facial paralysis

Summary

Summary: Severe or complete loss of facial muscle motor function. This condition may result from central or peripheral lesions. Damage to CNS motor pathways from the cerebral cortex to the facial nuclei in the pons leads to facial weakness that generally spares the forehead muscles. FACIAL NERVE DISEASES generally results in generalized hemifacial weakness. NEUROMUSCULAR JUNCTION DISEASES and MUSCULAR DISEASES may also cause facial paralysis or paresis.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi The effectiveness of neuromuscular facial retraining combined with electromyography in facial paralysis rehabilitation
    Gaye W Cronin
    Department of The Atlanta Ear Clinic, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 128:534-8. 2003
  2. ncbi Assessing impairment and disability of facial paralysis in patients with vestibular schwannoma
    John Lee
    Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 133:56-60. 2007
  3. ncbi Management of facial paralysis resulting from temporal bone fractures: Our experience in 115 cases
    V Darrouzet
    Department of Otorhinolaryngology, University Hospital of Bordeaux, France
    Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 125:77-84. 2001
  4. ncbi Approximation of the eyelids using Steri-Strips for effective eye closure
    Danish Imran
    Plast Reconstr Surg 113:1518-9. 2004
  5. ncbi Nerve regeneration through nerve autografts and cold preserved allografts using tacrolimus (FK506) in a facial paralysis model: a topographical and neurophysiological study in monkeys
    Bernardo Hontanilla
    Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Clinica Universitaria, University of Navarra, Pamplona, Spain
    Neurosurgery 58:768-79; discussion 768-79. 2006
  6. ncbi Non-polio enteroviruses associated with acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) and facial paralysis (FP) cases in Romania, 2001-2008
    Ana Persu
    NIRDMI Cantacuzino Bucharest, Romania
    Roum Arch Microbiol Immunol 68:20-6. 2009
  7. ncbi [Moxibustion at Baihui (GV 20) for intractable facial paralysis and its impacts on immunoglobulin]
    Hong Wei Wang
    Department of Examine, Affiliated Hospital of Gansu College of TCM, Lanzhou 730020, China
    Zhongguo Zhen Jiu 33:306-8. 2013
  8. doi Comprehensive facial rehabilitation improves function in people with facial paralysis: a 5-year experience at the Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary
    Robin W Lindsay
    Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, National Naval Medical Center, 8901 Wisconsin Ave, Bethesda, MD 20889, USA
    Phys Ther 90:391-7. 2010
  9. ncbi Hypoglossal-facial nerve anastomosis: assessment of clinical results and patient benefit for facial nerve palsy following acoustic neuroma excision
    S Sood
    Department of Otolaryngology, Leeds General Infirmary, United Leeds Teaching Hospitals, UK
    Clin Otolaryngol Allied Sci 25:219-26. 2000
  10. ncbi Cerebellar arteriovenous malformation with facial paralysis, hearing loss, and tinnitus: a case report
    Masahiro Kikuchi
    Department of Otolaryngology, Kobe City General Hospital, Japan
    Otol Neurotol 23:723-6. 2002

Detail Information

Publications230 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi The effectiveness of neuromuscular facial retraining combined with electromyography in facial paralysis rehabilitation
    Gaye W Cronin
    Department of The Atlanta Ear Clinic, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 128:534-8. 2003
    ..The study goal was to present the effectiveness of neuromuscular facial retraining techniques used in combination with electromyography for improving facial function even in cases of longstanding paralysis...
  2. ncbi Assessing impairment and disability of facial paralysis in patients with vestibular schwannoma
    John Lee
    Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 133:56-60. 2007
    ..To evaluate facial impairment and disability with respect to quality of life in patients with facial paresis after vestibular schwannoma surgery...
  3. ncbi Management of facial paralysis resulting from temporal bone fractures: Our experience in 115 cases
    V Darrouzet
    Department of Otorhinolaryngology, University Hospital of Bordeaux, France
    Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 125:77-84. 2001
    ..The goal of this study was to review decision factors and overall results regarding surgical and nonsurgical management of post-traumatic facial nerve paralysis (FP)...
  4. ncbi Approximation of the eyelids using Steri-Strips for effective eye closure
    Danish Imran
    Plast Reconstr Surg 113:1518-9. 2004
  5. ncbi Nerve regeneration through nerve autografts and cold preserved allografts using tacrolimus (FK506) in a facial paralysis model: a topographical and neurophysiological study in monkeys
    Bernardo Hontanilla
    Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Clinica Universitaria, University of Navarra, Pamplona, Spain
    Neurosurgery 58:768-79; discussion 768-79. 2006
    ..We study nerve regeneration through cold preserved nerve allografts temporarily treated with FK506 and compare it with the regeneration obtained using classic nerve autografts in a facial paralysis model in monkeys.
  6. ncbi Non-polio enteroviruses associated with acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) and facial paralysis (FP) cases in Romania, 2001-2008
    Ana Persu
    NIRDMI Cantacuzino Bucharest, Romania
    Roum Arch Microbiol Immunol 68:20-6. 2009
    ..2%). The paper provides information about NPEV circulation in Romania in the past 8 years, about its association with the AFP and FP and it indicates the need for monitoring NPEV circulation even after the eradication of poliomyelitis...
  7. ncbi [Moxibustion at Baihui (GV 20) for intractable facial paralysis and its impacts on immunoglobulin]
    Hong Wei Wang
    Department of Examine, Affiliated Hospital of Gansu College of TCM, Lanzhou 730020, China
    Zhongguo Zhen Jiu 33:306-8. 2013
    ..To observe the efficacy of moxibustion at Baihui (GV 20) on intractable facial paraly sis and the impacts on immune globulin IgA, IgG and IgM...
