cadaver

Summary

Summary: A dead body, usually a human body.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Cadaver decomposition in terrestrial ecosystems
    David O Carter
    School of Pharmacy and Molecular Sciences, James Cook University, Townsville, Qld 4811, Australia
    Naturwissenschaften 94:12-24. 2007
  2. ncbi Single-incision technique misses the anatomical femoral anterior cruciate ligament insertion: a cadaver study
    M P Arnold
    Department of Orthopedics, University Hospital, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 9:194-9. 2001
  3. pmc Evaluation of potential infectivity of Alzheimer and Parkinson disease proteins in recipients of cadaver-derived human growth hormone
    David J Irwin
    Center for Neurodegenerative Disease Research and Institute on Aging, Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    JAMA Neurol 70:462-8. 2013
  4. ncbi The effect of graft tensioning in anatomic 2-bundle ACL reconstruction on knee joint kinematics
    Yuichi Hoshino
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kobe University, Graduate School of Medicine, 7 5 1 Kusunoki cho, Chuo Ku, Kobe, Hyogo, 650 0017, Japan
    Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 15:508-14. 2007
  5. ncbi Analysis of Vibrant Soundbridge placement against the round window membrane in a human cadaveric temporal bone model
    Ronald J E Pennings
    Division of Otolaryngology, Department of Surgery, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
    Otol Neurotol 31:998-1003. 2010
  6. ncbi Early post-mortem changes and stages of decomposition in exposed cadavers
    M Lee Goff
    Chaminade University of Honolulu, Honolulu, HI 96816, USA
    Exp Appl Acarol 49:21-36. 2009
  7. ncbi Phantom and cadaver measurements of dose and dose distribution in micro-CT of the chest in mice
    Thomas Rodt
    Department of Radiology, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany
    Acta Radiol 52:75-80. 2011
  8. ncbi Knee stability and graft function following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: Comparison between 11 o'clock and 10 o'clock femoral tunnel placement. 2002 Richard O'Connor Award paper
    John C Loh
    Musculoskeletal Research Center, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
    Arthroscopy 19:297-304. 2003
  9. ncbi Magnetic resonance imaging and mathematical modeling of progressive formalin fixation of the human brain
    Charlotte J Yong-Hing
    Radiology and Diagnostic Imaging, University of Alberta Hospital, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
    Magn Reson Med 54:324-32. 2005
  10. ncbi Anterior coracoscapular ligament and suprascapular nerve entrapment
    B W Avery
    Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada
    Clin Anat 15:383-6. 2002

Detail Information

Publications375 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Cadaver decomposition in terrestrial ecosystems
    David O Carter
    School of Pharmacy and Molecular Sciences, James Cook University, Townsville, Qld 4811, Australia
    Naturwissenschaften 94:12-24. 2007
    A dead mammal (i.e. cadaver) is a high quality resource (narrow carbon:nitrogen ratio, high water content) that releases an intense, localised pulse of carbon and nutrients into the soil upon decomposition...
  2. ncbi Single-incision technique misses the anatomical femoral anterior cruciate ligament insertion: a cadaver study
    M P Arnold
    Department of Orthopedics, University Hospital, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 9:194-9. 2001
    ..arthroscopic appearance of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) attachment site on the femur in five fresh-frozen cadaver knees. First, the ACL was cut out, leaving a footprint of ligament-fibers with a length of 2 mm intact...
  3. pmc Evaluation of potential infectivity of Alzheimer and Parkinson disease proteins in recipients of cadaver-derived human growth hormone
    David J Irwin
    Center for Neurodegenerative Disease Research and Institute on Aging, Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    JAMA Neurol 70:462-8. 2013
    ..There are limited data on the potential human-to-human transmission of NDAPs associated with Alzheimer disease (AD) and other non-PrPsc ND...
  4. ncbi The effect of graft tensioning in anatomic 2-bundle ACL reconstruction on knee joint kinematics
    Yuichi Hoshino
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kobe University, Graduate School of Medicine, 7 5 1 Kusunoki cho, Chuo Ku, Kobe, Hyogo, 650 0017, Japan
    Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 15:508-14. 2007
    ....
  5. ncbi Analysis of Vibrant Soundbridge placement against the round window membrane in a human cadaveric temporal bone model
    Ronald J E Pennings
    Division of Otolaryngology, Department of Surgery, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
    Otol Neurotol 31:998-1003. 2010
    ..To evaluate optimal placement of the Floating Mass Transducer of the Vibrant Soundbridge (Med-El, Innsbruck, Austria) against the round window membrane, particularly the impact of interposed coupling fascia and of covering materials...
  6. ncbi Early post-mortem changes and stages of decomposition in exposed cadavers
    M Lee Goff
    Chaminade University of Honolulu, Honolulu, HI 96816, USA
    Exp Appl Acarol 49:21-36. 2009
    Decomposition of an exposed cadaver is a continuous process, beginning at the moment of death and ending when the body is reduced to a dried skeleton...
  7. ncbi Phantom and cadaver measurements of dose and dose distribution in micro-CT of the chest in mice
    Thomas Rodt
    Department of Radiology, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany
    Acta Radiol 52:75-80. 2011
    ..Micro-computed tomography (CT) allows high-resolution imaging of the chest in mice for small animal research with a significant radiation dose applied...
  8. ncbi Knee stability and graft function following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: Comparison between 11 o'clock and 10 o'clock femoral tunnel placement. 2002 Richard O'Connor Award paper
    John C Loh
    Musculoskeletal Research Center, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
    Arthroscopy 19:297-304. 2003
    ..Type of Study: Biomechanical experiment using human cadaveric specimens...
  9. ncbi Magnetic resonance imaging and mathematical modeling of progressive formalin fixation of the human brain
    Charlotte J Yong-Hing
    Radiology and Diagnostic Imaging, University of Alberta Hospital, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
    Magn Reson Med 54:324-32. 2005
    ..4 weeks. During fixation, the ongoing attenuation of T1 relaxation, T2 relaxation, and PD must be taken into consideration when performing postmortem MRI studies...
  10. ncbi Anterior coracoscapular ligament and suprascapular nerve entrapment
    B W Avery
    Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada
    Clin Anat 15:383-6. 2002
    ..Because this ligament, for which we propose the term anterior coracoscapular ligament (ACSL), substantially narrows the suprascapular foramen, it should be considered as a possible etiologic factor in suprascapular nerve entrapment...
  11. ncbi A follower load increases the load-carrying capacity of the lumbar spine in compression
    A G Patwardhan
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Rehabilitation, Loyola University Medical Center, Maywood, Illinois
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 24:1003-9. 1999
    ..An experimental approach was used to test human cadaveric spine specimens...
  12. pmc Biomechanical comparison of two different concepts for stand alone anterior lumbar interbody fusion
    Philipp Schleicher
    Center for Spinal Surgery and Neurotraumatology, BG Unfallklinik Frankfurt, Friedberger Landstrasse 430, 60389, Frankfurt, Germany
    Eur Spine J 17:1757-65. 2008
    ..Clinical investigation of the test device seems reasonable based on the good results reported here...
  13. ncbi Calcification in calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate (CPPD) crystalline deposits in the knee: anatomic, radiographic, MR imaging, and histologic study in cadavers
    M Abreu
    Department of Musculoskeletal Radiology, University of California, San Diego, VA San Diego Healthcare System, 3350 La Jolla Village Drive, CA 92162, San Diego, USA
    Skeletal Radiol 33:392-8. 2004
    ..To demonstrate and determine the frequency and location of calcification within cadaveric knees with or without calcification typical of calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate (CPPD), utilizing histologic, radiographic and MR imaging techniques...
