facial asymmetry

Summary

Summary: Congenital or acquired asymmetry of the face.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Assessment of facial asymmetries from posteroanterior cephalograms: validity of reference lines
    Biljana Trpkova
    Department of Mathematical and Statistical Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
    Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 123:512-20. 2003
  2. ncbi Mandibular asymmetry in different occlusion patterns
    Omer Said Sezgin
    Department of Oral Diagnosis and Radiology, Ondokuz Mayis University, Samsun, Turkey
    Angle Orthod 77:803-7. 2007
  3. ncbi Impact of facial asymmetry in visual perception: a 3-dimensional data analysis
    Philipp Meyer-Marcotty
    Department of Orthodontics, University of Wuerzburg, Wuerzburg, Germany
    Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 137:168.e1-8; discussion 168-9. 2010
  4. ncbi Hyperplasia of the mandibular condyle: clinical, histopathologic, and treatment considerations in a series of 36 patients
    Laura Villanueva-Alcojol
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Head and Neck Surgery, University Hospital Infanta Cristina, Badajoz, Spain
    J Oral Maxillofac Surg 69:447-55. 2011
  5. ncbi Early crossbite correction: a three-dimensional evaluation
    Jasmina Primozic
    Department of Dental and Jaw Orthopaedics, Medical Faculty, University of Ljubljana, Slovenia
    Eur J Orthod 31:352-6. 2009
  6. ncbi The clinical characteristics of condylar hyperplasia: experience with 61 patients
    Dorrit W Nitzan
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Hebrew University Hadassah School of Dental Medicine, Jerusalem, Israel
    J Oral Maxillofac Surg 66:312-8. 2008
  7. ncbi Facial asymmetry: etiology, evaluation, and management
    You Wei Cheong
    Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery and Chang Gung Craniofacial Research Center, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital at Linkou, Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Taoyuan, Taiwan
    Chang Gung Med J 34:341-51. 2011
  8. ncbi Three-dimensional computed tomography analysis of mandibular morphology in patients with facial asymmetry and mandibular prognathism
    Kug Ho You
    Department of Orthodontics, College of Dentistry, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea
    Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 138:540.e1-8; discussion 540-1. 2010
  9. ncbi Facial asymmetry, cardiovascular anomalies and adducted thumbs as unusual symptoms in Dubowitz syndrome: a microdeletion/duplication in 13q
    N Maas
    Genet Couns 17:477-9. 2006
  10. ncbi Facial asymmetry and clinical manifestations in patients with novel insertion of the TCOF1 gene
    P H Su
    Division of Genetics, Department of Pediatrics School of Medicine Department of Biomedical Sciences, Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung City, Taiwan
    Clin Genet 82:460-5. 2012

Research Grants

Detail Information

Publications231 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Assessment of facial asymmetries from posteroanterior cephalograms: validity of reference lines
    Biljana Trpkova
    Department of Mathematical and Statistical Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
    Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 123:512-20. 2003
    ..The position of anterior nasal spine will be altered in facial asymmetry involving the maxilla.
  2. ncbi Mandibular asymmetry in different occlusion patterns
    Omer Said Sezgin
    Department of Oral Diagnosis and Radiology, Ondokuz Mayis University, Samsun, Turkey
    Angle Orthod 77:803-7. 2007
    ..To investigate the effects of different occlusion types on the mandibular asymmetry in young individuals...
  3. ncbi Impact of facial asymmetry in visual perception: a 3-dimensional data analysis
    Philipp Meyer-Marcotty
    Department of Orthodontics, University of Wuerzburg, Wuerzburg, Germany
    Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 137:168.e1-8; discussion 168-9. 2010
    The aim of this controlled study was to analyze the degree and localization of 3-dimensional (3D) facial asymmetry in adult patients with cleft lip and palate (CLP) compared with a control group and its impact on the visual perception of ..
  4. ncbi Hyperplasia of the mandibular condyle: clinical, histopathologic, and treatment considerations in a series of 36 patients
    Laura Villanueva-Alcojol
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Head and Neck Surgery, University Hospital Infanta Cristina, Badajoz, Spain
    J Oral Maxillofac Surg 69:447-55. 2011
    ....
  5. ncbi Early crossbite correction: a three-dimensional evaluation
    Jasmina Primozic
    Department of Dental and Jaw Orthopaedics, Medical Faculty, University of Ljubljana, Slovenia
    Eur J Orthod 31:352-6. 2009
    A crossbite (CB) occurs in approximately 4-23 per cent of young children and may lead to mandibular and facial asymmetry. Therefore, early intervention is often necessary to create conditions for normal occlusal and facial development...
  6. ncbi The clinical characteristics of condylar hyperplasia: experience with 61 patients
    Dorrit W Nitzan
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Hebrew University Hadassah School of Dental Medicine, Jerusalem, Israel
    J Oral Maxillofac Surg 66:312-8. 2008
    ..Much reported variation and discord exist regarding mandibular condylar hyperplasia (CH). This study evaluated some of the characteristics of this disorder in a series of 61 patients with active CH...
  7. ncbi Facial asymmetry: etiology, evaluation, and management
    You Wei Cheong
    Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery and Chang Gung Craniofacial Research Center, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital at Linkou, Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Taoyuan, Taiwan
    Chang Gung Med J 34:341-51. 2011
    b>Facial asymmetry is common in humans. Significant facial asymmetry causes both functional as well as esthetic problems. When patients complain of facial asymmetry, the underlying cause should be investigated...
  8. ncbi Three-dimensional computed tomography analysis of mandibular morphology in patients with facial asymmetry and mandibular prognathism
    Kug Ho You
    Department of Orthodontics, College of Dentistry, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea
    Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 138:540.e1-8; discussion 540-1. 2010
    The purpose of this study was to investigate the dimensional changes in each skeletal unit in the mandibles of patients with facial asymmetry and mandibular prognathism.
