flatulence

Summary

Summary: Production or presence of gas in the gastrointestinal tract which may be expelled through the anus.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Physiologic changes of the anorectum after pelvic radiotherapy for the treatment of prostate and bladder cancer
    Rajeev S Kushwaha
    Department of Surgery, Royal Free and University College Medical School, and dagger Meyerstein Institute of Oncology, The Middlesex Hospital, London, United Kingdom
    Dis Colon Rectum 46:1182-8. 2003
  2. pmc Multilocus genotyping of human Giardia isolates suggests limited zoonotic transmission and association between assemblage B and flatulence in children
    Marianne Lebbad
    Department of Diagnostics and Vaccinology, Swedish Institute for Communicable Disease Control, Solna, Sweden
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 5:e1262. 2011
  3. ncbi Review article: the treatment of functional abdominal bloating and distension
    M Schmulson
    Laboratory of Liver, Pancreas and Motility, Department of Experimental Medicine Faculty of Medicine, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico UNAM, Mexico
    Aliment Pharmacol Ther 33:1071-86. 2011
  4. ncbi Probiotic bacteria Lactobacillus acidophilus NCFM and Bifidobacterium lactis Bi-07 versus placebo for the symptoms of bloating in patients with functional bowel disorders: a double-blind study
    Tamar Ringel-Kulka
    Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
    J Clin Gastroenterol 45:518-25. 2011
  5. pmc Development and psychometric testing of the Visual Analogue Scale for Irritable Bowel Syndrome (VAS-IBS)
    Mariette Bengtsson
    Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Medicine, Malmo University Hospital, Sweden
    BMC Gastroenterol 7:16. 2007
  6. ncbi Gastric distension and duodenal lipid infusion modulate intestinal gas transit and tolerance in humans
    Jordi Serra
    Digestive System Research Unit, Hospital General Vall d Hebron, Autonomous University of Barcelona, Spain
    Am J Gastroenterol 97:2225-30. 2002
  7. ncbi Gas distribution within the human gut: effect of meals
    Frederic Perez
    Digestive System Research Unit, University Hospital Vall d Hebron, Autonomous University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
    Am J Gastroenterol 102:842-9. 2007
  8. pmc Perceptions of flatulence from bean consumption among adults in 3 feeding studies
    Donna M Winham
    Nutrition Program, School of Nutrition and Health Promotion, Arizona State University, 500 North 3rd Street, Phoenix, AZ 85004 USA
    Nutr J 10:128. 2011
  9. pmc Anal gas evacuation and colonic microbiota in patients with flatulence: effect of diet
    Chaysavanh Manichanh
    Digestive System Research Unit, Departament de Medicina, University Hospital Vall d Hebron, Centro de Investigacion Biomedica en Red de Enfermedades Hepaticas y Digestivas CIBERehd, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
    Gut 63:401-8. 2014
  10. ncbi Impaired viscerosomatic reflexes and abdominal-wall dystony associated with bloating
    Fabrizio Tremolaterra
    Digestive System Research Unit, University Hospital Vall d Hebron, Autonomous University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
    Gastroenterology 130:1062-8. 2006

Detail Information

Publications240 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Physiologic changes of the anorectum after pelvic radiotherapy for the treatment of prostate and bladder cancer
    Rajeev S Kushwaha
    Department of Surgery, Royal Free and University College Medical School, and dagger Meyerstein Institute of Oncology, The Middlesex Hospital, London, United Kingdom
    Dis Colon Rectum 46:1182-8. 2003
    ..The effect of pelvic radiotherapy on anorectal function is not clearly documented and is investigated in this prospective study...
  2. pmc Multilocus genotyping of human Giardia isolates suggests limited zoonotic transmission and association between assemblage B and flatulence in children
    Marianne Lebbad
    Department of Diagnostics and Vaccinology, Swedish Institute for Communicable Disease Control, Solna, Sweden
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 5:e1262. 2011
    ..We tried to link different assemblages and sub-assemblages of G. intestinalis isolates from Swedish human patients to clinical symptoms and zoonotic transmission...
  3. ncbi Review article: the treatment of functional abdominal bloating and distension
    M Schmulson
    Laboratory of Liver, Pancreas and Motility, Department of Experimental Medicine Faculty of Medicine, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico UNAM, Mexico
    Aliment Pharmacol Ther 33:1071-86. 2011
    ..Abdominal bloating and distension are common symptoms in patients with functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs), however, relatively little is known about their treatment...
  4. ncbi Probiotic bacteria Lactobacillus acidophilus NCFM and Bifidobacterium lactis Bi-07 versus placebo for the symptoms of bloating in patients with functional bowel disorders: a double-blind study
    Tamar Ringel-Kulka
    Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
    J Clin Gastroenterol 45:518-25. 2011
    ..Recent data suggest a role for the intestinal microbiota in the pathogenesis of functional bowel disorders (FBDs). Probiotic studies in FBDs generated inconsistent results suggesting a strain-specific and product-specific effect...
  5. pmc Development and psychometric testing of the Visual Analogue Scale for Irritable Bowel Syndrome (VAS-IBS)
    Mariette Bengtsson
    Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Medicine, Malmo University Hospital, Sweden
    BMC Gastroenterol 7:16. 2007
    ..The Visual Analogue Scale for Irritable Bowel Syndrome (VAS-IBS) questionnaire was designed to measure the treatment response of symptoms and well-being in patients suffering from IBS...
  6. ncbi Gastric distension and duodenal lipid infusion modulate intestinal gas transit and tolerance in humans
    Jordi Serra
    Digestive System Research Unit, Hospital General Vall d Hebron, Autonomous University of Barcelona, Spain
    Am J Gastroenterol 97:2225-30. 2002
    ..However, the mechanisms responsible are unknown. Our aim was to analyze the specific influence of two meal-related factors, gastric distension, and intestinal nutrients, on intestinal gas dynamics and tolerance...
