Summary: Presence of air or gas within the intracranial cavity (e.g., epidural space, subdural space, intracerebral, etc.) which may result from traumatic injuries, fistulous tract formation, erosions of the skull from NEOPLASMS or infection, NEUROSURGICAL PROCEDURES, and other conditions.
Publications206 found, 100 shown here
- Delayed isolated tension intraventricular pneumocephalus after ventriculoperitoneal shuntJ F Mineo
Department of Neurosurgery, La Cavale Blanche Hospital, University of Bretagne Occidental, Boulevard Tanguy Prigent, 29200 Brest
Neurochirurgie 50:96-100. 2004Delayed and isolated tension intraventricular pneumocephalus without air in the pericerebral subarachnoid spaces is an exceptional complication of a ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt...
- Tension pneumoventricleSiti Radhziah
Department of Neurosurgery, National Neuroscience Institute, Section of Cerebrovascular Surgery, 11 Jalan Tan Tock Seng, Singapore
J Clin Neurosci 13:881-3. 2006....
- Delayed pneumocephalus following shunting for hydrocephalusS Honeybul
Department of Neurosurgery, Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital, Hospital Avenue, Nedlands, Perth, Western Australia, 6009, Australia
J Clin Neurosci 13:939-42. 2006Delayed pneumocephalus is a rare but well-reported complication of cerebrospinal fluid diversion procedures. In most cases the air enters the intracranial cavity via a skull base defect...
- Intracranial complications before and after endoscopic skull base reconstructionRichard J Harvey
Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina 29425, USA
Am J Rhinol 22:516-21. 2008..The risk of developing complications, such as meningitis, in a skull base defect is unknown. Many ESBR are multilayered soft tissue repairs, and long-term prevention of ICCs is not well described...
- Bilateral orbital emphysema and pneumocephalus as a result of accidental compressed air exposureMurvet Yuksel
Department of Radiology, KSU Medical School, 46050, Kahramanmaras, Turkey
Emerg Radiol 13:195-8. 2007..Bilateral orbital emphysema with pneumocephalus can occur from a high-pressure compressed air injury after unilateral conjunctival trauma without any evidence ..
- Tension pneumocephalus as a complication of hyperbaric oxygen therapy in a patient with chronic traumatic brain injuryLin Chien Lee
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Cheng Hsin General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan
Am J Phys Med Rehabil 91:528-32. 2012..We report a case of chronic traumatic brain injury that progressed to tension pneumocephalus after hyperbaric oxygen therapy...
- Nontraumatic pneumocephalus due to nosocomial Enterobacter cloacae infectionChin Chi Kuo
Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan
Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis 66:108-10. 2010..We present a case of Enterobacter cloacae meningitis complicated with a nontraumatic pneumocephalus. Maintaining a high index of suspicion of nosocomial meningitis is crucial in patients with acute delirium and ..
- Pneumocephalus from gas-forming Escherichia coli subdural empyemaAlexios A Adamides
Department of Neurosurgery, The Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Br J Neurosurg 21:299-300. 2007
- Prophylactic administration of ceftriaxone for the prevention of meningitis after traumatic pneumocephalus: results of a clinical trialBehzad Eftekhar
Department of Neurosurgery, Sina Hospital, Tehran University, Iran
J Neurosurg 101:757-61. 2004The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of the prophylactic use of ceftriaxone for the prevention of meningitis in patients with acute traumatic pneumocephalus.
- Subarachnoid pneumocephalus from epidural steroid injectionJason S Hawley
Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Neurology, Washington, DC, USA
Headache 45:247-8. 2005..We present a case of severe posterior headache and diplopia following an epidural steroid injection for lumbar pain...
- Spontaneous tension pneumocephalus in a patient with subdural empyemaRakesh Redhu
Department of Neurosurgery, King Edward VII Memorial Hospital and Seth Gordhandas Sunderdas Medical College, Dr E Borges Marg, Parel, Mumbai 400012, India
J Clin Neurosci 18:1123-4. 2011We report a 45-year old male who developed subdural empyema (SE) with tension pneumocephalus. The patient was admitted unconscious with tonic extensor response to pain. A "gas-forming" organism, Escherichia coli, was detected...
