egypt

Summary

Summary: A republic in northwest Africa. Its capital is Cairo. It was a very ancient kingdom which, by ca. 3000 B.C., was one of the early civilizations of the ancient world. It was the center of Hellenistic culture 330-323 B.C. and part of the Roman Empire from 30 B.C. until 640 A.D.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi The role of parenteral antischistosomal therapy in the spread of hepatitis C virus in Egypt
    C Frank
    University of Maryland, School of Medicine, Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Baltimore, USA
    Lancet 355:887-91. 2000
  2. ncbi The epidemiology and iatrogenic transmission of hepatitis C virus in Egypt: a Bayesian coalescent approach
    O G Pybus
    Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Mol Biol Evol 20:381-7. 2003
  3. pmc Circulation of endemic type 2 vaccine-derived poliovirus in Egypt from 1983 to 1993
    Chen Fu Yang
    Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Virol 77:8366-77. 2003
  4. ncbi Effect of yearly mass drug administration with diethylcarbamazine and albendazole on bancroftian filariasis in Egypt: a comprehensive assessment
    Reda M R Ramzy
    Research and Training Centre on Vectors of Diseases, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt
    Lancet 367:992-9. 2006
  5. ncbi The impact of acne vulgaris on the quality of life and psychologic status in patients from upper Egypt
    Kamal Abdel-Hafez
    Department of Dermatology, Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt
    Int J Dermatol 48:280-5. 2009
  6. pmc Incidence and risk factors for hepatitis C infection in a cohort of women in rural Egypt
    Doa a A Saleh
    Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 102:921-8. 2008
  7. ncbi Genetic variability of hepatitis C virus in South Egypt and its possible clinical implication
    Abeer Elkady
    Department of Clinical Molecular Informative Medicine, Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kawasumi, Mizuho, Nagoya, Japan
    J Med Virol 81:1015-23. 2009
  8. ncbi The nutrition transition in Egypt: obesity, undernutrition and the food consumption context
    Osman M Galal
    School of Public Health, University of California, Los Angeles 90095, USA
    Public Health Nutr 5:141-8. 2002
  9. pmc Additional remains of Wadilemur elegans, a primitive stem galagid from the late Eocene of Egypt
    Erik R Seiffert
    Department of Earth Sciences, University of Oxford, and Oxford University Museum of Natural History, Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PR, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102:11396-401. 2005
  10. ncbi Associations of pesticides, HCV, HBV, and hepatocellular carcinoma in Egypt
    Sameera Ezzat
    National Liver Institute, Menoufiya University, Shibin El Kom, Egypt
    Int J Hyg Environ Health 208:329-39. 2005

Detail Information

Publications362 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi The role of parenteral antischistosomal therapy in the spread of hepatitis C virus in Egypt
    C Frank
    University of Maryland, School of Medicine, Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Baltimore, USA
    Lancet 355:887-91. 2000
    The population of Egypt has a heavy burden of liver disease, mostly due to chronic infection with hepatitis C virus (HCV). Overall prevalence of antibody to HCV in the general population is around 15-20%...
  2. ncbi The epidemiology and iatrogenic transmission of hepatitis C virus in Egypt: a Bayesian coalescent approach
    O G Pybus
    Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Mol Biol Evol 20:381-7. 2003
    Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a leading cause of liver cancer and cirrhosis, and Egypt has possibly the highest HCV prevalence worldwide...
  3. pmc Circulation of endemic type 2 vaccine-derived poliovirus in Egypt from 1983 to 1993
    Chen Fu Yang
    Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Virol 77:8366-77. 2003
    From 1988 to 1993, 30 cases of poliomyelitis associated with poliovirus type 2 were found in seven governorates of Egypt. Because many of the cases were geographically and temporally clustered and because the case isolates differed ..
  4. ncbi Effect of yearly mass drug administration with diethylcarbamazine and albendazole on bancroftian filariasis in Egypt: a comprehensive assessment
    Reda M R Ramzy
    Research and Training Centre on Vectors of Diseases, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt
    Lancet 367:992-9. 2006
    b>Egypt was one of the first countries to implement a national programme to eliminate lymphatic filariasis based on WHO's strategy of repeated rounds of mass drug administration (MDA) with diethylcarbamazine and albendazole (target ..
  5. ncbi The impact of acne vulgaris on the quality of life and psychologic status in patients from upper Egypt
    Kamal Abdel-Hafez
    Department of Dermatology, Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt
    Int J Dermatol 48:280-5. 2009
    ..Aim To study the overall impact of acne vulgaris on the quality of life and psychologic functioning of patients in Egypt.
  6. pmc Incidence and risk factors for hepatitis C infection in a cohort of women in rural Egypt
    Doa a A Saleh
    Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 102:921-8. 2008
    ..Our data suggest that asymptomatic HCV infections frequently occurred during the perinatal period but often cleared and that educating medical personnel on safe practices possibly reduced HCV transmission...
  7. ncbi Genetic variability of hepatitis C virus in South Egypt and its possible clinical implication
    Abeer Elkady
    Department of Clinical Molecular Informative Medicine, Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kawasumi, Mizuho, Nagoya, Japan
    J Med Virol 81:1015-23. 2009
    b>Egypt is one of the countries with very high rates of hepatitis C virus (HCV) related morbidity and mortality. However, little is known about geographical and clinical differences in genetic variability of HCV in Egypt...
  8. ncbi The nutrition transition in Egypt: obesity, undernutrition and the food consumption context
    Osman M Galal
    School of Public Health, University of California, Los Angeles 90095, USA
    Public Health Nutr 5:141-8. 2002
    To describe changing food consumption patterns in Egypt over the last several decades, current levels of overweight and obesity, and current data on obesity-related morbidity.
  9. pmc Additional remains of Wadilemur elegans, a primitive stem galagid from the late Eocene of Egypt
    Erik R Seiffert
    Department of Earth Sciences, University of Oxford, and Oxford University Museum of Natural History, Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PR, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102:11396-401. 2005
    The late Eocene prosimian Wadilemur elegans from the Jebel Qatrani Formation, northern Egypt, was originally interpreted as an anchomomyin adapiform primate based on limited information from the lower molars and distal premolars...
  10. ncbi Associations of pesticides, HCV, HBV, and hepatocellular carcinoma in Egypt
    Sameera Ezzat
    National Liver Institute, Menoufiya University, Shibin El Kom, Egypt
    Int J Hyg Environ Health 208:329-39. 2005
    The rate of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is increasing in Egypt where the major risk factors are chronic infections with hepatitis B and C viruses (HBV and HCV)...
  11. ncbi Bladder cancer in Africa: update
    N G el-Mawla
    Department of Medical Oncology, National Cancer Institute, Cairo, Egypt
    Semin Oncol 28:174-8. 2001
    Carcinoma of the bladder is the most prevalent cancer in Egypt and in most African countries. At the National Cancer Institute (NCI), Cairo, it constitutes 30.3% of all cancers...
  12. pmc Foot-and-mouth disease virus serotype A in Egypt
    Nick J Knowles
    Institute for Animal Health, Surrey, United Kingdom
    Emerg Infect Dis 13:1593-6. 2007
    ..characterization of a foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) serotype A virus responsible for recent outbreaks of disease in Egypt. Phylogenetic analysis of VP1 nucleotide sequences demonstrated a close relationship to recent FMD virus isolates ..