  9. ncbi Facial asymmetry, cardiovascular anomalies and adducted thumbs as unusual symptoms in Dubowitz syndrome: a microdeletion/duplication in 13q
    N Maas
    Genet Couns 17:477-9. 2006
  10. ncbi Facial asymmetry and clinical manifestations in patients with novel insertion of the TCOF1 gene
    P H Su
    Division of Genetics, Department of Pediatrics School of Medicine Department of Biomedical Sciences, Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung City, Taiwan
    Clin Genet 82:460-5. 2012
    ..These findings support the existence of two regulators of growth of the mandibular condyles...
  11. ncbi Three-dimensional mandibular change after sagittal split ramus osteotomy with a semirigid sliding plate system for fixation of a mandibular setback surgery
    Moon Ho Ghang
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dentistry, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea
    Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol 115:157-66. 2013
    ..The sliding plate was designed to adjust the spatial relationship between the proximal and distal segments during the postoperative period. This plate was used for mandibular setback surgery to minimize forward early relapse...
  12. ncbi A case report comparing 3-D evaluation in the diagnosis and treatment planning of hemimandibular hyperplasia with conventional radiography
    Burcu Baloş Tuncer
    Department of Orthodontics, University of Gazi, 84 sok, 06510 Emek, Ankara, Turkey
    J Craniomaxillofac Surg 37:312-9. 2009
    ..The purpose of this report was to present the diagnosis and treatment planning of a hemimandibular hyperplasia case by using conventional radiographs and 3-D cephalometric analysis...
  13. ncbi Left hemisphere and male sex dominance of cerebral hemiatrophy (Dyke-Davidoff-Masson Syndrome)
    Ozkan Unal
    Department of Radiology, Yuzuncu Yil University Faculty of Medicine, 65200 Van, Turkey
    Clin Imaging 28:163-5. 2004
    ..Left hemisphere involvement was seen in 18 patients (69.2%) and right hemisphere involvement was seen in eight patients (30.8%). We conclude that male gender and left side involvement are frequent in cerebral hemiatrophy disease...
  14. ncbi Maxillofacial 3-dimensional image analysis for the diagnosis of facial asymmetry
    Hyeon Shik Hwang
    Department of Orthodontics, College of Dentistry, Dental Science Research Institute, Chonnam National University, Dong Gu, Gwangju 501 757, Korea
    Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 130:779-85. 2006
    ..This article describes the use of 3D images in the diagnosis of facial asymmetry. A step-by-step procedure for 3D analysis developed by the authors is described by using the example of a 23-..
  15. ncbi Asymmetry of the sphenoid bone and its suitability as a reference for analyzing craniofacial asymmetry
    Yeon H Kim
    Division of Orthodontics, Department of Lifelong Oral Health Science, Graduate School of Dentistry, Tohoku University, 4 1 Seiryo machi, Aoba ku, Sendai 980 8575, Japan
    Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 124:656-62. 2003
    ..4. The external acoustic meatus was the most suitable reference for analysis of craniofacial asymmetry...
  16. ncbi A quantitative three-dimensional assessment of soft tissue facial asymmetry of cleft lip and palate adult patients
    Virgilio F Ferrario
    Dipartimento di Anatomia Umana, Facoltà di Medicina e Chirurgia and Facoltà di Scienze Motorie, Universita degli Studi di Milano, Milano, Italy
    J Craniofac Surg 14:739-46. 2003
    ..b>Facial asymmetry was quantified by detecting a plane of symmetry and the centers of gravity (CG) of the right and left ..
  17. ncbi Robust and regional 3D facial asymmetry assessment in hemimandibular hyperplasia and hemimandibular elongation anomalies
    M Walters
    Cranio Maxillo Facial Unit, Princess Margaret Hospital for Children, Perth, Western Australia, Australia
    Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 42:36-42. 2013
    Hemimandibular hyperplasia (HH) and hemimandibular elongation (HE) anomalies present with facial asymmetry and deranged occlusion...
  18. ncbi [Dyke-Davidoff-Masson syndrome: a report of two cases]
    F El Bahri-Ben Mrad
    Service de Neurologie, EPS Charles Nicolle, Tunis, Tunisie
    J Neuroradiol 32:50-3. 2005
    Dyke-Davidoff-Masson syndrome is a condition characterized by seizures, facial asymmetry, contralateral hemiplegia or hemiparesis and mental retardation...
  19. ncbi Facial capillary malformation and Dyke-Davidoff-Masson syndrome
    Lorea Bagazgoitia
    Department of Pediatric Dermatology, Hospital Infantil Universitario Nino Jesus, Madrid, Spain
    Pediatr Neurol 43:202-4. 2010
    ..Capillary malformations are a novel finding for children with Dyke-Davidoff-Masson syndrome...
  20. ncbi Relationship between temporomandibular joint internal derangement and facial asymmetry in women
    Sug Joon Ahn
    Department of Orthodontics, Dental Research Institute, College of Dentistry, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea
    Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 128:583-91. 2005
    Internal derangement (ID) of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) can cause facial asymmetry. The purposes of this study were to analyze the relationship between facial asymmetry and TMJ ID by using posteroanterior cephalometric variables, ..
  21. ncbi Mandibular asymmetry and the fourth dimension
    Leonard B Kaban
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard School of Dental Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    J Craniofac Surg 20:622-31. 2009
    ..Understanding these concepts is critical for the development of rational treatment protocols for adults with end-stage asymmetry and for children to minimize secondary deformity...
