pneumocephalus

Summary

Summary: Presence of air or gas within the intracranial cavity (e.g., epidural space, subdural space, intracerebral, etc.) which may result from traumatic injuries, fistulous tract formation, erosions of the skull from NEOPLASMS or infection, NEUROSURGICAL PROCEDURES, and other conditions.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Delayed isolated tension intraventricular pneumocephalus after ventriculoperitoneal shunt
    J F Mineo
    Department of Neurosurgery, La Cavale Blanche Hospital, University of Bretagne Occidental, Boulevard Tanguy Prigent, 29200 Brest
    Neurochirurgie 50:96-100. 2004
  2. ncbi Tension pneumoventricle
    Siti Radhziah
    Department of Neurosurgery, National Neuroscience Institute, Section of Cerebrovascular Surgery, 11 Jalan Tan Tock Seng, Singapore
    J Clin Neurosci 13:881-3. 2006
  3. ncbi Delayed pneumocephalus following shunting for hydrocephalus
    S Honeybul
    Department of Neurosurgery, Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital, Hospital Avenue, Nedlands, Perth, Western Australia, 6009, Australia
    J Clin Neurosci 13:939-42. 2006
  4. ncbi Intracranial complications before and after endoscopic skull base reconstruction
    Richard J Harvey
    Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina 29425, USA
    Am J Rhinol 22:516-21. 2008
  5. ncbi Bilateral orbital emphysema and pneumocephalus as a result of accidental compressed air exposure
    Murvet Yuksel
    Department of Radiology, KSU Medical School, 46050, Kahramanmaras, Turkey
    Emerg Radiol 13:195-8. 2007
  6. ncbi Tension pneumocephalus as a complication of hyperbaric oxygen therapy in a patient with chronic traumatic brain injury
    Lin Chien Lee
    Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Cheng Hsin General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan
    Am J Phys Med Rehabil 91:528-32. 2012
  7. ncbi Nontraumatic pneumocephalus due to nosocomial Enterobacter cloacae infection
    Chin Chi Kuo
    Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan
    Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis 66:108-10. 2010
  8. ncbi Pneumocephalus from gas-forming Escherichia coli subdural empyema
    Alexios A Adamides
    Department of Neurosurgery, The Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    Br J Neurosurg 21:299-300. 2007
  9. ncbi Prophylactic administration of ceftriaxone for the prevention of meningitis after traumatic pneumocephalus: results of a clinical trial
    Behzad Eftekhar
    Department of Neurosurgery, Sina Hospital, Tehran University, Iran
    J Neurosurg 101:757-61. 2004
  10. ncbi Subarachnoid pneumocephalus from epidural steroid injection
    Jason S Hawley
    Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Neurology, Washington, DC, USA
    Headache 45:247-8. 2005

Detail Information

Publications206 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Delayed isolated tension intraventricular pneumocephalus after ventriculoperitoneal shunt
    J F Mineo
    Department of Neurosurgery, La Cavale Blanche Hospital, University of Bretagne Occidental, Boulevard Tanguy Prigent, 29200 Brest
    Neurochirurgie 50:96-100. 2004
    Delayed and isolated tension intraventricular pneumocephalus without air in the pericerebral subarachnoid spaces is an exceptional complication of a ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt...
  2. ncbi Tension pneumoventricle
    Siti Radhziah
    Department of Neurosurgery, National Neuroscience Institute, Section of Cerebrovascular Surgery, 11 Jalan Tan Tock Seng, Singapore
    J Clin Neurosci 13:881-3. 2006
    ....
  3. ncbi Delayed pneumocephalus following shunting for hydrocephalus
    S Honeybul
    Department of Neurosurgery, Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital, Hospital Avenue, Nedlands, Perth, Western Australia, 6009, Australia
    J Clin Neurosci 13:939-42. 2006
    Delayed pneumocephalus is a rare but well-reported complication of cerebrospinal fluid diversion procedures. In most cases the air enters the intracranial cavity via a skull base defect...
  4. ncbi Intracranial complications before and after endoscopic skull base reconstruction
    Richard J Harvey
    Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina 29425, USA
    Am J Rhinol 22:516-21. 2008
    ..The risk of developing complications, such as meningitis, in a skull base defect is unknown. Many ESBR are multilayered soft tissue repairs, and long-term prevention of ICCs is not well described...
  5. ncbi Bilateral orbital emphysema and pneumocephalus as a result of accidental compressed air exposure
    Murvet Yuksel
    Department of Radiology, KSU Medical School, 46050, Kahramanmaras, Turkey
    Emerg Radiol 13:195-8. 2007
    ..Bilateral orbital emphysema with pneumocephalus can occur from a high-pressure compressed air injury after unilateral conjunctival trauma without any evidence ..
  6. ncbi Tension pneumocephalus as a complication of hyperbaric oxygen therapy in a patient with chronic traumatic brain injury
    Lin Chien Lee
    Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Cheng Hsin General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan
    Am J Phys Med Rehabil 91:528-32. 2012
    ..We report a case of chronic traumatic brain injury that progressed to tension pneumocephalus after hyperbaric oxygen therapy...