  13. ncbi The decline of female circumcision in Egypt: evidence and interpretation
    Omaima el-Gibaly
    Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Assiut University, USA
    Soc Sci Med 54:205-20. 2002
    Female circumcision is widespread in Egypt. Research suggests that the practice persists because of a belief that circumcision will moderate female sexuality, that it will assure a girl's marriagability, and that it is sanctioned by ..
  14. ncbi Epidemiology of dysmenorrhoea among adolescent students in Mansoura, Egypt
    A H el-Gilany
    Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Mansoura, Mansoura, Egypt
    East Mediterr Health J 11:155-63. 2005
    ..4% of student with dysmenorrhoea, but this was significantly more reported by students with severe dysmenorrhoea. Significant predictors of dysmenorrhoea were older age, irregular or long cycle and heavy bleeding...
  15. ncbi Hepatitis B and C viral infection: prevalence, knowledge, attitude and practice among barbers and clients in Gharbia governorate, Egypt
    S Shalaby
    Department of Public Health, Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Tanta, Tanta, Egypt corrected
    East Mediterr Health J 16:10-7. 2010
    A study in Egypt determined the prevalence of hepatitis B and C virus infections among barbers (n = 308) and their clients (n = 308) in Gharbia governorate, and assessed knowledge, attitude and practices during hair-cutting and shaving...
  16. ncbi Basal anthropoids from Egypt and the antiquity of Africa's higher primate radiation
    Erik R Seiffert
    Department of Earth Sciences, University of Oxford, and Oxford University Museum of Natural History, Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 3PW, UK
    Science 310:300-4. 2005
    ..describe craniodental remains of the primitive anthropoid Biretia from approximately 37-million-year-old rocks in Egypt. Biretia is unique among early anthropoids in exhibiting evidence for nocturnality, but derived dental features ..
  17. ncbi Pattern of ocular trauma in Egypt
    Mahmoud M Soliman
    Department of Ophthalmology, Kasr El Aini Hospital, Cairo University, El Manial, Cairo, Egypt
    Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 246:205-12. 2008
    ..To review the epidemiology of serious ocular trauma presenting to Kasr El Aini Hospital, Cairo University...
  18. pmc Predominance and circulation of enteric viruses in the region of Greater Cairo, Egypt
    Aziza H Kamel
    Laboratory of Virology, National Reference Center for Enteric Viruses, Public Hospital of Dijon, Dijon, France
    J Clin Microbiol 47:1037-45. 2009
    The circulation of enteric viruses among the population of Cairo, Egypt, between March 2006 and February 2007 was studied. At least one virus was detected in 50% of fecal samples, 57...
  19. ncbi Consanguinity and advanced maternal age as risk factors for reproductive losses in Alexandria, Egypt
    M M Mokhtar
    Department of Huiman Genetics, Medical Research Institute, Alexandria University, Egypt
    Eur J Epidemiol 17:559-65. 2001
    ..Estimates of consanguinity ratios in different parts of Egypt ranged from 29 to 50%...
  20. ncbi Molecular characterization of Panton-Valentine leukocidin-positive community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolates in Egypt
    Shymaa Enany
    Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt
    Microbiol Res 165:152-62. 2010
    ..expressing Panton-Valentine leukocidin (PVL) have been characterized worldwide, but it has not been done in Egypt. In this study, we analyzed the molecular characteristics of PVL+CA-MRSA in Egypt, compared their genetic patterns ..
  21. ncbi Role of hepatitis C infection in chronic liver disease in Egypt
    G Thomas Strickland
    Hepatitis C Prevention Project Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21201, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 67:436-42. 2002
    Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is considered the most common etiology of chronic liver disease (CLD) in Egypt, where prevalence of antibodies to HCV (anti-HCV) is approximately 10-fold greater than in the United States and Europe...
  22. pmc Unexpectedly high proportion of ancestral Manu genotype Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains cultured from tuberculosis patients in Egypt
    Zeinab H Helal
    Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Al Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt
    J Clin Microbiol 47:2794-801. 2009
    Tuberculosis is one of the important public health problems in Egypt. However, limited information on the Mycobacterium tuberculosis genotypes circulating in Egypt is available. A total of 151 M...
  23. ncbi Prevalence of hepatitis B and C in Egypt and Africa
    M A Attia
    Virology and Immunology Unit, Cairo University, Egypt
    Antivir Ther 3:1-9. 1998
    Hepatitis B and C are, and will remain for some time, major health problems in Egypt and the entire continent of Africa...
  24. ncbi Genetic diversity in hepatitis C virus in Egypt and possible association with hepatocellular carcinoma
    Mohamed Abdel-Hamid
    Viral Hepatitis Research Laboratory, National Hepatology and Tropical Medicine Research Institute, Cairo, Egypt
    J Gen Virol 88:1526-31. 2007
    b>Egypt has one of the world's highest prevalences of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, with a majority of genotype 4 infections...
  25. ncbi Targeted health insurance in a low income country and its impact on access and equity in access: Egypt's school health insurance
    W Yip
    Harvard School of Public Health, Program in Health Care Financing, University Place, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Health Econ 10:207-20. 2001
    ..In Egypt, the School Health Insurance Programme (SHIP) is a government subsidized health insurance system that targets ..
  26. pmc Possible avian influenza (H5N1) from migratory bird, Egypt
    Magdi D Saad
    Emerg Infect Dis 13:1120-1. 2007
  27. ncbi Hepatitis c in a community in Upper Egypt: risk factors for infection
    Ahmed Medhat
    Hepatitis C Prevention Project, Assiut University Faculty of Medicine, Egypt
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 66:633-8. 2002
    This investigation's objective was to identify risk factors for hepatitis C virus (HCV) in a village in Upper Egypt with a moderately high prevalence (8.7%) of antibodies to HCV (anti-HCV)...
  28. ncbi Real-time PCR/RFLP assay to detect Giardia intestinalis genotypes in human isolates with diarrhea in Egypt
    Moshira M F Helmy
    Department of Parasitology, College of Medicine, Misr University for Science and Technology, Al Motamayez District 6th of October Governorate, Egypt
    J Parasitol 95:1000-4. 2009
    ..intestinalis in human feces in Egypt. Among 97 fecal samples, 30 (31%) were diagnosed as giardiasis by saline wet mount microscopy after staining with ..
  29. ncbi Women's empowerment and the intention to continue the practice of female genital cutting in Egypt
    Mustafa Afifi
    Department of Primary Health Care, MOH HQ, P O Box 1853, Dubai, UAE
    Arch Iran Med 12:154-60. 2009
    ..The study aimed to (dis)prove the association of the level of women's empowerment with their future intention to perpetuate female genital cutting for their daughters...
  30. ncbi Diagnosis of human brucellosis in Egypt by polymerase chain reaction
    A A El Kholy
    Department of Clinical and Chemical Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Cairo, Cairo, Egypt
    East Mediterr Health J 15:1068-74. 2009
    ..accurate and sensitive polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technique for the diagnosis of active human brucellosis in Egypt. We failed to extract Brucella DNA with a commercial kit, but an extraction kit designed in-house using 2 sets of ..
  31. ncbi Infant feeding and weaning practices in Roman Egypt
    T L Dupras
    Department of Sociology and Anthropology, University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL 32816 1360, USA
    Am J Phys Anthropol 115:204-12. 2001
    Current knowledge of infant feeding and weaning practices during the Roman period in Egypt is limited to scanty documentary and iconographic evidence...
