Genomes and Genes
Summary: The geographical area of Africa comprising ANGOLA; BOTSWANA; LESOTHO; MALAWI; MOZAMBIQUE; NAMIBIA; SOUTH AFRICA; SWAZILAND; ZAMBIA; and ZIMBABWE. It includes what was formerly called South-West Africa or German Southwest Africa but it was terminated in 1966 by a United Nations resolution. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1144)
Publications158 found, 100 shown here
- Through a glass, darkly: data and uncertainty in the AIDS debateAlan Whiteside
907 Shepstone Building, King George V Avenue, University of Natal, Durban 4041, South Africa
Dev World Bioeth 3:49-76. 2003..It is already the main cause of death in many countries, especially those in Southern Africa. However there is an absence of solid data on the scale and scope of the disease and how it is evolving...
- AIDS among older children and adolescents in Southern Africa: projecting the time course and magnitude of the epidemicRashida A Ferrand
Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London, UK
AIDS 23:2039-46. 2009An AIDS epidemic among older children and adolescents is clinically apparent in Southern Africa. We estimated the likely scale and time course of the epidemic in older survivors of vertical HIV infection.
- Antiretroviral therapy adherence, virologic and immunologic outcomes in adolescents compared with adults in southern AfricaJean B Nachega
Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 51:65-71. 2009To determine adherence to and effectiveness of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in adolescents vs. adults in southern Africa.
- Understanding the impact of male circumcision interventions on the spread of HIV in southern AfricaTimothy B Hallett
Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom
PLoS ONE 3:e2212. 2008..We have used a mathematical model, parameterised using existing trial findings, to understand and predict the impact of circumcision programmes at the population level...
- Gender-based violence and HIV: relevance for HIV prevention in hyperendemic countries of southern AfricaNeil Andersson
Centro de Investigacion de Enfermedades Tropicales, Universidad Autonoma de Guerrero, Calle Pino, Acapulco, Mexico
AIDS 22:S73-86. 2008Gender-based violence (GBV) is common in southern Africa. Here we use GBV to include sexual and non-sexual physical violence, emotional abuse, and forms of child sexual abuse. A sizeable literature now links GBV and HIV infection...
- Selective G to T mutations of p53 gene in hepatocellular carcinoma from southern AfricaB Bressac
Molecular Hepatology Laboratory, Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center, Charlestown 02129
Nature 350:429-31. 1991..on allelic deletions from chromosome 17p and mutations of the p53 gene found in 50% of primary HCCs from southern Africa. Four of five mutations detected were G----T substitutions, with clustering at codon 249...
- CLSI-derived hematology and biochemistry reference intervals for healthy adults in eastern and southern AfricaEtienne Karita
Projet San Francisco PSF, Kigali, Rwanda
PLoS ONE 4:e4401. 2009..The objective of this study was to establish clinical laboratory reference intervals for 25 hematology, immunology and biochemistry values among healthy African adults typical of those who might join a clinical trial...
- Ages for the Middle Stone Age of southern Africa: implications for human behavior and dispersalZenobia Jacobs
GeoQuEST Research Centre, School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, New South Wales 2522, Australia
Science 322:733-5. 2008..tentatively linked to two phases of technological and behavioral innovation within the Middle Stone Age of southern Africa-the Still Bay and Howieson's Poort industries-that are associated with early evidence for symbols and ..
- First 5 years of measles elimination in southern Africa: 1996-2000Robin Biellik
WHO, Harare, Zimbabwe
Lancet 359:1564-8. 2002..We aimed to interrupt transmission of measles, and to use case-based surveillance to show the effect of such interruption...
- The current status of neurocysticercosis in Eastern and Southern AfricaN A Mafojane
Department of Neurology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Pretoria, Kalafong Hospital, Private Bag X396, Pretoria, South Africa
Acta Trop 87:25-33. 2003Some information has been documented on the epidemiology of neurocysticercosis in Eastern and Southern Africa through the monitoring of hospital-based patients with neurocysticercosis, community-based serological surveys of particular ..
- Antibacterial and antifungal properties of alpha-helical, cationic peptides in the venom of scorpions from southern AfricaLeentje Moerman
Interdisciplinary Research Center, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven Campus Kortrijk, Kortrijk, Belgium
Eur J Biochem 269:4799-810. 2002..Furthermore, all peptides inhibited growth of fungi. Experiments with SYTOX green suggested that this effect is related to membrane permeabilization...
