respiratory tract diseases

Summary

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Prevalence rates of respiratory symptoms and diseases in general population samples of North and Central Italy
    G Viegi
    CNR Institute of Clinical Physiology and Cardiopulmonary Department, University and Hospital of Pisa, Italy
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 3:1034-42. 1999
  2. pmc The impact of heat waves and cold spells on mortality rates in the Dutch population
    M M Huynen
    International Centre for Integrative Studies, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Environ Health Perspect 109:463-70. 2001
  3. pmc Fine particulate air pollution and hospital admission for cardiovascular and respiratory diseases
    Francesca Dominici
    Department of Biostatistics, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    JAMA 295:1127-34. 2006
  4. ncbi Effects of cold weather on mortality: results from 15 European cities within the PHEWE project
    A Analitis
    Department of Hygiene, Epidemiology and Medical Statistics, Medical School, University of Athens, Athens, Greece
    Am J Epidemiol 168:1397-408. 2008
  5. ncbi Air pollution and health
    Bert Brunekreef
    Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences, Utrecht University, PO Box 80176, 3508 TD, Utrecht, Netherlands
    Lancet 360:1233-42. 2002
  6. ncbi High temperature and hospitalizations for cardiovascular and respiratory causes in 12 European cities
    Paola Michelozzi
    Department of Epidemiology Local Health Authority Rome E, Rome, Italy
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 179:383-9. 2009
  7. pmc Cause-specific mortality and the extended effects of particulate pollution and temperature exposure
    Patrick G Goodman
    School of Physics, Dublin Institute of Technology, and St James Hospital, Dublin, Ireland
    Environ Health Perspect 112:179-85. 2004
  8. ncbi Woodsmoke health effects: a review
    Luke P Naeher
    Department of Environmental Health Science, College of Public Health, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, USA
    Inhal Toxicol 19:67-106. 2007
  9. pmc The effect of weather on respiratory and cardiovascular deaths in 12 U.S. cities
    Alfesio L F Braga
    Environmental Epidemiology Program, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 110:859-63. 2002
  10. pmc Fine particulate air pollution and its components in association with cause-specific emergency admissions
    Antonella Zanobetti
    Department of Environmental Health, School of Public Health, Harvard University, Boston, MA, USA
    Environ Health 8:58. 2009

Detail Information

Publications252 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Prevalence rates of respiratory symptoms and diseases in general population samples of North and Central Italy
    G Viegi
    CNR Institute of Clinical Physiology and Cardiopulmonary Department, University and Hospital of Pisa, Italy
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 3:1034-42. 1999
    ..Four cross-sectional general population surveys in Italy: northern rural Po Delta area (1980-1982, n = 3284; 1988-1991, n = 2841), and central urban Pisa area (1985-1988, n = 3865; 1991-1993, n = 2841)...
  2. pmc The impact of heat waves and cold spells on mortality rates in the Dutch population
    M M Huynen
    International Centre for Integrative Studies, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Environ Health Perspect 109:463-70. 2001
    ..The results concerning the forward displacement of deaths due to heat waves were not conclusive. We found no cold-induced forward displacement of deaths...
  3. pmc Fine particulate air pollution and hospital admission for cardiovascular and respiratory diseases
    Francesca Dominici
    Department of Biostatistics, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    JAMA 295:1127-34. 2006
    ..5 microm in aerodynamic diameter [PM2.5]) is limited. Results from the new national monitoring network for PM2.5 make possible systematic research on health risks at national and regional scales...
  4. ncbi Effects of cold weather on mortality: results from 15 European cities within the PHEWE project
    A Analitis
    Department of Hygiene, Epidemiology and Medical Statistics, Medical School, University of Athens, Athens, Greece
    Am J Epidemiol 168:1397-408. 2008
    ..Cold-related mortality is an important public health problem across Europe. It should not be underestimated by public health authorities because of the recent focus on heat-wave episodes...
  5. ncbi Air pollution and health
    Bert Brunekreef
    Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences, Utrecht University, PO Box 80176, 3508 TD, Utrecht, Netherlands
    Lancet 360:1233-42. 2002
    ..In this review, we discuss the evidence for adverse effects on health of selected air pollutants...
  6. ncbi High temperature and hospitalizations for cardiovascular and respiratory causes in 12 European cities
    Paola Michelozzi
    Department of Epidemiology Local Health Authority Rome E, Rome, Italy
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 179:383-9. 2009
    ..Episode analyses of heat waves have documented a comparatively higher impact on mortality than on morbidity (hospital admissions) in European cities. The evidence from daily time series studies is scarce and inconsistent...
  7. pmc Cause-specific mortality and the extended effects of particulate pollution and temperature exposure
    Patrick G Goodman
    School of Physics, Dublin Institute of Technology, and St James Hospital, Dublin, Ireland
    Environ Health Perspect 112:179-85. 2004
    ..This analysis suggests that studies on the acute effects of air pollution have underestimated the total effects of temperature and particulate air pollution on mortality...
  8. ncbi Woodsmoke health effects: a review
    Luke P Naeher
    Department of Environmental Health Science, College of Public Health, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, USA
    Inhal Toxicol 19:67-106. 2007
    ..In addition, we provide recommendations for additional woodsmoke research...
  9. pmc The effect of weather on respiratory and cardiovascular deaths in 12 U.S. cities
    Alfesio L F Braga
    Environmental Epidemiology Program, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 110:859-63. 2002
    ..We saw no clear pattern for the effect of humidity. In hierarchical models, greater variance of summer and winter temperature was associated with larger effects for hot and cold days, respectively, on respiratory deaths...
  10. pmc Fine particulate air pollution and its components in association with cause-specific emergency admissions
    Antonella Zanobetti
    Department of Environmental Health, School of Public Health, Harvard University, Boston, MA, USA
    Environ Health 8:58. 2009
    ..We explored whether the association between cause-specific hospital admissions and PM(2.5) was modified by PM(2.5) chemical composition...
  11. pmc Fine particle sources and cardiorespiratory morbidity: an application of chemical mass balance and factor analytical source-apportionment methods
    Jeremy A Sarnat
    Rollins School of Public Health of Emory University, Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, 1518 Clifton Rd, Room 260, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 116:459-66. 2008
    ..We analyzed a time-series of chemically speciated PM measurements in Atlanta, Georgia, and conducted an epidemiologic analysis using data from three distinct source-apportionment methods...
