south america

Summary

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Early origin and recent expansion of Plasmodium falciparum
    Deirdre A Joy
    Laboratory of Malaria and Vector Research, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892 0425, USA
    Science 300:318-21. 2003
  2. ncbi Phylogenetic comparison of the carboxy-terminal region of glycoprotein C (gC) of bovine herpesviruses (BoHV) 1.1, 1.2 and 5 from South America (SA)
    P A Esteves
    Embrapa Suinos e Aves, BR 153, Km 110, CEP 89700 000, Concordia, SC, Brazil
    Virus Res 131:16-22. 2008
  3. ncbi Contrasting genetic structure in Plasmodium vivax populations from Asia and South America
    Mallika Imwong
    Department of Clinical Tropical Medicine, Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand
    Int J Parasitol 37:1013-22. 2007
  4. pmc Evolution of a unique Plasmodium falciparum chloroquine-resistance phenotype in association with pfcrt polymorphism in Papua New Guinea and South America
    R K Mehlotra
    Division of Geographic Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, University Hospitals of Cleveland, School of Medicine, W147D, 2109 Adelbert Road, Cleveland, OH 44106-4983, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 98:12689-94. 2001
  5. ncbi Brief communication: Restricted geographic distribution for Y-Q* paragroup in South America
    Graciela Bailliet
    Laboratorio de Genética Molecular Poblacional, Instituto Multidisciplinario de Biología Celular IMBICE, CCT CONICET La Plata 1900, Argentina
    Am J Phys Anthropol 140:578-82. 2009
  6. ncbi MSX1 and TGFB3 contribute to clefting in South America
    A R Vieira
    Departments of Pediatrics, 2613 JCP, University of Iowa, Iowa City, 52242 1083, USA
    J Dent Res 82:289-92. 2003
  7. pmc Biogeographic range expansion into South America by Coccidioides immitis mirrors New World patterns of human migration
    M C Fisher
    Department of Plant and Microbial Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 98:4558-62. 2001
  8. ncbi Ecology of rickettsia in South America
    Marcelo B Labruna
    Department of Preventive Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1166:156-66. 2009
  9. ncbi Snake venomics of the Central American rattlesnake Crotalus simus and the South American Crotalus durissus complex points to neurotoxicity as an adaptive paedomorphic trend along Crotalus dispersal in South America
    Juan J Calvete
    Instituto de Biomedicina de Valencia, CSIC, Jaume Roig 11, 46010 Valencia, Spain
    J Proteome Res 9:528-44. 2010
  10. ncbi Burkholderia mimosarum sp. nov., isolated from root nodules of Mimosa spp. from Taiwan and South America
    Wen Ming Chen
    Department of Seafood Science, National Kaohsiung Marine University, No 142, Hai Chuan Road, Nan Tzu, Kaohsiung City 811, Taiwan
    Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 56:1847-51. 2006

Detail Information

Publications242 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Early origin and recent expansion of Plasmodium falciparum
    Deirdre A Joy
    Laboratory of Malaria and Vector Research, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892 0425, USA
    Science 300:318-21. 2003
    ..However, both the world and some regional populations appear to be older (50,000 to 100,000 years old), suggesting an earlier wave of migration out of Africa, perhaps during the Pleistocene migration of human beings...
  2. ncbi Phylogenetic comparison of the carboxy-terminal region of glycoprotein C (gC) of bovine herpesviruses (BoHV) 1.1, 1.2 and 5 from South America (SA)
    P A Esteves
    Embrapa Suinos e Aves, BR 153, Km 110, CEP 89700 000, Concordia, SC, Brazil
    Virus Res 131:16-22. 2008
    ..1, BoHV-1.2 and BoHV-5 after phylogenetic analysis. The results suggest that the phylogenetic analysis performed here can be used as a potential molecular epidemiological tool for herpesviruses...
  3. ncbi Contrasting genetic structure in Plasmodium vivax populations from Asia and South America
    Mallika Imwong
    Department of Clinical Tropical Medicine, Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand
    Int J Parasitol 37:1013-22. 2007
    ..falciparum, and have important implications for the design of association mapping studies, and interpretation of P. vivax epidemiology...
  4. pmc Evolution of a unique Plasmodium falciparum chloroquine-resistance phenotype in association with pfcrt polymorphism in Papua New Guinea and South America
    R K Mehlotra
    Division of Geographic Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, University Hospitals of Cleveland, School of Medicine, W147D, 2109 Adelbert Road, Cleveland, OH 44106-4983, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 98:12689-94. 2001
    ..Further we found a previously undescribed CQR phenotype to be associated with the SVMNT haplotype from PNG and South America. This CQR phenotype is significantly less responsive to verapamil chemosensitization compared with the effect ..
  5. ncbi Brief communication: Restricted geographic distribution for Y-Q* paragroup in South America
    Graciela Bailliet
    Laboratorio de Genética Molecular Poblacional, Instituto Multidisciplinario de Biología Celular IMBICE, CCT CONICET La Plata 1900, Argentina
    Am J Phys Anthropol 140:578-82. 2009
    ..We found a restrictive geographic distribution and low frequency of Q1a3* in South America. We assumed that this low frequency could be reflecting extreme drift effects...
  6. ncbi MSX1 and TGFB3 contribute to clefting in South America
    A R Vieira
    Departments of Pediatrics, 2613 JCP, University of Iowa, Iowa City, 52242 1083, USA
    J Dent Res 82:289-92. 2003
    ..These results suggest that MSX1 and TGFB3 mutations make a contribution to clefts in South American populations...
  7. pmc Biogeographic range expansion into South America by Coccidioides immitis mirrors New World patterns of human migration
    M C Fisher
    Department of Plant and Microbial Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 98:4558-62. 2001
    ..Herein, we estimate the introduction into South America to have occurred within the last 9,000-140,000 years. This range increase parallels that of Homo sapiens...
  8. ncbi Ecology of rickettsia in South America
    Marcelo B Labruna
    Department of Preventive Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1166:156-66. 2009
    Until the year 2000, only three Rickettsia species were known in South America: (i) Rickettsia rickettsii, transmitted by the ticks Amblyomma cajennense, and Amblyomma aureolatum, reported in Colombia, Argentina, and Brazil, where it is ..
