latin america

Summary

Summary: The geographic area of Latin America in general and when the specific country or countries are not indicated. It usually includes Central America, South America, Mexico, and the islands of the Caribbean.

Top Publications

  1. pmc The neglected tropical diseases of Latin America and the Caribbean: a review of disease burden and distribution and a roadmap for control and elimination
    Peter J Hotez
    Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Tropical Medicine, The George Washington University and Sabin Vaccine Institute, Washington, DC, USA
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2:e300. 2008
  2. pmc Control of visceral leishmaniasis in latin america-a systematic review
    Gustavo A S Romero
    Nucleo de Medicina Tropical, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de Brasilia, Brasilia, Distrito Federal, Brazil
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 4:e584. 2010
  3. ncbi Current epidemiological trends for Chagas disease in Latin America and future challenges in epidemiology, surveillance and health policy
    Alvaro Moncayo
    Academia Nacional de Medicina, Bogota, Colombia
    Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 104:17-30. 2009
  4. ncbi Survey of infections due to Staphylococcus species: frequency of occurrence and antimicrobial susceptibility of isolates collected in the United States, Canada, Latin America, Europe, and the Western Pacific region for the SENTRY Antimicrobial Surveillanc
    D J Diekema
    Medical Microbiology Division, Department of Pathology, University of Iowa College of Medicine, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 32:S114-32. 2001
  5. ncbi The impact of Chagas disease control in Latin America: a review
    J C P Dias
    Centro de Pesquisas Rene Rachou, FIOCRUZ, Belo Horizonte, MG, 30190 002, Brasil
    Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 97:603-12. 2002
  6. ncbi Caesarean delivery rates and pregnancy outcomes: the 2005 WHO global survey on maternal and perinatal health in Latin America
    Jose Villar
    UNDP UNFPA WHO World Bank Special Programme of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction, Department of Reproductive Health and Research, WHO, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland
    Lancet 367:1819-29. 2006
  7. ncbi Contemporary causes of skin and soft tissue infections in North America, Latin America, and Europe: report from the SENTRY Antimicrobial Surveillance Program (1998-2004)
    Gary J Moet
    JMI Laboratories, North Liberty, IA 52317, USA
    Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis 57:7-13. 2007
  8. ncbi Biogeographic areas and transition zones of Latin America and the Caribbean islands based on panbiogeographic and cladistic analyses of the entomofauna
    Juan J Morrone
    Museo de Zoología Alfonso L Herrera, Departamento de Biologia Evolutiva, Facultad de Ciencias, UNAM, Mexico DF, Mexico
    Annu Rev Entomol 51:467-94. 2006
  9. pmc Discovery of markers of exposure specific to bites of Lutzomyia longipalpis, the vector of Leishmania infantum chagasi in Latin America
    Clarissa Teixeira
    Vector Molecular Biology Section, Laboratory of Malaria and Vector Research, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Rockville, Maryland, United States of America
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 4:e638. 2010
  10. pmc Mortality during the first year of potent antiretroviral therapy in HIV-1-infected patients in 7 sites throughout Latin America and the Caribbean
    Suely H Tuboi
    Projeto Praça Onze, Hospital Universitario Clementino Fraga Filho and Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 51:615-23. 2009

Detail Information

Publications300 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc The neglected tropical diseases of Latin America and the Caribbean: a review of disease burden and distribution and a roadmap for control and elimination
    Peter J Hotez
    Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Tropical Medicine, The George Washington University and Sabin Vaccine Institute, Washington, DC, USA
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2:e300. 2008
    ..eliminated in the Caribbean and transmission of lymphatic filariasis and onchocerciasis could be eliminated in Latin America. However, the highest disease burden NTDs, such as Chagas disease, soil-transmitted helminth infections, and ..
  2. pmc Control of visceral leishmaniasis in latin america-a systematic review
    Gustavo A S Romero
    Nucleo de Medicina Tropical, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de Brasilia, Brasilia, Distrito Federal, Brazil
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 4:e584. 2010
    ..control in the Americas where transmission is zoonotic? We reviewed the evidence on VL control strategies in Latin America-diagnosis, treatment, veterinary interventions, vector control-with respect to entomological and clinical ..
  3. ncbi Current epidemiological trends for Chagas disease in Latin America and future challenges in epidemiology, surveillance and health policy
    Alvaro Moncayo
    Academia Nacional de Medicina, Bogota, Colombia
    Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 104:17-30. 2009
    ..Many well-known research institutions in Latin America were key elements of a worldwide network of laboratories that carried out basic and applied research ..
  4. ncbi Survey of infections due to Staphylococcus species: frequency of occurrence and antimicrobial susceptibility of isolates collected in the United States, Canada, Latin America, Europe, and the Western Pacific region for the SENTRY Antimicrobial Surveillanc
    D J Diekema
    Medical Microbiology Division, Department of Pathology, University of Iowa College of Medicine, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 32:S114-32. 2001
    ..Staphylococcus species (CoNS) were referred by SENTRY-participating hospitals in the United States, Canada, Latin America, Europe, and the Western Pacific region. S...
  5. ncbi The impact of Chagas disease control in Latin America: a review
    J C P Dias
    Centro de Pesquisas Rene Rachou, FIOCRUZ, Belo Horizonte, MG, 30190 002, Brasil
    Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 97:603-12. 2002
    Discovered in 1909, Chagas disease was progressively shown to be widespread throughout Latin America, affecting millions of rural people with a high impact on morbidity and mortality...
  6. ncbi Caesarean delivery rates and pregnancy outcomes: the 2005 WHO global survey on maternal and perinatal health in Latin America
    Jose Villar
    UNDP UNFPA WHO World Bank Special Programme of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction, Department of Reproductive Health and Research, WHO, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland
    Lancet 367:1819-29. 2006
    ..Our aim was to assess the association between caesarean delivery and pregnancy outcome at the institutional level, adjusting for the pregnant population and institutional characteristics...
  7. ncbi Contemporary causes of skin and soft tissue infections in North America, Latin America, and Europe: report from the SENTRY Antimicrobial Surveillance Program (1998-2004)
    Gary J Moet
    JMI Laboratories, North Liberty, IA 52317, USA
    Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis 57:7-13. 2007
    ..9%) compared with Latin America (29.4%) and Europe (22.8%). Vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus spp. increased in Europe (4...
  8. ncbi Biogeographic areas and transition zones of Latin America and the Caribbean islands based on panbiogeographic and cladistic analyses of the entomofauna
    Juan J Morrone
    Museo de Zoología Alfonso L Herrera, Departamento de Biologia Evolutiva, Facultad de Ciencias, UNAM, Mexico DF, Mexico
    Annu Rev Entomol 51:467-94. 2006
    ..The Andean region, which harbors insect taxa with close relatives in the Austral continents, comprises three subregions: Central Chilean, Subantarctic, and Patagonian...
  9. pmc Discovery of markers of exposure specific to bites of Lutzomyia longipalpis, the vector of Leishmania infantum chagasi in Latin America
    Clarissa Teixeira
    Vector Molecular Biology Section, Laboratory of Malaria and Vector Research, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Rockville, Maryland, United States of America
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 4:e638. 2010
    ..Though some proteins are immunogenic and have potential as markers of vector exposure, their identity and vector specificity remain elusive...
  10. pmc Mortality during the first year of potent antiretroviral therapy in HIV-1-infected patients in 7 sites throughout Latin America and the Caribbean
    Suely H Tuboi
    Projeto Praça Onze, Hospital Universitario Clementino Fraga Filho and Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 51:615-23. 2009
    Although nearly 2 million people live with HIV in Latin America and the Caribbean, mortality rates after initiation of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) have not been well described.
