northern africa

Summary

Summary: The geographical area of Africa comprising ALGERIA; EGYPT; LIBYA; MOROCCO; and TUNISIA. It includes also the vast deserts and oases of the Sahara. It is often referred to as North Africa, French-speaking Africa, or the Maghreb. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p856)

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Polymorphisms of mtDNA control region in Tunisian and Moroccan populations: an enrichment of forensic mtDNA databases with Northern Africa data
    Chiara Turchi
    Department of Neuroscience, Section of Legal Medicine, Universita Politecnica delle Marche, 60020 Ancona, Italy
    Forensic Sci Int Genet 3:166-72. 2009
  2. ncbi Deinococcus deserti sp. nov., a gamma-radiation-tolerant bacterium isolated from the Sahara Desert
    Arjan de Groot
    Laboratoire d Ecologie Microbienne de la Rhizosphere, UMR 6191 CNRS CEA Université de la Méditerranée, DSV DEVM, CEA Cadarache, F 13108 Saint Paul lez Durance, France
    Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 55:2441-6. 2005
  3. pmc Origin, diffusion, and differentiation of Y-chromosome haplogroups E and J: inferences on the neolithization of Europe and later migratory events in the Mediterranean area
    Ornella Semino
    Dipartimento di Genetica e Microbiologia, Universita di Pavia, 27100 Pavia, Italy
    Am J Hum Genet 74:1023-34. 2004
  4. ncbi Genetic polymorphism of 11 allozyme loci in populations of wall lizards (Podarcis sp.) from the Iberian Peninsula and North Africa
    Catarina Pinho
    CIBIO, Centro de Investigacao em Biodiversidade e Recursos Geneticos, Campus Agrário de Vairão, Vairao, Portugal
    Biochem Genet 41:343-59. 2003
  5. ncbi Diet culture and obesity in northern Africa
    N Mokhtar
    Laboratory of Physiology and Nutrition, Ibn Tofail University, Kenitra, Morocco
    J Nutr 131:887S-892S. 2001
  6. ncbi Reexamination of the Iberian and North African Podarcis (Squamata: Lacertidae) phylogeny based on increased mitochondrial DNA sequencing
    Catarina Pinho
    CIBIO, Centro de Investigacao em Biodiversidade e Recursos Geneticos, Campus Agrário de Vairão, 4485 661 Vairão, Portugal
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 38:266-73. 2006
  7. pmc A signal, from human mtDNA, of postglacial recolonization in Europe
    A Torroni
    Dipartimento di Genetica e Microbiologia, Universita di Pavia, Pavia, Italy
    Am J Hum Genet 69:844-52. 2001
  8. ncbi Molecular phylogenetics of Iberian wall lizards (Podarcis): is Podarcis hispanica a species complex?
    D James Harris
    Centro de Estudos de Ciência Animal, ICETA UP, Vila do Conde, Portugal
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 23:75-81. 2002
  9. ncbi Allele frequencies of 13 short tandem repeats in population samples from the Iberian Peninsula and northern Africa
    A Perez-Lezaun
    Unitat de Biologia Evolutiva, Facultat de Ciencies de la Salut i de la Vida, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain
    Int J Legal Med 113:208-14. 2000
  10. ncbi Mitochondrial DNA affinities at the Atlantic fringe of Europe
    Ana M Gonzalez
    Departamento de Genetica, Universidad de La Laguna, 38271 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
    Am J Phys Anthropol 120:391-404. 2003

Research Grants

  1. DBH as a Modifying Gene in Neurodegenerative Diseases
    Cyrus Zabetian; Fiscal Year: 2006
  2. GENERATIONAL EFFECTS OF MALNUTRITION
    Reynaldo Martorell; Fiscal Year: 2001
  3. Technology for Electronic Submission of IRB Protocols
    Paul Whelton; Fiscal Year: 2002
  4. "RR-03-011, Extramural Research Facilities Construction*
    Andrew Lackner; Fiscal Year: 2004
  5. Early Nutrition, Human Capital and Economic Productivity
    Reynaldo Martorell; Fiscal Year: 2005
  6. Diet and Risk of Ovarian Cancer
    Ellen Chang; Fiscal Year: 2005
  7. BAA-NIH-NIAID-NCRR-DMID-03-036
    Andrew Lackner; Fiscal Year: 2006
  8. Aspirin use, genetic variation in aspirin related-genes, and Hodgkin lymphoma ris
    Ellen Chang; Fiscal Year: 2007

Detail Information

Publications158 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Polymorphisms of mtDNA control region in Tunisian and Moroccan populations: an enrichment of forensic mtDNA databases with Northern Africa data
    Chiara Turchi
    Department of Neuroscience, Section of Legal Medicine, Universita Politecnica delle Marche, 60020 Ancona, Italy
    Forensic Sci Int Genet 3:166-72. 2009
    ..4% of Tunisians and 25% of Moroccans as well as the presence of the two re-migrated haplogroups U6 (7.8% and 1.8% in Tunisians and Moroccans, respectively) and M1 (1.6% in Tunisians and 8.9% in Moroccans)...
  2. ncbi Deinococcus deserti sp. nov., a gamma-radiation-tolerant bacterium isolated from the Sahara Desert
    Arjan de Groot
    Laboratoire d Ecologie Microbienne de la Rhizosphere, UMR 6191 CNRS CEA Université de la Méditerranée, DSV DEVM, CEA Cadarache, F 13108 Saint Paul lez Durance, France
    Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 55:2441-6. 2005
    ..Strains VCD115T and VCD117 are therefore identified as representing a novel species, for which the name Deinococcus deserti sp. nov. is proposed, with the type strain VCD115T (=DSM 17065T=LMG 22923T)...
