hiv seropositivity

Summary

Summary: Development of neutralizing antibodies in individuals who have been exposed to the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV/HTLV-III/LAV).

Top Publications

  1. ncbi The growing burden of tuberculosis: global trends and interactions with the HIV epidemic
    Elizabeth L Corbett
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, England, UK
    Arch Intern Med 163:1009-21. 2003
  2. pmc Rates, barriers and outcomes of HIV serostatus disclosure among women in developing countries: implications for prevention of mother-to-child transmission programmes
    Amy Medley
    Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of International Health, 615 N Wolfe Street, E5033, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Bull World Health Organ 82:299-307. 2004
  3. ncbi HIV-1 transmission, by stage of infection
    T Deirdre Hollingsworth
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom
    J Infect Dis 198:687-93. 2008
  4. pmc What's love got to do with it? Explaining adherence to oral antiretroviral pre-exposure prophylaxis for HIV-serodiscordant couples
    Norma C Ware
    Department of Global Health and Social Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 59:463-8. 2012
  5. pmc Increased risk of HIV-1 transmission in pregnancy: a prospective study among African HIV-1-serodiscordant couples
    Nelly R Mugo
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi, Kenya
    AIDS 25:1887-95. 2011
  6. ncbi "Life is still going on": reproductive intentions among HIV-positive women and men in South Africa
    Diane Cooper
    University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa
    Soc Sci Med 65:274-83. 2007
  7. ncbi Natural history and possible reactivation of human papillomavirus in human immunodeficiency virus-positive women
    Howard D Strickler
    Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, 1300 Morris Park Ave, Belfer 1308, Bronx, NY 10461, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 97:577-86. 2005
  8. pmc Increasing the acceptability of HIV counseling and testing with three C's: convenience, confidentiality and credibility
    Nicole Angotti
    University of Texas at Austin, TX, USA
    Soc Sci Med 68:2263-70. 2009
  9. ncbi High acceptability of voluntary counselling and HIV-testing but unacceptable loss to follow up in a prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission programme in rural Malawi: scaling-up requires a different way of acting
    M Manzi
    Medecins Sans Frontieres Luxembourg, Thyolo District, Luxembourg, Malawi
    Trop Med Int Health 10:1242-50. 2005
  10. ncbi Opt-out HIV testing during antenatal care: experiences of pregnant women in rural Uganda
    Elin C Larsson
    Division of Global Health IHCAR, Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, Nobelsv 9, 171 77, Stockholm, Sweden
    Health Policy Plan 27:69-75. 2012

Detail Information

Publications282 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi The growing burden of tuberculosis: global trends and interactions with the HIV epidemic
    Elizabeth L Corbett
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, England, UK
    Arch Intern Med 163:1009-21. 2003
    ..The increasing global burden of tuberculosis (TB) is linked to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection...
  2. pmc Rates, barriers and outcomes of HIV serostatus disclosure among women in developing countries: implications for prevention of mother-to-child transmission programmes
    Amy Medley
    Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of International Health, 615 N Wolfe Street, E5033, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Bull World Health Organ 82:299-307. 2004
    ..This article discusses these implications and offers some strategies for safely increasing the rates of HIV status disclosure among women...
  3. ncbi HIV-1 transmission, by stage of infection
    T Deirdre Hollingsworth
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom
    J Infect Dis 198:687-93. 2008
    ....
  4. pmc What's love got to do with it? Explaining adherence to oral antiretroviral pre-exposure prophylaxis for HIV-serodiscordant couples
    Norma C Ware
    Department of Global Health and Social Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 59:463-8. 2012
    ..This article presents an explanation of PrEP adherence for African serodiscordant couples derived from qualitative data...
  5. pmc Increased risk of HIV-1 transmission in pregnancy: a prospective study among African HIV-1-serodiscordant couples
    Nelly R Mugo
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi, Kenya
    AIDS 25:1887-95. 2011
    ..Prospective studies exploring pregnancy and HIV-1 acquisition risk in women have found inconsistent results. No study has explored the effect of pregnancy on HIV-1 transmission risk from HIV-1-infected women to male partners...
  6. ncbi "Life is still going on": reproductive intentions among HIV-positive women and men in South Africa
    Diane Cooper
    University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa
    Soc Sci Med 65:274-83. 2007
    ....
  7. ncbi Natural history and possible reactivation of human papillomavirus in human immunodeficiency virus-positive women
    Howard D Strickler
    Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, 1300 Morris Park Ave, Belfer 1308, Bronx, NY 10461, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 97:577-86. 2005
    ....
  8. pmc Increasing the acceptability of HIV counseling and testing with three C's: convenience, confidentiality and credibility
    Nicole Angotti
    University of Texas at Austin, TX, USA
    Soc Sci Med 68:2263-70. 2009
    ..Our study suggests that attention to these factors in VCT strategies may mitigate the fear of HIV testing, and ultimately increase uptake in rural African settings...
  9. ncbi High acceptability of voluntary counselling and HIV-testing but unacceptable loss to follow up in a prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission programme in rural Malawi: scaling-up requires a different way of acting
    M Manzi
    Medecins Sans Frontieres Luxembourg, Thyolo District, Luxembourg, Malawi
    Trop Med Int Health 10:1242-50. 2005
    ..Thyolo District Hospital, rural Malawi...
  10. ncbi Opt-out HIV testing during antenatal care: experiences of pregnant women in rural Uganda
    Elin C Larsson
    Division of Global Health IHCAR, Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, Nobelsv 9, 171 77, Stockholm, Sweden
    Health Policy Plan 27:69-75. 2012
    ..Moreover, to achieve the desired outcomes of the PMTCT programme, monitoring and evaluation should be built into the programme...
  11. pmc Sexual risk factors for HIV infection in early and advanced HIV epidemics in sub-Saharan Africa: systematic overview of 68 epidemiological studies
    Li Chen
    Centre for Global Health Research, St Michael s Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    PLoS ONE 2:e1001. 2007
    ..It is commonly assumed that sexual risk factors for heterosexual HIV transmission in sub-Saharan Africa, such as multi-partner sex, paid sex and co-infections, become less important as HIV epidemics mature and prevalence increases...
  12. ncbi Processes and outcomes of HIV serostatus disclosure to sexual partners among people living with HIV in Uganda
    Rachel King
    Global AIDS Program, CDC Uganda, Kampala, Uganda
    AIDS Behav 12:232-43. 2008
    ..Positive outcomes included risk reduction behavior, partner testing, increased care-seeking behavior, anxiety relief, increased sexual communication, and motivation to plan for the future...
  13. ncbi High HIV incidence during pregnancy: compelling reason for repeat HIV testing
    Dhayendre Moodley
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of KwaZulu Natal, Congella, South Africa
    AIDS 23:1255-9. 2009
    ..To determine the incidence of HIV during pregnancy as defined by seroconversion using a repeat HIV rapid testing strategy during late pregnancy...