  12. ncbi Extreme high temperatures and hospital admissions for respiratory and cardiovascular diseases
    Shao Lin
    New York State Department of Health, Center for Environmental Health, Troy, New York 12180, USA
    Epidemiology 20:738-46. 2009
    ..We assessed the potential impact of hot weather on hospital admissions due to cardiovascular and respiratory diseases in New York City. We also explored whether the weather-disease relationship varies with socio-demographic variables...
  13. pmc Seasonal and regional short-term effects of fine particles on hospital admissions in 202 US counties, 1999-2005
    Michelle L Bell
    Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 168:1301-10. 2008
    ..Results can help guide development of hypotheses and further epidemiologic studies on potential heterogeneity in the toxicity of constituents of the particulate matter mixture...
  14. pmc Long-term ozone exposure and mortality
    Michael Jerrett
    Division of Environmental Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of California, 710 University Hall, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    N Engl J Med 360:1085-95. 2009
    ..We examined the potential contribution of exposure to ozone to the risk of death from cardiopulmonary causes and specifically to death from respiratory causes...
  15. pmc Hospital admissions and chemical composition of fine particle air pollution
    Michelle L Bell
    School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, 195 Prospect St, New Haven, CT 06511, USA
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 179:1115-20. 2009
    ..5)) on human health. The hypothesis has been advanced to include the possibility that such differences might be due to variations in the PM(2.5) chemical composition, but evidence supporting this hypothesis is lacking...
  16. pmc The effect of fine and coarse particulate air pollution on mortality: a national analysis
    Antonella Zanobetti
    Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 117:898-903. 2009
    ..5) and PM coarse on the increased risk of death for all causes, cardiovascular disease (CVD), myocardial infarction (MI), stroke, and respiratory mortality for the years 1999-2005...
  17. ncbi Effect of outdoor and indoor nitrogen dioxide on respiratory symptoms in schoolchildren
    M Shima
    Department of Public Health, Chiba University School of Medicine, Chiba 260 8670, Japan
    Int J Epidemiol 29:862-70. 2000
    ..We investigated concurrently the effects of outdoor and indoor NO(2) on the prevalence and incidence of respiratory symptoms among children...
  18. pmc Distributed lag analyses of daily hospital admissions and source-apportioned fine particle air pollution
    Ramona Lall
    New York University, School of Medicine, Department of Environmental Medicine, Tuxedo, New York 10987, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 119:455-60. 2011
    ..5 µm (PM2.5)] have used chemically nonspecific PM2.5 mass. However, PM2.5 is known to vary in chemical composition with source, and health impacts may vary accordingly...
  19. pmc The lagged effect of cold temperature and wind chill on cardiorespiratory mortality in Scotland
    M Carder
    Centre for Occupational and Environmental Health, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK
    Occup Environ Med 62:702-10. 2005
    ..To investigate the lagged effects of cold temperature on cardiorespiratory mortality and to determine whether "wind chill" is a better predictor of these effects than "dry bulb" temperature...
  20. ncbi The effect of temperature on mortality in Stockholm 1998--2003: a study of lag structures and heatwave effects
    Joacim Rocklöv
    Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Umea University, Umea, Sweden
    Scand J Public Health 36:516-23. 2008
    ....
  21. ncbi Persistence of multiple illnesses in World Trade Center rescue and recovery workers: a cohort study
    Juan P Wisnivesky
    Divisions of General Internal Medicine, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA
    Lancet 378:888-97. 2011
    ..We report incidence and prevalence rates of physical and mental health disorders during the 9 years since the attacks, examine their associations with occupational exposures, and quantify physical and mental health comorbidities...
  22. ncbi Improved biomass stove intervention in rural Mexico: impact on the respiratory health of women
    Isabelle Romieu
    Environmental Health Department, National Institute of Public Health INSP, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 180:649-56. 2009
    ..Exposure to biomass smoke has been related to adverse health effects. In Mexico, one household in four still cooks with biomass fuel, but there has been no evaluation of the health impact of reducing indoor air pollution...
  23. ncbi Prevalence of asthma and other respiratory symptoms in children living near and away from opencast coal mining sites
    T Pless-Mulloli
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 30:556-63. 2001
    ..Public concern about respiratory conditions prompted the investigation of asthma and other respiratory diseases in children living near and away from opencast coal mining sites...
  24. ncbi Multipollutant modeling issues in a study of ambient air quality and emergency department visits in Atlanta
    Paige E Tolbert
    Rollins School of Public Health, Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
    J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol 17:S29-35. 2007
    ..In multipollutant models, PM10 and ozone persisted as predictors, with ozone the stronger predictor. Caveats and considerations in interpreting the multipollutant model results are discussed...
  25. ncbi The Wheezing Illnesses Study Leidsche Rijn (WHISTLER): rationale and design
    N Katier
    Department of Pediatric Pulmonology, University Medical Centre Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Eur J Epidemiol 19:895-903. 2004
    ..In the scope of prevention, WHISTLER is expected to support the design of solid based prevention measures to reduce respiratory morbidity, mortality and associated costs, and to improve quality of life...
  26. ncbi Ambient temperature and mortality: an international study in four capital cities of East Asia
    Joo Youn Chung
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, and Institute of Health and Environment, Seoul National University, Republic of Korea
    Sci Total Environ 408:390-6. 2009
    ..The importance of effects of AT and city-specific threshold temperatures suggests that analyses of the impact of climate change should take regional differences into consideration...
  27. ncbi Respiratory health effects of diesel particulate matter
    Zoran D Ristovski
    International Laboratory for Air Quality and Health School of Engineering Systems, Queensland University of Technology, Queensland, Australia
    Respirology 17:201-12. 2012
    ..Understanding the mechanisms of lung injury from DPM will enhance efforts to protect at-risk individuals from the harmful respiratory effects of air pollutants...
  28. pmc Differentiating the effects of fine and coarse particles on daily mortality in Shanghai, China
    Haidong Kan
    Department of Environmental Health, School of Public Health, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032, China
    Environ Int 33:376-84. 2007
    ..Our analyses provide the first statistically significant evidence in China that PM2.5 has an adverse effect on population health and strengthen the rationale for further limiting levels of PM2.5 in outdoor air in Shanghai...
  29. ncbi Lipid-laden alveolar macrophages (LLAM): a useful marker of silent aspiration in children
    P Ahrens
    Department of Pediatrics, Johann Wolfgang Goethe University, Frankfurt am Main, Germany
    Pediatr Pulmonol 28:83-8. 1999
    ..01). We believe that simply observing lipid-laden macrophages is nonspecific, but quantitation of these cells is a useful method for diagnosing silent aspiration in children, especially when the score exceeds 200...