  8. doi Comprehensive facial rehabilitation improves function in people with facial paralysis: a 5-year experience at the Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary
    Robin W Lindsay
    Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, National Naval Medical Center, 8901 Wisconsin Ave, Bethesda, MD 20889, USA
    Phys Ther 90:391-7. 2010
    ..However, quantitative improvements in function after facial rehabilitation in people with chronic facial paralysis have not been shown.
  9. ncbi Hypoglossal-facial nerve anastomosis: assessment of clinical results and patient benefit for facial nerve palsy following acoustic neuroma excision
    S Sood
    Department of Otolaryngology, Leeds General Infirmary, United Leeds Teaching Hospitals, UK
    Clin Otolaryngol Allied Sci 25:219-26. 2000
    ..However the Glasgow benefit score was significantly influenced by age (P = 0.023) with younger patients showing more benefit independent of improvement in facial nerve function...
  10. ncbi Cerebellar arteriovenous malformation with facial paralysis, hearing loss, and tinnitus: a case report
    Masahiro Kikuchi
    Department of Otolaryngology, Kobe City General Hospital, Japan
    Otol Neurotol 23:723-6. 2002
    ..To describe cerebellar arteriovenous malformation in a 21-year-old man with symptoms resembling those of ear disease and to discuss the relationship between the findings of neurotologic examination and magnetic resonance imaging...
  11. ncbi A systematic comprehensive approach to management of irreversible facial paralysis
    Raymond S Douglas
    University of Pennsylvania, Department of Ophthalmology, Scheie Eye Institute, Philadelphia 19104, USA
    Facial Plast Surg 19:107-12. 2003
    ..Facial rehabilitation must be tailored to each individual, addressing both functional as well as aesthetic concerns for each facial unit...
  12. ncbi Facial paralysis
    James E Benecke
    Ear and Hearing Specialists, Inc, 3023 North Ballas Road, 675, Missouri Baptist Medical Center, St Louis, MO 63131, USA
    Otolaryngol Clin North Am 35:357-65. 2002
    This discussion of facial paralysis as it relates to otology and neuro-otology is a mere primer of all that is known about this complex topic...
  13. doi Surgical site infections after gracilis free flap reconstruction for facial paralysis
    Linda N Lee
    Department of Otolaryngology, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, USA
    Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 147:245-8. 2012
    ..These data may have implications for the optimal perioperative antibiotic choice in facial reanimation cases. Further study is needed to determine the ideal antibiotic regimen for this category of free flap surgeries...
  14. ncbi Varicella-zoster virus reactivation is an important cause of acute peripheral facial paralysis in children
    Yasushi Furuta
    Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Hokkaido University Graduate School of Medicine, Sapporo, Japan
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 24:97-101. 2005
    Reactivation of herpes simplex virus type 1 is thought to be a major cause of adult idiopathic peripheral facial paralysis or Bell's palsy. However, few studies have examined the pathogenesis of this condition in children...
  15. doi When the bell tolls on Bell's palsy: finding occult malignancy in acute-onset facial paralysis
    Alicia M Quesnel
    Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Boston, MA 02114, USA
    Am J Otolaryngol 31:339-42. 2010
    This study reports 4 cases of occult parotid malignancy presenting with sudden-onset facial paralysis to demonstrate that failure to regain tone 6 months after onset distinguishes these patients from Bell's palsy patients with delayed ..
  16. ncbi Physical therapy for facial paralysis: a tailored treatment approach
    J S Brach
    Department of Physical Therapy, School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    Phys Ther 79:397-404. 1999
    Bell palsy is an acute facial paralysis of unknown etiology. Although recovery from Bell palsy is expected without intervention, clinical experience suggests that recovery is often incomplete...
  17. ncbi Successful oral doxycycline treatment of Lyme disease-associated facial palsy and meningitis
    L Dotevall
    Department of Infectious Diseases, Institute of Internal Medicine, Goteborg University, Sweden
    Clin Infect Dis 28:569-74. 1999
    ..Our conclusion is that oral doxycycline is an effective and convenient therapy for Lyme disease-associated facial palsy...
  18. ncbi Outcomes with eye reanimation microsurgery
    Julia K Terzis
    Department of Surgery, Division Plastic Surgery, International Institute of Reconstructive Microsurgery, Microsurgical Research Center, Eastern Virginia Medical School, Lewis Hall, Rm 2055, Norfolk, VA 23501, USA
    Facial Plast Surg 18:101-12. 2002
    ..Accurate measurement of the results of these interventions remains a considerable challenge in the field of eye reanimation microsurgery...
  19. ncbi The treatment of unilateral and bilateral facial palsy using free muscle transfers
    Douglas H Harrison
    Regional Plastic Surgery Centre, Mount Vernon Hospital, Northwood, Middlesex, HA6 2RN, UK
    Clin Plast Surg 29:539-49, vi. 2002
    ..Although recovery of movement is high, the search for refinement and symmetry continues. This article encapsulates the author's philosophy in trying to achieve these goals...
  20. ncbi Combination of hypoglossal-facial nerve jump graft by end-to-side neurorrhaphy and cross-face nerve graft for the treatment of facial paralysis
    Kazuki Ueda
    Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Fukushima Medical University, Fukushima, Japan
    J Reconstr Microsurg 23:181-7. 2007
    ..cross-face nerve graft and the interpositional jump graft were performed simultaneously for 13 patients with facial paralysis. The period between the onset of paralysis and surgery ranged from 3 to 32 weeks...
  21. doi "Babysitter" procedure with concomitant muscle transfer in facial paralysis
    Julia K Terzis
    Department of Surgery, Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Microsurgical Research Center, Eastern Virginia Medical School, Norfolk, VA 23501, USA
    Plast Reconstr Surg 124:1142-56. 2009
    ..In long-lasting paralysis, nonetheless, the babysitter procedure may need to be combined with a muscle(s) flap(s) for outcome upgrading, which was the focus of the present study...
