water electrolyte imbalance

Summary

Summary: Disturbances in the body's WATER-ELECTROLYTE BALANCE.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Pediatric fluid and electrolyte balance: critical care case studies
    Kathryn E Roberts
    Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, 34th Street and Civic Center, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Crit Care Nurs Clin North Am 17:361-73, x. 2005
  2. ncbi Severe staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome in children
    Moira Blyth
    South West Regional Paediatric Burns Unit, United Kingdom
    Burns 34:98-103. 2008
  3. ncbi Vasopressin and disorders of water balance: the physiology and pathophysiology of vasopressin
    S G Ball
    The Medical School, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, Framlington Place, Newcastle upon Tyne NE22 4HH, UK
    Ann Clin Biochem 44:417-31. 2007
  4. ncbi Body fluid volume determination via body composition spectroscopy in health and disease
    Ulrich M Moissl
    Fresenius Medical Care Deutschland GmbH, Research and Development, Daimlerstrasse 15, D 61352 Bad Homburg, Germany
    Physiol Meas 27:921-33. 2006
  5. ncbi Pathophysiology and clinical implications of perioperative fluid excess
    K Holte
    Department of Surgical Gastroenterology, Hvidovre University Hospital, DK 2650 Hvidovre, Denmark
    Br J Anaesth 89:622-32. 2002
  6. ncbi Dry weight: sine qua non of adequate dialysis
    Grzegorz Wystrychowski
    Renal Research Institute, New York, NY
    Adv Chronic Kidney Dis 14:e10-6. 2007
  7. ncbi Management of yellow oleander poisoning
    Senaka Rajapakse
    Department of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Colombo, Colombo 8, Sri Lanka
    Clin Toxicol (Phila) 47:206-12. 2009
  8. ncbi Sodium status of collapsed marathon runners
    Alexander Kratz
    Division of Laboratory Medicine, Department of Pathology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 02114, USA
    Arch Pathol Lab Med 129:227-30. 2005
  9. ncbi [Hyponatraenmia during a long-distance run: due to excessive fluid intake]
    R Zietse
    Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 151:1654-5; author reply 1655-6. 2007
  10. ncbi Fluid volume compartments and biochemical measurements for disclosing fluid depletion during acute and rigorous bed rest in normal subjects
    Yan G Zorbas
    Hypokinetic Physiology Laboratory, Athens, Greece
    Int Urol Nephrol 34:467-76. 2002

Detail Information

Publications209 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Pediatric fluid and electrolyte balance: critical care case studies
    Kathryn E Roberts
    Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, 34th Street and Civic Center, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Crit Care Nurs Clin North Am 17:361-73, x. 2005
    ..Imbalances in fluid homeostasis and imbalances in sodium, potassium, and calcium homeostasis are presented in a case study format...
  2. ncbi Severe staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome in children
    Moira Blyth
    South West Regional Paediatric Burns Unit, United Kingdom
    Burns 34:98-103. 2008
    ....
  3. ncbi Vasopressin and disorders of water balance: the physiology and pathophysiology of vasopressin
    S G Ball
    The Medical School, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, Framlington Place, Newcastle upon Tyne NE22 4HH, UK
    Ann Clin Biochem 44:417-31. 2007
    ..Patients with disorders of water balance benefit from a joint clinical and laboratory medicine approach to diagnosis and management...
  4. ncbi Body fluid volume determination via body composition spectroscopy in health and disease
    Ulrich M Moissl
    Fresenius Medical Care Deutschland GmbH, Research and Development, Daimlerstrasse 15, D 61352 Bad Homburg, Germany
    Physiol Meas 27:921-33. 2006
    ..2 L (48%) for 24 subjects with extreme BMIs (<20 and >30). BCS may be an appropriate method for body fluid volume determination over a wide range of body compositions in different states of health and disease...
  5. ncbi Pathophysiology and clinical implications of perioperative fluid excess
    K Holte
    Department of Surgical Gastroenterology, Hvidovre University Hospital, DK 2650 Hvidovre, Denmark
    Br J Anaesth 89:622-32. 2002
  6. ncbi Dry weight: sine qua non of adequate dialysis
    Grzegorz Wystrychowski
    Renal Research Institute, New York, NY
    Adv Chronic Kidney Dis 14:e10-6. 2007
    ..The ongoing development of techniques permitting accurate assessment of hydration status, including those based on bioimpedance analysis, will provide an efficient tool in these efforts...
  7. ncbi Management of yellow oleander poisoning
    Senaka Rajapakse
    Department of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Colombo, Colombo 8, Sri Lanka
    Clin Toxicol (Phila) 47:206-12. 2009
    ..High cost and lack of availability limit the widespread use of digoxin-specific antibody fragments in developing countries...
  8. ncbi Sodium status of collapsed marathon runners
    Alexander Kratz
    Division of Laboratory Medicine, Department of Pathology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 02114, USA
    Arch Pathol Lab Med 129:227-30. 2005
    ..These new guidelines encourage runners to drink ad libitum between 400 and 800 mL/h as opposed to the previous "as much as possible" advice...
