Summary: Production or presence of gas in the gastrointestinal tract which may be expelled through the anus.
Publications240 found, 100 shown here
- Physiologic changes of the anorectum after pelvic radiotherapy for the treatment of prostate and bladder cancerRajeev S Kushwaha
Department of Surgery, Royal Free and University College Medical School, and dagger Meyerstein Institute of Oncology, The Middlesex Hospital, London, United Kingdom
Dis Colon Rectum 46:1182-8. 2003..The effect of pelvic radiotherapy on anorectal function is not clearly documented and is investigated in this prospective study...
- Multilocus genotyping of human Giardia isolates suggests limited zoonotic transmission and association between assemblage B and flatulence in childrenMarianne Lebbad
Department of Diagnostics and Vaccinology, Swedish Institute for Communicable Disease Control, Solna, Sweden
PLoS Negl Trop Dis 5:e1262. 2011..We tried to link different assemblages and sub-assemblages of G. intestinalis isolates from Swedish human patients to clinical symptoms and zoonotic transmission...
- Review article: the treatment of functional abdominal bloating and distensionM Schmulson
Laboratory of Liver, Pancreas and Motility, Department of Experimental Medicine Faculty of Medicine, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico UNAM, Mexico
Aliment Pharmacol Ther 33:1071-86. 2011..Abdominal bloating and distension are common symptoms in patients with functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs), however, relatively little is known about their treatment...
- Probiotic bacteria Lactobacillus acidophilus NCFM and Bifidobacterium lactis Bi-07 versus placebo for the symptoms of bloating in patients with functional bowel disorders: a double-blind studyTamar Ringel-Kulka
Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
J Clin Gastroenterol 45:518-25. 2011..Recent data suggest a role for the intestinal microbiota in the pathogenesis of functional bowel disorders (FBDs). Probiotic studies in FBDs generated inconsistent results suggesting a strain-specific and product-specific effect...
- Development and psychometric testing of the Visual Analogue Scale for Irritable Bowel Syndrome (VAS-IBS)Mariette Bengtsson
Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Medicine, Malmo University Hospital, Sweden
BMC Gastroenterol 7:16. 2007..The Visual Analogue Scale for Irritable Bowel Syndrome (VAS-IBS) questionnaire was designed to measure the treatment response of symptoms and well-being in patients suffering from IBS...
- Gastric distension and duodenal lipid infusion modulate intestinal gas transit and tolerance in humansJordi Serra
Digestive System Research Unit, Hospital General Vall d Hebron, Autonomous University of Barcelona, Spain
Am J Gastroenterol 97:2225-30. 2002..However, the mechanisms responsible are unknown. Our aim was to analyze the specific influence of two meal-related factors, gastric distension, and intestinal nutrients, on intestinal gas dynamics and tolerance...
- Gas distribution within the human gut: effect of mealsFrederic Perez
Digestive System Research Unit, University Hospital Vall d Hebron, Autonomous University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
Am J Gastroenterol 102:842-9. 2007..Patients frequently complain of gas symptoms precipitated by meals, but the effect of early digestion on intestinal gas content remains unknown. Our aim was to determine the influence of meals on intestinal gas volume and distribution...
- Perceptions of flatulence from bean consumption among adults in 3 feeding studiesDonna M Winham
Nutrition Program, School of Nutrition and Health Promotion, Arizona State University, 500 North 3rd Street, Phoenix, AZ 85004 USA
Nutr J 10:128. 2011Many consumers avoid eating beans because they believe legume consumption will cause excessive intestinal gas or flatulence. An increasing body of research and the 2010 Dietary Guidelines for Americans supports the benefits of a plant-..
- Anal gas evacuation and colonic microbiota in patients with flatulence: effect of dietChaysavanh Manichanh
Digestive System Research Unit, Departament de Medicina, University Hospital Vall d Hebron, Centro de Investigacion Biomedica en Red de Enfermedades Hepaticas y Digestivas CIBERehd, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
Gut 63:401-8. 2014To characterise the influence of diet on abdominal symptoms, anal gas evacuation, intestinal gas distribution and colonic microbiota in patients complaining of flatulence.
- Impaired viscerosomatic reflexes and abdominal-wall dystony associated with bloatingFabrizio Tremolaterra
Digestive System Research Unit, University Hospital Vall d Hebron, Autonomous University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
Gastroenterology 130:1062-8. 2006..Our aim was to determine whether the abdominal wall, specifically its adaptation to intra-abdominal volumes, plays a role...
- Effect of simethicone on lactulose-induced H2 production and gastrointestinal symptomsH Friis
Department of Gastroenterology and Internal Medicine F, Gentofte University Hospital, Hellerup, Denmark
Digestion 49:227-30. 1991..There was no demonstrable effect of simethicone on symptoms or intestinal gas production caused by carbohydrate malabsorption...
- alpha-Galactosidase from Bacillus megaterium VHM1 and its application in removal of flatulence-causing factors from soymilkAravind Goud G Patil
Department of Biochemistry, Gulbarga University, Gulbarga 585 106, Karnataka 585 106, India
J Microbiol Biotechnol 20:1546-54. 2010..The B megaterium VHM1 enzyme treatment completely hydrolyzed flatulence-causing sugars of soymilk within one and half hour.
