central nervous system parasitic infections
Summary: Infections of the brain, spinal cord, and meninges caused by parasites, primarily PROTOZOA and HELMINTHS.
- Parasitic central nervous system infections: echinococcus and schistosomaKiarash Shahlaie
Department of Neurological Surgery, University of California, Davis Medical Center, Davis, CA, USA
Rev Neurol Dis 2:176-85. 2005..Ongoing advancements in neuroimaging and diagnostic studies, as well as efforts to better understand the parasite genome and host-parasite relationships, will likely continue to improve patient management...
- Parasitic worms of the central nervous system: an Australian perspectiveA J Hughes
University of Malaya Medical Centre, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Intern Med J 32:541-53. 2002..Specific risk factors that predispose to these infections are also discussed and particular attention is drawn to the situation in Australia...
- Secondary infection of intracranial hydatid cyst with Clostridium ramosumOmer Faruk Turkoglu
Department of Neurosurgery, Ankara Numune Research and Education Hospital, Turkey
Childs Nerv Syst 21:1004-7. 2005..Brain involvement in hydatid disease occurs in 1-2% of all Echinococcus granulosus infections. Secondary infection of intracranial hydatid cysts is extremely rare...
- Parasitic central nervous system infections in immunocompromised hosts: clarification of malaria diagnosisWilliam M Stauffer
Clin Infect Dis 43:114-5; author reply 115-6. 2006
- Echinococcosis presenting as an otogenic brain abscess: an unusual lesion of the middle ear cleft and temporal lobeErasmo Gonzalo D V Llanes
Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Inselspital University Hospital, University of Berne, 3010 Berne, Switzerland
Auris Nasus Larynx 35:115-20. 2008..Evacuation of the brain abscess was performed with a combined otolaryngologic and neurosurgical procedures (canal wall-down mastoidectomy and temporal craniotomy). The pathology turned out to be infestation with Echinococcus granulosus...
- Imaging of rickettsial, spirochetal, and parasitic infectionsAyca Akgoz
Department of Radiology, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Neuroimaging Clin N Am 22:633-57. 2012..Being familiar with clinical presentation and imaging findings of these infections is crucial for early diagnosis and treatment especially in patients who live in or have a travel history to endemic regions or are immunocompromised...
- Dental management of the tropical disease human African trypanosomiasis: an unusual case of pseudobulbar palsyL Frost
Solent Healthcare Dental Service, Dental Department, Bitterne Health Centre, Commercial Street, Southampton, Hampshire, SO18 6BT
Br Dent J 210:13-6. 2011..Changes in disease demographics require the dental profession to increase its awareness of migration medicine and the appropriate dental management of such diseases...
- Rickettsiae, protozoa, and opisthokonta/metazoaErich Schmutzhard
Department of Neurology, Medical University Hospital Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria Electronic address
Handb Clin Neurol 121:1403-43. 2014....
- Parasitoses of the human central nervous systemJ Finsterer
Krankenanstalt Rudolfstiftung, Vienna, Austria
J Helminthol 87:257-70. 2013..g. Angiostrongylus costaricensis) or whether they remain undetected or asymptomatic, like 25% of neurocysticerciasis cases. ..
- Presumptive central nervous system cuterebriasis and concurrent protein-losing nephropathy in a dogVincent J Thawley
Section of Critical Care, Department of Clinical Studies Philadelphia, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
J Vet Emerg Crit Care (San Antonio) 23:335-9. 2013..To describe the clinical course and successful management of a dog suspected to have central nervous system (CNS) Cuterebra larval migration and concurrent protein-losing nephropathy (PLN)...
- Parasitic disordersCharles R Newton
KEMRI Wellcome Collaborative Programme, Kilifi, Kenya Electronic address
Handb Clin Neurol 112:1139-52. 2013..Most parasitic conditions can be treated, but in some diseases it is unclear whether the treatment influences outcome...
- Mechanisms of CNS invasion and damage by parasitesKrister Kristensson
Department of Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden Electronic address
Handb Clin Neurol 114:11-22. 2013..Finally, examples are given which illustrate different mechanisms by which parasites can cause dysfunction or damage in the CNS related to toxic effects of parasite-derived molecules or to immune responses to the infection. ..