  14. ncbi Equal kinematics between central anatomic single-bundle and double-bundle anterior cruciate ligament reconstructions
    Jason Y Ho
    Department of Orthopedics, The Permanente Medical Group, Kaiser Permanente Walnut Creek Medical Center, Walnut Creek, California 94596, USA
    Arthroscopy 25:464-72. 2009
    ..The purpose of this study was to compare the kinematics of a central anatomic single-bundle anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction with a double-bundle ACL reconstruction by use of hamstring grafts and anatomic tunnel placement...
  15. ncbi Influence of a follower load on intradiscal pressure and intersegmental rotation of the lumbar spine
    A Rohlmann
    Biomechanics Laboratory, Orthopaedic Hospital of the Free University of Berlin, Germany
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 26:E557-61. 2001
    ..CONCLUSIONS: A superimposed follower load renders spinal loading with pure moments more physiologic...
  16. ncbi Effects of endoscopic sinus surgery and delivery device on cadaver sinus irrigation
    Richard J Harvey
    Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, USA
    Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 139:137-42. 2008
    ..Assess paranasal sinus distribution of topical solutions following endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) using various delivery devices...
  17. ncbi Machine perfusion or cold storage in deceased-donor kidney transplantation
    Cyril Moers
    Department of Surgery, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands
    N Engl J Med 360:7-19. 2009
    ..Hypothermic machine perfusion may improve outcomes after transplantation, but few sufficiently powered prospective studies have addressed this possibility...
  18. ncbi Fiber dissection technique: lateral aspect of the brain
    U Ture
    Department of Neurosurgery, Marmara University School of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey
    Neurosurgery 47:417-26; discussion 426-7. 2000
    ..Nevertheless, the fiber dissection technique is a very relevant and reliable method for neurosurgeons to study the details of brain anatomic features...
  19. ncbi Morphology of anterior cruciate ligament attachments for anatomic reconstruction: a cadaveric dissection and radiographic study
    Philippe Colombet
    Department d Anatomie, Universite de Tours
    Arthroscopy 22:984-92. 2006
    ..To define the positions of the attachments of the anteromedial (AM) and posterolateral (PL) bundles of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL)...
  20. ncbi Varying femoral tunnels between the anatomical footprint and isometric positions: effect on kinematics of the anterior cruciate ligament-reconstructed knee
    Volker Musahl
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Pittsburgh, 3471 Fifth Avenue, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Am J Sports Med 33:712-8. 2005
    ..Knee kinematics and in situ forces resulting from anterior cruciate ligament reconstructions with 2 femoral tunnel positions were evaluated...
  21. ncbi Comparison of mortality in all patients on dialysis, patients on dialysis awaiting transplantation, and recipients of a first cadaveric transplant
    R A Wolfe
    U S Renal Data System Coordinating Center, Department of Biostatistics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48103, USA
    N Engl J Med 341:1725-30. 1999
    ....
  22. ncbi Yield point in prediction of compressive behavior of lumbar vertebral body by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry
    Antoni Renau
    Unidad de Metabolismo Mineral, Servicio de Medicina Interna Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sarit Pau, Barcelona, Spain
    J Clin Densitom 7:382-9. 2004
    ..The relation with the yield point might be critical because it marks the beginning of the plastic region and signals the appearance of the first trabecular fractures...
  23. ncbi A comparison of two emergency cricothyroidotomy kits in human cadavers
    Mehdi Benkhadra
    Division of Anatomy, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland
    Anesth Analg 106:182-5, table of contents. 2008
    ....
  24. pmc Validation of endogenous control genes for gene expression studies on human ocular surface epithelium
    Bina Kulkarni
    Division of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, Queen s Medical Centre, Nottingham, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 6:e22301. 2011
    ....
  25. ncbi A comparative biomechanical analysis of fixation devices for unstable femoral neck fractures: the Intertan versus cannulated screws or a dynamic hip screw
    Martin Rupprecht
    Department of Trauma, Hand and Reconstructive Surgery, University Medical Center Hamburg Eppendorf, Martinistrasse, Hamburg, Germany
    J Trauma 71:625-34. 2011
    ..The purpose of this study was to identify the utility of this device for stabilization of unstable femoral neck fractures compared with cannulated screws (CS) and a dynamic hip screw (DHS)...
  26. ncbi A dissection and computer tomograph study of tarsal coalitions in 100 cadaver feet
    L B Solomon
    Department of Orthopaedics, Alice Springs Hospital, Flinders University School of Medicine, P O Box 2234, Alice Springs, NT 0871, Australia
    J Orthop Res 21:352-8. 2003
    ..We performed spiral CT scans of 100 cadaver feet (mean age at death 77.7+/-10.4), which were subsequently dissected...
  27. ncbi Emergency cricothyrotomy-a comparative study of different techniques in human cadavers
    Patrick Schober
    Department of Anesthesiology, VU University Medical Center, 1007 MB, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Resuscitation 80:204-9. 2009
    ..Several cricothyrotomy techniques exist, which can be grouped into two categories: anatomical-surgical and puncture...
  28. ncbi Implant primary stability determined by resonance frequency analysis in surgically created defects: a pilot cadaver study
    Hsun Liang Chan
    Department of Periodontics and Oral Medicine, School of Dentistry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Implant Dent 19:509-19. 2010
    ..The aim of this study was to examine the correlations between implant primary stability determined by resonance frequency analysis (RFA) and periimplant bone levels...
  29. ncbi Comparison of fresh and Thiel's embalmed cadavers according to the suitability for ultrasound-guided regional anesthesia of the cervical region
    Mehdi Benkhadra
    Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Teaching Hospital, Boulevard Marechal De Lattre de Tassigny, Dijon, France
    Surg Radiol Anat 31:531-5. 2009
    ..Several models are available, but none associates realistic anatomy and lifelike sensations of the passage of fascias. The aim of our study was to compare fresh and Thiel's embalmed cadavers for ultrasound-guided punctures...
  30. ncbi The suprascapular notch: its morphology and distance from the glenoid cavity in a Kenyan population
    S R Sinkeet
    Department of Human Anatomy, Nairobi, Kenya
    Folia Morphol (Warsz) 69:241-5. 2010
    ..In a significant number of cases the defined safe zone may not be adequate to eliminate the risk of nerve injury during arthroscopic shoulder procedures, even more so with type I and II notches...
  31. ncbi Acoustic responses of the human middle ear
    S E Voss
    Eaton Peabody Laboratory of Auditory Physiology, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Boston, MA 02114, USA
    Hear Res 150:43-69. 2000
    Measurements on human cadaver ears are reported that describe sound transmission through the middle ear...
  32. pmc Anococcygeal raphe revisited: a histological study using mid-term human fetuses and elderly cadavers
    Yusuke Kinugasa
    Division of Colon and Rectal Surgery, Shizuoka Cancer Center Hospital, Shizuoka, Japan
    Yonsei Med J 53:849-55. 2012
    ..As the anococcygeal ligament and raphe are often confused, the concept of the anococcygeal raphe needs to be re-examined from the perspective of fetal development, as well as in terms of adult morphology...