- Acute onset headache complicating labor epidural caused by intrapartum pneumocephalusLoren Smarkusky
Department of Obstetrics, Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine and Anesthesia, University of Miami School of Medicine Jackson Memorial Hospital, Miami, FL 33101, USA
Obstet Gynecol 108:795-8. 2006Epidural placement for obstetric anesthesia is a common procedure. Pneumocephalus, the introduction of air into the cranial cavity after epidural placement, is a rare complication encountered when air is used for identification of the ..
- Pneumocephalus as a cause for headacheW J Becker
University of Calgary and Calgary Health Region, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
Can J Neurol Sci 29:278-81. 2002b>Pneumocephalus can be a cause of headache, but is easily overlooked in some clinical circumstances.
- Nontraumatic tension pneumocephalus--a differential diagnosis of headache at the EDMu Yi Kuo
Department of Emergency Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital and Medical College, Taipei, Taiwan
Am J Emerg Med 23:235-6. 2005
- Pneumocephalus secondary to cerebrospinal fluid leak associated with a lumbar pressure ulcer in a man with paraplegiaIbrahim M Eltorai
Division of Plastic Surgery, University of California Irvine College of Medicine, Orange, California, USA
J Spinal Cord Med 26:262-9. 2003b>Pneumocephalus is a well-known condition following head trauma, but is uncommon in injuries or surgeries of the spine...
- The incidence, volume, absorption, and timing of supratentorial pneumocephalus during posterior fossa neurosurgery conducted in the sitting positionTod Sloan
Department of Anesthesiology, University of Colorado at Denver, Aurora, CO 80045, USA
J Neurosurg Anesthesiol 22:59-66. 2010Supratentorial pneumocephalus (STP) is a known complication of neurosurgical procedures of the posterior fossa when conducted in the sitting position...
- Intraparenchymal pneumocephalus caused by ethmoid sinus osteomaTomoya Kamide
Department of Neurosurgery, Division of Neuroscience, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kanazawa University, 13 1 Takaramachi, Kanazawa, Ishikawa 920 8641, Japan
J Clin Neurosci 16:1487-9. 2009We report a 57-year-old man with intraparenchymal pneumocephalus caused by ethmoid sinus osteoma...
- [Intraventricular tension pneumocephalus after transsphenoidal surgery: a case report and literature review]F Ruiz-Juretschke
Servicio de Neurocirugia, Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Maranon, Madrid
Neurocirugia (Astur) 18:134-7. 2007Tension pneumocephalus is a rare complication of transsphenoidal approaches. The case of a 37 year old woman with a transsphenoidal resection of a pituitary adenoma who presented self-limited rhinoliquorrhea postoperatively is reported...
- Spontaneous intraparenchymal tension pneumocephalus triggered by compulsive forceful nose blowingG Mirone
Neurosurgery, Department of Neurological Sciences, Second University of Naples, CTO Hospital, Viale Colli Aminei, 21, 80131 Naples, Italy
Emerg Med J 26:837-8. 2009..Spontaneous tension pneumocephalus is a rare life-threatening condition which is often caused by a bone defect near the tegmen tympani...
- Pneumoencephaly following lumbar puncture in association with an ethmoidal osteoma and porencephalic cystA S Nelson
Department of Neurological Sciences, Ninewells Hospital and Medical School, Dundee DD1 9SY, UK
J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 78:1149-51. 2007..This was the site of both the CSF leak and air entry. Caution must be taken when considering a CSF examination in the presence of either a presumed asymptomatic porencephalic cyst or ethmoid osteoma...
- [Spontaneous otogenic pneumocephalus]K Bahloul
Service de Neurochirurgie, Hopital Beaujon, AP HP, Faculte X Bichat, Universite Paris 7, Clichy
Neurochirurgie 49:110-3. 2003Otogenic pneumocephalus is uncommon. Typical causes include trauma, tumor, infection, and nasosinusal or mastoid surgery but spontaneous otogenic pneumocephalus is very exceptional...
- Intracerebral pneumocephalus and hemiparesis as a complication of a halo vest in a patient with multiple myeloma. Case reportYasushi Hashimoto
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Sanda City Hospital, Kobe, Japan
J Neurosurg 100:367-71. 2004..as pin loosening or brain abscess have been reported, there are no reported cases of hemiparesis following pneumocephalus associated with halo use...
- Pneumocephalus in neonatal meningitis: diffuse, necrotizing meningo-encephalitis in Citrobacter meningitis presenting with pneumatosis oculi and pneumocephalusSuneel Kumar Pooboni
Paediatric Critical Care Unit, Glenfield Hospital, Leicester, UK
Pediatr Crit Care Med 5:393-5. 2004..We describe the evolution of the clinical picture and the management...