  9. ncbi [Hyponatraenmia during a long-distance run: due to excessive fluid intake]
    R Zietse
    Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 151:1654-5; author reply 1655-6. 2007
  10. ncbi Fluid volume compartments and biochemical measurements for disclosing fluid depletion during acute and rigorous bed rest in normal subjects
    Yan G Zorbas
    Hypokinetic Physiology Laboratory, Athens, Greece
    Int Urol Nephrol 34:467-76. 2002
    ..Dissociation between fluid losses and fluid depletion may suggest the presence of impair fluid retention as a mechanism of development of fluid depletion...
  11. ncbi A new method to distinguish the hyponatremia of electrolyte loss from that due to pure solvent changes
    E Bartoli
    Chair of Internal Medicine, Dipartimento di Medicina Clinica e Sperimentale, Universita degli Studi del Piemonte Orientale A Avogadro, Via Solaroli 17, 28100, Novara, Italy
    Eur J Appl Physiol 101:133-42. 2007
    ..94, P < 0.0001), while the quantitative estimates of Na deficit predicted the PNa values measured after corrective treatment (P < 0.0001). This new method may prove valuable in diagnosing and treating electrolyte derangements...
  12. ncbi [Management of water electrolyte imbalance in infants and children]
    Osamu Arisaka
    Nihon Naika Gakkai Zasshi 92:790-8. 2003
  13. pmc Suspected transient pseudohypoaldosteronism in a 10-day-old quarter horse foal
    Luis G Arroyo
    Department of Pathobiology, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario N1G 2W1
    Can Vet J 49:494-8. 2008
    ..The clinical findings closely resembled those described for a syndrome of transient pseudohypoaldosteronism in human neonates...
  14. ncbi [Realities in management of water electrolyte imbalance--special reference to fluid infusion therapy]
    Nobuhiro Sugino
    Nihon Naika Gakkai Zasshi 92:711-3. 2003
  15. ncbi Are the total exchangeable sodium, total exchangeable potassium and total body water the only determinants of the plasma water sodium concentration?
    Minhtri K Nguyen
    Division of Nephrology, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
    Nephrol Dial Transplant 18:1266-71. 2003
  16. pmc Intravenous fluid-associated morbidity in postoperative patients
    S R Walsh
    Colorectal Unit, Arrowe Park Hospital, Upton, Wirral, UK
    Ann R Coll Surg Engl 87:126-30. 2005
    ..There is marked variation in postoperative fluid prescribing which may contribute to postoperative morbidity. However, there are few data regarding the overall incidence of fluid associated morbidity in postoperative patients...
  17. ncbi Osmotic regulation of estrogen receptor-beta in rat vasopressin and oxytocin neurons
    Suwit J Somponpun
    Department of Physiology and Biophysics, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, Colorado 80262, USA
    J Neurosci 23:4261-9. 2003
    ..Thus, osmotic modulation of ER-beta expression in MNCs may augment or attenuate an inhibitory effect of gonadal steroids on VP release...
  18. ncbi Neurological impact of vasopressin dysregulation and hyponatremia
    Anish Bhardwaj
    Neurosciences Critical Care Division, Department of Neurology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Ann Neurol 59:229-36. 2006
    ..Controlled clinical trials now underway will help elucidate the role of AVP receptor antagonism in the treatment of hyponatremia...
  19. ncbi Fluid management in patients on hemodialysis
    Rory Caswell Pace
    South County Dialysis, Gilroy, CA, USA
    Nephrol Nurs J 34:557-9. 2007
  20. ncbi Disorders of body water homeostasis
    Joseph G Verbalis
    Department of Medicine and Physiology, Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Georgetown University School of Medicine, 232 Building D, 4000 Reservoir Road NW, Washington, DC 20007, USA
    Best Pract Res Clin Endocrinol Metab 17:471-503. 2003
    ..The major disorders of water metabolism causing hyperosmolality and hypo-osmolality, DI and SIADH, are then discussed in detail, including the pathogenesis, differential diagnosis and treatment of these disorders...
  21. ncbi Diagnosis and management of electrolyte emergencies
    Eva Maria Weiss-Guillet
    Department of Intensive Care Medicine, Inselpital, University Hospital Bern, CH 3010 Bern, Switzerland
    Best Pract Res Clin Endocrinol Metab 17:623-51. 2003
    ..This chapter addresses the initial diagnostic and therapeutic steps of the most common electrolyte emergencies...
  22. ncbi Water and sodium balance: a nutritional goal
    Antonio Sitges-Serra
    Department of Surgery, Hospital del Mar, Barcelona, Spain
    Nestle Nutr Workshop Ser Clin Perform Programme 9:205-20; discussion 220-5. 2004
  23. ncbi Fluid and electrolytes in the clinical setting
    Dileep N Lobo
    Section of Surgery, University Hospital, Queen s Medical Centre, Nottingham, UK
    Nestle Nutr Workshop Ser Clin Perform Programme 9:187-198; discussion 198-203. 2004
  24. ncbi Body composition: salt and water
    Jennifer L Ruth
    Pennsylvania State University Children s Hospital, Hershey, PA, USA
    Pediatr Rev 27:181-7; quiz 188. 2006
  25. ncbi [Abnormalities in electrolyte and acid-base homeostasis in uremic patients]
    Shigetaka Yoshida
    Department of Nephrology, Kidney Center, Showa General Hospital
    Nihon Rinsho 62:96-100. 2004
  26. ncbi Role of potassium in hypokalemia-induced hyponatremia: lessons learned from the Edelman equation
    Minhtri K Nguyen
    Division of Nephrology, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, 10833 Le Conte Avenue, Room 7 155 Factor Building, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
    Clin Exp Nephrol 8:98-102. 2004
    ..Moreover, the magnitude of potassium-induced changes in the [Na+]pw is determined by the pathophysiologic mechanisms by which changes in Ke occur...