  14. ncbi Mortality, CD4 cell count decline, and depressive symptoms among HIV-seropositive women: longitudinal analysis from the HIV Epidemiology Research Study
    J R Ickovics
    Yale University, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, PO Box 208034, 60 College St, Suite 415, New Haven, CT 06520 8034, USA
    JAMA 285:1466-74. 2001
    ..The impact of depression on morbidity and mortality among women with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) has not been examined despite the fact that women with HIV have substantially higher rates of depression than their male counterparts...
  15. ncbi Increased risk of incident HIV during pregnancy in Rakai, Uganda: a prospective study
    Ronald H Gray
    Johns Hopkins University, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, USA
    Lancet 366:1182-8. 2005
    ..HIV acquisition is significantly higher during pregnancy than in the postpartum period. We did a prospective study to estimate HIV incidence rates during pregnancy and lactation...
  16. ncbi Human papillomavirus type 16 and immune status in human immunodeficiency virus-seropositive women
    Howard D Strickler
    Department of Epidemiology and Social Medicine, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 95:1062-71. 2003
    ..To address this issue, we examined HPV test results from repeated study visits in the WIHS and from an independent study, the HIV Epidemiology Research Study (HERS)...
  17. ncbi Changes in the risk of death after HIV seroconversion compared with mortality in the general population
    Krishnan Bhaskaran
    MRC Clinical Trials Unit, 222 Euston Rd, London NW1 2DA, United Kingdom
    JAMA 300:51-9. 2008
    ..Mortality among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected individuals has decreased dramatically in countries with good access to treatment and may now be close to mortality in the general uninfected population...
  18. ncbi High uptake of home-based, district-wide, HIV counseling and testing in Uganda
    ELIODA TUMWESIGYE
    Integrated Community Based Initiatives, Kabwohe, Uganda
    AIDS Patient Care STDS 24:735-41. 2010
    ..These results demonstrate that home-based HCT was well-accepted, feasible, and effective in identifying HIV-infected individuals who did not know their HIV status in rural Uganda...
  19. pmc Loneliness and HIV-related stigma explain depression among older HIV-positive adults
    Christian Grov
    Department of Health and Nutrition Sciences, Brooklyn College of City University of New York, NY, USA
    AIDS Care 22:630-9. 2010
    ..Data suggest that focusing efforts to reduce HIV-related stigma and loneliness may have lasting effects in reducing major depressive symptoms and improving perceived health...
  20. pmc Disclosure of HIV status to sex partners and sexual risk behaviours among HIV-positive men and women, Cape Town, South Africa
    L C Simbayi
    Human Sciences Research Council, Cape Town, South Africa
    Sex Transm Infect 83:29-34. 2007
    ..The HIV epidemic continues to amplify in southern Africa and there is a growing need for HIV prevention interventions among people who have tested HIV positive...
  21. pmc Performance characteristics of the immunoglobulin G-capture BED-enzyme immunoassay, an assay to detect recent human immunodeficiency virus type 1 seroconversion
    Trudy Dobbs
    HIV Immunology and Diagnostics Branch, Mailstop D12, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Rd, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Clin Microbiol 42:2623-8. 2004
    ..This information provides baseline data for the successful transfer of BED-CEIA to other laboratories and the use of BED-CEIA for the detection of recent HIV seroconversion and the calculation of incidence estimates worldwide...
  22. pmc HIV-positive women report more lifetime partner violence: findings from a voluntary counseling and testing clinic in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
    Suzanne Maman
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Am J Public Health 92:1331-7. 2002
    ..Experiences of partner violence were compared between HIV-positive and HIV-negative women...
  23. ncbi Determination of mean recency period for estimation of HIV type 1 Incidence with the BED-capture EIA in persons infected with diverse subtypes
    Bharat S Parekh
    Division of Global AIDS Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 27:265-73. 2011
    ..The determination of ω with more data and new methodology suggests that ω of the BED-CEIA varies between different subtypes and/or populations. These estimates for ω may affect incidence estimates in various studies...
  24. pmc Lack of a decline in HIV incidence in a rural community with high HIV prevalence in South Africa, 2003-2007
    Till Barnighausen
    Africa Centre for Health and Population Studies, University of KwaZulu Natal, Mtubatuba, South Africa
    AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 25:405-9. 2009
    ..It is unlikely that the HIV epidemic in rural South Africa can be reversed without new or intensified efforts to prevent HIV infection...
  25. ncbi Anal human papillomavirus infection is associated with HIV acquisition in men who have sex with men
    Peter V Chin-Hong
    Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California 94143, USA
    AIDS 23:1135-42. 2009
    ..Our aim was to determine the association between anal HPV infection and HIV acquisition...
  26. pmc Disclosure experience and associated factors among HIV positive men and women clinical service users in Southwest Ethiopia
    Kebede Deribe
    Fayyaa Integrated Development Association NCMI, PEPFAR New Partners Initiative, P, O, Box 5035, Jimma, Ethiopia
    BMC Public Health 8:81. 2008
    ..The present study was undertaken to determine the rate, outcomes and factors associated with HIV positive status disclosure in Southwest Ethiopia among HIV positive service users...
  27. ncbi Human papillomavirus types among women infected with HIV: a meta-analysis
    Gary M Clifford
    International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon, France
    AIDS 20:2337-44. 2006
    ..It is not known to what extent these different types are associated with high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (HSIL) and cancer...
  28. pmc My partner wants a child: a cross-sectional study of the determinants of the desire for children among mutually disclosed sero-discordant couples receiving care in Uganda
    Jolly Beyeza-Kashesya
    Department of Obstetrics Gynaecology, Makerere University College of Health Sciences, Kampala, Uganda
    BMC Public Health 10:247. 2010
    ..Identifying the determinants of the decision to have children among sero-discordant couples will help in setting reproductive intervention priorities in resource-poor countries...
  29. pmc The dilemma of safe sex and having children: challenges facing HIV sero-discordant couples in Uganda
    Jolly Beyeza-Kashesya
    Department of Obstetrics Gynaecology, Makerere University, Kampala Uganda
    Afr Health Sci 9:2-12. 2009
    ..Thus, we explored sexual practices to understand to what extent these are influenced by the desire to have children and the implications for HIV transmission among discordant couples...
  30. ncbi Dynamics of HIV viremia and antibody seroconversion in plasma donors: implications for diagnosis and staging of primary HIV infection
    Eberhard W Fiebig
    Department of Laboratory Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA
    AIDS 17:1871-9. 2003
    ..The characterization of primary HIV infection by the analysis of serial plasma samples from newly infected persons using multiple standard viral assays...
