paresis

Summary

Summary: A general term referring to a mild to moderate degree of muscular weakness, occasionally used as a synonym for PARALYSIS (severe or complete loss of motor function). In the older literature, paresis often referred specifically to paretic neurosyphilis (see NEUROSYPHILIS). "General paresis" and "general paralysis" may still carry that connotation. Bilateral lower extremity paresis is referred to as PARAPARESIS.

Top Publications

  1. pmc Effects of robot-assisted therapy on upper limb recovery after stroke: a systematic review
    Gert Kwakkel
    Department Rehabilitation Medicine and Research Institute MOVE, VU University Medical Center Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Neurorehabil Neural Repair 22:111-21. 2008
  2. ncbi Motor learning: its relevance to stroke recovery and neurorehabilitation
    John W Krakauer
    Stroke and Critical Care Division, Department of Neurology, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York NY, USA
    Curr Opin Neurol 19:84-90. 2006
  3. ncbi Movement smoothness changes during stroke recovery
    Brandon Rohrer
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, USA
    J Neurosci 22:8297-304. 2002
  4. ncbi A randomized controlled trial of gravity-supported, computer-enhanced arm exercise for individuals with severe hemiparesis
    Sarah J Housman
    Sensory Motor Performance Program, Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60660, USA
    Neurorehabil Neural Repair 23:505-14. 2009
  5. ncbi The Motor Activity Log-28: assessing daily use of the hemiparetic arm after stroke
    G Uswatte
    Department of Psychology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
    Neurology 67:1189-94. 2006
  6. ncbi Task-specific training with trunk restraint on arm recovery in stroke: randomized control trial
    Stella Maris Michaelsen
    Center for Interdisciplinary Research in Rehabilitation, Montreal, Canada
    Stroke 37:186-92. 2006
  7. ncbi Gait differences between individuals with post-stroke hemiparesis and non-disabled controls at matched speeds
    George Chen
    Rehabilitation R and D Center 153, VA Palo Alto Health Care System, 3801 Miranda Ave, Palo Alto, CA 94304 1200, USA
    Gait Posture 22:51-6. 2005
  8. ncbi Reliability of gait performance tests in men and women with hemiparesis after stroke
    Ulla Britt Flansbjer
    Department of Rehabilitation, Lund University Hospital, Lund, Sweden ulla britt
    J Rehabil Med 37:75-82. 2005
  9. ncbi Abnormal joint torque patterns in the paretic upper limb of subjects with hemiparesis
    J P DeWald
    Sensory Motor Performance Program, Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago, Room 1406, 345 East Superior Street, Chicago, Illinois 60611, USA
    Muscle Nerve 24:273-83. 2001
  10. ncbi How muscles recover from paresis and atrophy after intramuscular injection of botulinum toxin A: Study in juvenile rats
    Jian Shen
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Wake Forest University Medical Center, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27104, USA
    J Orthop Res 24:1128-35. 2006

Detail Information

Publications281 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Effects of robot-assisted therapy on upper limb recovery after stroke: a systematic review
    Gert Kwakkel
    Department Rehabilitation Medicine and Research Institute MOVE, VU University Medical Center Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Neurorehabil Neural Repair 22:111-21. 2008
    ..The aim of the study was to present a systematic review of studies that investigate the effects of robot-assisted therapy on motor and functional recovery in patients with stroke...
  2. ncbi Motor learning: its relevance to stroke recovery and neurorehabilitation
    John W Krakauer
    Stroke and Critical Care Division, Department of Neurology, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York NY, USA
    Curr Opin Neurol 19:84-90. 2006
    ..questions: (i) What is motor learning? (ii) Do patients with hemiparesis have a learning deficit? (iii) Is recovery after injury a form of motor learning? (iv) Are approaches based on motor learning principles useful for rehabilitation?..
  3. ncbi Movement smoothness changes during stroke recovery
    Brandon Rohrer
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, USA
    J Neurosci 22:8297-304. 2002
    ..This pattern was reproduced in a computer simulation of recovery based on submovement blending, suggesting that progressive blending of submovements underlies stroke recovery...
  4. ncbi A randomized controlled trial of gravity-supported, computer-enhanced arm exercise for individuals with severe hemiparesis
    Sarah J Housman
    Sensory Motor Performance Program, Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60660, USA
    Neurorehabil Neural Repair 23:505-14. 2009
    ..The purpose of this study was to compare semiautonomous training with T-WREX and conventional semiautonomous exercises that used a tabletop for gravity support...
  5. ncbi The Motor Activity Log-28: assessing daily use of the hemiparetic arm after stroke
    G Uswatte
    Department of Psychology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
    Neurology 67:1189-94. 2006
    ..Before the Motor Activity Log (MAL) was developed, no instruments assessed spontaneous use of a hemiparetic arm outside the treatment setting...
  6. ncbi Task-specific training with trunk restraint on arm recovery in stroke: randomized control trial
    Stella Maris Michaelsen
    Center for Interdisciplinary Research in Rehabilitation, Montreal, Canada
    Stroke 37:186-92. 2006
    ..The goal was to determine whether task-specific training with trunk-restraint (TR) produces greater improvements in arm impairment and function than training without TR in patients with chronic hemiparesis...
  7. ncbi Gait differences between individuals with post-stroke hemiparesis and non-disabled controls at matched speeds
    George Chen
    Rehabilitation R and D Center 153, VA Palo Alto Health Care System, 3801 Miranda Ave, Palo Alto, CA 94304 1200, USA
    Gait Posture 22:51-6. 2005
    ..The differences provide insights, concerning hemiparetic impairment and related compensatory strategies, that are in addition to the observation of slow walking speed...
  8. ncbi Reliability of gait performance tests in men and women with hemiparesis after stroke
    Ulla Britt Flansbjer
    Department of Rehabilitation, Lund University Hospital, Lund, Sweden ulla britt
    J Rehabil Med 37:75-82. 2005
    ..To assess the reliability of 6 gait performance tests in individuals with chronic mild to moderate post-stroke hemiparesis...
  9. ncbi Abnormal joint torque patterns in the paretic upper limb of subjects with hemiparesis
    J P DeWald
    Sensory Motor Performance Program, Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago, Room 1406, 345 East Superior Street, Chicago, Illinois 60611, USA
    Muscle Nerve 24:273-83. 2001
    ..Potential neural and biomechanical mechanisms underlying these abnormal torque patterns are discussed along with implications for the functional use of the paretic limb...
  10. ncbi How muscles recover from paresis and atrophy after intramuscular injection of botulinum toxin A: Study in juvenile rats
    Jian Shen
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Wake Forest University Medical Center, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27104, USA
    J Orthop Res 24:1128-35. 2006
    ..Intramuscular injection of BoNT-A causes muscle denervation, paresis, and atrophy...