- Pneumocephalus: an uncommon finding in traumaK M Leong
Department of Biomedical Imaging, Faculty of Medicine, University Malaya, Lembah Pantai, 50603, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Med J Malaysia 63:256-8. 2008b>Pneumocephalus (Intracranial aerocele), defined as intracranial air, is an uncommon complication in head injury patients. It can present immediately following head trauma or be delayed for many days before clinical symptoms occur...
- Traumatic prepontine tension pneumocephalus--case reportAdám Kuncz
Division of Neurosurgery, Tawam Hospital, Al Ain, United Arab Emirates
Ideggyogy Sz 57:313-5. 2004A case of prepontine tension pneumocephalus after temporal bone fracture is presented.
- Isolation of Proteus mirabilis from severe neonatal sepsis and central nervous system infection with extensive pneumocephalusZainab Kassim
Eur J Pediatr 162:644-5. 2003
- Delayed spontaneous traumatic pneumocephalusT Hari Chandran
Department of ENT, Universiti Malaya Medical Center, Jalan Hospital, Ipoh, Perak
Med J Malaysia 62:411-2. 2007b>Pneumocephalus or collection of air in the intracranial cavity can occur after trauma or surgery. However, delayed pneumocephalus occurring months after the initial injury is not common...
- Images in clinical medicine. Pneumocephalus associated with pneumosinus dilatans frontalisNeil Bhattacharyya
Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, USA
N Engl J Med 357:1136. 2007
- Delayed tension pneumocephalus: a rare complication of shunt surgerySuresh Sankhla
Neurol India 52:401-2. 2004
- An adult case of pneumocephalus and pneumococcal meningitis associated with the sphenoid sinusitisYasuko Ohe
Department of Neurology and Cerebrovascular Medicine, Saitama Medical University International Medical Center, Japan
Intern Med 51:1129-31. 2012..of multiple air pockets in the basilar cistern, and we diagnosed pneumococcal meningitis complicated with pneumocephalus. Multiple cerebral infarctions were found on brain MRI after admission...
- Severe tension pneumocephalus caused by opening of the frontal sinus by head injury 7 years after initial craniotomy--case reportTakashi Kon
Department of Neurosurgery, Toyama Prefectural Central Hospital, Toyama, Japan
Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo) 43:242-5. 2003A 46-year-old man presented with severe tension pneumocephalus triggered by mild head injury 7 years after craniotomy...
- [Cabergoline-induced tension pneumocephalus in a patient with giant invasive prolactinoma. Case report]J Castro-Castro
Servicios de Neurocirugía, Complejo Hospitalario de Ourense, Ourense, Espana
Neurocirugia (Astur) 22:558-61; discussion 561. 2011..b>Pneumocephalus and cerebrospinal fluid leakage have been reported...
- Treatment of pneumocephalus after endoscopic sinus and microscopic skull base surgeryJohn M DelGaudio
Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
Am J Otolaryngol 31:226-30. 2010b>Pneumocephalus is a rare complication of endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) and microscopic skull base surgery (MSBS). Postoperatively, patients often present with headache and altered mental status...
- Delayed intraventricular tension pneumocephalus due to scalp-ventricle fistula: a very rare complication of shunt surgeryBekir Tugcu
Bakirkoy Research and Training Hospital for Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 2nd Neurosurgery Clinic, Istanbul, Turkey
Turk Neurosurg 19:276-80. 2009Although pneumocephalus and pneumoventricle are well known entities in neurosurgery practice, delayed intraventricular tension pneumocephalus following shunt surgery is extremely rare.
- Otogenic tension pneumocephalus complicated by eustachian tube insufflation in a patient with a ventriculoperitoneal shunt. Case reportHidemasa Nagai
Department of Neurosurgery, Shimane University School of Medicine Nursing, Izumo City, Shimane, Japan
J Neurosurg 106:1098-101. 2007Spontaneous tension pneumocephalus (TPC) related to shunt surgery has sometimes been reported with reference to the Valsalva maneuver and osseous defects of the tegmen tympani...
- Spontaneous pneumatocele and pneumocephalus associated with mastoid hyperpneumatizationE Añorbe
Department of Radiology, Hospital Santiago Apostol, Calle Olaguíbel, 29 01004 Vitoria, Spain
Eur J Radiol 36:158-60. 2000We present a case of spontaneous pneumatocele and pneumocephalus associated with mastoid hyperpneumatization...