  31. ncbi Effect of human immunodeficiency virus Type 1 (HIV-1) subtype on disease progression in persons from Rakai, Uganda, with incident HIV-1 infection
    Noah Kiwanuka
    Uganda Virus Research Institute, Entebbe, Uganda
    J Infect Dis 197:707-13. 2008
    ..Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) subtypes differ in biological characteristics that may affect pathogenicity...
  32. ncbi Probability of HIV-1 transmission per coital act in monogamous, heterosexual, HIV-1-discordant couples in Rakai, Uganda
    R H Gray
    Departments of Population and Family Health Sciences, School of Hygiene and Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Lancet 357:1149-53. 2001
    ..The probability of HIV-1 transmission per coital act in representative African populations is unknown. We aimed to calculate this probability overall, and to estimate how it is affected by various factors thought to influence infectivity...
  33. ncbi Natural pregnancies in HIV-serodiscordant couples receiving successful antiretroviral therapy
    Pablo Barreiro
    Department of Infectious Diseases, Hospital Carlos III, Madrid, Spain
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 43:324-6. 2006
    ..Serodiscordant couples attaining natural pregnancy are exposed to a negligible risk of sexual transmission of HIV when the infected partner presents with complete suppression of plasma viremia while receiving HAART...
  34. pmc Effect of serotesting with counselling on condom use and seroconversion among HIV discordant couples in Africa
    S Allen
    Department of Pathology, University of California, San Francisco
    BMJ 304:1605-9. 1992
    ..Confidential HIV serotesting with counselling caused a large increase in condom use and was associated with a lower rate of new HIV infections. HIV testing is a promising intervention for preventing the spread of HIV in African cities...
  35. pmc Childbearing intentions of HIV-positive women of reproductive age in Soweto, South Africa: the influence of expanding access to HAART in an HIV hyperendemic setting
    Angela Kaida
    BC Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS and the School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    Am J Public Health 101:350-8. 2011
    ..We investigated whether the intention to have children varied according to HIV status and use of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) among women in Soweto, South Africa...
  36. ncbi Sexual transmission of HIV-1 among injection drug users in San Francisco, USA: risk-factor analysis
    A H Kral
    Urban Health Study, Institute for Health Policy Studies and Departments of Family and Community Medicine, UCSF, 3180 18th Street, San Francisco CA 94110, USA
    Lancet 357:1397-401. 2001
    ..We aimed to establish whether injection or sexual risk factors, or both, were associated with HIV-1antibody seroconversion of street-recruited IDUs in San Francisco, from 1986 to 1998...
  37. ncbi Predictors of HIV-1 serostatus disclosure: a prospective study among HIV-infected pregnant women in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
    G Antelman
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    AIDS 15:1865-74. 2001
    ..Lack of disclosure may have limited their ability to engage in preventive behaviors or to obtain the necessary emotional support for coping with their serostatus or illness...
  38. pmc Fertility desires and intentions of HIV-positive patients at a suburban specialist center
    Olufemi T Oladapo
    Center for Special Studies, Nigeria
    J Natl Med Assoc 97:1672-81. 2005
    ..To determine the extent of fertility desires and intentions of HIV-positive patients receiving care at a suburban specialist clinic and assess how these may vary by their sociodemographic and health-related factors...
  39. pmc Contraceptive method and pregnancy incidence among women in HIV-1-serodiscordant partnerships
    Kenneth Ngure
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi, Kenya
    AIDS 26:513-8. 2012
    ..Effective contraception reduces unintended pregnancies and is a central strategy to reduce vertical HIV-1 transmission for HIV-1-infected women...
  40. ncbi Use of laboratory tests and clinical symptoms for identification of primary HIV infection
    Frederick M Hecht
    Positive Health Program HIV Section at San Francisco General Hospital, tUniversity of California at San Francisco, 94110, USA
    AIDS 16:1119-29. 2002
    ..To determine the sensitivity and specificity of symptoms, three HIV-1 RNA assays, a p24 antigen EIA and a third-generation enzyme immunoassay (EIA) antibody test for diagnosis of primary HIV infection (PHI)...
  41. ncbi Gender asymmetry in healthcare-facility attendance of people living with HIV/AIDS in Burkina Faso
    Blandine Bila
    Institut de Recherche en Sciences de la Santé IRSS, Centre National de Recherche Scientifique et Technologique CNRST, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
    Soc Sci Med 69:854-61. 2009
    ....
  42. ncbi Men who have met sex partners via the Internet: prevalence, predictors, and implications for HIV prevention
    Eric G Benotsch
    Center for AIDS Intervention Research CAIR, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Medicine, Medical College of Wisconsin, 2071 N Summit Avenue, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53202, USA
    Arch Sex Behav 31:177-83. 2002
    ..01). The high prevalence of Internet use as a method of meeting sexual partners suggests that sexual networks may be forming over the Internet. The Internet therefore provides opportunities for new HIV primary prevention interventions...
  43. ncbi Risk factors for HIV transmission among heterosexual discordant couples in South India
    N Kumarasamy
    YRG Centre for AIDS Research and Education, Chennai, India
    HIV Med 11:178-86. 2010
    ..To assess the risk factors associated with heterosexual HIV transmission among South Indian discordant couples enrolled in clinical care...
  44. ncbi Spanish validation of the HIV dementia scale in women
    V Wojna
    NeuroAIDS SNRP, University of Puerto Rico, Medical Sciences Campus, San Juan, Puerto Rico
    AIDS Patient Care STDS 21:930-41. 2007
    ..0% negative predictive value). The HDS-Spanish translation offers a useful screening tool with value for the identification of Hispanic women at risk of developing HIV-associated symptomatic neurocognitive disturbances...
  45. pmc HIV surveillance in MENA: recent developments and results
    Ivana Bozicevic
    World Health Organization Collaborating Centre for HIV Surveillance, University of Zagreb School of Medicine, Zagreb, Croatia
    Sex Transm Infect 89:iii11-16. 2013
    ....
  46. ncbi Bangladesh moves from being a low-prevalence nation for HIV to one with a concentrated epidemic in injecting drug users
    T Azim
    International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh ICDDR, B Mohakhali, Dhaka, Bangladesh
    Int J STD AIDS 19:327-31. 2008
    ..9%) followed by female street-based sex workers (8.6%). However, rates in female sex workers in Dhaka declined significantly over the years (P < 0.001). Bangladesh has to act urgently to prevent escalation of the epidemic...
  47. ncbi HIV-associated immune complex glomerulonephritis with "lupus-like" features: a clinicopathologic study of 14 cases
    Mark Haas
    Department of Pathology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21287, USA
    Kidney Int 67:1381-90. 2005
    ..Data regarding clinical outcomes in patients with this form of glomerulonephritis are very limited...