  11. ncbi Probability of regaining dexterity in the flaccid upper limb: impact of severity of paresis and time since onset in acute stroke
    Gert Kwakkel
    Rehabilitation Centre De Hoogstraat, University Medical Centre, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Stroke 34:2181-6. 2003
    ....
  12. ncbi Reliability and validity of arm function assessment with standardized guidelines for the Fugl-Meyer Test, Action Research Arm Test and Box and Block Test: a multicentre study
    Thomas Platz
    Klinik Berlin, Kladower Damm 223, 14089 Berlin, Germany
    Clin Rehabil 19:404-11. 2005
    ..for the Fugl-Meyer upper limb section, Action Research Arm Test and Box and Block Test in patients with paresis secondary to stroke, multiple sclerosis or traumatic brain injury and (2) correlation between these arm motor ..
  13. ncbi Enhanced gait-related improvements after therapist- versus robotic-assisted locomotor training in subjects with chronic stroke: a randomized controlled study
    T George Hornby
    Department of Physical Therapy, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1919 W Taylor St, M C 898, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
    Stroke 39:1786-92. 2008
    ..Robotic devices that provide consistent symmetrical assistance have been developed to facilitate LT, although their effectiveness in improving locomotor ability has not been well established...
  14. ncbi Lower limb coordination in hemiparetic subjects: impact of botulinum toxin injections into rectus femoris
    Emilie Hutin
    Biomécanique and Système Nerveux, LBM, ParisTech, Creteil, France
    Neurorehabil Neural Repair 24:442-9. 2010
    ..The impact of this treatment on lower limb coordination is unknown. The authors evaluated whether BTX injection into RF is associated with modifications of intersegmental coordination in hemiparesis...
  15. ncbi Paretic upper-limb strength best explains arm activity in people with stroke
    Jocelyn E Harris
    School of Rehabilitation Sciences, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    Phys Ther 87:88-97. 2007
    ....
  16. ncbi Knee muscle strength, gait performance, and perceived participation after stroke
    Ulla Britt Flansbjer
    Department of Rehabilitation, Lund University Hospital, Lund, Sweden
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 87:974-80. 2006
    ..To assess the relation between knee muscle strength, gait performance, and perceived participation in subjects with chronic mild to moderate poststroke hemiparesis...
  17. ncbi A randomized controlled trial of functional neuromuscular stimulation in chronic stroke subjects
    Janis J Daly
    Department of Neurology, Case Western Reserve University, School of Medicine, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
    Stroke 37:172-8. 2006
    ....
  18. ncbi Gait in individuals with chronic hemiparesis: one-year follow-up of the effects of a neuroprosthesis that ameliorates foot drop
    Yocheved Laufer
    Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Social Welfare and Health Sciences, University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel
    J Neurol Phys Ther 33:104-10. 2009
    ..The objective of this study was to determine the short-term and long-term effects on functional gait of a neuroprosthesis that provides functional electrical stimulation (FES) to correct footdrop...
  19. ncbi Validity of accelerometry for monitoring real-world arm activity in patients with subacute stroke: evidence from the extremity constraint-induced therapy evaluation trial
    Gitendra Uswatte
    Department of Psychology, University of Alabama, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 87:1340-5. 2006
    ..To examine the psychometric properties of an objective method for assessing real-world arm activity in a large sample with subacute stroke...
  20. ncbi Best conventional therapy versus modular impairment-oriented training for arm paresis after stroke: a single-blind, multicenter randomized controlled trial
    Thomas Platz
    BDH Klinik Greifswald, Department Neurowissenschaften des Universitätsklinikums, Ernst Moritz Arndt Universitat, Greifswald, Germany
    Neurorehabil Neural Repair 23:706-16. 2009
    ....
  21. pmc Subject-specific myoelectric pattern classification of functional hand movements for stroke survivors
    Sang Wook Lee
    Sensory Motor Performance Program, Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago, IL 60616, USA
    IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 19:558-66. 2011
    ....
  22. pmc Lesions to primary sensory and posterior parietal cortices impair recovery from hand paresis after stroke
    Eugenio Abela
    Department of Neurology, Kantonsspital St Gallen, St Gallen, Switzerland
    PLoS ONE 7:e31275. 2012
    ..Here, we test the hypothesis that lesions of somatosensory cortices interfere with the capacity to recover motor skills after stroke...
  23. ncbi Activation impairment alters muscle torque-velocity in the knee extensors of persons with post-stroke hemiparesis
    David J Clark
    Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Boston University, Boston, MA, USA
    Clin Neurophysiol 117:2328-37. 2006
    ..To elucidate mechanisms of impaired force production in post-stroke hemiparesis...
  24. ncbi Coactivation during gait as an adaptive behavior after stroke
    A Lamontagne
    Rehabilitation and Social Integration Interdisciplinary Research Center, Rehabilitation Institute of Quebec, Quebec City, Quebec, Canada
    J Electromyogr Kinesiol 10:407-15. 2000
    ....
  25. ncbi Vestibular perceptual thresholds to angular rotation in acute unilateral vestibular paresis and with galvanic stimulation
    Nicholas J Cutfield
    Neuro Otology Unit, Imperial College London, Charing Cross Hospital, London, United Kingdom
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1233:256-62. 2011
    ....
  26. ncbi Neural substrates for motor imagery in severe hemiparesis
    Teresa J Kimberley
    Program in Physical Therapy, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    Neurorehabil Neural Repair 20:268-77. 2006
    ..The beneficial effects of imagined movements on motor learning and performance suggest that motor imagery is functionally close to preparatory and executive motor processes...
  27. pmc A multi-center study on low-frequency rTMS combined with intensive occupational therapy for upper limb hemiparesis in post-stroke patients
    Wataru Kakuda
    Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, The Jikei University School of Medicine, Nishi Shimbashi, Minato ku, Tokyo, Japan
    J Neuroeng Rehabil 9:4. 2012
    ..The aims of this pilot study were to confirm the safety and feasibility of the protocol in a large number of patients from different institutions, and identify predictors of the clinical response to the treatment...
  28. ncbi Feasibility of iterative learning control mediated by functional electrical stimulation for reaching after stroke
    A M Hughes
    School of Health Sciences, University of Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom
    Neurorehabil Neural Repair 23:559-68. 2009
    ....
  29. ncbi Ipsilateral activation of the unaffected motor cortex in patients with hemiparetic stroke
    M D Caramia
    Clinica Neurologica, Dipartimento di Neuroscienze, Universita di Tor Vergata, Roma, Italy
    Clin Neurophysiol 111:1990-6. 2000
    ..In the present study the capacity for ipsilateral activation is documented during recovery by using transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and transcranial Doppler (TCD)...