  27. ncbi Assessment of fluids and electrolytes
    Heidi Nebelkopf Elgart
    St Luke s Hospital, Department of Trauma, Bethlehem, PA18015, USA
    AACN Clin Issues 15:607-21. 2004
    ....
  28. pmc Pouring salt on troubled waters
    D Taylor
    Paediatric Intensive Care Unit, Guy s Hospital, London, UK
    Arch Dis Child 89:411-4. 2004
  29. ncbi [When the electrolytes become imbalanced]
    H Holzgreve
    MMW Fortschr Med 145:I-X; quiz XI-XII. 2003
  30. ncbi Perioperative influences on fluid distribution
    Kim van Wissen
    School of Health Sciences, Wellington Campus, Massey University, Wellington, New Zealand
    Medsurg Nurs 13:304-11. 2004
    ..Understanding the physiological and clinical significance of fluid shifts during the perioperative period allows the nurse to provide effective patient care...
  31. ncbi [Hyponatremia with clinical relevance]
    S Kramer
    Universitat Hohenheim, Institut 140, Ernhährungsmedizin Prävention, Stuttgart
    Dtsch Med Wochenschr 131:348. 2006
  32. ncbi Homeostasis. Part 4: fluid balance
    Brendan Docherty
    Executive Director s Unit, Prince of Wales Hospital, Sydney, Australia
    Nurs Times 102:22-3. 2006
  33. ncbi [Osmolarity]
    Akitoshi Ando
    Section of Kidney and Metabolism, Tokyo Rosai Hospital
    Nihon Rinsho 62:271-4. 2004
  34. ncbi [Volume and electrolyte disturbances in endurance sport]
    T Schramm
    Medizinische Klinik II, Krankenhaus Merheim, Kliniken der Stadt Köln gGmbH, Koln
    Internist (Berl) 47:1145-50. 2006
    ..Body weight control is one of the parameters that should be carefully monitored before and after intensive endurance exercise...
  35. ncbi Weight changes, sodium levels, and performance in the South African Ironman Triathlon
    Karen Sharwood
    UCT MRC Research Unit for Exercise Science and Sports Medicine, Department of Human Biology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town and Sports Science Institute of South Africa, South Africa
    Clin J Sport Med 12:391-9. 2002
    ..To establish relationships between body weight changes and serum sodium during and after an Ironman Triathlon, and postrace fluid status and rectal temperature, including the incidence of hyponatremia...
  36. ncbi Sodium disturbances frequently encountered in a neurologic intensive care unit
    M N Diringer
    Neurology/Neurosurgery Intensive Care Unit, Department of Neurology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Neurol India 49:S19-30. 2001
    ..Patients with SAH and hyponatremia should not be fluid restricted because of the risk of exacerbating vasospasm but treated with large volumes of isotonic or mildly hypertonic saline...
  37. ncbi Severe paraneoplastic hyponatremia and hypoosmolality in a patient with small-cell lung carcinoma: syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion versus atrial natriuretic peptide or both?
    Dan Radulescu
    Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Vth Medical Clinic, Cluj Napoca, Romania
    Clin Lung Cancer 8:392-5. 2007
    ..5 pg/mL and 7 pg/mL (normal range, 0-4.7 pg/mL). We discuss the pathogenesis and clinical aspects of this association and the therapeutic options for these types of patients...
  38. ncbi Osmolar gap hyponatremia in critically ill patients: evidence for the sick cell syndrome?
    Jean Guglielminotti
    Service de Reanimation Medicale, Hopital Saint Antoine, Assistance Publique Hopitaux de Paris, Paris, France
    Crit Care Med 30:1051-5. 2002
    ....
  39. ncbi Nutrition-focused evaluation and management of dysnatremias
    Susan J Whitmire
    Department of Clinical Nutrition Services and Gastroenterology Nutrition, Geisinger Medical Center, Danville, PA 17822 1509, USA
    Nutr Clin Pract 23:108-21. 2008
    ..Response to treatment requires close monitoring to avoid potential complications associated with rapid correction of hyponatremia and hypernatremia...
  40. ncbi Fluid balance
    M Mythen
    University College London, UK
    Vox Sang 87:77-81. 2004
  41. ncbi [Characteristics of water and electrolyte metabolism in children, oral rehydration therapy and water and electrolyte abnormalities and nutritional issues in patients with severe mental and physical handicaps]
    T Igarashi
    No To Hattatsu 39:106-10. 2007
  42. ncbi [Hyponatraenmia during a long-distance run: due to excessive fluid intake]
    A J Meinders
    St Antonius Ziekenhuis, afd Interne Geneeskunde Intensive Care, Nieuwegein
    Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 151:581-7. 2007
    ..Isotonic saline must be added in case of dehydration. Prevention consists primarily of advice to moderate the fluid intake...
