canada

Summary

Summary: The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.

Top Publications

  1. doi Critically ill patients with 2009 influenza A(H1N1) infection in Canada
    Anand Kumar
    Section of Critical Care Medicine, Health Sciences Centre, JJ 399, 700 William Ave, Winnipeg, MB R3E 0Z3 Canada
    JAMA 302:1872-9. 2009
  2. ncbi Survey of infections due to Staphylococcus species: frequency of occurrence and antimicrobial susceptibility of isolates collected in the United States, Canada, Latin America, Europe, and the Western Pacific region for the SENTRY Antimicrobial Surveillanc
    D J Diekema
    Medical Microbiology Division, Department of Pathology, University of Iowa College of Medicine, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 32:S114-32. 2001
  3. ncbi Reduction in neural-tube defects after folic acid fortification in Canada
    Philippe De Wals
    Laval University, Quebec, Canada
    N Engl J Med 357:135-42. 2007
  4. ncbi SNAP-II and SNAPPE-II: Simplified newborn illness severity and mortality risk scores
    D K Richardson
    Joint Program in Neonatology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Children's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    J Pediatr 138:92-100. 2001
  5. ncbi Differences in risk factors, atherosclerosis, and cardiovascular disease between ethnic groups in Canada: the Study of Health Assessment and Risk in Ethnic groups (SHARE)
    S S Anand
    Department of Medicine, McMaster University, Ontario, Canada
    Lancet 356:279-84. 2000
  6. ncbi Sex ratio of multiple sclerosis in Canada: a longitudinal study
    Sarah Michelle Orton
    Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics and Department of Clinical Neurology, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Lancet Neurol 5:932-6. 2006
  7. ncbi Vitamin D fortification in the United States and Canada: current status and data needs
    Mona S Calvo
    Office of Applied Research and Safety Assessment, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, Food and Drug Administration, Laurel, MD 20910, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 80:1710S-6S. 2004
  8. doi Staphylococcus aureus bloodstream infections: risk factors, outcomes, and the influence of methicillin resistance in Calgary, Canada, 2000-2006
    Kevin B Laupland
    Department of Medicine, University of Calgary and Calgary Health Region, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    J Infect Dis 198:336-43. 2008
  9. ncbi A deprivation index for health planning in Canada
    R Pampalon
    Institut National de Sante Publique du Quebec, Quebec, QC
    Chronic Dis Can 29:178-91. 2009
  10. doi Subjective unmet need and utilization of health care services in Canada: what are the equity implications?
    Sara Allin
    Department of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, University of Toranto, Canada
    Soc Sci Med 70:465-72. 2010

Detail Information

Publications332 found, 100 shown here

  1. doi Critically ill patients with 2009 influenza A(H1N1) infection in Canada
    Anand Kumar
    Section of Critical Care Medicine, Health Sciences Centre, JJ 399, 700 William Ave, Winnipeg, MB R3E 0Z3 Canada
    JAMA 302:1872-9. 2009
    ..Between March and July 2009, the largest number of confirmed cases of 2009 influenza A(H1N1) infection occurred in North America...
  2. ncbi Survey of infections due to Staphylococcus species: frequency of occurrence and antimicrobial susceptibility of isolates collected in the United States, Canada, Latin America, Europe, and the Western Pacific region for the SENTRY Antimicrobial Surveillanc
    D J Diekema
    Medical Microbiology Division, Department of Pathology, University of Iowa College of Medicine, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 32:S114-32. 2001
    ..Staphylococcus species (CoNS) were referred by SENTRY-participating hospitals in the United States, Canada, Latin America, Europe, and the Western Pacific region. S...
  3. ncbi Reduction in neural-tube defects after folic acid fortification in Canada
    Philippe De Wals
    Laval University, Quebec, Canada
    N Engl J Med 357:135-42. 2007
    In 1998, folic acid fortification of a large variety of cereal products became mandatory in Canada, a country where the prevalence of neural-tube defects was historically higher in the eastern provinces than in the western provinces...
  4. ncbi SNAP-II and SNAPPE-II: Simplified newborn illness severity and mortality risk scores
    D K Richardson
    Joint Program in Neonatology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Children's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    J Pediatr 138:92-100. 2001
    ..The primary outcome was in-hospital mortality.STUDY DESIGN: Thirty neonatal intensive care units in Canada, California, and New England collected data on all admissions during the mid 1990s; patients moribund at birth or ..
  5. ncbi Differences in risk factors, atherosclerosis, and cardiovascular disease between ethnic groups in Canada: the Study of Health Assessment and Risk in Ethnic groups (SHARE)
    S S Anand
    Department of Medicine, McMaster University, Ontario, Canada
    Lancet 356:279-84. 2000
    Cardiovascular disease rates vary greatly between ethnic groups in Canada. To establish whether this variation can be explained by differences in disease risk factors and subclinical atherosclerosis, we undertook a population-based study ..
  6. ncbi Sex ratio of multiple sclerosis in Canada: a longitudinal study
    Sarah Michelle Orton
    Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics and Department of Clinical Neurology, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Lancet Neurol 5:932-6. 2006
    ..We reasoned that if a sex-specific change in incidence was occurring, the female to male sex ratio would serve as a surrogate of incidence change...
  7. ncbi Vitamin D fortification in the United States and Canada: current status and data needs
    Mona S Calvo
    Office of Applied Research and Safety Assessment, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, Food and Drug Administration, Laurel, MD 20910, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 80:1710S-6S. 2004
    ..Fluid milk and breakfast cereals are the predominant vehicles for vitamin D in the United States, whereas Canada fortifies fluid milk and margarine...
  8. doi Staphylococcus aureus bloodstream infections: risk factors, outcomes, and the influence of methicillin resistance in Calgary, Canada, 2000-2006
    Kevin B Laupland
    Department of Medicine, University of Calgary and Calgary Health Region, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    J Infect Dis 198:336-43. 2008
    ..We sought to describe the epidemiological profile of S. aureus bacteremia and to assess whether the incidence and severity of and the antimicrobial resistance rates associated with this bacteremia are increasing...
  9. ncbi A deprivation index for health planning in Canada
    R Pampalon
    Institut National de Sante Publique du Quebec, Quebec, QC
    Chronic Dis Can 29:178-91. 2009
    ..of social inequalities for health planning, this study proposes a material and social deprivation index for Canada. After explaining the concept of deprivation, we describe the methodological aspects of the index and apply it to ..
  10. doi Subjective unmet need and utilization of health care services in Canada: what are the equity implications?
    Sara Allin
    Department of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, University of Toranto, Canada
    Soc Sci Med 70:465-72. 2010
    ..to analyzing unmet need is required, since the three different subgroups of unmet need that we identify in Canada have different associations with utilization, along with different equity implications...
  11. pmc 2002 clinical practice guidelines for the diagnosis and management of osteoporosis in Canada
    Jacques P Brown
    Division of Rheumatology, Centre de Recherche du CHUL, Universite Laval, Canada
    CMAJ 167:S1-34. 2002
    To revise and expand the 1996 Osteoporosis Society of Canada clinical practice guidelines for the management of osteoporosis, incorporating recent advances in diagnosis, prevention and management of osteoporosis, and to identify and ..