  30. ncbi Two coupled motor recovery protocols are better than one: electromyogram-triggered neuromuscular stimulation and bilateral movements
    James H Cauraugh
    Motor Behavior Laboratory, University of Florida, Gainesville 32611, USA
    Stroke 33:1589-94. 2002
    ..With the use of established motor control theories, the present study investigated electromyogram (EMG)-triggered neuromuscular stimulation and bilateral coordination training...
  31. ncbi Side of lesion influences bilateral activation in chronic, post-stroke hemiparesis
    Gwyn N Lewis
    Sensory Motor Performance Program, Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
    Clin Neurophysiol 118:2050-62. 2007
    ..To determine how stroke lesion side and ipsilateral motor pathways influence motor performance in bimanual tasks...
  32. ncbi Repetitive bilateral arm training with rhythmic auditory cueing improves motor function in chronic hemiparetic stroke
    J Whitall
    Departments of Physical Therapy, School of Medicine, University of Maryland at Baltimore, USA
    Stroke 31:2390-5. 2000
    ..We investigated the hypothesis that bilateral arm training with rhythmic auditory cueing (BATRAC) will improve motor function in the hemiparetic arm of stroke patients...
  33. ncbi Deficits in the coordination of multijoint arm movements in patients with hemiparesis: evidence for disturbed control of limb dynamics
    R F Beer
    Sensory Motor Performance Program, Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago, IL 60611, USA
    Exp Brain Res 131:305-19. 2000
    ..This impaired control is hypothesized to reflect a degradation of the internal representation of limb dynamics that occurs either as a primary consequence of brain injury or secondary to disuse...
  34. ncbi Effects of trunk restraint combined with intensive task practice on poststroke upper extremity reach and function: a pilot study
    Michelle L Woodbury
    Brain Rehabilitation Research Center, Malcom Randall Veterans Administration Medical Center, Department of Occupational Therapy, College of Public Health and Health Professions, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32610, USA
    Neurorehabil Neural Repair 23:78-91. 2009
    ..Little attention is typically given to arm-trunk kinematics during task practice. Preventing compensatory trunk motion during short-term practice immediately improves kinematics, but effects of longer-term practice are unknown...
  35. ncbi Clinimetric properties of the motor activity log for the assessment of arm use in hemiparetic patients
    J H van der Lee
    Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Stroke 35:1410-4. 2004
    ....
  36. ncbi Step training with body weight support: effect of treadmill speed and practice paradigms on poststroke locomotor recovery
    Katherine J Sullivan
    Department of Neurology, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 83:683-91. 2002
    ..To investigate the effect of practice paradigms that varied treadmill speed during step training with body weight support in subjects with chronic hemiparesis after stroke...
  37. ncbi Systematic review of the effect of robot-aided therapy on recovery of the hemiparetic arm after stroke
    Gerdienke B Prange
    Roessingh Research and Development, PO Box 310, 7500 AH Enschede, The Netherlands
    J Rehabil Res Dev 43:171-84. 2006
    ..In addition, robot-aided therapy appears to improve motor control more than conventional therapy...
  38. ncbi ''Playstation eyetoy games'' improve upper extremity-related motor functioning in subacute stroke: a randomized controlled clinical trial
    G Yavuzer
    Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Ankara University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey
    Eur J Phys Rehabil Med 44:237-44. 2008
    ..To evaluate the effects of ''Playstation EyeToy Games'' on upper extremity motor recovery and upper extremity-related motor functioning of patients with subacute stroke...
  39. ncbi Training-induced changes in the pattern of triceps to biceps activation during reaching tasks after chronic and severe stroke
    Ruth Nancy Barker
    Discipline of Physiotherapy, James Cook University, Townsville, Australia
    Exp Brain Res 196:483-96. 2009
    ..changes in the pattern of triceps and biceps activation during reaching tasks in stroke survivors with severe paresis in the chronic stage of recovery...
  40. ncbi Treadmill training with partial body weight support and an electromechanical gait trainer for restoration of gait in subacute stroke patients: a randomized crossover study
    C Werner
    Klinik Berlin, Department of Neurological Rehabilitation, Free University Berlin, Greifswald, Germany
    Stroke 33:2895-901. 2002
    ..The gait trainer was designed to provide nonambulatory subjects the repetitive practice of a gait-like movement without overexerting therapists...
  41. ncbi Mental practice in chronic stroke: results of a randomized, placebo-controlled trial
    Stephen J Page
    Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH 45267 0530
    Stroke 38:1293-7. 2007
    ..Outcomes were evaluated by a blinded rater using the Action Research Arm test and the upper extremity section of the Fugl-Meyer Assessment...
  42. ncbi The intra- and interrater reliability of the action research arm test: a practical test of upper extremity function in patients with stroke
    J H van der Lee
    Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, University Hospital Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 82:14-9. 2001
    ..To determine the intra- and interrater reliability of the Action Research Arm (ARA) test, to assess its ability to detect a minimal clinically important difference (MCID) of 5.7 points, and to identify less reliable test items...
  43. pmc Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation as an adjunct to constraint-induced therapy: an exploratory randomized controlled trial
    Matthew P Malcolm
    Department of Occupational Therapy and NeuroRehabilitation Research Laboratory, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA
    Am J Phys Med Rehabil 86:707-15. 2007
    ..To test the potential adjuvant effect of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) on motor learning in a group of stroke survivors undergoing constraint-induced therapy (CIT) for upper-limb hemiparesis...
  44. ncbi Pathophysiology of spastic paresis. II: Emergence of muscle overactivity
    Jean Michel Gracies
    Department of Neurology, Mount Sinai Medical Center, One Gustave L Levy Place, Annenberg 2 Box 1052, New York, New York 10029 6574, USA
    Muscle Nerve 31:552-71. 2005
    In the subacute and chronic stages of spastic paresis, stretch-sensitive (spastic) muscle overactivity emerges as a third fundamental mechanism of motor impairment, along with paresis and soft tissue contracture...
  45. ncbi Robotic-assisted rehabilitation of the upper limb after acute stroke
    Stefano Masiero
    Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Padova, School of Medicine, Padova, Italy
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 88:142-9. 2007
    ..To investigate whether early therapy with a novel robotic device can reduce motor impairment and enhance functional recovery of poststroke patients with hemiparetic and hemiplegic upper limb...
  46. pmc Transfer of training between distinct motor tasks after stroke: implications for task-specific approaches to upper-extremity neurorehabilitation
    Sydney Y Schaefer
    Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63108, USA
    Neurorehabil Neural Repair 27:602-12. 2013
    ....
  47. ncbi Improving elbow torque output of stroke patients with assistive torque controlled by EMG signals
    Hang Shing Cheng
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan 701
    J Biomech Eng 125:881-6. 2003
    ..The results confirm the ability of the system to assist all of the subjects in performing a number of reaching and tracking tasks with reduced effort and with no sacrifice in elbow movement performance...
