panama

Summary

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Molecular epidemiology of American tegumentary leishmaniasis in Panama
    Aracelis Miranda
    Instituto Conmemorativo Gorgas de Estudios de la Salud, Panama City, Panama
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 81:565-71. 2009
  2. pmc Lutzomyia sand fly diversity and rates of infection by Wolbachia and an exotic Leishmania species on Barro Colorado Island, Panama
    Jorge Azpurua
    Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Panama, Republica de Panama
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 4:e627. 2010
  3. ncbi Analysis of HIV-1 pol sequences from Panama: identification of phylogenetic clusters within subtype B and detection of antiretroviral drug resistance mutations
    Sara Ahumada-Ruiz
    Centro Nacional de Microbiologia, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Majadahonda, Ctra Majadahonda Pozuelo, Km 2, 28220 Majadahonda, Madrid, Spain
    Infect Genet Evol 9:933-40. 2009
  4. ncbi Characterization of Leishmania colombiensis sp. n (Kinetoplastida: Trypanosomatidae), a new parasite infecting humans, animals, and phlebotomine sand flies in Colombia and Panama
    R D Kreutzer
    Department of Biology, Youngstown State University, Ohio
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 44:662-75. 1991
  5. ncbi Spatial and temporal patterns of alkaloid variation in the poison frog Oophaga pumilio in Costa Rica and Panama over 30 years
    Ralph A Saporito
    Department of Biological Sciences, Florida International University, Miami, FL 33199, USA
    Toxicon 50:757-78. 2007
  6. ncbi Prevalence of Plasmodium falciparum mutations associated with antimalarial drug resistance during an epidemic in Kuna Yala, Panama, Central America
    Franklyn Samudio
    Instituto Conmemorativo Gorgas de Estudio de la Salud, ICGES, Panama, Republic of Panama
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 73:839-41. 2005
  7. ncbi Molecular characterisation of Trypanosoma rangeli strains isolated from Rhodnius ecuadoriensis in Peru, R. colombiensis in Colombia and R. pallescens in Panama, supports a co-evolutionary association between parasites and vectors
    D A Urrea
    Laboratorio de Investigaciones en Parasitología Tropical, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad del Tolima, A A No 546, Ibague, Colombia
    Infect Genet Evol 5:123-9. 2005
  8. ncbi Chromoblastomycosis caused by Chaetomium funicola: a case report from Western Panama
    M Piepenbring
    Department of Mycology, J W Goethe University at Frankfurt Main, Siesmayerstr 73, 60054 Frankfurt am Main, Germany
    Br J Dermatol 157:1025-9. 2007
  9. ncbi Genetic diversity and disease resistance in leaf-cutting ant societies
    William O H Hughes
    Zoological Institute, Department of Population Ecology, University of Copenhagen, Universitetsparken 15, 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark
    Evolution 58:1251-60. 2004
  10. ncbi Chytridiomycosis and amphibian population declines continue to spread eastward in Panama
    Douglas C Woodhams
    Institute of Zoology, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, 8057 Zurich, Switzerland
    Ecohealth 5:268-74. 2008

Detail Information

Publications246 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Molecular epidemiology of American tegumentary leishmaniasis in Panama
    Aracelis Miranda
    Instituto Conmemorativo Gorgas de Estudios de la Salud, Panama City, Panama
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 81:565-71. 2009
    American tegumentary leishmaniasis is an increasing public health problem in Panama. This study describes the clinical characteristics and the molecular epidemiology of leishmaniasis in Panama over a 5-year period (2004-2008)...
  2. pmc Lutzomyia sand fly diversity and rates of infection by Wolbachia and an exotic Leishmania species on Barro Colorado Island, Panama
    Jorge Azpurua
    Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Panama, Republica de Panama
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 4:e627. 2010
    ..Within the watershed of the Panama Canal, the cutaneous form of leishmaniasis is a continuous health threat for residents, tourists and members of an ..
  3. ncbi Analysis of HIV-1 pol sequences from Panama: identification of phylogenetic clusters within subtype B and detection of antiretroviral drug resistance mutations
    Sara Ahumada-Ruiz
    Centro Nacional de Microbiologia, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Majadahonda, Ctra Majadahonda Pozuelo, Km 2, 28220 Majadahonda, Madrid, Spain
    Infect Genet Evol 9:933-40. 2009
    ..the first study to examine phylogenetic relationships and drug resistance mutations in HIV-1 pol sequences from Panama. For this study, we used plasma RNA samples from 135 HIV-1-infected subjects from Panama, of which 82 (61%) had ..
  4. ncbi Characterization of Leishmania colombiensis sp. n (Kinetoplastida: Trypanosomatidae), a new parasite infecting humans, animals, and phlebotomine sand flies in Colombia and Panama
    R D Kreutzer
    Department of Biology, Youngstown State University, Ohio
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 44:662-75. 1991
    ..braziliensis complex. A total of nine isolates of the new parasite were made in Colombia and Panama between 1980 and 1986: two from human cases of cutaneous leishmaniasis, six from phlebotomine sand flies, and one ..
  5. ncbi Spatial and temporal patterns of alkaloid variation in the poison frog Oophaga pumilio in Costa Rica and Panama over 30 years
    Ralph A Saporito
    Department of Biological Sciences, Florida International University, Miami, FL 33199, USA
    Toxicon 50:757-78. 2007
    ..The results of this study indicate that chemical defense in a dendrobatid poison frog is dependent on geographic location and habitat type, which presumably controls the abundance and nature of alkaloid-containing arthropods...
  6. ncbi Prevalence of Plasmodium falciparum mutations associated with antimalarial drug resistance during an epidemic in Kuna Yala, Panama, Central America
    Franklyn Samudio
    Instituto Conmemorativo Gorgas de Estudio de la Salud, ICGES, Panama, Republic of Panama
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 73:839-41. 2005
    ..Samples were obtained during an epidemic affecting Kuna Amerindians in Panama. A high prevalence of mutations associated with chloroquine, pyrimethamine, and sulfadoxine was observed...
  7. ncbi Molecular characterisation of Trypanosoma rangeli strains isolated from Rhodnius ecuadoriensis in Peru, R. colombiensis in Colombia and R. pallescens in Panama, supports a co-evolutionary association between parasites and vectors
    D A Urrea
    Laboratorio de Investigaciones en Parasitología Tropical, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad del Tolima, A A No 546, Ibague, Colombia
    Infect Genet Evol 5:123-9. 2005
    ..from Rhodnius colombiensis, Rhodnius pallescens and Rhodnius prolixus in Colombia, and from Rhodnius pallescens in Panama. Strain characterisation involved a duplex PCR with S35/S36/KP1L primers...
  8. ncbi Chromoblastomycosis caused by Chaetomium funicola: a case report from Western Panama
    M Piepenbring
    Department of Mycology, J W Goethe University at Frankfurt Main, Siesmayerstr 73, 60054 Frankfurt am Main, Germany
    Br J Dermatol 157:1025-9. 2007
    Little is known about opportunistic fungi causing skin lesions in tropical countries such as Panama. We report an 83-year-old man from Chiriquí, Western Panama, with crusted skin lesions covering tumorous masses resembling Bowen's ..
