particulate air pollution and health effects for cardiovascular and respiratory causes in Temuco, Chile: a wood-smoke-polluted urban area
Pedro A Sanhueza
Department of Geographical Engineering, University of Santiago de Chile, Santiago, Chile
J Air Waste Manag Assoc 59:1481-8. 2009
..These results are consistent with those of comparable studies in other similar cities where wood smoke is the most important air pollution problem...
- Acute mountain sickness in tourists with children at Lake Chungará (4400 m) in northern Chile
Fernando A Moraga
Unidad de Fisiologia, Departamento Biomedico, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad de Antofagasta, Chile
Wilderness Environ Med 13:31-5. 2002
..To evaluate the presence of acute mountain sickness (AMS) and cardiorespiratory responses in adult and pediatric tourists exposed to high altitude (Putre and Chungará)...
- PCBs and HCHs in a salt-marsh sediment record from South-Central Chile: use of tsunami signatures and 137Cs fallout as temporal markers
Aquatic Systems Research Unit, EULA Chile Center, Environmental Sciences Center, University of Concepcion, Barrio Universitario s n, P O Box 160 C, Concepcion, Chile
Chemosphere 55:965-72. 2004
..HCH) deposition inferred from a sedimentary record exposed in a salt-marsh trench in South-Central Chile. Sediments were carefully collected every 1 cm from the trench wall...
- Identification of Francisella sp. from Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L., in Chile
T H Birkbeck
Universities Marine Biological Station, Millport, Isle of Cumbrae, Scotland
J Fish Dis 30:505-7. 2007
- National food-fortification program with folic acid in Chile
Institute of Nutrition and Food Technology, University of Chile, Santiago, Chile
Food Nutr Bull 29:S231-7. 2008
- [A national birth weight distribution curve according to gestational age in Chile from 1993 to 2000]
Rogelio P González
Servicio de Obstetricia y Ginecologia, Hospital Dr Sotero del Rio
Rev Med Chil 132:1155-65. 2004
..The World Health Organization recently defined the criteria for constructing birth weight curves using population based data...
- High frequency of p16 promoter methylation in non-small cell lung carcinomas from Chile
Leda M Guzman
Escuela de Tecnología Médica, Facultad de Salud, Universidad Santo Tomás, Santiago, Chile
Biol Res 40:365-72. 2007
..the methylation status of the promoter region of the p16 gene in 74 non-small cell lung carcinomas from Chile. The frequency of p16 gene inactivation by promoter methylation was determined as 79.7% (59/74)...
- Recent introduction of the dominant tunicate, Pyura praeputialis (Urochordata, Pyuridae) to Antofagasta, Chile
J C Castilla
Centro de Estudios Avanzados en Ecología and Biodiversidad, Facultad de Ciencias Biologicas, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile, Alameda 340, Casilla 114 D Santiago, Chile
Mol Ecol 11:1579-84. 2002
..Australia (Pyura stolonifera praeputialis), South Africa (Pyura stolonifera stolonifera) and South America (Chile, Antofagasta: Pyura sp...
- Identification of pectenotoxins in plankton, filter feeders, and isolated cells of a Dinophysis acuminata with an atypical toxin profile, from Chile
Centro de Investigacións Mariñas, Pedras de Corón s n, apdo 13, 36620 Vilanova de Arousa, Spain
Toxicon 49:710-6. 2007
..to Bahía Tongoy, showed that the unique toxin profile found in the first bloom was widespread over that part of Chile and persisted for months...
- Demography of domestic dogs in rural and urban areas of the Coquimbo region of Chile and implications for disease transmission
The Roslin Institute and Royal Dick School of Veterinary Studies, The University of Edinburgh, Roslin, Midlothian, EH25 9PS, UK
Prev Vet Med 94:272-81. 2010
..and 45km long) from Coquimbo and Ovalle cities to the Fray Jorge National Park (FJNP) in the Coquimbo region of Chile in 2005-2007 to investigate the demography of dogs in the context of a study of canine infectious diseases...
- Vibrio parahaemolyticus diarrhea, Chile, 1998 and 2004
Institute of Nutrition and Food Technology, University of Chile, El Libano 5524, Macul, Santiago 690 3625, Chile
Emerg Infect Dis 11:129-31. 2005
Analysis of clinical isolates of Vibrio parahaemolyticus from outbreaks in Chile in the cities of Puerto Montt in 2004 and Antofagasta in 1998 indicated that 23 of 24 isolates from Puerto Montt and 19 of 20 from Antofagasta belonged to ..