  7. ncbi Gas distribution within the human gut: effect of meals
    Frederic Perez
    Digestive System Research Unit, University Hospital Vall d Hebron, Autonomous University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
    Am J Gastroenterol 102:842-9. 2007
    ..Patients frequently complain of gas symptoms precipitated by meals, but the effect of early digestion on intestinal gas content remains unknown. Our aim was to determine the influence of meals on intestinal gas volume and distribution...
  8. pmc Perceptions of flatulence from bean consumption among adults in 3 feeding studies
    Donna M Winham
    Nutrition Program, School of Nutrition and Health Promotion, Arizona State University, 500 North 3rd Street, Phoenix, AZ 85004 USA
    Nutr J 10:128. 2011
    Many consumers avoid eating beans because they believe legume consumption will cause excessive intestinal gas or flatulence. An increasing body of research and the 2010 Dietary Guidelines for Americans supports the benefits of a plant-..
  9. pmc Anal gas evacuation and colonic microbiota in patients with flatulence: effect of diet
    Chaysavanh Manichanh
    Digestive System Research Unit, Departament de Medicina, University Hospital Vall d Hebron, Centro de Investigacion Biomedica en Red de Enfermedades Hepaticas y Digestivas CIBERehd, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
    Gut 63:401-8. 2014
    To characterise the influence of diet on abdominal symptoms, anal gas evacuation, intestinal gas distribution and colonic microbiota in patients complaining of flatulence.
  10. ncbi Impaired viscerosomatic reflexes and abdominal-wall dystony associated with bloating
    Fabrizio Tremolaterra
    Digestive System Research Unit, University Hospital Vall d Hebron, Autonomous University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
    Gastroenterology 130:1062-8. 2006
    ..Our aim was to determine whether the abdominal wall, specifically its adaptation to intra-abdominal volumes, plays a role...
  11. ncbi Effect of simethicone on lactulose-induced H2 production and gastrointestinal symptoms
    H Friis
    Department of Gastroenterology and Internal Medicine F, Gentofte University Hospital, Hellerup, Denmark
    Digestion 49:227-30. 1991
    ..There was no demonstrable effect of simethicone on symptoms or intestinal gas production caused by carbohydrate malabsorption...
  12. ncbi alpha-Galactosidase from Bacillus megaterium VHM1 and its application in removal of flatulence-causing factors from soymilk
    Aravind Goud G Patil
    Department of Biochemistry, Gulbarga University, Gulbarga 585 106, Karnataka 585 106, India
    J Microbiol Biotechnol 20:1546-54. 2010
    ..The B megaterium VHM1 enzyme treatment completely hydrolyzed flatulence-causing sugars of soymilk within one and half hour.
  13. ncbi Prevalence, characteristics, and impact of bloating symptoms in patients with irritable bowel syndrome
    Yehuda Ringel
    Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599 7080, USA
    Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 7:68-72; quiz 3. 2009
    ..We investigated the prevalence, characteristics, and impact of bloating symptoms in patients with IBS...
  14. ncbi Colonic responses to gas loads in subgroups of patients with abdominal bloating
    Ana C Hernando-Harder
    Digestive System Research Unit, University Hospital Vall d Hebron, Barcelona, Spain
    Am J Gastroenterol 105:876-82. 2010
    ..We sought to evaluate colonic gas accommodation, ileocecal competence, and colonic clearance in subgroups patients with abdominal bloating...
  15. ncbi Origin of gas retention and symptoms in patients with bloating
    Beatrice Salvioli
    Digestive System Research Unit, Hospital General Vall d Hebron, Autonomous University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
    Gastroenterology 128:574-9. 2005
    ..Patients reporting abdominal bloating exhibit impaired tolerance to intestinal gas loads. The aim of this study was to identify the gut compartment responsible for gas retention...
  16. ncbi Incidence of predominant methanogenic flora in irritable bowel syndrome patients and apparently healthy controls from North India
    S V Rana
    Department of Gastroenterology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India
    Dig Dis Sci 54:132-5. 2009
    b>Flatulence is a common symptom in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). This may be due to production of hydrogen by intestinal flora...
  17. ncbi Intestinal gases and flatulence: possible causes of occurrence
    Sven Kurbel
    Department of Physiology, Osijek Medical Faculty, J Huttlera 4, 31000 Osijek, Croatia
    Med Hypotheses 67:235-9. 2006
    ..Intestinal gases often accumulate and cause flatulence. This paper proposes a simple concept of intestinal gas occurrence based on our knowledge on gas resorption in ..
  18. ncbi Germs, gas and the gut; the evolving role of the enteric flora in IBS
    Eamonn M M Quigley
    Alimentary Pharmabiotic Center, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland
    Am J Gastroenterol 101:334-5. 2006
    ..overgrowth in some patients with IBS; the study discussed herein provides further support for this concept by describing an amelioration of bloating and flatulence following a short course of the poorly absorbed antibiotic, rifaximin.
  19. ncbi A randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial of rifaximin in patients with abdominal bloating and flatulence
    Ala I Sharara
    Gastroenterology Division, Department of Internal Medicine, American University of Beirut Medical Center, Beirut, Lebanon
    Am J Gastroenterol 101:326-33. 2006
    To study the efficacy of rifaximin, a nonabsorbable antibiotic, in relieving chronic functional symptoms of bloating and flatulence.
  20. pmc Anti-flatulence treatment and status epilepticus: a case of camphor intoxication
    J Guilbert
    Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Trousseau Children s Hospital, 26 avenue du Dr A Netter, 75012 Paris, France
    Emerg Med J 24:859-60. 2007
    ..that the nanny had given an abdominal massage to the child with an unlabelled solution reported to have anti-flatulence effects. Toxicological analysis of this solution revealed the presence of camphor...