  9. ncbi Genetic diversity and disease resistance in leaf-cutting ant societies
    William O H Hughes
    Zoological Institute, Department of Population Ecology, University of Copenhagen, Universitetsparken 15, 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark
    Evolution 58:1251-60. 2004
    ..That this genetic variation can improve the resistance of groups even under the limited conditions tested suggests that polyandry may indeed produce colonies with improved resistance to disease...
  10. ncbi Chytridiomycosis and amphibian population declines continue to spread eastward in Panama
    Douglas C Woodhams
    Institute of Zoology, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, 8057 Zurich, Switzerland
    Ecohealth 5:268-74. 2008
    ..of the fungal pathogen Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) and for amphibian populations at two sites in western Panama, and we began monitoring at three new sites to the east...
  11. ncbi Seedling interactions in a tropical forest in Panama
    J C Svenning
    Department of Biological Sciences, University of Aarhus, Ny Munkegade, bygn 1540, 8000 Aarhus C, Denmark
    Oecologia 155:143-50. 2008
    ..we performed a seedling competition experiment with five shade-tolerant species in a tropical moist forest in Panama. Three-month-old seedlings were transplanted into the forest singly or with their roots intertwined with a single ..
  12. ncbi High divergence within the major HIV type 1 subtype B epidemic in Panama
    Sara Ahumada-Ruiz
    Servicio de Virología Molecular, Centro Nacional de Microbiologia, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Madrid, Spain
    AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 24:1461-6. 2008
    The first molecular epidemiology study of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) in Panama has been performed with plasma samples from 66 AIDS patients infected by different transmission routes and obtained from distinct locations...
  13. ncbi Fossil calibration of molecular clocks and the divergence times of geminate species pairs separated by the isthmus of panama
    Peter B Marko
    Naos Marine Laboratory, Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Republic of Panama
    Mol Biol Evol 19:2005-21. 2002
    ..The formation of the Isthmus of Panama, which isolated the tropical western Atlantic and eastern Pacific oceans, is one such event that is frequently ..
  14. ncbi Spatial patterns in the distribution of tropical tree species
    R Condit
    Center for Tropical Forest Science, Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Unit 0948, APO AA 34002 0948, USA
    Science 288:1414-8. 2000
    ..Rare species were more aggregated than common species. All six forests were very similar in all the particulars of these results...
  15. ncbi Evaluation of serological assays based on a novel excreted antigen preparation for the diagnosis of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in Panama
    Luz I Romero
    Institute for Advanced Scientific Investigations and High Technology Services, INDICASAT, P O Box 7250, Zona 5, Panama City, Panama
    J Microbiol Methods 57:391-7. 2004
    ..to determine the efficacy of prototype diagnostic serological assays for American Cutaneous Leishmaniasis (ACL) in Panama. As such, we prospectively sampled 100 cutaneous leishmaniasis case-patients and tested their sera in two ..
  16. pmc Sex-related differences in alkaloid chemical defenses of the dendrobatid frog Oophaga pumilio from Cayo Nancy, Bocas del Toro, Panama
    Ralph A Saporito
    Department of Biological Sciences, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, Virginia 23529, USA
    J Nat Prod 73:317-21. 2010
    ..pumilio between males and females on Cayo Nancy (Isla Solarte), located in the Bocas del Toro archipelago of Panama. On average, females contained a significantly larger number and quantity of alkaloids when compared to males...
  17. pmc Venezuelan equine encephalitis in Panama: fatal endemic disease and genetic diversity of etiologic viral strains
    Evelia Quiroz
    Gorgas Memorial Institute, Panama City, Panama
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 3:e472. 2009
    ..We report here clinical findings and genetic characterization of 42 cases of endemic VEE detected in Panama from 1961-2004...
  18. ncbi Seasonal and spatial distributions of adult screwworms (Diptera: Calliphoridae) in the Panama Canal area, Republic of Panama
    Pamela L Phillips
    Screwworm Research Laboratory, USDA ARS, Panama City, Republic of Panama
    J Med Entomol 41:121-9. 2004
    ..Cochliomyia hominivorax, (Coquerel) was studied in a seasonally moist lowland tropical forest in the Republic of Panama using a combination of field collections and satellite imagery...
  19. ncbi Characterization of acaricide resistance in Rhipicephalus sanguineus (latreille) (Acari: Ixodidae) collected from the Corozal Army Veterinary Quarantine Center, Panama
    R J Miller
    USDA-ARS Knipling-Bushland US Livestock Insects Research Laboratory, Kerrville, TX 78028, USA
    J Med Entomol 38:298-302. 2001
    Rhipicephalus sanguineus (Latreille) were collected from the Corozal Army Veterinary Quarantine Center in Panama and characterized for resistance to five classes of acaricides...
  20. ncbi Detection and identification of rickettsial agents in ticks from domestic mammals in eastern Panama
    Sergio E Bermúdez
    Instituto Conmemorativo Gorgas de Estudios de la Salud, Panama City, Panama 0816 02593
    J Med Entomol 46:856-61. 2009
    ..of Rocky Mountain spotted fever have occurred in recent years in Colombian communities close to the border with Panama. However, little is known about rickettsiae and rickettsial diseases in eastern Panamanian provinces, the Darien ..
  21. pmc Human trypanosomiasis in the eastern region of the Panama Province: new endemic areas for Chagas disease
    Jose E Calzada
    Gorgas Memorial Institute of Health Studies, Panama, Republic of Panama
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 82:580-2. 2010
    The epidemiology of Chagas disease was studied in five rural communities located in the eastern region of the Panama Province. Serological tests for Trypanosoma cruzi infection revealed a prevalence of 5.88% (12/204)...
  22. ncbi Dactylogyrids (Monogenoidea) parasitizing the gills of Astyanax spp. (Characidae) from Panama and southeast Mexico, a new species of Diaphorocleidus and a proposal for Characithecium N. Gen
    Edgar F Mendoza-Franco
    Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Naos Island Laboratories, Ancon, Panama, Republic of Panama
    J Parasitol 95:46-55. 2009
    ..aeneus and Astyanax fasciatus in Panama. Characithecium costaricensis (Price and Bussing, 1967) n. comb. is detailed based on specimens from A. aeneus...
  23. ncbi Geographic and seasonal variation in alkaloid-based chemical defenses of Dendrobates pumilio from Bocas del Toro, Panama
    Ralph A Saporito
    Department of Biological Sciences, Florida International University, Miami, FL 33199, USA
    J Chem Ecol 32:795-814. 2006
    ..among seven populations and between two seasons on Isla Bastimentos, located in the Bocas del Toro archipelago of Panama. Alkaloid profiles vary among populations and between seasons, illustrating that chemical defense in this species ..
  24. ncbi Diversity of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi across a fragmented forest in Panama: insular spore communities differ from mainland communities
    Scott A Mangan
    Department of Biology, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47405, USA
    Oecologia 141:687-700. 2004
    ..by sampling AMF spores in soils of forested mainland and island sites in the vicinity of Gatun Lake, Republic of Panama. We encountered a total of 27 AMF species or morphospecies, with 17, 8, 1 and 1 from the genera Glomus, ..