  9. ncbi Snake venomics of the Central American rattlesnake Crotalus simus and the South American Crotalus durissus complex points to neurotoxicity as an adaptive paedomorphic trend along Crotalus dispersal in South America
    Juan J Calvete
    Instituto de Biomedicina de Valencia, CSIC, Jaume Roig 11, 46010 Valencia, Spain
    J Proteome Res 9:528-44. 2010
    ..represented the key axis along which overall venom toxicity has evolved during Crotalus durissus invasion of South America. The paedomorphic trend is supported by a decreasing LNC (lethal neurotoxicity coefficient, defined as the ..
  10. ncbi Burkholderia mimosarum sp. nov., isolated from root nodules of Mimosa spp. from Taiwan and South America
    Wen Ming Chen
    Department of Seafood Science, National Kaohsiung Marine University, No 142, Hai Chuan Road, Nan Tzu, Kaohsiung City 811, Taiwan
    Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 56:1847-51. 2006
    ..nov. is proposed. The type strain, PAS44(T) (=LMG 23256(T) =BCRC 17516(T)), was isolated from Mimosa pigra nodules in Taiwan...
  11. ncbi Population analysis using the nuclear white gene detects Pliocene/Pleistocene lineage divergence within Anopheles nuneztovari in South America
    L Mirabello
    Department of Biomedical Sciences, School of Public Health, University at Albany, State University of New York, Albany, New York, USA
    Med Vet Entomol 22:109-19. 2008
    ..nuneztovari Gabaldón (Diptera: Culicidae), a locally important malaria vector in some regions of South America, has been hypothesized to consist of at least two cryptic incipient species...
  12. ncbi Gene flow among Anopheles albimanus populations in Central America, South America, and the Caribbean assessed by microsatellites and mitochondrial DNA
    Alvaro Molina-Cruz
    Universidad del Valle de Guatemala, Guatemala City, Guatemala
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 71:350-9. 2004
    ..between Central and South American populations, suggesting a barrier to gene flow between Central and South America. However, Panamanian and Pacific Costa Rican populations differed with respect to western Central America, ..
  13. pmc First detection of the plasmid-mediated class A carbapenemase KPC-2 in clinical isolates of Klebsiella pneumoniae from South America
    Maria Virginia Villegas
    CIDEIM International Center for Medical Research and Training, Cali, Colombia
    Antimicrob Agents Chemother 50:2880-2. 2006
    ..These KPC enzymes are the first from South America and the second isolation outside of the United States...
  14. pmc Correlations of mutations in katG, oxyR-ahpC and inhA genes and in vitro susceptibility in Mycobacterium tuberculosis clinical strains segregated by spoligotype families from tuberculosis prevalent countries in South America
    Elis R Dalla Costa
    State Foundation for Production and Research in Health FEPPS, Porto Alegre, Brazil
    BMC Microbiol 9:39. 2009
    ..tuberculosis strains...
  15. ncbi Molecular population genetics of the malaria vector Anopheles darlingi in Central and South America
    L Mirabello
    Department of Biomedical Sciences, Division of Immunology and Infectious Disease, University at Albany, State University of New York, 1400 Washington Avenue, Albany, NY 12222, USA
    Heredity (Edinb) 96:311-21. 2006
    ..relatedness and phylogeographic structure of Anopheles darlingi from 19 localities throughout Central and South America, we used a minimum spanning network, diversity measures, differentiation, neutrality tests, and mismatch ..
  16. ncbi The history of Seasonally Dry Tropical Forests in eastern South America: inferences from the genetic structure of the tree Astronium urundeuva (Anacardiaceae)
    S Caetano
    Laboratoire de Systématique et de Biodiversité, Unité de Phylogénie et Génétique Moléculaires, Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques, 1 Chemin de l Impératrice, CP 60, CH 1292 Chambésy, Geneve, Switzerland
    Mol Ecol 17:3147-59. 2008
    Today, the Seasonally Dry Tropical Forests (SDTF) of eastern South America occur as large, well-defined nuclei (e.g. Caatinga in the northeast) and as smaller enclaves within other vegetations (e.g. Cerrado and Chaco)...
  17. ncbi Ticks (Ixodidae) on humans in South America
    A A Guglielmone
    Instituto Nacional de Tecnologia Agropecuaria, Estacion Experimental Agropecuaria Rafaela, CC 22, CP 2300, Rafaela, Santa Fe, Argentina
    Exp Appl Acarol 40:83-100. 2006
    Twenty eight species of Ixodidae have been found on man in South America (21 Amblyomma, 1 Boophilus, 2 Dermacentor, 2 Haemaphysalis, 1 Ixodes and 1 Rhipicephalus species). Most of them are rarely found on man...
  18. ncbi A dated phylogeny of the palm tribe Chamaedoreeae supports Eocene dispersal between Africa, North and South America
    Argelia Cuenca
    Department of Ecology, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Rolighedsvej 21, DK 1958 Frederiksberg C, Denmark
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 46:760-75. 2008
    ..At least two independent migrations between North and South America predating the rise of the Panama isthmus need to be postulated to explain the distribution of Chamaedoreeae, ..
  19. ncbi Incidence and distribution of foot-and-mouth disease in Asia, Africa and South America; combining expert opinion, official disease information and livestock populations to assist risk assessment
    K Sumption
    Animal Health Department, Food and Agriculture Organization, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, 00100 Rome, Italy
    Transbound Emerg Dis 55:5-13. 2008
    ....
  20. ncbi Monte Verde: seaweed, food, medicine, and the peopling of South America
    Tom D Dillehay
    Department of Anthropology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37265, USA
    Science 320:784-6. 2008
    ..site of Monte Verde in southern Chile has raised questions of when and how people reached the tip of South America without leaving much other evidence in the New World...
  21. ncbi Genetic variability of hepatitis A virus in South America reveals heterogeneity and co-circulation during epidemic outbreaks
    M Costa-Mattioli
    Laboratorie de Virologie, Institut de Biologie, Centre Hospitalier Regional Universitaire de Nantes, Rue Quai Moncousu 9, 44093 Nantes, France
    J Gen Virol 82:2647-52. 2001
    ..In order to gain insight into the genetic variability and mode of evolution of HAV in South America, an analysis was performed of sequence data obtained from the VP1 amino terminus and the VP1/2A region of HAV ..
  22. ncbi Epidemiology and burden of herpes zoster and post-herpetic neuralgia in Australia, Asia and South America
    Lara Quirino Araujo
    Federal University of Sao Paulo, UNIFESP, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil
    Herpes 14:40-4. 2007
    ..Epidemiological data from Asia and South America are scarce...
  23. ncbi Twenty-five years of violence: the epidemiology of terrorism in South America
    Amado Alejandro Baez
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
    Prehosp Disaster Med 23:128-32. 2008
    ..While the causes vary, the results are the same: death, disability, and suffering. The objective of this study was to perform a comprehensive, epidemiological, descriptive study of terrorist incidents in South America.
