africa south of the sahara

Summary

Summary: All of Africa except Northern Africa (AFRICA, NORTHERN).

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Hepatitis B virus and human immunodeficiency virus co-infection in sub-Saharan Africa: a call for further investigation
    R J Burnett
    The HIV AIDS and Viral Hepatitis Research Laboratory, Department of Virology, University of Limpopo Medunsa Campus, PO Box 173, Medunsa 0204, South Africa
    Liver Int 25:201-13. 2005
  2. ncbi A climate-based distribution model of malaria transmission in sub-Saharan Africa
    M H Craig
    National Malaria Research Programme, South African Medical Research Council, PO Box 17120, Congella, Durban 4013, South Africa
    Parasitol Today 15:105-11. 1999
  3. ncbi The epidemiology and burden of Plasmodium falciparum-related anemia among pregnant women in sub-Saharan Africa
    H L Guyatt
    Kenya Medical Research Institute Wellcome Trust Collaborative Programme, Nairobi
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 64:36-44. 2001
  4. ncbi The burden of co-infection with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 and malaria in pregnant women in sub-saharan Africa
    Feiko O Ter Kuile
    Child and Reproductive Health Group, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, United Kingdom
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 71:41-54. 2004
  5. ncbi Malaria in pregnancy as an indirect cause of infant mortality in sub-Saharan Africa
    H L Guyatt
    Kenya Medical Research Institute Wellcome Trust Collaborative Programme, P O Box 43640, Nairobi, Kenya
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 95:569-76. 2001
  6. pmc Cost-effectiveness of malaria diagnostic methods in sub-Saharan Africa in an era of combination therapy
    Samuel Shillcutt
    Andean Health and Development Saludesa, Quito, Ecuador
    Bull World Health Organ 86:101-10. 2008
  7. ncbi Antenatal syphilis in sub-Saharan Africa: missed opportunities for mortality reduction
    S Gloyd
    Department of Health Services, Box 357660, University of Washington School of Public Health and Community Medicine, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
    Health Policy Plan 16:29-34. 2001
  8. ncbi Adherence to antiretroviral therapy in sub-Saharan Africa and North America: a meta-analysis
    Edward J Mills
    Centre for International Health and Human Rights Studies, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    JAMA 296:679-90. 2006
  9. ncbi Tuberculosis in sub-Saharan Africa: opportunities, challenges, and change in the era of antiretroviral treatment
    Elizabeth L Corbett
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    Lancet 367:926-37. 2006
  10. pmc Incorporating a rapid-impact package for neglected tropical diseases with programs for HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria
    Peter J Hotez
    Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Tropical Medicine, The George Washington University, Washington, District of Columbia, USA
    PLoS Med 3:e102. 2006

Research Grants

Detail Information

Publications260 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Hepatitis B virus and human immunodeficiency virus co-infection in sub-Saharan Africa: a call for further investigation
    R J Burnett
    The HIV AIDS and Viral Hepatitis Research Laboratory, Department of Virology, University of Limpopo Medunsa Campus, PO Box 173, Medunsa 0204, South Africa
    Liver Int 25:201-13. 2005
    ..This paper reviews studies that have investigated HIV and HBV co-infection in sub-Saharan Africa, against a backdrop of what is currently known about the interactions between these two viruses...
  2. ncbi A climate-based distribution model of malaria transmission in sub-Saharan Africa
    M H Craig
    National Malaria Research Programme, South African Medical Research Council, PO Box 17120, Congella, Durban 4013, South Africa
    Parasitol Today 15:105-11. 1999
    ..Together with population, morbidity and mortality data, the model provides a fundamental tool for strategic control of malaria...
  3. ncbi The epidemiology and burden of Plasmodium falciparum-related anemia among pregnant women in sub-Saharan Africa
    H L Guyatt
    Kenya Medical Research Institute Wellcome Trust Collaborative Programme, Nairobi
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 64:36-44. 2001
    ..2%. Assuming that 26% of these cases are due to malaria, it is suggested that as many as 400,000 pregnant women may have developed severe anemia as a result of infection with malaria in sub-Saharan Africa in 1995...
  4. ncbi The burden of co-infection with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 and malaria in pregnant women in sub-saharan Africa
    Feiko O Ter Kuile
    Child and Reproductive Health Group, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, United Kingdom
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 71:41-54. 2004
    ..There is a clear need to strengthen the deployment of existing malaria and HIV prevention and intervention measures for pregnant women...
  5. ncbi Malaria in pregnancy as an indirect cause of infant mortality in sub-Saharan Africa
    H L Guyatt
    Kenya Medical Research Institute Wellcome Trust Collaborative Programme, P O Box 43640, Nairobi, Kenya
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 95:569-76. 2001
    ..This may explain the high reduction in infant mortality rates from interventions aimed at reducing transmission, over and above that expected from a decline in direct malaria-specific mortality alone...
  6. pmc Cost-effectiveness of malaria diagnostic methods in sub-Saharan Africa in an era of combination therapy
    Samuel Shillcutt
    Andean Health and Development Saludesa, Quito, Ecuador
    Bull World Health Organ 86:101-10. 2008
    ..To evaluate the relative cost-effectiveness in different sub-Saharan African settings of presumptive treatment, field-standard microscopy and rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) to diagnose malaria...
  7. ncbi Antenatal syphilis in sub-Saharan Africa: missed opportunities for mortality reduction
    S Gloyd
    Department of Health Services, Box 357660, University of Washington School of Public Health and Community Medicine, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
    Health Policy Plan 16:29-34. 2001
    ..DISCUSSION: Syphilis testing and treatment is a cost-effective intervention that deserves much greater attention, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa and other countries where syphilis infection is high...
  8. ncbi Adherence to antiretroviral therapy in sub-Saharan Africa and North America: a meta-analysis
    Edward J Mills
    Centre for International Health and Human Rights Studies, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    JAMA 296:679-90. 2006
    ..Concerns about incomplete adherence among patients living in poverty have been an important consideration in expanding the access to antiretroviral therapy in sub-Saharan Africa...