  22. ncbi A comparison of commissure excursion following gracilis muscle transplantation for facial paralysis using a cross-face nerve graft versus the motor nerve to the masseter nerve
    Yong Chan Bae
    Division of Plastic Surgery, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario M5G 1X8, Canada
    Plast Reconstr Surg 117:2407-13. 2006
    ..transfer of a free muscle transplant is the procedure of choice for facial animation in a child with facial paralysis. One of the critical factors of this procedure is the selection of a motor nerve to innervate the ..
  23. ncbi Cross-face nerve graft with free-muscle transfer for reanimation of the paralyzed face: a comparative study of the single-stage and two-stage procedures
    P A Vinod Kumar
    Merseyside Regional Plastic Surgery Centre, Whiston Hospital, Prescot, Liverpool, UK
    Plast Reconstr Surg 109:451-62; discussion 463-4. 2002
    ..There were fewer complications with the single-stage method, and none of the patients had any problems relating to the donor site. The period of rehabilitation was reduced by 10 months with the single-stage method...
  24. ncbi Technique evolution for facial paralysis reconstruction using functioning free muscle transplantation--experience of Chang Gung Memorial Hospital
    David Chwei Chin Chuang
    Department of Plastic Surgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital Chang Gung University, 199 Tung Hwa North Road, Taipei, Taiwan 105, Taiwan
    Clin Plast Surg 29:449-59, v. 2002
    ....
  25. ncbi Malignant parotid tumor and facial palsy
    Chun Chi Huang
    Department of Otolaryngology, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan
    Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 136:778-82. 2007
    ..To evaluate risk factors for postoperative facial palsy in patients with parotid carcinoma...
  26. ncbi Temporalis tendon transfer as part of a comprehensive approach to facial reanimation
    Patrick J Byrne
    Division of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Arch Facial Plast Surg 9:234-41. 2007
    To report an approach to facial paralysis in patients for whom dynamic adjacent muscle transfer is determined to be the best treatment option.
  27. ncbi Management of facial paralysis in temporal bone fractures: a prospective study analyzing 11 operated fractures
    Tuncay Ulug
    Department of Otolaryngology, Istanbul Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul University, Turkey
    Am J Otolaryngol 26:230-8. 2005
    This study was instituted to evaluate patients operated on for traumatic facial paralysis.
  28. doi Efficacy of glial growth factor and nerve growth factor on the recovery of traumatic facial paralysis
    Mucahit Yildiz
    Medical Faculty, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Firat University, 23119 Elazig, Turkey
    Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 268:1127-33. 2011
    ..However, further studies on human studies are required to support these results...
  29. doi Parotid tumors: a 10-year experience
    Ching Chia Lin
    Department of Otolaryngology, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan
    Am J Otolaryngol 29:94-100. 2008
    ..The aim of the present study was to analyze the clinical presentation, histopathology, and complications of parotid tumors, as well as the management of malignant parotid tumors...
  30. ncbi Positive effects of mime therapy on sequelae of facial paralysis: stiffness, lip mobility, and social and physical aspects of facial disability
    Carien H G Beurskens
    Department of Physiotherapy, University Medical Center Nijmegen, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Otol Neurotol 24:677-81. 2003
    Evaluation of the effect of mime therapy, a novel therapy combining mime and physiotherapy, for patients with longstanding (at least 9 months) sequelae of unilateral peripheral facial paralysis.
  31. ncbi Facial nerve paralysis due to chronic otitis media
    Sertac Yetiser
    Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Gulhane Medical School, Etlik, 06018 Ankara, Turkey
    Otol Neurotol 23:580-8. 2002
    To present the characteristics of facial paralysis caused by chronic otitis media. The role of cholesteatoma, bony dehiscence, the duration of the disease, and the results of surgical therapy in facial paralysis were reviewed.
  32. ncbi An analysis of diagnostic delay in unilateral facial paralysis
    A Alaani
    Department of Otorhinolaryngology, University Hospital Birmingham, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Birmingham, UK
    J Laryngol Otol 119:184-8. 2005
    ..Radiologists with a special interest and experience in otoneurological radiology should ideally report these images, and a close co-operation between ENT surgeon and radiologist is essential in arriving at a proper diagnosis...
  33. ncbi Lyme borreliosis and facial paralysis--a prospective analysis of risk factors and outcome
    Miikka Peltomaa
    Department of Otolaryngology, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, Finland
    Am J Otolaryngol 23:125-32. 2002
    To evaluate the incidence of Lyme borreliosis in patients with acute idiopathic facial paralysis with special emphasis on the risk factors that explain the poor outcome of facial paralysis and occurrence of Lyme borreliosis.
  34. ncbi Patients' perspectives on the ocular symptoms of facial paralysis after gold weight implantation
    Ahmet Sonmez
    Marmara University Hospital, Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Altunizade, Istanbul, Turkey
    J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg 61:1065-8. 2008
    Upper lid loading for the treatment of lagophthalmos resulting from facial paralysis is a simple and effective procedure with relatively few side effects and complications...
  35. ncbi Facial nerve function after parotidectomy for neoplasms with deep localization
    Maurizio Marchesi
    Department of Surgical Sciences, University La Sapienza, Rome, Italy
    Surg Today 36:308-11. 2006
    ..To determine whether the deep location of a parotid gland neoplasm is specific risk factor for facial nerve paralysis after parotidectomy...
  36. doi Blink restoration in adult facial paralysis
    Julia K Terzis
    Department of Surgery, Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Microsurgery Program, Eastern Virginia Medical School, Norfolk, VA 23501, USA
    Plast Reconstr Surg 126:126-39. 2010
    Impaired eyelid function in facial paralysis patients is a serious disability that can even threaten vision...
  37. doi Reanimation of the middle and lower face in facial paralysis: review of the literature and personal approach
    Shadi Ghali
    Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Royal Free Hospital, Pond Street, London NW3 2QG, UK
    J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg 64:423-31. 2011
    b>Facial paralysis refers to a condition in which all or portions of the facial nerve are paralysed...