  12. ncbi Dietary intake in a population undergoing a rapid transition in diet and lifestyle: the Inuvialuit in the Northwest Territories of Arctic Canada
    Sangita Sharma
    Cancer Etiology Program, Cancer Research Center of Hawaii, University of Hawaii, USA
    Can J Public Health 100:442-8. 2009
    ..to be targeted for a nutritional intervention program; and 3) develop a Quantitative Food Frequency Questionnaire (QFFQ) to evaluate the program and monitor nutrition transition for Inuvialuit in the Northwest Territories (NWT), Canada.
  13. ncbi The epidemiology of inflammatory bowel disease in Canada: a population-based study
    Charles N Bernstein
    Inflammatory Bowel Disease Clinical and Research Centre, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
    Am J Gastroenterol 101:1559-68. 2006
    ..However, the epidemiology of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in other regions of Canada has not been defined...
  14. doi The bias in self-reported obesity from 1976 to 2005: a Canada-US comparison
    Sarah Connor Gorber
    Health Measures Analysis Section, Health Information and Research Division, Statistics Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 18:354-61. 2010
    ..whether the bias in self-reported estimates of obesity has changed over time and followed different patterns in Canada and the United States...
  15. ncbi Food security in Nunavut, Canada: barriers and recommendations
    Hing Man Chan
    Centre for Indigenous Peoples Nutrition and Environment CINE, McGill University, Canada
    Int J Circumpolar Health 65:416-31. 2006
    The food supply of Inuit living in Nunavut, Canada, is characterized by market food of relatively low nutritional value and nutrient-dense traditional food...
  16. pmc Canadian normative data for the SF-36 health survey. Canadian Multicentre Osteoporosis Study Research Group
    W M Hopman
    MacKenzie Health Services Research Group, Queen s University, Kingston, Ont
    CMAJ 163:265-71. 2000
    ..Published norms for the SF-36 exist for other countries but have not been previously published for Canada.
  17. pmc Wait times for surgical and adjuvant radiation treatment of breast cancer in Canada and the United States: greater socioeconomic inequity in America
    Kevin M Gorey
    School of Social Work, University of Windsor, 401 Sunset Avenue, Windsor, Ontario N9B3P4, Canada
    Clin Invest Med 32:E239-49. 2009
    ..Gaps between supply and demand may be growing. This study examined whether socioeconomic status has a differential effect on waits for surgical and adjuvant radiation treatment (RT) of breast cancer in Canada and the US.
  18. pmc Asthma control in Canada remains suboptimal: the Reality of Asthma Control (TRAC) study
    J Mark FitzGerald
    Centre for Clinical Epidemiology and Evaluation, University of British Columbia, Vancouver
    Can Respir J 13:253-9. 2006
    ..Two Canadian studies showed that 55% of patients with asthma had daily symptoms (in 1996) and that 57% of patients suffered from poorly controlled asthma (in 1999)...
  19. pmc Vitamin D-deficiency rickets among children in Canada
    Leanne M Ward
    Department of Pediatrics, Children s Hospital of Eastern Ontario, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ont
    CMAJ 177:161-6. 2007
    Based on regional and anecdotal reports, there is concern that vitamin D-deficiency rickets is persistent in Canada despite guidelines for its prevention...
  20. doi The rapidly changing location of death in Canada, 1994-2004
    Donna M Wilson
    Faculty of Nursing, Third Floor Clinical Sciences Building, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada T6T 1E8
    Soc Sci Med 68:1752-8. 2009
    This 2008 study assessed location-of-death changes in Canada during 1994-2004, after previous research had identified a continuing increase to 1994 in hospital deaths...
  21. ncbi The role of horizontal gene transfer in the spread of trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole resistance among uropathogenic Escherichia coli in Europe and Canada
    Matthew T Blahna
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Michigan, School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, 48109, USA
    J Antimicrob Chemother 57:666-72. 2006
    ..the distribution of trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole resistance genes and the role of horizontal gene transfer and clonal expansion in recent increases of antibiotic resistance rates among uropathogenic Escherichia coli in Europe and Canada.
  22. ncbi Influenza-attributed hospitalization rates among pregnant women in Canada 1994-2000
    Dena L Schanzer
    Centre for Infectious Disease Prevention and Control, Public Health Agency of Canada, Ottawa ON, Canada
    J Obstet Gynaecol Can 29:622-9. 2007
    ..We aimed to estimate the rate of hospitalization attributable to influenza for healthy pregnant women and for those with known co-morbidities...
  23. pmc Epidemiology of varicella zoster virus infection in Canada and the United Kingdom
    M Brisson
    PHLS CDSC, and City University, London
    Epidemiol Infect 127:305-14. 2001
    ..Population-based data including physician visit claims, sentinel surveillance and hospitalization data from Canada and the United Kingdom were analysed...
  24. ncbi Investigation of ground level and remote-sensed data for habitat classification and prediction of survival of Ixodes scapularis in habitats of southeastern Canada
    N H Ogden
    Groupe de Recherche en Epidémiologie des Zoonoses et Santé Publique, Faculte de Medecine Veterinaire, Universite de Montreal, Que, Canada
    J Med Entomol 43:403-14. 2006
    In southeastern Canada, most populations of Ixodes scapularis Say, the Lyme disease vector, occur in Carolinian forests. Climate change projections suggest a northward range expansion of I...
  25. doi Component-specific effectiveness of trivalent influenza vaccine as monitored through a sentinel surveillance network in Canada, 2006-2007
    Danuta M Skowronski
    British Columbia Centre for Disease Control, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    J Infect Dis 199:168-79. 2009
    ..We describe a sentinel surveillance approach to link influenza variant detection with component-specific vaccine effectiveness (VE) estimation...
  26. ncbi Traditional and market food access in Arctic Canada is affected by economic factors
    Jill Lambden
    Centre for Indigenous Peoples Nutrition and Environment CINE, McGill University, Montreal, Canada
    Int J Circumpolar Health 65:331-40. 2006
    This study aimed to evaluate the access that Indigenous women have to traditional and market foods in 44 communities across Arctic Canada.
  27. ncbi Adherence to treatment for latent tuberculosis infection: systematic review of studies in the US and Canada
    Y Hirsch-Moverman
    Charles P Felton National Tuberculosis Center, Harlem Hospital Center and Columbia University, New York, New York, USA
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 12:1235-54. 2008
    ..However, levels of treatment adherence are consistently low in industrialized countries such as the United States and Canada.
  28. doi Health care-associated Clostridium difficile infection in adults admitted to acute care hospitals in Canada: a Canadian Nosocomial Infection Surveillance Program Study
    Denise Gravel
    Centre for Communicable Diseases and Infection Control, Public Health Agency of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Clin Infect Dis 48:568-76. 2009
    ..The only previous report describing the incidence of health care-associated CDI (HA CDI) in Canada was conducted in 1997 by the Canadian Nosocomial Infection Surveillance Program...
  29. pmc Type 2 diabetes mellitus in Canada's first nations: status of an epidemic in progress
    T K Young
    Department of Community Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg
    CMAJ 163:561-6. 2000
    This review provides a status report on the epidemic of type 2 diabetes mellitus that is affecting many of Canada's First Nations...
  30. ncbi Ixodes scapularis ticks collected by passive surveillance in Canada: analysis of geographic distribution and infection with Lyme borreliosis agent Borrelia burgdorferi
    N H Ogden
    Groupe de Recherche en Epidémiologie des Zoonoses et Santé Publique, Universite de Montreal, Quebec, Canada J2S 7C6
    J Med Entomol 43:600-9. 2006
    ..l. has taken place in Canada since early 1990...