  3. pmc Origin, diffusion, and differentiation of Y-chromosome haplogroups E and J: inferences on the neolithization of Europe and later migratory events in the Mediterranean area
    Ornella Semino
    Dipartimento di Genetica e Microbiologia, Universita di Pavia, 27100 Pavia, Italy
    Am J Hum Genet 74:1023-34. 2004
    ..A 7%-22% contribution of Y chromosomes from Greece to southern Italy was estimated by admixture analysis...
  4. ncbi Genetic polymorphism of 11 allozyme loci in populations of wall lizards (Podarcis sp.) from the Iberian Peninsula and North Africa
    Catarina Pinho
    CIBIO, Centro de Investigacao em Biodiversidade e Recursos Geneticos, Campus Agrário de Vairão, Vairao, Portugal
    Biochem Genet 41:343-59. 2003
    ..hispanica complex) clearly need taxonomic revision...
  5. ncbi Diet culture and obesity in northern Africa
    N Mokhtar
    Laboratory of Physiology and Nutrition, Ibn Tofail University, Kenitra, Morocco
    J Nutr 131:887S-892S. 2001
    ..Health institutions in these countries have an enormous challenge to change cultural norms that do not recognize obesity, to prevent significant damage to the public's health from obesity...
  6. ncbi Reexamination of the Iberian and North African Podarcis (Squamata: Lacertidae) phylogeny based on increased mitochondrial DNA sequencing
    Catarina Pinho
    CIBIO, Centro de Investigacao em Biodiversidade e Recursos Geneticos, Campus Agrário de Vairão, 4485 661 Vairão, Portugal
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 38:266-73. 2006
  7. pmc A signal, from human mtDNA, of postglacial recolonization in Europe
    A Torroni
    Dipartimento di Genetica e Microbiologia, Universita di Pavia, Pavia, Italy
    Am J Hum Genet 69:844-52. 2001
    ..HVS-I sequences from 10,365 subjects belonging to 56 populations/geographical regions of western Eurasia and northern Africa were first surveyed for the presence of the T-->C transition at nucleotide position 16298, a mutation ..
  8. ncbi Molecular phylogenetics of Iberian wall lizards (Podarcis): is Podarcis hispanica a species complex?
    D James Harris
    Centro de Estudos de Ciência Animal, ICETA UP, Vila do Conde, Portugal
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 23:75-81. 2002
    ..P. carbonelli, which has recently been raised to species status, is confirmed as a genetically distinct form. P. atrata is genetically distinct, but much more closely related to some populations of P. hispanica than previously thought...
  9. ncbi Allele frequencies of 13 short tandem repeats in population samples from the Iberian Peninsula and northern Africa
    A Perez-Lezaun
    Unitat de Biologia Evolutiva, Facultat de Ciencies de la Salut i de la Vida, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain
    Int J Legal Med 113:208-14. 2000
    ....
  10. ncbi Mitochondrial DNA affinities at the Atlantic fringe of Europe
    Ana M Gonzalez
    Departamento de Genetica, Universidad de La Laguna, 38271 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
    Am J Phys Anthropol 120:391-404. 2003
    ..001) in this area compared to North Africa (0.006 +/- 0.001), we reject the proposal that only historic events such as the Moslem occupation are the main cause of this gene flow, and instead propose a pre-Neolithic origin for it...
  11. ncbi The Iberomaurusian enigma: north African progenitor or dead end?
    J D Irish
    Department of Anthropology, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, Alaska 99775 7720, USA
    J Hum Evol 39:393-410. 2000
    ..Thus, some measure of long-term population continuity in the Maghreb and surrounding region is supported, whereas greater North African population heterogenity during the Late Pleistocene is implied...
  12. pmc Mitochondrial DNA transit between West Asia and North Africa inferred from U6 phylogeography
    Nicole Maca-Meyer
    Departamento de Genetica, Facultad de Biologia, Universidad de La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
    BMC Genet 4:15. 2003
    ..We report here a more detailed analysis of this lineage, unraveling successive expansions that affected not only Africa but neighboring regions such as the Near East, the Iberian Peninsula and the Canary Islands...
  13. pmc Genetic evidence for the expansion of Arabian tribes into the Southern Levant and North Africa
    Almut Nebel
    Am J Hum Genet 70:1594-6. 2002
  14. ncbi Y-chromosome differentiation in Northwest Africa
    C Flores
    , Universidad de La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
    Hum Biol 73:513-24. 2001
    ..In spite of these geographic differences, some gene flow between areas was detected by the presence of haplogroups with other geographical origins...
  15. pmc Saami and Berbers--an unexpected mitochondrial DNA link
    Alessandro Achilli
    Dipartimento di Genetica e Microbiologia, Universita di Pavia, Pavia, Italy
    Am J Hum Genet 76:883-6. 2005
    ....
  16. pmc A predominantly neolithic origin for Y-chromosomal DNA variation in North Africa
    Barbara Arredi
    Istituto di Medicina Legale, Universita Cattolica del Sacro Cuore di Roma, Rome, Italy
    Am J Hum Genet 75:338-45. 2004
    ..Thus, we propose that the Neolithic transition in this part of the world was accompanied by demic diffusion of Afro-Asiatic-speaking pastoralists from the Middle East...
  17. pmc The emerging tree of West Eurasian mtDNAs: a synthesis of control-region sequences and RFLPs
    V Macaulay
    Institute of Molecular Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Am J Hum Genet 64:232-49. 1999
    ..We show that the main indigenous North African cluster is a sister group to the most ancient cluster of European mtDNAs, from which it diverged approximately 50,000 years ago...
  18. ncbi Time to the most recent common ancestor and divergence times of populations of common chaffinches (Fringilla coelebs) in Europe and North Africa: insights into Pleistocene refugia and current levels of migration
    Cortland K Griswold
    Department of Zoology, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Evolution 56:143-53. 2002
    ..We compare these estimates with nonequilibrium-based estimates and show that the nonequilibrium estimates are consistently lower than the equilibrium estimates...