  21. ncbi Novel process of fermenting black soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merrill] yogurt with dramatically reduced flatulence-causing oligosaccharides but enriched soy phytoalexins
    Shengbao Feng
    Department of Chemistry, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117543
    J Agric Food Chem 56:10078-84. 2008
    ..of black soybean under fungal stress for 3 days was sufficient to reduce stachyose and raffinose (which cause flatulence) by 92 and 80%, respectively. With a pH value of 4.42, a lactic acid content of 0...
  22. ncbi The effect of oral alpha-galactosidase on intestinal gas production and gas-related symptoms
    Michele Di Stefano
    Department of Medicine, IRCCS S Matteo Hospital, University of Pavia, P le Golgi 5, 27100 Pavia, Italy
    Dig Dis Sci 52:78-83. 2007
    Bloating, abdominal distention, and flatulence represent very frequent complaints in functional disorders but their pathophysiology and treatment are largely unknown...
  23. ncbi [Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth in patients with functional gastrointestinal diseases]
    Ana Maria Madrid
    Departamento de Medicina, Sección Gastroenterología, Hospital Clinico, Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile
    Rev Med Chil 135:1245-52. 2007
    ..Recent studies have described a high percentage of small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). However, the prevalence of SIBO has not been well established in other functional disorders...
  24. ncbi [Bloating: the importance of gas]
    L Degen
    Abteilung für Gastroenterologie, Kantonsspital Basel
    Praxis (Bern 1994) 93:915-7. 2004
  25. ncbi [Flatulence]
    Raúl León Barúa
    Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru
    Rev Gastroenterol Peru 22:234-42. 2002
    ..For this reason, our concern for many years has been the study of symptoms and syndromes. In this review we will be looking at the concepts and information gathered with respect to intestinal gases, clinically known as flatulence.
  26. ncbi Daily stress and gastrointestinal symptoms in women with irritable bowel syndrome
    Vicky L Hertig
    Department of Biobehavioral Nursing and Health Systems, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
    Nurs Res 56:399-406. 2007
    ..Stress has been implicated as contributing to the initiation and exacerbation of bowel and discomfort symptoms in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)...
  27. ncbi Lactose intolerance symptoms assessed by meta-analysis: a grain of truth that leads to exaggeration
    Dennis A Savaiano
    Department of Foods and Nutrition, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, USA
    J Nutr 136:1107-13. 2006
    ..For severity of flatulence, the standardized difference was 0.18 (95% confidence interval [CI] -0.16 to +0.52)...
  28. pmc From comic relief to real understanding; how intestinal gas causes symptoms
    E M M Quigley
    Department of Medicine, Cork University Hospital, Ireland
    Gut 52:1659-61. 2003
    ..More problematic is extrapolation of the observations relating symptoms to gas transit and retention...
  29. ncbi Effects of isomalt consumption on gastrointestinal and metabolic parameters in healthy volunteers
    A Gostner
    Department of Medicine, University of Wurzburg, Josef Schneider Strasse 2, D 97080 Wurzburg, Germany
    Br J Nutr 94:575-81. 2005
    ..This suggests that isomalt is well tolerated and that consumption of isomalt does not impair metabolic function or induce hypercalciuria. In addition, the study data indicate that isomalt could be useful in improving bowel function...
  30. ncbi The efficacy of Lactobacillus reuteri ATCC 55730 in the treatment of patients with irritable bowel syndrome--a double blind, placebo-controlled, randomized study
    Eva Niv
    The Department of Gastroenterology, Sourasky Medical Center, Meir Hospital, Tel Aviv University, Israel
    Clin Nutr 24:925-31. 2005
    ..Probiotics may ease symptoms in IBS patients by changing gut microflora, reducing mucosal inflammation and exerting antibacterial effects...
  31. ncbi Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial of loperamide plus simethicone versus loperamide alone and simethicone alone in the treatment of acute diarrhea with gas-related abdominal discomfort
    Stephen B Hanauer
    Section of Gastroenterology and Nutrition, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    Curr Med Res Opin 23:1033-43. 2007
    ....
  32. ncbi Role of alimentation in irritable bowel syndrome
    M Dapoigny
    Service de Gastroenterologie, Hotel Dieu, Clermont Ferrand, France
    Digestion 67:225-33. 2003
    ..Different food items are made responsible for irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) symptoms, but the physiopathology of IBS remains unclear...
  33. ncbi Fructose intake at current levels in the United States may cause gastrointestinal distress in normal adults
    Peter L Beyer
    Department of Dietetics and Nutrition, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City 66160, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 105:1559-66. 2005
    ..The purpose was to determine how often fructose, in amounts commonly consumed, would result in malabsorption and/or symptoms in healthy persons...
  34. ncbi Irritable bowel syndrome
    Terry D Bolin
    Prince of Wales Hospital, New South Wales
    Aust Fam Physician 34:221-4. 2005
    ..Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) a common worldwide problem, particularly women, and presents from the teenage years onward...
  35. ncbi Effectiveness of probiotics in the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome
    Sheila M Wilhelm
    Eugene Applebaum College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, Wayne State University, Harper University Hospital, Detroit, MI, USA
    Pharmacotherapy 28:496-505. 2008
    ..the effectiveness of probiotics in the global relief of symptoms associated with IBS and in the improvement of flatulence, abdominal pain, transit time, and bacterial counts...
  36. ncbi [Bowel gases]
    Istvan Pregun
    Semmelweis Egyetem, Általános Orvostudományi Kar, II Belgyógyászati Klinika, Budapest
    Orv Hetil 149:819-23. 2008
    ..Further clinical studies are needed to clarify the pathophysiologic mechanisms of intestinal gas and this may contribute to the evaluation of optimal therapy...
  37. ncbi Anorectal symptoms in pregnancy and the postpartum period
    Amy L O'Boyle
    Department of Obstetrics, Naval Medical Center Portsmouth, Portsmouth, Virginia, USA
    J Reprod Med 53:151-4. 2008
    ..To determine the frequency of anorectal complaints in nulliparous, pregnant women before and after delivery...