  33. ncbi Correlation of contrast-detail analysis and clinical image quality assessment in chest radiography with a human cadaver study
    An De Crop
    Department of Basic Medical Sciences, Ghent University, Proeftuinstraat 86, B 9000 Ghent, Belgium
    Radiology 262:298-304. 2012
    ..To determine the correlation between the clinical and physical image quality of chest images by using cadavers embalmed with the Thiel technique and a contrast-detail phantom...
  34. ncbi Prediction of bone strength at the distal tibia by HR-pQCT and DXA
    Albrecht W Popp
    AO Research Institute Davos, Switzerland
    Bone 50:296-300. 2012
    ..With its simple geometry, T-DIA may allow investigating the correlation between bone structural parameter and bone strength...
  35. ncbi A risk prediction model for delayed graft function in the current era of deceased donor renal transplantation
    W D Irish
    Biostatistics and Health Outcomes Research, CTI Clinical Trial and Consulting Services, Cincinnati, OH, USA
    Am J Transplant 10:2279-86. 2010
    ..This tool is useful for predicting DGF and long-term outcomes at the time of transplant...
  36. pmc Comparison of mechanical rigidity between plate augmentation leaving the nail in situ and interlocking nail using cadaveric fracture model of the femur
    Kyungho Park
    Department of Orthopaedics, Kwangju Christian Hospital, Gwangju, Korea
    Int Orthop 35:581-5. 2011
    ..0001). We found a 2.6-fold increase in bending stiffness and a 3.3-fold increase in torsional stiffness in plate augmentation leaving a nail in situ compared to interlocking nailing only in the distal third fracture of femur...
  37. ncbi Anatomical study of the femoral and tibial insertions of the anteromedial and posterolateral bundles of human anterior cruciate ligament
    Masaaki Takahashi
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hamamatsu University School of Medicine, 1 20 1 Handayama, Hamamatsu, 431 3192, Japan
    Am J Sports Med 34:787-92. 2006
    ..Recently, anatomical anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction with 2-bundle reconstruction has been proposed. Few previous publications have mentioned anatomical measurements of the insertions of these bundles...
  38. ncbi Browsing software of the Visible Korean data used for teaching sectional anatomy
    Dong Sun Shin
    Department of Anatomy, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, Republic of Korea
    Anat Sci Educ 4:327-32. 2011
    ..seven hundred and two sets of MRIs, CTs, and sectioned images (intervals, one millimeter) of a whole male cadaver were prepared...
  39. ncbi The importance of carcass volatiles as attractants for the hide beetle Dermestes maculatus (De Geer)
    C von Hoermann
    Institute of Experimental Ecology, Biology III, Ulm University, Albert Einstein Allee 11, 89069 Ulm, Germany
    Forensic Sci Int 212:173-9. 2011
    A decaying cadaver emits volatile organic compounds that are used by necrophilous and necrophagous insects in order to find their brood substrate...
  40. ncbi A cadaver study in preparation for facial allograft transplantation in humans: part II. Mock facial transplantation
    Maria Siemionow
    Department of Plastic Surgery, The Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio 44195, USA
    Plast Reconstr Surg 117:876-85; discussion 886-8. 2006
    ..The authors have performed mock facial transplantation by harvesting total facial-scalp flaps from donors and transferring them to recipient cadavers...
  41. ncbi Systematized methods of surface reconstruction from the serial sectioned images of a cadaver head
    Dong Sun Shin
    Department of Anatomy, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, Republic of Korea
    J Craniofac Surg 23:190-4. 2012
    ..We used recent state-of-the-art sectioned images of a cadaver head in which several structures were delineated...
  42. ncbi Outlining of the detailed structures in sectioned images from Visible Korean
    Dong Sun Shin
    Department of Anatomy, Ajou University School of Medicine, Worldcup ro 164, Suwon, 443 749, Republic of Korea
    Surg Radiol Anat 34:235-47. 2012
    ..The outlining process is time consuming; therefore, users want to be provided with outlined images. The more detailed structures are outlined, the greater potential for wider application of the outlined images...
  43. ncbi Insolubility of disrupted-in-schizophrenia 1 disrupts oligomer-dependent interactions with nuclear distribution element 1 and is associated with sporadic mental disease
    S Rutger Leliveld
    Department of Neuropathology, Heinrich Heine University of Dusseldorf, 40225 Dusseldorf, Germany
    J Neurosci 28:3839-45. 2008
    ..We conclude that the absence of oligomer-dependent ligand interactions of DISC1 can be associated with sporadic mental disease of mixed phenotypes...
  44. ncbi Knee stability and graft function after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: a comparison of a lateral and an anatomical femoral tunnel placement
    Yuji Yamamoto
    Musculoskeletal Research Center, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
    Am J Sports Med 32:1825-32. 2004
    ..Locations of femoral tunnels for anterior cruciate ligament replacement grafts remain a subject of debate...
  45. ncbi Anterior-posterior and rotatory stability of single and double-bundle anterior cruciate ligament reconstructions
    Keith L Markolf
    Biomechanics Research Section, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of California at Los Angeles Rehabilitation Center, 1000 Veteran Avenue, Room 21 67, Los Angeles, CA 90095 1759, USA
    J Bone Joint Surg Am 91:107-18. 2009
    ....
  46. ncbi Anatomic single- and double-bundle anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction flowchart
    Carola F van Eck
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
    Arthroscopy 26:258-68. 2010
    ..We continue to modify the flowchart as more information about the anatomy of the ACL, and how to more closely reproduce it, becomes available...
  47. pmc Novel metallic implantation technique for osteochondral defects of the medial talar dome. A cadaver study
    Christiaan J A Van Bergen
    Orthopedic Research Center Amsterdam, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Acta Orthop 81:495-502. 2010
    ....
  48. ncbi An experimental study of a combination method using a pedicle screw and laminar hook for the osteoporotic spine
    K Hasegawa
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Niigata University, Japan
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 22:958-62; discussion 963. 1997
    STUDY DESIGN: Using human cadaver spines, the authors compared the effect of using a combination of pedicle screw and laminar hook on the same vertebra with that of using a pedicle screw alone in reference to bone mineral density of the ..
  49. ncbi Anchor design and bone mineral density affect the pull-out strength of suture anchors in rotator cuff repair: which anchors are best to use in patients with low bone quality?
    Markus J Tingart
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany
    Am J Sports Med 32:1466-73. 2004
    ..Different metal and biodegradable suture anchors are available for rotator cuff repair. Poor bone quality may result in anchor loosening and tendon rerupture...
  50. ncbi [Supplement to the conservation of an entire cadaver according to W. Thiel]
    Walter Thiel
    Anatomisches Institut, Karl Franzens Universität, Graz, Osterreich
    Ann Anat 184:267-9. 2002
    ....
  51. ncbi Rotational instability of the knee: internal tibial rotation under a simulated pivot shift test
    Nadine Diermann
    Department of Trauma, Hand and Reconstructive Surgery, Westfalian Wilhelms University Muenster, Germany
    Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 129:353-8. 2009
    ..Furthermore, it was hypothesized that anatomic single bundle ACL reconstruction significantly reduces the internal tibial rotation under a simulated pivot shift test when compared to the ACL-deficient knee...
  52. ncbi Single- versus two-femoral socket anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction technique: Biomechanical analysis using a robotic simulator
    T Mae
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Osaka University Medical School, Suita, Osaka, Japan
    Arthroscopy 17:708-16. 2001
    ..However, the difference in biomechanical characteristics between them is unknown. The objective of this study was to clarify their biomechanical differences...