  22. ncbi Three dimensional evaluation of facial asymmetry after mandibular reconstruction: validation of a new method using stereophotogrammetry
    T J Verhoeven
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Radboud University, Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 42:19-25. 2013
    The scientific literature is sparse on reports that evaluate facial asymmetry after mandibular reconstructive surgery objectively...
  23. ncbi Hard and soft tissue changes after correction of mandibular prognathism and facial asymmetry by mandibular setback surgery: three-dimensional analysis using computerized tomography
    Yu Jin Jung
    Department of Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, Dental Research Institute, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea
    Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 107:763-771.e8. 2009
    To investigate the 3-dimensional (3D) changes in the hard and soft tissues of skeletal class III malocclusion (CIII) patients with or without facial asymmetry by mandibular setback surgery (MSS).
  24. ncbi Can cephalometric indices and subjective evaluation be consistent for facial asymmetry?
    Naoya Masuoka
    Department of Orthodontics, Aichi Gakuin University School of Dentistry, Nagoya, Aichi, Japan
    Angle Orthod 75:651-5. 2005
    The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between the subjective evaluation of facial asymmetry and seven cephalometric indices...
  25. ncbi Assessing soft-tissue characteristics of facial asymmetry with photographs
    Mi song Lee
    Graduate School of Dentistry, Dankook University, Cheonan, Korea
    Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 138:23-31. 2010
    Precise diagnosis and treatment of facial asymmetry are important in orthodontics...
  26. ncbi Bone scintigraphy as a diagnostic method in unilateral hyperactivity of the mandibular condyles: a review and meta-analysis of the literature
    Carrol P Saridin
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Oral Pathology, VU University Medical Center and Academic Center of Dentistry, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 40:11-7. 2011
    ..Bone scans are best performed using SPECT, conducting a quantitative analysis by calculating the percentile differences between the left and right condylar regions...
  27. ncbi Three-dimensional evaluation of early crossbite correction: a longitudinal study
    Jasmina Primozic
    Department of Dental and Jaw Orthopaedics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia
    Eur J Orthod 35:7-13. 2013
    ..The CB children had statistically significantly greater facial asymmetry in the lower part of the face (P < 0.05) and a significantly smaller palatal volume (P < 0...
  28. ncbi 3D-CT evaluation of facial asymmetry
    Akitoshi Katsumata
    Department of Oral Radiology, Asahi University School of Dentistry, Gifu, Japan
    Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 99:212-20. 2005
    ..The present authors have developed a 3D-CT imaging procedure for a 3-dimensional coordinate point evaluation system to assess and diagnose patients with facial asymmetry.
  29. ncbi Microvascular temporomandibular joint and mandibular ramus reconstruction in hemifacial microsomia
    S K Vilkki
    Department of Hand Surgery and Microsurgery, Tampere University Hospital, Tampere, Finland
    J Craniofac Surg 13:809-15. 2002
    ..The present technique appears to be a promising alternative in the treatment of children with Pruzansky type 3 hemifacial microsomia...
  30. ncbi A comparison of craniofacial morphology in patients with and without facial asymmetry--a three-dimensional analysis with computed tomography
    T G Kwon
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dentistry, Kyungpook National University, Samduck 2 Ga, Jung Gu, Daegu 700 421, South Korea
    Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 35:43-8. 2006
    ..to evaluate the morphological characteristics of the cranial base and maxillomandibular structures of facial asymmetry in adult patients, so as to determine whether mandibular asymmetry is a result of primary mandibular ..
  31. ncbi Skeletodental factors affecting chin point deviation in female patients with class III malocclusion and facial asymmetry: a three-dimensional analysis using computed tomography
    Seung Hak Baek
    Department of Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, Dental Research Institute, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea
    Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 104:628-39. 2007
    Three-dimensional computed tomography (CT) was used to investigate which skeletodental factors are related to chin point deviation of facial asymmetry in skeletal class III malocclusion (SCIII) patients.
  32. ncbi Review of the etiologic heterogeneity of the oculo-auriculo-vertebral spectrum (Hemifacial Microsomia)
    J K Hartsfield
    Department of Orthodontics and Oral Facial Genetics, Indiana University School of Dentistry, Indianapolis, IN, USA
    Orthod Craniofac Res 10:121-8. 2007
    ..The same genetic-environmental factors and or etiological mechanisms may then be investigated in apparently sporadic cases...
  33. ncbi Oculoauriculovertebral spectrum with radial defects: a new syndrome or an extension of the oculoauriculovertebral spectrum? Report of fourteen Brazilian cases and review of the literature
    Siulan Vendramini
    Department of Clinical Genetics, Hospital de Reabilitação de Anomalias Craniofaciais, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Bauru, Brazil
    Eur J Hum Genet 15:411-21. 2007
    ..We postulate that radial defects associated with OAVS might represent a subset within this spectrum...
  34. ncbi Three-dimensional evaluation of craniofacial asymmetry: an analysis using computed tomography
    Rosa María Yañez-Vico
    School of Dentistry, University of Seville, Seville, Spain
    Clin Oral Investig 15:729-36. 2011
    ..Patients with dysmorphic syndromes or incorrect jaw positions frequently show facial asymmetry. The objective of this cross-sectional survey is to evaluate facial asymmetry by means of three-dimensional ..
  35. ncbi Asymmetry of the face in orthodontic patients
    Seiji Haraguchi
    Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Graduate School of Dentistry, Osaka University, Osaka, Japan
    Angle Orthod 78:421-6. 2008
    ..To investigate the laterality of the normal asymmetry of the human face, examining differences in laterality in relation to sex, growth stage, and skeletal classification...
  36. ncbi Effect of cephalometer misalignment on calculations of facial asymmetry
    Ki Heon Lee
    Department of Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, Chonnam National University, Gwangju, Korea
    Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 132:15-27. 2007
    In this study, we evaluated errors introduced into the interpretation of facial asymmetry on posteroanterior (PA) cephalograms due to malpositioning of the x-ray emitter focal spot...