  32. ncbi Prolonged detection of indigenous wild polioviruses in sewage from communities in Egypt
    Laila El Bassioni
    Egyptian Organization for Biological Products and Vaccine Production, Cairo, Egypt
    Am J Epidemiol 158:807-15. 2003
    Environmental surveillance for polioviruses has been implemented in Egypt. This paper reports on a study in which 130 sewage samples were collected between January 2001 and December 2001 from eight provinces of Egypt...
  33. ncbi Menstrual hygiene among adolescent schoolgirls in Mansoura, Egypt
    Abdel Hady El-Gilany
    Community Medicine Department, Faculty of Medicine, University of Mansoura, Mansoura, Egypt
    Reprod Health Matters 13:147-52. 2005
    ..This study among 664 schoolgirls aged 14-18 in Mansoura, Egypt, asked about type of sanitary protection used, frequency of changing pads or cloths, means of disposal and bathing ..
  34. ncbi First report of Leishmania tropica from a classical focus of L. major in North-Sinai, Egypt
    Magdi G Shehata
    Entomology Department, Faculty of Science, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 81:213-8. 2009
    ..This scenario is consistent with an incursion of L. tropica from bordering countries and raises concerns about expansion of this parasite further into Egypt.
  35. ncbi Spermiogenesis in two paramphistomes from Nile fish in Egypt: an ultrastructural study
    A A Ashour
    Faculty of Science, Ain Shams University, Abbassia, 11566 Cairo, Egypt
    J Helminthol 81:219-26. 2007
    ..in two paramphistomes, Sandonia sudanensis and Basidiodiscus ectorchis from the Nile fish Synodontis schall in Egypt was studied by transmission electron microscopy...
  36. pmc Family planning services quality as a determinant of use of IUD in Egypt
    Rathavuth Hong
    Demographic and Health Research Division, ORC Macro, 11785 Beltsville Drive, Calverton, MD 20705, USA
    BMC Health Serv Res 6:79. 2006
    ..This study examined the relationship between quality of family planning services and use of intrauterine devices (IUD) in Egypt.
  37. ncbi Urinary biomarkers of aflatoxin exposure in young children from Egypt and Guinea
    Nektaria Polychronaki
    Department of Clinical Nutrition, University of Kuopio, Finland
    Food Chem Toxicol 46:519-26. 2008
    ..3 pg/ml; 95% CI: 10.1, 26.6 pg/ml) was 6-fold higher (p<0.001) than in Egypt (2.7 pg/ml; 95% CI: 2.5, 2.8 pg/ml)...
  38. ncbi A review on fascioliasis in Egypt
    Ahmad N Haseeb
    Department of Tropical Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt
    J Egypt Soc Parasitol 32:317-54. 2002
    ..In Egypt, donkeys and camels as well, are hosts for F. gigantica. Fascioliasis may occasionally affect man...
  39. ncbi Acanthamoeba isolates belonging to T1, T2, T3, T4 and T7 genotypes from environmental freshwater samples in the Nile Delta region, Egypt
    Jacob Lorenzo-Morales
    Instituto Universitario de Enfermedades Tropicales y Salud Pública de Canarias, University of La Laguna, Av Astrofísico Fco Sánchez s n, 38203 La Laguna, Canary Islands, Spain
    Acta Trop 100:63-9. 2006
    ..amoebae of Acanthamoeba genus in freshwater sources associated with human activities in the Nile Delta region, Egypt. Identification of Acanthamoeba was based on the morphology of cyst and trophozoite forms and PCR amplification ..
  40. ncbi Nutritional stunting in Egypt: which nutrient is responsible?
    S A Ibrahim
    Department of Research and Field Study, Nutrition Institute, Cairo, Egypt
    East Mediterr Health J 8:272-80. 2002
    ..Serum zinc levels were also lower in the stunted group but not significantly so. We conclude that several nutrient deficiencies occur simultaneously in stunted children and all of them may be responsible for stunting...
  41. ncbi Screening for beta-thalassaemia carriers in Egypt: significance of the osmotic fragility test
    A el-Beshlawy
    Department of Paediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt
    East Mediterr Health J 13:780-6. 2007
    ..screening test, we tested 1000 randomly selected children aged 5-16 years from different geographical areas of Egypt. Microcytosis was present in 412 participants. The osmotic fragility test was positive in 81...
  42. ncbi Zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis: reservoir host and insect vector in north Sinai, Egypt
    Hassan A Hamadto
    Department of Parasitoloy, Faculties of Medicine, Benha University, Cairo
    J Egypt Soc Parasitol 37:843-50. 2007
    Cutaneous leishmaniasis (ZCL) is a protozoan disease well documented not only in Egypt, but in nearly all the East Mediterranean Countries...
  43. ncbi T-lymphocyte subsets and thymic size in malnourished infants in Egypt: a hospital-based study
    M F Nassar
    Department of Paediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt
    East Mediterr Health J 13:1031-42. 2007
    ..We recommend proper assessment of the immune functions of PEM patients during nutritional rehabilitation until full recovery...
  44. ncbi Pilot survey of aflatoxin-albumin adducts in sera from Egypt
    Paul C Turner
    University of Leeds, Molecular Epidemiology Unit, Leeds, UK
    Food Addit Contam Part A Chem Anal Control Expo Risk Assess 25:583-7. 2008
    ..Aflatoxin exposure has been predicted in Egypt but, to date, no studies have measured the level of aflatoxin-albumin (AF-alb) adducts as a validated biomarker to ..
  45. ncbi Overview of injection practices in two governorates in Egypt
    Maha Talaat
    US Naval Medical Research Unit, Cairo, Egypt
    Trop Med Int Health 8:234-41. 2003
    To describe the extent and characteristics of injection use and injection providers in Egypt, given that unsafe injections are associated with blood-borne pathogen transmission.
  46. ncbi Indices and sociodemographic determinants of childhood mortality in rural Upper Egypt
    K M Yassin
    Department 2 Public Health Medicine, School of Public Health, University of Bielefeld, Germany
    Soc Sci Med 51:185-97. 2000
    There is a general agreement that childhood mortality in Egypt has substantially declined during the last two decades...
  47. ncbi Isolation and molecular characterization of Toxoplasma gondii from chickens and ducks from Egypt
    J P Dubey
    Animal Parasitic Diseases Laboratory, United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Animal and Natural Resources Institute, BARC East, Beltsville, MD 20705 2350, USA
    Vet Parasitol 114:89-95. 2003
    ..gondii in 121 free range chickens (Gallus domesticus) and 19 ducks (Anas sp.) from a rural area surrounding Giza, Egypt was assessed. Blood, heart, and brain from each animal were examined for T. gondii infection. Antibodies to T...
  48. ncbi Changing patterns of acute viral hepatitis at a major urban referral center in Egypt
    Soheir Zakaria
    Department of Tropical Medicine, Cairo University, Al Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt
    Clin Infect Dis 44:e30-6. 2007
    ..We hypothesized that improvements in health care and sanitation in the past 2 decades in Egypt have significantly impacted the viral causes of acute viral hepatitis in hospitalized patients...
  49. ncbi Epidemiology of diarrhoeal diseases among children under age 5 years in Dakahlia, Egypt
    A H el-Gilany
    Community Medicine Department, Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura University, Egypt
    East Mediterr Health J 11:762-75. 2005
    ..Overcrowding, improper refuse disposal and non-flush toilets were also significantly correlated with diarrhoea incidence...