- The emergence of Taenia solium cysticercosis in Eastern and Southern Africa as a serious agricultural problem and public health riskIsaac K Phiri
School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Zambia, PO Box 32379 Lusaka, Zambia
Acta Trop 87:13-23. 2003Pig production has increased significantly in the Eastern and Southern Africa (ESA) region during the past decade, especially in rural, resource-poor, smallholder communities...
- Education and vulnerability: the role of schools in protecting young women and girls from HIV in southern AfricaMatthew Jukes
Graduate School of Education, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, USA
AIDS 22:S41-56. 2008..of this analysis suggest that the equitable expansion of primary and secondary schooling for girls in southern Africa will help reduce their vulnerability to HIV...
- Improving epidemic malaria planning, preparedness and response in Southern Africa. Report on the 1st Southern African Regional Epidemic Outlook Forum, Harare, Zimbabwe, 26-29 September, 2004Joaquim DaSilva
WHO ICP MAL SAMC Parirenyatwa Hospital Annex, Harare, Zimbabwe
Malar J 3:37. 2004Malaria is a major public health problem for countries in the Southern Africa Development Community (SADC)...
- Genetic characterisation of African swine fever viruses from outbreaks in southern Africa (1973-1999)C I Boshoff
ARC OVI, Exotic Diseases Division, Private Bag X05, Onderstepoort 0110, South Africa Department of Biomedical Sciences, Tshwane University of Technology, Pretoria, South Africa
Vet Microbiol 121:45-55. 2007..analysis of the C-terminal end of the p72 gene of viruses recovered from domestic pig outbreaks in southern Africa between 1973 and 1999...
- Lack of genetic and plumage differentiation in the red-billed quelea Quelea quelea across a migratory divide in southern AfricaM Dallimer
Institute of Cell, Animal and Population Biology, University of Edinburgh, Kings Buildings, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, UK
Mol Ecol 12:345-53. 2003..A migratory divide has been hypothesized in central southern Africa for the abundant migratory weaver, the red-billed quelea Quelea quelea...
- Systematic review of causes and factors associated with morbidity and mortality on smallholder dairy farms in eastern and southern AfricaB J Phiri
Epicentre, Institute of Veterinary, Animal and Biomedical Sciences, Massey University, Private Bag 11 222, Palmerston North, New Zealand
Prev Vet Med 94:1-8. 2010..of the causes and factors associated with morbidity and mortality, on smallholder dairy farms in Eastern and Southern Africa. It was conducted in August 2007...
- Gender distribution of adult patients on highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in Southern Africa: a systematic reviewAdamson S Muula
Department of Community Health, University of Malawi, College of Medicine, Chichiri, Blantyre, Malawi
BMC Public Health 7:63. 2007HIV and AIDS are significant and growing public health concerns in southern Africa. The majority of countries in the region have national adult HIV prevalence estimates exceeding 10 percent...
- Historical review of malarial control in southern African with emphasis on the use of indoor residual house-sprayingMusawenkosi L H Mabaso
Malaria Research Programme, Medical Research Council, Durban, South Africa
Trop Med Int Health 9:846-56. 2004..As a result IRS was not taken to scale in most endemic areas of the continent with the exception of southern Africa and some island countries such as Reunion, Mayotte, Zanzibar, Cape Verde and Sao Tome...
- Cultural scripts for multiple and concurrent partnerships in southern Africa: why HIV prevention needs anthropologySuzanne Leclerc-Madlala
Human Science Research Council, Durban, South Africa
Sex Health 6:103-10. 2009Multiple and concurrent sexual partnerships have been identified as southern Africa's key behavioural driver of HIV, resulting in calls to make partner reduction programming central to an intensified HIV prevention focus...
- Models of community/home-based care for people living with HIV/AIDS in Southern AfricaBusisiwe P Ncama
School of Nursing, University of KwaZulu Natal
J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care 16:33-40. 2005..This report reviews the most common community- and home-based care models in use as well as the experiences of selected African countries in their use of community/home-based care...
- HIV type 1 subtype C gag and nef diversity in Southern AfricaHelba Bredell
Institute of Infectious Diseases and Molecular Medicine, University of Cape Town, Observatory, Cape Town, South Africa
AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 23:477-81. 2007Several HIV-1 subtype C-specific gag- and/or nef-based vaccines are currently intended for clinical trial in southern Africa. Here we provide sequences of 64 gag and 45 nef genes sampled in Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe, and South Africa and ..