  48. ncbi Disinhibition of the premotor cortex contributes to a maladaptive change in the affected hand after stroke
    Naoyuki Takeuchi
    Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Hospital of Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan
    Stroke 38:1551-6. 2007
    ..Using these data, we investigated whether a change in the inhibitory system might influence motor recovery...
  49. ncbi Ankle paresis in incomplete spinal cord injury: relation to corticospinal conductivity and ambulatory capacity
    Brigitte Wirth
    Spinal Cord Injury Center, Balgrist University Hospital, Forchstrasse 340, Ch 8008 Zurich, Switzerland
    J Clin Neurophysiol 25:210-7. 2008
    ..Clinical studies on recovery and repair of corticospinal tract function in spinal lesions could substantially benefit from implementing dynamic measures in the clinical assessment protocol...
  50. ncbi Meaningful task-specific training (MTST) for stroke rehabilitation: a randomized controlled trial
    Kamal Narayan Arya
    Department of Neurology, CSM Medical University, Lucknow, India
    Top Stroke Rehabil 19:193-211. 2012
    ..The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the meaningful task-specific training (MTST) on the upper extremity motor recovery during the subacute phase after a stroke...
  51. pmc Preswing knee flexion assistance is coupled with hip abduction in people with stiff-knee gait after stroke
    James S Sulzer
    Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago, Chicago, Ill, USA
    Stroke 41:1709-14. 2010
    ..As such, we examined if knee flexion assistance before foot-off would reduce exaggerated frontal plane movements in people with stiff-knee gait after stroke...
  52. pmc Applying a brain-computer interface to support motor imagery practice in people with stroke for upper limb recovery: a feasibility study
    Girijesh Prasad
    Intelligent Systems Research Centre ISRC, University of Ulster, Magee Campus, Derry, N, Ireland, UK
    J Neuroeng Rehabil 7:60. 2010
    ..This paper reports a pilot study in which a BCI system is used to provide a computer game-based neurofeedback to stroke participants during the MI part of a protocol...
  53. ncbi Anterior-posterior ground reaction forces as a measure of paretic leg contribution in hemiparetic walking
    Mark G Bowden
    Brain Rehabilitation Research Center, Malcom Randall VA Medical Center, Gainesville, FL 32608, USA
    Stroke 37:872-6. 2006
    ....
  54. ncbi Reliability of dynamic muscle performance in the hemiparetic upper limb
    Maria Kim
    Rehabilitation Research and Development Center, VA Palo Alto Health Care System, Palo Alto, CA, USA
    J Neurol Phys Ther 29:9-17. 2005
    ..Given that many of these individuals demonstrate inability to generate torque at preselected speeds, power may be a more valid indicator of muscle performance...
  55. pmc Functional electrical stimulation of ankle plantarflexor and dorsiflexor muscles: effects on poststroke gait
    Trisha M Kesar
    Department of Physical Therapy, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19702, USA
    Stroke 40:3821-7. 2009
    ..Ankle plantarflexor muscles play an important role during gait. The aim of the current study was to test the immediate effects of delivering FES to both ankle plantarflexors and dorsiflexors on poststroke gait...
  56. ncbi Training of reaching in stroke survivors with severe and chronic upper limb paresis using a novel nonrobotic device: a randomized clinical trial
    Ruth N Barker
    Division of Physiotherapy, School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Queensland, Queensland 4072, Australia
    Stroke 39:1800-7. 2008
    Severe upper limb paresis is a major contributor to disability after stroke...
  57. ncbi Supinator Extender (SUE): a pneumatically actuated robot for forearm/wrist rehabilitation after stroke
    James Allington
    University of California Irvine, CA 92697, USA
    Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc 2011:1579-82. 2011
    ..Data are presented that demonstrate the ability of SUE to measure and cancel forearm/wrist passive tone, thereby extending the active range of motion for people with stroke...
  58. ncbi Reliability of elbow stretch reflex assessment in chronic post-stroke hemiparesis
    Elizabeth G Condliffe
    Neural Control of Movement Laboratory, Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Boston University, Boston, MA, USA
    Clin Neurophysiol 116:1870-8. 2005
    ..To establish reliability of quantitative measures of elbow joint spastic hypertonia in post-stroke hemiparesis...
  59. ncbi Robotic techniques for upper limb evaluation and rehabilitation of stroke patients
    Roberto Colombo
    Service of Bioengineering, Salvatore Maugeri Foundation, IRCCS, 28010 Veruno, Italy
    IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 13:311-24. 2005
    ..The new robot measured parameters may provide useful information about the course of treatment and its effectiveness at discharge...
  60. ncbi High-density myoelectric pattern recognition toward improved stroke rehabilitation
    Xu Zhang
    Sensory Motor Performance Program, Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago RIC, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
    IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 59:1649-57. 2012
    ..1% ± 4.3%) were achieved, indicating that substantial motor control information can be extracted from paretic muscles of stroke survivors. Such information may potentially facilitate improved stroke rehabilitation...
  61. ncbi Muscle contributions to support during gait in an individual with post-stroke hemiparesis
    J S Higginson
    VA Palo Alto Rehab R and D Ctr, Palo Alto, CA, USA
    J Biomech 39:1769-77. 2006
    ..During gait for an individual with post-stroke hemiparesis, adequate body weight support is provided via reorganized muscle coordination patterns of the paretic and non-paretic lower limbs relative to healthy slow gait...
  62. pmc Effects of intensive arm training with the rehabilitation robot ARMin II in chronic stroke patients: four single-cases
    Patricia Staubli
    Sensory Motor Systems Lab, Institute of Robotics and Intelligent Systems, ETH Zurich, Switzerland
    J Neuroeng Rehabil 6:46. 2009
    ..The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of intensive arm training on motor performance in four chronic stroke patients using the robot ARMin II...
  63. pmc Pre-swing deficits in forward propulsion, swing initiation and power generation by individual muscles during hemiparetic walking
    Carrie L Peterson
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, The University of Texas at Austin, TX, USA
    J Biomech 43:2348-55. 2010
    ..Rehabilitation strategies aimed at diminishing these deficits have much potential to improve walking function in these hemiparetic subjects and those with similar deficits...
  64. ncbi Localized reversible reduction of apparent diffusion coefficient in transient hypoglycemia-induced hemiparesis
    J Bottcher
    Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Erlanger Allee 101, 07747 Jena, Germany
    Stroke 36:e20-2. 2005
    ..The pathophysiology of hypoglycemia shares a common mechanism with cerebral ischemia, but so far, little is known regarding MRI of humans with hypoglycemia...
