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  1. pmc Seroprevalence and risk factors for dengue infection in socio-economically distinct areas of Recife, Brazil
    Cynthia Braga
    Centro de Pesquisas Aggeu Magalhaes, Fundacao Oswaldo Cruz, Av Professor Moraes Rego, S N, Cidade Universitaria, CEP 50670 420, Recife, PE, Brazil
    Acta Trop 113:234-40. 2010
  2. ncbi New reference values for forced spirometry in white adults in Brazil
    Carlos Alberto de Castro Pereira
    Service of Pulmonology Department, Hospital do Servidor Publico Estadual, HSPE, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil
    J Bras Pneumol 33:397-406. 2007
  3. ncbi Urban epidemic of severe leptospirosis in Brazil. Salvador Leptospirosis Study Group
    A I Ko
    Gonçalo Moniz Research Centre, Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, Brazilian Ministry of Health, Salvador
    Lancet 354:820-5. 1999
  4. ncbi Trends of obesity and underweight in older children and adolescents in the United States, Brazil, China, and Russia
    Youfa Wang
    Carolina Population Center, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill 27516 3997, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 75:971-7. 2002
  5. ncbi High prevalence of asymptomatic Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium falciparum infections in native Amazonian populations
    Fabiana P Alves
    Department of Parasitology, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 66:641-8. 2002
  6. ncbi Cohort profile: the 1982 Pelotas (Brazil) birth cohort study
    Cesar G Victora
    Programa de Pós Graduação em Epidemiologia, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Brasil
    Int J Epidemiol 35:237-42. 2006
  7. ncbi Lutzomyia longipalpis and the eco-epidemiology of American visceral leishmaniasis, with particular reference to Brazil: a review
    Ralph Lainson
    Departamento de Parasitologia, Instituto Evandro Chagas, Belem, PA, Brazil
    Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 100:811-27. 2005
  8. ncbi Convergent habitat segregation of Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae) in southeastern Brazil and Florida
    Marieta A H Braks
    Florida Medical Entomology Laboratory, University of Florida IFAS, 200 9th Street SE, Vero Beach, FL 32962, USA
    J Med Entomol 40:785-94. 2003
  9. ncbi New molecular data on mammalian Hepatozoon species (Apicomplexa: Adeleorina) from Brazil and Spain
    A Criado-Fornelio
    Laboratory of Parasitology, Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Alcala, 28871 Alcala de Henares, Spain
    J Parasitol 92:93-9. 2006
  10. ncbi Visceral leishmaniasis in Brazil: trends and challenges
    Ana Nilce Silveira Maia-Elkhoury
    Departamento de Vigilância Epidemiológica, Secretaria de Vigilância em Saúde, Ministerio da Saude, Brasilia, Brasil
    Cad Saude Publica 24:2941-7. 2008

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Publications370 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Seroprevalence and risk factors for dengue infection in socio-economically distinct areas of Recife, Brazil
    Cynthia Braga
    Centro de Pesquisas Aggeu Magalhaes, Fundacao Oswaldo Cruz, Av Professor Moraes Rego, S N, Cidade Universitaria, CEP 50670 420, Recife, PE, Brazil
    Acta Trop 113:234-40. 2010
    b>Brazil currently accounts for the majority of dengue cases reported in the Americas, with co-circulation of DENV 1-3. Striking variation in the epidemiological pattern of infection within cities has been observed...
  2. ncbi New reference values for forced spirometry in white adults in Brazil
    Carlos Alberto de Castro Pereira
    Service of Pulmonology Department, Hospital do Servidor Publico Estadual, HSPE, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil
    J Bras Pneumol 33:397-406. 2007
    ..To describe spirometric reference equations for healthy Brazilian adults who have never smoked and to compare the predicted values with those derived in 1992...
  3. ncbi Urban epidemic of severe leptospirosis in Brazil. Salvador Leptospirosis Study Group
    A I Ko
    Gonçalo Moniz Research Centre, Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, Brazilian Ministry of Health, Salvador
    Lancet 354:820-5. 1999
    ..Leptospirosis has, traditionally, been considered a sporadic rural disease. We describe a large urban outbreak of leptospirosis...
  4. ncbi Trends of obesity and underweight in older children and adolescents in the United States, Brazil, China, and Russia
    Youfa Wang
    Carolina Population Center, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill 27516 3997, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 75:971-7. 2002
    ..Few studies have used the same references across countries to examine the trends of over- and underweight in older children and adolescents...
  5. ncbi High prevalence of asymptomatic Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium falciparum infections in native Amazonian populations
    Fabiana P Alves
    Department of Parasitology, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 66:641-8. 2002
    ..The high prevalence of symptomless malaria may pose new problems for the currently adopted strategy for the control of malaria in the Amazonian region, which is essentially based on the treatment of symptomatic patients...
  6. ncbi Cohort profile: the 1982 Pelotas (Brazil) birth cohort study
    Cesar G Victora
    Programa de Pós Graduação em Epidemiologia, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Brasil
    Int J Epidemiol 35:237-42. 2006
  7. ncbi Lutzomyia longipalpis and the eco-epidemiology of American visceral leishmaniasis, with particular reference to Brazil: a review
    Ralph Lainson
    Departamento de Parasitologia, Instituto Evandro Chagas, Belem, PA, Brazil
    Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 100:811-27. 2005
    ..of American visceral leishmaniasis (AVL), with particular reference to the eco-epidemiology of the disease in Brazil. Following the first records of AVL in this country, in 1934, the sandfly Lutzomyia longipalpis (Lutz and Neiva, ..
  8. ncbi Convergent habitat segregation of Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae) in southeastern Brazil and Florida
    Marieta A H Braks
    Florida Medical Entomology Laboratory, University of Florida IFAS, 200 9th Street SE, Vero Beach, FL 32962, USA
    J Med Entomol 40:785-94. 2003
    ..was examined in different habitats of two cities (Rio de Janeiro and Nova Iguaçu) in Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil, and in two cities (Palm Beach and Boca Raton) in Florida...
  9. ncbi New molecular data on mammalian Hepatozoon species (Apicomplexa: Adeleorina) from Brazil and Spain
    A Criado-Fornelio
    Laboratory of Parasitology, Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Alcala, 28871 Alcala de Henares, Spain
    J Parasitol 92:93-9. 2006
    ..to examine the phylogenetic relationships among Hepatozoon species isolated from 13 foxes and 15 opossums from Brazil, and from 15 dogs, 20 foxes, 45 rodents, and 330 domestic cats from Spain...
  10. ncbi Visceral leishmaniasis in Brazil: trends and challenges
    Ana Nilce Silveira Maia-Elkhoury
    Departamento de Vigilância Epidemiológica, Secretaria de Vigilância em Saúde, Ministerio da Saude, Brasilia, Brasil
    Cad Saude Publica 24:2941-7. 2008
    The urbanization of visceral leishmaniasis in Brazil has been related to environmental changes, migration, interaction and spread of sylvatic reservoirs and infected dogs to areas with no transmission, and adaptation of the vector ..
  11. ncbi Nontuberculous mycobacteria isolated in São José do Rio Preto, Brazil between 1996 and 2005
    Heloisa da Silveira Paro Pedro
    Instituto Adolfo Lutz, Sao Jose do Rio Preto, SP, Brasil
    J Bras Pneumol 34:950-5. 2008
    ..nontuberculous mycobacteria and the range of species isolated between 1996 and 2005 at a regional branch of the Adolfo Lutz Institute-located in the city of São José do Rio Preto, Brazil-and to show the importance of laboratory testing.
  12. pmc Prenatal care effectiveness and utilization in Brazil
    George L Wehby
    Dept of Health Management and Policy, University of Iowa, E204, GH, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    Health Policy Plan 24:175-88. 2009
    ..weight (BW) and gestational age outcomes using samples of infants born without and with common birth defects from Brazil, and evaluated the demand for prenatal care...
  13. ncbi Dengue: twenty-five years since reemergence in Brazil
    Maria Gloria Teixeira
    Instituto De Saude Coletiva, Universidade Federal da Bahia, Salvador, Brasil
    Cad Saude Publica 25:S7-18. 2009
    This article revisits the epidemiology of dengue in Brazil, 25 years after its reemergence in the country, discussing the main determinants and implications for its control...
  14. ncbi Asymptomatic carriers of Plasmodium spp. as infection source for malaria vector mosquitoes in the Brazilian Amazon
    Fabiana Piovesan Alves
    Centro de Pesquisa em Medicina Tropical, BR 364 Km 4, 5, 78910 210, Porto Velho, Rondonia, Brazil
    J Med Entomol 42:777-9. 2005
    ..These results have implications for the malaria control program in Brazil, which focuses essentially on the treatment of symptomatic patients.