- Globalization and occupational health: a perspective from southern AfricaR Loewenson
Training and Research Support Centre TARSC, 47 Van Praagh Avenue, Harare, Zimbabwe
Bull World Health Organ 79:863-8. 2001..examines the impact of globalization on employment trends and occupational health, drawing on examples from southern Africa. While the share of world trade to the world's poorest countries has decreased, workers in these countries ..
- Defining minimum standards of practice for incorporating African traditional medicine into HIV/AIDS prevention, care, and support: a regional initiative in eastern and southern AfricaJaco Homsy
Traditional and Modern Health Practitioners Together Against AIDS and Other Diseases, Kampala, Uganda
J Altern Complement Med 10:905-10. 2004..The Eastern & Southern Africa Regional Initiative on Traditional Medicine and AIDS was borne out of this assessment...
- Redescription of Haemaphysalis (Rhipistoma) elliptica (Koch, 1844), an old taxon of the Haemaphysalis (Rhipistoma) leachi group from East and southern Africa, and of Haemaphysalis (Rhipistoma) leachi (Audouin, 1826) (Ixodida, Ixodidae)D A Apanaskevich
United States National Tick Collection, Institute of Arthropodology and Parasitology, Georgia Southern University, Statesboro, Georgia 30460 8056, USA
Onderstepoort J Vet Res 74:181-208. 2007..For comparative purposes redescriptions of all parasitic stages of H. (R.) leachi are provided. It parasitizes the same hosts as H. (R.) elliptica in Egypt, and in northeastern, Central, West and East Africa...
- An investigation into natural resistance to African swine fever in domestic pigs from an endemic area in southern AfricaM L Penrith
Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, Onderstepoort 0110, South Africa
Rev Sci Tech 23:965-77. 2004..The question remains therefore as to the mechanism whereby pigs in the population from which the experimental pigs were derived co-existed with virulent ASF viruses...
- The symptom experience of people living with HIV/AIDS in Southern AfricaLucy Nthabiseng Makoae
National University of Lesotho
J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care 16:22-32. 2005....
- The epidemiology of HIV infection among young people aged 15-24 years in southern AfricaEleanor Gouws
Evidence, Monitoring and Policy Department, UNAIDS, Geneva, Switzerland
AIDS 22:S5-16. 2008To investigate epidemiological patterns and trends of HIV infection and sexual behaviour among young people aged 15-24 years in the nine countries in southern Africa most affected by the HIV epidemic.
- Prevalence of HIV in workforces in southern Africa, 2000-2001Clive Evian
Department of Community Health, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg
S Afr Med J 94:125-30. 2004..We surveyed workforces in southern Africa to determine HIV prevalence among formally employed, largely male populations.
- Infection of hematopoietic progenitor cells by HIV-1 subtype C, and its association with anemia in southern AfricaAndrew D Redd
Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Harvard School of Public Health AIDS Initiative, 651 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Blood 110:3143-9. 2007Reports from southern Africa, an area in which human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection is caused almost exclusively by subtype C (HIV-1C), have shown increased rates of anemia in HIV-infected populations compared with ..
- Early outcomes of MDR-TB treatment in a high HIV-prevalence setting in Southern AfricaKwonjune J Seung
Division of Global Health Equity, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America
PLoS ONE 4:e7186. 2009..Little is known about treatment of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) in high HIV-prevalence settings such as sub-Saharan Africa...
- HLA class II disease associations in southern AfricaZ Lombard
Department of Biochemistry, University of Johannesburg, PO Box 524, Auckland Park 2006, South Africa
Tissue Antigens 67:97-110. 2006b>Southern Africa harbors several population groups representing a diversity of gene pool origins. This provides a unique opportunity to study genetic disease predisposition in these populations against a common environmental background...
- Novel and promiscuous CTL epitopes in conserved regions of Gag targeted by individuals with early subtype C HIV type 1 infection from southern AfricaAgatha M Masemola
National Institute for Communicable Diseases, University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
J Immunol 173:4607-17. 2004....
- Ticks associated with the three largest wild ruminant species in southern AfricaI G Horak
Department of Veterinary Tropical Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria, Onderstepoort, South Africa
Onderstepoort J Vet Res 74:231-42. 2007....
- Dynamic locomotor capabilities revealed by early dinosaur trackmakers from southern AfricaJeffrey A Wilson
Museum of Paleontology and Department of Geological Sciences, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States of America
PLoS ONE 4:e7331. 2009A new investigation of the sedimentology and ichnology of the Early Jurassic Moyeni tracksite in Lesotho, southern Africa has yielded new insights into the behavior and locomotor dynamics of early dinosaurs.