- Pathology of CNS parasitic infectionsJosé Eymard Homem Pittella
Pathology Service, Hospital das Clinicas, Medical Faculty of Ribeirão Preto, University of Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto, Sao Paulo, Brazil Electronic address
Handb Clin Neurol 114:65-88. 2013..Some infections may be present as an expanding mass lesion. The parasites can be identified by conventional histology, immunohistochemistry, in situ hybridization, and PCR...
- Baylisascaris larva migransKevin R Kazacos
Department of Comparative Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA
Handb Clin Neurol 114:251-62. 2013..procyonis. Baylisascaris procyonis has also been found in kinkajous in the USA and South America and may also occur in related procyonids (coatis, olingos, etc.). ..
- Alzheimer's disease - a neurospirochetosis. Analysis of the evidence following Koch's and Hill's criteriaJudith Miklossy
International Alzheimer Research Center, Prevention Alzheimer Foundation, Martigny Combe, Switzerland
J Neuroinflammation 8:90. 2011..Spirochetal infection occurs years or decades before the manifestation of dementia. As adequate antibiotic and anti-inflammatory therapies are available, as in syphilis, one might prevent and eradicate dementia...
- Babesia lengau associated with cerebral and haemolytic babesiosis in two domestic catsAnna Mari Bosman
Department of Veterinary Tropical Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria, Private Bag X04, Onderstepoort 0110, South Africa
Parasit Vectors 6:128. 2013..Babesia lengau, recently described from asymptomatic cheetahs, has now possibly been incriminated as the causative agent in two severe clinical cases in domestic cats...
- Cerebral schistosomiasis due to Schistosoma haematobium confirmed by PCR analysis of brain specimenKentaro Imai
Department of Infectious Diseases and Applied Immunology, Research Hospital of the Institute of Medical Science, The University of Tokyo, 4 6 1 Shirokanedai, Minato ku, Tokyo 108 8639, Japan
J Clin Microbiol 49:3703-6. 2011..Although serum antibody tests showed a cross-reaction with other helminths and no ova were excreted in urine or feces, the existence of Schistosoma haematobium in the brain was confirmed by PCR analysis...
- Spine infectionsJohn L Go
Division of Neuroradiology, Department of Radiology, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA
Neuroimaging Clin N Am 22:755-72. 2012..This article reviews the underlying pathophysiologic basis of infection, clinical manifestations, and imaging modalities used to diagnose infections of the spine and spinal cord...
- Neurologic complications of HIV-1 infection and its treatment in the era of antiretroviral therapySarah M Kranick
National Institutes of Health, Building 10, 6 5700, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
Continuum (Minneap Minn) 18:1319-37. 2012..Additionally, as successful virologic control has extended the life span of patients with HIV infection, neurologists are called upon to manage long-term complications, such as neurocognitive disorders and peripheral neuropathy...
- Pathology of tropical diseasesNuzhat Husain
Department of Pathology, Dr Ram Manohar Lohia Institute of Medical Sciences, Gomti Nagar, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
Neuroimaging Clin N Am 21:757-75, vii. 2011..Nutritional disorders present with generalized and nonspecific imaging manifestations. The pathology of commonly encountered vitamin deficiencies is also discussed...
- Parasitic diseases of the central nervous systemAhmed Abdel Khalek Abdel Razek
Diagnostic Radiology Department, Mansoura Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura, Egypt
Neuroimaging Clin N Am 21:815-41, viii. 2011..Combining imaging findings with geographic prevalence, clinical history, and serologic tests is required for diagnosis of parasitic diseases of the central nervous system...
- Epidemiology of central nervous system infectionJames Riddell
Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 5378, USA
Neuroimaging Clin N Am 22:543-56. 2012..This article reviews and discusses the changing epidemiology of pathogens most often observed in meningitis, brain abscess, epidural abscess, postoperative infections, and human immunodeficiency virus infection...
- A retrospective study of spinal cord lesions in goats submitted to 3 veterinary diagnostic laboratoriesAndrew L Allen
Department of Veterinary Pathology and Prairie Diagnostic Services, Inc, Western College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, 52 Campus Drive, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan S7N 5B4, Canada
Can Vet J 53:639-42. 2012....
