- Prevalence rates of respiratory symptoms and diseases in general population samples of North and Central Italy
CNR Institute of Clinical Physiology and Cardiopulmonary Department, University and Hospital of Pisa, Italy
Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 3:1034-42. 1999
..Four cross-sectional general population surveys in Italy: northern rural Po Delta area (1980-1982, n = 3284; 1988-1991, n = 2841), and central urban Pisa area (1985-1988, n = 3865; 1991-1993, n = 2841)...
- The impact of heat waves and cold spells on mortality rates in the Dutch population
M M Huynen
International Centre for Integrative Studies, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
Environ Health Perspect 109:463-70. 2001
..The results concerning the forward displacement of deaths due to heat waves were not conclusive. We found no cold-induced forward displacement of deaths...
- Fine particulate air pollution and hospital admission for cardiovascular and respiratory diseases
Department of Biostatistics, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
JAMA 295:1127-34. 2006
..5 microm in aerodynamic diameter [PM2.5]) is limited. Results from the new national monitoring network for PM2.5 make possible systematic research on health risks at national and regional scales...
- Effects of cold weather on mortality: results from 15 European cities within the PHEWE project
Department of Hygiene, Epidemiology and Medical Statistics, Medical School, University of Athens, Athens, Greece
Am J Epidemiol 168:1397-408. 2008
..Cold-related mortality is an important public health problem across Europe. It should not be underestimated by public health authorities because of the recent focus on heat-wave episodes...
- Air pollution and health
Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences, Utrecht University, PO Box 80176, 3508 TD, Utrecht, Netherlands
Lancet 360:1233-42. 2002
..In this review, we discuss the evidence for adverse effects on health of selected air pollutants...
- High temperature and hospitalizations for cardiovascular and respiratory causes in 12 European cities
Department of Epidemiology Local Health Authority Rome E, Rome, Italy
Am J Respir Crit Care Med 179:383-9. 2009
..Episode analyses of heat waves have documented a comparatively higher impact on mortality than on morbidity (hospital admissions) in European cities. The evidence from daily time series studies is scarce and inconsistent...
- Cause-specific mortality and the extended effects of particulate pollution and temperature exposure
Patrick G Goodman
School of Physics, Dublin Institute of Technology, and St James Hospital, Dublin, Ireland
Environ Health Perspect 112:179-85. 2004
..This analysis suggests that studies on the acute effects of air pollution have underestimated the total effects of temperature and particulate air pollution on mortality...
- Woodsmoke health effects: a review
Luke P Naeher
Department of Environmental Health Science, College of Public Health, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, USA
Inhal Toxicol 19:67-106. 2007
..In addition, we provide recommendations for additional woodsmoke research...
- The effect of weather on respiratory and cardiovascular deaths in 12 U.S. cities
Alfesio L F Braga
Environmental Epidemiology Program, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
Environ Health Perspect 110:859-63. 2002
..We saw no clear pattern for the effect of humidity. In hierarchical models, greater variance of summer and winter temperature was associated with larger effects for hot and cold days, respectively, on respiratory deaths...
- Fine particulate air pollution and its components in association with cause-specific emergency admissions
Department of Environmental Health, School of Public Health, Harvard University, Boston, MA, USA
Environ Health 8:58. 2009
..We explored whether the association between cause-specific hospital admissions and PM(2.5) was modified by PM(2.5) chemical composition...
- Fine particle sources and cardiorespiratory morbidity: an application of chemical mass balance and factor analytical source-apportionment methods
Jeremy A Sarnat
Rollins School of Public Health of Emory University, Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, 1518 Clifton Rd, Room 260, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
Environ Health Perspect 116:459-66. 2008
..We analyzed a time-series of chemically speciated PM measurements in Atlanta, Georgia, and conducted an epidemiologic analysis using data from three distinct source-apportionment methods...
- Extreme high temperatures and hospital admissions for respiratory and cardiovascular diseases
New York State Department of Health, Center for Environmental Health, Troy, New York 12180, USA
Epidemiology 20:738-46. 2009
..We assessed the potential impact of hot weather on hospital admissions due to cardiovascular and respiratory diseases in New York City. We also explored whether the weather-disease relationship varies with socio-demographic variables...