  24. ncbi Malaria in travelers: a review of the GeoSentinel surveillance network
    Karin Leder
    Victorian Infectious Diseases Service, Royal Melbourne Hospital, Parkville, Victoria, Australia
    Clin Infect Dis 39:1104-12. 2004
    ..Malaria is a common and important infection in travelers...
  25. ncbi Morphological convergence in Hippidion and Equus (Amerhippus) South American equids elucidated by ancient DNA analysis
    Ludovic Orlando
    CNRS UMR 5534, Centre de Genetique Moleculaire et Cellulaire, Universite Claude Bernard Lyon 1, 16 rue R Dubois, bâtiment G Mendel, 69622 Villeurbanne Cedex, France
    J Mol Evol 57:S29-40. 2003
    Unusual equids named hippidions inhabited South America for more than 2 MY (million years)...
  26. ncbi Characterization of Trypanosoma rangeli strains isolated in Central and South America: an overview
    E C Grisard
    Departamento de Microbiologia e Parasitologia, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianopolis, SC, 88040 900, Brasil
    Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 94:203-9. 1999
    ..rangeli is a hemoflagelate parasite that infects domestic and sylvatic animals, as well as man, in Central and South America. T. rangeli has an overlapping distribution with T...
  27. ncbi Geostatistics and remote sensing using NOAA-AVHRR satellite imagery as predictive tools in tick distribution and habitat suitability estimations for Boophilus microplus (Acari: Ixodidae) in South America. National Oceanographic and Atmosphere Administrati
    A Estrada-Pena
    Unidad de Parasitologia, Facultad de Veterinaria, Zaragoza, Spain
    Vet Parasitol 81:73-82. 1999
    ..microplus. It can be also used to prepare eradication campaigns or to make predictions about the effects of global change on the distribution of the parasite...
  28. pmc Nectar concentration and composition of 26 species from the temperate forest of South America
    Vanina R Chalcoff
    Laboratorio Ecotono, Universidad Nacional del Comahue, Quintral 1250, 8400, Bariloche, Argentina
    Ann Bot 97:413-21. 2006
    Floral nectar concentration and chemical composition of 26 plant species native to the temperate forest of southern South America are reported and the relationships with the flower type are evaluated.
  29. ncbi Possible migration routes into South America deduced from mitochondrial DNA studies in Colombian Amerindian populations
    Genoveva Keyeux
    Instituto de Genetica, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Ciudad Universitaria, Bogota
    Hum Biol 74:211-33. 2002
    ..Colombia, a key route of migration between North and South America, has until now not been studied...
  30. ncbi East-West cranial differentiation in pre-Columbian human populations of South America
    Hector M Pucciarelli
    Departamento Científico de Antropología del Museo de La Plata, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, 1900 La Plata, Argentina
    Homo 57:133-50. 2006
    ..However, different intensities of gene flow between Palaeoamericans and Amerindians in the highlands and in the lowlands cannot be completely dismissed as a possible explanation for the differentiation found...
  31. ncbi Cathepsin L-like genes of Trypanosoma vivax from Africa and South America--characterization, relationships and diagnostic implications
    Alane P Cortez
    Department of Parasitology, University of Sao Paulo, Av Prof Lineu Prestes 1374, 05508 900 Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil
    Mol Cell Probes 23:44-51. 2009
    ..TviCatL1-4 sequences were from cattle isolates from West Africa (Nigeria and Burkina Faso) and South America (Brazil and Venezuela), which belonged to the same T. vivax genotype. T...
  32. ncbi Preliminary data on changes in neural tube defect prevalence rates after folic acid fortification in South America
    Eduardo E Castilla
    ECLAMC at Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, FIOCRUZ, CP 926, Rio de Janeiro, RJ 20001 970 Brazil
    Am J Med Genet A 123:123-8. 2003
    ..for the Latin American Collaborative Study of Congenital Malformations) routinely monitoring birth defects in South America since 1976, surveyed the impact of this fortification...
  33. pmc A single domestication for potato based on multilocus amplified fragment length polymorphism genotyping
    David M Spooner
    U S Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Department of Horticulture, University of Wisconsin, 1575 Linden Drive, Madison, WI 53706 1590, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102:14694-9. 2005
    ....
  34. ncbi Molecular paleoparasitological diagnosis of Ascaris sp. from coprolites: new scenery of ascariasis in pre-Colombian South America times
    Daniela Leles
    Escola Nacional de Saude Publica, FiocruzRio de Janeiro, Brasil
    Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 103:106-8. 2008
    ..Moreover, the methodology applied was sensitive enough to detect ancient DNA extracted from 30 Ascaris eggs from an European coprolite. These results revealed a new scenery for the paleodistribution of Ascaris in South America.
  35. ncbi Animal trypanosomiasis in South America. Current status, partnership, and information technology
    A M Davila
    Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, FIOCRUZ, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, 21045 900, Brazil
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 916:199-212. 2000
    Animal trypanosome species of economical importance in South America include T. vivax and T. evansi. Both species are described in Brazil, Bolivia, Colombia, French Guyana, Peru, Suriname, and Venezuela. In Argentina and Guyana, only T...
  36. ncbi Phylogeny and temporal diversification of Calomys (Rodentia, Sigmodontinae): implications for the biogeography of an endemic genus of the open/dry biomes of South America
    Francisca C Almeida
    Institute for Comparative Genomics, American Museum of Natural History, New York, NY, USA
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 42:449-66. 2007
    ..This indicates the importance of safeguarding ecotones and the Cerrado at a time where this biome is being rapidly destroyed...
  37. ncbi Biogeography and evolution of Amazonian triatomines (Heteroptera: Reduviidae): implications for Chagas disease surveillance in humid forest ecoregions
    Fernando Abad-Franch
    Instituto Leonidas and Maria Deane Fiocruz, Amazônia, Rua Teresina, Manaus, AM, Brasil
    Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 102:57-70. 2007
    ..These observations suggest several research avenues, from the use of climate data to map risk areas to the assessment of the synanthropic potential of individual vector species...
  38. pmc Usefulness of spoligotyping in molecular epidemiology of Mycobacterium bovis-related infections in South America
    M J Zumarraga
    Instituto de Biotecnologia, Centro de Investigacion en Ciencias Veterinarias, INTA, Buenos Aires, Argentina
    J Clin Microbiol 37:296-303. 1999
    ..Therefore, for the purpose of typing of M. bovis isolates, spoligotyping could be performed first and the isolates could be grouped into clusters and then analyzed by RFLP analysis with the DR and PGRS probes...