- [Parasitic and fungal neuroinfections at the Infectious Diseases Clinic in Fann Teaching Hospital in Dakar]M Soumare
Clinique des Maladies Infectieuses CHU de Fann, BP 5035, Dakar, Senegal
Mali Med 24:31-4. 2009..This retrospective study was carried out to describe the epidemiological, clinical and aetiological profile of parasitic and fungal neuroinfections at the Infectious Diseases Clinic in Fann Teaching Hospital in Dakar...
- Update on eosinophilic meningoencephalitis and its clinical relevanceCarlos Graeff-Teixeira
Laboratório de Biologia Parasitária, Faculdade de Biociencias, Pontificia Universidade Catolica do Rio Grande do Sul, 91619 900 Porto Alegre, Brazil
Clin Microbiol Rev 22:322-48, Table of Contents. 2009..Thus, distinctive identification of eosinophils in fluids is a necessary component in the etiologic diagnosis of CNS infections...
- Parasitic brain infection, endocannabinoids, and schizophreniaRobert Melamede
Biology Department, University of Colorado at Colorado, Springs, Colorado Springs, CO 80918, USA
Med Hypotheses 72:220-2. 2009....
- Multiple infected cerebral hydatid cystsR Gana
Department of Neurosurgery, Ibn Sina Hospital, Hopital Avicenne, Souissi, Rabat, Morocco
J Clin Neurosci 15:591-3. 2008..The aim of surgery is to remove the cyst unruptured and this should be followed by antihelminthic and antibiotic treatment in order to avoid recurrences...
- Primary central nervous system vasculitis in a child mimicking parasitosisC Kamm
J Neurol 255:130-2. 2008
- Visceral larva migrans presenting as multiple intracranial and intraspinal abscessesAlefia Moiyadi
Department of Neuropathology, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bangalore, India
Neuropathology 27:371-4. 2007....
- Intraprostatic hydatid cyst: an unusual presentationYassine Nouira
Department of Urology, La Rabta Hospital, Tunis, Tunisia
ScientificWorldJournal 6:2315-8. 2006..Postoperative course was uneventful and follow-up did not show evidence of recurrence. This is the first case of hydatid cyst of the prostate to present as an intraprostatic stone pouch...
- NeurohydatidosisJ M E Kovoor
Department of Neuroimaging and Interventional Radiology, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bangalore, Karnataka 560029, India
Australas Radiol 51:406-11. 2007..Early and non-invasive evaluation of hydatid infestation of brain and spine is of paramount importance, especially in endemic areas. We present a spectrum of imaging findings in neurohydatidosis with a brief review of literature...
- Toxocariasis of the CNS simulating acute disseminated encephalomyelitisC Marx
Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery, Federal University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
Neurology 69:806-7. 2007
- [Descriptive epidemiology of extrapulmonary hydatid cysts: a report of 265 Tunisian cases]Salma Bellil
Service d Anatomie Pathologique, Hopital La Rabta, Tunis
Tunis Med 87:123-6. 2009..Hydatidosis is a parasitic endemic disease in Tunisia. The liver and lung are the most common sites of involvement; however, it can develop anywhere in the body...
- [Neuroradiologic imaging results suggestive of parasitic cysts in central nervous system in course of neoplastic disorders--cases report]Agnieszka Muszyńska
Uniwersytet Medyczny w Białymstoku, Klinika Chorób Zakaźnych i Neuroinfekcji
Pol Merkur Lekarski 26:645-8. 2009....
- [Clinical analysis of 78 cases of parasitic encephalopathy]Shu Mei Wang
Department of Infectious Disease, Huashan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai 200040, China
Zhongguo Ji Sheng Chong Xue Yu Ji Sheng Chong Bing Za Zhi 27:245-8. 2009..To investigate the epidemiology, clinical characteristics, therapeutic approaches and outcomes of parasitic encephalopathy...