- Seasonal and regional short-term effects of fine particles on hospital admissions in 202 US counties, 1999-2005
Michelle L Bell
Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511, USA
Am J Epidemiol 168:1301-10. 2008
..Results can help guide development of hypotheses and further epidemiologic studies on potential heterogeneity in the toxicity of constituents of the particulate matter mixture...
- Long-term ozone exposure and mortality
Division of Environmental Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of California, 710 University Hall, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
N Engl J Med 360:1085-95. 2009
..We examined the potential contribution of exposure to ozone to the risk of death from cardiopulmonary causes and specifically to death from respiratory causes...
- Hospital admissions and chemical composition of fine particle air pollution
Michelle L Bell
School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, 195 Prospect St, New Haven, CT 06511, USA
Am J Respir Crit Care Med 179:1115-20. 2009
..5)) on human health. The hypothesis has been advanced to include the possibility that such differences might be due to variations in the PM(2.5) chemical composition, but evidence supporting this hypothesis is lacking...
- The effect of fine and coarse particulate air pollution on mortality: a national analysis
Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
Environ Health Perspect 117:898-903. 2009
..5) and PM coarse on the increased risk of death for all causes, cardiovascular disease (CVD), myocardial infarction (MI), stroke, and respiratory mortality for the years 1999-2005...
- Effect of outdoor and indoor nitrogen dioxide on respiratory symptoms in schoolchildren
Department of Public Health, Chiba University School of Medicine, Chiba 260 8670, Japan
Int J Epidemiol 29:862-70. 2000
..We investigated concurrently the effects of outdoor and indoor NO(2) on the prevalence and incidence of respiratory symptoms among children...
- Distributed lag analyses of daily hospital admissions and source-apportioned fine particle air pollution
New York University, School of Medicine, Department of Environmental Medicine, Tuxedo, New York 10987, USA
Environ Health Perspect 119:455-60. 2011
..5 µm (PM2.5)] have used chemically nonspecific PM2.5 mass. However, PM2.5 is known to vary in chemical composition with source, and health impacts may vary accordingly...
- The lagged effect of cold temperature and wind chill on cardiorespiratory mortality in Scotland
Centre for Occupational and Environmental Health, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK
Occup Environ Med 62:702-10. 2005
..To investigate the lagged effects of cold temperature on cardiorespiratory mortality and to determine whether "wind chill" is a better predictor of these effects than "dry bulb" temperature...
- The effect of temperature on mortality in Stockholm 1998--2003: a study of lag structures and heatwave effects
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Umea University, Umea, Sweden
Scand J Public Health 36:516-23. 2008
- Persistence of multiple illnesses in World Trade Center rescue and recovery workers: a cohort study
Juan P Wisnivesky
Divisions of General Internal Medicine, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA
Lancet 378:888-97. 2011
..We report incidence and prevalence rates of physical and mental health disorders during the 9 years since the attacks, examine their associations with occupational exposures, and quantify physical and mental health comorbidities...
- Improved biomass stove intervention in rural Mexico: impact on the respiratory health of women
Environmental Health Department, National Institute of Public Health INSP, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico
Am J Respir Crit Care Med 180:649-56. 2009
..Exposure to biomass smoke has been related to adverse health effects. In Mexico, one household in four still cooks with biomass fuel, but there has been no evaluation of the health impact of reducing indoor air pollution...
- Prevalence of asthma and other respiratory symptoms in children living near and away from opencast coal mining sites
Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
Int J Epidemiol 30:556-63. 2001
..Public concern about respiratory conditions prompted the investigation of asthma and other respiratory diseases in children living near and away from opencast coal mining sites...
- Multipollutant modeling issues in a study of ambient air quality and emergency department visits in Atlanta
Paige E Tolbert
Rollins School of Public Health, Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol 17:S29-35. 2007
..In multipollutant models, PM10 and ozone persisted as predictors, with ozone the stronger predictor. Caveats and considerations in interpreting the multipollutant model results are discussed...
- The Wheezing Illnesses Study Leidsche Rijn (WHISTLER): rationale and design
Department of Pediatric Pulmonology, University Medical Centre Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands
Eur J Epidemiol 19:895-903. 2004
..In the scope of prevention, WHISTLER is expected to support the design of solid based prevention measures to reduce respiratory morbidity, mortality and associated costs, and to improve quality of life...
