southern africa

Summary

Summary: The geographical area of Africa comprising ANGOLA; BOTSWANA; LESOTHO; MALAWI; MOZAMBIQUE; NAMIBIA; SOUTH AFRICA; SWAZILAND; ZAMBIA; and ZIMBABWE. It includes what was formerly called South-West Africa or German Southwest Africa but it was terminated in 1966 by a United Nations resolution. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1144)

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Through a glass, darkly: data and uncertainty in the AIDS debate
    Alan Whiteside
    907 Shepstone Building, King George V Avenue, University of Natal, Durban 4041, South Africa
    Dev World Bioeth 3:49-76. 2003
  2. pmc AIDS among older children and adolescents in Southern Africa: projecting the time course and magnitude of the epidemic
    Rashida A Ferrand
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London, UK
    AIDS 23:2039-46. 2009
  3. pmc Antiretroviral therapy adherence, virologic and immunologic outcomes in adolescents compared with adults in southern Africa
    Jean B Nachega
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 51:65-71. 2009
  4. pmc Understanding the impact of male circumcision interventions on the spread of HIV in southern Africa
    Timothy B Hallett
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 3:e2212. 2008
  5. ncbi Gender-based violence and HIV: relevance for HIV prevention in hyperendemic countries of southern Africa
    Neil Andersson
    Centro de Investigacion de Enfermedades Tropicales, Universidad Autonoma de Guerrero, Calle Pino, Acapulco, Mexico
    AIDS 22:S73-86. 2008
  6. ncbi Selective G to T mutations of p53 gene in hepatocellular carcinoma from southern Africa
    B Bressac
    Molecular Hepatology Laboratory, Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center, Charlestown 02129
    Nature 350:429-31. 1991
  7. pmc CLSI-derived hematology and biochemistry reference intervals for healthy adults in eastern and southern Africa
    Etienne Karita
    Projet San Francisco PSF, Kigali, Rwanda
    PLoS ONE 4:e4401. 2009
  8. ncbi Ages for the Middle Stone Age of southern Africa: implications for human behavior and dispersal
    Zenobia Jacobs
    GeoQuEST Research Centre, School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, New South Wales 2522, Australia
    Science 322:733-5. 2008
  9. ncbi First 5 years of measles elimination in southern Africa: 1996-2000
    Robin Biellik
    WHO, Harare, Zimbabwe
    Lancet 359:1564-8. 2002
  10. ncbi The current status of neurocysticercosis in Eastern and Southern Africa
    N A Mafojane
    Department of Neurology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Pretoria, Kalafong Hospital, Private Bag X396, Pretoria, South Africa
    Acta Trop 87:25-33. 2003

Detail Information

Publications158 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Through a glass, darkly: data and uncertainty in the AIDS debate
    Alan Whiteside
    907 Shepstone Building, King George V Avenue, University of Natal, Durban 4041, South Africa
    Dev World Bioeth 3:49-76. 2003
    ..It is already the main cause of death in many countries, especially those in Southern Africa. However there is an absence of solid data on the scale and scope of the disease and how it is evolving...
  2. pmc AIDS among older children and adolescents in Southern Africa: projecting the time course and magnitude of the epidemic
    Rashida A Ferrand
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London, UK
    AIDS 23:2039-46. 2009
    An AIDS epidemic among older children and adolescents is clinically apparent in Southern Africa. We estimated the likely scale and time course of the epidemic in older survivors of vertical HIV infection.
  3. pmc Antiretroviral therapy adherence, virologic and immunologic outcomes in adolescents compared with adults in southern Africa
    Jean B Nachega
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 51:65-71. 2009
    To determine adherence to and effectiveness of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in adolescents vs. adults in southern Africa.
  4. pmc Understanding the impact of male circumcision interventions on the spread of HIV in southern Africa
    Timothy B Hallett
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 3:e2212. 2008
    ..We have used a mathematical model, parameterised using existing trial findings, to understand and predict the impact of circumcision programmes at the population level...
  5. ncbi Gender-based violence and HIV: relevance for HIV prevention in hyperendemic countries of southern Africa
    Neil Andersson
    Centro de Investigacion de Enfermedades Tropicales, Universidad Autonoma de Guerrero, Calle Pino, Acapulco, Mexico
    AIDS 22:S73-86. 2008
    Gender-based violence (GBV) is common in southern Africa. Here we use GBV to include sexual and non-sexual physical violence, emotional abuse, and forms of child sexual abuse. A sizeable literature now links GBV and HIV infection...
  6. ncbi Selective G to T mutations of p53 gene in hepatocellular carcinoma from southern Africa
    B Bressac
    Molecular Hepatology Laboratory, Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center, Charlestown 02129
    Nature 350:429-31. 1991
    ..on allelic deletions from chromosome 17p and mutations of the p53 gene found in 50% of primary HCCs from southern Africa. Four of five mutations detected were G----T substitutions, with clustering at codon 249...