- A comparison of the intestinal helminth communities of Equidae in Southern AfricaSonja Matthee
Department of Conservation Ecology, Private Bag X1, Stellenbosch University, Matieland 7602, South Africa
J Parasitol 90:1263-73. 2004..Despite the presence of environmental variability and comparatively low parasite-host specificity, the phylogenetic signal within Equus helminth communities remains strong...
- 'Issues of equity are also issues of rights': lessons from experiences in Southern AfricaLeslie London
Health and Human Rights Division, School of Public Health and Family Medicine, University of Cape Town Health Sciences Faculty, Anzio Rd, Observatory, 7925, South Africa
BMC Public Health 7:14. 2007..The objective of this study was to identify how human rights approaches can promote health equity...
- Assessment of the natural radioactivity in the soils of Windhoek city, Namibia, Southern AfricaJ A Oyedele
Department of Physics, University of Namibia, PO Box No 13301, Windhoek, Namibia
Radiat Prot Dosimetry 121:337-40. 2006..The value of 0.07 +/- 0.01 mSv y(-1) obtained for the mean effective dose is less than the maximum permissible dose of 1 mSv y(-1) recommended for the public by the International Commission on Radiological Protection...
- Third meeting of the Cysticercosis Working Group in Eastern and Southern Africa takes place in MaputoR C Krecek
J S Afr Vet Assoc 76:2-3. 2005
- Genetic detection and characterization of Lujo virus, a new hemorrhagic fever-associated arenavirus from southern AfricaThomas Briese
Center for Infection and Immunity, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
PLoS Pathog 5:e1000455. 2009..LUJV is a novel, genetically distinct, highly pathogenic arenavirus...
- Contracts in the real world: case studies from Southern AfricaNatasha Palmer
Health Economics and Financing Programme, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine LSHTM, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
Soc Sci Med 60:2505-14. 2005..This paper presents case studies of three contracts for primary care services in Southern Africa. It reports aspects of the institutional and environmental context in which they operate, and reflects on the ..
- The radiation of the Cape flora, southern AfricaH P Linder
Institute of Systematic Botany, Zollikerstrasse 107, CH 8008, Zurich, Switzerland
Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 78:597-638. 2003The flora of the south-western tip of southern Africa, the Cape flora, with some 9000 species in an area of 90,000 km2 is much more speciose than can be expected from its area or latitude, and is comparable to that expected from the most ..
- AIDS, drought, and child malnutrition in southern AfricaJohn B Mason
Departmrent of International Health and Development, Tulane University School of Health and Tropical Medicine, 1440 Canal Street, Ste 2200, New Orleans, LA 70118, USA
Public Health Nutr 8:551-63. 2005To investigate trends in child malnutrition in six countries in southern Africa, in relation to the HIV epidemic and drought in crop years 2001/2 and 2002/3.
- Communal goat production in Southern Africa: a reviewF Rumosa Gwaze
Department of Livestock and Pasture Science, University of Fort Hare, Faculty of Science and Agriculture, P Bag X1314, Alice, 5700, South Africa
Trop Anim Health Prod 41:1157-68. 2009..importance of goats to the communal farmer and assesses the potential of using goats in rural development in Southern Africa. Farmers in Southern Africa largely use the village goat management system...
- Culture, sexuality, and women's agency in the prevention of HIV/AIDS in southern AfricaI Susser
Anthropology Dept, Hunter College, New York, NY 10021, USA
Am J Public Health 90:1042-8. 2000Using an ethnographic approach, the authors explored the awareness among women in southern Africa of the HIV epidemic and the methods they might use to protect themselves from the virus...
- The relative influence of competition and prey defenses on the phenotypic structure of insectivorous bat ensembles in southern AfricaM Corrie Schoeman
Department of Zoology, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch, South Africa
PLoS ONE 3:e3715. 2008..influence of these two deterministic filters on the phenotypic structure of insectivorous bat ensembles in southern Africa. We used null models to simulate the random phenotypic patterns expected in the absence of competition or ..
- Phylogenetic studies of influenza B viruses isolated in southern Africa: 1998-2001Terry G Besselaar
National Institute for Communicable Diseases, Private Bag X4, Sandringham 2131, South Africa
Virus Res 103:61-6. 2004Influenza B viruses isolated in southern Africa during the period from 1998 to 2001 were analysed by sequence analysis of the viral haemagglutinin HA1 subunit and the phylogenetic relationships were determined...