  48. pmc Fertility desires and intentions of HIV-positive women of reproductive age in Ontario, Canada: a cross-sectional study
    Mona R Loutfy
    Women s College Research Institute, Women s College Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    PLoS ONE 4:e7925. 2009
    ..In order to clarify the demand, and aid with appropriate health services planning for this population, our study aims to assess the fertility desires and intentions of HIV-positive women of reproductive age living in Ontario, Canada...
  49. ncbi Development of two avidity-based assays to detect recent HIV type 1 seroconversion using a multisubtype gp41 recombinant protein
    Xierong Wei
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 26:61-71. 2010
    ..The new avidity-based assays using rIDR-M antigen may improve the accuracy of detecting recent HIV-1 infection and allow a better estimation of incidence in diverse HIV-1 subtypes...
  50. ncbi The year-long effect of HIV-positive test results on pregnancy intentions, contraceptive use, and pregnancy incidence among Malawian women
    Irving F Hoffman
    Division of Infectious Diseases, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 47:477-83. 2008
    ....
  51. pmc HIV partner notification is effective and feasible in sub-Saharan Africa: opportunities for HIV treatment and prevention
    Lillian B Brown
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7435, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 56:437-42. 2011
    ..However, many African countries do not have a standardized protocol for partner notification, and the effectiveness of partner notification has not been evaluated in developing countries ...
  52. ncbi High rate of unintended pregnancies after knowing of HIV infection among HIV positive women under antiretroviral treatment in Kigali, Rwanda
    Kimiyo Kikuchi
    Department of Community and Global Health, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Japan
    Biosci Trends 5:255-63. 2011
    ..Moreover, interventions are also needed to improve women's understanding of the prognosis of pediatric AIDS, and condom-use negotiation skills...
  53. ncbi Mortality and HIV transmission among male Vietnamese injection drug users
    Vu Minh Quan
    Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health Epidemiology, Chiang Mai, Thailand
    Addiction 106:583-9. 2011
    ..To estimate all-cause mortality rate and to assess predictors of all-cause mortality among injection drug users (IDUs) in Thai Nguyen province, Vietnam between 2005 and 2007...
  54. pmc Characteristics of HIV-1 serodiscordant couples enrolled in a clinical trial of antiretroviral pre-exposure prophylaxis for HIV-1 prevention
    Andrew Mujugira
    Department of Global Health, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e25828. 2011
    ..We describe the trial design and characteristics of the study cohort...
  55. ncbi Correlates of partner violence among female street-based sex workers: substance abuse, history of childhood abuse, and HIV risks
    N El-Bassel
    Social Intervention Group, Columbia University, New York, NY 10025, USA
    AIDS Patient Care STDS 15:41-51. 2001
    ....
  56. ncbi Gender difference in HIV status disclosure among HIV positive service users
    Kebede Deribe
    Jimma Universit, Faculty of Public Health, P O Box 1876 1250, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    East Afr J Public Health 6:248-55. 2009
    ..In Sub-Saharan Africa only few studies have examined gender differences in HIV status disclosure. Therefore this study explores gender differences in HIV-positive status disclosure...
  57. pmc Influence network effectiveness in promoting couples' HIV voluntary counseling and testing in Kigali, Rwanda
    Kristin Wall
    Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
    AIDS 26:217-27. 2012
    ..To identify predictors of promotion of couples' HIV voluntary counseling and testing (CVCT) in Kigali, Rwanda...
  58. ncbi Correlation of cervical cytology and visual inspection with acetic acid in HIV-positive women
    A L Akinwuntan
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria
    J Obstet Gynaecol 28:638-41. 2008
    ..0% (95% CI 90.0-97.0), and positive predictive value of 55.0% (95% CI 33.0-75.0). In HIV-seropositive women, the sensitivity of VIA is 76.0%, making it a useful screening test for preinvasive lesion of the cervix in low resource settings...
  59. pmc Predicting pregnancy in HIV-1-discordant couples
    Brandon L Guthrie
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98104 2499, USA
    AIDS Behav 14:1066-71. 2010
    ..2%). Pregnancy rates may be high among discordant couples, indicating desire for children may override concerns of HIV-1 transmission and increase unprotected sex, and highlighting the need to make conception safer...
  60. pmc HIV-1 prevention for HIV-1 serodiscordant couples
    Kathryn Curran
    International Clinical Research Center, Department of Global Health, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98104, USA
    Curr HIV/AIDS Rep 9:160-70. 2012
    ....
  61. pmc The impact of antiretroviral treatment on mortality trends of HIV-positive adults in rural Uganda: a longitudinal population-based study, 1999-2009
    Ivan Kasamba
    MRC UVRI Uganda Research Unit on AIDS, Entebbe, Uganda
    Trop Med Int Health 17:e66-73. 2012
    ..To investigate trends in all-cause adult mortality after the roll-out of an antiretroviral therapy (ART) programme in rural Uganda...
  62. pmc A multilevel analysis of the determinants and cross-national variations of HIV seropositivity in sub-Saharan Africa: evidence from the DHS
    Monica Magadi
    Department of Sociology, School of Social Sciences, City University London, Northampton Square, London EC1V 0HB, UK
    Health Place 17:1067-83. 2011
    ..20 countries of sub-Saharan Africa to examine the determinants and cross-national variations in the risk of HIV seropositivity in the region. The models include individual-level and contextual region/country-level risk factors...
  63. ncbi "It is not an easy decision on HIV, especially in Zambia": opting for silence, limited disclosure and implicit understanding to retain a wider identity
    Virginia Anne Bond
    ZAMBART Project, School of Medicine, Ridgeway Campus, Lusaka, Zambia
    AIDS Care 22:6-13. 2010
    ..More aggressive promotion of HIV testing needs to both respect and consider how to work within these existing dynamics to facilitate safe disclosure...
  64. ncbi The search for a predictor of CD4 cell count continues: total lymphocyte count is not a substitute for CD4 cell count in the management of HIV-infected individuals in a resource-limited setting
    N O Akinola
    Department of Haematology and Immunology, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile Ife, Nigeria
    Clin Infect Dis 39:579-81. 2004
    ..8%) with TLCs of > or =1200 cells/mm3. Thus, 1 in 3 individuals would have been deprived of needed treatment. Therefore, in this setting, TLC is not a reliable predictor of CD4 cell count in HIV-infected individuals...
  65. ncbi Achieving safe conception in HIV-discordant couples: the potential role of oral preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) in the United States
    Margaret A Lampe
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 204:488.e1-8. 2011
    ..Anecdotal reports suggest that oral preexposure prophylaxis use is already occurring. It is time to have open discussions of when and how preexposure prophylaxis might be indicated for HIV-discordant couples attempting conception...