  7. pmc CLSI-derived hematology and biochemistry reference intervals for healthy adults in eastern and southern Africa
    Etienne Karita
    Projet San Francisco PSF, Kigali, Rwanda
    PLoS ONE 4:e4401. 2009
    ..The objective of this study was to establish clinical laboratory reference intervals for 25 hematology, immunology and biochemistry values among healthy African adults typical of those who might join a clinical trial...
  8. ncbi Ages for the Middle Stone Age of southern Africa: implications for human behavior and dispersal
    Zenobia Jacobs
    GeoQuEST Research Centre, School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, New South Wales 2522, Australia
    Science 322:733-5. 2008
    ..tentatively linked to two phases of technological and behavioral innovation within the Middle Stone Age of southern Africa-the Still Bay and Howieson's Poort industries-that are associated with early evidence for symbols and ..
  9. ncbi First 5 years of measles elimination in southern Africa: 1996-2000
    Robin Biellik
    WHO, Harare, Zimbabwe
    Lancet 359:1564-8. 2002
    ..We aimed to interrupt transmission of measles, and to use case-based surveillance to show the effect of such interruption...
  10. ncbi The current status of neurocysticercosis in Eastern and Southern Africa
    N A Mafojane
    Department of Neurology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Pretoria, Kalafong Hospital, Private Bag X396, Pretoria, South Africa
    Acta Trop 87:25-33. 2003
    Some information has been documented on the epidemiology of neurocysticercosis in Eastern and Southern Africa through the monitoring of hospital-based patients with neurocysticercosis, community-based serological surveys of particular ..
  11. ncbi Antibacterial and antifungal properties of alpha-helical, cationic peptides in the venom of scorpions from southern Africa
    Leentje Moerman
    Interdisciplinary Research Center, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven Campus Kortrijk, Kortrijk, Belgium
    Eur J Biochem 269:4799-810. 2002
    ..Furthermore, all peptides inhibited growth of fungi. Experiments with SYTOX green suggested that this effect is related to membrane permeabilization...
  12. ncbi The emergence of Taenia solium cysticercosis in Eastern and Southern Africa as a serious agricultural problem and public health risk
    Isaac K Phiri
    School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Zambia, PO Box 32379 Lusaka, Zambia
    Acta Trop 87:13-23. 2003
    Pig production has increased significantly in the Eastern and Southern Africa (ESA) region during the past decade, especially in rural, resource-poor, smallholder communities...
  13. ncbi Education and vulnerability: the role of schools in protecting young women and girls from HIV in southern Africa
    Matthew Jukes
    Graduate School of Education, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, USA
    AIDS 22:S41-56. 2008
    ..of this analysis suggest that the equitable expansion of primary and secondary schooling for girls in southern Africa will help reduce their vulnerability to HIV...
  14. pmc Improving epidemic malaria planning, preparedness and response in Southern Africa. Report on the 1st Southern African Regional Epidemic Outlook Forum, Harare, Zimbabwe, 26-29 September, 2004
    Joaquim DaSilva
    WHO ICP MAL SAMC Parirenyatwa Hospital Annex, Harare, Zimbabwe
    Malar J 3:37. 2004
    Malaria is a major public health problem for countries in the Southern Africa Development Community (SADC)...
  15. ncbi Genetic characterisation of African swine fever viruses from outbreaks in southern Africa (1973-1999)
    C I Boshoff
    ARC OVI, Exotic Diseases Division, Private Bag X05, Onderstepoort 0110, South Africa Department of Biomedical Sciences, Tshwane University of Technology, Pretoria, South Africa
    Vet Microbiol 121:45-55. 2007
    ..analysis of the C-terminal end of the p72 gene of viruses recovered from domestic pig outbreaks in southern Africa between 1973 and 1999...
  16. ncbi Lack of genetic and plumage differentiation in the red-billed quelea Quelea quelea across a migratory divide in southern Africa
    M Dallimer
    Institute of Cell, Animal and Population Biology, University of Edinburgh, Kings Buildings, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, UK
    Mol Ecol 12:345-53. 2003
    ..A migratory divide has been hypothesized in central southern Africa for the abundant migratory weaver, the red-billed quelea Quelea quelea...
  17. ncbi Systematic review of causes and factors associated with morbidity and mortality on smallholder dairy farms in eastern and southern Africa
    B J Phiri
    Epicentre, Institute of Veterinary, Animal and Biomedical Sciences, Massey University, Private Bag 11 222, Palmerston North, New Zealand
    Prev Vet Med 94:1-8. 2010
    ..of the causes and factors associated with morbidity and mortality, on smallholder dairy farms in Eastern and Southern Africa. It was conducted in August 2007...
  18. pmc Gender distribution of adult patients on highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in Southern Africa: a systematic review
    Adamson S Muula
    Department of Community Health, University of Malawi, College of Medicine, Chichiri, Blantyre, Malawi
    BMC Public Health 7:63. 2007
    HIV and AIDS are significant and growing public health concerns in southern Africa. The majority of countries in the region have national adult HIV prevalence estimates exceeding 10 percent...