  43. ncbi Evaluation and treatment of cancer-related fluid deficits: volume depletion and dehydration
    N Sarhill
    The Internal Medicine Department, St Vincent Charity Hospital Cleveland, OH 44115, USA
    Support Care Cancer 9:408-19. 2001
    ..Terminal hydration is still controversial. Important ethical principles govern clinical decision-making about hydration at the end of life...
  44. ncbi Thermoregulation and marathon running: biological and environmental influences
    S N Cheuvront
    United States Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine, Thermal and Mountain Medicine Division, Natick, Massachusetts, USA
    Sports Med 31:743-62. 2001
    ..However, these gender differences appear to be more quantitative than qualitative for most marathon road racing environments...
  45. pmc Measuring plasma conductivity to detect sodium load in hemodialysis patients
    Lucile Mercadal
    Nephrology Department, Pitie Salpetriere Hospital, 83 bd de l hopital, Paris, France 75013
    Clin J Am Soc Nephrol 3:743-6. 2008
    ..Sodium thiosulfate therapy has been proposed for calcific uremic arteriolopathy and nephrogenic systemic fibrosis in hemodialysis patients. The treatment brings 3.7 g (161 mmol) of sodium. How to counterbalance this sodium load was studied...
  46. ncbi Disorders of water and salt metabolism associated with pituitary disease
    Jennifer A Loh
    Georgetown University Hospital, Endocrinology Division, 232 Building D, 4000 Reservoir Road, Washington, DC 20037, USA
    Endocrinol Metab Clin North Am 37:213-34, x. 2008
    ....
  47. ncbi Diabetic ketoacidosis in the pediatric ICU
    Jennifer E Bevacqua
    Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Emanuel Children s Hospital, 2801 N Gantenbein, Portland, OR 97227, USA
    Crit Care Nurs Clin North Am 17:341-7, x. 2005
    ..This article reviews the pathophysiology, management, goals of treatment, and nursing implications of the child who is diagnosed with DKA. Facets particular to the pediatric population are reviewed...
  48. ncbi Is the prevalence of dehydration among community-dwelling older adults really low? Informing current debate over the fluid recommendation for adults aged 70+years
    Jodi Dunmeyer Stookey
    Center for the Study of Aging and Human Development, Claude D Pepper Older Americans Independence Center, Duke University Medical Center, Box 3003, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    Public Health Nutr 8:1275-85. 2005
    ..This study explores whether the low prevalence might reflect limitations of individual dehydration indices...
  49. ncbi Therapeutic approach to electrolyte emergencies
    Michael Schaer
    Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida, PO Box 100126, Gainesville, FL 32610 0126, USA
    Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 38:513-33, x. 2008
    ..The recommended doses in this article might have to be adjusted to the individual patient, and these modifications must be adjusted again to the pathophysiology of the primary underlying disorder...
  50. ncbi Electrolyte-balanced sports drink for polydipsia-hyponatremia in schizophrenia
    Frederic M Quitkin
    Am J Psychiatry 160:385-6. 2003
  51. ncbi Women hydrate more than men during a marathon race: hyponatremia in the Houston marathon: a report on 60 cases
    Tamara D Hew
    MRC UCT Research Unit for Exercise Science and Sports Medicine, Department of Human Biology, University of Cape Town Sport Science Institute of South Africa, Newlands, South Africa
    Clin J Sport Med 15:148-53. 2005
    ..To examine the relationship between gender and the development of hyponatremia in marathon runners...
  52. ncbi Disorders of water balance
    Kevin Moore
    Academic Department of Endocrinology, Beaumont Hospital, Dublin, Ireland
    Clin Med 3:28-33. 2003
  53. ncbi Therapeutic approach to chronic electrolyte disorders
    Michael Willard
    College of Veterinary Medicine, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843 4474, USA
    Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 38:535-41, x. 2008
    ..In distinction, hypokalemia and hyperkalemia may be corrected quickly. Hypomagnesemia is relatively common, but its clinical significance is still being determined...
  54. ncbi The altered fluid distribution in obesity may reflect plasma hypertonicity
    J D Stookey
    Children s Hospital of Oakland Research Institute, Oakland, CA 94609, USA
    Eur J Clin Nutr 61:190-9. 2007
    ..This study explored whether the increased extracellular relative to intracellular fluid (ECF/ICF) ratio in obesity might reflect osmotic effects of elevated plasma solute concentrations...
  55. ncbi Improving salt balance in peritoneal dialysis patients
    Wim Van Biesen
    Renal Division, University Hospital Ghent, Belgium
    Perit Dial Int 25:S73-5. 2005
    ..It should always be considered that, due to sodium sieving over the ultrasmall pores, fluid and salt removal are not always concordant...
  56. ncbi Electrolytes disturbances and seizures
    Luis Castilla-Guerra
    Department of Internal Medicine, Hospital de la Merced, Osuna, Spain
    Epilepsia 47:1990-8. 2006
  57. ncbi Brain dysfunction in uremia: a question of cortical hyperexcitability?