  19. ncbi Transmission analysis of B chromosomes in Rattus rattus from Northern Africa
    S Stitou
    Departamento de Genética and Instituto de Biotecnología, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Granada, Granada, Spain
    Cytogenet Genome Res 106:344-6. 2004
    ..This parasitic behaviour is shared in populations as distant as Asia and Africa, and even in a related species in Australia, suggesting the possibility of an ancient origin of these supernumerary chromosomes...
  20. ncbi Polymorphic Alu insertions and genetic diversity among African populations
    Maria C Terreros
    Department of Biological Sciences, Florida International University, University Park, Miami, FL 33199, USA
    Hum Biol 77:675-704. 2005
    ..literature indicate an overall pattern of higher intrapopulation diversity in sub-Saharan populations than in northern Africa, a prominent differentiation between these two locations, an appreciably high degree of transcontinental ..
  21. ncbi Tracing past human male movements in northern/eastern Africa and western Eurasia: new clues from Y-chromosomal haplogroups E-M78 and J-M12
    Fulvio Cruciani
    Dipartimento di Genetica e Biologia Molecolare, Sapienza Universita di Roma, Rome, Italy, and Laboratoire d Immunologie, Hopital de Sainte Marguerite, Marseille, France
    Mol Biol Evol 24:1300-11. 2007
    ..9-17.3 ky and 18.0-5.9 ky ago), trans-Mediterranean migrations directly from northern Africa to Europe (mainly in the last 13.0 ky), and flow from northeastern Africa to western Asia between 20.0 and 6...
  22. ncbi Characterization of HPSE gene single nucleotide polymorphisms in Jewish populations of Israel
    Olga Ostrovsky
    Laboratory of Molecular Immunobiology, Department of Hematology and Bone Marrow Transplantation, Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, Israel
    Acta Haematol 117:57-64. 2007
    ..This information is obligatory for further studies on the linkage between these SNPs and heparanase expression and function in various pathological processes, primarily cancer progression...
  23. ncbi North African Berber and Arab influences in the western Mediterranean revealed by Y-chromosome DNA haplotypes
    Nathalie Gerard
    Institute of Molecular Anthropology, 44 rue Monge, 75005 Paris, France
    Hum Biol 78:307-16. 2006
    ..8%) and Andalusia (15.5%). In Iberia there is a gradient of decreasing frequencies in latitude for both subhaplotypes Va and Vb, related to eight centuries of Muslim domination (8th to 15th centuries) in southern Iberia...
  24. ncbi Population genetic data on four STR loci, PAI (CA)n, GpIIIa (CT)n, PLAT (TG)14 (CA)12, and NOS2A (CCTTT)n, in Mediterranean populations
    Alessandra Falchi
    Department of Human Genetics, Faculty of Science, University of Corsica, BP52 20250 Corte Corsica, France
    Leg Med (Tokyo) 9:218-20. 2007
    ..2). Allele frequencies for these four STR loci were investigated in several Mediterranean populations. The population data deviate from the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium in all populations for GpIIIa (CT)n polymorphism...
  25. ncbi Evolutionary history of the greater white-toothed shrew (Crocidura russula) inferred from analysis of mtDNA, Y, and X chromosome markers
    Laura Brändli
    Department of Ecology and Evolution, University of Lausanne, Biology Building, CH 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 37:832-44. 2005
    We investigate the evolutionary history of the greater white-toothed shrew across its distribution in northern Africa and mainland Europe using sex-specific (mtDNA and Y chromosome) and biparental (X chromosome) markers...
  26. ncbi Timing of a back-migration into Africa
    Peter Forster
    Science 316:50-3. 2007
  27. pmc Prehistoric contacts over the Straits of Gibraltar indicated by genetic analysis of Iberian Bronze Age cattle
    Cecilia Anderung
    Department of Evolutionary Biology, Evolutionary Biology Centre, Uppsala University, Norbyvagen 18D, SE 752 36 Uppsala, Sweden
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102:8431-5. 2005
    ..We also found a wild ox haplotype in the Iberian Bronze Age sample, reflecting local hybridization or backcrossing or that aurochs were hunted by these farming cultures...
  28. ncbi Human mitochondrial DNA diversity in an archaeological site in al-Andalus: genetic impact of migrations from North Africa in medieval Spain
    María José Casas
    Centre for Ecological and Evolutionary Synthesis, Department of Biology, University of Oslo, Blindern, 0316 Oslo, Norway
    Am J Phys Anthropol 131:539-51. 2006
    ..The present day Priego sample is more similar to the current south Iberian population than to the medieval sample from the same area. The increased gene flow in modern times could be the main cause of this difference...
  29. ncbi Autosomal STR variation in a Basque population: Vizcaya Province
    M Zlojutro
    Department of Anthropology, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS 66045, USA
    Hum Biol 78:599-618. 2006
    ..However, neighbor-joining trees and multidimensional-scaling plots of D(A) genetic distances indicate that the Vizcayan Basques are an outlier relative to both neighboring Iberians and North African populations...
  30. pmc Phylogeography of Y-chromosome haplogroup I reveals distinct domains of prehistoric gene flow in europe
    Siiri Rootsi
    Department of Evolutionary Biology, University of Tartu and Estonian Biocentre, Riia, Tartu, Estonia
    Am J Hum Genet 75:128-37. 2004
    ..In contrast, I1b2 most likely arose in southern France/Iberia. Similarly to the other subclades, it underwent a postglacial expansion and marked the human colonization of Sardinia approximately 9,000 years ago...
  31. ncbi Phylogeny of Palaearctic wheatears (genus Oenanthe)--congruence between morphometric and molecular data
    Mansour Aliabadian
    Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics and Zoological Museum, University of Amsterdam, Mauritskade 61, 1092 AD Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 42:665-75. 2007
    ....