  9. ncbi Tuberculosis in sub-Saharan Africa: opportunities, challenges, and change in the era of antiretroviral treatment
    Elizabeth L Corbett
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    Lancet 367:926-37. 2006
    ..Here, we review tuberculosis epidemiology in Africa and policy implications of HIV/AIDS treatment scale-up...
  10. pmc Incorporating a rapid-impact package for neglected tropical diseases with programs for HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria
    Peter J Hotez
    Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Tropical Medicine, The George Washington University, Washington, District of Columbia, USA
    PLoS Med 3:e102. 2006
  11. ncbi Quantification of clinical morbidity associated with schistosome infection in sub-Saharan Africa
    Marieke J van der Werf
    Department of Public Health, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center Rotterdam, PO Box 1738, 3000 DR, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Acta Trop 86:125-39. 2003
    ..mansoni) at 150000 and 130000 per year. Given the overall high number of cases with schistosomiasis-related disease and associated death, we conclude that schistosomiasis remains an important public health problem in sub-Saharan Africa...
  12. ncbi Micronutrient supplements for children after deworming
    Andrew Hall
    Centre for Public Health Nutrition, School of Integrated Health, University of Westminster, London, UK
    Lancet Infect Dis 7:297-302. 2007
    ....
  13. ncbi Sustainable schistosomiasis control--the way forward
    Jurg Utzinger
    Office of Population Research, Princeton University, NJ, Princeton 08544, USA
    Lancet 362:1932-4. 2003
  14. ncbi HIV and cancer of the cervix
    Z M Chirenje
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, College of Health Sciences, University of Zimbabwe, P O Box A178, Avondale, Harare, Zimbabwe
    Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol 19:269-76. 2005
    ..The role of screening and the impact of antiretroviral treatment on the progression of pre-invasive and invasive cancer will also be discussed...
  15. ncbi Diabetes care in sub-Saharan Africa
    David Beran
    International Insulin Foundation, International Health and Medical Education Centre, University College London, London N19 5LW, UK
    Lancet 368:1689-95. 2006
    ..We review the current evidence on diabetes care in sub-Saharan Africa and propose an 11-point action plan to address this problem in the region...
  16. ncbi Malaria transmission in urban sub-Saharan Africa
    Vincent Robert
    Institut de Recherche pour le Developpement, France
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 68:169-76. 2003
    ..Malaria control in urban environments may be simpler as a result of urbanization; however, much of what we know about malaria transmission in rural environments might not hold in the urban context...
  17. ncbi The epidemiology of HSV-2 infection and its association with HIV infection in four urban African populations
    H A Weiss
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK
    AIDS 15:S97-108. 2001
    ..To estimate age- and sex-specific herpes simplex virus type-2 (HSV-2) prevalence in urban African adult populations and to identify factors associated with infection...
  18. ncbi HIV and male circumcision--a systematic review with assessment of the quality of studies
    N Siegfried
    South African Cochrane Centre, Medical Research Council, South Africa
    Lancet Infect Dis 5:165-73. 2005
    ..Although most studies show an association between male circumcision and prevention of HIV, these results may be limited by confounding, which is unlikely to be adjusted for...
  19. ncbi Speciation within Anopheles gambiae--the glass is half full
    A Della Torre
    Parasitology Unit, Department of Public Health, University of Rome La Sapienza, P le Aldo Moro 5, 00185 Rome, Italy
    Science 298:115-7. 2002
    ..Restrictions to gene flow among molecular forms of the mosquito Anopheles gambiae sensu stricto reveal an ongoing speciation process affecting the epidemiology of malaria in sub-Saharan Africa...
  20. ncbi School-based HIV prevention programmes for African youth
    Melanie Gallant
    Department of Psychology, University of Windsor, 401 Sunset Ave Windsor, Ont, Canada N9B 3P4
    Soc Sci Med 58:1337-51. 2004
    ..Clearly, however, more research is needed to identify, with certainty, the factors that drive successful school-based HIV/AIDS risk reduction programmes in Africa...
  21. pmc Antiretroviral therapy in resource-limited settings 1996 to 2006: patient characteristics, treatment regimens and monitoring in sub-Saharan Africa, Asia and Latin America
    Olivia Keiser
    Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine ISPM, University of Bern, Finkenhubelweg 11, 3012 Bern, Switzerland
    Trop Med Int Health 13:870-9. 2008
    ..To describe temporal trends in baseline clinical characteristics, initial treatment regimens and monitoring of patients starting antiretroviral therapy (ART) in resource-limited settings...
  22. ncbi Cardiovascular complications of diabetes mellitus in sub-Saharan Africa
    Andre Pascal Kengne
    Department of Internal Medicine and Specialities, Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University of Yaounde I, BP 8046 Yaoundé, Cameroon
    Circulation 112:3592-601. 2005
    ..Two of 3 diabetic patients will die as a result of cardiovascular complications, and approximately 30% of patients treated in cardiovascular intensive care units have diabetes...
  23. pmc Beneficial and perverse effects of isoniazid preventive therapy for latent tuberculosis infection in HIV-tuberculosis coinfected populations
    Ted Cohen
    Division of Social Medicine and Health Inequalities, Brigham and Women s Hospital, One Brigham Circle, 1620 Tremont Street, Boston, MA 02120, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:7042-7. 2006
    ....
  24. ncbi Towards an atlas of human helminth infection in sub-Saharan Africa: the use of geographical information systems (GIS)
    S Brooker
    WHO Collaborating Centre, Wellcome Trust Centre for the Epidemiology of Infectious Disease, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford, UK OX1 3FY
    Parasitol Today 16:303-7. 2000
    ..In this article, Simon Brooker and colleagues describe progress made by this initiative in mapping helminth infections in sub-Saharan Africa, highlighting the value as well as the limitations of this empirical mapping approach...
  25. ncbi No room for complacency about adherence to antiretroviral therapy in sub-Saharan Africa
    Christopher J Gill
    Center for International Health and Development, Department of International Health, Boston University School of Public Health, MA 02118, USA
    AIDS 19:1243-9. 2005
    ....
  26. ncbi Orphanhood and childcare patterns in sub-Saharan Africa: an analysis of national surveys from 40 countries
    Roeland Monasch
    United Nations Children s Fund, New York, NY 10017, USA
    AIDS 18:S55-65. 2004
    ..Assess the impact of AIDS on prevalence of orphanhood and care patterns...