  53. ncbi Assessment of bone quality within the tuberosities of the osteoporotic humeral head: relevance for anchor positioning in rotator cuff repair
    Chlodwig Kirchhoff
    Department of Orthopedic Sports Surgery, Klinikum rechts der Isar, Technische Universitaet Muenchen, Ismaningerstrasse 22, D 81675 Munich, Germany
    Am J Sports Med 38:564-9. 2010
    ..Because of osteopenic or osteoporotic bone changes, suture anchors in the older patient might pull out, resulting in failure of repair...
  54. ncbi Evaluation of Seldinger technique emergency cricothyroidotomy versus standard surgical cricothyroidotomy in 200 cadavers
    Nikolaus Schaumann
    Department of Internal Medicine I, Intensive Care Unit, Medical University of Vienna, Austria
    Anesthesiology 102:7-11. 2005
    ..Percutaneous cricothyroidotomy is a lifesaving procedure for airway obstruction in trauma victims who need airway establishment and cannot be intubated or in whom intubation has failed...
  55. ncbi The cortical step sign as a tool for assessing and correcting rotational deformity in femoral shaft fractures
    Jakub S Langer
    Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    J Orthop Trauma 24:82-8. 2010
    ..This study aims to critically analyze the cortical step sign in cadaveric specimens using radiographic and direct measurements...
  56. ncbi Morphometry of the normal cadaveric cervical spinal cord
    T Kameyama
    Department of Neurology, Nagoya University School of Medicine, Japan
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 19:2077-81. 1994
    ..When the pathologic cord conditions such as compression or atrophy exist, the normally expected transverse area of the affected segment in each individual is calculable from measurement of a given single normal segment...
  57. ncbi Analysis of the graft bending angle at the femoral tunnel aperture in anatomic double bundle anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: a comparison of the transtibial and the far anteromedial portal technique
    Koji Nishimoto
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine, Kobe University, 7 5 1 Kusunoki cho, Chuo Ku, Kobe, Hyogo 650 0017, Japan
    Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 17:270-6. 2009
    ..01). This suggests use of the far anteromedial portal technique might result in lower stress on the graft at the femoral tunnel aperture and therefore might reduce graft damage...
  58. ncbi The effect of tibiofemoral joint kinematics on patellofemoral contact pressures under simulated muscle loads
    G Li
    Orthopaedic Biomechanics Laboratory, Massachusetts General Hospital Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02114, USA
    J Orthop Res 22:801-6. 2004
    ..These results suggest that conservative treatment of posterior cruciate ligament injury should be reconsidered...
  59. ncbi Association of osteopenia of the humeral head with full-thickness rotator cuff tears
    Dominik C Meyer
    Department of Orthopaedics, University of Zurich, Balgrist, Zurich, Switzerland
    J Shoulder Elbow Surg 13:333-7. 2004
    ..For optimal suture fixation to bone, sutures or anchors should be positioned subcortically or medially under the articular surface...
  60. ncbi Arthroscopic suprascapular nerve release at the suprascapular notch in a cadaveric model: an anatomic approach
    Shane A Barwood
    Department of Surgery, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    Arthroscopy 23:221-5. 2007
    ..The STS ligament may be incised by use of dissecting scissors through a lateral, accessory lateral, or accessory posterior portal, releasing the suprascapular nerve...
  61. ncbi An anatomic study of the lumbar plexus with respect to retroperitoneal endoscopic surgery
    Takatomo Moro
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Fukushima Medical University, School of Medicine, Fukushima City, Japan
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 28:423-8; discussion 427-8. 2003
    ..The distribution of the lumbar plexus was analyzed using cadavers...
  62. ncbi Dissection as a modulator of emotional attitudes and reactions of future health professionals
    Luis Alfonso Arráez-Aybar
    Department of Human Anatomy and Embryology II, Faculty of Medicine, Complutense University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain
    Med Educ 42:563-71. 2008
    ..There is ongoing discussion within the medical education community about dissection as an educational strategy and as a professional training tool in technical and emotional skills training...
  63. ncbi Seasonal patterns of arthropods occurring on sheltered and unsheltered pig carcasses in Buenos Aires Province (Argentina)
    N Centeno
    Centro de Estudios e Investigaciones Programa de Investigaciones en Interacciones Biologicas CEI PIIB, Universidad Nacional de Quilmes, Roque Saenz Pena 180, Bernal, B1876BXD, Buenos Aires, Argentina
    Forensic Sci Int 126:63-70. 2002
    ..In the fall, the difference between sheltered and unsheltered carcasses was small (six species on the former and five species on the latter); in spring and summer, the difference was negligible...
  64. ncbi Part I: Footprint contact characteristics for a transosseous-equivalent rotator cuff repair technique compared with a double-row repair technique
    Maxwell C Park
    Kerlan Jobe Orthopaedic Clinic, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    J Shoulder Elbow Surg 16:461-8. 2007
    ..A transosseous-equivalent technique, using suture bridges, may help optimize the healing biology at a repaired rotator cuff insertion...
  65. ncbi Bilateral case of superficial ulnar artery originating from axillary artery
    G Jacquemin
    , rue de Pitteurs 20, , Belgium
    Surg Radiol Anat 23:139-43. 2001
    During the dissection of an 86-year-old male human cadaver, superficial ulnar arteries were found in both upper limbs. These arteries branched from the axillary arteries...
  66. ncbi Ischemic preconditioning of cadaver donor livers protects allografts following transplantation
    Wayel Jassem
    Liver Transplant Unit, Institute of Liver Studies, King s College Hospital, Denmark Hill, London, United Kingdom
    Transplantation 81:169-74. 2006
    ..The aim of this clinical study is to investigate whether IP of cadaver livers prior to retrieval confers protection on the allografts.
  67. ncbi Connective tissue configuration in the human liver hilar region with special reference to the liver capsule and vascular sheath
    Shogo Hayashi
    Aichi Medical University Education Center AMEC, 21 Yazako Karimata, Nagakute, Aichi, 480 1195, Japan
    J Hepatobiliary Pancreat Surg 15:640-7. 2008
    ....
  68. ncbi Thoracolumbar burst fracture. A biomechanical investigation of its multidirectional flexibility
    M M Panjabi
    Department of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 19:578-85. 1994
    ..All of the increases were significant (P < 0.05). The clinical significance of the study lies in its finding of high multidirectional acute instability of the thoracolumbar burst fracture, especially in axial rotation...
  69. ncbi Pullout strength and load to failure properties of self-tapping cortical screws in synthetic and cadaveric environments representative of healthy and osteoporotic bone
    Andrew J Schoenfeld
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Northeastern Ohio Universities College of Medicine, Akron, Ohio, USA
    J Trauma 64:1302-7. 2008
    ..The goal of this study was to analyze the biomechanical performance of STSs in cadaveric and synthetic environments representative of healthy and osteoporotic bone...
  70. ncbi Suture-endobutton fixation of ankle tibio-fibular diastasis: a cadaver study
    Brian Thornes
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Department of Anatomy, Beaumont Hospital, Dublin 9, Trinity College Dublin, Ireland
    Foot Ankle Int 24:142-6. 2003
    ..This study tested the Suture-Endobutton construct in a cadaver syndesmosis injury model and compared this against A.O. syndesmosis screw fixation...
  71. ncbi A comparative study of 'isometric' points for anterior cruciate ligament graft attachment
    T D Zavras
    Mechanical Engineering Department, Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, London, UK
    Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 9:28-33. 2001
    ..This study confirms the existence of an isometric zone close to the posterior end of Blumensaat's line under several loading conditions. Other graft attachment points are less suitable for ACL reconstruction...
