south africa

Summary

Summary: A republic in southern Africa, the southernmost part of Africa. It has three capitals: Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), and Bloemfontein (judicial). The history is a fabric interwoven with hostile activity among the native tribes, particularly the Zulus, the Boers (Dutch settlers), and the British. Officially the Republic of South Africa since 1960, it was called the Union of South Africa 1910-1960.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi The burden of non-communicable diseases in South Africa
    Bongani M Mayosi
    Department of Medicine, Groote Schuur Hospital and University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa
    Lancet 374:934-47. 2009
  2. ncbi Gender-based violence, relationship power, and risk of HIV infection in women attending antenatal clinics in South Africa
    Kristin L Dunkle
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Lancet 363:1415-21. 2004
  3. ncbi Effect of a structural intervention for the prevention of intimate-partner violence and HIV in rural South Africa: a cluster randomised trial
    Paul M Pronyk
    Rural AIDS and Development Action Research Programme, School of Public Health, University of the Witwatersrand, Acornhoek, South Africa
    Lancet 368:1973-83. 2006
  4. pmc Randomized, controlled intervention trial of male circumcision for reduction of HIV infection risk: the ANRS 1265 Trial
    Bertran Auvert
    Hopital Ambroise Pare, Assitance Publique Hôpitaux de Paris, Boulogne, France
    PLoS Med 2:e298. 2005
  5. pmc Implications of mortality transition for primary health care in rural South Africa: a population-based surveillance study
    Stephen M Tollman
    MRC Wits Rural Public Health and Health Transitions Research Unit Agincourt, School of Public Health, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
    Lancet 372:893-901. 2008
  6. pmc Impact of stepping stones on incidence of HIV and HSV-2 and sexual behaviour in rural South Africa: cluster randomised controlled trial
    Rachel Jewkes
    Gender and Health Research Unit, Medical Research Council, Private Bag X385, Pretoria 0001, South Africa
    BMJ 337:a506. 2008
  7. pmc Cohort Profile: Africa Centre Demographic Information System (ACDIS) and population-based HIV survey
    Frank Tanser
    Africa Centre for Health and Population Studies, University of KwaZulu Natal, Mtubatuba, South Africa
    Int J Epidemiol 37:956-62. 2008
  8. ncbi The health and health system of South Africa: historical roots of current public health challenges
    Hoosen Coovadia
    Nelson Mandela School of Medicine, University of KwaZulu Natal, Durban, South Africa
    Lancet 374:817-34. 2009
  9. pmc HIV infection and tuberculosis in South Africa: an urgent need to escalate the public health response
    Salim S Abdool Karim
    Centre for the AIDS Programme of Research in South Africa CAPRISA, Doris Duke Medical Research Institute, Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine, University of KwaZulu Natal, Durban, South Africa
    Lancet 374:921-33. 2009
  10. ncbi Validation and application of verbal autopsies in a rural area of South Africa
    K Kahn
    Health Systems Development Unit, Department of Community Health, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
    Trop Med Int Health 5:824-31. 2000

Research Grants

  1. Perceived AIDS Stigma: A Multinational African Study
    William Holzemer; Fiscal Year: 2007
  2. Alcohol and HIV Risk Reduction in South Africa
    Seth Kalichman; Fiscal Year: 2006
  3. Intervention to Close Digital Divide in AIDS Care
    Seth Kalichman; Fiscal Year: 2004
  4. Gender Violence and HIV Risk Reduction in South Africa
    Leickness Simbayi; Fiscal Year: 2007
  5. HIV TREATMENT ADHERENCE FOR PERSONS WITH LOW-LITERACY
    Seth Kalichman; Fiscal Year: 2002
  6. BRIEF HIV RISK REDUCTION COUNSELING
    Seth Kalichman; Fiscal Year: 2002
  7. HIV Treatment Adherence/Risk Reduction Integrated
    Seth Kalichman; Fiscal Year: 2009
  8. Brief HIV Prevention Counseling in South Africa
    Seth Kalichman; Fiscal Year: 2009
  9. RCT OF STEPPING STONES BEHAVIOURAL INTERVENTION FOR HIV
    Rachel Jewkes; Fiscal Year: 2005
  10. PRETREATMENT FOR AFRICAN AMERICAN CRACK ABUSERS
    Wendee Wechsberg; Fiscal Year: 2002

Detail Information

Publications257 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi The burden of non-communicable diseases in South Africa
    Bongani M Mayosi
    Department of Medicine, Groote Schuur Hospital and University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa
    Lancet 374:934-47. 2009
    15 years after its first democratic election, South Africa is in the midst of a profound health transition that is characterised by a quadruple burden of communicable, non-communicable, perinatal and maternal, and injury-related disorders...
  2. ncbi Gender-based violence, relationship power, and risk of HIV infection in women attending antenatal clinics in South Africa
    Kristin L Dunkle
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Lancet 363:1415-21. 2004
    ..No study on women has yet assessed gender-based violence as a risk factor for HIV after adjustment for women's own high-risk behaviours, although these are known to be associated with experience of violence...
  3. ncbi Effect of a structural intervention for the prevention of intimate-partner violence and HIV in rural South Africa: a cluster randomised trial
    Paul M Pronyk
    Rural AIDS and Development Action Research Programme, School of Public Health, University of the Witwatersrand, Acornhoek, South Africa
    Lancet 368:1973-83. 2006
    ..The aim of the Intervention with Microfinance for AIDS and Gender Equity (IMAGE) study was to assess a structural intervention that combined a microfinance programme with a gender and HIV training curriculum...
  4. pmc Randomized, controlled intervention trial of male circumcision for reduction of HIV infection risk: the ANRS 1265 Trial
    Bertran Auvert
    Hopital Ambroise Pare, Assitance Publique Hôpitaux de Paris, Boulogne, France
    PLoS Med 2:e298. 2005
    Observational studies suggest that male circumcision may provide protection against HIV-1 infection. A randomized, controlled intervention trial was conducted in a general population of South Africa to test this hypothesis.
  5. pmc Implications of mortality transition for primary health care in rural South Africa: a population-based surveillance study
    Stephen M Tollman
    MRC Wits Rural Public Health and Health Transitions Research Unit Agincourt, School of Public Health, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
    Lancet 372:893-901. 2008
    ..We investigated the extent and nature of this health transition and considered the implications for primary health care...
  6. pmc Impact of stepping stones on incidence of HIV and HSV-2 and sexual behaviour in rural South Africa: cluster randomised controlled trial
    Rachel Jewkes
    Gender and Health Research Unit, Medical Research Council, Private Bag X385, Pretoria 0001, South Africa
    BMJ 337:a506. 2008
    ..To assess the impact of Stepping Stones, a HIV prevention programme, on incidence of HIV and herpes simplex type 2 (HSV-2) and sexual behaviour...