  15. ncbi Visceral leishmaniasis in Brazil: revisiting paradigms of epidemiology and control
    Filipe Dantas-Torres
    Centro de Pesquisas Aggeu Magalhaes, Fundacao Oswaldo Cruz, Av Moraes Rego s n, 50670 420 Recife, Brazil
    Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo 48:151-6. 2006
    In the last 20 years, despite the known underestimation of cases, Brazil registered a marked increase in the incidence of visceral leishmaniasis...
  16. pmc Carriage of Leptospira interrogans among domestic rats from an urban setting highly endemic for leptospirosis in Brazil
    Marcos Tucunduva de Faria
    Gonçalo Moniz Research Centre, Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, Ministry of Health, Salvador, Brazil
    Acta Trop 108:1-5. 2008
    A survey was conducted to identify reservoirs for urban leptospirosis in the city of Salvador, Brazil. Sampling protocols were performed in the vicinity of households of severe leptospirosis cases identified during active hospital-based ..
  17. ncbi Malaria epidemiology in low-endemicity areas of the Atlantic Forest in the Vale do Ribeira, São Paulo, Brazil
    Izilda Curado
    Superintendencia de Controle de Endemias, SUCEN, Secretaria de Estado da Saúde, Rua Paula Sousa 166, CEP 01027 000, Brazil
    Acta Trop 100:54-62. 2006
    ..Both are located in the Vale do Ribeira in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. In this study, 318 subjects from both areas had their blood analyzed for the presence of malaria parasites by ..
  18. ncbi Proven and putative vectors of American cutaneous leishmaniasis in Brazil: aspects of their biology and vectorial competence
    Elizabeth Ferreira Rangel
    Laboratório de Transmissores de Leishmanioses, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil
    Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 104:937-54. 2009
    ..the vectorial competence of Lutzomyia sand fly species suggested as vectors of American cutaneous leishmaniasis in Brazil. The disease, due to Leishmania (Viannia) braziliensis, has been registered in most municipalities in all the ..
  19. ncbi Commercialization of animal-derived remedies as complementary medicine in the semi-arid region of Northeastern Brazil
    Rômulo R N Alves
    Departamento de Biologia, Universidade Estadual da Paraiba, Avenida das Baraúnas, Campina Grande, Paraíba 58109 753, Brazil romulo
    J Ethnopharmacol 124:600-8. 2009
    ..the use of animal species in traditional medicine and healing practices in the semi-arid region of Northeastern Brazil. While widespread and of great importance to large population that has limited access to contemporary medicine, ..
  20. ncbi Temporal distribution of Aedes aegypti in different districts of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, measured by two types of traps
    N A Honório
    Laboratório de Transmissores de Hematozoários, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz FIOCRUZ, Av Brasil 4365, Manguinhos, Rio de Janeiro, CEP 21045 900, Brasil
    J Med Entomol 46:1001-14. 2009
    Dengue dynamics in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, as in many dengue-endemic regions of the world, is seasonal, with peaks during the wet-hot months...
  21. ncbi Entomological characterization and natural infection of anophelines in an area of the Atlantic Forest with autochthonous malaria cases in mountainous region of Espírito Santo State, Brazil
    Helder R Rezende
    Unidade de Medicina Tropical, Univ Federal do Espírito Santo
    Neotrop Entomol 38:272-80. 2009
    Autochthonous malaria cases in the state of Espírito Santo, Brazil, are distributed in mountainous regions surrounded by the Atlantic Forest...
  22. ncbi Analysis of the activity patterns of two sympatric sandfly siblings of the Lutzomyia longipalpis species complex from Brazil
    G B S Rivas
    Laboratório de Biologia Molecular de Insetos, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Fundacao Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    Med Vet Entomol 22:288-90. 2008
    ..longipalpis is a species complex in Brazil. The patterns of activity of insect vectors are important in disease transmission...
  23. ncbi Seasonality of Lutzomyia intermedia and Lutzomyia whitmani (Diptera: Psychodidae: Phlebotominae), occurring sympatrically in area of cutaneous leishmaniasis in the State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    Nataly A Souza
    Departamento de Entomologia, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz FIOCRUZ, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil
    Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 97:759-65. 2002
    ..intermedia displayed greater density in the hottest months of the year (December, January, and February), L. whitmani was abundant in the coolest months (June, July, and August), although both occurred throughout the year...
  24. ncbi Heterogeneous geographic distribution of human T-cell lymphotropic viruses I and II (HTLV-I/II): serological screening prevalence rates in blood donors from large urban areas in Brazil
    Bernadette Catalan-Soares
    Fundação Hemominas, Belo Horizonte, Brazil
    Cad Saude Publica 21:926-31. 2005
    b>Brazil may have the highest absolute number of HTLV-I/II seropositive individuals in the world. Screening potential blood donors for HTLV-I/II is mandatory in Brazil. The public blood center network accounts for about 80...
  25. ncbi Clinical and immunopathological spectrum of American cutaneous leishmaniasis with special reference to the disease in Amazonian Brazil: a review
    Fernando T Silveira
    Departamento de Parasitologia, Instituto Evandro Chagas, Secretaria de Vigilância em Saúde, Ministerio da Saude, Belem, PA, 66090 000, Brasil
    Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 99:239-51. 2004
    ..study on the clinical, histopathological and immunopathological features of cutaneous leishmaniasis in Amazonian Brazil, we propose the use of the term "borderline disseminated cutaneous leishmaniasis" for the disseminated form of the ..
  26. pmc Genetic polymorphism and molecular epidemiology of Leishmania (Viannia) braziliensis from different hosts and geographic areas in Brazil
    Elisa Cupolillo
    Laboratório de Pesquisas em Leishmaniose Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    J Clin Microbiol 41:3126-32. 2003
    ..V.) braziliensis genotypes with specific transmission cycles, probably reflecting an adaptation of different clones to the vector species involved...
  27. pmc Brazilian Sepsis Epidemiological Study (BASES study)
    Eliezer Silva
    Intensive Care Unit, Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Crit Care 8:R251-60. 2004
    Consistent data about the incidence and outcome of sepsis in Latin American intensive care units (ICUs), including Brazil, are lacking. This study was designed to verify the actual incidence density and outcome of sepsis in Brazilian ICUs...
  28. ncbi Forum: geographic spread and urbanization of visceral leishmaniasis in Brazil. Introduction
    Guilherme L Werneck
    Departamento de Endemias Samuel Pessoa, Escola Nacional de Saude Publica Sergio Arouca, Fundacao Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil
    Cad Saude Publica 24:2937-40. 2008
    The geographic spread and urbanization of visceral leishmaniasis in Brazil has been described since the early 1980s...
  29. pmc Validation of a hierarchical deterministic record-linkage algorithm using data from 2 different cohorts of human immunodeficiency virus-infected persons and mortality databases in Brazil
    Antonio G Pacheco
    Programa de Computacao Cientifica, Fundacao Oswaldo Cruz, Avenida Brasil 4365, Manguinhos, 21045 360 Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    Am J Epidemiol 168:1326-32. 2008
    ..Data from patients known to be deceased in 2 cohorts in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, and data from the Rio de Janeiro State mortality database for 1999-2006 were used to validate the algorithm...
  30. pmc Re-examining hypotheses concerning the use and knowledge of medicinal plants: a study in the Caatinga vegetation of NE Brazil
    Ulysses Paulino de Albuquerque
    Laboratório de Etnobotânica Aplicada, Área de Botânica, Departamento de Biologia, Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Rua Dom Manoel de Medeiros s n, Dois Irmãos Recife Pernambuco, 52171 030, Brasil
    J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 2:30. 2006
    The Caatinga (dry land vegetation) is one of the most characteristic vegetation types in northeastern Brazil. It occupies a large percentage of the semi-arid region there, and generally supports two major types of economic activity: ..
  31. pmc Spatial evaluation and modeling of Dengue seroprevalence and vector density in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    Nildimar Alves Honorio
    Laboratório de Transmissores de Hematozoários, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, FIOCRUZ, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 3:e545. 2009
    Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, experienced a severe dengue fever epidemic in 2008. This was the worst epidemic ever, characterized by a sharp increase in case-fatality rate, mainly among younger individuals...
  32. pmc Dengue virus type 4, Manaus, Brazil
    Regina Maria Pinto de Figueiredo
    Fundacao de Medicina Tropical do Amazonas, Manaus, Brazil
    Emerg Infect Dis 14:667-9. 2008
    We report dengue virus type 4 (DENV-4) in Amazonas, Brazil. This virus was isolated from serum samples of 3 patients treated at a tropical medicine reference center in Manaus...