  39. ncbi Evolution into and out of the Andes: a Bayesian analysis of historical diversification in Thamnophilus antshrikes
    Robb T Brumfield
    Museum of Natural Science, 119 Foster Hall, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70803, USA
    Evolution 61:346-67. 2007
    ..a clade of 30 species whose collective distribution spans nearly the entirety of lowland habitats in tropical South America, the eastern slope foothills of the Andes, and the tepuis of northern South America...
  40. ncbi Mitochondrial DNA diversity in South America and the genetic history of Andean highlanders
    Silvia Fuselli
    Area di Antropologia, Dipartimento di Biologia E S, Universita di Bologna, Bologna, Italy
    Mol Biol Evol 20:1682-91. 2003
    ..Although it is not possible to identify a pattern of genetic variation common to all South America, when western and eastern populations are analyzed separately, the mtDNA diversity in both regions fits the ..
  41. ncbi Prevalence of extended-spectrum beta-lactamases in South America
    M V Villegas
    International Center for Medical Research and Training CIDEIM, Cali, Colombia
    Clin Microbiol Infect 14:154-8. 2008
    ..ESBL rates in South America are among the highest in the world, probably due to multiple factors...
  42. pmc Proof that Burkholderia strains form effective symbioses with legumes: a study of novel Mimosa-nodulating strains from South America
    Wen Ming Chen
    Laboratory of Microbiology, Department of Seafood Science, National Kaohsiung Marine University, Kaohsiung City, Taiwan
    Appl Environ Microbiol 71:7461-71. 2005
    ....
  43. ncbi Phylogenetic analysis of bovine leukemia viruses isolated in South America reveals diversification in seven distinct genotypes
    Gonzalo Moratorio
    Unidad de Biofísica de Proteínas, Institut Pasteur de Montevideo, Mataojo 2020, 11400 Montevideo, Uruguay
    Arch Virol 155:481-9. 2010
    ..A significant number of amino acid substitutions found in BLV strains isolated in South America map to the second neutralization domain of gp51...
  44. ncbi Cactophilic Drosophila in South America: a model for evolutionary studies
    Maura Helena Manfrin
    Departamento de Biologia FFCLRP USP, Av dos Bandeirantes, 3900, Ribeirao Preto, SP, 14040 901, Brazil
    Genetica 126:57-75. 2006
    ..which theoretically follow the expansion and retraction of dry areas during the paleoclimatic oscillations in South America, as that promoted by the glacial cycles of the Quaternary...
  45. ncbi The taxonomic and phylogenetic relationships of Trypanosoma vivax from South America and Africa
    A P Cortez
    Department of Parasitology, University of Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil
    Parasitology 133:159-69. 2006
    ..vivax in Africa and of the whole subgenus Trypanosoma (Duttonella) might be higher than previously believed...
  46. ncbi Lead levels in new enamel household paints from Asia, Africa and South America
    C Scott Clark
    Department of Environmental Health, University of Cincinnati, 2180 East Galbraith Road, Cincinnati, OH 45237 1625, USA
    Environ Res 109:930-6. 2009
    ..from the four initial countries plus 8 additional countries, three from Asia, three from Africa and two from South America. During the intervening time period two million toys and other items imported into the United States were ..
  47. pmc Molecular population genetics and phylogeography of the Chagas disease vector Triatoma infestans in South America
    R V Piccinali
    Laboratorio de Eco Epidemiología, Departamento de Ecologia, Genetica y Evolucion, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Ciudad Universitaria, Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires C1428EHA, Argentina
    J Med Entomol 46:796-809. 2009
    ..This expansion could have taken place as a two-wave process, as was shown by the phylogenetic analysis and signatures of population admixture in the southern most Argentinean populations...
  48. ncbi Divergence times and origin of neotropical sheath-tailed bats (tribe Diclidurini) in South America
    Burton K Lim
    Department of Natural History, Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto, Ont, Canada M5S 2C6
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 45:777-91. 2007
    ..phylogeny suggests that the ancestor of New World emballonurid bats has its origin in Africa and this is the third report of placental mammals colonizing South America by trans-Atlantic dispersal and subsequent speciation in allopatry.
  49. pmc Mast fruiting is a frequent strategy in woody species of eastern South America
    Natalia Norden
    Laboratoire Evolution et Diversité Biologique, UMR 5174 Université Paul Sabatier CNRS, Toulouse, France
    PLoS ONE 2:e1079. 2007
    ..However, previous tests of this hypothesis were based on only few tropical datasets, and none from tropical South America. Moreover, reproductive strategies have been quantified based on the coefficient of variation of interannual ..
  50. ncbi Mitochondrial DNA and the peopling of South America
    Cecil M Lewis
    Department of Human Genetics, 4909 Buhl Building, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    Hum Biol 79:159-78. 2007
    The initial peopling of South America is largely unresolved, in part because of the unique distribution of genetic diversity in native South Americans...
  51. ncbi Serotyping of Toxoplasma gondii: striking homogeneous pattern between symptomatic and asymptomatic infections within Europe and South America
    Stéphane Morisset
    Laboratoire de Biométrie et Biologie Évolutive UMR 5558, CNRS, Universite de Lyon 1, Villeurbanne, France
    Microbes Infect 10:742-7. 2008
    ..infection in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients) infections among patients from Europe and South America. Independent of the clinical presentation of the disease, serotypes differed according to geographical origin, ..
  52. ncbi Angiostrongylus vasorum from South America and Europe represent distinct lineages
    R Jefferies
    School of Biological Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 1UG, UK
    Parasitology 136:107-15. 2009
    ..vasorum in Europe and Angiocaulus raillieti in South America, more recent taxonomic revision has amalgamated these into a single species, A. vasorum...
  53. ncbi The ornithodoros (Alectorobius) talaje species group (Acari: Ixodida: Argasidae): description of Ornithodoros (Alectorobius) rioplatensis n. sp. from southern South America
    J M Venzal
    Department of Parasitology, Veterinary Faculty, University of the Republic, 11600 Montevideo, Uruguay
    J Med Entomol 45:832-40. 2008
    ..talaje and O. puertoricensis collected from the United States, and Central and South America. Larval specimens of O...