  66. pmc Factors associated with incorrect identification of recent HIV infection using the BED capture immunoassay
    Oliver Laeyendecker
    National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 21205, USA
    AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 28:816-22. 2012
    ..Some men were persistently misclassified as recently infected up to 8 years after HIV seroconversion...
  67. pmc Indicators of mobility, socio-economic vulnerabilities and HIV risk behaviours among mobile female sex workers in India
    Niranjan Saggurti
    Population Council, New Delhi, India
    AIDS Behav 16:952-9. 2012
    ..HIV prevention interventions aimed at FSWs require an increased attention to address the socio-economic vulnerabilities including alcohol use, with particular emphasis on those FSWs who are on the move in India and elsewhere...
  68. pmc HIV treatment as prevention and HPTN 052
    Myron S Cohen
    Division of Infectious Diseases, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA
    Curr Opin HIV AIDS 7:99-105. 2012
    ..This review summarizes the development and implementation of a large clinical trial, HIV Prevention Trials Network (HPTN) 052, whose initial results were recently presented and published...
  69. pmc Perception of risk of vertically acquired HIV infection and acceptability of provider-initiated testing and counseling among adolescents in Zimbabwe
    Rashida A Ferrand
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK
    Am J Public Health 101:2325-32. 2011
    ..We investigated attitudes toward provider-initiated HIV testing and counseling (PITC) in the suburbs of Harare, Zimbabwe, where late presentation after mother-to-child HIV transmission (MTCT) is a major cause of adolescent mortality...
  70. ncbi Linking women who test HIV-positive in pregnancy-related services to long-term HIV care and treatment services: a systematic review
    Laura Ferguson
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Trop Med Int Health 17:564-80. 2012
    ....
  71. pmc Evolution of an HIV glycan-dependent broadly neutralizing antibody epitope through immune escape
    Penny L Moore
    Centre for HIV and STI, National Institute for Communicable Diseases of the National Health Laboratory Service, Johannesburg, South Africa
    Nat Med 18:1688-92. 2012
    ..These findings highlight the dynamic interplay between early antibodies and viral escape in driving the evolution of conserved BCN antibody epitopes...
  72. ncbi Stress, social support, and HIV-status disclosure to family and friends among HIV-positive men and women
    Seth C Kalichman
    Center for AIDS Intervention Research Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA
    J Behav Med 26:315-32. 2003
    ..Disclosure and its association to social support and depression varied for different relationships and these differences have implications for mental health and coping interventions...
  73. ncbi Home collection for frequent HIV testing: acceptability of oral fluids, dried blood spots and telephone results. HIV Early Detection Study Group
    F Spielberg
    Department of Family Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, USA
    AIDS 14:1819-28. 2000
    ..To assess the feasibility and acceptability of bimonthly home oral fluid (OF) and dried blood spot (DBS) collection for HIV testing among high-risk individuals...
  74. pmc Increased drug use and STI risk with injection drug use among HIV-seronegative heterosexual methamphetamine users
    W Susan Cheng
    Native American Alliance for Emergency Preparedness NAAEP, California Department of Health Care Services, Davis, CA, USA
    J Psychoactive Drugs 42:11-8. 2010
    ..HIV and STI prevention interventions should be tailored according to MA users' method of administration...
  75. pmc Risky sexual practices and related factors among ART attendees in Addis Ababa Public Hospitals, Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study
    Yadeta Dessie
    Department of Public Health, College of Health and Medical Sciences, Haramaya University, Harar, Ethiopia
    BMC Public Health 11:422. 2011
    ..Thus, this study was intended to assess risky sexual practices and related factors among HIV- positive ART attendees in public hospitals of Addis Ababa...
  76. ncbi Genomewide association study of a rapid progression cohort identifies new susceptibility alleles for AIDS (ANRS Genomewide Association Study 03)
    Sigrid Le Clerc
    Conservatoire National des Arts et Metiers, Paris, France
    J Infect Dis 200:1194-201. 2009
    ..The discovery of genetic factors that predispose individuals to rapid progression to AIDS should also reveal new insights into the molecular etiology of the pathology...
  77. pmc Plasma and cervical viral loads among Ugandan and Zimbabwean women during acute and early HIV-1 infection
    Charles S Morrison
    Behavioral and Biomedical Research Department, Family Health International, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA
    AIDS 24:573-82. 2010
    ..High levels of HIV-1 viremia exist in peripheral blood during acute and early infection; however, data on HIV-1 viral loads in female genital secretions during this period are sparse...
  78. ncbi Genomewide association study of an AIDS-nonprogression cohort emphasizes the role played by HLA genes (ANRS Genomewide Association Study 02)
    Sophie Limou
    Conservatoire National des Arts et Metiers, Universite Paris 7, Paris, France
    J Infect Dis 199:419-26. 2009
    ..The present study, the first GWAS of HIV-1 nonprogressors, underscores the potential for some HLA genes to control disease progression soon after infection...
  79. ncbi Nonadherence to antiretroviral therapy in HIV-positive patients in Costa Rica
    Brian Douglas Stout
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06520, USA
    AIDS Patient Care STDS 18:297-304. 2004
    ..To increase adherence among non-adherent individuals, interventions that increase access in remote areas and help people manage their regimens may be beneficial...
  80. pmc Disclosure of HIV results among discordant couples in Rakai, Uganda: a facilitated couple counselling approach
    Robert Kairania
    Uganda Virus Research Institute, Entebbe, Uganda
    AIDS Care 22:1041-51. 2010
    ..In summary, disclosure of HIV-positive results in discordant couples using facilitated couple counselling approach is high, but requires a stepwise process of sensitisation and agreement by the infected partner...
  81. ncbi Preventing HIV transmission in married and cohabiting HIV-discordant couples in sub-Saharan Africa through combination prevention
    Joseph K B Matovu
    Makerere University School of Public Health, Kampala, Uganda
    Curr HIV Res 8:430-40. 2010
    ....
  82. ncbi Pregnancy and HIV transmission among HIV-discordant couples in a clinical trial in Kisumu, Kenya
    S G Brubaker
    Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA
    HIV Med 12:316-21. 2011
    ..Our objective was to compare HIV transmission between discordant couples who did and did not conceive during participation in a clinical trial...
  83. ncbi Acceptance of routine testing for HIV among adult patients at the medical emergency unit at a national referral hospital in Kampala, Uganda
    Damalie Nakanjako
    Department of Medicine, Makerere University Kampala, P O Box 25308, Kampala, Uganda
    AIDS Behav 11:753-8. 2007
    ..We recommend adoption of RTC as standard of care in the medical emergency unit in order to scale HIV diagnosis and linkage to HIV/AIDS care...