  72. ncbi The effect of oblique femoral tunnel placement on rotational constraint of the knee reconstructed using patellar tendon autografts
    Jason M Scopp
    Sports Medicine Service and the Orthopaedic Biomechanics Laboratory, Department of Orthopaedics, The University of Maryland, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Arthroscopy 20:294-9. 2004
    ....
  73. pmc Variations of the arterial pattern in the upper limb revisited: a morphological and statistical study, with a review of the literature
    M Rodriguez-Niedenführ
    Unit of Anatomy and Embryology, School of Medicine, Autonomous University of Barcelona, Spain
    J Anat 199:547-66. 2001
    ..The variable terminology previously used was unified into a homogenous and complete classification, with 12 categories covering all the previously reported variant patterns of the arm and forearm...
  74. ncbi Magnetic resonance imaging in the evaluation of periprosthetic acetabular osteolysis: a cadaveric study
    Daniel E Weiland
    Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, NY 10021, USA
    J Orthop Res 23:713-9. 2005
    ..of this study is to compare MRI to plain film analysis in the assessment of periacetabular bone loss using a cadaver model. MRI was 95% sensitive in the detection of lesions. Specificity was 98%, and accuracy was 96%...
  75. pmc The effect of wrist position on the relative motion of tendon, nerve, and subsynovial connective tissue within the carpal tunnel in a human cadaver model
    Yuichi Yoshii
    Biomechanics Laboratory, Division of Orthopedic Research, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA
    J Orthop Res 26:1153-8. 2008
    ..Thus, this result suggests that the SSCT may be predisposed to shear injury from activity done in 60 degrees of wrist flexion...
  76. ncbi Lumbar plexus and psoas major muscle: not always as expected
    Lukas Kirchmair
    Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Innsbruck Medical University, Innsbruck, Austria
    Reg Anesth Pain Med 33:109-14. 2008
    ..The present study was carried out to detect anatomical variants regarding the topographical relation between the lumbar plexus and the psoas major muscle as well as lumbar plexus anatomy at the L4-L5 level...
  77. pmc Complete volumetric decomposition of individual trabecular plates and rods and its morphological correlations with anisotropic elastic moduli in human trabecular bone
    X Sherry Liu
    Bone Bioengineering Laboratory, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA
    J Bone Miner Res 23:223-35. 2008
    ..The ITS-based morphological analyses better characterize microarchitecture and help predict anisotropic mechanical properties of trabecular bone...
  78. ncbi It takes six to boogie: allocating cadaver kidneys in Eurotransplant
    Ilias I N Doxiadis
    Eurotransplant Reference Laboratory, Leiden, The Netherlands
    Transplantation 77:615-7. 2004
    In March 1996, a new allocation point system for cadaver kidneys, the Eurotransplant (ET) Kidney Allocation System (KAS), was introduced in ET, the first multinational organ exchange organization...
  79. ncbi Morphological muscle and joint parameters for musculoskeletal modelling of the lower extremity
    M D Klein Horsman
    Institute for Biomedical Technology BMTI, Biomedical Engineering Group, Department of Engineering Technology, University of Twente, P O Box 217, 7500 AE Enschede, The Netherlands
    Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon) 22:239-47. 2007
    ....
  80. ncbi Three-dimensional morphometric analysis of human cadaver bone: microstructural data from maxilla and mandible
    Mete I Fanuscu
    Division of Restorative Dentistry, School of Dentistry, University of California, Los Angeles 90095 1668, USA
    Clin Oral Implants Res 15:213-8. 2004
    ..Moderately resorbed edentulous maxilla and mandible from a human cadaver were scanned in the conventional CT unit with opaque markers indicating specific anterior and posterior sites...
  81. ncbi Cadaver dogs--a study on detection of contaminated carpet squares
    L Oesterhelweg
    Institute of Legal Medicine, University Medical Center Hamburg, Germany
    Forensic Sci Int 174:35-9. 2008
    b>Cadaver dogs are known as valuable forensic tools in crime scene investigations. Scientific research attempting to verify their value is largely lacking, specifically for scents associated with the early postmortem interval...
  82. ncbi Review of the anatomic concepts in relation to the retrorectal space and endopelvic fascia: Waldeyer's fascia and the rectosacral fascia
    J Garcia-Armengol
    Coloproctology Unit, Department of Surgery, Consorcio Hospital General Universitario of Valencia, Valencia, Spain
    Colorectal Dis 10:298-302. 2008
    ..A precise anatomical study of the fascias within the retrorectal space is reported, analyzing and clarifying the anatomical concepts previously employed to describe Waldeyer's and the rectosacral fascia...
  83. ncbi Interference screw fixation of soft tissue grafts in anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: part 2: effect of preconditioning on graft tension during and after screw insertion
    Janne T Nurmi
    Medical School and the Institute of Medical Technology, University of Tampere, Tampere, Finland
    Am J Sports Med 32:418-24. 2004
    ..Preconditioning of tendon grafts is believed to eliminate natural viscoelasticity of the tendons and prevent knee laxity after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction...
  84. ncbi Bone strength at the distal radius can be estimated from high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography and the finite element method
    Joshua A MacNeil
    Department of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Schulich School of Engineering, University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada
    Bone 42:1203-13. 2008
    ..The distal radius from fresh, human cadaver forearms (5 male/5 female, ages 55 to 93) was dissected free and four 9...
  85. ncbi Influence of disc degeneration on mechanism of thoracolumbar burst fractures
    O Shirado
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hokkaido University School of Medicine, Japan
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 17:286-92. 1992
    ..In the analysis of specimens with severely degenerated discs, stresses were very low at the end plate and cancellous bone under the nucleus.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)..
  86. pmc The lymphatic anatomy of the breast and its implications for sentinel lymph node biopsy: a human cadaver study
    Hiroo Suami
    Jack Brockhoff Reconstructive Plastic Surgery Research Unit, Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Royal Melbourne Hospital, University of Melbourne, E533, Medical Building, Grattan Street, Parkville, 3050, Victoria, Australia
    Ann Surg Oncol 15:863-71. 2008
    ....
  87. ncbi Screw fixation of the syndesmosis: a cadaver model comparing stainless steel and titanium screws and three and four cortical fixation
    Annechien Beumer
    Department of Orthopaedics, Erasmus University Medical Centre, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Injury 36:60-4. 2005
    We assessed syndesmotic set screw strength and fixation capacity during cyclical testing in a cadaver model simulating protected weight bearing...
  88. ncbi Ligamentous stabilizers against posterolateral rotatory instability of the elbow
    C E Dunning
    Bioengineering Research Laboratory, Lawson Health Research Institute, Hand and Upper Limb Centre, St. Joseph's Health Care London, 268 Grosvenor Street, London, Ontario N6A 4L6, Canada
    J Bone Joint Surg Am 83:1823-8. 2001
    ....
  89. ncbi The difference in trochlear orientation between the natural knee and current prosthetic knee designs; towards a truly physiological prosthetic groove orientation
    M Barink
    Orthopaedic Research Lab, Department of Orthopaedics, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, P O Box 9101, 6500 HB Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    J Biomech 39:1708-15. 2006
    ..As this study showed a considerable deviation between natural and prosthetic groove orientation, an optimal prosthetic groove orientation, matching the average orientation in the natural knee, was mathematically determined...