  54. ncbi Search for ethnic, geographic, and other factors in the epidemiology of Down syndrome in South America: analysis of data from the ECLAMC project, 1967-1997
    A D Carothers
    MRC Human Genetics Unit, Western General Hospital, Edinburgh EH4 2XU, Scotland, UK
    Am J Med Genet 103:149-56. 2001
    ..An unusual finding was of a markedly lower sex ratio (98 males per 100 females) than has been reported in other DS samples...
  55. ncbi Prenatal sonographic detection of birth defects in 18 hospitals from South America
    Hebe Campaña
    Laboratory of Genetic Epidemiology, Instituto Multidisciplinario de Biologia Celular, CC 403 1900 La Plata, Argentina
    J Ultrasound Med 29:203-12. 2010
    ....
  56. pmc Group I introns and associated homing endonuclease genes reveals a clinal structure for Porphyra spiralis var. amplifolia (Bangiales, Rhodophyta) along the Eastern coast of South America
    Daniela Milstein
    Departamento de Botanica, Instituto de Biociencias, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Rua do Matao, 277, CEP 05508 900, Brazil
    BMC Evol Biol 8:308. 2008
    ..Introns of different sizes were tested qualitatively for in vitro self-splicing...
  57. ncbi Paediatric and congenital heart disease in South America: an overview
    C A C Pedra
    Catheterisation Laboratory for Congenital Heart Disease, Instituto Dante Pazzanese de Cardiologia, Av Dr Dante Pazzanese 500, 14 andar, CEP 04012 180, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil
    Heart 95:1385-92. 2009
    ..As most countries in South America have a high birth rate, they are a significant public health concern...
  58. pmc Seroprevalence of and risk factors for HIV-1 infection among female commercial sex workers in South America
    C T Bautista
    U S Military HIV Research Program at the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, and the Henry M Jackson Foundation for the Advancement of Military Medicine, Inc, 1 Taft Court, Suite 250, Rockville, MD 20850, USA
    Sex Transm Infect 82:311-6. 2006
    Assessment of HIV prevalence and associated risk behaviours among female commercial sex workers (FCSW) across major cities in South America.
  59. ncbi Phylogenetic analysis of New World screwworm fly, Cochliomyia hominivorax, suggests genetic isolation of some Caribbean island populations following colonization from South America
    L McDonagh
    Hatherly Laboratories, School of Biosciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, U K
    Med Vet Entomol 23:14-22. 2009
    ..relationships and associated biogeographic patterns between NWS populations from the Caribbean and South America, which represent those populations involved in, or earmarked for, forthcoming SIT programmes...
  60. pmc Evolutionary patterns of eastern equine encephalitis virus in North versus South America suggest ecological differences and taxonomic revision
    Nicole C Arrigo
    Department of Pathology, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX 77555 0609, USA
    J Virol 84:1014-25. 2010
    ..one that circulates in North America (NA EEEV) and the Caribbean and three that circulate in Central and South America (SA EEEV)...
  61. ncbi Multidrug- and extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis in Africa and South America: epidemiology, diagnosis and management in adults and children
    H Simon Schaaf
    Desmond Tutu TB Centre, Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, Stellenbosch University, and Tygerberg Children s Hospital, PO Box 19063, Tygerberg 7505, South Africa
    Clin Chest Med 30:667-83, vii-viii. 2009
    ..Until recently, Africa and South America were deprived of second-line antituberculosis drugs, preventing the development of extensively drug-resistant ..
  62. ncbi Soybean sudden death syndrome species diversity within north and South america revealed by multilocus genotyping
    Kerry O'Donnell
    Microbial Genomics Research Unit, National Center for Agricultural Utilization Research, US Department of Agriculture, Agriculture Research Service, Peoria, IL 61604, USA
    Phytopathology 100:58-71. 2010
    ..death syndrome (SDS) of soybean has become a serious constraint to the production of this crop in North and South America. Phenotypic and multilocus molecular phylogenetic analyses, as well as pathogenicity experiments, have ..
  63. pmc Size heterogeneity in the 3' noncoding region of South American isolates of yellow fever virus
    Juliet E Bryant
    Department of Pathology, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX 77555 0609, USA
    J Virol 79:3807-21. 2005
    ..aegypti...
  64. ncbi Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains of the Beijing genotype are rarely observed in tuberculosis patients in South America
    Viviana Ritacco
    Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Infecciosas ANLIS Carlos Malbrá, Buenos Aires, Argentina
    Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 103:489-92. 2008
    The frequency of the Beijing genotype of Mycobacterium tuberculosis as a cause of tuberculosis (TB) in South America was determined by analyzing genotypes of strains isolated from patients that had been diagnosed with the disease between ..
  65. ncbi Frequency of cytokine polymorphisms in populations from western Europe, Africa, Asia, the Middle East and South America
    Ashley Meenagh
    Northern Ireland Regional Histocompatibility and Immunogenetics Laboratory, City Hospital, Belfast, Northern Ireland
    Hum Immunol 63:1055-61. 2002
    ..Five populations were investigated, Northern Ireland, South African Zulu, Omani, Singapore Chinese and Mexican Mestizos...
  66. ncbi Review on meat consumption and cancer in South America
    Elena Matos
    Department of Chemical and Environmental Carcinogenesis, Research Area, Institute of Oncology AH Roffo, University of Buenos Aires, Avenue San Martín 5481, 1417, Buenos Aires, Argentina
    Mutat Res 506:243-9. 2002
    ..Hence, future research for the verification of the observed associations between HCA and cancer, should be conducted through in-depth, chemically validated questionnaires based on local data...
  67. ncbi Phenotypic variability associated to genomic changes in the main vector of Chagas disease in the southern cone of South America
    Laura Hernandez
    Centro Regional de Investigación Científica y Tecnológica de La Rioja, Anillaco 5301, La Rioja, CRILAR, Argentina
    Acta Trop 106:60-7. 2008
    ..quantitative characters of Triatoma infestans, the main vector of Chagas disease in the southern cone of South America. The antennal phenotype of 225 adults from five countries and three cytotypes, were analyzed using univariate ..
  68. pmc Microsatellite typing of ancient maize: insights into the history of agriculture in southern South America
    Veronica V Lia
    Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cientificas y Tecnicas, Avenida Rivadavia 1917, CP C1033AAJ Ciudad de Buenos Aires, Argentina
    Proc Biol Sci 274:545-54. 2007
    Archaeological maize specimens from Andean sites of southern South America, dating from 400 to 1400 years before present, were tested for the presence of ancient DNA and three microsatellite loci were typed in the specimens that gave ..