  7. ncbi Nontraumatic pneumocephalus due to nosocomial Enterobacter cloacae infection
    Chin Chi Kuo
    Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan
    Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis 66:108-10. 2010
    ..We present a case of Enterobacter cloacae meningitis complicated with a nontraumatic pneumocephalus. Maintaining a high index of suspicion of nosocomial meningitis is crucial in patients with acute delirium and ..
  8. ncbi Pneumocephalus from gas-forming Escherichia coli subdural empyema
    Alexios A Adamides
    Department of Neurosurgery, The Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    Br J Neurosurg 21:299-300. 2007
  9. ncbi Prophylactic administration of ceftriaxone for the prevention of meningitis after traumatic pneumocephalus: results of a clinical trial
    Behzad Eftekhar
    Department of Neurosurgery, Sina Hospital, Tehran University, Iran
    J Neurosurg 101:757-61. 2004
    The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of the prophylactic use of ceftriaxone for the prevention of meningitis in patients with acute traumatic pneumocephalus.
  10. ncbi Subarachnoid pneumocephalus from epidural steroid injection
    Jason S Hawley
    Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Neurology, Washington, DC, USA
    Headache 45:247-8. 2005
    ..We present a case of severe posterior headache and diplopia following an epidural steroid injection for lumbar pain...
  11. ncbi Spontaneous tension pneumocephalus in a patient with subdural empyema
    Rakesh Redhu
    Department of Neurosurgery, King Edward VII Memorial Hospital and Seth Gordhandas Sunderdas Medical College, Dr E Borges Marg, Parel, Mumbai 400012, India
    J Clin Neurosci 18:1123-4. 2011
    We report a 45-year old male who developed subdural empyema (SE) with tension pneumocephalus. The patient was admitted unconscious with tonic extensor response to pain. A "gas-forming" organism, Escherichia coli, was detected...
  12. ncbi Acute onset headache complicating labor epidural caused by intrapartum pneumocephalus
    Loren Smarkusky
    Department of Obstetrics, Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine and Anesthesia, University of Miami School of Medicine Jackson Memorial Hospital, Miami, FL 33101, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 108:795-8. 2006
    Epidural placement for obstetric anesthesia is a common procedure. Pneumocephalus, the introduction of air into the cranial cavity after epidural placement, is a rare complication encountered when air is used for identification of the ..
  13. ncbi Pneumocephalus as a cause for headache
    W J Becker
    University of Calgary and Calgary Health Region, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    Can J Neurol Sci 29:278-81. 2002
    b>Pneumocephalus can be a cause of headache, but is easily overlooked in some clinical circumstances.
  14. ncbi Nontraumatic tension pneumocephalus--a differential diagnosis of headache at the ED
    Mu Yi Kuo
    Department of Emergency Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital and Medical College, Taipei, Taiwan
    Am J Emerg Med 23:235-6. 2005
  15. ncbi Pneumocephalus secondary to cerebrospinal fluid leak associated with a lumbar pressure ulcer in a man with paraplegia
    Ibrahim M Eltorai
    Division of Plastic Surgery, University of California Irvine College of Medicine, Orange, California, USA
    J Spinal Cord Med 26:262-9. 2003
    b>Pneumocephalus is a well-known condition following head trauma, but is uncommon in injuries or surgeries of the spine...
  16. ncbi The incidence, volume, absorption, and timing of supratentorial pneumocephalus during posterior fossa neurosurgery conducted in the sitting position
    Tod Sloan
    Department of Anesthesiology, University of Colorado at Denver, Aurora, CO 80045, USA
    J Neurosurg Anesthesiol 22:59-66. 2010
    Supratentorial pneumocephalus (STP) is a known complication of neurosurgical procedures of the posterior fossa when conducted in the sitting position...
  17. ncbi Intraparenchymal pneumocephalus caused by ethmoid sinus osteoma
    Tomoya Kamide
    Department of Neurosurgery, Division of Neuroscience, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kanazawa University, 13 1 Takaramachi, Kanazawa, Ishikawa 920 8641, Japan
    J Clin Neurosci 16:1487-9. 2009
    We report a 57-year-old man with intraparenchymal pneumocephalus caused by ethmoid sinus osteoma...
  18. ncbi [Intraventricular tension pneumocephalus after transsphenoidal surgery: a case report and literature review]
    F Ruiz-Juretschke
    Servicio de Neurocirugia, Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Maranon, Madrid
    Neurocirugia (Astur) 18:134-7. 2007
    Tension pneumocephalus is a rare complication of transsphenoidal approaches. The case of a 37 year old woman with a transsphenoidal resection of a pituitary adenoma who presented self-limited rhinoliquorrhea postoperatively is reported...
  19. ncbi Spontaneous intraparenchymal tension pneumocephalus triggered by compulsive forceful nose blowing
    G Mirone
    Neurosurgery, Department of Neurological Sciences, Second University of Naples, CTO Hospital, Viale Colli Aminei, 21, 80131 Naples, Italy
    Emerg Med J 26:837-8. 2009
    ..Spontaneous tension pneumocephalus is a rare life-threatening condition which is often caused by a bone defect near the tegmen tympani...