  27. ncbi Commercial sex and the spread of HIV in four cities in sub-Saharan Africa
    L Morison
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK
    AIDS 15:S61-9. 2001
    ....
  28. pmc Impact of malaria during pregnancy on low birth weight in sub-Saharan Africa
    Helen L Guyatt
    Kenya Medical Research Institute Wellcome Trust Collaborative Programme, P O Box 43640, Nairobi, Kenya
    Clin Microbiol Rev 17:760-9, table of contents. 2004
    ..These estimates imply that around 100,000 infant deaths each year could be due to LBW caused by malaria during pregnancy in areas of malaria endemicity in Africa...
  29. pmc Acceptability of male circumcision for prevention of HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa: a review
    N Westercamp
    Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1603 W Taylor Street, MC 923, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
    AIDS Behav 11:341-55. 2007
    ..We recommend pilot interventions making safe circumcision services available in conjunction with current HIV prevention strategies and evaluating the safety and acceptability of circumcision...
  30. ncbi When to initiate highly active antiretroviral therapy in sub-Saharan Africa? A South African cost-effectiveness study
    Motasim Badri
    Desmond Tutu HIV Centre, Institute of Infectious Diseases and Molecular Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Cape Town, South Africa
    Antivir Ther 11:63-72. 2006
    ..However, cost-effectiveness of initiating treatment at different CD4 count thresholds has not been explored in resource-poor settings...
  31. ncbi The potential impact of antiretroviral therapy on fertility in sub-Saharan Africa
    Angela Kaida
    Department of Health Care and Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, 5804 Fairview Avenue, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 1Z3, Canada
    Curr HIV/AIDS Rep 3:187-94. 2006
    ..A conceptual framework is proposed to guide future research aimed at understanding how widespread use of ARV therapy may impact fertility in sub-Saharan Africa...
  32. ncbi Dual infection with HIV and malaria fuels the spread of both diseases in sub-Saharan Africa
    Laith J Abu-Raddad
    Statistical Center for HIV Aids Research and Prevention, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA 98109, USA
    Science 314:1603-6. 2006
    ..Hence, transient and repeated increases in HIV viral load resulting from recurrent co-infection with malaria may be an important factor in promoting the spread of HIV in sub-Saharan Africa...
  33. ncbi An appropriate research agenda for heart disease in Africa
    Patrick Commerford
    Cardiac Clinic, Department of Medicine, University of Cape Town and Groote Schuur Hospital, Cape Town, Western Cape, South Africa
    Lancet 367:1884-6. 2006
  34. ncbi Dimensions of the emerging orphan crisis in sub-Saharan Africa
    George Bicego
    Global AIDS Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, Mailstop E41, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Soc Sci Med 56:1235-47. 2003
    ..Our results are interpreted in the context of societal responses to the crisis, and potential recommendations for intervention...
  35. ncbi Establishing valid AIDS monitoring and research in countries with generalized epidemics
    Stuart Brody
    Institute of Medical Psychology and Behavioural Neurobiology, University of Tubingen, Germany
    Int J STD AIDS 15:1-6. 2004
    ..Multimethod approaches for developing sound HIV/AIDS research are presented...
  36. ncbi Study of bias in antenatal clinic HIV-1 surveillance data in a high contraceptive prevalence population in sub-Saharan Africa
    Simon Gregson
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College School of Medicine, Norfolk Place, London W2 1PG, UK
    AIDS 16:643-52. 2002
    ..To describe patterns, sources and consequences of bias in antenatal clinic (ANC) HIV prevalence estimates in a high contraceptive prevalence population...
  37. ncbi Ecological and individual level analysis of risk factors for HIV infection in four urban populations in sub-Saharan Africa with different levels of HIV infection
    B Auvert
    INSERM U88, AP HP, A Paré, Saint Maurice, France
    AIDS 15:S15-30. 2001
    ..To identify factors that could explain differences in rate of spread of HIV between different regions in sub-Saharan Africa...
  38. ncbi Anesthesia for children in Sub-Saharan Africa--a description of settings, common presenting conditions, techniques and outcomes
    Aboudoul Fataou Ouro-Bang'na Maman
    Service of Anesthesia and Intensive Care, Lome Teaching Hospital, Togo
    Paediatr Anaesth 19:5-11. 2009
    ..Regarding pediatric surgery, the major workload is due to abdominal emergencies, mainly neonatal bowel obstruction or peritonitis due to typhoid perforation. The morbidity and mortality rate for these conditions is high...
  39. ncbi Concurrent sexual partnerships help to explain Africa's high HIV prevalence: implications for prevention
    Daniel T Halperin
    Office of HIV AIDS, US Agency for International Development, Washington, DC 20523, USA
    Lancet 364:4-6. 2004
  40. pmc Mitochondrial footprints of human expansions in Africa
    E Watson
    School of Biological Sciences, Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand
    Am J Hum Genet 61:691-704. 1997
    ..Eurasian sequences are derived from essentially one sequence within this ancient cluster, even though a diverse mitochondrial pool was present in Africa at the time...
  41. ncbi Congenital Plasmodium falciparum malaria in sub-Saharan Africa: a rarity or frequent occurrence?
    C J Uneke
    Department of Medical Microbiology, Faculty of Clinical Medicine, Ebonyi State University, PMB 053 Abakaliki, Nigeria
    Parasitol Res 101:835-42. 2007
    ..0 to 46.7%. Congenital malaria should be suspected and investigated in babies whose mothers are parasitemic, particularly if the babies are febrile...
  42. ncbi Urbanization in sub-saharan Africa and implication for malaria control
    Jennifer Keiser
    Office of Population Research, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, 08544, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 71:118-27. 2004
    ..Mitigation of the current burden of malaria in urban African settings, in turn, is a necessity for stimulating environmentally and socially sustainable development...
  43. ncbi Tuberculosis and HIV interaction in sub-Saharan Africa: impact on patients and programmes; implications for policies
    Dermot Maher
    Stop TB, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Trop Med Int Health 10:734-42. 2005
    ..This can help to ensure a firm evidence base for TB control policies aiming at the high standard of patient care that is at the heart of TB and HIV programmes...