  37. ncbi The effect of sex and age on facial asymmetry in healthy subjects: a cross-sectional study from adolescence to mid-adulthood
    V F Ferrario
    Functional Anatomy Research Center, Dipartimento di Anatomia Umana, Facolta di Medicina e Chirurgia, Universita degli Studi di Milano, Italy
    J Oral Maxillofac Surg 59:382-8. 2001
    The study assessed the effects of sex and age on 3-dimensional (3D) soft-tissue facial asymmetry.
  38. ncbi Facial asymmetry in subjects with skeletal Class III deformity
    Seiji Haraguchi
    Department of Orthodontics, Osaka University Dental Hospital, Suita, Japan
    Angle Orthod 72:28-35. 2002
    We investigated the frequency, site, amount, and direction of facial asymmetry in human adults with mandibular prognathism and examined if these characteristics were associated postnatally with cardinal clinical signs that may indicate a ..
  39. pmc Facial asymmetry in young healthy subjects evaluated by statistical shape analysis
    Ilker Ercan
    Department of Biostatistics, Faculty of Medicine, Uludag University, Bursa, Turkey
    J Anat 213:663-9. 2008
    ..In this study, we aimed to identify normal facial asymmetry between the right and the left sides of the face...
  40. ncbi The SOOF lift: its role in correcting midfacial and lower facial asymmetry in patients with partial facial palsy
    Nigel Horlock
    Department of Plastic Surgery, Queen Victoria Hospital, East Grinstead, West Sussex, R119 3D7 UK
    Plast Reconstr Surg 109:839-49; discussion 850-4. 2002
    ..The authors hope that long-term follow-up will confirm the sustained effect of midfacial suspension in this selected patient group...
  41. ncbi Torticollis, facial asymmetry and plagiocephaly in normal newborns
    L Stellwagen
    Division of Neonatology, University of California, San Diego, Medical Center, San Diego, CA 92103, USA
    Arch Dis Child 93:827-31. 2008
    To evaluate the incidence and characteristics of torticollis, plagiocephaly and facial asymmetry in normal newborn infants.
  42. ncbi Effect of facial neuromuscular re-education on facial symmetry in patients with Bell's palsy: a randomized controlled trial
    N Manikandan
    Department of Physiotherapy, Manipal College of Allied Health Sciences, Manipal, Karnataka, India
    Clin Rehabil 21:338-43. 2007
    ..To determine the effect of facial neuromuscular re-education over conventional therapeutic measures in improving facial symmetry in patients with Bell's palsy...
  43. ncbi Three-dimensional analysis in facial asymmetry: comparison with model analysis and conventional two-dimensional analysis
    Alessandro Moro
    Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, Catholic University, Rome, Italy
    J Craniofac Surg 20:417-22. 2009
    ..analysis with a model analysis to use it as diagnostic aid for the evaluation of occlusal plane tilting in facial asymmetry. Ten patients with facial asymmetry underwent CT three-dimensional examination, plaster cast analysis, and ..
  44. ncbi Correction of facial asymmetry with multiplanar mandible distraction: a one-year follow-up study
    Ellen W Ko
    Orthodontic Department, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan
    Cleft Palate Craniofac J 41:5-12. 2004
    ....
  45. ncbi 3D-CT evaluation of facial asymmetry in patients with maxillofacial deformities
    Masahito Maeda
    First Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Aichi Gakuin University School of Dentistry, Nagoya and Gifu, Japan
    Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 102:382-90. 2006
    The aims of this study were to characterize the symmetrical features of patients with facial deformities and to suggest a classification system for facial asymmetry based on 3-dimensional-computed tomography (3D-CT) evaluation.
  46. ncbi The fluctuating asymmetry of medieval and modern human skulls
    A Gawlikowska
    Department of Anatomy, Pomeranian Medical University, Szczecin 70 111, Poland
    Homo 58:159-72. 2007
    ..In medieval skulls these relations are inverted. The higher value of FA in modern skulls is an evidence of a higher level of developmental stress in the modern population as well as of its lesser abilities to resist stress...
  47. ncbi Elimination of transverse dental compensation is critical for treatment of patients with severe facial asymmetry
    Toshiko Sekiya
    Department of Orthodontics, School of Dental Medicine, Tsurumi University, 2 1 3 Tsurumi, Tsurumi ku, Yokohama, Japan
    Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 137:552-62. 2010
    ..transverse dental compensation during preoperative orthodontic treatment for a patient with severe facial asymmetry. The patient, a 17-year-old Japanese woman, had severe facial asymmetry involving the maxilla and the ..
  48. ncbi Facial asymmetry in unilateral coronal synostosis: long-term results after fronto-orbital advancement
    Albert K Oh
    Craniofacial Center, Division of Plastic Surgery, Children s Hospital Boston, Mass 02115, USA
    Plast Reconstr Surg 121:545-62. 2008
    ....
  49. ncbi Frontal cephalometric analysis in the evaluation of facial asymmetry in torticollis, and outcomes of bipolar release in patients over 6 years of age
    Huseyin Arslan
    Department of Orthopedic and Trauma Surgery, The University of Dicle of School of Medicine, 21280 Diyarbakir, Turkey
    Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 122:489-93. 2002
    ..study was to investigate the mid-term results of bipolar release in congenital muscular torticollis patients over 6 years of age, and the efficacy of frontal cephalometric analysis in the determination and follow-up of facial asymmetry.
  50. ncbi Reliability of a Method for Computing Facial Symmetry Plane and Degree of Asymmetry Based on 3D-data
    Jutta Hartmann
    Department of Orthodontics, Julius Maximilian University, Wurzburg, Germany
    J Orofac Orthop 68:477-90. 2007
    ....