  20. pmc Pneumoencephaly following lumbar puncture in association with an ethmoidal osteoma and porencephalic cyst
    A S Nelson
    Department of Neurological Sciences, Ninewells Hospital and Medical School, Dundee DD1 9SY, UK
    J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 78:1149-51. 2007
    ..This was the site of both the CSF leak and air entry. Caution must be taken when considering a CSF examination in the presence of either a presumed asymptomatic porencephalic cyst or ethmoid osteoma...
  21. ncbi [Spontaneous otogenic pneumocephalus]
    K Bahloul
    Service de Neurochirurgie, Hopital Beaujon, AP HP, Faculte X Bichat, Universite Paris 7, Clichy
    Neurochirurgie 49:110-3. 2003
    Otogenic pneumocephalus is uncommon. Typical causes include trauma, tumor, infection, and nasosinusal or mastoid surgery but spontaneous otogenic pneumocephalus is very exceptional...
  22. ncbi Intracerebral pneumocephalus and hemiparesis as a complication of a halo vest in a patient with multiple myeloma. Case report
    Yasushi Hashimoto
    Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Sanda City Hospital, Kobe, Japan
    J Neurosurg 100:367-71. 2004
    ..as pin loosening or brain abscess have been reported, there are no reported cases of hemiparesis following pneumocephalus associated with halo use...
  23. ncbi Pneumocephalus in neonatal meningitis: diffuse, necrotizing meningo-encephalitis in Citrobacter meningitis presenting with pneumatosis oculi and pneumocephalus
    Suneel Kumar Pooboni
    Paediatric Critical Care Unit, Glenfield Hospital, Leicester, UK
    Pediatr Crit Care Med 5:393-5. 2004
    ..We describe the evolution of the clinical picture and the management...
  24. ncbi Pneumocephalus: an uncommon finding in trauma
    K M Leong
    Department of Biomedical Imaging, Faculty of Medicine, University Malaya, Lembah Pantai, 50603, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
    Med J Malaysia 63:256-8. 2008
    b>Pneumocephalus (Intracranial aerocele), defined as intracranial air, is an uncommon complication in head injury patients. It can present immediately following head trauma or be delayed for many days before clinical symptoms occur...
  25. ncbi Traumatic prepontine tension pneumocephalus--case report
    Adám Kuncz
    Division of Neurosurgery, Tawam Hospital, Al Ain, United Arab Emirates
    Ideggyogy Sz 57:313-5. 2004
    A case of prepontine tension pneumocephalus after temporal bone fracture is presented.
  26. ncbi Isolation of Proteus mirabilis from severe neonatal sepsis and central nervous system infection with extensive pneumocephalus
    Zainab Kassim
    Eur J Pediatr 162:644-5. 2003
  27. ncbi Delayed spontaneous traumatic pneumocephalus
    T Hari Chandran
    Department of ENT, Universiti Malaya Medical Center, Jalan Hospital, Ipoh, Perak
    Med J Malaysia 62:411-2. 2007
    b>Pneumocephalus or collection of air in the intracranial cavity can occur after trauma or surgery. However, delayed pneumocephalus occurring months after the initial injury is not common...
  28. ncbi Images in clinical medicine. Pneumocephalus associated with pneumosinus dilatans frontalis
    Neil Bhattacharyya
    Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    N Engl J Med 357:1136. 2007
  29. ncbi Delayed tension pneumocephalus: a rare complication of shunt surgery
    Suresh Sankhla
    Neurol India 52:401-2. 2004
  30. ncbi An adult case of pneumocephalus and pneumococcal meningitis associated with the sphenoid sinusitis
    Yasuko Ohe
    Department of Neurology and Cerebrovascular Medicine, Saitama Medical University International Medical Center, Japan
    Intern Med 51:1129-31. 2012
    ..of multiple air pockets in the basilar cistern, and we diagnosed pneumococcal meningitis complicated with pneumocephalus. Multiple cerebral infarctions were found on brain MRI after admission...
  31. ncbi Severe tension pneumocephalus caused by opening of the frontal sinus by head injury 7 years after initial craniotomy--case report
    Takashi Kon
    Department of Neurosurgery, Toyama Prefectural Central Hospital, Toyama, Japan
    Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo) 43:242-5. 2003
    A 46-year-old man presented with severe tension pneumocephalus triggered by mild head injury 7 years after craniotomy...
  32. ncbi [Cabergoline-induced tension pneumocephalus in a patient with giant invasive prolactinoma. Case report]
    J Castro-Castro
    Servicios de Neurocirugía, Complejo Hospitalario de Ourense, Ourense, Espana
    Neurocirugia (Astur) 22:558-61; discussion 561. 2011
    ..b>Pneumocephalus and cerebrospinal fluid leakage have been reported...