- Protozoa traversal of the blood-brain barrier to invade the central nervous systemHany M Elsheikha
School of Veterinary Medicine and Science, University of Nottingham, Sutton Bonington, UK
FEMS Microbiol Rev 34:532-53. 2010..Advances in understanding the molecular pathways will offer opportunities for the rational development of novel therapeutic interventions...
- [Cerebrovascular disease in the tropics]O H Del Brutto
Departamento de Ciencias Neurologicas, Hospital Clinica Kennedy, Guayaquil, Ecuador
Rev Neurol 33:750-62. 2001..To review the clinical manifestations, diagnosis, and therapy of diseases causing cerebrovascular disease (CVD) in the tropics...
- Atypical radiological findings in cerebral hydatid diseaseMohammed Benzagmout
Department of Neurosurgery, University Hospital Hassan II, Fez, Morocco
Neurosciences (Riyadh) 16:263-6. 2011..An MRI was helpful in the diagnosis of the 2 cases. Both patients underwent successful surgery with a good outcome. The hydatid nature of the cyst was confirmed by histology in both cases...
- Trichobilharzia regenti: host immune response in the pathogenesis of neuroinfection in miceLucie Lichtenbergová
Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Science, Charles University in Prague, Vinicna 7, 128 44 Prague 2, Czech Republic
Exp Parasitol 128:328-35. 2011..Immunoreactivity of the parasite intestinal content for specific antigens of oligodendrocytes/myelin and neurofilaments showed for the first time that schistosomula ingest the nervous tissue components during their migration...
- Subarachnoid basal neurocysticercosis: a focus on the most severe form of the diseaseAgnes Fleury
Instituto de Investigaciones Biomedicas, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico UNAM, Mexico City, Mexico
Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther 9:123-33. 2011..We provide a critical review of the central epidemiological, clinical, diagnostic and therapeutic features of this particular form of the disease, which is still associated with unacceptably high rates of morbidity and mortality...
- Spine infection/inflammationJeffrey DeSanto
Neuroradiology Department, Barrow Neurological Institute, St Joseph s Hospital and Medical Center, 350 West Thomas Road, Phoenix, AZ 85013, USA
Radiol Clin North Am 49:105-27. 2011..Subsequently, several infectious pathogenic agents are discussed individually as they affect the spinal column and its contents...
- Parasitic diseases of the central nervous systemGeeta Chacko
Division of Neuropathology, Department of Neurological Sciences, Christian Medical College, Vellore, India
Semin Diagn Pathol 27:167-85. 2010..In this review of the pathology of parasitic infections that affect the CNS, each parasite is discussed in the sequence of epidemiology, life cycle, pathogenesis, and pathology...
- Non-vertebrate models to study parasite invasion of the central nervous systemRuqaiyyah Siddiqui
School of Veterinary Medicine and Science, University of Nottingham, Sutton Bonington, UK, LE12 5RD, United Kingdom
Trends Parasitol 27:5-10. 2011..Improving our knowledge of these core processes might elevate the efficiency of therapy of diseases caused by them...
- Helminth infections of the central nervous system occurring in Southeast Asia and the Far EastShan Lv
National Institute of Parasitic Diseases, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Shanghai, People s Republic of China
Adv Parasitol 72:351-408. 2010..Finally, risk factors, and research needs for enhanced patient management and population-based control measures are discussed...
- Isolation and identification of Acanthamoeba species related to amoebic encephalitis and nonpathogenic free-living amoeba species from the rice fieldS Y Liang
Institute of Oral Biology, School of Dentistry, National Yang Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan
J Appl Microbiol 109:1422-9. 2010..Isolation and characterization of the clinically relevant amphizoic amoebas in vegetated farmlands, which may present a risk to farmers' health...
- Diagnosis and stereotactic aspiration treatment of cerebral sparganosis: summary of 11 casesLei Deng
Department of Neurosurgery, No 94 Hospital of People s Liberation Army, Nanchang, Jiangxi Province, People s Republic of China
J Neurosurg 114:1421-5. 2011....