  30. ncbi A comparison of mortality related to urban air particles between periods with Asian dust days and without Asian dust days in Seoul, Korea, 2000-2004
    Jong Tae Lee
    Department of Public Health, Graduate School of Hanyang University, Hanyang University, Haengdang Dong 17, Seongdong Gu, Seoul 133 791, Republic of Korea
    Environ Res 105:409-13. 2007
    ..We hypothesize that the real health effect is much larger than previous results suggested...
  31. pmc Oxidative stress: its role in air pollution and adverse health effects
    Frank J Kelly
    Environmental Research Group, School of Health and Life Science, King s College London, UK
    Occup Environ Med 60:612-6. 2003
  32. pmc Wildland forest fire smoke: health effects and intervention evaluation, Hoopa, California, 1999
    Joshua A Mott
    Air Pollution and Respiratory Health Branch, National Center for Environmental Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC, 1600 Clifton Rd NE, Mailstop E 17, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    West J Med 176:157-62. 2002
    ....
  33. ncbi Environmental temperature and mortality
    Simo Näyhä
    Department of Public Health Science and General Practice, University of Oulu, Finland
    Int J Circumpolar Health 64:451-8. 2005
    ..Both cold and heat are significant public health hazards which should be taken into account in health care and education of health professionals...
  34. ncbi Association of daily cause-specific mortality with ambient particle air pollution in Wuhan, China
    Zhengmin Qian
    Health Evaluation Sciences, Penn State College of Medicine, A210, 600 Centerview Drive, P O Box 855, Hershey, PA 17033 0855, USA
    Environ Res 105:380-9. 2007
    ..We conclude that there is consistent evidence of acute effects of PM(10) on cardiopulmonary mortality. A linear no threshold exposure-response relationship is suggested between PM(10) and the studied cause-specific mortality...
  35. doi Update in occupational and environmental respiratory disease 2007
    Tim S Nawrot
    Laboratory of Pneumology, K U Leuven, Laboratorium voor Pneumologie Longtoxicologie, Herestraat 49, B 3000 Leuven, Belgium
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 177:696-700. 2008
  36. ncbi Environmental exposure to confined animal feeding operations and respiratory health of neighboring residents
    Katja Radon
    Institute for Occupational and Environmental Medicine, LMU, Munich, Germany
    Epidemiology 18:300-8. 2007
    ..We aimed to assess respiratory health in neighbors of confined animal feeding operations...
  37. pmc Gender and respiratory findings in workers occupationally exposed to organic aerosols: a meta analysis of 12 cross-sectional studies
    E Neil Schachter
    Mount Sinai School of Medicine, 1 Gustave L, Levy Place 1232, New York, NY, USA
    Environ Health 8:1. 2009
    ..Gender related differences in respiratory disease have been documented. The aim of this study was to investigate gender related differences in respiratory findings by occupation. We analyzed data from 12 of our previously published studies...
  38. pmc Detection of respiratory viruses by molecular methods
    James B Mahony
    Regional Virology Laboratory, St Joseph s Healthcare Hamilton, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    Clin Microbiol Rev 21:716-47. 2008
    ....
  39. ncbi Cardiorespiratory and all-cause mortality after restrictions on sulphur content of fuel in Hong Kong: an intervention study
    Anthony Johnson Hedley
    Department of Community Medicine, University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong
    Lancet 360:1646-52. 2002
    ..5% by weight. This intervention led to an immediate fall in ambient sulphur dioxide (SO2). We assessed the effect of this intervention on mortality over the next 5 years...
  40. ncbi Fine particulate air pollution and mortality in 20 U.S. cities, 1987-1994
    J M Samet
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Hygiene and Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    N Engl J Med 343:1742-9. 2000
    ..Although these findings have helped lead to a tightening of air-quality standards, their validity with respect to public health has been questioned...
  41. ncbi Therapeutic potential of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase inhibitors in inflammatory respiratory disease
    Kazuhiro Ito
    Airways Disease Section, National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College London, Dovehouse Street, London, SW3, 6LY, UK
    J Pharmacol Exp Ther 321:1-8. 2007
    ..Encouraging data from animal models, primary cells and clinical studies in other diseases suggest that inhibitors of PI3K/Akt may prove to be useful novel therapies in the treatment of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease...
  42. pmc Does the effect of PM10 on mortality depend on PM nickel and vanadium content? A reanalysis of the NMMAPS data
    Francesca Dominici
    Department of Biostatistics, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21215, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 115:1701-3. 2007
    ..They found that average concentrations of nickel or vanadium in PM2.5 (PM with aerodynamic diameter < 2.5 microm) positively modified the lag-1 day association between PM10 and all-cause mortality...
  43. pmc Particulate matter and daily mortality and hospital admissions in the west midlands conurbation of the United Kingdom: associations with fine and coarse particles, black smoke and sulphate
    H R Anderson
    Department of Public Health Sciences, St George s Hospital Medical School, Cranmer Terrace, London SW17 0RE, UK
    Occup Environ Med 58:504-10. 2001
    ....
  44. pmc Ambient biomass smoke and cardio-respiratory hospital admissions in Darwin, Australia
    Fay H Johnston
    Menzies School of Health Research, Charles Darwin University, Darwin, Australia
    BMC Public Health 7:240. 2007
    ..In addition we examined the differential impacts on Indigenous Australians, a high risk population subgroup...
  45. ncbi Childhood social position and associations between environmental exposures and health outcomes
    Barbara Hoffmann
    Institute for Medical Informatics, Biometry and Epidemiology, University Hospital Essen, University of Duisburg Essen, Germany
    Int J Hyg Environ Health 212:146-56. 2009
    ..We investigated the distribution of environmental exposures and health outcomes in preschool children, and examined the role of social position on their associations...
  46. ncbi The relationship between infections and chronic respiratory diseases: an overview
    M S Terpenning
    Department of Internal Medicine, Department of Veterans Affairs, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    Ann Periodontol 6:66-70. 2001
    ..An overview of respiratory disease and some of the factors that can contribute to respiratory infection is presented below, with special reference to infections related to aspiration...
  47. ncbi A retrospective investigation of PM10 in ambient air and cardiopulmonary hospital admissions in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania: 1995-2000
    Vincent C Arena
    Department of Biostatistics, University of Pittsburgh, Graduate School of Public Health, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA
    J Occup Environ Med 48:38-47. 2006
    ..Air quality in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, has improved over the last decade, and we investigated whether the lower concentrations of fine particulate matter (PM10) are still associated with adverse health outcomes...