  44. ncbi The cost-effectiveness of antenatal malaria prevention in sub-Saharan Africa
    C A Goodman
    Department of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, United Kingdom
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 64:45-56. 2001
    ..However, extending the SP regimen to all gravidae and increasing the number of doses per pregnancy could make the intervention significantly less cost-effective...
  45. ncbi Meeting international goals in child survival and HIV/AIDS
    Neff Walker
    Joint United Nations Programme on HIV AIDS, 20 Avenue Appia, 1211 Geneva, Switzerland
    Lancet 360:284-9. 2002
    ..We investigated this assumption by estimating HIV-attributable under-5 mortality in 39 countries in sub-Saharan Africa and comparing it to total mortality in children younger than 5 years between 1990 and 1999...
  46. ncbi Cost-effectiveness of malaria control in sub-Saharan Africa
    C A Goodman
    Department of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK
    Lancet 354:378-85. 1999
    ..We used mathematical models to calculate cost-effectiveness ratios for the main prevention and treatment interventions in sub-Saharan Africa...
  47. pmc Prospects for malaria eradication in sub-Saharan Africa
    Ricardo Aguas
    Instituto Gulbenkian de Ciencia, Oeiras, Portugal
    PLoS ONE 3:e1767. 2008
    ..Accumulating epidemiological data constitute a valuable resource that must be intensively explored and interpreted as to effectively inform control planning...
  48. pmc Human population genetic structure and inference of group membership
    Michael J Bamshad
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah 84112, USA
    Am J Hum Genet 72:578-89. 2003
    ..This suggests that a more flexible framework is needed for making inferences about population structure and the utility of proxies...
  49. pmc Contemporary trends in the epidemiology and management of cardiomyopathy and pericarditis in sub-Saharan Africa
    Bongani M Mayosi
    Department of Medicine, J Floor Old Main Building, Groote Schuur Hospital, Observatory 7925, Cape Town, South Africa
    Heart 93:1176-83. 2007
    ....
  50. ncbi Unintended pregnancy in sub-Saharan Africa: magnitude of the problem and potential role of contraceptive implants to alleviate it
    David Hubacher
    Family Health International, PO Box 13950, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA
    Contraception 78:73-8. 2008
    ..Our aim was to estimate the number of unintended pregnancies in the region and model the impact of expanding use of contraceptive implants at the expense of short-term hormonal birth control methods...
  51. pmc Health transitions in sub-Saharan Africa: overview of mortality trends in children under 5 years old (1950-2000)
    Michel Garenne
    Unité d Epidémiologie des Maladies Emergentes, Institut Pasteur, 25 28 Rue du Docteur Roux, 75724 Paris Cedex 15, France
    Bull World Health Organ 84:470-8. 2006
    ..To reconstruct and analyse mortality trends in children younger than 5 years in sub-Saharan Africa between 1950 and 2000...
  52. ncbi Antiretroviral drugs for tuberculosis control in the era of HIV/AIDS
    Brian G Williams
    Communicable Diseases, World Health Organization, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland
    Science 301:1535-7. 2003
    ..However, ARV drugs could enhance the treatment of TB, and TB programs provide an important entry point for the treatment of HIV/AIDS...
  53. ncbi Male circumcision for HIV prevention in sub-Saharan Africa: who, what and when?
    Richard G White
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    AIDS 22:1841-50. 2008
    ..We explore how the population-level impact of circumcision varies by target age group, coverage, time-to-scale-up, level of risk compensation and circumcision of HIV infected men...
  54. ncbi Scaling up antiretroviral therapy in Africa: learning from tuberculosis control programmes--the case of Malawi
    E Libamba
    Department of Clinical Services, Ministry of Health, Lilongwe, Malawi
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 9:1062-71. 2005
    ..We hope that by using the DOTS approach we will be able to deliver ART to large numbers of HIV-infected patients under controlled conditions, and minimise the risk of developing drug resistance...
  55. pmc Noncommunicable diseases in sub-Saharan Africa: where do they feature in the health research agenda?
    N Unwin
    Department of Diabetes, University of Newcastle, Medical School, England
    Bull World Health Organ 79:947-53. 2001
    ..Research is needed to guide improvements in the clinical and cost effectiveness of resources currently committed to the care of patients with noncommunicable diseases, and to direct and evaluate preventive measures...
  56. ncbi Multicentre study on factors determining differences in rate of spread of HIV in sub-Saharan Africa: methods and prevalence of HIV infection
    A Buve
    Department of Microbiology, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium
    AIDS 15:S5-14. 2001
    ....
  57. ncbi The challenges of involving traditional healers in HIV/AIDS care
    E Mills
    Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McMaster University, Ontario, Canada, and Department of Medicine, University of Calabar Teaching Hospital, Nigeria
    Int J STD AIDS 17:360-3. 2006
    ..Collaboration is essential, given the changing epidemic of HIV and the dynamic relationship between the two health sectors...
  58. ncbi Brief communication: mtDNA variation in North Cameroon: lack of Asian lineages and implications for back migration from Asia to sub-Saharan Africa
    Valentina Coia
    Department of Animal and Human Biology, University La Sapienza, 00185 Rome, Italy
    Am J Phys Anthropol 128:678-81. 2005
    ....
  59. pmc Cost effectiveness analysis of strategies for maternal and neonatal health in developing countries
    Taghreed Adam
    Health Systems Financing, Evidence and Information for Policy, World Health Organization, Switzerland
    BMJ 331:1107. 2005
    ..To determine the costs and benefits of interventions for maternal and newborn health to assess the appropriateness of current strategies and guide future plans to attain the millennium development goals...
  60. ncbi Achieving the Millennium Development Goals
    Alan Fenwick
    Lancet 365:1029-30. 2005
  61. pmc Malaria attributable to the HIV-1 epidemic, sub-Saharan Africa
    Eline L Korenromp
    World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Emerg Infect Dis 11:1410-9. 2005
    ..These effects were due to high HIV-1 prevalence in rural areas and the locally unstable nature of malaria transmission that results in a high proportion of adult cases...