  33. ncbi [Vertical and seasonal distribution of Anopheles (Kerteszia) in Ilha Comprida, Southeastern Brazil]
    Helene Mariko Ueno
    Núcleo de Pesquisa Taxonômica e Sistemática em Entomologia Médica, Faculdade de Saude Publica, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Av Dr Arnaldo 715, 01246 904 São Paulo, SP, Brazil
    Rev Saude Publica 41:269-75. 2007
    ..cruzii are vectors of the so-called bromeliad-malaria, typical of conserved areas. The objective was to evaluate the seasonal and vertical distribution of these anophelines, aiming at assessing the risk of malaria transmission...
  34. pmc Multilevel analysis of hepatitis A infection in children and adolescents: a household survey in the Northeast and Central-west regions of Brazil
    Ricardo Arraes de Alencar Ximenes
    State University of Pernambuco, School of Medical Sciences, Oswaldo Cruz University Hospital, Recife, PE, Brazil
    Int J Epidemiol 37:852-61. 2008
    ..the prevalence of hepatitis A among children and adolescents from the Northeast and Midwest regions and the Federal District of Brazil and to identify individual-, household- and area-levels factors associated with hepatitis A infection.
  35. ncbi Physical inactivity: prevalence and associated variables in Brazilian adults
    Pedro Curi Hallal
    Post Graduate Program in Epidemiology, Federal University of Pelotas, RS, Brazil
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 35:1894-900. 2003
    ..To measure the prevalence of physical inactivity, and variables associated with it, in an adult southern Brazilian population...
  36. pmc New genotype of dengue type 3 virus circulating in Brazil and Colombia showed a close relationship to old Asian viruses
    Victor Hugo Aquino
    Departamento de Analises Clinicas, Toxicologicas e Bromatologicas, Faculdade de Ciencias Farmaceuticas, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto, Sao Paulo, Brasil
    PLoS ONE 4:e7299. 2009
    Dengue type 3 genotype V viruses have been recently detected in Brazil and Colombia. In this study, we described another Brazilian isolate belonging to this genotype...
  37. pmc Malaria risk on the Amazon frontier
    Marcia Caldas De Castro
    Department of Geography, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:2452-7. 2006
    ..ground-level surveys and ethnographic appraisal, focusing on the Machadinho settlement project in Rondônia, Brazil. Spatially explicit analyses reveal that the early stages of frontier settlement are dominated by environmental ..
  38. ncbi Prevalence and spatial distribution of intestinal parasitic infections in a rural Amazonian settlement, Acre State, Brazil
    Estéfano Alves de Souza
    Instituto de Ciencias Biomedicas, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brasil
    Cad Saude Publica 23:427-34. 2007
    ..spatial distribution of intestinal parasitism was carried out in an agricultural settlement in the Amazon Basin of Brazil (Granada, Acre State). More than half (53...
  39. ncbi An emerging peri-urban pattern of infection with Leishmania chagasi, the protozoan causing visceral leishmaniasis in northeast Brazil
    Selma M B Jeronimo
    Department of Biochemistry, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Natal, RN, Brazil
    Scand J Infect Dis 36:443-9. 2004
    ..We studied peri-urban VL in endemic neighborhoods surrounding Natal, Brazil, identified through hospitalized individuals with VL...
  40. ncbi Molecular identification of Giardia duodenalis isolates from humans, dogs, cats and cattle from the state of São Paulo, Brazil, by sequence analysis of fragments of glutamate dehydrogenase (gdh) coding gene
    Silvio L P Souza
    Departamento de Medicina Veterinaria Preventiva e Saude Animal, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinaria e Zootecnia, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Av Prof Dr Orlando Marques de Paiva 87, CEP 05508 900, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil
    Vet Parasitol 149:258-64. 2007
    ..The samples were from several municipalities within the state of São Paulo, Brazil and were collected from January 2004 to August 2006...
  41. pmc Epidemiologic aspects of the malaria transmission cycle in an area of very low incidence in Brazil
    Crispim Cerutti
    Department of Social Medicine, Biomedical Center, Federal University of Espirito Santo, Maruípe, Vitoria ES, Brazil
    Malar J 6:33. 2007
    Extra-Amazonian autochthonous Plasmodium vivax infections have been reported in mountainous regions surrounded by the Atlantic Forest in Espírito Santo state, Brazil.
  42. ncbi Prevalence of child and adolescent psychiatric disorders in southeast Brazil
    Bacy Fleitlich-Bilyk
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 43:727-34. 2004
    ..To describe the prevalence of DSM-IV disorders and the pattern of comorbidity in a population-based sample of 7- to 14-year-old Brazilian schoolchildren...
  43. pmc Income-specific trends in obesity in Brazil: 1975-2003
    Carlos A Monteiro
    Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, University of Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Am J Public Health 97:1808-12. 2007
    We sought to update income-specific secular trends in obesity in Brazil to assess the hypothesis that the disease burden is shifting toward the poor.
  44. ncbi Medicinal plants of the caatinga (semi-arid) vegetation of NE Brazil: a quantitative approach
    Ulysses Paulino de Albuquerque
    Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Departamento de Biologia, Área de Botânica, Laboratório de Etnobotânica Aplicada, Rua Dom Manoel de Medeiros s n, Dois Irmaos, Recife, Pernambuco 52171 030, Brazil
    J Ethnopharmacol 114:325-54. 2007
    ..published works cited a total of 389 plant species used by indigenous and rural communities in northeastern Brazil for medicinal purposes...
  45. ncbi Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 in Brazil: MEN1 founding mutation, clinical features, and bone mineral density profile
    D M Lourenco
    Unidade de Endocrinologia Genética, Laboratório de Investigação Médica LIM 25, Endocrinologia, Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de Sao Paulo FMUSP, Cerqueira Cesar, Sao Paulo 01246 903, SP, Brasil
    Eur J Endocrinol 159:259-74. 2008
    ..Only few large families with multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1) have been documented. Here, we aimed to investigate the clinical features of a seven-generation Brazilian pedigree, which included 715 at-risk family members...
  46. ncbi Detailed haplotype analysis at the TP53 locus in p.R337H mutation carriers in the population of Southern Brazil: evidence for a founder effect
    Sonia Garritano
    International Agency for Research on Cancer IARC, Lyon, Rhone, France
    Hum Mutat 31:143-50. 2010
    ..In Southern Brazil, a recurrent TP53 mutation, p.R337H, is detected in families with cancer predisposition...
  47. ncbi Origin and evolutionary history of HIV-1 subtype C in Brazil
    Gonzalo Bello
    Laboratorio de AIDS and Imunologia Molecular, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz FIOCRUZ, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    AIDS 22:1993-2000. 2008
    To investigate the origin and to reconstruct the onset date of the HIV-1 subtype C epidemic in Brazil.
  48. ncbi Evaluation of the sticky MosquiTRAP for detecting Aedes (Stegomyia) aegypti (L.) (Diptera: Culicidae) during the dry season in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil
    Renata A Gama
    Lab Ecologia Química de Insetos Vetores, Instituto de Ciencias Biologicas, Univ Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG
    Neotrop Entomol 36:294-302. 2007
    ..Although the MosquiTRAP caught a low number of Aedes mosquitoes during the study, it was more sensitive than the larval survey to detect the presence of Aedes mosquitoes...
  49. ncbi Mortality due to systemic mycoses as a primary cause of death or in association with AIDS in Brazil: a review from 1996 to 2006
    Marli Prado
    Departamento de Epidemiologia, Escola de Saúde Pública, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP, Brasil
    Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 104:513-21. 2009
    ..candidiasis, aspergillosis, coccidioidomycosis and zygomycosis amounted to 3,583 between 1996-2006 in Brazil. When analysed as the underlying cause of death, paracoccidioidomycosis represented the most important cause of ..
  50. ncbi Longitudinal study of Cryptosporidium infection in children in northeastern Brazil
    R D Newman
    Health Alliance International, Seattle, WA 98105, USA
    J Infect Dis 180:167-75. 1999
    A prospective, 4-year cohort study of children born in an urban slum in northeastern Brazil was undertaken to elucidate the epidemiology of Cryptosporidium infection in an endemic setting, describe factors associated with Cryptosporidium-..
  51. pmc Vulnerability to heat-related mortality in Latin America: a case-crossover study in Sao Paulo, Brazil, Santiago, Chile and Mexico City, Mexico
    Michelle L Bell
    EnvironmentalHealth, Yale University, New Haven, CT06511, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 37:796-804. 2008
    ..Factors affecting vulnerability to heat-related mortality are not well understood. Identifying susceptible populations is of particular importance given anticipated rising temperatures from climatic change...