  48. pmc Community based study to compare the incidence and health services utilization pyramid for gastrointestinal, respiratory and dermal symptoms
    Nusrat Najnin
    Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia
    BMC Health Serv Res 12:211. 2012
    ..The aim of this study was to describe the epidemiology and rate these three major symptom complexes in order to improve our understanding of the health burden imposed by these symptoms...
  49. ncbi Short-term effect of PM(2.5) on daily hospital admissions in Madrid (2003-2005)
    Cristina Linares
    Centro Nacional de Epidemiologia, Area de epidemiologia ambiental y cancer, Madrid, Spain
    Int J Environ Health Res 20:129-40. 2010
    ..08 IC 95%: (1.03 1.13) and for respiratory was 1.07 IC 95% (1.02 1.11). PM(2.5) concentrations were the only primary pollutant that showed a statistical association with hospital admissions in Madrid...
  50. ncbi Short-term associations between fine and coarse particles and hospital admissions for cardiorespiratory diseases in six French cities
    S Host
    Regional Health Observatory Ile de France, Paris, France
    Occup Environ Med 65:544-51. 2008
    ..The aim of this study is to estimate the links between fine (PM(2.5)) and coarse particle (PM(2.5-10)) levels and cardiorespiratory hospitalisations in six French cities during 2000-2003...
  51. pmc Children's respiratory morbidity prevalence in relation to air pollution in four Chinese cities
    Junfeng Jim Zhang
    Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences Institute, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey and Rutgers University, Piscataway, New Jersey, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 110:961-7. 2002
    ..The results also present some evidence that ambient levels of NO(x) and SO(2) were positively associated with children's respiratory symptoms, but the evidence for these two gaseous pollutants appeared to be weaker than that for the PM...
  52. ncbi Cross-sectional and prospective associations between passive smoking and respiratory symptoms at the workplace
    Sai Yin Ho
    Department of Community Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, 21 Sassoon Road, Pokfulam, Hong Kong
    Ann Epidemiol 17:126-31. 2007
    ..The purpose of the study is to investigate the cross-sectional and prospective relation between workplace secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure and respiratory symptoms...
  53. ncbi Alternative ozone metrics and daily mortality in Suzhou: the China Air Pollution and Health Effects Study (CAPES)
    Chunxue Yang
    School of Public Health, Key Lab of Public Health Safety of the Ministry of Education, Fudan University, Shanghai, China
    Sci Total Environ 426:83-9. 2012
    ..In conclusion, maximum 8-hour average and 1-hour maximum concentrations of O(3) are associated with daily mortality in Suzhou. Our analyses strengthen the rationale for further limiting levels of O(3) pollution in the city...
  54. ncbi Associations of cold temperatures with GP consultations for respiratory and cardiovascular disease amongst the elderly in London
    S Hajat
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel St, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 31:825-30. 2002
    ..We wished to determine whether similar relationships exist with consultations in the primary care setting and to assess the lag time at which the effects were observed...
  55. pmc Mortality, morbidity and costs attributable to smoking in Germany: update and a 10-year comparison
    Simone Neubauer
    GSF National Research Center for Environment and Health, Institute of Health Economics and Health Care Management, Neuherberg, Germany
    Tob Control 15:464-71. 2006
    ..To assess the negative health consequences and associated costs of cigarette smoking in Germany in 2003 and to compare them with the respective results from 1993...
  56. pmc Plastic wall materials in the home and respiratory health in young children
    J J Jaakkola
    Nordic School of Public Health, Goteborg, Sweden
    Am J Public Health 90:797-9. 2000
    ..The relation between the presence of plastic wall materials in the home and respiratory health in children was assessed...
  57. ncbi Impact of high temperatures on hospital admissions: comparative analysis with previous studies about mortality (Madrid)
    C Linares
    Department of Education for Sustainable Development of the Madrid City Council, Autónoma University General Foundation of Madrid, Madrid, Spain
    Eur J Public Health 18:317-22. 2008
    ....
  58. ncbi High viral frequency in children with gastroesophageal reflux-related chronic respiratory disorders
    Fiorella Calabrese
    Department of Medical Diagnostic Sciences and Special Therapies, University of Padua, Padua, Italy
    Pediatr Pulmonol 43:690-6. 2008
    ..It is not well established whether infective agents may be present in lung aspiration. The aim of the work was to investigate whether different infective agents could be found in children with GER-related CRDs...
  59. ncbi The impact of the 2003 heat wave on mortality in Shanghai, China
    Wei Huang
    Center for Environment and Health at Academy for Advanced Interdisciplinary Studies, and College of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, Peking University, Beijing, China
    Sci Total Environ 408:2418-20. 2010
    ..Our analysis showed that the 2003 heat wave had a substantial effect on mortality in Shanghai. Public health programs should be implemented to prevent heat wave-related health problems in the city...
  60. ncbi Respiratory health effects of industrial air pollution on children in North Lebanon
    Rana Kobrossi
    Faculty of Health Sciences, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon
    Int J Environ Health Res 12:205-20. 2002
    ..A higher risk of respiratory problems was reported among children living close to cement than fertilizer industries. Policy intervention measures are recommended...
  61. ncbi Critical incidents in paediatric anaesthesia: an audit of 10 000 anaesthetics in Singapore
    C L Tay
    Department of Paediatric Anaesthesia, KK Women s and Children s Hospital, Singapore, Singapore
    Paediatr Anaesth 11:711-8. 2001
    ..The spectrum of surgery performed ranged from simple ambulatory surgery to open heart surgery for complicated congenital heart diseases...
  62. ncbi An evaluation of air pollution health impacts and costs in São Paulo, Brazil
    Simone Georges El Khouri Miraglia
    Laboratory of Experimental Air Pollution, Department of Pathology, School of Medicine, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Environ Manage 35:667-76. 2005
    ..This estimate refers to the children and the elderly population. These results give a preliminary and underestimated value of the burden of diseases promoted by air pollution...
  63. ncbi Particulate air pollution and health effects for cardiovascular and respiratory causes in Temuco, Chile: a wood-smoke-polluted urban area
    Pedro A Sanhueza
    Department of Geographical Engineering, University of Santiago de Chile, Santiago, Chile
    J Air Waste Manag Assoc 59:1481-8. 2009
    ..These results are consistent with those of comparable studies in other similar cities where wood smoke is the most important air pollution problem...
  64. ncbi How much, how long, what, and where: air pollution exposure assessment for epidemiologic studies of respiratory disease
    Michael Brauer
    Sc D, University of British Columbia School of Environmental Health, 3rd Floor, 2206 East Mall, Vancouver, BC, V6T1Z3 Canada
    Proc Am Thorac Soc 7:111-5. 2010
    ....