  11. ncbi Increased resistance to first-line agents among bacterial pathogens isolated from urinary tract infections in Latin America: time for local guidelines?
    Soraya S Andrade
    Laboratório Especial de Microbiologia Clínica, Universidade Federal de Sao Paulo, 04025 010 São Paulo, SP, Brazil
    Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 101:741-8. 2006
    ..Bacteria isolated from patients with CA-UTI in Latin America showed limited susceptibility to orally administered antimicrobials, especially for TMP/SMX and ..
  12. ncbi Explaining health differences between men and women in later life: a cross-city comparison in Latin America and the Caribbean
    Maria Victoria Zunzunegui
    Médecine sociale et preventive, Universite de Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Soc Sci Med 68:235-42. 2009
    ..A more integrated understanding of how sex and gender act together to influence health and function in old age needs consideration of additional biological and social factors...
  13. pmc Relation between the global burden of disease and randomized clinical trials conducted in Latin America published in the five leading medical journals
    Pablo Perel
    Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 3:e1696. 2008
    ..non communicable diseases and injuries account for the majority of death and disability-adjusted life years in Latin America. We analyzed the relationship between the global burden of disease and Randomized Clinical Trials (RCTs) ..
  14. ncbi Epidemiology of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in Latin America
    Manuel Guzmán-Blanco
    Centro Medico de Caracas, Caracas, Venezuela
    Int J Antimicrob Agents 34:304-8. 2009
    ..However, in Latin America, resources for monitoring the changing epidemiology of MRSA remain limited...
  15. ncbi Child feeding practices are associated with child nutritional status in Latin America: innovative uses of the demographic and health surveys
    Marie T Ruel
    International Food Policy Research Institute IFPRI, Washington, DC 20006, USA
    J Nutr 132:1180-7. 2002
    ..The data available in DHS data sets can thus be used effectively to create a composite child feeding index and to identify vulnerable groups that could be targeted by nutrition education and behavior change interventions...
  16. ncbi West Nile virus activity in Latin America and the Caribbean
    Nicholas Komar
    Division of Vector Borne Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, PO Box 2087, Fort Collins, Colorado 80522, USA
    Rev Panam Salud Publica 19:112-7. 2006
    ..West Nile virus (Flavivirus: Flaviviridae; WNV) has spread rapidly throughout the Caribbean Basin since its initial detection there in 2001. This report summarizes our current knowledge of WNV transmission in tropical America...
  17. pmc Prevalence of the metabolic syndrome in Latin America and its association with sub-clinical carotid atherosclerosis: the CARMELA cross sectional study
    Jorge Escobedo
    Medical Research Unit on Clinical Epidemiology, Mexican Social Security Institute, Mexico City, Mexico
    Cardiovasc Diabetol 8:52. 2009
    Metabolic syndrome increases cardiovascular risk. Limited information on its prevalence in Latin America is available...
  18. ncbi Worldwide burden of COPD in high- and low-income countries. Part II. Burden of chronic obstructive lung disease in Latin America: the PLATINO study
    A M B Menezes
    Post Graduate Programme in Epidemiology, Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 12:709-12. 2008
    ..Five Latin American cities: São Paulo, Brazil; Mexico City, Mexico; Montevideo, Uruguay; Santiago, Chile; Caracas, Venezuela...
  19. ncbi A piscirickettsiosis-like syndrome in cultured Nile tilapia in Latin America with Francisella spp. as the pathogenic agent
    M J Mauel
    Thad Cochran National Warmwater Aquaculture Center, College of Veterinary Medicine, Mississippi State University, Post Office Box 197, Stoneville, Mississippi 38776, USA
    J Aquat Anim Health 19:27-34. 2007
    In 2004, cultured Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus in several Latin America farms began to succumb to a disease similar to the piscirickettsiosis-like syndrome previously reported in tilapia in Taiwan and the United States...
  20. ncbi Protocol-based treatment for children with cancer in low income countries in Latin America: a report on the recent meetings of the Monza International School of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology (MISPHO)--part II
    Scott C Howard
    International Outreach Program and Department of Hematology Oncology, St Jude Children s Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee 38105, USA
    Pediatr Blood Cancer 48:486-90. 2007
    ..Despite the use of all-trans-retinoic acid during induction for acute promyelocytic leukemia, the incidence of fatal hemorrhage remains unacceptably high...
  21. ncbi Trends in antimicrobial susceptibility of bacterial pathogens isolated from patients with bloodstream infections in the USA, Canada and Latin America. SENTRY Participants Group
    D J Diekema
    Department of Pathology, University of Iowa College of Medicine, Iowa City 52242, USA
    Int J Antimicrob Agents 13:257-71. 2000
    ..infections (BSI) due to bacterial pathogens were reported from SENTRY hospitals in Canada, the USA and Latin America. Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, and coagulase-negative staphylococcus (CoNS) were the most common ..
  22. ncbi Burden and trends of type-specific human papillomavirus infections and related diseases in the latin america and Caribbean region
    D Maxwell Parkin
    Clinical Trial Service Unit and Epidemiological Studies Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Vaccine 26:L1-15. 2008
    ..anogenital region, oral cavity and pharynx) in terms of incidence and mortality, for the countries of the Latin America and Caribbean region...
  23. ncbi Risk factors for human papillomavirus exposure and co-factors for cervical cancer in Latin America and the Caribbean
    Maribel Almonte
    Non communicable Disease Epidemiology Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    Vaccine 26:L16-36. 2008
    The incidence of cervical cancer in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) is among the highest in the world...
  24. ncbi Obesity trends in Latin America: transiting from under- to overweight
    R Uauy
    Universidad de Chile, Instituto de Nutricion y Tecnologia de los Alimentos INTA, Casilla 138 11, Santiago, Chile
    J Nutr 131:893S-899S. 2001
    b>Latin America is undergoing a rapid demographic and nutritional transition. A recent WHO/PAHO survey on obesity in the region revealed an increasing trend in obesity as countries emerge from poverty, especially in urban areas...
  25. ncbi Demographic and health conditions of ageing in Latin America and the Caribbean
    Alberto Palloni
    Center for Demography and Ecology, University of Wisconsin, 1180 Observatory Drive, Room 4412, Madison, WI 53706, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 31:762-71. 2002
  26. ncbi Determinants of child morbidity in Latin America: a pooled analysis of interactions between parental education and economic status
    Laurel E Hatt
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Soc Sci Med 62:375-86. 2006
    ..We pool 12 Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) and nine Living Standards Measurement Surveys (LSMS) from Latin America, creating two large databases...
  27. ncbi The health and economic impact of dengue in Latin America
    Jaime R Torres
    Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Central de Venezuela, Caracas 1041 A, Venezuela
    Cad Saude Publica 23:S23-31. 2007
    In the last two decades, all countries in the tropical regions of Latin America have experienced marked increases in the incidence of both classic dengue and dengue hemorrhagic fever...
  28. ncbi Current status of human rabies transmitted by dogs in Latin America
    Maria Cristina Schneider
    Veterinary Public Health Unit, Pan American Health Organization, Washington, DC 20037 2895, USA
    Cad Saude Publica 23:2049-63. 2007
    ..Samples sent for rabies testing represent 0.05% of the estimated canine population (range: 0.001 to 0.2%). The countries are quite close to achieving the goal...
  29. ncbi Rabies transmitted by vampire bats to humans: an emerging zoonotic disease in Latin America?
    Maria Cristina Schneider
    Veterinary Public Health and Zoonoses, Pan American Health Organization World Health Organization, Washington, DC 20037 2895, United States of America
    Rev Panam Salud Publica 25:260-9. 2009
    Human rabies transmitted by vampire bats reached new heights in Latin America in 2005. A total of 55 human cases were reported in several outbreaks, 41 of them in the Amazon region of Brazil...