  38. ncbi Influence of E. coli strain Nissle 1917 (EcN) on intestinal gas dynamics and abdominal sensation
    Ana Cristina Hernando-Harder
    Department of Medicine II Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Infectious Diseases, University Hospital of Heidelberg at Mannheim, Theodor Kutzer Ufer 1 3, 68167 Mannheim, Germany
    Dig Dis Sci 53:443-50. 2008
    ..2 (SD 0.2) in the EcN group and 1.4 (SD 0.2) in the placebo group. EcN had no relevant influence on intestinal gas dynamics...
  39. ncbi In school-aged children a combination of galacto-oligosaccharides and Lactobacillus GG increases bifidobacteria more than Lactobacillus GG on its own
    Laura Piirainen
    Nutraceuticals Group, Institute of Biomedicine, Pharmacology, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Ann Nutr Metab 52:204-8. 2008
    ..Ingestion of LGG combined with 2 g of GOS increased the bifidobacteria more than LGG on its own and thus GOS clearly has a prebiotic effect in children. The children tolerated well a daily intake of 2 g of GOS...
  40. ncbi Effect of a balanced mixture of dietary fibers on gastric emptying, intestinal transit and body weight
    Mauro Bortolotti
    Department of Internal Medicine and Gastroenterology, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy
    Ann Nutr Metab 52:221-6. 2008
    ..The aim of this study was to test a mixture of dietary fibers expressly chosen to decrease their negative properties and strengthen their positive effects...
  41. ncbi Intestinal gas and bloating: effect of prokinetic stimulation
    Anna Accarino
    Digestive System Research Unit, University Hospital Vall d Hebron, Barcelona, Spain
    Am J Gastroenterol 103:2036-42. 2008
    ..It is unknown if abdominal bloating is attributable to excess abdominal gas or improved by a prokinetic agent...
  42. ncbi A prospective randomized double-blind study to determine the effect of thoracic epidural neostigmine on postoperative ileus after abdominal aortic surgery
    Esra Caliskan
    Baskent University, Faculty of Medicine, Adana Teaching and Medical Research Center, Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Dadaloglu Mahallesi, 39 Sokak, No 36, Yuregir 01250 Adana, Turkey
    Anesth Analg 106:959-64, table of contents. 2008
    ..In this study, we evaluated the effect of epidurally administered neostigmine on postoperative ileus after abdominal aortic surgery...
  43. ncbi Efficacy of albendazole in giardiasis
    R Baqai
    Pakistan Medical Research Council Research Centre, Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre, Karachi, Pakistan
    East Mediterr Health J 7:787-90. 2001
    ..The results show that albendazole, originally recommended for helminthic infection, can also be used in patients with mixed protozoal infection or for infections resistant to metronidazole...
  44. ncbi [Gastrointestinal function following cholecystectomy]
    Jüri J Rumessen
    Gastroenterologisk Laboratorium, Medicinsk afdeling F, Amtssygehuset i Gentofte, DK 2900 Hellerup
    Ugeskr Laeger 167:2623-4. 2005
    ..In adequately selected patients, abdominal pain may subside in 75% or more. The presence of functional bowel disease should always be considered in patients with uncomplicated gallstones...
  45. ncbi Defecatory symptoms during and after the first pregnancy: prevalences and associated factors
    H Jorien van Brummen
    Department of Perinatology and Gynecology, University Medical Center Utrecht, Room F05 216, Heidelberglaan 100, 85500, 3508, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Int Urogynecol J Pelvic Floor Dysfunct 17:224-30. 2006
    ..Therefore, investigating the effects of childbirth in general on the anorectal function is not justified without knowledge of this function during pregnancy...
  46. ncbi A combination of fibre-rich rye bread and yoghurt containing Lactobacillus GG improves bowel function in women with self-reported constipation
    S M Hongisto
    Valio Ltd, R and D, Helsinki, Finland
    Eur J Clin Nutr 60:319-24. 2006
    ....
  47. ncbi Double-blind randomized evaluation of clinical and biological tolerance of polyethylene glycol 4000 versus lactulose in constipated children
    Christophe Dupont
    Hopital Saint Vincent de Paul, Service de Neonatologie, Paris, France
    J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 41:625-33. 2005
    ..To assess the safety of a polyethylene glycol (PEG) 4000 laxative without additional salts in pediatric patients...
  48. ncbi Short-term digestive tolerance of different doses of NUTRIOSE FB, a food dextrin, in adult men
    E G H M van den Heuvel
    TNO Nutrition and Food Research, Department of Nutritional Physiology, Zeist, Netherlands
    Eur J Clin Nutr 58:1046-55. 2004
    ..To determine the tolerance of increasing dosages of an incompletely hydrolysed and/or incompletely absorbed food dextrin coming from wheat starch, NUTRIOSE FB, at daily levels of 10 and 15 g up to 60 and 80 g, respectively...
  49. ncbi Prevalence and correlations of anal incontinence and constipation in Taiwanese women
    Gin Den Chen
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Chung Shan Medical University Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan
    Neurourol Urodyn 22:664-9. 2003
    ..The questionnaire needs a higher discriminatory capacity, and a longitudinal study should be conducted to clarify this conflict further...
  50. ncbi Prevalence of chronic gastrointestinal symptoms in children with autism and autistic spectrum disorders
    Cynthia A Molloy
    Center for Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, OH 45229 3039, USA
    Autism 7:165-71. 2003
    ..There was no association between chronic gastrointestinal symptoms and a history of developmental regression. The potential phenotypic association between autism and gastrointestinal symptoms is discussed...
  51. pmc Effect of micturition on the external anal sphincter: identification of the urethro-anal reflex
    Ahmed Shafik
    Department of Surgery and Experimental Research, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Egypt
    J Spinal Cord Med 28:421-5. 2005
    ..We investigated the hypothesis that urine passage through the urethra effects EAS contraction to guard against possible flatus or stool leakage during micturition...