  65. ncbi Organic dust toxic syndrome: a review
    Steven A Seifert
    The Poison Center at Children s Hospital, Omaha, Nebraska 68114 4113, USA
    J Toxicol Clin Toxicol 41:185-93. 2003
    ....
  66. ncbi Perioperative anaesthetic morbidity in children: a database of 24,165 anaesthetics over a 30-month period
    Isabelle Murat
    Service d Anesthesie Reanimation, Hopital d Enfants Armand Trousseau, Assistance Publique Hopitaux de Paris, Paris Cedex, France
    Paediatr Anaesth 14:158-66. 2004
    ..This study reports the practices and morbidity of 24,165 anaesthetics performed over a 30-month period in a paediatric teaching hospital...
  67. ncbi The relationship of chronic mucin secretion to airway disease in normal and CFTR-deficient mice
    V L Cressman
    Curriculum in Genetics and Molecular Biology, Department of Medicine, and Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA
    Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol 19:853-66. 1998
    ..aureus and P. aeruginosa. Therefore, factors in addition to the absence of high levels of mucus secretion protect the mouse from the airway disease seen in human CF patients...
  68. pmc Consultations of children living near open-cast coal mines
    D Howel
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Department of Statistics, University of Newcastle, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom
    Environ Health Perspect 109:567-71. 2001
    ..1.1 per person-year; OR = 1.5; 95% CI, 1.2-1.8). However, increases in consultation rates in open-cast communities were generally not seen over the portions of the 52-week periods when the open-cast sites were either active or inactive...
  69. ncbi Does the presence of desert dust modify the effect of PM10 on mortality in Athens, Greece?
    Evangelia Samoli
    Department of Hygiene, Epidemiology and Medical Statistics, Medical School, University of Athens, Athens, Greece
    Sci Total Environ 409:2049-54. 2011
    ..Our analyses indicate that traffic related particles, which prevail on non-desert dust days, have more toxic effects than the ones originating from long-range transport, such as Sahara dust...
  70. ncbi Seasonal effect of PM(10) concentrations on mortality and morbidity in Seoul, Korea: a temperature-matched case-crossover analysis
    Okhee Yi
    Department Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public health and the Institute of Environment and Health, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea
    Environ Res 110:89-95. 2010
    ..However, only a few studies have focused on evaluating the effects of seasonal air pollution using data on both morbidity and mortality in Asia...
  71. ncbi Mortality in small geographical areas and proximity to air polluting industries in the Basque Country (Spain)
    K Cambra
    Directorate of Public Health, Department of Health, Basque Government, C Donostia San Sebastian 1, 01010, Vitoria Gasteiz, Spain
    Occup Environ Med 68:140-7. 2011
    ..To study the association between proximity to air polluting industrial facilities and mortality in the Basque Country (Spain) in the 1996-2003 period...
  72. ncbi Longitudinal assessment of spirometry in the World Trade Center medical monitoring program
    Gwen S Skloot
    Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Mount Sinai Medical Center, New York, NY 10029, USA
    Chest 135:492-8. 2009
    ..We also determined the predictors of spirometric change between the two examinations...
  73. pmc Simultaneous detection and high-throughput identification of a panel of RNA viruses causing respiratory tract infections
    Haijing Li
    Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee 37232, USA
    J Clin Microbiol 45:2105-9. 2007
    ..The multiplex approach enhances diagnosis through detection of respiratory viral etiologic agents in cases in which the presence of the agent was not suspected and a test was not ordered by the clinicians...
  74. ncbi Passive smoking exposure among adults and the dynamics of respiratory symptoms in a prospective multicenter cohort study
    Pierre Yves Jayet
    Service of Pulmonology, University Hospital Lausanne, Switzerland
    Scand J Work Environ Health 31:465-73. 2005
    ..The aim of this study was to measure the effects of past exposure to environmental tobacco smoke on the day-to-day dynamics of four respiratory-symptom classes in a diary study including adult never-smokers...
  75. ncbi Association of indoor and outdoor air pollutant level with respiratory problems among children in an industrial area of Delhi, India
    Raj Kumar
    Vallabhbhai Patel Chest Institute, University of Delhi, India
    Arch Environ Occup Health 62:75-80. 2007
    ..Results suggest that both indoor and outdoor particulate exposure may be important risk factors in the development of respiratory illness in children...
  76. pmc Air pollution, aeroallergens, and emergency room visits for acute respiratory diseases and gastroenteric disorders among young children in six Italian cities
    Flavia Orazzo
    Pediatric Emergency Room, Santobono s Hospital, Naples, Italy
    Environ Health Perspect 117:1780-5. 2009
    ..We conducted a multicity analysis of the relationship between air pollution and ER visits for wheezing and gastroenteric disorder in children 0-2 years of age...
  77. ncbi Risk of lung cancer following nonmalignant respiratory conditions: evidence from two case-control studies in Montreal, Canada
    Agnihotram V Ramanakumar
    Centre de Recherche du CHUM, Universite de Montreal, Montreal, Que, Canada
    Lung Cancer 53:5-12. 2006
    ..6-2.4. Our results support the hypothesis that some nonmalignant respiratory diseases may be independent risk factors for lung cancer...
  78. ncbi The 1997 haze disaster in Indonesia: its air quality and health effects
    Osamu Kunii
    Department of International Community Health, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Hongo, Japan
    Arch Environ Health 57:16-22. 2002
    ..The results of our study demonstrate the need for special care of the elderly and for care of those with a history of asthma. In addition, the use of a proper mask may afford protection...
  79. ncbi The natural history and clinical characteristics of aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease
    M Pilar Berges-Gimeno
    Scripps Clinic, La Jolla, California 92037, USA
    Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 89:474-8. 2002
    ..Most information about the disease in the United States has come from small samples of patients...
  80. pmc The diagnosis of viral respiratory disease in older adults
    H Keipp Talbot
    Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 50:747-51. 2010
    ....
  81. ncbi Exposure-response functions for health effects of ambient air pollution applicable for China -- a meta-analysis
    Kristin Aunan
    Center for International Climate and Environmental Research, P O Box 1129 Blindern, Cicero, Sognsveien 68, 0318 Oslo, Norway
    Sci Total Environ 329:3-16. 2004
    ..31% (S.E. 0.01) increase per microg/m3 in adults and 0.44% (S.E. 0.02) per microg/m3 in children. With some exceptions, Chinese studies report somewhat lower exposure-response coefficients as compared to studies in Europe and USA...