  52. pmc Dengue and dengue hemorrhagic fever, Brazil, 1981-2002
    Joao Bosco Siqueira
    Ministry of Health, Quadra 4, Bloco N, 7o andar Sala 715, 70 070 040 Brasília, DF, Brazil
    Emerg Infect Dis 11:48-53. 2005
    In the last 5 years, Brazil has accounted for approximately 70% of reported dengue fever cases in the Americas...
  53. ncbi The impact of short message service text messages sent as appointment reminders to patients' cell phones at outpatient clinics in São Paulo, Brazil
    Thiago Martini da Costa
    Postgraduate Program in Health Informatics, Federal University of Sao Paulo, Rua Botucatu 862, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil
    Int J Med Inform 79:65-70. 2010
    ..objective of this article is to present the results of a study on the impact of appointment reminders sent as short message service text messages to patients' cell phones on nonattendance rates at outpatient clinics in São Paulo, Brazil.
  54. pmc Epidemiology of candidemia in Brazil: a nationwide sentinel surveillance of candidemia in eleven medical centers
    Arnaldo L Colombo
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Universidade Federal de Sao Paulo, Rua Botucatu 740, 04023 062 Sao Paulo, Brazil
    J Clin Microbiol 44:2816-23. 2006
    ..We conducted prospective candidemia surveillance in Brazil to assess the incidence, species distribution, frequency of antifungal resistance, and risk factors for ..
  55. ncbi Dengue viruses in Brazil, 1986-2006
    Rita Maria Ribeiro Nogueira
    Flavivirus Laboratory, Department of Virology, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz FIOCRUZ, Avenida Brasil 4365, 21040 190, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil
    Rev Panam Salud Publica 22:358-63. 2007
    A total of 4,243,049 dengue cases have been reported in Brazil between 1981 and 2006, including 5,817 cases of dengue hemorrhagic fever/dengue shock syndrome (DHF/DSS) and a total of 338 fatal cases...
  56. pmc Screening and characterization of mutations in isoniazid-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates obtained in Brazil
    Rosilene Fressatti Cardoso
    Department of Clincal Analysis, State University of Maringa, Parana, Brazil
    Antimicrob Agents Chemother 48:3373-81. 2004
    ..97 isoniazid (INH)-resistant and 60 INH-susceptible Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates obtained in two states in Brazil: São Paulo and Paraná...
  57. ncbi [Study of sand flies (Diptera, Psychodidae, Phlebotominae) in the urban area of Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul State, Brazil, from 1999 to 2000]
    Alessandra Gutierrez de Oliveira
    Centro de Controle de Zoonoses, Secretaria Municipal de Sa de de Campo Grande, Campo Grande, MS, 79074 460, Brasil
    Cad Saude Publica 19:933-44. 2003
    ..captured weekly with CDC light traps at five sites in the urban area of Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul State, Brazil. Traps were placed in 11 different ecotopes in the environment (ground level, tree canopies, and forest edge) and ..
  58. ncbi Etiology of childhood diarrhea in the northeast of Brazil: significant emergent diarrheal pathogens
    Ana Carolina Ramos Moreno
    Department of Clinical and Toxicological Analyses, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP 05508 900, Brazil
    Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis 66:50-7. 2010
    In a study conducted in João Pessoa, northeast of Brazil, 2344 Escherichia coli isolated from 290 infants with diarrhea and 290 healthy matched controls were analyzed for virulence traits. Enteroaggregative E...
  59. ncbi Influence of TNF and IL10 gene polymorphisms in the immunopathogenesis of leprosy in the south of Brazil
    Danilo Santana Alessio Franceschi
    Laboratorio de Imunogenetica, Departamento de Analises Clinicas, Universidade Estadual de Maringa, Av Colombo, 5790, Maringa, PR, CEP 87020 900, Brazil
    Int J Infect Dis 13:493-8. 2009
    ..To determine whether cytokine polymorphisms are associated with leprosy and/or their subtypes in a Brazilian population...
  60. ncbi Tree species impoverishment and the future flora of the Atlantic forest of northeast Brazil
    J M Cardoso da Silva
    Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Centro de Ciencias Biologicas, Departamento de Zoologia, Recife, PE, Brazil
    Nature 404:72-4. 2000
    ..Here we use a different approach to estimate loss of tree species in the Atlantic forest of northeast Brazil. We evaluate the characteristics of plant species, their avian dispersers and the distribution of the forest ..
  61. pmc Clonal composition of Escherichia coli causing community-acquired urinary tract infections in the State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    Rubens C S Dias
    Institute of Microbiology, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    Microb Drug Resist 15:303-8. 2009
    ..To investigate if a similar pattern of spread occurs in Brazil, we characterized UPEC from women with community-acquired urinary tract infection (UTI) in Rio de Janeiro. E...
  62. ncbi Pre-Columbian Chagas disease in Brazil: Trypanosoma cruzi I in the archaeological remains of a human in Peruaçu Valley, Minas Gerais, Brazil
    Alexandre Fernandes
    Laboratório de Genética Molecular de Microorganismos, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz FIOCRUZ, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil
    Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 103:514-6. 2008
    ..The mummy was from the Peruaçu Valley in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. All samples were positive for T...
  63. ncbi Heterogeneity of malaria prevalence in alluvial gold mining areas in Northern Mato Grosso State, Brazil
    Alisson Flávio Barbieri
    Centro de Desenvolvimento e Planejamento Regional, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Rua Curitiba 832, Belo Horizonte, MG 30170, Brazil
    Cad Saude Publica 23:2878-86. 2007
    ..Understanding these differences may provide an important tool for identifying risk profiles in the gold mining and related population and for informing programs for prevention and treatment of malaria in the Amazon...
  64. ncbi Spatial analysis of American Visceral Leishmaniasis in Mato Grosso do Sul State, Central Brazil
    Suely Aparecida Correa Antonialli
    Escola de Saúde Pública Dr Jorge David Nasser, Coordenadoria de Recursos Humanos em Saúde Coletiva, Avenida Filinto Muller, nú1480, Bairro Ipiranga, Campo Grande, MS 79074 460, Brazil
    J Infect 54:509-14. 2007
    To map American Visceral Leishmaniasis (AVL) in Mato Grosso do Sul State (Central Brazil).
  65. ncbi [Prevalence of symptoms of anorexia nervosa and dissatisfaction with body image among female adolescents in Florianópolis, Santa Catarina State, Brazil]
    Emilaura Alves
    Programa de Pós Graduaçço em Nutriçço, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianopolis, Brasil
    Cad Saude Publica 24:503-12. 2008
    ..EAT+) and dissatisfaction with body image among female adolescents in Florianópolis, Santa Catarina State, Brazil. The proportional sample (1,148 adolescents) was stratified according to position of schools in the socio-..
  66. ncbi Distribution of virulence markers in clinical and environmental Vibrio cholerae non-O1/non-O139 strains isolated in Brazil from 1991 to 2000
    Grace Nazareth Diogo Theophilo
    Department of Bacteriology, Oswaldo Cruz Institute, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
    Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo 48:65-70. 2006
    ..seventy nine Vibrio cholerae non-O1/non-O139 strains from clinical and different environmental sources isolated in Brazil from 1991 to 2000 were serogrouped and screened for the presence of four different virulence factors...
  67. ncbi Widespread occurrence of antibodies against circumsporozoite protein and against blood forms of Plasmodium vivax, P. falciparum and P. malariae in Brazilian wild monkeys
    Ana Maria R de C Duarte
    Laboratório de Doenças Tropicais, Departamento de Epidemiologia, Faculdade de Saude Publica, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    J Med Primatol 35:87-96. 2006
    ..7 years and a total of 777 serum samples from wild monkeys were collected in three distinct ecological areas of Brazil where autochthonous malaria has been reported: the 'Cerrado' (similar to savanna), the Atlantic Forest and the ..
  68. pmc Trends in prenatal care use and low birthweight in southeast Brazil
    Marcelo Z Goldani
    Department of Paediatrics and Puericulture, Faculty of Medicine, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
    Am J Public Health 94:1366-71. 2004
    ..We investigated trends in prenatal care use and its association with low birthweight in a developing country...
  69. ncbi Phylogenetic characterization of hantaviruses from wild rodents and hantavirus pulmonary syndrome cases in the state of Parana (southern Brazil)
    Sonia Mara Raboni
    Instituto Carlos Chagas, ICC Fiocruz PR, Brazil
    J Gen Virol 90:2166-71. 2009
    Over 1,100 cases of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) have occurred in Brazil since 1993, but little is known about Brazilian hantaviruses, and many of their rodent hosts remain unknown...