  38. ncbi Upper eyelid gold weight implantation in the Asian patient with facial paralysis
    P H Choo
    Department of Ophthalmology at the University of California Davis, Sacramento, Calif, 95817, USA
    Plast Reconstr Surg 105:855-9. 2000
    Patients with facial paralysis may develop ophthalmic complications...
  39. ncbi Facial nerve palsy due to temporal bone metastasis from hepatocellular carcinoma
    Michiaki Nagai
    J Gastroenterol Hepatol 20:1131-2. 2005
  40. ncbi Facial paralysis caused by metastasis of breast carcinoma to the temporal bone
    Ming Ying Lan
    Department of Otolaryngology, National Yang Ming University School of Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC
    J Chin Med Assoc 67:587-90. 2004
    ..Here is a report on a case of breast carcinoma presenting with otalgia, otorrhea, and facial paralysis for 2 months...
  41. ncbi Facial nerve paralysis caused by middle ear cholesteatoma and effects of surgical intervention
    Minoru Ikeda
    Department of Otolaryngology, Nihon University School of Medicine, Oyaguchi Kamimachi, Tokyo, Japan
    Acta Otolaryngol 126:95-100. 2006
    The clinical and surgical findings of this study indicated advanced cholesteatoma in many patients with facial paralysis. The outcome of facial paralysis was good...
  42. doi Free tissue transfer for the treatment of facial paralysis
    David Chwei Chin Chuang
    Department of Plastic Surgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chang Gung University, Taipei Linkou, Taiwan
    Facial Plast Surg 24:194-203. 2008
    Long-standing facial paralysis requires the introduction of viable, innervated dynamic muscle to restore facial movement. The options include regional muscle transfer and microvascular free tissue transfer...
  43. doi Overview of facial paralysis: current concepts
    Thuy Anh N Melvin
    Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, Maryland 21287, USA
    Facial Plast Surg 24:155-63. 2008
    b>Facial paralysis represents the end result of a wide array of disorders and heterogeneous etiologies, including congenital, traumatic, infectious, neoplastic, and metabolic causes...
  44. doi Botulinum toxin injection in long-standing facial paralysis patients: improvement of facial symmetry observed up to 6 months
    Alessandra Grassi Salles
    Division of Plastic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Aesthetic Plast Surg 33:582-90. 2009
    Despite modern reanimation surgical techniques, facial paralysis presents with functional and aesthetic deficits...
  45. doi Suprascapular nerve as a donor for extracranial facial nerve reanimation procedures: a cadaveric feasibility study
    R Shane Tubbs
    Section of Pediatric Neurosurgery, Children s Hospital, Birmingham, Alabama 35233, USA
    J Neurosurg 108:145-8. 2008
    ..Facial nerve injury with resultant facial muscle paralysis is disfiguring and disabling. To the authors' knowledge, neurotization of the facial nerve using a branch of the brachial plexus has not been previously performed...
  46. doi Middle ear adenoma diagnosed by recurrent facial paralysis
    Eri Mori
    Department of Otolaryngology, The Jikei University School of Medicine, 3 25 8 Nishishinbasi, Minatoku, Tokyo, 105 8461, Japan
    Auris Nasus Larynx 36:75-8. 2009
    ..We describe a case of middle ear adenoma that caused hearing loss and recurrent facial paralysis in a 29-year-old woman...
  47. ncbi [Cervico-facial and ENT symptoms due to HIV infection in tropical area. About 253 Congolese cases]
    G Ondzotto
    Service d O R L et de Chirurgie Cervico Faciale, BP 13356, Brazzaville, Congo
    Bull Soc Pathol Exot 97:59-63. 2004
    ..7%) and larynx (1.3%). These main affections are represented by: parotidosis (20.1%), peripheric facial paralysis (15.4%), pharyngeal candidiasis (14.6%), sinusitis (14.2%) and ganglial tuberculosis (11.5%)...
  48. doi Long-term outcomes of free-muscle transfer for smile restoration in adults
    Julia K Terzis
    International Institute of Reconstructive Microsurgery, Microsurgery Program, Department of Surgery, Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Eastern Virginia Medical School, Norfolk, VA 23501, USA
    Plast Reconstr Surg 123:877-88. 2009
    ..The purpose of this study was to evaluate the long-term outcomes of this technique in adult patients...
  49. ncbi Partial lesions of the intratemporal segment of the facial nerve: graft versus partial reconstruction
    Ricardo F Bento
    Department of Otolaryngology, University of Sao Paulo, Medical School, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 117:665-9. 2008
    ....
  50. doi Long-term outcomes of free muscle transfer for smile restoration in children
    Julia K Terzis
    Department of Surgery, Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, International Institute of Reconstructive Microsurgery, Eastern Virginia Medical School, Norfolk, VA 23501, USA
    Plast Reconstr Surg 123:543-55. 2009
    ..This study evaluated the fate of free-muscle transfer over long follow-up periods in pediatric patients...
  51. pmc Management of peripheral facial nerve palsy
    Josef Finsterer
    Neurological Department, Krankenanstalt Rudolfstiftung, Postfach 20, 1180, Vienna, Austria
    Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 265:743-52. 2008
    ..Prognosis of Bell's palsy is fair with complete recovery in about 80% of the cases, 15% experience some kind of permanent nerve damage and 5% remain with severe sequelae...
  52. doi Management of the brow in facial paralysis
    Noah E Meltzer
    Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Johns Hopkins Outpatient Center, Baltimore, Maryland 21287 1910, USA
    Facial Plast Surg 24:216-9. 2008
    Management of the brow remains a challenging, important, and gratifying area in the care of facial paralysis patients. Aged facial paralysis patients generally require surgical management of brow ptosis...