  33. ncbi Treatment of pneumocephalus after endoscopic sinus and microscopic skull base surgery
    John M DelGaudio
    Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Am J Otolaryngol 31:226-30. 2010
    b>Pneumocephalus is a rare complication of endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) and microscopic skull base surgery (MSBS). Postoperatively, patients often present with headache and altered mental status...
  34. ncbi Delayed intraventricular tension pneumocephalus due to scalp-ventricle fistula: a very rare complication of shunt surgery
    Bekir Tugcu
    Bakirkoy Research and Training Hospital for Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 2nd Neurosurgery Clinic, Istanbul, Turkey
    Turk Neurosurg 19:276-80. 2009
    Although pneumocephalus and pneumoventricle are well known entities in neurosurgery practice, delayed intraventricular tension pneumocephalus following shunt surgery is extremely rare.
  35. ncbi Otogenic tension pneumocephalus complicated by eustachian tube insufflation in a patient with a ventriculoperitoneal shunt. Case report
    Hidemasa Nagai
    Department of Neurosurgery, Shimane University School of Medicine Nursing, Izumo City, Shimane, Japan
    J Neurosurg 106:1098-101. 2007
    Spontaneous tension pneumocephalus (TPC) related to shunt surgery has sometimes been reported with reference to the Valsalva maneuver and osseous defects of the tegmen tympani...
  36. ncbi Spontaneous pneumatocele and pneumocephalus associated with mastoid hyperpneumatization
    E Añorbe
    Department of Radiology, Hospital Santiago Apostol, Calle Olaguíbel, 29 01004 Vitoria, Spain
    Eur J Radiol 36:158-60. 2000
    We present a case of spontaneous pneumatocele and pneumocephalus associated with mastoid hyperpneumatization...
  37. ncbi Unexplained fitting in patients with post-dural puncture headache. Risk of iatrogenic pneumocephalus with air rationalizes use of loss of resistance to saline
    A A van den Berg
    Br J Anaesth 90:810-1; author reply 811-2. 2003
  38. ncbi Pneumocephalus: case illustrations and review
    Clemens M Schirmer
    Department of Neurological Surgery, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 02111, USA
    Neurocrit Care 13:152-8. 2010
    b>Pneumocephalus is commonly encountered after neurosurgical procedures but can also be caused by craniofacial trauma and tumors of the skull base and rarely, can occur spontaneously...
  39. ncbi Head positioning and risk of pneumocephalus, air embolism, and hemorrhage during subthalamic deep brain stimulation surgery
    Jules M Nazzaro
    Department of Neurosurgery, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, 66160, USA
    Acta Neurochir (Wien) 152:2047-52. 2010
    The objective of the present study was to evaluate the risk of pneumocephalus, venous air embolism (VAE), and intracranial hemorrhage in subthalamic nucleus (STN) deep brain stimulation (DBS) patients operated in the strict supine (head ..
  40. pmc Pneumocephalus and meningitis as a complication of acute otitis media: case report
    A Ciorba
    Audiology Department, University Hospital of Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy
    Acta Otorhinolaryngol Ital 27:87-9. 2007
    Otogenic pneumocephalus is a rare condition. The case is described of pneumocephalus and meningitis secondary to acute otitis media. Although the rate of intracranial complications related to middle ear disease is only 0...
  41. ncbi Pneumocephalus: a rare presentation of Candida sphenoid sinusitis
    Jainn Jim Lin
    Division of Pediatric Neurology, Chang Gung Children s Hospital, Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Taoyuan, Taiwan
    Pediatr Neurol 40:398-400. 2009
    b>Pneumocephalus is uncommon and usually evident after head trauma or surgery. It is a rare complication of acute, isolated sphenoid sinusitis caused by fungus pathogens in an immunocompetent patient...
  42. ncbi Spontaneous otogenic intracerebral pneumocephalus: case report and review of the literature
    Niklaus Krayenbuhl
    Department of Neurology, University Hospital Zurich, 8091, Zurich, Switzerland
    Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 262:135-8. 2005
    b>Pneumocephalus is commonly associated with head and facial trauma, ear infection or surgical interventions. We describe the rare case of a spontaneous pneumocephalus arising from lateral mastoid air cells...
  43. ncbi Cerebellar haemorrhage and tension pneumocephalus after resection of a Pancoast tumour
    M Ladehoff
    Department of Neurosurgery, University Hospital Luebeck, Luebeck, Germany
    Acta Neurochir (Wien) 147:561-4;discussion 564. 2005
    We present an unusual case of cerebellar haemorrhage followed by tension pneumocephalus several days after thoracotomy for resection of a Pancoast tumour...
  44. ncbi Lumbar puncture associated with pneumocephalus: report of a case
    Grzegorz P Kozikowski
    Department of Anesthesiology, Pain Management Center, New York University School of Medicine, New York, New York 10016, USA
    Anesth Analg 98:524-6, table of contents. 2004
    b>Pneumocephalus is a well known complication of spinal and epidural anesthesia, but it is extremely rare after diagnostic or therapeutic lumbar puncture...