  65. ncbi Effects of a foot drop neuroprosthesis on functional abilities, social participation, and gait velocity
    Yocheved Laufer
    Department of Physical Therapy, The Faculty of Social Welfare and Health Sciences, The University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel
    Am J Phys Med Rehabil 88:14-20. 2009
    ..Outcome measures included the Short Version of the Stroke Impact Scale, the Participation domain of the Stroke Impact Scale, and the gait velocity...
  66. ncbi Serial diffusion and perfusion-weighted MR in transient hypoglycemia
    C Cordonnier
    Department of Neurology, Centre Hospitalier Sainte Anne, Universite Paris V, France
    Neurology 65:175. 2005
  67. ncbi Hybrid power-assisted functional electrical stimulation to improve hemiparetic upper-extremity function
    Yukihiro Hara
    Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Nippon Medical School, Chiba Hokusoh Hospital, Japan
    Am J Phys Med Rehabil 85:977-85. 2006
    ..The effect on spastic hemiparesis of a hybrid therapy consisting of functional electrical stimulation and block therapy was examined...
  68. ncbi Reorganization of motor execution rather than preparation in poststroke hemiparesis
    Holger Wiese
    Department of Neurology, University of Duisburg Essen, Hufelandstr 55, 45122 Essen, Germany
    Stroke 36:1474-9. 2005
    ..The aim of the present study was to examine movement-related potentials (MRPs) in patients in the "chronic" stage after cortical stroke with recovered hemiparesis compared with healthy control subjects...
  69. ncbi A sham stimulation-controlled trial of rTMS of the unaffected hemisphere in stroke patients
    C G Mansur
    Harvard Center for Non Invasive Brain Stimulation, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Neurology 64:1802-4. 2005
    ..Patients showed a significant decrease in simple and choice reaction time and improved performance of the Purdue Pegboard test with their affected hand after rTMS of the motor cortex in the intact hemisphere as compared with sham rTMS...
  70. ncbi Transcallosal inhibition in chronic subcortical stroke
    Julie Duque
    Human Cortical Physiology Section, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20817, USA
    Neuroimage 28:940-6. 2005
    ..In conclusion, these results document a deeper premovement IHI with paretic than non-paretic hand movements of patients with chronic subcortical stroke, a possible mechanism underlying deficits in motor control...
  71. ncbi Effects of training with a robot-virtual reality system compared with a robot alone on the gait of individuals after stroke
    Anat Mirelman
    Gait and Neurodynamics Lab, Tel Aviv Medical Center, 6 Weizmann St, Tel Aviv, Israel
    Stroke 40:169-74. 2009
    ..The purpose of this study was to determine whether the transfer of training of LE movements to locomotion was greater using a virtual environment coupled with a robot or with the robot alone...
  72. ncbi Motor improvement and corticospinal modulation induced by hybrid assistive neuromuscular dynamic stimulation (HANDS) therapy in patients with chronic stroke
    Toshiyuki Fujiwara
    Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo
    Neurorehabil Neural Repair 23:125-32. 2009
    ....
  73. ncbi Recovery of motor functions following hemiparetic stroke: a clinical and magnetic resonance-morphometric study
    F Binkofski
    Department of Neurology, Heinrich Heine University of Dusseldorf, Germany
    Cerebrovasc Dis 11:273-81. 2001
    ..Since lesion size was not correlated with outcome the amount of spared residual function appeared as major determinant for the capacity for motor recovery...
  74. ncbi Botulinum toxin dilution and endplate targeting in spasticity: a double-blind controlled study
    Jean Michel Gracies
    Department of Neurology, Mount Sinai Medical Center, New York, NY, USA
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 90:9-16.e2. 2009
    ..To determine the effects of botulinum neurotoxin type A (BTX-A) dilution and endplate-targeting in spastic elbow flexors...
  75. ncbi Progressive resistance training after stroke: effects on muscle strength, muscle tone, gait performance and perceived participation
    Ulla Britt Flansbjer
    Department of Rehabilitation, Lund University Hospital, Lund, Sweden
    J Rehabil Med 40:42-8. 2008
    ..To evaluate the effects of progressive resistance training on muscle strength, muscle tone, gait performance and perceived participation after stroke...
  76. pmc Rapid and long-term adaptations in gait symmetry following unilateral step training in people with hemiparesis
    Jennifer H Kahn
    Sensory Motor Performance Program, Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA
    Phys Ther 89:474-83. 2009
    ..The aim of this study was to investigate the rapid and prolonged effects of unilateral step training (UST) on step length asymmetry (SLA) in people with hemiparesis...
  77. pmc Side of lesion influences interhemispheric inhibition in subjects with post-stroke hemiparesis
    Gwyn N Lewis
    Sensory Motor Performance Program, Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago, IL, USA
    Clin Neurophysiol 118:2656-63. 2007
    ..To examine changes in interhemispheric inhibition (IHI) during homologous muscle activation in healthy subjects and in people with hemiparesis...
  78. ncbi The management of peripheral facial nerve palsy: "paresis" versus "paralysis" and sources of ambiguity in study designs
    Thomas E Linder
    Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Kantonsspital Luzern, Switzerland
    Otol Neurotol 31:319-27. 2010
    ..in a disease with an overall positive outcome, surprisingly few studies differentiate between patients with paresis and paralysis...
  79. ncbi Cognitive impairment in mild general paresis of the insane: AD-like pattern
    Jianhong Wang
    Department of Neurology, Huashan Hospital, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, Shanghai, China
    Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord 31:284-90. 2011
    We investigated the clinical and cognitive features of patients with mild general paresis of the insane (GPI) in comparison to Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients, mild frontotemporal dementia (FTD) patients and normal elderly individuals.
  80. ncbi Decreasing the local anesthetic volume from 20 to 10 mL for ultrasound-guided interscalene block at the cricoid level does not reduce the incidence of hemidiaphragmatic paresis
    Sanjay K Sinha
    Department of Anesthesiology, St Francis Hospital and Medical Center, Hartford, CT, USA
    Reg Anesth Pain Med 36:17-20. 2011
    ..5% for ultrasound-guided interscalene block might decrease the incidence of diaphragmatic paresis and preserve pulmonary function.
  81. ncbi Ultrasound-guided low-dose interscalene brachial plexus block reduces the incidence of hemidiaphragmatic paresis
    Steven H Renes
    Department of Anesthesiology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Ikazia Hospital Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Reg Anesth Pain Med 34:498-502. 2009
    Interscalene brachial plexus block is associated with 100% incidence of hemidiaphragmatic paresis as a result of phrenic nerve block...
  82. ncbi Hormonal status and ICU-acquired paresis in critically ill patients
    Tarek Sharshar
    Department of Intensive Care Medicine, AP HP, Raymond Poincare Hospital, University Versailles Saint Quentin en Yvelines, 104 boulevard Raymond Poincaré, 92380, Garches, France
    Intensive Care Med 36:1318-26. 2010
    The pathogenesis of intensive care unit-acquired paresis (ICUAP), a frequent and severe complication of critical illness, is poorly understood...