  25. ncbi Increased urban seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infecting swine in Panama
    R Correa
    Instituto de Investigaciones Científicas Avanzadas y Servicios de Alta Tecnología, Ciudad de Panama, Panama
    Vet Parasitol 153:9-11. 2008
    Toxoplasmosis gondii causes one of the most common zoonoses worldwide. The rate in Panama is one of the highest in the world...
  26. ncbi Prevalence of Burkholderia sp. nodule symbionts on four mimosoid legumes from Barro Colorado Island, Panama
    Craig F Barrett
    Department of Biological Sciences, State University of New York, Binghamton, NY 13902 6000, USA
    Syst Appl Microbiol 28:57-65. 2005
    ..casta, M. pudica, and Abarema macradenia) on Barro Colorado Island, Panama. Among 51 isolates from these and a fifth mimosoid host (Pithecellobium hymenaeafolium), 44 were Burkholderia ..
  27. ncbi Spatial genetic structure of Simarouba amara Aubl. (Simaroubaceae), a dioecious, animal-dispersed Neotropical tree, on Barro Colorado Island, Panama
    B D Hardesty
    Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Unit 0948, APO AA 34002 0948, USA
    Heredity (Edinb) 95:290-7. 2005
    ..amara within the 50-ha Forest Dynamics Plot on Barro Colorado Island in the Republic of Panama. A total of 300 individuals were genotyped using five microsatellite loci, representing 100 individuals with a dbh&..
  28. ncbi A new species of Rhytisma causes tar spot on Comarostaphylis arbutoides (Ericaceae) in Panama
    Cheng Lin Hou
    College of Life Science, Capital Normal University, Xisanhuanbeilu 105, 100048, Beijing, People s Republic of China
    Mycopathologia 169:225-9. 2010
    A fungus causing tar spots on leaves of Comarostaphylis arbutoides (Ericaceae) in Panama is described as a new species, Rhytisma panamense. The fungus forms gregarious black stromata on pale yellow spots on the adaxial side of leaves...
  29. ncbi Promoting healthy behaviors to prevent chronic disease in Panama and Trinidad & Tobago: results of the women as agents of change project
    Sarah C White
    Pan American Health Organization in Washington, DC 20037, USA
    J Community Health 31:413-29. 2006
    ..in the Americas, the Pan American Health Organization implemented the Women as Agents of Change project in Panama and Trinidad & Tobago...
  30. ncbi Molecular characterization of human Trypanosoma cruzi isolates from endemic areas in Panama
    Octavio E Sousa
    Center for Research and Diagnosis of Parasitic Diseases, Faculty of Medicine, University of Panama, Panama
    Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 101:455-7. 2006
    ..present work provides information on Trypanosoma cruzi genotype circulating in endemic areas of Chagas disease in Panama. A total of 26 crude stocks of T...
  31. ncbi Y-chromosome variability in four Native American populations from Panama
    Marina S Ascunce
    Department of Anthropology, University of Florida, 1376 Mowry Road, Gainesville, FL 32610, USA
    Hum Biol 80:287-302. 2008
    ..The four tribes showed a high degree of differentiation both at the Y chromosome and in the mitochondrial genome, highlighting the importance of genetic structure even in geographically proximate and linguistically related populations...
  32. ncbi Serosurvey of wild rodents for hantaviruses in Panama, 2000-2002
    Jorge Salazar-Bravo
    Department of Biological Sciences, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas 79409, USA
    J Wildl Dis 40:103-9. 2004
    ..samples representing 24 species of small mammals (two species of marsupials and 22 rodents) were collected in Panama between February 2000 and July 2002...
  33. pmc Desiccation tolerance of five tropical seedlings in panama. Relationship to a field assessment of drought performance
    Melvin T Tyree
    United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service, P O Box 968, Burlington, Vermont 05402, USA
    Plant Physiol 132:1439-47. 2003
    ..Our conclusion is that the desiccation tolerance of moribund plants correlated with field assessment of drought-performance for the five species (r(2) > 0.94)...
  34. ncbi Medical ethnobotany of the Teribes of Bocas del Toro, Panama
    M P Gupta
    Centro de Investigaciones Farmacognósticas de la Flora Panameña CIFLORPAN, Facultad de Farmacia, Universidad de Panama, Apartado 10767, Estafeta Universitaria, Republica de Panama
    J Ethnopharmacol 96:389-401. 2005
    ..plant species, belonging to 52 families, 89 genera, used by the Teribe Amerindians of Bocas del Toro Province in Panama, along with their socio-cultural practices are reported here...
  35. ncbi The effect of habitat fragmentation and species diversity loss on hantavirus prevalence in Panama
    Gerardo Suzán
    Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Mexico D F, Mexico
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1149:80-3. 2008
    ..We used hantaviruses in Panama as a research model to determine whether anthropogenic environmental change is associated with changes in the ..
  36. ncbi Feeding sources and trypanosome infection index of Rhodnius pallescens in a Chagas disease endemic area of Amador County, Panama
    Vanessa Pineda
    Instituto Conmemorativo Gorgas de Estudios de la Salud, Panama, Republic of Panama
    Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo 50:113-6. 2008
    ..is considered to be the most important and widespread vector of Trypanosoma cruzi and Trypanosoma rangeli in Panama. However, its behavior and biological characteristics have only been partially investigated...
  37. pmc Outbreak of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome, Los Santos, Panama, 1999-2000
    Vicente Bayard
    Gorgas Memorial Institute for Health Studies, Panama City, Panama
    Emerg Infect Dis 10:1635-42. 2004
    An outbreak of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome occurred in the province of Los Santos, Panama, in late 1999 and early 2000. Eleven cases were identified; 9 were confirmed by serology...
  38. pmc Anopheles darlingi (Diptera: Culicidae) in Panama
    Jose Loaiza
    Department of Natural Resource Sciences, Institute of Parasitology, McGill University, Ste Anne de Bellevue, Quebec, Canada
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 81:23-6. 2009
    We report Anopheles darlingi in Darien Province in eastern Panama. Polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism profiles of the single copy nuclear white gene and sequence comparisons confirmed the presence of 66 ..
  39. ncbi Use of the polymerase chain reaction for diagnosing bovine tuberculosis in Panama
    I Cedeño
    Laboratorio de Diagnóstico e Investigación Veterinaria Dr Gerardino Medina, Ministerio de Desarrollo Agropecuario Salud Animal, Río Tapia Tocumen, Ciudad de Panama, Panama
    Rev Sci Tech 24:1067-75. 2005
    ..Thus, the authors suggest the use of the PCR species-specific primers test to support the programme against bovine tuberculosis in Panama.
  40. ncbi Diffusion and home range parameters from rodent population measurements in Panama
    L Giuggioli
    Consortium of the Americas for Interdisciplinary Science, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131, USA
    Bull Math Biol 67:1135-49. 2005
    ..walk considerations are used to interpret rodent population data collected in Hantavirus-related investigations in Panama regarding the short-tailed cane mouse, Zygodontomys brevicauda...