  70. ncbi The influence of increased access to basic healthcare on the trends in Hansen's disease detection rate in Brazil from 1980 to 2006
    Maria Lucia Fernandes Penna
    Brazilian National Hansen s Disease Control Program, Secretariat of Health Surveillance, Federal Ministry of Health, DF, Brazil
    Rev Soc Bras Med Trop 41:6-10. 2008
    ..The detection rate began a trend towards decline in 2003, indicating a new phase of Hansen's disease control...
  71. pmc Violence and post-traumatic stress disorder in Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: the protocol for an epidemiological and genetic survey
    Sergio Baxter Andreoli
    Department of Psychiatry, Universidade Federal de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    BMC Psychiatry 9:34. 2009
    ..b>Brazil is one of the most violent countries in the world, and has an extreme social inequality...
  72. ncbi [Ambulatory care sensitive hospitalizations: elaboration of Brazilian list as a tool for measuring health system performance (Project ICSAP--Brazil)]
    Maria Elmira Alfradique
    Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brasil
    Cad Saude Publica 25:1337-49. 2009
    ..This paper presents a description of the steps undertaken to construct and validate a list for Brazil. The final list includes 20 groups of diagnostic conditions that represented 28.3% of a total of 2...
  73. ncbi Triatoma juazeirensis sp. nov. from the state of Bahia, Northeastern Brazil (Hemiptera: Reduviidae: Triatominae)
    Jane Costa
    Laboratório da Coleção Entomológica, Departamento de Entomologia, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, FIOCRUZ, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, 21045 900, Brasil
    Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 102:87-90. 2007
    Triatoma juazeirensis, a new triatomine species from the state of Bahia, Northeastern Brazil, is described. The new species is found among rocks in sylvatic environment and in the peridomicile...
  74. ncbi Dispersal of Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae) in an urban endemic dengue area in the State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    Nildimar Alves Honorio
    Laboratório de Transmissores de Hematozoários, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, FIOCRUZ, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil
    Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 98:191-8. 2003
    ..albopictus were performed in August and September 1999, in an urban area of Nova Igua u, State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, to estimate their flight range in a circular area of 1,600 m where 1,472 ovitraps were set. Releases of 3,055 Ae...
  75. ncbi Gender and leprosy: case studies in Indonesia, Nigeria, Nepal and Brazil
    Corlien M Varkevisser
    Royal Tropical Institute, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Lepr Rev 80:65-76. 2009
    ..Between 1997 and 1999, leprosy control teams in Indonesia, Nigeria, Nepal and Brazil supported by social/public health scientists, conducted comparative exploratory research...
  76. pmc The human papillomavirus infection in men study: human papillomavirus prevalence and type distribution among men residing in Brazil, Mexico, and the United States
    Anna R Giuliano
    H Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute, 12902 Magnolia Drive, MRC 2067D, Tampa, FL 33612, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 17:2036-43. 2008
    ..In samples combined from the coronal sulcus, glans penis, shaft, and scrotum of 1,160 men from Brazil, Mexico, and the United States, overall HPV prevalence was 65.2%, with 12.0% oncogenic types only, 20...
  77. ncbi Mosquito traps designed to capture Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) females: preliminary comparison of Adultrap, MosquiTRAP and backpack aspirator efficiency in a dengue-endemic area of Brazil
    Rafael Maciel-de-Freitas
    Laboratório de Transmissores de Hematozoários, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz FIOCRUZ, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil
    Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 103:602-5. 2008
    ..Both trapping methods, designed to collect gravid Ae. aegypti females, seem to be efficient, reliable and may aid routine Ae. aegypti surveillance...
  78. ncbi Impact of canine control on the epidemiology of canine and human visceral leishmaniasis in Brazil
    C B Palatnik-de-Sousa
    Department of General Microbiology, , Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 65:510-7. 2001
    b>Brazil is the only country endemic for zoonotic visceral leishmaniasis (ZVL) that regularly conducts epidemiologic and prophylactic control programs that involve the treatment of human cases, insect vector control, and the removal of ..
  79. ncbi 'Candidatus Liberibacter americanus', associated with citrus huanglongbing (greening disease) in São Paulo State, Brazil
    Diva do Carmo Teixeira
    Fundecitrus, Av Dr Adhemar Pereira de Barros, 201, CEP 14807 040, Araraquara, SP, Brazil
    Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 55:1857-62. 2005
    Symptoms of huanglongbing (HLB) were reported in São Paulo State (SPS), Brazil, in March 2004. In Asia, HLB is caused by 'Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus' and in Africa by 'Candidatus Liberibacter africanus'...
  80. ncbi Stability predicts genetic diversity in the Brazilian Atlantic forest hotspot
    Ana Carolina Carnaval
    Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 3160, USA
    Science 323:785-9. 2009
    ..This sets new priorities for conservation in Brazil and establishes a validated approach to biodiversity prediction in other understudied, species-rich regions.
  81. ncbi Risk factors for failure to complete a course of latent tuberculosis infection treatment in Salvador, Brazil
    Almério Machado
    Escola Bahiana de Medicina e Saude Publica, Salvador, Bahia, Brazil
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 13:719-25. 2009
    ..Although treatment of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) is an essential component of tuberculosis (TB) control in countries such as the United States, it is not widely practiced in most TB-endemic countries...
  82. ncbi Time series analysis of dengue incidence in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    Paula M Luz
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06511, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 79:933-9. 2008
    ..approach to fit an autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) model to dengue incidence in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, from 1997 to 2004...
  83. ncbi Antileishmanial and antifungal activity of plants used in traditional medicine in Brazil
    Fernanda G Braga
    Departamento de Parasitologia, Microbiologia e Imunologia, ICB, Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora, Juiz de Fora, MG, Brazil
    J Ethnopharmacol 111:396-402. 2007
    ..albicans (MIC of 1.25 mg/ml) whereas Bixa orellana, O. gratissimum and Syzygium cumini exhibited the best activity against C. neoformans (MIC of 0.078 mg/ml)...
  84. pmc Unwanted caesarean sections among public and private patients in Brazil: prospective study
    J E Potter
    University of Texas at Austin, Population Research Center, Austin, Texas, USA
    BMJ 323:1155-8. 2001
    ..To assess and compare the preferences of pregnant women in the public and private sector regarding delivery in Brazil. DESIGN: Face to face structured interviews with women who were interviewed early in pregnancy, about one month ..
  85. ncbi Production of antimicrobial substances by Bacillus subtilis LFE-1, B. firmus HO-1 and B. licheniformis T6-5 isolated from an oil reservoir in Brazil
    E Korenblum
    Departamento de Microbiologia Geral, Instituto de Microbiologia Prof Paulo de Góes IMPPG, Centro de Ciencias da Saude CCS, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro UFRJ, Brazil
    J Appl Microbiol 98:667-75. 2005
    ..Furthermore, physiological and biochemical characteristics of the antimicrobial compounds produced by the selected strains were determined...
  86. ncbi Cross sectional study reveals a high percentage of asymptomatic Plasmodium vivax infection in the Amazon Rio Negro area, Brazil
    Martha C Suarez-Mútis
    Laboratório de Doenças Parasitárias, Departamento de Medicina Tropical, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil
    Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo 49:159-64. 2007
    ..and molecular cross-sectional study carried out in a highly endemic malaria area of Rio Negro in the Amazon State, Brazil, revealed a high prevalence of asymptomatic Plasmodium vivax infection...
  87. pmc Variability of kinetoplast DNA gene signatures of Trypanosoma cruzi II strains from patients with different clinical forms of Chagas' disease in Brazil
    Eliane Lages-Silva
    Departamento de Ciencias Biologicas, Universidade Federal do Triangulo Mineiro, Uberaba, Brazil
    J Clin Microbiol 44:2167-71. 2006
    ..All patients came from an area where Chagas' disease is endemic in southeast Brazil where vectorial transmission has been controlled and different clinical forms of the disease can be found...
  88. ncbi Validation of the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale, modified Rankin Scale and Barthel Index in Brazil: the role of cultural adaptation and structured interviewing
    Carolina Cincura
    Stroke Clinic, Federal University of Bahia, Salvador, Brazil
    Cerebrovasc Dis 27:119-22. 2009
    ..We aimed to validate three widely used scales in stroke research in a multiethnic Brazilian population...
  89. ncbi Lutzomyia vectors for cutaneous leishmaniasis in Southern Brazil: ecological niche models, predicted geographic distributions, and climate change effects
    A Townsend Peterson
    Natural History Museum, The University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS 66045, USA
    Int J Parasitol 33:919-31. 2003
    ..that only Lutzomyia whitmani is likely to be experiencing dramatic improvements in conditions in south-eastern Brazil, where cutaneous leishmaniasis appears to be re-emerging; Lutzomyia intermedia and Lutzomyia migonei may be seeing ..