  7. pmc Cohort Profile: Africa Centre Demographic Information System (ACDIS) and population-based HIV survey
    Frank Tanser
    Africa Centre for Health and Population Studies, University of KwaZulu Natal, Mtubatuba, South Africa
    Int J Epidemiol 37:956-62. 2008
  8. ncbi The health and health system of South Africa: historical roots of current public health challenges
    Hoosen Coovadia
    Nelson Mandela School of Medicine, University of KwaZulu Natal, Durban, South Africa
    Lancet 374:817-34. 2009
    ..dysfunctional health system and the collision of the epidemics of communicable and non-communicable diseases in South Africa can be found in policies from periods of the country's history, from colonial subjugation, apartheid ..
  9. pmc HIV infection and tuberculosis in South Africa: an urgent need to escalate the public health response
    Salim S Abdool Karim
    Centre for the AIDS Programme of Research in South Africa CAPRISA, Doris Duke Medical Research Institute, Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine, University of KwaZulu Natal, Durban, South Africa
    Lancet 374:921-33. 2009
    One of the greatest challenges facing post-apartheid South Africa is the control of the concomitant HIV and tuberculosis epidemics. HIV continues to spread relentlessly, and tuberculosis has been declared a national emergency...
  10. ncbi Validation and application of verbal autopsies in a rural area of South Africa
    K Kahn
    Health Systems Development Unit, Department of Community Health, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
    Trop Med Int Health 5:824-31. 2000
    To validate the causes of death determined with a single verbal autopsy instrument covering all age groups in the Agincourt subdistrict of rural South Africa.
  11. ncbi Common mental disorders among HIV-infected individuals in South Africa: prevalence, predictors, and validation of brief psychiatric rating scales
    Landon Myer
    Infectious Diseases Epidemiology Unit, School of Public Health and Family Medicine, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa
    AIDS Patient Care STDS 22:147-58. 2008
    ..a cross-sectional study among individuals enrolled into HIV care and treatment services near Cape Town, South Africa. Psychiatric diagnoses were measured using the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) ..
  12. pmc Loss to care and death before antiretroviral therapy in Durban, South Africa
    Ingrid V Bassett
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 02114, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 51:135-9. 2009
    To examine the loss to care and mortality rates before starting antiretroviral therapy (ART) among ART eligible HIV-infected patients in Durban, South Africa.
  13. ncbi "Life is still going on": reproductive intentions among HIV-positive women and men in South Africa
    Diane Cooper
    University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa
    Soc Sci Med 65:274-83. 2007
    ..investigating HIV positive individuals' reproductive intentions and their influencing factors in Cape Town, South Africa. In-depth interviews were held with 61 HIV positive women and men; at the time of interview, half had been ..
  14. ncbi Efficacy of Carraguard for prevention of HIV infection in women in South Africa: a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial
    Stephanie Skoler-Karpoff
    Population Council, New York, NY, USA
    Lancet 372:1977-87. 2008
    ..We assessed Carraguard, a carrageenan-based compound developed by the Population Council, for its efficacy and long-term safety in prevention of HIV infection in women...
  15. pmc HIV testing attitudes, AIDS stigma, and voluntary HIV counselling and testing in a black township in Cape Town, South Africa
    S C Kalichman
    Department of Psychology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, USA
    Sex Transm Infect 79:442-7. 2003
    A cornerstone of HIV prevention in South Africa is voluntary HIV antibody counselling and testing (VCT), but only one in five South Africans aware of VCT have been tested...
  16. pmc Cohort Profile: Mandela's children: the 1990 Birth to Twenty study in South Africa
    Linda Richter
    Human Sciences Research Council and University of KwaZulu Natal, South Africa
    Int J Epidemiol 36:504-11. 2007
  17. pmc The use of mobile phones as a data collection tool: a report from a household survey in South Africa
    Mark Tomlinson
    Department of Psychology, Stellenbosch University, Private Bag X1, Matieland 7602, South Africa
    BMC Med Inform Decis Mak 9:51. 2009
    ..the ease of implementation, and the extent to which community health workers with little experience of data collection could be trained and successfully supervised to collect data using mobile phones in a large baseline survey..
  18. pmc Understanding the impact of a microfinance-based intervention on women's empowerment and the reduction of intimate partner violence in South Africa
    Julia C Kim
    Rural AIDS and Development Action Research Programme, School of Public Health, University of the Witwatersrand, Acornhoek, South Africa
    Am J Public Health 97:1794-802. 2007
    ..women's empowerment and the mechanisms underlying the significant reduction in intimate partner violence documented by the Intervention With Microfinance for AIDS and Gender Equity (IMAGE) cluster-randomized trial in rural South Africa.
  19. ncbi A cluster randomized-controlled trial to determine the effectiveness of Stepping Stones in preventing HIV infections and promoting safer sexual behaviour amongst youth in the rural Eastern Cape, South Africa: trial design, methods and baseline findings
    R Jewkes
    Gender and Health Research Unit, Medical Research Council, Pretoria, South Africa
    Trop Med Int Health 11:3-16. 2006
    ..To describe the study design, methods and baseline findings of a behavioural intervention trial aimed at reducing HIV incidence...
  20. ncbi Public-sector ART in the Free State Province, South Africa: community support as an important determinant of outcome
    Edwin Wouters
    University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium
    Soc Sci Med 69:1177-85. 2009
    ..in a sample of 268 patients enrolled in the public-sector ART program of the Free State Province of South Africa (2004-2007). After 24 months of ART, 76...
  21. pmc Challenges for routine health system data management in a large public programme to prevent mother-to-child HIV transmission in South Africa
    Kedar S Mate
    Institute for Healthcare Improvement, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 4:e5483. 2009
    Recent changes to South Africa's prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) guidelines have raised hope that the national goal of reducing perinatal HIV transmission rates to less than 5% can be attained...
  22. pmc Screening for cryptococcal antigenemia in patients accessing an antiretroviral treatment program in South Africa
    Joseph N Jarvis
    Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, Desmond Tutu HIV Centre, Institute of Infectious Disease and Molecular Medicine, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa
    Clin Infect Dis 48:856-62. 2009
    ..Screening for cryptococcal antigen in patients who enroll in ART programs may identify those at risk of cryptococcal meningitis and permit targeted use of preemptive therapy...
  23. ncbi Obesity in South Africa: the South African demographic and health survey
    Thandi Puoane
    Chronic Diseases of Lifestyle Unit of the Medical Research Council, Burden Tygerberg, South Africa
    Obes Res 10:1038-48. 2002
    ..To ascertain the anthropometric profile and determinants of obesity in South Africans who participated in the Demographic and Health Survey in 1998...
  24. ncbi Prevalence and determinants of fertility intentions of HIV-infected women and men receiving antiretroviral therapy in South Africa
    Landon Myer
    Infectious Diseases Epidemiology Unit, School of Public Health and Family Medicine, University of Cape Town, South Africa
    AIDS Patient Care STDS 21:278-85. 2007
    ..These findings also suggest that fertility desires may change through time and thus require ongoing attention as part of long-term care...
  25. ncbi Transactional sex among women in Soweto, South Africa: prevalence, risk factors and association with HIV infection
    Kristin L Dunkle
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Michigan, 611 Church Street, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 3028, USA
    Soc Sci Med 59:1581-92. 2004
    ..was to estimate the prevalence of such transactional sex among women attending antenatal clinics in Soweto, South Africa, to identify demographic and social variables associated with reporting transactional sex, and to determine the ..