  62. ncbi Safety, efficacy and determinants of effectiveness of antimalarial drugs during pregnancy: implications for prevention programmes in Plasmodium falciparum-endemic sub-Saharan Africa
    Robert D Newman
    Malaria Epidemiology Branch, Division of Parasitic Diseases, NCID, CDC, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Trop Med Int Health 8:488-506. 2003
    ....
  63. ncbi Urban-rural differentials in child malnutrition: trends and socioeconomic correlates in sub-Saharan Africa
    Jean Christophe Fotso
    African Population and Health Research Center, 00100 GPO, Nairobi, Kenya
    Health Place 13:205-23. 2007
    ..These urban-rural gaps are abolished in almost all countries when SES is controlled. These results suggest that policies and programs contributing to the attainment of the MDGs should pay particular attention to the urban poor...
  64. ncbi Focus on women: linking HIV care and treatment with reproductive health services in the MTCT-Plus Initiative
    Landon Myer
    Columbia University, Mailman School of Public Health, New York, NY, USA
    Reprod Health Matters 13:136-46. 2005
    ....
  65. pmc The protective effect of male circumcision as a faith lift for the troubled paradigm of HIV epidemiology in sub-Saharan Africa
    John J Potterat
    PLoS Med 3:e64; author reply e67. 2006
  66. ncbi HIV and Islam: is HIV prevalence lower among Muslims?
    Peter B Gray
    Department of Anthropology, Peabody Museum, Harvard University, 11 Divinity Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Soc Sci Med 58:1751-6. 2004
    ..g., vs. extramarital affairs) and other factors, but that benefits arising from circumcision may help account for lower HIV prevalence among Muslims...
  67. ncbi Early marriage and HIV risks in sub-Saharan Africa
    Shelley Clark
    University of Chicago, 1155 East 60th Street, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    Stud Fam Plann 35:149-60. 2004
    ..These results challenge commonly held assumptions about sex within marriage...
  68. ncbi Variation of female and male lineages in sub-Saharan populations: the importance of sociocultural factors
    Giovanni Destro-Bisol
    Department of Animal and Human Biology, University La Sapienza, Rome, Italy
    Mol Biol Evol 21:1673-82. 2004
    ....
  69. ncbi HIV prevalence and trends in sub-Saharan Africa: no decline and large subregional differences
    Emil Asamoah-Odei
    WHO Regional Office for Africa, Harare, Zimbabwe
    Lancet 364:35-40. 2004
    ..However, only analysis of surveillance data from the same populations over time can provide insight into trends of HIV prevalence. We have used data from the same antenatal clinics to document recent empirical trends...
  70. pmc The potential impact of male circumcision on HIV in Sub-Saharan Africa
    Brian G Williams
    World Health Organization, Stop TB Department, Geneva, Switzerland
    PLoS Med 3:e262. 2006
    ..We explore the implications of this finding for the promotion of MC as a public health intervention to control HIV in sub-Saharan Africa...
  71. ncbi Male circumcision and HIV infection in four cities in sub-Saharan Africa
    B Auvert
    INSERM U88, AP HP, A Paré, France
    AIDS 15:S31-40. 2001
    ..To explore the role of male circumcision in the spread of HIV infection in four urban populations in sub-Saharan Africa...
  72. ncbi Mitochondrial DNA analysis of northwest African populations reveals genetic exchanges with European, near-eastern, and sub-Saharan populations
    J C Rando
    Departamento de Genetica, Universidad de La Laguna, Tenerife
    Ann Hum Genet 62:531-50. 1998
    ..The Mauritanians and West-Saharans, in contrast, bear substantial though not dominant mtDNA affinity with sub-Saharans...
  73. pmc Medicine sellers and malaria treatment in sub-Saharan Africa: what do they do and how can their practice be improved?
    Catherine Goodman
    Health Economics and Financing Programme, Health Policy Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London, United Kingdom
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 77:203-18. 2007
    ..Interventions must be adapted to include artemisinin-based combination therapies, and their sustainability and potential to operate at a national level should be further explored...
  74. pmc Bantu language trees reflect the spread of farming across sub-Saharan Africa: a maximum-parsimony analysis
    Clare Janaki Holden
    Department of Anthropology, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 269:793-9. 2002
    ..This suggests that the major subgroups of modern Bantu stem from the Neolithic and Early Iron Age, with little subsequent movement by speech communities...
  75. ncbi Assessing the role of anal intercourse in the epidemiology of AIDS in Africa
    Stuart Brody
    Institute of Medical Psychology and Behavioral Neurobiology, University of Tubingen, Germany
    Int J STD AIDS 14:431-6. 2003
    ....
  76. pmc Estimating mortality, morbidity and disability due to malaria among Africa's non-pregnant population
    R W Snow
    Kenya Medical Research Institute KEMRI Wellcome Trust, Collaborative Programme, Nairobi, Kenya
    Bull World Health Organ 77:624-40. 1999
    ....
  77. ncbi Preventing antiretroviral anarchy in sub-Saharan Africa
    A D Harries
    National Tuberculosis Control Programme, Community Health Science Unit, Lilongwe, Malawi
    Lancet 358:410-4. 2001
    ..Poor adherence to treatment leads to the emergence of drug-resistant viral strains that need new combinations of drugs or new drugs altogether...
  78. ncbi Late marriage and the HIV epidemic in sub-Saharan Africa
    John Bongaarts
    Population Council, New York, NY 10017, USA
    Popul Stud (Camb) 61:73-83. 2007
    ..These findings support the hypothesis of a link between a high average age at marriage and a long period of premarital intercourse during which partner changes are relatively common and facilitate the spread of HIV...
  79. ncbi Interpreting sexual behaviour data: validity issues in the multicentre study on factors determining the differential spread of HIV in four African cities
    A Buve
    Department of Microbiology, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium
    AIDS 15:S117-26. 2001
    ....
  80. ncbi Schistosomes, snails and satellites
    S Brooker
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College School of Medicine, Norfolk Place, W2 1PG, London, UK
    Acta Trop 82:207-14. 2002
    ..Finally, the current practical application of GIS and remote sensing are reviewed in the context of national control programmes...
  81. pmc Patient retention in antiretroviral therapy programs in sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review
    Sydney Rosen
    Center for International Health and Development, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America
    PLoS Med 4:e298. 2007
    ..In this paper we present a systematic review of patient retention in ART programs in sub-Saharan Africa...