  69. ncbi Effects of mining activities on heavy metal concentrations in water, sediment, and macroinvertebrates in different reaches of the Pilcomayo River, South America
    A J P Smolders
    Department of Aquatic Ecology and Environmental Biology, University of Nijmegen, Toernooiveld, 6525 ED Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 44:314-23. 2003
    ..Analysis of sediment cores from the Ibibobo floodplain, however, reveal an increase of the heavy metal concentrations in the lower reaches since the introduction of the contaminating flotation process in the mine industry in 1985...
  70. ncbi Rodent-borne emerging viral zoonosis. Hemorrhagic fevers and hantavirus infections in South America
    D A Enria
    Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Virales Humanas Dr Julio I Maiztegui, Administración Nacional de Laboratories e Institutos de Salud ANLIS, Pergamino, Argentina
    Infect Dis Clin North Am 14:167-84, x. 2000
    ..Hantavirus infections have been increasingly recognized in South America since the description in 1993 of Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome...
  71. pmc Influence of continental history on the ecological specialization and macroevolutionary processes in the mammalian assemblage of South America: differences between small and large mammals
    Ana Moreno Bofarull
    Dept Paleontología, Facultad de Ciencias Geológicas, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, c Jose Antonio Novais 2, 28040 Madrid, Spain
    BMC Evol Biol 8:97. 2008
    ....
  72. ncbi Out in the cold: genetic variation of Nothofagus pumilio (Nothofagaceae) provides evidence for latitudinally distinct evolutionary histories in austral South America
    Paula Mathiasen
    Universidad Nacional del Comahue CRUB CONICET INIBIOMA, Laboratorio Ecotono, Quintral 1250, 8400 Bariloche, Argentina
    Mol Ecol 19:371-85. 2010
    Nothofagus pumilio is the dominant and almost ubiquitous tree species in mountainous environments of temperate South America. We used two types of molecular markers (cpDNA and isozymes) to evaluate the effects of the Paleogene ..
  73. ncbi Redescription of Rhadinorhynchus ornatus (Acanthocephala: Rhadinorhynchidae) from skipjack tuna, Katsuwonus pelamis, collected in the Pacific Ocean off South America, with special reference to new morphological features
    Omar M Amin
    Institute of Parasitic Diseases, P O Box 28372, Tempe, Arizona 85285, USA
    J Parasitol 95:656-64. 2009
    ..of skipjack tuna, Katsuwonus pelamis (Linnaeus), in the high seas of the Pacific Ocean off the west coast of South America (new parasite locality record) and described using optical microscopy and a scanning electron microscope (SEM)...
  74. pmc Island radiation on a continental scale: exceptional rates of plant diversification after uplift of the Andes
    Colin Hughes
    Department of Plant Sciences, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 3RB, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:10334-9. 2006
    ....
  75. ncbi Isolation of bluetongue virus serotype 12 from an outbreak of the disease in South America
    A Clavijo
    Pan American Foot and Mouth Disease Center, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    Vet Rec 151:301-2. 2002
  76. ncbi Effect of the interaction between high altitude and socioeconomic factors on birth weight in a large sample from South America
    Jorge S Lopez Camelo
    Latin American Collaborative Study of Congenital Malformations, ECLAMC, Instituto Multidisciplinario de Biologia Celular, IMBICE, 1900 La Plata, Argentina
    Am J Phys Anthropol 129:305-10. 2006
    ..Interaction between both factors showed no effect. High altitude seems to act independent of socioeconomic status in explaining birth weight reduction...
  77. ncbi Origin and dissemination of Plasmodium falciparum drug-resistance mutations in South America
    Joseph F Cortese
    Malaria Section, Center for Vaccine Development, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21201, USA
    J Infect Dis 186:999-1006. 2002
    ..This study highlights the importance of continent-wide malaria-control policies and suggests that the containment of resistance to the next generation of therapies may be feasible...
  78. ncbi Full-length genome analysis of natural isolates of vesicular stomatitis virus (Indiana 1 serotype) from North, Central and South America
    Luis L Rodriguez
    Plum Island Animal Disease Center, Agricultural Research Service, US Department of Agriculture, Orient Point, Long Island, PO Box 848 Greenport, NY 11944 0848, USA
    J Gen Virol 83:2475-83. 2002
    ..a distinct genetic lineage and geographical origin: 98COE (North America), 94GUB (Central America) and 85CLB (South America)...
  79. ncbi Complex segregation analysis of 1,792 cleft lip and palate families in South America: 1967-1997
    Alexandre Rezende Vieira
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Iowa, USA
    Pesqui Odontol Bras 17:161-5. 2003
    ....
  80. ncbi Immigration status and HIV-risk related behaviors among female sex workers in South America
    Christian T Bautista
    US Military HIV Research Program at the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, 1 Taft Court, Suite 250, Rockville, MD 20850, USA
    AIDS Behav 12:195-201. 2008
    ..e., local/native) HIV-related risk behaviors among female sex workers (FSW) in South America. A total of 1,845 FSW were enrolled in Argentina, Bolivia, Ecuador, and Uruguay...
  81. ncbi Invasions by Harmonia axyridis (Pallas) (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) in the Western Hemisphere: implications for South America
    Robert L Koch
    Dept Entomology, Univ Minnesota, 219 Hodson Hall, 1980 Folwell Avenue, St Paul, Minnesota 55108, USA
    Neotrop Entomol 35:421-34. 2006
    The multicolored Asian lady beetle, Harmonia axyridis (Pallas), native to Asia, has recently been detected in South America after successfully invading North America and Europe...
  82. ncbi Periodontal diseases in Central and South America
    Per Gjermo
    Periodontol 2000 29:70-8. 2002
  83. ncbi Inheritance of cleft palate in South America: evidence for a major locus recessive
    A R Vieira
    Latin American Collaborative Study of Congenital Malformations ECLAMC, Department of Genetics, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
    Orthod Craniofac Res 6:83-7. 2003
    ..Determine the model of inheritance of non-syndromic cleft palate in humans...
  84. ncbi Are antigen test kits efficient for detecting heartworm-infected dogs at the southern distribution limit of the parasite in South America? Preliminary results
    D Vezzani
    Ecología de Reservorios y Vectores de Parásitos, Facultad de Cs Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, CONICET, Argentina
    Res Vet Sci 85:113-5. 2008
    ..heartworm antigen tests in dogs harbouring Dirofilaria immitis microfilariae near its distribution limit in South America. A total of 4934 blood samples of adult dogs from Southern Greater Buenos Aires were examined to detect ..