  41. ncbi A multilocus test of simultaneous divergence across the Isthmus of Panama using snapping shrimp in the genus Alpheus
    Carla Hurt
    Department of Biology, University of Miami, Coral Gables, Florida 33124, USA
    Evolution 63:514-30. 2009
    ..Results illustrate how coalescent approaches may be more appropriate for dating recent divergences than for estimating ancient speciation events...
  42. pmc Species composition and distribution of adult Anopheles (Diptera: Culicidae) in Panama
    J R Loaiza
    Department of Natural Resource Sciences, 21, 111 Lakeshore Road, Ste Anne de Bellevue, Quebec, Canada
    J Med Entomol 45:841-51. 2008
    ..Culicidae) species composition and distribution were studied using human landing catch data over a 35-yr period in Panama. Mosquitoes were collected from 77 sites during 228 field trips carried out by members of the National Malaria ..
  43. ncbi Assessing the reliability and validity of a residency selection process examination: a preliminary study between the national board of medical examiners and the University of Panama Faculty of Medicine
    Andre F De Champlain
    National Board of Medical Examiners, 3750 Market Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Teach Learn Med 17:14-20. 2005
    The Ministry of Health of the Republic of Panama is currently developing a national examination system that will be used to license graduates to practice medicine in that country, as well as to undertake postgraduate medical training...
  44. ncbi Contact dermatitis caused by pesticides among banana plantation workers in Panama
    Homero G Penagos
    Occupational Health Services, Occupational Dermatology Social Security Bureau, Panama
    Int J Occup Environ Health 8:14-8. 2002
    To characterize dermatitis related to pesticide exposures among banana plantation workers in Panama, the authors studied 281 workers seen at The Occupational Health Department of the Social Security Hospital of Changuinola and Puerto ..
  45. ncbi Ancient ecology of 15-million-year-old browsing mammals within C3 plant communities from Panama
    Bruce J Macfadden
    Florida Museum of Natural History, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
    Oecologia 140:169-82. 2004
    Middle Miocene mammals are known from approximately 15 million-year-old sediments exposed along the Panama Canal of Central America, a region that otherwise has an exceedingly poor terrestrial fossil record...
  46. ncbi Potential of the Panama strain of Plasmodium vivax for the testing of malarial vaccines in Aotus nancymai monkeys
    William E Collins
    Division of Parasitic Diseases and Animal Resources Branch, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, US Public Health Service, Department of Health and Human Services, Chamblee, Georgia 30341, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 67:454-8. 2002
    Aotus monkeys were infected with a strain of Plasmodium vivax from Panama to determine its potential for the testing of malarial vaccines...
  47. ncbi High seroprevalence of hantavirus infection on the Azuero peninsula of Panama
    Blas Armien
    Gorgas Memorial Institute of Health Studies, Panama City, Panama
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 70:682-7. 2004
    ..first outbreak of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) in Central America was documented on the Azuero peninsula of Panama in late 1999 and 2000...
  48. ncbi The Isthmus of Panama: a major physical barrier to gene flow in a highly mobile pantropical seabird
    T E Steeves
    Department of Biology, Queen s University, Kingston, ON, Canada
    J Evol Biol 18:1000-8. 2005
    To further test the hypothesis that the Isthmus of Panama is a major barrier to gene flow in pantropical seabirds, we applied phylogeographic methods to mitochondrial control sequence variation in masked booby (Sula dactylatra) ..
  49. ncbi Short report: Isolation and identification of Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus from a human in Panama
    Joseph A Mangiafico
    Diagnostic Systems Division, United States Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases, Fort Detrick, Frederick, Maryland 21702 5011, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 67:112-3. 2002
    Venezuelan equine encephalitis (VEE) virus was isolated from a febrile human in Panama. The patient became febrile approximately 10 days after returning from Gatun Lake in Panama...
  50. ncbi [Economic impact of rotavirus vaccination in Panama]
    D Constenla
    Department of Global Health, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, USA
    An Pediatr (Barc) 68:128-35. 2008
    Rotavirus (RV) gastroenteritis (GE) causes a significant health and economic burden in Panama. The main objective of this study is to estimate the healthcare costs and the cost-effectiveness of vaccination in Panama from the societal ..
  51. ncbi Extensive exchange of fungal cultivars between sympatric species of fungus-growing ants
    A M Green
    Section of Integrative Biology, University of Texas, Austin, TX 78712, USA
    Mol Ecol 11:191-5. 2002
    ..analysis of 72 cultivars propagated by two fungus-growing ant species coexisting sympatrically in central Panama. The two ant species are specialized on the same group of closely related cultivars, but in six of 12 cultivar ..
  52. ncbi Overexposure of radiation therapy patients in Panama: problem recognition and follow-up measures
    Cari Borrás
    Pan American Health Organization, Washington, DC 20007, United States of America
    Rev Panam Salud Publica 20:173-87. 2006
    ..organizations that provided assistance to the National Oncology Institute (Instituto Oncológico Nacional, ION) of Panama following the overexposure of 28 radiation therapy patients at the ION in late 2000 and early 2001...
  53. ncbi Hypocrella panamensis sp. nov. (Clavicipitaceae, Hypocreales): a new species infecting scale insects on Piper carrilloanum in Panama
    Mónica S Torres
    Department of Plant Biology and Pathology, Rutgers University, 59 Dudley Road, New Brunswick, New Jersey 08901, USA
    Mycol Res 111:317-23. 2007
    A new species, Hypocrella panamensis, is described from collections and cultures obtained on Barro Colorado Island, Panama. In order to aid in placement of this fungus, phylogenetic analyses were conducted using LSU (rDNA) sequences...
  54. ncbi Modeling hantavirus reservoir species dominance in high seroprevalence areas on the Azuero Peninsula of Panama
    Gerardo Suzán
    Museum of Southwestern Biology and Department of Biology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, 87131 0001, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 74:1103-10. 2006
    Habitat fragmentation commonly influences distribution of zoonotic disease reservoirs. In Panama, populations of rodent hosts of hantaviruses are favored by small habitat fragments isolated by agricultural lands...
  55. ncbi Analysis of six SNPs of NAT2 in Ngawbe and Embera Amerindians of Panama and determination of the Embera acetylation phenotype using caffeine
    Lucia F Jorge-Nebert
    DNA and Human Genomics Institute, University of Panama, Panama, Republic of Panama
    Pharmacogenetics 12:39-48. 2002
    ..5% of these subjects. NAT2 would appear to be of a selectively neutral character given that there is no evidence of adaptation to the prevailing ecology in Amerindians...
  56. ncbi Kindler syndrome in native Americans from Panama: report of 26 cases
    Homero Penagos
    Chiriqui Regional Hospital, David, Panama
    Arch Dermatol 140:939-44. 2004
    ..To investigate the clinical, genetic, and laboratory features of 26 patients with Kindler syndrome...
  57. ncbi Correlated evolutionary divergence of egg size and a mitochondrial protein across the Isthmus of Panama
    P B Marko
    Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Balboa, Republic of Panama
    Evolution 56:1303-9. 2002
    ..Accordingly, the assumption that the evolutionary divergence of molecules and morphology are independent must always be carefully examined...