  82. ncbi Short-term effects of nitrogen dioxide on mortality: an analysis within the APHEA project
    E Samoli
    Dept of Hygiene and Epidemiology, University of Athens Medical School, 75 Mikras Asias Street, 115 27 Athens, Greece
    Eur Respir J 27:1129-38. 2006
    ..The results of this large study are consistent with an independent effect of nitrogen dioxide on mortality, but the role of nitrogen dioxide as a surrogate of other unmeasured pollutants cannot be completely ruled out...
  83. ncbi Association between particulate matter and emergency room visits, hospital admissions and mortality in Spokane, Washington
    James C Slaughter
    Department of Environmental Health, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195, USA
    J Expo Anal Environ Epidemiol 15:153-9. 2005
    ..We found no consistent associations between any size fraction of PM and cardiac or respiratory ER visits or hospital admissions...
  84. pmc The effects of components of fine particulate air pollution on mortality in california: results from CALFINE
    Bart Ostro
    Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment, 16th Floor, 1515 Clay St, Oakland, CA 94612, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 115:13-9. 2007
    ..5 pm in diameter (PM2.5). Little is known, however, about the relative effects of PM2.5 constituents. We examined associations between 19 PM2.5 components and daily mortality in six California counties...
  85. pmc RNA-seq based transcriptional map of bovine respiratory disease pathogen "Histophilus somni 2336"
    Ranjit Kumar
    College of Veterinary Medicine, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, Mississippi, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 7:e29435. 2012
    ..This observation suggests that a number of the newly identified sRNAs in strain 2336 may be involved in strain-specific adaptations...
  86. ncbi Public views on the links between air pollution and health in Northeast England
    Denise Howel
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, The Medical School, NE2 4HH, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
    Environ Res 91:163-71. 2003
    ..In understanding public perceptions about the links between air quality and health, research should focus on the characteristics of places as well as of people...
  87. pmc Acid-sensitive vagal sensory pathways and cough
    Marian Kollarik
    The Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Johns Hopkins Asthma and Allergy Center, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA
    Pulm Pharmacol Ther 20:402-11. 2007
    ..Here, we provide a brief overview of the cough-related acid-sensitive sensory pathways and discuss the mechanisms of acid sensitivity...
  88. ncbi Epidemiological evidence of effects of coarse airborne particles on health
    B Brunekreef
    Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences, Utrecht University, PO Box 80176, 3508 TD Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Eur Respir J 26:309-18. 2005
    ..There is also support for an association between coarse PM and cardiovascular admissions. It is concluded that special consideration should be given to studying and regulating coarse particles separately from fine particles...
  89. pmc Effects of air pollution on general practitioner consultations for upper respiratory diseases in London
    S Hajat
    Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Occup Environ Med 59:294-9. 2002
    ..We investigated the relation between air pollution and upper respiratory disease as reflected in number of consultations made at family practices in London...
  90. pmc Living near opencast coal mining sites and children's respiratory health
    T Pless-Mulloli
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
    Occup Environ Med 57:145-51. 2000
    ..To answer the question whether living near opencast coal mining sites affects acute and chronic respiratory health...
  91. pmc Vegetation fire smoke, indigenous status and cardio-respiratory hospital admissions in Darwin, Australia, 1996-2005: a time-series study
    Ivan C Hanigan
    School for Environmental Research, Charles Darwin University, Ellengowan Drive, Darwin, 0909, Northern Territory, Australia
    Environ Health 7:42. 2008
    ..We also investigated whether the relationship differed in indigenous Australians; a disadvantaged population sub-group...
  92. ncbi Increasing cardiopulmonary emergency visits by long-range transported Asian dust storms in Taiwan
    Chang Chuan Chan
    Institute of Occupational Medicine and Industrial Hygiene, College of Public Health, National Taiwan University, No 17 Xu Zhou Road, Taipei 100, Taiwan
    Environ Res 106:393-400. 2008
    ..9 cases (67%) per event for the 39 high Asian dust events...
  93. ncbi Housing characteristics, home environmental factors and respiratory health in 3945 pre-school children in China
    Guang Hui Dong
    Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, School of Public Health, China Medical University, Shenyang, Liaoning Province, China
    Int J Environ Health Res 18:267-82. 2008
    ..Boys may be more susceptible to home environmental factors than girls...
  94. pmc Low birth weight and respiratory disease in adulthood: a population-based case-control study
    Eric C Walter
    Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 180:176-80. 2009
    ..Infants and children with a history of low and very low birth weight have an increased risk of respiratory illnesses, but it is unknown if clinically significant disease persists into adulthood...
  95. pmc An overview of 9/11 experiences and respiratory and mental health conditions among World Trade Center Health Registry enrollees
    Mark Farfel
    New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, New York, NY, USA
    J Urban Health 85:880-909. 2008
    ....
  96. ncbi The temporal pattern of mortality responses to ambient ozone in the APHEA project
    E Samoli
    Department of Hygiene and Epidemiology, University of Athens Medical School, 115 27 Athens, Greece
    J Epidemiol Community Health 63:960-6. 2009
    ....
  97. ncbi Respiratory symptoms and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among cement factory workers
    Julius Mwaiselage
    Section for Occupational Medicine, Institute of Public Health and Primary Health Care, Faculty of Medicine, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway
    Scand J Work Environ Health 31:316-23. 2005
    ..This study assessed chronic respiratory symptoms and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) among workers exposed to cement dust at a Tanzanian cement factory...
  98. ncbi The impact of early nutrition on incidence of allergic manifestations and common respiratory illnesses in children
    Eileen E Birch
    Retina Foundation of the Southwest, Dallas, TX, USA
    J Pediatr 156:902-6, 906.e1. 2010
    ..To investigate the incidence of allergic and respiratory diseases through age 3 years in children fed docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)- and arachidonic acid (ARA)-supplemented formula during infancy...
  99. ncbi Human bocavirus infection in young children in the United States: molecular epidemiological profile and clinical characteristics of a newly emerging respiratory virus
    Deniz Kesebir
    Division of Respiratory Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520 8064, USA
    J Infect Dis 194:1276-82. 2006
    ..To further investigate the epidemiological profile and clinical characteristics of HBoV infection, we screened infants and children <2 years of age (hereafter referred to as "children") for HBoV...
  100. ncbi The impact of smoke on respiratory hospital outcomes during the 2002-2003 bushfire season, Victoria, Australia
    Rachel Tham
    School of Rural Health, MonashUniversity, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    Respirology 14:69-75. 2009
    ....