  26. ncbi The 'healthy brothel': the context of clinical services for sex workers in Hillbrow, South Africa
    Jonathan Stadler
    Reproductive Health and HIV Research Unit, Johannesburg, Republic of South Africa
    Cult Health Sex 8:451-64. 2006
    ..was established to provide STI treatment for sex workers who worked in the inner city suburb of Hillbrow, South Africa. Qualitative research demonstrated that the clinic was acceptable to women in terms of service quality, ..
  27. ncbi Can social capital be intentionally generated? a randomized trial from rural South Africa
    Paul M Pronyk
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    Soc Sci Med 67:1559-70. 2008
    ..We conducted an intervention in rural South Africa that combined group-based microfinance with participatory gender and HIV training in an attempt to catalyze ..
  28. ncbi The impact of migration on HIV-1 transmission in South Africa: a study of migrant and nonmigrant men and their partners
    Mark N Lurie
    South African Medical Research Council, HIV Prevention and Vaccine Research Unit, Durban, South Africa
    Sex Transm Dis 30:149-56. 2003
    ..To investigate the association between migration and HIV infection among migrant and nonmigrant men and their rural partners...
  29. ncbi Early mortality among adults accessing a community-based antiretroviral service in South Africa: implications for programme design
    Stephen D Lawn
    The Desmond Tutu HIV Centre, Institute for Infectious Disease and Molecular Medicine, Cape Town, South Africa
    AIDS 19:2141-8. 2005
    ..To determine rates, risk factors and causes of death among patients accessing a community-based antiretroviral treatment (ART) programme both prior to and following initiation of treatment...
  30. ncbi Fertility intentions and reproductive health care needs of people living with HIV in Cape Town, South Africa: implications for integrating reproductive health and HIV care services
    Diane Cooper
    Women s Health Research Unit, School of Public Health and Family Medicine, University of Cape Town, Anzio Road Observatory, 7925, Cape Town, South Africa
    AIDS Behav 13:38-46. 2009
    ..care needs of 459 women and men, not sampled as intimate partners of each other, living with HIV in Cape Town, South Africa. An almost equal proportion of women (55%) and men (43%) living with HIV, reported not intending to have ..
  31. pmc Safety and immunogenicity of a new tuberculosis vaccine, MVA85A, in healthy adults in South Africa
    Tony Hawkridge
    South African Tuberculosis Vaccine Initiative, Institute of Infectious Diseases and Molecular Medicine, and School of Child and Adolescent Health, University of Cape Town, Observatory, South Africa
    J Infect Dis 198:544-52. 2008
    ..We investigated the safety and immunogenicity of MVA85A in mycobacteria-exposed--but Mycobacterium tuberculosis-uninfected--healthy adults from a region of South Africa where TB is endemic.
  32. pmc Setting priorities in child health research investments for South Africa
    Mark Tomlinson
    Health Systems Research Unit, Medical Research Council, Cape Town, Western Cape, South Africa
    PLoS Med 4:e259. 2007
  33. ncbi Extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis as a cause of death in patients co-infected with tuberculosis and HIV in a rural area of South Africa
    Neel R Gandhi
    AIDS Program, Section of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA
    Lancet 368:1575-80. 2006
    The epidemics of HIV-1 and tuberculosis in South Africa are closely related. High mortality rates in co-infected patients have improved with antiretroviral therapy, but drug-resistant tuberculosis has emerged as a major cause of death...
  34. pmc Genome analysis of multi- and extensively-drug-resistant tuberculosis from KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
    Thomas R Ioerger
    Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Texas A and M University, College Station, Texas, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 4:e7778. 2009
    ..strain family of Mycobacterium tuberculosis is a highly virulent strain endemic to the KwaZulu-Natal region of South Africa, which has recently experienced an outbreak of extensively-drug resistant tuberculosis...
  35. ncbi Who infects whom? HIV-1 concordance and discordance among migrant and non-migrant couples in South Africa
    Mark N Lurie
    South African Medical Research Council, HIV Prevention and Vaccine Research Unit, Durban, South Africa
    AIDS 17:2245-52. 2003
    ..To measure HIV-1 discordance among migrant and non-migrant men and their rural partners, and to estimate the relative risk of infection from inside versus outside primary relationships...
  36. ncbi Outcomes after two years of providing antiretroviral treatment in Khayelitsha, South Africa
    David Coetzee
    Infectious Disease Epidemiology Unit, School of Public Health and Family Medicine, University of Cape Town, Anzio Road, Observatory 7925, South Africa
    AIDS 18:887-95. 2004
    ....
  37. ncbi 'We are bitter but we are satisfied': nurses as street-level bureaucrats in South Africa
    Liz Walker
    Wits Institute for Social and Economic Research WISER, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, Private Bag 3, P O WITS, Johannesburg 2050, South Africa
    Soc Sci Med 59:1251-61. 2004
    ..The study recommends that the practice of policy change be viewed through the lens of the 'street-level bureaucrat' and highlights three sets of related managerial actions...
  38. pmc Effects of highly active antiretroviral therapy duration and regimen on risk for mother-to-child transmission of HIV in Johannesburg, South Africa
    Risa M Hoffman
    David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Division of Infectious Diseases and Center for Clinical AIDS Research and Education, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 54:35-41. 2010
    ....
  39. ncbi Estimating the burden of disease attributable to physical inactivity in South Africa in 2000
    Jané Joubert
    Burden of Disease Research Unit, South African Medical Research Council, Tygerberg, Cape Town
    S Afr Med J 97:725-31. 2007
    To quantify the burden of disease attributable to physical inactivity in persons 15 years or older, by age group and sex, in South Africa for 2000.
  40. ncbi Internalized stigma, discrimination, and depression among men and women living with HIV/AIDS in Cape Town, South Africa
    Leickness C Simbayi
    Social Aspects of HIV AIDS and Health, Human Sciences Research Council, P Bag X9182, Cape Town 8000, South Africa
    Soc Sci Med 64:1823-31. 2007
    ..stigmas among 420 HIV-positive men and 643 HIV-positive women recruited from AIDS services in Cape Town, South Africa. The anonymous surveys found that 40% of persons with HIV/AIDS had experienced discrimination resulting from ..
  41. ncbi Hypertension in South African adults: results from the Demographic and Health Survey, 1998
    K Steyn
    Chronic Diseases of Lifestyle Unit, Medical Research Council MRC, Tygerberg, South Africa
    J Hypertens 19:1717-25. 2001
    To determine the prevalence and treatment status of hypertension in South Africa.
  42. ncbi Achieving the health Millennium Development Goals for South Africa: challenges and priorities
    Mickey Chopra
    Health Systems Research Unit, Medical Research Council, Cape Town, South Africa
    Lancet 374:1023-31. 2009
    ..in mortality and morbidity are threatening to overwhelm the health system and undermine the potential of South Africa to attain the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)...
  43. ncbi Factors influencing teen mothers' enrollment and participation in prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission services in Limpopo Province, South Africa
    Christine Varga
    Nozizwe Consulting and Human Sciences Research Council, Durban, South Africa
    Qual Health Res 18:786-802. 2008
    ..transmission (PMTCT) services among adolescent mothers aged 15 to 19 years in rural and urban Limpopo Province, South Africa. We used the narrative research method involving key informants constructing typical case studies of adolescent ..