  90. ncbi The medial collateral ligament of the elbow is not isometric: an in vitro biomechanical study
    April D Armstrong
    Bioengineering Research Laboratory, Hand and Upper Limb Centre, Lawson Research Institute, St Joseph s Health Care London, London, Ontario, Canada
    Am J Sports Med 32:85-90. 2004
    ..The anterior bundle of the medial collateral ligament (AMCL) of the elbow has been shown to be the most important valgus stabilizer of the elbow. However, the isometry of this band has not been quantified...
  91. ncbi Primary endoluminal stenting of transplant renal artery stenosis from cadaver and non-heart-beating donor kidneys
    D Ridgway
    Department of Surgery, University Hospitals of Leicester, NHS Trust, UK
    Clin Transplant 20:394-400. 2006
    ..evaluated the efficacy of primary endovascular stenting in cases of transplant renal artery stenosis (TRAS) from cadaver and non-heart-beating donor kidneys...
  92. ncbi Environmental aspects of VOCs evolved in the early stages of human decomposition
    M Statheropoulos
    School of Chemical Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, Sector I, 9 Iroon Polytechniou Str, 157 73 Athens, Greece
    Sci Total Environ 385:221-7. 2007
    ..A human cadaver was placed in a sealed bag at approximately the 4th day after death...
  93. ncbi Anatomic reconstruction of the anteromedial and posterolateral bundles of the anterior cruciate ligament using hamstring tendon grafts
    Kazunori Yasuda
    Department of Sports Medicine and Joint Reconstruction Surgery, Hokkaido University School of Medicine, Sapporo, Japan
    Arthroscopy 20:1015-25. 2004
    ..To develop and evaluate an anatomic reconstruction procedure of the posterolateral and anteromedial bundles of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL)...
  94. ncbi Cervical human vertebrae. Quantitative three-dimensional anatomy of the middle and lower regions
    M M Panjabi
    Department of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 16:861-9. 1991
    ..The areas of the end plates, spinal canal, and pedicles were modeled by elliptical and triangular shapes, and results were compared with the actual measurements...
  95. ncbi A transition to laparoendoscopic single-site surgery (LESS) radical prostatectomy: human cadaver experimental and initial clinical experience
    Eric Barret
    Ecole Europeen de Chirurgie and Department of Urology, Institut Montsouris Université Paris Descartes, Paris, France
    J Endourol 23:135-40. 2009
    ..Robotic technology could overcome such technical difficulties. We report our experience with LESS radical prostatectomy (LESS-RP) in a cadaver and LESS robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (LESS-RARP) in a human patient.
  96. pmc Interleukin-1 induces pro-mineralizing activity of cartilage tissue transglutaminase and factor XIIIa
    K Johnson
    Department of Medicine, Rheumatology Allergy-Immunology Division, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, University of California at San Diego, USA
    Am J Pathol 159:149-63. 2001
    ..Because TGase activity promoted apatite deposition, our findings potentially implicate inflammation in the pathogenesis of cartilage matrix calcification...
  97. ncbi Segmentation and surface reconstruction of the detailed ear structures, identified in sectioned images
    Hae Gwon Jang
    Multimedia and Computer Architecture Lab, Graduate School of Information and Communication, Ajou University, Worldcup ro 206, Suwon, Republic of Korea
    Anat Rec (Hoboken) 294:559-64. 2011
    ..We produced sectioned images of a cadaver head (pixel size, 0.1 mm; 48-bit color)...
  98. ncbi The proximal neurovascular plate and the tri-zonal neural architecture around the prostate gland: importance in the athermal robotic technique of nerve-sparing prostatectomy
    Ashutosh Tewari
    Department of Urology, The New York Presbyterian Hospital, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, New York, NY 10021, USA
    BJU Int 98:314-23. 2006
    ....
  99. ncbi Femoral insertions of the anteromedial and posterolateral bundles of the anterior cruciate ligament: morphometry and arthroscopic orientation models for double-bundle bone tunnel placement--a cadaver study
    Rainer Siebold
    Orthopaedic Department, ARCUS Sportsclinic, Pforzheim, Germany
    Arthroscopy 24:585-92. 2008
    ....
  100. ncbi Navigated open-wedge high tibial osteotomy: advantages and disadvantages compared to the conventional technique in a cadaver study
    S Hankemeier
    Trauma Department of Hannover Medical School, Carl Neuberg Str 1, 30625 Hannover, Germany
    Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 14:917-21. 2006
    ..Twenty legs of fresh human cadaver were randomly assigned to navigated open-wedge HTO (n=10) or conventional HTO using the cable method (n=10)...
  101. ncbi Biomechanical analysis of plate osteosynthesis systems for proximal humerus fractures
    James P Lever
    Department of Surgery, University of Toronto, and Martin Orthopaedic Biomechanics Laboratory, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Canada
    J Orthop Trauma 22:23-9. 2008
    ..To biomechanically assess five proximal, humeral, fracture-plate-fixation systems...

Research Grants77

  1. MRI Biometry of the Pseudophakic Cadaver Eye
    Susan Strenk; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..produce a biometric database of the unique information obtained from MRI images of both phakic and pseudophakic cadaver globes in order to fully characterize IOL placement in the anterior segment and to provide much needed ..
  2. The Dorsal Wrist: Function in the Normal & Injured State
    Rita Patterson; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  3. Microneedle-based immunization against pandemic influenza
    Mark R Prausnitz; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Microneedle designs will be studied using cadaver skin, living human skin explants, and human subjects to determine microneedle mechanical properties;stability ..
  4. Foot Bone Motion in End Stage Ankle Arthritis Patients
    William R Ledoux; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Veterans are expected to greatly benefit from an increased understanding of the secondary effects of ankle OA. ..
  5. Robust BCT for Clinical Use
    DAVID KOPPERDAHL; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Well validated in cadaver studies and being a better predictor of bone strength than is bone mineral density by DXA, BCT has also been ..
  6. The Role of Oxidative Stress in the Pathogenesis of Fuchs Endothelial Corneal Dys
    Ula V Jurkunas; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  7. Phase-contrast enhanced X-ray imaging system for small joints of hand
    Thomas J Beck; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..aim will be to use this system to demonstrate and optimize the DPC imaging of joint soft tissue on animal and cadaver samples...
  8. FT-IR Microscopy of Mineral Structure
    Adele L Boskey; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Testing of these four hypotheses will provide new insights into the efficacy of therapies and contribute to the understanding of factors leading to fracture. ..
  9. NON-INVASIVE HIGH-RESOLUTION DIAGNOSIS OF PERIODONTAL ATTACHMENT LEVELS USING REA
    SAM M MUKDADI; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The proposed system will be extensively tested using dry and wet cadaver human mandibles...
  10. Ceramic scaffolds with engineered topography and chemistry
    ISABELLE L DENRY; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..the need for a second surgical site to harvest autogenous bone, (ii) address patients concerns about the use of cadaver bone tissue and risk of disease transmission, (iii) offer superior mechanical properties compared to currently ..
  11. Patient-Specific Modeling of Total Knee Arthroplasty
    ROBERT ANTHONY SISTON; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..However, these simulations currently rely on generic descriptions of joints based on measurements made in cadaver specimens, or the simulations are heavily influenced by the properties of the ligaments that surround the knee, ..
  12. Use Of Adipose Derived Stem Cells For Engineering Of Ligament Tissue
    David McAllister; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..either autografts (tissue obtained from another uninjured part of the knee) or allografts (tissue obtained from a cadaver donor)...