- Prevalence, characteristics, and impact of bloating symptoms in patients with irritable bowel syndromeYehuda Ringel
Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599 7080, USA
Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 7:68-72; quiz 3. 2009..We investigated the prevalence, characteristics, and impact of bloating symptoms in patients with IBS...
- Colonic responses to gas loads in subgroups of patients with abdominal bloatingAna C Hernando-Harder
Digestive System Research Unit, University Hospital Vall d Hebron, Barcelona, Spain
Am J Gastroenterol 105:876-82. 2010..We sought to evaluate colonic gas accommodation, ileocecal competence, and colonic clearance in subgroups patients with abdominal bloating...
- Origin of gas retention and symptoms in patients with bloatingBeatrice Salvioli
Digestive System Research Unit, Hospital General Vall d Hebron, Autonomous University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
Gastroenterology 128:574-9. 2005..Patients reporting abdominal bloating exhibit impaired tolerance to intestinal gas loads. The aim of this study was to identify the gut compartment responsible for gas retention...
- Incidence of predominant methanogenic flora in irritable bowel syndrome patients and apparently healthy controls from North IndiaS V Rana
Department of Gastroenterology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India
Dig Dis Sci 54:132-5. 2009b>Flatulence is a common symptom in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). This may be due to production of hydrogen by intestinal flora...
- Intestinal gases and flatulence: possible causes of occurrenceSven Kurbel
Department of Physiology, Osijek Medical Faculty, J Huttlera 4, 31000 Osijek, Croatia
Med Hypotheses 67:235-9. 2006..Intestinal gases often accumulate and cause flatulence. This paper proposes a simple concept of intestinal gas occurrence based on our knowledge on gas resorption in ..
- Germs, gas and the gut; the evolving role of the enteric flora in IBSEamonn M M Quigley
Alimentary Pharmabiotic Center, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland
Am J Gastroenterol 101:334-5. 2006..overgrowth in some patients with IBS; the study discussed herein provides further support for this concept by describing an amelioration of bloating and flatulence following a short course of the poorly absorbed antibiotic, rifaximin.
- A randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial of rifaximin in patients with abdominal bloating and flatulenceAla I Sharara
Gastroenterology Division, Department of Internal Medicine, American University of Beirut Medical Center, Beirut, Lebanon
Am J Gastroenterol 101:326-33. 2006To study the efficacy of rifaximin, a nonabsorbable antibiotic, in relieving chronic functional symptoms of bloating and flatulence.
- Anti-flatulence treatment and status epilepticus: a case of camphor intoxicationJ Guilbert
Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Trousseau Children s Hospital, 26 avenue du Dr A Netter, 75012 Paris, France
Emerg Med J 24:859-60. 2007..that the nanny had given an abdominal massage to the child with an unlabelled solution reported to have anti-flatulence effects. Toxicological analysis of this solution revealed the presence of camphor...
- Novel process of fermenting black soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merrill] yogurt with dramatically reduced flatulence-causing oligosaccharides but enriched soy phytoalexinsShengbao Feng
Department of Chemistry, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117543
J Agric Food Chem 56:10078-84. 2008..of black soybean under fungal stress for 3 days was sufficient to reduce stachyose and raffinose (which cause flatulence) by 92 and 80%, respectively. With a pH value of 4.42, a lactic acid content of 0...
- The effect of oral alpha-galactosidase on intestinal gas production and gas-related symptomsMichele Di Stefano
Department of Medicine, IRCCS S Matteo Hospital, University of Pavia, P le Golgi 5, 27100 Pavia, Italy
Dig Dis Sci 52:78-83. 2007Bloating, abdominal distention, and flatulence represent very frequent complaints in functional disorders but their pathophysiology and treatment are largely unknown...
- [Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth in patients with functional gastrointestinal diseases]Ana Maria Madrid
Departamento de Medicina, Sección Gastroenterología, Hospital Clinico, Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile
Rev Med Chil 135:1245-52. 2007..Recent studies have described a high percentage of small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). However, the prevalence of SIBO has not been well established in other functional disorders...
- [Bloating: the importance of gas]L Degen
Abteilung für Gastroenterologie, Kantonsspital Basel
Praxis (Bern 1994) 93:915-7. 2004
- [Flatulence]Raúl León Barúa
Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru
Rev Gastroenterol Peru 22:234-42. 2002..For this reason, our concern for many years has been the study of symptoms and syndromes. In this review we will be looking at the concepts and information gathered with respect to intestinal gases, clinically known as flatulence.
- Daily stress and gastrointestinal symptoms in women with irritable bowel syndromeVicky L Hertig
Department of Biobehavioral Nursing and Health Systems, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
Nurs Res 56:399-406. 2007..Stress has been implicated as contributing to the initiation and exacerbation of bowel and discomfort symptoms in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)...
- Lactose intolerance symptoms assessed by meta-analysis: a grain of truth that leads to exaggerationDennis A Savaiano
Department of Foods and Nutrition, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, USA
J Nutr 136:1107-13. 2006..For severity of flatulence, the standardized difference was 0.18 (95% confidence interval [CI] -0.16 to +0.52)...