  53. ncbi Neurovascularized free short head of the biceps femoris muscle transfer for one-stage reanimation of facial paralysis
    Akiteru Hayashi
    Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery of Toho University Sakura Hospital, Sakura City, Chiba, Japan
    Plast Reconstr Surg 115:394-405. 2005
    ..of the short head of the biceps femoris muscle with a long motor nerve for reanimation of established facial paralysis in seven patients...
  54. doi Ocular outcomes after gold weight placement and facial nerve resection
    Ali Razfar
    Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 140:82-5. 2009
    ..To assess the effectiveness of acute gold weight placement after facial nerve resection and to determine the role of concomitant lower eyelid procedures...
  55. doi Facial palsy: anatomy, etiology, grading, and surgical treatment
    Gedge D Rosson
    Department of Surgery, Division of Plastic, Reconstructive, and Maxillofacial Surgery, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21287, USA
    J Reconstr Microsurg 24:379-89. 2008
    ..anatomy, etiology, facial nerve syndromes, and grading schemes, we detail our approach to the patient with facial paralysis. In reviewing our methods, we discuss the organ-based timing protocol, along with recent advancements in ..
  56. ncbi Use of a suture anchor for correction of ectropion in facial paralysis
    Akiteru Hayashi
    Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Toho University Sakura Hospital, Sakura City, Chiba, Japan
    Plast Reconstr Surg 115:234-9. 2005
  57. ncbi [Restoration of lid function in peripheral facial palsy by implanting gold weights]
    N Pausch
    Klinik und Poliklinik fur Mund, Kiefer und Plastische Gesichtschirurgie, Universitat Leipzig, Nürnberger Strasse 57, 04103, Leipzig
    Mund Kiefer Gesichtschir 10:135-40. 2006
    ..The implantation of a rigid gold weight is one technique to improve eyelid closure. The effectiveness of lid loading was investigated, taking into consideration complications ascribed to rigid implants...
  58. ncbi Muscle activity in the partially paralyzed face after placement of a fascial sling: a preliminary report
    Frederic W B Deleyiannis
    Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, University of Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    Ann Plast Surg 55:449-55. 2005
    ..Neuromuscular re-education (ie, physical therapy) is often the first treatment given to patients with a partial facial paralysis. The purpose of this paper was to examine whether by repositioning and supporting partially paretic muscles ..
  59. doi Single-stage facial reanimation in the surgical treatment of unilateral established facial paralysis
    Federico Biglioli
    Department of Medicine, Division of Maxillofacial Surgery, San Paolo Hospital, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
    Plast Reconstr Surg 124:124-33. 2009
    Surgical treatment of unilateral long-standing facial paralysis requires transposition of new musculature to restore the function of the atrophied mimetic musculature...
  60. doi Sunnybrook facial grading system: reliability and criteria for grading
    J Gail Neely
    Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, 660 S Euclid Avenue, Box 8115, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Laryngoscope 120:1038-45. 2010
    ..The hypothesis was that even in naïve observers, specific criteria improve reliability...
  61. ncbi Clinical factors that influence the prognosis of facial nerve paralysis and the magnitudes of influence
    Minoru Ikeda
    Department of Otolaryngology, Nihon University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan
    Laryngoscope 115:855-60. 2005
    ..To show the significance of various factors when predicting the outcome of facial nerve paralysis...
  62. doi Palpebral spring in the management of lagophthalmos and exposure keratopathy secondary to facial nerve palsy
    Hakan Demirci
    Department of Ophthalmology, W K Kellogg Eye Center, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48105, USA
    Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg 25:270-5. 2009
    ..To evaluate the use of a palpebral spring, a dynamic facial reanimation technique, in the management of lagophthalmos and exposure keratopathy secondary to facial nerve palsy...
  63. ncbi Significance of House-Brackmann facial nerve grading global score in the setting of differential facial nerve function
    Thomas L Yen
    Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, University of California, San Francisco 94143 0342, USA
    Otol Neurotol 24:118-22. 2003
    ..To determine the clinical significance of the House-Brackmann facial nerve grading scale (HBFNGS) in the setting of differential function along the branches of the facial nerve...
  64. doi Outcomes of static and dynamic facial nerve repair in head and neck cancer
    Tim A Iseli
    Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Royal Melbourne Hospital, Parkville, Victoria, Australia
    Laryngoscope 120:478-83. 2010
    ..Determine outcomes associated with nerve grafting versus static repair following facial nerve resection...
  65. doi [Conservative treatment and rehabilitation in peripheral facial palsy]
    T Paternostro-Sluga
    Klinik für Physikalische Medizin und Rehabilitation, Medizinische Universität Wien, Allgemeines Krankenhaus Wien, Waehringer Guertel 18 20, Vienna, Austria
    Handchir Mikrochir Plast Chir 42:109-14. 2010
    b>Facial paralysis may be treated by physical therapies with different therapeutic strategies and devices. Exercise therapy, electrotherapy, massage, lymph-drainage, biofeedback therapy are applied...
  66. doi Nerve repair and cable grafting for facial paralysis
    Clinton D Humphrey
    Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, Kansas 66160, USA
    Facial Plast Surg 24:170-6. 2008
    Facial nerve injury and facial paralysis are devastating for patients. Although imperfect, primary repair is currently the best option to restore facial nerve function...
  67. ncbi Characteristics of facial nerve palsy during childhood in Japan: frequency of varicella-zoster virus association
    Satoko Ogita
    Department of Pediatrics, Kawasaki Medical School, Kurashiki City, Okayama Prefecture, Japan
    Pediatr Int 48:245-9. 2006
    ..The aim of this study was to clarify the clinical characteristics of facial nerve palsy and the frequency of varicella-zoster virus association in Japanese children, retrospectively...
  68. ncbi Diagnostic relevance of transcranial magnetic and electric stimulation of the facial nerve in the management of facial palsy
    Dennis A Nowak
    Department of Psychiatry III, University of Ulm, Germany
    Clin Neurophysiol 116:2051-7. 2005
    ....