  50. pmc Factors associated with wife beating in Egypt: analysis of two surveys (1995 and 2005)
    Manas K Akmatov
    Department of Public Health Medicine, School of Public Health, University of Bielefeld, Bielefeld, Germany
    BMC Womens Health 8:15. 2008
    Wife beating is an important public health problem in many developing countries. We assessed the rates of wife beating and examined factors associated with wife beating in 1995 and 2005 in Egypt.
  51. ncbi Pathogenicity and convalescent excretion of Campylobacter in rural Egyptian children
    M R Rao
    Epidemiology Branch, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 154:166-73. 2001
    ..This observation that natural infection did not confer protection during the first 6 months of life poses a challenge to vaccine development...
  52. ncbi Bile duct carcinoma in Egypt: possible etiological factors
    A El-Zayadi
    Ain Shams, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo, Egypt
    Hepatogastroenterology 38:337-40. 1991
    Contrary to an old belief, bile duct carcinoma is not a rare disorder in Egypt. Among 730 patients referred for an ERCP examination, twenty-nine consecutive patients were diagnosed as having bile duct carcinoma...
  53. ncbi Transfer of Natrialba asiatica B1T to Natrialba taiwanensis sp. nov. and description of Natrialba aegyptiaca sp. nov., a novel extremely halophilic, aerobic, non-pigmented member of the Archaea from Egypt that produces extracellular poly(glutamic acid)
    F F Hezayen
    , Germany
    Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 51:1133-42. 2001
    A novel extremely halophilic member of the Archaea, strain 40T, was isolated from Egypt (Aswan). This isolate requires at least 1.6 M sodium chloride for growth and exhibits optimal growth between 37 and 42 degrees C...
  54. ncbi Risk assessment of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in a Mediterranean semi-enclosed basin affected by human activities (Abu Qir Bay, Egypt)
    Mohammed A Khairy
    Institute of Ecological Chemistry and Waste Analysis, Technical University of Braunschweig, Hagenring 30, 38106 Braunschweig, Germany
    J Hazard Mater 170:389-97. 2009
    ..Also adverse health effects are not expected to occur from the consumption of the investigated mussels with respect to PAHs in Abu Qir Bay...
  55. pmc Viral and non-viral risk factors for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in Egypt: heterogeneity by histological and immunological subtypes
    Lenka Goldman
    Lombardi Cancer Center, Georgetown University, 3800 Reservoir Rd, PO Box 571465, Washington, DC 20057 1465, USA
    Cancer Causes Control 20:981-7. 2009
    Non-Hodgkin's lymphomas (NHL) are etiologically heterogeneous malignancies. In Egypt, we previously reported an association of increased NHL risk with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection...
  56. pmc National maternal mortality ratio in Egypt halved between 1992-93 and 2000
    Oona Campbell
    Maternal and Child Health Care, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, England
    Bull World Health Organ 83:462-71. 2005
    Two surveys of maternal mortality conducted in Egypt, in 1992-93 and in 2000, collected data from a representative sample of health bureaus covering all of Egypt, except for five frontier governorates which were covered only by the later ..
  57. ncbi Seroprevalence of and risk factors for Toxoplasma gondii antibodies among asymptomatic blood donors in Egypt
    Hany M Elsheikha
    Division of Veterinary Medicine, The School of Veterinary Medicine and Science, The University of Nottingham, Sutton Bonington Campus, Leicestershire, UK
    Parasitol Res 104:1471-6. 2009
    ..factors for Toxoplasma gondii antibodies in 260 blood donors seen at blood banks in Mansoura University Hospital, Egypt. Blood donors were interviewed about sociodemographic characteristics and risk factors for T. gondii infection...
  58. pmc Urban-rural differences in breast cancer incidence by hormone receptor status across 6 years in Egypt
    Subhojit Dey
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, 109 Observatory Street, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109, USA
    Breast Cancer Res Treat 120:149-60. 2010
    ..incidence classified by hormone receptor status using data from Gharbiah population-based cancer registry in Egypt from 2001 to 2006. Urban ER+ incidence rate (per 100,000 women) was 2-4 times (IRR = 3.36, 95% CI = 4.84, 2...
  59. ncbi Expected increase in hepatitis C-related mortality in Egypt due to pre-2000 infections
    Sylvie Deuffic-Burban
    CRESGE LABORES, CNRS URA 362, 1 rue Norbert Ségard, BP 109, 59016 Lille, France
    J Hepatol 44:455-61. 2006
    b>Egypt has the highest prevalence of Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) in the world, apparently due to mass parenteral antischistosomal therapy...
  60. pmc Injection drug use is a risk factor for HCV infection in urban Egypt
    Adela Paez Jimenez
    Emerging Disease Epidemiology Unit, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France
    PLoS ONE 4:e7193. 2009
    ..To identify current risk factors for hepatitis C virus (HCV) transmission in Greater Cairo...
  61. ncbi Hepatocellular carcinoma in Egypt: a single center study over a decade
    Abdel Rahman El-Zayadi
    Department of Tropical Medicine, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt
    World J Gastroenterol 11:5193-8. 2005
    To identify the trend, possible risk factors and any pattern change of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in Egypt over a decade.
  62. ncbi Molecular screening and risk factors of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli and Salmonella spp. in diarrheic neonatal calves in Egypt
    Emad E Younis
    Department of Internal Medicine and Infectious Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Mansoura University, Mansoura 35516, Egypt
    Res Vet Sci 87:373-9. 2009
    ..samples were obtained from 220 diarrheic calves at 9 farms related to four governorates in central and northern Egypt. E. coli and Salmonella spp. isolates were examined for E. coli K99 and Salmonella spp. using PCR...
  63. ncbi Clinical profile of acute paraphenylenediamine intoxication in Egypt
    Sawsan A Shalaby
    Forensic Medicine and Clinical Toxicology Department Faculty of Medicine Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt
    Toxicol Ind Health 26:81-7. 2010
    Orientation to paraphenylenediamine (PPD) acute systemic intoxication in Egypt has been increased over the last decade...
  64. pmc Symptomatic acute hepatitis C in Egypt: diagnosis, spontaneous viral clearance, and delayed treatment with 12 weeks of pegylated interferon alfa-2a
    Noha Sharaf Eldin
    Department of Community Medicine, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt
    PLoS ONE 3:e4085. 2008
    ....
  65. ncbi Bloodborne infections among student voluntary blood donors in Mansoura University, Egypt
    A H el-Gilany
    Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Mansoura, Mansoura, Egypt
    East Mediterr Health J 12:742-8. 2006
    We carried out a retrospective study on student voluntary blood donors in Mansoura University, Egypt. Serum samples were tested for HBsAg, anti-HCV, anti-HIV-1 and anti-HIV-2 as well as syphilis...
  66. ncbi Cytogenetic profile of Down syndrome in Alexandria, Egypt
    M M Mokhtar
    Department of Human Genetics, Medical Research Institute, University of Alexandria, Alexandria, Egypt
    East Mediterr Health J 9:37-44. 2003
    ..2 years) but not in translocation (25.3 years). There was an excess of males in all groups except the mosaic group where the male:female ratio was 0.67. Cytogenetic investigations assist in patient management and family counselling...
  67. ncbi A giant sauropod dinosaur from an Upper Cretaceous mangrove deposit in Egypt
    J B Smith
    Department of Earth and Environmental Science, University of Pennsylvania, 240 South 33rd Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6316, USA
    Science 292:1704-6. 2001
    ..giant titanosaurid sauropod dinosaur discovered in coastal deposits in the Upper Cretaceous Bahariya Formation of Egypt, a unit that has produced three Tyrannosaurus-sized theropods and numerous other vertebrate taxa...