  82. ncbi Molecular genotyping to distinguish between recrudescents and new infections in treatment trials of Plasmodium falciparum malaria conducted in Sub-Saharan Africa: adjustment of parasitological outcomes and assessment of genotyping effectiveness
    Kefas Mugittu
    Ifakara Health Research and Development Centre, Ifakara, Tanzania
    Trop Med Int Health 11:1350-9. 2006
    ..Our findings support the WHO recommendation of PCR genotyping in malaria clinical trials and suggest that stepwise genotyping of only two loci (msp2 and msp1 or glurp) can reliably discriminate recrudescences from new infections...
  83. ncbi [Ophidian envenomations and emergencies in Sub-Saharan Africa]
    J P Chippaux
    IRD, Dakar, Senegal
    Bull Soc Pathol Exot 98:263-8. 2005
    ..Thus, it is expected to reduce by 90% the mortality rate in the next ten years...
  84. ncbi Hyperreactive malaria in expatriates returning from sub-Saharan Africa
    J van den Ende
    Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium University Hospital Antwerp, Edegem, Belgium
    Trop Med Int Health 5:607-11. 2000
    ....
  85. pmc Malaria and helminth interactions in humans: an epidemiological viewpoint
    T W Mwangi
    Kenya Medical Research Institute, Centre for Geographic Medicine and Research, P O Box 230, 80108 Kilifi, Kenya
    Ann Trop Med Parasitol 100:551-70. 2006
    ..Future studies that might be considered, in order to address the gaps in knowledge, are also considered...
  86. ncbi Managing tuberculosis and HIV in sub-Sahara Africa
    Umesh G Lalloo
    Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine, University of KwaZulu Natal, Private Bag 7, Congella 4013, Durban, South Africa
    Curr HIV/AIDS Rep 5:132-9. 2008
    ..Combining HIV and TB care has the potential to bring additional infrastructural and human resources to the respective programs, with synergistic benefits...
  87. pmc Eradicating chancroid
    R Steen
    Family Health International, 2101 Wilson Boulevard, Suite 700, Arlington, VA 22201, USA
    Bull World Health Organ 79:818-26. 2001
    ..Protecting sex workers and their clients from exposure to sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and improving curative services for STDs are among the proven strategies that could be employed...
  88. pmc Rubbery figures?
    Michael Glass
    PLoS Med 3:e70. 2006
  89. ncbi Paediatric surgery in the Third World
    G P Hadley
    S Afr Med J 96:1139-40. 2006
  90. ncbi Can behavior change explain increases in the proportion of genital ulcers attributable to herpes in sub-Saharan Africa? A simulation modeling study
    Eline L Korenromp
    Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Erasmus University Rotterdam, P O Box 1738, 3000 DR Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Sex Transm Dis 29:228-38. 2002
    ..The proportion of cases of genital ulcer disease attributable to herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) appears to be increasing in sub-Saharan Africa...
  91. ncbi Predictors of stillbirth in sub-saharan Africa
    Benjamin H Chi
    Centre for Infectious Disease Research in Zambia, Lusaka, Zambia
    Obstet Gynecol 110:989-97. 2007
    ..To describe the incidence and predictors of stillbirth in a predominantly human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected African cohort...
  92. ncbi Community attitudes towards sexual activity and childbearing by HIV-positive people in South Africa
    L Myer
    Infectious Diseases Epidemiology Unit, School of Public Health and Family Medicine, University of Cape Town, South Africa
    AIDS Care 18:772-6. 2006
    ..Health policies and services are required to reinforce the reproductive rights of HIV-infected individuals in South Africa and other countries in sub-Saharan Africa where HIV is most prevalent...
  93. ncbi HIV and sexually transmitted infections among women presenting at urban primary health care clinics in two cities of sub-Saharan Africa
    Elizabeth Mukuze Mbizvo
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, The National Hospital, University of Oslo N 0027 Oslo, Norway
    Afr J Reprod Health 9:88-98. 2005
    ..3% compared to 11.5% in Tanzania (p < 0.01). Interventions should target identified risk factors with particular attention to youths...
  94. ncbi Potential impact of adjustment policies on vulnerability of women and children to HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa
    Roberto De Vogli
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College of London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT
    J Health Popul Nutr 23:105-20. 2005
    ..Given the potential for adjustment policies to exacerbate the AIDS pandemic among women and children, a careful examination of the effects of these policies on maternal and child welfare is urgently needed...
  95. ncbi Medical migration and Africa: an unwanted legacy of educational change
    Peter Bundred
    Department of Primary Care, University of Liverpool, UK
    Med Teach 29:893-6. 2007
    ....
  96. doi Reconsidering the impact of conflict on HIV infection among women in the era of antiretroviral treatment scale-up in sub-Saharan Africa: a gender lens
    Kate Shannon
    Faculty of Medicine, School of Population and Public Health, British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    AIDS 22:1705-7. 2008
  97. ncbi Is HIV control in sub-Saharan Africa losing focus?: the need for simplified, prioritized prevention strategies
    Stefan Hanson
    IHCAR, Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    Scand J Public Health 33:233-5. 2005
  98. ncbi Integrating family planning and prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission in resource-limited settings
    Ann Duerr
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Lancet 366:261-3. 2005
  99. ncbi Impact of orphanhood on underweight prevalence in sub-Saharan Africa
    Jonathan Rivers
    Department of International Health and Development, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA
    Food Nutr Bull 29:32-42. 2008
    ..Although evidence indicates that orphans risk losing opportunities for adequate education, health care, and future employment, the immediate effects of orphanhood on child nutritional status remain poorly understood...
  100. ncbi [Male circumcision--an evidence-based preventive measure]
    Nicolai Lohse
    Ugeskr Laeger 170:2359; author reply 2360. 2008
  101. pmc Comparison of HIV prevalence estimates from antenatal care surveillance and population-based surveys in sub-Saharan Africa
    L S Montana
    Department of Global Health and Population, Harvard School of Public Health, 655 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Sex Transm Infect 84:i78-i84. 2008
    ....