  19. ncbi Historical review of malarial control in southern African with emphasis on the use of indoor residual house-spraying
    Musawenkosi L H Mabaso
    Malaria Research Programme, Medical Research Council, Durban, South Africa
    Trop Med Int Health 9:846-56. 2004
    ..As a result IRS was not taken to scale in most endemic areas of the continent with the exception of southern Africa and some island countries such as Reunion, Mayotte, Zanzibar, Cape Verde and Sao Tome...
  20. ncbi Cultural scripts for multiple and concurrent partnerships in southern Africa: why HIV prevention needs anthropology
    Suzanne Leclerc-Madlala
    Human Science Research Council, Durban, South Africa
    Sex Health 6:103-10. 2009
    Multiple and concurrent sexual partnerships have been identified as southern Africa's key behavioural driver of HIV, resulting in calls to make partner reduction programming central to an intensified HIV prevention focus...
  21. ncbi Models of community/home-based care for people living with HIV/AIDS in Southern Africa
    Busisiwe P Ncama
    School of Nursing, University of KwaZulu Natal
    J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care 16:33-40. 2005
    ..This report reviews the most common community- and home-based care models in use as well as the experiences of selected African countries in their use of community/home-based care...
  22. ncbi HIV type 1 subtype C gag and nef diversity in Southern Africa
    Helba Bredell
    Institute of Infectious Diseases and Molecular Medicine, University of Cape Town, Observatory, Cape Town, South Africa
    AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 23:477-81. 2007
    Several HIV-1 subtype C-specific gag- and/or nef-based vaccines are currently intended for clinical trial in southern Africa. Here we provide sequences of 64 gag and 45 nef genes sampled in Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe, and South Africa and ..
  23. pmc Globalization and occupational health: a perspective from southern Africa
    R Loewenson
    Training and Research Support Centre TARSC, 47 Van Praagh Avenue, Harare, Zimbabwe
    Bull World Health Organ 79:863-8. 2001
    ..examines the impact of globalization on employment trends and occupational health, drawing on examples from southern Africa. While the share of world trade to the world's poorest countries has decreased, workers in these countries ..
  24. ncbi Defining minimum standards of practice for incorporating African traditional medicine into HIV/AIDS prevention, care, and support: a regional initiative in eastern and southern Africa
    Jaco Homsy
    Traditional and Modern Health Practitioners Together Against AIDS and Other Diseases, Kampala, Uganda
    J Altern Complement Med 10:905-10. 2004
    ..The Eastern & Southern Africa Regional Initiative on Traditional Medicine and AIDS was borne out of this assessment...
  25. ncbi Redescription of Haemaphysalis (Rhipistoma) elliptica (Koch, 1844), an old taxon of the Haemaphysalis (Rhipistoma) leachi group from East and southern Africa, and of Haemaphysalis (Rhipistoma) leachi (Audouin, 1826) (Ixodida, Ixodidae)
    D A Apanaskevich
    United States National Tick Collection, Institute of Arthropodology and Parasitology, Georgia Southern University, Statesboro, Georgia 30460 8056, USA
    Onderstepoort J Vet Res 74:181-208. 2007
    ..For comparative purposes redescriptions of all parasitic stages of H. (R.) leachi are provided. It parasitizes the same hosts as H. (R.) elliptica in Egypt, and in northeastern, Central, West and East Africa...
  26. ncbi An investigation into natural resistance to African swine fever in domestic pigs from an endemic area in southern Africa
    M L Penrith
    Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, Onderstepoort 0110, South Africa
    Rev Sci Tech 23:965-77. 2004
    ..The question remains therefore as to the mechanism whereby pigs in the population from which the experimental pigs were derived co-existed with virulent ASF viruses...
  27. ncbi The symptom experience of people living with HIV/AIDS in Southern Africa
    Lucy Nthabiseng Makoae
    National University of Lesotho
    J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care 16:22-32. 2005
    ....
  28. ncbi The epidemiology of HIV infection among young people aged 15-24 years in southern Africa
    Eleanor Gouws
    Evidence, Monitoring and Policy Department, UNAIDS, Geneva, Switzerland
    AIDS 22:S5-16. 2008
    To investigate epidemiological patterns and trends of HIV infection and sexual behaviour among young people aged 15-24 years in the nine countries in southern Africa most affected by the HIV epidemic.
  29. ncbi Prevalence of HIV in workforces in southern Africa, 2000-2001
    Clive Evian
    Department of Community Health, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg
    S Afr Med J 94:125-30. 2004
    ..We surveyed workforces in southern Africa to determine HIV prevalence among formally employed, largely male populations.
  30. pmc Infection of hematopoietic progenitor cells by HIV-1 subtype C, and its association with anemia in southern Africa
    Andrew D Redd
    Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Harvard School of Public Health AIDS Initiative, 651 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Blood 110:3143-9. 2007
    Reports from southern Africa, an area in which human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection is caused almost exclusively by subtype C (HIV-1C), have shown increased rates of anemia in HIV-infected populations compared with ..
  31. pmc Early outcomes of MDR-TB treatment in a high HIV-prevalence setting in Southern Africa
    Kwonjune J Seung
    Division of Global Health Equity, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 4:e7186. 2009
    ..Little is known about treatment of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) in high HIV-prevalence settings such as sub-Saharan Africa...