  51. ncbi Facial asymmetry in patients with cervicobrachial pain and headache
    T Nakamura
    Department of Fixed Prosthodontics, Osaka University Faculty of Dentistry, Osaka, Japan
    J Oral Rehabil 28:1009-14. 2001
    ..b>Facial asymmetry was analysed using the frontal view photographs of faces...
  52. ncbi Case report: facial asymmetry and early condylar fracture
    T Yamashiro
    Department of Orthodontics, Okayama University Dental School, Japan
    Angle Orthod 68:85-90. 1998
    ..Following the completion of growth, the asymmetries were corrected by combined orthodontic-surgical treatment. The treatment planning procedures and the results are presented...
  53. ncbi Titanium screw anchorage for correction of canted occlusal plane in patients with facial asymmetry
    Teruko Takano-Yamamoto
    Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama University, Okayama, Japan
    Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 132:237-42. 2007
    b>Facial asymmetry is a major complaint of orthodontic patients. In those with severe facial asymmetry, combination treatment of LeFort I osteotomy and mandibular surgery was commonly used...
  54. ncbi Three-dimensional assessment of facial soft-tissue asymmetry before and after orthognathic surgery
    Mohammad Y Hajeer
    Al Baath University Dental School, Homs, Syria
    Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg 42:396-404. 2004
    We developed a new three-dimensional (3D) method of analysis of facial asymmetry and applied it to 44 patients: 20 Class III cases treated by bimaxillary osteotomy; 12 Class III cases treated by maxillary advancement alone, and 12 Class ..
  55. ncbi Facial asymmetry--3D assessment of infants with cleft lip & palate
    C A Hood
    University of Glasgow, UK
    Int J Paediatr Dent 13:404-10. 2003
    To determine the degree of facial asymmetry in infants with unilateral cleft lip and/or palate, and quantify improvements following primary surgery, in three dimensions.
  56. pmc Persistent torticollis, facial asymmetry, grooved tongue, and dolicho-odontoid process in connection with atlas malformation complex in three family subjects
    Ali Al Kaissi
    Osteology research, Ludwig Boltzmann Institute of Osteology, Hanusch Hospital, Heinrich Collin Str 30, 1140, Vienna, Austria
    Eur Spine J 16:265-70. 2007
    ..We report two siblings and their mother, with congenital, persistent torticollis, plagiocephaly, facial asymmetry, grooved tongues, and asymptomatic "dolicho-odontoid process". All are of normal intelligence...
  57. ncbi Validity of panoramic radiographs for measuring mandibular asymmetry
    Panagiotis Kambylafkas
    Department of Dentistry, Division of Orthodontics, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, 625 Elmwood Avenue, Rochester, NY 14620, USA
    Angle Orthod 76:388-93. 2006
    ..62 and the specificity 1.0. This study suggests that the panoramic radiograph can be used to evaluate vertical posterior mandibular asymmetry, but there will be some underdiagnosis...
  58. ncbi Skeletal changes after experimentally displaced condylar process fracture in growing rats
    Vanessa C B Teixeira
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    J Craniomaxillofac Surg 34:220-5. 2006
    ..A potential for growth disturbances in young individuals has been reported; however, there are few experiments studying such consequences. Skeletal changes after fracture of the condyle in the growing period were analysed in this study...
  59. ncbi Simultaneous maxillo-mandibular distraction osteogenesis in hemifacial microsomia: a new technique using two distractors
    Paolo Scolozzi
    Division of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois, Lausanne, Switzerland
    Plast Reconstr Surg 117:1530-41; discussion 1542. 2006
    ..The goal of this study was to prospectively evaluate the use of two distractors for a simultaneous maxillo-mandibular distraction osteogenesis without the use of intermaxillary fixation in the restorative treatment of hemifacial microsomia...
  60. ncbi [Distraction osteogenesis in orthodontic surgery of the mandible]
    J Ferri
    Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Lille, Hopital Roger Salengro, CHRU de Lille, Service de Stomatologie
    Orthod Fr 76:287-95. 2005
    ..But, in the future, improvement of surgical techniques and the miniaturization of appliances will doubtless extend its scope...
  61. ncbi A computerized photographic assessment of the relationship between skeletal discrepancy and mandibular outline asymmetry
    Sarah Good
    Department of Orthodontics, Guy s Hospital, London and Kingston Hospital, UK
    Eur J Orthod 28:97-102. 2006
    ..051), as well as between an increase in lower face height and mandibular asymmetry (P = 0.023)...
  62. ncbi Morphologic skeletal asymmetry, with a Class III skeletal discrepancy, treated without surgical intervention
    Hali C Dale
    World J Orthod 6:391-7. 2005
    ..Temporomandibular joint symptoms lessened and function improved with orthodontic treatment. The skeletal asymmetry improved and the patient was happy with the result, including her profile and her beautiful smile...
  63. ncbi Correlation of mandibular deviation with temporomandibular joint MR dimensions, MR disk position, and clinical symptoms
    Tazuko K Goto
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Faculty of Dental Science, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan
    Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 100:743-9. 2005
    ..The objective of this study was to investigate the difference of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) between deviated and nondeviated sides of the mandible in adult patients with mandibular deviation...
  64. ncbi Long term results of mandibular distraction
    Puneet Batra
    Maxillofacial and Dental Department, Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Trust
    J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent 24:30-9. 2006
    ..We suggest a multicenter study with adequate patient numbers treated with a similar protocol and documented after growth cessation to have meaningful conclusions on the debate of distraction osteogenesis versus orthognathic surgery...