  32. ncbi Y chromosomal haplogroup J as a signature of the post-neolithic colonization of Europe
    F Di Giacomo
    Department of Biology, University Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy
    Hum Genet 115:357-71. 2004
    ..We also present here, for the first time, a novel method for comparative dating of lineages, free of assumptions of STR mutation rates...
  33. ncbi Mitochondrial simple sequence repeats and 12S-rRNA gene reveal two distinct lineages of Crocidura russula (Mammalia, Soricidae)
    S Lo Brutto
    Dipartimento di Biologia Animale, Universita di Palermo, Via Archirafi 18, Palermo 90123, Italia
    Heredity (Edinb) 92:527-33. 2004
    ..were analyzed in order to test a previous hypothesis regarding the presence of a gene flow disruption in northern Africa. This breakpoint would have separated northeast-African C...
  34. ncbi The influence of Pleistocene glacial refugia on tawny owl genetic diversity and phylogeography in western Europe
    Patrícia H Brito
    American Museum of Natural History, Ornithology Department, Central Park West at 79th Street, New York, NY 10024, USA
    Mol Ecol 14:3077-94. 2005
    ..Based on a wide range of mutation rates and generation times, divergence between refugia appears to date to the Pleistocene...
  35. ncbi The rare HLA-DQA1*03-DQB1*02 haplotype confers susceptibility to type 1 diabetes in whites and is preferentially associated with early clinical disease onset in male subjects
    Jan E van Autreve
    Diabetes Research Center, Molecular Diagnosis, Vrije Universteit Brussel, B 1070 Brussels, Belgium
    Hum Immunol 65:729-36. 2004
    ..These results are compatible with an effect of cis-encoded heterodimers or with previously suggested interactions of X-linked genetic factors with (DR3-)DQB1*02 haplotypes...
  36. ncbi Molecular dissection of the Y chromosome haplogroup E-M78 (E3b1a): a posteriori evaluation of a microsatellite-network-based approach through six new biallelic markers
    Fulvio Cruciani
    Dipartimento di Genetica e Biologia Molecolare, Universita La Sapienza, Rome, Italy
    Hum Mutat 27:831-2. 2006
    ....
  37. ncbi Premature ejaculation--does country of origin tell us anything about etiology?
    Daniel Richardson
    Sexual Health, Jefferiss Wing, St Mary s Hospital, London, UK
    J Sex Med 2:508-12. 2005
    ..It has been suggested that some racial groups may be more at risk than others. We had a clinical impression that in our unit in London, UK, there was a preponderance of men from Islamic and Asian backgrounds...
  38. ncbi Evolution of mitochondrial relationships and biogeography of Palearctic green toads (Bufo viridis subgroup) with insights in their genomic plasticity
    Matthias Stöck
    Department of Integrative Biology, Museum of Vertebrate Zoology MVZ, University of California Berkeley, 3101 Valley of Life Sciences Building 3160, Berkeley, CA 94720 3160, USA
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 41:663-89. 2006
    ..surdus) and earliest fossils occur in Asia. We delineate ranges, contact and hybrid zones. Phylogeography, including one of the first non-avian datasets from Central Asian high mountains, reflects Quaternary climate and glaciation...
  39. pmc LRRK2 G2019S in families with Parkinson disease who originated from Europe and the Middle East: evidence of two distinct founding events beginning two millennia ago
    Cyrus P Zabetian
    Geriatric Research Education and Clinical Center, Veterans Affairs Puget Sound Health Care System, Seattle, WA 98108, USA
    Am J Hum Genet 79:752-8. 2006
    ..Our data suggest two separate founding events for G2019S in these populations, beginning at a time that coincides with the Jewish Diasporas...
  40. ncbi Shell shape of the land snail Cornu aspersum in North Africa: unexpected evidence of a phylogeographical splitting
    L Madec
    Universite de Rennes 1, UMR CNRS 6553, Equipe, France
    Heredity (Edinb) 91:224-31. 2003
    ....
  41. ncbi Phylogeographic analyses of a circumarctic coastal and a boreal lacustrine mysid crustacean, and evidence of fast postglacial mtDNA rates
    Asta Audzijonyte
    Finnish Museum of Natural History, POB 26, University of Helsinki, FI 00014, Finland
    Mol Ecol 15:3287-301. 2006
    ....
  42. ncbi Paraphyly of the Blue Tit (Parus caeruleus) suggested from cytochrome b sequences
    Walter Salzburger
    Department of Zoology and Limnology, University Innsbruck, Technikerstrasse 25, A 6020 Innsbruck, Austria
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 24:19-25. 2002
    ..str.) and African Blue Tit (Parus teneriffae). However, our data give no support for assigning species rank to Parus cyanus flavipectus, a subspecies of the Azure Tit, as suggested by several authors on morphological grounds...
  43. ncbi ITS 2 sequences heterogeneity in Phlebotomus sergenti and Phlebotomus similis (Diptera, Psychodidae): possible consequences in their ability to transmit Leishmania tropica
    Jerome Depaquit
    Laboratoire de Parasitologie, Faculte de Pharmacie, 51 rue Cognacq Jay, 51096 Reims Cedex, France
    Int J Parasitol 32:1123-31. 2002
    ..Two groups can be individualised, one oriental and one western in connection with ecology, host preferences and distribution of L. tropica. We hypothesise that they could be correlated with differences in vectorial capacities...
  44. pmc Bird migration routes and risk for pathogen dispersion into western Mediterranean wetlands
    Elsa Jourdain
    Station Biologique de la Tour du Valat, Arles, France
    Emerg Infect Dis 13:365-72. 2007
    ..Avian influenza and West Nile viruses are used as examples because birds are central to the epidemiology of these viruses...