- Ambient temperature and mortality: an international study in four capital cities of East Asia
Joo Youn Chung
Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, and Institute of Health and Environment, Seoul National University, Republic of Korea
Sci Total Environ 408:390-6. 2009
..The importance of effects of AT and city-specific threshold temperatures suggests that analyses of the impact of climate change should take regional differences into consideration...
- Respiratory health effects of diesel particulate matter
Zoran D Ristovski
International Laboratory for Air Quality and Health School of Engineering Systems, Queensland University of Technology, Queensland, Australia
Respirology 17:201-12. 2012
..Understanding the mechanisms of lung injury from DPM will enhance efforts to protect at-risk individuals from the harmful respiratory effects of air pollutants...
- Differentiating the effects of fine and coarse particles on daily mortality in Shanghai, China
Department of Environmental Health, School of Public Health, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032, China
Environ Int 33:376-84. 2007
..Our analyses provide the first statistically significant evidence in China that PM2.5 has an adverse effect on population health and strengthen the rationale for further limiting levels of PM2.5 in outdoor air in Shanghai...
- Lipid-laden alveolar macrophages (LLAM): a useful marker of silent aspiration in children
Department of Pediatrics, Johann Wolfgang Goethe University, Frankfurt am Main, Germany
Pediatr Pulmonol 28:83-8. 1999
..01). We believe that simply observing lipid-laden macrophages is nonspecific, but quantitation of these cells is a useful method for diagnosing silent aspiration in children, especially when the score exceeds 200...
- A comparison of mortality related to urban air particles between periods with Asian dust days and without Asian dust days in Seoul, Korea, 2000-2004
Jong Tae Lee
Department of Public Health, Graduate School of Hanyang University, Hanyang University, Haengdang Dong 17, Seongdong Gu, Seoul 133 791, Republic of Korea
Environ Res 105:409-13. 2007
..We hypothesize that the real health effect is much larger than previous results suggested...
- Oxidative stress: its role in air pollution and adverse health effects
Frank J Kelly
Environmental Research Group, School of Health and Life Science, King s College London, UK
Occup Environ Med 60:612-6. 2003
- Wildland forest fire smoke: health effects and intervention evaluation, Hoopa, California, 1999
Joshua A Mott
Air Pollution and Respiratory Health Branch, National Center for Environmental Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC, 1600 Clifton Rd NE, Mailstop E 17, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
West J Med 176:157-62. 2002
- Environmental temperature and mortality
Department of Public Health Science and General Practice, University of Oulu, Finland
Int J Circumpolar Health 64:451-8. 2005
..Both cold and heat are significant public health hazards which should be taken into account in health care and education of health professionals...
- Association of daily cause-specific mortality with ambient particle air pollution in Wuhan, China
Health Evaluation Sciences, Penn State College of Medicine, A210, 600 Centerview Drive, P O Box 855, Hershey, PA 17033 0855, USA
Environ Res 105:380-9. 2007
..We conclude that there is consistent evidence of acute effects of PM(10) on cardiopulmonary mortality. A linear no threshold exposure-response relationship is suggested between PM(10) and the studied cause-specific mortality...
- Update in occupational and environmental respiratory disease 2007
Tim S Nawrot
Laboratory of Pneumology, K U Leuven, Laboratorium voor Pneumologie Longtoxicologie, Herestraat 49, B 3000 Leuven, Belgium
Am J Respir Crit Care Med 177:696-700. 2008
- Environmental exposure to confined animal feeding operations and respiratory health of neighboring residents
Institute for Occupational and Environmental Medicine, LMU, Munich, Germany
Epidemiology 18:300-8. 2007
..We aimed to assess respiratory health in neighbors of confined animal feeding operations...
- Gender and respiratory findings in workers occupationally exposed to organic aerosols: a meta analysis of 12 cross-sectional studies
E Neil Schachter
Mount Sinai School of Medicine, 1 Gustave L, Levy Place 1232, New York, NY, USA
Environ Health 8:1. 2009
..Gender related differences in respiratory disease have been documented. The aim of this study was to investigate gender related differences in respiratory findings by occupation. We analyzed data from 12 of our previously published studies...