- Accounting for institutional change in health economic evaluation: a program to tackle HIV/AIDS and gender violence in Southern AfricaStephen Jan
The George Institute for International Health, P O Box M201, Missenden Road, Camperdown, NSW 2050, Australia
Soc Sci Med 66:922-32. 2008..use in economic evaluation with particular reference to a program to address HIV/AIDS and gender violence in Southern Africa (IMAGE). Institutions are the rules that govern the conduct between individuals, groups and organisations...
- The evolutionary dynamics of canid and mongoose rabies virus in Southern AfricaP L Davis
Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
Arch Virol 152:1251-8. 2007Two variants of rabies virus (RABV) currently circulate in southern Africa: canid RABV, mainly associated with dogs, jackals, and bat-eared foxes, and mongoose RABV...
- Young AIDS migrants in Southern Africa: policy implications for empowering childrenL Young
Department of Geography and Earth Sciences, Brunel University, Uxbridge, UK
AIDS Care 15:337-45. 2003Many AIDS-affected children in southern Africa engage in migration when household members fall sick or die from AIDS, or because they are sent to assist relatives...
- Genetic variation in Rhipicephalus appendiculatus (Acari: Ixodidae) from Zambia: correlating genetic and ecological variation with Rhipicephalus appendiculatus from eastern and southern AfricaJupiter Mtambo
Department of Veterinary and Livestock Development, P O Box 670050, Mazabuka, Zambia
J Vector Ecol 32:168-75. 2007Based on their ecology, Rhipicephalus appendiculatus ticks from eastern and southern Africa have been divided into three groups. We investigated how two geographic genetically differentiated stocks of R...
- Infant feeding practices: realities and mind sets of mothers in Southern AfricaI Buskens
Research for the Future, Cape Town, S Africa
AIDS Care 19:1101-9. 2007..This context of secrecy means that the traditional advice and authority, which the mothers feel they dare not disregard, is often blind to the mother and her infant's HIV status and survival needs...
- Evidence of unique genotypes of beak and feather disease virus in southern AfricaLivio Heath
Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch, South Africa
J Virol 78:9277-84. 2004..We investigated the genetic diversity of putative BFDVs from southern Africa. Feathers and heparinized blood samples were collected from 27 birds representing 9 psittacine species, all ..
- Scaling up access to antiretroviral treatment in southern Africa: who will do the job?Katharina Kober
Institute of Tropical Medicine, Department of Public Health, Antwerp, Belgium
Lancet 364:103-7. 2004..Yet, none of the countries has developed an urgently required comprehensive human resource strategy. This may also need increased donor attention and resources...
- Therapeutic uses of Aloe L. (Asphodelaceae) in southern AfricaO M Grace
Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Surrey TW9 3AB, United Kingdom
J Ethnopharmacol 119:604-14. 2008The African-Arabian succulent genus Aloe L. (Aloaceae/Asphodelaceae) is represented by approximately 120 infrageneric taxa in southern Africa, including A. ferox Mill., a species long used in commercial natural products.
- Demotivating infant feeding counselling encounters in southern Africa: do counsellors need more or different training?I Buskens
Research for the Future, Cape Town, South Africa
AIDS Care 20:337-45. 2008..For infant feeding counselling in the context of HIV/AIDS to become effective in southern Africa, a different format is therefore required; one that can acknowledge and manage these opposing agendas and ..
- Viral dynamics and CD4+ T cell counts in subtype C human immunodeficiency virus type 1-infected individuals from southern AfricaClive M Gray
National Institute for Communicable Diseases, Johannesburg, South Africa
AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 21:285-91. 2005..the course of plasma viremia, as described in this study, will allow a useful baseline comparator for understanding disease progression in an African setting and may be useful in the design of HIV-1 vaccine trials in southern Africa.
- Floods in southern Africa result in cholera outbreak and displacementPat Sidley
BMJ 336:471. 2008
- Caring for the caregivers: models of HIV/AIDS care and treatment provision for health care workers in Southern AfricaKerry E Uebel
McCord Hospital, Durban, South Africa
J Infect Dis 196:S500-4. 2007....
- Effectiveness and cost effectiveness of early and late prevention of HIV/AIDS progression with antiretrovirals or antibiotics in Southern African adultsM O Bachmann
School of Medicine, University of East Anglia, UK
AIDS Care 18:109-20. 2006As HIV/AIDS drugs are becoming more widely available in Southern Africa, we compared the effectiveness and cost effectiveness of different treatment options, using a Markov Monte Carlo simulation model based on published estimates of ..