- Positive interactions between alpine plant species and the nurse cushion plant Laretia acaulis do not increase with elevation in the Andes of central Chile
Lohengrin A Cavieres
ECOBIOSIS, Departamento de Botanica, Facultad de Ciencias Naturales y Oceanográficas, Universidad de Concepcion, Casilla 160 C, Concepcion, Chile
New Phytol 169:59-69. 2006
..of seedlings of two species experimentally planted within and outside cushions in the semiarid Andes of central Chile. Positive spatial associations with cushions were more frequent at lower elevations...
- Fifty-year study of lung and bladder cancer mortality in Chile related to arsenic in drinking water
Departamento de Salud Publica, Escuela de Medicina, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile, Santiago, Chile
J Natl Cancer Inst 99:920-8. 2007
Region II of Chile (the second most northerly administrative region) experienced dramatic increases in average arsenic water concentrations beginning in 1958, followed by marked declines in the 1970s when water treatment plants were ..
- Antibiotic resistant bacteria in fish from the Concepción Bay, Chile
C D Miranda
Departamento de Acuicultura, Universidad Catolica del Norte, Coquimbo, Chile
Mar Pollut Bull 42:1096-102. 2001
Antibiotic resistant bacteria from commercial demersal and pelagic fish captured in the Concepción Bay, Chile were investigated...
- Nutrition transition in Chile revisited: mid-term evaluation of obesity goals for the period 2000-2010
Institute of Nutrition and Food Technology INTA, University of Chile, Nutritional and Genetic Epidemiology Laboratory, Macul 5540, Santiago, Chile
Public Health Nutr 11:405-12. 2008
To analyse the nutritional status component of the nutrition transition in Chile in relation to the evolution of obesity rates in all age groups until 2005, comparing these with the goals established by the Ministry of Health for the ..
- Immunogenicity of 2 serogroup B outer-membrane protein meningococcal vaccines: a randomized controlled trial in Chile
J W Tappero
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Meningitis and Special Pathogens Branch, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
JAMA 281:1520-7. 1999
..Although persons younger than 4 years are at greatest risk for serogroup B meningococcal disease, vaccine efficacy has not been demonstrated in this age group...
- First case of human rabies in chile caused by an insectivorous bat virus variant
Instituto de Salud Pública, Santiago, Chile
Emerg Infect Dis 8:79-81. 2002
The first human rabies case in Chile since 1972 occurred in March 1996 in a patient without history of known exposure...
- Impact of the novel influenza A (H1N1) during the 2009 autumn-winter season in a large hospital setting in Santiago, Chile
Juan Pablo Torres
Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Faculty of Medicine, Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile
Clin Infect Dis 50:860-8. 2010
In Chile, the novel influenza A (H1N1) epidemic began in the middle-high income area of Santiago...
- Human papillomavirus-16 is integrated in lung carcinomas: a study in Chile
Division of Oncogenic and Persistent Viruses, Center for Chronic Viral Diseases, Kagoshima University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, 8 35 1 Sakuragaoka, Kagoshima, 890 8544, Japan
Br J Cancer 97:85-91. 2007
The human papillomavirus (HPV) was detected in 20 (29%) out of 69 lung carcinomas (LCs) in Chile, by PCR and Southern blot, and was more frequently detected in squamous cell carcinoma (SQC) than in adenocarcinomas (46 vs 9%, P=0.001)...
- Ecology, genetic diversity, and phylogeographic structure of andes virus in humans and rodents in Chile
Rafael A Medina
Center for Infectious Diseases and Immunity, Department of Pathology, University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87131, USA
J Virol 83:2446-59. 2009
..In Chile, serologically confirmed human hantavirus infections have occurred throughout a wide latitudinal distribution ..
- Incidence and survival of stomach cancer in a high-risk population of Chile
Public Health Department, School of Medicine, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile, Santiago, Chile
World J Gastroenterol 15:1854-62. 2009
To study the incidence and survival rate of stomach cancer (SC) and its associated factors in a high risk population in Chile.
- Components of particulate air pollution and mortality in Chile
Health Canada, Ottawa, Canada
Int J Occup Environ Health 15:152-8. 2009
..5 measured in downtown Santiago, Chile between 1998 and 2006. The strongest individual effect was seen for elemental carbon. A 5...