  30. pmc Antiretroviral therapy in resource-limited settings 1996 to 2006: patient characteristics, treatment regimens and monitoring in sub-Saharan Africa, Asia and Latin America
    Olivia Keiser
    Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine ISPM, University of Bern, Finkenhubelweg 11, 3012 Bern, Switzerland
    Trop Med Int Health 13:870-9. 2008
    ..To describe temporal trends in baseline clinical characteristics, initial treatment regimens and monitoring of patients starting antiretroviral therapy (ART) in resource-limited settings...
  31. ncbi The future of Chagas disease control
    Chris J Schofield
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, WC1E 7HT, UK
    Trends Parasitol 22:583-8. 2006
    ....
  32. ncbi Epidemiologic situation of human rabies in Latin America in 2004
    M C Schneider
    Epidemiol Bull 26:2-4. 2005
  33. ncbi [Understanding snake venoms: 50 years of research in Latin America]
    Jose Maria Gutierrez
    Instituto Clodomiro Picado, Facultad de Microbiologia, Universidad de Costa Rica, San Jose, Costa Rica
    Rev Biol Trop 50:377-94. 2002
    ..the chemical composition and the mechanism of action of toxins present in the venoms of snakes distributed in Latin America. Venom proteins involved in neurotoxicity, coagulopathies, hemorrhage and muscle necrosis are discussed, ..
  34. ncbi Understanding the burden of epilepsy in Latin America: a systematic review of its prevalence and incidence
    Jorge G Burneo
    Epilepsy Programme, Department of Clinical Neurological Sciences, London Health Sciences Center, University of Western Ontario, 339 Windermere Road, London, Ont, Canada N6A 5A5
    Epilepsy Res 66:63-74. 2005
    ..Because epidemiological and clinical characteristics of epilepsy vary by region, it is important to know the peculiarities of epilepsy in this area of the American continent...
  35. ncbi Survey of bloodstream infections due to gram-negative bacilli: frequency of occurrence and antimicrobial susceptibility of isolates collected in the United States, Canada, and Latin America for the SENTRY Antimicrobial Surveillance Program, 1997
    D J Diekema
    Department of Pathology, University of Iowa College of Medicine, Iowa City 52242, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 29:595-607. 1999
    ..organisms were reported from SENTRY hospitals in Canada (8 sites), the United States (30 sites), and Latin America (10 sites)...
  36. ncbi Indigenous health in Latin America and the Caribbean
    Raul A Montenegro
    Universidad Nacional de Cordoba, Facultad de Psicologia, Cordoba, Argentina
    Lancet 367:1859-69. 2006
    ..We look briefly at the current state of Indigenous health in Latin America and the Caribbean, a region with over 400 different indigenous groups and a total population of 45 to 48 ..
  37. ncbi Cataract in Latin America: findings from nine recent surveys
    Hans Limburg
    International Centre for Eye Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    Rev Panam Salud Publica 25:449-55. 2009
    To review recent data on blindness and low vision due to cataract in Latin America.
  38. ncbi [National health research systems in Latin America: a 14-country review]
    Jackeline Alger
    Instituto de Enfermedades Infecciosas y Parasitología Antonio Vidal, Tegucigalpa, Honduras
    Rev Panam Salud Publica 26:447-57. 2009
    ..Instituting good NHRS governance/management is of utmost importance to how efficiently ministries of health, other government players, and society-at-large can tackle health research...
  39. ncbi Stability, distribution and use of antivenoms for snakebite envenomation in Latin America: report of a workshop
    Jose Maria Gutierrez
    Instituto Clodomiro Picado, Facultad de Microbiologia, Universidad de Costa Rica, 1000 San José, Costa Rica
    Toxicon 53:625-30. 2009
    ..of antivenom stability and distribution, and the training of health staff in the correct use of antivenoms in Latin America were discussed in a workshop held at Instituto Clodomiro Picado, Costa Rica, in September 16-19, 2008, under ..
  40. ncbi Snakebite-induced acute kidney injury in Latin America
    Fábia M Oliveira Pinho
    Department of Medicine, Catholic University of Goias, Goiania, Brazil
    Semin Nephrol 28:354-62. 2008
    There are 4 genera of venomous snakes in Latin America: Bothrops, Crotalus, Lachesis, and Micrurus. Acute kidney injury (AKI) has been reported consistently after Bothrops and Crotalus envenomations...
  41. ncbi Divergence between sympatric rice- and maize-infecting populations of Rhizoctonia solani AG-1 IA from Latin America
    A D González-Vera
    DANAC Fundación para la Investigación Agrícola, Laboratorio de Protección Vegetal, San Javier, Yaracuy Universidad Central de Venezuela, Facultad de Agronomia, Maracay, Aragua, Venezuela
    Phytopathology 100:172-82. 2010
    ABSTRACT The basidiomycetous fungus Rhizoctonia solani anastomosis group (AG)-1 IA is a major pathogen in Latin America causing sheath blight (SB) of rice...
  42. ncbi Obesity trends and determinant factors in Latin America
    Juliana Kain
    Instituto de Nutricion y Tecnologia de los Alimentos, Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile
    Cad Saude Publica 19:S77-86. 2003
    Obesity rates have increased markedly in Latin America, especially during the last 10-15 years, becoming a public health problem in most countries...
  43. ncbi [Sex education and HIV prevention: an evaluation in Latin America and the Caribbean]
    Lisa M DeMaria
    Instituto Nacional de Salud Publica, Cuernavaca, Mexico
    Rev Panam Salud Publica 26:485-93. 2009
    To present, through an evaluation in Latin America and the Caribbean, the current regulatory and curricular landscape of sexuality and HIV prevention in the school setting, and contrast it with sexual behaviors as reported by demographic ..
  44. pmc Capacity-building in family health: innovative in-service training program for teams in Latin America
    Yves Talbot
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of Toronto, 263 McCaul St, 4th Floor, Toronto, ON M5T 1W7, Canada
    Can Fam Physician 55:613-3.e1-6. 2009
    ..OBJECTIVE OF THE PROGRAM To implement a model of in-service training in primary health care for interdisciplinary teams of primary health care professionals from Brazil and Chile...
  45. ncbi The north and south of candidemia: Issues for Latin America
    Arnaldo Lopes Colombo
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Federal University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Drugs Today (Barc) 44:1-34. 2008
    ..The different distribution profiles of Candida species underlying candidemia seen in Latin America, North America, Canada and Europe, along with the emergence of antifungal drug resistance, make it essential ..
  46. pmc First report of plasmid-mediated qnrA1 in a ciprofloxacin-resistant Escherichia coli strain in Latin America
    Mariana Castanheira
    Laboratório ALERTA, Universidade Federal de Sao Paulo, Rua Pedro de Toledo, 781 6o Andar, Sao Paulo, SP, and Unidade de Microbiologia, Serviço de Patologia Clínica, Hospital de Clinicas, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil
    Antimicrob Agents Chemother 51:1527-9. 2007
    ..This is the first report of a qnrA-carrying isolate in a Latin American country...
  47. ncbi Physical activity interventions in Latin America: a systematic review
    Christine M Hoehner
    Prevention Research Center, Saint Louis University School of Public Health, St Louis, Missouri 63104, USA
    Am J Prev Med 34:224-233. 2008
    ..Community Guide) have not been systematically examined or applied in developing countries such as those in Latin America. The aim of this systematic review was to assess the current evidence base concerning interventions to ..
  48. ncbi Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and body mass index in five Latin America cities: the PLATINO study
    Maria Montes de Oca
    Servicio de Neumonologia, Hospital Universitario de Caracas, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Central de Venezuela, Piso 8, Los Chaguaramos, 1030 Caracas, Venezuela
    Respir Med 102:642-50. 2008
    ..We examined characteristics by BMI categories in the total and COPD populations in five Latin-American cities, and explored the factors influencing BMI in COPD...