  45. pmc Molecular phylogeography of domesticated barley traces expansion of agriculture in the Old World
    Daisuke Saisho
    Center for Genomics and Systems Biology and Department of Biology, New York University, New York, New York 10003, USA
    Genetics 177:1765-76. 2007
    ..This suggests that cultural diffusion or independent innovation is responsible for the expansion of agriculture to areas of South and East Asia during the Neolithic revolution...
  46. doi Evidence for genetic similarity of two allopatric European hares (Lepus corsicanus and L. castroviejoi) inferred from nuclear DNA sequences
    P C Alves
    CIBIO, Centro de Investigacao em Biodiversidade e Recursos Geneticos, Universidade do Porto, Campus Agrário de Vairão, 4485 661 Vairão, Portugal
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 46:1191-7. 2008
  47. ncbi [Natural hybridization between 2 sympatric species of mice, Mus musculus domesticus L. and Mus spretus Lataste]
    Annie Orth
    Laboratoire Génome Populations Interactions, UMR 5000 CNRS université Montpellier II, 34095 Montpellier, France
    C R Biol 325:89-97. 2002
    ..This may have some consequences on the dynamics of certain kinds of invasive or advantageous DNAs like transposable elements or pathogen resistance genes...
  48. pmc Mitochondrial haplotype diversity in the tortoise species Testudo graeca from North Africa and the Middle East
    Antoinette C van der Kuyl
    Dept of Human Retrovirology, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Meibergdreef 15, 1105 AZ Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    BMC Evol Biol 5:29. 2005
    ..A 411-nucleotide fragment of the mitochondrial D-loop was additionally sequenced for a subset of 22 T. graeca, chosen because of their 12S gene haplotype and/or geographical origin...
  49. pmc Non-equilibrium estimates of gene flow inferred from nuclear genealogies suggest that Iberian and North African wall lizards (Podarcis spp.) are an assemblage of incipient species
    Catarina Pinho
    CIBIO, Centro de Investigacao em Biodiversidade e Recursos Geneticos, Campus Agrário de Vairão, 4485 661 Vairão, Portugal
    BMC Evol Biol 8:63. 2008
    ..Here we study sequence variation in two nuclear introns, beta-fibint7 and 6-Pgdint7, to further investigate overall evolutionary dynamics and test hypotheses related to species delimitation within this complex...
  50. ncbi CFTR mutations in Turkish and North African cystic fibrosis patients in Europe: implications for screening
    Phillis Lakeman
    Department of Clinical Genetics, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Genet Test 12:25-35. 2008
    ....
  51. ncbi Four USH2A founder mutations underlie the majority of Usher syndrome type 2 cases among non-Ashkenazi Jews
    Noa Auslender
    Department of Genetics and The Rappaport Family Institute for Research in the Medical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Technion Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel
    Genet Test 12:289-94. 2008
    ....
  52. ncbi Perspectives on history: Army dietitians in the European, North African, and Mediterranean theaters of operation in World War II
    P A Hodges
    Department of Human Nutrition and Hospitality Management, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa 35487-0158, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 96:598-601. 1996
    ..Recollections of military dietitians who served in the war are included to illustrate the circumstances under which these professionals lived and the dedication with which they worked...
  53. ncbi Mutational mechanisms, phylogeny, and evolution of a repetitive region within a clock gene of Drosophila melanogaster
    E Rosato
    Department of Genetics, University of Leicester, UK
    J Mol Evol 42:392-408. 1996
    ..We observe evidence for both intra- and interallelic mutational mechanisms, including replication slippage, unequal crossing-over, and gene conversion...
  54. ncbi Distribution of the CCR5 gene 32-basepair deletion in West Europe. A hypothesis about the possible dispersion of the mutation by the Vikings in historical times
    G Lucotte
    International Institute of Anthropology, Paris, France
    Hum Immunol 62:933-6. 2001
    ....
  55. ncbi Regional differences in men attending a sexual health clinic in Sydney for premature ejaculation
    Amie Frewen
    Parramatta Sexual Health Clinic, Sydney, Australia
    J Sex Med 4:1733-8. 2007
    ..This interesting finding requires replication, especially in populations from other countries...
  56. pmc Genome analysis linking recent European and African influenza (H5N1) viruses
    Steven L Salzberg
    University of Maryland Center for Bioinformatics and Computational Biology, College Park, Maryland 20742, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 13:713-8. 2007
    ..and analyzed the complete genomes of 36 recent influenza A (H5N1) viruses collected from birds in Europe, northern Africa, and southeastern Asia...
  57. ncbi Genetic position of Andalusians from Huelva in relation to other European and North African populations: a study based on GM and KM allotypes
    R Calderon
    Departamento de Zoología y Antropología Física, Facultad de Biologia, Universidad Complutense, 28040 Madrid, Spain
    Hum Biol 78:663-79. 2006
    ..peopling process, investigators should analyze the population relationships between the Iberian peninsula and northern Africa based on an assessment of genetic diversity that takes Andalusia into consideration...
  58. ncbi Testing hypotheses of population structuring in the Northeast Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea using the common cuttlefish Sepia officinalis
    Marcos Pérez-Losada
    Department of Integrative Biology, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT 84602, USA
    Mol Ecol 16:2667-79. 2007
    ..Two Atlantic and five Mediterranean samples showed evidence of current decline in genetic diversity, which may indicate over-exploitation of Sepia in both marine regions...
  59. ncbi North African genes in Iberia studied by Y-chromosome DNA haplotype 5
    G Lucotte
    International Institute of Anthropology, Paris, France
    Hum Biol 73:763-9. 2001
    ..2% in Portugal, 12.1% in Catalonia, and 11.3% in the Basque Country; such a cline of decreasing frequency of haplotype 5 from the south to the north in Iberia clearly establishes a gene flow from North Africa towards Iberia...