- Detection of respiratory viruses by molecular methods
James B Mahony
Regional Virology Laboratory, St Joseph s Healthcare Hamilton, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
Clin Microbiol Rev 21:716-47. 2008
- Cardiorespiratory and all-cause mortality after restrictions on sulphur content of fuel in Hong Kong: an intervention study
Anthony Johnson Hedley
Department of Community Medicine, University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong
Lancet 360:1646-52. 2002
..5% by weight. This intervention led to an immediate fall in ambient sulphur dioxide (SO2). We assessed the effect of this intervention on mortality over the next 5 years...
- Fine particulate air pollution and mortality in 20 U.S. cities, 1987-1994
J M Samet
Department of Epidemiology, School of Hygiene and Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
N Engl J Med 343:1742-9. 2000
..Although these findings have helped lead to a tightening of air-quality standards, their validity with respect to public health has been questioned...
- Therapeutic potential of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase inhibitors in inflammatory respiratory disease
Airways Disease Section, National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College London, Dovehouse Street, London, SW3, 6LY, UK
J Pharmacol Exp Ther 321:1-8. 2007
..Encouraging data from animal models, primary cells and clinical studies in other diseases suggest that inhibitors of PI3K/Akt may prove to be useful novel therapies in the treatment of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease...
- Does the effect of PM10 on mortality depend on PM nickel and vanadium content? A reanalysis of the NMMAPS data
Department of Biostatistics, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21215, USA
Environ Health Perspect 115:1701-3. 2007
..They found that average concentrations of nickel or vanadium in PM2.5 (PM with aerodynamic diameter < 2.5 microm) positively modified the lag-1 day association between PM10 and all-cause mortality...
- Particulate matter and daily mortality and hospital admissions in the west midlands conurbation of the United Kingdom: associations with fine and coarse particles, black smoke and sulphate
H R Anderson
Department of Public Health Sciences, St George s Hospital Medical School, Cranmer Terrace, London SW17 0RE, UK
Occup Environ Med 58:504-10. 2001
- Ambient biomass smoke and cardio-respiratory hospital admissions in Darwin, Australia
Fay H Johnston
Menzies School of Health Research, Charles Darwin University, Darwin, Australia
BMC Public Health 7:240. 2007
..In addition we examined the differential impacts on Indigenous Australians, a high risk population subgroup...
- Childhood social position and associations between environmental exposures and health outcomes
Institute for Medical Informatics, Biometry and Epidemiology, University Hospital Essen, University of Duisburg Essen, Germany
Int J Hyg Environ Health 212:146-56. 2009
..We investigated the distribution of environmental exposures and health outcomes in preschool children, and examined the role of social position on their associations...
- The relationship between infections and chronic respiratory diseases: an overview
M S Terpenning
Department of Internal Medicine, Department of Veterans Affairs, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
Ann Periodontol 6:66-70. 2001
..An overview of respiratory disease and some of the factors that can contribute to respiratory infection is presented below, with special reference to infections related to aspiration...
- A retrospective investigation of PM10 in ambient air and cardiopulmonary hospital admissions in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania: 1995-2000
Vincent C Arena
Department of Biostatistics, University of Pittsburgh, Graduate School of Public Health, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA
J Occup Environ Med 48:38-47. 2006
..Air quality in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, has improved over the last decade, and we investigated whether the lower concentrations of fine particulate matter (PM10) are still associated with adverse health outcomes...
- Community based study to compare the incidence and health services utilization pyramid for gastrointestinal, respiratory and dermal symptoms
Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia
BMC Health Serv Res 12:211. 2012
..The aim of this study was to describe the epidemiology and rate these three major symptom complexes in order to improve our understanding of the health burden imposed by these symptoms...
- Short-term effect of PM(2.5) on daily hospital admissions in Madrid (2003-2005)
Centro Nacional de Epidemiologia, Area de epidemiologia ambiental y cancer, Madrid, Spain
Int J Environ Health Res 20:129-40. 2010
..08 IC 95%: (1.03 1.13) and for respiratory was 1.07 IC 95% (1.02 1.11). PM(2.5) concentrations were the only primary pollutant that showed a statistical association with hospital admissions in Madrid...
- Short-term associations between fine and coarse particles and hospital admissions for cardiorespiratory diseases in six French cities
Regional Health Observatory Ile de France, Paris, France
Occup Environ Med 65:544-51. 2008
..The aim of this study is to estimate the links between fine (PM(2.5)) and coarse particle (PM(2.5-10)) levels and cardiorespiratory hospitalisations in six French cities during 2000-2003...