  58. pmc Cross-Cordillera exchange mediated by the Panama Canal increased the species richness of local freshwater fish assemblages
    Scott A Smith
    Department of Biology, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Proc Biol Sci 271:1889-96. 2004
    Completion of the Panama Canal in 1914 breached the continental divide and set into motion a natural experiment of unprecedented magnitude by bringing previously isolated freshwater fish communities into contact...
  59. ncbi Ant parasite queens revert to mating singly
    Seirian Sumner
    Biological Institute, Department of Population Biology, University of Copenhagen, 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark
    Nature 428:35-6. 2004
    ..This rapid and surprising reversion to single mating in a socially parasitic ant indicates that the costs of polyandry are probably specific to a free-living lifestyle...
  60. ncbi Clinical characteristics and national economic cost of the 2005 dengue epidemic in Panama
    Blas Armien
    Department of Genomics and Proteomics, Instituto Conmemorativo Gorgas de Estudio de la Salud, Panama
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 79:364-71. 2008
    In 2005, Panama experienced the largest dengue epidemic since 1993. We conducted both a prospective clinical and a national economic study...
  61. ncbi Divergent Bradyrhizobium symbionts on Tachigali versicolor from Barro Colorado Island, Panama
    M A Parker
    Department of Biological Sciences, State University of New York, Binghamton 13902 6000, USA
    Syst Appl Microbiol 23:585-90. 2000
    ..were analyzed for 20 isolates sampled from juvenile plants growing on Barro Colorado Island (BCI), Panama. Bacterial genetic diversity appeared to be low...
  62. ncbi Seroepidemiology of human T cell lymphotropic virus in the Republic of Panama
    W C Reeves
    Gorgas Memorial Laboratory, Panama
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 42:374-9. 1990
    ..cross-sectional population-based study was conducted to describe the seroepidemiology of HTLV in the Republic of Panama. HTLV antibody was measured by first generation and commercial ELISA tests and confirmed by competitive binding ..
  63. ncbi Predominance of Trypanosoma rangeli infection in children from a Chagas disease endemic area in the west-shore of the Panama canal
    Azael Saldaña
    Gorgas Memorial Institute of Health Studies, PO Box 0816 02593, Panama 5, Republic of Panama
    Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 100:729-31. 2005
    ..of 206 serum samples from children (3-14 years old) living in the Amador County (La Chorrera District, Province of Panama) were screened by indirect immunofluorescence antibody test (IFAT) for the presence of antibodies against ..
  64. ncbi Genetic polymorphism and forensic parameters of nine short tandem repeat loci in Ngöbé and Emberá Amerindians of Panama
    Edgardo A Castro
    Department of Genetics and Molecular Biology, University of Panama, Panama City, Republic of Panama
    Hum Biol 79:563-77. 2007
    ..F13A01, FESFPS, VWA, D16S539, D7S820, and D13S317) were analyzed in unrelated Ngöbé and Emberá Amerindians of Panama. The chi-square test demonstrated statistically significant differences (P < 0...
  65. ncbi Hantavirus infection and habitat associations among rodent populations in agroecosystems of Panama: implications for human disease risk
    Anibal G Armien
    Department of Population Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota, Saint Paul, Minnesota 55108, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 81:59-66. 2009
    Hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome (HCPS), which is caused by infection with Choclo virus, is uncommon in Panama, yet seropositivity among rural residents is as high as 60%...
  66. ncbi Profile of the first cases hospitalized due to influenza A (H1N1) in Panama City, Panama. May-June 2009
    Felicia Tulloch
    Santo Tomas Hospital, Panama
    J Infect Dev Ctries 3:811-6. 2009
    ..From 8 May through 25 June 2009, in the Republic of Panama, 467 cases infected with the same virus were identified, 13 of which were hospitalized at the Santo Tomas Hospital ..
  67. ncbi Evaluation of the PAHO/WHO training program on the detection and treatment of depression for primary care nurses in Panama
    P Moreno
    Pan American Health Organization World Health Organization, Division of Health Promotion and Protection, Mental Health Program, Washington, DC, USA
    Acta Psychiatr Scand 108:61-5. 2003
    ..This study evaluated the efficacy of a training program developed by Pan American Health Organization/World Health Organization (PAHO/WHO) for primary care nurses aimed at improving their capacity to detect and manage depression...
  68. pmc Lower Miocene stratigraphy along the Panama Canal and its bearing on the Central American Peninsula
    Michael Xavier Kirby
    Center for Tropical Paleoecology and Archaeology, Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Balboa, Republic of Panama
    PLoS ONE 3:e2791. 2008
    ..biostratigraphic and strontium chemostratigraphic analyses of the formations exposed along the Gaillard Cut of the Panama Canal...
  69. pmc Expanded safety and immunogenicity of a bivalent, oral, attenuated cholera vaccine, CVD 103-HgR plus CVD 111, in United States military personnel stationed in Panama
    D N Taylor
    U S Naval Medical Research Institute Detachment, Lima, Peru
    Infect Immun 67:2030-4. 1999
    ..A total of 170 partially-immune American soldiers stationed in Panama received one of the following five formulations: (a) CVD 103-HgR at 10(8) CFU plus CVD 111 at 10(7) CFU, (b) CVD ..
  70. pmc Rocky Mountain spotted fever, Panama
    Dora Estripeaut
    Hospital del Nino, Panama City, Panama
    Emerg Infect Dis 13:1763-5. 2007
    We describe a fatal pediatric case of Rocky Mountain spotted fever in Panama, the first, to our knowledge, since the 1950s...
  71. pmc Seed dispersal and spatial pattern in tropical trees
    Tristram G Seidler
    Natural Environment Research Council Centre for Population Biology, Imperial College, Ascot, Berkshire, United Kingdom
    PLoS Biol 4:e344. 2006
    ..We found the same qualitative results for a 50-hectare tropical forest plot in Panama. Our results provide broad empirical evidence for the importance of dispersal mode in establishing the long-term ..
  72. ncbi The problem and promise of scale dependency in community phylogenetics
    Nathan G Swenson
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 85721, USA
    Ecology 87:2418-24. 2006
    ..In this way, community phylogenetics promises to fill an important gap in community ecology and biogeography research...
  73. pmc Plants use macronutrients accumulated in leaf-cutting ant nests
    Leonel da S L Sternberg
    Department of Biology, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL 33124, USA
    Proc Biol Sci 274:315-21. 2007
    ..At two tropical sites (a moist tropical forest site in Panama and a savannah site in Brazil), we fed leaves labelled with the stable isotope 15N to two species of leaf-cutting ..
  74. ncbi Photochemical efficiency of adult and young leaves of the neotropical understory shrub Psychotria limonensis (Rubiaceae) in response to changes in the light environment
    Gerardo Avalos
    The School for Field Studies, Center for Sustainable Development Studies, 10 Federal St, Salem, MA 01970, USA
    Rev Biol Trop 52:839-44. 2004
    ..plants growing under sun and shade conditions on Gigante Peninsula, Barro Colorado Natural Monument (Republic of Panama), during the wet season of 1996...