  49. ncbi Congestive heart failure in Latin America: the next epidemic
    Luz A Cubillos-Garzón
    Heart Failure Council, Colombian Society of Cardiology, Bogota, Colombia
    Am Heart J 147:412-7. 2004
    ..Properly conducted clinical and epidemiologic studies are needed to identify, implement, and evaluate preventive strategies that are likely to succeed within the specific context of LAC...
  50. ncbi Molecular epidemiology of hepatitis B virus in Latin America
    Rodolfo H Campos
    Catedra de Virologia, Facultad de Farmacia y Bioquimica, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Ciudad de Buenos Aires, Argentina
    J Clin Virol 34:S8-S13. 2005
    ..Genotypes F and H are considered indigenous to Latin America. The most prevalent genetic group of Central and South America, genotype F, is subdivided into two subtypes ..
  51. ncbi Understanding the factors associated with differences in caesarean section rates at hospital level: the case of Latin America
    Monica Taljaard
    Ottawa Health Research Institute and University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada
    Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 23:574-81. 2009
    As in many other regions of the world, caesarean section (CS) rates in Latin America are increasing...
  52. ncbi Efficacy and safety of an oral live attenuated human rotavirus vaccine against rotavirus gastroenteritis during the first 2 years of life in Latin American infants: a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase III study
    Alexandre C Linhares
    Instituto Evandro Chagas, Secretaria de Vigilância em Saúde, Ministry of Health, Belem, Para, Brazil
    Lancet 371:1181-9. 2008
    ..We therefore aimed to assess the 2-year efficacy and safety of an oral live attenuated human rotavirus vaccine for prevention of severe gastroenteritis in infants...
  53. ncbi Recommendations for cervical cancer prevention in Latin America and the Caribbean
    Nubia Munoz
    Instituto Nacional de Cancerologia, Bogota, Colombia
    Vaccine 26:L96-L107. 2008
    Cervical cancer control in the Latin America and Caribbean (LAC) region has been, and remains, a priority and a major public health challenge...
  54. ncbi Cardiometabolic disease in latin america: the role of fetal programming in response to maternal malnutrition
    Patricio Lopez-Jaramillo
    Dirección de Investigaciones de la Fundación Cardiovascular de Colombia y de la Facultad de Medicina de la Universidad de Santander UDES, Bucaramanga, Colombia
    Rev Esp Cardiol 62:670-6. 2009
    b>Latin America is experiencing an epidemic of cardiovascular disease and type-2 diabetes mellitus...
  55. ncbi Cataract surgery rates in latin america: a four-year longitudinal study of 19 countries
    Van C Lansingh
    Fundacion Vision, Asuncion, Paraguay, Fundacion Hugo Nano, Buenos Aires, Argentina, and International Agency for the Prevention of Blindness VISION 2020 LA office, Buenos Aires, Argentina
    Ophthalmic Epidemiol 17:75-81. 2010
    ..To collect cataract surgery rates data in 19 Latin American countries over a 4-year period as data published to date have been limited...
  56. ncbi [Health systems reform and equity in Latin America and the Caribbean: lessons from the 1980s and 1990s]
    Celia Almeida
    Departamento de Administração e Planejamento em Saúde, Escola Nacional de Saude Publica, Fundacao Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, 21041 210, Brasil
    Cad Saude Publica 18:905-25. 2002
    This essay proposes a review of the issues of equity and reform in Latin America and the Caribbean in the context of changes in recent decades, emphasizing the discussion of health systems reform...
  57. ncbi Traffic accidents scar Latin America's roads
    Barbara Fraser
    Lancet 366:703-4. 2005
  58. ncbi Twenty-five years of research on medicinal plants in Latin America: a personal view
    João B Calixto
    Department of Pharmacology, Centre of Biological Sciences, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Campus Universitario, Trindade, 88049 900 Florianopolis, SC, Brazil
    J Ethnopharmacol 100:131-4. 2005
    ....
  59. ncbi Epidemic of overweight and obesity in Latin America and the Caribbean
    Christian F Rueda-Clausen
    Int J Cardiol 125:111-2. 2008
  60. ncbi Management of the nontoxic multinodular goiter in Latin America: comparison with North America and Europe, an electronic survey
    Leandro Arthur Diehl
    Servico de Endocrinologia, Centro de Ciencias da Saude, Universidade Estadual de Londrina, Avenue Robert Koch 60, Londrina, Parana, Brazil 86 038 350
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 90:117-23. 2005
    ..Levothyroxine therapy is less used by LATS than by ATA or ETA members, and a more aggressive therapeutic strategy is generally preferred by members of LATS and ETA compared with ATA...
  61. ncbi Factors and outcomes associated with the induction of labour in Latin America
    G V Guerra
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School of Medical Sciences, University of Campinas UNICAMP, Campinas, Brazil
    BJOG 116:1762-72. 2009
    To describe the prevalence of labour induction, together with its risk factors and outcomes in Latin America.
  62. ncbi Clinical profile of Trypanosoma cruzi infection in a non-endemic setting: immigration and Chagas disease in Barcelona (Spain)
    Jose Munoz
    Barcelona Centre for International Health Research CRESIB, IDIBAPS, Hospital Clinic Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
    Acta Trop 111:51-5. 2009
    Chagas disease is no longer limited to Latin America and is becoming frequent in industrialised countries in Europe and United States.
  63. ncbi Cross-national burden of painful diabetic peripheral neuropathy in Asia, Latin America, and the Middle East
    Deborah L Hoffman
    Pfizer, Inc, New London, Connecticut, USA
    Pain Pract 9:35-42. 2009
    ..Study sample is: 401 patients (163 in Asia, 110 in Latin America and 128 in the Middle East), mostly female (61%) (+/- standard deviation, SD), age of 57 +/- 10 years...
  64. ncbi Epidemiology of osteoporosis in Latin America 2008
    Gregorio Riera-Espinoza
    UNILIME, Universidad de Carabobo, IVSS, Valencia, Venezuela
    Salud Publica Mex 51:S52-5. 2009
    Osteoporosis is a growing disease in Latin America, rates of fractures actually in LA are quite similar to the ones in Southern Europe and slightly lower than USA and Northern Europe...
  65. pmc Dissemination of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus USA300 sequence type 8 lineage in Latin America
    Jinnethe Reyes
    Molecular Genetics and Antimicrobial Resistance Unit, Universidad El Bosque, Bogota, Colombia
    Clin Infect Dis 49:1861-7. 2009
    ..Recently, a variant of the MRSA USA300 clone emerged and disseminated in South America, causing important clinical problems...
  66. ncbi A framework for evaluating community-based physical activity promotion programmes in Latin America
    Thomas L Schmid
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division of Nutrition and Physical Activity, Physical Activity and Health Branch, 4770 Buford Highway, Mail Stop K 46, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Promot Educ 13:112-8. 2006
    ..Activity Evaluation Handbook could be easily adapted for use in culturally diverse communities, especially in Latin America. This paper describes a 6-step evaluation process and provides the full set of recommendations from the Rio de ..
  67. ncbi Treatment of mucosal leishmaniasis in Latin America: systematic review
    Valdir Sabbaga Amato
    Infectious and Parasitic Clinic, Hospital das Clinicas, University of Sao Paulo School of Medicine, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 77:266-74. 2007
    ..The aim of this study is to determine the best drug management for treatment of ML in Latin America based on the best studies offered by the medical literature...
  68. ncbi Determinants of human papillomavirus vaccine acceptability in Latin America and the Caribbean
    Jennifer L Winkler
    PATH, Seattle, WA, USA
    Vaccine 26:L73-9. 2008
    ..HPV) vaccines provide promise as a key component of future cervical cancer prevention programs in the Latin America and the Caribbean region...