  83. ncbi Disruption of bilateral temporal coordination during arm swinging in patients with hemiparesis
    K I Ustinova
    School of Rehabilitation, University of Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Exp Brain Res 169:194-207. 2006
    ....
  84. ncbi A pilot study of activity-based therapy in the arm motor recovery post stroke: a randomized controlled trial
    Mh Rabadi
    Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Oklahoma City, OK 73104, USA
    Clin Rehabil 22:1071-82. 2008
    ....
  85. pmc Origins of abnormal excitability in biceps brachii motoneurons of spastic-paretic stroke survivors
    Carol J Mottram
    Sensory Motor Performance Program, Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60611, USA
    J Neurophysiol 102:2026-38. 2009
    ....
  86. ncbi Pathophysiology of spastic paresis. I: Paresis and soft tissue changes
    Jean Michel Gracies
    Department of Neurology, Mount Sinai Medical Center, One Gustave L Levy Place, Annenberg 2 Box 1052, New York, New York 10029 6574, USA
    Muscle Nerve 31:535-51. 2005
    Spastic paresis follows chronic disruption of the central execution of volitional command...
  87. pmc Effects of action observation on physical training after stroke
    Pablo Celnik
    Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Johns Hopkins University, 600 N Wolfe St, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
    Stroke 39:1814-20. 2008
    ..It is not known whether this facilitatory process, of potential value for neurorehabilitation, occurs after stroke...
  88. ncbi Effects of a new radio frequency-controlled neuroprosthesis on gait symmetry and rhythmicity in patients with chronic hemiparesis
    Jeffrey M Hausdorff
    Department of Physical Therapy, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel
    Am J Phys Med Rehabil 87:4-13. 2008
    ..To assess the effects of a new neuroprosthesis (NESS L300) designed to ameliorate foot drop on gait symmetry and rhythmicity during walking...
  89. pmc Design of a complex virtual reality simulation to train finger motion for persons with hemiparesis: a proof of concept study
    Sergei V Adamovich
    University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Department of Rehabilitation and Movement Science, Newark, NJ, USA
    J Neuroeng Rehabil 6:28. 2009
    ..These approaches include, intensive task-oriented training, bimanual activities and balancing proximal and distal upper extremity interventions to reduce competition between these segments for neural territory...
  90. ncbi Robot-mediated upper limb physiotherapy for patients with spastic hemiparesis: a preliminary study
    Gabor Fazekas
    National Institute for Medical Rehabilitation, Budapest, Hungary
    J Rehabil Med 39:580-2. 2007
    ..To investigate the clinical usefulness of the REHAROB Therapeutic System, which provides passive robot-mediated physiotherapy for patients with spastic hemiparesis...
  91. ncbi Longer versus shorter daily constraint-induced movement therapy of chronic hemiparesis: an exploratory study
    Annette Sterr
    Department of Psychology, University of Liverpool
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 83:1374-7. 2002
    ..To evaluate and compare the effects of 3-hour versus 6-hour daily training sessions in constraint-induced movement therapy (CIMT)...
  92. ncbi Spasticity after stroke: its occurrence and association with motor impairments and activity limitations
    Disa K Sommerfeld
    Department of Geriatric Medicine, Danderyd Hospital, Danderyd, Sweden
    Stroke 35:134-9. 2004
    ..The aim of the present study was to describe the extent to which spasticity occurs and is associated with disabilities (motor impairments and activity limitations)...
  93. ncbi Time course of trunk, arm, leg, and functional recovery after ischemic stroke
    Geert Verheyden
    Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Leuven, Belgium
    Neurorehabil Neural Repair 22:173-9. 2008
    ..Patterns of recovery provide useful information concerning the potential of physical recovery over time and therefore the setting of realistic goals for rehabilitation programs...
  94. ncbi Reversible diffusion-weighted imaging changes in the splenium of the corpus callosum and internal capsule associated with hypoglycemia - case report -
    Yuzo Terakawa
    Department of Neurosurgery, Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka, Japan
    Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo) 47:486-8. 2007
    ....
  95. pmc Changes in resting state effective connectivity in the motor network following rehabilitation of upper extremity poststroke paresis
    G Andrew James
    Wallace H Coulter Department of Biomedical Engineering, Emory University and the Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, USA
    Top Stroke Rehabil 16:270-81. 2009
    ..Spontaneous activity (i.e., resting state) refers to activity that cannot be attributed to specific inputs or outputs, that is, activity intrinsically generated by the brain...
  96. pmc Transient hypoglycemic hemiparesis
    Flloyd Carter
    Department of Medicine, Princess Margaret Hospital, Nassau, Bahamas
    J Natl Med Assoc 94:999-1001. 2002
    ..It is the intention of the authors to increase awareness of this disorder which, if misdiagnosed, could result in permanent neurological damage. Current theories on the etiology of this disorder are discussed...
  97. ncbi Functional restoration of elbow extension after spinal-cord injury using a neural network-based synergistic FES controller
    Joseph P Giuffrida
    Department of Rehabilitation Engineering, Cleveland Medical Devices Inc, Cleveland, OH 44103, USA
    IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 13:147-52. 2005
    ....
  98. ncbi Solitary fibrous pleural tumor associated with loss of consciousness due to hypoglycemia
    Branislava A Milenkovic
    Institute for Pulmonary Diseases and TB, Clinical Centre of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia
    Med Oncol 26:131-5. 2009
    ..The blood glucose level was low but I am not sure if one can conclude that hypoglycemia caused the above noted neurological signs and symptoms. The authors do not present any data to prove that this patient had "hypoglycemic coma"...
  99. ncbi Exploring a repetitive training regime for upper limb hemiparesis in an in-patient setting: a report on three case studies
    A Sterr
    Department of Psychology, University of Liverpool, UK
    Brain Inj 16:1093-107. 2002
    ..To explore the efficacy of a task-oriented repetitive training protocol (RTx) in chronic hemiparetic patients in an in-patient rehabilitation unit...
  100. ncbi Motor-improvement following intensive training in low-functioning chronic hemiparesis
    Annette Sterr
    Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Liverpool, UK
    Neurology 61:842-4. 2003
    ..The outcome measures indicated a significant increase in performance after the intervention compared with the performance during the 3-week baseline interval...
  101. ncbi Posture control in Pusher syndrome: influence of lateral semicircular canals
    Taiza Elaine Grespan dos Santos Pontelli
    Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 71:448-52. 2005
    ..The role of vestibular system on the pushing behavior is not clear...

Research Grants62

  1. Respiratory motor control and blood pressure regulation after spinal cord injury
    ALEXANDER VLADIMIROVICH OVECHKIN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Another common impediment to rehabilitation after SCI is respiratory insufficiency due to paresis and paralysis of respiratory muscles...