- From comic relief to real understanding; how intestinal gas causes symptomsE M M Quigley
Department of Medicine, Cork University Hospital, Ireland
Gut 52:1659-61. 2003..More problematic is extrapolation of the observations relating symptoms to gas transit and retention...
- Effects of isomalt consumption on gastrointestinal and metabolic parameters in healthy volunteersA Gostner
Department of Medicine, University of Wurzburg, Josef Schneider Strasse 2, D 97080 Wurzburg, Germany
Br J Nutr 94:575-81. 2005..This suggests that isomalt is well tolerated and that consumption of isomalt does not impair metabolic function or induce hypercalciuria. In addition, the study data indicate that isomalt could be useful in improving bowel function...
- The efficacy of Lactobacillus reuteri ATCC 55730 in the treatment of patients with irritable bowel syndrome--a double blind, placebo-controlled, randomized studyEva Niv
The Department of Gastroenterology, Sourasky Medical Center, Meir Hospital, Tel Aviv University, Israel
Clin Nutr 24:925-31. 2005..Probiotics may ease symptoms in IBS patients by changing gut microflora, reducing mucosal inflammation and exerting antibacterial effects...
- Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial of loperamide plus simethicone versus loperamide alone and simethicone alone in the treatment of acute diarrhea with gas-related abdominal discomfortStephen B Hanauer
Section of Gastroenterology and Nutrition, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
Curr Med Res Opin 23:1033-43. 2007....
- Role of alimentation in irritable bowel syndromeM Dapoigny
Service de Gastroenterologie, Hotel Dieu, Clermont Ferrand, France
Digestion 67:225-33. 2003..Different food items are made responsible for irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) symptoms, but the physiopathology of IBS remains unclear...
- Fructose intake at current levels in the United States may cause gastrointestinal distress in normal adultsPeter L Beyer
Department of Dietetics and Nutrition, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City 66160, USA
J Am Diet Assoc 105:1559-66. 2005..The purpose was to determine how often fructose, in amounts commonly consumed, would result in malabsorption and/or symptoms in healthy persons...
- Irritable bowel syndromeTerry D Bolin
Prince of Wales Hospital, New South Wales
Aust Fam Physician 34:221-4. 2005..Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) a common worldwide problem, particularly women, and presents from the teenage years onward...
- Effectiveness of probiotics in the treatment of irritable bowel syndromeSheila M Wilhelm
Eugene Applebaum College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, Wayne State University, Harper University Hospital, Detroit, MI, USA
Pharmacotherapy 28:496-505. 2008..the effectiveness of probiotics in the global relief of symptoms associated with IBS and in the improvement of flatulence, abdominal pain, transit time, and bacterial counts...
- [Bowel gases]Istvan Pregun
Semmelweis Egyetem, Általános Orvostudományi Kar, II Belgyógyászati Klinika, Budapest
Orv Hetil 149:819-23. 2008..Further clinical studies are needed to clarify the pathophysiologic mechanisms of intestinal gas and this may contribute to the evaluation of optimal therapy...
- Anorectal symptoms in pregnancy and the postpartum periodAmy L O'Boyle
Department of Obstetrics, Naval Medical Center Portsmouth, Portsmouth, Virginia, USA
J Reprod Med 53:151-4. 2008..To determine the frequency of anorectal complaints in nulliparous, pregnant women before and after delivery...
- Influence of E. coli strain Nissle 1917 (EcN) on intestinal gas dynamics and abdominal sensationAna Cristina Hernando-Harder
Department of Medicine II Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Infectious Diseases, University Hospital of Heidelberg at Mannheim, Theodor Kutzer Ufer 1 3, 68167 Mannheim, Germany
Dig Dis Sci 53:443-50. 2008..2 (SD 0.2) in the EcN group and 1.4 (SD 0.2) in the placebo group. EcN had no relevant influence on intestinal gas dynamics...
- In school-aged children a combination of galacto-oligosaccharides and Lactobacillus GG increases bifidobacteria more than Lactobacillus GG on its ownLaura Piirainen
Nutraceuticals Group, Institute of Biomedicine, Pharmacology, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
Ann Nutr Metab 52:204-8. 2008..Ingestion of LGG combined with 2 g of GOS increased the bifidobacteria more than LGG on its own and thus GOS clearly has a prebiotic effect in children. The children tolerated well a daily intake of 2 g of GOS...
- Effect of a balanced mixture of dietary fibers on gastric emptying, intestinal transit and body weightMauro Bortolotti
Department of Internal Medicine and Gastroenterology, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy
Ann Nutr Metab 52:221-6. 2008..The aim of this study was to test a mixture of dietary fibers expressly chosen to decrease their negative properties and strengthen their positive effects...
- Intestinal gas and bloating: effect of prokinetic stimulationAnna Accarino
Digestive System Research Unit, University Hospital Vall d Hebron, Barcelona, Spain
Am J Gastroenterol 103:2036-42. 2008..It is unknown if abdominal bloating is attributable to excess abdominal gas or improved by a prokinetic agent...
- A prospective randomized double-blind study to determine the effect of thoracic epidural neostigmine on postoperative ileus after abdominal aortic surgeryEsra Caliskan
Baskent University, Faculty of Medicine, Adana Teaching and Medical Research Center, Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Dadaloglu Mahallesi, 39 Sokak, No 36, Yuregir 01250 Adana, Turkey
Anesth Analg 106:959-64, table of contents. 2008..In this study, we evaluated the effect of epidurally administered neostigmine on postoperative ileus after abdominal aortic surgery...