  60. ncbi Genotypic analysis at multiple loci across Kaposi's sarcoma herpesvirus (KSHV) DNA molecules: clustering patterns, novel variants and chimerism
    Jianchao Zong
    Molecular Virology Laboratories, Department of Oncology, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 1650 Orleans Street, CRB 3M09, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Clin Virol 23:119-48. 2002
    ..However, chimeric genomes have also been detected, especially with regard to the presence of P versus M alleles of the ORF-K15 gene...
  61. pmc Self reported skin morbidity and ethnicity: a population-based study in a Western community
    Florence Dalgard
    Institute of General Practice and Community Medicine, University of Oslo, Norway
    BMC Dermatol 7:4. 2007
    ..Little is known about ethnic differences in skin morbidity. The purpose of this study was to describe possible ethnic differences in self-reported skin morbidity in a Western urban community...
  62. ncbi Laboratory evaluation of B-2 as a molluscicide in the control of the snail intermediate hosts of schistosomiasis in South Africa
    P H Joubert
    Research Institute for Diseases in a Tropical Environment, South African Medical Research Council, Nelspruit
    Ann Trop Med Parasitol 85:447-53. 1991
    ..truncatus and B. pfeifferi from northern Africa, which in turn are less sensitive than the Oncomelania spp. from Japan, China and the Philippines...
  63. ncbi [Comparison of hospital prevalence of rheumatic heart diseases and acute rheumatic arthritis in France and Africa]
    E Bertrand
    Hopital Nord, Marseille
    Arch Mal Coeur Vaiss 86:291-5. 1993
    ..A movement of international cooperation is suggested in order to combat RHD in Africa, especially with regards to its prevention in childhood.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)..
  64. ncbi Cyclosporiasis in a traveler returning from South America
    D Drenaggi
    Institute of Infectious Diseases and Public Health, University of Ancona, Italy
    J Travel Med 5:153-5. 1998
    ..The parasite is associated with prolonged self-limiting and relapsing watery diarrhea, anorexia, fatigue, and sometimes myalgia. Fever is infrequent...
  65. ncbi [Medical research in French-speaking Africa: unrecognized research]
    E Certain
    Programme spécial PNUD Banque mondiale OMS de Recherche et de Formation concernant les Maladies tropicales TDR, Organisation mondiale de la Sante, 1211 Genève 27, Suisse
    Med Trop (Mars) 63:627-31. 2003
    ....
  66. pmc Maternal mortality at the end of a decade: signs of progress?
    C AbouZahr
    World Health Organization, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland
    Bull World Health Organ 79:561-8. 2001
    ....
  67. ncbi Rickettsiae of the spotted fever group associated with the host-parasite system Oryctolagus cuniculi/Rhipicephalus pusillus
    L Ciceroni
    Department of Medical Bacteriology and Mycology, , Rome, Italy
    Zentralbl Bakteriol Mikrobiol Hyg A 269:211-7. 1988
    ..This failure probably shows the low pathogenicity of the rickettsiae parasitizing the biosystem O. cuniculi/R. pusillus...
  68. ncbi [Mediastinal tuberculous adenopathies in Djibouti. Report of 159 cases]
    G Auregan
    Centre pneumophtisiologique Paul Faure, Djibouti
    Rev Pneumol Clin 46:216-20. 1990
    ..This clinical form of tuberculosis can be treated with modern short course chemotherapy which is remarkably effective...
  69. ncbi [African Quin: results of a pragmatic study on the diagnosis of uncomplicated malaria attacks and treatment using quinine in French-speaking Africa]
    J P Ducret
    Laboratoires Sanofi Synthélabo, Service de Méthodologie et Recherche Clinique, Reims, France
    Med Trop (Mars) 61:21-6. 2001
    ....
  70. ncbi [Tolerance of quinine administered as an intrarectal solution in children in French-speaking Africa]
    H Barennes
    Unité d Epidémiologie d Intervention, Centre Muraz, Bobo Dioulasso, Burkina Faso
    Med Trop (Mars) 59:383-8. 1999
    ..1 p. 100), local inflammation (3.1 p. 100), abscess (0.6 p. 100), and lower extremity disability (0.3 p. 100). The precautions for use, e.g. proper dilution, and staff training requirements are reviewed in the discussion...
  71. ncbi A cross-cultural study of the higher-order structures underlying personality disorders in French-speaking Africa and Switzerland
    Christine Rigozzi
    University of Lausanne, Switzerland
    J Pers Disord 23:175-86. 2009
    ..97 and .87, respectively. The four-factor structure presented the advantage of being similar to Livesely's four components and of describing the ten PDs more accurately...
  72. ncbi Positioning, labelling and control of medical information: artesunate strategy and Arsumax development story
    P Moneton
    Sanofi Winthrop AMO, Gentilly, France
    Med Trop (Mars) 58:70-2. 1998
    ..Due to its fast efficacy, its absence of undesirable effects, its presentation in tablets, its quite simple dosage (one box for a treatment), Arsumax positioned itself as an accurate second line antimalaric treatment...
  73. ncbi Social security in Africa: a brief review
    Clive Bailey
    International Labour Office, Geneva, Switzerland
    J Aging Soc Policy 14:105-14. 2002
    ..Six different patterns of social security provision can be identified...
  74. ncbi [Public hospital in French-speaking Africa]
    H Balique
    Laboratoire de Santé Publique, Faculte de Medecine de Marseille
    Med Trop (Mars) 64:545-51. 2004
    ....
  75. pmc Ecology and geography of avian influenza (HPAI H5N1) transmission in the Middle East and northeastern Africa
    Richard A J Williams
    Natural History Museum and Biodiversity Research Center, The University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas 66045, USA
    Int J Health Geogr 8:47. 2009
    ..Predictive challenges included a variety of spatial stratification schemes in which models were challenged to predict case distributions in broadly unsampled areas...