  31. ncbi Climate change and the potential for range expansion of the Lyme disease vector Ixodes scapularis in Canada
    N H Ogden
    Groupe de Recherche en Epidémiologie des Zoonoses et Santé Publique, Faculte de Medecine Veterinaire, Universite de Montreal, Que, Canada
    Int J Parasitol 36:63-70. 2006
    ..The geographic range of I. scapularis-borne zoonoses may, therefore, expand significantly northwards as a consequence of climate change this century...
  32. ncbi Conceptualizing food security or aboriginal people in Canada
    Elaine M Power
    School of Kinesiology and Health Studies, Queen s University, Kingston, ON
    Can J Public Health 99:95-7. 2008
    Food insecurity is an urgent public health issue for Aboriginal people in Canada because of high rates of poverty; the effects of global climate change and environmental pollution on traditional food systems; and high rates of diet-..
  33. ncbi Spondyloarthritis research Consortium of Canada magnetic resonance imaging index for assessment of sacroiliac joint inflammation in ankylosing spondylitis
    Walter P Maksymowych
    University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada
    Arthritis Rheum 53:703-9. 2005
    ....
  34. ncbi Position of the American Dietetic Association, Dietitians of Canada, and the American College of Sports Medicine: Nutrition and athletic performance
    Nancy R Rodriguez
    University of Connecticut, Storrs, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 109:509-27. 2009
    It is the position of the American Dietetic Association, Dietitians of Canada, and the American College of Sports Medicine that physical activity, athletic performance, and recovery from exercise are enhanced by optimal nutrition...
  35. ncbi Phylogenetic analysis of infectious salmon anaemia virus isolates from Norway, Canada and Scotland
    B Krossøy
    Department of Fisheries and Marine Biology, University of Bergen, Norway
    Dis Aquat Organ 44:1-6. 2001
    ..of gene segments 2 and 8 from 10 different isolates of infectious salmon anaemia virus (ISAV) sampled in Norway, Canada and Scotland between 1987 and 1999 were determined and compared...
  36. doi Prevalence and sociodemographic risk factors related to household food security in Aboriginal peoples in Canada
    Noreen D Willows
    Alberta Institute of Human Nutrition, Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada
    Public Health Nutr 12:1150-6. 2009
    b>Canada's Aboriginal population is vulnerable to food insecurity and increasingly lives off-reserve. The Canadian Community Health Survey, Cycle 2...
  37. pmc Role of migratory birds in introduction and range expansion of Ixodes scapularis ticks and of Borrelia burgdorferi and Anaplasma phagocytophilum in Canada
    N H Ogden
    Foodborne, Waterborne and Zoonotic Infections Division, Public Health Agency of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Appl Environ Microbiol 74:1780-90. 2008
    ..spring in 2005 and 2006, 39,095 northward-migrating land birds were captured at 12 bird observatories in eastern Canada to investigate the role of migratory birds in northward range expansion of Lyme borreliosis, human granulocytic ..
  38. doi Formal and informal help-seeking associated with women's and men's experiences of intimate partner violence in Canada
    Donna L Ansara
    Population, Family, and Reproductive Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, 615 N Wolfe St, Baltimore, USA
    Soc Sci Med 70:1011-8. 2010
    ....
  39. pmc Breast cancer care in the Canada and the United States: ecological comparisons of extremely impoverished and affluent urban neighborhoods
    Kevin M Gorey
    School of Social Work, University of Windsor, 401 Sunset Avenue, Windsor, Ontario, Canada N9B 3P4
    Health Place 16:156-63. 2010
    This study examined the differential effect of extreme impoverishment on breast cancer care in urban Canada and the United States. Ontario and California registry-based samples diagnosed between 1998 and 2000 were followed until 2006...
  40. pmc Avoidable mortality by neighbourhood income in Canada: 25 years after the establishment of universal health insurance
    Paul D James
    Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences, G 119, 2075 Bayview Avenue, Toronto, ON M4N 3M5, Canada
    J Epidemiol Community Health 61:287-96. 2007
    To examine neighbourhood income differences in deaths amenable to medical care and public health over a 25-year period after the establishment of universal insurance for doctors and hospital services in Canada.
  41. doi Health care-associated Clostridium difficile infection in Canada: patient age and infecting strain type are highly predictive of severe outcome and mortality
    Mark Miller
    Sir Mortimer B Davis Jewish General Hospital, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Clin Infect Dis 50:194-201. 2010
    ..We used a large Canadian database of patients with CDI to explore the interaction between these 2 variables...
  42. ncbi A role of high impact weather events in waterborne disease outbreaks in Canada, 1975 - 2001
    Kate M Thomas
    Department of Population Medicine, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada
    Int J Environ Health Res 16:167-80. 2006
    ..The objectives of this research were to describe the incidence and distribution of waterborne disease outbreaks in Canada in relation to preceding weather conditions and to test the association between high impact weather events and ..
  43. ncbi Insights into the 'healthy immigrant effect': health status and health service use of immigrants to Canada
    James Ted McDonald
    Department of Economics, University of New Brunswick, PO Box 4400, Fredericton, NB E3B 5A3, Canada
    Soc Sci Med 59:1613-27. 2004
    ..of the 'healthy immigrant effect', specifically that immigrants are in relatively better health on arrival in Canada compared to native-born Canadians, and that immigrant health converges with years in Canada to native-born levels...
  44. pmc Characterization of pulmonary rehabilitation programs in Canada in 2005
    Dina Brooks
    Department of Physical Therapy, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Can Respir J 14:87-92. 2007
    ..National surveys of PR programs provide important information regarding the structure, content and organization of these programs...
  45. ncbi Health disparities in Canada today: some evidence and a theoretical framework
    Katherine L Frohlich
    Universite de Montreal, Group de Recherche Interdisciplinaire en Santé GRIS, C P 6128, Succursale Centre Ville, Montreal, Que, Canada H3C 3J7
    Health Policy 79:132-43. 2006
    This paper documents contemporary evidence on patterns of health disparities in Canada and suggests theoretical mechanisms that give rise to these patterns...
  46. ncbi Economic implications of hip fracture: health service use, institutional care and cost in Canada
    M E Wiktorowicz
    Departments of Epidemiology and Biostatistics and Political Science, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada
    Osteoporos Int 12:271-8. 2001
    ..and over, and had been admitted to an acute care facility for hip fracture in the Hamilton-Wentworth region of Canada from 1 April 1995 to 31 March 1996...
  47. doi Trends in hip fracture rates in Canada
    William D Leslie
    Department of Medicine, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada
    JAMA 302:883-9. 2009
    ..Hip fractures are a public health concern because they are associated with significant morbidity, excess mortality, and the majority of the costs directly attributable to osteoporosis...
  48. ncbi Risk factors, atherosclerosis, and cardiovascular disease among Aboriginal people in Canada: the Study of Health Assessment and Risk Evaluation in Aboriginal Peoples (SHARE-AP)
    S S Anand
    Preventive Cardiology and Therapeutics Research Program, Department of Medicine, McMaster University, Ontario, L8L 2X2, Hamilton, Canada
    Lancet 358:1147-53. 2001
    Little is known about the rates of cardiovascular disease (CVD), atherosclerosis, and their risk factors among Canada's Aboriginal people...