  69. ncbi Nerve sources for facial reanimation with muscle transplant in patients with unilateral facial palsy: clinical analysis of 3 techniques
    Jose Carlos M Faria
    Division of Plastic Surgery, Hospital das Clinicas, Rua Maestro Cardim 377, CEP 01323 000 Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil
    Ann Plast Surg 59:87-91. 2007
    ..The results obtained with 1-stage facial reanimation with masseteric nerve were more uniform and predictable than those obtained with the other techniques evaluated in this study...
  70. ncbi Reliability of the "Sydney," "Sunnybrook," and "House Brackmann" facial grading systems to assess voluntary movement and synkinesis after facial nerve paralysis
    Susan E Coulson
    School of Physiotherapy, The University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia
    Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 132:543-9. 2005
    ....
  71. ncbi Facial motor cortex plasticity in patients with unilateral peripheral facial paralysis
    S Yildiz
    Department of Clinical Neurophysiology, Medical School Hospital, Ege University, Izmir, Turkey
    NeuroRehabilitation 22:133-40. 2007
    ..representation area expands towards the area of the perioral facial motor cortex in patients with peripheral facial paralysis (PFP) and in hemifacial spasm cases treated with botulinum toxin...
  72. ncbi Evaluation of a new measurement tool for facial paralysis reconstruction
    Laura R Tomat
    Division of Plastic Surgery, University Health Network, Toronto General Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Plast Reconstr Surg 115:696-704. 2005
    Evaluation of facial movement, including distance and direction, is essential for anyone interested in facial paralysis reconstruction...
  73. ncbi Prognostic value of electroneurography and electromyography in facial palsy
    Maria Grosheva
    Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany
    Laryngoscope 118:394-7. 2008
    ..To compare the prognostic value of electroneurography (ENG) and needle electromyography (EMG) to estimate facial function outcome after acute facial palsy...
  74. ncbi Primary and non-primary parotid malignancies: comparison of treatment modalities and outcomes
    Sylvain Moriniere
    Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University Francois Rabelais, Bretonneau Hospital, 4 Bd Tonnellé, 37044, Tours Cedex 1, France
    Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 264:1231-7. 2007
    ....
  75. ncbi Facial nerve palsy after head injury: Case incidence, causes, clinical profile and outcome
    Timothy Olugbenga Odebode
    Department of Surgery, Neurosurgery Unit, College of Medicine, University of Ilorin, P M B 1515, Ilorin, Nigeria
    J Trauma 61:388-91. 2006
    ..To investigate the case incidence, causes, clinical profile, and outcome of facial nerve palsy complicating head trauma...
  76. doi Nerve transfers in facial palsy
    Julia K Terzis
    Microsurgical Research Center, Eastern Virginia Medical School, Norfolk, Virginia 23501, USA
    Facial Plast Surg 24:177-93. 2008
    The facial paralysis patient suffers serious functional, cosmetic, and psychological problems with impaired ability to communicate...
  77. doi Razi's description and treatment of facial paralysis
    Seyed Mahmood Tabatabaei
    Department of Psychiatry, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
    Arch Iran Med 14:73-5. 2011
    In the modern medical era, facial paralysis is linked with the name of Charles Bell. This disease, which is usually unilateral and is a peripheral facial palsy, causes facial muscle weakness in the affected side...
  78. doi Patient satisfaction after lid loading in facial palsy
    Thomas Schrom
    Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Helios Clinics Bad Saarow, Bad Saarow, Germany
    Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 266:1727-31. 2009
    ..When compared with conventional gold implants, patients who have been treated with a flexible platinum chain are overall more satisfied and have a more favorable subjective view of the cosmetic results...
  79. ncbi Lengthening temporalis myoplasty and lip reanimation
    D Labbe
    Department of Maxillofacial and Plastic Surgery, Caen University Hospital, France
    Plast Reconstr Surg 105:1289-97; discussion 1298. 2000
    ..new surgical technique of myoplasty of the temporalis muscle applied to the treatment of permanent peripheral facial paralysis. It consists of a muscle lengthening, using the totality of the temporalis muscle and the transfer of its ..
  80. doi [Lenghtening temporalis myoplasty V.2. and lip reanimation]
    D Labbe
    4, place Fontette, 14000 Caen, France
    Ann Chir Plast Esthet 54:571-6. 2009
    ..The surgery is easier, quicker and the postoperative care are simplified. The coronoid process is osteotomised throught the nasolabial approach avoiding the zygoma's osteotomy...
  81. ncbi [Peripheral facial paralysis: etiology, diagnosis and treatment]
    S Santos-Lasaosa
    Servicio de Neurologia, Hospital Clinico Universitario Lozano Blesa, Zaragoza, Espana
    Rev Neurol 30:1048-53. 2000
    Peripheral facial paralysis is one of the commonest mononeuropathies...
  82. doi Recurrent cancer of the parotid gland: how well does salvage surgery work for locoregional failure?
    Kenya Kobayashi
    Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, 7 3 1 Hongo, Bunkyo ku, Tokyo 113 8655, Japan
    ORL J Otorhinolaryngol Relat Spec 71:239-43. 2009
    ..Many articles have discussed the clinical features of previously untreated parotid cancer, but the clinical characteristics and treatment of recurrent parotid cancer have not yet been fully described...
  83. doi Facial reanimation with masseteric nerve: babysitter or permanent procedure? Preliminary results
    Jose Carlos Marques Faria
    Division of Plastic Surgery, Hospital das Clinicas, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Ann Plast Surg 64:31-4. 2010
    The authors are presenting a series of 10 cases of complete unilateral facial paralysis submitted to (I) end-to-end microsurgical coaptation of the masseteric branch of the trigeminal nerve and distal branches of the paralyzed facial ..