  69. ncbi Survey data for the study of aging in Latin America and the Caribbean: selected studies
    Rebeca Wong
    University of Maryland, USA
    J Aging Health 18:157-79. 2006
    ..of the data collection studies that can assist researchers in examining population aging processes in the Latin America and Caribbean region with an emphasis on cross-national comparisons, including the population of Mexican ..
  70. ncbi [Characterization of invasive isolates of S. pneumoniae, H. influenzae, and N. meningitidis in Latin America and the Caribbean: SIREVA II, 2000-2005]
    Jean Marc Gabastou
    Area de Tecnología y Prestación de Servicios de Salud, Unidad de Medicamentos Esenciales, Vacunas y Tecnologías en Salud, Organizacion Panamericana de la Salud, Quito, Ecuador
    Rev Panam Salud Publica 24:1-15. 2008
    ..antibiotics of the circulating strains of Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, and Neisseria meningitidis circulating in Latin America and the Caribbean from 2000-2005. Potential coverage by conjugate vaccines was evaluated.
  71. ncbi Major depressive disorder in Latin America: the relationship between depression severity, painful somatic symptoms, and quality of life
    Rodrigo A Munoz
    University of San Diego, CA, USA
    J Affect Disord 86:93-8. 2005
    ....
  72. ncbi Prevalence of dementia in Latin America: a collaborative study of population-based cohorts
    Ricardo Nitrini
    Department of Neurology, University of Sao Paulo School of Medicine, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Int Psychogeriatr 21:622-30. 2009
    Dementia is becoming a major public health problem in Latin America (LA), yet epidemiological information on dementia remains scarce in this region...
  73. pmc Population normative data for the 10/66 Dementia Research Group cognitive test battery from Latin America, India and China: a cross-sectional survey
    Ana Luisa Sosa
    National Institute of Neurology and Neurosurgery of Mexico, Mexico City, Mexico
    BMC Neurol 9:48. 2009
    ....
  74. ncbi Interethnic variability and admixture in Latin America--social implications
    Francisco M Salzano
    Departamento de Genetica, Instituto de Biociencias, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Caixa Postal 15053, 91501 970 Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil
    Rev Biol Trop 52:405-15. 2004
    ..The right to equal opportunity should be strictly respected. Biological inequality has nothing to do with the ethical principle that someone's position in a given society should be an accurate reflection of her/his individual ability...
  75. ncbi Asthma in Latin America: a public heath challenge and research opportunity
    P J Cooper
    Centro de Investigaciones FEPIS, Quininde, Esmeraldas Province Ecuador
    Allergy 64:5-17. 2009
    ..Asthma in Latin America is associated particularly with underprivileged populations living in cities but remains relatively rare in ..
  76. ncbi The growing burden of dengue in Latin America
    Roberto Tapia-Conyer
    Carso Health Institute, Mexico City, Mexico
    J Clin Virol 46:S3-6. 2009
    The re-emergence and subsequent failure to control dengue in Latin America provides a compelling illustration of the clinical, political and socio-economic challenges to eradicating dengue across the world...
  77. ncbi Tuberculosis and airflow obstruction: evidence from the PLATINO study in Latin America
    A M B Menezes
    Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil
    Eur Respir J 30:1180-5. 2007
    ..Among females, the unadjusted and adjusted odds ratios were 2.3 and 1.7, respectively. In conclusion, history of tuberculosis is associated with airflow obstruction in Latin American middle-aged and older adults...
  78. ncbi Perceived barriers and benefits to cervical cancer screening in Latin America
    I Agurto
    Pan American Health Organization, Washington, DC 20037, USA
    Prev Med 39:91-8. 2004
    ....
  79. pmc Prevention, control, and elimination of neglected diseases in the Americas: pathways to integrated, inter-programmatic, inter-sectoral action for health and development
    John C Holveck
    Area of Health Surveillance and Disease Management, Pan American Health Organization World Health Organization, Washington DC 20037, USA
    BMC Public Health 7:6. 2007
    In the Latin America and Caribbean region over 210 million people live below the poverty line. These impoverished and marginalized populations are heavily burdened with neglected communicable diseases...
  80. ncbi Molecular characterization of invasive serogroup Y Neisseria meningitidis strains isolated in the Latin America region
    Raquel Abad
    Reference Laboratory for Meningococci, Centro Nacional de Microbiologia, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Ctra Majadahonda Pozuelo, Km2, 28220 Majadahonda, Madrid, Spain
    J Infect 59:104-14. 2009
    To improve the understanding of serogroup Y invasive meningococcal disease (IMD) in Latin America, particularly IMD molecular epidemiology; 166 Y serogroup isolates received at the National Reference Laboratories of Argentina, Brazil, ..
  81. pmc Programmes, resources, and needs of HIV-prevention nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in Africa, Central/Eastern Europe and Central Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean
    J A Kelly
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Medicine, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI 53202, USA
    AIDS Care 18:12-21. 2006
    ..nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in 75 countries in Africa, Central/Eastern Europe and Central Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean...
  82. ncbi Melasma in Latin America: options for therapy and treatment algorithm
    T Cestari
    University of Rio Grande do Sul, Hospital de Clinicas de Porto Alegre, Brazil
    J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 23:760-72. 2009
    ..To examine approaches to therapy for melasma in Latin Americans and to propose treatment algorithms for patients with mild, moderate and severe melasma...
  83. ncbi Dengue and dengue hemorrhagic fever in Latin America and the Caribbean
    R E Isturiz
    Departamento de Medicina, Centro Medico de Caracas, Venezuela
    Infect Dis Clin North Am 14:121-40, ix. 2000
    ..and mortality, constituting one of the most rapidly expanding and re-emerging infectious disease problems in Latin America. In less than 20 years, the region has transformed itself from hypoendemic to hyperendemic, while serotype ..
  84. ncbi Review of recent surveys on blindness and visual impairment in Latin America
    Hans Limburg
    International Centre for Eye Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    Br J Ophthalmol 92:315-9. 2008
    To review recent data on prevalence and causes of blindness and visual impairment in Latin America.
  85. ncbi Child mental health in Latin America: present and future epidemiologic research
    Cristiane Duarte
    Universidade Federal de Sao Paulo Escola Paulista de Medicina, Brazil
    Int J Psychiatry Med 33:203-22. 2003
    This report reviews population studies of child and adolescent mental health carried out in Latin America over the past 15 years...
  86. ncbi Eight thousand years of economic and political history in Latin America revealed by anthropometry
    B Bogin
    Department of Behavioural Sciences, University of Michigan Dearborn, 48128, USA
    Ann Hum Biol 26:333-51. 1999
    ..Economic decline and political unrest in Guatemala since 1978 is associated with a significant decline in the mean stature of 10- and 11-year-old children from families from very high, moderate, and very low socioeconomic status...
  87. pmc Research on health inequalities in Latin America and the Caribbean: bibliometric analysis (1971-2000) and descriptive content analysis (1971-1995)
    Naomar Almeida-Filho
    Instituto De Saude Coletiva, Federal University of Bahia, Bahia, Brazil
    Am J Public Health 93:2037-43. 2003
    ..We also found remarkable diversity in research designs, however, along with strong consideration of ecological and ethnographic methods absent in other research traditions...
  88. ncbi Barriers to generalizability of health economic evaluations in Latin America and the Caribbean region
    Federico Augustovski
    Instituto de Efectividad Clínica y Sanitaria Servicio de Medicina Familiar y Comunitaria, Hospital Italiano, Buenos Aires, Argentina
    Pharmacoeconomics 27:919-29. 2009
    ..Therefore, a legitimate question for policy makers in Latin America and the Caribbean region (LAC) is to what extent HEEs conducted in industrialized economies and in LAC are ..