- Children's respiratory morbidity prevalence in relation to air pollution in four Chinese cities
Junfeng Jim Zhang
Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences Institute, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey and Rutgers University, Piscataway, New Jersey, USA
Environ Health Perspect 110:961-7. 2002
..The results also present some evidence that ambient levels of NO(x) and SO(2) were positively associated with children's respiratory symptoms, but the evidence for these two gaseous pollutants appeared to be weaker than that for the PM...
- Cross-sectional and prospective associations between passive smoking and respiratory symptoms at the workplace
Sai Yin Ho
Department of Community Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, 21 Sassoon Road, Pokfulam, Hong Kong
Ann Epidemiol 17:126-31. 2007
..The purpose of the study is to investigate the cross-sectional and prospective relation between workplace secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure and respiratory symptoms...
- Alternative ozone metrics and daily mortality in Suzhou: the China Air Pollution and Health Effects Study (CAPES)
School of Public Health, Key Lab of Public Health Safety of the Ministry of Education, Fudan University, Shanghai, China
Sci Total Environ 426:83-9. 2012
..In conclusion, maximum 8-hour average and 1-hour maximum concentrations of O(3) are associated with daily mortality in Suzhou. Our analyses strengthen the rationale for further limiting levels of O(3) pollution in the city...
- Associations of cold temperatures with GP consultations for respiratory and cardiovascular disease amongst the elderly in London
London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel St, London WC1E 7HT, UK
Int J Epidemiol 31:825-30. 2002
..We wished to determine whether similar relationships exist with consultations in the primary care setting and to assess the lag time at which the effects were observed...
- Mortality, morbidity and costs attributable to smoking in Germany: update and a 10-year comparison
GSF National Research Center for Environment and Health, Institute of Health Economics and Health Care Management, Neuherberg, Germany
Tob Control 15:464-71. 2006
..To assess the negative health consequences and associated costs of cigarette smoking in Germany in 2003 and to compare them with the respective results from 1993...
- Plastic wall materials in the home and respiratory health in young children
J J Jaakkola
Nordic School of Public Health, Goteborg, Sweden
Am J Public Health 90:797-9. 2000
..The relation between the presence of plastic wall materials in the home and respiratory health in children was assessed...
- Impact of high temperatures on hospital admissions: comparative analysis with previous studies about mortality (Madrid)
Department of Education for Sustainable Development of the Madrid City Council, Autónoma University General Foundation of Madrid, Madrid, Spain
Eur J Public Health 18:317-22. 2008
- High viral frequency in children with gastroesophageal reflux-related chronic respiratory disorders
Department of Medical Diagnostic Sciences and Special Therapies, University of Padua, Padua, Italy
Pediatr Pulmonol 43:690-6. 2008
..It is not well established whether infective agents may be present in lung aspiration. The aim of the work was to investigate whether different infective agents could be found in children with GER-related CRDs...
- The impact of the 2003 heat wave on mortality in Shanghai, China
Center for Environment and Health at Academy for Advanced Interdisciplinary Studies, and College of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, Peking University, Beijing, China
Sci Total Environ 408:2418-20. 2010
..Our analysis showed that the 2003 heat wave had a substantial effect on mortality in Shanghai. Public health programs should be implemented to prevent heat wave-related health problems in the city...
- Respiratory health effects of industrial air pollution on children in North Lebanon
Faculty of Health Sciences, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon
Int J Environ Health Res 12:205-20. 2002
..A higher risk of respiratory problems was reported among children living close to cement than fertilizer industries. Policy intervention measures are recommended...
- Critical incidents in paediatric anaesthesia: an audit of 10 000 anaesthetics in Singapore
C L Tay
Department of Paediatric Anaesthesia, KK Women s and Children s Hospital, Singapore, Singapore
Paediatr Anaesth 11:711-8. 2001
..The spectrum of surgery performed ranged from simple ambulatory surgery to open heart surgery for complicated congenital heart diseases...
- An evaluation of air pollution health impacts and costs in São Paulo, Brazil
Simone Georges El Khouri Miraglia
Laboratory of Experimental Air Pollution, Department of Pathology, School of Medicine, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
Environ Manage 35:667-76. 2005
..This estimate refers to the children and the elderly population. These results give a preliminary and underestimated value of the burden of diseases promoted by air pollution...