- El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and annual malaria incidence in Southern AfricaMusawenkosi L H Mabaso
Malaria Research Lead Programme, Medical Research Council, South Africa, Overport 4067, South Africa
Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 101:326-30. 2007..El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) as measured by the Southern Oscillation Index (SOI) in five countries in Southern Africa from 1988 to 1999...
- Novel sugarcane streak and Sugarcane streak Réunion mastreviruses from southern Africa and La RéunionDionne N Shepherd
Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of Cape Town, Private Bag, Rondebosch, 7701, South Africa
Arch Virol 153:605-9. 2008..Phylogenetic and recombination analyses indicate continent-wide SSRV strain diversity and that our isolate potentially representing a new SISV species is a recombinant...
- Motif inference reveals optimal CTL epitopes presented by HLA class I alleles highly prevalent in southern AfricaIsobella Honeyborne
Department of Paediatrics, Nuffield Department of Medicine, Peter Medawar Building for Pathogen Research, Oxford, United Kingdom
J Immunol 176:4699-705. 2006..These data indicate that the previously anomalous position of HLA-A*2902 among HLA-A alleles, outside any recognized HLA-A supertype, is artifactual, and the true position of the A*2902 motif overlaps those of the A1 and A24 supertypes...
- Relative developmental and reproductive fitness associated with pyrethroid resistance in the major southern African malaria vector, Anopheles funestusP N Okoye
Vector Control Reference Unit, National Institute for Communicable Diseases, NHLS, Sandringham, South Africa
Bull Entomol Res 97:599-605. 2007..These results suggest that the removal of pyrethroid insecticide selection pressure may not lead to a regression of resistance alleles in pyrethroid resistant An. funestus populations in southern Africa.
- Patterns of genetic diversity and differentiation in the tsetse fly Glossina morsitans morsitans Westwood populations in East and southern AfricaJ O Ouma
Department of Entomology, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011 3222, USA
Genetica 130:139-51. 2007Genetic diversity and differentiation within and among nine G. morsitans morsitans populations from East and southern Africa was assessed by examining variation at seven microsatellite loci and a mitochondrial locus, cytochrome oxidase (..
- The reverse transcriptase 67N 70R 215Y genotype is the predominant TAM pathway associated with virologic failure among HIV type 1C-infected adults treated with ZDV/ddI-containing HAART in southern AfricaVlad Novitsky
Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, 02115, USA
AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 23:868-78. 2007....
- Determination of species-specific components in the venom of Parabuthus scorpions from southern Africa using matrix-assisted laser desorption time-of-flight mass spectrometryKarin Dyason
Department of Physiology, Potchefstroom University for Christian Higher Education, Private Bag X6001, Potchefstroom 2520, South Africa
Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom 16:768-73. 2002..The venom compositions of sixteen Parabuthus species, occurring in southern Africa, were characterized using representative peaks in the molecular mass range of 6400-8400 Da...
- Vulnerability of women in southern Africa to infection with HIV: biological determinants and priority health sector interventionsMatthew F Chersich
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Reproductive Health and HIV Research Unit, University of Witwatersrand, Hillbrow, South Africa
AIDS 22:S27-40. 2008..To review biomedical determinants of women's vulnerability to infection with HIV and interventions to counter this, within the southern African context...
- Cryptic species within Anopheles longipalpis from southern Africa and phylogenetic comparison with members of the An. funestus groupL L Koekemoer
Vector Control Reference Unit, National Institute for Communicable Diseases, NHLS, Private bag X 4, Sandringham, 2131, South Africa
Bull Entomol Res 99:41-9. 2009..funestus subgroup. Species-specific primers were designed to be used in a multiplex PCR assay to distinguish between these two cryptic species and members of the An. funestus subgroup for which there is already a multiplex PCR assay...
- Regional action plan for combating Taenia solium cysticercosis/taeniosis in Eastern and Southern AfricaMathias Boa
Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Sokoine University of Agriculture, P O Box 3019, Morogoro, Tanzania
Acta Trop 87:183-6. 2003
- Recombination of HIV type 1C (C'/C") in Ethiopia: possible link of EthHIV-1C' to subtype C sequences from the high-prevalence epidemics in India and Southern AfricaGeorgios Pollakis
Department of Human Retrovirology, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 19:999-1008. 2003..The C' sequences were phylogenetically linked to the fast spreading viruses in India and southern Africa. Furthermore, all the recombinant viruses shared the C' V1V3 region of the envelope, suggesting that the ..