  89. ncbi Resistance trends of Acinetobacter spp. in Latin America and characterization of international dissemination of multi-drug resistant strains: five-year report of the SENTRY Antimicrobial Surveillance Program
    Maria Cristina Bronharo Tognim
    Laboratório Especial de Microbiologia Clínica, Disciplina de Doencas Infecciosas e Parasitarias, Universidade Federal de São Paulo SP, CEP 04025 010, Brazil
    Int J Infect Dis 8:284-91. 2004
    ..isolates collected from Latin American medical centers as part of the SENTRY Antimicrobial Surveillance Program and also to evaluate the dissemination of multi-drug resistant Acinetobacter spp. strains in the region...
  90. ncbi Cost-effectiveness of measles elimination in Latin America and the Caribbean: a prospective analysis
    Arnab Acharya
    Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex, Falmer Brighton, UK
    Vaccine 20:3332-41. 2002
    ..In 1994, the Americas set a goal of interrupting indigenous measles transmission from the Western Hemisphere by 2000. To accomplish this goal, the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) developed an enhanced measles vaccination strategy...
  91. ncbi Lutzomyia longipalpis and the eco-epidemiology of American visceral leishmaniasis, with particular reference to Brazil: a review
    Ralph Lainson
    Departamento de Parasitologia, Instituto Evandro Chagas, Belem, PA, Brazil
    Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 100:811-27. 2005
    ..Although effective control measures in foci of the disease will diminish the number of canine and human infections, the presence of such an enzootic in a variety of native animals will render the total eradication of AVL unlikely...
  92. ncbi Cervical cancer screening programs in Latin America and the Caribbean
    Raul Murillo
    Division of Research and Public Health, Instituto Nacional de Cancerología de Colombia, Bogota, Colombia
    Vaccine 26:L37-48. 2008
    b>Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) have a significant burden of cervical cancer...
  93. ncbi The epidemiology of rotavirus diarrhea in Latin America. Anticipating rotavirus vaccines
    Erin M Kane
    Viral Gastroenteritis Section, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Rev Panam Salud Publica 16:371-7. 2004
    To assess the disease burden and characterize the epidemiology of rotavirus diarrhea in Latin America.
  94. ncbi Mandatory second opinion to reduce rates of unnecessary caesarean sections in Latin America: a cluster randomised controlled trial
    Fernando Althabe
    Latin American Center for Perinatology, Pan American Health Organization, WHO, Montevideo, Uruguay
    Lancet 363:1934-40. 2004
    b>Latin America has a high rate of caesarean sections...
  95. ncbi Cost-effectiveness of pneumococcal conjugate vaccination in Latin America and the Caribbean: a regional analysis
    Anushua Sinha
    University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, New Jersey Medical School, Newark, New Jersey 07090, United States of America
    Rev Panam Salud Publica 24:304-13. 2008
    In Latin America and the Caribbean, routine vaccination of infants against Streptococcus pneumoniae would need substantial investment by governments and donor organizations...
  96. ncbi The prevalence of diagnosed diabetes among the elderly of seven cities in Latin America and the Caribbean: The Health Wellbeing and Aging (SABE) Project
    ALBERTO BARCELO
    Pan American Health Organization, 525 23rd St NW, Washington, DC 20037 2895, USA
    J Aging Health 18:224-39. 2006
    ..To examine the relation of diagnosed diabetes mellitus (DM) to the level of education and body mass index (BMI) among the elderly of seven cities using data from SABE...
  97. ncbi [Breast cancer trends in Latin America and the Caribbean]
    Rafael Lozano-Ascencio
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, 2301, 5th Ave, Suite 600, Seattle, WA 98121, USA
    Salud Publica Mex 51:s147-56. 2009
    ..Breast cancer is currently the most significant cause of death from malignancies in Latin American women, including cervical cancer...
  98. ncbi Funding of pilot projects in Latin America: a tool for capacity building in occupational health research
    Sarah A Felknor
    Southwest Center for Occupational and Environmental Health, The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, School of Public Health, Houston, Texas 77225 0186, USA
    Int J Occup Environ Health 12:408-14. 2006
    ..Funding pilot research projects in developing countries is an effective, practical, and useful tool for training new investigators in research techniques and developing collaborative relationships among countries...
  99. ncbi High prevalence of diabetes and impaired fasting glucose in urban Latin America: the CARMELA Study
    J Escobedo
    Medical Research Unit on Clinical Epidemiology, Mexican Social Security Institute, Mexico City, Mexico
    Diabet Med 26:864-71. 2009
    ..The Cardiovascular Risk Factor Multiple Evaluation in Latin America (CARMELA) study was designed to estimate the prevalence of Type 2 diabetes, impaired fasting glucose and ..
  100. ncbi Leading countries in mental health research in Latin America and the Caribbean
    Denise Razzouk
    Department of Psychiatry, Universidade Federal de Sao Paulo UNIFESP, Sao Paulo SP, Brazil
    Rev Bras Psiquiatr 29:118-22. 2007
    ..The objective of this paper is to describe the development of mental health research in Latin American and the Caribbean countries from 1995 to 2005...
  101. ncbi [Toxicological and immunological aspects of scorpion venom (Tytius pachyurus): neutralizing capacity of antivenoms produced in Latin America]
    Jacqueline Barona
    Programa de Ofidismo Escorpionismo, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Antioquia, Medellin, Colombia
    Biomedica 24:42-9. 2004
    ..The results allow to conclude that T. pachyurus venom is neutralized efficiently by anti-scorpion antivenoms produced in México and Brasil...

Research Grants70

  1. Latin American Center for Malaria Research and Control
    SOCRATES HERRERA VALENCIA; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..is a comprehensive project designed to establish an international Center of Excellence for Malaria Research in Latin America (CLAIM) composed of multiple public and private research centers from the endemic countries, the USA and ..
  2. Regulation of the Vibrio cholerae intestinal exit plan
    ANISIA J SILVA BENITEZ; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..RELEVANCE: Cholera continues to cause seasonal outbreaks in highly populated regions in Asia, Africa and Latin America. This disease is caused by Vibrio cholerae of serogroups O1 and O139 which are transmitted person-to-person by ..
  3. Biopsychosocial Determinants of Adolescent Obesity/Cardiovascular Risk
    Sheila Gahagan; Fiscal Year: 2012
    The prevalence of adolescent obesity is high in the U.S., and in Latin America. While dramatic environmental changes in the food and physical environment are associated with increased risk, there continues to be inadequate understanding ..
  4. NICHD INTERNATIONAL & DOMESTIC PEDIATRIC &MATERNAL HIV STUDIES COORDINATING CTR
    CAROL NESEL; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Network, currently composed of 25 domestic sites in 13 states and territories and 9 international sites in Latin America, plus a Data Coordinating Center (DCC)...
  5. Rational Development of Anti-Trypanosoma Cruzi Drugs
    Michael H Gelb; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Trypanosoma cruzi, the etiologic agent of Chagas disease, is widespread in Latin America and causes cardiomyopathy and pathological dilations of the gastrointestinal tract...
  6. K777 for treatment of Chagas Disease: IND-enabling Studies and IND Submission
    Robert Don; Fiscal Year: 2012
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Chagas disease remains a major health problem in Latin America due to lack of an effective preventative vaccine and inadequate treatments post-infection...
  7. Substituting Brown Rice for White Rice: Effect on Diabetes Risk Factors in India
    Mohan Viswanathan; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The long-term goal is to develop a multi-center nutritional-intervention in India, China, Africa and Latin America to create sustainable diabetes prevention strategies through improving carbohydrate quality...