  45. ncbi Symptomatic pneumocephalus occurring years after transphenoidal surgery and radiation therapy for an invasive pituitary tumor: a case report and review of the literature
    Ganesh Rao
    Department of Neurosurgery, The University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah 84132, USA
    Pituitary 6:49-52. 2003
    We present the unusual case of a patient who experienced a CSF leak and subsequent pneumocephalus several years after transphenoidal surgery and radiation treatment for an ACTH secreting pituitary tumor...
  46. ncbi Dural puncture and iatrogenic pneumocephalus with subsequent transverse myelitis in a parturient
    D N Lucas
    Magill Department of Anaesthesia, Intensive Care and Pain Management, Chelsea and Westminster Hospital, London, UK
    Can J Anaesth 47:1103-6. 2000
    To report a case of transverse myelitis following inadvertent dural puncture and iatrogenic pneumocephalus and any possible causal relationship is explored.
  47. ncbi Otogenic tension pneumocephalus caused by therapeutic lumbar CSF drainage for post-traumatic hydrocephalus: a case report
    Edwin K Chan
    Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, New York Eye and Ear Infirmary, New York City, NY 10003, USA
    Ear Nose Throat J 86:391-3, 405. 2007
    Tension pneumocephalus occurs when a continuous flow of air accumulates in the intracranial cavity and produces a mass effect on the brain...
  48. ncbi Delayed and isolated intraventricular tension pneumocephalus after shunting for normal pressure hydrocephalus
    Mehdi Sasani
    Neurol India 55:81-2. 2007
  49. ncbi Traumatic pneumorrhachis
    Brian K P Goh
    Department of General Surgery, Singapore General Hospital, Singapore
    J Trauma 58:875-9. 2005
    ..We also discuss the significance of this entity to the trauma specialist, paying special attention to the differences between air in the subarachnoid space versus air in the epidural space...
  50. ncbi Pneumocephalus with headache complicating labour epidural analgesia: should we still be using air?
    O O Nafiu
    Department of Anesthesiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, USA
    Int J Obstet Anesth 15:237-9. 2006
    b>Pneumocephalus is a rare complication of epidural block which typically occurs when the loss of resistance to air technique is used to identify the epidural space...
  51. ncbi Spontaneous epidural pneumocephalus
    Adam Tucker
    Department of Neurological Surgery, Nishinomiya Kyoritsu Neurosurgical Hospital, Nishinomiya, Hyogo, Japan
    Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo) 48:474-8. 2008
    A 20-year-old male presented with an extremely rare spontaneous epidural pneumocephalus which was successfully treated by a single neurosurgical intervention...
  52. ncbi Early onset tension pneumocephalus following ventriculoperitoneal shunt insertion for normal pressure hydrocephalus: a case report
    Wissam Barada
    Neurology Division, Department of Internal Medicine, American University of Beirut Medical Center, Beirut, Lebanon
    Clin Neurol Neurosurg 111:300-2. 2009
    The occurrence of tension pneumocephalus following ventriculoperitoneal (v.p.) shunt insertion is extremely rare, and is usually of delayed onset...
  53. ncbi Endoscopic management of skull base defects associated with persistent pneumocephalus following previous open repair: a preliminary report
    David W Clark
    Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Texas Sinus Institute, Texas Skull Base Institute, University of Texas at Houston Medical School, Houston, TX 77030, USA
    Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 142:820-6. 2010
    To describe the management of anterior skull base defects in patients who present with pneumocephalus after previous open neurosurgical intervention.
  54. ncbi Tension pneumocephalus: an unusual complication after lung resection
    H V Rajashekara Reddy
    Hairmyres Hospital, Eaglesham Road, East Kilbride, Glasgow G75 8RG, UK
    Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 24:171-3. 2003
    ..The fluid from the drain was positive for Beta-2 transferrin signifying cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) fistula. Patient recovered completely with conservative management...
  55. ncbi Spontaneous otogenic pneumocephalus
    El Romyssa Mohammed
    Pediatric ORL Clinic Medical Faculty Bratislava, Slovakia
    Acta Otolaryngol 131:670-4. 2011
    The diagnosis and management of spontaneous otogenic pneumocephalus with literature review is described. A young sportsman experienced headache and fluctuating mass in his occiput during increased physical activity...
  56. ncbi A rare association of tension pneumocephalus and a large frontoethmoidal osteoma: imaging features and surgical treatment
    Bruno de Vasconcelos Sobreira Guedes
    Section of Neuroradiology, Santa Casa de Misericordia de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    J Craniofac Surg 22:212-3. 2011
    ..Intracranial complications such as pneumocephalus have occasionally been reported in association with osteomas...
  57. ncbi Extensive tension pneumocephalus complicating continuous lumbar CSF drainage for the management of CSF rhinorrhoea
    S Mirza
    University Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Manchester Royal Infirmary, Manchester, UK
    ORL J Otorhinolaryngol Relat Spec 65:215-8. 2003
    We report a case of tension pneumocephalus developing after a continuous lumbar CSF drain had been inserted for the treatment of CSF rhinorrhoea following translabyrinthine removal of a vestibular schwannoma...