- Unexplained fitting in patients with post-dural puncture headache. Risk of iatrogenic pneumocephalus with air rationalizes use of loss of resistance to salineA A van den Berg
Br J Anaesth 90:810-1; author reply 811-2. 2003
- Pneumocephalus: case illustrations and reviewClemens M Schirmer
Department of Neurological Surgery, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 02111, USA
Neurocrit Care 13:152-8. 2010b>Pneumocephalus is commonly encountered after neurosurgical procedures but can also be caused by craniofacial trauma and tumors of the skull base and rarely, can occur spontaneously...
- Head positioning and risk of pneumocephalus, air embolism, and hemorrhage during subthalamic deep brain stimulation surgeryJules M Nazzaro
Department of Neurosurgery, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, 66160, USA
Acta Neurochir (Wien) 152:2047-52. 2010The objective of the present study was to evaluate the risk of pneumocephalus, venous air embolism (VAE), and intracranial hemorrhage in subthalamic nucleus (STN) deep brain stimulation (DBS) patients operated in the strict supine (head ..
- Pneumocephalus and meningitis as a complication of acute otitis media: case reportA Ciorba
Audiology Department, University Hospital of Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy
Acta Otorhinolaryngol Ital 27:87-9. 2007Otogenic pneumocephalus is a rare condition. The case is described of pneumocephalus and meningitis secondary to acute otitis media. Although the rate of intracranial complications related to middle ear disease is only 0...
- Pneumocephalus: a rare presentation of Candida sphenoid sinusitisJainn Jim Lin
Division of Pediatric Neurology, Chang Gung Children s Hospital, Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Taoyuan, Taiwan
Pediatr Neurol 40:398-400. 2009b>Pneumocephalus is uncommon and usually evident after head trauma or surgery. It is a rare complication of acute, isolated sphenoid sinusitis caused by fungus pathogens in an immunocompetent patient...
- Spontaneous otogenic intracerebral pneumocephalus: case report and review of the literatureNiklaus Krayenbuhl
Department of Neurology, University Hospital Zurich, 8091, Zurich, Switzerland
Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 262:135-8. 2005b>Pneumocephalus is commonly associated with head and facial trauma, ear infection or surgical interventions. We describe the rare case of a spontaneous pneumocephalus arising from lateral mastoid air cells...
- Cerebellar haemorrhage and tension pneumocephalus after resection of a Pancoast tumourM Ladehoff
Department of Neurosurgery, University Hospital Luebeck, Luebeck, Germany
Acta Neurochir (Wien) 147:561-4;discussion 564. 2005We present an unusual case of cerebellar haemorrhage followed by tension pneumocephalus several days after thoracotomy for resection of a Pancoast tumour...
- Lumbar puncture associated with pneumocephalus: report of a caseGrzegorz P Kozikowski
Department of Anesthesiology, Pain Management Center, New York University School of Medicine, New York, New York 10016, USA
Anesth Analg 98:524-6, table of contents. 2004b>Pneumocephalus is a well known complication of spinal and epidural anesthesia, but it is extremely rare after diagnostic or therapeutic lumbar puncture...
- Symptomatic pneumocephalus occurring years after transphenoidal surgery and radiation therapy for an invasive pituitary tumor: a case report and review of the literatureGanesh Rao
Department of Neurosurgery, The University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah 84132, USA
Pituitary 6:49-52. 2003We present the unusual case of a patient who experienced a CSF leak and subsequent pneumocephalus several years after transphenoidal surgery and radiation treatment for an ACTH secreting pituitary tumor...
- Dural puncture and iatrogenic pneumocephalus with subsequent transverse myelitis in a parturientD N Lucas
Magill Department of Anaesthesia, Intensive Care and Pain Management, Chelsea and Westminster Hospital, London, UK
Can J Anaesth 47:1103-6. 2000To report a case of transverse myelitis following inadvertent dural puncture and iatrogenic pneumocephalus and any possible causal relationship is explored.
- Otogenic tension pneumocephalus caused by therapeutic lumbar CSF drainage for post-traumatic hydrocephalus: a case reportEdwin K Chan
Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, New York Eye and Ear Infirmary, New York City, NY 10003, USA
Ear Nose Throat J 86:391-3, 405. 2007Tension pneumocephalus occurs when a continuous flow of air accumulates in the intracranial cavity and produces a mass effect on the brain...