  68. ncbi Reference intervals of cadmium, lead, and mercury in blood, urine, hair, and nails among residents in Mansoura city, Nile delta, Egypt
    Wael I Mortada
    Urology and Nephrology Center, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt
    Environ Res 90:104-10. 2002
    A random sample of 68 males and 25 females who reside in Mansoura city, Egypt, was examined for concentrations of cadmium, lead, and mercury in blood, urine, hair, and nails. The effect of gender and smoking on such levels was studied...
  69. ncbi Menopause in Egypt: past and present perspectives
    H Sallam
    The Suzanne Mubarak Regional Center for Women s Health and Development, Egypt
    Climacteric 9:421-9. 2006
    The mean age of the menopause in Egypt is 46.7 years, which is low compared to many countries, but this age has been rising recently...
  70. ncbi The interrelationship of malnutrition and diarrhea in a periurban area outside Alexandria, Egypt
    T F Wierzba
    Enteric Diseases Research Program, United States Naval Medical Research Unit 3, Cairo, Egypt
    J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 32:189-96. 2001
    ..Diarrhea alone does not appear to contribute substantially to malnutrition when children have diarrhea-free time for catch-up growth...
  71. ncbi Evaluation of accreditation program in non-governmental organizations' health units in Egypt: short-term outcomes
    Mahi Al Tehewy
    Community Medicine, Healthcare Quality Unit, Ain Shams Faculty of Medicine, Abassia, 86 Asmaa Fahmy Street, Heliopolis, Cairo, Egypt
    Int J Qual Health Care 21:183-9. 2009
    ..To determine the effect of accreditation of non-governmental organizations' health units on patient satisfaction and provider satisfaction and the output of accreditation on compliance to some accreditation standards...
  72. ncbi Hyperendemic fascioliasis associated with schistosomiasis in villages in the Nile Delta of Egypt
    Jose Guillermo Esteban
    Departamento de Parasitologia, Facultad de Farmacia, Universidad de Valencia, Valencia, Spain
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 69:429-37. 2003
    Coprologic surveys were carried out in villages of the Behera Governorate in the Nile Delta region of Egypt to characterize the epidemiologic features of human fascioliasis caused by Fasciola hepatica and F...
  73. pmc The burden of trachoma in the rural Nile Delta of Egypt: a survey of Menofiya governorate
    G Ezz al Arab
    Al Noor Foundation, Cairo, Egypt
    Br J Ophthalmol 85:1406-10. 2001
    BACKGROUND: Evidence of widespread distribution of trachoma in Egypt had not been clarified as previous surveys were limited to individual communities which may not have been representative of the general population...
  74. ncbi The potential role of rattus rattus in enzootic cycle of Rift Valley Fever in Egypt 2-application of reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) in blood samples of Rattus rattus
    Bahgat Z Youssef
    Microbiological Department, Animal Health Research Institute, Dokki, Alexandria Branch
    J Egypt Public Health Assoc 77:133-41. 2002
    ..rattus) collected from 3 different governorates of Egypt, Alexandria, Behira and Minia governorates (one hundred each). Out of 300 blood samples 29(9...
  75. ncbi Sequence diversity of the haemagglutinin open reading frame of recent highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 isolates from Egypt
    Ahmed S Abdel-Moneim
    Virology Department, Beni Suef University, Beni Suef, 62511, Egypt
    Arch Virol 154:1559-62. 2009
    ..H5N1 isolates obtained in 2006 and 2007 from different avian species in backyard holdings and poultry farms in Egypt revealed amino acid variations across the polypeptide and also in the polybasic cleavage motif of three of the ..
  76. ncbi Evolution of infection control in Egypt: achievements and challenges
    Maha Talaat
    Naval Medical Research Unit No 3, Infection Control Unit, Disease Surveillance Program, Cairo, Egypt
    Am J Infect Control 34:193-200. 2006
    The high prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in Egypt highlighted the urgent need for implementing infection control (IC) programs in Egypt.
  77. ncbi The changing patterns of bladder cancer in Egypt over the past 26 years
    Ashley S Felix
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, 109 S Observatory, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    Cancer Causes Control 19:421-9. 2008
    ..To evaluate temporal changes in histopathological types of bladder cancer and to assess associated changes in demographic, epidemiologic, and lifestyle risk factors...
  78. pmc Metabolic and cardiovascular risk profiles and hepatitis C virus infection in rural Egypt
    D Marzouk
    Department of Community, Environmental and Occupational Medicine, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt
    Gut 56:1105-10. 2007
    To investigate the relationship between lipid profiles and diabetes with past and chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection among village residents of Egypt.
  79. pmc Phenotypic profiles of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli associated with early childhood diarrhea in rural Egypt
    Hind I Shaheen
    U S Naval Medical Research Unit Number 3, Cairo, Egypt
    J Clin Microbiol 42:5588-95. 2004
    ..These data suggest that a proportion of the disease that is endemic to young children in rural Egypt represents the confluence of small epidemics by clonally related ETEC strains that are transiently introduced or ..
  80. pmc Serum cadmium levels in pancreatic cancer patients from the East Nile Delta region of Egypt
    Alison M Kriegel
    Department of Biochemistry, Tulane University Health Sciences Center, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 114:113-9. 2006
    ..It is well documented that this region has one of the highest levels of pollution in Egypt. Epidemiologic studies have suggested that cadmium, a prevalent pollutant in the northeast Nile Delta region, ..
  81. pmc Prevalence of anti-Rift-Valley-fever IgM antibody in abattoir workers in the Nile delta during the 1993 outbreak in Egypt
    R Abu Elyazeed
    Risk Assessment Branch, U S Naval Medical Research Unit No 3, Cairo, Egypt
    Bull World Health Organ 74:155-8. 1996
    ..an outbreak of Rift Valley fever (RVF) was reported among both humans and animals in Aswan Governorate, Upper Egypt. To determine whether RVF infection had spread to the Nile delta region of the country, we carried out a cross-..
  82. pmc Schistosomiasis and the risk of bladder cancer in Alexandria, Egypt
    R Bedwani
    Medical Research Institute, Alexandria, Egypt
    Br J Cancer 77:1186-9. 1998
    ..was investigated using data from a case-control study conducted between January 1994 and July 1996 in Alexandria, Egypt. Cases were 190 subjects with incident, histologically confirmed invasive cancer of the bladder, and controls were ..
  83. ncbi Changing pattern of hepatitis C virus spread in rural areas of Egypt
    Naglaa Arafa
    Department of Community, Environmental and Occupational Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt
    J Hepatol 43:418-24. 2005
    To identify patterns of HCV spread in the Nile Delta of Egypt.
  84. ncbi Intrafamilial transmission of hepatitis C in Egypt
    Mostafa K Mohamed
    National Hepatology and Tropical Medicine Research Institute, Cairo, Egypt
    Hepatology 42:683-7. 2005
    ..8/1,000 PY) in the Nile Delta village (AES), where prevalence was 24% and 5 (0.8/1,000 PY) in the Upper Egypt village (baseline prevalence of 9%)...
  85. ncbi Changing pattern of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and its risk factors in Egypt: possibilities for prevention
    Wagida A Anwar
    Ain Shams University, Egypt
    Mutat Res 659:176-84. 2008
    The burden of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has been increasing in Egypt with a doubling in the incidence rate in the past 10 years. This has been attributed to several biological (e.g...