  58. ncbi Pneumocephalus by Valsalva's maneuver
    Hans M Schrijver
    Department of Neurology, Vrije Universiteit Medical Centre, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Neurology 60:345-6. 2003
  59. ncbi Hypercellularity of the mastoid as a cause of spontaneous pneumocephalus
    S D Richards
    Department of Otolaryngology, Manchester Royal Infirmary, Manchester, UK
    J Laryngol Otol 118:474-6. 2004
    ..The aetiology of pneumocephalus is discussed and a review of the pertinent literature is also presented.
  60. ncbi Pneumocephalus secondary to a neck stab wound without neurologic injury in a 13-year-old girl
    G Bunc
    Department of Neurosurgery, Maribor Teaching Hospital, Maribor, Slovenia
    Pediatr Neurosurg 34:239-41. 2001
    b>Pneumocephalus is usually caused by injury that damages the brain meninges and thus allows air to enter the intracranial cavity...
  61. ncbi Spontaneous otogenic pneumocephalus presenting with occipital subcutaneous emphysema as primary symptom: could tension gas cause the destruction of cranial bones?
    Ninghui Zhao
    Department of Neurosurgery, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical College, Kunming, China
    J Neurosurg 115:679-83. 2011
    The authors report, to the best of their knowledge, the first case of a spontaneous tension pneumocephalus with subcutaneous emphysema...
  62. ncbi Spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhoea and pneumocephalus following temporal lobectomy for epilepsy
    H Ellamushi
    Department of Neurosurgery, National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery, London, UK
    Br J Neurosurg 14:565-7. 2000
    ..CT revealed marked intraventricular pneumocephalus with breached air cells in the pneumatized lower part of temporal bone...
  63. ncbi Iatrogenic pneumocephalus secondary to intravenous catheterization. Case report
    T P Thompson
    Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pennsylvania, USA
    J Neurosurg 91:878-80. 1999
    The presence of pneumocephalus in a patient without a history of undergoing intracranial or intrathecal procedures is a significant radiographic finding that portends a violation of the dural barrier or the presence of infection...
  64. ncbi Tension pneumocephalus resulting from iatrogenic subarachnoid-pleural fistulae: report of three cases
    M H Bilsky
    Department of Surgery, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York 10021, USA
    Ann Thorac Surg 71:455-7. 2001
    Symptomatic pneumocephalus may result from a cerebrospinal fluid leak communicating with extradural air. However, it is a rare event after thoracic surgical procedures, and its management and physiology are not widely recognized.
  65. ncbi Diffuse pneumocephalus associated with infratentorial and supratentorial hemorrhages as a complication of spinal surgery
    E Ozturk
    Department of Radiology, Aksaz Naval Hospital, Mugla, Turkey
    Acta Radiol 47:497-500. 2006
    ..Both computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging of the brain revealed diffuse pneumocephalus and infra- and supratentorial hemorrhages...
  66. ncbi Normobaric oxygen therapy strategies in the treatment of postcraniotomy pneumocephalus
    Pankaj A Gore
    Division of Neurological Surgery, Barrow Neurological Institute, Phoenix, AZ 85013, USA
    J Neurosurg 108:926-9. 2008
    Postsurgical pneumocephalus is an unavoidable sequela of craniotomy. Sufficiently large volumes of intracranial air can cause headaches, lethargy, and neurological deficits...
  67. ncbi Coma caused by spontaneous otogenic pneumocephalus
    Jonathan A Hyam
    Department of Neurosurgery, Charing Cross Hospital, Fulham Palace Road, London W6 8RF, United Kingdom
    Clin Neurol Neurosurg 110:62-4. 2008
    We present the first case of spontaneous otogenic pneumocephalus presenting with a rapid deterioration in conscious level...
  68. ncbi A complication of forceful nose-blowing
    Amy Fix
    Am J Med 120:328-9. 2007
  69. ncbi Tension pneumocephalus as a complication of lumbar drainage for cerebral aneurysm surgery--case report
    Katsuya Saito
    Department of Neurosurgery, Saiseikai Utsunomiya Hospital, Utsunomiya, Tochigi, Japan
    Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo) 49:252-4. 2009
    A 66-year-old man developed tension pneumocephalus after failed lumbar drainage before clipping surgery for a ruptured anterior communicating artery aneurysm...
  70. ncbi Spontaneous acute subdural haematoma caused by tension pneumocephalus
    H Wessling
    Unit of Neurosurgery, Joan XXIII University Hospital, Tarragona, Spain
    Acta Neurochir (Wien) 147:89-92; discussion 92. 2005
    We describe the first case of spontaneous acute subdural haematoma (SASH) caused by tension pneumocephalus in a patient who had undergone surgery for sinusitis followed by meningitis many years previously...
  71. ncbi Pneumocephalus: a case report and review of article
    M Abadian Sharifabad
    Mount Sinai School of Medicine, Englewood Hospital and Medical Center, Englewood, NJ 07631, USA
    Int J Clin Pract 61:74-6. 2007
    ..Shunt revision was planned emergently, and broad-spectrum antibiotics were started. The patient recovered and was discharged in her usual state of health...