- Emergent neuroimaging of intracranial infection/inflammationMark E Mullins
Department of Radiology, Emory University School of Medicine, 1364 Clifton Road NE, Room D125A, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
Radiol Clin North Am 49:47-62. 2011..This article reviews some of the salient factors in understanding intracranial infection/ inflammation, including pathophysiology and neuroimaging protocols/findings, and provides some examples and a few "pearls and pitfalls."..
- MRI of cerebral alveolar echinococcosisM Tunaci
Department of Radiology, Istanbul Medical Faculty, PK 112 Acibadem, Kadikoy, Istanbul, Turkey
Neuroradiology 41:844-6. 1999..We report a case with multiple intracranial masses which show cauliflower-like contrast enhancement pattern on MRI. The lesions originated from hepatic involvement with invasion of the inferior vena cava...
- Parasites and the brain: neuroinvasion, immunopathogenesis and neuronal dysfunctionsK Kristensson
Department of Neuroscience, Retzius vag 8, Karolinska Institutet, 171 77 Stockholm, Sweden
Curr Top Microbiol Immunol 265:227-57. 2002
- Submandibular and intracranial hydatid cyst in an adolescentOnder Guney
Department of Neurosurgery, Selcuk University Faculty of Medicine, Konya, Turkey
Laryngoscope 112:1857-60. 2002..Review of the pertinent literature did not reveal any hydatid disease located simultaneously in both the intracranial and submandibular glands. This is the first case with hydatid disease occurring in both locations at the same time...
- Infectious myelopathiesJoseph R Berger
Department of Neurology, University of Kentucky College of Medicine, Lexington 40536, USA
Semin Neurol 22:133-42. 2002..This review addresses the infectious myelopathies by microorganism...
- [Investigation of inpatient cases of food-borne parasitic encephalopathy]Chun yu Yin
Department of Infectious Diseases, Affiliated Huashan Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai 200040
Zhongguo Ji Sheng Chong Xue Yu Ji Sheng Chong Bing Za Zhi 20:177-9. 2002..To investigate the clinical features of the patients with encephalopathy caused by food-borne parasites...
- Chronic cerebral paragonimiasis combined with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhageJuk Dong Choo
Department of Neurosurgery, Sun General Hospital, Daejeon, Republic of Korea
Am J Trop Med Hyg 69:466-9. 2003..Overall, this case was diagnosed as chronic cerebral paragonimiasis, in which she may have been infected through the contamination of utensils during the preparation of the second intermediate hosts, combined with a cerebral hemorrhage...
- Peripheral macrophage depletion reduces central nervous system parasitism and damage in Trypanosoma cruzi-infected suckling ratsGrace C Silva
Department of Morphology, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Av Antonio Carlos, 6627, 31270 901 Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil
J Neuroimmunol 149:50-8. 2004..Occludin immunoreactivity remained as in uninfected animals. Our results indicate a role for blood-born macrophages in both parasite invasion and brain reaction. Microglia activation cannot be discarded...
- Chest pain after travel to the tropicsLuigia Elzi
Division of Infectious Diseases University Hospital Basel CH 4002 Basel, Switzerland
Lancet 363:1198. 2004
- Infection of organotypic slice cultures from rat central nervous tissue with Neospora caninum: an alternative approach to study host-parasite interactionsNathalie Vonlaufen
Institute of Parasitology, University of Berne, Langgass strasse 122, 3012, Berne, Switzerland
Int J Parasitol 32:533-42. 2002..caninum within the context of neuronal tissue, which at the same time can be modulated and influenced under controlled conditions, and will be useful in the future to gain more information on the cerebral phase of neosporosis...
- [Calcified cerebral hydatid cyst. Report of a case]M Choukri
Service de Neurochirurgie, CHU Ibn Rochd, Casablanca, Maroc
J Neuroradiol 28:261-3. 2001..The evolution has been favourable with improvement of the left hemiparesis. The calcified hydatid cyst of brain is still exceptional, its symptomatology is the same as the safe CHC, but it poses some diagnostic and therapeutic problems...
- Cerebral hydatid cysts in childrenS Kocaman
Division of Pediatric Neurosurgery, Ege University Faculty of Medicine, Bornova, Izmir, Turkey
J Neurosci Nurs 31:270-7. 1999..Hydatid disease can also be seen in Western countries because of travel and migration. Cerebral hydatid cyst should be kept in mind for the differential diagnosis of cystic lesions...