  8. Training in Environmental Health to Reduce Chronic Disease in Latin America
    Philip J Landrigan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of Community and Preventive Medicine at Mount Sinai School of Medicine is to train health professionals in Latin America to implement research and service programs that identify, treat and prevent chronic disease of environmental ..
  9. Research Training Prog in Reproductive Biol & Med for Latin American Scientists
    John E Nestler; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..jointly offer translational research training in reproductive biology to junior scientists from throughout Latin America. Potential trainees will submit applications to the University of Chile, which will be responsible for ..
  10. Catalytic Antibody-Based Vaccine For Weight Loss
    AMANDA LEE GARNER; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..States, overweight and obesity is significantly on the rise in developing nations such as China, India and Latin America representing a global public health crisis...
  11. Geographically robust rapid assay for T. cruzi infection
    SYAMAL X RAYCHAUDHURI; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..cruzi) infections. T. cruzi is transmitted via blood transfusions, is prevalent in Latin America, and is the causative agent for fatal chagas disease...
  12. Novel Tetravalent Vaccines for Dengue Virus
    ROBERT GERALD WHALEN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..in the continental United States, it is endemic in Puerto Rico, and in many popular tourist destinations in Latin America and Southeast Asia...
  13. Targeted screening for Taenia solium tapeworms
    SETH E O'NEAL; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..In Latin America, over 400,000 people of all ages and socioeconomic classes have symptomatic NCC...
  14. Alum-absorbed subunit vaccine to prevent intestinal amebiasis
    David M Lyerly; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..dose and food and water-bone transmission, and an important cause of diarrhea in children in Africa, Asia and Latin America. The candidate vaccine antigen is the LecA domain of the E...
  15. Chagas Disease Confirmatory Assay
    Andrew Levin; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The disease is endemic in 21 countries in Latin America in which over 100 million people are at risk of infection, and is responsible for an annual loss of roughly $6...
  16. Cinema Smoking and Youth Smoking in Latin America
    James Thrasher; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The study will build capacity for such research and begin to formulate culturally relevant policies to control these important risk factors. ..
  17. Confirmatory Immunoblot Test for Chagas'Disease
    ANDREW E LEVIN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..which affects over 10 million people living in tropical regions of the Americas, is endemic in 21 countries in Latin America in which over 100 million people are at risk of infection, and is responsible for an annual loss of roughly $6...
  18. Retrotranslocation of cholera toxin AI-chain from ER ot cytosol and cell response
    Jin Ah Cho; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Cholera remains prevalent in many parts of Asia, Africa and Latin America and outbreaks can occur in areas affected by natural disasters, wars and famines [1].
  19. Examining Human Behavior in Dengue Prevention Efforts in Iquitos, Peru
    VALERIE ANDREA PAZ-SOLDAN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of birth and upbringing, as a research assistant professor and to direct Tulane's Health Office for Latin America. Three years ago I found my niche as a social scientist working on dengue prevention, but I need training and ..
  20. Vaccines for the Treatment of Opiate Addiction
    Kim D Janda; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..related to intravenous drug use has risen dramatically in Eastern Europe, Asia, Iran, North Africa, and in Latin America. It has been noted that there is less than 20% coverage of the IDUs who receive HIV treatment and care in ..
  21. Community-based Participatory Research: A Tool to Advance Cookstove Interventions
    MAGGIE LYNN CLARK; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The research team will build upon previous studies in Latin America that have focused on identifying and validating appropriate field techniques for exposure and health ..
  22. Pathogenesis of Trypanosoma cruzi infection
    Roberto Docampo; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Morbidity and mortality associated with Chagas disease in Latin America exceed better-known conditions such as malaria, tuberculosis, or AIDS. Millions of people are affected by this trypanosomiasis...
  23. Crossing Borders: HIV and Substance use at the Gateway to North America
    Kimberly C Brouwer; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Since the HIV epidemic in most of Latin America is still concentrated, there is a critical window of opportunity to prevent transition to a generalized ..
  24. Rapid Label-Free Detection of Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia
    Lydia L Sohn; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..In Latin America, where APL is the most frequent subtype of acute myeloid leukemia (AML), the mortality rate is significantly ..
  25. Head and Neck Cancer Risk Prediction Model
    Yuan Chin Amy Lee; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..INHANCE) Consortium reported that tobacco and alcohol use account for a large proportion of cases in Latin America (83%) and Europe (84%) but only 51% of head and neck cancer (HNC) cases in the United States...
  26. Characterization of Potassium Channels in the Human Parasite Trypanosoma Cruzi
    Veronica Jimenez; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Endemic in Latin America, it is one of the leading causes of congestive heart failure in the world...
  27. Global Health Partnership at UCSD and SDSU
    Steffanie Strathdee; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..positioned to offer a Global Health research and training program that is focused on border health and Latin America. Our participating faculty has expertise spanning a broad range of disciplines in Global Health, including ..
  28. Improving blood safety and HIV testing in Brazil: a randomized controlled trial
    THELMA THEREZINHA GONCALEZ; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Because our study is integrated into the routine donation system of the largest blood bank in Latin America, results can immediately change donor screening policies and the intervention has feasible scale-up elsewhere ..
  29. Trypanosoma cruzi Antioxidant Systems, Virulence and Parasite Persistence in Chag
    Rafael Radi; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Chagas disease caused by the parasitic protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi remains a major public health concern in Latin America and is now spreading worldwide. At the chronic stage, the disease is commonly fatal...
  30. Transcriptome profiling of Trypanosoma cruzi and its host cell
    Najib M El-Sayed; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..As a leading cause of heart failure in Latin America, Chagas'disease represents a public health problem of exceptional importance in endemic countries as well ..
  31. Obesity, Muscle Strength, and Disability in Older Mexican Americans and Elders fr
    Soham Al Snih; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..S.) and elders from Latin America and the Caribbean...
  32. Point-of-care immunoassay for diagnosis of histoplasmosis in HIV/AIDS
    Sean Bauman; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..is a common and life-threatening fungal infection among patients with HIV/AIDS in the United States and Latin America. Incidence rates in HIV/AIDS can be >20%, with mortality rates >30% in resource-limited countries where ..
  33. Early Detection of Congenital Chagas Disease
    Robert H Gilman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..An estimated 8 million persons have lifelong T. cruzi infection in Latin America. Approximately 5% of T...
  34. Omega-3 fatty acid supplementation and allergic diseases in children
    Isabelle Romieu; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..In Latin America and Mexico, these diseases also constitute a major public health problem...
  35. H. pylori ancestral haplotype a gastric cancer risk determinant in Latin America
    Douglas Morgan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Gastric cancer has a marked geographic variability, with high incidence areas including Latin America and eastern Asia, which affords the opportunity for accelerated scientific investigation and focused ..
  36. Genome wide association study of breast cancer subtype and survival in Latinas
    Laura Fejerman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..4 we will genotype 192 SNPs (previously confirmed or suggestive variants) in 600 Argentine cases from the US-Latin America Cancer Research Network study...
  37. Improving Food Security and Nutrition to Promote ART Adherence in Latin America
    Homero Martinez; Fiscal Year: 2010
    b>Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) is the second most affected region in the world by HIV/AIDS...
  38. Vanderbilt-Emory-Cornell-Duke Consortium for Global Health Fellows (VECDor)
    Sten H Vermund; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..diverse, well-funded research sites in Africa (Kenya, Zambia, Tanzania, Rwanda), Asia (India, China, Vietnam), Latin America (Brazil, Mexico), and the Caribbean (Haiti)...
  39. Effects of Climate Change on Cholera Dynamics and Prediction
    Shafiqul Islam; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..within a predictive cholera-climate model for three different regions (South Asia, Sub-Saharan Africa, and Latin America) of the world...