  72. ncbi Disseminated pneumocephalus secondary to an unusual facial trauma
    Altan Yildiz
    Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, Mersin University, TR 33070, Mersin, Turkey
    Eur J Radiol 42:65-8. 2002
    b>Pneumocephalus can be secondary to a postintrathecal procedure, sinus fracture, basilar skull fracture, congenital skull defect, neoplasm, gas producing organism, barotrauma, neurosurgery, paranasal sinus surgery, mask or nasal continuous ..
  73. ncbi Pneumocephalus after air travel
    Matt B Jensen
    Department of Neurology, University of Iowa College of Medicine, 200 Hawkins Drive, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    Neurology 63:400-1. 2004
  74. doi Images in clinical medicine. Spontaneous otogenic pneumocephalus
    Roberto A Villa
    Hospital de Clínicas Universidad de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina
    N Engl J Med 358:e13. 2008
  75. ncbi Pneumocephalus secondary to lumbar catheterization
    Rachel M Gilmore
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    Neurocrit Care 5:49-50. 2006
    ..Her vital signs were normal. Neurological examination revealed subtle word-finding difficulties and dysarthria. There were no physical signs of raised intracranial pressure (ICP). The remainder of her examination was entirely normal...
  76. ncbi Pneumocephalus during continuous epidural block
    Kyomi Kasai
    Department of Anesthesia, Shiga Medical Center for Adults, 5 4 30 Moriyama, Moriyama, 524 8524, Japan
    J Anesth 21:59-61. 2007
    We report a case of pneumocephalus during continuous epidural infusion. A 52-year-old malnourished man with rectal cancer had been treated with continuous epidural block for the relief of pain in the left thigh...
  77. ncbi Tension pneumocephalus following deep brain stimulation surgery with bispectral index monitoring
    V Jain
    Eur J Anaesthesiol 24:203-4. 2007
  78. ncbi Pneumocephalus as a delayed mastoidectomy complication
    F Jegoux
    Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Centre Hospitalier et Universitaire Pontchaillou, Rennes, France
    J Laryngol Otol 121:401-3. 2007
    We report the case of a 43-year-old woman who presented with a spontaneous pneumocephalus, 37 years after a mastoidectomy...
  79. ncbi [Hydrocephalus due to non tumoral stenosis of foramens of Monro: report of four cases]
    K Abderrahmen
    Service de neurochirurgie du Pr Khaldi, institut national de neurologie INN, Rue Jebbari, 1007 Tunis, Tunisie
    Neurochirurgie 54:72-8. 2008
    ..With neuroendoscopy we were able to describe the foramen of Monro and perform a fenestration of the septum pellucidum. The prognosis is usually good...
  80. ncbi Giant suprasellar arachnoid cyst. A case with severe brain stem compression: an incidental finding in a head trauma
    Guillermo Monsalve
    Department of Neurosurgery, Universidad Militar Nueva Granada, Hospital Militar Central, Bogota, Colombia
    Pediatr Neurosurg 43:174-6. 2007
  81. ncbi Management of frontal sinus fractures
    Spiros Manolidis
    Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Beth Israel Hospital, and Baylor College of Medicine, USA
    Plast Reconstr Surg 120:32S-48S. 2007
    ..Newer techniques involving endoscopic image-guided surgery may offer an alternative for a small subset of patients with frontal sinus injury...
  82. ncbi Pneumocephalus following macular hole repair
    Harit K Bhatt
    Arch Ophthalmol 125:1583-4. 2007
  83. ncbi Clinics in diagnostic imaging (119). Post-traumatic intracerebral pneumatocele
    S K Venkatesh
    Department of Diagnostic Radiology, National University Hospital, 5 Lower Kent Ridge Road, Singapore 119074
    Singapore Med J 48:1055-9; quiz 1060. 2007
    ..An intracerebral pneumatocele should be recognised on MR imaging, as potential complications include tension pneumocephalus and meningitis, and surgical treatment is indicated in most of the cases.
  84. ncbi The use of nasopharyngeal airways for airway diversion in anterior craniofacial resection
    Carol M Lewis
    Department of Otolaryngology, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, USA
    Am J Rhinol 22:529-32. 2008
    Tension pneumocephalus is an uncommon, but life-threatening, postoperative complication associated with craniofacial resection. This study was performed to evaluate our institution's experience using nasal trumpets for airway diversion.
  85. ncbi Enlargement of postoperative aqueductal air due to elevated body temperature. Case report
    Burcak Bilginer
    Department of Neurosurgery, Hacettepe University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey
    Turk Neurosurg 17:37-9. 2007
    b>Pneumocephalus has been reported after posterior fossa surgery especially with procedures performed in the sitting position. The gravitational effect is the decisive factor in the development of pneumocephalus...
  86. ncbi Spontaneous otogenic pneumocephalus managed with the middle fossa approach
    Eric P Wilkinson
    House Ear Clinic, Los Angeles, CA 90057, USA
    Acta Otolaryngol 127:892-6. 2007
    Spontaneous otogenic pneumocephalus caused by barotrauma is extremely rare. We surveyed the literature and describe a case report of otogenic pneumocephalus from barotrauma managed with a middle fossa craniotomy...
  87. ncbi Imaging diagnosis--trauma-induced tension pneumocephalus
    Kelley Thieman
    Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, The University of Tennessee College of Veterinary Medicine UT CVM, Knoxville, TN 37996, USA
    Vet Radiol Ultrasound 49:362-4. 2008
  88. ncbi [Intrasphenoidal meningocele and osteopetrosis: a case report]
    M Chandonnet
    Service de Radiologie, CHU de Sherbrooke, 3001 12e Avenue Nord, Sherbrooke, Quebec, Canada, J1H 5N4
    J Radiol 89:255-7. 2008
  89. ncbi Spontaneous pneumocephalus caused by the association of pneumosinus dilatans and meningioma. Case illustration
    Martin Scholsem
    Department of Neurosurgery and Laboratory of Neuropathology, University Hospital of Liege, Belgium
    J Neurosurg 105:934. 2006
  90. ncbi Aeromedical evacuation of patients with pneumocephalus: outcomes in 21 cases
    Daniel J Donovan
    252nd Medical Detachment Neurosurgery, U S Army
    Aviat Space Environ Med 79:30-5. 2008
    Aeromedical evacuation of patients with posttraumatic and/or post-surgical pneumocephalus has often been regarded with great concern...
  91. ncbi [Pneumocephalus after shunt in a patient with hydrocephalus. A case report and review of the literature]
    Ryszard Czepko
    Klinika Neurochirurgii, Instytut Neurologii Collegium Medicum Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego w Krakowie, Krakow
    Neurol Neurochir Pol 39:524-30. 2005
    b>Pneumocephalus in hydrocephalic shunted patients is very rare. So far only 46 cases have been described in the literature...
  92. ncbi Delayed lateral rectus palsy following resection of a pineal cyst in sitting position: direct or indirect compressive phenomenon?
    Qualls E Stevens
    Section of Neurosurgery, Department of Surgery, Bromenn Regional Medical Center, Normal, Illinois, USA
    J Child Neurol 22:1411-4. 2007
    ..Postoperative pneumocephalus is common following craniospinal surgical intervention in the sitting position...
  93. pmc Chronic subdural haematoma in the elderly
    V Adhiyaman
    Department of Geriatric Medicine, Glan Clwyd District General Hospital, Rhyl
    Postgrad Med J 78:71-5. 2002
    ..Neurological state at the time of diagnosis is the most important prognostic factor. Morbidity and mortality is higher in the elderly but outcome is good in patients who undergo neurosurgical intervention...
  94. ncbi [Pneumocephalus caused by failed ventricular tap: case report]
    Toshinari Meguro
    Department of Neurological Surgery, Hiroshima City Hospital, Japan
    No Shinkei Geka 33:607-10. 2005
    ..Brain tap itself usually does not cause symptomatic complication. The authors report an extremely rare complication case of pneumocephalus caused by failed ventricular tap.
  95. ncbi Massive pneumoencephalus of late onset after an en bloc resection for lung cancer
    Marco Lucchi
    Division of Thoracic Surgery, Department of Cardiac and Thoracic Surgery, University of Pisa, Italy
    J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 127:1836-8. 2004
  96. ncbi Clinical and radiologic sequelae of the middle fossa approach to the internal auditory canal
    Tobias Stripf
    Ear, Nose, and Throat Department, University Mainz Medical School, Mainz, Germany
    Otol Neurotol 25:787-90. 2004
    ..A grading system for computed tomography (CT) changes was developed...
  97. ncbi Meningitis following basal skull fracture in two in-line skaters
    L Servais
    Hopital Universitaire des Enfants, Free University of Brussels, Belgium
    Childs Nerv Syst 21:339-42. 2005
    ..In-line skating has been reported to cause severe head injury. Basilar skull fracture (BSF) is associated with a high risk of complication...
  98. ncbi [Pneumocephalus as a complication to sinus surgery]
    M H Moxness
    ,
    Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen 121:168-70. 2001
    BACKGROUND: Pneumocephalus is a rare complication of sinus surgery. The complications of sinus surgery are often classified as minor or major...
  99. ncbi Pneumocephalus and presumed meningitis following inconspicuous penetrating periocular trauma
    Efstathios T Detorakis
    Jules Stein Eye Institute, UCLA School of Medicine, Los Angeles, California, USA
    Acta Ophthalmol Scand 82:603-5. 2004
    ..To report a case of serious intracranial complications in an adolescent youth following a seemingly trivial periocular injury...
  100. ncbi Pneumocephalus
    R S Raj
    Department of Medicine, Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala
    J Assoc Physicians India 52:47. 2004
  101. ncbi Recurrent spontaneous pneumocephalus in a shunted patient
    L Novak
    Department of Neurosurgery, Health and Life Sciences Center, University of Debrecen, Debrecen, Hungary
    Acta Neurochir (Wien) 147:339-40; discussion 340. 2005