- Efficacy of albendazole in giardiasisR Baqai
Pakistan Medical Research Council Research Centre, Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre, Karachi, Pakistan
East Mediterr Health J 7:787-90. 2001..The results show that albendazole, originally recommended for helminthic infection, can also be used in patients with mixed protozoal infection or for infections resistant to metronidazole...
- [Gastrointestinal function following cholecystectomy]Jüri J Rumessen
Gastroenterologisk Laboratorium, Medicinsk afdeling F, Amtssygehuset i Gentofte, DK 2900 Hellerup
Ugeskr Laeger 167:2623-4. 2005..In adequately selected patients, abdominal pain may subside in 75% or more. The presence of functional bowel disease should always be considered in patients with uncomplicated gallstones...
- Defecatory symptoms during and after the first pregnancy: prevalences and associated factorsH Jorien van Brummen
Department of Perinatology and Gynecology, University Medical Center Utrecht, Room F05 216, Heidelberglaan 100, 85500, 3508, Utrecht, The Netherlands
Int Urogynecol J Pelvic Floor Dysfunct 17:224-30. 2006..Therefore, investigating the effects of childbirth in general on the anorectal function is not justified without knowledge of this function during pregnancy...
- A combination of fibre-rich rye bread and yoghurt containing Lactobacillus GG improves bowel function in women with self-reported constipationS M Hongisto
Valio Ltd, R and D, Helsinki, Finland
Eur J Clin Nutr 60:319-24. 2006....
- Double-blind randomized evaluation of clinical and biological tolerance of polyethylene glycol 4000 versus lactulose in constipated childrenChristophe Dupont
Hopital Saint Vincent de Paul, Service de Neonatologie, Paris, France
J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 41:625-33. 2005..To assess the safety of a polyethylene glycol (PEG) 4000 laxative without additional salts in pediatric patients...
- Short-term digestive tolerance of different doses of NUTRIOSE FB, a food dextrin, in adult menE G H M van den Heuvel
TNO Nutrition and Food Research, Department of Nutritional Physiology, Zeist, Netherlands
Eur J Clin Nutr 58:1046-55. 2004..To determine the tolerance of increasing dosages of an incompletely hydrolysed and/or incompletely absorbed food dextrin coming from wheat starch, NUTRIOSE FB, at daily levels of 10 and 15 g up to 60 and 80 g, respectively...
- Prevalence and correlations of anal incontinence and constipation in Taiwanese womenGin Den Chen
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Chung Shan Medical University Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan
Neurourol Urodyn 22:664-9. 2003..The questionnaire needs a higher discriminatory capacity, and a longitudinal study should be conducted to clarify this conflict further...
- Prevalence of chronic gastrointestinal symptoms in children with autism and autistic spectrum disordersCynthia A Molloy
Center for Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, OH 45229 3039, USA
Autism 7:165-71. 2003..There was no association between chronic gastrointestinal symptoms and a history of developmental regression. The potential phenotypic association between autism and gastrointestinal symptoms is discussed...
- Effect of micturition on the external anal sphincter: identification of the urethro-anal reflexAhmed Shafik
Department of Surgery and Experimental Research, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Egypt
J Spinal Cord Med 28:421-5. 2005..We investigated the hypothesis that urine passage through the urethra effects EAS contraction to guard against possible flatus or stool leakage during micturition...
- Nutritional supplements used in weight-reduction programs increase intestinal gas in persons who malabsorb lactoseF L Suarez
Ross Products Division, Abbott Laboratories, Columbus, Ohio, USA
J Am Diet Assoc 101:1447-52. 2001..MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Frequency of flatus passage and subjective impression of bloating, flatulence, and abdominal discomfort. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: Wilcoxon signed-rank test...
- [Lactose intolerance. Main symptoms: abdominal pain, bloating, flatulence, diarrhea (after consuming products with lactose)]U Kolyvanos Naumann
Medizinische Poliklinik, Universitatsspital Zurich
Praxis (Bern 1994) 96:89-96; quiz 97. 2007
- [Specific carbohydrate malabsorption]S Nancey
Rev Prat 51:969-72. 2001..e. to put fermented dairy products in place of milk...
- Functional results after radiochemotherapy and total mesorectal excision for rectal cancerC Coco
Department of Surgery, Universita Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Rome, Italy
Int J Colorectal Dis 22:903-10. 2007..The aim of this study was to prospectively define and measure evacuation and continence disorders after preoperative radiochemotherapy and total mesorectal excision (TME) for rectal cancer 1 year after surgery...
- Sources and severity of self-reported food intolerance after ileal pouch-anal anastomosisElles Steenhagen
Department of Dietetics and Nutritional Sciences, Julius Center for Health Sciences and Primary Care, University Medical Center Utrecht, The Netherlands
J Am Diet Assoc 106:1459-62. 2006..Onions, cabbage, or leeks were reported by 28% of the patients to cause flatulence. The urge to defecate was stronger after a cooked meal (45% within (1/2) hour) than after sandwiches (15% within ..