  44. ncbi Is social capital associated with HIV risk in rural South Africa?
    Paul M Pronyk
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Soc Sci Med 66:1999-2010. 2008
    ..14 to 35-year-old male and female residents of 750 poor households from 8 villages in rural Limpopo province, South Africa. We assessed cognitive social capital (CSC) and structural social capital (SSC) separately, and examined ..
  45. pmc Health information system reform in South Africa: developing an essential data set
    Vincent Shaw
    Health Information Systems Programme, School of Public Health, University of the Western Cape, South Africa
    Bull World Health Organ 83:632-6. 2005
    ..In conclusion, the development of an essential data set contributes to strengthening health services because it necessitates dialogue between programme managers and defines indicators to be monitored by them...
  46. pmc Disclosure of HIV status to sex partners and sexual risk behaviours among HIV-positive men and women, Cape Town, South Africa
    L C Simbayi
    Human Sciences Research Council, Cape Town, South Africa
    Sex Transm Infect 83:29-34. 2007
    ..The HIV epidemic continues to amplify in southern Africa and there is a growing need for HIV prevention interventions among people who have tested HIV positive...
  47. ncbi Women living with HIV in South Africa and their concerns about fertility
    Mzikazi Nduna
    Department of Psychology, University of Witwatersrand, Private Bag X3, Wits, Johannesburg, 2050, South Africa
    AIDS Behav 13:62-5. 2009
    ..Women of reproductive age were recruited from Eastern Cape and Gauteng Provinces, South Africa. Information on women's fertility desires and pregnancy planning was collected through participatory workshop, ..
  48. ncbi Tuberculosis-associated immune reconstitution disease: incidence, risk factors and impact in an antiretroviral treatment service in South Africa
    Stephen D Lawn
    Desmond Tutu HIV Centre, Institute for Infectious Disease and Molecular Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, Anzio Road, Observatory 7925, Cape Town, South Africa
    AIDS 21:335-41. 2007
    ..To determine the burden and impact of immune reconstitution disease (IRD) associated with tuberculosis (TB) among patients initiating antiretroviral treatment (ART) in sub-Saharan Africa...
  49. pmc Lack of a decline in HIV incidence in a rural community with high HIV prevalence in South Africa, 2003-2007
    Till Barnighausen
    Africa Centre for Health and Population Studies, University of KwaZulu Natal, Mtubatuba, South Africa
    AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 25:405-9. 2009
    ..We used data from a large population-based longitudinal HIV surveillance in a rural community in South Africa to test whether HIV incidence in this population has changed in the period from 2003 through 2007...
  50. ncbi CD4 decline and incidence of opportunistic infections in Cape Town, South Africa: implications for prophylaxis and treatment
    Charles B Holmes
    Divisions of Infectious Disease, Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02114, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 42:464-9. 2006
    ..To determine the rate of CD4 decline and the incidence of opportunistic infections (OIs) among antiretroviral therapy-naive South African HIV-infected patients and inform timing of OI prophylaxis...
  51. ncbi Middle Stone Age shell beads from South Africa
    Christopher Henshilwood
    Centre for Development Studies, University of Bergen, Norway
    Science 304:404. 2004
  52. ncbi The South Africa Stress and Health Study: rationale and design
    David R Williams
    Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106 1248, USA
    Metab Brain Dis 19:135-47. 2004
    The South Africa Stress and Health Study (SASH) is a large psychiatric epidemiological survey that is currently underway in South Africa...
  53. pmc Prevalence of HIV-1 drug resistance after failure of a first highly active antiretroviral therapy regimen in KwaZulu Natal, South Africa
    Vincent C Marconi
    Section of Retroviral Therapeutics, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02139, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 46:1589-97. 2008
    ..The prevalence of resistance was assessed among patients from KwaZulu Natal, South Africa, following failure of their first highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) regimen.
  54. ncbi CD8+ T-cell responses to different HIV proteins have discordant associations with viral load
    Photini Kiepiela
    HIV Pathogenesis Programme, Doris Duke Medical Research Institute, University of KwaZulu Natal, Durban 4013, South Africa
    Nat Med 13:46-53. 2007
    ..of the 160 dominant CD8(+) T-cell responses in 578 untreated HIV-infected individuals from KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Of the HIV proteins targeted, only Gag-specific responses were associated with lowering viremia...
  55. ncbi Health care-seeking practices of pregnant women and the role of the midwife in Cape Town, South Africa
    N Abrahams
    Gender and Health Research Group, Medical Research Council, Tygerberg, Cape Town, South Africa
    J Midwifery Womens Health 46:240-7. 2001
    ..this study was to investigate the health-seeking practices of pregnant women in a periurban area in Cape Town, South Africa. This qualitative study was based on 103 minimally structured in-depth interviews of 32 pregnant women...
  56. ncbi An investigation into the health-related quality of life of individuals living with HIV who are receiving HAART
    J Jelsma
    Department of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa
    AIDS Care 17:579-88. 2005
    ..recently accepted the routine provision of highly active antiretroviral therapy to persons living with AIDS in South Africa. There is a need to investigate the impact of HAART on the health-related quality of life of people living with ..
  57. ncbi Conservation of first-line antiretroviral treatment regimen where therapeutic options are limited
    Catherine Orrell
    The Desmond Tutu HIV Centre, Institute for Infectious Disease and Molecular Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, South Africa
    Antivir Ther 12:83-8. 2007
    ....
  58. ncbi Young people's sexual health in South Africa: HIV prevalence and sexual behaviors from a nationally representative household survey
    Audrey E Pettifor
    Reproductive Health Research Unit, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
    AIDS 19:1525-34. 2005
    ..To determine the prevalence of HIV infection, HIV risk factors, and exposure to national HIV prevention programs, and to identify factors associated with HIV infection among South African youth, aged 15-24 years...
  59. pmc Routine voluntary HIV testing in Durban, South Africa: the experience from an outpatient department
    Ingrid V Bassett
    Division of Infectious Disease, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 02114, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 46:181-6. 2007
    To evaluate the yield of a routine voluntary HIV testing program compared with traditional provider-referred voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) in a hospital-affiliated outpatient department (OPD) in Durban, South Africa.
  60. pmc The socioeconomic determinants of HIV incidence: evidence from a longitudinal, population-based study in rural South Africa
    Till Barnighausen
    Africa Centre for Health and Population Studies, University of KwaZulu Natal, Mtubatuba, South Africa
    AIDS 21:S29-38. 2007
    ..Both problems are avoided in longitudinal cohort studies...
  61. ncbi Spectrum of heart disease and risk factors in a black urban population in South Africa (the Heart of Soweto Study): a cohort study
    Karen Sliwa
    Soweto Cardiovascular Research Unit, Chris Hani Baragwanath Hospital, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
    Lancet 371:915-22. 2008
    ..We aimed to investigate the clinical range of disorders related to cardiovascular disease in patients presenting for the first time to a tertiary-care centre...