- El Niño and drought in southern AfricaM C Thomson
Lancet 361:437-8. 2003
- Canine rabies ecology in southern AfricaJohn Bingham
Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation Australian Animal Health Laboratory, Geelong, Victoria, Australia
Emerg Infect Dis 11:1337-42. 2005..The implications for understanding rabies ecology and control are reviewed, as are previous studies on rabies ecology in African canids...
- Effect of pharmacist emigration on pharmaceutical services in southern AfricaDavid R Katerere
Department of Phytochemistry and Pharmacognosy, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, Republic of South Africa
Am J Health Syst Pharm 60:1169-70. 2003
- HIV/AIDS reduces the relevance of the principle of individual medical confidentiality among the Bantu people of Southern AfricaPaul Ndebele
Centre for Bioethics, College of Medicine, University of Malawi, P Bag 360 BT3, Blantyre, Malawi
Theor Med Bioeth 29:331-40. 2008..The HIV/AIDS pandemic in Southern Africa has reduced the relevance of the principle of individual medical confidentiality...
- A phylogeny of the cannibal snails of southern Africa, genus Natalina sensu lato (Pulmonata: Rhytididae): assessing concordance between morphology and molecular dataAdnan Moussalli
School of Biological and Conservation Sciences, University of KwaZulu Natal, Pietermaritzburg 3206, South Africa
Mol Phylogenet Evol 52:167-82. 2009....
- HIV/AIDS symptom management in Southern AfricaNonhlanhla A Sukati
Faculty of Health Science, University of Swaziland, Mbabane, Swaziland
J Pain Symptom Manage 29:185-92. 2005..A very small inventory of behavioral strategies was available to participants to help them manage their HIV-related symptoms...
- Oculocutaneous albinism in southern Africa: population structure, health and genetic careP M Lund
Cell and Molecular Biosciences, Coventry University, Coventry CV1 5FB, UK
Ann Hum Biol 32:168-73. 2005..This genetic condition is surrounded by myth, superstition and fear in Africa, where affected individuals and their families may be rejected, shunned and excluded from their community...
- Comparative analysis on the genetic relatedness of Sorghum bicolor accessions from Southern Africa by RAPDs, AFLPs and SSRsR Uptmoor
Institute for Crop Science and Plant Breeding I, Justus Liebig University, Heinrich Buff Ring 26 32, 35392 Giessen, Germany
Theor Appl Genet 106:1316-25. 2003..cultivars grown in low-input conditions of small-scale farming systems, 46 sorghum accessions derived from Southern Africa were evaluated on the basis of amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLPs), random amplified polymorphic ..
- Evolution and diversity of HIV-1 in Africa--a reviewMaria A Papathanasopoulos
AIDS Virus Research Unit, National Institute for Communicable Diseases, Department of Virology, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
Virus Genes 26:151-63. 2003..In particular, this review highlights that our current understanding of HIV distribution in Africa is incomplete and inadequately represents the diversity of the virus, and underscores the need for ongoing surveillance...
- Southern Africa famine crisis complicated by HIV/AIDS epidemicAdele Baleta
Lancet 360:1575. 2002
- African Y chromosome and mtDNA divergence provides insight into the history of click languagesAlec Knight
Department of Anthropological Sciences, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
Curr Biol 13:464-73. 2003About 30 languages of southern Africa, spoken by Khwe and San, are characterized by a repertoire of click consonants and phonetic accompaniments. The Jumid R:'hoansi (!Kung) San carry multiple deeply coalescing gene lineages...
- College of Surgeons of East, Central and Southern AfricaJimmy James
Trop Doct 36:196. 2006
- [HIV/AIDS positive patients in surgery. Part I: Epidemiologic situation]M Hajek
Chirurgické oddĕlení VN Plzen
Rozhl Chir 82:555-60. 2003..The co-authors corrected the African experience by a brief survey of experience in this country and reviewed the presently valid legislation...
- Communication from a human rights perspective: responding to the HIV/AIDS pandemic in eastern and southern Africa. A working paper for use in HIV and AIDS programmesNeil Ford
UNICEF Regional Office, Box 44145, Nairobi, 01000, Kenya
J Health Commun 8:599-612; discussion 613-4. 2003
- Responding to the rising tide of calls for the criminalization of HIV transmission in southern AfricaDelme Cupido
HIV AIDS Policy Law Rev 12:73-4. 2007..In this article, Delme Cupido describes efforts to forge a consensus between these groups and human rights activists concerned about the adverse consequences of HIV-specific criminal laws...