  65. ncbi The determinants of successful distraction osteogenesis of the mandible in hemifacial microsomia from longitudinal results
    Seung Hak Baek
    Department of Orthodontics, College of Dentistry, Dental Research Institute, Seoul, Korea
    J Craniofac Surg 16:549-58. 2005
    ..After retention, group 2 showed counterclockwise rotation of the mandible and little growth of the ramus height. Group 1 showed reverse tendency. These factors could contribute to the difference in long-term results between two groups...
  66. ncbi Is there any difference in the condylar position and angulation after asymmetric mandibular setback?
    Seung Hak Baek
    Department of Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, Dental Research Institute, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea
    Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 101:155-63. 2006
    ..This study was performed to compare the condylar position and angulation on 3-dimensional (3D) views between greater setback side (GSS) and lesser setback side (LSS) after asymmetric mandibular setback (AMS) using computed tomography...
  67. ncbi The influence of craniofacial growth in a case of transverse facial cleft
    Antje Kirbschus
    Department of Orthodontics, Preventive and Pediatric Dentistry, Center of Oral Health, University of Greifswald, Greifswald, Germany
    J Orofac Orthop 67:215-24. 2006
    ....
  68. ncbi The Gold Medal of the Conjoint M. Orth. Examination of the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh and the College of Dental Surgeons of Hong Kong, surgical orthodontic cases
    Ricky W K Wong
    Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
    J Orthod 33:172-84. 2006
    ..This article described two surgical orthodontic cases presented during the 1999 and 2002 examinations by the award winners...
  69. ncbi Comparison of skeletal and soft-tissue changes following unilateral mandibular distraction osteogenesis
    Ayse T Altug-Atac
    Department of Orthodontics, Ankara University, School of Dentistry, Turkey
    Plast Reconstr Surg 121:1751-9. 2008
    ..The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between soft-tissue and underlying skeletal structures before and after unilateral mandibular distraction osteogenesis...
  70. ncbi [Mandibular asymmetry in plagiocephaly without synostosis]
    C Baumler
    Service de Chirurgie Plastique Pédiatrique, CHU de Montpellier, Hopital Lapeyronie, 191, avenue du Doyen Gaston Giraud, 34000 Montpellier, France
    Rev Stomatol Chir Maxillofac 108:424-30. 2007
    ..Its impact on the mandible remains badly understood, the more so as there are various forms of PSS. The purpose of this study was to analyze mandible deformation according to the deformation of PWS...
  71. ncbi The importance of vector selection in preoperative planning of unilateral mandibular distraction
    Wojciech Dec
    Institute of Reconstructive Plastic Surgery, New York University Medical Center, New York, NY 10016, USA
    Plast Reconstr Surg 121:2084-92; discussion 2093-4. 2008
    ..Mandibular distraction osteogenesis can be used to augment the hypoplastic skeleton and improve facial symmetry. The aim of this study was to determine how the vector of unilateral mandibular distraction affects treatment outcomes...
  72. ncbi Effects of early unilateral first molar extraction on skeletal asymmetry
    Murat Caglaroglu
    Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Ataturk University, Erzurum, Turkey
    Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 134:270-5. 2008
    ..The purpose of this study was to investigate dental and skeletal asymmetry in patients who had unilateral first molar extractions...
  73. ncbi Ten-year follow-up of a patient with hemifacial microsomia treated with distraction osteogenesis and orthodontics: an implant analysis
    Haluk Iseri
    Department of Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, University of Ankara, Ankara, Turkey
    Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 134:296-304. 2008
    ..The purpose of this report was to analyze the dentofacial changes observed during a 10-year follow-up period in a patient treated with mandibular DO...
  74. ncbi The importance of vector selection in preoperative planning of bilateral mandibular distraction
    Bruno L Vendittelli
    Institute of Reconstructive Plastic Surgery, New York University Medical Center, New York, NY 10016, USA
    Plast Reconstr Surg 122:1144-53. 2008
    ..This study was designed to test this hypothesis...
  75. ncbi Discriminative thresholds of cephalometric indexes in the subjective evaluation of facial asymmetry
    Naoya Masuoka
    Department of Orthodontics, Asahi University, Mizuho City, Japan
    Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 131:609-13. 2007
    ..of cephalometric indexes by which orthodontists subjectively differentiate patients needing treatment for facial asymmetry from those who do not...
  76. ncbi Early correction of a developing skeletal Class III malocclusion
    Zuisei Kanno
    Orthodontic Science, Department of Orofacial Development and Function, Division of Oral Health Science, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Yushima, Tokyo, Japan
    Angle Orthod 77:549-56. 2007
    ..0-mm anterior crossbite and a deep overbite. She also had facial asymmetry attributed partly to the lateral mandibular shift to avoid incisal interferences...
  77. ncbi Condyle as the point of rotation for 3-D planning of distraction osteogenesis for hemifacial microsomia
    Jun Young Paeng
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Dental Research Institute, College of Dentistry, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea
    J Craniomaxillofac Surg 35:91-102. 2007
    ..The purpose of this study is to present an exact simulation method for mandibular rotational movement in distraction osteogenesis for hemifacial microsomia...
  78. ncbi Mandibular distraction osteogenesis in hemifacial microsomia: long-term follow-up
    Maria Costanza Meazzini
    Department of Maxillo Facial Surgery, San Gerardo Hospital, University of Milano Bicocca, Monza, Italy
    J Craniomaxillofac Surg 33:370-6. 2005
    ..Prospective, longitudinal, clinical long-term follow-up study of a homogeneous sample of children affected by hemifacial microsomia and treated by mandibular distraction osteogenesis...
  79. ncbi Neuromuscular diagnosis in orthodontics: effects of TENS on maxillo-mandibular relationship
    A Monaco
    Department of Gnatology Clinic, School of Dentistry, University of L Aquila, Italy
    Eur J Paediatr Dent 8:143-8. 2007
    ..This study was conducted in order to assess the changes in the occlusal position of the mandible after Ultra Low Frequency (ULF)-TENS relaxing procedure in children with diagnosed functional mandibular lateral deviation...