    Fortunato Battaglia
    Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, City University of New York Medical School, New York, NY, USA
    Clin Neurophysiol 116:1507-14. 2005
    ..To investigate whether patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in different stages of the disease and undergoing different treatments display alterations in cortical excitability...
  58. ncbi [A patient with severe hyperkalaemia -- an emergency after RALES]
    J Nurnberger
    Klinik für Nieren und Hochdruckkrankheiten, Universitatsklinikum Essen
    Dtsch Med Wochenschr 130:2008-11. 2005
    ..To control hypertension and chronic heart failure he had been treated with 5 mg ramipril and 12.5 mg hydrochlorothiazide. In addition, he received 25 mg spironolactone. A prostate disease was diagnosed two months ago...
  59. ncbi Simultaneous liver and kidney transplantation: analysis of a single-center experience
    Yi Ma
    Organ Transplantation Center, The First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat Sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510080, China
    Chin Med J (Engl) 123:1259-63. 2010
    ..This study aimed to explore the indications, surgical techniques, therapeutic experience, prevention and treatment of postoperative complications of SLKT...
  60. ncbi Effect of the disruption of body fluid balance on pyroglutamyl aminopeptidase (Type-1) in rat brain structures
    J Irazusta
    Department of Physiology, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad del Pais Vasco, 48080 Leioa, Bizkaia, Spain
    Neuropeptides 36:333-40. 2002
    ..Although the deleterious or pro-homeostatic influence of this decay remains to be elucidated, the present data provide evidence for the involvement of this enzyme activity at this anatomical location in the water-electrolyte imbalance...
  61. ncbi To hydrate or not to hydrate: is that the real question?
    Robin L Fainsinger
    Division of Palliative Care Medicine, Department of Oncology, University of Alberta, Cross Cancer Institute, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
    J Support Oncol 2:485-7. 2004
  62. ncbi Hypospadias in a male patient with 21-hydroxylase deficiency
    Kanako Kojima-ishii
    Department of Pediatrics, Tohoku University Hospital, Aoba ku, Sendai, Miyagi, Japan
    Endocr J 55:1051-4. 2008
    ..This is a rare case of a male patient with 21-hydroxylase deficiency accompanied by hypospadias. As the cause of hypospadias in this case has yet to be elucidated, further investigation and careful follow-up are required...
  63. ncbi How does salt retention raise blood pressure?
    Mordecai P Blaustein
    Department of Physiology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, 655 W Baltimore St, Baltimore, Maryland 21201, USA
    Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 290:R514-23. 2006
    ..Thus, endogenous ouabain, and vascular alpha2 Na+ pumps and NCX1, are critical links between salt and hypertension. New pharmacological agents that act on these molecular links have potential in the clinical management of hypertension...
  64. ncbi The emergency department evaluation of the adult patient who presents with a first-time seizure
    Andy Jagoda
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Mount Sinai Hospital, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, 1 Gustave Levy Place, Box 1620, New York, NY 10029, USA
    Emerg Med Clin North Am 29:41-9. 2011
    ..Initiation of antiepileptic therapy depends on the assessed risk for recurrence, in conjunction with a neurologist consultation...
  65. ncbi Strong association between volume status and nutritional status in peritoneal dialysis patients
    Li Tao Cheng
    Institute of Nephrology, First Hospital, Peking University, Beijing, PR China
    Am J Kidney Dis 45:891-902. 2005
    ..Various factors have been identified to contribute to the development of malnutrition. The present study tried to investigate the possible role of fluid overload in the development of malnutrition...
  66. ncbi Urinary diarrhea detected by Tc-99m DTPA scintigraphy in a 3-year-old girl
    Hanna Bernstine
    Department of Nuclear Medicine, Rabin Medical Center, Beilinson Campus, Petach Tikva 49100, Israel
    Clin Nucl Med 27:287-9. 2002
  67. ncbi Severe hypothermia with cardiac arrest: complete neurologic recovery in a 4-year old child
    N P Sheth
    J Pediatr Surg 38:654. 2003
  68. ncbi Perioperative fluid balance in patients with heart failure
    Radomir Sindelić
    Center for Anesthesia and Resuscitation, Clinical Center of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia
    Lijec Vjesn 132:13-8. 2010
    ..The aim of this article is to describe actual techniques of hemodynamic measurements as well as main principles of fluid therapy to maintain hydro-electrolyte balance in patients with heart failure...
  69. ncbi Current techniques of fluid status assessment
    W Frank Peacock
    Emergency Medicine, The Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio 44195, USA
    Contrib Nephrol 164:128-42. 2010
    ..In addition to the history, physical exam, and standard radiographic techniques for volume assessment, the newer technologies of acoustic cardiography, bedside ultrasound, and bioimpedance are presented...
  70. pmc Avosentan for overt diabetic nephropathy
    Johannes F E Mann
    Schwabing General Hospital, and Department of Medicine IV, University of Erlangen and KfH Kidney Centre, Munich, Germany
    J Am Soc Nephrol 21:527-35. 2010
    ..194), and 12 (2.6%), respectively. In conclusion, avosentan reduces albuminuria when added to standard treatment in people with type 2 diabetes and overt nephropathy but induces significant fluid overload and congestive heart failure...