  84. ncbi 44 cases of peripheral facial paralysis treated by the SXDZ-100 nerve and muscle stimulator
    Jin sheng Yang
    Institute of Acu moxibustion, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing 100700, China
    J Tradit Chin Med 29:182-5. 2009
    To observe the clinical effects of the Hua Tuo Manual Acupuncture Therapeutic Stimulator for peripheral facial paralysis.
  85. ncbi Weight measurement of upper eyelid gold implants for lagophthalmos in facial paralysis
    B Hontanilla
    Departamento de Cirugía Plástica y Reparadora, Clinica Universitaria, Universidad de Navarra, Pamplona, Spain
    Plast Reconstr Surg 108:1539-43. 2001
    ..The results show that an addition of 0.2 g to the gold weight estimated in the trial is required to achieve a similar closure of the eye by means of the gold implant on the tarsal plate...
  86. ncbi A new classification system for facial paralysis in the clinical setting
    Louise M Westin
    Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Craniofac Surg 14:672-9. 2003
    A review of the literature on clinical manifestations of facial paralysis shows a lack of well-integrated, cohesive methods of classification...
  87. ncbi [Association of peripheral facial paralysis in patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection]
    P Casanova Sotolongo
    , Beira, Mozambique
    Rev Neurol 32:327-30. 2001
    ..The objective of this study is to show the possible association of peripheral facial paralysis (PFP) in persons who test positive for HIV, which because of the characteristics of outpatient management is ..
  88. doi The effect of famciclovir on delayed facial paralysis after acoustic tumor resection
    Derald E Brackmann
    House Ear Institute, House Ear Clinic, Los Angeles, California 90057, USA
    Laryngoscope 118:1617-20. 2008
    ..To determine the efficacy of prophylactic famciclovir to significantly reduce the percentage of patients experiencing postoperative delayed facial paresis...
  89. doi Facial animation in children with Moebius and Moebius-like syndromes
    Bernardo Bianchi
    Maxillofacial Surgery, Head and Neck Department, University of Parma, 14 43100 Parma, Italy
    J Pediatr Surg 44:2236-42. 2009
    ..The paralysis of the VI and VII cranial nerves leads to a lack of function in the muscles they supply. Facial paralysis often causes bilabial incompetence with speech difficulties, oral incompetence, problems with eating and ..
  90. ncbi Delayed facial paralysis after vestibular schwannoma surgery: role of herpes viruses reactivation--our experience in eight cases
    Valerie Franco-Vidal
    Department of Otolaryngology, University Hospital of Bordeaux, France
    Otol Neurotol 25:805-10. 2004
    The objectives of this study were to study the role of herpes virus reactivation in the onset of delayed facial paralysis (DFP) occurring more than 72 hours after vestibular schwannoma (VS) surgery and to advocate specific medical ..
  91. doi Three-dimensional video analysis of the paralyzed face reanimated by cross-face nerve grafting and free gracilis muscle transplantation: quantification of the functional outcome
    Manfred Frey
    Department of Surgery, Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Medical University of Vienna, General Hospital Vienna, Vienna, Austria
    Plast Reconstr Surg 122:1709-22. 2008
    Surgeons have found it difficult to quantify facial paralysis and its improvement by reconstructive surgery...
  92. ncbi Clinical outcome of continuous facial nerve monitoring during primary parotidectomy
    J E Terrell
    Department of Otolaryngology, University of Michigan, Department of Veterans Affairs, Ann Arbor, USA
    Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 123:1081-7. 1997
    ..To assess whether continuous facial nerve monitoring during parotidectomy is associated with a lower incidence of facial nerve paresis or paralysis compared with parotidectomy without monitoring and to assess the cost of such monitoring...
  93. doi Total-length invasion of the facial nerve by parotid carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma
    Takeshi Tsutsumi
    Department of Oto Rhino Laryngology, Dokkyo Medical University Koshigaya Hospital, Minami Koshigaya, Saitama, Japan
    Auris Nasus Larynx 36:618-22. 2009
    ..CT of the temporal bone is strongly recommended for detection of swelling of the temporal bone segment of the nerve trunk, which could provide confirming evidence of invasion by a parotid carcinoma...
  94. pmc Compensatory expressive behavior for facial paralysis: adaptation to congenital or acquired disability
    Kathleen R Bogart
    Department of Psychology, Tufts University, 490 Boston Avenue, Medford, MA 02155, USA
    Rehabil Psychol 57:43-51. 2012
    ..We examined whether people with congenital facial paralysis (FP), compared to people with acquired FP, compensate more for impoverished facial expression by using ..
  95. ncbi Correction of ectropion in facial paralysis
    Daya Papalkar
    Plast Reconstr Surg 117:677; author reply 677-8. 2006
  96. doi Secondary surgery in adult facial paralysis reanimation
    Julia K Terzis
    Department of Surgery, Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, International Institute of Reconstructive Microsurgery, Microsurgery Program, Eastern Virginia Medical School, Norfolk, VA 23510, USA
    Plast Reconstr Surg 124:1916-31. 2009
    The series presented constitutes the entire experience with adult facial paralysis reanimation by a single surgeon over three decades...
  97. doi Paul Tessier's technique in the treatment of paralytic lagophthalmos by lengthening of the levator muscle: evaluation of 29 cases
    Marie Reine Guillou-Jamard
    Service de Chirurgie Maxillo Faciale et Chirurgie Plastique, Caen University Hospital, CHU de Caen, Caen, France
    Ann Plast Surg 67:S31-5. 2011
    Lagophthalmos is the major functional complication of facial paralysis because, in the absence of treatment, it can lead to corneal scarring and blindness...
  98. ncbi Herpes zoster oticus treated with acyclovir and prednisolone: clinical manifestations and analysis of prognostic factors
    J Y Ko
    Department of Otolaryngology, National Taiwan University Hospital, College of Medicine, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan
    Clin Otolaryngol Allied Sci 25:139-42. 2000
    ..Multiple nerve palsies and age had negative effects on the improvement...