  86. ncbi Differences in disability among older women and men in Egypt and Tunisia
    Kathryn M Yount
    Department of International Health, Emory University, 1518 Clifton Road NE, Room 724, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Demography 42:169-87. 2005
    ..In this article, we examine differences between women and men in later-life activity limitation in Egypt and Tunisia...
  87. ncbi Oedematous skin disease of buffalo in Egypt
    S A Selim
    Center for Biotechnology Services and Researches, Veterinary Faculty, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt
    J Vet Med B Infect Dis Vet Public Health 48:241-58. 2001
    This review covers a historical view and etiology of oedematous skin disease which affects buffalo in Egypt, the microbiology of Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis causing the disease: its virulence; clinical signs; mechanism of ..
  88. ncbi Seroprevalences and local variation of human and livestock brucellosis in two villages in Gharbia Governorate, Egypt
    Azza El Sherbini
    Research Unit, Tanta Fever Hospital, Taha El Hakim St, Tanta 3111, Egypt
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 101:923-8. 2007
    ..at assessing the epidemiology of brucellosis among both human and livestock populations in an endemic area in Egypt. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in two villages, where 616 inhabitants (aged 3-75 years) and 350 livestock ..
  89. ncbi Novel and unexpected prokaryotic diversity in water and sediments of the alkaline, hypersaline lakes of the Wadi An Natrun, Egypt
    Noha M Mesbah
    Department of Microbiology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602 2605, USA
    Microb Ecol 54:598-617. 2007
    ..This indicates that the water and sediments of the Wadi An Natrun harbor a unique and novel prokaryotic diversity that is different from what has been described among other alkaline, athalassohaline lakes...
  90. ncbi ELISA-seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in draught horses in Greater Cairo, Egypt
    Fouad M Haridy
    Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, Suez Canal University, Cairo, Egypt
    J Egypt Soc Parasitol 39:821-6. 2009
    ..The result showed that the overall ELISA-T. gondii antibodies were 25% of the horses in Greater Cairo, 50% (females) and 22.2% (males)...
  91. ncbi Impact of breast-feeding on Giardia lamblia infections in Bilbeis, Egypt
    M A Mahmud
    University of Texas School of Public Health, Houston, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 65:257-60. 2001
    A total of 152 infants were followed from birth to 1 year of age in a rural community of Egypt to document Giardia lamblia infection and to determine the effect of breast-feeding on enteric infections by this protozoan...
  92. ncbi Molecular analysis of skeletal tuberculosis in an ancient Egyptian population
    A Zink
    Department of Pathology, , , Germany
    J Med Microbiol 50:355-66. 2001
    ..study was performed on 37 skeletal tissue specimens from cadavers in the necropolis of Thebes-West, Upper Egypt, (2120-500 BC) and four from the necropolis of Abydos (3000 BC)...
  93. ncbi Identification of genotypes of Giardia intestinalis of human isolates in Egypt
    P Foronda
    Instituto Universitario de Enfermedades Tropicales y Salud Pública de Canarias, University of La Laguna, Avda Astrofísico Fco Sánchez, s n 8203, Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain
    Parasitol Res 103:1177-81. 2008
    In Egypt, the genotyping study of Giardia intestinalis in human is limited. To determine the prevalence of G. intestinalis, faecal samples were collected from Egypt. Samples were concentrated using density gradient centrifugation...
  94. ncbi Subtype analysis of Blastocystis isolates from symptomatic patients in Egypt
    Laetitia Souppart
    INSERM U547, Institut Pasteur de Lille, Universite Lille Nord de France, 1 rue du Professeur Calmette, BP 245, 59019 Lille Cedex, France
    Parasitol Res 106:505-11. 2010
    ..90%) followed by ST1 (19.05%) and ST2 (19.05%). Together with previous studies carried out in different areas in Egypt, a total of five STs (ST1, ST2, ST3, ST4, and ST6) have been found in symptomatic patients...
  95. ncbi First phenotypic description of Fasciola hepatica/Fasciola gigantica intermediate forms from the human endemic area of the Nile Delta, Egypt
    M V Periago
    Departamento de Parasitologia, Facultad de Farmacia, Universidad de Valencia, Avenue Vicent Andres Estelles s n, 46100 Burjassot Valencia, Spain
    Infect Genet Evol 8:51-8. 2008
    ..hepatica and F. gigantica overlap in some countries. Egypt deserves mentioning because of the emerging situation of human fascioliasis in the Nile Delta area...
  96. ncbi Influence of parental and socioeconomic factors on stunting in children under 5 years in Egypt
    L K Zottarelli
    Texas Woman s University, Texas, USA
    East Mediterr Health J 13:1330-42. 2007
    ..between parental and socioeconomic characteristics and nutritional status of children under 5 years in Egypt. Data from the 2000 Egypt Demographic and Health Survey were used...
  97. ncbi Focus on psychiatry in Egypt
    A Okasha
    Br J Psychiatry 185:266-72. 2004
  98. pmc Barrett's esophagus: prevalence and risk factors in patients with chronic GERD in Upper Egypt
    Yasser M Fouad
    Department of Tropical Medicine and Gastroenterology, Minya University, Minya 19104, Egypt
    World J Gastroenterol 15:3511-5. 2009
    To determine the prevalence and possible risk factors of Barrett's esophagus (BE) in patients with chronic gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in El Minya and Assuit, Upper Egypt.
  99. ncbi An outbreak of enzootic bovine leukosis in upper Egypt: clinical, laboratory and molecular-epidemiological studies
    A Zaghawa
    Department of Animal Medicine and Infections and Fish Disease, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Menoufia University, Sadat City, Egypt
    J Vet Med B Infect Dis Vet Public Health 49:123-9. 2002
    ..and eight bulls) were imported from Minnesota, USA, to form a closed dairy herd in Arab El-Aoumar, Assiut, Upper Egypt. In November 1996, some abnormal signs such as loss of weight, decreased milk yield, external lymphadenopathy and ..
  100. ncbi Urinary iodine and other iodine deficiency indicators in a sample of school-age children in Egypt
    F A El-Mougi
    Department of Clinical and Chemical Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt
    East Mediterr Health J 10:863-70. 2004
    Sufficient data relating urinary iodine excretion in children to other iodine deficiency indicators are lacking in Egypt. We assayed urinary iodine concentration and serum levels of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), thyroglobulin, free ..
  101. pmc Molecular epidemiology of hepatitis C virus genotype 4 isolates in Egypt and analysis of the variability of envelope proteins E1 and E2 in patients with chronic hepatitis
    D Genovese
    Viral Hepatitis Unit, Department of Infectious, Parasitic and Immune Mediated Disease, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Viale Regina Elena 299, 00161 Rome, Italy
    J Clin Microbiol 43:1902-9. 2005
    We analyzed hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 4 isolates circulating in the Alexandria District (Egypt) in terms of genetic divergence and the presence of different subtypes...

Research Grants63

  1. GENETICS OF SEVERE HEPATIC FIBROSIS IN SCHISTOSOMIASIS
    RONALD BLANTON; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..In population-based studies in Egypt (high prevalence of fibrosis) and Kenya (low prevalence of fibrosis), all affected individual will be identified ..
  2. International Conf on Alzheimer Disease and Related Disorders in the Middle East
    Changiz Geula; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Attendees will be from the majority of Middle Eastern countries including Bahrain, Egypt, Iran, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Palestinian Authority, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey, United Arab ..