- Particulate air pollution and health effects for cardiovascular and respiratory causes in Temuco, Chile: a wood-smoke-polluted urban area
Pedro A Sanhueza
Department of Geographical Engineering, University of Santiago de Chile, Santiago, Chile
J Air Waste Manag Assoc 59:1481-8. 2009
..These results are consistent with those of comparable studies in other similar cities where wood smoke is the most important air pollution problem...
- How much, how long, what, and where: air pollution exposure assessment for epidemiologic studies of respiratory disease
Sc D, University of British Columbia School of Environmental Health, 3rd Floor, 2206 East Mall, Vancouver, BC, V6T1Z3 Canada
Proc Am Thorac Soc 7:111-5. 2010
- Organic dust toxic syndrome: a review
Steven A Seifert
The Poison Center at Children s Hospital, Omaha, Nebraska 68114 4113, USA
J Toxicol Clin Toxicol 41:185-93. 2003
- Perioperative anaesthetic morbidity in children: a database of 24,165 anaesthetics over a 30-month period
Service d Anesthesie Reanimation, Hopital d Enfants Armand Trousseau, Assistance Publique Hopitaux de Paris, Paris Cedex, France
Paediatr Anaesth 14:158-66. 2004
..This study reports the practices and morbidity of 24,165 anaesthetics performed over a 30-month period in a paediatric teaching hospital...
- The relationship of chronic mucin secretion to airway disease in normal and CFTR-deficient mice
V L Cressman
Curriculum in Genetics and Molecular Biology, Department of Medicine, and Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA
Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol 19:853-66. 1998
..aureus and P. aeruginosa. Therefore, factors in addition to the absence of high levels of mucus secretion protect the mouse from the airway disease seen in human CF patients...
- Consultations of children living near open-cast coal mines
Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Department of Statistics, University of Newcastle, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom
Environ Health Perspect 109:567-71. 2001
..1.1 per person-year; OR = 1.5; 95% CI, 1.2-1.8). However, increases in consultation rates in open-cast communities were generally not seen over the portions of the 52-week periods when the open-cast sites were either active or inactive...
- Does the presence of desert dust modify the effect of PM10 on mortality in Athens, Greece?
Department of Hygiene, Epidemiology and Medical Statistics, Medical School, University of Athens, Athens, Greece
Sci Total Environ 409:2049-54. 2011
..Our analyses indicate that traffic related particles, which prevail on non-desert dust days, have more toxic effects than the ones originating from long-range transport, such as Sahara dust...
- Seasonal effect of PM(10) concentrations on mortality and morbidity in Seoul, Korea: a temperature-matched case-crossover analysis
Department Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public health and the Institute of Environment and Health, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea
Environ Res 110:89-95. 2010
..However, only a few studies have focused on evaluating the effects of seasonal air pollution using data on both morbidity and mortality in Asia...
- Mortality in small geographical areas and proximity to air polluting industries in the Basque Country (Spain)
Directorate of Public Health, Department of Health, Basque Government, C Donostia San Sebastian 1, 01010, Vitoria Gasteiz, Spain
Occup Environ Med 68:140-7. 2011
..To study the association between proximity to air polluting industrial facilities and mortality in the Basque Country (Spain) in the 1996-2003 period...
- Longitudinal assessment of spirometry in the World Trade Center medical monitoring program
Gwen S Skloot
Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Mount Sinai Medical Center, New York, NY 10029, USA
Chest 135:492-8. 2009
..We also determined the predictors of spirometric change between the two examinations...
- Simultaneous detection and high-throughput identification of a panel of RNA viruses causing respiratory tract infections
Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee 37232, USA
J Clin Microbiol 45:2105-9. 2007
..The multiplex approach enhances diagnosis through detection of respiratory viral etiologic agents in cases in which the presence of the agent was not suspected and a test was not ordered by the clinicians...
- Passive smoking exposure among adults and the dynamics of respiratory symptoms in a prospective multicenter cohort study
Pierre Yves Jayet
Service of Pulmonology, University Hospital Lausanne, Switzerland
Scand J Work Environ Health 31:465-73. 2005
..The aim of this study was to measure the effects of past exposure to environmental tobacco smoke on the day-to-day dynamics of four respiratory-symptom classes in a diary study including adult never-smokers...