  49. ncbi Academic health leadership: looking to the future. Proceedings of a workshop held at the Canadian Institute of Academic Medicine meeting Québec, Que., Canada, Apr. 25 and 26, 2003
    Jean Gray
    Canadian Institute of Academic Medicine
    Clin Invest Med 26:315-26. 2003
    ....
  50. ncbi Data quality in an information-rich environment: Canada as an example
    Leslie L Roos
    Manitoba Centre for Health Policy, Department of Community Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Manitoba, 4th Floor Brodie Centre, Room 408, 727 McDermot Avenue, Winnipeg, MB, R3E 3P5, Canada
    Can J Aging 24:153-70. 2005
    ..The research potential of the information-rich environments being created highlights the importance of data quality...
  51. pmc Risk maps for range expansion of the Lyme disease vector, Ixodes scapularis, in Canada now and with climate change
    Nicholas H Ogden
    Centre for Food borne, Environmental and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, Public Health Agency of Canada, Saint Hyacinthe, Quebec, Canada
    Int J Health Geogr 7:24. 2008
    Lyme disease is the commonest vector-borne zoonosis in the temperate world, and an emerging infectious disease in Canada due to expansion of the geographic range of the tick vector Ixodes scapularis...
  52. ncbi Population patterns of chronic health conditions, co-morbidity and healthcare use in Canada: implications for policy and practice
    Anne Marie Broemeling
    Interior Health Authority and Centre for Health Services and Policy Research, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia
    Healthc Q 11:70-6. 2008
    ..The Health Council of Canada has focused its attention on the prevention and management of chronic conditions to encourage discussion of the ..
  53. ncbi Glycemic control and morbidity in the Canadian primary care setting (results of the diabetes in Canada evaluation study)
    Stewart B Harris
    The University of Western Ontario, Department of Family Medicine, Centre for Studies in Family Medicine, London, Ont, Canada
    Diabetes Res Clin Pract 70:90-7. 2005
    ..These results underscore the complexity of primary care management of T2DM and suggest that current treatment approaches are not intensive enough for a large proportion of patients especially those with longer duration of disease...
  54. doi Trends in educational inequalities in smoking and physical activity in Canada: 1974-2005
    P Smith
    Institute for Work and Health, 481 University Avenue, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Epidemiol Community Health 63:317-23. 2009
    In Canada levels of smoking have decreased and levels of physical activity have increased over the last 20 years...
  55. ncbi Canadian community health survey--methodological overview
    Yves Béland
    Household Survey Methods Division, Statistics Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, K1A 0T6
    Health Rep 13:9-14. 2002
    ..This article describes the design, sampling strategy, interviewing procedures, data collection and processing of the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS)...
  56. doi "I spent nine years looking for a doctor": exploring access to health care among immigrants in Mississauga, Ontario, Canada
    Jennifer Asanin
    Department of Geography, University of Toronto Mississauga, Canada
    Soc Sci Med 66:1271-83. 2008
    There is a growing body of research in Canada and from other countries acknowledging that immigrants face barriers in accessing health care services...
  57. ncbi A family-based intervention to promote healthy lifestyles in an aboriginal community in Canada
    Sonia S Anand
    Department of Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada
    Can J Public Health 98:447-52. 2007
    ..Obesity is a major public health problem in North America, particularly in Aboriginal people...
  58. doi Assessing dietary intake in a population undergoing a rapid transition in diet and lifestyle: the Arctic Inuit in Nunavut, Canada
    Sangita Sharma
    Epidemiology Program, Cancer Research Center of Hawaii, University of Hawaii, 1236 Lauhala Street, Honolulu, HI 96813, USA
    Br J Nutr 103:749-59. 2010
    ..single 24-h dietary recalls was conducted among Inuit aged between 19 and 87 years in two communities in Nunavut, Canada. Eighty-seven subjects completed the recalls (response rate was approximately 73 %)...
  59. pmc Multilocus sequence types associated with neonatal group B streptococcal sepsis and meningitis in Canada
    Shannon D Manning
    Department ofPediatrics and Human Development, Microbial Evolution Laboratory, National Food Safety and Toxicology Center, Michigan State University, E Lansing, Michigan 48824, USA
    J Clin Microbiol 47:1143-8. 2009
    ..of 192 GBS strains from neonates and young children identified by population-based surveillance in Alberta, Canada, from 1993 to 2002...
  60. doi Using effectiveness and cost-effectiveness to make drug coverage decisions: a comparison of Britain, Australia, and Canada
    Fiona M Clement
    Department of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    JAMA 302:1437-43. 2009
    ..This study describes how that evidence has been used across 3 jurisdictions (Australia, Canada, and Britain) that have been at the forefront of evidence-based coverage internationally.
  61. ncbi Characteristics of high-quality guidelines: evaluation of 86 clinical guidelines developed in ten European countries and Canada
    Jako S Burgers
    University Medical Centre Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Int J Technol Assess Health Care 19:148-57. 2003
    ..To identify predictors of high-quality clinical practice guidelines...
  62. pmc Increased hemodialysis catheter use in Canada and associated mortality risk: data from the Canadian Organ Replacement Registry 2001-2004
    Louise M Moist
    Division of Nephrology, London Health Sciences Centre, London, Ontario, Canada
    Clin J Am Soc Nephrol 3:1726-32. 2008
    ..The 1999 Canadian vascular access guidelines recommend the fistula as the access of choice. The study describes the trends in hemodialysis access use, variation among provinces, and the association with mortality from 2001 to 2004...
  63. pmc Risk of asthmatic episodes in children exposed to sulfur dioxide stack emissions from a refinery point source in Montreal, Canada
    Audrey Smargiassi
    Institut National de Sante Publique du Quebec, Departement de sante environnementale et sante au travail, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Environ Health Perspect 117:653-9. 2009
    ..This study is an extension of an ecologic study that found an increased rate of hospitalizations for respiratory conditions among children living near petroleum refineries in Montreal (Canada).
  64. ncbi The Pediatric Investigators Collaborative Network on Infections in Canada study of predictors of hospitalization for respiratory syncytial virus infection for infants born at 33 through 35 completed weeks of gestation
    Barbara J Law
    Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, University of Manitoba and the Winnipeg Health Sciences Center, Winnipeg, Canada
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 23:806-14. 2004
    ..This study sought to identify independent risk factors for hospitalization for RSV infection...
  65. pmc Complete nucleotide sequence of a 92-kilobase plasmid harboring the CTX-M-15 extended-spectrum beta-lactamase involved in an outbreak in long-term-care facilities in Toronto, Canada
    David A Boyd
    Nosocomial Infections, National Microbiology Laboratory, 1015 Arlington St, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
    Antimicrob Agents Chemother 48:3758-64. 2004
    ..Examination of the plasmids from CTX-M-15-harboring strains isolated from hospitals across Canada showed that pC15-1a was found in several strains isolated from a site in western Canada...
  66. ncbi Vulnerability of waterborne diseases to climate change in Canada: a review
    Dominique Charron
    Division of Foodborne, Waterborne and Zoonotic Diseases, Centre for Infectious Disease Prevention and Control, Health Canada, Guelph, Ontario, Canada
    J Toxicol Environ Health A 67:1667-77. 2004
    ..of international global climate change scenarios suggest that, under conditions of global warming most of Canada may expect longer summers, milder winters, increased summer drought, and more extreme precipitation...
  67. ncbi A population-based survey of back pain beliefs in Canada
    Douglas P Gross
    Department of Physical Therapy, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 31:2142-5. 2006
    ..Population-based survey...