  85. ncbi Contrasting sylvatic foci of Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus in northern South America
    Roberto Barrera
    Instituto de Zoologia Tropical, Universidad Central de Venezuela, Caracas
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 67:324-34. 2002
    ....
  86. ncbi Genetic differentiation within the Puccinia triticina population in South America and comparison with the North American population suggests common ancestry and intercontinental migration
    M E Ordoñez
    United States Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service Cereal Disease Laboratory, St Paul, MN, USA
    Phytopathology 100:376-83. 2010
    Leaf rust, caused by Puccinia triticina, is the most prevalent and widespread disease of wheat in South America. The objective of this study was to determine whether genetically differentiated groups of P...
  87. ncbi Rickettsiosis of the genus Rickettsia in South America
    Marcio A M Galvao
    Departamento de Nutrição Clínica e Social, Escola de Nutrição, Universidade Federal de Ouro Preto, Ouro Preto, Minas Gerais, Brazil 35400 000
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 990:57-61. 2003
    In South America, human cases of infection by the genus Rickettsia have been described in several countries in the last twenty years...
  88. ncbi Estimates of PI*S and PI*Z Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency alleles prevalence in the Caribbean and North, Central and South America
    F J de Serres
    Center for the Evaluation of Risks to Human Reproduction, Environmental Toxicology Program, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 2233, USA
    Monaldi Arch Chest Dis 71:96-105. 2009
    ..study, estimates of the prevalence of the two major deficiency alleles PI S and PI Z were estimated for 25 countries in the Caribbean and North, Central, and South America to supplement our previous studies on 69 countries worldwide.
  89. ncbi Molecular characterization of adenovirus circulating in Central and South America during the 2006-2008 period
    Josefina Garcia
    US Naval Medical Research Center Detachment, Lima, Peru
    Influenza Other Respir Viruses 3:327-30. 2009
    ..Serotype identification is critical for epidemiological surveillance, detection of new strains and understanding of HAdvs pathogenesis. Little data is available about HAdvs subtypes in Latin America...
  90. ncbi Challenges in the control of gonorrhea in South America and the Caribbean: monitoring the development of resistance to antibiotics
    Jo Anne R Dillon
    Gonococcal Antimicrobial Surveillance Program GASP in the Americas and the Caribbean, Ottawa, Canada
    Sex Transm Dis 33:87-95. 2006
    ....
  91. ncbi Common and unexpected findings in mummies from ancient Egypt and South America as revealed by CT
    Christian Jackowski
    Center of Forensic Imaging and Virtopsy, Institute of Forensic Medicine, University of Bern, Buehlstrasse 20, CH 3012 Bern, Switzerland
    Radiographics 28:1477-92. 2008
    ..Artificial mummification was performed on every continent, especially in South and Central America...
  92. ncbi Cocaine problems in the coca-growing countries of South America
    J C Negrete
    Department of Psychiatry, McGill University, Montreal, Canada
    Ciba Found Symp 166:40-50; discussion 50-6. 1992
    ....
  93. ncbi Clusters of sirenomelia in South America
    Ieda M Orioli
    ECLAMC Latin American Collaborative Study of Congenital Malformations, Departamento de Genetica, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol 85:112-8. 2009
    ..One hospital in the city of Cali, Colombia, of the ECLAMC (Latin-American Collaborative Study of Congenital Malformations) network, reported the unusual occurrence of four cases of sirenomelia within a 55-day period...
  94. ncbi Phylogenetic analysis of foot-and-mouth disease virus type O re-emerging in free areas of South America
    Viviana Malirat
    Pan American Foot and Mouth Disease Center PAHO WHO, Av Presidente Kennedy, 7778 Duque de Caxias, Rio de Janeiro, CEP 25040 004, Brazil
    Virus Res 124:22-8. 2007
    ..disease viruses (FMDV), type O, isolated during the recent emergencies of the disease in free areas of South America (Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil, October 2005, and Corrientes, Argentina, February 2006), were determined...
  95. ncbi An update on three radiation accidents in South America
    Nelson José de Lima Valverde
    Hygia Integral Occupational and Safety Health, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    Health Phys 98:868-71. 2010
    This paper revisits three major accidents that occurred in South America. The main purpose of this review is to analyze the long term health and other effects of accidental exposures to ionizing radiation in order to extract lessons from ..
  96. pmc Early dissemination of CTX-M-derived enzymes in South America
    Marcela Radice
    Antimicrob Agents Chemother 46:602-4. 2002
  97. pmc Antimalarial therapy selection for quinolone resistance among Escherichia coli in the absence of quinolone exposure, in tropical South America
    Ross J Davidson
    Queen Elizabeth II Health Sciences Centre, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Canada
    PLoS ONE 3:e2727. 2008
    ..Bacterial resistance to antibiotics is thought to develop only in the presence of antibiotic pressure. Here we show evidence to suggest that fluoroquinolone resistance in Escherichia coli has developed in the absence of fluoroquinolone use...
  98. ncbi Arrival and diversification of caviomorph rodents and platyrrhine primates in South America
    Celine Poux
    Laboratoire de Paléontologie, Phylogénie et Paléobiologie, CC064, Institut des Sciences de l Evolution UMR 5554 CNRS, Universite Montpellier II, Place E, Bataillon, 34 095, Montpellier Cedex 05, France
    Syst Biol 55:228-44. 2006
    Platyrrhine primates and caviomorph rodents are clades of mammals that colonized South America during its period of isolation from the other continents, between 100 and 3 million years ago (Mya)...
  99. ncbi Diverse BF recombinants have spread widely since the introduction of HIV-1 into South America
    J K Carr
    Henry M Jackson Foundation, Rockville, MD 20850, USA
    AIDS 15:F41-7. 2001
    To describe the genetic diversity of HIV-1 in South America by full genome sequencing and analysis.
  100. ncbi Stroke in South America: a systematic review of incidence, prevalence, and stroke subtypes
    Gustavo Saposnik
    Stroke Unit, Department of Neurology, Ramos Mejia Hospital, Buenos Aires University, Argentina
    Stroke 34:2103-7. 2003
    Stroke is a leading cause of mortality and disability in South America because of an increase in life expectancy and changes in the lifestyle of the population...
  101. pmc Riverine barriers and the geographic distribution of Amazonian species
    C Gascon
    Center for Applied Biodiversity Science, Conservation International, 2501 M Street NW Suite 200, Washington, DC, 20037, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 97:13672-7. 2000
    ..Combined results of this and other studies significantly weaken the postulated role of rivers as major drivers of Amazonian diversification...