  62. ncbi Genetic diversity and molecular epidemiology of respiratory syncytial virus over four consecutive seasons in South Africa: identification of new subgroup A and B genotypes
    M Venter
    National Institute for Virology, Private Bag X4, 2131 Sandringham, South Africa
    J Gen Virol 82:2117-24. 2001
    ..syncytial virus (RSV) was studied over four consecutive seasons (1997-2000) in a single tertiary hospital in South Africa: 225 isolates were subgrouped by RT-PCR and the resulting products sequenced...
  63. ncbi Who dies from what? Determining cause of death in South Africa's rural north-east
    K Kahn
    Health Systems Development Unit, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
    Trop Med Int Health 4:433-41. 1999
    Information on cause of death is essential for rational public health planning, yet mortality data in South Africa is limited. In the Agincourt subdistrict, verbal autopsies (VA) have been used to determine cause of death...
  64. pmc Viremia, resuppression, and time to resistance in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) subtype C during first-line antiretroviral therapy in South Africa
    Christopher J Hoffmann
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 49:1928-35. 2009
    Episodes of viremia are common in African antiretroviral therapy (ART) programs. We sought to describe viremia, resuppression, and accumulation of resistance during first-line combination ART (cART) in South Africa.
  65. ncbi Successful integration of tuberculosis and HIV treatment in rural South Africa: the Sizonq'oba study
    Neel R Gandhi
    Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 50:37-43. 2009
    Tuberculosis (TB) is the leading cause of death among HIV-infected patients worldwide. In KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, 80% of TB patients are HIV coinfected, with high treatment default and mortality rates...
  66. ncbi Adherence to antiretroviral therapy in HIV-infected adults in Soweto, South Africa
    J B Nachega
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 20:1053-6. 2004
    ..study of adherence among patients at Chris Hani Baragwanath Hospital's Adult HIV Clinic in Soweto, South Africa. Adherence was assessed using a 1-month, self-report questionnaire and was calculated as a ratio of doses taken ..
  67. ncbi Initial burden of disease estimates for South Africa, 2000
    Debbie Bradshaw
    Burden of Disease Research Unit, Medical Research Council of South Africa, Tygerberg, W Cape
    S Afr Med J 93:682-8. 2003
    This paper describes the first national burden of disease study for South Africa. The main focus is the burden due to premature mortality, i.e. years of life lost (YLLs). In addition, estimates of the burden contributed by morbidity, i.e...
  68. pmc Patient and provider delay in tuberculosis suspects from communities with a high HIV prevalence in South Africa: a cross-sectional study
    Graeme Meintjes
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, Anzio Road, Observatory, 7925, South Africa
    BMC Infect Dis 8:72. 2008
    ..study was conducted at a secondary level hospital serving communities with a high HIV prevalence in Cape Town, South Africa. The aim was to describe patient and provider delay in the diagnosis of TB in patients with suspected TB ..
  69. ncbi Glaucoma in Zulus: a population-based cross-sectional survey in a rural district in South Africa
    Alan P Rotchford
    International Centre for Eye Health, Institute of Ophthalmology, 11 43 Bath St, London EC1V 9EL, England
    Arch Ophthalmol 120:471-8. 2002
    ..To determine the prevalence and the main types of glaucoma in a representative adult population in rural Zululand, and to describe the distribution of glaucoma-related variables in healthy subjects and those with glaucoma...
  70. pmc Assessing the incremental effects of combining economic and health interventions: the IMAGE study in South Africa
    Julia Kim
    Bureau for Development Policy, United Nations Development Programme, New York, NY, USA
    Bull World Health Organ 87:824-32. 2009
    ..To explore whether adding a gender and HIV training programme to microfinance initiatives can lead to health and social benefits beyond those achieved by microfinance alone...
  71. ncbi Levels and causes of adult mortality in rural South Africa: the impact of AIDS
    Victoria Hosegood
    Africa Centre for Health and Population Studies, Mtubatuba, South Africa
    AIDS 18:663-71. 2004
    To quantify the contribution that AIDS makes to adult mortality in rural South Africa.
  72. pmc Beyond fragmentation and towards universal coverage: insights from Ghana, South Africa and the United Republic of Tanzania
    Diane McIntyre
    Health Economics Unit, University of Cape Town, Observatory, South Africa
    Bull World Health Organ 86:871-6. 2008
    ..paper is to explore the extent of fragmentation within the health systems of three African countries (Ghana, South Africa and the United Republic of Tanzania)...
  73. pmc Substance abuse, treatment needs and access among female sex workers and non-sex workers in Pretoria, South Africa
    Wendee M Wechsberg
    Substance Abuse Treatment Evaluations and Interventions Research Program, RTI International Research Triangle Institute, 3040 Cornwallis Road, PO Box 12194, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27709 2194, USA
    Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 4:11. 2009
    This study examined cross-sectional data collected from substance-using female sex workers (FSW) and non-sex workers (non-SW) in Pretoria, South Africa, who entered a randomized controlled trial.
  74. ncbi The social conditions for successful peer education: a comparison of two HIV prevention programs run by sex workers in India and South Africa
    Flora Cornish
    School of Nursing, Midwifery and Community Health, Glasgow Caledonian University, Glasgow, UK
    Am J Community Psychol 44:123-35. 2009
    ..context and the implementation of two peer education interventions run by sex workers, one in India and one in South Africa, which produced contrasting outcomes...
  75. pmc Sex differences in obesity rates in poor countries: evidence from South Africa
    Anne Case
    Research Program in Development Studies, Princeton University, United States
    Econ Hum Biol 7:271-82. 2009
    ..More speculatively, in South Africa, women's perceptions of an 'ideal' female body are larger than men's perceptions of the 'ideal' male body, and ..
  76. ncbi Is social capital a useful conceptual tool for exploring community level influences on HIV infection? An exploratory case study from South Africa
    C Campbell
    Social Psychology, London School of Economics and Political Science, London, UK
    AIDS Care 14:41-54. 2002
    ....
  77. ncbi From suspect to patient: tuberculosis diagnosis and treatment initiation in health facilities in South Africa
    E Botha
    Desmond Tutu TB Centre, Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, Stellenbosch University, Cape Town, South Africa
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 12:936-41. 2008
    Thirteen primary health care (PHC) facilities in the Stellenbosch District, South Africa.
  78. ncbi Achieving effective cervical screening coverage in South Africa through human resources and health systems development
    Mary Kawonga
    School of Public Health, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
    Reprod Health Matters 16:32-40. 2008
    b>South Africa's cervical screening policy recommends three free Pap smears at ten-year intervals for all women over 30 years of age, aiming to achieve 70% coverage by 2010 by targeting the age group most at risk of developing pre-cancerous ..
  79. ncbi Paediatric HIV disclosure in South Africa -- caregivers' perspectives on discussing HIV with infected children
    K Moodley
    S Afr Med J 96:201-4. 2006
  80. ncbi Risk perception and condom use among married or cohabiting couples in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
    Pranitha Maharaj
    School of Development Studies, University of KwaZulu Natal, Durban, South Africa
    Int Fam Plan Perspect 31:24-9. 2005
    ..Condom use by these couples is generally low, with resistance from men and cultural norms commonly cited as barriers to increased use...