- Gastrointestinal tolerance of erythritol and xylitol ingested in a liquidD Storey
Biomedical Science Research Institute, School of Environment and Life Sciences, The University of Salford, Salford, Greater Manchester, UK
Eur J Clin Nutr 61:349-54. 2007..To determine and compare the gastrointestinal (GI) responses of young adults following consumption of 45 g sucrose, 20, 35 and 50 g xylitol or erythritol given as a single oral, bolus dose in a liquid...
- Nucleotide supplementation: a randomised double-blind placebo controlled trial of IntestAidIB in people with Irritable Bowel Syndrome [ISRCTN67764449]C P Dancey
University of East London, UK
Nutr J 5:16. 2006..Since people with Irritable Bowel Syndrome tend to fulfil these conditions, we tested the hypothesis that symptoms would be improved with dietary nucleotide supplementation...
- Abdominal distention: old hypotheses and new conceptsFernando Azpiroz
Gastroenterology 131:1337-9. 2006
- The effect of abdominal massage on bowel function in patients with spinal cord injurySehri Ayaş
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Baskent University Medical School, Ankara, Turkey
Am J Phys Med Rehabil 85:951-5. 2006..Twenty-four patients were placed on a standard bowel program (phase I), after which abdominal massage was added to the regimen (phase II). Parameters of gastrointestinal system function and colonic transit times were evaluated...
- Relationship of abdominal bloating to distention in irritable bowel syndrome and effect of bowel habitLesley A Houghton
Neurogastroenterology Unit, Academic Division of Medicine and Surgery, Wythenshawe Hospital, Southmoor Road, Wythenshawe, Manchester M23 9LT, UK
Gastroenterology 131:1003-10. 2006..The aim of this study was to use the technique of abdominal inductance plethysmography to compare diurnal variation in girth in IBS patients and healthy volunteers, relating these changes to the sensation of bloating...
- Can a meta-analysis answer the question: is mucosectomy and handsewn or double-stapled anastomosis better in ileal pouch-anal anastomosis?Stefanie J Schluender
Division of Colon and Rectal Surgery, Department of Surgery, Cedars Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, California, USA
Am Surg 72:912-6. 2006..This meta-analysis demonstrates that DS-IPAA offers no advantage in functional or manometric outcome when compared with HS-IPAA...
- Prokinetic effects in patients with intestinal gas retentionMaria Pia Caldarella
Digestive System Research Unit, University Hospital Vall d Hebron, Autonomous University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
Gastroenterology 122:1748-55. 2002....
- A digestive tolerance study of maltitol after occasional and regular consumption in healthy humansA Ruskone-Fourmestraux
Service de Gastroenterologie, Hopital Hotel Dieu, Paris, France
Eur J Clin Nutr 57:26-30. 2003..We aimed to evaluate the gastro-intestinal tolerance to an indigestible bulking sweetener containing sugar alcohol using a double-blind random cross-over study...
- Effect of different probiotic preparations on anti-helicobacter pylori therapy-related side effects: a parallel group, triple blind, placebo-controlled studyFilippo Cremonini
Department of Internal Medicine, Universita Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Policlinico Gemelli, Roma, Italy
Am J Gastroenterol 97:2744-9. 2002..pylori. We compared efficacy of two different probiotics and one probiotic combination with placebo for preventing anti-H. pylori therapy-related side effects and for improving the eradication rate...
- Comparison of lactose intolerance in healthy Kuwaiti and Asian volunteersHala Al-Sanae
Department of Pediatrics, Al Amiri Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Kuwait University, Safat, Kuwait
Med Princ Pract 12:160-3. 2003..To study and compare the incidence of lactose intolerance among Kuwaiti and Asian healthy volunteers as measured by breath hydrogen level following challenge with lactose drink...
- No difference in symptoms during challenges with homogenized and unhomogenized cow's milk in subjects with subjective hypersensitivity to homogenized milkLaura Paajanen
Division of Nutrition, Dept of Applied Chemistry and Microbiology, FIN 00014 University of Helsinki, Finland
J Dairy Res 70:175-9. 2003..The results of this study show no difference in the tolerance of homogenized and unhomogenized milk in adults with self-reported symptoms suggestive of hypersensitivity to homogenized milk...
- [Intestinal gas and functional disorders of the gastrointestinal tract]J Serra Pueyo
Servicio de Aparato Digestivo Hospital General Universitario Vall d Hebron Barcelona España
Gastroenterol Hepatol 26:263-9. 2003
- Masticatory performance is not associated with diet quality in Class II orthognathic surgery patientsR S Shinkai
Department of Orthodontics, The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, 78229-3900, USA
Int J Adult Orthodon Orthognath Surg 16:214-20. 2001..Self-reported constipation was the only digestive system problem that was significantly associated with masticatory performance...
- Functional findings in irritable bowel syndromeIris Posserud
Department of Internal Medicine, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Goteborg, Sweden
World J Gastroenterol 12:2830-8. 2006....
- The comparative gastrointestinal responses of children and adults following consumption of sweets formulated with sucrose, isomalt and lycasin HBCA Lee
Bioscience Research Institute, The University of Salford, Greater Manchester, UK
Eur J Clin Nutr 56:755-64. 2002..To determine the gastrointestinal responses of children and adults following consumption of sucrose, isomalt and lycasin HBC and to compare these at two different dose levels in adults...