  71. ncbi Renal aquaporins: an overview
    S Nielsen
    Water and Salt Research Centre, University of Aarhus, Denmark
    BJU Int 90:1-6. 2002
  72. ncbi Calcium homeostasis and imbalance
    Masafumi Fukugawa
    Division of Nephrology and Dialysis Center, Kobe University School of Medicine, Kobe, Japan
    Nephron 92:41-5. 2002
    ..In chronic dialysis patients, either hypocalcemia or hypercalcemia may develop because of defects in these two defense systems against calcium imbalance...
  73. ncbi Electrolyte complications of malignancy
    Robert F Kacprowicz
    San Antonio Uniformed Services Health Education Consortium Residency in Emergency Medicine, San Antonio, TX, USA
    Emerg Med Clin North Am 27:257-69. 2009
    ..The treatment of life-threatening electrolyte abnormalities is reviewed here. Promising future treatments directed at the underlying physiology are also introduced...
  74. ncbi Differential stress responses of early salt-stress responding genes in common wheat
    Yasue Nemoto
    Kihara Institute for Biological Research and Graduate School of Integrated Science, Yokohama City University, Maioka 641 12, Totsuka ku, Yokohama 244 0813 Japan
    Phytochemistry 61:129-33. 2002
    ..WESR4 did not show significant response to either osmotic stress or exogenous ABA treatment. These results suggest that wheat has at least two salt stress signal transduction pathways, an ABA-dependent and ABA-independent pathway...
  75. ncbi [When to think of a renal tubule disease?]
    P Eckart
    Service de Pediatrie, CHRU Clemenceau, boulevard Clemenceau, 14033 Caen, France
    Arch Pediatr 9:167s-169s. 2002
  76. ncbi Icodextrin with small and short dwell enhances ultrafiltration in peritoneal dialysis patients with severe overhydration
    S Kuriyama
    Perit Dial Int 26:508-9. 2006
  77. ncbi Etiologies of delirium and their relationship to reversibility and motor subtype in cancer patients
    Ryuichi Sagawa
    Department of Psychiatry and Cognitive Behavioral Medicine, Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kawasumi, Mizuho, Mizuho ku, Nagoya, Japan
    Jpn J Clin Oncol 39:175-82. 2009
    ..This study investigated the causes of delirium and their association with reversibility and motor subtypes of delirium in cancer patients...
  78. ncbi Pseudo-Bartter syndrome in a pregnant mother and her fetus
    Mikael Mathot
    CHC St Vincent Neonatology Unit, Rocourt, Belgium
    Pediatr Nephrol 21:1037-40. 2006
    ..A few weeks after birth the baby's blood abnormalities had almost returned to normal. Chloride depletion is at the origin of both maternal and fetal hypokalemic alkalosis...
  79. ncbi The clinical value of the ECG in noncardiac conditions
    Carlos Van Mieghem
    Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Gasthuisberg, Leuven, Belgium
    Chest 125:1561-76. 2004
    ..Knowledge of the characteristic ECG changes may provide early clues to the presence of these disorders, the prompt recognition of which can be life saving...
  80. ncbi Volume control and left ventricular hypertrophy in patients with end-stage renal disease
    A L M de Francisco
    Int J Artif Organs 27:83-7. 2004
  81. ncbi [Dementia symptoms by electrolyte imbalance]
    Hiroyuki Arai
    Department of Geriatric and Respiratory Medicine, Tohoku University of Medicine
    Nihon Rinsho 62:404-8. 2004
  82. ncbi Renal aquaporin water channels: from molecules to human disease
    Robert W Schrier
    Department of Medicine, University of Colorado School of Medicine, 4200 East Ninth Avenue, Box B178, Denver, CO 80262, USA
    Prog Biophys Mol Biol 81:117-31. 2003
    ..This article reviews current knowledge regarding aquaporin function and dysfunction in water-losing and water-retaining states...
  83. ncbi [Fluid therapy--pathophysiological principles as well as intra- and perioperative monitoring]
    Dirk Grebe
    Klinik für Anästhesiologie und operative Intensivmedizin der Charité, Universitatsmedizin Berlin, Campus Charite Mitte
    Anasthesiol Intensivmed Notfallmed Schmerzther 41:392-8; quiz 399. 2006
  84. ncbi [Female infertility from the perspective of Chinese medicine]
    Chung Shuen Lin
    Department of Chinese Medicine, Buddhist Tzu Chi General Hospital, ROC
    Hu Li Za Zhi 55:22-7. 2008
    ..The relatively large range of therapies, while a hallmark of Chinese medicine, also points up instabilities in treatment outcomes. Thus, determining the most effective therapy is the most important point of clinical studies...