  84. pmc Control of HIV-1 viremia and protection from AIDS are associated with HLA-Bw4 homozygosity
    P O Flores-Villanueva
    Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, One Jimmy Fund Way, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 98:5140-5. 2001
    ..We conclude that homozygosity for HLA-Bw4-bearing B alleles is associated with a significant advantage and that the HLA-Bw4 motif is important in AIDS pathogenesis...
  85. pmc Increases in sexually transmitted infections and sexual risk behaviour without a concurrent increase in HIV incidence among men who have sex with men in San Francisco: a suggestion of HIV serosorting?
    H M Truong
    University of California at San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA
    Sex Transm Infect 82:461-6. 2006
    ..Sexually transmitted infections (STI) and unprotected anal intercourse (UAI) have been increasing among men who have sex with men (MSM) in San Francisco. However, HIV incidence has stabilised...
  86. pmc Viral linkage in HIV-1 seroconverters and their partners in an HIV-1 prevention clinical trial
    Mary S Campbell
    Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, Washington, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e16986. 2011
    ....
  87. ncbi Safety and efficacy of sperm washing in HIV-1-serodiscordant couples where the male is infected: results from the European CREAThE network
    Louis Bujan
    University Toulouse III Paul Sabatier, EA 3694, Research Group on Human Fertility, Toulouse, France
    AIDS 21:1909-14. 2007
    ..To examine the safety and effectiveness of assisted reproduction using sperm washing for HIV-1-serodiscordant couples wishing to procreate where the male partner is infected...
  88. pmc Assessment of recent HIV-1 infection by a line immunoassay for HIV-1/2 confirmation
    Jorg Schupbach
    University of Zurich, Swiss National Center for Retroviruses, Zurich, Switzerland
    PLoS Med 4:e343. 2007
    ..We have investigated whether this "recency" information can also be gained from an HIV confirmatory assay...
  89. ncbi Strategies for harm reduction among HIV-affected couples who want to conceive
    Lynn T Matthews
    Division of Infectious Disease, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, 110 Francis Street, LMOB Suite GB, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    AIDS Behav 13:5-11. 2009
    ..However, for most couples such technologies are neither geographically nor economically accessible. This paper addresses the options for safer procreation among HIV-affected couples who cannot access reproductive technologies...
  90. ncbi Renal disease in HIV-seropositive patients in Nigeria: an assessment of prevalence, clinical features and risk factors
    Chioma Pedro Emem
    Department of Medicine, University of Port Harcout Teaching Hospital, Port Harcout, Osun State, Nigeria
    Nephrol Dial Transplant 23:741-6. 2008
    ..The risk factors for renal disease included severity of the HIV infection (inferred from the generally low CD4+ count), anaemia, malnutrition and increasing age...
  91. ncbi Prevalence and risk factors for human papillomavirus infection of the anal canal in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive and HIV-negative homosexual men
    J M Palefsky
    Department of Laboratory Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, 94143, USA
    J Infect Dis 177:361-7. 1998
    ..004) but not group A DNA. These data suggest increased replication of the more oncogenic HPV types with more advanced immunosuppression...
  92. pmc Effect of an online video-based intervention to increase HIV testing in men who have sex with men in Peru
    Magaly M Blas
    Unit of Epidemiology, HIV and STD, School of Public Health and Administration, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru
    PLoS ONE 5:e10448. 2010
    ..Although many men who have sex with men (MSM) in Peru are unaware of their HIV status, they are frequent users of the Internet, and can be approached by that medium for promotion of HIV testing...
  93. pmc Costs and consequences of the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's recommendations for opt-out HIV testing
    David R Holtgrave
    Department of Health, Behavior and Society, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America
    PLoS Med 4:e194. 2007
    ..In this paper, I estimate the costs and public health impact of opt-out HIV testing relative to testing accompanied by client-centered counseling, and relative to a more targeted counseling and testing strategy...
  94. ncbi Family planning among HIV positive and negative prevention of mother to child transmission (PMTCT) clients in a resource poor setting in South Africa
    Karl Peltzer
    Social Aspects of HIV AIDS and Health, Human Sciences Research Council, Pretoria, South Africa
    AIDS Behav 13:973-9. 2009
    ..HIV prevention and family planning must acknowledge the reproductive desires of HIV positive women and men...
  95. ncbi Enrollment and retention of HIV discordant couples in Lusaka, Zambia
    Mirjam Colette Kempf
    Zambia Emory HIV Research Project, Lusaka, Zambia
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 47:116-25. 2008
    ..Biased enrollment and attrition compromise the power of clinical trials and limit generalizability of findings. We identify predictors of enrollment and retention for HIV-discordant couples enrolled in prospective studies in Zambia...
  96. ncbi Mortality among HIV-positive postpartum women with high CD4 cell counts in Zimbabwe
    John W Hargrove
    DST NRF Centre of Excellence in Epidemiological Modelling and Analysis SACEMA, Stellenbosch, South Africa
    AIDS 24:F11-4. 2010
    ....
  97. ncbi Prevalence, incidence, and type-specific persistence of human papillomavirus in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive and HIV-negative women
    L Ahdieh
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins University School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    J Infect Dis 184:682-90. 2001
    ..9 (95% CI, 1.5-2.3) times greater if the subject had a CD4 cell count <200 cells/microL (vs. >500 cells/microL). Thus, HIV infection and immunosuppression play an important role in modulating the natural history of HPV infection...
  98. ncbi Chronic sorrow in the HIV-positive patient: issues of race, gender, and social support
    Bronwen Lichtenstein
    Department of Sociology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama 35294 3350, USA
    AIDS Patient Care STDS 16:27-38. 2002
    ..Based on these preliminary findings, stigma should be considered a marker of chronic depression in the HIV-positive, and support services should take account of the stigmatizing contexts of HIV-positive persons...
  99. pmc Is HIV becoming more virulent? Initial CD4 cell counts among HIV seroconverters during the course of the HIV epidemic: 1985-2007
    Nancy Crum-Cianflone
    TriService AIDS Clinical Consortium, Infectious Disease Clinical Research Program, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 48:1285-92. 2009
    ..Additional data on whether HIV might have become more virulent on a population level (measured by post-seroconversion CD4 cell counts) may provide important insights regarding HIV pathogenesis...
  100. pmc Tuberculosis mortality, drug resistance, and infectiousness in patients with and without HIV infection in Peru
    Vivian Kawai
    Asociacion Benefica PRISMA, Lima, Peru
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 75:1027-33. 2006
    ..Furthermore, early and rapid tuberculosis drug-susceptibility testing and infection control are required so that MDRTB can be appropriately treated early enough to reduce mortality and transmission...
  101. ncbi Is HIV/AIDS stigma dividing the gay community? Perceptions of HIV-positive men who have sex with men
    Cari Courtenay-Quirk
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV STD, TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    AIDS Educ Prev 18:56-67. 2006
    ..HIV/AIDS stigma exists within the gay community and has a negative effect on the mental health of people living with HIV. HIV/AIDS stigma should be monitored closely so that we may better understand how to address it...