Research Grants36

  1. VIRUS PHOTOINACTIVATION--DIMETHYLMETHYLENE BLUE IN RBC
    Stephen Wagner; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  2. OVERWINTERING AND TRANSMISSION MECHANISMS OF SLE VIRUS
    Alan Barrett; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Epidemic-causing potential of this virus will be determined by titre and duration of viremia in chickens. Patterns of distribution of virus variants will be determined by SSCP. ..
  3. PROMOTING HEALTHY LIFESTYLES AMONG WOMEN
    Edith Kieffer; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Measures will be collected at 10-14 weeks, -26 weeks and -36 weeks of gestation and -6 weeks postpartum. ..
  4. Vaginal Douching in Latina Women and Adolescents
    MELISSA MCKEE; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  5. Brief Intervention to Reduce Injury in Minorities
    Raul Caetano; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  6. Anitviral Activity of Thioaptamers Against West Nile Virus
    Alan Barrett; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  7. Effects of oral clefts on birth outcomes and cleft risks due to maternal smoking
    GEORGE WEHBY; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Another aim is to obtain consistent estimates of the effect of maternal smoking or cleft lip and palate risk. The proposed model can be applied to study other newborn disorders. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  8. A Collaborative Approach to Control Hypertension in Diabetes (COACH-D)
    MELISSA MCKEE; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This proposal is for secondary prevention of diabetes complications, targeting a population known for health disparities and a high burden from this chronic disease. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  9. Childhood Predictors and Consequences of Adult Smoking
    Judith Brook; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Identification of childhood and adolescent factors that can lessen or compensate for the impact of tobacco use on later functioning would provide additional aids for effective prevention and treatment efforts. ..
  10. CD8+ T cell and Trypanosoma cruzi infection
    Rick Tarleton; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..cruzi will be determined and the biological significance of the effect of this antagonism of the generation and effector function of CD8+ T cells will be determined. ..
  11. Health outcomes and improved phenotypic characterization of cleft lip and palate
    GEORGE WEHBY; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The study results are highly relevant for identifying health care needs, improving care practices and developing strategies to prevent cleft lip and palate and/or reduce its associated adverse effects. ..
  12. Cross Ethnic Trends In Drinking, Alcohol Use Disorders And Service Utilization
    Raul Caetano; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The proposed aims will cover important gaps in significant areas of alcohol epidemiology. Trends analyses covering the period under focus and contrasting Whites, Blacks and Hispanics have not been reported yet in the alcohol literature. ..
  13. Community Based Research of Autoimmune Disease and Asth*
    Laurene Tumiel Berhalter; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  14. Drug Discovery Consortium for Chagas Disease
    Rick L Tarleton; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The focus of this proposal is the discovery and development of drugs to treat this infection. ..
  15. LIVE, ATTENUATED, RECOMBINANT VACCINE - WEST NILE VIRUS
    Thomas Monath; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  16. WORLD REFERENCE CENTER FOR ARBOVIRUSES
    Robert Tesh; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  17. Human Biology Association 2002 Annual Meeting
    LORNA MOORE; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  18. Mental Health Services and Global Trade
    Howard Waitzkin; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  19. GENETICS OF SPECIATION IN DROSOPHILA
    EMANUEL HEY; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  20. Epidemiology of Yellow Fever in the Americas
    Robert Tesh; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Most of the work will be done in laboratories at the University of Texas Medical Branch, Center for Tropical Diseases; but a small portion will be done at the Evandro Chagas Institute in Belem, Brazil. ..
  21. West Nile Virus: Epidemiology and Mosquito Competence
    Alan D T Barrett; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..S. during the 2006-2011 transmission seasons;3. Investigate the mechanism of attenuation of neuroinvasiveness of mouse attenuated WNV isolates;4. Correlate WNV phenotype in vertebrate cells with mosquito vector infection. ..
  22. International Caries Detection and Assessement System
    Amid Ismail; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Finding of the workshop will be used in a second workshop, to be organized by Dr. George Stookey, which will focus on the design of caries clinical trials and new diagnostic technology. ..
  23. Michigan Oral Cancer Prevention Network
    Amid Ismail; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..By the end of the 3rd year, or earlier, the MOPCN would be ready to plan and implement community-based intervention studies...
  24. Neighborhood Disparities and Access to Cardiac Care
    Jing Fang; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..This would be important for policy to eliminate the health disparity. ..
  25. The Medical Consequences of Different Types of Heroin
    Daniel Ciccarone; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..e., soft tissue infection, HIV and heroin related overdose. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  26. PPM-PREP: Peer-Mentored Preparedness for Adults with Developmental Disabilities
    DAVID PAUL EISENMAN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Lessons learned will lend support for rigorously testing this intervention in broader samples. ..
  27. Childhood Determinants of Adolescent / Adult Drug Use
    Judith S Brook; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Identification of childhood and adolescent factors that can exacerbate the impact of substance use consequences on later adult functioning would provide additional information necessary for effective treatment efforts. ..
  28. 2008 Spirochetes Gordon Research Conference
    David Haake; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Funding from the National Institutes of Health is requested to partially offset the travel and registration expenses of the participating graduate students, fellows, and junior faculty members. ..
  29. Trypanosoma cruzi and AIDS: Role of the Adipocyte
    Herbert Tanowitz; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  30. Alcohol Epidemiology In Hispanic National Groups
    Raul Caetano; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Results from this study will fill a major gap in epidemiology among U.S. Hispanics, and will have implications for the development of prevention interventions. ..
  31. Ethnicity, Alcohol, and Spousal Violence
    Raul Caetano; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..collecting data from both couple members. ..
  32. Vaccine Discovery for Chagas Disease
    Rick Tarleton; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Genes cloned in this process will be used to produce and test protective cocktails of genes in the vaccination studies described in Project 3...
  33. Microarray analysis of gene expresion in T. cruzi
    Rick Tarleton; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Completion of this study will provide valuable data on the expression of genes in T. cruzi, especially the many that are "hypothetical," and provide a starting point for elucidating the functions of these genes. ..
  34. ECOLOGY AND GENETICS OF VENEZUELAN EQUINE ENCEPHALITIS
    Scott Weaver; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Recent outbreaks in South America and Mexico underscore the continued threat of VEE emergence...
  35. TRYPANOSOMA CRUZI: PATHOGENESIS OF INFECTION
    Herbert Tanowitz; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..cruzi infection on the activation of NF-KappaB and the outcome of ROS inhibitors in vivo. These studies will delineate the mechanisms by which T. cruzi causes vasculopathy leading to cardiomyopathy. ..