  76. ncbi Treatment of B-cell lymphoma with LMB modified protocols in Africa--report of the French-African Pediatric Oncology Group (GFAOP)
    Mhamed Harif
    Service d hématologie et oncologie pédiatrique, hôpital 20 Août 1953, Casablanca, Morocco
    Pediatr Blood Cancer 50:1138-42. 2008
    ..Eight pediatric oncology units from Algeria, Cameroon, Madagascar, Morocco, Tunisia, and Senegal have been involved...
  77. ncbi Relationship between immigration fluxes and patterns of small for gestational age in Italy
    Claudio Maffeis
    Acta Paediatr 94:986-8. 2005
  78. ncbi [Phenotypical aspects and clinical course of multiple sclerosis in 76 patients with a North African ethnic background followed at the Nice University Hospital]
    S Jeannin
    Service de Neurologie, CHRU Nice, Hopital Pasteur, 30 Voie Romaine, Nice
    Rev Neurol (Paris) 163:440-7. 2007
    ..In the European multiple sclerosis (MS) database registered in Nice, about 8p.cent of the patients have a North African ethnic background...
  79. ncbi Conference report: second conference of the Middle East and North Africa newborn screening initiative: Partnerships for sustainable newborn screening infrastructure and research opportunities
    Danuta Krotoski
    Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, US National Institutes of Health, DHHS, Rockville, Maryland, USA
    Genet Med 11:663-8. 2009
    ..Research opportunities were identified at a postconference workshop sponsored by the US Civilian Research Development Foundation...
  80. ncbi Health issues in the Arab American community. Summary report: HIV/AIDS in the Middle East and North Africa
    Nithya Mani
    Office of Development in Asia, Near East US Agency for International Development, USA
    Ethn Dis 17:S3-97-S3-99. 2007
  81. ncbi Public-health challenges in the Middle East and North Africa
    Francisca Ayodeji Akala
    The World Bank, Middle East and North Africa Region, Human Development Sector, Washington, DC 20433, USA
    Lancet 367:961-4. 2006
  82. ncbi Perceived discrimination and the risk of schizophrenia in ethnic minorities: a case-control study
    Wim Veling
    Parnassia Bavo Group, Centre for Early Psychosis, The Hague, The Netherlands
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 43:953-9. 2008
    ..We conducted a case-control study of first-episode schizophrenia, and investigated whether perceived discrimination at the individual level is a risk factor for schizophrenia...
  83. ncbi A diversity of bacteriophage forms and genomes can be isolated from the surface sands of the Sahara Desert
    Magali Prigent
    Institut de Genetique et Microbiologie, CNRS UMR 8621, Universite Paris Sud, Orsay, France
    Extremophiles 9:289-96. 2005
    ....
  84. ncbi Gm and Km immunoglobulin allotypes in Sicily
    Nicoletta Cerutti
    Department of Animal and Human Biology, University of Turin, Via Accademia Albertina 17, 10123, Turin, Italy
    Immunogenetics 55:674-81. 2004
    ..The introduction of African markers could be due to the Phoenician colonization at the end of the 2nd millennium b.c. or to the more recent Arab conquest (8th-9th centuries a.d.)...
  85. ncbi Ataxia with isolated vitamin E deficiency is caused by mutations in the alpha-tocopherol transfer protein
    K Ouahchi
    Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire CNRS, INSERM, ULP, Illkirch, Strasbourg, France
    Nat Genet 9:141-5. 1995
    ..Two other mutations were found in single families. The finding of alpha TTP gene mutations in AVED patients substantiates the therapeutic role of vitamin E as a protective agent against neurological damage in this disease...
  86. ncbi Stroke in sub-Saharan Africa: a neglected chronic disease
    Ruth Bonita
    WHO, Avenue Appia 20, CH 1211 27, Geneva, Switzerland
    Lancet Neurol 2:592. 2003
  87. pmc Mortality differentials among Israeli men
    O Manor
    School of Public Health and Community Medicine, Hebrew University Hadassah Medical Organization, Ein Karem, Jerusalem, Israel
    Am J Public Health 89:1807-13. 1999
    ..This study examined differentials in mortality among adult Israeli men with respect to ethnic origin, marital status, and several measures of social status...
  88. ncbi Northwest African and Middle Eastern food and dietary change of indigenous peoples
    Harriet V Kuhnlein
    Centre for Indigenous Peoples Nutrition and Environment, Macdonald Campus of McGill University, 21, 111 Lakeshore Rd, Ste Anne de Bellevue, Quebec H9X3V9, Canada
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 12:344-9. 2003
    ..Trends in dietary change are presented as data derived from FAO Food Balance Sheets...
  89. ncbi Regional status and approaches to control and eradication of foot and mouth disease in the Middle East and North Africa
    H A Aidaros
    General Organization for Veterinary Services, 1st Nadi Al Said Street, Dokki, Giza, Cairo, Egypt
    Rev Sci Tech 21:451-8. 2002
    ..This should be complemented by efforts to restructure and consolidate the national Veterinary Services...
  90. ncbi Unique origin and specific ethnic distribution of the Friedreich ataxia GAA expansion
    M Labuda
    Centre Hospitalier de l Universite de Montreal, Hopital Notre Dame, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Neurology 54:2322-4. 2000
    ..A major implication of these findings is that Friedreich ataxia may not exist among sub-Saharan Africans, Amerindians, and people from China, Japan, and Southeast Asia...
  91. ncbi Molecular diagnosis of FMF: lessons from a study of 446 unrelated individuals
    E Ben-Chetrit
    Department of Medicine, Hadassah University Hospital in Ein Kerem, Jerusalem, Israel
    Clin Exp Rheumatol 20:S25-9. 2002
    ..Following the cloning of the gene associated with this disease (MEFV), genetic analysis of its mutations has become available, providing a new tool for the establishment or confirmation of the diagnosis of FMF...