  40. Global gene expression analysis of Trypanosoma cruzi under hyperosmotic stress
    Roberto Docampo; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..that can also be transmitted by blood transfusion and is the leading cause of congestive heart failure in Latin America. Our goal is to find ways of interfering with Trypanosoma cruzi metabolic pathways as a strategy of ..
  41. Advances in Plasmodium Vivax Malaria Research
    Jane M Carlton; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..vivax is responsible for a significant proportion of global disease, and half of all malaria cases in Latin America and Asia. Despite recent recognition that the overall burden, economic impact, and severity of P...
  42. 9th International Congress of Vertebrate Morphology: Jaw Development Symposium
    Richard A Schneider; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..There has not been an equivalent scientific meeting of this kind or magnitude in Latin America. Thus, the Jaw Symposium and the ICVM-9 in general will offer an unparalleled forum for the establishment of ..
  43. Health Conditions among Elderly in Latin America
    ALBERTO B PALLONI; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..determinants of health status and disability of elderly populations in Mexico, and in seven capital cities of Latin America (Argentina, Barbados, Brazil, Cuba, Chile, Mexico, and Uruguay);to identify determinants of health and ..
  44. Ethics of research in Latin American countries. Advanced Program
    FERNANDO S LOLAS; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..of research ethics and the incorporation of responsible conduct of research to scientific training in Latin America. The program of studies and curriculum development is explicitly oriented towards anthropological analysis, ..
  45. Vaccinology in the Tropics: Vaccines in a Globalized World Conference
    ARLENE ESTELLA CALVO; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..During the last decade, vaccine research in tropical countries in Asia, Australia, Africa and Latin America has developed exponentially and has created an impact on global disease epidemiology...
  46. Pediatric Traumatic Brain Injury in Latin America
    Nancy A Carney; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The incidence of traumatic brain injury (TBI) in Latin America is three times the international average. Worldwide, TBI is the leading cause of death and disability among children and adolescents...
  47. PEDIATRIC AND MATERNAL HIV STUDIES COORDINATING CENTER
    CAROL NESEL; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..HIV Clinical Trial Network (NICHD Network), have expanded to include international clinical trials sites in Latin America and the Caribbean...
  48. CHADSS: Chagas Disease Scan Study
    Jamary Oliveira-Filho; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..a parasitic infection affecting an estimated 18 million individuals and a major cause of heart failure in Latin America. Chagas disease conveys stroke risk through two established mechanisms: structural cardiac disease and chronic ..
  49. PEDIATRIC AND MATERNAL HIV STUDIES COORDINATING CENTER
    CAROL NESEL; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..HIV Clinical Trial Network (NICHD Network), have expanded to include international clinical trials sites in Latin America and the Caribbean...
  50. PEDIATRIC AND MATERNAL HIV STUDIES COORDINATING CENTER
    CAROL NESEL; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..HIV Clinical Trial Network (NICHD Network), have expanded to include international clinical trials sites in Latin America and the Caribbean...
  51. PEDIATRIC AND MATERNAL HIV STUDIES COORDINATING CENTER
    CAROL NESEL; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..HIV Clinical Trial Network (NICHD Network), have expanded to include international clinical trials sites in Latin America and the Caribbean...
  52. Characterization of Potassium Channels in the Human Parasite Trypanosoma Cruzi
    Veronica Jimenez; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Endemic en Latin America, it is one of the leading causes of congestive heart failure in the world...
  53. Structural Behavioral HIV Prevention for Male Sex Workers in Peru
    Angela M Bayer; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..As a global health researcher who specializes in the sociocultural dimensions of sexual health in Latin America, is fully bilingual and has lived and worked in Peru for the past eight years, I am in a unique position to ..
  54. Population-Based Studies in Hispanics: Methodological Issues in Cancer Research
    ERICK LEONARDO SUAREZ; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ....
  55. Immuno-Neuropathogenic mechanisms of HIV-1 clade B and C Infection
    Samikkannu Thangavel; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..North America, Canada, Brazil, Western Europe and Australia whereas clade C is found specifically in Africa, Latin America, China, India and Nepal...
  56. The Role of Trypanosome Calcium Signaling in Parasite Virulence and Transmission
    Brian T Emmer; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..cruzi infects an estimated 8-11 million people in Latin America and another 100,000 in the United States...
  57. Metabolomics-based discovery of small molecule biomarkers for noninvasive dengue
    Barry J Beaty; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..A dramatic increase in severe dengue disease (DEN) in Latin America in the last decade is of grave concern;30% of cases are now diagnosed as severe dengue virus (DENV) infections...
  58. Cancer Control Research Training Summer Institute
    GRAHAM A contact COLDITZ; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..2% of the population living In poverty and one of the highest poverty levels In Latin America, Guatemala's Infrastructure makes disease surveillance and research a challenge...
  59. Latin America Treatment &Innovation Network in Mental Health (LANTIN-MH)
    Paulo Rossi Menezes; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  60. HTS assay for the intracellular stages of T. cruzi, the vector of Chagas disease
    Juan Engel; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Approximately 25% of the population in Latin America is at risk of acquiring this infection...
  61. Florida Node Alliance of the Drug Abuse Clinic Trials Network
    Jose Szapocznik; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We have a total of 48 CTPs in the FNA. FNA also has a major commitment to expanding CTN benefits to Latin America including mentoring and training the emerging Mexico CTN Node...
  62. International Latino Research Partnership (ILRP)
    Margarita Alegria; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..our focus to Latino migrants because economic opportunities have moved unprecedented numbers of migrants from Latin America to host countries like Spain and the US...
  63. Sterol Biosynthesis in Trypanosomatid Parasites
    Frederick Buckner; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..causes serious morbidity, Chagas disease is caused by Trypanosoma cruzi and is endemic in over 20 countries in Latin America. An estimated 16-18 million persons are chronically infected and at risk for developing life threatening ..
  64. ENTAMOEBA HISTOLYTICA GENOME PROJECT
    Brendan Loftus; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..histolytica is a protozoan parasite that causes tens of millions of cases of dysentery and liver abscess in Latin America, Africa and Asia...
  65. Frontiers in Developmental Biology: Concepts, Techniques and Model Organisms
    Eric Wieschaus; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..be the second major collaborative training event between the Society for Developmental Biology and LASDB in Latin America, with the participation of distinguished scientists and top students from the United States (15) and Latin ..
  66. Azithromycin Combination Therapy in Resistant Malaria
    Charles Knirsch; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..malaria to standard antimalarial drugs is a major and growing threat to public health in Africa, Asia, and Latin America. Chloroquine treatment is now rarely effective. The usual replacement, Fansidar, is already losing efficacy...
  67. AZITHROMYCIN TREATMENT FOR DRUG-RESISTANT MALARIA
    Jonathan Berman; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..malaria to standard antimalarial drugs is a major and growing threat to public health in Africa, Asia, and Latin America. Pregnant women and young children bear the brunt of this disease...
  68. Intervenable Host Leishmania (Viannia) Interactions
    DIANE MCMAHON PRATT; Fiscal Year: 2009
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Dermal leishmaniasis is widely distributed throughout Latin America, where Leishmania of the Viannia subgenus predominate...
  69. Multidisciplinary approaches to emerging global health issues
    HALA AZZAM; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..research programs in Africa, the Middle-East, South Asia, Former Soviet Union, Eastern Europe and Latin America dispersed through all of its 6 schools (Medicine, Law, Dental, Nursing, Pharmacy and Social Work Schools) that ..
  70. RECOMBINANT TRYPANOSOMA CRUZI PROTEIN VACCINES
    LOUIS KIRCHHOFF; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..This illness is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in Latin America, and little progress has been made in controlling transmission of the causative agent to humans...