  75. pmc Prediction of desiccation sensitivity in seeds of woody species: a probabilistic model based on two seed traits and 104 species
    M I Daws
    Seed Conservation Department, Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, Wakehurst Place, Ardingly, West Sussex RH17 6TN, UK
    Ann Bot 97:667-74. 2006
    ..A probabilistic model for the rapid identification of woody species at high risk of displaying seed desiccation sensitivity is presented...
  76. ncbi Demographic spatial genetic structure of the Neotropical tree, Jacaranda copaia
    F A Jones
    Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Apartado 0843 03092, Ancon, Balboa, Republic of Panama
    Mol Ecol 15:3205-17. 2006
    ..We conclude that the pattern of spatial genetic transitions in Jacaranda is consistent with overlapping related generations and strong but infrequent periods of high recruitment, followed by long periods of population decline...
  77. ncbi Photosynthetic flexibility and ecophysiological plasticity: questions and lessons from Clusia, the only CAM tree, in the neotropics
    Ulrich Lüttge
    Institute of Botany, Technical University of Darmstadt, Darmstadt, Germany
    New Phytol 171:7-25. 2006
    ..The phenotypic plasticity of physiotypes and morphotypes is described. At the level of synecology, the ecological amplitude of Clusia in the tropics and the relations to habitat are surveyed...
  78. ncbi Contrasting mechanisms of secondary metabolite accumulation during leaf development in two tropical tree species with different leaf expansion strategies
    Tania Brenes-Arguedas
    Department of Biology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA
    Oecologia 149:91-100. 2006
    ....
  79. ncbi The direct and indirect effects of insectivory by birds in two contrasting Neotropical forests
    S A Van Bael
    Dept of Animal Biology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Oecologia 145:658-668. 2005
    ..The influence of top-down predation by birds in limiting herbivorous insects appears to be conditional and most important when the production and turnover of leaves are comparatively high...
  80. ncbi Density dependence explains tree species abundance and diversity in tropical forests
    Igor Volkov
    Department of Physics, 104 Davey Laboratory, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802, USA
    Nature 438:658-61. 2005
    ....
  81. pmc Neither host-specific nor random: vascular epiphytes on three tree species in a Panamanian lowland forest
    Stefan Laube
    Fachbereich Biologie, Abt Pflanzenökologie und Systematik 13 274, D 67653 Kaiserslautern, Germany
    Ann Bot 97:1103-14. 2006
    ..g. physicochemical characteristics of the bark, tree architecture, or leaf phenology patterns...
  82. pmc Emerging infectious disease and the loss of biodiversity in a Neotropical amphibian community
    Karen R Lips
    Department of Zoology, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, 62901 6501, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:3165-70. 2006
    ..appearance of a pathogenic chytrid fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis in an amphibian community at El Copé, Panama, and subsequent mass mortality and loss of amphibian biodiversity across eight families of frogs and salamanders...
  83. ncbi Leaf structural diversity is related to hydraulic capacity in tropical rain forest trees
    Lawren Sack
    Department of Botany, University of Hawai i at Manoa, Honolulu 96822, USA
    Ecology 87:483-91. 2006
    ..Variation in both R1-linked and R1-independent traits related strongly to regeneration irradiance, indicating the potential importance of both types of traits in establishment ecology...
  84. ncbi Bottom-up and top-down regulation of decomposition in a tropical forest
    Ysabel Milton
    Department of Zoology, Graduate Program in Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Oklahoma, 730 Van Vleet Oval, Rm 314, Norman, OK 73019 0235, USA
    Oecologia 153:163-72. 2007
    ..interact to generate patterns of decomposition in 450 100 cm(2 )litterbags arrayed along a 50 m ridge top in a Panama rainforest...
  85. ncbi Coordination of leaf and stem water transport properties in tropical forest trees
    Frederick C Meinzer
    USDA Forest Service, Forestry Sciences Laboratory, 3200 SW Jefferson Way, Corvallis, OR 97331, USA
    Oecologia 156:31-41. 2008
    ..At the whole-tree level, discharge and recharge of internal C appeared to generate variations in apparent leaf-specific conductance to which stomata respond dynamically...
  86. ncbi Biodiversity enhances individual performance but does not affect survivorship in tropical trees
    Catherine Potvin
    Department of Biology, McGill University, 1205 Dr Penfield, Montreal H3A 1B1, Quebec, Canada
    Ecol Lett 11:217-23. 2008
    ..In Sardinilla, central Panama, over 5000 tree seedlings were planted in monoculture and mixed-species plots...
  87. ncbi Potential and realized feeding niches of neotropical hispine beetles (Chrysomelidae: Cassidinae, Cephaloleiini)
    A Descampe
    Unité d Ecologie et de Biogéographie, Universite Catholique de Louvain, 1348 Louvain la Neuve, Belgium
    Environ Entomol 37:224-9. 2008
    ..rolled leaves of five species of Marantaceae and six species of Heliconiaceae (Zingiberales) in lowland Central Panama. Additionally, we conducted choice and no-choice feeding tests on a subset of both the plants and beetles ..
  88. pmc In tropical lowland rain forests monocots have tougher leaves than dicots, and include a new kind of tough leaf
    Nathaniel J Dominy
    Department of Anthropology, University of California, 1156 High St, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA
    Ann Bot 101:1363-77. 2008
    ..Of 15 monocot families with >100 species in TLRF, eight have notably high densities of fibres in the lamina so that high values for toughness are expected...
  89. ncbi Bats limit arthropods and herbivory in a tropical forest
    Margareta B Kalka
    Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Apdo 0843 03092, Balboa, Ancon, Panama
    Science 320:71. 2008
    ..We experimentally partitioned bird predation from bat predation in a lowland tropical forest in Panama and measured the direct effects (arthropod abundance) and indirect effects (herbivory)...
  90. ncbi Regulation of water flux through tropical forest canopy trees: do universal rules apply?
    F C Meinzer
    Hawaii Agriculture Research Center, Aiea 96701, USA
    Tree Physiol 21:19-26. 2001
    ..These results are consistent with a recent hypothesis that allometric scaling of plant vascular systems, and therefore water use, is universal...
  91. ncbi Experimental evidence for extreme dispersal limitation in tropical forest birds
    R P Moore
    Department of Fisheries and Wildlife, Oregon State University, 104 Nash Hall, Corvallis, OR 97331, USA
    Ecol Lett 11:960-8. 2008
    ....
  92. ncbi Interspecific associations between circulating antioxidant levels and life-history variation in birds
    Alan A Cohen
    Department of Biology, University of Missouri, St Louis, Missouri 63121, USA
    Am Nat 172:178-93. 2008
    ..and levels of uric acid, vitamin E, and four carotenoids in 95 avian species, mostly passerines from Michigan or Panama. We compared antioxidant measures to seven variables related to life histories (clutch size, survival rate, ..