  85. ncbi [Management and diagnosis of water electrolyte imbalance manifested as dehydration and oliguria]
    Akira Hishida
    Nihon Naika Gakkai Zasshi 92:750-6. 2003
  86. ncbi [Home-based care for end-stage uremic patients unsuitable for dialysis]
    A Tejedor
    Servicio de Nefrologia, Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Maranon, Madrid
    Nefrologia 26:66-81. 2006
  87. ncbi The use of continuous hemodiafiltration in a patient with diabetic ketoacidosis
    Hitomi Kawata
    Emergency and Critical Care Medicine, Tokushima University Hospital, 3 18 15 Kuramoto, Tokushima 770 8503, Japan
    J Anesth 20:129-31. 2006
    ..CVVHDF was withdrawn on day 7, and the patient's renal function recovered completely. He was discharged from the intensive care unit (ICU) on day 14...
  88. ncbi Risks of oral sodium phosphate for pre-colonoscopy bowel preparation in children
    Eric Hassall
    Surg Endosc 21:1037-9; author reply 1040-1. 2007
  89. ncbi Mechanisms of disease: Mutations of G proteins and G-protein-coupled receptors in endocrine diseases
    Andrea G Lania
    Endocrine Unit, Department of Medical Sciences, University of Milan, Fondazione IRCCS Ospedale Maggiore, Policlinico, Mangiagalli, Regina Elena, Milan, Italy
    Nat Clin Pract Endocrinol Metab 2:681-93. 2006
    ....
  90. ncbi Acute brain syndrome as a consequence of the Cronkhite-Canada syndrome
    Antun Peitl
    Psychiatric Clinic of KBC Rijeka, Cambijerijeva 17 7, 51000 Rijeka, Croatia
    Psychiatr Danub 17:90-3. 2005
    ..That is the case because majority of the symptoms of this syndrome are associated with the polyposis of the gastrointestinal tract...
  91. ncbi Hyponatremia and SIADH in the elderly. Introducing the "water-offered test" for dehydration
    Fredrick T Sherman
    Geriatrics 62:8, 18. 2007
  92. ncbi Clinical and laboratory characteristics of hypernatraemia in an internal medicine clinic
    George Liamis
    Department of Internal Medicine, Medical School, University of Ioannina, Ioannina, Greece
    Nephrol Dial Transplant 23:136-43. 2008
    ..Also, we sought to identify differences between patients who were admitted with hypernatraemia and those who developed hypernatraemia during hospitalization...
  93. ncbi Cellular effects of guanylin and uroguanylin
    Aleksandra Sindic
    Universitatsklinikum Munster, Medizinische Klinik und Poliklinik D, Experimentelle Nephrologie, Domagkstrasse 3a, Munster 48149, Germany
    J Am Soc Nephrol 17:607-16. 2006
    ....
  94. ncbi Perioperative crystalloid and colloid fluid management in children: where are we and how did we get here?
    Ann G Bailey
    Department of Anesthesiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA
    Anesth Analg 110:375-90. 2010
    ..We discuss the origins of perioperative fluid management in children, review the current options for crystalloid fluid management, and present information on colloid use in pediatric patients...
  95. ncbi Cause of exercise associated muscle cramps (EAMC)--altered neuromuscular control, dehydration or electrolyte depletion?
    M P Schwellnus
    UCT MRC Research Unit for Exercise Science and Sports Medicine, Department of Human Biology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, South Africa
    Br J Sports Med 43:401-8. 2009
    ....
  96. ncbi Management of acute kidney injury in children: a guide for pediatricians
    Sharon P Andreoli
    Department of Pediatrics, James Whitcomb Riley Hospital for Children, Indiana University Medical Center, Indianapolis, Indiana, USA
    Paediatr Drugs 10:379-90. 2008
    ..Children who have experienced AKI from any cause are at risk for late development of renal failure long after the initial insult. Such children need life-long monitoring of their renal function, blood pressure, and urinalysis...
  97. ncbi [Commentary on the "Pathogenesis of decomposition in infancy" by Drs. Odön Kerpel-Frónius and Ferenc Varga, Orvosi Hetilap 1953, 94, 29-36]
    E Cserhati
    Orv Hetil 144:2089. 2003
  98. ncbi The formation of oedema. Part 2: Cellular response to tissue damage
    Sharon Edwards
    Department of Nursing and Midwifery, University of Hertfordshire
    Prof Nurse 19:155-8. 2003
    ....
  99. ncbi Continuous renal replacement therapy: does technique influence electrolyte and bicarbonate control?
    H Morimatsu
    Department of Intensive Care and Department of Medicine, Austin and Repatriation Medical Centre, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    Int J Artif Organs 26:289-96. 2003
    ..The aim of this study was to determine whether continuous veno-venous hemodiafiltration (CVVHDF) or continuous veno-venous hemofiltration (CVVH) achieve better control of serum sodium, potassium and bicarbonate concentrations...
  100. ncbi Intraoperative hyponatremia during craniofacial surgery
    K Rando
    National Craniofacial Surgery Unit and Department of Anesthesia, University Hospital, Montevideo, Uruguay
    Paediatr Anaesth 19:358-63. 2009
    ..Our aim is to describe the incidence and severity of intraoperative hyponatremia in children undergoing craniofacial surgery, and determine the associated risk factors...
  101. ncbi Clinical profile of acute confusion in the long-term care setting
    Pamela Z Cacchione
    St Louis University School of Nursing, USA
    Clin Nurs Res 12:145-58. 2003
    ..Residents with AC had very poor 3-month outcomes. Thirty-four percent (n = 10) of the residents with AC died within 3 months of the evaluation. This study highlights the complexity and serious nature of AC in this frail population...