  32. ncbi HLA class II disease associations in southern Africa
    Z Lombard
    Department of Biochemistry, University of Johannesburg, PO Box 524, Auckland Park 2006, South Africa
    Tissue Antigens 67:97-110. 2006
    b>Southern Africa harbors several population groups representing a diversity of gene pool origins. This provides a unique opportunity to study genetic disease predisposition in these populations against a common environmental background...
  33. ncbi Novel and promiscuous CTL epitopes in conserved regions of Gag targeted by individuals with early subtype C HIV type 1 infection from southern Africa
    Agatha M Masemola
    National Institute for Communicable Diseases, University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
    J Immunol 173:4607-17. 2004
    ....
  34. ncbi Ticks associated with the three largest wild ruminant species in southern Africa
    I G Horak
    Department of Veterinary Tropical Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria, Onderstepoort, South Africa
    Onderstepoort J Vet Res 74:231-42. 2007
    ....
  35. pmc Dynamic locomotor capabilities revealed by early dinosaur trackmakers from southern Africa
    Jeffrey A Wilson
    Museum of Paleontology and Department of Geological Sciences, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 4:e7331. 2009
    A new investigation of the sedimentology and ichnology of the Early Jurassic Moyeni tracksite in Lesotho, southern Africa has yielded new insights into the behavior and locomotor dynamics of early dinosaurs.
  36. ncbi A comparison of the intestinal helminth communities of Equidae in Southern Africa
    Sonja Matthee
    Department of Conservation Ecology, Private Bag X1, Stellenbosch University, Matieland 7602, South Africa
    J Parasitol 90:1263-73. 2004
    ..Despite the presence of environmental variability and comparatively low parasite-host specificity, the phylogenetic signal within Equus helminth communities remains strong...
  37. pmc 'Issues of equity are also issues of rights': lessons from experiences in Southern Africa
    Leslie London
    Health and Human Rights Division, School of Public Health and Family Medicine, University of Cape Town Health Sciences Faculty, Anzio Rd, Observatory, 7925, South Africa
    BMC Public Health 7:14. 2007
    ..The objective of this study was to identify how human rights approaches can promote health equity...
  38. ncbi Assessment of the natural radioactivity in the soils of Windhoek city, Namibia, Southern Africa
    J A Oyedele
    Department of Physics, University of Namibia, PO Box No 13301, Windhoek, Namibia
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 121:337-40. 2006
    ..The value of 0.07 +/- 0.01 mSv y(-1) obtained for the mean effective dose is less than the maximum permissible dose of 1 mSv y(-1) recommended for the public by the International Commission on Radiological Protection...
  39. ncbi Third meeting of the Cysticercosis Working Group in Eastern and Southern Africa takes place in Maputo
    R C Krecek
    J S Afr Vet Assoc 76:2-3. 2005
  40. pmc Genetic detection and characterization of Lujo virus, a new hemorrhagic fever-associated arenavirus from southern Africa
    Thomas Briese
    Center for Infection and Immunity, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
    PLoS Pathog 5:e1000455. 2009
    ..LUJV is a novel, genetically distinct, highly pathogenic arenavirus...
  41. ncbi Contracts in the real world: case studies from Southern Africa
    Natasha Palmer
    Health Economics and Financing Programme, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine LSHTM, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    Soc Sci Med 60:2505-14. 2005
    ..This paper presents case studies of three contracts for primary care services in Southern Africa. It reports aspects of the institutional and environmental context in which they operate, and reflects on the ..
  42. ncbi The radiation of the Cape flora, southern Africa
    H P Linder
    Institute of Systematic Botany, Zollikerstrasse 107, CH 8008, Zurich, Switzerland
    Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 78:597-638. 2003
    The flora of the south-western tip of southern Africa, the Cape flora, with some 9000 species in an area of 90,000 km2 is much more speciose than can be expected from its area or latitude, and is comparable to that expected from the most ..
  43. ncbi AIDS, drought, and child malnutrition in southern Africa
    John B Mason
    Departmrent of International Health and Development, Tulane University School of Health and Tropical Medicine, 1440 Canal Street, Ste 2200, New Orleans, LA 70118, USA
    Public Health Nutr 8:551-63. 2005
    To investigate trends in child malnutrition in six countries in southern Africa, in relation to the HIV epidemic and drought in crop years 2001/2 and 2002/3.
  44. ncbi Communal goat production in Southern Africa: a review
    F Rumosa Gwaze
    Department of Livestock and Pasture Science, University of Fort Hare, Faculty of Science and Agriculture, P Bag X1314, Alice, 5700, South Africa
    Trop Anim Health Prod 41:1157-68. 2009
    ..importance of goats to the communal farmer and assesses the potential of using goats in rural development in Southern Africa. Farmers in Southern Africa largely use the village goat management system...
  45. pmc Culture, sexuality, and women's agency in the prevention of HIV/AIDS in southern Africa
    I Susser
    Anthropology Dept, Hunter College, New York, NY 10021, USA
    Am J Public Health 90:1042-8. 2000
    Using an ethnographic approach, the authors explored the awareness among women in southern Africa of the HIV epidemic and the methods they might use to protect themselves from the virus...