  52. ncbi Nutritional supplements used in weight-reduction programs increase intestinal gas in persons who malabsorb lactose
    F L Suarez
    Ross Products Division, Abbott Laboratories, Columbus, Ohio, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 101:1447-52. 2001
    ..MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Frequency of flatus passage and subjective impression of bloating, flatulence, and abdominal discomfort. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: Wilcoxon signed-rank test...
  53. ncbi [Lactose intolerance. Main symptoms: abdominal pain, bloating, flatulence, diarrhea (after consuming products with lactose)]
    U Kolyvanos Naumann
    Medizinische Poliklinik, Universitatsspital Zurich
    Praxis (Bern 1994) 96:89-96; quiz 97. 2007
  54. ncbi [Specific carbohydrate malabsorption]
    S Nancey

    Rev Prat 51:969-72. 2001
    ..e. to put fermented dairy products in place of milk...
  55. ncbi Functional results after radiochemotherapy and total mesorectal excision for rectal cancer
    C Coco
    Department of Surgery, Universita Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Rome, Italy
    Int J Colorectal Dis 22:903-10. 2007
    ..The aim of this study was to prospectively define and measure evacuation and continence disorders after preoperative radiochemotherapy and total mesorectal excision (TME) for rectal cancer 1 year after surgery...
  56. ncbi Sources and severity of self-reported food intolerance after ileal pouch-anal anastomosis
    Elles Steenhagen
    Department of Dietetics and Nutritional Sciences, Julius Center for Health Sciences and Primary Care, University Medical Center Utrecht, The Netherlands
    J Am Diet Assoc 106:1459-62. 2006
    ..Onions, cabbage, or leeks were reported by 28% of the patients to cause flatulence. The urge to defecate was stronger after a cooked meal (45% within (1/2) hour) than after sandwiches (15% within ..
  57. ncbi Gastrointestinal tolerance of erythritol and xylitol ingested in a liquid
    D Storey
    Biomedical Science Research Institute, School of Environment and Life Sciences, The University of Salford, Salford, Greater Manchester, UK
    Eur J Clin Nutr 61:349-54. 2007
    ..To determine and compare the gastrointestinal (GI) responses of young adults following consumption of 45 g sucrose, 20, 35 and 50 g xylitol or erythritol given as a single oral, bolus dose in a liquid...
  58. pmc Nucleotide supplementation: a randomised double-blind placebo controlled trial of IntestAidIB in people with Irritable Bowel Syndrome [ISRCTN67764449]
    C P Dancey
    University of East London, UK
    Nutr J 5:16. 2006
    ..Since people with Irritable Bowel Syndrome tend to fulfil these conditions, we tested the hypothesis that symptoms would be improved with dietary nucleotide supplementation...
  59. ncbi Abdominal distention: old hypotheses and new concepts
    Fernando Azpiroz
    Gastroenterology 131:1337-9. 2006
  60. ncbi The effect of abdominal massage on bowel function in patients with spinal cord injury
    Sehri Ayaş
    Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Baskent University Medical School, Ankara, Turkey
    Am J Phys Med Rehabil 85:951-5. 2006
    ..Twenty-four patients were placed on a standard bowel program (phase I), after which abdominal massage was added to the regimen (phase II). Parameters of gastrointestinal system function and colonic transit times were evaluated...
  61. ncbi Relationship of abdominal bloating to distention in irritable bowel syndrome and effect of bowel habit
    Lesley A Houghton
    Neurogastroenterology Unit, Academic Division of Medicine and Surgery, Wythenshawe Hospital, Southmoor Road, Wythenshawe, Manchester M23 9LT, UK
    Gastroenterology 131:1003-10. 2006
    ..The aim of this study was to use the technique of abdominal inductance plethysmography to compare diurnal variation in girth in IBS patients and healthy volunteers, relating these changes to the sensation of bloating...
  62. ncbi Can a meta-analysis answer the question: is mucosectomy and handsewn or double-stapled anastomosis better in ileal pouch-anal anastomosis?
    Stefanie J Schluender
    Division of Colon and Rectal Surgery, Department of Surgery, Cedars Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, California, USA
    Am Surg 72:912-6. 2006
    ..This meta-analysis demonstrates that DS-IPAA offers no advantage in functional or manometric outcome when compared with HS-IPAA...
  63. ncbi Prokinetic effects in patients with intestinal gas retention
    Maria Pia Caldarella
    Digestive System Research Unit, University Hospital Vall d Hebron, Autonomous University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
    Gastroenterology 122:1748-55. 2002
    ....
  64. ncbi A digestive tolerance study of maltitol after occasional and regular consumption in healthy humans
    A Ruskone-Fourmestraux
    Service de Gastroenterologie, Hopital Hotel Dieu, Paris, France
    Eur J Clin Nutr 57:26-30. 2003
    ..We aimed to evaluate the gastro-intestinal tolerance to an indigestible bulking sweetener containing sugar alcohol using a double-blind random cross-over study...
  65. ncbi Effect of different probiotic preparations on anti-helicobacter pylori therapy-related side effects: a parallel group, triple blind, placebo-controlled study
    Filippo Cremonini
    Department of Internal Medicine, Universita Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Policlinico Gemelli, Roma, Italy
    Am J Gastroenterol 97:2744-9. 2002
    ..pylori. We compared efficacy of two different probiotics and one probiotic combination with placebo for preventing anti-H. pylori therapy-related side effects and for improving the eradication rate...
  66. ncbi Comparison of lactose intolerance in healthy Kuwaiti and Asian volunteers
    Hala Al-Sanae
    Department of Pediatrics, Al Amiri Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Kuwait University, Safat, Kuwait
    Med Princ Pract 12:160-3. 2003
    ..To study and compare the incidence of lactose intolerance among Kuwaiti and Asian healthy volunteers as measured by breath hydrogen level following challenge with lactose drink...