- Parasitic lesion of the insula suggesting cerebral sparganosis: case reportT J Cummings
Department of Pathology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
Neuroradiology 42:206-8. 2000..We describe the MRI appearances and pathologic features. Intracranial mass lesions secondary to sparganosis must be considered in patients with a history of travel to endemic areas, especially Asia...
- Imaging of rickettsial, spirochetal, and parasitic infectionsC M Kornbluth
Department of Radiology, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital Center, New York, NY, USA
Neuroimaging Clin N Am 10:375-90. 2000..Many of the infections, however, are endemic to certain parts of the world and are seen with increasing frequency in immunocompromised individuals...
- Use of the capture-recapture method for determining the prevalence of neurological parasitic diseasesJohn H Lange
Neuroepidemiology 23:99; author reply 99-100. 2004
- Central nervous system hydatidosis in Turkey: a cooperative study and literature survey analysis of 458 casesN Altinors
Neurosurgery Department, Baskent University, Ankara, Turkey
J Neurosurg 93:1-8. 2000..The aim of this study was to analyze central nervous system (CNS) involvement in this disease, the related problems the disease causes, and its diagnostic and therapeutic aspects...
- Infection of organotypic slice cultures from rat central nervous tissue with Trypanosoma brucei bruceiL Stoppini
Department of Pharmacology, Centre Medical Universitaire, Geneva, Switzerland
Int J Med Microbiol 290:105-13. 2000..Secondly, it provides, to the best of our knowledge, the first in vitro demonstration of intracellular forms of African trypanosomes...
- Clinics in diagnostic imaging (58). Chronic cerebral paragonimiasisG J Kaw
Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore
Singapore Med J 42:89-91. 2001..CT scan confirmed the presence of large calcified nodules in the corresponding regions. These imaging findings were typical of chronic cerebral paragonimiasis. The clinical, CT and MR features of cerebral paragonimiasis are reviewed...
- Neural sarcocystosis in a straw-necked ibis (Carphibis spinicollis) associated with a Sarcocystis neurona-like organism and description of muscular sarcocysts of an unidentified Sarcocystis speciesJ R Dubey
United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Animal and Natural Resources Institute, Parasite Biology, Epidemiology and Systematics Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland 20705 2350, USA
J Parasitol 87:1317-22. 2001..The villar protrusions on the sarcocyst wall were up to 4.5 microm long, constricted at the base, and expanded laterally. Schizonts and sarcocysts distinct from those of S. falcatula...
- Review of epidemiological studies searching for a relationship between onchocerciasis and epilepsyM Druet-Cabanac
Institute of Neuroepidemiology and Tropical Neurology EA 3174, Limoges, France
Neuroepidemiology 23:144-9. 2004..However, the results are nearly significant. Further research is needed in this neglected subject, in particular for the better understanding of the neurological pathogenicity in onchocerciasis...
- Report of diffusion-weighted MRI in two cases with different cerebral hydatid diseaseO Kitis
Ege University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Bornova, Izmir, Turkey
Acta Radiol 45:85-7. 2004..To present MRI findings in two cases of cerebral hydatid disease with an emphasis on diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) findings of Echinococcus granulosus (EG) versus Echinococcus alveolaris (EA)...
- [Parasitic diseases in the central nervous system]Yukifumi Nawa
University of Miyazaki
Rinsho Shinkeigaku 45:891-3. 2005..They accidentally migrate into CNS to cause deleterious conditions. Clinicians should always remind about the possibility of parasitic diseases when they make differential diagnosis for CNS diseases...
- Parasitic central nervous system infections in immunocompromised hosts: malaria, microsporidiosis, leishmaniasis, and African trypanosomiasisMelanie Walker
Department of Neurology, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, Washington, USA
Clin Infect Dis 42:115-25. 2006..This review will discuss the presentation, diagnosis, and treatment of the following additional parasitic CNS infections: malaria, microsporidiosis, leishmaniasis, and African trypanosomiasis...