  90. pmc Consumer demand for caesarean sections in Brazil: informed decision making, patient choice, or social inequality? A population based birth cohort study linking ethnographic and epidemiological methods
    Dominique P Behague
    Department of Social Medicine, Federal University of Pelotas, CP 464 96001 970, Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
    BMJ 324:942-5. 2002
    ..To investigate why some women prefer caesarean sections and how decisions to medicalise birthing are influenced by patients, doctors, and the sociomedical environment...
  91. ncbi Disability adjusted life years lost to dengue in Brazil
    P M Luz
    School of Public Health, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520, USA
    Trop Med Int Health 14:237-46. 2009
    To assess the dengue burden in Brazil, and to compare it over three spatial scales: in the city of Rio de Janeiro, the state of Rio de Janeiro, and in Brazil overall.
  92. pmc [Nutritional evaluation follow-up of the 1982 birth cohort, Pelotas, Southern Brazil]
    Denise P Gigante
    Programa de Pós Graduação em Epidemiologia, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, RS, Brasil
    Rev Saude Publica 42:60-9. 2008
    ..To estimate the prevalence of over/underweight and its association with demographic and socioeconomic factors...
  93. ncbi Factors associated with adherence to antiretroviral therapy in HIV/AIDS patients: a cross-sectional study in Southern Brazil
    C A T Pinheiro
    Servi o de Assist ncia Especializada em HIV AIDS, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, RS, Brasil
    Braz J Med Biol Res 35:1173-81. 2002
    ..was conducted on HIV-infected adults being treated with antiretroviral drugs at a reference service in Southern Brazil. Participants answered a sociodemographic questionnaire and were tested by scales assessing sociocognitive ..
  94. pmc Genetic diversity of the E protein of dengue type 3 virus
    Alberto A Amarilla
    Virology Research Center, School of Medicine of Ribeirão Preto USP, Ribeirao Preto SP, Brazil
    Virol J 6:113. 2009
    ..E protein gene sequences of 20 new viruses isolated in Ribeirao Preto, Brazil, and 427 sequences retrieved from GenBank were aligned for diversity and phylogenetic analysis.
  95. pmc The traditional knowledge on stingless bees (Apidae: Meliponina) used by the Enawene-Nawe tribe in western Brazil
    Gilton Mendes dos Santos
    Departamento de Antropologia, Universidade Federal do Amazonas, UFAM Av Gen Rodrigo Octávio Jordão Ramos, 3000 CampusUniversitário CEP 69077 000, Manaus, AM, Brazil
    J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 4:19. 2008
    ..The Enawene-Nawe are an Aruak speaking people, indigenous to the Meridian Amazon. Specifically, they live in the Jurema River hydrological basin, located in the northwestern region of the Mato Grosso state...
  96. ncbi Cross-sectional and longitudinal epidemiologic surveys of human and canine Leishmania infantum visceral infections in an endemic rural area of southeast Brazil (Pancas, Espirito Santo)
    Aloisio Falqueto
    Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Universidade Federal do Espirito Santo, Vitoria, ES, Brazil
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 80:559-65. 2009
    In an endemic rural area of southeast Brazil, surveys confirmed that dogs serve as peridomestic reservoirs of Leishmania infantum...
  97. ncbi Antimicrobial activity of endophytic fungi associated with Orchidaceae in Brazil
    Aline B M Vaz
    Departamento de Microbiologia, Instituto de Ciencias Biologicas ICB, C P 486, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, 31270 901, Minas Gerais, Brazil
    Can J Microbiol 55:1381-91. 2009
    ..This study is the first survey investigating the bioactive potential of endophytic fungi associated with tropical Orchidaceae species present in Brazilian ecosystems...
  98. ncbi Viral load and genotypes of noroviruses in symptomatic and asymptomatic children in Southeastern Brazil
    Débora Maria Pires Gonçalves Barreira
    Nucleo de Doencas Infecciosas, Health Science Center, Federal University of Espirito Santo, Av Marechal Campos 1468, 29043 900 Maruipe, Vitoria, ES, Brazil
    J Clin Virol 47:60-4. 2010
    ..Noroviruses (NoVs) are a major etiological agent of sporadic acute gastroenteritis worldwide...
  99. ncbi Streptomyces lunalinharesii sp. nov., a chitinolytic streptomycete isolated from cerrado soil in Brazil
    Rodrigo Fonseca de Souza
    Instituto de Microbiologia Prof Paulo de Goes, Universidade do Brasil, UFRJ, CCS, Bloco I, Ilha do Fundao, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 58:2774-8. 2008
    ..nov. is proposed. The type strain is RCQ1071(T) (=ATCC BAA-1231(T) =CIP 108852(T) =DSM 41876(T))...
  100. ncbi Prevalence of ICD-10 mental disorders in a catchment area in the city of São Paulo, Brazil
    Laura Andrade
    Instituto de Psiquiatria, Hospital das Clinicas, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Rua Dr Ovidio Pires de Campos, s n CEP 05403 010, Brazil
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 37:316-25. 2002
    ..disorders, their relationship with sociodemographic features, and the use of services were investigated in the population aged 18 years or older living in the catchment area of a large hospital complex in the city of São Paulo, Brazil.
  101. ncbi Staphylococcus hominis subsp. novobiosepticus strains causing nosocomial bloodstream infection in Brazil
    Izabel Cristina Vanzato Palazzo
    Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirao Preto, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Av dos Bandeirantes 3900, Brazil
    J Antimicrob Chemother 62:1222-6. 2008
    ..novobiosepticus (SHN) strains from hospitalized patients with bloodstream infections in two Brazilian hospitals and to characterize their susceptibility profile to several antimicrobials...

Research Grants73

  1. Latin American Center for Malaria Research and Control
    SOCRATES HERRERA VALENCIA; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..have the participation of prominent and experienced scientists from other endemic countries such as Ecuador and Brazil, as well as from United State (USA) and Europe...
  2. Persisting Grand Mal and Myoclonic Seizures in JME including Veterans
    Antonio V Delgado-Escueta; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..for new mutations in myoclonin1/EFHC1 in 442 recruited/available human JME index cases (65 from Peru, 120 from Brazil, 137 from LA, and 100 Veterans in LA) and 1,000 controls and confirm the two stages of epilepsy development: (a) ..
  3. Fanconi Anemia as a Model for Susceptibility to Human Papillomavirus Infection
    MELINDA SUE BUTSCHKOVACIC; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The study capitalizes on the strong collaboration of distinctive FA clinical groups in Cincinnati, Minnesota and Brazil, established relationships with the Fanconi Anemia Research Fund, and proven expertise in HPV typing, ..
  4. Functional impact of IL33 polymorphisms on asthma &other Th2-mediated diseases
    Kathleen C Barnes; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..risk'variants and outcomes associated with schistosomiasis in villagers living in an endemic region in Bahia, Brazil. IL-33 is a new member of the IL-1 family that induces Th2 cytokines...
  5. PA-06-555 Senior Scientist Research and Mentorship Award (K05)
    GEORGE EDWARD WOODY; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..HIV risk and infection, LAAM, buprenorphine, psychotherapy, a HIV vaccine, a rapid HIV test, HIV and drug use in Brazil and Russia, naltrexone for treating heroin addiction and reducing HIV risk in Russia and the U.S...
  6. Fogarty Global Health Fellows Coordinating Center
    CHARLES MICHAEL VAN DER HORST; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..2), Swaziland, Uganda (2), Zambia), Asia (Bangladesh, China (3), India, Thailand) and South America (Argentina, Brazil, Peru). Our proposal focuses on more advanced trainees, regional partnerships, multilayered mentoring...
  7. MOLECULAR GENETIC EPIDEMIOLOGY OF CLEFT LIP AND PALATE
    Jeffrey C Murray; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..F32 Fogarty Award where she is investigating folate and homocysteine levels in mothers of children with clefts in Brazil. This is a critical extension to gene/environment interactions and will tie into folate trials underway as well...
  8. Infectious Disease Genomics and Bioinformatics Training in Brazil
    Jessica C Kissinger; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais and the Centro de Pesquisas Rene Rachou (CPqRR) - FIOCRUZ in Belo Horizonte, Brazil. The CPqRR currently has 14 laboratories and 5 funded NIH research awards...
  9. HOST IMMUNITY TO EBV INFECTION IN VITRO AND IN VIVO
    David A Thorley-Lawson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..falciparum (Boston and Brazil). 3...
  10. Trafficking of the EGF receptor to the nucleus: Mechanisms and Effects
    Michael H Nathanson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This research will be performed primarily at UFMG in Brazil in collaboration with Dawidson Gomes as an extension of Project 1 of NIH P01 DK57751.