- Association of indoor and outdoor air pollutant level with respiratory problems among children in an industrial area of Delhi, India
Vallabhbhai Patel Chest Institute, University of Delhi, India
Arch Environ Occup Health 62:75-80. 2007
..Results suggest that both indoor and outdoor particulate exposure may be important risk factors in the development of respiratory illness in children...
- Air pollution, aeroallergens, and emergency room visits for acute respiratory diseases and gastroenteric disorders among young children in six Italian cities
Pediatric Emergency Room, Santobono s Hospital, Naples, Italy
Environ Health Perspect 117:1780-5. 2009
..We conducted a multicity analysis of the relationship between air pollution and ER visits for wheezing and gastroenteric disorder in children 0-2 years of age...
- Risk of lung cancer following nonmalignant respiratory conditions: evidence from two case-control studies in Montreal, Canada
Agnihotram V Ramanakumar
Centre de Recherche du CHUM, Universite de Montreal, Montreal, Que, Canada
Lung Cancer 53:5-12. 2006
..6-2.4. Our results support the hypothesis that some nonmalignant respiratory diseases may be independent risk factors for lung cancer...
- The 1997 haze disaster in Indonesia: its air quality and health effects
Department of International Community Health, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Hongo, Japan
Arch Environ Health 57:16-22. 2002
..The results of our study demonstrate the need for special care of the elderly and for care of those with a history of asthma. In addition, the use of a proper mask may afford protection...
- The natural history and clinical characteristics of aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease
M Pilar Berges-Gimeno
Scripps Clinic, La Jolla, California 92037, USA
Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 89:474-8. 2002
..Most information about the disease in the United States has come from small samples of patients...
- The diagnosis of viral respiratory disease in older adults
H Keipp Talbot
Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee, USA
Clin Infect Dis 50:747-51. 2010
- Exposure-response functions for health effects of ambient air pollution applicable for China -- a meta-analysis
Center for International Climate and Environmental Research, P O Box 1129 Blindern, Cicero, Sognsveien 68, 0318 Oslo, Norway
Sci Total Environ 329:3-16. 2004
..31% (S.E. 0.01) increase per microg/m3 in adults and 0.44% (S.E. 0.02) per microg/m3 in children. With some exceptions, Chinese studies report somewhat lower exposure-response coefficients as compared to studies in Europe and USA...
- Short-term effects of nitrogen dioxide on mortality: an analysis within the APHEA project
Dept of Hygiene and Epidemiology, University of Athens Medical School, 75 Mikras Asias Street, 115 27 Athens, Greece
Eur Respir J 27:1129-38. 2006
..The results of this large study are consistent with an independent effect of nitrogen dioxide on mortality, but the role of nitrogen dioxide as a surrogate of other unmeasured pollutants cannot be completely ruled out...
- Association between particulate matter and emergency room visits, hospital admissions and mortality in Spokane, Washington
James C Slaughter
Department of Environmental Health, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195, USA
J Expo Anal Environ Epidemiol 15:153-9. 2005
..We found no consistent associations between any size fraction of PM and cardiac or respiratory ER visits or hospital admissions...
- The effects of components of fine particulate air pollution on mortality in california: results from CALFINE
Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment, 16th Floor, 1515 Clay St, Oakland, CA 94612, USA
Environ Health Perspect 115:13-9. 2007
..5 pm in diameter (PM2.5). Little is known, however, about the relative effects of PM2.5 constituents. We examined associations between 19 PM2.5 components and daily mortality in six California counties...
- RNA-seq based transcriptional map of bovine respiratory disease pathogen "Histophilus somni 2336"
College of Veterinary Medicine, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, Mississippi, United States of America
PLoS ONE 7:e29435. 2012
..This observation suggests that a number of the newly identified sRNAs in strain 2336 may be involved in strain-specific adaptations...
- Public views on the links between air pollution and health in Northeast England
Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, The Medical School, NE2 4HH, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
Environ Res 91:163-71. 2003
..In understanding public perceptions about the links between air quality and health, research should focus on the characteristics of places as well as of people...
- Acid-sensitive vagal sensory pathways and cough
The Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Johns Hopkins Asthma and Allergy Center, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA
Pulm Pharmacol Ther 20:402-11. 2007
..Here, we provide a brief overview of the cough-related acid-sensitive sensory pathways and discuss the mechanisms of acid sensitivity...