  68. ncbi Influence of individual- and area-level measures of socioeconomic status on obesity, unhealthy eating, and physical inactivity in Canadian adolescents
    Ian Janssen
    School of Physical and Health Education, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
    Am J Clin Nutr 83:139-45. 2006
    ..However, few studies have used a multilevel analysis to determine the influence of both individual- and area-level determinants of SES on obesity, and these studies have been limited to adults...
  69. doi Stem cell tourism and doctors' duties to minors--a view from Canada
    Amy Zarzeczny
    Health Law Institute, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, T6G 2H5, Canada
    Am J Bioeth 10:3-15. 2010
    ..We use the Canadian perspective to address the broadly relevant issues raised by this trend...
  70. doi Health inequalities in urban and rural Canada: comparing inequalities in survival according to an individual and area-based deprivation index
    Robert Pampalon
    Institut National de Sante Publique du Quebec, Quebec, Canada G1V 5B3
    Health Place 16:416-20. 2010
    ....
  71. pmc Income-related health inequalities in Canada and the United States: a decomposition analysis
    Kimberlyn M McGrail
    Centre for Health Services and Policy Research, The University of British Columbia, 201 2206 East Mall, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Am J Public Health 99:1856-63. 2009
    We examined income-related inequalities in self-reported health in the United States and Canada and the extent to which they are associated with individual-level risk factors and health care system characteristics.
  72. pmc Antibiotic susceptibility of invasive Haemophilus influenzae strains in Canada
    Michelle L Sill
    Vaccine Preventable Bacterial Diseases, National Microbiology Laboratory, Public Health Agency of Canada, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
    Antimicrob Agents Chemother 52:1551-2. 2008
    ..5% were beta-lactamase negative ampicillin intermediate, and 2.5% were intermediate to only the 2-microg ampicillin disk. An increase in beta-lactamase-negative ampicillin-intermediate strains has been found...
  73. ncbi Long-term care funding in Canada: a policy mosaic
    J P Hirdes
    Department of Health Studies and Gerontology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON, Canada, N2L 3G1
    J Aging Soc Policy 13:69-81. 2001
    When Canada was founded, health care was delegated as a provincial responsibility...
  74. doi Major depression as a risk factor for chronic disease incidence: longitudinal analyses in a general population cohort
    Scott B Patten
    Department of Community Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada T2N 4N1
    Gen Hosp Psychiatry 30:407-13. 2008
    ..The latter possibility has received relatively little attention in the literature. In this study, we evaluate the incidence of several important chronic medical conditions in people with and without MD...
  75. pmc Avoidable mortality across Canada from 1975 to 1999
    Paul D James
    Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences, 2075 Bayview Avenue, Toronto, Canada
    BMC Public Health 6:137. 2006
    ..In this study we examined mortality in five geographic regions of Canada from 1975 to 1999 for previously defined avoidable disease groups that are amenable to medical care and public ..
  76. pmc Epidemic clonal groups of Escherichia coli as a cause of antimicrobial-resistant urinary tract infections in Canada, 2002 to 2004
    James R Johnson
    Infectious Diseases 111F, Minneapolis VA Medical Center, 1 Veterans Drive, Minneapolis, MN 55417, USA
    Antimicrob Agents Chemother 53:2733-9. 2009
    ..coli urine isolates recovered from across Canada from 2002 to 2004, with stratification by resistance to trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (TS) and fluoroquinolones (..
  77. ncbi Measles elimination in Canada
    Arlene King
    Immunization and Respiratory Infections Division, Centre for Infectious Disease Prevention and Control, Population and Public Health Branch, Health Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    J Infect Dis 189:S236-42. 2004
    To describe the progress and challenges in achieving measles elimination in Canada, we analyzed national data on measles cases for 1998-2001...
  78. doi Cancer screening among the overweight and obese in Canada
    Rebecca S Mitchell
    Department of Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
    Am J Prev Med 35:127-32. 2008
    ..S. studies have reported the reduced use of cancer screening among these subjects. We sought to analyze the relationship between overweight/obesity and cancer screening practices using population-based Canadian data...
  79. pmc Ceftiofur resistance in Salmonella enterica serovar Heidelberg from chicken meat and humans, Canada
    Lucie Dutil
    Public Health Agency of Canada, Saint Hyacinthe, Quebec, Canada
    Emerg Infect Dis 16:48-54. 2010
    ..from retail chicken and incidence of ceftiofur-resistant Salmonella serovar Heidelberg infections in humans across Canada. In Quebec, changes of ceftiofur resistance in chicken Salmonella Heidelberg and Escherichia coli isolates appear ..
  80. doi Analyses of associations with asthma in four asthma population samples from Canada and Australia
    Denise Daley
    James Hogg iCAPTURE Center, University of British Columbia UBC, 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, BC, V6Z 1Y6, Canada
    Hum Genet 125:445-59. 2009
    ..To aid in future replication studies of asthma genes a comprehensive database was compiled and is available to the scientific community at http://genapha.icapture.ubc.ca/...
  81. ncbi Cross-cultural evaluation of the short form 8-item Parkinson's Disease Questionnaire (PDQ-8): results from America, Canada, Japan, Italy and Spain
    Crispin Jenkinson
    Department of Public Health, University of Oxford, Old Road Campus, Headington, Oxford OX3 7LF, UK
    Parkinsonism Relat Disord 13:22-8. 2007
    ....
  82. ncbi The embodiment of inequity: health disparities in aboriginal Canada
    Naomi Adelson
    Department of Anthropology, York University, Toronto, ON
    Can J Public Health 96:S45-61. 2005
    ..result of which is a disproportionate burden of ill health and social suffering upon the Aboriginal populations of Canada. In analyses of health disparities, it is as important to navigate the interstices between the person and the ..
  83. ncbi Fostering evidence-based decision-making in Canada: examining the need for a Canadian population and public health evidence centre and research network
    Lori Kiefer
    Can J Public Health 96:I1-40 following 200. 2005
  84. doi Challenges in the evaluation and licensing of new pneumococcal vaccines, 7-8 July 2008, Ottawa, Canada
    I Feavers
    Division of Bacteriology, National Institute for Biological Standards and Control, Potters Bar, UK
    Vaccine 27:3681-8. 2009
    ..Much progress has been made since that time and a consultation held in Ottawa, Canada, in July 2008 aimed to provide regulators and manufacturers with further guidance on the criteria for evaluating ..
  85. ncbi Diet quality in Canada
    Didier Garriguet
    Health Analysis Division at Statistics Canada, Ottawa K1A 0T6
    Health Rep 20:41-52. 2009
    In addition to recommendations about the consumption of specific foods and nutriens, a measure of overall diet quality is useful. Over the years, a number of countries, but not Canada, have developed indexes to evaluate diet quality.
  86. pmc Staphylococcus aureus colonization in healthy horses in Atlantic Canada
    Shelly Burton
    Atlantic Veterinary College, University of Prince Edward Island, 550 University Ave, Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island C1A 4P3
    Can Vet J 49:797-9. 2008
    ..Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) colonization was not identified in any of 497 horses from Atlantic Canada. Methicillin-susceptible S. aureus (MSSA) was isolated from a subsample of 19/242 (7.9%) horses...
  87. ncbi Challenges in accessing multidisciplinary pain treatment facilities in Canada
    Philip Peng
    Wasser Pain Management Centre, Mount Sinai Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario
    Can J Anaesth 54:977-84. 2007
    The objective of this survey was to examine the services offered by multidisciplinary pain treatment facilities (MPTFs) across Canada and to compare access to care at these MPTFs.