Research Grants28

  1. Imprint Osmoregulation/Maternally-Dehydrated Offspring
    Mina Desai; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..We will determine the molecular and cellular mechanism(s) and peripheral renal AVP receptor changes. Finally, we will delineate the critical period during which imprinting of the AVP/osmoregulatory pathway occurs. ..
  2. PREDICTING AND IMPROVING OUTCOMES IN ACUTE RENAL FAILURE
    Ravindra Mehta; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..It is anticipated (by the applicants) that information gained from this study, being largely observational, will be used to rationally design intervention strategies in future years. ..
  3. Biological Markers of Recovery for the Kidney
    John A Kellum; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..For analyses requiring serial samples and urine samples, we propose to study a subset of trial patients enrolled at 5 sites who consent to additional sample collection (208 patients) ..
  4. GEORGETOWN UNIVERSITY-MEDSTAR CENTER FOR CLINICAL AND TRANSLATIONAL SCIENCE
    Joseph Verbalis; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The planning process will be led by a committee of faculty members who are leaders in translational research and clinical research training at the member institutions. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  5. Circumventricular Organs and Cardiovascular Regulation
    JOHN COLLISTER; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The results of these studies will greatly enhance our understanding of the central effects of Angll at two specific brain regions, and how these interactions play a role in the long-term control of arterial pressure. ..
  6. Osmoregulated Proteins in the Inner Medulla
    Tomas Berl; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..These experiments should define genes and proteins involved in osmoregulation and particularly unveil the role of the subunit as a vital component in the adaption to the hypertonic environment of the mammalian inner medulla. ..
  7. Nonablative AlloSCT in Refractory Autoimmune Disease
    Mitchell Cairo; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  8. Osmotherapy in Acute Ischemic Stroke
    Anish Bhardwaj; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  9. PHYSIOLOGICAL ADAPTATION TO SUSTAINED HYPO-OSMOLALITY
    Joseph Verbalis; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..These studies should lead to an elucidation of the cellular mechanisms underlying one of the most basic and intriguing unanswered question about clinically hyponatremic disorders. ..
  10. REGULATION OF RENAL FUNCTION AND BP BY THROMBOXANE
    CHRISTOPHER WILCOX; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  11. Systems Engineering of Pheresis Intervention for Sepsis
    John Kellum; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..We will also call on the expertise of two companies, one specializing in adsorbent polymer technology (MedaSorb Technologies, LLC) and the other in complex systems modeling (Immunetrics, Inc.). ..
  12. HYPONATREMIA-INDUCED OSTEOPOROSIS
    Joseph G Verbalis; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  13. Vascular Protective Role of Endothelin B Receptors
    RAOUF KHALIL; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  14. Characterization of TRPC6 mutations in inherited FSGS
    Johannes Schlondorff; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..These studies will further open new lines of investigation into how TRPC6 function is crucial for proper podocyte function. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  15. Advances in Renal Research: Human Diseases of Protein Processing
    David Ellison; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  16. First Int'l Symposium on Childhood and Adolescent NHL
    Mitchell Cairo; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  17. Effects of EECP on Arterial Function
    RANDY BRAITH; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Only through identification of specific mechanisms behind the efficacy of EECP, will this treatment oDtion receive acceptance by the clinical community in the treatment of svmptomatic CAD. ..
  18. Zinc Neurotoxicity in Traumatic Brain Injury
    Donald Prough; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Methodologies: identical to specific aim 1 plus monitoring for signs of neurologic zinc deficiency. ..
  19. MESNA METABOLISM AND DISPOSITION
    MARSHALL GOREN; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..These studies also will position us to test the effect of complex combinatorial therapies on cardiac and multi-organ toxicity. ..
  20. NaCI Balance and Targeted Insulin Receptor Knockout Mice
    Carolyn Ecelbarger; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Overall, we believe these models will provide fresh molecular insight into a physiological phenomenon that has been known for decades, insulin induced hypertension, with clear clinical ramifications. ..
  21. REGULATION OF CITRATE TRANSPORT
    Lee Hamm; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  22. ANGII NEURAL INTERACTIONS IN CARDIOVASCULAR CONTROL
    JOHN COLLISTER; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Upon completion, Dr. Collister will have fully developed into an independent investigator. ..
  23. BEHAVIORAL STRESS AND SODIUM REGULATION IN YOUTHS
    Gregory Harshfield; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..It will also define the hemodynamic response pattern associated with these changes. Finally, this study will examine these questions in a younger cohort than has been studied previously, providing new information on this population. ..
  24. BRAIN OXYTOCIN AND ETHANOL EFFECT ON INGESTIVE BEHAVIOR
    Joseph Verbalis; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  25. Racial Differences--Stress Induced Homeostatic Response
    Gregory Harshfield; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  26. Impaired Sodium Regulation and BP in Obese Youth
    Gregory Harshfield; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Finally, measures of target organ change will include left ventricular mass, diastolic function, and glomerular hyperfiltration as estimated from creatinine clearance. ..