- Epidemiological evidence of effects of coarse airborne particles on health
Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences, Utrecht University, PO Box 80176, 3508 TD Utrecht, The Netherlands
Eur Respir J 26:309-18. 2005
..There is also support for an association between coarse PM and cardiovascular admissions. It is concluded that special consideration should be given to studying and regulating coarse particles separately from fine particles...
- Effects of air pollution on general practitioner consultations for upper respiratory diseases in London
Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
Occup Environ Med 59:294-9. 2002
..We investigated the relation between air pollution and upper respiratory disease as reflected in number of consultations made at family practices in London...
- Living near opencast coal mining sites and children's respiratory health
Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
Occup Environ Med 57:145-51. 2000
..To answer the question whether living near opencast coal mining sites affects acute and chronic respiratory health...
- Vegetation fire smoke, indigenous status and cardio-respiratory hospital admissions in Darwin, Australia, 1996-2005: a time-series study
Ivan C Hanigan
School for Environmental Research, Charles Darwin University, Ellengowan Drive, Darwin, 0909, Northern Territory, Australia
Environ Health 7:42. 2008
..We also investigated whether the relationship differed in indigenous Australians; a disadvantaged population sub-group...
- Increasing cardiopulmonary emergency visits by long-range transported Asian dust storms in Taiwan
Chang Chuan Chan
Institute of Occupational Medicine and Industrial Hygiene, College of Public Health, National Taiwan University, No 17 Xu Zhou Road, Taipei 100, Taiwan
Environ Res 106:393-400. 2008
..9 cases (67%) per event for the 39 high Asian dust events...
- Housing characteristics, home environmental factors and respiratory health in 3945 pre-school children in China
Guang Hui Dong
Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, School of Public Health, China Medical University, Shenyang, Liaoning Province, China
Int J Environ Health Res 18:267-82. 2008
..Boys may be more susceptible to home environmental factors than girls...
- Low birth weight and respiratory disease in adulthood: a population-based case-control study
Eric C Walter
Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
Am J Respir Crit Care Med 180:176-80. 2009
..Infants and children with a history of low and very low birth weight have an increased risk of respiratory illnesses, but it is unknown if clinically significant disease persists into adulthood...
- An overview of 9/11 experiences and respiratory and mental health conditions among World Trade Center Health Registry enrollees
New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, New York, NY, USA
J Urban Health 85:880-909. 2008
- The temporal pattern of mortality responses to ambient ozone in the APHEA project
Department of Hygiene and Epidemiology, University of Athens Medical School, 115 27 Athens, Greece
J Epidemiol Community Health 63:960-6. 2009
- Respiratory symptoms and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among cement factory workers
Section for Occupational Medicine, Institute of Public Health and Primary Health Care, Faculty of Medicine, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway
Scand J Work Environ Health 31:316-23. 2005
..This study assessed chronic respiratory symptoms and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) among workers exposed to cement dust at a Tanzanian cement factory...
- The impact of early nutrition on incidence of allergic manifestations and common respiratory illnesses in children
Eileen E Birch
Retina Foundation of the Southwest, Dallas, TX, USA
J Pediatr 156:902-6, 906.e1. 2010
..To investigate the incidence of allergic and respiratory diseases through age 3 years in children fed docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)- and arachidonic acid (ARA)-supplemented formula during infancy...
- Human bocavirus infection in young children in the United States: molecular epidemiological profile and clinical characteristics of a newly emerging respiratory virus
Division of Respiratory Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520 8064, USA
J Infect Dis 194:1276-82. 2006
..To further investigate the epidemiological profile and clinical characteristics of HBoV infection, we screened infants and children <2 years of age (hereafter referred to as "children") for HBoV...
- The impact of smoke on respiratory hospital outcomes during the 2002-2003 bushfire season, Victoria, Australia
School of Rural Health, MonashUniversity, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Respirology 14:69-75. 2009
- Long-term exposure to ambient air pollution and cardiopulmonary mortality in women
GSF National Research Center for Environment and Health, Institute of Epidemiology, Ingolstaedter Landstrasse 1, D 85764 Neuherberg, Germany
Epidemiology 17:545-51. 2006
..We assessed whether long-term exposure to air pollution originating from motorized traffic and industrial sources is associated with total and cause-specific mortality in a cohort of women living in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany...