abnormal reflex

Summary

Summary: An abnormal response to a stimulus applied to the sensory components of the nervous system. This may take the form of increased, decreased, or absent reflexes.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Exaggerated auditory startle responses in patients with spinal cord injury
    Hatice Kumru
    Dept of Neurology and Neurorehabilitation, Hospital de Neurorehabilitación Instituto Guttmann, Camí de Can Ruti S N, 08916 Badalona Barcelona, Spain
    J Neurol 255:703-9. 2008
  2. ncbi Plateau potentials in sacrocaudal motoneurons of chronic spinal rats, recorded in vitro
    D J Bennett
    Division of Neuroscience, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2S2, Canada
    J Neurophysiol 86:1955-71. 2001
  3. pmc The onset of hyperreflexia in the rat following complete spinal cord transection
    C Yates
    Department of Neurobiology and Developmental Sciences, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR 72205, USA
    Spinal Cord 46:798-803. 2008
  4. ncbi Neurological soft signs discriminating mood disorders from first episode schizophrenia
    M P M Boks
    Rudolf Magnus Institute of Neuroscience, University Medical Centre Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Acta Psychiatr Scand 110:29-35. 2004
  5. ncbi Diagnostic accuracy of trigeminal reflex testing in trigeminal neuralgia
    G Cruccu
    Department of Neurological Sciences, La Sapienza University, Rome, Italy
    Neurology 66:139-41. 2006
  6. ncbi Soleus H-reflex gain, threshold, and amplitude as function of body posture and load in spinal cord intact and injured subjects
    Maria Knikou
    Health Science Doctoral Programs, City University of New York, Staten Island, New York 10314, USA
    Int J Neurosci 119:2056-73. 2009
  7. pmc Joint kinetic response during unexpectedly reduced plantar flexor torque provided by a robotic ankle exoskeleton during walking
    Pei Chun Kao
    School of Kinesiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 2214, USA
    J Biomech 43:1401-7. 2010
  8. ncbi Restoration of frequency-dependent depression of the H-reflex by passive exercise in spinal rats
    N B Reese
    Department of Physical Therapy, University of Central Arkansas, Conway, AR 72205, USA
    Spinal Cord 44:28-34. 2006
  9. ncbi Relapsing demyelinating disease affecting both the central and peripheral nervous systems
    H Zephir
    Clinique Neurologique, Hopital Roger Salengro, 59037 Lille Cedex, France
    J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 79:1032-9. 2008
  10. pmc The pendulum test as a tool to evaluate passive knee stiffness and viscosity of patients with rheumatoid arthritis
    Maria S Valle
    Department of Experimental and Clinical Pharmacology, School of Medicine, University of Catania, Catania, Italy
    BMC Musculoskelet Disord 7:89. 2006

Detail Information

Publications234 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Exaggerated auditory startle responses in patients with spinal cord injury
    Hatice Kumru
    Dept of Neurology and Neurorehabilitation, Hospital de Neurorehabilitación Instituto Guttmann, Camí de Can Ruti S N, 08916 Badalona Barcelona, Spain
    J Neurol 255:703-9. 2008
    ..We hypothesized that if increased ASRs in patients with incomplete SCI were due to compensatory mechanisms, these changes would be related to severity and/or localization of the lesion...
  2. ncbi Plateau potentials in sacrocaudal motoneurons of chronic spinal rats, recorded in vitro
    D J Bennett
    Division of Neuroscience, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2S2, Canada
    J Neurophysiol 86:1955-71. 2001
    ..Thus plateaus contributed substantially to the long-lasting reflexes in vitro and therefore should contribute significantly to the corresponding exaggerated reflexes and spasticity in awake chronic spinal rats...
  3. pmc The onset of hyperreflexia in the rat following complete spinal cord transection
    C Yates
    Department of Neurobiology and Developmental Sciences, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR 72205, USA
    Spinal Cord 46:798-803. 2008
    ..Previous studies showed the time course for the onset of hyperreflexia to occur between 6-28 days in the contusion model of SCI...
  4. ncbi Neurological soft signs discriminating mood disorders from first episode schizophrenia
    M P M Boks
    Rudolf Magnus Institute of Neuroscience, University Medical Centre Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Acta Psychiatr Scand 110:29-35. 2004
    ..To investigate the specificity of neurological soft signs (NSS) for first episode schizophrenia compared with mood disorders...
  5. ncbi Diagnostic accuracy of trigeminal reflex testing in trigeminal neuralgia
    G Cruccu
    Department of Neurological Sciences, La Sapienza University, Rome, Italy
    Neurology 66:139-41. 2006
    ..In contrast, electrophysiologic testing of trigeminal reflexes accurately distinguished symptomatic from classic TN (sensitivity 96%, specificity 93%)...
  6. ncbi Soleus H-reflex gain, threshold, and amplitude as function of body posture and load in spinal cord intact and injured subjects
    Maria Knikou
    Health Science Doctoral Programs, City University of New York, Staten Island, New York 10314, USA
    Int J Neurosci 119:2056-73. 2009
    ..Impaired spinal reflex excitability in SCI subjects is accompanied by changes of the H-reflex recruitment curve parameters regardless of presence or absence of body loading...
  7. pmc Joint kinetic response during unexpectedly reduced plantar flexor torque provided by a robotic ankle exoskeleton during walking
    Pei Chun Kao
    School of Kinesiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 2214, USA
    J Biomech 43:1401-7. 2010
    ..Our findings are particularly useful for the development of neuromusculoskeletal computer simulations of human walking that need to adjust reflex gains appropriately for biomechanical analyses...
  8. ncbi Restoration of frequency-dependent depression of the H-reflex by passive exercise in spinal rats
    N B Reese
    Department of Physical Therapy, University of Central Arkansas, Conway, AR 72205, USA
    Spinal Cord 44:28-34. 2006
    ..Previous studies have shown that passive exercise for 3 months could be used to restore low frequency-dependent depression of the H-reflex after SCI...
  9. ncbi Relapsing demyelinating disease affecting both the central and peripheral nervous systems
    H Zephir
    Clinique Neurologique, Hopital Roger Salengro, 59037 Lille Cedex, France
    J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 79:1032-9. 2008
    ..Clinical and electromyographic findings of chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculopathy (CIDP) are occasionally observed in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS)...
  10. pmc The pendulum test as a tool to evaluate passive knee stiffness and viscosity of patients with rheumatoid arthritis
    Maria S Valle
    Department of Experimental and Clinical Pharmacology, School of Medicine, University of Catania, Catania, Italy
    BMC Musculoskelet Disord 7:89. 2006
    ..Both parameters may influence the joint range of motion affecting angular displacement...
  11. ncbi Upper limb tremor induced by peripheral nerve injury
    J Costa
    Department of Neurology, Hospital Santa Maria, Av Prof Egas Moniz, 1649 028 Lisbon, Portugal
    Neurology 67:1884-6. 2006
    ..Somatosensory evoked potentials, transcranial magnetic stimulation, and MRI of the cervical and thoracic spine were normal. Tremor persisted in REM and non-REM sleep. These findings suggest a peripheral generator...
  12. ncbi The blink reflex in "chronic migraine"
    Milena De Marinis
    Department of Neurological Sciences, La Sapienza University, Rome, Italy
    Clin Neurophysiol 118:457-63. 2007
    ..The aim of this study was to investigate the blink reflex and its habituation in patients with "chronic migraine"...
  13. ncbi Changes in stretch reflex excitability are related to "giving way" symptoms in patients with anterior cruciate ligament rupture
    M Melnyk
    Institute of Orthopaedic Research and Biomechanics, University of Ulm, Ulm, Germany
    J Neurophysiol 97:474-80. 2007
    ....
  14. ncbi Quantification of hyperreflexia in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) by the soleus stretch reflex
    Peter B Christensen
    Department of Neurology, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark
    Amyotroph Lateral Scler Other Motor Neuron Disord 4:106-11. 2003
    ..The aim of this study was to quantify upper motor neuron (UMN) involvement in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) by the soleus stretch reflex...
  15. ncbi Phenotype of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease Type 2
    H M E Bienfait
    Department of Neurology, Academic Medical Centre, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Neurology 68:1658-67. 2007
    ..To investigate the clinical and electrophysiologic phenotype of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) Type 2 in a large number of affected families...
  16. ncbi Urtica ferox neuropathy
    Graeme D Hammond-Tooke
    Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Otago Medical School, P O Box 913, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Muscle Nerve 35:804-7. 2007
    ..Recovery occurred over a period of a few weeks. This case demonstrates that cutaneous exposure to Urtica ferox can cause an acute polyneuropathy and that its stinging hairs contain an unidentified neurotoxin...
  17. ncbi Windup of flexion reflexes in chronic human spinal cord injury: a marker for neuronal plateau potentials?
    T G Hornby
    Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Northwestern University Medical School, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
    J Neurophysiol 89:416-26. 2003
    ....
  18. ncbi Role of spinal inhibitory mechanisms in whiplash injuries
    Yew Long Lo
    Department of Neurology, National Neuroscience Institute, Singapore General Hospital, Singapore
    J Neurotrauma 24:1055-67. 2007
    ..The use of this simple, quick, and sensitive method is advocated in the diagnostic work up of whiplash injury...
  19. pmc The deep tendon and the abdominal reflexes
    J P R Dick
    Greater Manchester Neuroscience Centre, Hope Hospital, Salford M8 6HD, UK
    J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 74:150-3. 2003
    ..They act as "hard" signs in situations where clinical assessment is complicated by patient anxiety, and become more useful as clinical experience develops...
  20. pmc A case of familial inverse Marcus Gunn phenomenon
    J Y Oh
    J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 74:278. 2003
  21. ncbi Sacrolumbar intersegmental reflex circuit in men and its relation to the ejaculatory process
    Cumhur Ertekin
    Department of Clinical Neurophysiology, Ege University, Medical School Hospital, Izmir, Turkey
    Clin Neurophysiol 118:2368-74. 2007
    ..We aimed to investigate electrophysiologically the intersegmental reflex circuit from sacral to lumbar cord segments in normopotent adult men, in patients with spinal cord injury and in patients with premature ejaculation...
  22. ncbi Modulation of reflex responses in hand muscles during rhythmical finger tasks in a subject with writer's cramp
    Ruiping Xia
    Department of Physiology, School of Medical Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Exp Brain Res 177:573-8. 2007
    ..Results from this case study support clinically identified task-specific feature of focal hand dystonia...
  23. ncbi Altered control of the trapezius muscle in subjects with non-traumatic shoulder instability
    C M Alexander
    Department of Physiotherapy, Hammersmith Hospitals NHS Trust, London, UK
    Clin Neurophysiol 118:2664-71. 2007
    ..Exp Brain Res 2003;148: 277-282.]. With this in mind, the objective of this investigation was to examine this trapezius reflex in subjects with non-traumatic shoulder instability (NTSI)...
  24. ncbi Effect of continued stretching of the affected arm in patients with cerebrovascular diseases by examining H-reflex characteristics
    T Suzuki
    Research Center of Neurological Diseases, Kansai College of Oriental Medicine
    Electromyogr Clin Neurophysiol 43:51-6. 2003
    ..It is suggested that excitability of spinal neural function during 1 min. continued stretching was inhibited in the patients with moderately increased muscle tonus caused by CVD...
  25. ncbi Focal myoclonus-dystonia of the leg secondary to a lesion of the posterolateral putamen: clinical and neurophysiological features
    Neil Mahant
    Department of Neurology, Westmead Hospital, Westmead New South Wales, Australia
    Mov Disord 18:452-5. 2003
    ..Magnetic resonance imaging showed a linear area of gliosis confined to the left posterolateral putamen. This is the first report of focal myoclonus-dystonia of the lower limb secondary to a putaminal lesion...
  26. ncbi Blink reflex abnormalities in children with Tourette syndrome
    R Raffaele
    Department of Neurosciences, University of Catania, Catania, Italy
    Eur J Neurol 13:869-73. 2006
    ..001, Student's t-test). An abnormal pattern of the blink reflex can be, even in childhood, an early neurophysiologic marker of TS, which is not related to the duration of TS or to the age of onset...
  27. ncbi [Peripheral neuropathy in the elderly]
    Nadine Le Forestier
    Fédération des Maladies du Système Nerveux, Hopital de la Salpetriere, Paris
    Psychol Neuropsychiatr Vieil 4:109-19. 2006
    ..A strategy of investigations is proposed to improve the identification of the etiology of their peripheral neuropathy...
  28. ncbi Neuronal function in chronic spinal cord injury: divergence between locomotor and flexion- and H-reflex activity
    R Muller
    Spinal Cord Injury Center, Balgrist University Hospital, Forchstrasse 340, 8008 Zurich, Switzerland
    Clin Neurophysiol 117:1499-507. 2006
    ..The objective of this study was to examine the behavior of locomotor EMG activity and of spinal reflexes in patients with chronic motor-complete SCI...
  29. ncbi Expansion of nociceptive withdrawal reflex receptive fields in spinal cord injured humans
    Ole K Andersen
    Center for Sensory Motor Interaction, Department of Health Science and Technology, Aalborg University, Fredrik Bajers Vej 7, D3, Aalborg DK 9220, Denmark
    Clin Neurophysiol 115:2798-810. 2004
    ..In the present study, withdrawal reflex receptive field (RRF) was determined in complete SCI subjects (N=9)...
  30. ncbi Trigeminally induced startle in children with hyperekplexia
    Katsuhiko Oguro
    Division of Child Neurology, Shizuoka Children s Hospital, Shizuoka, Japan
    Mov Disord 20:484-9. 2005
    ..It was suggested that enhancement of these responses occurred due to hyperexcitability in the brainstem reticular formation in our patients...
  31. ncbi Excitability of facial nucleus and related brain-stem reflexes in hemifacial spasm, post-facial palsy synkinesis and facial myokymia
    A Emre Oge
    Department of Neurology, Istanbul University, Istanbul Faculty of Medicine, Capa 34390, Istanbul, Turkey
    Clin Neurophysiol 116:1542-54. 2005
    ..To compare the electrophysiological excitability characteristics of the facial nucleus and related structures in hemifacial spasm (HFS), post-facial palsy synkinesis (PFPS) and facial myokymia (FM)...
  32. ncbi The intralimb coordination of the flexor reflex response is altered in chronic human spinal cord injury
    Katherine M Deutsch
    Sensory Motor Performance Program, Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
    Neurosci Lett 380:305-10. 2005
    ..These findings indicate that the intralimb coordination of the flexor reflex response of chronic complete SCI individuals is altered, possibly reflecting a functional reorganization of the flexion pathways of the spinal cord...
  33. ncbi A physiologically based clinical measure for spastic reflexes in spinal cord injury
    Ela N Benz
    Sensory Motor Performance Program, Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 86:52-9. 2005
    ..To test the validity of the Spinal Cord Assessment Tool for Spastic reflexes (SCATS), a clinical tool intended to rate spastic motor behavior after spinal cord injury (SCI)...
  34. ncbi Neurophysiological methods for the assessment of spasticity: the Hoffmann reflex, the tendon reflex, and the stretch reflex
    G E Voerman
    Roessingh Research and Development, Enschede, The Netherlands
    Disabil Rehabil 27:33-68. 2005
    ....
  35. ncbi Distal symmetric polyneuropathy: a definition for clinical research: report of the American Academy of Neurology, the American Association of Electrodiagnostic Medicine, and the American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
    J D England
    Neurology 64:199-207. 2005
    ..The inclusion of this formalized case definition in clinical and epidemiologic research studies will ensure greater consistency of case selection...
  36. ncbi Two novel mutations of the glycine receptor gene in a Taiwanese hyperekplexia family
    C H Tsai
    Neuroscience Laboratory, Department of Neurology, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan
    Neurology 63:893-6. 2004
    ..A series of electrophysiologic investigations were conducted in one of the probands, and the results suggest that the "startle center" is located subcortically...
  37. ncbi Tendon reflexes for predicting movement recovery after acute spinal cord injury in humans
    Blair Calancie
    Department of Neurosurgery, SUNY s Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, New York, USA
    Clin Neurophysiol 115:2350-63. 2004
    ..Use the tendon reflex to examine spinal cord excitability after acute spinal cord injury (SCI), relating excitability findings to prognosis...
  38. ncbi Postural reactions to soleus muscle vibration in Parkinson's disease: scaling deteriorates as disease progresses
    Peter Valkovic
    Department of Neurology, Ludwig Maximilians University, Marchioninistrasse 15, 81366 Munich, Germany
    Neurosci Lett 401:92-6. 2006
    ..Such impairment could play a significant role in the pathophysiology of postural instability and falls in PD patients...
  39. ncbi Re-examination of the possible role of Golgi tendon organ and muscle spindle reflexes in proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation muscle stretching
    Gordon Chalmers
    Department of Physical Education, Health and Recreation, Western Washington University, Bellingham, WA, USA
    Sports Biomech 3:159-83. 2004
    ..Studies reviewed indicate that changes in the ability to tolerate stretch and/or the viscoelastic properties of the stretched muscle, induced by PNF procedures, are possible mechanisms...
  40. ncbi Comparison of linear regression and probit analysis for detecting H-reflex threshold in individuals with and without spinal cord injury
    S M Schindler-Ivens
    The University of Iowa, Graduate Program in Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Science, Iowa City, IA, USA
    Electromyogr Clin Neurophysiol 44:153-9. 2004
    ..Hence, caution should be used when interpreting normalized and non-normalized values of H-reflex threshold...
  41. ncbi Changes of reflex size in upper limbs using wrist splint in hemiplegic patients
    J Ushiba
    School of Fundamental Science and Technology, Graduate School of Keio University, Kanagawa 223 8522, Japan
    Electromyogr Clin Neurophysiol 44:175-82. 2004
    ..We considered from these results, prolonged wrist extension generated inhibitory projections via probably group II afferents of the FCR in the homonym and in the transjoint in spastic limbs...
  42. ncbi The tonic stretch reflex and spastic hypertonia after spinal cord injury
    Adam J Woolacott
    School of Biomedical Sciences, University of Sydney, PO Box 170, Lidcombe, NSW, 1825, Australia
    Exp Brain Res 174:386-96. 2006
    ..We conclude that a low frequency stretch perturbation clearly distinguished between spasticity after stroke and SCI. Spasticity in the two conditions is not equivalent and care should be taken in generalizing results between them...
  43. pmc Temporal facilitation of spastic stretch reflexes following human spinal cord injury
    T George Hornby
    Department of Physical Therapy, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1919 W Taylor St 4th floor, M C 898, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
    J Physiol 571:593-604. 2006
    ..Evidence of stretch reflex facilitation post-SCI may reflect changes in underlying neuronal properties and provide insight into the mechanisms underlying spastic reflexes...
  44. ncbi Long-term outcomes of individualized biofeedback training based on the underlying dysfunction for patients with imperforate anus
    Yuan Zhengwei
    Department of Pediatric Surgery, Second Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang 110004, China
    J Pediatr Surg 40:555-61. 2005
    ..The aim of this study was to design an individualized biofeedback program based on the underlying dysfunctions and to assess the short-term and long-term clinical and quality-of-life outcomes for patients with imperforate anus...
  45. pmc Modulation of flexion reflex induced by hip angle changes in human spinal cord injury
    Maria Knikou
    Sensory Motor Performance Program, Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago, IL, USA
    Exp Brain Res 168:577-86. 2006
    ..The sensory consequences of this afferent input should be considered in rehabilitation programs aimed to restore movement and sensorimotor function in these patients...
  46. ncbi Cutaneomuscular reflexes following stroke: a 2-year longitudinal study
    Martine A Nadler
    Department of Physiology, University College London, Gower Street, WC1E 6BT, London, UK
    J Neurol Sci 217:195-203. 2004
    ..5%. We conclude that exaggerated E1 components could be predictive of a poor functional outcome at 2 years...
  47. pmc Hyperekplexia and stiff-man syndrome: abnormal brainstem reflexes suggest a physiological relationship
    S Khasani
    Department of Neurology, University of Heidelberg, Germany
    J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 75:1265-9. 2004
    ..Investigation of brainstem reflexes may provide insight into disturbed reflex excitation and inhibition underlying these movement disorders...
  48. pmc Muscle and reflex changes with varying joint angle in hemiparetic stroke
    Mehdi M Mirbagheri
    Sensory Motor Performance Program, Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago, Chicago, USA
    J Neuroeng Rehabil 5:6. 2008
    ..The present study addresses this deficit by characterizing the contribution of neural and muscular components to the abnormally high stiffness of the spastic joint...
  49. ncbi Intraoperative monitoring for tethered cord surgery: an update
    Karl F Kothbauer
    Division of Pediatric Neurosurgery, Institute for Neurology and Neurosurgery, Beth Israel Medical Center, New York, New York, USA
    Neurosurg Focus 16:E8. 2004
    ..This review intends to provide an update on the techniques used and their validity...
  50. ncbi Cortico-hypoglossal and corticospinal conduction abnormality in Bickerstaff's brainstem encephalitis
    Y L Lo
    Department of Neurology, National Neuroscience Institute, Singapore General Hospital, Singapore
    Clin Neurol Neurosurg 109:523-5. 2007
    ..It further supports the presence of protean manifestations in anti-GQ1b IgG antibody-positive spectrum of disorders...
  51. ncbi Lack of trigemino-cervical reflexes in progressive supranuclear palsy
    Michelangelo Bartolo
    Department of Neurological Sciences, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy
    Mov Disord 23:1475-9. 2008
    ..These findings indicate that PSP patients are unable to react to the painful stimuli to the face, suggesting a generalized impairment of the brainstem circuits mediating TCRs...
  52. ncbi Role of positive anorectal feedback in rectal evacuation: the concept of a second defecation reflex: the anorectal reflex
    Ahmed Shafik
    Department of Surgery and Experimental Research, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt
    J Spinal Cord Med 26:380-3. 2003
    ....
  53. ncbi Blink reflex abnormalities in Tourette syndrome
    Rocco Raffaele
    Department of Neurosciences, University of Catania, Azienda Policlinico Neurologia, Via S Sofia 78, 95125 Catania, Italy
    Clin Neurophysiol 115:320-4. 2004
    ..The objective of this study has been to demonstrate whether neurophysiological abnormalities of the blink reflex can be observed in patients affected with TS and correlate with the severity of TS...
  54. ncbi Adaptation of the cervico- and vestibulo-ocular reflex in whiplash injury patients
    Inger Montfoort
    Department of Neuroscience, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    J Neurotrauma 25:687-93. 2008
    ..The lack of adaptation of the two stabilization reflexes may result in a lack of synergy between them. These abnormalities may underlie several of the symptoms frequently observed in WAD, such as vertigo and dizziness...
  55. ncbi A new hybrid spring brake orthosis for controlling hip and knee flexion in the swing phase
    S Gharooni
    Department of Automatic Control and Systems Engineering, The University of Sheffield, UK
    IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 9:106-7. 2001
    ..A hip flexion angle of 21 degrees was achieved by a nonimpaired subject wearing a prototype orthosis...
  56. pmc Sexual function in men with cauda equina lesions: a clinical and electromyographic study
    S Podnar
    Institute of Clinical Neurophysiology, Division of Neurology, University Medical Centre Ljubljana, Slovenia
    J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 73:715-20. 2002
    ..To investigate the effects of cauda equina lesions on sexual function in men...
  57. ncbi Hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy with agenesis of the corpus callosum
    Nicolas Dupre
    Centre for Research in Neurosciences and the Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery, McGill University, Montreal
    Ann Neurol 54:9-18. 2003
    ..Herein, we provide the first extensive review of this disorder, covering epidemiological, clinical, and molecular genetic studies...
  58. ncbi Effects of passive tilting on capillary filtration in the lower leg in idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy and after heart transplantation for the same condition
    S Galatius
    The Heart Center, The Rigshospital, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Am J Cardiol 84:1328-34. 1999
    b>Abnormal reflex control of the peripheral microvasculature during orthostasis in congestive heart failure (CHF) and after heart transplantation (HT) may cause failure of microvascular homeostasis and peripheral edema...
  59. ncbi Stretch reflex instability compared in three different human muscles
    R Durbaba
    Department of Movement and Balance, Division of Neuroscience and Psychological Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, Charing Cross Campus, London, W6 8RP, UK
    Exp Brain Res 163:295-305. 2005
    ..No equivalent component was found in digastric records. The results are discussed in relation to the possible role of the short latency stretch reflex in the genesis of physiological tremor in different muscles...
  60. ncbi Tear dynamics and dry eye
    K Tsubota
    Department of Ophthalmology, Tokyo Dental College, Chiba, Japan
    Prog Retin Eye Res 17:565-96. 1998
    ..A differential diagnosis of the abnormalities of tear dynamics can give us a proper understanding of the pathogenesis of dry eye. With this knowledge, we can formulate an efficient therapeutic approach...
  61. pmc Specificity of reflex adaptation for task-relevant variability
    David W Franklin
    Computational and Biological Learning Laboratory, Department of Engineering, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 1PZ, UK
    J Neurosci 28:14165-75. 2008
    ....
  62. ncbi Ultrastructural abnormalities of muscle spindles in the rat masseter muscle with malocclusion-induced damage
    D Bani
    Department of Human Anatomy, Histology and Forensic Medicine, University of Florence, Italy
    Histol Histopathol 17:45-54. 2002
    ..These results suggest that in the malocclusion-bearing rats, an abnormal reflex regulation of the motor activity of the masticatory muscles may take place...
  63. ncbi Attenuation of muscle metaboreflex in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
    Bruno T Roseguini
    Exercise Pathophysiology Research Laboratory, Hospital of Clinics of Porto Alegre, Porto Alegre, Brazil
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 40:9-14. 2008
    ..In this study, we tested the hypothesis that patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease would have abnormal reflex responses to stimulation of metabosensitive afferents in skeletal muscle when compared with healthy, matched ..
  64. ncbi Neural monitoring of vasovagal syncope
    K A Ellenbogen
    Department of Medicine, Medical College of Virginia, Richmond 23298 0053, USA
    Pacing Clin Electrophysiol 20:788-94. 1997
    ....
  65. ncbi Pregnancy and acute baroreflex resetting in conscious rabbits
    Virginia L Brooks
    Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, Oregon 97201, USA
    Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 283:R429-40. 2002
    ..In summary, high doses of PE counteract acute resetting of baroreflex control of HR. More importantly, while baroreflex function is depressed, the ability of the baroreflex to reset appears to be preserved during pregnancy...
  66. ncbi Prenatal and childhood exposure to pesticides and neurobehavioral development: review of epidemiological studies
    Joanna Jurewicz
    Department of Environmental Epidemiology, Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine, Łódź Poland
    Int J Occup Med Environ Health 21:121-32. 2008
    ..Compared to the studies on lead, mercury, and PCBs, few epidemiological studies have assessed the developmental neurotoxicity of pesticides...
  67. ncbi Stretch reflexes and joint dynamics in rheumatoid arthritis
    Aparna Rajagopalan
    School of Medical Sciences, Sydney Medical School, University of Sydney, PO Box 170, Lidcombe, NSW, 2141, Australia
    Exp Brain Res 201:37-45. 2010
    ..This suggests that the increased joint stiffness in RA was due to changes in the mechanical properties of the active muscle-joint system rather than changes in reflex properties...
  68. ncbi Long-term effects of unilateral carotid endarterectomy on arterial baroreflex function
    Henri J L M Timmers
    Dept of General Internal Medicine, University Medical Center Nijmegen, Geert Grooteplein Zuid 8, 6500 HB Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Clin Auton Res 14:72-9. 2004
    ..We investigated the long-term effects of unilateral CE on baroreflex control of function and blood pressure...
  69. ncbi Reversal of inappropriate peripheral vascular responses in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
    Rajesh Thaman
    Department of Cardiological Sciences, St George s Hospital Medical School, London, United Kingdom
    J Am Coll Cardiol 46:883-92. 2005
    ....
  70. ncbi Stapedial reflex and ears with high static acoustic admittance
    Jeffrey J DiGiovanni
    School of Hearing, Speech, and Language Sciences, Ohio University, Athens, OH 45701, USA
    Am J Audiol 16:68-74. 2007
    ..To evaluate modified acoustic reflex diagnostic protocols for a group of individuals (n = 9) with high peak compensated static acoustic admittance (Y(tm)) tympanograms...
  71. ncbi [Functional posterior rhizotomy as a surgical treatment for spastic cerebral palsy in childhood]
    N Morota
    Department of Neurological Surgery, Aichi Medical University
    No To Hattatsu 31:359-65. 1999
    ..In the surgery, the bilateral rootlets from L2 to S1 were selectively cut if an abnormal reflex activity was demonstrated by neurophysiological methods...
  72. ncbi Decrease of hypertonia after continuous passive motion treatment in individuals with spinal cord injury
    Ya Ju Chang
    Physical Therapy Department and Graduate Institute of Rehabilitation Science, Chang Gung University, Tao Yuan, Taiwan
    Clin Rehabil 21:712-8. 2007
    ..To examine the effect of ankle continuous passive motion on the reflex excitability and overall hypertonia of calf muscles in individuals with chronic spinal cord injury and without physical disabilities...
  73. ncbi Down training of the elderly soleus H reflex with the use of a spinally induced balance perturbation
    Richard G Mynark
    Motor Control Laboratory, Department of Exercise and Sport Science, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill 27599, USA
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 93:127-33. 2002
    ..Furthermore, the improvement in static stability through balance training may provide further evidence that balance can be retrained and rehabilitated in subjects with decreased reflex function...
  74. ncbi Potential for medical error: incorrectly completed request forms for thyroid function tests limit pathologists' advice to clinicians
    Annalise E Zemlin
    Division of Chemical Pathology, National Health Laboratory Service, Tygerberg Hospital, Stellenbosch University, Tygerberg, W Cape
    S Afr Med J 99:668-71. 2009
    ..Interpretative comments are added to all TFT results...
  75. ncbi Afferent mechanisms underlying stimulation modality-related modulation of acupuncture-related cardiovascular responses
    Wei Zhou
    Department of Medicine, College of Medicine, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697, USA
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 98:872-80. 2005
    ..The similarity of the responses to EA and MA and the lack of cardiovascular response to high-frequency EA appear to be largely a function of somatic afferent responses...
  76. ncbi The specificity of the CDC-1994 criteria for chronic fatigue syndrome: comparison of health status in three groups of patients who fulfill the criteria
    Gwen Kennedy
    Vascular Diseases Research Unit, University Department of Medicine, Ninewells Hospital and Medical School, Dundee, UK
    Ann Epidemiol 14:95-100. 2004
    ..To test this, we have compared three groups of patients, all of whom fulfill the criteria but self-report different etiologies...
  77. ncbi Neurobehavioural profile of low-birthweight infants with cystic periventricular leukomalacia
    Shohei Ohgi
    Department of Rehabilitation, Seirei Christopher College, 3453 Mikatabara cho, Hamamatsu, Shizuoka 433 8558, Japan
    Dev Med Child Neurol 47:221-8. 2005
    ..Assessment of neonatal neurobehavioural characteristics using the NBAS may assist clinicians in identifying LBW infants with PVL, and in formulating plans for the developmental care of these infants...
  78. ncbi Relation between spasticity, weakness and contracture of the elbow flexors and upper limb activity after stroke: an observational study
    Louise Ada
    School of Physiotherapy, The University of Sydney, Lidcombe, New South Wales, Australia
    Disabil Rehabil 28:891-7. 2006
    ....
  79. ncbi Behavioral characterization in a comprehensive mouse test battery reveals motor and sensory impairments in growth-associated protein-43 null mutant mice
    G A Metz
    Canadian Center for Behavioural Neuroscience, University of Lethbridge, 4401 University Drive, Lethbridge, Alberta, T1K 3M4 Canada
    Neuroscience 129:563-74. 2004
    ..The results also show that the comprehensive test battery used in the present study represents a sensitive approach to assess the functional integrity of ascending and descending pathways in genetically manipulated mice...
  80. ncbi Trisomy 16 in a pigtailed macaque (M. nemestrina) with multiple anomalies and developmental delays
    Gerald C Ruppenthal
    Pittsburgh Development Center, University of Pittsburgh, Magee Women s Research Institute, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Am J Ment Retard 109:9-20. 2004
    ....
  81. ncbi [Untreatable hiccup as un unusual sign in a rostral occlusion syndrome of the basilar artery]
    B Revilla
    Servicio de Neurologia, Hospital Universitario del Aire Universidad Complutense, Madrid
    Rev Neurol 24:306-10. 1996
    ..It has been suggested that, more than just an abnormal reflex, it could be a type of myoclonus brought on by repeated activity of the 'solitary inspiratory nucleus', by ..
  82. ncbi Cross-cultural comparison of the neurobehavioral characteristics of Chinese and Japanese neonates
    Kek Khee Loo
    Department of Pediatrics, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, CA 90095, USA
    Pediatr Int 47:446-51. 2005
    ..This study compared the neurobehavioral characteristics of neonates in Chengdu, China and Nagasaki, Japan...
  83. ncbi Epidemiology, physical examination, and neurodiagnostics
    J Dvorak
    Department of Neurology, Schulthess Clinic, Zurich, Switzerland
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 23:2663-73. 1998
    ..However, scientifically, the validity of the different testing procedures has not been evaluated satisfactorily...
  84. ncbi Calf blood flow during prolonged tilt in idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy and after cardiac transplantation
    S Galatius
    The Heart Center, The Rigshospital, DK 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark
    Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 278:H239-48. 2000
    In severe congestive heart failure (CHF), abnormal reflex control of calf blood flow during brief head-up tilt that appears to normalize after transplantation (HTX) may be present during prolonged observation also...
  85. ncbi Reduced peripheral skeletal muscle mass and abnormal reflex physiology in chronic heart failure
    Massimo F Piepoli
    Heart Failure Unit, Cardiology, Guglielmo da Saliceto Polichirurgico Hospital, Cantone del Cristo, Piacenza, 29100, Italy
    Circulation 114:126-34. 2006
    ....
  86. ncbi A neuropsychiatry service in a state hospital. Adolf Meyer's approach revisited
    Joseph Tonkonogy
    Neuropsychiatry Service, Department of Psychiatry, Worcester State Hospital, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA, USA
    Psychiatr Q 78:219-35. 2007
    ..This article may serve as a model for the use of neuropsychiatric service in improvement of diagnostic evaluation and treatment of psychiatric patients in a state hospital...
  87. ncbi The functional relevance of neurological recovery after lumbar discectomy: a follow-up of more than 20 years
    M Mariconda
    Federico II University Hospital, Via S Pansini 5, ed 12, 80131 Napoli, Italy
    J Bone Joint Surg Br 90:622-8. 2008
    ..If the motor deficit persists after operation, patients can still expect a long-term satisfactory outcome, provided that they have relief from pain immediately after surgery...
  88. ncbi The origin of sympathetic outflow in heart failure: the roles of angiotensin II and nitric oxide
    Irving H Zucker
    Department of Physiology and Biophysics, University of Nebraska College of Medicine, Omaha, NE 68198 4575, USA
    Prog Biophys Mol Biol 84:217-32. 2004
    ..This review will summarize our understanding of abnormal reflex control of the circulation in CHF...
  89. ncbi Assessment of erectile dysfunction in diabetic patients
    Farqad B Hamdan
    Faculty of Pharmacy, Al Zaytoonah Private University, Amman, Jordan
    Int J Androl 32:176-85. 2009
    ..Thus, it can be of value in the diagnosis of ED although these hypotheses require follow-up in a large study cohort...
  90. ncbi Pesticides and child neurodevelopment
    Lisa G Rosas
    University of California at Berkeley, School of Public Health, Center for Children s Environmental Health Research, Berkeley, California, USA
    Curr Opin Pediatr 20:191-7. 2008
    ..This review summarizes the recent research on pesticide exposure and child neurobehavioral development with a focus on in-utero exposure to organochlorine and organophosphate pesticides...
  91. ncbi Influence of prenatal cocaine exposure on full-term infant neurobehavioral functioning
    C E Morrow
    Perinatal Chemical Addiction Research and Education CARE Program, Department of Pediatrics, University of Miami School of Medicine, PO Box 016960 M 808, Miami, FL 33101, USA
    Neurotoxicol Teratol 23:533-44. 2001
    ..Results from qualitative and quantitative urine and meconium bioassay indicators further substantiated these results. Findings, while significant, represent modest effect sizes in full-term infants...
  92. ncbi [Physiotherapy in spinal stenosis]
    B W Wünschmann
    Klinik für Physikalische Medizin und Rehabilitation, Klinikum der Universitat Munchen
    Ther Umsch 58:493-6. 2001
    ..the typical constellation of symptoms (neurogenic claudication, subjective weakness) and physical findings (abnormal reflex status, loss of strength, sensory deficits)...
  93. ncbi Hyperreflexia in axonal Guillain-Barré syndrome subsequent to Campylobacter jejuni enteritis
    Satoshi Kuwabara
    Department of Neurology, Chiba University School of Medicine, 1 8 1 Inohana, Chuo, Chiba 260 8670, Japan
    J Neurol Sci 199:89-92. 2002
    ..He showed exaggerated tendon reflexes with abnormal reflex spread to other segments, and was initially diagnosed as having post-infectious myelitis...
  94. ncbi The effect of prenatal cocaine exposure on neurobehavioral outcome: a meta-analysis
    J R Held
    California Psychological Association, Sacramento, USA
    Neurotoxicol Teratol 21:619-25. 1999
    ..The orientation and autonomic regulation clusters produced small, significant effects at both time periods, but the trend was for reduced effect sizes over time. All other effects appear truly negligible...
  95. ncbi Brief report: breast-fed one-week-olds demonstrate superior neurobehavioral organization
    Sybil Hart
    Texas Tech University, Department of Pediatrics, Texas 79409 1162, USA
    J Pediatr Psychol 28:529-34. 2003
    ..We also examined whether feeding-method effects differed among infants of adolescent mothers...
  96. ncbi [Bowel gases]
    Istvan Pregun
    Semmelweis Egyetem, Általános Orvostudományi Kar, II Belgyógyászati Klinika, Budapest
    Orv Hetil 149:819-23. 2008
    ..Further clinical studies are needed to clarify the pathophysiologic mechanisms of intestinal gas and this may contribute to the evaluation of optimal therapy...
  97. ncbi Intraoperative long-latency reflex activity in idiopathic scoliosis demonstrates abnormal central processing. A possible cause of idiopathic scoliosis
    J Maguire
    Knoxville Orthopedic Clinic, Tennessee
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 18:1621-6. 1993
    ..This would imply that abnormal reflex processing may play a role in the development of the spinal deformity in patients with idiopathic scoliosis.
  98. ncbi Predication of reflex recovery after stroke using quantitative assessments of motor impairment at 1 month
    M M Mirbagheri
    Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Northwestern University Medical School, USA
    Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc 2009:7252-5. 2009
    ..Finally, the findings suggest that abnormal reflex function could contribute to functional motor impairment.
  99. ncbi Baroreceptor reflex in heart failure
    Wei Wang
    Department of Physiology and Biophysics, University of Nebraska College of Medicine, Omaha, NE 68198 4575, USA
    Sheng Li Xue Bao 56:269-81. 2004
    ....
  100. ncbi Externalizing and internalizing problems in relation to autonomic function: a population-based study in preadolescents
    Andrea Dietrich
    Department of Psychiatry, Hanzeplein 1, 9713 GZ Groningen, The Netherlands
    J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 46:378-86. 2007
    ..Moreover, to study whether problems present at both preschool and preadolescent age show stronger associations with autonomic function than those that were not...
  101. ncbi Fatal apnea in piglets by way of laryngeal chemoreflex: postmortem findings as anatomic correlates of sudden infant death syndrome in the human infant
    Mark A Richardson
    Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, Oregon 97239, USA
    Laryngoscope 115:1163-9. 2005
    ..The hypothesis was that water stimulation of the larynx in piglets, leading to death by prolonged apnea, would produce postmortem findings similar to those found in SIDS victims...

Research Grants40

  1. Sympathetic Nervous System and Heart Failure-Role of Primary Afferent Neurons
    Jianhua Li; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Prostaglandins and adenosine are important by-products in active muscles and engaged in the abnormal reflex response in HF...
  2. Mechanisms of Neuroprotection in the Nucleus Tractus Solitarius of Hibernators
    BARBARA ANN HORWITZ; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Prostaglandins and adenosine are important by-products in active muscles and engaged in the abnormal reflex response in HF...
  3. Changing a reflex to improve locomotion
    Aiko Thompson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In this population, exaggerated stretch reflex and abnormal reflex modification of the ankle extensors are frequently observed...
  4. Aging, Neuromuscular Behavior, and Risk of Occupational Low Back Pain
    Babak Bazrgari; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..By quantifying age-related alterations in TMB and the resultant effects on spine biomechanics, we expect to establish a foundation from which to develop and implement age-appropriate controls for LBP. ..
  5. Restoration of postural control after spinal cord injury
    Tatiana G Deliagina; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Spinal shock is followed by a period of gradually developing spasticity (including abnormal reflex responsiveness, clonus, and hypertonus)...
  6. RENAL BLOOD FLOW DURING EXERCISE IN HEART FAILURE
    Holly Middlekauff; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Although the mechanisms underlying this exercise intolerance are multifactorial, abnormal reflex control of the renal circulation is likely an important component...
  7. PON1 and Developmental Sensitivity to OP Pesticides
    Nina T Holland; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..These data will support planning for the National Children's Study, identify subpopulations susceptible to chemical warfare agents, and inform policy decisions for implementation of the Food Quality Protection Act. ..