  2. Improving ambulatory community access after paralysis
    Rudi Kobetic; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Methodology - In this study each of the six subjects with lower extremity paresis will serve as their own control...
  3. Protection against acute inflammatory demyelinating peripheral nerve disease
    EVAN STUBBS; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..inflammatory autoimmune disease of the peripheral nervous system that is characterized by rapid-onset symmetrical paresis with areflexia progressing to neuromuscular paralysis...
  4. Hemispheric Dominance for Ipsilesional Movement
    Kathleen Y Haaland; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..be used to assist with bimanual activities, rather than as the lead controller, even in the case of dominant arm paresis. Finally, one paper showed that chronic hemiparetic stroke patients used the ipsilesional limb three to six times ..
  5. Contralaterally Controlled NMES in Chronic Ankle Dorsiflexor Paresis after Stroke
    Jayme S Knutson; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Twenty-six chronic stroke survivors (>6 months post-CVA) with significant ankle dorsiflexor paresis will be randomized to CCNMES or cyclic NMES for six weeks and will be followed for 3 months...
  6. AMES+Brain Stimulation: Treatment for Profound Plegia in Stroke
    Paul Cordo; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..AMES treatment has already been shown to be an effective treatment for most low-functioning stroke patients with paresis, helping them regain functional movement...
  7. Neuromuscular control of the larynx
    DINESH KHATRI CHHETRI; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..For conditions related to unilateral laryngeal paralysis and paresis of the recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN), the same measurements will be repeated following variations of common ..
  8. Investigation of Cortical Changes Following Spinal Cord Injury
    Jennifer L Collinger; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..that subjects with tetraplegia cannot perform overtly due to complete paralysis and a second movement limited by paresis, which is defined as a slight or partial paralysis...
  9. Realistic models of gastrointestinal bioelectromagnetism
    Leo Cheng; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..that affect a significant number of people in the United States, namely intestinal ischemia, diabetic gastro paresis and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)...
  10. Effect of Contralateral Leg on Motor Output Post Stroke
    Susanne M Morton; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..research proposed here is to determine mechanisms of bilateral leg control in individuals with post stroke hemi paresis;specifically, to determine the effects of the sensorimotor state of one leg on the motor behavior of the opposite ..
  11. The Relationship between Vortices, Acoustics, and Vibration in Vocal Fold Assymet
    SIDDARTH MITTER KHOSLA; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..g. unilateral vocal fold paresis and paralysis, vocal fold polyps, vocal fold scarring, etc.)...
  12. Interdisciplinary Comprehensive Arm Rehab Evaluation (I-CARE) Stroke Initiative
    Steven L Wolf; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..I-CARE (Interdisciplinary Comprehensive Arm Rehabilitation Evaluation) is to improve outpatient therapy for arm paresis after stroke...
  13. Bell's Palsy-Randomized Clinical Trial
    John Neely; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Hypothesis #1: A small clinically and stochastically significant decrease in the degree of permanent paresis will be obtained with the use of prednisone when compared to non-use of prednisone...
  14. FastFES Neural Prothesis for Stroke Ambulation and Rehabilitation
    Eric C Hartman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..to develop the commercialization-ready system and will include a validation study at UD in which individuals with paresis secondary to a stroke iteratively evaluate device prototypes...
  15. Combining Proximal and Distal Arm Training for Patients with Chronic Hemiparesis
    SANDRA MCCOMBE WALLER; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..after stroke is a major scientific challenge for stroke treatment today particularly for those with more severe paresis. In this population recovery mechanisms may differ from those with mild hemiparesis and may involve activation of ..
  16. Degeneration of motoneurons caudal to spinal lesion
    Ping Zhou; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of the proposed project are to understand the complicated origins of the spinal cord injury (SCI) induced muscle paresis, atrophy, weakness, and muscle contractures that often result in a limited range of joint motion and progressive ..
  17. Field Measures of Functional Tasks for CIT Intervention
    Paolo Bonato; Fiscal Year: 2006
    DESCRIPTION (provided by the applicant): Paresis of the upper limb after stroke results in limited functional movement ability for many patients...
  18. Visual Augmentation Through Virtual Reality to Rehabiliate the Hand after Stroke
    Eugene Tunik; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..will operantly shape better hand coordination patterns, and 3) virtual mirror visual feedback can reduce hand paresis. Career development plan: The candidate has a strong background as a basic scientist (motor control) &..
  19. REHABILITATION OF SPASTIC STIFF-LEGGED GAIT
    D Kerrigan; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..Many patients with spastic paresis, regardless of the upper motor neuron pathology will recover the ability to walk, but will walk slowly and ..
  20. SENSORY/MOTOR INPUT EFFECTS ON GAIT IN SCI SUBJECTS
    EDELLE FIELD FOTE; Fiscal Year: 2001
    DESCRIPTION (Adapted from Applicant's Description: In the presence of spastic paresis due to incomplete spinal cord injury (SCI), inadequate supraspinal contributions to motor output of the lower extremities result in a number of ..
  21. NEUROIMMONOLOGIC STUDIES OF CHRONIC FATIGUE SYNDROME
    Anthony Komaroff; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..Transient neurologic events also are seen: e.g., primary seizures, ataxia, blindness, and paresis. Especially in these latter patients, the diagnosis of multiple sclerosis (MS) is considered...
  22. EYELID KINEMATICS IN HEALTH AND DISEASE
    Robert Baker; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..comprises the ability to execute the adaptive changes in blink that are required by unilateral orbicularis oculi paresis. Taken together, the studies proposed in this application will characterize key aspects of blink adaptive control ..
  23. Claude D. Pepper Older Americans Independence Center (O*
    Andrew Goldberg; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..extremity hemiparesis (IDS-1) and upper extremity training with auditory cueing in patients with upper extremity paresis (IDS-2) on: 1) functional mobility and ambulation, motor control and strength, V02 peak, and free living daily ..
  24. SPEECH BREATHING KINEMATICS ACROSS THE HUMAN LIFE SPAN
    THOMAS HIXON; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..fourth investigation will test the effects of abnormal trussing on speech breathing in individuals with abdominal paresis or paralysis resulting from spinal cord injury...
  25. New Directions in Stroke Neurorehabilitation (RMI)
    THOMAS MCNEILL; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..However, the "best practice" strategy for the rehabilitation of upper limb paresis using CIMT is still unclear, and little is known about how critical factors such the focus of therapy (skilled ..
  26. Vestibular Pathology in Meniere's Disease
    Akira Ishiyama; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..with alterations in neuronal number or size? 6) What are the morphometric correlates to abnormalities on traditional vestibular testing: caloric paresis, and decreased gain and time constant on step rotational testing?