  3. Risk factors for encephalopathy in newborns with severe hyperbilirubinemia
    RICHARD PARTRIDGE WENNBERG; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Five collaborating university NICUs in Egypt, led by Cairo University, will provide clinical and basic laboratory data...
  4. Telomere dysfunction, chromosome 9 instability and bladder cancer risk
    Yun Ling Zheng; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..cancer, using the biological specimens and epidemiological data collected by an ongoing case-control study in Egypt, to test two primary hypotheses: (1) Individuals with short telomeres have an increased susceptibility to bladder ..
  5. Inflammatory Breast Cancer: Factors Contributing to Dissemination
    Bonnie F Sloane; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..1%). In Egypt, the incidence of IBC is reported to be from 5- 10% of all breast cancer cases and is on the rise...
  6. INJURY PREVENTION TRAINING IN EGYPT AND THE MIDDLE EAST
    Jon Mark Hirshon; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..upon the collaboration between the University of Maryland School of Medicine and Ain Shams University in Cairo, Egypt, we trained approximately 450 trainees from Egypt, Iraq, Sudan, Palestine and Afghanistan in one or more of the ..
  7. Fifth International Conference on Alzheimer's Disease in the ME
    Changiz Geula; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Attendees will be from the majority of Middle Eastern countries including Bahrain, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Turkey, Qatar, United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia...
  8. Early Detection of Pervasive Developmental Disorders
    Deborah A Fein; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..other countries and cultures, including Japan, China, Spain, the Netherlands, France, Iceland, Ireland, Germany, Egypt, Puerto Rico and Turkey...
  9. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: North Atlantic Population Project
    STEVEN RUGGLES; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..365 million records, adding 40 new datasets for the period 1787 to 1930 from Albania, Britain, Canada, Denmark, Egypt, Iceland, Ireland, Germany, Norway, Mexico, Sweden, and the United States...
  10. Rift Valley Fever Vaccine Development of Animal Models and Optimize Production
    Clarence J Peters; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..a viral disease endemic to sub-Saharan Africa and has been the cause of several recent epizootics and epidemics in Egypt. It is a mosquito borne enveloped RNA virus that is infectious via the aerosol route...
  11. UCLA - Cairo University Addiction Unit Research Training Program
    Richard A Rawson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Cairo University (Kasr El-Ainy) is a leading educational institution in Egypt and the Middle East and has been a leading medical training institution for almost a century, training MDs as ..
  12. Glycans in Hepatocellular Carcinoma
    Radoslav Goldman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..on a pilot set of hepatocellular carcinoma cases and controls from our unique study of hepatocellular carcinoma in Egypt, a country with an epidemic of hepatitis C viral infection...
  13. Analysis of LC-MS data to identify peptide and glycan biomarkers for hepatocellul
    Habtom W Ressom; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Blood samples from patients with HCC and CLD controls in Egypt and United States will be used. The biomarkers will be validated using isotope dilution mass spectrometric assays.
  14. Epidemiology of drug use, HIV/AIDS and high risk behaviors in Egypt
    Amira A Roess; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Egypt faces several challenges in maintaining a low HIV/AIDS prevalence, including a general reluctance to address risk practices and issues associated with marginalized groups (such as injection ..
  15. Environmental Changes and Mosquito-Borne Diseases in Arid Environments
    John C Beier; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In Upper Egypt, there are major concerns that projects underway to transform desert environments for irrigated agriculture in the ..
  16. Timing of Marriage and Women's Economic Empowerment in Egypt
    Kathryn M Yount; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Women in Egypt have a long history of low economic empowerment. Specifically, they occupy less than one third of the labor force...
  17. Vulnerability of the Adolescent Brain to Organophosphorus Pesticides
    Diane S Rohlman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Partnering with colleagues at Egypt's Menoufia University, we conducted a pilot study of adolescents working for the Ministry of Agriculture as ..
  18. Comparative Spillover Dynamics of Avian Influenza in Endemic Countries
    Peter Daszak; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..of leading disease ecologists, leveraging many years of experience in three H5N1 endemic (Bangladesh, China, and Egypt) and one control country (Cameroon, where H5N1 is not endemic)...
  19. Assessing Vulnerability of the Adolescent Brain to Organophosphorus Pesticides
    Diane S Rohlman; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Adolescents in Egypt are hired seasonally to apply pesticides to the cotton crop...
  20. Towards Understanding the Morbidity of HEV Infection
    Mohamed Tarek Shata; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..We reported HEV is endemic in rural villages in Egypt. In spite of community-wide anti-HEV prevalence of 70-85%, HEV-caused AVH was rare and fulminant HEV-hepatitis was ..
  21. Tri National Training Program in Psychiatric Genetics
    VISHWAJIT LAXMIKANT NIMGAONKAR; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Our training will occur primarily in India and Egypt, which have a combined population of over 1.2 billion...
  22. SPECIES-SPECIFIC DNA PROBES FOR BANCROFTIAN FILARIASIS
    Steven Williams; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..In Egypt, for example, the disease was virtually eliminated during the period 1910-1965, but seems to have increased ..
  23. Multi-pronged genetic studies of schizophrenia in an inbred population
    VISHWAJIT LAXMIKANT NIMGAONKAR; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..R21 project between investigators at the University of Pittsburgh (PITT) and Mansoura University (MU, Egypt)...
  24. Research for the Elimination of Lymphatic Filariasis
    Gary Weil; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..b>Egypt was one of the first countries in the world to implement a national program for elimination of lymphatic ..
  25. Prevalence and Correlates of Youth Drug Abuse in Egypt
    Christopher A Loffredo; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..on Drug Addiction (in response to PA-07-275) to address the growing public health threat from substance abuse in Egypt, where resources for healthcare in general, and for addiction control and research in particular (including both ..
  26. Vector-Borne Disease Control in Urban Environments (RMI)
    John C Beier; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..of mosquito-borne diseases at 7 selected cities in three regions: East Africa (Kenya), the Middle East (Israel, Egypt), and Latin America-Caribbean (Trinidad and Costa Rica)...
  27. Symposium on Alzheimer's Disease in the Middle East
    ROBERT FRIEDLAND; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Attendees will be from Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Qatar, Bahrain, and other Arab states, as well as from Israel, Europe, and North America...
  28. Symposium on Alzheimer's Disease in the Middle East
    ROBERT FRIEDLAND; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Attendees will be from Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Qatar, Bahrain, and other Arab states, as well as from Europe, Israel and North America...
  29. Early Detection of Alzheimer's: Interdisciplinary and International Collaboration
    Mark Gluck; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This satellite session, organized by Al Quds, will include neurologists from Jordan, Israel, Egypt, Morocco, Turkey, and the Palestinian territories speaking about regional clinical issues in Alzheimer's ..
  30. First International Symposium on Alzheimer's Disease
    ROBERT FRIEDLAND; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Attendees will be from Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Jordan and other Arab States as well as From Israel, Europe, and North America...
  31. ANTIAIDS AGENTS FROM MARINE ORGANISMS
    Mark Hamann; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Materials will be sourced through well established relationships with academic programs in Indonesia, Jamaica, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, and Nigeria in addition to the evaluation of domestic samples...
  32. Peptide Biomarker Discovery by Mass Spectrometry for Early Detection of Liver Can
    Habtom Ressom; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Serum samples collected from cirrhotic and HCC patients as well as healthy controls in Egypt, United States, and Thailand will be used in this study...