- Yellow nail syndrome: treatment with octreotideGunnar Hillerdal
Department of Lung Medicine and Allergy Karolinska University Hospital, SE 171 76 Stockholm, Sweden
Clin Respir J 1:120-1. 2007..Adverse effects are nausea, abdominal cramps, diarrhoea, malabsorption of fat and flatulence (3)...
- Omeprazole. A review of its use in Helicobacter pylori infection, gastro-oesophageal reflux disease and peptic ulcers induced by nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugsH D Langtry
Adis International Limited, Auckland, New Zealand
Drugs 56:447-86. 1998..In long and short term studies, omeprazole was well tolerated, with diarrhoea, headache, dizziness, flatulence, abdominal pain and constipation being the most commonly reported adverse events...
- [Antireflux surgery, comperative study of three laparascopic techniques]Xavier Gómez Cárdenas
Departamento de Cirugia General, Centro Medico ABC, Mexico, D F
Rev Gastroenterol Mex 70:402-10. 2005..Laparoscopic fundoplication for the surgical treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease is widely accepted all over the world...
- D-tagatose, a novel hexose: acute effects on carbohydrate tolerance in subjects with and without type 2 diabetesT W Donner
Department of Internal Medicine, University of Maryland Hospital, Baltimore 21201, USA
Diabetes Obes Metab 1:285-91. 1999..Glycaemic responses to D-tag also were investigated in subjects after oral sucrose to examine whether the glucose-lowering effects of D-tag in rodents may result from a direct inhibition of intestinal disaccharidases...
- Effect of the consumption of a fermented dairy product containing Bifidobacterium lactis DN-173 010 on constipation in childhood: a multicentre randomised controlled trial (NTRTC: 1571)Merit M Tabbers
Department of Paediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Emma s Children s Hospital Academic Medical Centre, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
BMC Pediatr 9:22. 2009..However, in 30-50%, these children reported abdominal pain, bloating, flatulence, diarrhoea, nausea and bad taste of the medication...
- Effectiveness and tolerability of colesevelam hydrochloride for bile-acid malabsorption in patients with cancer: a retrospective chart review and patient questionnaireLinda Wedlake
Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, The Royal Marsden Hospital, London, United Kingdom
Clin Ther 31:2549-58. 2009..Commercially available bile-acid sequestrants are not well tolerated by >80% of patients...
- Frequency of Giardia lamblia infection in children with recurrent abdominal painMohammad Younas
Department of Pediatrics, Postgraduate Medical Institute, Hayatabad Medical Complex, Peshawar
J Pak Med Assoc 58:171-4. 2008..To assess the frequency and causative role of Giardia lamblia infection in children with recurrent abdominal pain in our setup...
- Efficacy and tolerability of a new formulation of pancrelipase delayed-release capsules in children aged 7 to 11 years with exocrine pancreatic insufficiency and cystic fibrosis: a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, two-period crosGavin R Graff
Penn State Milton S Hershey Medical Center, Penn State Medical School, Department of Pediatrics, Hershey, Pennsylvania 17033 0850, USA
Clin Ther 32:89-103. 2010..The US Food and Drug Administration regulations now require all PERT products to undergo clinical efficacy and safety studies before they can be considered for marketing approval...
- Image quality and patient acceptance of four regimens with different amounts of mild laxatives for CT colonographySebastiaan Jensch
Department of Radiology, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Meibergdreef 9, 1100 DD, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
AJR Am J Roentgenol 191:158-67. 2008..The purpose of our study was to prospectively evaluate image quality and patient acceptance of CT colonography (CTC) with fecal tagging using different levels of catharsis...
- Current gut-directed therapies for irritable bowel syndromeHoward Y Chang
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center Harvard University Medical School, 330 Brookline Avenue, Dana 501, Boston, MA 02215, USA
Curr Treat Options Gastroenterol 9:314-23. 2006..eradication with gut-directed antibiotics and bacterial reconstitution with nonpathogenic probiotics may reduce flatulence. For constipation-predominant (C-IBS) symptoms, current treatment options include fiber supplementation, ..
- [The effect of trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole in Blastocystis hominis infection]Sema Ertug
Adnan Menderes Universitesi Tip Fakültesi, Parazitoloji Anabilim Dali, Aydin, Turkey
Turkiye Parazitol Derg 33:270-2. 2009..In 34 (91.89%) out of the 37 cases where B. hominis was found, various clinical symptoms such as stomach ache, flatulence, diarrhea, itching and fever were observed singly and/or together. After the treatment it was found that 36 (97...
- Ability of Lactobacillus fermentum to overcome host alpha-galactosidase deficiency, as evidenced by reduction of hydrogen excretion in rats consuming soya alpha-galacto-oligosaccharidesJean Guy LeBlanc
INRA, UR 910 Ecology and Physiology of the Digestive Tract UEPSD, F 78350 Jouy en Josas, France
BMC Microbiol 8:22. 2008..to the large intestine makes them available for fermentation by gas-producing bacteria leading to intestinal flatulence. The aim of the work reported here was to assess the ability of alpha-galactosidase-producing lactobacilli to ..