  46. pmc The relative influence of competition and prey defenses on the phenotypic structure of insectivorous bat ensembles in southern Africa
    M Corrie Schoeman
    Department of Zoology, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch, South Africa
    PLoS ONE 3:e3715. 2008
    ..influence of these two deterministic filters on the phenotypic structure of insectivorous bat ensembles in southern Africa. We used null models to simulate the random phenotypic patterns expected in the absence of competition or ..
  47. ncbi Phylogenetic studies of influenza B viruses isolated in southern Africa: 1998-2001
    Terry G Besselaar
    National Institute for Communicable Diseases, Private Bag X4, Sandringham 2131, South Africa
    Virus Res 103:61-6. 2004
    Influenza B viruses isolated in southern Africa during the period from 1998 to 2001 were analysed by sequence analysis of the viral haemagglutinin HA1 subunit and the phylogenetic relationships were determined...
  48. ncbi Accounting for institutional change in health economic evaluation: a program to tackle HIV/AIDS and gender violence in Southern Africa
    Stephen Jan
    The George Institute for International Health, P O Box M201, Missenden Road, Camperdown, NSW 2050, Australia
    Soc Sci Med 66:922-32. 2008
    ..use in economic evaluation with particular reference to a program to address HIV/AIDS and gender violence in Southern Africa (IMAGE). Institutions are the rules that govern the conduct between individuals, groups and organisations...
  49. ncbi The evolutionary dynamics of canid and mongoose rabies virus in Southern Africa
    P L Davis
    Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Arch Virol 152:1251-8. 2007
    Two variants of rabies virus (RABV) currently circulate in southern Africa: canid RABV, mainly associated with dogs, jackals, and bat-eared foxes, and mongoose RABV...
  50. ncbi Young AIDS migrants in Southern Africa: policy implications for empowering children
    L Young
    Department of Geography and Earth Sciences, Brunel University, Uxbridge, UK
    AIDS Care 15:337-45. 2003
    Many AIDS-affected children in southern Africa engage in migration when household members fall sick or die from AIDS, or because they are sent to assist relatives...
  51. ncbi Genetic variation in Rhipicephalus appendiculatus (Acari: Ixodidae) from Zambia: correlating genetic and ecological variation with Rhipicephalus appendiculatus from eastern and southern Africa
    Jupiter Mtambo
    Department of Veterinary and Livestock Development, P O Box 670050, Mazabuka, Zambia
    J Vector Ecol 32:168-75. 2007
    Based on their ecology, Rhipicephalus appendiculatus ticks from eastern and southern Africa have been divided into three groups. We investigated how two geographic genetically differentiated stocks of R...
  52. ncbi Infant feeding practices: realities and mind sets of mothers in Southern Africa
    I Buskens
    Research for the Future, Cape Town, S Africa
    AIDS Care 19:1101-9. 2007
    ..This context of secrecy means that the traditional advice and authority, which the mothers feel they dare not disregard, is often blind to the mother and her infant's HIV status and survival needs...
  53. pmc Evidence of unique genotypes of beak and feather disease virus in southern Africa
    Livio Heath
    Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch, South Africa
    J Virol 78:9277-84. 2004
    ..We investigated the genetic diversity of putative BFDVs from southern Africa. Feathers and heparinized blood samples were collected from 27 birds representing 9 psittacine species, all ..
  54. ncbi Scaling up access to antiretroviral treatment in southern Africa: who will do the job?
    Katharina Kober
    Institute of Tropical Medicine, Department of Public Health, Antwerp, Belgium
    Lancet 364:103-7. 2004
    ..Yet, none of the countries has developed an urgently required comprehensive human resource strategy. This may also need increased donor attention and resources...
  55. ncbi Therapeutic uses of Aloe L. (Asphodelaceae) in southern Africa
    O M Grace
    Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Surrey TW9 3AB, United Kingdom
    J Ethnopharmacol 119:604-14. 2008
    The African-Arabian succulent genus Aloe L. (Aloaceae/Asphodelaceae) is represented by approximately 120 infrageneric taxa in southern Africa, including A. ferox Mill., a species long used in commercial natural products.
  56. ncbi Demotivating infant feeding counselling encounters in southern Africa: do counsellors need more or different training?
    I Buskens
    Research for the Future, Cape Town, South Africa
    AIDS Care 20:337-45. 2008
    ..For infant feeding counselling in the context of HIV/AIDS to become effective in southern Africa, a different format is therefore required; one that can acknowledge and manage these opposing agendas and ..
  57. ncbi Viral dynamics and CD4+ T cell counts in subtype C human immunodeficiency virus type 1-infected individuals from southern Africa
    Clive M Gray
    National Institute for Communicable Diseases, Johannesburg, South Africa
    AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 21:285-91. 2005
    ..the course of plasma viremia, as described in this study, will allow a useful baseline comparator for understanding disease progression in an African setting and may be useful in the design of HIV-1 vaccine trials in southern Africa.