  81. ncbi Risk factors for domestic violence: findings from a South African cross-sectional study
    Rachel Jewkes
    Gender and Health Group, Medical Research Council, Pretoria, South Africa
    Soc Sci Med 55:1603-17. 2002
    In 1998 a cross-sectional study of violence against women was undertaken in three provinces of South Africa. The objectives were to measure the prevalence of physical, sexual and emotional abuse of women, to identify risk factors and ..
  82. ncbi Designing systematic conservation assessments that promote effective implementation: best practice from South Africa
    Andrew T Knight
    Department of Botany, Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University, P O Box 77000, Port Elizabeth 6031, South Africa
    Conserv Biol 20:739-50. 2006
    ..b>South Africa has received generous international and domestic funding for regional conservation planning since the mid-1990s...
  83. ncbi Integration of sexual and reproductive health services in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
    Pranitha Maharaj
    School of Development Studies, University of KwaZulu Natal, Durban, 4041, South Africa
    Health Policy Plan 20:310-8. 2005
    ..The practical realities of integration in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, were examined from the perspective of both providers and clients...
  84. ncbi Explaining continued high HIV prevalence in South Africa: socioeconomic factors, HIV incidence and sexual behaviour change among a rural cohort, 2001-2004
    James R Hargreaves
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    AIDS 21:S39-48. 2007
    To estimate HIV incidence and explore evidence for changing sexual behaviour over time among men and women belonging to different socioeconomic groups in rural South Africa.
  85. pmc Changing prevalence of tuberculosis infection with increasing age in high-burden townships in South Africa
    R Wood
    Desmond Tutu HIV Centre, Institute of Infectious Disease and Molecular Medicine, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 14:406-12. 2010
    Crowded townships of Cape Town, South Africa, where human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevalence and tuberculosis (TB) notification rates are among the highest in the world.
  86. ncbi Anopheles arabiensis and An. quadriannulatus resistance to DDT in South Africa
    K Hargreaves
    Malaria Control Programme, KwaZulu Natal Department of Health, Jozini, South Africa
    Med Vet Entomol 17:417-22. 2003
    The malaria control programme of KwaZulu-Natal Province, South Africa, includes Mamfene and Mlambo communities...
  87. pmc Public-health and individual approaches to antiretroviral therapy: township South Africa and Switzerland compared
    Olivia Keiser
    Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine ISPM, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland
    PLoS Med 5:e148. 2008
    ..We compared virologic response, changes to first-line regimens, and mortality in HIV-infected patients starting HAART in South Africa and Switzerland.
  88. ncbi Distinctive sequence characteristics of subgenotype A1 isolates of hepatitis B virus from South Africa
    Gerald C Kimbi
    MRC CANSA University Molecular Hepatology Research Unit and Department of Medicine, University of the Witwatersrand, Parktown 2193, Johannesburg, South Africa
    J Gen Virol 85:1211-20. 2004
    ..The dominant genotype in South Africa is genotype A, which consists of two subgenotypes, A1 and A2...
  89. ncbi Genotypic diversity of extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB) in South Africa
    C K Mlambo
    Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Disease, National Health Laboratory Services, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, Gauteng, South Africa
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 12:99-104. 2008
    ..The epidemiology of extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB), an emerging threat to TB control, is not well understood...
  90. ncbi Estimating the burden of disease attributable to diabetes in South Africa in 2000
    Debbie Bradshaw
    Burden of Disease Research Unit, South African Medical Research Council, Tygerberg, Cape Town
    S Afr Med J 97:700-6. 2007
    To estimate the burden of disease attributable to diabetes by sex and age group in South Africa in 2000.
  91. ncbi The outcomes and outpatient costs of different models of antiretroviral treatment delivery in South Africa
    Sydney Rosen
    Center for International Health and Development, Boston University, Boston, MA 02118, USA
    Trop Med Int Health 13:1005-15. 2008
    Estimate the average outpatient cost per patient in care and responding to treatment 1 year after initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) under different models of treatment delivery in South Africa.
  92. pmc HIV incidence in rural South Africa: comparison of estimates from longitudinal surveillance and cross-sectional cBED assay testing
    Till Barnighausen
    Africa Centre for Health and Population Studies, University of KwaZulu Natal, Durban, South Africa
    PLoS ONE 3:e3640. 2008
    ..We used data from a longitudinal HIV surveillance in rural South Africa to measure the fraction of people with non-recent HIV infection who are falsely classified as recently HIV-..
  93. pmc Costs of measures to control tuberculosis/HIV in public primary care facilities in Cape Town, South Africa
    Harry Peter Hausler
    School of Public Health, University of the Western Cape, Cape Town 8002, South Africa
    Bull World Health Organ 84:528-36. 2006
    To measure the costs and estimate the cost-effectiveness of the ProTEST package of tuberculosis/human immunodeficiency virus (TB/HIV) interventions in primary health care facilities in Cape Town, South Africa.
  94. ncbi The social epidemiology of tuberculosis in South Africa: a multilevel analysis
    Guy Harling
    School of Public Health and Family Medicine, University of Cape Town, Anzio Road, Observatory 7925, Cape Town, South Africa
    Soc Sci Med 66:492-505. 2008
    ....
  95. ncbi Saving the lives of South Africa's mothers, babies, and children: can the health system deliver?
    Mickey Chopra
    Health Systems Research Unit, Medical Research Council, Cape Town, South Africa
    Lancet 374:835-46. 2009
    b>South Africa is one of only 12 countries in which mortality rates for children have increased since the baseline for the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) in 1990. Continuing poverty and the HIV/AIDS epidemic are important factors...
  96. pmc Genomic and phylogenetic characterization of Merino Walk virus, a novel arenavirus isolated in South Africa
    Gustavo Palacios
    Center for Infection and Immunity, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
    J Gen Virol 91:1315-24. 2010
    ..family Arenaviridae, was isolated from a rodent, Myotomys unisulcatus, collected at Merino Walk, Eastern Cape, South Africa, in 1985...
  97. ncbi An evaluation of the District Health Information System in rural South Africa
    A Garrib
    Africa Centre for Health and Population Studies, Somkhele, University of KwaZulu Natal
    S Afr Med J 98:549-52. 2008
    ..Since reliable health information is essential for the planning and management of health services, we investigated the functioning of the District Health Information System (DHIS) in 10 rural clinics...
  98. ncbi Violence and injuries in South Africa: prioritising an agenda for prevention
    Mohamed Seedat
    Institute for Social and Health Sciences, University of South Africa, Johannesburg, South Africa
    Lancet 374:1011-22. 2009
    Violence and injuries are the second leading cause of death and lost disability-adjusted life years in South Africa. The overall injury death rate of 157...
  99. pmc Effect of male circumcision on the prevalence of high-risk human papillomavirus in young men: results of a randomized controlled trial conducted in Orange Farm, South Africa
    Bertran Auvert
    Assistance Publique Hopitaux de Paris, University of Versailles, France
    J Infect Dis 199:14-9. 2009
    ..The objective of the present study was to investigate the association between male circumcision (MC) and the prevalence of HR-HPV among young men...