  99. ncbi One-stage reanimation of the paralyzed face using the rectus abdominis neurovascular free flap
    Ali Sajjadian
    Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Physical Therapy, School of Health and Rehabilitative Sciences, University of Pennsylvania, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    Plast Reconstr Surg 117:1553-9. 2006
    Functional free muscle transfer for the surgical correction of long-standing facial paralysis has gained validity over the past three decades...
  100. doi Outcomes of direct muscle neurotisation in adult facial paralysis
    Julia K Terzis
    Department of Surgery, Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Microsurgery Program, Eastern Virginia Medical School, 700 Olney Road, LH 2055, Norfolk, VA 23501, USA
    J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg 64:174-84. 2011
    Fifty-seven adult patients with facial paralysis, who underwent direct muscle neurotisation, were reviewed and divided into three categories depending on the function that direct neurotisation was aiming to augment...
  101. ncbi Outcomes of periocular reconstruction for facial nerve paralysis in cancer patients
    Dominick Golio
    Section of Ophthalmology, The University of Texas M D Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030, USA
    Plast Reconstr Surg 119:1233-7. 2007
    ..The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of periocular reconstruction for facial nerve paralysis in cancer patients...

Research Grants19

  1. Fully Implantable Eye Blink Motor Neuroprosthesis for Facial Nerve Paralysis
    Daniel McDonnall; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..For patients with chronic facial paralysis, however, the restoration of functional eye blink will provide a profound improvement in quality of life, and ..
  2. Contribution of c-Jun N-terminal kinase activity to vestibular schwannoma growth
    Marlan R Hansen; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..They cause significant morbidity including deafness, tinnitus, facial paralysis, imbalance, and brainstem compression...
  3. Lyme neuroborreliosis pathogenesis in the rhesus monkey
    MARIO TOMAS PHILIPP; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..is a form of Lyme disease that affects both the peripheral and central nervous systems, causing facial paralysis, nerve pain, sensory loss, weakness, meningitis, neurocognitive abnormalities, and loss of memory...
  4. MOLECULAR BASIS OF CONGENITAL STRABISMUS
    Elizabeth C Engle; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..While each mutation causes CFEOM3, some also result in axonal neuropathy, facial paralysis, intellectual and behavioral impairments, and/or endocrine dysfunction...
  5. Phenotypic Determinants of Vestibular Schwannomas
    D Welling; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..by applicant): Vestibular schwannomas in humans can cause morbidity associated with hearing and balance loss, facial paralysis and paresthesias, and occasionally life-threatening brainstem compression...
  6. Compensatory Expressive Behavior for Social Functioning with Facial Paralysis
    Kathleen Rives Bogart; Fiscal Year: 2012
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Although facial paralysis (FP) is a relatively common condition, affecting 127,000 Americans each year, there is a serious gap in understanding social functioning for people with this socially ..
  7. MaqFACS: Measuring expressive movement in monkeys
    Lisa Parr; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..for understanding affective disorders of the face, including emotional expression deficits, various modes of facial paralysis, and specific speech disorders, researchers must describe the motor-component of the deficit...
  8. Blink Prosthesis for Facial Paralysis Patients
    Daniel McDonnall; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..blink prosthesis system produced in this program will provide a fundamental improvement in the treatment of facial paralysis. These improvements will apply to both the aesthetic and functional use of the paralyzed eyelid preventing ..
  9. NEURAL AND MECHANICAL REGULATION OF SLOW MYOSIN
    Karyn Esser; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..Muscle regeneration occurs following muscle transplant surgery for correction of facial paralysis or anal incontinence; following muscle damage due to mechanical, thermal, or metabolic stress; as well as its ..
  10. NEURAL AND MECHANICAL REGULATION OF SLOW MYOSIN
    Karyn Esser; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Muscle regeneration does occur following muscle transplant surgery for correction of facial paralysis; following muscle damage due to mechanical, thermal, or metabolic stress; as well as its association with ..
  11. Surgical Management of Facial Nerve Injury
    Theresa Hadlock; Fiscal Year: 2007
    unreadable] DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Facial paralysis represents a devastating clinical problem; management strategies to date remain inadequate...
  12. Bell's Palsy-Randomized Clinical Trial
    John Neely; Fiscal Year: 2007
    unreadable] DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Bell's palsy, the sudden onset of unilateral facial paralysis without identifiable cause involving all branches of the facial nerve, affects approximately 23/100,000 people each year...
  13. Herpesviruses in Vestibular Neuritis
    JEFFREY VRABEC; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..reactivation of latent herpes virus can result in acute dysfunction of a cranial nerve as is seen in acute facial paralysis in Bell's palsy (HSV) and Ramsay Hunt syndrome (VZV)...
  14. Gene Expression in Acute and Chronic Neurologic Disease
    Donald Gilden; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This concerted effort is focused on prospective studies to delineate the cause, pathogenesis and eventual prevention of viral and demyelinating diseases of the human nervous system. ..
  15. RPE-Mphi Binding: Ca++_&O2-_Dependent AMD Responses
    Victor Elner; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This new knowledge is likely to lead to advances in therapy, which may stem or prevent AMD. ..
  16. Cognitive Effects of Cerebellar Lesions in Humans
    JEREMY SCHMAHMANN; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This study has implications for the recognition and treatment of disorders of higher order function in cerebellar patients. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  17. ED Screening and Interventions for Hazardous Alcohol Use
    Brigitte Baumann; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The intent of this proposal is to join with 12 other participating EDs in a joint effort of SBIRT training and ED patient intervention. ..
  18. AMPHETAMINE ENHANCED STROKE RECOVERY--BURKE SRCI GROUP
    Larry Goldstein; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..However the treatment duration will be increased to a total of 10 sessions. ..