  58. pmc Floods in southern Africa result in cholera outbreak and displacement
    Pat Sidley
    BMJ 336:471. 2008
  59. ncbi Caring for the caregivers: models of HIV/AIDS care and treatment provision for health care workers in Southern Africa
    Kerry E Uebel
    McCord Hospital, Durban, South Africa
    J Infect Dis 196:S500-4. 2007
    ....
  60. ncbi Effectiveness and cost effectiveness of early and late prevention of HIV/AIDS progression with antiretrovirals or antibiotics in Southern African adults
    M O Bachmann
    School of Medicine, University of East Anglia, UK
    AIDS Care 18:109-20. 2006
    As HIV/AIDS drugs are becoming more widely available in Southern Africa, we compared the effectiveness and cost effectiveness of different treatment options, using a Markov Monte Carlo simulation model based on published estimates of ..
  61. ncbi El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and annual malaria incidence in Southern Africa
    Musawenkosi L H Mabaso
    Malaria Research Lead Programme, Medical Research Council, South Africa, Overport 4067, South Africa
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 101:326-30. 2007
    ..El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) as measured by the Southern Oscillation Index (SOI) in five countries in Southern Africa from 1988 to 1999...
  62. ncbi Novel sugarcane streak and Sugarcane streak Réunion mastreviruses from southern Africa and La Réunion
    Dionne N Shepherd
    Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of Cape Town, Private Bag, Rondebosch, 7701, South Africa
    Arch Virol 153:605-9. 2008
    ..Phylogenetic and recombination analyses indicate continent-wide SSRV strain diversity and that our isolate potentially representing a new SISV species is a recombinant...
  63. ncbi Motif inference reveals optimal CTL epitopes presented by HLA class I alleles highly prevalent in southern Africa
    Isobella Honeyborne
    Department of Paediatrics, Nuffield Department of Medicine, Peter Medawar Building for Pathogen Research, Oxford, United Kingdom
    J Immunol 176:4699-705. 2006
    ..These data indicate that the previously anomalous position of HLA-A*2902 among HLA-A alleles, outside any recognized HLA-A supertype, is artifactual, and the true position of the A*2902 motif overlaps those of the A1 and A24 supertypes...
  64. ncbi Relative developmental and reproductive fitness associated with pyrethroid resistance in the major southern African malaria vector, Anopheles funestus
    P N Okoye
    Vector Control Reference Unit, National Institute for Communicable Diseases, NHLS, Sandringham, South Africa
    Bull Entomol Res 97:599-605. 2007
    ..These results suggest that the removal of pyrethroid insecticide selection pressure may not lead to a regression of resistance alleles in pyrethroid resistant An. funestus populations in southern Africa.
  65. pmc Patterns of genetic diversity and differentiation in the tsetse fly Glossina morsitans morsitans Westwood populations in East and southern Africa
    J O Ouma
    Department of Entomology, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011 3222, USA
    Genetica 130:139-51. 2007
    Genetic diversity and differentiation within and among nine G. morsitans morsitans populations from East and southern Africa was assessed by examining variation at seven microsatellite loci and a mitochondrial locus, cytochrome oxidase (..
  66. ncbi The reverse transcriptase 67N 70R 215Y genotype is the predominant TAM pathway associated with virologic failure among HIV type 1C-infected adults treated with ZDV/ddI-containing HAART in southern Africa
    Vlad Novitsky
    Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, 02115, USA
    AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 23:868-78. 2007
    ....
  67. ncbi Determination of species-specific components in the venom of Parabuthus scorpions from southern Africa using matrix-assisted laser desorption time-of-flight mass spectrometry
    Karin Dyason
    Department of Physiology, Potchefstroom University for Christian Higher Education, Private Bag X6001, Potchefstroom 2520, South Africa
    Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom 16:768-73. 2002
    ..The venom compositions of sixteen Parabuthus species, occurring in southern Africa, were characterized using representative peaks in the molecular mass range of 6400-8400 Da...
  68. ncbi Vulnerability of women in southern Africa to infection with HIV: biological determinants and priority health sector interventions
    Matthew F Chersich
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Reproductive Health and HIV Research Unit, University of Witwatersrand, Hillbrow, South Africa
    AIDS 22:S27-40. 2008
    ..To review biomedical determinants of women's vulnerability to infection with HIV and interventions to counter this, within the southern African context...
  69. pmc Cryptic species within Anopheles longipalpis from southern Africa and phylogenetic comparison with members of the An. funestus group
    L L Koekemoer
    Vector Control Reference Unit, National Institute for Communicable Diseases, NHLS, Private bag X 4, Sandringham, 2131, South Africa
    Bull Entomol Res 99:41-9. 2009
    ..funestus subgroup. Species-specific primers were designed to be used in a multiplex PCR assay to distinguish between these two cryptic species and members of the An. funestus subgroup for which there is already a multiplex PCR assay...