  100. pmc Test and tell: correlates and consequences of testing and disclosure of HIV status in South Africa (HPTN 043 Project Accept)
    Lauren H Wong
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 1563, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 50:215-22. 2009
    As the numbers of HIV-positive diagnoses rise in South Africa, it is important to understand the determinants and consequences of HIV disclosure.
  101. pmc Annual risk of tuberculous infection using different methods in communities with a high prevalence of TB and HIV in Zambia and South Africa
    Kwame Shanaube
    ZAMBART Project, University Teaching Hospital, Lusaka, Zambia
    PLoS ONE 4:e7749. 2009
    ..This paper explores the implications of using different methods to estimate prevalence of infection and ARTI. The effect of BCG vaccination on these estimates is also investigated...

Research Grants62

  1. Perceived AIDS Stigma: A Multinational African Study
    William Holzemer; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Many health care workers in South Africa have come to the conclusion that unless stigma is conquered, the illness will not be defeated...
  2. Alcohol and HIV Risk Reduction in South Africa
    Seth Kalichman; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..intervention for men and women who use alcohol and are at-risk for HIV infection in the Western Cape of South Africa. As many as one in five South Africans is HIV positive and there are an estimated 1,500 new HIV infections in ..
  3. Intervention to Close Digital Divide in AIDS Care
    Seth Kalichman; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..If successful, the experimental intervention could be readily implemented as a community-based program by AIDS Service Organizations, health centers, and community-based Internet access providers. ..
  4. Gender Violence and HIV Risk Reduction in South Africa
    Leickness Simbayi; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..at risk for perpetrating violence against women and at risk for contracting and transmitting HIV in Cape Town, South Africa. As many as one in five South Africans is HIV positive and there are an estimated 1,600 new HIV infections in ..
  5. HIV TREATMENT ADHERENCE FOR PERSONS WITH LOW-LITERACY
    Seth Kalichman; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Results of the proposed research will provide critical information about improving HIV treatment adherence with low-literacy populations that is needed prior to conducting larger and more expensive clinical trials. ..
  6. BRIEF HIV RISK REDUCTION COUNSELING
    Seth Kalichman; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Results of the proposed study will guide the allocation of HIV prevention resources in establishing brief and effective HIV risk reduction counseling services for populations vulnerable to HIV infection. ..
  7. HIV Treatment Adherence/Risk Reduction Integrated
    Seth Kalichman; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..If shown effective, the intervention model will have implications for community and clinical services for people living with HIV-AIDS. ..
  8. Brief HIV Prevention Counseling in South Africa
    Seth Kalichman; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..STI) diagnostic and treatment services from two different types of STI treatment providers in two provinces in South Africa. As many as one in five South Africans is HIV positive and there are an estimated 1,500 new HIV infections in ..
  9. RCT OF STEPPING STONES BEHAVIOURAL INTERVENTION FOR HIV
    Rachel Jewkes; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..reducing the transmission of HIV and promoting HIV risk reducing practices, among poor rural women and men in South Africa. The study seeks to determine the effectiveness of Stepping Stones, in changing aspects of gender dynamics in ..
  10. PRETREATMENT FOR AFRICAN AMERICAN CRACK ABUSERS
    Wendee Wechsberg; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  11. Woman-Focused HIV Prevention with Pregnant African-Americans in Treatment
    Wendee Wechsberg; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..g., HIV status, age, stage of pregnancy, relationships with men) that may influence response to the treatment. ..
  12. Woman Focused HIV Prevention with African-Americans
    Wendee Wechsberg; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..of publications and manuscripts accepted for publication (not to exceed 10) 10 Other items (list): Appendix A South Africa Surveillance on AIDS, HIV and Substance Abuse Appendix B Materials from South Africa Pilot Study Appendix C ..
  13. HIV Prevention in South Africa
    Wendee Wechsberg; Fiscal Year: 2007
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The PI completed a pilot study with women at risk in Pretoria, South Africa in November 2002...
  14. International Neuropsychological Study of FASD--U01
    Philip May; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..to assess cognitive-emotional functioning in children diagnosed with FASD from a community in South Africa and a number of American Indian reservations in the Northern Plains States...
  15. Trial of FAS Prevention and Diagnosis Among Indians
    Philip May; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The proposed renewal will ensure sufficient time to test the IOM model of prevention while advancing science in several other ways. ..
  16. TRIAL OF FAS PREVENTION IN AMERICAN INDIAN COMMUNITIES
    Philip May; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Furthermore, prevention protocols, research techniques and methods, will test the recommendations of the IOM report and should also be applicable to non-Indian communities as well. ..
  17. FAS Prevention: A Trial of the IOM Model
    Philip May; Fiscal Year: 2009
    The highest rates of fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) in the world have been found in South Africa (SA) in this town targeted for prevention research...
  18. Female Condom Use in South African College Students
    Joanne Mantell; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..In South Africa, the female condom has been endorsed as a pregnancy and disease prevention method, and, since the launch of a ..
  19. Hepatoxicity in an African HIV Treatment Cohort
    Christopher Hoffmann; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..It will be conducted within a large and on-going ARV cohort established as a collaborative project between a South African industrial conglomerate and Johns Hopkins University. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  20. Mathematically modeling the transmission and control of extensively drug resistan
    Sanjay Basu; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..dynamics of XDR tuberculosis transmission using back-calculation techniques applied to data from Tugela Ferry, South Africa, where the largest cluster of XDR tuberculosis cases to date has been reported; 2...
  21. Improving care for dying children and their families
    Craig Demmer; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..b>South Africa has the largest number of people living with HIV/AIDS in the world...
  22. HIV RISK REDUCTION FOR WOMEN WITH SEVERE MENTAL ILLNESS
    Pamela Collins; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..3) become knowledgeable in research design and complete pilot work for a randomized clinical trial testing the HIV preventative intervention developed by the applicant. ..
  23. The Public Health Impact of ART in South Africa
    Mark Lurie; Fiscal Year: 2008
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Five million people are infected with HIV in South Africa, and the vast majority lack access to antiretroviral therapies (ART) that have made AIDS a manageable disease in the west...
  24. Community Influences on Young People's HIV/AIDS Knowledge, Attitudes & Practices
    Robert Stephenson; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  25. Metabolic and Nutritional Effects of ART in Children
    Meera Chhagan; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..aims to examine the nutritional, metabolic and growth effects of antiretroviral therapy (ART) on children in South Africa, the country with the largest number of children requiring ART in the world...
  26. Community factors shaping the sexual behavior of males
    Robert Stephenson; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  27. OUTPATIENT NURSE MANAGED HIV ADHERENCE TRIAL
    William Holzemer; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Evidence is also provided to support the feasibility of utilizing nurse case managers to delivery a home care-based adherence intervention. ..
  28. Impact of HIV-related infections and ART in South Africa
    Charles Holmes; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..candidate will apply epidemiologic and mathematical modeling tools to better understand the profile of Ols in South Africa, and to model outcomes and cost-effectiveness of 2 interventions that should have important implications for ..