- [Impact of regulatory measures in the trends of community consumption of antibiotics in Chile]
Unidad de Infectología, Servicio de Farmacia, Hospital Dr Gustavo Fricke, Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos, Instituto de Seguridad del Trabajo, Escuela de Medicina, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Valparaiso, Vina del Mar, Chile
Rev Med Chil 130:1265-72. 2002
..The Chilean Ministry of Health is regulating the consumption of antibiotics since September 1999. These regulatory measures restricted the sale of antibiotics only when these were prescribed by an MD or an DS...
- Human pseudoterranovosis, an emerging infection in Chile
Instituto de Parasitologia, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Austral de Chile, Isla Teja, Casilla 567, Valdivia, Chile
J Parasitol 93:440-3. 2007
Fifteen cases of human pseudoterranovosis are reported for Chile, representing an emerging parasitic infection in this country caused by larvae of the nematode Pseudoterranova sp...
- Flea species from dogs in three cities of Chile
Héctor A Alcaíno
Depto de Medicina Preventiva Animal, Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias y Pecuarias, Universidad de Chile, Casilla 2, Correo 15, La Pintana, Santiago, Chile
Vet Parasitol 105:261-5. 2002
..longitude west) and Osorno (40 degrees latitude south, 73 degrees longitude west), located in different parts of Chile. The only species of fleas found on dogs from the three cities were Ctenocephalides felis felis (41...
- First identification of azaspiracid and spirolides in Mesodesma donacium and Mulinia edulis from Northern Chile
Centro de Investigacións Mariñas Xunta de Galicia, Apto 13, 36620 Vilanova de Arousa, Pontevedra, Spain
Toxicon 55:638-41. 2010
..by two commercially important bivalves: macha (Mesodesma donacium) and clam (Mulinia edulis) in Coquimbo Bay (Chile), monitoring of these species was carried out from March to September 2008...
- Population genetic structure of codling moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) from apple orchards in central Chile
Departamento de Producción Agrícola, Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias, Universidad de Talca, Casilla 747, Talca, Chile
J Econ Entomol 101:190-8. 2008
..for 11 codling moth populations in the two major apple (Malus domestica Borkh) cropping regions in central Chile. Despite the geographical distances between some populations (approximately 185 km), there was low genetic ..
- Molecular analysis of a 444 bp fragment of the bovine leukaemia virus gp51 env gene reveals a high frequency of non-silent point mutations and suggests the presence of two subgroups of BLV in Chile
Unidad de Biotecnología, Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias, INIA Carillanca, Casilla 58 D, Temuco, Chile
Vet Microbiol 108:39-47. 2005
..achieve a better understanding of the epidemiology and distribution of bovine leukaemia virus (BLV) infection in Chile, we assessed the suitability of using DNA isolated from the leukocyte fraction of bulk milk samples to carry out ..
- Incubation period of hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome
Pablo A Vial
Faculdad se Medicina Clinica Alemana, Universidad del Desarrollo, Las Condes 12438, Lo Barnechea, Santiago 0000, Chile
Emerg Infect Dis 12:1271-3. 2006
..This period was 14-32 days (median 18 days) in 11 patients with exposure for <48 hours...
- Air pollution and hospitalization for headache in Chile
Robert E Dales
Division of Statistics, Health Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Am J Epidemiol 170:1057-66. 2009
..If the relation is causal, the morbidity associated with headache should be considered when estimating the burden of illness and costs associated with poor air quality...
- Vibrio parahaemolyticus O3:K6 epidemic diarrhea, Chile, 2005
Felipe C Cabello
Emerg Infect Dis 13:655-6. 2007
- Testing models of diversification in mice in the Abrothrix olivaceus/xanthorhinus complex in Chile and Argentina
M F Smith
Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, 3101 Valley Life Sciences Building, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
Mol Ecol 10:397-405. 2001
..xanthorhinus across a transect between 45 and 47 degrees S in southern Chile were analysed using the mitochondrial cytochrome b (cyt b) sequence, substantially adding to the data presented ..
- Vibrio parahaemolyticus strains isolated during investigation of the summer 2006 seafood related diarrhea outbreaks in two regions of Chile
Instituto de Nutricion y Tecnologia de los Alimentos, Universidad de Chile, El Libano 5524, Macul, Santiago 6903625, Chile
Int J Food Microbiol 117:270-5. 2007
Nine hundred cases of seafood related diarrhea were reported in the region of Puerto Montt, Chile during the austral summer of 2006...
- Arsenic exposure and its impact on health in Chile
Departamento de Salud Publica, Facultad de Medicina, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile, Marcoleta 434, Santiago, Chile
J Health Popul Nutr 24:164-75. 2006
The problem of arsenic in Chile was reviewed. In Chile, the population is exposed to arsenic naturally via drinking-water and by air pollution resulted from mining activities...