  70. ncbi Regional action plan for combating Taenia solium cysticercosis/taeniosis in Eastern and Southern Africa
    Mathias Boa
    Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Sokoine University of Agriculture, P O Box 3019, Morogoro, Tanzania
    Acta Trop 87:183-6. 2003
  71. ncbi Recombination of HIV type 1C (C'/C") in Ethiopia: possible link of EthHIV-1C' to subtype C sequences from the high-prevalence epidemics in India and Southern Africa
    Georgios Pollakis
    Department of Human Retrovirology, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 19:999-1008. 2003
    ..The C' sequences were phylogenetically linked to the fast spreading viruses in India and southern Africa. Furthermore, all the recombinant viruses shared the C' V1V3 region of the envelope, suggesting that the ..
  72. ncbi El Niño and drought in southern Africa
    M C Thomson
    Lancet 361:437-8. 2003
  73. pmc Canine rabies ecology in southern Africa
    John Bingham
    Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation Australian Animal Health Laboratory, Geelong, Victoria, Australia
    Emerg Infect Dis 11:1337-42. 2005
    ..The implications for understanding rabies ecology and control are reviewed, as are previous studies on rabies ecology in African canids...
  74. ncbi Effect of pharmacist emigration on pharmaceutical services in southern Africa
    David R Katerere
    Department of Phytochemistry and Pharmacognosy, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, Republic of South Africa
    Am J Health Syst Pharm 60:1169-70. 2003
  75. ncbi HIV/AIDS reduces the relevance of the principle of individual medical confidentiality among the Bantu people of Southern Africa
    Paul Ndebele
    Centre for Bioethics, College of Medicine, University of Malawi, P Bag 360 BT3, Blantyre, Malawi
    Theor Med Bioeth 29:331-40. 2008
    ..The HIV/AIDS pandemic in Southern Africa has reduced the relevance of the principle of individual medical confidentiality...
  76. ncbi A phylogeny of the cannibal snails of southern Africa, genus Natalina sensu lato (Pulmonata: Rhytididae): assessing concordance between morphology and molecular data
    Adnan Moussalli
    School of Biological and Conservation Sciences, University of KwaZulu Natal, Pietermaritzburg 3206, South Africa
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 52:167-82. 2009
    ....
  77. ncbi HIV/AIDS symptom management in Southern Africa
    Nonhlanhla A Sukati
    Faculty of Health Science, University of Swaziland, Mbabane, Swaziland
    J Pain Symptom Manage 29:185-92. 2005
    ..A very small inventory of behavioral strategies was available to participants to help them manage their HIV-related symptoms...
  78. ncbi Oculocutaneous albinism in southern Africa: population structure, health and genetic care
    P M Lund
    Cell and Molecular Biosciences, Coventry University, Coventry CV1 5FB, UK
    Ann Hum Biol 32:168-73. 2005
    ..This genetic condition is surrounded by myth, superstition and fear in Africa, where affected individuals and their families may be rejected, shunned and excluded from their community...
  79. ncbi Comparative analysis on the genetic relatedness of Sorghum bicolor accessions from Southern Africa by RAPDs, AFLPs and SSRs
    R Uptmoor
    Institute for Crop Science and Plant Breeding I, Justus Liebig University, Heinrich Buff Ring 26 32, 35392 Giessen, Germany
    Theor Appl Genet 106:1316-25. 2003
    ..cultivars grown in low-input conditions of small-scale farming systems, 46 sorghum accessions derived from Southern Africa were evaluated on the basis of amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLPs), random amplified polymorphic ..
  80. ncbi Evolution and diversity of HIV-1 in Africa--a review
    Maria A Papathanasopoulos
    AIDS Virus Research Unit, National Institute for Communicable Diseases, Department of Virology, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
    Virus Genes 26:151-63. 2003
    ..In particular, this review highlights that our current understanding of HIV distribution in Africa is incomplete and inadequately represents the diversity of the virus, and underscores the need for ongoing surveillance...
  81. ncbi Southern Africa famine crisis complicated by HIV/AIDS epidemic
    Adele Baleta
    Lancet 360:1575. 2002
  82. ncbi African Y chromosome and mtDNA divergence provides insight into the history of click languages
    Alec Knight
    Department of Anthropological Sciences, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
    Curr Biol 13:464-73. 2003
    About 30 languages of southern Africa, spoken by Khwe and San, are characterized by a repertoire of click consonants and phonetic accompaniments. The Jumid R:'hoansi (!Kung) San carry multiple deeply coalescing gene lineages...
  83. ncbi College of Surgeons of East, Central and Southern Africa
    Jimmy James
    Trop Doct 36:196. 2006
  84. ncbi [HIV/AIDS positive patients in surgery. Part I: Epidemiologic situation]
    M Hajek
    Chirurgické oddĕlení VN Plzen
    Rozhl Chir 82:555-60. 2003
    ..The co-authors corrected the African experience by a brief survey of experience in this country and reviewed the presently valid legislation...
  85. ncbi Communication from a human rights perspective: responding to the HIV/AIDS pandemic in eastern and southern Africa. A working paper for use in HIV and AIDS programmes
    Neil Ford
    UNICEF Regional Office, Box 44145, Nairobi, 01000, Kenya
    J Health Commun 8:599-612; discussion 613-4. 2003
  86. ncbi Responding to the rising tide of calls for the criminalization of HIV transmission in southern Africa
    Delme Cupido
    HIV AIDS Policy Law Rev 12:73-4. 2007
    ..In this article, Delme Cupido describes efforts to forge a consensus between these groups and human rights activists concerned about the adverse consequences of HIV-specific criminal laws...