- Cerebral alveolar echinoccosis mimicking primary brain tumorS Senturk
Department of Radiology, Hacettepe University, Sihhiye, Ankara, Turkey
AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 27:420-2. 2006..Perfusion-weighted MR imaging revealed low relative cerebral blood volume within the calcified lesion and peripheral hyperemia. Single-voxel proton MR spectroscopy with an echo time of 135 milliseconds was normal...
- Microbial translocation of the blood-brain barrierKwang Sik Kim
Division of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 600 North Wolfe Street, Park 256, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
Int J Parasitol 36:607-14. 2006..This review summarises our current understanding of the pathogenic mechanisms involved in translocation of the BBB by meningitis-causing bacteria, fungi and parasites...
- Cestode parasitic infestation: intracranial and spinal hydatid disease--a clinicopathological study of 29 cases from South IndiaM Rumana
Department of Neuropathology, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bangalore, India
Clin Neuropathol 25:98-104. 2006..None of the cases had anaphylactic reaction, with no significant post-operative morbidity and no mortality. One intracranial and 2 spinal lesions caused by fertile cysts recurred to undergo repeated surgery...
- Onchocerciasis-related epilepsy? Prospects at a time of uncertaintyBenoit Marin
Institut de Neuroépidémiologie et de Neurologie Tropicale EA 3174, Faculte de Medecine, 2 rue de Docteur Marcland, 87025 Limoges Cedex, France
Trends Parasitol 22:17-20. 2006..volvulus strains; (iii) immunological mechanisms involving cross-reactive immunization or cytokine production during infection; and (iv) the triggering role of insomnia due to itching...
- Seroprevalence of Helicobacter pylori among children in Sana'a, YemenHassan A Al-Shamahy
University of Sana a, Department of Medical Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Sana a, Yemen
Ann Saudi Med 25:299-303. 2005..pylori immunoglobulin G (IgG) in Yemeni children under 10 years of age, the potential risk factors for contracting H. pylori infection and co-infection of H. pylori with intestinal parasites...
- Primary intracranial hydatid cyst in the interpeduncular cisternE Beskonakli
Department of Neurosurgery, Ankara Numune Research and Education Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
Acta Neurochir (Wien) 147:781-3; discussion 783. 2005..In this report, a case of 33-year-old male with primary intracranial hydatid cyst in the interpeduncular cistern is reported. This is the first such case in the literature...
- Ophthalmomyiasis (interna posterior) of the posterior segment and central nervous system myiasis: Cuterebra spp. in a catMilton Wyman
MedVet Columbus, 300 E Wilson Bridge Road, Worthington, OH 43085, USA
Vet Ophthalmol 8:77-80. 2005..The larva was demonstrated by histopathology with coagulation necrosis and hemorrhage of the optic nerve, retina and choroid, and anterior uveitis. No significant cerebrum and anterior brain stem lesions were found...
- Central nervous system infectionsZoran Rumboldt
Department of Radiology, Medical University of South Carolina, 169 Ashley Avenue, Charleston, SC 29425, USA
Semin Roentgenol 42:62-91. 2007
- Multiple organ involvement hydatid cysts in a 2-year-old boyOmer Iyigun
Department of Neurosurgery, School of Medicine, Ondokuz Mayis University, Samsun, Turkey
J Trop Pediatr 50:374-6. 2004..We suggest that a differential diagnosis of hydatid cyst should be considered when a brain mass is found in a patient, even 2 years old, from an endemic area of echinococcosis...
- Balamuthia mandrillaris, an opportunistic agent of granulomatous amebic encephalitis, infects the brain via the olfactory nerve pathwayAlbrecht F Kiderlen
Department of Infectious Diseases, Robert Koch Institute, Nordufer 20, 13353 Berlin, Germany
Parasitol Res 94:49-52. 2004..A similar invasion pathway has been described for N. fowleri. The data suggest that the olfactory nerve pathway is a likely route for natural infection of the brain by B. mandrillaris amebae...
- Granulomatous diseases of the central nervous systemAntonio Jose da Rocha
Department of Neuroradiology, Santa Casa de Misericordia de Sao Paulo, Brazil
Top Magn Reson Imaging 16:155-87. 2005..Taking these parameters into account we will discuss the several patterns of image found in parasitic, bacterial, and fungal granulomatous infections...