Research Grants63

  1. Clade C-specific HIV assay to distinguish true infection from vaccine-induced ser
    ANDREW E LEVIN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..development and trialing of candidate HIV vaccines brings with it the significant risk of vaccine-induced HIV seropositivity (VISP)...
  2. The process of long term abstinence from opioid use among HIV+ respondents
    Nelson Jose Tiburcio; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..HIV+ former opioid users who must simultaneously deal with HIV seropositivity, including medication management and institutional affiliation, amid an already difficult process of opioid ..
  3. Strategies to Identify Undiagnosed HIV Infection in the Emergency Department
    Jason S Haukoos; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Clinic database from Denver Public Health to derive a clinical prediction instrument to accurately identify HIV seropositivity;(2) to conduct a nested prospective cohort study to externally validate this clinical prediction instrument ..
  4. Understanding Delayed Access to HIV Prevention Services among Black MSM
    Ronald D Stall; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Measure the prevalence and identify syndemic associations of unknown HIV seropositivity among AA MSM 3...
  5. CMI TO HPV IN HIV INFECTED WOMEN & OUTCOME OF NEOPLASIA
    ANNA KADISH; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..b>HIV seropositivity in women with low CD4 counts has been associated with an increased prevalence of HPV infection, high viral ..
  6. ST LOUIS EFFORT TO REDUCE THE SPREAD OF AIDS IN IVDUS
    Linda Cottler; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..needle sharing and high risk sexual behaviors, program retention rate, employment, criminal activities and HIV seropositivity rates...
  7. EFFECT OF HIV SEROPOSITIVITY ON SEPSIS IN DRUG USERS
    LAURA MANDEL; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..Specifically, the following objectives will be addressed: 1. Is there an increased prevalence of HIV seropositivity among drug users with acute infection compared to uninfected controls? Seropositivity rates will be compared ..
  8. HIV INFECTION OF NEURAL TISSUE--AN ORGANOTYPIC MODEL
    William Lyman; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..Those environments may define HIV receptors other than the T4 molecule. Such insights may permit the design of improved preventative or therapeutic protocols for combatting HIV infection...
  9. EPIDEMIOLOGY OF HIV RISK BEHAVIOR IN RWANDAN MEN
    Susan Allen; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..The study will assess prevalence and correlates of HIV seropositivity and high iisk behavior among these men...
  10. AIDS COMMUNITY OUTREACH AND COUNSELING
    Rafaela Robles; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..Clients will be tested for HIV seropositivity, and assessed for information related to drug use, sexual practices, and other information important for ..
  11. Behavior Change and Maintenance Intervention for HIV+ MSM Methamphetamine Users
    Thomas L Patterson; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..domains: the context of unsafe sex/drug use;condom use, negotiation of safer sex practices, disclosure of HIV seropositivity to sex partners, and enhancement of social supports...
  12. METHAMPHETAMINE DEPENDENCE AND THE RISK OF HIV INFECTION
    Gantt Galloway; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..identify predictors of high risk behaviors; the relative contributions of various sexual and IDU factors to HIV seropositivity; rates of HIV seroconversion; changes in risk behaviors and MA use following drug treatment; and the ..
  13. DAYTON-COLUMBUS AIDS OUTREACH/PREVENTION PROGRAM
    Harvey Siegal; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..how education and community organization effects prevention activities; estimating the epidemiology of HIV seropositivity; survey risk behaviors in IVDAs and producing a ethnography of IVDA's in an isolated, non-metropolitan area...
  14. DRUG ABUSE ASPECTS OF THE ACQUIRED-MINORITY IVDA
    Lawrence Brown; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..abusers assessing for those risk factors in the IVDA and their sex partners most greatly associated with HIV seropositivity. The final component is a three year prospective seroconversion study of those sex partners of IVDAs, who ..
  15. STD PREVENTION FOR AT RISK AFRICAN-AMERICAN WOMEN
    Lorna Finnegan; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..taking into account the history of intravenous drug use, number of sexual partners, sexual violence, and HIV seropositivity. The control group will have usual care, STD urine screening, HIV testing (offered) and a minimal didactic ..
  16. NEUROENDOCRINE IMMUNE CORRELATES OF SELF ADMINISTERED HE
    Richard Weber; Fiscal Year: 2003
    Heroin abuse can promote the high incidence of infectious disease and HIV seropositivity in drug users by functioning as cofactors to alter host immune function, incidence of infection, and eventual development of AIDS in this population...
  17. EPIDEMIOLOGY OF ANAL HIV-1 INFECTION
    Nancy Kiviat; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..included: a) development of high grade anal squamous intraepithelial lesions (HGASIL) is associated with HIV seropositivity, with HIV seropositive men with CD4 count below 500/mul at greatest risk; b) among both HIV seropositive and ..
  18. AIDS EDUCATION TO EMPOWER LATINO IDU PARTNERS
    JOSE MAGANA; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..behavioral contracting; (4) monitor high risk sexual behaviors over a six month period and assess changes in HIV seropositivity relative to sexual risk behaviors reported at intake...
  19. HIV TREATMENT ADHERENCE FOR PERSONS WITH LOW-LITERACY
    Seth Kalichman; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Results of the proposed research will provide critical information about improving HIV treatment adherence with low-literacy populations that is needed prior to conducting larger and more expensive clinical trials. ..
  20. Intervention to Close Digital Divide in AIDS Care
    Seth Kalichman; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..If successful, the experimental intervention could be readily implemented as a community-based program by AIDS Service Organizations, health centers, and community-based Internet access providers. ..
  21. HIV Treatment Adherence/Risk Reduction Integrated
    Seth Kalichman; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..If shown effective, the intervention model will have implications for community and clinical services for people living with HIV-AIDS. ..
  22. Alcohol and HIV Risk Reduction in South Africa
    Seth Kalichman; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Results of the proposed research will provide critical information about the role of alcohol in HIV transmission risks and will offer urgently needed strategies for improving HIV prevention interventions in South Africa. ..
  23. BRIEF HIV RISK REDUCTION COUNSELING
    Seth Kalichman; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Results of the proposed study will guide the allocation of HIV prevention resources in establishing brief and effective HIV risk reduction counseling services for populations vulnerable to HIV infection. ..
  24. Brief HIV Prevention Counseling in South Africa
    Seth Kalichman; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Results of this research will therefore test a clinic-based HIV prevention intervention model that is urgently needed in South Africa. ..