  93. ncbi Transpiration efficiency of a tropical pioneer tree (Ficus insipida) in relation to soil fertility
    Lucas A Cernusak
    Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, PO Box 0843 03092, Balboa, Ancon, Republic of Panama
    J Exp Bot 58:3549-66. 2007
    ..Results suggest that variation in plant N status could have important implications for the coupling between C and water exchange in tropical forest trees...
  94. pmc How individual species structure diversity in tropical forests
    Thorsten Wiegand
    Department of Ecological Modeling, UFZ Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research UFZ, PF 500136, D 04301 Leipzig, Germany
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:19029-33. 2007
    ..Our analyses of data from Barro Colorado Island (Panama) and Sinharaja (Sri Lanka) reveal that individual species leave identifiable signatures on spatial diversity, but ..
  95. ncbi Symbiotic relationships of legumes and nodule bacteria on Barro Colorado Island, Panama: a review
    Matthew A Parker
    Department of Biological Sciences, State University of New York, Binghamton, NY 13902, USA
    Microb Ecol 55:662-72. 2008
    ..samples to characterize community-level patterns of legume-rhizobial symbiosis on Barro Colorado Island (BCI), Panama. Nodules have been sampled from 24 BCI legume species in 18 genera, representing about one quarter of the legume ..
  96. ncbi Drought sensitivity shapes species distribution patterns in tropical forests
    Bettina M J Engelbrecht
    Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Apartado 0843 03092, Balboa, Ancon, Panama
    Nature 447:80-2. 2007
    ..regional distributions within a network of 122 inventory sites spanning a rainfall gradient across the Isthmus of Panama. Our results suggest that niche differentiation with respect to soil water availability is a direct determinant of ..
  97. ncbi Epiphytic cyanobacteria maintain shifts to macroalgal dominance on coral reefs following ENSO disturbance
    Peggy Fong
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California Los Angeles, 90095 1606, USA
    Ecology 87:1162-8. 2006
    ..Community establishment was most likely stochastic, and the community was likely maintained by strongly positive interaction between macroalgal hosts and cyanobacterial epiphytes that uncoupled consumer control of community structure...
  98. ncbi Diversity and host range of foliar fungal endophytes: are tropical leaves biodiversity hotspots?
    A Elizabeth Arnold
    Department of Biology, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27708, USA
    Ecology 88:541-9. 2007
    ..communities along a broad latitudinal gradient from the Canadian arctic to the lowland tropical forest of central Panama. Here, we use molecular sequence data from 1403 endophyte strains to show that endophytes increase in incidence, ..
  99. ncbi Ecological implications of anti-pathogen effects of tropical fungal endophytes and mycorrhizae
    Edward Allen Herre
    Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Unit 0948, APO AA 34002 0948, USA
    Ecology 88:550-8. 2007
    ..studies of foliar endophytic fungi (FEF) and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) associated with Theobroma cacao in Panama. Direct, experimentally controlled comparisons of endophyte free (E-) and endophyte containing (E+) plant tissues ..
  100. ncbi The patchiness of epifoliar fungi in tropical forests: host range, host abundance, and environment
    Gregory S Gilbert
    Environmental Studies, University of California, 1156 High Street, Santa Cruz, California 95064, USA
    Ecology 88:575-81. 2007
    ..In parallel studies in rainforests in Panama and Australia, most epifoliar fungi were able to colonize several plant lineages but showed significant host ..
  101. ncbi Diversity, host affinity, and distribution of seed-infecting fungi: a case study with Cecropia
    Rachel E Gallery
    Program in Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA
    Ecology 88:582-8. 2007
    ..insignis crowns in central Panama, and measured seed survival and fungal infection of inviable seeds...

Research Grants50

  1. Early Nutrition, Human Capital and Economic Productivity
    Reynaldo Martorell; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..University, the International Food Policy Research Institute and the Institute of Nutrition of Central America and Panama (INCAP)...
  2. Latin American Center for Malaria Research and Control
    SOCRATES HERRERA VALENCIA; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..CLAIM would initially bring together field sites from Colombia, Peru, Panama and Guatemala, and has plans to further include sites from Ecuador and Honduras and possibly other endemic ..
  3. Training in Hantavirus Ecology, Virology & Clinical Investigation in the Americas
    GREGORY JAMES MERTZ; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..transfer since 1997, and multiple members of the team contributed to expansion of our research and training to Panama when it experienced its first outbreak of HCPS in 2000...
  4. UAB Public Health / Biomedical Research Training Program
    PAULINE EVADNE JOLLY; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..and Metabolism (CeSSIAM), Guatemala city, Guatemala;INCAP/FANCAP (Institute for Nutrition of Central America and Panama, Guatemala City, Guatemala;Ministry of Health (North-East and Western Regions), Jamaica;and Universidad Peruana ..
  5. Vaccinology in the Tropics: Vaccines in a Globalized World Conference
    ARLENE ESTELLA CALVO; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..From a scientific standpoint, smaller countries, such as Panama, Philippines, Costa Rica, and Israel, have stepped into a leadership positions to influence vaccine development on ..
  6. ICBG: "Training, Conservation and Drug Discovery using Panamanian Microorganisms
    William H Gerwick; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of endophytic fungi, cyanobacteria and other heterotrophic bacteria within the biodiversity-rich country of Panama, 2) Produce extracts of these collected and cultured materials and prefractionate these by appropriate techniques ..
  7. HANTAVIRUS ECOLOGY AND DISEASE IN CHILE AND PANAMA
    Gregory Mertz; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..In Project 1, Ecology of Andes and Choclo Viruses, we will study the ecology of the rodent reservoirs in Chile and Panama to develop predictive models and rapid interpretation of results from remote monitoring to guide public health ..
  8. Improving the Diagnosis of Histoplasmosis in an Endemic Region
    Kathleen R Page; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..with the Instituto Conmemorativo Gorgas de Estudios de la Salud (ICGES), which has ties to all major hospitals in Panama and a distinguished track record in research and education...
  9. Study of Influenza Incidence, Diagnosis, Treatment Efficacy, Vaccine Effectivenes
    Nestor Sosa; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..project builds-on existing influenza preparedness collaborations between the Gorgas Memorial Institute (GMI) in Panama and international organizations, such as the CDC-Central America and Panama Office, PAHO, COMISCA, and local and ..
  10. Multilevel &Lifecourse Approaches to NCD Prevention in Latin America
    Eduardo Villamor; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..partnerships with two research sites in Latin America, the Institute of Nutrition for Central America and Panama (INCAP) in Guatemala, and the National University of Lanus, in Buenos Aires, Argentina...
  11. MHIRT: Training Grant
    CHARLES L ORTIZ; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..provides a broad spectrum of exciting projects in five major foreign sites;Patagonia, New Zealand, Germany, Panama and Japan ranging from basic biomedical and epidemiological investigation to focused research on disease etiology ..
  12. MOLECULAR EPIDEMIOLOGY AND ECOLOGY OF OROPOUCHE VIRUS
    Alan Barrett; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..more than 30 additional outbreaks of ORO fever in the Amazon Basin of Brazil and Peru, and from the Isthmus of Panama. The number of infected humans per outbreak has varied from a few hundred to approximately 100,000...