  13. Engineering of Human Corneal Endothelial Grafts
    Ying Ting Zhu; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..the only solution to restore vision in eyes inflicted with bullous keratopathy relies upon transplantation of a cadaver donor cornea containing a healthy corneal endothelium...
  14. Bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw: Bridging the clinical-preclinica
    Matthew R Allen; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..fuchsin staining) in mandible samples from patients with and without with BRONJ, as well as age/sex matched cadaver controls...
  15. Enhancing Kidney Donation Through Live Organ Video Educated Donors (LOVED)
    Frank A Treiber; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..offers the best outcomes for patients with End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) but rates of procurement far outnumber cadaver organ availability, especially among AAs. A superior option is living donor kidney transplantation (LDKT)...
  16. Architectural Design of the Pelvic Floor Skeletal Muscles
    Marianna Alperin; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The interdisciplinary approach used in our research will have a significant impact on these vastly understudied conditions that negatively affect the lives of millions of women world-wide. ..
  17. Intubation Mechanics of the Stable and Unstable Cervical Spine
    BRANDON GERAD SANTONI; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The acquired information and new protocols developed in this study will help physicians to more safely accomplish intubation in patients with an unstable cervical spine. ..
  18. Microscopy in the cochlea
    Mark J Schnitzer; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..live human work is planned during the two-period of this grant, all validation efforts in animal models and human cadaver temporal bones will be performed with the long-term goal of beginning clinical testing under a follow-up grant ..
  19. Training and research application for c-spine ultrasound of an aging population.
    DANIEL BUCKLAND; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..data and intervertebral disc displacements measured by the stereographic ultrasound system using isolated human cadaver cervical spine segments mounted in a servo-hydraulic, multi-axial testing machine subjected to representative ..
  20. Anatomic Risk Factors for Venous Thromboembolism
    ANAND KUMAR NARAYAN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Pathologists doing cadaver dissections noted that the artery that supplies blood to the right leg can often crossover and compress the vein ..
  21. NMR Spectral Markers of Cartilage Degeneration in Osteoarthritis
    Xiaojuan Li; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Cartilage samples will be harvested from OA patients who undergo total knee replacement and cadaver knees (controls). Cartilage degeneration will be evaluated using histology...
  22. Enhanced Propagation of Adult Human Renal Epithelial Cells
    Angela Westover; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This research proposal covers enhanced methods for the isolation of REC progenitor cell populations from human cadaver kidneys and propagation to a much larger biomass than current protocols, followed by terminal differentiation to ..
  23. Combining Imaging and Modeling in Osteoporosis Fracture Risk Assessment
    GARY BEAUPRE; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..technologies we will quantify the accuracy with which they can predict the experimentally measured strength of cadaver bones from 25 male and 25 female donors...
  24. MICROINVASIVE TREATMENT OF SLEEP APNEA WITH THE LINGUAFLEX TISSUE RETRACTOR II
    Ira Sanders; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..tissue interaction and tension characteristics of LTR-II and the upper airway will be studied in the human cadaver model to characterize the device specifics for optimum function...
  25. TRABECULAR MESHWORK PROTEINS IN GLAUCOMA
    Sanjoy K Bhattacharya; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We will use primary TM cells, cadaver TM tissues and DBA/2J mice to determine the relative levels of transcription factors (that are responsive to ..
  26. Multi-faceted Approach to Modeling ACL Injury Mechanisms
    Timothy E Hewett; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This research will significantly improve the ability of researchers and clinicians to effectively screen athletes for ACL injury risk, and will increase ACL injury prevention program enrollment and efficacy. ..
  27. Super-Zoom Endoscope (SuZE)
    MIKHAIL A GUTIN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..dedicated hardware;4) to demonstrate practical use of the SuZE endoscope in surgical skills lab tests and in cadaver tests...
  28. Mechanisms Regulating Functional Beta-cell Recovery
    Gordon P Meares; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..using insulinoma cell lines and islets isolated from rodents and, when available, islets isolated from human cadaver donors...
  29. Characterization and Treatment of the Scarred Vocal Fold
    Nathan Welham; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  30. MRI Biometry of the Pseudophakic Cadaver Eye
    Susan A Strenk; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..imaging has the unique ability to fully show the IOL position in the intact eye and will be used to study cadaver globes with IOLs in order to better understand the complications that can occur after IOL implantation and also ..
  31. NOVEL THERMAL REVERSIBLE POLYMER (TRG) FOR HUMAN ISLET ENCAPSULATION AND IMPLANTA
    David W Scharp; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..performing a number of standardizing encapsulations under controlled conditions using human islets from cadaver organ donors for research...
  32. A 3-D Interactive Atlas of the Hand & Wrist Joints
    Kevin N Montgomery; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Furthermore, these datasets will provide comprehensive information from several cadaver and bone specimens, providing insight into human variability that will improve implant and device development for ..
  33. HSV-1-specific T-cell responses in human sensory ganglia
    David M Koelle; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..
  34. Development of Experimental and Computational Models for Traumatic Aortic Rupture
    Kurosh Darvish; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The finite element model will be used as a tool to conduct a parametric study to identify the loading conditions with higher risk of TAR and to analyze the injury mitigation strategies. ..
  35. Disposable Instrument for Broader Patient Access to Vision Restoration Therapy
    Robert B Aramant; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..approval requirements for medical devices;2) fabricate three engineering prototypes and test these in eye bank (cadaver) eyes to demonstrate instrument performance;and 3) develop standardized production processes to enable low-cost ..
  36. Physiology of Inflammatory Arthritis in High Resolution
    Xueding Wang; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Based on our past validation in animals and human cadaver joints, this physiological imaging modality will be adapted to human inflammatory arthritis for the first time in ..
  37. Multi-lumen steerable needles for transoral access to lung nodules
    Ron Alterovitz; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Once the multi-lumen steerable needles safely reach the nodule, the new device will also be able to deliver local therapy via chemotherapy instillation, ablation, and brachytherapy. ..
  38. Probabilistic Modeling of Stenotic Aortic Valve Intervention
    Wei Sun; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..microstructure of the human stenotic aortic root through a series of biomechanical tests performed on 50 human cadaver hearts;2) Image analysis of clinical CT scans, which will yield 60 reconstructed patient-specific aortic valve ..
  39. Apical Access System with Universal Connector for Beating Heart LVAD Implantation
    Jorge Hernan Jimenez; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..for the re-designed AAS System and demonstrate feasibility for LVAD therapy in acute bovine model (n=2) and human cadaver (n=2)...
  40. Using BMSC-derived Bone-Ligament-Bone Tissue as a Live Template for ACL Regenerat
    Deneen M Wellik; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  41. PHYSIOLOGIC LOADING FOR CARTILAGE TISSUE ENGINEERING
    Clark T Hung; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Perform validation of construct crack initiation in canine cadaver knee loading studies...
  42. Quantification of Brown Adipose Tissue by MRI in Children and Teenagers
    Vicente Gilsanz; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..In addition, the proposal will study how brown adipose tissue quantity varies with age, gender, and body composition, particularly in children and adolescents. ..
  43. Nanospheres as Delivery Vehicles for Psoriasis Therapeutics
    LARISA contact SHEIHET; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Our nanospheres significantly enhanced skin penetration of highly lipophilic model agents in human cadaver skin compared to a non-particulate formulation...