  67. ncbi No difference in symptoms during challenges with homogenized and unhomogenized cow's milk in subjects with subjective hypersensitivity to homogenized milk
    Laura Paajanen
    Division of Nutrition, Dept of Applied Chemistry and Microbiology, FIN 00014 University of Helsinki, Finland
    J Dairy Res 70:175-9. 2003
    ..The results of this study show no difference in the tolerance of homogenized and unhomogenized milk in adults with self-reported symptoms suggestive of hypersensitivity to homogenized milk...
  68. ncbi [Intestinal gas and functional disorders of the gastrointestinal tract]
    J Serra Pueyo
    Servicio de Aparato Digestivo Hospital General Universitario Vall d Hebron Barcelona España
    Gastroenterol Hepatol 26:263-9. 2003
  69. ncbi Masticatory performance is not associated with diet quality in Class II orthognathic surgery patients
    R S Shinkai
    Department of Orthodontics, The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, 78229-3900, USA
    Int J Adult Orthodon Orthognath Surg 16:214-20. 2001
    ..Self-reported constipation was the only digestive system problem that was significantly associated with masticatory performance...
  70. pmc Functional findings in irritable bowel syndrome
    Iris Posserud
    Department of Internal Medicine, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Goteborg, Sweden
    World J Gastroenterol 12:2830-8. 2006
    ....
  71. ncbi The comparative gastrointestinal responses of children and adults following consumption of sweets formulated with sucrose, isomalt and lycasin HBC
    A Lee
    Bioscience Research Institute, The University of Salford, Greater Manchester, UK
    Eur J Clin Nutr 56:755-64. 2002
    ..To determine the gastrointestinal responses of children and adults following consumption of sucrose, isomalt and lycasin HBC and to compare these at two different dose levels in adults...
  72. ncbi Yellow nail syndrome: treatment with octreotide
    Gunnar Hillerdal
    Department of Lung Medicine and Allergy Karolinska University Hospital, SE 171 76 Stockholm, Sweden
    Clin Respir J 1:120-1. 2007
    ..Adverse effects are nausea, abdominal cramps, diarrhoea, malabsorption of fat and flatulence (3)...
  73. ncbi Omeprazole. A review of its use in Helicobacter pylori infection, gastro-oesophageal reflux disease and peptic ulcers induced by nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
    H D Langtry
    Adis International Limited, Auckland, New Zealand
    Drugs 56:447-86. 1998
    ..In long and short term studies, omeprazole was well tolerated, with diarrhoea, headache, dizziness, flatulence, abdominal pain and constipation being the most commonly reported adverse events...
  74. ncbi [Antireflux surgery, comperative study of three laparascopic techniques]
    Xavier Gómez Cárdenas
    Departamento de Cirugia General, Centro Medico ABC, Mexico, D F
    Rev Gastroenterol Mex 70:402-10. 2005
    ..Laparoscopic fundoplication for the surgical treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease is widely accepted all over the world...
  75. ncbi D-tagatose, a novel hexose: acute effects on carbohydrate tolerance in subjects with and without type 2 diabetes
    T W Donner
    Department of Internal Medicine, University of Maryland Hospital, Baltimore 21201, USA
    Diabetes Obes Metab 1:285-91. 1999
    ..Glycaemic responses to D-tag also were investigated in subjects after oral sucrose to examine whether the glucose-lowering effects of D-tag in rodents may result from a direct inhibition of intestinal disaccharidases...
  76. pmc Effect of the consumption of a fermented dairy product containing Bifidobacterium lactis DN-173 010 on constipation in childhood: a multicentre randomised controlled trial (NTRTC: 1571)
    Merit M Tabbers
    Department of Paediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Emma s Children s Hospital Academic Medical Centre, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    BMC Pediatr 9:22. 2009
    ..However, in 30-50%, these children reported abdominal pain, bloating, flatulence, diarrhoea, nausea and bad taste of the medication...
  77. ncbi Effectiveness and tolerability of colesevelam hydrochloride for bile-acid malabsorption in patients with cancer: a retrospective chart review and patient questionnaire
    Linda Wedlake
    Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, The Royal Marsden Hospital, London, United Kingdom
    Clin Ther 31:2549-58. 2009
    ..Commercially available bile-acid sequestrants are not well tolerated by >80% of patients...
  78. ncbi Frequency of Giardia lamblia infection in children with recurrent abdominal pain
    Mohammad Younas
    Department of Pediatrics, Postgraduate Medical Institute, Hayatabad Medical Complex, Peshawar
    J Pak Med Assoc 58:171-4. 2008
    ..To assess the frequency and causative role of Giardia lamblia infection in children with recurrent abdominal pain in our setup...
  79. ncbi Efficacy and tolerability of a new formulation of pancrelipase delayed-release capsules in children aged 7 to 11 years with exocrine pancreatic insufficiency and cystic fibrosis: a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, two-period cros
    Gavin R Graff
    Penn State Milton S Hershey Medical Center, Penn State Medical School, Department of Pediatrics, Hershey, Pennsylvania 17033 0850, USA
    Clin Ther 32:89-103. 2010
    ..The US Food and Drug Administration regulations now require all PERT products to undergo clinical efficacy and safety studies before they can be considered for marketing approval...
  80. ncbi Image quality and patient acceptance of four regimens with different amounts of mild laxatives for CT colonography
    Sebastiaan Jensch
    Department of Radiology, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Meibergdreef 9, 1100 DD, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    AJR Am J Roentgenol 191:158-67. 2008
    ..The purpose of our study was to prospectively evaluate image quality and patient acceptance of CT colonography (CTC) with fecal tagging using different levels of catharsis...
  81. ncbi Current gut-directed therapies for irritable bowel syndrome
    Howard Y Chang
    Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center Harvard University Medical School, 330 Brookline Avenue, Dana 501, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Curr Treat Options Gastroenterol 9:314-23. 2006
    ..eradication with gut-directed antibiotics and bacterial reconstitution with nonpathogenic probiotics may reduce flatulence. For constipation-predominant (C-IBS) symptoms, current treatment options include fiber supplementation, ..