- Enprostil. A preliminary review of its pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic properties, and therapeutic efficacy in the treatment of peptic ulcer diseaseK L Goa
ADIS Drug Information Services, Auckland
Drugs 34:539-59. 1987..Gastrointestinal symptoms-abdominal cramping and pain, flatulence, nausea and notably, diarrhoea-are the most frequently reported side effects during therapy with enprostil...
- Long-term effects of glimepiride or rosiglitazone in combination with metformin on blood pressure control in type 2 diabetic patients affected by the metabolic syndrome: a 12-month, double-blind, randomized clinical trialGiuseppe Derosa
Department of Internal Medicine and Therapeutics, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy
Clin Ther 27:1383-91. 2005..Based on a literature search, few direct comparisons of different antihyperglycemic treatments on blood pressure have been reported...
- Long-term effects of transduodenal sphincterotomy: symptoms and hepatobiliary functionA M Makinen
Department of Surgery, Tampere University Hospital, Finland
Hepatogastroenterology 45:1436-41. 1998..During re-examination, flatulence was found to be more common in the choledochotomy subgroup (7/15 vs 2/12, p<0.05)...
- Molecular and cellular aspects and regulation of intestinal lactase-phlorizin hydrolaseH Y Naim
Department of Physiological Chemistry, School of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Germany
Histol Histopathol 16:553-61. 2001..of disaccharide intolerance and malabsorption, the symptoms of which are abdominal pain, cramps or distention, flatulence, nausea and osmotic diarrhea...
- Oral probiotics prevent necrotizing enterocolitis in very low birth weight preterm infants: a multicenter, randomized, controlled trialHung Chih Lin
Department of Pediatrics and School of Chinese Medicine, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan
Pediatrics 122:693-700. 2008..The goal was to investigate the efficacy of orally administered probiotics in preventing necrotizing enterocolitis for very low birth weight preterm infants...
- Response surface methodology for optimizing the fermentation medium of alpha-galactosidase in solid-state fermentationC Q Liu
Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310029, China
Lett Appl Microbiol 45:206-12. 2007..industries for hydrolysing raffinose series oligosaccharides (RO) that are the factors primarily responsible for flatulence upon ingestion of soybean-derived products...
- Safety reporting and adverse-event profile of mirtazapine described in randomized controlled trials in comparison with other classes of antidepressants in the acute-phase treatment of adults with depression: systematic review and meta-analysisNorio Watanabe
Department of Psychiatry and Cognitive Behavioral Medicine, Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Mizuho cho, Mizuho ku, Nagoya, Japan
CNS Drugs 24:35-53. 2010..Mirtazapine has a unique mechanism of antidepressant action, and thus is thought to have a different profile of adverse events from that of other antidepressants...
- Effects of oral posaconazole on the pharmacokinetic properties of oral and intravenous midazolam: a phase I, randomized, open-label, crossover study in healthy volunteersGopal Krishna
Schering Plough Research Institute, Kenilworth, New Jersey 07033, USA
Clin Ther 31:286-98. 2009..Because of the potential for drug interactions, it is important to determine the effects of posaconazole on the pharmacokinetic properties of midazolam...
- Acute death in heartworm-infected cats: unraveling the puzzleAnnette Litster
Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA
Vet Parasitol 158:196-203. 2008..05) post-challenge. Clinical observations included dyspnea, gastrointestinal signs (retching, defecation, or flatulence), urination, and less commonly, hemorrhage from the nostrils or anus, or cutaneous swelling (general or ..
- Safety and tolerability of a new formulation of pancrelipase delayed-release capsules (CREON) in children under seven years of age with exocrine pancreatic insufficiency due to cystic fibrosis: an open-label, multicentre, single-treatment-arm studyGavin R Graff
Penn State Milton S Hershey Medical Center, Hershey, Pennsylvania, USA
Clin Drug Investig 30:351-64. 2010..Clinical symptoms (mean daily stool frequency, abdominal pain, stool consistency and flatulence) were monitored and ease of accurate dosing, as judged by caregivers, was reported...
- Miglitol: a review of its therapeutic potential in type 2 diabetes mellitusL J Scott
Adis International Limited, Mairangi Bay, Auckland, New Zealand
Drugs 59:521-49. 2000..associated with miglitol treatment involve disturbances of the gastrointestinal tract (most common effects are flatulence, abdominal pain and diarrhoea)...
- Clinical experience with pantoprazole in gastroesophageal reflux diseaseD L Avner
Gastroenterology, St Mark s Hospital, Salt Lake City, Utah 84124, USA
Clin Ther 22:1169-85; discussion 1149-50. 2000..Pantoprazole is a new proton pump inhibitor indicated for the treatment of erosive esophagitis associated with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and is available in both oral and intravenous (IV) formulations...
- Efficacy of oral L-ornithine-L-aspartate in cirrhotic patients with hyperammonemic hepatic encephalopathy. Results of a randomized, lactulose-controlled studyJorge Luis Poo
Pharmacology Unit, Medica Sur Clinic and Foundation, Tlalpan, Mexico City, Mexico
Ann Hepatol 5:281-8. 2006..an increase in the number of weekly defecations was reported, as well as a higher incidence of abdominal pain or flatulence. Finally, both patient groups reported an improvement in the Visual Analogue Scale for EuroQol index (51...