  80. ncbi Treatment of hemimandibular hyperplasia: the biological basis of condylectomy
    Carsten Lippold
    Department of Orthodontics, University of Munster, Munster, Germany
    Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg 45:353-60. 2007
    ..We conclude that condylectomy can correct hemimandibular hyperplasia, even in patients with active condylar growth, by removing the underlying disease...
  81. ncbi A case of oculo-auriculo-vertebral spectrum with long-term and comprehensive management
    Naoto Suda
    Maxillofacial Orthognathics, Department of Maxillofacial Reconstruction and Function, Division of Maxillofacial Neck Reconstruction, Graduate School, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Japan
    World J Orthod 7:299-304. 2006
    ..To show that a patient with severe oculo-auriculo-vertebral spectrum can achieve satisfactory occlusion and facial appearance through long-term and comprehensive management...
  82. ncbi Long-term stability and growth following unilateral mandibular distraction in growing children with craniofacial microsomia
    Pradip R Shetye
    Institute of Reconstructive Plastic Surgery, New York University Medical Center, New York, NY 10016, USA
    Plast Reconstr Surg 118:985-95. 2006
    ..The purpose of this study was to evaluate long-term mandibular skeletal stability and growth following unilateral mandibular distraction in growing children...
  83. ncbi [Three-dimensional cephalometry: applications in clinical practice and research]
    Jacques Faure
    Faculté de Chirurgie Dentaire Toulouse 3, chemin des Maraichers, 31400 Toulouse, France
    Orthod Fr 79:13-30. 2008
    ..numerous in research as well as in clinical medicine: analyses of cases border line surgery, surgical set-up, facial asymmetry, analysis of dentoalveolar compensations, definition of therapeutic aims, occlusal analysis and set-up, study ..
  84. ncbi Crozat appliance treatment of buccal crossbite
    Frank Marasa
    St Mary s Hospital, New Westminster, British Columbia
    J Clin Orthod 37:329-34; quiz 314. 2003
  85. ncbi Proximal segment displacement in mandibular distraction osteogenesis
    Bonnie L Padwa
    Division of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Harvard School of Dental Medicine, Children s Hospital, 300 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Craniofac Surg 13:293-6; discussion 297. 2002
    ..Further studies to document proximal segment movement using computed tomography scans may provide more quantitative data...
  86. ncbi Efficacy of high condylectomy for management of condylar hyperplasia
    Larry M Wolford
    Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Baylor College of Dentistry, Texas A and M University System, Dallas, TX, USA
    Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 121:136-50; discussion 150-1. 2002
    ....
  87. ncbi Condylar fractures treatment in children and youths: influence on function and face development (a five year retrospective analysis)
    P Defabianis
    Dept. of Odontostomatology, St. John the Baptiste Hospital, University of Torino (Italy, Corso Montevecchio 62, 10128 Torino, Italy
    Funct Orthod 18:24-31. 2001
    ..We concluded that therapeutic procedures adopted after TMJ fractures in children are essential in minimizing consequences on occlusion and facial development...
  88. ncbi Mandibular distraction osteogenesis by sagittal split osteotomy and intraoral curvilinear distraction
    Stephen A Schendel
    Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, California, USA
    J Craniofac Surg 15:631-5. 2004
    ..In addition, it is well tolerated by the patient and can remain in place for a long duration to provide support. In summary, this combination of surgical techniques provides certain advantages for distraction of the mandible...
  89. ncbi Intraoral craniofacial manipulation by using MRI appliance
    N Al-Sulaiti
    Tufts University School of Dental Medicine, Boston, MA 02111, USA
    J Clin Pediatr Dent 26:21-8. 2001
    ..The case was completed using fixed orthodontic appliances. The result is that the facial bones appear in the correct position and the teeth are correctly positioned in the face with a class I occlusion...
  90. ncbi Occlusal difficulties after simultaneous mandibular and maxillary distraction in an adult case of hemifacial microsomia
    Kazuya Matsumoto
    Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, University of Tokushima School of Medicine, 2 50 1 Kuramoto cho, Tokushima 770 8503, Japan
    J Craniofac Surg 15:464-8. 2004
    ..Surgeons should be alerted to this risk and prepared to address it when performing this procedure...
  91. ncbi TMJ fractures in children: importance of functional activation of muscles in preventing mandibular asymmetries and facial maldevelopment
    Patrizia Defabianis
    Dept of Odontostomatology, St John the Baptiste Hospital, University of Torino Italy, Corso Montevecchio 62, 10128 Torino, Italy
    Funct Orthod 19:34-42. 2002
    ..Disturbances in the harmonious interplay of the masticatory muscles may result in facial alteration and asymmetries. If not treated, the dysplastic patterns of growth continues and worsens during the years...
  92. ncbi Development of a three-dimensional treatment planning system based on computed tomographic data
    M J Troulis
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard School of Dental Medicine, Boston 02114, USA
    Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 31:349-57. 2002
    ..Software demonstrated here will allow the surgeon to accurately plan treatment and evaluate craniomaxillofacial surgery outcomes. Future applications may include surgical navigation...
  93. ncbi Morphological and positional asymmetries of young children with functional unilateral posterior crossbite
    A S Pinto
    Department of Orthodontics and the Center for Craniofacial Research and Diagnosis, Baylor College of Dentistry, Texas A and M University System, Dallas, TX 75246, USA
    Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 120:513-20. 2001
    ..We concluded that unilateral posterior crossbites produce morphological and positional asymmetries of the mandible in young children, and that these asymmetries can be largely eliminated with early expansion therapy...