  82. ncbi [The effect of trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole in Blastocystis hominis infection]
    Sema Ertug
    Adnan Menderes Universitesi Tip Fakültesi, Parazitoloji Anabilim Dali, Aydin, Turkey
    Turkiye Parazitol Derg 33:270-2. 2009
    ..In 34 (91.89%) out of the 37 cases where B. hominis was found, various clinical symptoms such as stomach ache, flatulence, diarrhea, itching and fever were observed singly and/or together. After the treatment it was found that 36 (97...
  83. pmc Ability of Lactobacillus fermentum to overcome host alpha-galactosidase deficiency, as evidenced by reduction of hydrogen excretion in rats consuming soya alpha-galacto-oligosaccharides
    Jean Guy LeBlanc
    INRA, UR 910 Ecology and Physiology of the Digestive Tract UEPSD, F 78350 Jouy en Josas, France
    BMC Microbiol 8:22. 2008
    ..to the large intestine makes them available for fermentation by gas-producing bacteria leading to intestinal flatulence. The aim of the work reported here was to assess the ability of alpha-galactosidase-producing lactobacilli to ..
  84. ncbi Enprostil. A preliminary review of its pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic properties, and therapeutic efficacy in the treatment of peptic ulcer disease
    K L Goa
    ADIS Drug Information Services, Auckland
    Drugs 34:539-59. 1987
    ..Gastrointestinal symptoms-abdominal cramping and pain, flatulence, nausea and notably, diarrhoea-are the most frequently reported side effects during therapy with enprostil...
  85. ncbi Long-term effects of glimepiride or rosiglitazone in combination with metformin on blood pressure control in type 2 diabetic patients affected by the metabolic syndrome: a 12-month, double-blind, randomized clinical trial
    Giuseppe Derosa
    Department of Internal Medicine and Therapeutics, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy
    Clin Ther 27:1383-91. 2005
    ..Based on a literature search, few direct comparisons of different antihyperglycemic treatments on blood pressure have been reported...
  86. ncbi Long-term effects of transduodenal sphincterotomy: symptoms and hepatobiliary function
    A M Makinen
    Department of Surgery, Tampere University Hospital, Finland
    Hepatogastroenterology 45:1436-41. 1998
    ..During re-examination, flatulence was found to be more common in the choledochotomy subgroup (7/15 vs 2/12, p<0.05)...
  87. ncbi Molecular and cellular aspects and regulation of intestinal lactase-phlorizin hydrolase
    H Y Naim
    Department of Physiological Chemistry, School of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Germany
    Histol Histopathol 16:553-61. 2001
    ..of disaccharide intolerance and malabsorption, the symptoms of which are abdominal pain, cramps or distention, flatulence, nausea and osmotic diarrhea...
  88. ncbi Oral probiotics prevent necrotizing enterocolitis in very low birth weight preterm infants: a multicenter, randomized, controlled trial
    Hung Chih Lin
    Department of Pediatrics and School of Chinese Medicine, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan
    Pediatrics 122:693-700. 2008
    ..The goal was to investigate the efficacy of orally administered probiotics in preventing necrotizing enterocolitis for very low birth weight preterm infants...
  89. ncbi Response surface methodology for optimizing the fermentation medium of alpha-galactosidase in solid-state fermentation
    C Q Liu
    Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310029, China
    Lett Appl Microbiol 45:206-12. 2007
    ..industries for hydrolysing raffinose series oligosaccharides (RO) that are the factors primarily responsible for flatulence upon ingestion of soybean-derived products...
  90. ncbi Safety reporting and adverse-event profile of mirtazapine described in randomized controlled trials in comparison with other classes of antidepressants in the acute-phase treatment of adults with depression: systematic review and meta-analysis
    Norio Watanabe
    Department of Psychiatry and Cognitive Behavioral Medicine, Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Mizuho cho, Mizuho ku, Nagoya, Japan
    CNS Drugs 24:35-53. 2010
    ..Mirtazapine has a unique mechanism of antidepressant action, and thus is thought to have a different profile of adverse events from that of other antidepressants...
  91. ncbi Effects of oral posaconazole on the pharmacokinetic properties of oral and intravenous midazolam: a phase I, randomized, open-label, crossover study in healthy volunteers
    Gopal Krishna
    Schering Plough Research Institute, Kenilworth, New Jersey 07033, USA
    Clin Ther 31:286-98. 2009
    ..Because of the potential for drug interactions, it is important to determine the effects of posaconazole on the pharmacokinetic properties of midazolam...
  92. ncbi Acute death in heartworm-infected cats: unraveling the puzzle
    Annette Litster
    Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA
    Vet Parasitol 158:196-203. 2008
    ..05) post-challenge. Clinical observations included dyspnea, gastrointestinal signs (retching, defecation, or flatulence), urination, and less commonly, hemorrhage from the nostrils or anus, or cutaneous swelling (general or ..
  93. ncbi Safety and tolerability of a new formulation of pancrelipase delayed-release capsules (CREON) in children under seven years of age with exocrine pancreatic insufficiency due to cystic fibrosis: an open-label, multicentre, single-treatment-arm study
    Gavin R Graff
    Penn State Milton S Hershey Medical Center, Hershey, Pennsylvania, USA
    Clin Drug Investig 30:351-64. 2010
    ..Clinical symptoms (mean daily stool frequency, abdominal pain, stool consistency and flatulence) were monitored and ease of accurate dosing, as judged by caregivers, was reported...
  94. ncbi Miglitol: a review of its therapeutic potential in type 2 diabetes mellitus
    L J Scott
    Adis International Limited, Mairangi Bay, Auckland, New Zealand
    Drugs 59:521-49. 2000
    ..associated with miglitol treatment involve disturbances of the gastrointestinal tract (most common effects are flatulence, abdominal pain and diarrhoea)...