  8. HEMODYNAMIC EVENTS IN SLEEP APNEA--CAUSES & CONSEQUENCES
    J Weiss; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..Furthermore, we hypothesize that this abnormal hemodynamic function is due, in part, to abnormal reflex control mechanisms...
  9. POSTNATAL RESPIRATORY DEVELOPMENT AS RELATED TO SIDS
    Clarence Sasaki; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..quantitate neurophysiologically those ventilatory conditions which might modify or greatly exaggerate those abnormal reflex behaviors which possess potential lethality to the organism itself; and 5) confirm by alternate experimental ..
  10. Neurophysiological mechanisms underlying spasms in SCI
    Maria Knikou; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..A future study can be concentrated on the potential reflex pathways underlying spasms and their relation to hip extension (end of stance phase) during assisted locomotion in incomplete SCI patients. ..
  11. Sympathetic Control in Heart Failure: A Role of Statins
    Irving H Zucker; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We will determine if a class of drugs called statins has the potential for reducing some of the deleterious consequences of compensatory mechanisms in the heart failure state. ..
  12. Epidermal Innervation as an Outcome Measure
    David Herrmann; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Dr. Herrmann will also examine a method to simplify the analysis of skin biopsy specimens, for easier application in large clinical trials. ..
  13. Cardiovascular Response to Glutamate Nitric Oxide
    WILLIAM TALMAN; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..e. on nNOS immunoreactive dendrites or neurons in NTS. ..
  14. Iron nutrition and impaired development of cerebellum-dependent motor learning
    MATTHEW MCECHRON; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Moreover, eyeblink conditioning is often used in humans; therefore, this animal learning proposal could be critical for future eyeblink conditioning studies with ID in humans. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  15. NEUROPEPTIDES AND CARDIOVASCULAR REGULATION
    VIRGINIA BROOKS; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  16. AGING AND DEMENTIA--LONGITUDINAL COURSE OF SUBGROUPS
    Barry Reisberg; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Collectively, these cohorts include over 1300 persons. The comprehensive evaluations include behavioral, mental status, neuropsychologic, neurologic, neuroimaging, electrophysiologic, and postmortem studies. ..
  17. Genetic Analysis of Stress Response on EtOH Sensitivity
    Clarissa Parker; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  18. RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ALLERGIC RHINITIS AND SINUSITIS
    Fuad Baroody; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..This will hopefully help to improve our therapeutic modalities for this enigmatic illness that affects millions of Americans every year. ..
  19. Role of Intraspinal Plasticity in Autonomic Dysreflexia
    Alexander Rabchevsky; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This information will form the basis for developing potential treatments for this common and debilitating complication of SCI. ..
  20. Humoral Interactions in long-term blood pressure control
    VIRGINIA BROOKS; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  21. Neurobehavioral Effects of Insecticide Exposure in Pregnancy and Early Childhood
    Kimberly Yolton; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  22. Enhanced cardiac sympathetic afferent reflex in CHF
    Wei Wang; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  23. Iron deficiency, hippocampal development, and learning
    MATTHEW MCECHRON; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Experiment 3 will determine if ID during postnatal development produces long-term impairments in hippocampal neurogenesis and hippocampus-dependent learning in young adult rats. ..
  24. Effects of Stress on Pathology of Parkinson's Disease
    GERLINDE METZ; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..These approaches will provide the opportunity to understand factors involved in the pathology of PD and to develop novel therapeutic strategies for neurodegenerative motor disorders. ..
  25. PERIPHERAL NEUROPATHY, SENSORIMOTOR FUNCTIONS & BALANCE
    James Richardson; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Stratification of the subjects in the first group by the presence of carpal tunnel syndrome and testing the subjects in the second group at 3 and 12 weeks may give insight into the mechanisms responsible for improvement noted. ..
  26. Exploration of ETS Effects on Child Behavior and Sleep
    Kimberly Yolton; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  27. BODY WEIGHT SUPPORTED AMBULATION TRAINING AFTER SCI
    Blair Calancie; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  28. SPINAL MOTOR CONDUCTION AND RECOVERY AFTER HUMAN SCI
    Blair Calancie; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..A slow-release formulation the K-channel blocker 4-aminopyridine will be tested for its effects on conduction in some cases. ..
  29. Evaluation of Diagostic and Services Practices in Autism
    Natacha Akshoomoff; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  30. Natural History of Muscular & Reflex Changes in Stroke
    MEHDI MIRBAGHERI; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The changes in passive and intrinsic stiffness are likely to be highly correlated with severity of spasticity and inversely correlated with recovery of function. ..
  31. Physical and Pharmacological Effects on Movement in SCI
    THOMAS HORNBY; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..As a consequence of these findings, a radical change in pharmacological management of motor incomplete SCI will be indicated. ..
  32. Advanced Reproductive Age and Environmental Health
    Stephanie Engel; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  33. Aging Effects on a-Adrenergic Activity in Female Bladder
    Natalia Dmitrieva; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The results of these studies will be the basis for developing a longer research program. ..
  34. IMMUNE RESPONSES TO P FALCIPARUM IN HIGHLAND KENYA
    Chandy John; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..falciparum antigens to susceptibility to infection and disease is important in the evaluation of these antigens as malaria vaccine candidates. ..
  35. NEUROBEHAVIORAL FEATURES & MESIAL TEMPORAL LOBE EPILEPSY
    Bruce Hermann; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The findings will have potential implications for treatment as well as the understanding of the pathophysiology and natural history of TLE. ..
  36. Neurotrophic Mechanisms in LUT Plasticity with Cystitis
    MARGARET VIZZARD; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..3). To evaluate the physiological roles of PACAP and neurotrophins in the micturition reflex pathway using PACAP knockout mice. ..
  37. In-Vivo Confocal Imaging of Meissner's Corpuscles as a Measure of HIV Neuropathy
    David Herrmann; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..In-vivo RCM of MCs may prove to have wide application for early identification of sensory peripheral neuropathies, and to assess effectiveness of therapy. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  38. PLASTICITY OF LUT INTERNEURONS FOLLOWING SPINAL CORD INJ
    MARGARET VIZZARD; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....