- Trypanosoma cruzi: presence of the two major phylogenetic lineages and of several lesser discrete typing units (DTUs) in Chile and Paraguay
Centre d Etudes sur le Polymorphisme des Microorganismes CEPM, Unité Mixte de Recherche Centre, National de la Recherche Scientifique Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, IRD, Montpellier, France
Acta Trop 78:127-37. 2001
..Comparison between clonal populations in sylvatic and domestic transmission cycles of the disease in Chile strongly suggests that these two cycles are at least partially separated from one another.
- [Two new species of fleas from Chile and Argentina(Insecta-Siphonaptera: Stephanocircidae and Rhopalopsyllidae) and raising of a new sub-genus of Plocopsylla Jordan, 1931]
J C Beaucournu
Laboratoire de Parasitologie, Faculte de Medecine, avenue du professeur Leon Bernard, F 35043 Rennes Cedex, France
Parasite 11:249-52. 2004
..Schrammapsylla Beaucournu and Ménier from the entire group B of Schramm & Lewis, 1988 and two new fleas from Chile and Argentina are described: Plocopsylla (S.) muruai n. sp. Beaucournu and Gallardo and Ectinorus (E.) mimacydis n...
- Phytochemical, morphological, and biological investigations of propolis from Central Chile
Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, College of Pharmacy, University of Arizona, Tucson 85721, USA
Z Naturforsch C 54:406-16. 1999
Propolis from central Chile was investigated for its plant origin by microscopical analysis of pollen grains and leaf fragments found in the sample...
- Tackling health inequities in Chile: maternal, newborn, infant, and child mortality between 1990 and 2004
Pontificia Catholic University of Chile, and the Division of Prevention and Control of Diseases, Chilean Ministry of Health, Santiago, Chile
Am J Public Health 99:1220-6. 2009
We analyzed trends in maternal, newborn, and child mortality in Chile between 1990 and 2004, after the introduction of national interventions and reforms, and examined associations between trends and interventions.
- Economic impact of pneumococcal conjugate vaccination in Brazil, Chile, and Uruguay
Dagna O Constenla
Health Service Research Unit, Department of Public Health and Policy, School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
Rev Panam Salud Publica 24:101-12. 2008
To evaluate the economic impact of vaccination with the pneumococcal 7-valent conjugate vaccine (PCV7) in Brazil, Chile, and Uruguay.
- VDR polymorphisms influence the immune response in type 1 diabetic children from Santiago, Chile
Genetic Epidemiology Laboratory, Nutrition and Food Technology Institute, University of Chile, Santiago, Chile
Diabetes Res Clin Pract 77:134-40. 2007
- Prevalence of fluorosis in children aged 6-9 years-old who participated in a milk fluoridation programme in Codegua, Chile
School of Health, University of New England, Armidale, NSVW, Australia
Community Dent Health 21:143-8. 2004
To determine the prevalence and severity of enamel fluorosis in the permanent dentition of children aged 6-9 years old exposed to fluoride through a milk fluoridation programme in Codegua, Chile.
- Novel recombinant norovirus causing outbreaks of gastroenteritis in Santiago, Chile
Programa de Microbiologia, Instituto de Ciencias Biomedicas ICBM, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile
J Clin Microbiol 44:2271-5. 2006
Capsid and polymerase (RdRp) genes of 13 norovirus outbreak strains from Chile were compared...
- [Practices in the care of the low-risk delivery in hospitals in southern Chile]
Yolanda Contreras García
Departamento de Obstetricia y Puericultura, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Concepcion, Chile
Ginecol Obstet Mex 75:24-30. 2007
..A relevant component to achieve high quality of care is the implementation of evidence based practices...
- Floating marine debris in coastal waters of the SE-Pacific (Chile)
Facultad Ciencias del Mar, Universidad Catolica del Norte, Larrondo 1281, Coquimbo, Chile
Mar Pollut Bull 46:224-31. 2003
- [Nosocomial urinary infection due to Trichosporon asahii. First two cases in Chile]
Programa de Microbiología y Micología, ICBM, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Chile, Independencia 1027, Santiago, Chile
Rev Iberoam Micol 20:21-3. 2003
..due to Trichosporon asahii in intensive care unit patients with bladder catheter from two hospitals in Santiago, Chile. Both patients had an several catheters and bacterial infections that required the use of antibiotic therapy...