Research Grants65

  1. Ion transport and motility in larval mosquito stomach
    David F Moffett; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Analyses of peristalsis and its regulation with electrophysiological techniques and image analyses. The results of this project will provide information about specific targets for the development of mosquito control agents. ..
  2. Cell Biology of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Infection
    David G Russell; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..tuberculosis. We propose determining how the bacterium's metabolism is realigned to access these carbon sources. ..
  3. Social Network Intervention to Engage Out-of-Care PLH Into Treatment
    Jeffrey A Kelly; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The study's impact rests on the potential for network interventions to engage PLH in the community to enter and adhere to care. The modality will be applicable to international settings and in the United States. ..
  4. IMPLEMENTATION RESEARCH FOR MANAGEMENT OF MALARIA AND CHILDHOOD ILLNESS/TANZANIA
    SALIM MOHAMMED KHAMIS ABDULLA; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Details of the research plan are outlined in the continuation pages. ..
  5. Microbial Mediation of Habitat Selection and Production
    Edward Walker; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Microbial basis for larval habitat production will be studied with field and lab experiments where nutrient sources and microbial communities are quantified, manipulated and larval growth responses and adult production quantified. ..
  6. SPECIES BOUNDARIES IN THE ANOPHELES GAMBIAE COMPLEX
    Nora Besansky; Fiscal Year: 2003
    It is children living in Africa south of the Sahara that bear the brunt of morbidity and mortality caused by Plasmodium falciparum...
  7. Insecticide mosaics and sustainability of treated nets
    Edward Walker; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Industry partners Vestergaard-Frandsen and Syngenta are directly involved in these efforts, for formulation and evaluation purposes. ..
  8. Practical Diagnostics for AIDS-Related Pediatric TB,Peru
    Richard Oberhelman; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..These new diagnostic methods have tremendous potential to improve and simplify the diagnosis of pediatric tuberculosis in low-income countries with limited laboratory resources. ..
  9. Overcoming TB and AIDS
    Andrew Robertson; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  10. Trypanosome gene expression in tsetse
    Serap Aksoy; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  11. Paraspinal Denervation in Low Back Pain
    Andrew J Haig; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The results will help doctors avoid unnecessary surgery and help scientists to understand more about how spinal stenosis disables so many older people. ..
  12. HOOKWORM LARVAL INFECTIVITY AND DEVELOPMENT
    Peter Hotez; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The pharmacologic manipulation of parasite-derived protein kinases may offer a new approach to chemotherapy by taking larvae out of arrest. ..
  13. PARASPINAL MUSCLE DENERVATION AND SYMPTOMS IN LUMBAR SS
    Andrew Haig; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Subjects will repeat the test battery (MRI, EMG, and clinical evaluation) approximately 18 months later. Appropriate statistics will test each of the four hypotheses. ..
  14. Community factors shaping the sexual behavior of males
    Robert Stephenson; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  15. Oxidative Stress Markers and HIV Dementia
    Ned Sacktor; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..We believe that oxidative stress plays a significant role in the development of HIV-D, and strategies to decrease oxidative stress may serve as a useful therapeutic target to treat HIV-D. ..
  16. Community Influences on Young People's HIV/AIDS Knowledge, Attitudes & Practices
    Robert Stephenson; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  17. Prevalence, risk factors and consequences of complex M. Tuberculosis infections
    Theodore Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The overall goal of this study is to learn more about the natural history of TB and to use this knowledge to improve the health of individuals and their communities. ..
  18. Natural History and Pathogenesis of WNV in Viremic Dono*
    Michael Busch; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  19. GP46 GENES AND PROTEIN EXPRESSION IN LEISHMANIA CHAGASI
    JOHN DONELSON; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  20. Plainning malaria training in Zambia
    Thomas Eisele; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Tailoring a sustainable program using appropriate technology and a framework of collaboration in support of PMI activities will greatly increase the likelihood of controlling, and perhaps eventually eliminating, malaria in Zambia. ..
  21. Micro and Macro Causes of Trends in Youth Smoking
    Fred Pampel; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The aims further reflect a change in the principal investigator's interests to behavioral research in cancer control. ..
  22. Influences on Adherence to ARVs in Uganda
    Norma Ware; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Practical intervention strategies will be derived as the basis for intervention design and testing, which follow as next steps from this research. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  23. Comparitive Antipsychotic Drug Actions on Brain Neurochemistry
    Carol Tamminga; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Concentration on mouse behaviors, neurochemistry and behavior will advance studies aimed at kinetic applications. ..
  24. HIV PREVENTION TRIAL UNIT (PRIDE NYC PROGRAM)
    Wafaa El Sadr; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  25. UAB-ZAMBIA-HAITI HIV PREVENTION TRIALS UNIT
    Jeffrey Stringer; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Since other research and service funding supports these cohorts, the costs to maintain them prior to trials beginning are minimal. ..
  26. co-Trimoxazole in Zambian Infants (TZI)
    CHRISTOPHER GILL; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  27. Molecular approaches for understanding TB dynamics
    Theodore Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..It is our hope that better analytic techniques will allow for more accurate assessments of treatment and prevention. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  28. Adaptive evolution of pathogenesis towards symbiosis
    Serap Aksoy; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The role of functions typically associated with pathogenic microorganisms will be pursued in these beneficial microbes. ..
  29. SCienceLab
    Bert Ely; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..To address this problem, SCienceLab provides an opportunity for students to spend a day experiencing research and interacting with students who are working in a biomedical research laboratory. ..
  30. Mechanisms and clinical effects of microchimerism in transfused trauma patients
    MICHAEL PAUL BUSCH; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..TA-MC also offers an opportunity to better understand, and potentially exploit, injury-induced tolerance for future therapeutic purposes. ..
  31. Social Course of Adherence to HAART in Active Drug Users
    Norma Ware; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..These categories will serve as the basis for formulating and assessing the feasibility of patient focused, clinician-focused, and other strategies for supporting adherence to HAART among active users of illegal drugs. ..
  32. Gender, power, and susceptibility to STDs/HIV in India
    Suneeta Krishnan; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  33. KILLER CELLS & VIRAL LOAD IN VERTICAL HIV INFECTION
    Katherine Luzuriaga; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Data from these studies will improve our understanding of the pathogenesis of early pediatric HIV infection and contribute to the development of strategies to prevent or modify pediatric HIV-1 infection. ..