- Cyclosporiasis: a point source outbreak acquired in GuatemalaSabino Puente
Tropical Medicine Unit, Department of Infectious Diseases, Hospital Carlos III, Madrid, Spain
J Travel Med 13:334-7. 2006..Cyclospora cayetanensis has been mainly described as a cause of travelers' diarrhea. This pathogen has given rise to a number of epidemic outbreaks attributable to ingestion of imported foods, particularly from tropical areas...
- Enzyme replacement for lactose malabsorption using a beta-D-galactosidaseJ A Dipalma
University of South Alabama College of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, Mobile 36617
J Clin Gastroenterol 11:290-3. 1989..Symptoms were scored at 30 min and hourly for 8 h, rating bloating, cramps, nausea, pain, diarrhea, and flatulence. Four challenges were performed on 4 separate days with at least 3 days between challenges...
- Effect of ginger on lower esophageal sphincter pressureSupatra Lohsiriwat
Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand
J Med Assoc Thai 93:366-72. 2010Ginger has been traditionally used to reduce intestinal gas and flatulence. The present study examined the effects of ginger on the esophagus and lower esophageal sphincter (LES) function by esophageal manometry.
- The thyroid and the gutEllen C Ebert
Department of Medicine, UMDNJ Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, New Brunswick, NJ, USA
J Clin Gastroenterol 44:402-6. 2010..Dyspepsia, nausea, or vomiting may be due to delayed gastric emptying. Abdominal discomfort, flatulence, and bloating occur in those with bacterial overgrowth and improve with antibiotics...
- Leeching in the history--a reviewYounis Munshi
Regional Research Institute of Unani Medicine, University of Kashmir, Srinagar, J and K, 190006, India
Pak J Biol Sci 11:1650-3. 2008Leeching has enjoyed a good reputation in the past where it had been used in various ailments from fevers to flatulence. The present day scientists have limited its role and the leeching nowadays is being used only in microsurgeries to ..
- CELLULAR FATTY ACIDS FOR MONITORING COLONIC MICROFLORAROBERT CARMAN; Fiscal Year: 1993..Shifts in populations of intestinal bacteria can result in colonic disorders such diarrhea, flatulence and decreased resistance to intestinal pathogens...
- Impact of Fiber Fermentation on Fecal IncontinenceDonna Bliss; Fiscal Year: 2007..Differences among the measures of the groups after supplementation will be compared after controlling for baseline values of these measures using ANCOVA. ..
- Mechanisms and Therapeutics in Cancer Anorexia/CachexiaAminah Jatoi; Fiscal Year: 2004..This K23 grant application will serve as a springboard to allow her to delve into the pathophysiology of this syndrome and to develop into an independent clinical investigator. ..
- Creatine: Is It a Body Builder for Cancer Patients?Aminah Jatoi; Fiscal Year: 2004..obtain longitudinal toxicity and quality of life data on this same cohort of 50 patients and will make direct comparisons between treatment arms on toxicity incidence and severity and on maximal quality of life scores ..
- Multi-site Trial of Azathioprine Dosing in Crohn DiseaseStephen Hanauer; Fiscal Year: 2004..Predictive models will be performed to assess responsiveness based upon initial and inducible TPMT activity and achievable 6-TGN and 6-MMPR metabolite based upon incremental AZA dosing. ..
- DEVELOPMENTAL REGULATION OF LACTASE GENE TRANSCRIPTIONEric Sibley; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- Multi-site Trial of Azathioprine Dosing in Crohn DiseaseStephen Hanauer; Fiscal Year: 2003..Predictive models will be performed to assess responsiveness based upon initial and inducible TPMT activity and achievable 6-TGN and 6-MMPR metabolite based upon incremental AZA dosing. ..
- XYLITOL FOR ACUTE OTITIS MEDIA PROPHYLAXISLouis Vernacchio; Fiscal Year: 2003..A preliminary estimate of the effect size of xylitol treatment from the pilot RCT will suggest whether the effect if sufficiently large to warrant a large formal RCT to be proposed. ..
- Neuropeptide Y for Cancer-Associated AnorexiaAminah Jatoi; Fiscal Year: 2003..These two pilot studies will allow us to lay the groundwork for such larger trials. Our ultimate goal is to help cancer patients who suffer from anorexia. ..
- Modulation of Oxidative Damage by Tea PolyphenolsJia Sheng Wang; Fiscal Year: 2002..The results of this proposed study will help to understand the mechanisms of antioxidative role of tea polyphenols in modulating human hepatocarcinogenesis caused by hepatitis B/C viruses and aflatoxins. ..
- Maturational Regulation of Lactase Gene TranscriptionEric Sibley; Fiscal Year: 2002....
- BIOLOGY OF HUMAN INTRAEPITHELIAL LYMPHOCYTESEllen Ebert; Fiscal Year: 2002..These studies will determine the mechanism of IEL chemotaxis toward secreted products of ECs, why IL-15 is more potent than IL-2 in inducing LAK activity by IELs, and how IL-10 and IL-12 augment this activity. ..
- Raising Literacy and Capacity for Incontinence and Skin Care in DementiaDonna Bliss; Fiscal Year: 2009....