  11. Point-of-care telemedicine units for surveillance of infectious diseases
    Karin Nielsen; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..sites with a strong history of successful collaboration with UCLA, including the UCLA Clinical Trials Units in Brazil (Conceicao/Tropical Institute), the UCLA clinic in Lilongwe, Malawi, and the Dream program in Mozambique...
  12. Fostering Opportunities for Nutrition and Global Health
    Wafaie W Fawzi; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Research Institute (SJRI), Bangalore, India and additional collaborate with institutions in Tanzania and Brazil. The program faculty has extensive experience in methodological and substantive aspects of nutritional and global ..
  13. The role of tumor suppressor Rb in horizontal neuron development
    Michael A Dyer; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..This research will be done primarily in Brazil, at the Biophysics Institute of the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (IBCCF/UFRJ) in collaboration with Dr...
  14. Modeling Drug Induced Resistance in S. mansoni Endemic Areas
    Rodrigo Correa-Oliveira; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..approach to understand host-parasite dynamics of Schistosoma mansoni infection in an endemic population in Brazil. The overall goal of this TMRC is to utilize new information on resistance-related host immune response, combined ..
  15. ETIOLOGY AND PATHOGENESIS OF PEMPHIGUS
    Luis A Diaz; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..aimed at discovering the etiology of endemic pemphigus foliaceus (PF), also known as Fogo Selvagem (FS) in rural Brazil. This epidermal-specific autoimmune disease is mediated by pathogenic IgG4 anti-desmoglein 1 (Dsg1) autoantibodies...
  16. Metagenomic detection of emerging viruses in the blood supply
    Eric L Delwart; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..exposed to arbovirus infections, we will analyze 2000 plasma specimens collected from blood donors in Honduras and Brazil during outbreaks of dengue virus and from 200 WNV RNA+ blood donors from the US...
  17. Cap binding and gene expression in trypanosomes
    David A Campbell; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Osvaldo P de Melo Neto at the Research Center Aggeu Magalhaes (Brazil)...
  18. Fifth World Congress of Leishmaniasis 2013
    Lynn Soong; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..trainees and junior faculty to attend the 5th World Congress of Leishmania and Leishmaniasis (WL5) to be held in Brazil in May 2013. Leishmania are protozoan parasites that infect neutrophils, dendritic cells, and macrophages...
  19. Improving blood safety and HIV testing in Brazil: a randomized controlled trial
    THELMA THEREZINHA GONCALEZ; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..supply and also increase appropriate referrals to preventive and care services to persons in need in Sao Paulo, Brazil. Although all donated blood is screened for HIV antibodies, a residual risk of contamination persists due to the ..
  20. Low Cost Multi-pathogen Laser Diagnostic for HIV and AIDS Co-Infections
    CHRISTOPHER JOHN MYATT; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..collaboration with the NIAID AIDS Clinical Trials Group (ACTG);and clinical samples collected and tested in Brazil. The outcome of this program will be a low cost, IDE-stage instrument with working diagnostic panel assays and a ..
  21. Small Molecule Inhibitors of the Poxvirus Type I Interferon Binding Protein
    Luis J Sigal; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..MPXV) and cowpox virus (CPXV)~ the vaccine species vaccinia virus (VAC) which is also responsible for zoonoses in Brazil and India, and the mouse pathogen Ectromelia virus (ECTV) that causes mousepox in mice and is an outstanding model ..
  22. Obesity, Muscle Strength, and Disability in Older Mexican Americans and Elders fr
    Soham Al Snih; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..survey of representative samples of elderly populations living in seven large cities in Argentina, Barbados, Brazil, Chile, Cuba, Mexico, and Uruguay...
  23. XV International Conference on Human Retrovirology: HTLV and Related Viruses
    Edward L Murphy; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Historically the meeting has been held in HTLV-endemic areas such as Hawaii, Jamaica, Trinidad, Brazil, and southeastern Japan, or at international research centers such as Paris, Dublin and San Francisco...
  24. PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT OF A MEMBRANE TETRASPANIN VACCINE AGAINST SCHISTOSOMIASIS
    CHARLES RUSSELL MIDDAUGH; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..mansoni infection in Brazil. The Sabin Vaccine Institute is a product development public private partnership with a track record of ..
  25. Natural History of Urban Leptospirosis
    Albert Icksang Ko; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We conducted a prospective cohort investigation of 9,863 residents from a slum community in the city of Salvador. Brazil. We found that 3.6% of the community was infected each year with Leptospira...
  26. Vanderbilt-Emory-Cornell-Duke Consortium for Global Health Fellows (VECDor)
    Sten H Vermund; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..research sites in Africa (Kenya, Zambia, Tanzania, Rwanda), Asia (India, China, Vietnam), Latin America (Brazil, Mexico), and the Caribbean (Haiti)...
  27. Immunological response, Viral Factors and Helminth Infections in Disease Expressi
    Edgar M Carvalho; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Salvador-Ba, Brazil has the highest prevalence of HTLV-1 infection in the country...
  28. Long term Impact and Intervention for Diarrhea in Brazil
    Richard L Guerrant; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..glutamine or arginine, using completed clinical trials of interventions for diarrhea in children in northeast Brazil. It will collect long-term follow up data (anthropometry and cognitive development) on these populations and will ..
  29. Leishmaniasis Drug Development Using an Evolutionary Design Strategy
    Roger G Linington; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..a debilitating disease prevalent across many of the inter-tropical regions of the world including India, Sudan and Brazil. Caused by over twenty species of intracellular parasite from the genus Leishmania, leishmaniasis can present ..
  30. TRAINING IN GEOGRAPHIC MEDICINE AND INFECTIOUS DISEASES
    JAMES WALTER KAZURA; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..g. Uganda, Kenya, Papua New Guinea, Brazil and South Africa. U.S...
  31. Travel Awards for the 11th International Conference on Environmental Mutagens
    THOMAS EDWARD WILSON; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..speakers to attend the 11th International Conference on Environmental Mutagens (ICEM) to be held in Foz Do Iguacu, Brazil, November 3 - 8, 2013...
  32. Health Conditions among Elderly in Latin America
    ALBERTO B PALLONI; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..disability of elderly populations in Mexico, and in seven capital cities of Latin America (Argentina, Barbados, Brazil, Cuba, Chile, Mexico, and Uruguay);to identify determinants of health and disability status using cross-sectional ..
  33. CHADSS: Chagas Disease Scan Study
    Jamary Oliveira-Filho; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..R21 planning grant period, we were able to establish a collaborative infrastructure between the research groups in Brazil and the United States and collect preliminary data...
  34. Mechanisms of BMP Receptor Kinase Dysregulation in Skeletal Dysplasias
    JAY CLEMENS GROPPE; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..pH-sensitive molecular defect in the p53 tumor suppressor linked to a rare genetic disorder afflicting children in Brazil. Thus substitution with histidine, and only histidine, is predicted to induce a pH-sensitive conformational change ..
  35. Disease Determinants of Urban Leptospirosis
    Albert Icksang Ko; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..investigations of Weill Medical College of Cornell University and Oswaldo Cruz Foundation in the city of Salvador, Brazil raised awareness for a new pattern for leptospirosis, characterized by annual rainfall-associated epidemics that ..
  36. Immuno-Neuropathogenic mechanisms of HIV-1 clade B and C Infection
    Samikkannu Thangavel; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..displays extraordinary genetic variations and the predominant subtype, clade B, is found in North America, Canada, Brazil, Western Europe and Australia whereas clade C is found specifically in Africa, Latin America, China, India and ..
  37. International Training and Research in Contraceptive Development
    Frank S French; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..on successful collaborative relationships with the Universidade Federal de Sao PauloEscola Paulista de Medicina,Brazil, and the Shanghai Institute for Biological Sciences, China...
  38. PK/PD Issues in the Use of New Therapies for the Treatment of Tuberculosis
    Kelly E Dooley; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..trial comparing a moxifloxacin- and RPT-based regimen to standard therapy during intensive phase TB treatment in Brazil. AIM 2: To investigate the incidence and immunopathogenesis of rifamycin hypersensitivity syndrome in patients ..
  39. Schistosomiasis Associated Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension
    BRIAN BARKLEY GRAHAM; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..hypertension (PAH), a parasitic disease which affects approximately 2-5 million people worldwide, primarily in Brazil and Africa. Dr...
  40. Disinfectant-resistant mycobacteria
    Mary Jackson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..are being associated with nosocomial outbreaks, sometime reaching epidemic proportions as recently documented in Brazil. Glutaraldehyde (GTA) is the most widely used chemical disinfectant for heat-sensitive medical devices in ..