  29. Tobacco Control in S.Africa: Prevention and Capacity Bu*
    Ken Resnicow; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..between the Rollins School of Public Health of Emory University and the Medical Research Council (MRC) of South Africa (PI: Dr. Priscilla Reddy)...
  30. Optimizing HIV Treatment Adherence Among Postpartum Women in South Africa
    JENNIFER SAYLES; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..An estimated 30% of women seen at antenatal clinics in Johannesburg, South Africa are HIV-positive, and treatment challenges for women needing antiretroviral therapy (ART) during the postpartum ..
  31. Feasibility and Pilot Efficacy of Flash-heated Breastmilk to Reduce Pediatric HIV
    Caroline Chantry; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  32. PHYSIOLOGY OF ZINC PERMEABLE AMPA/KAINATE RECEPTORS
    Stefano Sensi; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..It is hoped that these studies will increase understanding of cell injury mechanisms in diseases of aging and suggest new therapies. ..
  33. Assessment of Gender to Identify Heterosexuals at Risk
    LUCIA OSULLIVAN; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Parallel methodological work will be carried out in New York and South Africa to tailor gender script measures for young adults at high risk for contracting HIV and to learn more about how ..
  34. HIV/STD PREVENTION INTERVENTIONS FOR BLACK ADOLESCENTS
    JOHN JEMMOTT; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The results of this project will contribute to the development of effective HIV/STD risk-reduction programs for inner-city Black ..
  35. Pathogenesis of falciparum malaria in infancy
    Patrick Duffy; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Identifying new therapies for children is an urgent public health goal, but is not a funding priority for the United States Department of Defense. ..
  36. GENETICS EDUCATIONAL PROGRAM FOR NURSING FACULTY
    Cynthia Prows; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..On going support for participants will include a one year follow up period, Genetics Update workshops every other year, and updated educational resources posted on the GPNF Web site. ..
  37. Social and Contextual Predictors of Male Heterosexual HIV Risk Behavior in Africa
    GREGORY GUEST; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  38. MATERNAL MALARIA--PARASITE ADHESION AND ANTIBODIES
    Patrick Duffy; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Further, the delineation of binding domains and B cell epitopes will provide the basis to design an anti-adhesion vaccine to protect primigravid and other women susceptible to placental infection with the CSA-binding parasites. ..
  39. CNS Viral Dynamics and Cellular Immunity During AIDS
    David Haas; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Characterizing these relationships will expand our knowledge regarding key events that lead to AIDS dementia, and may suggest novel approaches to other immunologic or viral-mediated diseases that affect the brain. ..
  40. LIFE SKILLS INFUSION/PREVENTION IN RURAL JUNIOR HIGH
    Edward Smith; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Finally, we hypothesize that the I-LST will have better acceptance among the teachers and they will continue to implement the program, and at higher levels of fidelity, than the LST teachers. ..
  41. Pathogenesis of Essential Tremor: Cerebellar Metabolism
    Elan Louis; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  42. SOUTH AFRICAN MEN HEALTH PROMOTION PROJECT
    JOHN BARTON JEMMOTT; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We will stratify Black neighborhoods near East London, South Africa on key characteristics and match them in pairs...
  43. The Genetics of Infant Growth and Later Obesity
    Ellen W Demerath; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  44. Clinical Relevance of Transient Nevirapine Resistance
    Louise Kuhn; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The study will recruit HIV-infected women and their children, NVP-exposed and unexposed, in Johannesburg, South Africa, who meet criteria for starting antiretroviral treatment and will start them on a treatment regimen which ..
  45. Adolescent Drug and HIV Prevention in South Africa
    Edward Smith; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..for Young Adults) to reduce the risk of HIV/AIDS and STDs, as well as substance use, among adolescents in South Africa. This program, which integrates a two-year school-based curriculum with other school and community resources, ..
  46. Men of Asia Testing for HIV (MATH)
    Zhihuan Huang; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  47. HIV Protective Immunity and Perinatal Exposure
    Louise Kuhn; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..We plan to recruit a cohort of infants born to HIV-infected mothers in South Africa who have received no antiretroviral drugs before delivery in order to study the development of anti-HIV ..
  48. Neurodevelopment and HIV/AIDS
    Annelies Van Rie; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..We propose to develop a North-South (US, Europe, DRC) and South-South (South Africa, DRC) collaborative "Neurodevelopment and HIV/AIDS" research program to investigate the neurodevelopment and ..
  49. Cervical Cancer and the Mother-Daughter Relationship
    Maghboeba Mosavel; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Cervical cancer remains a major global problem. In South Africa, where we propose to conduct this study, cervical cancer is currently the second most common female cancer...
  50. Bioactivity and Vitamins in Flash-heated Breastmilk
    Caroline Chantry; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Information from these analyses will be used in linear programming to predict how the described changes in nutrient content of milk due to heating would affect the overall dietary needs of the child and the associated costs. ..
  51. HEALTH PROMOTION THROUGH BLACK CHURCHES
    Ken Resnicow; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Recruitment and retention of participants will be maximized by several strategies including incentives for each church, and the use of church liaisons to assist in participant recruitment and tracking. ..
  52. Web Based Genetics Education Series for Nurses
    Cynthia Prows; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..4. To determine the effectiveness of a menu driven Web based, independent, self-paced instructional format for genetics continuing education. ..
  53. Treatment Models for Primary and Chronic HIV Infection
    Rochelle Walensky; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Rochelle Walensky with a firm basis for career development as an independent, patient-oriented clinical researcher at the interface of these critical areas. ..
  54. FAS, SIDS and Stillbirths in Cape Town, South Africa
    Sandra Jacobson; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..rates in at-risk populations, including Native Americans and the Cape Coloured (mixed ancestry) community in South Africa. A recent study has implicated prenatal alcohol exposure as an important risk factor for SIDS that warrants ..
  55. NEW ENGLAND PROGRAM FOR AIDS CLINICAL TRIALS-PROACT (CPC
    Gerald Friedland; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Among the three ProACT sites we will enroll and follow 200 patients on study protocols at any given time over the course of this grant. ..
  56. ALABAMA/ZAMBIA HIV VACCINE CLINICAL TRIALS UNIT (HVTU)
    Paul Goepfert; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Recently, the Alabama clinic enrolled 125 higher-risk gay men in <5 months in the first US phase III trial. Plans for utilizing these cohorts and others are described. ..
  57. Views and Approaches Toward Research Integrity Among IRBs
    Robert Klitzman; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..We anticipate that the data from this study will serve as a significant foundation in assisting future research and the improvement of Rl through guidelines, education and other capacity building. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  58. Community-Based Correlates of Adolescent Substance Use
    Kathy Sanders Phillips; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  59. IRON DEFICIENCY AND DOPAMINE
    John Beard; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This expansion of study to other neurotransmitters will significantly contribute to our knowledge of the effects of iron deficiency on brain functioning in early life. ..
  60. SOUTH AFRICAN ADOLESCENT HEALTH PROMOTION PROJECT
    JOHN BARTON JEMMOTT; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..is a collaborative effort by a multidisciplinary team of researchers from the United States and the Republic of South Africa to conduct a long-term follow-up of an ongoing clustered randomized controlled trial of an HIV/STD risk-..