  87. ncbi Perinatal tuberculosis and HIV-1: considerations for resource-limited settings
    T Pillay
    Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, University of Natal, Nelson R Mandela Medical School, KwaZulu Natal, Durban, South Africa
    Lancet Infect Dis 4:155-65. 2004
    ..In referral health centres in southern Africa around one-sixth of all maternal deaths are due to tuberculosis/HIV-1 coinfection...
  88. ncbi Health of Indigenous people in Africa
    Nyang ori Ohenjo
    Lesada Communications Network, Kenya
    Lancet 367:1937-46. 2006
    ..We discuss two case studies, of the central African Pygmy peoples and the San of southern Africa, to illustrate recurring issues in Indigenous health in the continent...
  89. ncbi Dominant influence of HLA-B in mediating the potential co-evolution of HIV and HLA
    Photini Kiepiela
    HIV Pathogenesis Programme, The Doris Duke Medical Research Institute, University of KwaZuluNatal, 719 Umbilo Road, Durban 4015, South Africa
    Nature 432:769-75. 2004
    ..In 375 HIV-1-infected study subjects from southern Africa, a significantly greater number of CD8+ T-cell responses are HLA-B-restricted, compared to HLA-A (2...
  90. ncbi Characterization of the South African HIV type 1 subtype C complete 5' long terminal repeat, nef, and regulatory genes
    Thomas J Scriba
    Department of Medical Virology, University of Stellenbosch, Tygerberg 7505, South Africa
    AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 18:149-59. 2002
    ..Some length variation in exon 2 and the absence of a critical cysteine were found in Tat. Residue variation in the myristoylation signal and motifs involved in CD4 and MHC-I downregulation was recorded in our nef gene sequences...
  91. ncbi Molecular epidemiology of SAT3-type foot-and-mouth disease
    Armanda D S Bastos
    Exotic Diseases Division, ARC Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, Private Bag X5, Onderstepoort 0110, South Africa
    Virus Genes 27:283-90. 2003
    ..Topotypes I-IV occur in southern Africa, whilst topotypes V and VI are unique to East Africa...
  92. ncbi Catholic pastoral care as a response to the HIV/AIDS pandemic in Southern Africa
    Stuart C Bate
    St Augustine College of South Africa, Catholic University, Johannesburg, PO Box 44782, Linden 2104, South Africa
    J Pastoral Care Counsel 57:197-209. 2003
    Recent estimates suggest that more than 10% of Southern Africa is HIV+. This article is based on a research study of sixty four pastoral care projects focussing on the HIV/AIDS pandemic in Southern Africa...
  93. pmc HIV/AIDS deepens food crisis in southern Africa
    Robert Walgate
    Bull World Health Organ 80:687. 2002
  94. ncbi HIV/AIDS nursing research in the African context
    Leana R Uys
    J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care 16:1-2. 2005
  95. ncbi Children's rights in the context of HIV/AIDS in Southern Africa
    Gisela H van Rensburg
    Department of Health Studies, University of South Africa
    J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care 16:41-51. 2005
    Children in Southern Africa are living under extreme, difficult circumstances because of the spread of HIV/AIDS. Protecting and enhancing the rights of children can be regarded as an investment in the future...
  96. ncbi HIV/AIDS in Southern Africa: a major problem
    Sudeshni Naidoo
    Department of Community Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry and WHO Oral Health Collaborating Centre, University of the Western Cape, Private Bag X1, Tygerberg, 7505, South Africa
    J Int Acad Periodontol 6:136-40. 2004
  97. ncbi Finding the balance
    Kristine M Gebbie
    AIDS Read 14:8-9. 2004
  98. pmc Cost-effectiveness of HIV monitoring strategies in resource-limited settings: a southern African analysis
    Eran Bendavid
    Center for Health Policy and the Center for Primary Care and Outcomes Research, School of Medicine, Stanford University, 117 Encina Commons, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
    Arch Intern Med 168:1910-8. 2008
    ..Although the number of infected persons receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in low- and middle-income countries has increased dramatically, optimal disease management is not well defined...
  99. ncbi Exploring the evidence-practice gap: a workshop report on mixed and participatory training for HIV prevention in Southern Africa
    Ruth Stewart
    Social Science Research Unit, Institute of Education, University of London, London, UK
    Educ Health (Abingdon) 18:224-35. 2005
    ..The gap between what is known and what is done about public health (the evidence-practice gap) needs addressing. One solution may be through mixed and participatory training in accessing and appraising research...
  100. ncbi Can famine relief meet health and hunger goals simultaneously?
    Patrick Webb
    Nutrition for the United Nations World Food Programme, Via GC Viola 68 70, Parco dei Medici, 00148 Rome, Italy
    Lancet 362:s40-1. 2003
  101. ncbi An ever-present reality
    Karen Massey
    International Policy and Development, Canadian Nurses Association, Ottawa, Ontario
    Can Nurse 100:7. 2004