  34. Is Cerebral Malaria a Risk Factor for Epilepsy?
    Gretchen Birbeck; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Terrie Taylor resides. ..
  35. Routine HIV Testing Among Adolescents and the Shifting Culture of AIDS
    Lori Leonard; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  36. HARLEM AIDS TREATMENT GROUP-'CPCRA'
    Wafaa El Sadr; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..They also are committed to the conduct of large long-term studies as a means of answering key questions in HIV management that cannot be answered through shorter trials. ..
  37. TUBERCULOSIS ADHERENCE PARTNERSHIP ALLIANCE STUDY
    Wafaa El Sadr; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  38. A Community Study of Infertility in Northern Tanzania
    Ulla Larsen; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..A basic protocol for the recommended treatment of infertility will be developed. 6. To analyze the social implications of infertility. 7. To assess the demographic implications of infertility. ..
  39. CLINICAL RESEARCH CURRICULUM
    Thomas Pearson; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..With completion of the RCRC, the trainee should have the theoretical, methodological, and practical knowledge and skills for a productive career in clinical research. ..
  40. Prophylactic Ibuprofen: Effect on IUD Continuation Rates
    David Hubacher; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..In the US, ibuprofen may help spur renewed interest in the most cost effective and efficacious reversible contraceptive method available. ..
  41. Improving Hypertension Treatment in Africa
    Richard Cooper; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Whether our project yields a "positive" or "negative" result in relation to the main goal of identifying an effective clinical method, the outcome will have far-reaching implications for health care policy in that region. ..
  42. Behavioral factors and dietary change in WHTFSMP
    Alok Bhargava; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Overall, the results will facilitate the design of policies for improving health of especially minority women in the United States and will be useful for analyses of the Women's Health Initiative data. ..
  43. HEPATITIS C VIRAL QUASISPECIES WITHIN THE LIVER
    Adrian Di Bisceglie; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..These studies have great potential significance for understanding of viral clearance, development of persistent infection and for the development of a vaccine against HCV. ..
  44. PARTIAL DOPAMINEAGONIST TREATMENT OF SCHIZOPHRENIA
    Carol Tamminga; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..These data will predict and later help us to select optimal agonist intrinsic activity ior clinical testing for antipsychotic actvity, duration of therapeutic action, and side effects. ..
  45. BRIEF HIV RISK REDUCTION COUNSELING
    Seth Kalichman; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Results of the proposed study will guide the allocation of HIV prevention resources in establishing brief and effective HIV risk reduction counseling services for populations vulnerable to HIV infection. ..
  46. UNIVERSITY OF ROCHESTER NUTRITION ACADEMIC AWARD PROGRAM
    Thomas Pearson; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Dissemination of the curriculum and educational tools will be facilitated by programs in professional societies, collaboration with the food industry, and development of an easily accessible Website. ..
  47. INTERACTION OF TSETSE--ITS SYMBIONTS AND TRYPANOSOMES
    Serap Aksoy; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The basic knowledge obtained will strengthen our understanding of tsetse biology and will also provide information relevant to other important disease vectors which harbor similar symbionts (e.g., ticks, fleas, reduviid bugs etc.). ..
  48. Telomere structure and function in Trypanosoma brucei
    GEORGE CROSS; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..There are significant similarities between the telomeres of trypanosomes and humans, so trypanosomes would be a useful model in which to study events that are relevant to human aging and cancer. ..
  49. MALARIA AND HIV IN PREGNANT WOMEN IN MALAWI
    Steven Meshnick; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The results of this study will have important implications for designing public health program s for antenatal care in African and should promote our understanding of the pathogenesis of MTCT. ..
  50. Gender Violence and HIV Risk Reduction in South Africa
    Leickness Simbayi; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  51. Impact of HIV-related infections and ART in South Africa
    Charles Holmes; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..He is mentored by two senior investigators with an extremely strong record of mentoring junior investigators and guiding them to become successful physician scientists. ..
  52. New model for describing and projecting adult mortality
    John Bongaarts; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..4) Test the new projection method by comparing its results with projections produced by the Lee-Carter procedure. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  53. PEDIATRIC AIDS CLINICAL TRIAL UNIT
    Katherine Luzuriaga; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  54. Examination of the Limbic Cortex in Schizophrenia
    Carol Tamminga; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..These data will have implications for understanding the mechanisms of the illness and for directing future new drug discovery for schizophrenia therapeutics. ..
  55. SEVERE MALARIA IN AFRICAN CHILDREN: A CLINICAL NETWORK
    Terrie Taylor; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Given the enormous toll of malaria, this could re resent a significant decline in the death rate across sub-Saharan Africa. ..
  56. Epilepsy-associated stigma in Zambia
    Gretchen Birbeck; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This contextual framework will facilitate the development of effective, community-based interventions aimed at improving the lives of people with epilepsy in the region. ..
  57. Early Nutrition, Human Capital and Economic Productivity
    Reynaldo Martorell; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The three participating institutions have a successful history of previous collaboration in complex field studies and other research. ..
  58. AMASTIN/TUZIN GENE CLUSTER OF TRYPANOSOMA CRUZI
    JOHN DONELSON; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Finally, we will assess whether amastin and/or tuzin can serve a target antigens for an improved diagnostic test for T. cruzi infection. ..
  59. Intervention to Close Digital Divide in AIDS Care
    Seth Kalichman; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..If successful, the experimental intervention could be readily implemented as a community-based program by AIDS Service Organizations, health centers, and community-based Internet access providers. ..
  60. Natural history of acute and chronic HCV in blood donors
    Michael Busch; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..These investigations will yield important insights into HCV pathogenesis and clarify the natural history of disease for the large number of HCV infected persons identified through donor screening. ..
  61. Building Partnerships to Reduce Youth HIV Risk in Africa
    Akinrinola Bankole; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The expanded activities would also increase the potential of the Research Project to have an impact on policy and programs and to improve prevention of HIV among youth in Sub-Saharan Africa. ..
  62. Forensic Detection of Salmonella Resistance and Subtype
    Lee Harrison; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..enterica and 2) molecular methods for rapid outbreak detection among S. enterica serovars. ..