  88. doi Indigenous people in Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the United States are less likely to receive renal transplantation
    Karen E Yeates
    Department of Medicine, Queen s University, Kingston, Canada
    Kidney Int 76:659-64. 2009
    In Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and the United States indigenous people have high rates of chronic kidney disease but poor access to effective therapies...
  89. doi Bat rabies in the United States and Canada from 1950 through 2007: human cases with and without bat contact
    Gaston De Serres
    Institut National de Sante Publique du Quebec, Canada
    Clin Infect Dis 46:1329-37. 2008
    Since the 1980s, rare cases of rabies in humans in Canada and the United States have been almost exclusively caused by the bat-variant virus.
  90. pmc Breast cancer survival in Canada and the USA: meta-analytic evidence of a Canadian advantage in low-income areas
    Kevin M Gorey
    Professor and Assumption University Research Chair in Canadian and American Population Health, School of Social Work, University of Windsor, 401 Sunset Avenue, Windsor, Ontario N9B 3P4, Canada
    Int J Epidemiol 38:1543-51. 2009
    ..This study tested the hypothesis that relatively poor Canadian women with breast cancer have a survival advantage over their counterparts in the USA...
  91. doi Prospective cost-effectiveness analysis of cetuximab in metastatic colorectal cancer: evaluation of National Cancer Institute of Canada Clinical Trials Group CO.17 trial
    Nicole Mittmann
    Health Outcomes and Pharmacoeconomics Research Centre, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, ON, Canada
    J Natl Cancer Inst 101:1182-92. 2009
    The National Cancer Institute of Canada Clinical Trials Group CO...
  92. pmc Cervical cancer mortality by neighbourhood income in urban Canada from 1971 to 1996
    Edward Ng
    Health Analysis and Measurement Group, Statistics Canada, Ottawa, Ont
    CMAJ 170:1545-9. 2004
    The reduction of socioeconomic inequalities in health is an explicit objective of health policy in Canada, yet rates of death from cervical cancer are known to be higher among women of low socioeconomic status than among those of higher ..
  93. pmc Factors associated with the subspecialty choices of internal medicine residents in Canada
    Leora Horn
    Department of Medical Oncology, Vanderbilt University, 777 Preston Research Building, 2220 Pierce Avenue, Nashville, TN 37232, USA
    BMC Med Educ 8:37. 2008
    Currently, there are more residents enrolled in cardiology training programs in Canada than in immunology, pharmacology, rheumatology, infectious diseases, geriatrics and endocrinology combined...
  94. ncbi Hormonal factors and pancreatic cancer in women
    N Kreiger
    Division of Preventive Oncology, Research Unit, Cancer Care Ontario, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Ann Epidemiol 11:563-7. 2001
    ....
  95. pmc Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder: Canadian guidelines for diagnosis
    Albert E Chudley
    Children s Hospital, Health Sciences Centre, Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Man
    CMAJ 172:S1-S21. 2005
    ..A subcommittee of the Public Health Agency of Canada's National Advisory Committee on Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder reviewed, analysed and integrated current ..
  96. ncbi Association between particulate- and gas-phase components of urban air pollution and daily mortality in eight Canadian cities
    R T Burnett
    Environmental Health Directorate, Health Canada, Ottawa, and Department of Epidemiology and Community Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada
    Inhal Toxicol 12:15-39. 2000
    ..rates and concurrent data on size-fractionated particulate mass and gaseous pollutants were obtained in eight of Canada's largest cities from 1986 to 1996 inclusive in order to examine the relative toxicity of the components of the ..
  97. ncbi Social determinants of health in Canada's immigrant population: results from the National Population Health Survey
    J R Dunn
    Centre for Health Services and Policy Research, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    Soc Sci Med 51:1573-93. 2000
    ..immigrants in a number of areas of social life--in this paper we investigate the social determinants of health in Canada's immigrant population using Canada's National Population Health Survey (NPHS)...
  98. doi Serotypes and antimicrobial susceptibilities of invasive Streptococcus pneumoniae pre- and post-seven valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine introduction in Alberta, Canada, 2000-2006
    Gregory J Tyrrell
    The National Centre for Streptococcus, The Provincial Laboratory for Public Health Microbiology, Edmonton, Canada
    Vaccine 27:3553-60. 2009
    Alberta, Canada introduced the Streptococcus pneumoniae seven valent conjugate vaccine (PCV7) program for children less than 2 years of age in September 2002...
  99. pmc The Canadian Adverse Events Study: the incidence of adverse events among hospital patients in Canada
    G Ross Baker
    Department of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, University of Toronto, McMurrich Building Room 2031, 12 Queen s Park Crescent West, Toronto, Ontario M5S 1A8, Canada
    CMAJ 170:1678-86. 2004
    ..AEs are unintended injuries or complications resulting in death, disability or prolonged hospital stay that arise from health care management. We estimated the incidence of AEs among patients in Canadian acute care hospitals...
  100. pmc Multimorbidity and quality of life: a closer look
    Martin Fortin
    Department of Family Medicine, Sherbrooke University, Sherbrooke, Canada
    Health Qual Life Outcomes 5:52. 2007
    ..The goal of this study was to analyse impaired organ domains that affect the most HRQOL of patients with multiple chronic conditions in primary care and their possible interactions...
  101. doi Delays in diagnosis and treatment among children and adolescents with cancer in Canada
    Tam Dang-Tan
    Departments of Oncology and Epidemiology, McGill University, Montreal, Canada
    Pediatr Blood Cancer 51:468-74. 2008
    ....

Research Grants80

  1. SUPPORT CONTRACT FOR THE NTP INTERAGENCY CENTER/VALIDATION OF ALT METHODS
    David Allen; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..niehs.nih.gov/. On April 27, 2009, representatives of the United States, the European Union, Canada, and Japan signed a Memorandum of Cooperation for International Cooperation on Alternative Test Methods (ICATM)...
  2. SUPPORT CONTRACT FOR THE NTP INTERAGENCY CENTER/VALIDATION OF ALT METHODS
    David Allen; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..niehs.nih.gov/. On April 27, 2009, representatives of the United States, the European Union, Canada, and Japan signed a Memorandum of Cooperation for International Cooperation on Alternative Test Methods (ICATM)...
  3. Serpin Modulation of Inflammatory Vasculitis; Potential for Immunomodulatory Ther
    ALEXANDRA ROSE LUCAS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..No significant adverse events were detected (proprietary information, Viron Therapeutics, Inc. London, Canada)...
  4. Investigation of Occupational Exposure to and Infection by MRSA in Rural Iowa
    Tara Smith; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Reports from Europe and Canada have reported another potential MRSA risk group: individuals in contact with livestock and poultry...
  5. Flame Retardant and Adverse Perinatal Outcome (FRAPO)
    Morgan R Peltier; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..due to their wide- spread use during the past 40 years as flame retardants, especially in the United States and Canada. As a result, North Americans have the highest blood and breast milk concentrations of PBDEs anywhere in the world...
  6. Genetic Epidemiology of Life-Threatening Influenza Infection in Children
    Adrienne Randolph; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..PALISI) Network, a well-established consortium of clinical investigators across pediatric ICUs in the US and Canada with a proven track record of productivity...