  33. EVALUATING SILYMARIN IN CHRONIC HEPATITIS C
    George Strickland; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..therapeutic interventions have not proved promising, particularly with the genotype most commonly encountered in Egypt, and they are prohibitively expensive in the developing world...
  34. African Society of Human Genetics Conference
    Charles Rotimi; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The[unreadable] theme of this year?s conference in Cairo, Egypt is ?Genomics Research in Africa: Implications for Disease[unreadable] Diagnosis, Treatment and Drug Development?...
  35. Medical anthropological approaches to gender confusion
    SHERINE HAMDY; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Research will be assessed through ethnographic analysis in Egypt -- a world region in which individuals with genital ambiguity are not always subject to surgical operations at ..
  36. Risk Factors for TEL-AML Fusion Genes and Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
    Sameera Ezzat; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Cases will be recruited from the National Cancer Institute of Cairo University, Egypt, and controls will be recruited from the Orthopedic Department of Cairo University Hospital...
  37. Rift Valley Fever Virus MP-12 Vaccine Completion
    CLARENCE PETERS; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..a viral disease endemic to sub-Saharan Africa and has been the cause of several recent epizootics and epidemics in Egypt. It is a mosquito-borne enveloped RNA virus, also infectious via the aerosol route...
  38. First Regional Conference on Injury and Safety Promotion - Eastern Mediterranean
    Jon Mark Hirshon; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Fogarty International Collaborative Trauma and Injury Research Training (ICTIRT) Program already in place in Egypt, we are seeking funding for the planning and implementation of a regional conference on the burden of injuries in ..
  39. Cadmium, K-ras, and Pancreatic Cancer in Egypt
    AMR SOLIMAN; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Although pancreatic cancer is rare in developing countries, including most of Egypt, the northeast Nile Delta region of Egypt offers a unique setting for studying pancreatic cancer because of: 1) ..
  40. EPIDEMIOLOGY OF EARLY-ONSET COLORECTAL CANCER
    AMR SOLIMAN; Fiscal Year: 2000
    b>Egypt has extensive environmental pollution and the highest proportion of early-onset colorectal cancers in patients under age 40 in the world (35 percent of total colorectal cancers)...
  41. International Symposium on Alcoholic Liver and Pancreatic Disease (ALPD)
    Scott Friedman; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Symposium on Alcoholic Liver and Pancreatic Disease (ALPD) and Cirrhosis that will be held in Hurghada, Egypt. The prior three Symposia were highly successful and generated a wealth of new collaborations that led to major ..
  42. Epidemiology of HCV Infection among Egyptian Children
    Gamal Esmat; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..S. However, relatively little is known about its long-term natural history in the pediatric population. In Egypt the 18 percent population-based HCV prevalence is 10-fold greater than in the USA and our community-based data ..
  43. Consanguinity and risk of Bipolar Disorder I in Egypt
    Vishwajit Nimgaonkar; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Our preliminary studies have suggested that rates of parental consanguinity among BD1 patients in Egypt are elevated twofold in comparison with several sets of controls...
  44. DEFENSIN GENE REGULATION AND MOSQUITO VECTOR COMPETENCE
    Bruce Christensen; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..aegypti and Cx. pipiens. Studies with Cx. Pipiens and W. bancrofti are possible because of a collaborative arrangement with researchers in Egypt.
  45. RESISTANCE TO PRAZIQUANTEL--AN EMERGING PROBLEM
    James Bennett; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..is a response to recent studies that suggest resistance to PZQ may exist in some parts of Africa, including Egypt, where the PI and colleagues have shown that some villagers infected by schistosomes cannot be cured by 3 doses of ..
  46. A HEALTH SERVICES RESEARCH CENTER
    Ruth Roemer; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..Year of the Child activities, the Child-Initiated Care Study will be replicated in several countries (Egypt, Poland, etc.) under the sponsorship of the Department of Health, Education and Welfare...
  47. Hepatitis C Recombination Incidence and Prevalence
    Stuart Ray; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..investigating HIV-1 recombination, HCV sequence variation, and the genetic epidemiology of diverse HCV subtypes in Egypt, we propose to examine our repository for evidence of recombination in HCV...
  48. SCHOOL BASED NUTRITION EDUCATION USING MULTIMEDIA
    DONNA LLOYD KOLKIN; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..Khufu is an adventure/quest game set in a pyramid in ancient Egypt. The program will be field-tested using a pre-post experimental design in six California high schools...
  49. Measuring Developmental Idealism and Family Life
    Arland Thornton; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..studies will guide the creation of these measurement tools, and we will conduct pilot studies in Argentina, China, Egypt, and the United States to test the extent to which our measures are appropriate in these disparate settings...
  50. Mental Health Effects of a Major Stressor in Adolescence
    Ryan Brown; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..the world, young men account for a disproportion of suicide, substance abuse, violence, and accidents, and Egypt is no exception...
  51. Biomarkers of Heavy Metal Exposure Related to Pancreatic Cancer Genetic Mutations
    AMR SOLIMAN; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..been widely reported in developing countries, but one area of high incidence is the northeast Nile delta region of Egypt. Egypt and Louisiana provide similar environmental settings for comparison and possible understanding of the ..
  52. Molecular Characterization of Inflammatory Breast Cancer
    AMR SOLIMAN; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..the differences between inflammatory breast cancer that arises in an area of surprisingly high proportion (Egypt) and in the U.S. where the proportion is 5 times lower...
  53. Epidemiology of Colon Cancer in a Special Population
    AMR SOLIMAN; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Together, the training in these three areas will provide the skills and experience necessary for an independent career as a molecular and genetic epidemiologist interested in colorectal cancer. ..
  54. Measurement of Gender Differences in Disability and Care
    Kathryn Yount; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The purpose of this pilot project is to test on a representative sample of non-institutionalized older adults in Egypt the validity and reliability of questionnaires that have routinely been used to measure health status and service ..
  55. Domoic Acid and Neonatal Microglia Activation
    Alejandro Mayer; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..activated microglia cells and their mediators play in DOM-induced excitotoxic neuronal injury and thus contribute to potential novel approaches for the therapy of the neuropathology associated with Amnesic Shellfish Poisoning in humans ..
  56. Building Sustainable Research Capacity at Mansoura Egypt
    Vishwajit Nimgaonkar; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..by applicant): The aim of this application is threefold: (1) to build research infrastructure in Mansoura, Egypt through collaboration with Mansoura University Hospital; (2) to conduct a focused research project investigating ..
  57. DETERMINANTS OF HEPATITIS C & E MORBIDITY IN EGYPT
    George Strickland; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..We and others have documented that the highest prevalence of HCV, and also possibly HEV, in the world occurs in Egypt. We have established a Network of Egyptians and Americans who are studying viral hepatitis and its cost to the ..
  58. DETERMINANTS OF HEPATITIS C & E MORBIDITY IN EGYPT
    George Strickland; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..We and others have documented that the highest prevalence of HCV, and also possibly HEV, in the world occurs in Egypt. We have established a Network of Egyptians and Americans who are studying viral hepatitis and its cost to the ..
  59. Features of HCV and Schistosoma mansoni coinfection
    Sanaa Kamal; Fiscal Year: 2004
    Concomitant schistosomiasis and HCV infection is common in Egypt and many developing countries and represents a major health problem...
  60. AASK Cohort Study
    Shaul Massry; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Such results might eventually lead to new strategies that delay or prevent ESRD. ..