  44. Image Science for the New X-Ray: Taking Dual-Energy CT to Task
    Jeffrey H Siewerdsen; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..flat-panel detectors and photon counters) and validate performance versus benchtop measurements in phantom and cadaver;3...
  45. The Virtual Cadaver Lab: An Innovative Platform to Supplement Medical Education
    Young Seok Kim; Fiscal Year: 2011
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Cadaver dissection is a critical exercise in medical education...
  46. Computer Modeled Multiportal Approaches to the Skull Base
    Kris Moe; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The model will be validated in cadaver specimens and robotic feasibility will be assessed on two robotic surgery systems...
  47. MINIR-II: Minimally Invasive Neurosurgical Intracranial Robot
    J Marc Simard; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..MINIR-II through comprehensive assessments on clinically relevant ex vivo and in vivo swine and followed by human cadaver models...
  48. A safer urinary catheter design to reduce catheter trauma and infections
    BUZZY BONNEAU; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  49. Effect of 3-D Compound Impulsive Loading on Relative ACL Strain
    Edward M Wojtys; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..In Years 01-03 we used an instrumented cadaver construct to identify the direction of the impulsive compound 3-D loading that causes the largest peak ACL strain:..
  50. A Microsurgical Assistant System
    Russell H Taylor; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..our systems'ability to improve surgeon performance of realistic surgical tasks on realistic phantom, cadaver, and animal models associated with three testbed applications...
  51. Allan Hancock College - Bridges to the Baccalaureate
    LEONARD BEN MIYAHARA; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..writing, and others;5) an advanced gross anatomy laboratory course to give students hands-on experience in human cadaver dissection, an experience expected to dramatically increase students'skill and interest in anatomy, a core ..
  52. Stabilization Device for Transseptal Access
    MARK CHRISTIAN SVENDSEN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This proposal addresses a clinically significant problem with applications that can reach beyond treatment of MR to multiple TS left heart procedures. ..
  53. Development & Validation of Instrumented Synthetic Mechanical Analog Lumbar Spine
    JOHN ERIC JAMES; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..implants and surgical procedures that would otherwise be difficult to discover through tests on largely variable cadaver spines...
  54. In Vivo Measurement of Brain Biomechanics
    Philip V Bayly; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Aim 1: Measure 3D relative motion between the brain and skull, and estimate 3D strain fields in live human and cadaver brains, during mild linear and angular head acceleration...
  55. Quantifying 3rd Body Challenge in Total Hip Arthroplasty
    THOMAS DUDLEY BROWN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..tissue and fluid specimens will be obtained at various stages intra-operatively during patient surgeries and in cadaver preparations, from which specimens the 3rd body debris will be isolated and quantitatively analyzed...
  56. Development of transapical MVAD for heart failure therapy
    Daniel Tamez; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Validation and Verification (V&V) testing (fatigue), anatomical fit and surgical procedure study (human cadaver, n=10), and in vivo acute (n=8) and chronic 90- day (n=8) studies in a bovine model;and demonstrate long-term ..
  57. Surgical Simulations to Optimize the Treatment of Wrist Osteoarthritis
    Jennifer A Nichols; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..These experiences will teach the applicant technical and professional skills that are essential for a lifelong research career. ..
  58. Improved diagnostic and monitoring assays for thyroid cancer
    Kenneth J Piller; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..These accomplishments should significantly enhance present day thyroglobulin immunoassays designed to diagnose and monitor patients with thyroid cancers. ..
  59. Virtual Emergency Medical Technician-Basic Training Program
    Robert J Levine; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This will be accomplished through testing the system on a single battery charge in an animal cadaver. We will also demonstrate that low intensity therapeutic ultrasound improves wound healing, as measured by ..
  60. Digital Tomosynthesis-Based Microstructural Measures to Predict Vertebral Fragili
    Yener N Yeni; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The specific goals of the proposed period are: 1) Using human cadaver vertebrae, determine the size and plane of regions of interest for DTS analysis that maximize correlation between ..
  61. Subject Specific Concurrent Simulation of Movement and Natural Knee Contact Mecha
    TRENT MORGAN GUESS; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..This technology would enable greater understanding of knee biomechanics and tissue function and enable personalized intervention strategies aimed at modifying gait to reduce stress on knee cartilage. ..
  62. Minimally Invasive Vaginal Prolapse Repair
    WALTER VON PECHMANN; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Next, the tools and procedures will be tested in a cadaver model, which is intended to prove the safety and performance of the tools and procedures...
  63. Mobile Cadaver Lab: An Innovative Platform to Supplement Medical Education for Mo
    Young Seok Kim; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Such mobile tablets are fast becoming a standard part of education. Here we propose to develop a new 3D cadaver exploration software called Mobile Cadaver Lab (MCL) designed specifically for the mobile tablet market...
  64. Prenatally induced DNA methylation profiles and disease risk at age 60
    L H Lumey; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Then we will identify in a human cadaver tissue bank the P-DMRs subsets that mark methylation in metabolically active tissues and organs...
  65. HUMAN MIDDLE EAR--FORWARD AND REVERSE SOUND TRANSMISSION
    Sunil Puria; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  66. RENAL TRANSPLANT ENHANCEMENT BY DONOR SPECIFIC BLOOD
    Charles Anderson; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..concomitant azathioprine immunosuppression (DST+A) in haplotype mismatched living donor kidney transplants to the cadaver situation...
  67. Clinical Implications of Peripheral Plaque Morphology
    Daniel Clair; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..the completion of three separate but concurrent studies: (1) Histologic sections of fresh arterial segments from cadaver limbs and amputation specimens will be correlated with IVUS-derived radiofrequency data to quantify arterial ..
  68. Implant/Construct Interactions in the Biomechanics of Total Hip Dislocation
    Thomas Brown; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..of a heterogeneous hyperelastic continuum sheath whose anatomy and mechanical properties are taken from earlier cadaver testing...
  69. Mixed Chimerism in Haploidentical Non-human Primates
    Bernhard Hering; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..for the induction of robust graft tolerance in recipients of islet and solid organ allografts from living and cadaver donors...
  70. Cochlear Therapy through Magnetic Targeted Drug Delivery
    Richard Kopke; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  71. CLINICAL BIOMECHANICS OF CERVICAL SPINE
    Manohar Panjabi; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ....
  72. RADIO-ULNAR LOAD SHARING IN THE CADAVER FOREARM
    Keith Markolf; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Test variables will include forearm rotation, graft tissue type (flexor carpi radialis tendon or patellar tendon graft), and graft pretensions. ..
  73. Clinical Validation of BCT
    DAVID KOPPERDAHL; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  74. SUPPLY, EVALUATION AND SELECTION OF LIVING RENAL DONORS
    Akinlolu Ojo; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..This number is expected to double in five years. In the last decease, the number of kidneys from cadaver donors has remained stagnant at 7,500-8,000/year...
  75. BIOMECHANICS OF VERTEBRAL FRACTURES IN OSTEOPOROSIS
    WHITSON EDWARDS; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..Vertebral density and geometry data obtained from fresh cadaver lumbar spine segments and from QCT measurements will be used in models of lumbar vertebrae...
  76. Breast CT scanner for earlier cancer detection
    John Boone; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Based on extensive preliminary studies involving computer simulations, physical measurements, and cadaver breast imaging, we have found that breast CT may be able to routinely detect much smaller breast tumors, in the 3 ..
  77. A counterpulsation device to promote myocardial recovery
    Paul Spence; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..In a cadaver fit study a problem with proper fit of the device in patients was revealed...