  13. Tropical Disease Drug Discovery from Marine Cyanobacteria in Panama
    Marcy J Balunas; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..The hypothesis for this research is that marine species from the biologically diverse oceans in Panama will yield chemically diverse compounds, some of which will inhibit the infection and/or spread of tropical ..
  14. GENETICS AND BIOGEOGRAPHY OF SANDFLY DISEASE VECTORS
    Leonard Munstermann; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..S. and Latin America, particularly in Brazil, Colombia, Panama and Costa Rica will assist in the collection of flies and field data.
  15. Pulling the Teeth of the Tropics: An Environmental and Public Health History of
    PAUL SHRIVER SUTTER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Between 1904 and 1914, the United States built the Panama Canal, an ambitious engineering project undertaken in the shadow of the French failure two decades earlier...
  16. MECHANISMS OF EMERGENCE OF Z00NOTIC VIRAL PATHOGENS
    Robert Tesh; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..molecular phylogenetic studies of ORO-like viruses from a variety of localities and sources in South America and Panama, the development of specific recombinant antigens for use in serologic diagnosis of the disease, and investigation ..
  17. EARLY MALNUTRITION AND STATUS IN ADOLESCENCE
    Reynaldo Martorell; Fiscal Year: 1991
    From 1969 to 1977, the Institute of Nutrition of Central America and Panama (INCAP) carried out a longitudinal study of growth and development in four rural communities of Guatemala...
  18. GENETIC VARIATION OF ST LOUIS ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS IN CA
    Laura Kramer; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..sections of the United States including the Mississippi River Basin, East Coast and Texas, and the Caribbean, Panama, and South and Central America, over an extended period of time, will allow determination of the rate at which the ..
  19. TRANSMISSION OF TOXOPLASMA IN PANAMA
    JACOB FRENKEL; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..Transmission can be studied to an advantage in areas where the transmission rates are high such as in Panama where over 50% of the population becomes infected during a lifetime...
  20. Quintiles Clinical Trial Unit for HIV/AIDS Clinical Trials Networks
    Kathleen Squires; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Sites in Guatemala, Honduras, Costa Rica, and Panama will provide a unique opportunity to carry out clinical studies in an area that is a leading edge of the HIV ..
  21. BIOMEDICAL RESEARCH IN A TROPICAL ENVIRONMENT
    RICHARD ROSSAN; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..With support of the U.S. and Panamanian governments, the Gorgas Memorial Laboratory (GML) was established in Panama in 1928 to commemorate the life and accomplishments of William Crawford Gorgas...
  22. HUMAN PAPILLOMAVIRUS AND CERVICAL CANCER IN PANAMA
    William Reeves; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..A preliminary study conducted in Panama compared known risk factors of cervical cancer and the greatest relative risk was associated with the presence of ..
  23. Education and Health Across the Life course in Guatemala
    ARYEH STEIN; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..and children participated in a well-known longitudinal study by the Institute of Nutrition in Central America and Panama (INCAP) that is rich in data about home environment, growth, cognitive development, diet and morbidity...
  24. ECOLOGICALLY GUIDED BIOPROSPECTING IN PANAMA
    PHYLLIS COLEY; Fiscal Year: 2002
    DESCRIPTION: (Applicant's Description) Our objectives are to build a sustainable bioprospecting program in Panama, to e n hance conservation, and to discover new products for medicine and agriculture...
  25. Domoic Acid and Neonatal Microglia Activation
    Alejandro Mayer; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..activated microglia cells and their mediators play in DOM-induced excitotoxic neuronal injury and thus contribute to potential novel approaches for the therapy of the neuropathology associated with Amnesic Shellfish Poisoning in humans ..
  26. Animal models of hantavirus cardiopulmonary disease
    CHARLES FULHORST; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..A mouse model of severe or lethal HCPS could substantively augment studies on the pathogenesis of the capillary leak that results in the life-threatening pulmonary edema HCPS. ..
  27. ECOLOGY OF EMERGING ARENAVIRUSES IN SOUTHWESTERN U.S.
    CHARLES FULHORST; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..S.; and, 5) investigate further the human health significance of North American rodent-borne arena viruses. ..
  28. Evolutionary Genetics and Ecology of Trichromatic Vision
    Nathaniel Dominy; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This study thus aims to explore the issues, implications, and evolutionary significance of color vision variation. ..
  29. Rapid, accurate diagnostics for arenaviral infections
    CHARLES FULHORST; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..g., Amapari, Flexal) that were not used to develop or test the first generation assay. ..
  30. Renal Transplantation, Homocysteine Lowering & Cognition
    Irwin Rosenberg; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Demonstrating the cognitive benefits of lowering homocysteine may pave the way to nutritional modification of cognitive decline in RTRs and other high-risk groups and even in the general population. ..
  31. Exercise & influenza immunity:Psychoneuroendocrine Model
    Marian Kohut; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The findings from this study may have relevance from both a clinical and basic research perspective, if moderate exercise is associated with enhanced anti-influenza immunity and improved protection from infection. ..
  32. HIGH INTENSITY LIGHT THERAPY IN ALZHEIMER'S DISEASE
    Philip Sloane; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Secondary outcomes will include staff depression and reported hassles. Data collection will continue for one year to allow analyses to adjust for seasonal differences in outdoor light levels. ..
  33. Genetics of Wing and Cell-Size Evolution in Nasonia
    John Werren; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ....
  34. Micronutrients, stroke and cognition in aging
    Irwin Rosenberg; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  35. Translation Research in Plasmodium vivax
    Socrates Herrera; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  36. Preparing the Next Generation of Researchers in Aging
    Philip Sloane; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  37. Associating genetic variation to resistance to severe malaria in East Africa
    David Reich; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  38. Building a Latino admixture map & pilot study to find Type 2 Diabetes risk
    David Reich; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The study will also enable larger admixture mapping studies with many thousands of patients with Type 2 Diabetes, which we would like to pursue both in U.S. Latino and in Latin American populations. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  39. A Whole Genome Admixture Scan for Multiple Sclerosis
    David Reich; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..We will then move to a targeted haplotype-based association study in the most interesting regions to clone new genes associated with MS. ..
  40. STUDIES OF TUBULIN-INTERACTIVE ANTICANCER DRUGS
    David Kingston; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Such compounds are expected to show good tubulin polymerization and cytotoxic properties, and may thus become synthetically accessible anticancer agents. ..
  41. Population structure in whole-genome disease scans
    David Reich; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..We believe our new techniques will provide near-optimal power, and will be computationally efficient. We intend to make all these tools publicly available for the scientific community. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  42. Long-Term Care that Improve Resident Quality of life
    Philip Sloane; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  43. Viral determinants of hantavirus pulmonary disease in the hamster
    Charles F Fulhorst; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The plasmid-based genetic system could be used in future studies to develop vaccines to prevent infection or disease and to (in the face of clinical disease) mitigate the severity of HPS. ..
  44. Plants in the service of human health
    DJAJA SOEJARTO; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  45. MOLECULAR MECHANICS OF MYOSIN FILAMENTS
    William Guilford; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..These data are critical to our understanding of how myosin functions at the molecular level in whole cells and tissues. ..