  41. Latin America Treatment &Innovation Network in Mental Health (LANTIN-MH)
    Paulo Rossi Menezes; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The intervention will be tested in primary care clinics in Sao Paulo, Brazil, and in secondary care clinics in Lima, Peru. Pilot studies will take place in Guatemala, Colombia and Ecuador. 2...
  42. Peruvian/Brazilian Amazon Center of Excellence in Malaria
    Joseph M Vinetz; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..vivax (~80% of cases) but also by P. falciparum (~20%) of cases will be studied: Acre, Brazil;Iquitos, Peru;and Madre de Dio/Puerto Maldonado, Peru...
  43. Sparing Conversion to Abnormal TCD Elevation
    Russell E Ware; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Jude Children's Research Hospital in Memphis TN;(2) HEMORIO in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil;and (3) Sickle Cell Unit, Kingston Jamaica...
  44. Targeted Therapy for Burkitt Lymphoma in Resource Poor Settings
    Glen N Barber; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We have established collaborators in Brazil as well as outstanding on site infrastructure that will facilitate these studies...
  45. UM-IHV AITRP in Nigeria
    WILLIAM ALBERT BLATTNER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..scientific meeting support activities that have impacted 1250 trainees from Jamaica, Bahamas, Trinidad and Tobago, Brazil, Mali, and Nigeria...
  46. Genetic susceptibility to gastric cancer in Latin America
    Eduardo M Tarazona-Santos; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..patients and 860 controls, 500 matched pairs from Lima (Peru) and 360 matched pairs from Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)...
  47. Emerging drug-resistance infections
    Lee W Riley; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..are an emerging infectious disease problem in large urban centers of middle-income developing countries, such as Brazil. This training program will build on the last 5 years of a training program supported under the Fogarty ..
  48. Genetic Epidemiology of HPV Infection Outcome in Men
    Sadeep Shrestha; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..study of men, which consists of 4299 participants, 18-70 years residing in southern Florida, USA, Sao Paulo, Brazil and Cuernavaca, Mexico...
  49. A Multi-Site Investigation into the Effect of HIV Clade on Neurocognition
    DAVID MITCHELL SMITH; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..and compare the burden of HIV associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND) occurring among individuals living in Brazil, China, India, Romania and the United States and infected with CRF01_AE and clades B, C and F, and 2) evaluate the ..
  50. CRCNS: Cerebellar cortico-nuclear interactions
    Dieter Jaeger; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..such international training courses, for example the Latin American Course in Computational Neuroscience (LASCON, Brazil), and the Okinawa Course in Computational Neuroscience (OCNC, Japan)...
  51. Family Size and Children's Education in Brazil
    Leticia J Marteleto; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This tension is vividly seen in rapidly emerging economies such as Brazil, and highlights the challenging educational gaps faced by such countries...
  52. AIDS INTERNATIONAL TRAINING AND RESEARCH PROGRAM
    Lee H Harrison; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Brazilian investigators over the past ten years allow us to dramatically reduce our training efforts in Brazil and shift resources to Mozambique...
  53. Toll2011 Meeting, Decoding Innate Immunity
    ROBERT WILLIAM FINBERG; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..is planned for May 4-7, 2011 in Riva del Garda, Italy and follows meetings in Taormina, Italy (2004), Salvador, Brazil (2006) and Cascais/Lisbon, Portugal (2008)...
  54. Andes virus transmission and pathogenesis in Chile
    GREGORY JAMES MERTZ; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..larger problem in South America where cumulative numbers of cases and deaths from HCPS in Chile, Argentina and Brazil far exceed those in the United States...
  55. Decreased Cholinergic Tone and Mitochondrial Dysfunction in Heart
    WILLIAM JONATHAN LEDERER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): This research will be done primarily in Brazil at Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais in collaboration with Dr. Silvia Guatimosim, as an extension of Project 3 of NIH Grant number P01 HL67849 (A.R...
  56. Myeloid-lineage cells and immunopathology in Leishmania braziliensis
    Phillip A Scott; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Leishmaniasis is a major public health problem in Brazil, and we propose experiments that will advance our understanding of this disease with the goal of more effective disease control...
  57. Genetic Risk Factors for Visceral Leishmaniasis
    Mary E Wilson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Three major worldwide foci of the fatal parasitic disease visceral leishmaniasis (cVL) occur in India, Sudan and Brazil. 80-90% of human infections are sub-clinical or asymptomatic, usually associated with strong cell-mediated ..
  58. PEMPHIGUS AND PEMPHIGOID
    Luis A Diaz; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..phenotype from PV to PF or PF to PV and the existence of a novel form of "endemic PV" in endemic regions of FS in Brazil. We are interested on determining the fine epitope specificity and the IgG subclass restriction of anti-Dsgl and ..
  59. Rapid DPP test for tuberculosis
    Konstantin P Lyashchenko; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..serum samples obtained from culture-confirmed patients with active pulmonary tuberculosis from endemic regions in Brazil and Indonesia...
  60. Quantiferon Gold Test for Detecting TB Infection in HIV/AIDS Patients in Brazil
    Jonathan E Golub; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..trial (CRT) to compare QGIT performance in HIV-infected persons attending public HIV clinics in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil with routine TST, and to determine if QGIT more quickly identifies HIV-infected patients who are latently infected ..
  61. Assessing delivery of an early speech intervention for children with clefts in Br
    Nancy J Scherer; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..to facilitate speech and vocabulary development and prevent the habituation of compensatory articulation use in Brazil. This research will be conducted at the Hospital for Rehabilitation for Craniofacial Anomalies-University of Sao ..
  62. Targeting endocrine resistant breast cancer with anacardic acid
    David Schultz; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..AnAc 24:1n-5 is a congener of AnAc constituents found in caju juice (commonly consumed in Brazil) and thus establishes dietary intake as a relevant route for this potential NRAM...
  63. PREVENT TRANSMIS OF MUTANS STREPTOC FR MOTHER TO CHILD
    Walter Bretz; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..However, in newly industrialized countries such as Brazil, the occurrence of decay is still high, especially among lower income groups...
  64. Patterns of Drug Use and Abuse in the Brazilian Rave Culture
    James Inciardi; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Together, they would explore the emerging club drug epidemic in the Southern part of Brazil. The topic is interesting and the data will be useful to understand the emerging problem of club drugs and raves ..
  65. Frontiers in Developmental Biology: Concepts, Techniques and Model Organisms
    Eric Wieschaus; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The first short course was held in spring of 2005 in Brazil, and it was supported by grants from NSF's Pan American Advanced Studies Institute (PASI) Program and NICHD&..
  66. MOLECULAR EPIDEMIOLOGY AND ECOLOGY OF OROPOUCHE VIRUS
    Alan Barrett; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Subsequently, the first documented epidemic of ORO fever took place in Belem, Para state, Brazil in 1961 and there have been more than 30 additional outbreaks of ORO fever in the Amazon Basin of Brazil and Peru, ..
  67. Air Pollution and Adverse Birth Outcomes
    Beate Ritz; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Studies conducted previously in Los Angeles, China, Brazil, the Czech Republic, Mexico, and the United States suggest exposure to ambient air pollution during pregnancy may ..
  68. Chemokine-endothelin interaction & Chagas' disease
    Herbert Tanowitz; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] Chagas' disease, caused by Trypanosoma cruzi, is an important cause of heart disease in Brazil. The objective of this application is to continue the collaboration between the laboratories Brazil and in the US ..
  69. Invasive Aedes Mosquitoes and Dengue in Brazil
    Leon Philip Lounibos; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..In the 1980s a second dengue vector, Aedes albopictus, invaded both Brazil and the USA and spread broadly in both countries...
  70. Primary Prevention of Weight Gain for Women Aged 25-45
    Walter Willett; Fiscal Year: 2004
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant) This research will be conducted primarily in Brazil as an extension of NIH grants # R0l CA 50385 and R0l HL60712-0l. Overweight (BMI (Body Mass Index) 25.0-29...
  71. Modeling of Hantavirus Reservoirs in Brazil
    Colleen Jonsson; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..From 2003 to present, Brazil has reported 670 cases...
  72. FOUR TROPICAL DISEASES IN BRAZIL
    John David; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..with three parasitic diseases, schistosomiasis, leishmaniasis and malaria, that are major health problems in Brazil. The projects are in Amazonas, Bahia, and Ceara. Three themes tie them together...
  73. INVASION BIOLOGY OF AEDES ALBOPICTUS
    LEON LOUNIBOS; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..g., southeastern USA, Brazil, southern Europe, West Africa). New arrivals (e.g...