  27. EFFECTS OF MOVEMENT CONTEXT ON HEMIPARETIC GRASPING EARLY AFTER STROKE
    Catherine E Lang; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..More successful performance during rehabilitation may also lead to more practice and use outside of rehabilitation. ..
  28. Control of Finger Movements after Stroke
    CATHERINE LANG; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Results from these experiments may assist rehabilitation professionals in designing and implementing rehabilitation strategies to improve hand function in people after stroke. ..
  29. FES for foot-drop in hemiparesis
    John Chae; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This proposed approach is expected to improve patient outcome and challenge the present clinical paradigm of prescribing AFOs for stroke survivors with foot-drop. ..
  30. Electrical stimulation for upper limb recovery in stroke
    John Chae; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..2. Assess the effect of NMES on upper limb activity limitation. 3. Assess the effect of NMES on central motor processing. 4. Assess the effect of adding cognitive input during NMES therapy. ..
  31. ELECTROSTIMULATION FOR STROKE REHAB: EFFECTS & MECHANISM
    John Chae; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Finally, techniques developed for assessing central motor function may be useful for evaluating other interventions directed at stroke rehabilitation. ..
  32. Electrical Stimulation for Hemiplegic Shoulder Pain
    John Chae; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We further postulate that ES improves glenohumeral stability by facilitating motor recovery. Thus we will evaluate the effects of these treatments on objective measures of poststroke motor recovery. ..
  33. ELECTROSTIMULATION FOR HEMIPLEGIA
    John Chae; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..EMG-controlled NIMES may also be effective for lower extremity motor and functional recovery. ..
  34. Effects of Aging on Cancellation Tasks
    VICTOR MARK; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The findings will provide normative data for future research to determine whether cancellation tests may be sensitive to functional decline in aging and neurologic disorders. ..
  35. Cognitive Screening for CI Therapy after Stroke
    VICTOR MARK; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  36. Individual Propensity to Venous Thrombosis
    John Heit; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..However, the incidence of VTE has remained relatively constant at about 1 per 1000 since 1980. Clearly, better methods of targeting VTE prophylaxis are needed. ..
  37. A TREATMENT FOR EXCESS MOTOR DISABILITY IN THE AGED
    Edward Taub; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  38. Randomized Controlled Trial of Pediatric CI Therapy
    Edward Taub; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  39. Mental Practice Dosing and Mechanisms in Stroke
    Stephen Page; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Identification of MP mechanisms of action and optimal dosing is fundamental to cost-effective, appropriate implementation of this promising, CAM, mind-body technique, and will enable a subsequent MP clinical trial. ..
  40. Neurochemical Challenge in Human Stroke Recovery
    RONALD LAZAR; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..group and 40 patients in the combined cognitive group comprised of 20 aphasic patients (with and without paresis) and 20 with left hemineglect (with and without paresis)...
  41. Integrating Robotic Technology and Stroke Rehabilitation
    Susan Fasoli; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..gain further expertise in the areas of motor control, research design, and statistical analysis of robot-generated data. ..
  42. Natural History of Muscular & Reflex Changes in Stroke
    MEHDI MIRBAGHERI; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The changes in passive and intrinsic stiffness are likely to be highly correlated with severity of spasticity and inversely correlated with recovery of function. ..
  43. Subacute Stroke Recovery: Bimanual Coordination Training
    James Cauraugh; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  44. Bilateral and Unilateral Training in Chronic Stroke
    Jill Whitall; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..In particular our study is aimed at the group of moderate to severely impaired patients who have less opportunity to receive and practice rehabilitation owing to reduced independent use of their paretic hand. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  45. Computer-Based Tools for Medialization Laryngoplasty
    Steven Bielamowicz; Fiscal Year: 2008
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Vocal cord paralysis and paresis are debilitating conditions leading to difficulty with voice production...
  46. Ankle Tracking Training in Stroke
    James Carey; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  47. fMRI Predictor Model for Stroke Locomotor Rehabilitation
    Bruce Dobkin; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The study is a step toward using fMRI as a tool to develop theory- and evidencebased practices that lessen disabilities after stroke. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  48. rTMS and Motor Learning Training to Promote Recovery from Hemiparesis
    James Carey; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The potential impact of this research is a radical change to rehabilitation that accomplishes a higher quality of life in stroke. ..
  49. EFFECTS/EXERCISE/ENDOTHELIAL FUNCTION IN STROKE PATIENTS
    FREDERICK IVEY; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Additional training in molecular medicine is facilitated by Drs. Shuldiner and McLenithan, co-mentors on the revised proposal. ..
  50. ALTERED MUSCLE ACTIVITY DURING LOCOMOTION POST-STROKE
    Sheila Schindler Ivens; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  51. Diet and Exercise: Race, Postmenopause and Metabolism
    ALICE RYAN; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..These findings may provide a rationale for targeting specific populations of women who might improve glucose and fat metabolism more from the addition of exercise to hypocaloric weight loss than weight loss alone. ..
  52. Developing an intelligent & portable stretching device
    Li Qun Zhang; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The overall objectives of the Phase II project are to develop an effective, portable, low-cost, and user-friendly intelligent stretcher, suitable and economical for patients to use in clinic or home and ready for commercialization. ..
  53. ORGANIZATION OF ANTICIPATORY POSTURAL ADJUSTMENTS
    Alexander Aruin; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Clinical application of the results of the study will define more precisely the focus of conventional rehabilitation strategies aimed at improving postural control in people with postural deficits. ..
  54. Neuromechanical changes caused by stroke & stretching
    Li Qun Zhang; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The long-term goals are to provide effective, convenient, and low-cost treatments of spastic limbs in neurologically impaired patients with quantitative outcome evaluation in multiple aspects. ..
  55. Mental Imagery to reduce motor impairments in stroke
    Andrew Butler; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..imagined finger flexion-extension sequence) and improvement in clinical motor function of patients with stroke when receiving RTP + MIT compared to MIT alone. ..
  56. fMRI and TMS of Motor Recovery after Hemiparetic Stroke
    Judith Schaechter; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  57. ACL injury mechanisms & offaxis neuromuscular diagnosis & training
    Li Qun Zhang; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  58. Contralaterally Controlled Functional Electrical Stimulation for Hemiparetic Hand
    Jayme Knutson; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..As more effective stroke therapies are developed, the prevalence of post-stroke disability may be decreased. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  59. The Effect of Proximal and Distal Training on Stroke Recovery
    HERMANO KREBS; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..A third group will be trained on the shoulder, elbow, and wrist simultaneously. Outcomes will be measured using standard instruments as well as robot-based measures. ..
  60. Role of Auxiliary Sensory Cues on Balance in Peripheral Neuropathy
    Alexander Aruin; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The project will provide preliminary data on the role auxiliary sensory cues play in the balance of individuals with peripheral neuropathy. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..