  7. INTERNATIONAL HERPESVIRUS WORKSHOP
    Jay A Nelson; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..fellows and graduate students to attend the 37th International Herpesvirus Workshop (IHW) in Calgary, Alberta, Canada, in 2012...
  8. Depot calcineurin inhibitors to prevent graft rejection
    Thomas J Smith; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..requiring immunosupression are performed annually in the largest 7 markets (US, Japan, Germany, Britain, Canada, France, Italy), and the market for immunosuppressive drugs is estimated at $2.9 Billion annually (2007)...
  9. Determining Molecular Mechanisms of Chikungunya Virulence and Attenuation
    KATHERINE D RYMAN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Furthermore, travelers returning to Europe, Canada and the United States from these areas have been diagnosed with the disease raising the possibility for outbreaks ..
  10. Multi-center Controlled Clinical Trials in Alport Syndrome-A Feasibility Study
    Clifford E Kashtan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Funding for this feasibility study will enable the five regional recruitment centers in the United States, Canada, China, France and Germany to interrogate existing Alport syndrome registries and databases, and monitor accrual ..
  11. ACCORD
    Richard Grimm; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..6 years) at 77 Clinical Sites administratively located within 7 Clinical Center Networks in the United States and Canada. Recruitment occurred in two non-contiguous periods: an initial period that began in January 2001 for the Vanguard ..
  12. ACCORD
    Faramarz Ismail Beigi; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..6 years) at 77 Clinical Sites administratively located within 7 Clinical Center Networks in the United States and Canada. Recruitment occurred in two non-contiguous periods: an initial period that began in January 2001 for the Vanguard ..
  13. Chemoprevention of Prostate Cancer
    SUSAN AUDREY HALL; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The provincial government of Saskatchewan, Canada provides universal health coverage to all residents, and existing administrative data contain information on ~220,..
  14. 16th ISBRA Conference
    Edward P Riley; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..ISBRA Congresses are held biennially and since the founding of ISBRA, meetings have been held in Australia, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Japan, United Kingdom, and the United States...
  15. Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium (ROC) Regional Clinical Centers-Milwaukee
    TOM PAUL AUFDERHEIDE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..this needs to be done with languages other than English and Spanish since other languages are used in the US and Canada;3) Concerns about the statement that in the prehospital setting providers call in to determine what study or study ..
  16. Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium (ROC) Regional Clinical Center-Seattle-King
    PETER JAMES KUDENCHUK; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..this needs to be done with languages other than English and Spanish since other languages are used in the US and Canada;3) Concerns about the statement that in the prehospital setting providers call in to determine what study or study ..
  17. Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium (ROC) Regional Clinical Center-Pittsburgh
    Clifton W Callaway; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..this needs to be done with languages other than English and Spanish since other languages are used in the US and Canada;3) Concerns about the statement that in the prehospital setting providers call in to determine what study or study ..
  18. In vivo phenotypic effects of naturally occuring sequence variations in WNV
    Robin M Moudy; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..an outbreak of encephalitis in New York, and since that time has spread across the contiguous United States, Canada, Mexico, and the Caribbean...
  19. SHIGA-TOXINS: PRE-CLINICAL ANIMAL MODEL DEVELOPMENT AND THERAPEUTIC TESTING
    Shinichiro Kurosawa; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..coli O157:H7 strain that killed two people and caused illness in hundreds in the US and Canada. These bacteria are dangerous because they secrete toxins that cause severe organ damage and we do not have drugs ..
  20. 6th Orthomyxovirus Research Conference
    STACEY L SCHULTZ-CHERRY; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Research Conference (affectionately termed the "Young Flu" meeting), which will be held outside Montreal, Canada September 19th - 22nd, 2012...
  21. PITCH HF (CCC) Lead Application
    Marc J Semigran; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Recruiting 100 certified sites (US and Canada) in year 1, PITCH-HF will enroll 2,102 subjects in years 2-4 and follow them for an average of 2...
  22. Point of care microfluidic diagnosis system for rapid and sensitive detection of
    Michel G Bergeron; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Thereafter, within two years, product development and approval by health authorities (FDA, Health Canada, etc.) will be undertaken by a commercial partner...
  23. Fluorescein for Sentinel Lymph Node Detection
    James M McGreevy; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The worldwide availability of Tc-99m from a reactor in Canada or England is also tenuous...
  24. Plant-based diets and risk of cancer
    Gary E Fraser; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..S. and all provinces and territories of Canada. About 45% are vegetarian, but another 25% on average consume 139 gm of meat per day...
  25. Prospective Cohort Study of Cryptococcosis
    PETER RICHARD WILLIAMSON; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..unrecognized, hypervirulent strain of a new molecular group (VGIIa) became evident on Vancouver Island (VI), Canada. During the years spanning 1999-2003, the VI incidence of Cg infection in humans exceeded that of historically ..
  26. Prevalance of Community-Acquired MRSA in Live Pigs and thier Human Handlers
    LYNDA UJU ODOFIN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..of community-associated Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA);recent studies from Europe and Canada report a new strain (ST 398) that maybe associated with pig farming...
  27. Identification of genes essential for survival of hypervirulent Kleb. pneumoniae
    Thomas A Russo; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Initial reports were from the "Pacific Rim", but more recently hvKP has been described in the United States, Canada, Europe, Israel, Australia, South Africa and elsewhere...
  28. HAART optimism, drug use and risky sexual behavior among MSM in British Columbia.
    Robert Stephen Hogg; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..HIV risk behaviors among a high-risk population, men who have sex with men (MSM), in British Columbia (BC), Canada. Of particular interest is whether the efficacy of expanded HAART access as an HIV prevention measure might be ..
  29. ACCORD
    Richard Grimm; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..6 years) at 77 Clinical Sites administratively located within 7 Clinical Center Networks in the United States and Canada. Recruitment occurred in two non-contiguous periods: an initial period that began in January 2001 for the Vanguard ..
  30. PITCH HF (DCC)
    Flora Sandra Siami; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Recruiting 100 certified sites (US and Canada) in year 1, PITCH-HF will enroll 2,102 subjects in years 2-4 and follow them for an average of 2...
  31. ACCORD
    J Thomas Bigger; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..6 years) at 77 Clinical Sites administratively located within 7 Clinical Center Networks in the United States and Canada. Recruitment occurred in two non-contiguous periods: an initial period that began in January 2001 for the Vanguard ..
  32. ACCORD
    Jeffrey Probstfield; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..6 years) at 77 Clinical Sites administratively located within 7 Clinical Center Networks in the United States and Canada. Recruitment occurred in two non-contiguous periods: an initial period that began in January 2001 for the Vanguard ..
  33. BEST-CLI Trial-CCC-Lead
    Kenneth Rosenfield; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We propose to conduct a large (N=2100) simple, superiority trial in the US and Canada - BEST - comparing best open surgery to best endovascular revascularization to prevent mortality, limb-amputation ..
  34. Genetics of Bone Structure and Metabolism
    Michael C Mahaney; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Research on osteoporosis in the developed, industrialized countries like the U.S., Canada, and the E.U...
  35. Comparative effectiveness of noninvasive cardiac imaging
    Marcelo F Di Carli; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The study included patients enrolled at 40 study sites including 39 in the US and 1 in Canada. The study has 3 pre-specified follow-up time points: 90 days, 1 year, and 2 years, with the 90-day and 1 year ..
  36. Chagas Disease Confirmatory Assay
    Andrew Levin; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..blood donors, cases of transfusion-transmitted Chagas'disease have been documented in the United States and Canada in recent years Chagas'disease has also been shown to be transmissible congenitally and by organ ..