  92. ncbi A latitudinal cline in a Drosophila clock gene
    R Costa
    Dipartimento di Biologia, Universita di Padova, Italy
    Proc Biol Sci 250:43-9. 1992
    ..We suggest the possibility that the length polymorphism could be maintained by thermal selection because the threonine-glycine region has been shown to provide thermostability to the circadian phenotype...
  93. ncbi Alsin, the product of ALS2 gene, suppresses SOD1 mutant neurotoxicity through RhoGEF domain by interacting with SOD1 mutants
    Kohsuke Kanekura
    Departments of Pharmacology and Anatomy, Keio University School of Medicine, Life Science Research Building, 35 Shinanomachi, Shinjuku ku, Tokyo 160 8582, Japan
    J Biol Chem 279:19247-56. 2004
    ..Such functional and physical interaction between two ALS-related genes will become a promising clue to clarify the pathogenesis of ALS and other motor neuron diseases...
  94. ncbi The RAFT network: 5 years of distance continuing medical education and tele-consultations over the Internet in French-speaking Africa
    Antoine Geissbuhler
    Service d Informatique Médicale, Hopitaux Universitaires de Geneve, 24, Rue Micheli du Crest, 1211 Geneve 14, Suisse, Switzerland
    Int J Med Inform 76:351-6. 2007
    ..The richness of the plurality of knowledge and know-how must be steered towards emulation and sharing, respectful of each partner's identity and culture. Collaborations with UNESCO and WHO have been initiated to address these challenges...
  95. ncbi Particle size distributions and elemental composition of atmospheric particulate matter in southern Italy
    Francesca Sprovieri
    Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche Institute for Atmospheric Pollution, Rende, Italy
    J Air Waste Manag Assoc 58:797-805. 2008
    ..5) and PM(10-2.5) concentrations...
  96. ncbi The Atlas mountains as a biogeographical divide in North-West Africa: evidence from mtDNA evolution in the Agamid lizard Agama impalearis
    R P Brown
    School of Biological and Earth Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Byrom St, Liverpool L3 3AF, UK
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 24:324-32. 2002
    ..Miocene vicariance mediated by the Atlas may provide a general explanation of intra- and interspecific biogeographical patterns in NW African species...
  97. ncbi Influence of the antioxidant content of saliva on dental caries in an at-risk community
    J Uberos
    Departamento de Pediatria, Hospital Clinico San Cecilio
    Br Dent J 205:E5. 2008
    ..This study aims to evaluate the relationship between the total antioxidant capacity of saliva and the presence of dental caries in deciduous and permanent teeth, in a group of Saharan children...
  98. ncbi Relationships and evolution of the North African geckos, Geckonia and Tarentola (Reptilia: Gekkonidae), based on mitochondrial and nuclear DNA sequences
    S Carranza
    Department of Zoology, The Natural History Museum, London SW7 5BD, UK
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 23:244-56. 2002
    ..G. chazaliae should be included in Tarentola, as Tarentola chazaliae...
  99. ncbi What motivates lay volunteers in high burden but resource-limited tuberculosis control programmes? Perceptions from the Northern Cape province, South Africa
    S Kironde
    Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Institute of Health Sciences, Oxford University, United Kingdom
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 6:104-10. 2002
    ..The Northern Cape province, Republic of South Africa...
  100. ncbi Determinants of elevated urinary albumin in the 4,937 type 2 diabetic subjects recruited for the DIABHYCAR Study in Western Europe and North Africa
    M Marre
    Service d endocrinologie, Diabetologie, Maladies Metaboliques, Hopital Bichat, Paris, France
    Diabetes Care 23:B40-8. 2000
    ..In this article, we report the characteristics of the randomized patients...
  101. ncbi A survey of TB services in hospitals in seven large cities in Asia and North Africa
    C Y Chiang
    International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, Paris, France
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 11:739-46. 2007
    ..Hospitals in Bangkok, Cairo, Dhaka, Jakarta, Karachi, Kathmandu and Manila...

Research Grants8

  1. DBH as a Modifying Gene in Neurodegenerative Diseases
    Cyrus Zabetian; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Comparing plasma and tissue levels of DBH protein and catecholamines in the two lines will detect the effect of each allele on DBH expression. ..
  2. GENERATIONAL EFFECTS OF MALNUTRITION
    Reynaldo Martorell; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..They conclude that the results of the proposed analyses will fill key scientific gaps and inform policies and programs aimed at improving the health of future generations in the United States and throughout the world. ..
  3. Technology for Electronic Submission of IRB Protocols
    Paul Whelton; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..2.) To provide laptop computers for all IRB members so that during meetings, all members have online access to study documents, study history and reviewer comments. ..
  4. "RR-03-011, Extramural Research Facilities Construction*
    Andrew Lackner; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..These colonies support the research program of WaNPRC. The proposed construction is a component of a recently developed long-range strategic plan for facilities at the TNPRC. ..
  5. Early Nutrition, Human Capital and Economic Productivity
    Reynaldo Martorell; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The three participating institutions have a successful history of previous collaboration in complex field studies and other research. ..
  6. Diet and Risk of Ovarian Cancer
    Ellen Chang; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The results of the proposed analyses will provide further understanding of the etiology of ovarian cancer. ..
  7. BAA-NIH-NIAID-NCRR-DMID-03-036
    Andrew Lackner; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..These objectives will be facilitated by the participation of the TNPRC in the nonhuman primate cores of the RCE applications from Regions IV and VI. ..
  8. Aspirin use, genetic variation in aspirin related-genes, and Hodgkin lymphoma ris
    Ellen Chang; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..