- Delayed and isolated intraventricular tension pneumocephalus after shunting for normal pressure hydrocephalusMehdi Sasani
Neurol India 55:81-2. 2007
- Traumatic pneumorrhachisBrian K P Goh
Department of General Surgery, Singapore General Hospital, Singapore
J Trauma 58:875-9. 2005..We also discuss the significance of this entity to the trauma specialist, paying special attention to the differences between air in the subarachnoid space versus air in the epidural space...
- Pneumocephalus with headache complicating labour epidural analgesia: should we still be using air?O O Nafiu
Department of Anesthesiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, USA
Int J Obstet Anesth 15:237-9. 2006b>Pneumocephalus is a rare complication of epidural block which typically occurs when the loss of resistance to air technique is used to identify the epidural space...
- Spontaneous epidural pneumocephalusAdam Tucker
Department of Neurological Surgery, Nishinomiya Kyoritsu Neurosurgical Hospital, Nishinomiya, Hyogo, Japan
Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo) 48:474-8. 2008A 20-year-old male presented with an extremely rare spontaneous epidural pneumocephalus which was successfully treated by a single neurosurgical intervention...
- Early onset tension pneumocephalus following ventriculoperitoneal shunt insertion for normal pressure hydrocephalus: a case reportWissam Barada
Neurology Division, Department of Internal Medicine, American University of Beirut Medical Center, Beirut, Lebanon
Clin Neurol Neurosurg 111:300-2. 2009The occurrence of tension pneumocephalus following ventriculoperitoneal (v.p.) shunt insertion is extremely rare, and is usually of delayed onset...
- Endoscopic management of skull base defects associated with persistent pneumocephalus following previous open repair: a preliminary reportDavid W Clark
Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Texas Sinus Institute, Texas Skull Base Institute, University of Texas at Houston Medical School, Houston, TX 77030, USA
Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 142:820-6. 2010To describe the management of anterior skull base defects in patients who present with pneumocephalus after previous open neurosurgical intervention.
- Tension pneumocephalus: an unusual complication after lung resectionH V Rajashekara Reddy
Hairmyres Hospital, Eaglesham Road, East Kilbride, Glasgow G75 8RG, UK
Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 24:171-3. 2003..The fluid from the drain was positive for Beta-2 transferrin signifying cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) fistula. Patient recovered completely with conservative management...
- Spontaneous otogenic pneumocephalusEl Romyssa Mohammed
Pediatric ORL Clinic Medical Faculty Bratislava, Slovakia
Acta Otolaryngol 131:670-4. 2011The diagnosis and management of spontaneous otogenic pneumocephalus with literature review is described. A young sportsman experienced headache and fluctuating mass in his occiput during increased physical activity...
- A rare association of tension pneumocephalus and a large frontoethmoidal osteoma: imaging features and surgical treatmentBruno de Vasconcelos Sobreira Guedes
Section of Neuroradiology, Santa Casa de Misericordia de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
J Craniofac Surg 22:212-3. 2011..Intracranial complications such as pneumocephalus have occasionally been reported in association with osteomas...
- Extensive tension pneumocephalus complicating continuous lumbar CSF drainage for the management of CSF rhinorrhoeaS Mirza
University Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Manchester Royal Infirmary, Manchester, UK
ORL J Otorhinolaryngol Relat Spec 65:215-8. 2003We report a case of tension pneumocephalus developing after a continuous lumbar CSF drain had been inserted for the treatment of CSF rhinorrhoea following translabyrinthine removal of a vestibular schwannoma...
- Pneumocephalus by Valsalva's maneuverHans M Schrijver
Department of Neurology, Vrije Universiteit Medical Centre, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Neurology 60:345-6. 2003
- Hypercellularity of the mastoid as a cause of spontaneous pneumocephalusS D Richards
Department of Otolaryngology, Manchester Royal Infirmary, Manchester, UK
J Laryngol Otol 118:474-6. 2004..The aetiology of pneumocephalus is discussed and a review of the pertinent literature is also presented.
- Pneumocephalus secondary to a neck stab wound without neurologic injury in a 13-year-old girlG Bunc
Department of Neurosurgery, Maribor Teaching Hospital, Maribor, Slovenia
Pediatr Neurosurg 34:239-41. 2001b>Pneumocephalus is usually caused by injury that damages the brain meninges and thus allows air to enter the intracranial cavity...