- Infections of the central nervous system in transplant recipientsN Singh
VA Medical Center and University of Pittsburgh, Thomas E Starzl Transplantation Institute, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15240, USA
Transpl Infect Dis 2:101-11. 2000....
- [Neurotrichinosis]K Knezevic
Klinicki centar, Novi Sad
Med Pregl 54:483-5. 2001..Central nervous system complications can occur during the course of this disease. This paper presents a case of neurotrichinellosis, assayed by using indirect immunofluorescence test...
- [Imaging of a historical case of vertebral hydatidosis]M Mahi
Service d Imagerie Medicale, hôpital militaire d instruction Mohamed V, Rabat, Maroc
J Neuroradiol 28:244-8. 2001..Radiological, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging findings in a case of spinal hydatidosis are reported...
- Chronic meningitisRaimund Helbok
Dept of Neurology, Medical University Innsbruck, Anichstrasse 35, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria
J Neurol 256:168-75. 2009..However, most patients with idiopathic chronic meningitis have a relatively good outcome...
- Molecular confirmation of Sappinia pedata as a causative agent of amoebic encephalitisYvonne Qvarnstrom
Division of Parasitic Disease, National Center for Zoonotic, Vector Borne, and Enteric Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
J Infect Dis 199:1139-42. 2009..The results illustrate the potential for other free-living amoebae, which are not normally associated with human disease, to cause occasional infections...
- [Cerebral hydatic cyst and psychiatric disorders. Two cases]F Asri
Service Universitaire Psychiatrique, CHU Mohamed VI, Faculte de Medecine, Universite Cadi Ayyad, Marrakech, Maroc
Encephale 33:216-9. 2007..We are conscious of the methodological difficulties that present these 2 cases but there are unfortunately due to the financial difficulties of our patients...
- [Inflammatory and infectious manifestations of the nervous system]G P Pizzolato
Unité de neuropathologie, Hopital Universitaire de Geneve
Rev Med Suisse Romande 119:799-804. 1999..We will review recent progress in our knowledge about transmissible spongiformes encephalopathies and AIDS-associated lesions, and briefly discuss cerebral vasculitis, granulomatous diseases and the most frequent infections by parasites...
- Isolated cerebral hydatid cysts: a comparative study of two different types of presentationsT Patankar
Dept of Radiology, KEM Hospital, Mumbai, India
J Assoc Physicians India 47:805-8. 1999..To demonstrate the existence of two imaging patterns of cerebral hydatidosis and discuss its clinical importance...
- GP 120 MEDIATED ACTIVATION OF BRAIN ENDOTHELIAL CELLSKwang Kim; Fiscal Year: 2002..e., roles of G proteins and signaling pathways, platelet-activating factor (PAF). The information derived from this proposal should enhance our understanding of the role of HBMEC in HIV encephalopathy. ..
- E. COLI BINDING TO BRAIN ENDOTHELIAL CELLSKwang Kim; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- Ethanol, Tat and the Blood-brain barrierKwang Kim; Fiscal Year: 2004..e., nitric oxide and signaling pathways. The information derived from this proposal should enhance our understanding of the role of ethanol in HIV-1 neuropthogenesis. ..
- Cryptococcus traversal of Brain Endothelial cellsKwang Kim; Fiscal Year: 2007..neoformans traversal of HBMEC monolayers and will be the basis of future investigations to characterize microbial-host interactions that are relevant to the pathogenesis of cryptococcal meningitis/meningoencephalitis. ..
- Genome-wide screening of E. coli for bacteremiaKwang Kim; Fiscal Year: 2007..coli bacteremia should help in development of preventive measures such as vaccines against E. coli bacteremia. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Treatment for Canine Diabetic CataractsMilton Wyman; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- E. coli invasion of brain endothelial cellsKwang Kim; Fiscal Year: 2008..3.To determine the role of K1 capsule in E. coli trafficking in HBMEC. Further understanding and characterization of E. coli K1-HBMEC interactions should allow us to develop novel strategies to prevent this serious infection. ..