  101. ncbi Long-term exposure to ambient air pollution and cardiopulmonary mortality in women
    Ulrike Gehring
    GSF National Research Center for Environment and Health, Institute of Epidemiology, Ingolstaedter Landstrasse 1, D 85764 Neuherberg, Germany
    Epidemiology 17:545-51. 2006
    ..We assessed whether long-term exposure to air pollution originating from motorized traffic and industrial sources is associated with total and cause-specific mortality in a cohort of women living in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany...

Research Grants73

  1. 2013 Cilia, Mucus and Mucociliary Interactions Gordon Research Conference
    Stephen M King; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..interplay between disciplines that occurs at this conference has a major impact on the understanding of respiratory tract diseases (e.g...
  2. Human Eosinophils: Mechanisms of Functioning
    Peter F Weller; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..applicant): Eosinophils have functions in health and in the pathogeneses of asthma, allergies and other respiratory tract diseases. As cells of the innate immune system, a distinct attribute of eosinophils is their content of multiple ..
  3. Recombinant hPIV3 and RSV Sendai Virus Vaccine Phase I Clinical Trial Development
    JERRY SHENEP; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..hPIV-1) and human parainfluenza virus type 3 (hPIV-3), the leading causes of hospitalizations for viral respiratory tract diseases in infants and young children...
  4. NTHi Type IV pili: expression and vaccine potential
    Robert S Munson; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..etiologic agent of otitis media (OM) in chil- dren as well as a major cause of pneumonia and other respiratory tract diseases in adults...
  5. SELECTION OF RSV SUBGROUP A & B VACCINE CANDIDATES
    Hong Jin; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Abstract) Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), subgroups A and B, is the leading cause of pediatric respiratory tract diseases worldwide...
  6. Data Coordinating Center for Sleep Heart Health
    Marie Diener West; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  7. Comorbid childhood anxiety and asthma
    Renee Goodwin; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..That study will involve a longitudinal epidemiologic preventive intervention study aimed at reducing the risk of anxiety disorders among pediatric asthma/allergy patients. ..
  8. Role of depression and anxiety in the tobacco epidemic
    Renee Goodwin; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Use of the NESARC offers a unique opportunity to analyze a large, longitudinal, epidemiologic dataset. ..
  9. National Assessment of the Mortality and Morbidity Effects of Tropospheric Ozone
    Michelle L Bell; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The goal of this work is to provide policy-makers, scientists, and the public with a better understanding of how ozone affects health in order to aid more effective decisions regarding protection of human health. ..
  10. INDUSTRIAL HYGIENE TRAINING PROGRAM - ERGONOMICS SUPPLEMENT
    Stephen Reynolds; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  11. NEW METHODS FOR EVAL OF ORGANIC DUST AEROSOLS
    Stephen Reynolds; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  12. Air Pollution and Cardiorespiratory Events In Infants
    Paige Tolbert; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The study is expected to provide important new information regarding health effects of ambient air pollution on high-risk infants. ..
  13. Certified Safe Farm Evaluating Health Insurance Claims
    Kelley Donham; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  14. CONTROL OF EPIDEMIC INFLUENZA
    PEDRO PIEDRA; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  15. Multiple Pollutants and Cardiorespiratory Outcomes
    Paige Tolbert; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Finally, a thorough assessment of the role of measurement error in the epidemiologic analyses will be performed. ..
  16. Treatment of Severe Persistent Asthma
    ROBERT LEMANSKE; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  17. CARE Network - Madison Clinical Center
    ROBERT LEMANSKE; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  18. CYTOKINE DYSREGULATION, VIRUSES, AND CHILDHOOD ASTHMA
    ROBERT LEMANSKE; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The results of these studies will provide information that will be a major step forward in our understanding of the relative influence that genetic and environmental risk factors on the development of childhood asthma. ..
  19. Air Pollution and Birth Defects in Atlanta, 1968-2002
    Paige Tolbert; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The study will entail close collaboration among investigators at Emory, Georgia Tech, and CDC, capitalizing on the team's experience with the MACDP and studies of air pollution in Atlanta. ..
  20. ASTHMA CLINICAL RESEARCH NETWORK
    ROBERT LEMANSKE; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  21. Occupational Medicine Activities and Skills: An Empiric Study
    Philip Harber; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Analyses will be both descriptive and address specific questions such as determining the impact of formal education and evaluating whether occupational preventive medicine is a homogeneous field or composed of distinct subgroups. ..
  22. Indoor Environment and Symptoms in Office Building
    MARK MENDELL; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  23. DISTRIBUTED OCCUPATIONAL KNOWLEDGE SYSTEM
    Philip Harber; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The process also yields valuable surveillance data including population segments often missed by other methods and describing functional impact of work rather than just occupationally caused disease. ..
  24. Determinanats of Protective Immunity to Metapneumovirus
    John Williams; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The proposed work will provide the candidate skills and experience to be an outstanding physician-scientist in the field of human viral immunology. ..
  25. Socioeconomic Status, Stress, Air Pollution and Asthma
    Rob McConnell; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  26. Systemic Endothelial Consequences of Periodontal Disease
    Salomon Amar; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The proposed studies will provide new insights into how periodontal disease contributes to cardiovascular disease risk in human subjects and may lead to new approaches to therapy. ..
  27. LIFE STRESS AND BIOMARKERS AS RELATED TO ASTHMA RISK
    Rosalind Wright; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  28. IMPROVING DIABETES CARE COLLABORATIVELY IN THE COMMUNITY
    Marshall Chin; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..While the interventions are designed to succeed in the particularly challenging CHC setting, the findings should be generalizable to health systems with more resources and to other chronic diseases. ..
  29. Sensory Impairment, Functional Status and Mortality
    David Lee; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  30. Perinatal Regionalization and Quality of Care
    Scott Lorch; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  31. Socioeconimic Patterning of Inflammation and Hemostasis
    Ana Diez Roux; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The study will provide a unique opportunity to elucidate the links between socioeconomic factors, stress, inflammation and hemostasis in a large and diverse population-based sample. ..
  32. C-Reactive Protein in Extremely Low Birth Weight Neonates
    Namasivayam Ambalavanan; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  33. Epidemiology of Visual Impairment: The 1986-2002 NHIS
    David Lee; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  34. ANTIVIRAL EFFECTS OF EOSINOPHILS IN THE LUNGS
    David Jacoby; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..These studies will advance our understanding of the beneficial role of eosinophils in the airways, and may suggest new therapeutic strategies for both viral infections and allergic airway disease. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  35. IL13-responsive genes in goblet cell metaplasia in asthma
    Mary Rose; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This will contribute to the development of pharmacological agents to control GCH and mucus overproduction in patients with asthma and possibly other chronic airway diseases [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  36. CEREBELLUM--ROLE IN THE CHEMICAL CONTROL OF BREATHING
    Fadi Xu; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Perhaps, more exciting is the emerging concept that the cerebellum may be far more involved in the planning and executing of motor responses, including respiration, than we have heretofore imagined. ..