- Spontaneous otogenic pneumocephalus presenting with occipital subcutaneous emphysema as primary symptom: could tension gas cause the destruction of cranial bones?Ninghui Zhao
Department of Neurosurgery, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical College, Kunming, China
J Neurosurg 115:679-83. 2011The authors report, to the best of their knowledge, the first case of a spontaneous tension pneumocephalus with subcutaneous emphysema...
- Spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhoea and pneumocephalus following temporal lobectomy for epilepsyH Ellamushi
Department of Neurosurgery, National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery, London, UK
Br J Neurosurg 14:565-7. 2000..CT revealed marked intraventricular pneumocephalus with breached air cells in the pneumatized lower part of temporal bone...
- Iatrogenic pneumocephalus secondary to intravenous catheterization. Case reportT P Thompson
Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pennsylvania, USA
J Neurosurg 91:878-80. 1999The presence of pneumocephalus in a patient without a history of undergoing intracranial or intrathecal procedures is a significant radiographic finding that portends a violation of the dural barrier or the presence of infection...
- Tension pneumocephalus resulting from iatrogenic subarachnoid-pleural fistulae: report of three casesM H Bilsky
Department of Surgery, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York 10021, USA
Ann Thorac Surg 71:455-7. 2001Symptomatic pneumocephalus may result from a cerebrospinal fluid leak communicating with extradural air. However, it is a rare event after thoracic surgical procedures, and its management and physiology are not widely recognized.
- Diffuse pneumocephalus associated with infratentorial and supratentorial hemorrhages as a complication of spinal surgeryE Ozturk
Department of Radiology, Aksaz Naval Hospital, Mugla, Turkey
Acta Radiol 47:497-500. 2006..Both computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging of the brain revealed diffuse pneumocephalus and infra- and supratentorial hemorrhages...
- Normobaric oxygen therapy strategies in the treatment of postcraniotomy pneumocephalusPankaj A Gore
Division of Neurological Surgery, Barrow Neurological Institute, Phoenix, AZ 85013, USA
J Neurosurg 108:926-9. 2008Postsurgical pneumocephalus is an unavoidable sequela of craniotomy. Sufficiently large volumes of intracranial air can cause headaches, lethargy, and neurological deficits...
- Coma caused by spontaneous otogenic pneumocephalusJonathan A Hyam
Department of Neurosurgery, Charing Cross Hospital, Fulham Palace Road, London W6 8RF, United Kingdom
Clin Neurol Neurosurg 110:62-4. 2008We present the first case of spontaneous otogenic pneumocephalus presenting with a rapid deterioration in conscious level...
- A complication of forceful nose-blowingAmy Fix
Am J Med 120:328-9. 2007
- Tension pneumocephalus as a complication of lumbar drainage for cerebral aneurysm surgery--case reportKatsuya Saito
Department of Neurosurgery, Saiseikai Utsunomiya Hospital, Utsunomiya, Tochigi, Japan
Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo) 49:252-4. 2009A 66-year-old man developed tension pneumocephalus after failed lumbar drainage before clipping surgery for a ruptured anterior communicating artery aneurysm...
- Spontaneous acute subdural haematoma caused by tension pneumocephalusH Wessling
Unit of Neurosurgery, Joan XXIII University Hospital, Tarragona, Spain
Acta Neurochir (Wien) 147:89-92; discussion 92. 2005We describe the first case of spontaneous acute subdural haematoma (SASH) caused by tension pneumocephalus in a patient who had undergone surgery for sinusitis followed by meningitis many years previously...
- Pneumocephalus: a case report and review of articleM Abadian Sharifabad
Mount Sinai School of Medicine, Englewood Hospital and Medical Center, Englewood, NJ 07631, USA
Int J Clin Pract 61:74-6. 2007..Shunt revision was planned emergently, and broad-spectrum antibiotics were started. The patient recovered and was discharged in her usual state of health...
- Disseminated pneumocephalus secondary to an unusual facial traumaAltan Yildiz
Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, Mersin University, TR 33070, Mersin, Turkey
Eur J Radiol 42:65-8. 2002b>Pneumocephalus can be secondary to a postintrathecal procedure, sinus fracture, basilar skull fracture, congenital skull defect, neoplasm, gas producing organism, barotrauma, neurosurgery, paranasal sinus surgery, mask or nasal continuous ..
- Pneumocephalus after air travelMatt B Jensen
Department of Neurology, University of Iowa College of Medicine, 200 Hawkins Drive, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
Neurology 63:400-1. 2004
- Images in clinical medicine. Spontaneous otogenic pneumocephalusRoberto A Villa
Hospital de Clínicas Universidad de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina
N Engl J Med 358:e13. 2008
- Pneumocephalus secondary to lumbar catheterizationRachel M Gilmore
Department of Emergency Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
Neurocrit Care 5:49-50. 2006..Her vital signs were normal. Neurological examination revealed subtle word-finding difficulties and dysarthria. There were no physical signs of raised intracranial pressure (ICP). The remainder of her examination was entirely normal...
- Pneumocephalus during continuous epidural blockKyomi Kasai
Department of Anesthesia, Shiga Medical Center for Adults, 5 4 30 Moriyama, Moriyama, 524 8524, Japan
J Anesth 21:59-61. 2007We report a case of pneumocephalus during continuous epidural infusion. A 52-year-old malnourished man with rectal cancer had been treated with continuous epidural block for the relief of pain in the left thigh...
- Tension pneumocephalus following deep brain stimulation surgery with bispectral index monitoringV Jain
Eur J Anaesthesiol 24:203-4. 2007
- Pneumocephalus as a delayed mastoidectomy complicationF Jegoux
Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Centre Hospitalier et Universitaire Pontchaillou, Rennes, France
J Laryngol Otol 121:401-3. 2007We report the case of a 43-year-old woman who presented with a spontaneous pneumocephalus, 37 years after a mastoidectomy...
- [Hydrocephalus due to non tumoral stenosis of foramens of Monro: report of four cases]K Abderrahmen
Service de neurochirurgie du Pr Khaldi, institut national de neurologie INN, Rue Jebbari, 1007 Tunis, Tunisie
Neurochirurgie 54:72-8. 2008..With neuroendoscopy we were able to describe the foramen of Monro and perform a fenestration of the septum pellucidum. The prognosis is usually good...
- Giant suprasellar arachnoid cyst. A case with severe brain stem compression: an incidental finding in a head traumaGuillermo Monsalve
Department of Neurosurgery, Universidad Militar Nueva Granada, Hospital Militar Central, Bogota, Colombia
Pediatr Neurosurg 43:174-6. 2007
- Management of frontal sinus fracturesSpiros Manolidis
Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Beth Israel Hospital, and Baylor College of Medicine, USA
Plast Reconstr Surg 120:32S-48S. 2007..Newer techniques involving endoscopic image-guided surgery may offer an alternative for a small subset of patients with frontal sinus injury...
- Pneumocephalus following macular hole repairHarit K Bhatt
Arch Ophthalmol 125:1583-4. 2007
- Clinics in diagnostic imaging (119). Post-traumatic intracerebral pneumatoceleS K Venkatesh
Department of Diagnostic Radiology, National University Hospital, 5 Lower Kent Ridge Road, Singapore 119074
Singapore Med J 48:1055-9; quiz 1060. 2007..An intracerebral pneumatocele should be recognised on MR imaging, as potential complications include tension pneumocephalus and meningitis, and surgical treatment is indicated in most of the cases.
- The use of nasopharyngeal airways for airway diversion in anterior craniofacial resectionCarol M Lewis
Department of Otolaryngology, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, USA
Am J Rhinol 22:529-32. 2008Tension pneumocephalus is an uncommon, but life-threatening, postoperative complication associated with craniofacial resection. This study was performed to evaluate our institution's experience using nasal trumpets for airway diversion.
- Enlargement of postoperative aqueductal air due to elevated body temperature. Case reportBurcak Bilginer
Department of Neurosurgery, Hacettepe University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey
Turk Neurosurg 17:37-9. 2007b>Pneumocephalus has been reported after posterior fossa surgery especially with procedures performed in the sitting position. The gravitational effect is the decisive factor in the development of pneumocephalus...
- Spontaneous otogenic pneumocephalus managed with the middle fossa approachEric P Wilkinson
House Ear Clinic, Los Angeles, CA 90057, USA
Acta Otolaryngol 127:892-6. 2007Spontaneous otogenic pneumocephalus caused by barotrauma is extremely rare. We surveyed the literature and describe a case report of otogenic pneumocephalus from barotrauma managed with a middle fossa craniotomy...