  25. Gender Violence and HIV Risk Reduction in South Africa
    Leickness Simbayi; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  26. Women's Disclosure of Their HIV Status
    JULIANNE SEROVICH; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  27. Intervention for Developing HIV Disclosure Skills to Family Members
    JULIANNE SEROVICH; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The efficacy, strength, and utility of the intervention will be assessed at completion and 3 month follow-up. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  28. A Network & Dyad HIV Prevention Intervention for Intravenous Drug User
    Carl Latkin; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Main outcome measures will be self-reported sex and injection risk behaviors. Self-reports will be cross-validated by urinalysis of STIs. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  29. Patterns and Contexts of Club Drug Abuse
    Jeffrey Parsons; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Mixed-methods strategies will be used to examine the qualitative and quantitative data together in order to further understand the data and potential implications for intervention development. ..
  30. Network HIV Prevention Intervention for Drug Users
    Carl Latkin; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  31. RCT of Russian IDU Peer Network HIV Prevent Intervention
    Carl Latkin; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  32. Adherence Intervention for HIV + Alcohol Users
    Jeffrey Parsons; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Multivariate repeated measures analyses and growth curve modeling, using both continuous and dichotomous outcome variables, will be used to assess the impact of the intervention on both adherence and alcohol use. ..
  33. Development and Evaluation of a Group HIV Intervention for Gender Stigmatized Per
    Jeffrey Parsons; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  34. Risk Reduction Intervention for Highly Vulnerable Emerging Adults Males
    Jeffrey T Parsons; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..If effective, the intervention will help minimize the negative physical and psychological effects associated with club drug use, and reduce HIV infections among emerging adult males. ..
  35. HIV Prevention and Adherence Intervention for HIV Positives and Partners in India
    CARL A contact LATKIN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: This proposal has high public relevance due to the low rates of HIV medication adherence found in many impoverished communities domestically and internationally. ..
  36. THE LONG-TERM IMPACT OF A NETWORK OUTREACH INTERVENTION
    Carl Latkin; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The data will also used to examine associations between characteristics of sex partners and personal networks to describe sexual mixing patterns of this population. ..
  37. SECONDARY PREVENTION AMONG HIV POSITIVE ALCOHOL ABUSERS
    Jeffrey Parsons; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Participants will complete assessment batteries at intake, and at 1-week, 3, 6, 9, and 12 month follow-ups in order to assess short-term and long-term effects. ..
  38. Interventions to Enhance HIV Medication Adherence in Zambia
    Deborah Jones; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  39. CLUB DRUG USE AND MEN'S HEALTH--A COMMUNITY STUDY
    Perry Halkitis; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  40. Motivational Therapy/Reduce Risk Behaviors/HIV/Youth
    Sylvie Naar King; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..If successful, this intervention will provide immediate assistance to vulnerable population to prevent the spread of HIV and to minimize its negative physical and psychological effects. ..
  41. Exploring the Impact of Criminal HIV Disclosure Law
    Carol Galletly; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The findings of this study will be disseminated in academic journals and through conference presentations, and will be summarized in a written report and presentation to policy makers in Michigan. ..
  42. Enhancing HIV Medication Adherence in India
    DEBORAH LYNNE JONES; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  43. PROTEASE INHIBITOR ADHERENCE AMONG DRUG USERS
    Perry Halkitis; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Generalized linear, Markov regression, and structural equation modeling will be used to achieve the study's goals. ..
  44. FAMILY RISK & PROTECTIVE FACTORS FOR DEMENTIA CAREGIVERS
    VICTORIA MITRANI; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The plan will allow the candidate to bridge the fields of family intervention science and dementia caregiving, two areas of research that have not been sufficiently integrated. ..
  45. Drug Resistance in Non-Subtype B HIV-1
    Susan Eshleman; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  46. Family Therapy Mechanisms in HIV+ Women in Drug Recovery
    VICTORIA MITRANI; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Understanding these mechanisms will facilitate the development of the next generation of family-based interventions for HIV+ women in drug recovery. This will be the first R01 award for this investigator. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  47. HIV RISK AND PARTNER VIOLENCE--MEN ON METHADONE
    Nabila El Bassel; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Data from the proposed study will help inform assessment, treatment and referral protocols to reduce partner violence and HIV-risk behaviors among men and women in MMTPs. ..
  48. IMPACT OF AIDS ON ADOLESCENTS TRANSITION TO ADULTHOOD
    MARY ROTHERAM BORUS; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  49. PARTNER ABUSE AND HIV IN WOMEN RECEIVING EMERGENCY CARE
    Nabila El Bassel; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  50. MEDICATION ADHERENCE INTERVENTION FOR HIV+ PERSONS
    Debra Murphy; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  51. DISCLOSURE OF HIV STATUS AMONG LATINO GAY MEN
    MARIA ZEA; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The investigators will test whether the disclosure intervention promotes psychological well-being, reduces sexual risk behaviors, and promotes adherence to HIVIAIDS care. ..
  52. Contextual Influences on Sexual Risk among Latino MSM
    MARIA ZEA; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The triangulation of findings will enable us to interpret results and further refine the theoretical model of contextual factors of sexual risk among these three groups of Latino MSM. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  53. TEA for Families & Children: Preparation for a Randomized Trial
    Li Li; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The goal of this study is to develop and pilot an intervention for PLH and their family members in order to improve the long term health, mental health and behavioral adjustment of the children in poor, rural areas in China. ..
  54. Obesity, Metabolic Syndrome, Meal-Related Glycemia
    Barry E Hurwitz; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This research is an essential step toward understanding in persons with MSX the role of postprandial glycemic regulation in accelerated CHD pathogenesis. ..
  55. INTERVENTIONS FOR SUBSTANCE USING YOUTH LIVING WITH HIV
    MARY ROTHERAM BORUS; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  56. Maternal HIV: Intervention to Assist Disclosure to Children
    Debra Murphy; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Few interventions, other than for prevention or medication adherence, are available for women living with HIV;this study will evaluate an intervention that will help HIV-positive mothers deal with a serious family issue. ..
  57. Preventing HIV and other STDs among drug-involved women
    Nabila El Bassel; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The SWRD Program will be directed by Dr. Nabila El-Bassel and co-directed by Drs. Steven Schinke and Mary McKay, all CUSSW faculty with strong programs of federally funded research related to substance abuse and HIV. ..
  58. RCT OF STEPPING STONES BEHAVIOURAL INTERVENTION FOR HIV
    Rachel Jewkes; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..It will also seek to understand what are the barriers to behavior change and what strategies are used by which people to circumnavigate these. ..
  59. HIV/HCV Co-infection: HAART and CVD Pathophysiology
    Barry Hurwitz; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  60. HIV/STI Prevention for Drug-Involved Couples
    Louisa Gilbert; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Sharp from St. Luke's Hospital in New York City, and Dr. Fals-Stewart from the Research Institute on Addictions at the University of Buffalo. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..