  94. ncbi Verification of the symmetry of the mandibular ramus in patients with temporomandibular disorders and asymptomatic individuals: a comparative study
    J G C Luz
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dentistry, University of Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Bull Group Int Rech Sci Stomatol Odontol 44:83-7. 2002
    ..It was concluded that there was significant difference in calculated symmetry only as to condylar height between disorder patients and asymptomatic individuals...
  95. ncbi Longitudinal results of mandibular distraction osteogenesis in hemifacial microsomia
    Clara E Huisinga-Fischer
    Department of Orthodontics, Academic Center for Dentistry, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    J Craniofac Surg 14:924-33. 2003
    ....
  96. ncbi Class III malocclusion with severe facial asymmetry, unilateral posterior crossbite, and temporomandibular disorders
    Eri Miyatake
    Department of Orthodontics, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine and Dentistry, Japan
    Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 124:435-45. 2003
    A 22-year-old woman had a Class III malocclusion with severe facial asymmetry, unilateral posterior crossbite, and temporomandibular disorders...
  97. ncbi Identifying the functional and esthetic factors associated with dentofacial deformities
    Larry M Wolford
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Baylor College of Dentistry, Texas A and M University System, Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas, Texas, USA
    Tex Dent J 119:1034-43. 2002
  98. ncbi Mandibular outline assessment in three groups of orthodontic patients
    Raymond Edler
    Orthodontic Department, Norman Rowe Maxillofacial Unit, Queen Mary s Hospital, Roehampton, London, UK
    Eur J Orthod 24:605-14. 2002
    ..The potential uses of this approach are presented in relation to clinically relevant mild asymmetry, as well as auditing the outcome of surgical correction...
  99. ncbi Mandibular distraction in the absence of an ascending ramus and condyle
    Christi M Cavaliere
    Section of Plastic Surgery, University of Michigan Medical Center, C S Mott Children s Hospital, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    J Craniofac Surg 13:527-32. 2002
    ..The following cases support the use of mandibular DO as a mechanism of endogenous tissue engineering in patients with complete agenesis of the ascending mandibular ramus and condyle...
  100. ncbi Clinical application of injectable calcium sulfate on early bony consolidation in distraction osteogenesis for the treatment of craniofacial microsomia
    Byung Chae Cho
    From the Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Samduk 2 ga, 50, Taegu, 700 721, Korea
    J Craniofac Surg 13:465-75; discussion 475-7. 2002
    ..In conclusion, these findings suggest that calcium sulfate is effective for early bony consolidation in distraction osteogenesis and that it would shorten the whole treatment period...
  101. ncbi Intraoperative measurement of maxillary repositioning in a series of 30 patients with maxillomandibular vertical asymmetries
    Giancarlo Renzi
    Maxillofacial Surgery Department, University La Sapienza, Rome, Italy
    Int J Adult Orthodon Orthognath Surg 17:111-5. 2002
    ....

Research Grants15

  1. CFM: Longitudinal Outcomes in Children pre-Kindergarten (CLOCK)
    MATTHEW LOUIS SPELTZ; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of the outer, inner and middle ear, mandible, soft tissue, and facial nerve, resulting in varying degrees of facial asymmetry. As a result, children with CFM have elevated risk of hearing loss, impaired speech production, ..
  2. Hemifacial Microsomia: Psychosocial and Other Sequelae
    Martha M Werler; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The case group includes a range of phenotypes from isolated mild facial asymmetry to severe mandibular, auricular, and orbital hypoplasia with cranial nerve paralysis and extracranial ..
  3. Musculoskeletal Heritable Influences on Malocclusion
    James J Sciote; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Also, fiber types differ between left and right masseter muscles in subjects with facial asymmetry, which may affect occurrence of temporomandibular joint dysfunction that is a significant source of facial ..
  4. Heritability of Oculo-Auriculo-Vertebral Spectrum
    Richard Ward; Fiscal Year: 2002
    We hypothesize that a minimal expression of Oculo-Auriculo-Vertebral Spectrum is a an abnormal degree of facial asymmetry. Oculo-auriculo vertebral spectrum (OAVS) is a complex and variable set of conditions including Goldenhar syndrome ..
  5. Minimally Invasive Approaches for Craniofacial Surgery
    Maria Troulis; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  6. CERVICAL SPINE INJURIES IN FRONT, REAR AND SIDE IMPACTS
    Manohar Panjabi; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  7. Herpesviruses in Vestibular Neuritis
    JEFFREY VRABEC; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..This information can help determine why some individuals with latent virus in the vestibular ganglion develop clinical symptoms due to reactivation and some do not. ..
  8. NEURONAL FUNCTION IN CRANIOFACIAL DEVELOPMENT
    Stephanos Kyrkanides; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  9. Computer Surgical Simulation for Craniofacial Surgery
    James Xia; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..In the United States each year, a significant number of patients undergo reconstructive surgery for these types of defects and deformities. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  10. Recombinant FIV vectors for the delivery of siRNA therapy to joints
    Stephanos Kyrkanides; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  11. Does peripheral localized chronic inflammation predispose to neurodegeneration?
    Stephanos Kyrkanides; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  12. Joint degeneration: Somatic mosaic analysis in a transgenic mouse
    Stephanos Kyrkanides; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  13. Gene therapy for treatment of craniofacial dysplasia
    Stephanos Kyrkanides; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Completion of this study will aid in the development of novel therapies for the management of genetic disorders. ..
  14. Refining Measures of Lip Function
    CARROLL TROTMAN; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The developed measure(s) will provide a tremendous advantage in terms of characterizing existing and future outcomes for surgical treatment. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  15. Psychiatric Co-Morbidity in Facial Nerve Dysfunction
    Karen Schmidt; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..