- Imaging diagnosis--trauma-induced tension pneumocephalusKelley Thieman
Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, The University of Tennessee College of Veterinary Medicine UT CVM, Knoxville, TN 37996, USA
Vet Radiol Ultrasound 49:362-4. 2008
- [Intrasphenoidal meningocele and osteopetrosis: a case report]M Chandonnet
Service de Radiologie, CHU de Sherbrooke, 3001 12e Avenue Nord, Sherbrooke, Quebec, Canada, J1H 5N4
J Radiol 89:255-7. 2008
- Spontaneous pneumocephalus caused by the association of pneumosinus dilatans and meningioma. Case illustrationMartin Scholsem
Department of Neurosurgery and Laboratory of Neuropathology, University Hospital of Liege, Belgium
J Neurosurg 105:934. 2006
- Aeromedical evacuation of patients with pneumocephalus: outcomes in 21 casesDaniel J Donovan
252nd Medical Detachment Neurosurgery, U S Army
Aviat Space Environ Med 79:30-5. 2008Aeromedical evacuation of patients with posttraumatic and/or post-surgical pneumocephalus has often been regarded with great concern...
- [Pneumocephalus after shunt in a patient with hydrocephalus. A case report and review of the literature]Ryszard Czepko
Klinika Neurochirurgii, Instytut Neurologii Collegium Medicum Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego w Krakowie, Krakow
Neurol Neurochir Pol 39:524-30. 2005b>Pneumocephalus in hydrocephalic shunted patients is very rare. So far only 46 cases have been described in the literature...
- Delayed lateral rectus palsy following resection of a pineal cyst in sitting position: direct or indirect compressive phenomenon?Qualls E Stevens
Section of Neurosurgery, Department of Surgery, Bromenn Regional Medical Center, Normal, Illinois, USA
J Child Neurol 22:1411-4. 2007..Postoperative pneumocephalus is common following craniospinal surgical intervention in the sitting position...
- Chronic subdural haematoma in the elderlyV Adhiyaman
Department of Geriatric Medicine, Glan Clwyd District General Hospital, Rhyl
Postgrad Med J 78:71-5. 2002..Neurological state at the time of diagnosis is the most important prognostic factor. Morbidity and mortality is higher in the elderly but outcome is good in patients who undergo neurosurgical intervention...
- [Pneumocephalus caused by failed ventricular tap: case report]Toshinari Meguro
Department of Neurological Surgery, Hiroshima City Hospital, Japan
No Shinkei Geka 33:607-10. 2005..Brain tap itself usually does not cause symptomatic complication. The authors report an extremely rare complication case of pneumocephalus caused by failed ventricular tap.
- Massive pneumoencephalus of late onset after an en bloc resection for lung cancerMarco Lucchi
Division of Thoracic Surgery, Department of Cardiac and Thoracic Surgery, University of Pisa, Italy
J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 127:1836-8. 2004
- Clinical and radiologic sequelae of the middle fossa approach to the internal auditory canalTobias Stripf
Ear, Nose, and Throat Department, University Mainz Medical School, Mainz, Germany
Otol Neurotol 25:787-90. 2004..A grading system for computed tomography (CT) changes was developed...
- Meningitis following basal skull fracture in two in-line skatersL Servais
Hopital Universitaire des Enfants, Free University of Brussels, Belgium
Childs Nerv Syst 21:339-42. 2005..In-line skating has been reported to cause severe head injury. Basilar skull fracture (BSF) is associated with a high risk of complication...
- [Pneumocephalus as a complication to sinus surgery]M H Moxness
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen 121:168-70. 2001BACKGROUND: Pneumocephalus is a rare complication of sinus surgery. The complications of sinus surgery are often classified as minor or major...
- Pneumocephalus and presumed meningitis following inconspicuous penetrating periocular traumaEfstathios T Detorakis
Jules Stein Eye Institute, UCLA School of Medicine, Los Angeles, California, USA
Acta Ophthalmol Scand 82:603-5. 2004..To report a case of serious intracranial complications in an adolescent youth following a seemingly trivial periocular injury...
- PneumocephalusR S Raj
Department of Medicine, Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala
J Assoc Physicians India 52:47. 2004
- Recurrent spontaneous pneumocephalus in a shunted patientL Novak
Department of Neurosurgery, Health and Life Sciences Center, University of Debrecen, Debrecen, Hungary
Acta Neurochir (Wien) 147:339-40; discussion 340. 2005