  37. The HIV Risk Behavior and the Urban Environment
    David Vlahov; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  38. Exploring Research Communication and Engagement in a Rural Community: The Libby P
    Charlene Winters; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Lessons learned from this cohort of rural residents will help improve communication and interaction between researchers and the public regarding this nationally distributed toxic substance. ..
  39. VALIDATION OF SCHOOL BASED ASTHMA SCREENING PROGRAM
    William Bailey; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Such screening procedures can lead to decreases in asthma morbidity and mortality by identifying children with undiagnosed asthma. ..
  40. Hepcidin and the pathogenesis of anemia in older adults.
    Richard D Semba; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This study should provide new insight into the epidemiology and biological mechanisms of anemia among older adults and help identify strategies aimed at the prevention and treatment of anemia. ..
  41. Assessment of Lung function in Mice
    Jason Bates; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  42. HHV-6 and CNS disease following stem cell transplant
    Danielle Zerr; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Data from this project will not only inform current diagnosis of and prognosis for HHV-6 CNS dysfunction, but will also be used to design an intervention trial. ..
  43. Role of TRPV1 in Airway Hypersensitivity Induced by Inflammation
    Lu Yuan Lee; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The results obtained from these studies should bring a new insight into the pathogenesis and therapeutic strategy for alleviating the airway hypersensitivity. ..
  44. The role of hemojuvelin in the regulation of iron metabolism
    Tomas Ganz; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  45. Integrated Care for Depression and Chronic Back Pain
    Michael Von Korff; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  46. Noise, Solvents, and Hearing Loss
    Peter Rabinowitz; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..A nested case control study will match cases of hearing loss identified in the cohort with controls by age at hire, year of hire, sex, and gender, to further explore these relationships. ..
  47. Health Information Technology Value in Rural Hospitals
    Marcia Ward; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The toolkits will facilitate rural hospitals' ability to utilize current and emerging evidence to guide HIT investment and implementation decisions that fit their particular healthcare environment. ..
  48. High Dose Nicotine Patch Therapy for Spit Tobacco Users
    Jon Ebbert; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Our goal is to reduce the prevalence of ST use and decrease the incidence of oropharyngeal cancer through the development of effective treatment options for ST users. ..
  49. VULNERABILITY OF THE FETUS/INFANT TO PAH, PM2.5 AND ETS.
    Frederica Perera; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  50. Salivary Biomarkers to Predict Alveolar Bone Loss
    Frank Scannapieco; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..We envision that this approach could be conveniently adapted in the future for use by practicing dentists to provide objective information to assess risk for periodontal bone loss. ..
  51. Tobacco Control Strategies for Medically At-Risk Youth
    Vida Tyc; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Working Group manuscripts that correspond to each objective will be published as a supplement to the journal, Pediatrics. ..
  52. Exercise in Patients with Advanced NSCLC: A Pilot Study
    Jennifer Temel; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  53. INHALED NO IN PREVENTION OF CHRONIC LUNG DISEASE
    Scott Lorch; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..In summary, this clinical trial will assess the efficacy and safety of inhaled nitric oxide for amelioration of a major disease of premature infants. ..
  54. BALTIMORE PEDIATRIC EYE SURVEY
    James Tielsch; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The analysis will focus on estimating the age and race-specific prevalence of ocular disorders in this group and on assessing the association of selected risk factors with the prevalence of these disorders. ..
  55. TREATMENT PREFERENCES OF OLDER PATIENTS WITH DIABETES
    Marshall Chin; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..abstract_text> ..
  56. Social Role Disability and Mental-Physical Co-Morbidity
    Michael Von Korff; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  57. Strategies to Help Adult ER Patients Quit Smoking
    Steven Bernstein; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..If patients with a smoking-related diagnosis for the ER visit are more likely to quit than those with nonsmoking-related ICD9, then this supports the construct of the teachable moment. ..
  58. Otitis Media Core Center
    Kathleen Daly; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Together, the Cores will greatly enhance the OMRC infrastructure, allowing highly productive basic and clinical scientists to conduct research on a broad range of middle and inner ear disorders. ..
  59. New York University School of Medicine CTSA Planning Grant
    William Rom; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  60. Asthma Coalition on Community, Environment and Stress
    Rosalind Wright; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  61. IMMUNE RESPONSE IN THE LUNG TO TB PROTEINS IN AIDS
    William Rom; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..tb. proteins in PBMCs and BAL. This proposal will provide critical information on memory immunity in the lung when humans are infected/exposed to M. tb. and how this "protective" immune response to TB may be perturbated in AIDS. ..
  62. ZINC SUPPLEMENTATION IMPACT ON CHILD MORTALITY--NEPAL
    James Tielsch; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The analysis will focus on comparison of rates of mortality and morbidity between treatment groups with additional analyses of subgroups to look for interaction by age, gender or baseline nutritional status. ..
  63. Newborn Antiseptic Washing and Neonatal Mortality-Nepal
    James Tielsch; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The umbilical cord infection trial will require only one year of recruitment to obtain adequate numbers to detect a 20% in infection rates in the treatment groups. ..
  64. Utility of a New Database to Study Drug Safety during Pregnancy
    SOKO SETOGUCHI IWATA; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This database based on large population-based follow-up data with linkable clinical birth data has the potential to enhance the safety of prescription drug use in pregnant women and their children. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  65. PREVENTIVE ONCOLOGY ACADEMIC AWARD
    Anthony Alberg; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  66. COMMUNITY PREVENTION INTERVENTIONS FOR URBAN DEMOLITION
    Mark Farfel; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  67. SENSORY IRRITANT RECEPTORS AND PARTICULATE INFLAMMATION
    SIDNEY SIMON; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..e., calcium channels, acid-sensitive exchangers) will be examined. The mechanistic approach outlined in this proposal will identify the responsible factors and target sites contributing to PM toxicity. ..
  68. CHRONIC LIFE STRESS AND INCIDENT ASTHMA IN ADULT WOMEN
    Rosalind Wright; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..To our knowledge, this would be the first large-scale (N=64,000) longitudinal study of the association between a specific chronic life stressor (i.e., violence) and the incidence of asthma in adult women. ..
  69. Human Metapneumovirus Infections in Children
    John Williams; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The specific aims of this study are to define the prevalence of hMPV infection in children, describe fully the spectrum of clinical illness and identify serologic markers of seroconversion and correlates of immunity. ..