  95. ncbi Clinical experience with pantoprazole in gastroesophageal reflux disease
    D L Avner
    Gastroenterology, St Mark s Hospital, Salt Lake City, Utah 84124, USA
    Clin Ther 22:1169-85; discussion 1149-50. 2000
    ..Pantoprazole is a new proton pump inhibitor indicated for the treatment of erosive esophagitis associated with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and is available in both oral and intravenous (IV) formulations...
  96. ncbi Efficacy of oral L-ornithine-L-aspartate in cirrhotic patients with hyperammonemic hepatic encephalopathy. Results of a randomized, lactulose-controlled study
    Jorge Luis Poo
    Pharmacology Unit, Medica Sur Clinic and Foundation, Tlalpan, Mexico City, Mexico
    Ann Hepatol 5:281-8. 2006
    ..an increase in the number of weekly defecations was reported, as well as a higher incidence of abdominal pain or flatulence. Finally, both patient groups reported an improvement in the Visual Analogue Scale for EuroQol index (51...
  97. ncbi Cyclosporiasis: a point source outbreak acquired in Guatemala
    Sabino Puente
    Tropical Medicine Unit, Department of Infectious Diseases, Hospital Carlos III, Madrid, Spain
    J Travel Med 13:334-7. 2006
    ..Cyclospora cayetanensis has been mainly described as a cause of travelers' diarrhea. This pathogen has given rise to a number of epidemic outbreaks attributable to ingestion of imported foods, particularly from tropical areas...
  98. ncbi Enzyme replacement for lactose malabsorption using a beta-D-galactosidase
    J A Dipalma
    University of South Alabama College of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, Mobile 36617
    J Clin Gastroenterol 11:290-3. 1989
    ..Symptoms were scored at 30 min and hourly for 8 h, rating bloating, cramps, nausea, pain, diarrhea, and flatulence. Four challenges were performed on 4 separate days with at least 3 days between challenges...
  99. ncbi Effect of ginger on lower esophageal sphincter pressure
    Supatra Lohsiriwat
    Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand
    J Med Assoc Thai 93:366-72. 2010
    Ginger has been traditionally used to reduce intestinal gas and flatulence. The present study examined the effects of ginger on the esophagus and lower esophageal sphincter (LES) function by esophageal manometry.
  100. ncbi The thyroid and the gut
    Ellen C Ebert
    Department of Medicine, UMDNJ Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, New Brunswick, NJ, USA
    J Clin Gastroenterol 44:402-6. 2010
    ..Dyspepsia, nausea, or vomiting may be due to delayed gastric emptying. Abdominal discomfort, flatulence, and bloating occur in those with bacterial overgrowth and improve with antibiotics...
  101. ncbi Leeching in the history--a review
    Younis Munshi
    Regional Research Institute of Unani Medicine, University of Kashmir, Srinagar, J and K, 190006, India
    Pak J Biol Sci 11:1650-3. 2008
    Leeching has enjoyed a good reputation in the past where it had been used in various ailments from fevers to flatulence. The present day scientists have limited its role and the leeching nowadays is being used only in microsurgeries to ..

Research Grants14

  1. CELLULAR FATTY ACIDS FOR MONITORING COLONIC MICROFLORA
    ROBERT CARMAN; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..Shifts in populations of intestinal bacteria can result in colonic disorders such diarrhea, flatulence and decreased resistance to intestinal pathogens...
  2. Impact of Fiber Fermentation on Fecal Incontinence
    Donna Bliss; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Differences among the measures of the groups after supplementation will be compared after controlling for baseline values of these measures using ANCOVA. ..
  3. Mechanisms and Therapeutics in Cancer Anorexia/Cachexia
    Aminah Jatoi; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This K23 grant application will serve as a springboard to allow her to delve into the pathophysiology of this syndrome and to develop into an independent clinical investigator. ..
  4. Creatine: Is It a Body Builder for Cancer Patients?
    Aminah Jatoi; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..obtain longitudinal toxicity and quality of life data on this same cohort of 50 patients and will make direct comparisons between treatment arms on toxicity incidence and severity and on maximal quality of life scores ..
  5. Multi-site Trial of Azathioprine Dosing in Crohn Disease
    Stephen Hanauer; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Predictive models will be performed to assess responsiveness based upon initial and inducible TPMT activity and achievable 6-TGN and 6-MMPR metabolite based upon incremental AZA dosing. ..
  6. DEVELOPMENTAL REGULATION OF LACTASE GENE TRANSCRIPTION
    Eric Sibley; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  7. Multi-site Trial of Azathioprine Dosing in Crohn Disease
    Stephen Hanauer; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Predictive models will be performed to assess responsiveness based upon initial and inducible TPMT activity and achievable 6-TGN and 6-MMPR metabolite based upon incremental AZA dosing. ..
  8. XYLITOL FOR ACUTE OTITIS MEDIA PROPHYLAXIS
    Louis Vernacchio; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..A preliminary estimate of the effect size of xylitol treatment from the pilot RCT will suggest whether the effect if sufficiently large to warrant a large formal RCT to be proposed. ..
  9. Neuropeptide Y for Cancer-Associated Anorexia
    Aminah Jatoi; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..These two pilot studies will allow us to lay the groundwork for such larger trials. Our ultimate goal is to help cancer patients who suffer from anorexia. ..
  10. Modulation of Oxidative Damage by Tea Polyphenols
    Jia Sheng Wang; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The results of this proposed study will help to understand the mechanisms of antioxidative role of tea polyphenols in modulating human hepatocarcinogenesis caused by hepatitis B/C viruses and aflatoxins. ..
  11. Maturational Regulation of Lactase Gene Transcription
    Eric Sibley; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  12. BIOLOGY OF HUMAN INTRAEPITHELIAL LYMPHOCYTES
    Ellen Ebert; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..These studies will determine the mechanism of IEL chemotaxis toward secreted products of ECs, why IL-15 is more potent than IL-2 in inducing LAK activity by IELs, and how IL-10 and IL-12 augment this activity. ..
  13. Raising Literacy and Capacity for Incontinence and Skin Care in Dementia
    Donna Bliss; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....