  37. Genetic Epidemiology of Osteosarcoma
    Logan G Spector; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Osteosarcoma (OS) is the most common bone cancer of children under 20 years of age in the United States and Canada, with about 430 news cases diagnosed each year...
  38. Confirmatory Immunoblot Test for Chagas'Disease
    ANDREW E LEVIN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..blood donors, cases of transfusion-transmitted Chagas'disease have been documented in the United States and Canada in recent years...
  39. First Step: Home/School Intervention for Preschoolers with Disruptive Behaviors
    HILL M WALKER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Longitudinal studies of the progression of antisocial behavior patterns among youth in the U.S., Canada, Australia, New Zealand and Europe converge in showing a path leading from early exposure to risk factors in ..
  40. Young Women With Acute Myocardial Infarction
    HARLAN MARC KRUMHOLZ; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..AMI and a comparison cohort of 1,000 men enrolled over 3 years from 88 hospitals across the United States and in Canada. To accomplish these aims we have assembled a team of leading researchers in sex disparities in cardiovascular ..
  41. 8th Annual Conference on Head and Neck Cancer
    Eben L Rosenthal; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The 8th International Conference on Head and Neck Cancer to be held July 21-25, 2012 in Toronto, Ontario, Canada is designed to facilitate discussion among practitioners, trainees, and researchers with an emphasis on how ..
  42. BEST-CLI Trial-DCC
    Flora Sandra Siami; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We propose to conduct a large (N=2100) simple, superiority trial in the US and Canada - BEST - comparing best open surgery to best endovascular revascularization to prevent mortality, limb-amputation ..
  43. Bioactives in Blueberries and Insulin Resistance
    APRIL STULL; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..For many years, increased consumption of bioactives in blueberries (BB) has been a folk remedy in Canada for treating T2DM...
  44. Impacts of universal access to HIV/AIDS care among HIV+ injection drug users
    Evan Wood; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In addition to the "Seek, Test, and Treat" campaign, our study setting of Vancouver, Canada, is ideally suited to our study aims...
  45. Challenging and Expanding Paradigms of Aging with HIV
    KERI NICOLE ALTHOFF; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..and HIV-related risk factors on comorbidities in HIV-infected individuals in clinical care in the US and Canada. Aim 3: To determine the risk of first comorbid event after HAART initiation by CD4 count at HAART initiation in ..
  46. Domoic Acid Neurotoxicity in Native Americans
    Lynn M Grattan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..know about the human health effects of Domoic Acid has been derived from a single documented outbreak in Montreal Canada in 1987...
  47. New Frontiers at the Interface of Immunity and Glycobiology
    Andrew D Robertson; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Cobb, Gabriel A. Rabinovich and Yvette van Kooyk, which will be held in Lake Louise, Alberta, Canada from March 6 - 11, 2011...
  48. EID - Effects of avian migration & anthropogenic change on the distribution & tra
    Thomas Smith; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..North American migratory passerines play in the dispersion of avian influenza strains between breeding sites in Canada and the U.S. and wintering sites in Mexico and Central and South America...
  49. Ochlerotatus japonicus: Ecology of an Invasive Mosquito
    RICHARD FALCO; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..japonicus is now in 15 states and parts of Canada. Of special concern is the question of this species' vectorial capacity for local arboviruses; it is a competent ..
  50. Antigenic Relationships of SARS and Animal Coronaviruses
    Linda Saif; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..compromised rapid diagnosis of the recent SARS cases in China and the suspect 2003 summer cases in Canada (likely OC43), hindering early detection needed to prevent SARS spread and new epidemics...
  51. WORKSHOP ON THE ORAL MANIFESTATIONS OF HIV INFECTION
    John Greenspan; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Of these, about half will be from outside the U.S.A., notably from Africa, Asia, Europe, Canada, and Central/South America...
  52. Community-based Methamphetamine Use & HIV Risk in China
    Brian C Kelly; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..by applicant): The use of methamphetamine has increased dramatically in recent years in the United States, Europe, Canada, Australia, and Asia...
  53. 3rd ASM Conference on Salmonella
    Ferric Fang; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..which were held from 20-24 September 2003, in Sardinia, Italy and from 9-13 September 2006, in Victoria, BC, Canada. This conference series is the only one that covers all aspects of Salmonella research...
  54. SECOND INT1 WORKSHOP-ORAL MANIFESTION OF HIV INFECTION
    John Greenspan; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..Of these, about a third will be from outside the U.S.A., notably from Europe, Canada and Central/South America...
  55. FOCUS Hip Fracture Transfusion Trial: Delirium and Other Cognitive Outcomes
    Ann L Gruber Baldini; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Point, MD Clinical Sites: Robert Wood Johnson Hospital, New Brunswick, NJ London Health Science Center, Toronto, Canada Mayo Clinic, St...
  56. RISK OF CANCER IN A-T FAMILIES
    Robert Haile; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Specific aims are the following. 1. Collaborate with investigators in Canada, Costa Rica, Germany, Israel, Italy, Poland, Turkey, and the United States of America, who have already identified ..
  57. Retinal Degeneration Conference
    Robert E Anderson; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The 2010 meeting will be held in Mont Tremblant, Quebec, and Canada on July 13 - 17 as a satellite of the XIX Biennial Meeting of the International Society for Eye Research, which ..
  58. Consequences of Drug Cost Sharing:A New Randomized Trial
    Sebastian Schneeweiss; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..In our current AHRQ study we showed that a province wide DCS policy in British Columbia, Canada, was successful in reducing drug expenditures without substitution effects or adverse health outcomes, partly due ..
  59. 8th Conference - Chemistry & Biology Mineralized Tissue
    WILLIAM LANDIS; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..and Biology of Mineralized Tissues is planned for October 17-22, 2004, to take place at the Banff Centre, Alberta, Canada. The health of bones, cartilage, and teeth is essential for the activities of normal daily life in locomotion, ..
  60. Impact of Information Prescriptions on Medication Adherence in ED Patients
    Nancy K Roderer; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..setting suggest that between 7 to 45 percent of patients do not fill their prescription;one study conducted in Canada reported that 45% of ED patients did not follow their prescribed regimen...
  61. Molecular Diagnosis of Dyslexia
    Seiyu Hosono; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..In the US, Canada, Europe and countries where it has been studied, the incidence is between 5% and 17%...
  62. PRESERVING MOBILITY OF JRA CHILDREN USING NOCTURNAL TES
    MICHELLE URBAN; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..TES is well tolerated and has been used since 1988 in Canada for children with a variety of neuromuscular conditions...
  63. Breast milk: Physiology, Biochemistry and Outcomes
    Ardythe Morrow; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..theme is Breast Milk: Physiology, Biochemistry and Outcomes and will be held in Niagara-on-the-Lake, Ontario, Canada. We anticipate about 240 delegates from the U.S. and around the world...
  64. International Workshops on Iron and Copper Homeostasis
    Michael Garrick; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..not included in this proposal for funds, is a similar number of foreign scientists, from Latin America, Europe, Canada, Israel, Australia and Japan and a larger number of foreign pre- and post-doctoral students...
  65. PRESERVING MOBILITY OF JRA CHILDREN USING NOCTURNAL TES
    John McGuire; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..TES is well tolerated and has been used since 1988 in Canada for children with a variety of neuromuscular conditions...