- Perinatal tuberculosis and HIV-1: considerations for resource-limited settingsT Pillay
Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, University of Natal, Nelson R Mandela Medical School, KwaZulu Natal, Durban, South Africa
Lancet Infect Dis 4:155-65. 2004..In referral health centres in southern Africa around one-sixth of all maternal deaths are due to tuberculosis/HIV-1 coinfection...
- Health of Indigenous people in AfricaNyang ori Ohenjo
Lesada Communications Network, Kenya
Lancet 367:1937-46. 2006..We discuss two case studies, of the central African Pygmy peoples and the San of southern Africa, to illustrate recurring issues in Indigenous health in the continent...
- Dominant influence of HLA-B in mediating the potential co-evolution of HIV and HLAPhotini Kiepiela
HIV Pathogenesis Programme, The Doris Duke Medical Research Institute, University of KwaZuluNatal, 719 Umbilo Road, Durban 4015, South Africa
Nature 432:769-75. 2004..In 375 HIV-1-infected study subjects from southern Africa, a significantly greater number of CD8+ T-cell responses are HLA-B-restricted, compared to HLA-A (2...
- Characterization of the South African HIV type 1 subtype C complete 5' long terminal repeat, nef, and regulatory genesThomas J Scriba
Department of Medical Virology, University of Stellenbosch, Tygerberg 7505, South Africa
AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 18:149-59. 2002..Some length variation in exon 2 and the absence of a critical cysteine were found in Tat. Residue variation in the myristoylation signal and motifs involved in CD4 and MHC-I downregulation was recorded in our nef gene sequences...
- Molecular epidemiology of SAT3-type foot-and-mouth diseaseArmanda D S Bastos
Exotic Diseases Division, ARC Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, Private Bag X5, Onderstepoort 0110, South Africa
Virus Genes 27:283-90. 2003..Topotypes I-IV occur in southern Africa, whilst topotypes V and VI are unique to East Africa...
- Catholic pastoral care as a response to the HIV/AIDS pandemic in Southern AfricaStuart C Bate
St Augustine College of South Africa, Catholic University, Johannesburg, PO Box 44782, Linden 2104, South Africa
J Pastoral Care Counsel 57:197-209. 2003Recent estimates suggest that more than 10% of Southern Africa is HIV+. This article is based on a research study of sixty four pastoral care projects focussing on the HIV/AIDS pandemic in Southern Africa...
- HIV/AIDS deepens food crisis in southern AfricaRobert Walgate
Bull World Health Organ 80:687. 2002
- HIV/AIDS nursing research in the African contextLeana R Uys
J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care 16:1-2. 2005
- Children's rights in the context of HIV/AIDS in Southern AfricaGisela H van Rensburg
Department of Health Studies, University of South Africa
J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care 16:41-51. 2005Children in Southern Africa are living under extreme, difficult circumstances because of the spread of HIV/AIDS. Protecting and enhancing the rights of children can be regarded as an investment in the future...
- HIV/AIDS in Southern Africa: a major problemSudeshni Naidoo
Department of Community Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry and WHO Oral Health Collaborating Centre, University of the Western Cape, Private Bag X1, Tygerberg, 7505, South Africa
J Int Acad Periodontol 6:136-40. 2004
- Finding the balanceKristine M Gebbie
AIDS Read 14:8-9. 2004
- Cost-effectiveness of HIV monitoring strategies in resource-limited settings: a southern African analysisEran Bendavid
Center for Health Policy and the Center for Primary Care and Outcomes Research, School of Medicine, Stanford University, 117 Encina Commons, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
Arch Intern Med 168:1910-8. 2008..Although the number of infected persons receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in low- and middle-income countries has increased dramatically, optimal disease management is not well defined...
- Exploring the evidence-practice gap: a workshop report on mixed and participatory training for HIV prevention in Southern AfricaRuth Stewart
Social Science Research Unit, Institute of Education, University of London, London, UK
Educ Health (Abingdon) 18:224-35. 2005..The gap between what is known and what is done about public health (the evidence-practice gap) needs addressing. One solution may be through mixed and participatory training in accessing and appraising research...
- Can famine relief meet health and hunger goals simultaneously?Patrick Webb
Nutrition for the United Nations World Food Programme, Via GC Viola 68 70, Parco dei Medici, 00148 Rome, Italy
Lancet 362:s40-1. 2003
- An ever-present realityKaren Massey
International Policy and Development, Canadian Nurses Association, Ottawa, Ontario
Can Nurse 100:7. 2004